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3.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 47(6): 1198-1206, Nov.-Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1340028

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: The objective of this study is to evaluate the impact of a previous standard percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) on the outcomes of retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS). Materials and Methods: Outcomes of RIRS performed from January 2017 to January 2020 in adult patients with residual stone fragments ≤20mm after a standard PCNL (Post-PCNL) and symptomatic adult patients with kidney stones ≤20mm (Control) were prospectively studied. Stone-free rate (SFR) was evaluated on a postoperative day 90 non-contrast computed tomography. Surgical complications based on Clavien-Dindo classification during the 90 days of follow-up were recorded. Results: Outcomes of 55 patients and 57 renal units of the post-PCNL group were compared to 92 patients and 115 renal units of the control group. SFR was lower in post-PCNL group than in control (28/57, 49.1% vs. 86/115, 74.8%, p <0.001). Overall complications were more frequent in post-PCNL group (p=0.004). Infundibula strictures were identified and incised with laser in 15/57 (26.3%) renal units of the post-PCNL group. Thirteen renal units had infundibulum stricture at the site of previous percutaneous tract (13/15; 86.7%, p=0.004) and one renal unit had three infundibula strictures. Postoperative complications were not affected by the treatment of infundibula strictures (p=0.198). Conclusions: Previous standard PCNL significantly impairs the outcomes of RIRS. Infundibula strictures can be found in 26.3% of the patients with residual stone fragments after standard PCNL for large burden kidney stones. The main site of infundibulum stricture after standard PCNL is the infundibulum of the entry calyx.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Nephrostomy, Percutaneous/adverse effects , Kidney Calculi/surgery , Nephrolithotomy, Percutaneous/adverse effects , Treatment Outcome , Kidney/surgery , Kidney/diagnostic imaging
6.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 47(5): 957-968, Sept.-Oct. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286806

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The presence of lower pole stones poses a unique challenge due to the anatomical considerations involved in their management and treatment. Considerable research has been performed to determine the optimal strategy when faced with this highly relevant clinical scenario. Standard options for management include observation, shock wave lithotripsy, retrograde intrarenal surgery, or percutaneous nephrolithotomy. Indeed, each approach confers a distinct set of risks and benefits, which must be placed into the context of patient preference and expected outcomes. The current state of practice reflects a combination of lessons learned from managing calculi not only in the lower pole, but also from other locations within the kidney as well.


Subject(s)
Humans , Nephrostomy, Percutaneous , Lithotripsy , Kidney Calculi/surgery , Nephrolithotomy, Percutaneous
7.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 47(2): 464-467, Mar.-Apr. 2021.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154453

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To report a case of successful removal of right staghorn renal calculi in a 3-year-old girl with Arnold-Chiari malformation and multiple urogenital anomalies. Case report: A 3-year-old female child with the diagnosis of Arnold-Chiari type 2 malformation was referred to our clinic due to presence of 9 kidney stones with a total volume of 10743mm3. The total of the longest diameters of all stones was calculated as 11.4cm. The patient had a urogenital septum, bifid bladder, and duplicated collecting system on the right side. An 18F Amplatz sheath was placed and mini-percutaneous nephrolithotomy was performed successfully by laser and pneumatic lithotripter. Any residual urinary tract stones or urinary tract infection were not detected during the 6th-month follow-up. Conclusion: Urolithiasis requires a thorough understanding of the underlying causes, as well as an effective and minimally invasive treatment. It is important for urologists to understand the complexity of the optimal stone management in pediatric patients in order to maximize treatment efficacy and minimize morbidity. We conclude that it is essential to treat urolithiasis in a single session in children with urogenital anomalies and accompanying congenital anomalies who have past surgical history.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Nephrostomy, Percutaneous , Kidney Calculi/surgery , Kidney Calculi/diagnostic imaging , Solitary Kidney , Nephrolithotomy, Percutaneous , Kidney Diseases , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Kidney/surgery , Kidney/diagnostic imaging
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942240

