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1.
Rev. Bras. Cancerol. (Online) ; 69(1): 092754, jan.-mar. 2023.
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1451896

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Karnofsky Performance Status (KPS) can characterize the impact of the disease on cancer patients. Objective: To evaluate the factors associated with KPS and its trajectory in the last month of life in patients with terminal cancer. Method: Retrospective cohort study, with terminal cancer patients enrolled in a Palliative Care Unit, who died between July and August 2019. The dependent variable was the KPS assessed daily in the last month of life. A cross-sectional analysis of factors associated with initial KPS was performed using ordinal logistic regressions. To verify the trajectory of KPS in the last month of life, longitudinal graphic analyzes were performed. Results: 108 patients were evaluated, most of whom were >60 years old (68.5%) and female (62.0%). The most prevalent tumor sites were the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) (24.3%), breast (18.7%) and head and neck (HN) (16.8%). In the multiple model, the primary tumor sites remained associated with KPS. During the last month of life, the reduction in KPS was more pronounced in those with tumors in the GIT, HN and connective bone tissue, who had higher KPS values on the thirtieth day before death when compared to the others. On the other hand, those with central nervous system and lung cancer started the follow-up period with lower KPS values and had a less exacerbated reduction than the others. Conclusion: KPS values decrease in the last month of life, but with different intensity according to the tumor site in patients with terminal cancer


Introdução: O Karnofsky Performance Status (KPS) pode caracterizar o impacto da doença em pacientes com câncer. Objetivo: Avaliar os fatores associados ao KPS e a sua trajetória no último mês de vida em pacientes com câncer terminal. Método: Estudo de coorte retrospectivo, com pacientes com câncer terminal internados em uma unidade de cuidados paliativos, falecidos entre julho e agosto de 2019. A variável dependente foi o KPS avaliado diariamente no último mês de vida. Uma análise transversal dos fatores associados ao KPS inicial foi realizada por meio de regressões logísticas ordinais. Para verificar a trajetória do KPS no último mês de vida, foram realizadas análises gráficas longitudinais. Resultados: Foram avaliados 108 pacientes, cuja maioria possuía >60 anos (68,5%) e era do sexo feminino (62,0%). Os sítios tumorais mais prevalentes foram o trato gastrointestinal (TGI) (24,3%), mama (18,7%) e cabeça e pescoço (CP) (16,8%). No modelo múltiplo, os sítios tumorais primários permaneceram associados ao KPS. Durante o último mês de vida, a redução do KPS foi mais pronunciada naqueles com tumor no TGI, CP e tecido ósseo conjuntivo, que apresentaram valores mais elevados de KPS no trigésimo dia antes do óbito quando comparados aos demais. Por outro lado, aqueles com câncer no sistema nervoso central e pulmão iniciaram o período de seguimento com valores de KPS mais baixos e tiveram redução menos exacerbada que os demais. Conclusão: Os valores de KPS diminuem no último mês de vida, porém com intensidade diferente de acordo com o local do tumor em pacientes com câncer terminal.


Introducción: Karnofsky Performance Status (KPS) puede caracterizar el impacto de la enfermedad en pacientes con cáncer. Objetivo: Evaluar los factores asociados al KPS y su trayectoria en el último mes de vida en pacientes con cáncer terminal. Método: Estudio de cohortes retrospectivo, con pacientes oncológicos terminales ingresados en una Unidad de Cuidados Paliativos, fallecidos entre julio y agosto de 2019. La variable dependiente fue el KPS valorado diariamente en el último mes de vida. Se realizó un análisis transversal de los factores asociados con KPS inicial mediante regresiones logísticas ordinales. Para verificar la trayectoria de KPS en el último mes de vida, se realizaron análisis gráficos longitudinales. Resultados: Se evaluaron 108 pacientes, la mayoría con >60 años (68,5%) y del sexo femenino (62,0%). Los sitios tumorales más prevalentes fueron el tracto gastrointestinal (TGI) (24,3%), mama (18,7%) y cabeza y cuello (CC) (16,8%). En el modelo múltiple, los sitios del tumor primario permanecieron asociados con KPS. Durante el último mes de vida, la reducción de KPS fue más pronunciada en aquellos con tumores en TGI, CC y tejido conectivo óseo, quienes tenían valores de KPS más altos en el trigésimo día antes de la muerte en comparación con los demás. Por otro lado, aquellos con cáncer de sistema nervioso central y pulmón comenzaron el período de seguimiento con valores más bajos de KPS y tuvieron una reducción menos exacerbada que los demás. Conclusión: Los valores de KPS disminuyen en el último mes de vida, pero con distinta intensidad según la localización del tumor en pacientes con cáncer terminal.


Subject(s)
Palliative Care , Prognosis , Karnofsky Performance Status , Terminally Ill , Neoplasms
2.
West Indian med. j ; 69(1): 21-25, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1341868

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a common autoimmune disease for which there is no known cure. Ultraviolet light can induce immunosuppressive effects. Our main objective was to ascertain whether a complementary treatment with phototherapy would improve changes in functional scales in patients with RA. Methods: Seven women with RA were enrolled for this study and submitted to phototherapy sessions with a 425-650 nm lamp. Results: The Karnofsky scale changed from requiring frequent medical care to being capable of normal activity with few symptoms or signs of disease (p = 0.018), the rheumatoid arthritis-specific quality of life questionnaire decreased abruptly from 29 to 0 points (p = 0.018), the Steinbrocker functional capacity rating changed from limited to little or none of the duties of usual occupation or self-care to complete ability to carry out all the usual duties without handicaps (p = 0.017). The pain was remitted after the treatment period. The acute inflammation variables showed a significant decrease after the indicated sessions, C-reactive protein (p = 0.042) and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (p = 0.018). Conclusion: The evaluated scales clearly show a benefit with the phototherapy in patients with RA. Thus, phototherapy seems to be a plausible complementary option to reduce the symptoms of RA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Phototherapy , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/therapy , Prospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies , Treatment Outcome , Karnofsky Performance Status
3.
Rio de Janeiro; s.n; 2021. 78 p. ilus, tab, graf.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1413651

