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1.
Rev. habanera cienc. méd ; 18(2): 357-370, mar.-abr. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1014175

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La Enfermedad Renal Crónica es un problema de salud mundial. Objetivo: Determinar el comportamiento de la mortalidad en pacientes con enfermedad renal en el Instituto de Nefrología durante 2016 y 2017. Material y Métodos: Estudio observacional descriptivo transversal de pacientes fallecidos con necropsia realizada. Se registraron variables demográficas, de laboratorio, las relacionadas con la terapia de reemplazo de la función renal y con el diagnóstico anatomo-patológico. Para cada una de las variables se calcularon frecuencias absolutas y relativas. En el caso de la variable presencia de sepsis en las defunciones, fue empleada la prueba de chi-cuadrado para la bondad del ajuste, para probar la hipótesis nula H0: de igualdad de la distribución de las tres categorías de la variable. Resultados: Se estudiaron 48 fallecidos con necropsia, 48,9 por ciento del total de fallecidos en el periodo. La correspondencia clínico patológica fue 80,1 por ciento. Predominó el sexo masculino, el grupo de edad superior a 60 años y la hipertensión arterial como antecedente. El método de terapia de reemplazo renal más documentado fue la hemodiálisis, mediante catéter venoso central un 87,8 por ciento. El 61,8 por ciento de los fallecidos recibieron tratamiento hemodialítico por 3 meses o menos. La sepsis fue la segunda causa de muerte precedida por eventos cardio y cerebrovasculares; no obstante, en el análisis de la totalidad de necropsias, la infección asociada directa o indirecta a la muerte tuvo una frecuencia mayor. Conclusiones: La infección directa o indirectamente asociada a la muerte, la hipoalbuminemia y el acceso vascular mediante catéter se relacionan con la mortalidad en el periodo(AU)


Introduction: Chronic kidney disease is a health problem worldwide. Objective: To determine the behavior of mortality in patients with kidney damage in the Nephrology Institute during the years between 2016 and 2017. Material and Method: A cross-sectional descriptive observational study was conducted in 48 deceased patients who underwent necropsy. Demographic and laboratory variables were recorded, as well as those related to the type of renal function replacement therapy and the anatomopathological diagnosis. Absolute and relative frequencies were calculated for each of the variables. In the case of the variable presence of sepsis in deaths, the Chi-Square Goodness-of-Fit Test was used to test the Null Hypothesis HO: uniformity of the distribution of the three categories of the variable. Results: A total of 48 deceased were studied at necropsy, representing 48.9 percent of the total number of deaths within the period. The clinical- pathological correlation was 80.1percent. The male sex, the group over the age of 60 years, and arterial hypertension as antecedent of the disease predominated in the study. The most documented method of renal function replacement therapy was hemodialysis which was performed through central venous catheter, 87.8 percent. The 61.8 percent of deceased patients received hemodialysis treatment for 3 months or less. Sepsis represented the second cause of death preceded by cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events. However, during the analysis of all the necropsies, the direct or indirect infection associated with the death had a greater frequency. Conclusions: Direct or indirect infections associated with death, hypoalbuminemia, and the vascular access with venous catheter was related to mortality during the observed period(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Hypoalbuminemia/complications , Hypoalbuminemia/mortality , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/mortality , Infections/mortality , Kidney Diseases/mortality , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Renal Dialysis/methods , Observational Study
2.
Rev. med. interna Guatem ; 22(1): 31-40, 2018 ene.mar. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), LIGCSA | ID: biblio-1052723