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the short-term effects and long-term outcomes of incisional procedure and dilatation procedure to manage diverticular neck in percutaneous nephrolithotomy for diverticular stones.@*METHODS@#Clinical data of 61 patients with diverticular stones who underwent percutaneous nephrolithotomy from June 2009 to January 2019 were retrospectively collected and analyzed, which was as follous: (1) basic information: age, gender, body mass index (BMI), American Society of Anesthesiology (ASA) classifications and preoperative symptoms.(2)stone characteristic and procedure-related data: location and size of stone, skinned renal access length and procedure time.(3)perioperative clinical data: hemoglobin drop, Clavien's classification and stone-free rate. Long-term follow-ups were performed for more than 5 years after the patients were discharged.@*RESULTS@#Fifty-three patients were included based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria, and were divided into the dilation group (n=37) and the incision group (n=16) by the treatment methods of diverticular neck. There were 24 male patients (45.3%) and 29 female patients (54.7%), with a mean age of 39.96±12.88 years. Stones were mainly located in the upper pole (n=32, 60.38%) and posterior area (n=41, 77.4%), with a predominance of single stone (n=36, 67.9%). There was no statistically significant difference in demographic data and stone characteristics between the two groups except for age and stone burden. Forty-five patients (84.9%) reached stone-free status after surgeries, and 44 patients (83.0%) postoperative symptoms improved. Twelve patients were lost to the follow-ups, and 41 cases were followed up for an average of 77 months. One recurrence occurred 1 year after surgery. Fifteen patients underwent operations within the past 5 years and the overall 5-year recurrence rate for the remaining 26 patients was 34.6%. There was no statistically significant difference in the incidence of perioperative complications, postoperative stone-free rate and recurrence rate between the two groups, and the recurrence rate was significantly higher 5 years postoperatively than 1 year postoperatively. The proportion of the patients who remained lithotripsy-free and residual stone status decreased significantly.@*CONCLUSION@#Both incisional and dilatation procedures in percutaneous nephrolithotomy to manage diverticular neck could bring the satisfactory postoperative stone free rate. The recurrence rate was about 30% to 40% 5 years after surgery.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Kidney Calculi/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Nephrolithotomy, Percutaneous , Nephrostomy, Percutaneous , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
9.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 48: e20202804, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155370

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: to evaluate urinary biochemical alterations related to urolithogenesis processes after sleeve gastrectomy (SG). Materials and methods : prospective study with 32 individuals without previous diagnosis of urolithiasis who underwent SG. A 24-h urine test was collected seven days prior to surgery and at 6-month follow-up. The studied variables were urine volume, urinary pH, oxalate, calcium, citrate, and magnesium and calcium oxalate super saturation (CaOx SS). Results: patients were mainly women (81.2%), with mean age of 40.6 years. Mean pre- and postoperative BMI were 47.1 ± 8.3 Kg/m2 and 35.5 ± 6.1 Kg/m2, respectively (p<0.001). Urine volume was significantly lower at the postoperative evaluation in absolute values (2,242.50 ± 798.26 mL x 1,240.94 ± 352.39 mL, p<0.001) and adjusted to body weight (18.58 ± 6.92 mL/kg x 13.92 ± 4.65 mL/kg, p<0.001). CaOx SS increased significantly after SG (0.11 ± 0.10 x 0.24 ± 0.18, p<0.001). Moreover, uric acid levels were significantly lower at the postoperative evaluation (482.34 ± 195.80 mg x 434.75 ± 158.38 mg, p=0.027). Urinary pH, oxalate, calcium, citrate, and magnesium did not present significant variations between the pre- and postoperative periods. Conclusion: SG may lead to important alterations in the urinary profile. However, it occurs in a much milder way than that of RYGB.


