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1.
Rev. méd. Urug ; 37(3): e37315, set. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY | ID: biblio-1341563

ABSTRACT

Resumen: La falla intestinal crónica (FIC) o tipo III es una condición invalidante, y la nutrición parenteral crónica (NPC) domiciliaria es el tratamiento que permite a estos pacientes mantenerse con vida. Sin embargo, solamente uno de cada tres países latinoamericanos cuentan con ese recurso, y sus complicaciones no son infrecuentes. Estas complicaciones son las principales indicaciones para trasplante intestinal, un procedimiento que en la mayoría de los países de ingresos medios no se ha desarrollado y no ha presentado los resultados esperados. En los últimos años, la rehabilitación intestinal a nivel mundial ha mejorado sustancialmente con el uso de análogos semisintéticos del péptido 2 similares al glucagón, existiendo cada vez mayor evidencia que demuestra la posibilidad de rehabilitación intestinal e independencia de la NPC con este fármaco, incluso en pacientes con anatomía desfavorable. Estos resultados han permitido mejorar la supervivencia y la calidad de vida de pacientes con FIC y, en muchas ocasiones, prescindir del trasplante. El paciente del caso que presentamos es el primero en recibir esta terapéutica en nuestro país. En este artículo analizamos la respuesta precoz favorable al tratamiento y sus perspectivas a futuro.


Abstract: Long-term home parenteral nutrition (HPN) is a life-saving treatment for patients with chronic intestinal failure, an invalidating condition. However, only 1 out of 3 countries can rely on this treatment and complications associated to chronic parenteral nutrition are rather frequent. The latter constitute the main indication for intestinal transplantion, a procedure that in most middle-income countries has not yet developed and has not shown the expected outcome. In recent years, intestinal rehabilitation has significantly improved at the global level with the use of GLP2, based on the growing evidence that proves the possibility of intestinal rehabilitation and independence from parenteral nutrition with Teduglutide, even in the case of patients with unfavorable anatomy. These results have caused a positive impact on survival and the quality of life of patients with chronic renal failure, and they can often abstain from transplant. The patient of the case study is the first one who received this therapy in our country and this article analyses his favorable early response to treatment and future perspectives.


Resumo: A insuficiência intestinal crônica (CIF) ou tipo III é uma condição incapacitante e a nutrição parenteral crônica (NPC) domiciliar é o tratamento que permite a sobrevida desses pacientes. No entanto, apenas 1 em cada 3 países latino-americanos dispõe desse recurso e as complicações da NPC não são raras. Essas complicações são as principais indicações para o transplante intestinal, procedimento que na maioria dos países de renda média não foi desenvolvido ou não apresentou os resultados esperados. Nos últimos anos, a reabilitação intestinal em todo o mundo tem melhorado substancialmente com o uso de sGLP2, com um número cada vez maior de evidências que mostram a possibilidade de reabilitação intestinal e independência da NPC, mesmo em pacientes com anatomia desfavorável. Esses resultados têm possibilitado prolongar a sobrevida e melhorar a qualidade de vida dos pacientes com CIF e, em muitos casos, dispensar o transplante. O paciente do caso que apresentamos é o primeiro a receber essa terapia em nosso país. Neste artigo, analisamos a resposta favorável ao tratamento precoce e suas perspectivas futuras.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Short Bowel Syndrome/therapy , Glucagon-Like Peptide 2/therapeutic use , Kidney Failure, Chronic/therapy , Parenteral Nutrition, Home
2.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 81(2): 191-197, June 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287270

ABSTRACT

Abstract Cardiovascular disorders represent the leading cause of death in dialysis patients. Alterations of bone and mineral metabolism (BMM) and vascular calcifications play a fundamental role in it. The objective of this study was to evaluate the predictive role on cardiovascular mortality of the measurement of biomarkers of BMM and vascular calcifications. A prospective cohort study was performed. All prevalent patients on chronic dialysis in September 2009 at our institution, who completed the total of the complementary stud ies, were studied. BMM biomarkers were measured (FGF 23, fetuin A, PTH, calcium and phosphorus) and the vascular calcifications were evaluated using the Kauppila and Adragao scores. Follow-up was carried out until 1/1/2019, death or transplant. Of the 30 patients included, 7 (23.3%) died due to cardiovascular causes. The follow-up time was 44.1 ± 30.4 (range = 1.4-112) months. The Adragao score was the only predictive variable of long-term cardiovascular mortality (area under the curve = 0.82; 95% CI 0.64-0.94; p < 0.001). The best cut-off point was 5 (sensitivity = 85.7%; specificity = 78.3%). It was also an independent risk factor for cardiovascular mortality adjusted for age, diabetes mellitus, coronary heart disease, aortic calcifications, time spent on dialysis and follow-up time (adjusted OR = 1.77; 95% CI = 1.06-2.96; p = 0.028). The vascular calcifications quantified from the Adragao score were the only independent predictor of long-term cardiovascular mortality. This score represents a simple, useful and superior tool to the biomarkers of BMM.