ABSTRACT

La detección de micro albuminuria permite el rápido diagnóstico de nefropatía incipiente, predecir desarrollo de proteinuria y aumento de mortalidad; siendo la medición en orina de 24 horas Gold standard para su diagnóstico. En sepsis el aumento de permeabilidad vascular favorece paso de sustancias como albúmina y con ello producir micro albuminuria, cuya medición es pronostica de mortalidad en unidad de terapia intensiva. Diseño: estudio descriptivo transversal donde se evaluaron 27 pacientes ingresados en unidad de terapia intensiva de adultos del hospital general de enfermedades debiendo cumplir con: antecedentes de hipertensión arterial y/o diabetes mellitus, tener diagnóstico de choque hipovolémico o séptico, medición de escalas pronosticas de mortalidad y tener examen de orina de 24 horas para evaluar presencia de micro albuminuria, posteriormente se evaluó la condición de egreso como vivo o muerto. Métodos: Se realizó cálculo de Chi2 de homogeneidad o Test Exacto de Fisher para variables categóricas. La normalidad de variables numéricas se determinó con Shaphiro Wilk; si era normal se realizó t de Student de Muestras independientes y de lo contrario U de Mann Whitney. Resultados: Edad media de 50.29 años, principalmente hombres con antecedente de diabetes y diagnóstico de choque séptico. Obteniéndose una media para micro albuminuria en 31.93 mg/dl en pacientes vivos y para fallecidos 58.69 mg/dl. Las escalas pronosticas de mortalidad fueron estadísticamente significativas (p =0.03) para SOFA y (p =0.010) para escala APACHE, así también se obtuvo (p =0.03) para presencia de Micro albuminuria. Conclusiones: La cuantificación de Micro albuminuria en orina de 24 horas en pacientes con estado de choque en unidadde terapia intensiva es un factor pronóstico de mortalidad al ingreso del paciente.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Albuminuria/urine , Kidney Diseases/diagnosis , Kidney Diseases/mortality , Shock/mortality , Shock, Septic/complications , Diabetes Complications/diagnosis , Hypertension/complications
3.
Salvador; s.n; 2016. 61 p. ilus, tab, map.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1001035

ABSTRACT

INTRODUÇÃO: A doença renal crônica (DRC) é uma doença grave que atinge cerca de 10% da população mundial. Devido à perda irreversível da função dos rins, os pacientes precisam do tratamento dialítico e desde 2010, no Brasil, a taxa de pacientes em diálise cresce de 3% cada ano. Cerca 93% do tratamento está financiado pelo SUS o que corresponde a 10% do orçamento do Ministério da Saúde. As principais causas de DRC no Brasil e no mundo são diabetes mellitus (DM) e hipertensão arterial sistêmica (HAS), seguido de glomerulopatias. As alterações podem ser complicadas por condições de hipóxia tecidual, as quais podem ser intensificadas pela doença falciforme. Os indivíduos com traço falciforme podem apresentar esse quadro clínico em condições extremas como um esforço físico intenso e prolongado. OBJETIVO: O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar a associação entre o traço falciforme e a progressão de DRC em Salvador-BA. MATERIAL E MÉTODOS: Foi desenvolvido um estudo de corte transversal, no qual no período de maio de 2014 até novembro de 2015...


INTRODUCTION: Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is a serious disease that affects about 10% of world population. It is due to irreversible loss of kidney function, so necessitating the patient’s need of dialysis treatment and since 2010, in Brazil, the rate of patients on dialysis is growing by 3% each year. About 93% of the treatment is funded by SUS which corresponds to 10% of the Health Ministry´s budget. The main causes of CKD in Brazil and in the world are diabetes mellitus and arterial hypertension, followed by glomerulopathies. The alterations can be complicated by conditions of tissue hypoxia, which can be intensified by the sickle cell disease. Individuals with sickle cell trait, although asymptomatic may present these clinical features in extreme conditions such as intense and prolonged physical activities. AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between sickle cell trait and progression of CKD in patients on hemodialysis (HD) in Salvador, Bahia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional cohort study was conducted from May 2014 to November 2015...