ABSTRACT

INTRODUÇÃO: A dor se apresenta como sintoma frequente nas pessoas com câncer, e os opioides são os fármacos de escolha para o seu alívio. Dentre eles tem-se a morfina, que é um dos mais utilizados. OBJETIVOS: Descrever as representações sociais de pessoas com câncer em cuidados paliativos sobre a morfina; Analisar tais representações e suas implicações para a adesão ou não a esse opioide no tratamento/alívio da dor do câncer; Propor estratégias de cuidados afinadas às representações das pessoas com câncer que requerem o uso de morfina. MÉTODO: Pesquisa com abordagem qualitativa, do tipo descritiva e exploratória, realizada em uma instituição pública hospitalar. Os participantes foram pessoas com câncer atendidas no Ambulatório. Critérios de inclusão: maiores de 18 anos, com índice ≥ 50% na Escala de Karnofsky (KPS) e prescrição analgésica de morfina. Critérios de exclusão: presença de dor de moderada a intensa no momento da coleta de dados; e aqueles com comprometimento verbal, cognitivo e/ou psiquiátrico. Os dados foram coletados por questionário e entrevista semiestruturada. Os dados do questionário foram analisados por estatística descritiva simples e percentual, e aos conteúdos verbais aplicou-se a análise de conteúdo do tipo lexical, com o uso do software Alceste. Projeto aprovado pelos Comitês de Ética em Pesquisa da instituição proponente e cooperante, com pareceres no 3.296.128 e no 3.453.968, respectivamente. Todos os participantes assinaram o Termo de Consentimento Livre e Esclarecido. RESULTADOS: A média de idade foi de 54,7 anos; sexo feminino (69,7%); predomínio da religião evangélica (60,6%); 81,8% afirmaram seguir corretamente a prescrição da morfina; na Escala de Karnofsky, 45,5% apresentaram índice de 60%, evidenciando a necessidade de assistência ocasional, mas com capacidade de trabalhar; a intensidade da dor pela escala visual analógica variou entre leve (grau 1) e moderada (grau 4), ambas com 21,2% de respostas. O processamento dos dados no Alceste gerou dois blocos, o primeiro com a Classe 1, que expressa a representação medicamentosa do tratamento com a morfina e os fatores associados a esse tratamento; o segundo foi composto pelas Classes 2 e 3 e expressam as relações sociais envolvidas no contexto do tratamento, o vínculo da pessoa que usa morfina com o mundo que a cerca, bem como a relação estabelecida com esse medicamento, o conhecimento sobre a morfina e as atitudes adotadas diante desse uso. Houve ambiguidade nas representações da morfina, colocando-a entre a dor e o temor, pois a indicam como um importante recurso para alívio/tratamento da dor do câncer, mas sinalizam que também pode trazer repercussões negativas associadas aos seus efeitos. CONSIDERAÇÕES FINAIS: Apesar de haver aderência dos pacientes à morfina, a opiofobia ainda precisa ser combatida por meio de estratégias que façam circular informações que possam reconstruir representações sobre a morfina e seu uso terapêutico. A educação terapêutica por meio da atuação de equipe multidisciplinar se destaca como uma boa estratégia de difusão de informações seguras sobre o uso de opioides.


INTRODUCTION: Pain is a frequent symptom in people with cancer, and opioids are the drug of choice for its relief, including morphine, which is one of the most used. OBJECTIVES: To describe the social representations of people with cancer in palliative care about morphine; To analyze such representations and their implications for adherence or not to this opioid in the cancer pain treatment/relief; To propose care strategies related to the representations of people with cancer that require the use of morphine. METHOD: Descriptive and exploratory research with a qualitative approach, carried out in a public hospital. The participants were people with cancer treated at the clinic. Inclusion criteria: over 18 years old, with an index ≥ 50% on the Karnofsky Scale (KPS) and morphine as an analgesic medication prescribed. Exclusion criteria: presence of moderate to severe pain at the time of data collection; and those with verbal, cognitive and/or psychiatric impairment. Data was collected by questionnaire and semi-structured interview. The questionnaire data were analyzed using simple and percentage descriptive statistics, and the verbal content was analyzed using lexical content with the Alceste software. Project approved by the Research Ethics Committees of the proposing and cooperating institution, with opinions No. 3,296,128 and 3,453,968, respectively. All participants signed the Free and Informed Consent Form. RESULTS: The average age was 54.7 years; female gender (69.7%); prevalence of the evangelical religion (60.6%); 81.8% said they correctly followed the prescription of morphine; on the Karnofsky Scale, 45.5% had an index of 60% showing the need for occasional assistance, but with the ability to work; pain intensity by visual analog scale ranged from mild (grade 1) to moderate (grade 4), both with 21.2% responses. The data processing at Alceste generated two blocks, the first with class 1, which expresses the drug representation of the treatment with morphine and the factors associated with that treatment; the second was composed of Classes 2 and 3 and expresses the social relationships involved in the context of the treatment, the bond of the person who uses morphine with the world around her, as well as the relationship established with this medicine, the knowledge about the morphine and the attitudes towards the use of the medicine. There was ambiguity in the representations of morphine, placing it between pain and fear, as they indicate it as an important resource to relieve/treat cancer pain, but it can also bring negative repercussions associated with its effects. FINAL CONSIDERATIONS: Despite patient adherence to morphine, opiophobia still needs to be fought through strategies that spread information that can reconstruct representations about morphine and its therapeutic use. Therapeutic education through the work of a multidisciplinary team stands out as a good strategy to disseminate safe information about the use of opioids.


INTRODUCCIÓN: El dolor es un síntoma frecuente en las personas con cáncer y los opioides son los fármacos de elección para su alivio; entre ellos está la morfina, que es uno de los más utilizados. OBJETIVOS: Describir las representaciones sociales de las personas con cáncer en cuidados paliativos sobre la morfina; analizar tales representaciones y sus implicaciones para la adherencia o no a este opioide en el tratamiento / alivio del dolor producido por el cáncer; Proponer estrategias de cuidados en sintonía con las representaciones de las personas con cáncer que requieren el uso de morfina. MÉTODO: Investigación con enfoque cualitativo, descriptivo y exploratorio, realizada en un hospital público. Los participantes fueron personas con cáncer tratadas en modalidad ambulatorial. Criterios de inclusión: mayores de 18 años, con índice ≥ 50% en la Escala de Karnofsky (KPS) y prescripción analgésica de morfina. Criterios de exclusión: presencia de dolor de moderado a intenso en el momento de la recogida de datos; y aquellos con comprometimiento verbal, cognitivo y/o psiquiátrico. Datos recogidos mediante cuestionario y entrevista semiestructurada. Los datos del cuestionario se analizaron mediante estadística descriptiva simple y porcentual y el contenido verbal fue sometido a análisis de contenido de tipo lexical, utilizándose el software Alceste. Proyecto aprobado por los Comités de Ética en Investigación de la institución proponente y cooperante, con dictámenes núm. 3.296.128 y 3.453.968, respectivamente. Todos los participantes firmaron una declaración de Consentimiento Libre e Informado. RESULTADOS: La edad promedio fue de 54,7 años; sexo femenino (69,7%); predominio de la religión evangélica (60,6%). El 81,8% afirmó que seguía correctamente la prescripción de morfina. En la Escala de Karnofsky, el 45,5% presentó un índice del 60%, lo que indica la necesidad de asistencia ocasional, pero con capacidad para trabajar. La intensidad del dolor, según la escala visual analógica (EVA), varió de leve (grado 1) a moderado (grado 4), ambos con 21,2% de respuestas. El procesamiento de datos en el software Alceste generó dos bloques: el primero con la Clase 1, que expresa la representación farmacológica del tratamiento con morfina y los factores asociados a ese tratamiento; el segundo estaba compuesto por las Clases 2 y 3 y expresa las relaciones sociales involucradas en el contexto del tratamiento, el vínculo de la persona que usa morfina con el mundo que la rodea, así como la relación que establece con ese medicamento, el conocimiento sobre la morfina y las actitudes adoptadas con respecto a su uso. Hubo ambigüedad en las representaciones de la morfina, pues se la situó entre el dolor y el miedo: los participantes la señalaron como un recurso importante para el alivio/tratamiento del dolor oncológico, pero también mencionaron la posibilidad de repercusiones negativas asociadas a sus efectos. CONSIDERACIONES FINALES: A pesar de la adherencia de los pacientes a la morfina, la opiofobia aún debe combatirse mediante estrategias que hagan circular información que permita la reconstrucción de las representaciones sobre la morfina y su uso terapéutico. La educación terapéutica mediante la actuación de un equipo multidisciplinario descolla como una buena estrategia para difundir información segura sobre el uso de opioides.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Palliative Care , Breast Neoplasms/diagnosis , Cancer Pain , Morphine/therapeutic use , Patients , Prejudice , Health Personnel , Karnofsky Performance Status , Qualitative Research , Pain Management/nursing , Analgesics, Opioid , Morphine Dependence/psychology
4.
J. bras. pneumol ; 46(4): e20190420, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134882