RESUMO Introdução: avaliar as alterações bioquímicas urinárias relacionadas aos processos de litíase urinária após gastrectomia vertical (GV). Método: estudo prospectivo, com 32 indivíduos submetidos a GV, sem diagnóstico prévio de urolitíase. Foi coletada urina de 24 horas, sete dias antes da operação e no retorno de 6 meses. As variáveis estudadas foram volume de urina, pH urinário, oxalato, cálcio, citrato e super saturação de oxalato e cálcio (SS CaOx). Resultados: os pacientes foram em sua maioria mulheres (81,2%), com idade média de 40,6 anos. O IMC médio pré e pós-operatório foi 47,1 ± 8,3 Kg/m2 e 35,5 ± 6,1 Kg/m2, respectivamente (p<0,001). O volume de urina foi significativamente baixo na avaliação pós-operatória em valores absolutos (2.242,50 ± 798,26 mL versus 1.240,94 ± 352,39 mL, p<0,001) e ajustado ao peso corporal (18,58 ± 6,92 mL/kg versus 13,92 ± 4,65 mL/kg, p<0,001). A SS CaOx aumentou significativamente após a GV (0,11 ± 0,10 versus 0,24 ± 0,18, p<0,001). Além disso, os níveis de ácido úrico apresentaram-se significativamente baixos na avaliação pós-operatória (482,34 ± 195,80 mg versus 434,75 ± 158,38 mg, p=0,027). PH urinário, oxalato, cálcio, citrato e magnésio não apresentaram variações significativas entre os períodos pré e pós-operatório. Conclusão: a GV pode levar a alterações importantes no perfil urinário. Entretanto, essas ocorrem de forma muito mais leve que na derivação gástrica em Y de Roux.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Uric Acid/blood , Urine/chemistry , Kidney Calculi/surgery , Urolithiasis , Gastrectomy , Postoperative Period , Calcium Oxalate/blood , Prospective Studies , Preoperative Period , Magnesium
10.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(12): 1696-1701, Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1143677

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY INTRODUCTION: Patients with bilateral kidney stones and burdened by large stones are challenging cases for endourologists. Simultaneous bilateral percutaneous nephrolithotomy (sbPCNL) is an option; however, it may be accompanied by important morbidity. An alternative is a staged PCNL, operating one side each time. Herein, we compare the impact of sbPCNL and staged PCNL on complication rates and renal function. METHODS: Patients who underwent sbPCNL or staged bilateral PCNL with a frame time of 6 months were searched in our prospectively collected kidney stone database. Groups were compared for age, gender, body mass index (BMI), comorbidities (classification by the American Society of Anesthesiology - ASA), stone size, Guy's score, stone-free status, renal function, blood loss, blood transfusion rate, complication rate, and length of hospital stay. RESULTS: Twenty-six patients and 52 kidney units were enrolled. The mean operative time was 134.7 min. Only 11.3% of cases had complications, all of them minor (Clavien ≤ 2). Overall, the stone-free rate was 61.50%. Comparing the groups, there was a significantly longer operative time in the sbPCNL group (172.5 vs. 126.3 min; p=0.016), as well as a higher transfusion rate (12.5% vs. 5.6%; p=0.036). There was no statistically significant difference in creatinine levels between the groups. Regarding the stone-free rate, there was a significantly higher proportion of patients in the staged PCNL group (64.9% vs. 43.8%; p=0.012). CONCLUSION: sbPCNL is a safe procedure; however, when compared to staged procedures it has a higher transfusion and lower stone-free rate.


RESUMO INTRODUÇÃO: Paciente com cálculos renais bilaterais e de grande volume são casos desafiadores para os endourologistas. A nefrolitotripsia percutânea bilateral simultânea (NLPbs) é um opção, entretanto esse procedimento pode ser acompanhado de morbidade importante. Uma alternativa é a NLP estagiada, operando um lado de cada vez. Aqui, nós comparamos o impacto da NLPbs e da NLP estagiada nas taxas de complicações e função renal. MÉTODOS: Pacientes que foram submetidos a NLPsb ou NLP stagiada com intervalo de até 6 meses foram pesquisados em nossa base de dados de cálculos renais prospectivamente coletada. Os grupos foram comparados em idade, gênero, índice de massa corpórea (IMC), comorbidades (classificação da Sociedade Americana de Anestesiologia - ASA), tamanho do cálculo, Classificação de Guys, taxa de pacientes livres de cálculos, função renal, perda sanguínea, taxa de transfusão, taxa de complicações e tempo de internação hospitalar. RESULTADOS: Vinte e seis paciente e 52 unidades renais foram incluídas. O tempo operatório médio foi de 134,7 min. Apenas 11.3% dos casos tiveram complicações, sendo todas menores (Clavien ≤ 2). No geral, a taxa de pacientes livres de cálculos foi de 61,5%. Comparando os grupos houve um tempo operatório significativamente maior no grupo NLPbs(172,5 vs. 126,3 min; p=0,016), assim como uma maior taxa de transfusão (12,5% vs. 5,6%; p=0.036). Não houve diferença significante nos níveis de creatinina entre os grupos. Em relação a taxa de doentes livre de cálculos houve uma proporção significativamente maior de pacientes livres de cálculos na NLP estagiada (64,9% vs. 43,8%; p=0,012). CONCLUSÃO: A NLPsb é um procedimento seguro, entretando quando comparada ao procedimento estagiado apresenta uma maior taxa de transfusão e uma menor taxa de pacientes livres de cálculos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Nephrostomy, Percutaneous/adverse effects , Kidney Calculi/surgery , Nephrolithotomy, Percutaneous/adverse effects , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Operative Time , Length of Stay
11.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(6): 1161-1166, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056350

