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Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 165-173, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970770


Objective: To fabricate TiO2 nanotube material functionalized by antimicrobial peptide LL-37, and to explore its effects on biological behaviors such as adhesion and migration of human keratinocytes (HaCaT) and its antibacterial properties. Methods: The TiO2 nanotube array (NT) was constructed on the surface of polished titanium (PT) by anodization, and the antimicrobial peptide LL-37 was loaded on the surface of TiO2 nanotube (LL-37/NT) by physical adsorption. Three samples were selected by simple random sampling in each group. Surface morphology, roughness, hydrophilicity and release characteristics of LL-37 of the samples were analyzed with a field emission scanning electron microscope, an atomic force microscope, a contact angle measuring device and a microplate absorbance reader. HaCaT cells were respectively cultured on the surface of three groups of titanium samples. Each group had 3 replicates. The morphology of cell was observed by field emission scanning electron microscope. The number of cell adhesion was observed by cellular immunofluorescence staining. Cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay was used to detect cell proliferation. Wound scratch assay was used to observe the migration of HaCaT. The above experiments were used to evaluate the effect of each group on the biological behavior of HaCaT cells. To evaluate their antibacterial effects, Porphyromonas gingivalis (Pg) was respectively inoculated on the surface of three groups of titanium samples. Each group had 3 replicates. The morphology of bacteria was observed by field emission scanning electron microscope. Bacterial viability was determined by live/dead bacterial staining. Results: A uniform array of nanotubes could be seen on the surface of titanium samples in LL-37/NT group, and the top of the tube was covered with granular LL-37. Compared with PT group [the roughness was (2.30±0.18) nm, the contact angle was 71.8°±1.7°], the roughness [(20.40±3.10) and (19.10±4.11) nm] and hydrophilicity (the contact angles were 22.4°±3.1° and 25.3°±2.2°, respectively) of titanium samples increased in NT and LL-37/NT group (P<0.001). The results of in vitro release test showed that the release of antimicrobial peptide LL-37 was characterized by early sudden release (1-4 h) and long-term (1-7 d) slow release. With the immunofluorescence, more cell attachment was found on NT and LL-37/NT than that on PT at the first 0.5 and 2.0 h of culture (P<0.05). The results of CCK-8 showed that there was no significant difference in the proliferation of cells among groups at 1, 3 and 5 days after culture. Wound scratch assay showed that compared with PT and NT group, the cell moved fastest on the surface of titanium samples in LL-37/NT group at 24 h of culture [(96.4±4.9)%] (F=35.55, P<0.001). A monolayer cells could be formed and filled with the scratch in 24 h at LL-37/NT group. The results of bacterial test in vitro showed that compared with the PT group, the bacterial morphology in the NT and LL-37/NT groups was significantly wrinkled, and obvious bacterial rupture could be seen on the surface of titanium samples in LL-37/NT group. The results of bacteria staining showed that the green fluorescence intensity of titanium samples in LL-37/NT group was the lowest in all groups (F=66.54,P<0.001). Conclusions: LL-37/NT is beneficial to the adhesion and migration of HaCaT cells and has excellent antibacterial properties, this provides a new strategy for the optimal design of implant neck materials.

Humans , Titanium/chemistry , Antimicrobial Peptides , Cathelicidins , Sincalide , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Nanotubes/chemistry , Dental Materials , Bacteria , Keratinocytes , Surface Properties
Int. j. morphol ; 40(6): 1648-1655, dic. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1421809


SUMMARY: The skin, located on the outermost part of the body, is always exposed to external stimuli such as sunlight. The exposure of skin to ultraviolet B (UVB) radiation from sunlight is known to be a major environmental factor in inducing photoaging. After exposure to UVB, an increase in reactive oxygen species can affect the expression and activity of many critical proteins depending on the duration and dose of the UVB radiation. Mammalian sirtuins (SIRTs), which are nicotinamide dinucleotide-dependent protein deacetylases, are well known for playing a role in cellular longevity. However, little is known about SIRT protein alterations in keratinocytes upon UVB irradiation according to SIRT subtypes. Therefore, in this study, the distribution of non-mitochondrial SIRT1, SIRT2, and SIRT6 proteins was investigated by immunofluorescence (IF) staining of the skin of SKH-1 mice (n=12) after UVB irradiation for 10 weeks. After UVB irradiation for 10 weeks, the IF of both SIRT1 and SIRT6 was significantly increased in the UVB-irradiated mice group (UG), but the difference in SIRT2 IF was not statistically significant between the control group (CG) and the UG. The translocation of both SIRT1 and SIRT6 IF from the nucleus to the cytoplasm of keratinocytes was observed in the upper epidermis of the UG, whereas SIRT2 IF was localized in the cytoplasm of keratinocytes in the epidermis in both the CG and the UG. The translocation of SIRT1 and SIRT6 IF from the nucleus to the cytoplasm of keratinocytes may account for the physiologically protective action of keratinocytes against UVB irradiation. However, the exact role of SIRT1 and SIRT6 translocation in keratinocytes, where SIRT1 and SIRT6 shuttle from the nucleus to the cytoplasm, is not well known. Therefore, further studies are needed to understand the molecular mechanisms of SIRT1 and SIRT6 translocation in keratinocytes upon UVB irradiation.

