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Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929047


At present, endometriosis remains a worldwide health burden, with the main symptoms of dysmenorrhea, chronic pelvic pain, and infertility, markedly reducing the quality of life (de Ziegler et al., 2010). Although there is no proof that the disease is associated with high mortality, this disorder can significantly contribute to the deterioration of women's general well-being (McPeak et al., 2018). The main current treatment for endometriosis is surgery to remove endometriotic lesions; however, the recurrence rate following surgical treatment is as high as 21.5% at two years and 40.0%‍-‍50.0% at five years post-surgery (Koga et al., 2015). To prevent recurrence, adjuvant treatment with drugs after surgery is recommended to prolong relapse-free intervals. However, it is inconvenient for patients to continuously use such medications in terms of adverse effects and cost (Turk, 2002).

Endometriosis/pathology , Endometrium/pathology , Female , Humans , Ki-67 Antigen/metabolism , Quality of Life , Recurrence , Telomerase/metabolism , Up-Regulation
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928682


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the influencing factors of maximum standard uptake value (SUVmax) of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) and nuclear antigen Ki-67 in non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) and their correlation.@*METHODS@#The relationship between SUVmax, Ki-67 and gender, age, maximum lesion diameter, extranodal involvement, superficial and deep lymph node involvement, malignancy, B symptoms, clinical stage, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and international prognostic index (IPI) scores and their correlation were reviewed.@*RESULTS@#Among 185 NHL patients, 99 cases were aggressive B-cell NHL, 43 cases were indolent B-cell NHL, and 43 cases were T-cell NHL, respectively. Obviously, the SUVmax and Ki-67 of aggressive B-cell NHL were higher than those of indolent B-cell NHL and T-cell NHL (P<0.05), while indolent B-cell NHL were lower than those of T-cell NHL (P<0.05). SUVmax and Ki-67 were closely related to maximum lesion diameter, extranodal involvement, malignancy, LDH, and IPI scores (P<0.05). SUVmax was positively correlated with Ki-67 expression (r=0.615). According to the analysis of receiver operating characteristic (ROC), the results showed that the SUVmax and Ki-67 could reflect the aggressiveness of NHL accurately, with an AUC of 0.871 and 0.968.@*CONCLUSION@#SUVmax and Ki-67 are not affected by age, sex, B symptoms, clinical stage and so on, and are relatively objective quantitative parameters. SUVmax is positively correlated with Ki-67 expression in NHL. SUVmax and Ki-67 have certain value in clinical diagnosis of malignant degree of NHL.

Fluorodeoxyglucose F18 , Humans , Ki-67 Antigen , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin , Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography , Positron-Emission Tomography , Retrospective Studies
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 697-706, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927556


BACKGROUND@#: Breast cancer with low-positive human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) expression has triggered further refinement of evaluation criteria for HER2 expression. We studied the clinicopathological features of early-stage breast cancer with low-positive HER2 expression in China and analyzed prognostic factors.@*METHODS@#: Clinical and pathological data and prognostic information of patients with early-stage breast cancer with low-positive HER2 expression treated by the member units of the Chinese Society of Breast Surgery and Chinese Society of Surgery of Chinese Medical Association, from January 2015 to December 2016 were collected. The prognostic factors of these patients were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#: Twenty-nine hospitals provided valid cases. From 2015 to 2016, a total of 25,096 cases of early-stage breast cancer were treated, 7642 (30.5%) of which had low-positive HER2 expression and were included in the study. After ineligible cases were excluded, 6486 patients were included in the study. The median follow-up time was 57 months (4-76 months). The disease-free survival rate was 92.1% at 5 years, and the overall survival rate was 97.4% at 5 years. At the follow-up, 506 (7.8%) cases of metastasis and 167 (2.6%) deaths were noted. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that tumor stage, lymphvascular invasion, and the Ki67 index were related to recurrence and metastasis (P < 0.05). The recurrence risk prediction model was established using a machine learning model and showed that the area under the receiving operator characteristic curve was 0.815 (95% confidence interval: 0.750-0.880).@*CONCLUSIONS@#: Early-stage breast cancer patients with low-positive HER2 expression account for 30.5% of all patients. Tumor stage, lymphvascular invasion, and the Ki67 index are factors affecting prognosis. The recurrence prediction model for breast cancer with low-positive HER2 expression based on a machine learning model had a good clinical reference value for predicting the recurrence risk at 5 years.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#:, ChiCTR2100046766.

Breast Neoplasms/metabolism , Female , Humans , Ki-67 Antigen , Mastectomy , Receptor, ErbB-2/metabolism
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927420


OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of fire needling on psoriasis-like lesion and the signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) pathway in mice and compare the therapeutic effect between different interventions of fire needling therapy (surrounding technique of fire needling, fire needling at "Dazhui" [GV 14] and "Zusanli" [ST 36]).@*METHODS@#Thirty male BALB/c mice were randomized into a blank group, a model group, a dexamthasone group, a surrounding technique group and an acupoint group, 6 mice in each one. Except the blank group, the mice in the rest groups were established as psoriasis-like lesion model by topical application with imiquimod cream, once daily, consecutively for 8 days. From day 4 to day 8, in the dexamthasone group, gastric infusion with 0.2 mL dexamthasone was administered, once daily. On day 4, 6 and 8, in the surrounding technique group, fire needling was exerted around the skin lesion; and fire needling was applied to "Dazhui" (GV 14) and "Zusanli" (ST 36) in the acupoint group, once a day. The changes in skin lesion on the dorsal parts of mice were observed in each group to score the psoriasis area and severity index (PASI). Using HE staining, the dermal morphological changes and epidermal thickness were observed in the mice of each group. The positive expression of proliferating cell-associated antigen Ki-67 was determined by immunofluorescence. Immunohistochemistry method was used to determine the expressions of , and T cells of skin tissue in each group. Using real-time PCR, the expressions of interleukin (IL)-17, IL-22, tumor necrosis factor α(TNF-α) mRNA were determined. Western blot method was adopted to determine the protein expressions of STAT3 and p-STAT3 in skin tissue in each group.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the blank group, the scores of each item and the total scores of PASI, as well as the epidermal thickness were all increased in the mice of the model group (P<0.01). Except for the erythema scores of the dexamethasone group and the surrounding technique group, the scores of each item and the total scores of PASI, as well as the epidermal thickness were all decreased in each intervention group as compared with the model group (P<0.01). The infiltration scores and the total scores in the dexamethasone group and the acupoint group were lower than those in the surrounding technique group respectively (P<0.01, P<0.05). In comparison with the blank group, Ki-67 positive cell numbers and the numbers of , and T cells in skin tissue were increased in the mice of the model group (P<0.01). Ki-67 positive cell numbers and the numbers of , and T cells were reduced in each intervention group as compared with the model group (P<0.01), and the numbers of and T cells in the acupoint group were less than the surrounding technique group (P<0.01). Compared with the blank group, the mRNA expressions of IL-17, IL-22 and TNF-α and the ratio of p-STAT3 to STAT3 were all increased in the model group (P<0.01). The mRNA expressions of IL-17, IL-22 and TNF-α and the ratio of p-STAT3 to STAT3 were all decreased in each intervention group as compared with the model group (P<0.01, P<0.05). The mRNA expressions of IL-17, IL-22 and TNF-α in the acupoint group, as well as mRNA expression of IL-17 in the surrounding technique group were all lower than the dexamethasone group (P<0.01), while, the mRNA expression of IL-22 in the acupoint group was lower than the surrounding technique group (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#Fire needling therapy improves skin lesion severity in imiquimod induced psoriasis-like lesion of the mice, which is probably related to the inhibition of STAT3 pathway activation and the decrease of Th17 inflammatory factors expression. The systemic regulation of fire needling at "Dazhui" (GV 14) and "Zusanli" (ST 36) is superior to the local treatment.