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the prevalence of anorexia and weight loss at diagnosis (pre-treatment), to identify the factors associated with pre-treatment weight loss, and to determine the prognostic role of anorexia and weight loss in the overall survival of patients with stage IV lung cancer. Methods: This was a retrospective observational cohort study. The patients were stratified by the presence/absence of anorexia and of pre-treatment weight loss, which generated a measure composed of four categories, which were the independent variables. Results: Among the 552 patients included in the study, anorexia and pre-treatment weight loss were present in 39.1% and 70.1%, respectively. After adjusting for age, male gender, and Karnofsky performance status, we found that anorexia and tumor size were significantly associated with pre-treatment weight loss. In a Cox multivariate analysis, adjusted for age, male gender and low Karnofsky performance status were found to be independent predictors of worse survival, as was concomitance of anorexia and weight loss. Conclusions: Anorexia and pre-treatment weight loss appear to be relevant problems in the follow-up of patients with advanced (stage IV) lung cancer Specific interventions are of crucial importance in individualized treatment plans, even within the context of palliative care.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar a prevalência de anorexia e perda de peso ao diagnóstico (pré-tratamento), os fatores associados à perda de peso pré-tratamento e o papel prognóstico da anorexia e da perda de peso na sobrevida global de pacientes com câncer de pulmão em estádio IV. Métodos: Estudo de coorte retrospectivo observacional. Os pacientes foram estratificados, dependendo da presença/ausência de anorexia e da presença/ausência de perda de peso pré-tratamento, o que gerou uma medida composta de anorexia e perda de peso de quatro níveis, que foi a variável independente. Resultados: Entre os 552 pacientes incluídos no estudo, as prevalências de anorexia e de perda de peso pré-tratamento foram de 39,1% e 70,1%, respectivamente. Após ajustar para idade, sexo masculino e índice de Karnofsky, a presença de anorexia e o tamanho do tumor foram significativamente associados à perda de peso pré-tratamento. Na análise multivariada de Cox, após ajustar para a idade, as variáveis sexo masculino, presença concomitante de anorexia e perda de peso e índice de Karnofsky reduzido foram preditores independentes de pior probabilidade de sobrevida. Conclusões: O presente estudo demonstrou que a presença de anorexia e de perda de peso pré-tratamento são problemas relevantes no seguimento de pacientes com câncer de pulmão avançado (estádio IV). Intervenções específicas são de crucial importância no plano de assistência individualizada, mesmo dentro da proposta de cuidados paliativos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Weight Loss , Anorexia/epidemiology , Lung Neoplasms/mortality , Prognosis , Cachexia/diagnosis , Cachexia/etiology , Cachexia/mortality , Anorexia/etiology , Prevalence , Survival Rate , Retrospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Karnofsky Performance Status , Lung Neoplasms
5.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 79(6): 453-460, dic. 2019. ilus, graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056753

ABSTRACT

La radiocirugía estereotáctica ha demostrado efectividad en el tratamiento multimodal de los tumores de base de cráneo, de todas maneras se sugiere que en áreas radiobioló;gicamente sensibles (ej. nervios ó;pticos y tronco cerebral) la dosis radiante debería reducirse por los efectos radiotó;xicos. Para evitar la ineficacia terapó;©utica, una alternativa recientemente implementada es la radiocirugía multisesió;n (RCH). Se analizó; en forma retrospectiva una serie de tumores de base de cráneo, con el fin de evaluar el tratamiento con RCH a travó;©s del control tumoral en las imágenes post-tratamiento. Se evaluó; tambín edad, sexo, histología tumoral, volumen tumoral, protocolo radiante, Karnofsky performance status (KPS) pre-tratamiento y neurocirugía y tratamiento radiante previos. Fueron tratados 84 pacientes entre enero 2009 y enero 2017. La mediana de edad fue 51.5 aó;±os; sexo femenino: 53.6%. Hubo un 92.7% de no-progresió;n luego del tratamiento, con una mediana de tiempo de seguimiento de 36 meses. Los tumores tratados fueron principalmente adenomas hipofisarios, neurinomas del acó;ºstico, y meningiomas de base de cráneo. La mayoría de los pacientes recibió; un esquema de tratamiento fraccionado de 5 días, con una dosis total de 25 Gy. No se observó; radiotoxicidad tardía clínicamente manifiesta. En el análisis multivariado, un KPS alto pre-tratamiento fue significativamente asociado a la no-progresió;n tumoral. En esta serie, la alta incidencia de no-progresió;n tumoral indicaría que el tratamiento con RCH podría ser una opció;n terapó;©utica en algunos casos de tumores de base de cráneo, principalmente recurrencias o remanencias tumorales de adenomas hipofisarios, neurinomas y meningiomas.


Stereotactic radiosurgery has shown effectiveness in the multimodal treatment of skull base tumors, however it is suggested that in radiobiologically sensitive areas (eg. optic nerves and brainstem) the radiation dose should be reduced due to radiotoxic effects. To avoid the consequent therapeutic ineffectiveness, a recently implemented alternative is multisession radiosurgery (RCH). We retrospectively analyzed a series of patients with skull base tumors, in order to evaluate the treatment with RCH through tumor control in the post-treatment images. Age, sex, tumor histology, tumor volume, radiation protocol, pre-treatment Karnofsky performance status (KPS) previous neurosurgery and radiant treatment were also evaluated. Eighty-four patients were treated between January 2009 and January 2017. The median age was 51.5 years; females: 53.6%. There was a 92.7% non-progression after treatment, with a median follow-up time of 36 months. Treated tumors were mainly pituitary adenomas, acoustic schwannomas, and skull base meningiomas. Most of the patients received a 5-day fractionated treatment scheme, with a total dose of 25 Gy. No clinically manifest late radiotoxicity was observed. In the multivariate analysis, a high pre-treatment KPS was significantly associated with tumor non-progression. In our series, the high incidence of tumor non-progression would indicate that treatment with RCH could be a therapeutic option in some cases of skull-base tumors, mainly recurrences or tumor residuals of pituitary adenomas, neurinomas and meningiomas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Radiosurgery/methods , Skull Base Neoplasms/radiotherapy , Radiation Dosage , Time Factors , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Multivariate Analysis , Reproducibility of Results , Retrospective Studies , Karnofsky Performance Status , Disease-Free Survival , Disease Progression , Skull Base Neoplasms/pathology , Skull Base Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Tumor Burden , Kaplan-Meier Estimate
6.
Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society ; : 610-617, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-788800

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the surgical results of the intradural transpetrosectomy for petrous apex meningiomas (PAMs). In addition, we describe the methods and techniques used to expose and manage superior petrous vein and greater superficial petrosal nerve.METHODS: The authors conducted a retrospective study of 16 patients with PAMs operated by the senior author via the intradural transpetrosectomy between February 2012 to May 2017. We reviewed patient data regarding the general characteristics, surgical technique and surgery-related outcomes and adopted a combined follow-up strategy of clinic and telephone contacts to evaluate postoperative complications.RESULTS: Simpson grade I and II resection was performed in 10 out of 16 cases (62.5%), and grade III resection were reported in the remaining six cases (37.5%) with no resultant mortality. The mean Karnofsky Performance Status score was 85.6 preoperatively and improved to 91.9 postoperatively, with a mean follow-up period of 34.4 months (range, 6–66 months). Tumor recurrence was found in two patients and they underwent the second surgical operation.CONCLUSION: PAMs could be completely resected by the intradural transpetrosectomy with an improved survival rate and postoperative life quality. Superior petrous vein and greater superficial petrosal nerve should be managed properly in avoidance of postoperative complications. Finally, most meningioma inside cavernous sinus or adhered to brainstem could be totally removed without postoperative complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Brain Stem , Cavernous Sinus , Follow-Up Studies , Karnofsky Performance Status , Meningioma , Mortality , Neurosurgical Procedures , Petrous Bone , Postoperative Complications , Quality of Life , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate , Telephone , Veins
7.
Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society ; : 610-617, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765373