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To compare two-shift operation mode and single player mode different impact on surgical results and operator comfort in flexible ureteroscopic holmium laser lithotripsy for renal calculi larger than 1.5cm. Materials and Methods: From december 2017 to december 2018, 92 patients with renal calculi admitted to Qilu Hospital and were treated through flexible ureteroscopy. They were randomized in two-shift group (n=50) and single player group (n=42). The operative time, blood loss, hospitalization stay after operation, residual fragments (≥4mm) rate, fragmentation speed, postoperative complications and operator's fatigue score were compared. Results: There was no significant difference between two groups regarding age, gender, illness side, stone size, blood loss, operative time, postoperative hospitalization stay, complications, etc (p >0.05). The fragmentation speed was 44.5±20.0mm3/min in two-shift group compared with 34.2±17.3mm3/min in single player group (p=0.037). Residual fragments (≥4mm) rate after first surgery was 18% in two-shift group, while the residual fragments (≥4mm) rate was 40.5% after first surgery in single player group (p=0.017). The total fatigue score of two-shift group was 8.4 compared to 29.9 in single player group (p <0.001). Conclusion: In flexible ureteroscopic holmium laser lithotripsy for the treatment of renal calculi larger than 1.5cm, two-shift operation mode can raise the fragmentation speed and stone clearance rate, as well as significantly lower operator's fatigue level and improve operator's comfort.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Kidney Calculi/surgery , Lithotripsy, Laser/methods , Ureteroscopy/methods , Lasers, Solid-State/therapeutic use , Postoperative Complications , Kidney Calculi/pathology , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Lithotripsy, Laser/instrumentation , Ureteroscopy/instrumentation , Equipment Design , Operative Time , Ergonomics , Length of Stay , Middle Aged
12.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(6): 1281-1282, Nov.-Dec. 2019.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056347

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction and Objectives: We aim to present the use of 3D digital and physical renal model (1-5) to guide the percutaneous access during percutaneous nephrolithotripsy (PNL). Materials and Methods: We present the clinical case of a 30 years old man with left renal stone (25x15 mm). A virtual 3D reconstruction of the anatomical model including the stone, the renal parenchyma, the urinary collecting system (UCS) and the skeletal landmarks (lumbar spine and ribs) was elaborated. Finally, a physical 3D model was created with a 3D printer including the renal parenchyma, UCS and the stone. The surgeon evaluated the 3D virtual reconstruction and manipulated the printed model before surgery to improve the anatomical knowledge and to facilitate the percutaneous access. In prone position, combining ultrasound and fluoroscopy implemented by the preoperative anatomical planning based on the 3D virtual and printed model, an easy and safe access of the inferior calyx was achieved. Then, the patient underwent PNL using a 30 Fr Amplatz sheet with semi-rigid nephroscope and ultrasound energy to achieve a complete lithotripsy of the pelvic stone. Results: The procedure was safely completed with 1 single percutaneous puncture (time of puncture 2 minutes). Overall surgical time was 90 min. No intra and postoperative complications were reported. The CT scan performed before discharge confirmed a complete stone free state. Conclusion: The 3D-guided approach to PNL facilitates the preoperative planning of the puncture with better knowledge of the renal anatomy and may be helpful to reduce operative time and improve the learning curve.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Lithotripsy/methods , Kidney Calculi/surgery , Printing, Three-Dimensional , Models, Anatomic , Fluoroscopy/methods , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Ultrasonography, Interventional/methods , Operative Time , Kidney
13.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(6): 1153-1160, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056326