Resumen Los trastornos cardiovasculares representan la primera causa de muerte en los pacientes en diálisis. Las alteraciones del metabolismo óseo y mineral (MOM) y las calcificaciones vasculares juegan un papel fundamental en la misma. El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar el rol predictor sobre la mortalidad car diovascular de la medición de los biomarcadores del MOM y las calcificaciones vasculares. Se realizó un estudio de cohorte prospectivo. Se estudiaron todos los pacientes prevalentes en diálisis crónica en septiembre del 2009 en nuestra institución que completaron el total de los estudios complementarios. Se midieron biomarcadores del MOM (FGF 23, fetuína A, PTH, calcio y fósforo) y se evaluaron las calcificaciones vasculares mediante los scores de Kauppila y de Adragao. Se realizó un seguimiento hasta el 1/1/2019, la muerte o el trasplante. De los 30 pacientes incluidos, 7 (23.3%) fallecieron por causa cardiovascular. El tiempo de seguimiento fue de 44.1 ± 30.4 (rango = 1.4-112) meses. El score de Adragao fue la única variable predictiva de muerte cardiovascular a largo plazo (área bajo la curva = 0.82; IC95% = 0.64-0.94; p<0.001). El mejor punto de corte fue de 5 (sensibili dad = 85.7%; especificidad = 78.3%). Además, fue un factor de riesgo independiente de muerte cardiovascular ajustado por edad, diabetes mellitus, enfermedad coronaria, calcificaciones aorticas, tiempo de permanencia en diálisis y tiempo de seguimiento (OR ajustado = 1.77; IC95% = 1.06-2.96; p = 0.028). Las calcificaciones vasculares cuantificadas a partir del score de Adragao fueron el único predictor independiente de mortalidad cardiovascular a largo plazo. Este score representa una herramienta simple, útil y superior a los biomarcadores del MOM.


Subject(s)
Humans , Vascular Calcification , Kidney Failure, Chronic , Biomarkers , Prospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Renal Dialysis , alpha-2-HS-Glycoprotein , Minerals
3.
Rev. inf. cient ; 100(3): e3458, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289642

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: La insuficiencia renal crónica terminal constituye uno de los problemas de salud más complejos por las afectaciones que provoca a la calidad de vida de los pacientes y por las dificultades que entraña la adherencia del paciente al tratamiento. Objetivo: Identificar la relación entre la calidad de vida percibida y la adherencia al tratamiento de los pacientes portadores de insuficiencia renal crónica terminal que reciben hemodiálisis. Método: Estudio de tipo correlacional realizado en el servicio de Hemodiálisis del Hospital General Docente "Juan B. Viñas González" de Palma Soriano, Santiago de Cuba. Del universo de 32 pacientes se trabajó con la población constituida por 16 pacientes que cumplieron con los criterios de inclusión/exclusión. Las técnicas utilizadas fueron: cuestionario de calidad de vida de la OMS, revisión de documentos, entrevistas y la observación. Se realizó análisis estadístico descriptivo (análisis de frecuencias) y se aplicó el método no paramétrico de correlación de Spearman. Resultados: Más de la mitad (56,25 %) de la población reflejó una calidad de vida percibida regular, el 25 % buena y el 18,75 % mala. La dimensión de salud física se mostró dentro de las más afectadas, observándose una valoración negativa con respecto a la enfermedad, pues más del 85 % de los encuestados la consideró como grave o muy grave. Se apreciaron afectaciones al sueño, donde más del 60 % de los pacientes se sintió insatisfecho con este aspecto. Los síntomas de la enfermedad son valorados, por la mayoría (81,25 %) como severos o muy severos. Conclusiones: Los pacientes poseen adherencia media al tratamiento y una calidad de vida percibida regular, y existe correlación fuerte y directa entre la adherencia al tratamiento y la calidad de vida percibida.