Subject(s)
Humans , Renal Dialysis/methods , Renal Dialysis , Kidney Diseases/immunology , Kidney Diseases/mortality , Kidney Diseases/pathology , Kidney Diseases/prevention & control , Sickle Cell Trait/diagnosis , Sickle Cell Trait/pathology , Sickle Cell Trait/prevention & control
4.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 24: e2794, 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-960919

ABSTRACT

Objective: to characterize deaths that occurred, and the association between socio-demographic, clinical, laboratory variables and health-related quality of life and the outcome of death in patients on peritoneal dialysis, over a two year period after an initial assessment. Method: observational, prospective population study with 82 patients on peritoneal dialysis. The instruments used for the first stage of data collection were the mini-mental state examination, a sociodemographic, economic, clinical and laboratory questionnaire and the Kidney Disease and Quality of Life-Short Form. After two years, data for characterization and occurrence of death in the period were collected. The relative risk of death outcome was calculated through statistical analysis; the risk of death was estimated by the survival Kaplan-Meier curve, and determined predictors of death by the Cox Proportional Hazards Model. Results: of the 82 original participants, 23 had as an outcome death within two years. The increased risk for the outcome of death was associated with a lower mean score of health-related quality of life in the physical functioning domain. Conclusion: the worst health-related quality of life in the physical functioning domain, could be considered a predictor of death.


Objetivo: caracterizar os óbitos ocorridos e verificar a associação entre as variáveis sociodemográficas, clínicas, laboratoriais, qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde e o desfecho óbito de pacientes em diálise peritoneal, em um período de dois anos após uma primeira avaliação. Método: pesquisa populacional, observacional e prospectiva com 82 pacientes em diálise peritoneal. Foram utilizados, para a primeira etapa de coleta de dados, os instrumentos: Miniexame do Estado Mental, questionário de caracterização sociodemográfica, econômica, clínica e laboratorial e o Kidney Disease and Quality of Life-Short Form. Dois anos depois foram coletados os dados de caracterização e ocorrência de óbito no período. Na análise estatística, foi calculado o risco relativo do desfecho óbito, estimado o risco de óbito pelas curvas de sobrevida de Kaplan-Meier e determinados os preditores de óbito, utilizando o modelo de riscos proporcionais de Cox. Resultados: dos 82 participantes iniciais, 23 tiveram como desfecho o óbito no período de dois anos. O risco aumentado para o desfecho óbito foi associado com ter menor escore médio de qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde na dimensão funcionamento físico. Conclusão: a pior qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde, na dimensão funcionamento físico, pôde ser considerada preditora de óbito.


Objetivo: caracterizar las muertes ocurridas y verificar la asociación entre las variables sociodemográficas, clínicas, de laboratorio, de calidad de vida relacionada a la salud con el resultado de muerte de pacientes en diálisis peritoneal, en un período de dos años, después de una primera evaluación. Método: investigación poblacional, observacional y prospectiva con 82 pacientes en diálisis peritoneal. Fueron utilizados, para la primera etapa de recolección de datos, los instrumentos: Miniexamen del Estado Mental, cuestionario de caracterización sociodemográfica, económica, clínica y de laboratorio y el Kidney Disease and Quality of Life-Short Form. Dos años después fueron recolectados los datos de caracterización y ocurrencia de los muertes en el período. En el análisis estadístico, fue calculado el riesgo relativo del resultado de muerte, estimado el riesgo de muerte por las curvas de supervivencia de Kaplan-Meier y determinados los predictores de muerte, utilizando el modelo de riesgos proporcionales de Cox. Resultados: de los 82 participantes iniciales, 23 tuvieron como resultado la muerte en el período de dos años. El riesgo aumentado para el resultado de muerte fue asociado con menor puntaje promedio de calidad de vida relacionada a la salud, en la dimensión funcionamiento físico. Conclusión: la peor calidad de vida relacionada a la salud, en la dimensión funcionamiento físico, puede ser considerada predictora de muerte.