La piel, situada en la parte más externa del cuerpo, está siempre expuesta a estímulos externos como la luz solar. Se sabe que la exposición de la piel a la radiación ultravioleta B (UVB) de la luz solar es un factor ambiental importante en la inducción del fotoenvejecimiento. Después de la exposición a los rayos UVB, un aumento en las especies reactivas de oxígeno puede afectar la expresión y la actividad de muchas proteínas críticas según la duración y la dosis de la radiación UVB. Las sirtuinas de mamíferos (SIRT), que son proteínas desacetilasas dependientes de dinucleótidos de nicotinamida, son bien conocidas por desempeñar un papel en la longevidad celular. Sin embargo, se sabe poco sobre las alteraciones de la proteína SIRT en los queratinocitos tras la irradiación UVB según los subtipos de SIRT. Por lo tanto, en este estudio, se investigó la distribución de las proteínas SIRT1, SIRT2 y SIRT6 no mitocondriales mediante tinción de inmunofluorescencia (IF) de la piel de ratones SKH-1 (n = 12), después de la irradiación con UVB durante 10 semanas. Posterior a la irradiación, el IF de SIRT1 y SIRT6 aumentaron significativamente en el grupo de ratones irradiados con UVB (UG), pero la diferencia en SIRT2 IF no fue estadísticamente significativa entre el grupo control (CG) y el UG. La translocación de SIRT1 y SIRT6 IF desde el núcleo al citoplasma de los queratinocitos se observó en la epidermis superior de la UG, mientras que SIRT2 IF se localizó en el citoplasma de los queratinocitos en la epidermis, tanto en el GC, como en la UG. La translocación de SIRT1 y SIRT6 IF del núcleo al citoplasma de los queratinocitos puede explicar la acción protectora fisiológica de estos contra la radiación UVB. Sin embargo, el papel exacto de la translocación de SIRT1 y SIRT6 en los queratinocitos, donde SIRT1 y SIRT6 se trasladan desde el núcleo al citoplasma, no se conoce bien. Por lo tanto, se necesitan más estudios para comprender los mecanismos moleculares de la translocación SIRT1 y SIRT6 en los queratinocitos tras la irradiación UVB.

Animals , Male , Mice , Ultraviolet Rays , Keratinocytes/radiation effects , Sirtuins/radiation effects , Time Factors , Skin Aging , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Sirtuins/analysis
Acta cir. bras ; 37(9): e370902, 2022. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1402980


Purpose: To investigate the active ingredients of walnut ointment (WO) and its mechanism in repairing wounds. Methods: The ingredients of WO were detected by gas chromatography­mass spectrometry. The effect of linoleic acid (LA) was tested by in vitro Alamar Blue (AB) reagent. Image J software, histological and immunohistochemical analysis were used to confirm the healing effect of LA in the porcine skin model. The animals were euthanized after the experiment by injection of pentobarbital sodium. Results: LA, 24% in WO, promotes keratinocytes and fibroblasts proliferation, which were 50.09% and 15.07% respectively higher than control (p < 0.05). The healing rate of the LA group (96.02% ± 2%, 98.58% ± 0.78%) was higher than the saline group (82.11% ± 3.37%, 88.72% ± 1.73%) at week 3 and week 4 (p < 0.05). The epidermal thickness of the LA was 0.16 ± 0.04 mm greater and the expression of the P63 and CK10 proteins was stronger in the LA group than the control (p < 0.05). Conclusions: LA, which is the main components in WO can promote full-thickness burning wounds (FBWs) by stimulating cell proliferation and differentiation.

Ointments/chemistry , Wound Healing/drug effects , Keratinocytes/drug effects , Linoleic Acid/therapeutic use , Nuts/chemistry , Burns/therapy , Fibroblasts
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e19685, 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1383966


Abstract Psoriasis is a chronic skin inflammation, characterized by impaired differentiation, hyperproliferation of keratinocytes involving pro-inflammatory factors interleukin (IL)-13/17A, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interferon (IFN)-γ. Among the integrin family, α5 is important for blood vessel formation, and ß4 for proliferation, differentiation of keratinocytes. To investigate the expression and regulation of integrin α5 and ß4 in psoriatic keratinocytes. Skin biopsies were obtained from 14 psoriatic patients and 12 normal volunteers. We compared the immunolocalization and regulation of α5 and ß4 between the psoriatic and normal ones, before and after incubation with MEK/ERK pathway inhibitor U0126 by immunohistochemistry and western blot separately. Immunohistochemistry showed psoriatic keratinocytes had higher α5 than normal ones. According to western blot, IL-17A and IL-13 increased normal keratinocytes' α5 and ß4 respectively, but psoriatic keratinocytes were the exact opposite. Incubated with U0126, normal keratinocytes' α5 was enhanced by the 5 cytokines ; while IL-13/17A, IFN-γ suppressed ß4. Psoriatic keratinocytes' α5 was increased by IL-13/17A, decreased by IFN-γ; but ß4 increased by IL-17A, IFN-γ. IL-13/17A, TNF-α, IFN-γ regulate α5 and ß4 through ERK pathway whether normal or psoriasis. The normal and psoriatic keratinocytes respond to the same cytokines differently

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Integrins/analysis , Keratinocytes/classification , Patients/classification , Psoriasis/pathology , Blotting, Western/instrumentation , Cytokines/agonists , Interleukins/analysis
São Paulo; s.n; s.n; 2022. 172 p. tab, graf.
Thesis in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1378625


The solar ultraviolet (UV) radiation that reaches the Earth is composed of 95% of UVA (320 to 400 nm) and 5% of UVB (280 to 320 nm) radiation. UVB is carcinogenic, generating potentially mutagenic DNA lesions. The solar UVA radiation also causes DNA damage, but this fact does not fully account for its biological impact. UVA is absorbed by non-DNA cellular chromophores, generating reactive oxygen species such as singlet oxygen. Knowing the proteome mediates stress responses in cells, here we investigated the cellular effects of a non-cytotoxic dose of UVA radiation, equivalent to about 20 minutes of midday sun exposure, on the proteome of human keratinocytes. Using a combination of mass spectrometry-based proteomics, bioinformatics, and conventional biochemical assays, we analyzed two aspects of UVA-induced stress: spatial remodeling of the proteome in subcellular compartments 30 minutes after stress and long-term changes in protein levels and secretion (24 hours and 7 days postirradiation). In the first part of this thesis, we quantified and assigned subcellular localization for over 3000 proteins, of which about 600 potentially redistribute upon UVA exposure. Protein redistributions were accompanied by redox modulations, mitochondrial fragmentation and DNA damage. In the second part of the work, our results showed that primary human keratinocytes enter senescence upon exposure to a single dose of UVA, mounting antioxidant and inflammatory responses. Cells under UVA-induced senescence further elicit paracrine responses in neighboring premalignant HaCaT epithelial cells via inflammatory mediators. Altogether, these results reiterate the role of UVA radiation as a potent metabolic stressor in the skin