Animals , Dexamethasone/therapeutic use , Imiquimod/metabolism , Interleukin-17/metabolism , Ki-67 Antigen/metabolism , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Psoriasis/drug therapy , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , STAT3 Transcription Factor/pharmacology , Skin/pathology , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism
Rev. bras. anal. clin ; 53(3): 228-231, 20210930.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1368034


O câncer do colo do útero é o quarto tumor mais comum entre mulheres no mundo e o terceiro no Brasil. A detecção precoce e a identificação das lesões cervicais são essenciais no rastreamento do câncer cervical. Nos últimos anos, vários marcadores têm sido apresentados como possíveis candidatos para a triagem eficiente de exames citológicos com anormalidades das células epiteliais. O objetivo deste trabalho é analisar a correlação com a expressão imuno-histoquimica dos biomarcadores p16 e Ki-67 com lesão intraepitelial cervical de alto grau na detecção molecular DNA/HPV de alto risco. A metodologia de pesquisa empregada é uma revisão sistemática, realizada por meio de buscas nas bases de dados eletrônica Literatura Latino-Americana em Ciência e Saúde (LILACS), Scientific Electronic Library Online (SCIELO), National Library of Medicine (MEDLINE) de artigos publicados no período de 2005 a 2019 nos idiomas português, inglês e espanhol. Concluiu-se que o uso das proteínas p16 e Ki67 auxilia na identificação das mudanças que acontecem durante a progressão da lesão cervical, aprimorando os métodos de rastreio atuais. O gene p53, a pRb e ciclinas também têm um papel crítico na carcinogênese e, desta maneira, também têm sido indicados para entrar nos painéis de estudo.

Cervical cancer is the fourth most common tumor among women in the world and the third in Brazil. Early detection and identification of cervical lesions are essential in screening for cervical cancer. In recent years, several markers have been presented as possible candidates for efficient screening of cytological exams with abnormalities of epithelial cells. The objective of this work is to analyze the correlation with the immunohistochemical expression of the biomarkers p16 and ki-67 with high-grade cervical intraepithelial lesion in high-risk DNA / HPV molecular detection. The research methodology employed is a systematic review, carried out by searching the electronic databases Latin American Literature in Science and Health (LILACS), Scientific Electronic Library Online (SCIELO), National Library of Medicine (MEDLINE) of published articles from 2005 to 2019 in Portuguese, English and Spanish. It was concluded that the use of proteins p16 and Ki67, help to identify the changes that happen during the progression of the cervical lesion, improving the current screening methods. The p53 gene, the retinoblastoma protein ­ pRb and cyclins also plays a critical role in carcinogenesis and thus, they have also been indicated to enter the study panels.

Uterine Cervical Neoplasms , Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia , Papillomavirus Infections , Papillomaviridae , Immunohistochemistry , Biomarkers , Ki-67 Antigen , Genes, p16
J. health med. sci. (Print) ; 7(1): 15-23, ene.-mar. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1380259


El carcinoma del conducto salival es un tumor epitelial maligno agresivo, que involucra principalmente a la glándula parótida, con características histológicas semejantes al carcinoma ductal de glándula mamaria. El propósito de este trabajo fue presentar los resultados clínico-patológicos de cinco casos de carcinoma del conducto salival primario de glándula parótida y evaluar la expresión de Ki67. Histológicamente, el carcinoma del conducto salival presentó nidos epiteliales con patrones papilar, sólido y cribiforme, comedonecrosis tanto en la lesión primaria como en los nodos linfoides metastásicos y, además, invasión perineural. Se demostró con Ki 67 una alta proliferación celular en cuatro (80 %) de los cinco casos estudiados. Se concluyó que: el carcinoma del conducto salival es una lesión maligna de mal pronóstico, raramente informado en la literatura odontológica, con características histológicas semejantes a las del carcinoma ductal de alto grado de la mama; la comedonecrosis es un signo específico de esta enfermedad; puede desarrollarse "de novo" o en un adenoma pleomórfico preexistente; su diagnóstico diferencial histopatológico es fundamental para planificar su tratamiento y determinar su pronóstico, a pesar de su tratamiento quirúrgico y radioterapia postoperatoria es un tumor agresivo con alta proliferación celular, infiltración perineural, recurrencias y metástasis.

Salivary duct carcinoma is an aggressive malignant epithelial tumor, primarily involving the parotid gland, with histologic features similar to ductal carcinoma of the breast. The purpose of this work was to report the clinicopathological results of five cases of primary salivary duct carcinoma of the parotid gland and evaluate the expression of Ki67. Histologically, salivary duct carcinoma presented epithelial nests with papillary, solid, and cribriform patterns, with comedonecrosis in both the primary lesion and the metastatic limph nodes, and perineural invasion. A high cell proliferation was demonstrated with Ki67 in four (80 %) of the five cases studied. We concluded that: salivary duct carcinoma is a malignant lesion with a poor prognosis, rarely reported in the dental literature, with histological characteristics similar to those of high-grade ductal carcinoma of the breast; comedonecrosis is a specific sign of this disease; may develop "de novo" or in a pre-existing pleomorphic adenoma; its differential histopathological diagnosis is essential to plan its treatment and determine its prognosis; despite its surgical treatment and postoperative radiotherapy, it is an aggressive tumor with high cell proliferation, perineural infiltration, recurrences and metastasis.