Subject(s)
Humans , Quality of Life , Peritoneal Dialysis/mortality , Proportional Hazards Models , Health Status , Prospective Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Kidney Diseases/mortality , Kidney Diseases/therapy
5.
Salvador; s.n; 2015. 61 p. ilus.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-870331

ABSTRACT

INTRODUÇÃO: A doença renal crônica (DRC) é uma doença grave que atinge cercade 10% da população mundial. Devido à perda irreversível da função dos rins, os pacientes precisam do tratamento dialítico e desde 2010, no Brasil, a taxa de pacientes em diálise cresce de 3% cada ano. Cerca 93% do tratamento está financiado pelo SUS o que corresponde a 10% do orçamento do Ministério da Saúde. As principais causas de DRC no Brasil e no mundo são diabetes mellitus (DM) e hipertensão arterial sistêmica (HAS), seguido de glomerulopatias. As alterações podem ser complicadas por condições de hipóxia tecidual, as quais podem ser intensificadas pela doença falciforme. Os indivíduos com traço falciforme podem apresentar esse quadro clínico em condições extremas como um esforço físico intenso e prolongado. OBJETIVO: O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar a associação entre o traço falciforme e a progressão de DRC em Salvador-BA. MATERIAL E MÉTODOS: Foi desenvolvido um estudo de corte transversal, no qual no período de maio de 2014 até novembro de 2015; foram incluídos 306 indivíduos portadores de DRC em programa de hemodiálise nos hospitais e clínicas de referência tais como, Instituto de Nefrologia e Diálise (INED), Hospital Ana Nery (HAN) e Hospital Geral Roberto Santos (HGRS) há no máximo três anos. cinco mililitros (mL) de sangue total foram coletados em cada paciente para a caracterização do perfil de hemoglobinas variantes pela técnica de cromatografia líquida de alta eficiência (HPLC). Como grupo controle, foram utilizados os resultados dos testes de triagem neonatal do APAE realizados em recém-nascidos em Salvador de 2012-2014. RESULTADOS: A frequência de HbAS foi significamente maior nos pacientes em hemodiálise (10,2%) em comparação ao grupo controle (5,05%) OR: 2,04 IC 95% (1,35–2,99). Quando comparamos os pacientes com DRC com e sem traço falciforme, não houve diferença em relação à distribuição do sexo (homens 57,6% vs 50%, respectivamente, p = 0,43). A média de idade não foi diferente entre os dois grupos (52 ± 1 anos vs 56 ± 2, p = 0,21).CONCLUSÕES: A frequência do traço falciforme é maior em pacientes portadores de DRC em programa de hemodiálise em comparação à população geral. Estudos que avaliam o impacto e fisiopatologia da doença renal em indivíduos portadores de traço falciforme podem fornecer informações importantes para desenvolvimento de estratégias de prevenção da progressão para estágio final da doença renal.


INTRODUCTION: Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is a serious disease that affects about 10% of world population. It is due to irreversible loss of kidney function, so necessitating the patient’s need of dialysis treatment and since 2010, in Brazil, the rate of patients on dialysis is growing by 3% each year. About 93% of the treatment is funded by SUS which corresponds to 10% of the Health Ministry´s budget. The main causes of CKD in Brazil and in the world are diabetes mellitus and arterial hypertension, followed by glomerulopathies. The alterations can be complicated by conditions of tissue hypoxia, which can be intensified by the sickle cell disease. Individuals with sickle cell trait, although asymptomatic may present these clinical features in extreme conditions such as intense and prolonged physical activities. AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between sickle cell trait and progression of CKD in patients on hemodialysis (HD) in Salvador, Bahia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional cohort study was conducted from May 2014 to November 2015. The subjects consisted of 394 of both sexes with chronic renal failure on hemodialysis sessions for up to three years and treated in hospitals and clinics of reference such as the Institute of Nephrology and Dialysis (INED), Ana Nery’s Hospital (HAN) and Roberto Santos General Hospital (HGRS). 5mls of whole blood was collected from each patient to characterize the hemoglobin variants profile by High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC). As a control group, the results of neonatal screening tests of APAE performed on newborns in Salvador 2012-2014 were used. RESULTS: The frequency of HbAS was significantly higher in hemodialysis patients (10.2%) compared to the control group (5.05%) OR: 2.04 95% CI (1.35 to 2.99). When comparing patients with CKD with and without sickle cell trait, there was no difference in relation to the distribution of sex (men 57.6% vs 50%, respectively, p = 0.43). The mean age was not different between the two groups (52 ± 1 years vs 56 ± 2, p = 0.21)...