ABSTRACT Introduction: The end-stage chronic renal disease, due to how it affects the patient´s quality of life and the difficulties involved in the adherence of patient to treatment, is one of the most complex health problems. Objective: To identify the relationship between perceived quality of life and adherence to treatment in patients with end-stage chronic renal disease receiving hemodialysis. Method: A correlative study was conducted in the hemodialysis service room at the Hospital General Docente "Juan B. Viñas González" in Palma Soriano, Santiago de Cuba. The universe studied included 32 patients and 16 (met inclusion/exclusion criteria) were selected to work with. The techniques used were: World Health Organization quality of life questionnaire, document review, interviews and observation. A descriptive statistical analysis was performed (frequency analysis) and the nonparametric method applied was the Spearman's correlation coefficient using the SPSS 19.0 data processing program. Results: More than half of the population (56.25%) reported a fair quality of life, good (25%), and bad (18.75%). The physical health dimension was one of the most affected and it was found a negative assess of the disease in which more than 85% of those polled considered it as serious or very serious. Some sleep disorders was found and more than 60% of patients were unsatisfied related this issue. Most of the patients (81.25%) characterized the disease symptoms as severe or very severe. Conclusions: Patients studied had an adherence to treatment in a medium level and a perceived fair quality of life. There is also a correlation between the patient adherences to treatment and perceived quality of life.


RESUMO Introdução: A insuficiência renal crônica terminal constitui um dos problemas de saúde mais complexos pelos efeitos que causa na qualidade de vida dos pacientes e pelas dificuldades que a adesão do paciente ao tratamento acarreta. Objetivo: Identificar a relação entre a percepção de qualidade de vida e a adesão ao tratamento em pacientes com doença renal terminal em hemodiálise. Método: Estudo do tipo correlacional realizado no serviço de Hemodiálise do Hospital Geral de Ensino "Juan B. Viñas González" em Palma Soriano, Santiago de Cuba. Do universo de 32 pacientes, trabalhamos com a população composta por 16 pacientes que atenderam aos critérios de inclusão / exclusão. As técnicas utilizadas foram: questionário de qualidade de vida da Organização Mundial da Saúde, revisão documental, entrevistas e observação. Foi realizada análise estatística descritiva (análise de frequência) e aplicado o método não paramétrico. Resultados: Mais da metade (56,25%) da população apresentou percepção de qualidade de vida regular, 25% boa e 18,75% ruim. A dimensão saúde física esteve entre as mais afetadas, com avaliação negativa em relação à doença, uma vez que mais de 85% dos inquiridos a consideraram grave ou muito grave. Além disso, foram notados distúrbios do sono, onde mais de 60% dos pacientes se sentiram insatisfeitos com esse aspecto. Os sintomas da doença são avaliados, pela maioria (81,25%), como graves ou muito graves. Conclusões: Os pacientes apresentam média de adesão ao tratamento e percepção de qualidade de vida regular, havendo forte e direta correlação entre adesão ao tratamento e percepção de qualidade de vida.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Quality of Life , Renal Dialysis/methods , Treatment Adherence and Compliance , Kidney Failure, Chronic/psychology , Kidney Failure, Chronic/drug therapy , Attitude of Health Personnel , Attitude to Health , Indicators of Quality of Life
4.
Enferm. foco (Brasília) ; 12(1): 20-25, jun. 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1254767

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Comparar a qualidade de vida dos pacientes submetidos à hemodiálise, que residiam na cidade onde realizavam o tratamento com aqueles que residiam em outros municípios do estado de Sergipe. Método: trata-se de um estudo transversal, descritivo e comparativo, realizado em uma clínica de diálise em Sergipe. A amostra foi composta por 170 pacientes adultos, em tratamento hemodialítico com condições cognitivas para responder ao formulário. O desfecho qualidade de vida foi mensurado por meio da versão brasileira do Kidney Disease and Quality-Of-Life Short-Form (KDQOL-SF). Dados sociodemográficos e de acesso ao serviço foram consideradas variáveis dependentes para comparação entre os grupos. Resultados: Independente da procedência e características sociodemográficas dos participantes, baixos escores de qualidade de vida foram encontrados em todos os componentes da avaliação, especialmente médias inferiores a 50. Por outro lado, percebeu-se que os pacientes provenientes do interior apresentaram maiores escores de qualidade de vida. Conclusão: pacientes do sexo masculino, com idade média de 40 anos, com maior escolaridade e procedentes do interior apresentaram melhores escores para qualidade de vida. (AU)


Objective: To compare the quality of life of patients undergoing hemodialysis, who lived in the city where they underwent treatment with those who lived in other municipalities in the state of Sergipe. Methods: This is a cross-sectional, descriptive and comparative study, carried out in a dialysis clinic in Sergipe. The sample consisted of 170 adult patients undergoing hemodialysis with cognitive conditions to respond to the form. The quality of life outcome was measured using the Brazilian version of Kidney Disease and Quality-Of-Life Short-Form (KDQOL-SF). Sociodemographic and service access data were considered dependent variables for comparison between groups. Results: Regardless of the origin and sociodemographic characteristics of the participants, low scores for quality of life were found in all components of the assessment, especially means below 50. On the other hand, it was noticed that patients from the countryside had higher quality scores of life. Conclusion: Male patients, with an average age of 40 years, with higher education and coming from the interior had better scores for quality of life. (AU)