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Salivary Gland Neoplasms/pathology , Biomarkers, Tumor/genetics , Carcinoma, Ductal/pathology , Salivary Gland Neoplasms/genetics , Salivary Gland Neoplasms/therapy , Immunohistochemistry/methods , Ki-67 Antigen , Carcinoma, Ductal/genetics , Carcinoma, Ductal/therapy
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887755


OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the expression of Ki-67, Cyclin D1, P53, and P16 in patients with oral leukoplakia (OLK) and OLK cancerization who have aspicy diet in Chengdu.@*METHODS@#Thirtypatients with OLK andspicy diet and 15 patients with OLK without spicy diet in Chengdu were divided into three groups: hyperplastic OLK (OLK-), OLK with mild to moderate dysplasia (OLK+), and severe dysplastic  OLK or oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) transforming from OLK (OLK++/OSCC). The expression of Ki-67, Cyclin D1, P53, and P16 were detected by immunohistochemistry and statistically analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The expression of Ki-67 and P53 in patients with or without spicy diet in the OLK+and OLK++/OSCC groups were stronger than that of the OLK- group (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Spicy diet did not have an influence on the expression of Ki-67, Cyclin D1, P53, and P16 in patients with OLK and OSCC. The expression of Ki-67, Cyclin D1, and P53 increased with the development of OLK, whereas P16 showed opposite expression trend.

Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Cyclin D1 , Diet , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Humans , Ki-67 Antigen , Leukoplakia, Oral , Mouth Neoplasms , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53
Rev. Méd. Paraná ; 79(1): 26-30, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1282390


Introdução: A proteína CDX2 é um fator de transcrição específico do intestino, que está presente no tecido gástrico apenas quando há uma metaplasia intestinal. A metaplasia intestinal é uma lesão precursora do adenocarcinoma gástrico. O Ki67 é um biomarcador de proliferação celular. Objetivo: Verificar a presença da proteína CDX2 no adenocarcinoma gástrico. Comparar a expressão da CDX2 entre os diferentes graus de diferenciação e entre os níveis de proliferação celular. Método: A partir de 62 blocos histológicos contendo amostras de adenocarcinoma gástricos (4 bem diferenciados, 30 moderadamente diferenciados e 28 pouco diferenciados), foi feita a construção de blocos multiamostrais (TMA). Procedeu-se a marcação imunoistoquímica com os anticorpos escolhidos e realizou-se a leitura da área positiva imunocoradas. Resultados: 31 amostras foram positivas para a CDX2 e 31 negativas, sem diferença significativa entres os graus de diferenciação (p = 0,576). 38 amostras foram classificadas como de baixo grau de proliferação celular e 24 como de alto grau. Não houve diferença estatística de grau de proliferação celular entre os graus de diferenciação (p = 0,676). O grau de proliferação celular variou dependendo da expressão da CDX2 (p = 0,036). Conclusão: A expressão da proteína CDX2 esteve presente em 50% dos adenocarcinomas gástricos. Não houve diferença estatística da expressão do CDX2 entres os graus de diferenciação do adenocarcinoma gástrico. A proliferação celular variou dependendo da expressão da CDX2, havendo um maior nível de proliferação celular nas amostras que apresentaram expressão positiva para CDX2

Background: CDX2 protein is an intestinal specific transcription factor that is present in the gastric tissue only when there is intestinal metaplasia. Intestinal metaplasia is a gastric adenocarcinoma precursor injury. Ki67 is a cell proliferation biomarker. Objective: Verify the presence of CDX2 protein in gastric adenocarcinoma. Compare the CDX2 expression between the differentiation degree groups and between the cell proliferation degrees. Methods: It was collected 62 paraffin blocks containing the gastric adenocarcinoma samples (4 well differentiated adenocarcinoma, 30 moderately differentiated and 28 poorly differentiated). It was made the tissue microarrays blocks (TMA), so it was proceeded to immunohistochemical staining with the anti-CDX2 and the anti-Ki67 antibodies and it was accomplished the read of the positive immune-stained area. Results: 31 samples were positive for CDX2 expression, and 31 were negative. There was no statistical difference of the CDX2 expression between the differentiation degree groups (p = 0.576). 38 samples were classified as low degree of cell proliferation and 24 as high degree. There was no statistical difference of the cell proliferation degree between the differentiation degree groups (p = 0.676). The degree of cell proliferation ranged depending on the CDX2 expression (p = 0.036). Conclusion: Protein CDX2 expression was observed in 50% of gastric adenocarcinoma samples. There was no statistical difference of the CDX2 expression between the differentiation degree groups. The cell proliferation ranged depending of CDX2 expression, with a higher index of cell proliferation in the positive CDX2 expression samples

Humans , Stomach Neoplasms , Immunohistochemistry , Adenocarcinoma , CDX2 Transcription Factor , Ki-67 Antigen
J. appl. oral sci ; 29: e20200751, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154613


Abstract Objective To investigate the Ki 67 expression and its correlation with clinicopathological features and 3 years as well as 5 years survival rate in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). Methodology Total 217cases of OSCC primarily treated with surgery with or without radiation were included. All patients were followed up for 3 years and 150 were followed up of 5 years for disease free survival. The immunohistochemistry was carried out on neutral buffered formalin fixed paraffin embedded tissue to evaluate the expression of Ki67. Results The Ki67 labeling index (LI) was significantly higher with respect to adverse clinicopathological parameters such as histopathological grading (p<0.001), clinical TNM staging (p<0.001) and nodal metastasis (p<0.001). The OSCC patients survived for less than 3 and 5 years were showed significantly higher Ki67 LI as compared to diseases free survived more than 3 and 5 years(p<0.001). The three years survival rate of OSCC patient significantly higher with low Ki67 LI (≤45) 96.2%, followed by moderate Ki67 LI (46 to 60) 60.7% and high Ki67 LI (≥61) 37.7% (p<0.001). The five years survival rate of OSCC patient statistically significantly higher with low Ki67 LI (≤45)93.3%, followed by moderate Ki67 LI (46 to 60) 46.8% and Ki67 LI (≥61) 23.3% (p<0.001). Conclusion The measurement of cell proliferative activity by using Ki67 antigen expression in individual OSCC might provide unique, predictive information on clinical outcome, prognosis and deciding treatment modalities in OSCC.