Subject(s)
Humans , Renal Dialysis/methods , Renal Dialysis , Kidney Diseases/immunology , Kidney Diseases/mortality , Kidney Diseases/pathology , Kidney Diseases/prevention & control , Sickle Cell Trait/diagnosis , Sickle Cell Trait/pathology , Sickle Cell Trait/prevention & control
6.
Clinics ; 68(8): 1109-1114, 2013. tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: lil-685435

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: We compared the risk of in-hospital mortality and the length of hospital stay between diabetic and non-diabetic patients hospitalized for renal or perinephric abscess. METHOD: The data analyzed in this study were retrieved from Taiwan's National Health Insurance claims. The risk of in-hospital mortality and the length of hospital stay were compared between 1,715 diabetic patients, hospitalized because of renal or perinephric abscess in Taiwan between 1997 and 2007, and a random sample of 477 non-diabetes patients with renal or perinephric abscess. RESULTS: The in-hospital mortality rates from renal or perinephric abscess for the diabetic patients and the non-diabetic patients were not different, at 2.3% and 3.4%, respectively. However, diabetes was significantly associated with a longer length of hospital stay among patients with renal abscess, by 3.38 days (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.59-5.17). CONCLUSIONS: Diabetes does not increase the risk of in-hospital mortality from renal or perinephric abscess. Nevertheless, appropriate management of patients with diabetes and concurrent renal or perinephric abscess is essential to reduce the length of hospital stay. .


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Abscess/mortality , Diabetes Mellitus/mortality , Hospital Mortality , Kidney Diseases/mortality , Length of Stay/statistics & numerical data , Age Distribution , Cohort Studies , Proportional Hazards Models , Risk Assessment , Risk Factors , Sex Distribution , Taiwan
7.
J. bras. nefrol ; 31(3): 183-189, jul.-set. 2009. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: lil-550172

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A insuficiência renal aguda (IRA) nefrotóxica é frequente e importante causa de morbimortalidade. objetivo: Avaliar a prevalência, o curso clínico e o desfecho da IRA nefrotóxica. pacientes e Métodos: Coorte histórica realizada em um hospital de ensino terciário, no período de fevereiro a novembro de 1997. Foram incluídos pacientes acima de 12 anos, com diagnóstico de IRA, acompanhados pela equipe de Interconsulta de Nefrologia. Foram excluídos transplantados renais, portadores de insuficiência renal crônica, dialisados por intoxicação exógena e aqueles transferidos de hospital durante o tratamento. Resultados: Dos 234 pacientes acompanhados, 12% apresentaram IRA nefrotóxica e 24%, IRA multifatorial associada ao uso de drogas nefrotóxicas. Entre as comorbidades mais prevalentes, estão hipertensão arterial, hepatopatias, neoplasias, insuficiência cardíaca congestiva e diabetes mellitus. Quinze por cento necessitaram de diálise, e o tipo mais frequentemente usado foi hemodiálise venovenosa contínua; 42% eram oligúricos, 44,7% evoluíram para óbito e 33% recuperaram a função renal. Antibióticos, AINH e contraste radiológico foram as drogas nefrotóxicas mais prevalentes. Os medicamentos nefrotóxicos implicados foram, em ordem de frequência, vancomicina, aminoglicosídeos, aciclovir, quimioterápicos e contraste radiológico. Hepatopatia foi a única variável com significância estatística (p=0,03, IC= 1,08 a 6,49) em análise multivariada. Na comparação entre IRA nefrotóxica, houve aumento da mortalidade proporcionalmente aos dias de internação. Conclusão: IRA nefrotóxica é frequente, grave e deve ser continuamente monitorada, tanto ambulatorialmente quanto no ambiente intra-hospitalar.