A radiação ultravioleta (UV) solar que atinge a superfície terrestre é composta por 95% de radiação UVA (320 a 400 nm) e 5% de radiação UVB (280 a 320 nm). A radiação UVB é carcinogênica e gera lesões potencialmente mutagênicas no DNA. A radiação UVA solar também gera danos no DNA, mas a genotoxicidade dessa radiação não explica inteiramente o seu impacto biológico. Atualmente, sabe-se que a radiação UVA é absorvida por cromóforos celulares, gerando espécies reativas de oxigênio, como o oxigênio singlete. Sabendo que o proteoma é um mediador de respostas ao estresse celular, nós investigamos os efeitos celulares de uma dose não-citotóxica de radiação UVA, equivalente a cerca de 20 minutos de exposição ao sol, no proteoma de queratinócitos humanos. Utilizando espectrometria de massas, bioinformática e ensaios bioquímicos convencionais, nós analisamos dois aspectos do estresse induzido por radiação UVA: o remodelamento espacial do proteoma 30 minutos depois do estresse e alterações nos níveis e na secreção de proteínas no longo prazo (24 horas e 7 dias depois da irradiação). Na primeira parte desta tese, nós quantificamos e atribuímos classificações de localização subcelular a mais de 3000 proteínas. Dentre essas proteínas, 600 tem potencialmente a sua distribuição subcelular alterada em resposta à radiação. As redistribuições subcelulares são acompanhadas de modulações redox, fragmentação mitocondrial e danos no DNA. Na segunda parte da tese, os nossos resultados mostraram que queratinócitos humanos primários entram em senescência sob exposição a uma única dose de radiação UVA, montando respostas antioxidantes e pró-inflamatórias. Células sob senescência induzida por UVA, por sua vez, desencadeiam respostas parácrinas em queratinócitos pré-tumorais (células HaCaT) por meio de mediadores inflamatórios. Em conjunto, esses resultados reiteram o papel da radiação UVA como um potente estressor metabólico em células da pele

Skin , Ultraviolet Rays/adverse effects , Keratinocytes/chemistry , Proteomics/classification , Radiation Dosage , Mass Spectrometry/methods , DNA , Epithelial Cells/classification , Genotoxicity/adverse effects , HaCaT Cells/classification , Antioxidants/adverse effects
An. bras. dermatol ; 96(4): 454-457, July-Aug. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285099


Abstract Currently, pagetoid dyskeratosis is believed to involve an accelerated keratinization process, possibly induced by mechanical trauma. It represents, in almost its totality, incidental histological findings of specific cells, except when it occurs in the hands, where it usually occurs simultaneously with skin lesions and local dyschromia. These are large, rounded keratinocytes, with pale cytoplasm and a pyknotic nucleus surrounded by a clear halo, which can be easily mistaken by other skin diseases. Its etiology is not completely elucidated, and the correct identification of this entity can be of great importance in the differential diagnosis of skin disorders and the understanding of the keratinization process of the epidermis.

Skin Neoplasms , Carcinoma in Situ , Paget Disease, Extramammary , Keratinocytes , Epidermis
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(9): e10700, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249336


It was previously demonstrated that the methanol fraction of Sideroxylon obtusifolium (MFSOL) promoted anti-inflammatory and healing activity in excisional wounds. Thus, the present work investigated the healing effects of MFSOL on human keratinocyte cells (HaCaT) and experimental burn model injuries. HaCaT cells were used to study MFSOL's effect on cell migration and proliferation rates. Female Swiss mice were subjected to a second-degree superficial burn protocol and divided into four treatment groups: Vehicle, 1.0% silver sulfadiazine, and 0.5 or 1.0% MFSOL Cream (CrMFSOL). Samples were collected to quantify the inflammatory mediators, and histological analyses were performed after 3, 7, and 14 days. The results showed that MFSOL (50 μg/mL) stimulated HaCaT cells by increasing proliferation and migration rates. Moreover, 0.5% CrMFSOL attenuated myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity and also stimulated the release of interleukin (IL)-1β and IL-10 after 3 days of treatment. CrMFSOL (0.5%) also enhanced wound contraction, promoted improvement of tissue remodeling, and increased collagen production after 7 days and VEGF release after 14 days. Therefore, MFSOL stimulated human keratinocyte (HaCaT) cells and improved wound healing via modulation of inflammatory mediators of burn injuries.

Humans , Female , Burns/drug therapy , Sapotaceae , Proline , Keratinocytes , Plant Leaves , Methanol
Int. j. morphol ; 38(6): 1700-1706, Dec. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134501


SUMMARY: The treatment of chronic wounds has become a public health issue in recent years mainly due to comorbidities associated with an older population and bacterial resistance. Honey has emerged as an alternative treatment for chronic wounds but lack of knowledge of its mechanism of actionin the treated tissue and low quality of evidence in clinical triads has distanced the medical community from honey as a possible treatment. One of the main processes that is altered in chronic wounds is re-epithelialization mediated by keratinocytes, where proliferation and migration processes are altered. Markers of proliferation, migration and activation of keratinocytes, such as adhesion molecules, growth factors, membrane receptors, signal translating proteins, transcription factors, microRNAs, among others are deregulated in this process. In general, honeys from different floral origins have a positive effect on markers of proliferation and migration in keratinocytes. In conclusion there are still few studies that focus on the molecular action of honey in keratinocytes and fail to report details on the honey used not allowing to achieve the same results.