Humans , Mouth Neoplasms , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Prognosis , Biomarkers, Tumor , Ki-67 Antigen , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(2): 174-179, Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136174


SUMMARY INTRODUCTION Although estrogen therapy is widely used against post-menopausal symptoms, it can present adverse effects, including endometrial cancer. Soy isoflavones are considered a possible alternative to estrogen therapy. However, there are still concerns whether isoflavones exert trophic effects on the uterine cervix. OBJECTIVES To evaluate the histomorphometric and immunohistochemical alterations in the uterine cervix of ovariectomized rats treated with soy isoflavones (Iso). METHODS Fifteen adult Wistar rats were ovariectomized (Ovx) and divided into three groups: Group I (Ovx), administered with vehicle solution; Group II (OVX-Iso), administered with concentrated extract of Iso (150 mg/kg) by gavage; and Group III (OVX-E2), treated with 17β-estradiol (10 µg/kg), subcutaneously. After 30 days of treatments, the uterine cervix was fixed in 10% formaldehyde and processed for paraffin-embedding. Sections were stained with Hematoxylin and eosin for morphological and morphometric studies or subjected to immunohistochemistry for detections of Ki-67 and vascular endothelial growth factor-A (Vegf-A). The data obtained were subjected to statistical analysis (p ≤ 0.05). RESULTS We noted an atrophic uterine cervix in GI, whereas it was more voluminous in GII and even more voluminous in GIII. The thickness of the cervical mucosa was significantly higher in GIII, as compared to GI and GII. The cell proliferation (Ki-67) was significantly elevated in the estradiol and isoflavones treated groups, whereas Vegf-A immunoexpression was significantly higher in GIII, as compared to groups GII and GI. CONCLUSIONS Soy isoflavones cause less trophic and proliferative effects in the uterine cervix of rats as compared to estrogen.

RESUMO INTRODUÇÃO Embora a terapia estrogênica seja amplamente utilizada contra sintomas pós-menopausais, ela pode apresentar efeitos adversos, incluindo câncer de mama e endometrial. Assim, as isoflavonas da soja são consideradas uma alternativa possível à terapia estrogênica. No entanto, ainda há controvérsias se estes compostos exercem efeitos tróficos significativos no colo do útero. OBJETIVOS Avaliar as alterações histomorfométricas e imuno-histoquímicas no colo do útero de ratas ovariectomizadas tratadas com isoflavonas da soja (iso). MÉTODOS Quinze ratas Wistar adultas foram ovariectomizadas bilateralmente (Ovx) e separadas em três grupos: Grupo I (Ovx) - veículo (propilenoglicol); Grupo II (Ovx-Iso) - receberam extrato concentrado de Iso (150 mg/kg) e Grupo III (Ovx-E2) - tratado com 17β-estradiol (10 µg/kg); as soluções foram administradas via gavagem por 30 dias consecutivos. Posteriormente, os colos uterinos foram retirados, fixados em formaldeído a 10% tamponado e processados para inclusão em parafina. Cortes (4 µm) foram coradas com hematoxilina e eosina para estudo morfológico e morfométricos, enquanto outros foram submetidos à imuno-histoquímica para detecção de Ki-67 e do fator de crescimento endotelial vascular-A (Vegf-A). Os dados obtidos foram submetidos à análise estatística (p≤0,05). RESULTADOS Observamos a presença de colo uterino atrófico no GI (Ovx), sendo este mais volumoso no GII (Ovx+Iso) e ainda mais volumoso no GIII (Ovx+E2). A espessura da mucosa cervical foi significativamente maior no GIII (Ovx-E2), em comparação ao GI (Ovx) e ao GII (Ovx-Iso). A proliferação celular (Ki-67) foi significativamente mais elevada nos grupos tratados com estradiol e isoflavonas, enquanto a imunoexpressão de Vegf-A foi significativamente maior no GIII (Ovx-E2), em comparação ao GII (Ovx-Iso) e ao GI (Ovx-E2). CONCLUSÕES As isoflavonas da soja causam menos efeitos tróficos e proliferativos no colo do útero de ratas em comparação ao estrogênio.

Humans , Animals , Cervix Uteri/drug effects , Phytoestrogens/pharmacology , Estrogens/pharmacology , Isoflavones/pharmacology , Time Factors , Immunohistochemistry , Ovariectomy , Random Allocation , Cervix Uteri/pathology , Reproducibility of Results , Rats, Wistar , Ki-67 Antigen/analysis , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/analysis , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Epithelium/drug effects , Mucous Membrane/drug effects
J. appl. oral sci ; 28: e20190532, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1101257


Abstract Oral leukoplakia (OL) is a white lesion of an indeterminate risk not related to any excluded (other) known diseases or disorders that carry no increased risk for cancer. Many biological markers have been used in an attempt to predict malignant transformation; however, no reliable markers have been established so far. Objective To evaluate cell proliferation and immortalization in OL, comparing non-dysplastic (Non-dys OL) and dysplastic OL (Dys OL). Methodology This is a cross-sectional observational study. Paraffin-embedded tissue blocks of 28 specimens of Non-dys OL, 33 of Dys OL, 9 of normal oral mucosa (NOM), 17 of inflammatory hyperplasia (IH), and 19 of oral squamous cell carcinomas (OSCC) were stained for Ki-67 and BMI-1 using immunohistochemistry. Results A gradual increase in BMI-1 and K-i67 expression was found in oral carcinogenesis. The immunolabeling for those markers was higher in OSCC when compared with the other groups (Kruskal-Wallis, p<0.05). Ki-67 expression percentage was higher in OL and in IH when compared with NOM (Kruskal-Wallis/Dunn, p<0.05). Increased expression of BMI-1 was also observed in OL when compared with NOM (Kruskal-Wallis/Dunn, p<0.05). No differences were observed in expression of both markers when non-dysplastic and dysplastic leukoplakias were compared. A significant positive correlation between Ki-67 and BMI-1 was found (Spearman correlation coefficient, R=0.26, p=0.01). High-grade epithelial dysplasia was associated with malignant transformation (Chi-squared, p=0.03). Conclusions These findings indicate that BMI-1 expression increases in early oral carcinogenesis and is possibly associated with the occurrence of dysplastic changes. Furthermore, our findings indicate that both Ki-67 and BMI-1 are directly correlated and play a role in initiation and progression of OSCC.