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the surgical results of the intradural transpetrosectomy for petrous apex meningiomas (PAMs). In addition, we describe the methods and techniques used to expose and manage superior petrous vein and greater superficial petrosal nerve. METHODS: The authors conducted a retrospective study of 16 patients with PAMs operated by the senior author via the intradural transpetrosectomy between February 2012 to May 2017. We reviewed patient data regarding the general characteristics, surgical technique and surgery-related outcomes and adopted a combined follow-up strategy of clinic and telephone contacts to evaluate postoperative complications. RESULTS: Simpson grade I and II resection was performed in 10 out of 16 cases (62.5%), and grade III resection were reported in the remaining six cases (37.5%) with no resultant mortality. The mean Karnofsky Performance Status score was 85.6 preoperatively and improved to 91.9 postoperatively, with a mean follow-up period of 34.4 months (range, 6–66 months). Tumor recurrence was found in two patients and they underwent the second surgical operation. CONCLUSION: PAMs could be completely resected by the intradural transpetrosectomy with an improved survival rate and postoperative life quality. Superior petrous vein and greater superficial petrosal nerve should be managed properly in avoidance of postoperative complications. Finally, most meningioma inside cavernous sinus or adhered to brainstem could be totally removed without postoperative complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Brain Stem , Cavernous Sinus , Follow-Up Studies , Karnofsky Performance Status , Meningioma , Mortality , Neurosurgical Procedures , Petrous Bone , Postoperative Complications , Quality of Life , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate , Telephone , Veins
8.
MedUNAB ; 22(3): 330-340, 29-11-2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1045899

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El dolor es el principal síntoma que se presenta en el 40% de los pacientes oncológicos en tratamiento y en entre el 80% y el 85% de pacientes con la enfermedad avanzada. Dentro de las herramientas farmacológicas, los opioides son una opción con los consecuentes efectos secundarios, momento en el cual los procedimientos intervencionistas adquieren su importancia. El objetivo del artículo es mostrar el impacto sobre el control del dolor y la calidad de vida en paciente con dolor oncológico abdominal sometido a bloqueo celíaco o hipogástrica en un periodo de 3 meses, con el fin de generar conocimiento del tema en el área de la salud. Metodología. Se realizó una serie descriptiva de casos en un período de 3 meses. Se incluyeron 34 pacientes adultos con dolor abdominal de origen oncológico, con propuesta de bloqueo neurolítico de plexos celíacos o hipogástrico superior como método de control del dolor y se realizó un análisis de las variables en el programa estadístico IBM SPSS Versión 19. Resultados. Se encontró alivio del dolor en el 79.4% de los pacientes intervenidos al poco tiempo del procedimiento y de 33.3% a los 3 meses. No se encontró significante mejoría en la calidad de vida evaluada con el cuestionario SF-36. Conclusiones. Se encontró en este estudio que pacientes con índice de Karnofsky <50 tuvieron alta tasa de mortalidad posterior al bloqueo. La técnica de fenolización más radiofrecuencia podrían tener mejor respuesta terapéutica. Son necesarios más estudios para evaluar posibles asociaciones. Cómo citar. Jaimes J, Leotau MA, Rangel GW, Miranda N, García-Salazar N, Rangel-Vera JA. Efectividad del bloqueo neurolítico simpático abdominal en una serie de casos descriptiva en pacientes con dolor oncológico. MedUNAB. 2019;22(3):330-340. doi: 10.29375/01237047.3337


Introduction. Pain is the main symptom that occurs in 40% of cancer patients undergoing treatment and between 80% and 85% of patients with advanced cancer. Out of the pharmacological tools, opioids are an option with secondary effects, which makes interventional procedures important. The objective of the article is to demonstrate the impact of celiac or hypogastric plexus block in a three-month period on the pain control and quality of life of patients with abdominal oncological pain in order to generate knowledge of this topic in the healthcare sector. Methodology. A descriptive case series was conducted in a three-month period. Thirtyfour adult patients with oncological abdominal pain with proposed celiac or superior hypogastric plexus block as a method of pain control were included and an analysis was conducted of the variables in the statistical program IBM SPSS Version 19. Results. Pain relief was found in 79.4% of the treated patients shortly after the procedure and in 33.3% of the treated patients after 3 months. No significant improvement was evidenced in the quality of life evaluated with the SF-36 questionnaire. Conclussions. The study found that patients with a Karnofsky performance score of < 50 had a high mortality rate after the block. The technique of phenolization and radiofrequency could have a better therapeutic response. More studies are needed to assess possible associations. Cómo citar. Jaimes J, Leotau MA, Rangel GW, Miranda N, García-Salazar N, Rangel-Vera JA. Efectividad del bloqueo neurolítico simpático abdominal en una serie de casos descriptiva en pacientes con dolor oncológico. MedUNAB. 2019;22(3):330-340. doi: 10.29375/01237047.3337


Introdução. A dor é o principal sintoma que ocorre em 40% dos pacientes oncológicos em tratamento e entre 80% e 85% dos pacientes com a doença avançada. Dentro das ferramentas farmacológicas, os opióides são uma opção com consequentes efeitos colaterais, momento em que os procedimentos intervencionistas se tornam importantes. Objetivo. O objetivo do artigo é mostrar o impacto no controle da dor e na qualidade de vida em pacientes com dor oncológica abdominal submetido a bloqueio celíaco ou do plexo hipogástrico em um período de 3 meses, a fim de gerar conhecimento sobre o assunto na área da saúde. Métodos. Foi feita uma série descritiva de casos durante um período de 3 meses. Foram incluídos 34 pacientes adultos com dor abdominal de origem oncológica, com proposta de bloqueio neurolítico do plexo celíaco ou hipogástrico superior como método de controle da dor e a análise das variáveis foi realizada no programa SPSS statistic 19 IBM. Resultados. Observou-se alívio da dor em 79.4% dos pacientes operados logo após o procedimento e em 33.3% 3 meses depois. Não houve melhora significativa na qualidade de vida avaliada com o questionário SF-36. Discussão. Encontrou-se neste estudo que pacientes com índice de Karnofsky > 50 apresentaram alta taxa de mortalidade após o bloqueio. A técnica de fenolização e a radiofrequência poderiam ter melhor resposta terapêutica. Mais estudos são necessários para avaliar possíveis associações. Cómo citar. Jaimes J, Leotau MA, Rangel GW, Miranda N, García-Salazar N, Rangel-Vera JA. Efectividad del bloqueo neurolítico simpático abdominal en una serie de casos descriptiva en pacientes con dolor oncológico. MedUNAB. 2019;22(3):330-340. doi: 10.29375/01237047.3337


Subject(s)
Autonomic Nerve Block , Quality of Life , Karnofsky Performance Status , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Cancer Pain , Analgesics, Opioid
9.
urol. colomb. (Bogotá. En línea) ; 28(4): 291-295, 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1402668