RESUMEN: El tratamiento de heridas crónicas (HC) se ha vuelto un tema de salud pública en los últimos años, principalmente debido a comorbilidades asociadas a una población de mayor edad y a la resistencia bacteriana. La miel ha surgido como un tratamiento alternativo para HC pero la falta de conocimiento de su mecanismo de acción en el tejido tratado y de la baja calidad de la evidencia en triadas clínicas, ha distanciado a la comunidad médica de la miel como posible tratamiento. Uno de los principales procesos que se ve alterado en las HC es la re-epitelización mediada por queratinocitos, donde se ven alterados los procesos de proliferación y migración. Marcadores de proliferación, migración y activación de queratinocitos, como moléculas de adhesión, factores de crecimiento, receptores de membrana, proteínas traductores de señales, factores de transcripción, microARNs, entre otras, se ven desreguladas en éste proceso. De manera general las mieles de diferentes orígenes florales tienen un efecto positivo en marcadores de proliferación y migración en queratinocitos. En conclusión aún existen pocos estudios que se enfoquen en la acción molecular de la miel en queratinocitos y los pocos que existen fallan en la entrega de información en relación a la miel utilizada que pueda hacer reproducibles los resultados.

Wound Healing/physiology , Keratinocytes/physiology , Re-Epithelialization/physiology , Honey , Wound Healing/genetics , MicroRNAs/physiology , MicroRNAs/genetics , Re-Epithelialization/genetics
Gac. méd. Méx ; 156(5): 426-431, sep.-oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249941


Resumen Introducción: El jabón para el aseo cutáneo es de empleo común entre la población, sin embargo, es posible que cause daño a las células de la piel y modifique la barrera cutánea. Objetivo: Determinar el efecto citotóxico de los jabones en queratinocitos cultivados in vitro y correlacionarlo con la irritación clínica. Método: Se realizó una encuesta para conocer los jabones comerciales más utilizados y su cantidad; posteriormente, se evaluó su citotoxicidad en cultivos de queratinocitos humanos mediante el método de resazurina. Los jabones con mayor y menor citotoxicidad se aplicaron en piel de voluntarios sanos para evaluar su efecto en la barrera cutánea mediante ensayos de colorimetría y pérdida transepidérmica de agua. Resultados: De los jabones analizados, 37 % demostró ser tóxico para los queratinocitos in vitro. El jabón con mayor toxicidad indujo el mayor índice de eritema y pérdida transepidérmica de agua, en comparación con el jabón menos tóxico y el vehículo empleado como solución control. Conclusión: Los jabones comercializados para el aseo cutáneo pueden incluir ingredientes químicos que dañan los queratinocitos humanos y causan irritación subclínica de la barrera cutánea. Su utilización puede agravar dermatosis preexistentes, generar dermatitis xerósica o de contacto irritativa y causar atrofia y dermatoporosis.

Abstract Introduction: The use of soap for skin cleansing is common among the population. However, it is possible that it causes damage to skin cells and disrupts the skin barrier. Objective: To determine the cytotoxic effect of soaps on in vitro-cultured keratinocytes and to correlate it with clinical irritation. Method: A survey was conducted to find out the most widely used commercial soaps and their number. Subsequently, their cytotoxicity was evaluated in human keratinocyte cultures using the resazurin assay. The soaps with the highest and lowest cytotoxicity were applied to the skin of healthy volunteers to assess their effect on the skin barrier using colorimetry and transepidermal water loss (TEWL) assays. Results: Of the analyzed soaps, 37 % were shown to be toxic to keratinocytes in vitro. The soap with the highest toxicity induced the highest rate of erythema and TEWL, in comparison with the least toxic soap and the vehicle used as the control solution. Conclusion: Soaps marketed for skin cleansing can contain chemical ingredients that damage human keratinocytes and cause skin barrier subclinical irritation. Their use can worsen preexisting dermatoses, generate xerotic or irritant contact dermatitis, and cause atrophy and dermatoporosis.

Humans , Soaps/adverse effects , Keratinocytes/drug effects , Skin Irritancy Tests , Irritants/adverse effects , Skin/drug effects , Soaps/chemistry , Body Water , Cells, Cultured , Dermatitis, Irritant/etiology , Colorimetry , Erythema/chemically induced , Healthy Volunteers , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
An. bras. dermatol ; 95(2): 238-240, Mar.-Apr. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1130853


Abstract Some epidermal alterations in measles has been described, such as keratinocytes apoptotic, parakeratosis, giant-cell formation, intranuclear and cytoplasmic inclusions, dyskeratosis, spongiosis, and intracellular edema. The authors report for the first time in human a case of measles with the presence of multinucleated giant cells in the hair follicle and dyskeratosis in acrosyringium.

Humans , Male , Child , Hair Follicle/pathology , Epidermis/pathology , Measles/pathology , Parakeratosis/pathology , Biopsy , Giant Cells/pathology , Keratinocytes/pathology
An. bras. dermatol ; 95(2): 244-246, Mar.-Apr. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1130856


Abstract The clinical diagnosis of Kyrle's disease may sometimes be challenging, due to the clinical similarity of lesions to other pruritic dermatosis. Although the dermoscopy is being increasingly used in daily practice, there is insufficient data in literature describing the dermoscopic patterns of Kyrle's disease, since only one report has been published to date. Herein we report our dermoscopic observation with additional diagnostic tips in a case who was diagnosed with Kyrle's disease histopathologically.