Humans , Animals , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Leukoplakia, Oral/pathology , Mouth Neoplasms/pathology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Ki-67 Antigen/analysis , Polycomb Repressive Complex 1/analysis , Mouth Mucosa/pathology , Immunohistochemistry , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Statistics, Nonparametric , Disease Progression , Cell Proliferation , Carcinogenesis/pathology
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 14(3): 407-416, 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1114915


El adenocarcinoma NOS (no especificado de otra manera) es un tumor salival sin patrón especial poco mencionado en la literatura; su diagnóstico es un desafío porque estructuralmente no se identifica con otros carcinomas salivales más definidos. Por otro lado, Ki67 es un marcador de proliferación celular que brinda información pronóstica de las neoplasias. En cuanto a la mucina humana transmembrana MUC-1 se sobre-expresa en las neoplasias malignas perdiendo su localización exclusivamente apical. Presentamos dos casos de adenocarcinoma NOS diagnosticados con H/E y correlacionamos la expresión de Ki67 y la localización y sobreexpresión de MUC-1 con su grado histológico y pronóstico. Cortes histológicos de dos adenocarcinomas NOS de parótida en mujeres de 62 y 63 años respectivamente se colorearon con H/E e inmunomarcaron para Ki67 y MUC-1. En ambos tumores predominaban estructuras ductales, algunas quísticas, cordones celulares ramificados e islotes sólidos. Las formaciones glandulares presentaban células claras y algunas de aspecto oncocítico. Había importante atipia celular, comedonecrosis, invasión perineural, áreas hemorrágicas y compromiso de los márgenes quirúrgicos. La marcación nuclear con Ki67 fue importante; MUC-1 presentó una fuerte coloración en membranas y citoplasmas. Las dos lesiones se diagnosticaron como de alto grado de malignidad. Nuestros resultados demuestran que existe una importante proliferación marcada con Ki67 y una sobre-expresión de MUC-1 asociadas a atipia celular, infiltración perineural, necrosis y compromiso de márgenes quirúrgicos, factores asociados a un peor pronóstico. El reconocimiento de este tumor es trascendente para médicos y odontólogos ya que por la ausencia de rasgos distintivos que sí presentan otros carcinomas más específicos es fundamental el diagnóstico de exclusión.

Adenocarcinoma NOS (not otherwise specified) is a no special pattern salivary tumor briefly mentioned in the literature; its diagnosis is a challenge because structurally it is not identified with other more definite salivary carcinomas. On the other hand, Ki67 is a marker of cellular proliferation that provides prognostic information of neoplasms. As for human transmembrane mucin, MUC-1 is overexpressed in malignant neoplasms, losing their exclusively apical location. We present two cases of adenocarcinoma NOS diagnosed with H/E and correlate the expression of Ki67 and the location and over-expression of MUC-1 with its histological grade and prognosis. Histological sections of two NOS adenocarcinomas of parotid in women of 62 and 63 ages respectively were stained with H/E and immunolabelled for Ki67 and MUC-1. Both are predominated by ductal structures, some cystic, branched cell cords and solid islets. The glandular formations presented clear cells and some of oncocytic appearance. There was important cellular atypia, comedonecrosis, perineural growth, haemorrhagic areas and compromise of surgical margins. Nuclear marking with Ki67 was important; MUC-1 presented a strong staining in membranes and cytoplasms. They were diagnosed as high-grade malignancy. Our results show that there is an important proliferation marked with Ki67 and overexpression of MUC-1 associated with cellular atypia, perineural growth, necrosis and compromise of surgical margins, factorsassociated with a poor prognosis. The recognition of this tumor is transcendent for physicians and dentists since, due to the absence of distinctive features that other more specific carcinomas present, the diagnosis of exclusion is essential.

Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Parotid Neoplasms/diagnosis , Parotid Neoplasms/metabolism , Parotid Neoplasms/pathology , Adenocarcinoma/metabolism , Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Prognosis , Salivary Gland Neoplasms , Immunohistochemistry , Adenocarcinoma/diagnosis , Biomarkers, Tumor , Mucin-1/metabolism , Ki-67 Antigen/metabolism , Cell Proliferation
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 33(4): e1570, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152630


ABSTRACT Background: Intestinal diversions have revolutionized the treatment of morbid obesity due to its viability and sustained response. However, experimental studies suggest, after these derivations, a higher risk of colon cancer. Aim: To analyze the histological and immunohistological changes that the jejunojejunal shunt can produce in the jejunum, ileum and ascending colon. Method: Twenty-four male Wistar rats were randomly divided into two groups, control (n=12) and experiment (n=12) and subdivided into groups of four. Nine weeks after the jejunojejunal shunt, segmental resection of the excluded jejunum, terminal ileum and ascending colon was performed. Histological analysis focused on the thickness of the mucosa, height of the villi, depth of the crypts and immunohistochemistry in the expression of Ki-67 and p53. Results: Significant differences were found between the experiment and control groups in relation to the thickness of the mucosa in the jejunum (p=0.011), in the ileum (p<0.001) and in the colon (p=0.027). There was also a significant difference in relation to the height of the villus in the ileum (p<0.001) and the depth of the crypts in the jejunum (p0.001). The results indicated that there is a significant difference between the groups regarding the expression of Ki-67 in the colon (p<0.001). No significant differences were found between the groups regarding the expression of Ki-67 in the jejunum and ileum. In the P53 evaluation, negative nuclear staining was found in all cases. Conclusion: The jejunojejunal deviation performed in the Roux-in-Y gastrojejunal bypass, predispose epithelial proliferative effects, causing an increase in the thickness of the mucosa, height of the villi and depth of the crypts of the jejunum, ileum and ascending colon.

RESUMO Racional: As derivações intestinais revolucionaram o tratamento da obesidade mórbida pela sua viabilidade e resposta sustentada. Porém, estudos experimentais sugerem, após estas derivações, risco maior de câncer de cólon. Objetivo: Analisar as alterações histológicas e imunoistológicas que a derivação jejunojejunal possa produzir no jejuno, íleo e cólon ascendente. Método: Foram utilizados 24 ratos Wistar machos randomicamente divididos em dois grupos, controle (n=12) e experimento (n=12) e subdivididos em grupos de quatro. Nove semanas após a derivação jejunojejunal procedeu-se a ressecção segmentar do jejuno excluso, íleo terminal e cólon ascendente. Análise histológica focou na espessura da mucosa, altura dos vilos, profundidade das criptas e a imunoistoquímica na expressão do Ki-67 e p53. Resultados: Foram encontradas diferenças significativas entre os grupos experimento e controle em relação à espessura da mucosa no jejuno (p=0,011), no íleo (p<0,001) e no cólon (p=0,027). Também houve diferença significativa em relação à altura dos vilos no íleo (p<0,001) e profundidade das criptas no jejuno (p<0,001). Os resultados indicaram que existe diferença significativa entre os grupos em relação à expressão do Ki-67 no cólon (p<0,001). Não foram encontradas diferenças significativas entre os grupos em relação à expressão do Ki-67 no jejuno e no íleo. Na avaliação do P53, foi encontrada coloração nuclear negativa em todos os casos. Conclusão: O desvio realizado na derivação gastrojejunal em Y-de-Roux, predispõem efeitos proliferativos epiteliais, causando aumento da espessura da mucosa, altura dos vilos e profundidade das criptas do jejuno, íleo e cólon ascendente.