ABSTRACT

Introducción Y Objetivos Las derivaciones del tracto urinario abarcan una amplia gama de técnicas quirúrgicas, siendo la causa más frecuente para su uso la patología urotelial maligna. De las derivaciones urinarias no continentes heterótopicas las más utilizadas son el conducto ileal y las ureterostomias cutáneas. La elección de la técnica dependerá de la patología de base, las condiciones del paciente y la experiencia del cirujano. El objetivo de este trabajo es determinar las complicaciones tempranas (≤30 días) y tardías (>30 días) de derivaciones urinarias heterópicas no continentes (DUHNC) tipo conducto ileal (CI) vs ureterostomias cutáneas (UC). Métodos Se realizó un estudio descriptivo retrospectivo de los pacientes llevados a DUHNC tipo CI o UC, desde enero del 2008 a julio del 2016, en un centro de referencia para patología oncológica. Se evaluó: edad, género, comorbilidades, escala de Karnofsky, patología quirúrgica, sangrado, ASA, tiempo quirúrgico, estancia hospitalaria, complicaciones tempranas y tardías. Resultados De los 70 pacientes incluidos, 26 con UC y 44 con CI, prevaleciendo el género masculino en ambos grupos. El promedio de edad fue de 66 y 63 años respectivamente y el indice Karnofsky en todos los pacientes fue superior al 90%. La causa más frecuente fue patología maligna de vejiga. El tiempo quirúrgico fue mayor en los pacientes del CI, siendo estadísticamente significativo (p = 0.000). El sangrado fue similar en ambas técnicas quirúrgicas requiriendo transfusión de hemoderivados el 92,3% de los pacientes con UC y 88,6% de los CI. La estancia hospitalaria no tuvo diferencias. En cuanto a las complicaciones tempranas, la más frecuente en ambos grupos fue el choque hipovolémico (61% UC y 58% CI). De las complicaciones tardías la sepsis urinaria prevaleció en ambos grupos (34% y 18% respectivamente) y la estrechez del estoma y la anastomosis ureteroileal se presentaron en las UC y en los CI respectivamente. La mortalidad en el transoperatorio fue del 12,8%. Conclusiones Las DUHNC como las ureterostomias cutáneas o el conducto ileal son técnicas quirúrgicas con tasas de sangrado, transfusión y estancia hospitalaria similares, pero con una menor proporción de complicaciones tanto tempranas como tardías en los pacientes llevados a conducto ileal


Introduction and Objectives The derivations of the urinary tract cover a wide range of surgical techniques, being the most frequent cause for its use the malignant urothelial pathology. Of the urinary diversions, the heterotopic continents are the ileal conduit and the cutaneous ureterostomies. The choice of technique will depend on the underlying pathology, the patient's conditions and the experience of the surgeon. The aim of this study is to determine the early complications (≤30 days) and late complications (> 30 days) of noncontinental heteropic urinary diversions (NHUD) type ileal conduit (IC) vs cutaneous ureterostomies (CU). Methods A retrospective descriptive study was conducted of patients referred to NHUD type CI or CU, from January 2008 to July 2016, in a referral center for oncological pathology. We evaluated: age, gender, comorbidities, Karnofsky scale, surgical pathology, bleeding, ASA, surgical time, hospital stay, early and late complications. Results Of the 70 patients included, 26 with CU and 44 with IC, the male gender prevailing in both groups. The average age was 66 and 63 years respectively and the Karnofsky index in all patients was over 90%. The most frequent cause was malignant pathology of the bladder. Surgical time was higher in IC patients, being statistically significant (p = 0.000). Bleeding was similar in both surgical techniques requiring transfusion of blood products 92.3% of patients with CU and 88.6% of IC. The hospital stay did not differ. Regarding the early complications, the most frequent in both groups was hypovolemic shock (61% CU and 58% CI). Of the late complications, urinary sepsis prevailed in both groups (34% and 18% respectively) and the narrowing of the stoma and the ureteroileal anastomosis were present in the CU and in the IC, respectively. The mortality in the transoperative period was 12.8%. Conclusions NHUD such as cutaneous ureterostomies or ileal conduit are surgical techniques with similar rates of bleeding, transfusion and hospital stay, but with a lower proportion of complications both early and late in patients taken to the ileal conduit.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Aged , Urinary Diversion , Urinary Tract , Ureterostomy , Pathology, Surgical , Urinary Bladder , Karnofsky Performance Status , Blood-Derivative Drugs
10.
Arq. bras. neurocir ; 37(4): 297-303, 15/12/2018.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362638

ABSTRACT

Introduction Glioblastomas are malignant neoplasms, notorious for their poor prognosis. We have conducted a survival analysis in a sample of elderly patients with glioblastomas. Methods The sample of the present study consisted of elderly patients consecutively admitted from January 2014 to January 2016 (24 months) at the Hospital do Servidor Público Estadual de São Paulo. We have evaluated the impact of age, Karnofsky scale (KS) score, tumor location, and occurrence of perioperative complications. Results A total of 42 patients were analyzed. Of these, 23 (54.7%) were men, and 19 (45.3%) were women. Patients > 60 years old, with low KS score, deep-seated tumors, and those with perioperative complications had worst outcomes. Discussion and conclusion Surgery, perioperative chemotherapy and radiotherapy add survival time and quality of life to these patients. In patients with low KS score, isolated radiotherapy and/or chemotherapy might be adequate. Decreasing perioperative complications is essential to adequately deliver adjuvant therapy in elderly patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Postoperative Complications , Prognosis , Glioblastoma/complications , Glioblastoma/therapy , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Aged , Karnofsky Performance Status/statistics & numerical data , Glioblastoma/epidemiology
11.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 78(5): 305-310, oct. 2018. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-976118

ABSTRACT

Los tumores del tronco cerebral son infrecuentes en la población adulta. Las controversias surgen cuando se considera la necesidad de confirmar el diagnóstico histopatológico en esta área elocuente del cerebro, balanceando los beneficios de obtener un diagnóstico certero y las desventajas de los procedimientos invasivos. Existen escasas publicaciones acerca de su tratamiento quirúrgico en adultos, todas series pequeñas analizadas retrospectivamente. Presentamos nuestra experiencia con el propósito de contribuir al proceso de toma de decisiones. Diez de 13 pacientes fueron intervenidos. Las lesiones se clasificaron en focales (n:7), infiltrativa difusa (n:1), tectal (1) y exofítica (1). El estado neurológico según la escala Karnofsky Performance Status fue ≥ 70 en 6 casos y < 70 en 7. Las muestras fueron obtenidas mediante abordaje microquirúrgico directo o por biopsia estereotáctica. Los hallazgos histopatológicos fueron confirmados en todos los casos: astrocitoma pilocítico (n:1), glioma de bajo grado (n:1), glioblastoma (n:1), hemangioblastoma celular (n:1), subependimoma (n:1), disgerminoma (n:1), y lesiones pseudotumorales (n:4, 3 cavernomas, 1 pseudotumor inflamatorio). La amplia variedad de hallazgos patológicos en esta localización en adultos exige una precisa definición histopatológica, que no solo determina la terapéutica adecuada sino que también previene las consecuencias potencialmente catastróficoas de los tratamientos empíricos.