Humans , Female , Dermoscopy/methods , Darier Disease/pathology , Darier Disease/diagnostic imaging , Biopsy , Keratinocytes/pathology , Reproducibility of Results , Middle Aged
Rev. argent. dermatol ; 101(1): 11-20, mar. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092405


RESUMEN Presentamos un caso típico de Dermatosis Terra Firma-Forme en un adolescente sano de 13 años de edad, visto recientemente en el Servicio de Dermatología de nuestro hospital. Con este caso queremos mostrar las características clínicas de esta dermatosis que con frecuencia no es correctamente diagnosticada o bien pasa desapercibida durante años lo que origina preocupación y ansiedad en el paciente además de pruebas diagnósticas innecesarias. Su diagnóstico es clínico apoyado en la dermatoscopía y el tratamiento sencillo, presentando escasas recidivas.

SUMMARY We report a typical case of a Terra Firma-Forme Dermatosis in a 13-year-old healthy male recently seen in the Dermatology Department of our hospital. The aim of the authors is to show clinical features of this frequently misdiagnosed and underreported dermatosis causing concern and anxiety in the patient as well as unnecessary diagnostic tests. Its diagnosis is clinical supported by dermoscopy and its simple treatment presents few recurrences.

Humans , Male , Adolescent , Skin Diseases/diagnosis , Hyperpigmentation/diagnosis , Keratinocytes/pathology , Hyperpigmentation/therapy , Diagnosis, Differential
Annals of Dermatology ; : 122-129, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811086


BACKGROUND: Loss-of-function mutations in the filaggrin gene (FLG), which encodes an epidermal protein crucial for the formation of a functional skin barrier, have been identified as a major predisposing factor in the etiopathogenesis of atopic dermatitis (AD). Recent reports of relatively low frequencies of FLG-null mutations among specific ethnic groups with AD necessitated analysis of the epigenetic regulation which may control FLG expression without altering its DNA sequence.OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to identify DNA methylation-dependent regulation of FLG expression.METHODS: Quantitative polymerase chain reaction was performed to determine the restoration of FLG mRNA expression in normal human epidermal keratinocyte (NHEK) cells after treatment with epigenetic modulating agents. Bisulfite genomic sequencing and pyrosequencing analyses of the FLG promoter region were conducted to identify the citical CpG sites relevant to FLG expression. We performed small-scale pilot study for epidermal tissues obtained from Korean patients with severe AD.RESULTS: We here show that DNA methylation in the FLG with non-CpG island promoter is responsible for the transcriptional regulation of FLG in undifferentiated NHEK cells. The methylation frequencies in a single CpG site of the FLG promoter were significantly higher in lesional epidermis than those in matched nonlesional epidermis of subjects with severe AD.CONCLUSION: Our in vitro and clinical studies point to this unique CpG site as a potential DNA methylation marker of FLG, which can be a promising therapeutic target in the complications of filaggrin-related skin barrier dysfunction as well as in AD.

Humans , Base Sequence , Causality , Dermatitis, Atopic , DNA , DNA Methylation , Epidermis , Epigenomics , Ethnicity , Gene Expression , In Vitro Techniques , Keratinocytes , Methylation , Pilot Projects , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Promoter Regions, Genetic , RNA, Messenger , Skin
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826359


To observe the cell origin of N-methyl-D-aspartic acid(NMDA)receptor expression in skin after chronic ischemic pain modeling in rats and explore the role of NMDA receptor in type Ⅰ complex regional pain syndrome. Forty-two adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into five groups:sham operation group(=12),chronic post ischemia pain(CPIP)group(=12),CPIP+normal saline(NS)group(=6),CPIP+NMDA group(=6),and CPIP+MK801 group(=6).Six rats in the sham operation group and CPIP group were sacrificed under deep anesthesia one day after modeling.The plantar skin and L3-L5 spinal cord tissue were used for NR1(NMDA receptor)subunit immunofluorescence detection and for Western blotting of NR1,interleukin(IL)-1β,and tumor necrosis factor(TNF)-α.For the remaining rats,the mechanical withdrawal threshold(MWT)values on the 2nd,6th,10th and 14th day after ischemia were recorded,and the corresponding drugs were injected subcutaneously from the 6th day after ischemia.The skin and L3-L5 spinal cords were collected on the 14th day,and the same detection methods were applied. Compared with the sham operation group,the CPIP group had significantly higher expressions of NR1(1.708±0.064;=12.120, <0.001),IL-1β(2.575±0.305;=5.158, =0.003),and TNF-α(2.691±0.217;=7.786, <0.001)in the skin on the first day after modeling.After intervention with NMDA and MK801,the MWT value was [(20.37±0.95)g] in the CPIP+NS group,which was significantly higher than that in CPIP+NMDA group [(15.85±1.09)g;=10.920, <0.001] but significantly lower than that in CPIP+MK801 group[(22.95±0.96)g;=6.421, <0.001] 10 days after modeling.On the 14th day,compared with the MWT of the CPIP+NS group [(21.57±0.96)g],the CPIP+NMDA group had significantly decreased MWT value [(16.53±1.63)g;=12.190, <0.001],and the CPIP+MK801 group had significantly increased MWT value [(23.27±1.28)g;=4.094, =0.025].Compared with the sham operation group,the CPIP group had significantly increased NR1 expression(1.708±0.064;=10.910, <0.001)and the CPIP+NS group had significantly increased expressions of IL-1β(2.518±0.147;=11.010, <0.001)and TNF-α(1.949±0.184;=10.870, <0.001).Compared with the CPIP+NS group,the CPIP+NMDA group had significantly increased expressions of IL-1β(4.816±0.607;=16.670, =0.003)and TNF-α(2.629±0.349;=7.790, <0.001)and the CPIP+MK801 group had significantly decreased expressions of IL-1β(1.048±0.257;=10.660, =0.003)and TNF-α(0.790±0.165;=13.280, <0.001). NMDA receptor activation in skin keratinocytes after chronic ischemia in rats hinders the expression of inflammatory cytokines such as IL-1β and TNF-α,which may be involved in central sensitization and pain conduction of type Ⅰ complex regional pain syndrome.