Background: Acute renal failure (ARF) is frequent and important cause of morbidity and mortality. Objective: To evaluate the prevalence, clinical course and outcome of nephrotoxic ARF. Patients and Methods: This historical cohort study conducted in a tertiary hospital in the period from February to November 1997. We included patients over 12 years, diagnosed with ARF, accompanied by a team of nephrologists. Were excluded from renal transplant patients, patients with chronic renal failure, dialysis with exogenous poisoning and those transferred to hospital during treatment. Results: Of 234 patients enrolled, 12% had nephrotoxic ARF, and 24% multifactorial ARF associated with the use of nephrotoxic drugs. Among the most prevalent comorbidities are arterial hypertension, liver diseases, cancer, congestive heart failure and diabetes mellitus. Fifteen percent required dialysis, and the type most often used was continuous venovenous hemodialysis, 42% were oliguric, 44.7% died and 33% recovered renal function. Antibiotics, NSAIDs and contrast radiological nephrotoxic drugs were more prevalent. The nephrotoxic drugs were, in order of frequency, vancomycin, aminoglycosides, acyclovir, chemotherapy and radiological contrast. Liver was the only variable with statistical significance (p = 0.03, CI = 1.08 to 6.49) in multivariate analysis. In comparison nephrotoxic ARF, there was increased mortality proportional to the length of hospitalization. Conclusion: Nephrotoxic ARF is common, serious and must be continuously monitored, both outpatient and in-hospital setting.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Acute Kidney Injury , Health Services Research , Survival Rate/trends , Kidney Diseases/complications , Kidney Diseases/diagnosis , Kidney Diseases/mortality , Kidney Diseases/therapy
8.
J. bras. nefrol ; 31(3): 190-197, jul.-set. 2009. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: lil-550173

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A maioria dos pacientes com doença renal crônica terminal depende de hemodiálise (HD) para a manutenção de sua vida. A análise dos fatores que influenciam na sobrevida pode auxiliar na busca contínua por melhores resultados. Métodos: Analisamos 1.009 pacientes tratados por HD crônica em três unidades de diálise de Santa Maria, RS, Brasil, durante 25 anos (1982-2007). Resultados: A sobrevida (método de Kaplan-Meier) em 1, 2 e 5 anos foi de 91% 84% e 64%, respectivamente. No modelo proporcional de Cox, tiveram influência estatisticamente significativa sobre o risco de mortalidade: idade ao iniciar HD (aumento de 4,5% por ano a mais; p=0,0001), presença de diabetes (aumento de 56%; p= 0,001) e ano de início da HD (redução de 5,2% por ano mais tarde; p+ 0,0001). A sobrevida foi significativamente melhor para pacientes que iniciaram HD de 1997 a 2007 do que para os que iniciaram de 1982 a 1996, tanto em diabéticos (54% versus 41% em 5 anos; p=0,01) como não diabéticos (72% versus 65% em 5 anos; p=0,045), embora, nestes, a idade tenha sido significativamente maior no período mais recente. Conclusões: A presença de diabete e cada ano a mais na idade determinaram risco significativamente aumentado. Cada ano subsequente do calendário trouxe um risco significativamente menor. Nos anos mais recentes, a melhora de sobrevida foi maior para pacientes diabéticos e idosos, sendo atribuída a avanços diagnósticos e terapêuticos e melhor qualidade global do programa dialítico.