Brainstem tumors are uncommon beyond childhood. Controversies arise regarding the need of histological diagnosis in this eloquent area of the brain, weighting the benefits of a reliable diagnosis against the disadvantages of invasive procedures. There are scant publications about the surgical management of brainstem tumors in adults, all of them involving small retrospective cohorts. We are reporting our experience with the aim of contributing to the decision making process. Out of a series of 13 patients, 10 were approached surgically. According to Guillamo´s classification the lesions were: focal (n:7), diffuse infiltrative (n:1), tectal (n:1), and exophytic (n:1). According to the Karnofsky Performance Status scale, the neurological status was ≥ 70 in 6 cases and < 70 in 7. Histopathology was confirmed in all 10 treated cases and the samples were obtained by a direct microsurgical approach or by stereotactic biopsy. Histopathological findings were: pilocytic astrocytoma (n:1), low grade glioma (n:1), glioblastoma (n:1), cellular haemangioblastoma (n:1), subependimoma (n:1), pseudotumoral lesions (n:4; 3 cavernomas, 1 inflammatory pseudotumor), and disgerminoma (n:1). As a broad variety of pathologies could be found in this brain localization, an accurate histopathological definition can not only determine the adequate therapy, but also avoid the disastrous consequences of empiric treatments.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Brain Stem Neoplasms/surgery , Brain Stem Neoplasms/pathology , Biopsy , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Cerebral Angiography/methods , Retrospective Studies , Karnofsky Performance Status , Hemangioblastoma/diagnosis , Hemangioma, Cavernous, Central Nervous System/surgery , Hemangioma, Cavernous, Central Nervous System/diagnosis , Brain Stem Neoplasms/diagnosis , Glioma/diagnosis , Granuloma, Plasma Cell/diagnosis
12.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992, Impr.) ; 64(8): 717-722, Aug. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-976845

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE To evaluate the survival of patients with brain metastases treated surgically according to the potentially involved factors. METHODS 71 patients treated surgically were analyzed with the diagnosis of brain metastases during the period from January 2011 to November 2014, totaling 47 months of follow-up. The Kaplan-Meier curve method was used for survival analysis. Results We evaluated 71 patients with brain metastases treated surgically, 44 female and 27 male, mean age of 60.1 years. According to the Karnofsky scale, 44 patients were classified with Karnofsky greater than or equal to 70 and 27 patients with Karnofsky inferior to 70. Lung was the primary site most commonly found. Death occurred in twenty patients (28%), and lung tumors were responsible for the most deaths. Twelve patients had supra and infratentorial metastases, fifty-nine only had supratentorial lesions, and lesions were multiple in twenty-eight patients and single in forty-three. Thirty patients were also treated with chemotherapy, eighteen with chemotherapy and radiation therapy, while only three received just radiotherapy. Survival analysis by Kaplan-Meier curve showed no statistical significance regarding age, histological type, location, Karnofsky, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy. There was statistical significance regarding gender. CONCLUSION The factors analyzed did not change survival rates, except for gender. This fact may probably be explained due to the systemic and diffuse behavior of cancer.


RESUMO OBJETIVO Avaliar a sobrevivência de pacientes com metástases cerebrais tratados cirurgicamente de acordo com os fatores potencialmente envolvidos. Métodos 71 pacientes tratados cirurgicamente foram analisados com o diagnóstico de metástases cerebrais durante o período de janeiro de 2011 a novembro de 2014, totalizando 47 meses de seguimento. A curva de Kaplan-Meier foi utilizada para análise de sobrevivência. Resultados Avaliamos 71 pacientes com metástases cerebrais atendidas cirurgicamente, 44 do sexo feminino e 27 do sexo masculino, idade média de 60,1 anos. De acordo com a escala de Karnofsky, 44 pacientes foram classificados com Karnofsky maior ou igual a 70 e 27 pacientes com Karnofsky com menos de 70. O pulmão era o local mais comum. A morte ocorreu em 20 pacientes (28%) e os tumores pulmonares são responsáveis pela maioria das mortes. Doze pacientes apresentavam metástases supra e infratentoriais, 59 apresentavam apenas lesões supratentoriais, e as lesões eram múltiplas em 28 pacientes e isoladas em 43. Trinta pacientes também foram tratados com quimioterapia, 18 foram tratados com quimioterapia e radioterapia, enquanto que apenas três receberam apenas radioterapia. A análise de sobrevivência pela curva de Kaplan-Meier não mostrou significância estatística de acordo com a idade, tipo histológico, localização, Karnofsky, quimioterapia e radioterapia. Houve significância estatística em relação ao gênero. Conclusão Os fatores analisados não alteraram a sobrevivência, exceto o gênero. Este fato provavelmente pode ser explicado devido ao comportamento sistêmico e difuso do câncer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Brain Neoplasms/mortality , Brain Neoplasms/secondary , Prostatic Neoplasms/mortality , Prostatic Neoplasms/pathology , Neoplasms, Unknown Primary/mortality , Neoplasms, Unknown Primary/pathology , Brain Neoplasms/pathology , Brain Neoplasms/therapy , Sex Factors , Multivariate Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Age Factors , Sex Distribution , Karnofsky Performance Status , Age Distribution , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Kidney Neoplasms/mortality , Kidney Neoplasms/pathology , Lung Neoplasms/mortality , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Metastasis
13.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992, Impr.) ; 64(1): 47-53, Jan. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-896420

ABSTRACT

Summary Objective: To evaluate the impact of the need for mechanical ventilation (MV) and its duration throughout ICU stay on the quality of life (QoL) and physical functional status (PFS) after the immediate ICU discharge. Method: This was a cross-sectional study including all subjects consecutively discharged from the ICU during 1-year period. During the first week after ICU discharge, QoL was assessed through WHOQoL-Bref questionnaire and PFS through the Karnofsky Performance Status and modified-Barthel index, and retrospectively compared with the pre-admission status (variation [Δ] of indexes). Results: During the study, 160 subjects met the inclusion criteria. Subjects receiving MV presented PFS impairment (Δ Karnofsky Performance Status [-19.7 ± 20.0 vs. -14.9 ± 18.2; p=0.04] and Δ modified-Barthel index [-17.4 ± 12.8 vs. -13.2 ± 12.9; p=0.05]) compared with those who did not receive MV. Duration of MV was a good predictor of PFS (Δ Karnofsky Performance Status [-14.6-1.12 * total days of MV; p=0.01] and Δ modified-Barthel index [-14.2-0.74 * total days of MV; p=0.01]). QoL, assessed by WHOQoL-Bref, showed no difference between groups (14.0 ± 1.8 vs. 14.5 ± 1.9; p=0.14), and the duration of MV did not influence QoL (WHOQoL-Bref scale [14.2-0.05* total days of MV; p=0.43]). Conclusion: Need for MV and duration of MV decrease patient PFS after ICU discharge.


Resumo Objetivo: Avaliar o impacto da necessidade de ventilação mecânica (VM) e sua duração na qualidade de vida (QV) e no estado funcional físico (EFF) dos pacientes após a alta imediata da UTI. Método: Estudo transversal incluindo todos os pacientes que, consecutivamente, tiveram alta da UTI durante um período de um ano. Durante a primeira semana após a alta da UTI, a QV foi avaliada através do questionário WHOQoL-Bref e o EFF através do índice de Karnofsky e do índice de Barthel modificado, comparados retrospectivamente com o estado pré-admissão (variação [Δ] dos índices). Resultados: Durante o estudo, 160 indivíduos preencheram os critérios de inclusão. Os indivíduos submetidos a VM apresentaram maior prejuízo no EFF (Δ Karnofsky [-19,7 ± 20,0 vs. -14,9 ± 18,2; p=0,04] e Δ Barthel modificado [-17,4 ± 12,8 vs. -13,2 ± 12,9; p=0,05]) quando comparados aos pacientes sem VM. A duração da VM foi um bom preditor de redução do EFF (Δ Karnofsky [-14,6-1,12 * dias totais de VM; p=0,01] e Δ Barthel modificado [-14,2-0,74 * dias totais de VM; p=0,01]). A QV, avaliada pelo WHOQoL-Bref, não mostrou diferença entre os grupos (14,0 ± 1,8 vs. 14,5 ± 1,9; p=0,14) e a duração da VM não influenciou a QV (WHOQoL-Bref [14,2-0,05 * dias totais de VM; p=0,43]). Conclusão: A necessidade e a duração do VM reduzem a performance física dos pacientes após a alta da UTI.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Quality of Life , Respiration, Artificial/adverse effects , Recovery of Function , Patient Discharge , Respiration, Artificial/psychology , Time Factors , Activities of Daily Living , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Retrospective Studies , Karnofsky Performance Status , Intensive Care Units
14.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 194-201, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713103