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To identify the factors increased fluoroscopy time during percutaneous nephrolithotomy and investigate the relationship between the 3D segmentation volume ratio of stone to renal collecting system and fluoroscopy time. Materials and Methods: Data from 102 patients who underwent percutaneous nephrolithotomy were analyzed retrospectively. Volume segmentation of both the renal collecting system and stones were obtained from 3D segmentation software with the images on CT data. Analyzed stone volume (ASV), renal collecting system volume (RCSV) measured and the ASV-to-RCSV ratio was calculated. Several parameters were evaluated for their predictive ability with regard to fluoroscopy time. Results: The stone-free rate was 55.9% after the percutaneous nephrolithotomy. Complications occurred in 31(30.4%) patients. The mean fluoroscopy time was 199.4±151.1 seconds. The fluoroscopy time was significantly associated with the ASV-to-RCSV ratio (p<0.001, r=0.614). The single tract was used in 77 (75.5%) cases while multiple tracts were used in 25 (24.5%) cases. Fluoroscopy time was significantly associated with multiple access (p<0.001, r=0.689). On univariate linear regression analysis, longer fluoroscopy time was related with increased stone size, increased stone volume, increased number of access, increased calyx number with stone, increased ASV-to-RCSV, increased operative time and decreased stone essence. On multivariate linear regression analysis, the number of access and the ASV-to-RCSV were independent predictors of fluoroscopy time during percutaneous nephrolithotomy. Conclusions: The distribution of the stone burden volume in the pelvicalyceal system is a significant predictor for prolonged fluoroscopy time during percutaneous nephrolithotomy. Measures to decrease FT could be beneficial in patients with a high ASV-to-RCSV ratio for precise preoperative planning.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Fluoroscopy/methods , Kidney Calculi/surgery , Kidney Calculi/pathology , Nephrolithotomy, Percutaneous/methods , Time Factors , Body Mass Index , Linear Models , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome , Statistics, Nonparametric , Disease-Free Survival , Radiation Exposure , Middle Aged
14.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(5): 956-964, Sept.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040071

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose We aimed to compare the outcomes of supine and prone miniaturized percutaneous nephrolithotomy (m-PNL) in the treatment of lower pole, middle pole and renal pelvic stones. Materials and Methods 54 patients who performed supine m-PNL between January 2017 and March 2018 and 498 patients who performed prone m-PNL between April 2015 and January 2018 were included in the study. Of the 498 patients, 108 matching 1: 2 in terms of age, gender, body mass index, American Association of Anesthesiology score, stone size, stone localization and hydronephrosis according to the supine m-PNL group were selected as prone m-PNL group. The patients with solitary kidney, upper pole stone, urinary system anomaly or skeletal malformation and pediatric patients (<18 years old) were excluded from the study. The success was defined as 'complete stone clearance' and was determined according to the 1st month computed tomography. Results The operation time and fluoroscopy time in supine m-PNL was significantly shorter than prone m-PNL group (58.1±45.9 vs. 80.1±40.0 min and 3.0±1.7 min vs. 4.9±4.5 min, p=0.025 and p=0.01, respectively). When post-operative complications were compared according to the modified Clavien-Dindo classification, overall and subgroup complication rates were comparable between groups. There was no significant difference between the groups in terms of the success rates (supine m-PNL; 72.2%, prone m-PNL; 71.3%, p=0.902). Conclusions Supine m-PNL procedure is more advantageous in terms of operation time and fluoroscopy time in the treatment of lower pole, middle pole and renal pelvic stones.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Kidney Calculi/surgery , Supine Position , Prone Position , Patient Positioning/methods , Nephrolithotomy, Percutaneous/methods , Fluoroscopy/methods , Kidney Calculi/pathology , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Matched-Pair Analysis , Statistics, Nonparametric , Operative Time , Kidney Pelvis/surgery , Middle Aged
15.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(5): 948-955, Sept.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040069