Animals , Male , Rats , Interleukin-1beta , Keratinocytes , Pain , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate , Spinal Cord , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
Biol. Res ; 53: 48, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142415


BACKGROUND: Psoriasis is a common chronic inflammatory skin disease. Keratinocytes hyperproliferation and excessive inflammatory response contribute to psoriasis pathogenesis. The agents able to attenuate keratinocytes hyper-proliferation and excessive inflammatory response are considered to be potentially useful for psoriasis treatment. Daphnetin exhibits broad bioactivities including anti-proliferation and anti-inflammatory. This study aims to evaluate the anti-psoriatic potential of daphnetin in vitro and in vivo, and explore underlying mechanisms. METHODS: HaCaT keratinocytes was stimulated with the mixture of IL-17A, IL-22, oncostatin M, IL-1α, and TNF-α (M5) to establish psoriatic keratinocyte model in vitro. Cell viability was measured using Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8). Quantitative Real-Time PCR (qRT-PCR) was performed to measure the mRNA levels of hyperproliferative marker gene keratin 6 (KRT6), differentiation marker gene keratin 1 (KRT1) and inflammatory factors IL-1ß, IL-6, IL-8, TNF-α, IL-23A and MCP-1. Western blotting was used to detect the protein levels of p65 and p-p65. Indirect immunofluorescence assay (IFA) was carried out to detect p65 nuclear translocation. Imiquimod (IMQ) was used to construct psoriasis-like mouse model. Psoriasis severity (erythema, scaling) was scored based on Psoriasis Area Severity Index (PASI). Hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining was performed to examine histological change in skin lesion. The expression of inflammatory factors including IL-6, TNF-α, IL-23A and IL-17A in skin lesion was measured by qRT-PCR. RESULTS: Daphnetin attenuated M5-induced hyperproliferation in HaCaT keratinocytes. M5 stimulation significantly upregulated mRNA levels of IL-1ß, IL-6, IL-8, TNF-α, IL-23A and MCP-1. However, daphnetin treatment partially attenuated the upregulation of those inflammatory cytokines. Daphnetin was found to be able to inhibit p65 phosphorylation and nuclear translocation in HaCaT keratinocytes. In addition, daphnetin significantly ameliorate the severity of skin lesion (erythema, scaling and epidermal thickness, inflammatory cell infiltration) in IMQ-induced psoriasis-like mouse model. Daphnetin treatment attenuated IMQ-induced upregulation of inflammatory cytokines including IL-6, IL-23A and IL-17A in skin lesion of mice. CONCLUSIONS: Daphnetin was able to attenuate proliferation and inflammatory response induced by M5 in HaCaT keratinocytes through suppression of NF-κB signaling pathway. Daphnetin could ameliorate the severity of skin lesion and improve inflammation status in IMQ-induced psoriasis-like mouse model. Daphnetin could be an attractive candidate for future development as an anti-psoriatic agent.

Humans , Animals , Mice , Rabbits , Psoriasis/chemically induced , Psoriasis/drug therapy , Umbelliferones/pharmacology , Adjuvants, Immunologic/adverse effects , Imiquimod/adverse effects , Inflammation/drug therapy , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/pharmacology , Keratinocytes , Cell Proliferation , Mice, Inbred BALB C
Araçatuba; s.n; 2020. 64 p. graf, ilus.
Thesis in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1445022


O estresse crônico aumenta os níveis sistêmicos dos hormônios do estresse norepinefrina e cortisol. Assim como o carcinógeno específico do tabaco NNK (4- (metilnitrosamina)-1-(3-piridil)-1-butanona), estes hormônios podem induzir danos expressivos no DNA, o que contribui para o desenvolvimento do câncer. No entanto, é desconhecido se os hormônios do estresse possuem efeitos genotóxicos em queratinócitos de boca. Este estudo investigou os efeitos dos hormônios do estresse sobre o dano no DNA de uma linhagem celular de queratinócitos humanos de boca (NOK-SI). Células NOK-SI estimuladas com norepinefrina ou cortisol apresentaram maior dano no DNA que as células não tratadas. O dano induzido pela norepinefrina foi revertido pelo pré-tratamento das células com um beta-bloqueador. Células tratadas com NNK combinado à norepinefrina apresentaram níveis reduzidos das caspases 3 e 7. O cortisol também reduziu a atividade das enzimas pro-apoptóticas em relação às células não estimuladas. O dano no DNA promovido pelo NNK e cortisol e pela combinação de ambos levou ao acúmulo de γH2AX intracelular. Os efeitos causados pelo NNK e cortisol foram bloqueados com propranolol e com o antagonista do receptor de glicorcorticoide RU486, respectivamente. As quebras no DNA induzidas pela norepinefrina, na presença ou ausência de NNK, resultaram em maiores níveis celulares de 8OHdG. Este efeito também foi induzido via receptores beta-adrenérgicos. Os hormônios do estresse induzem danos no DNA de queratinócitos de boca e poderiam contribuir para a carcinogênese bucal(AU)