Humans , Animals , Male , Rats , Gastric Bypass/adverse effects , Colonic Diseases/etiology , Rats, Wistar , Ki-67 Antigen/metabolism , Ileum , Intestinal Mucosa , Intestine, Small , Intestines , Jejunum/surgery
Clinics ; 75: e1643, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089594


OBJECTIVES: Aromatase inhibitors are the first-choice drugs for the treatment of hormone sensitive breast cancer. However, in addition to the scarcity of studies, there are controversies about their effects on vaginal epithelial cell proliferation in rats, especially those in persistent estrus. METHODS: To investigate vaginal epithelial cell proliferation by Ki-67 antigen expression, persistent estrus was induced in 42 randomly selected rats. These rats were randomly divided into 2 groups: group I (control, n=21), which received 0.1 mL of propylene glycol (vehicle) daily, and group II (experimental, n=21), which received 0.5 mg/kg or 0.125 mg/day of anastrozole diluted with 0.1 mL of propylene glycol. RESULTS: Light microscopy showed a higher concentration of cells with brown Ki-67 stained nuclei in the control compared to the experimental group. The mean percentage of Ki-67 stained nuclei per 500 cells in the vaginal epithelium was 68.64±2.64 and 30.46±2.00 [mean±standard error of the mean (SEM)] in the control and experimental groups, respectively (p<0.003). CONCLUSION: This study showed that anastrozole, at the dose and treatment duration selected, significantly decreased cell proliferation in the vaginal mucosa of the rats in persistent estrus.

Animals , Female , Rats , Vagina/drug effects , Estrus/metabolism , Ki-67 Antigen/metabolism , Epithelium/drug effects , Anastrozole/pharmacology , Vagina/metabolism , Random Allocation , Rats, Wistar , Ki-67 Antigen/drug effects , Epithelium/metabolism
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 65(12): 1459-1463, Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057087


SUMMARY OBJECTIVE Evaluate the expression of KI-67 in uterine leiomyomas and adjacent myometrial tissue and verify the existence of a correlation between clinical parameters and KI-67 expression in tumors. METHODS This is a cross-sectional, controlled, analytical study. Samples of leiomyomas and myometrium were obtained from patients who underwent hysterectomy. The samples were processed by immunohistochemistry using KI-67 antibody, and the expression was evaluated by two blinded observers. Student›s T-test was used for comparison of means, and Pearson›s P test for correlation with clinical parameters. RESULTS A total of 9 patients were included in the study. The mean age was 40.7 years, ranging from 35 to 44 years. The mean expression of KI-67 in myometrium was 1.63%, and, in leiomyomas, 5.96% (p <0.001). The highest expression of KI-67 was moderately related to the severity of anemia, bleeding, and pain level. CONCLUSION The expression of KI-67 in normal myometrium was significantly lower than in leiomyomas. The highest expression of KI-67 was moderately related to the severity of anemia, bleeding, and pain level in the patients of this study.

RESUMO OBJETIVO Avaliar a expressão do KI-67 em leiomiomas uterinos e tecido miometrial adjacente e verificar a existência de correlação entre parâmetros clínicos e expressão do KI-67 em tumores. MÉTODOS Estudo transversal, controlado e analítico. Amostras de leiomiomas e miométrio foram obtidas de pacientes que realizaram histerectomia. As amostras foram processadas por imuno-histoquímica utilizando anticorpo para KI-67 e a expressão avaliada por dois observadores cegos. O teste t de Student foi utilizado para comparação de médias e o teste P de Pearson para correlação com parâmetros clínicos. RESULTADOS Um total de 9 pacientes foi incluído no estudo. A idade média foi de 40,7 anos, variando de 35 a 44 anos. A expressão média do KI-67 no miométrio foi de 1,63% e nos leiomiomas de 5,96% (p <0,001). A maior expressão do KI-67 foi moderadamente relacionada com a gravidade da anemia, sangramento e nível de dor. CONCLUSÃO A expressão do KI-67 no miométrio normal foi significativamente menor que nos leiomiomas. A maior expressão do KI-67 foi moderadamente relacionada à gravidade da anemia, sangramento e nível de dor nos pacientes deste estudo.

Humans , Female , Adult , Uterine Neoplasms/pathology , Ki-67 Antigen/analysis , Leiomyoma/pathology , Myometrium/chemistry , Reference Values , Immunohistochemistry , Body Mass Index , Case-Control Studies , Pilot Projects , Cross-Sectional Studies , Tumor Burden , Hysterectomy
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 41(12): 710-717, Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057890


Abstract Objective To identify the biomarkers of response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy in early luminal breast cancer. Methods A cross-sectional study that included all patients with early or locallyadvanced luminal breast cancer submitted to neoadjuvant chemotherapy between 2013 and 2014. Demographic, clinic and pathologic data were retrieved from patient records. The expressions of the estrogen receptor (ER), the progesterone receptor (PR), and Ki67 were analyzed by immunohistochemistry (IHC). The status of the human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) was evaluated by IHC and fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH). Independent predictors of clinic and pathologic response were evaluated by stepwise logistic regression models and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. Results Out of 298 patients identified, 115 were included in the analysis. Clinical complete response (cCR) was observed in 43.4% of the patients (49/113), and pathologic complete response (pCR) was observed in 7.1% (8/115) of the patients. The independent predictors of cCR were premenopausal status (p < 0.001), low PR expression (≤ 50% versus > 50%; p = 0.048), and Ki67 expression ≥ 14% (versus < 14%; p = 0.01). Patients with cCR were more commonly submitted to breast conserving surgery (34.7% versus 7.8%; p < 0.001). Increasing cut-off points for Ki67 expression were associated with an increase in specificity and a decrease in sensitivity to identify patients with cCR. Conclusion Premenopausal status, lower PR expression and higher Ki67 expression were associated with a higher rate of cCR to neoadjuvant chemotherapy in luminal breast cancer.