Background: Most patients with endstage renal disease depends on hemodialysis (HD) for the maintenance of his life. Analysis of factors influencing survival may help in the continuing search for better results. Methods: We analyzed 1,009 patients treated with chronic HD at three dialysis units of Santa Maria, Brazil, during 25 years (1982-2007). Results: The survival (Kaplan-Meier) at 1, 2 and 5 years was 91% 84% and 64% respectively. In Cox proportional model, had significantly influenced the risk of mortality: age at starting HD (increase of 4.5% per year more, p = 0.0001), diabetes (56% increase, p = 0.001) and year of onset of HD (5.2% reduction a year later, p + 0.0001). Survival was significantly better for patients who started HD from 1997 to 2007 than for those who started from 1982 to 1996, both in diabetics (54% versus 41% in 5 years, p = 0.01) and nondiabetic patients (72% versus 65% in five years, p = 0.045), although in these, age was significantly higher in recent times. Conclusions: The presence of diabetes and each year in age led to significantly increased risk. Each year following the calendar brought a significantly lower risk. In recent years, improved survival was greater for diabetic and elderly, being attributed to diagnostic and therapeutic advances and improved overall quality of the dialysis program.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Cohort Studies , Renal Dialysis/statistics & numerical data , Renal Dialysis , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/diagnosis , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/ethnology , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/mortality , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/pathology , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/therapy , Survival Rate/trends , Kidney Diseases/diagnosis , Kidney Diseases/ethnology , Kidney Diseases/mortality , Kidney Diseases/therapy
9.
J. bras. nefrol ; 31(3): 206-211, jul.-set. 2009. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: lil-550175

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Analisar comparativamente características clínicas e evolução de pacientes com e sem IRA adquirida em UTI geral de um hospital universitário terciário. Método: Estudo prospectivo observacional com 263 pacientes acompanhados diariamente durante a internação em UTI Geral do Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina de Botucatu no período de julho de 2007 a abril de 2008. Resultados: A incidência de IRA foi de 31,2%. Os grupos foram semelhantes quanto ao sexo e diferiram quanto à etiologia da admissão em UTI (sepse: 31,7% x 13,1%, p<0,0001, pós operatório: 11% x 43%, p<0,0001), idade (59,6 +- 18,1 x 50,2 +- 18,6 anos, p< 0,0001), APACHE II: (21+- 11,1 x 11 +- 4,8, p= 0,002) oligúria (67,7% x 4,5%, p < 0,0001), presença de ventilação mecânica (81,7 x 57,7%, p= 0,0014), uso de drogas vasoativas (62,2 x 32,6%, p < 0,0001) e enfermaria de procedência (PS: 22x 14,5%, p= 0,02 e centro cirúrgico: 42,7 x 62,6%, p= 0,03). Quanto às comorbidades, os grupos foram diferentes quanto à presença de HAS e IRC (42,6 x 35,9%, p= 0,005 e 15,8 x 2,1%, p= 0,04, respectivamente) e semelhantes quanto à presença de diabetes e ICC (19,5x 11%, ns e 6x 1,1%, ns, respectivamente). A mortalidade foi superior nos pacientes que contraíram IRA (62,1 x 16,5%, p< 0,0001). Conclusão: A incidência de IRA é elevada em UTI e presente em pacientes com parâmetros clínicos e índices prognósticos de maior gravidade, o que justifica a maior mortalidade observada neles.