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objectives Measurements of stone features may vary according to the non-contrast computed tomography (NCCT) technique. Using magnified bone window is the most accurate method to measure urinary stones. Possible differences between stone measurements in different NCCT windows have not been evaluated in stones located in the kidney. The aim of this study is to compare measurements of kidney stone features between NCCT bone and soft tissue windows in patients submitted to retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS). Materials and Methods Preoperative and 90th postoperative day NCCT were performed in 92 consecutive symptomatic adult patients (115 renal units) with kidney stones between 5 mm to 20 mm (< 15 mm in the lower calyx) treated by RIRS. NCCT were evaluated in the magnified bone window and soft tissue window in three axes in a different time by a single radiologist blinded for the measurements of the NCCT other method. Results Stone largest size (7.92±3.81 vs. 9.13±4.08; mm), volume (435.5±472.7 vs. 683.1±665.0; mm3) and density (989.4±330.2 vs. 893.0±324.6; HU) differed between bone and soft-tissue windows, respectively (p<0.0001) 5.2% of the renal units (6/115) were reclassified from residual fragments > 2 mm on soft tissue window to 0-2 mm on bone window. Conclusion Kidney stone measurements vary according to NCCT window. Measurements in soft tissue window NCCT of stone diameter and volume are larger and stone density is lesser than in bone window. These differences may have impact on clinical decisions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Kidney Calculi/pathology , Kidney Calculi/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Postoperative Period , Reference Values , Time Factors , Kidney Calculi/surgery , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Statistics, Nonparametric , Preoperative Period
16.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(5): 941-947, Sept.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040067

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objectives To evaluate the efficacy of a novel decision aid (DA) in improving the patients' level of knowledge and decreasing decisional conflicts while deciding for SWL vs. RIRS in case of a symptomatic renal stone <2 cm. Materials and Methods In this prospective randomized study patients were randomized to receive either standard informing process (group 1, n=57) or DA (group 2, n=58). Level of knowledge was assessed with a questionnaire of 10 questions before and after patient informing process. Level of decisional conflict was assessed with a previously validated scoring system. Logistic regression analysis was performed to identify factors associated with adequate level of knowledge. Results Level of knowledge increased significantly in both groups after patient informing process. The increase was significantly more prominent in group 2 (p=0.045). Percentage of patients with adequate knowledge was also higher in group 2 (56.1%vs.74.1%, p=0.04). Mean decisional conflict scale score (higher score indicates higher decisional conflict level) was also significantly higher in group1 (14.7±14.5 vs. 10.1±13.7, p=0.045). Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed higher education level (college degree) and use of DA as factors associated with adequate level of knowledge. Conclusions In the current study, The DA was shown to have a positive impact on level of knowledge and diminish the level of decisional conflict for patients with a symptomatic non-lower pole renal stone <20 mm. We recommend development and use of DAs for particular clinic scenarios to aid in education of patients and shared decision making process in stone disease clinics.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Kidney Calculi/surgery , Logistic Models , Surveys and Questionnaires/standards , Decision Support Techniques , Lithotripsy, Laser/methods , Decision Making , Patient Participation , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Prospective Studies , Reproducibility of Results , Statistics, Nonparametric , Conflict, Psychological , Educational Status , Middle Aged
17.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(4): 765-774, July-Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019890