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate the adequacy of retreatment, including hypofractionated re-irradiation (HFReRT), after surgery for recurrent glioblastoma (GBM) and related prognosticators of outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From 2011 to 2014, 25 consecutive patients with recurrent (n=17) or secondary (n=7) disease underwent maximal surgery and subsequent HFReRT after meeting the following conditions: 1) confirmation of recurrent or secondary GBM after salvage surgery; 2) Karnofsky performance score (KPS) ≥60; and 3) interval of ≥12 months between initial radiotherapy and HFReRT. HFReRT was delivered using a simultaneous integrated boost technique, with total dose of 45 Gy in 15 fractions to the gross tumor volume (GTV) and 37.5 Gy in 15 fractions to the clinical target volume. RESULTS: During a median follow-up of 13 months, the median progression-free and overall survival (OS) were 13 and 16 months, respectively. A better KPS (p=0.026), no involvement of the eloquent area at recurrence (p=0.030), and a smaller GTV (p=0.005) were associated with better OS. Additionally, OS differed significantly between risk groups stratified by the National Institutes of Health Recurrent GBM Scale (low-risk vs. high-risk, p=0.025). Radiologically suspected radiation necrosis (RN) was observed in 16 patients (64%) at a median of 9 months after HFReRT, and 8 patients developed grade 3 RN requiring hospitalization. CONCLUSION: HFReRT after maximal surgery prolonged survival in selected patients with recurrent GBM, especially those with small-sized recurrences in non-eloquent areas and good performance.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Brain Neoplasms/mortality , Radiation Dose Hypofractionation , Glioblastoma/mortality , Karnofsky Performance Status , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/mortality , Prognosis , Radiosurgery , Re-Irradiation/methods , Salvage Therapy/methods , Survival Rate , Treatment Outcome
15.
Brain & Neurorehabilitation ; : e21-2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716992

ABSTRACT

Robot-assisted gait training (RAGT) is beneficial in effectively implementing repetitive, high-intensity gait training. Several studies have been conducted in different fields of RAGT; however, only a few have explored such training practices in patients with brain tumors. We conducted RAGT in 3 patients with primary brain tumors. They were treated with 30 minutes of Morning Walk® training, followed by 1 hour of conventional physiotherapy, 5 times a week for 3 weeks. At the end of RAGT, the outcomes revealed improved scores in all 3 patients on several assessments, such as the 10-meter walk test, Modified Barthel Index, Rivermead Mobility Index, Berg Balance Scale, and Karnofsky Performance Status Scale. However, the level of fatigue (Brief Fatigue Index) increased in all the patients. RAGT accompanied with conventional physiotherapy is beneficial for gait speed, mobility, and functional ambulation, but the level of fatigue is deteriorated at the same time in patients with brain tumors. The time, intensity, and protocol of RAGT accompanied with conventional physiotherapy need to be tailored to the level of fatigue expressed by patients with brain tumors to improving gait disturbances effectively.


Subject(s)
Humans , Brain Neoplasms , Brain , Fatigue , Gait , Karnofsky Performance Status , Rehabilitation , Walking
16.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e61-2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764909

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Extraspinal percutaneous osteoplasties (POPs) are novel techniques for the treatment of painful bony metastasis, which is often the cause of both persistent and incidental breakthrough pain. This retrospective study explored the efficacy and complications of extraspinal POPs. METHODS: The origin of the cancer metastasis, performed POP sites, necessity of adjacent joint injections, pain and Karnofsky Performance Scale (KPS) scores, complications related to the POPs, and life expectancy were evaluated from the medical records from 2009 to 2016. RESULTS: A total of 47 (M/F = 28/19) patients had received 54 POPs, including costoplasty, scapuloplasty, ilioplasty, humeroplasty, ischioplasty, femoroplasty, sternoplasty, and puboplasty, in order of frequency. The most common sites for the origin of the cancer, in order of frequency, were the lung, liver, breast, colon, and kidney. All patients receiving POPs including scapuloplasty, ilioplasty, humeroplasty, and femoroplasty needed adjacent joint injections before or after the POPs. Pain due to metastatic lesions was reduced significantly immediately after the POPs and the reduction was sustained until the end of their lives. The median KPS was increased from 35.4% to 67.7% immediately after the POPs. There were no complications related to the procedures. The mean life expectancy after performing the POPs, for 35 patients which died afterwards, was 99.3 days, ranging from 1 to 767 days. CONCLUSION: Even though pain in the isolated POP sites may be difficult to measure due to overlapping systemic pain, the POPs provided immediate local pain relief, and the patients showed better physical performance without procedure-related complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Breakthrough Pain , Breast , Cementoplasty , Colon , Early Ambulation , Joints , Karnofsky Performance Status , Kidney , Life Expectancy , Liver , Lung , Medical Records , Neoplasm Metastasis , Retrospective Studies
17.
Korean Journal of Hospice and Palliative Care ; : 75-83, 2018.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-717175

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To provide effective palliative care, it is important to predict not only patients' life expectancy but their discharge status at a time of inpatient admission to a hospice care facility. This study was aimed to identify meaningful life expectancy indicators that can be used to predict patients' discharge status on admission to the facility. METHODS: Among 568 patients who were admitted to the hospice ward of P hospital from April 1, 2016 through December 31, 2017, 377 terminal cancer patients were selected. This retrospective cohort study was performed by using performance status, symptoms and signs, socioeconomic status, laboratory findings on admission. RESULTS: Alive discharge was associated with a good performance status that was measured with the Karnofsky and Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) scales and the Global health and Mental status. Less anorexia, dyspnea, dysphagia and fatigue were also associated with symptoms and signs. Associated laboratory findings were close to normal Complete Blood Cell (CBC) count, Liver Function Test (LFT) and Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN). CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that Karnofsky Performance Status (KPS), ECOG, Global health, Mental status, anorexia, dyspnea, dysphagia, fatigue, CBC, LFT, BUN are meaningful indicators when predicting discharge status for inpatients. Further investigation is warranted.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anorexia , Blood Cells , Blood Urea Nitrogen , Cohort Studies , Deglutition Disorders , Dyspnea , Fatigue , Global Health , Hematologic Tests , Hospice Care , Hospices , Inpatients , Karnofsky Performance Status , Life Expectancy , Liver Function Tests , Palliative Care , Patient Discharge , Retrospective Studies , Social Class , Socioeconomic Factors , Weights and Measures
18.
Rev. bras. cancerol ; 64(4): 533-539, 2018.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1025287

ABSTRACT

Introdução: As neoplasias hematológicas, leucemias e linfomas são patologias que afetam o sangue ou tecidos formadores dele. Durante o período de hospitalização, os pacientes podem desenvolver redução da capacidade funcional que pode interferir na sua função respiratória. Objetivo: Avaliar a influência do tempo de internamento sobre a força muscular respiratória e o nível funcional de adultos com leucemia e linfoma. Método: Estudo observacional, com delineamento longitudinal e abordagem quantitativa, realizado na enfermaria onco-hematológica do Complexo Hospitalar Universitário Professor Edgard Santos (Hupes). A avaliação da força muscular respiratória foi mensurada pelo manovacuômetro e a capacidade funcional pela escala de desempenho de Karnofsky (KPS). Resultados: No decorrer do tempo de internamento dos pacientes, houve uma diminuição da pressão expiratória máxima (PEM) (p=0,000), porém não foi observada diferença significativa na pressão inspiratória máxima (PIM) (p>0,05). Em relação à KPS, os pacientes apresentaram nível de funcionalidade de 70%. Conclusão: Este estudo demonstrou que a PEM foi alterada durante o internamento, porém não houve modificação da PIM e da funcionalidade dos pacientes.