Resumo Objetivo Identificar biomarcadores de resposta à quimioterapia neoadjuvante em câncer luminal de mama. Métodos Estudo transversal em que foram incluídas todas as pacientes com câncer luminal de mama em estádio inicial ou localmente avançado que foram submetidas a quimioterapia neoadjuvante nos anos de 2013 e 2014. Dados demográficos, clínicos e patológicos foram obtidos de prontuários médicos. As expressões de receptor de estrogênio (RE), de receptor de progesterona (RP), e de Ki67 foram avaliadas por imuno-histoquímica (IHQ). A expressão do receptor tipo 2 do fator de crescimento epidérmico humano (human epidermal growth factor receptor 2, HER2) foi avaliada por IHQ e hibridização in situ por imunofluorescência (HISI). Análises de regressão logística e de curva de característica de operação do receptor (COR) foram usadas para investigar fatores preditivos independentes de resposta clínica e patológica. Resultados De 298 pacientes identificadas, 115 foram incluídas na análise. Resposta clínica completa (RCc) foi observada em 43.4% das pacientes (49/113), e resposta patológica completa (RPc), em 7.1% (8/115). Os fatores preditivos independentes de RCc foram status menopausal (p < 0.001), baixa expressão de RP (≤ 50% versus > 50%; p = 0.048), e expressão de Ki67 ≥ 14% (versus < 14%; p = 0.01). Pacientes com RCc apresentaram maior probabilidade de serem submetidas a cirurgia conservadora da mama (34.7% versus 7.8%; p < 0.001). Aumento no ponto de corte para expressão de Ki67 foi associado a aumento da especificidade e redução da sensibilidade na identificação de pacientes com RCc. Conclusão Status premenopausal, baixa expressão de RP e maior expressão de Ki67 estiveram associados a maior taxa de RCc à quimioterapia neoadjuvante no câncer luminal de mama.

Humans , Female , Adult , Breast Neoplasms/genetics , Breast Neoplasms/drug therapy , Menopause , Receptors, Progesterone/genetics , Ki-67 Antigen/genetics , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use , Receptors, Progesterone/metabolism , Receptors, Estrogen/genetics , Receptors, Estrogen/metabolism , Gene Expression , Cross-Sectional Studies , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Receptor, ErbB-2/genetics , Receptor, ErbB-2/metabolism , Ki-67 Antigen/metabolism , Middle Aged
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 13(2): 142-149, jun. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002297


ABSTRACT: The present study aimed to investigate the occurrence of mandibular canal alterations in regions with dental inflammation by means of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). A database of 2,484 CBCTs was reviewed for identifying dental inflammation in mandibular alveolar ridges. The final sample consisted of 150 CBCTs, including 91 females and 59 males, with ages ranging from 13 to 89 years (mean age of 47.06; ± SD=18.722). The presence and location of dental inflammation, gender, age, as well as presence and location of mandibular canal branching (MCB) were evaluated. The Kolmogorov-Smirnov, Chi-square, and T-test were applied to verify the statistical relationship of the data. There were 178 images of dental inflammation on 150 CBCTs, mainly located at molars' region (75 %). Apical lesions were the most common type of dental inflammation found (79 or 44.4 % of the sample), followed by pericoronitis (32; 18.0 %). This study identified 135 mandibular canal branches in the exams that presented dental inflammation. The MCB were also most commonly located at molars' region (74.07 %). No statistical difference was identified regarding the distribution of mandibular canal branching in relation to the sites with dental inflammation (p=0.370).The MCB found were mostly single (86 or 63.7 % of the total). Sex had no influence on mandibular canal branching occurrence (p=0.308), not did age (p=0.728). A high prevalence of mandibular canal branching was observed in the regions where dental inflammation were identified, most commonly found in the molar region.

RESUMEN: El presente estudio tuvo como objetivo investigar la ocurrencia de ramificación del canal mandibular (RCM) en regiones con inflamación dental mediante tomografía computarizada de haz cónico (TCHC). Se revisó una base de datos de 2.484 TCHC para identificar la inflamación dental en las crestas alveolares mandibulares. La muestra final consistió en 150 TCHC, incluidas 91 mujeres y 59 hombres, con edades comprendidas entre 13 y 89 años (edad media de 47,06 ± DE = 18,722). Se evaluaron el sexo, la edad, la presencia y la ubicación de la inflamación dental, así como la presencia y ubicación de RCM. KolmogorovSmirnov, Chi-cuadrado y prueba-T se aplicaron para verificar la relación estadística de los datos. Hubo 178 imágenes de inflamación dental en 150 TCHC, ubicados principalmente en la región de los molares (75 %). Las lesiones apicales fueron el tipo más común de inflamación dental encontrada (79 o 44,4 % de la muestra), seguidas por pericoronitis (32; 18,0 %). Este estudio identificó 135 ramas del canal mandibular en las regiones que presentaron inflamación dental. El RCM también se localizó con mayor frecuencia en la región de los molares (74,07 %). No se identificaron diferencias estadísticas con respecto a la distribución de la ramificación del canal mandibular en relación con los sitios con inflamación dental (p = 0,370). Las RCM encontrados fueron en su mayoría solteros (86 o 63,7 % del total). El sexo no tuvo influencia en la ocurrencia de la ramificación del canal mandibular (p = 0,308), no la edad (p = 0,728). Se observó una alta prevalencia de ramificación del canal mandibular en las regiones donde se identificó la inflamación dental, que se encuentra con mayor frecuencia en la región molar.

Humans , Male , Female , Young Adult , Granuloma, Giant Cell/surgery , Ki-67 Antigen/metabolism , Immunohistochemistry , Granuloma, Giant Cell/diagnosis , Analysis of Variance , Cell Proliferation/physiology , Guatemala , Mexico
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 13(2): 150-156, jun. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, BNUY-Odon | ID: biblio-1002298


RESUMEN: La lesión central de células gigantes (LCCG) es una lesión osteolítica benigna que en algunos casos presenta un comportamiento agresivo, con recidiva y mal pronóstico. Ki-67 es una proteína nuclear cuya función general es la regulación de la proliferación celular. Este marcador es utilizado para el reconocimiento de células en proliferación y como herramienta de pronóstico en el diagnóstico de neoplasias. El objetivo de este estudio fue cuantificar la inmunoexpresión de Ki-67 en las diferentes poblaciones celulares de las LCCG y analizar su asociación con las características clínicas, demográficas y radiográficas. Se evaluó la inmunoexpresión de Ki-67 de 17 casos de LCCG en dos poblaciones celulares: células gigantes multinucleadas (CGM) y células mesenquimatosas estromales (CME). El análisis estadístico se efectuó con el programa SAS 9.0 y SPSS versión 23.0, con un nivel alfa impuesto de P<0,05. Las CME mostraron inmunoexpresión promedio de 9,4 % y las CGM de 0,65 %. No se encontró relación estadísticamente significativa entre las características clínicas, demográficas y radiográficas de las LCCG y la inmunoexpresión de Ki-67. La expresión de Ki-67 en CME sugiere que esta población se encuentra en constante actividad celular y que las LCCG son lesiones dinámicas y en constante proceso de diferenciación.