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objectives To primarily evaluate the functional outcomes of PCNL for bilateral renal calculi/calculi in solitary functioning kidney with Chronic Kidney Disease(CKD). To identify factors affecting the renal replacement therapy following PCNL. Materials and Methods Patients with bilateral renal calculi/calculi in solitary kidney and CKD (eGFR<60/s.creatinine>2) and Good Performance Status [Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG): 0-2] were included in the study. Results A total of 60 patients with CKD who had bilateral renal calculi/calculi in solitary functioning kidney underwent PCNL. At 6 months, eGFR improved or stabilized in 45 (75%) patients, while in 15 (25%) patients eGFR deteriorated. A total of 5 (14.28%) and 2 (25%) patients of CKD stage 4 and 5 respectively had improvement in eGFR as well as CKD stage. Fourteen (82.35%), 21 (60%), 3 (37.5%) patients of CKD stage 3, 4, 5 had improvement in eGFR but not significant enough to cause stage migration. Again 3 (17.65%) , 9 ( 40%) and 3 (37.5%) patients of CKD stage 3, 4, 5 had reduction in eGFR but not significant enough to cause stage migration. None of the patients had worsening of CKD stage. Preoperative CKD stage and eGFR were compared with measurements made at the final follow up visit (6 months). Conclusion Our results indicate that most patients of renal calculi with CKD show improvement or stabilization of renal function with aggressive stone removal. Improvement is more in patients who have mild to moderate CKD. Aggressive management of comorbidities, peri-operative UTI and complications may delay or avoid progression of CKD status in such patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Young Adult , Kidney Calculi/surgery , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/surgery , Nephrolithotomy, Percutaneous/methods , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Time Factors , Severity of Illness Index , Kidney Calculi/physiopathology , Feasibility Studies , Prospective Studies , Reproducibility of Results , Risk Factors , Follow-Up Studies , Urinalysis , Treatment Outcome , Creatinine/blood , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/physiopathology , ErbB Receptors/blood , Nephrolithotomy, Percutaneous/adverse effects , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Middle Aged
18.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(3): 581-587, May-June 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1012333

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: The main aim of stone surgery is to establish stone free status. Performing flexible nephroscopy is an effective tool in this manner. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of retrograde flexible nephroscopy for detection of residual fragments following percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL) in comparison with antegrade approach. Materials and Methods: Data of 137 patients underwent ECIRS was collected prospectively. In all cases following stone clearance, collecting system was checked for residual fragments. First antegrade than retrograde flexible nephroscopy was performed and success rates to reach all calices and detection of residual fragments were noted. All patients underwent CT and success rate of antegrade and retrograde approaches were compared. PPV and NPV of retrograde approach to detect residual fragments were calculated. Results: Antegrade and retrograde nephroscopy successfully accessed all of the calices in 101 (73.7%) and 130 (94.9%) patients respectively (p<0.0001). Residual fragments were observed in 18 (13.1%) patients following antegrade flexible nephroscopy. Retrograde approach identified residual stones in 17 more cases. These cases were treated with flexible nephroscopy or secondary percutaneous tract. Postoperative CT revealed residual stones in 10 (7.3%) patients. PPV and NPV of retrograde flexible nephroscopy were 83.3% and 96.2%. Conclusions: Flexible nephroscopy effectively detects residual fragments following PNL. Retrograde approach was more successful than antegrade approach to reach all calices. We recommend performing retrograde flexible nephroscopy following PNL especially in complex cases as it has the potential to increase SFR, decrease the need for second look surgery and unnecessary postoperative imaging.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Kidney Calculi/surgery , Endoscopy/methods , Nephrolithotomy, Percutaneous/methods , Kidney Calculi/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Prospective Studies , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Endoscopy/instrumentation , Equipment Design , Nephrolithotomy, Percutaneous/instrumentation , Kidney Calices/surgery , Middle Aged
19.
Gac. méd. Méx ; 155(2): 162-167, mar.-abr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286478

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: La ureteroscopia flexible con litotricia láser (URSLL) es una modalidad mínimamente invasiva de tratamiento quirúrgico de cálculos renales. La selección inadecuada de pacientes para este procedimiento genera un desbalance de costo-efectividad. Objetivo: Conocer los factores predictores de estado libre de litos en un solo tiempo quirúrgico en pacientes sometidos a URSLL. Método: Cohorte retrospectiva de pacientes sometidos a URSLL. Se realizó un análisis univariado y multivariado (regresión logística) de los predictores de estado libre de cálculos en la primera URSLL, global y categorizado por sexo. Resultados: EL estado libre de cálculos en la primera URSLL fue de 73.62 %. Los predictores de estado libre de cálculos en hombres fueron edad y tamaño, densidad y multiplicidad del cálculo; en las mujeres, el índice de masa corporal y la multiplicidad del cálculo. Conclusiones: Los factores pronósticos de estado libre de cálculos en la primera URSLL son distintos en hombres y mujeres. Las mujeres con obesidad y sobrepeso probablemente tengan cálculos de fácil fragmentación y extracción asociados con ácido úrico.