Objective: Compare the clinical features and outcome of patients with and without ARF acquired in a general ICU of a tertiary university hospital. Methods: Prospective observational study with 263 patients followed up daily during the ICU stay of General Hospital of the Medical School of Botucatu in the period from July 2007 to April 2008. Results: The incidence of ARF was 31.2%. The groups were similar regarding sex and differ in the etiology of ICU admission (sepsis: 31.7% vs. 13.1%, p <0.0001, postoperative: 11% x 43%, p <0.0001) , age (59.6 + - 18.1 x 50.2 + - 18.6 years, p <0.0001), APACHE II: (21 + - 11.1 x 11 + - 4.8, p = 0.002 ) oliguria (67.7% vs 4.5%, p <0.0001), presence of mechanical ventilation (81.7 x 57.7%, p = 0.0014), inotropic support (62.2 x 32.6%, p <0.0001) and ward of origin (PS: 22x 14.5%, p = 0.02 and the operating room: 42.7 x 62.6%, p = 0.03). Regarding comorbidity, the groups were different regarding the presence of hypertension and CRF (42.6 x 35.9%, p = 0.005 and 15.8 x 2.1%, p = 0.04, respectively) and similar in presence of diabetes and CHF (19.5 x 11%, ns and 6x 1.1%, ns, respectively). Mortality was higher in ARF patients (62.1 x 16.5%, p <0.0001). Conclusion: The incidence of ARF is high in the ICU and in patients with clinical and prognostic indices of severity, which explains the higher mortality observed in them.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Acute Kidney Injury , Cohort Studies , Renal Dialysis/mortality , Renal Dialysis , Intensive Care Units , Kidney Diseases/diagnosis , Kidney Diseases/mortality , Kidney Diseases/pathology , Kidney Diseases/therapy
10.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-110317

ABSTRACT

In order to evaluate whether immunosuppressive agents such as mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) and azathioprine would differently influence the outcome of the renal transplants, we prospectively analyzed the incidence of acute rejection episodes, cytomegalovirus infection within the first 6 months following renal transplantation and 5 yr graft survival rate after minimizing influences of donor factors by grafting the same cadaveric donor kidney. There was no significant difference in sex, HLA mismatch, cold ischemic time, and patients' weight between the two groups. Contrary to the previous studies which demonstrated that MMF could lower the incidence of acute rejection episodes and improved graft survival rate, the two groups showed no significant difference in the incidence of acute rejection episodes and 5-yr graft survival rate as well. This discrepancy in these results might explain that donor factors could be important to cadaveric renal transplantation. Thus, we suggest that the influences of donor factors should be considered in further clinical studies of cadaveric renal transplantation.


Subject(s)
ABO Blood-Group System , Adult , Azathioprine/pharmacology , Body Weight , Cadaver , Cytomegalovirus/metabolism , Cytomegalovirus Infections/metabolism , Female , Graft Rejection , Graft Survival , Histocompatibility Testing , Humans , Immunophenotyping , Immunosuppressive Agents/pharmacology , Ischemia , Kidney Diseases/mortality , Kidney Transplantation/methods , Male , Middle Aged , Mycophenolic Acid/analogs & derivatives , Prospective Studies , Time Factors , Tissue Donors , Treatment Outcome
11.
West Indian med. j ; 43(4): 134-7, Dec. 1994.
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: lil-140759

ABSTRACT

Of the twenty-nine children with solid tumours treated at the University Hospital of the West Indies (UHWI) between January, 1972 and December, 1991, there were twenty-eight cases of nephroblastoma and one of mesoblastic nephroma. Peak incidence was between the ages of two and four years. Twenty-five children had radical nephrectomy while one had bilateral partial nephrectomy. In thirteen cases, pre-operative chemotherapy and radiotherapy was used. Post-operative chemotherapy and radiotherapy were used in 24 and 13 cases, respectively. Stage of the tumour was the most decisive factor influencing the outcome. Whereas there was 100 per cent cure rate in Stages I and II, Stage III had only a 55.5 per cent survival rate and non of the Stage IV survived. Bilateral (Stage V) tumours are curable if individual tumours are localised, as in one of the two cases. The benign mesoblastic nephroma, in a one-month-old infant, was cured by nephrectomy alone. While the present therapy of radical nephrectomy along with combination chemotherapy is satisfactory for early stages, more aggressive adjuvant therapy is needed for improving the results in Stages III and IV


Subject(s)
Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Humans , Male , Female , Kidney Neoplasms , Wilms Tumor , Kidney Diseases/diagnosis , Kidney Diseases/mortality , Kidney Diseases/therapy , Neoplasm Staging , Nephroma, Mesoblastic , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Wilms Tumor/diagnosis , Wilms Tumor/mortality , Wilms Tumor/therapy
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