Chronic stress increases the systemic levels of stress hormones norepinephrine and cortisol. As well tobacco-specific carcinogen NNK (4-(methylnitrosamine)-1-(3- pyridyl)-1-butanone), they can induce expressive DNA damage contributing to the cancer development. However, it is unknown whether stress hormones have genotoxic effects in oral keratinocytes. This study investigated the effects of stress hormones on DNA damage in a human oral keratinocyte cell line (NOK-SI). NOK-SI cells stimulated with norepinephrine or cortisol showed higher DNA damage than untreated cells. Norepinephrine-induced DNA damage was reversed by pretreatment with beta-adrenergic blocker propranolol. Cells treated with NNK combined to norepinephrine displayed reduced levels of caspases 3 and 7. Cortisol also reduced the activity of pro-apoptotic enzymes. DNA damage promoted by NNK or cortisol and carcinogen combined to the hormone led to intracellular γH2AX accumulation. The effects caused by NNK and cortisol were abolished by propranolol and glucocorticoid receptor antagonist RU486, respectively. DNA breaks induced by norepinephrine in the presence or absence of NNK resulted in higher 8OHdG cellular levels. This effect was also induced through beta-adrenergic receptors. Stress hormones induce DNA damage of oral keratinocytes and could contribute to oral carcinogenesis(AU)

Stress, Psychological , DNA Damage , Mouth Neoplasms , Keratinocytes , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Hydrocortisone , Biomarkers , Apoptosis , Carcinogenesis , Glucocorticoids
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 34: e033, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089391


Abstract The aim of our study was to isolate populations of keratinocyte stem cells based on the expression of cell surface markers and to investigate whether the culture could affect their phenotype. keratinocytes from human oral mucosa were sorted based on the expression of the epithelial stem cell markers p75NTR and CD71. We also examined the co-expression of other epithelial stem markers such as integrins β1 and α6 and their stem cell-like proprieties in in vitro assays. Three passages after being sorted by MACS, more than 93% of the p75NTR+ve cells lost the expression of p75NTR, while 5.46% of the p75NTR-ve gained it. Within the small population of the p75NTR+ve cells, 88% co-expressed other epithelial stem cell markers such as integrins β1 and α6, while only 28% of p75NTR-ve cells co-expressed these markers. These results were confirmed by sorting cells by FACS. Additionally, when double staining was used for sorting cells, 99% of the p75NTR+veCD71-ve and 33% of the p75NTR-veCD71+ve cells expressed both integrins, but just one week after culture, only 1.74% of the p75NTR+veCD71-ve cells still expressed p75NTR and only 0.32% still expressed CD71. Similar results were obtained when co-culturing p75NTR+ve and p75NTR-ve populations before analysis. Our results suggest that phenotype changes may be part of an intrinsic cellular mechanism to conserve levels of protein expression as they may found in the human body. In addition, in vitro culture may not offer ideal conditions for epithelial stem cell maintenance due to phenotype changes under standard culture conditions.

Humans , Phenotype , Stem Cells/cytology , Keratinocytes/cytology , Cell Culture Techniques/methods , Epithelial Cells/cytology , Mouth Mucosa/cytology , Receptors, Transferrin/analysis , Biomarkers/analysis , Antigens, CD/analysis , Cell Separation/methods , Reproducibility of Results , Receptors, Nerve Growth Factor/analysis , Flow Cytometry/methods , Nerve Tissue Proteins/analysis
São José dos Campos; s.n; 2020. 119 p. il., graf., tab..
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1224659


O objetivo neste estudo foi produzir hidrogel de quitosana (CH) com PCL e fitoterápicos para uso preventivo de úlcera de pressão. Os hidrogéis de CH foram produzidos com glicerofosfato (GP) e com xantana (X), associados ao PCL e foram caracterizados por estereomicroscopio, intumescimento, molhabilidade e MEV. Posteriormente foram submetidos ao teste de viabilidade (MTT) com fibroblastos HFF-1 e queratinócitos HaCat. O hidrogel que apresentou melhor resultado foi escolhido para continuar na pesquisa. Posteriormente, extratos de Pfaffia panculata K, Juglans regia L, Rosmarinus officinalis L, Zingiber officinale, Própolis e Hamamelis foram colocados em contato com cepas de Staphylococcus aureus (S.a) (ATCC 6538), Streptococcus pyogenes (S.p) (ATCC 19615), Staphylococcus epidermidis (S.e) (ATCC 12228), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P.a) (ATCC 15442), Escherichia coli (E.c) (ATCC 25922) e Klebsiella Pneumoniae (K.p) (ATCC 4352) na forma planctônica nos testes de CIM e CMM. Os dois melhores extratos fitoterápicos foram avaliados quanto ao sinergismo no teste checkerboard e posteriormente associados ao hidrogel anteriormente eleito. A seguir, o comportamento da HaCat e HFF-1 com os hidrogéis foi analisado por MTT, proteína total, ELISA, genotoxicidade e formação de biofilme monotípico com suspensões padronizadas (107 cel/mL) de S.a, S.e, S.p, P.a, E.c e K.p. Na caracterização e viabilidade o hidrogel CHX PCL apresentou os melhores resultados. Os extratos selecionados após CIM, CMM e checkerboard foram gengibre (G) e própolis (P). O extrato G se destacou na CIM com inibição de K. p e P. a. Os extratos de G e P demonstraram ação microbicida para K. p e P. a e somente o extrato P obteve ação microbicida para S. a na CMM. Houve ação aditiva dos extratos associados no checkerboard para S.p e ação aditiva e sinérgica para S. e. Os grupos de hidrogéis foram compostos por: quitosana xantana (CHX), CHX própolis (CHXP), CHX gengibre (CHXG) e CHX própolis e gengibre associados (CHXPG), todos associados ao PCL. Todos os hidrogéis demonstraram viabilidade celular acima de 70% do grupo controle, permitindo metabolismo celular observado na proteína total. Houve quantificação de IL-6 maior no grupo CHX nas duas linhagens de células enquanto a quantificação de IL-10 não exibiu diferença estatística entre os grupos. Todos os hidrogéis promoveram redução acentuada de biofilme de K.p e E.c. Os grupos CHX, CHXP e CHXG reduziram biofilme de S.e. O grupo CHXG reduziu biofilme de S.p. Para S.a e P.a o grupo CHXPG foi mais eficaz reduzindo biofilme. Concluímos que os hidrogéis apresentaram resultados satisfatórios e promissores, trazendo inovação por associação de biopolímeros e associação de extratos fitoterápicos pouco estudados. Os resultados positivos justificam a continuidade dos estudos com esse biomaterial(AU)