Abstract Introduction: Flexible ureteroscopy and laser fragmentation (FURSL) is a minimally invasive modality for surgical treatment of renal stones. Inadequate selection of patients for this treatment generates a cost-effectiveness unbalance. Objective: To know the stone-free rate predictors in a single surgical time in patients undergoing FURSL. Method: Retrospective cohort of patients undergoing FURSL. Global and gender-categorized univariate and multivariate (logistic regression) analyses were performed to identify stone-free predictors at first FURSL. Results: Stone-free rate at first FURSL was 73.62%. Predictors in males were patient age and stone size, density and multiplicity; in females, body mass index and multiplicity of stones. Conclusions: Stone-free rate predictors at first FURSL are different in males and females. Women with overweight and obesity probably have easy-to-fragment and easy-to-extract stones associated with uric acid.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Kidney Calculi/surgery , Lithotripsy, Laser/methods , Ureteroscopy/methods , Patient Selection , Sex Factors , Retrospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Age Factors , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures/methods , Overweight/epidemiology , Obesity/epidemiology
20.
Gac. méd. Méx ; 155(1): 52-57, Jan.-Feb. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286459

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: El éxito en nefrolitotomía percutánea (NLP) se define como estatus libre de litos, sin embargo, las complicaciones mayores se presentan con alta frecuencia y han sido reportadas como resultado secundario. Objetivo: Presentar una nueva definición de éxito en NLP que comprenda la tasa libre de litos sin complicaciones mayores y una escala de riesgo para predecir este desenlace. Método: Cohorte histórica de pacientes sometidos a NLP. Las variables incluidas fueron edad, sexo, urocultivo, índice de comorbilidad de Charlson (ICC) y lito complejo. Se definió éxito: sin litos, sin o con complicación Clavien ≤ 2; éxito intermedio: con litos sin o con complicación Clavien ≤ 2; fracaso: con o sin litos con complicación Clavien > 2. Se realizó análisis bivariado para identificar los factores asociados con el desenlace. Por regresión logística múltiple se calculó el peso independiente de cada factor. Resultados: Se incluyeron 568 procedimientos, 59 % en el sexo femenino. La mediana de edad fue de 49 años; 65, 22 y 13 % de los casos tuvieron éxito, éxito intermedio y fracaso. El sexo femenino, urocultivo positivo, lito complejo e ICC severo se asociaron con fracaso. Conclusión: La probabilidad de éxito fue directamente proporcional al número de factores de riesgo.


Abstract Introduction: Success in percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) is defined as a stone-free status; however, major complications are highly common and have been reported as a secondary outcome. Objective: To propose a new definition of PCNL success that comprises a stone free rate without major complications and a risk scale to predict this outcome. Methods: Historical cohort of patients undergoing PCNL. The included variables were age, gender, urine culture, Charlson's comorbidity index (CCI) and complex stones. Success was defined as a stone free status with or without Clavien grade ≤ 2 complication; intermediate success: with stones, with or without Clavien grade ≤ 2 complication; and failure: with or without stones with Clavien grade ≤ 2 complication. Bivariate analysis was performed to identify which factors are associated with the outcome. The independent weight of each factor was calculated by multiple logistic regression analysis. Results: 568 procedures were included, 59% of which were in females. Median age was 49 years; 65%, 22% and 13% of cases were classified as success, intermediate success and failure, respectively. Female sex, positive urine culture, complex stones and severe CCI were associated with failure. Conclusions: The likelihood of success was directly proportional to the number of risk factors.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Kidney Calculi/surgery , Nephrolithotomy, Percutaneous/methods , Sex Factors , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome
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