Introduction: Hematologic neoplasms, leukemias and lymphomas are pathologies that affect the blood or tissues that form it. During the hospitalization period patients may develop functional capacity reduction, which may interfere with their respiratory function. Objective: Evaluate the influence of hospitalization time about respiratory muscle strength and functional level of adults with leukemia and lymphoma. Method: Observational study, with longitudinal design and quantitative approach, performed at the onco-hematological ward of the University Hospital Complex Professor Edgard Santos (Hupes). The assessment of respiratory muscle strength was measured using the manovacuometer and functional capacity using the Karnofsky Performance Scale (KPS). Results: During the hospitalization time, there was a decrease in the maximum expiratory pressure (PEM) (p=0.000), but no significant difference was observed in the maximum inspiratory pressure (PIM) (p>0.05). In relation to KPS, the patients presented functional level of 70%. Conclusion: This study demonstrated that PEM was altered during hospitalization, but there was no modification of the PIM and the functionality of the patients.


Introducción: Las neoplasias hematológicas, leucemias y linfomas son patologías que afectan a la sangre o tejidos formadores de él. Durante el período de hospitalización los pacientes pueden desarrollar una reducción de la capacidad functional, que puede interferer en su función respiratoria. Objetivo: Evaluar la influencia del tiempo de internamiento sobre la fuerza muscular respiratoria y nivel funcional de adultos con leucemia y linfoma. Método: Estudio observacional, con delineamiento longitudinal y el enfoque cuantitativo, realizado en la enfermería onco-hematológica del Complejo Hospitalario Universitario Profesor Edgard Santos (Hupes). La evaluación de la fuerza muscular respiratoria se midió utilizando el manovacuómetro y la capacidad funcional utilizando la escala de rendimiento de Karnofsky (KPS). Resultados: En el transcurso del tiempo de internamiento de los pacientes, hubo una disminución de la presión espiratoria máxima (PEM) (p=0,000), pero no se observó diferencia significativa en la presión inspiratoria máxima (PIM) (p>0,05). En relación a KPS, los pacientes presentaron un nivel de funcionalidad del 70%. Conclusión: Este estudio demostró que la PEM fue alterada durante el internamiento, pero no hubo modificación de la PIM y de la funcionalidad de los pacientes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Leukemia/metabolism , Hematologic Neoplasms/complications , Lymphoma/metabolism , Karnofsky Performance Status , Muscle Strength , Length of Stay
19.
Experimental Neurobiology ; : 245-255, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-714903

ABSTRACT

We present our experience on the hypofractionated Gamma Knife radiosurgery (FGKS) for large skull base meningioma as an initial treatment. We retrospectively reviewed 23 patients with large skull base meningioma ≥10 cm³ who underwent FGKS as the initial treatment option. The mean volume of tumors prior to radiosurgery was 21.2±15.63 cm³ (range, 10.09~71.42). The median total margin dose and marginal dose per fraction were 18 Gy (range, 15~20) and 6 Gy (range, 5~6), respectively. Patients underwent three or four fractionations in consecutive days with the same Leksell® frame. The mean follow-up duration was 38 months (range, 17~78). There was no mortality. At the last follow-up, the tumor volume was stationary in 15 patients (65.2%) and had decreased in 8 patients (34.8%). Six patients who had cranial neuropathy at the time of FGKS showed improvement at the last clinical follow-up. Following FGKS, 4 patients (17%) had new cranial neuropathy. The trigeminal neuropathy was the most common and all were transient. The mean Karnofsky Performance Status score at pre-FGKS and the last clinical follow-up was 97.0±10.4 points (median, 100) and 98.6±6.9 (median, 100) points, respectively. FGKS has showed satisfactory tumor control with functional preservation for large skull base meningiomas. Further prospective studies of large cohorts with long term follow-up are required to clarify the efficacy in the tumor control and functional outcome as well as radiation toxicity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cohort Studies , Cranial Nerve Diseases , Radiation Dose Hypofractionation , Follow-Up Studies , Karnofsky Performance Status , Meningioma , Mortality , Prospective Studies , Radiosurgery , Retrospective Studies , Skull Base , Skull , Trigeminal Nerve Diseases , Tumor Burden
20.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992, Impr.) ; 63(7): 583-589, July 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-896381

ABSTRACT

Summary Objective: To evaluate the influence of functional capacity (FC) and how it affects quality of life (QoL) in breast cancer survivors. Method: A total of 400 breast cancer survivors were studied - 118 without metastasis, 160 with locoregional metastasis and 122 with distant metastasis. The European Organization for Research and Treatment for Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire--Core 30 (EORTC QLQ-C30), Breast Cancer-Specific (EORTC QLQ-BR23), and the Karnofsky Performance Scale (KPS) were used to evaluate FC and QoL. Results: Women with distant metastases presented lower KPS 75.3 (SD=12.5) (p<0.001). For QLQ-C30, the mean of the Functional Scale for patients with distant metastasis was 57 (SD=19) (p<0.001), and the mean of the Symptom Scale for patients with distant metastasis was 37 (SD=20) (p<0.001). Both the scales for pain and fatigue showed the highest mean in the groups. For the Global Health Scale, patients without metastasis scored a mean of 62 (SD=24) points, while those with locoregional metastases scored a mean of 63 (SD=21.4), and distant metastasis scored 51.3 (SD=24) points. In the group with distant metastases, 105 (87%) had pain, and the average KPS was 74 (SD=12.0) (p=0.001). Conclusion: Breast cancer was associated with decreased FC, compromised QoL in women with locoregional and distant metastases compared to those without metastasis.


Resumo Objetivo: Avaliar a influência da capacidade funcional (CF) sobre a qualidade de vida (QV) de mulheres sobreviventes de câncer de mama. Método: 400 mulheres sobreviventes de câncer de mama foram avaliadas -118 sem metástases, 160 com metástases locorregionais e 122 com metástases a distância. Para avaliar a capacidade funcional e a qualidade de vida, os seguintes instrumentos foram utilizados: European Organization for Research and Treatment for Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire-Core 30 (EORTC QLQ-C30), Breast Cancer-Specific (EORTC QLQ-BR23) e Karnofsky Performance Scale (KPS). Resultados: Mulheres com metástases a distância apresentaram menor KPS 75,3 (DP=12,5) (p<0,001). Quanto ao QLQ-C30, a média da escala funcional para pacientes com metástases a distância foi de 57 (DP=19) (p<0,001). A média da escala de sintomas das pacientes com metástase a distância foi de 37 (DP=20) (p<0,001). A escala de dor e fadiga apresentou a maior média nos grupos. Em relação à Escala Global de Saúde, as pacientes sem metástase tinham uma média de 62 (DP=24); com metástase locorregional, 63 (DP=21,4); e com metástase a distância, 51,3 (DP=24). Para o grupo com metástase a distância, 105 (87%) tiveram dor, e a média do KPS foi de 74 (DP=2,0) (p=0,001). Conclusão: O câncer de mama foi associado com diminuição da capacidade funcional, comprometendo a qualidade de vida das mulheres sobreviventes do câncer de mama com metástases locorregional ou a distância, quando comparadas àquelas sem metástases.


Subject(s)
Female , Quality of Life , Breast Neoplasms/psychology , Survivors/psychology , Pain Measurement , Breast Neoplasms/epidemiology , Interviews as Topic , Surveys and Questionnaires , Karnofsky Performance Status , Neoplasm Metastasis
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