The aim of this study was to produce chitosan hydrogel (CH) with PCL and herbal medicines for preventive use of pressure ulcers. The CH hydrogels were produced with glycerophosphate (GP) and xanthan (X), associated with PCL and were characterized by stereomicroscope, swelling, wettability and SEM. Subsequently, they were submitted to a viability test (MTT) with HFF-1 fibroblasts and HaCat keratinocytes. The hydrogel that presented the best result was chosen to continue the research. Subsequently, extracts of Pfaffia panculata K, Juglans regia L, Rosmarinus officinalis L, Zingiber officinale, Propolis and Hamamelis were placed in contact with strains of Staphylococcus aureus (Sa) (ATCC 6538), Streptococcus pyogenes (Sp) (ATCC 19615), epidermidis (Se) (ATCC 12228), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (Pa) (ATCC 15442), Escherichia coli (Ec) (ATCC 25922) and Klebsiella Pneumoniae (Kp) (ATCC 4352) in planktonic form in CIM and CMM tests. The two best herbal extracts were evaluated for synergism in the checkerboard test and subsequently associated with the previously elected hydrogel. Next, the behavior of HaCat and HFF-1 with hydrogels was analyzed by MTT, total protein, ELISA, genotoxicity and monotypic biofilm formation with standardized suspensions (107 cel / mL) of Sa, Se, Sp, Pa, Ec and Kp In the characterization and viability the CHX PCL hydrogel presented the best results. The extracts selected after MIC, CMM and checkerboard were ginger (G) and propolis (P). The G extract stood out in the MIC with inhibition of K. p and P. a. The extracts of G and P showed microbicidal action for K. p and P. a and only the extract P obtained microbicidal action for S. a in CMM. There was an additive action of the associated extracts on the checkerboard for S.p and an additive and synergistic action for S. e. The hydrogel groups were composed of: xanthan chitosan (CHX), CHX propolis (CHXP), CHX ginger (CHXG) and CHX propolis and ginger associated (CHXPG), all associated with PCL. All hydrogels demonstrated cell viability above 70% of the control group, allowing cellular metabolism observed in the total protein. There was a greater quantification of IL-6 in the CHX group in the two cell lines while the quantification of IL-10 did not show statistical difference between the groups. All hydrogels promoted a marked reduction in the biofilm of K.p and E.c. The CHX, CHXP and CHXG groups reduced S.e biofilm. The CHXG group reduced S.p. For S.a and P.a, the CHXPG group was more effective in reducing biofilm. We conclude that the hydrogels presented satisfactory and promising results, bringing innovation through association of biopolymers and association of phytotherapic extracts little studied. The positive results justify the continuity of studies with this biomaterial(AU)

Chitosan/therapeutic use , Keratinocytes/immunology , Biofilms , Hydrogels/administration & dosage , Phytotherapeutic Drugs , Nanofibers/adverse effects , Fibroblasts/microbiology
An. bras. dermatol ; 94(6): 677-683, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1054900


Abstract Background: Psoriasis is a skin-articular disease with unclear etiopathogenesis. It has been suggested that the disease is immune-mediated by T-lymphocytes, predominantly Th17 cells. Similar to psoriasis, geographic tongue is an inflammatory disease with participation of Th17 cells and direct correlation with psoriasis. Objective: To investigate and compare the inflammatory responses and the Th17 pathway in psoriasis and geographic tongue. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study with 46 participants that were categorized into three groups: (A) patients with psoriasis vulgaris; (B) patients with geographic tongue and psoriasis; (C) patients with geographic tongue without psoriasis. All patients underwent physical examination, and a skin and oral biopsy for histopathological examination and immunohistochemical analysis with anti-IL6, anti-IL17, and anti-IL23 antibodies. Results: Histological analysis of all lesions showed mononuclear inflammatory infiltrate. However, moderate intensity was prevalent for the patients with geographic tongue and psoriasis and geographic tongue groups. Immunopositivity for the antibodies anti-IL6, anti-IL17, and anti-IL23 revealed cytoplasmic staining, mainly basal and parabasal, in both psoriasis and geographic tongue. Regarding IL-6, in patients with geographic tongue and psoriasis cases the staining was stronger than in patients with geographic tongue without psoriasis cases. IL-17 evidenced more pronounced and extensive staining when compared to the other analyzed interleukins. IL-23 presented similar immunopositivity for both geographic tongue and psoriasis, demonstrating that the neutrophils recruited into the epithelium were stained. Study limitation: This study was limited by the number of cases. Conclusion: The inflammatory process and immunostaining of IL-6, IL-17, and IL-23 were similar in geographic tongue and psoriasis, suggesting the existence of a type of geographic tongue that represents an oral manifestation of psoriasis.

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Psoriasis/pathology , Th17 Cells/pathology , Glossitis, Benign Migratory/pathology , Psoriasis/immunology , Biopsy , Severity of Illness Index , Immunohistochemistry , Keratinocytes/pathology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Interleukin-6/immunology , Interleukin-17/immunology , Interleukin-23/immunology , Th17 Cells/immunology , Glossitis, Benign Migratory/immunology , Antibodies/analysis