ABSTRACT: The central giant cell lesion (CGCL) is a benign osteolytic lesion which in some cases presents an aggressive behavior with recurrence and poor prognosis. Ki67 is a nuclear protein whose general function is the regulation of cell proliferation. This marker is used to identify proliferating cells and as a prognostic tool in the diagnosis of neoplasms. The aim of this study was to quantify the immune expression of Ki-67 in the different cell populations of CGCL and analyze its association with clinical, demographic and radiographic characteristics. The Ki-67 immune expression of 17 cases of LCCG was evaluated in two cell populations: multinucleated giant cells (CGM) and stromal mesenchymal cells (SMC). The statistical analysis was carried out with SAS 9.0 and SPSS version 23.0, with an alpha tax level of P <0.05. The CME showed average immune expression of 9.4 % and the CGM of 0.65 %. No statistically significant relationship was found between the clinical, demographic and radiographic characteristics of the CGCL and the immune expression of Ki-67. The expression of Ki-67 in CME suggests that this population is in constant cellular activity, and that the CGCL are dynamic lesions in a continuous differentiation process.

Granuloma, Giant Cell , Cell Proliferation , Immunohistochemistry , Ki-67 Antigen
Rev. méd. Chile ; 147(5): 557-567, mayo 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1014264


ABSTRACT Background: Breast cancer (BC) is the most common malignancy in women. Aim: To assess the impact of HER2 status on axillary lymph node (ALN) involvement in patients with invasive ductal carcinoma of no special type (IDC-NST) both at diagnosis and during the 4-year postoperative period. Patients and Methods: We retrospectively included 375 women with an early clinical stage of non-luminal IDC-NST who between 2007 and 2013 underwent breast surgery at a clinical hospital. They were divided into phenotype-based groups: HR+HER2-, HR+HER2+, HR-HER2+ and HR-HER2-. Only patients with sentinel lymph node (SLN) macrometastases underwent ALN dissection. If > 3 ALNs were positive, radiotherapy was delivered. All patients were treated with chemotherapy, HER2+ BC patients received trastuzumab, and hormone receptor (HR)-positive BC patients received hormonal therapy. Results: Larger tumor size, higher grade, HR+, HER2+ status, and lymphovascular invasion (LVI) were predictive for ALN metastases at diagnosis. The poorest overall, disease-free, and distant recurrence-free survival (OS, DFS, DRFS) were found in the HR-HER2- group, while the poorest locoregional recurrence-free survival (LRFS) was observed in HR-HER2+ and HR-HER2- groups. HER2 status was not predictor of survival. Conclusions: HER2+ status was predictive for ALN involvement at diagnosis but had no effect on 4-year LRFS in these patients.

Antecedentes: El cáncer de mama es el tumor maligno más común en mujeres. Objetivo: Conocer el impacto del estado HER2 sobre el compromiso ganglionar axilar al momento del diagnóstico y durante los primeros cuatro años después de la cirugía en mujeres con carcinoma ductal invasivo de tipo no especial (IDC-NST). Pacientes y Métodos: Incluimos retrospectivamente a 375 mujeres en etapas clínicas iniciales de IDC-NST que fueron operadas en un hospital clínico. Ellas se dividieron en grupos de acuerdo al fenotipo: HR+HER2-, HR+HER2+, HR-HER2+y HR-HER2-. La disección de ganglios axilares se efectuó solo en las pacientes con macrometástasis en el ganglio centinela. Si había más de tres ganglios comprometidos, se efectuó radioterapia. Todas las pacientes se trataron con quimioterapia. Las pacientes HER2+ recibieron trastuzumab y las pacientes HR+ recibieron hormonoterapia. Resultados: Tumores más grandes, de mayor grado de malignidad, HR+, HER2+ y la invasión linfovascular fueron predictivos de la presencia de metástasis axilares al momento del diagnóstico. La sobrevida más baja se observó en pacientes HR-HER2+. La sobrevida libre de recurrencia locorregional más baja, se observó en pacientes HR-HER2+ y HR-HER2-. HER2 no fue predictor de sobrevida. Conclusiones: En estas mujeres, HER2+fue predictor de la presencia de compromiso ganglionar axilar al momento del diagnóstico pero no de la sobrevida a cuatro años.

Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast/pathology , Receptor, ErbB-2/analysis , Sentinel Lymph Node/pathology , Axilla , Time Factors , Breast Neoplasms/mortality , Multivariate Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast/mortality , Statistics, Nonparametric , Disease-Free Survival , Ki-67 Antigen/analysis , Tumor Burden , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Neoplasm Grading , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Neoplasm Staging
Oncol. (Guayaquil) ; 29(1): 74-82, 30 de abril 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1005067


Introducción: El cáncer de tiroides es de presentación poco frecuente en pacientes pediátricos, que en lo general dependiendo del tipo celular tiene una evolución favorable posterior a cirugía e iodoradioablacion. En el Instituto Oncológico Nacional se registró una incidencia de 11 casos en menores de 15 años entre el 2010 y 2016. Caso Clínico: se presenta el caso de un hombre de 13 años con diagnóstico de sarcoma de tiroides de tipo cartilaginoso, con marcador tumoral KI67 positivo, de presentación agresiva e invasión ganglionar regional y metástasis, con presentación inicial de lesión tumoral de gran volumen en región tiroidea, acompañada de disnea y disfagia. Evolución: El plan quirúrgico oncológico fue citorreducción, seguido de un esquema de quimioterapia y radioterapia con el objetivo de aumentar su expectativa de vida. Conclusión: Los sarcomas son tumores poco frecuentes, representando menos del 1% de todas las neoplasias. Se presenta este caso, porque existen pocos reportes a nivel mundial.

Introduction: Thyroid cancer is a rare presentation in pediatric patients, which in general depending on the cell type has a favorable evolution after surgery and iodoradioablacion. In the National Oncology Institute there was an incidence of 11 cases in children under 15 years between 2010 and 2016. Clinical case: the case of a 13-year-old man diagnosed with cartilage-type thyroid sarcoma, with positive KI67 tumor marker, aggressive presentation and regional lymph node invasion and metastasis, with initial presentation of large volume tumor lesion in the region thyroid, accompanied by dyspnea and dysphagia. Evolution: The oncological surgical plan was cytoreduction, followed by a chemotherapy and radiotherapy scheme with the aim of increasing their life expectancy. Conclusion: Sarcomas are rare tumors, representing less than 1% of all neoplasms. This case is presented, because there are few reports worldwide.

Humans , Male , Adolescent , Sarcoma , Thyroid Neoplasms , Child , Case Reports , Ki-67 Antigen , Iodine Radioisotopes