Objetivo: Comparar la calidad de vida de los pacientes sometidos a hemodiálisis, que vivían en la ciudad donde se sometieron a tratamiento con los que vivían en otros municipios del estado de Sergipe. Métodos: Se trata de un estudio transversal, descriptivo y comparativo, realizado en una clínica de diálisis en Sergipe. La muestra consistió en 170 pacientes adultos sometidos a hemodiálisis con condiciones cognitivas para responder a la forma. El resultado de la calidad de vida se midió utilizando la versión brasileña de la enfermedad renal y la forma corta de la calidad de vida (KDQOL-SF). Los datos sociodemográficos y de acceso al servicio se consideraron variables dependientes para la comparación entre grupos. Resultados: Independientemente del origen y las características sociodemográficas de los participantes, se encontraron puntajes bajos para la calidad de vida en todos los componentes de la evaluación, especialmente los medios por debajo de 50. Por otro lado, se observó que los pacientes del campo tenían puntajes de calidad más altos. de la vida. Conclusión: Los pacientes varones, con una edad promedio de 40 años, con educación superior y provenientes del interior, obtuvieron mejores puntajes de calidad de vida. (AU)


Subject(s)
Health Services Accessibility , Quality of Life , Renal Dialysis , Renal Replacement Therapy , Health Status Disparities , Kidney Failure, Chronic
5.
Medisan ; 25(2)mar.-abr. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1250352

ABSTRACT

Se describe el caso clínico de un adolescente de 18 años con antecedente patológico de una operación por hipertelorismo en su primer año de vida, quien fue asistido en el Servicio de Nefrología del Hospital Infantil Docente Norte Dr. Juan de la Cruz Martínez Maceira de Santiago de Cuba, debido a una disminución marcada de la función renal, por lo cual requirió terapias sustitutivas. Su estado persistió por más de 3 meses y se consideró como una insuficiencia renal crónica en fase terminal. Se realizaron varios exámenes complementarios en busca de la causa y se interconsultó con otras especialidades, como la de Genética Clínica, por la presencia de trastornos dismórficos; finalmente, se diagnosticó el síndrome de Robinow. El paciente permaneció con hemodiálisis por 2 años hasta que su condición fue estable para recibir un trasplante de riñón.


The case report of an 18 years adolescent is described with pathological history of a surgery due to hypertelorism in his first year of life who was assisted in the Nephrology Service of Dr. Juan de la Cruz Martínez Maceira Northern Teaching Children Hospital in Santiago de Cuba, due to a marked decrease of the renal function, reason why he required substitute therapies. His condition persisted for more than 3 months and it was considered as a chronic kidney failure in end stage. Several complementary exams were carried out to find out the cause and other specialties participated in the diagnosis, as Clinical Genetics, due to the presence of dysmorphic disorders; finally, Robinow syndrome was diagnosed. The patient remained with hemodialysis for 2 years until her condition was stable to receive a renal transplant.


Subject(s)
Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Genetics , Kidney Failure, Chronic , Renal Dialysis , Kidney Transplantation , Hypertelorism
7.
Rev. colomb. reumatol ; 28(1): 64-68, ene.-mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1341362

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El lupus eritematoso sistémico (LES) es una enfermedad autoinmune que afecta múltiples órganos; el compromiso renal se encuentra en el 50% de los pacientes y es variable de acuerdo con el grupo racial y étnico. Se estima que el 10% de los pacientes con nefritis lúpica (NL) desarrollan enfermedad renal terminal (ERT) y, una vez que se da la progresión, el 80% de los pacientes negativizan los marcadores de actividad. Sin embargo, aunque es inusual, la reactivación de la enfermedad puede presentarse en compromiso renal avanzado y es importante diagnosticarla oportunamente para definir la causa, tratarla y evitar complicaciones. Presentamos el caso clínico de una paciente de 45 arios, con ERT en diálisis peritoneal, que se encontraba en remisión de la enfermedad y posteriormente desarrolló actividad lúpica.


ABSTRACT Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease that affects multiple organs, and renal involvement is found in 50% of patients and is variable according to racial and ethnic group. It is estimated that 10% of patients with lupus nephritis (NL) develop end-stage renal disease (ERT), and once progression occurs, 80% of patients are negative for activity markers. However, although it is rare, the reactivation of the disease can occur in advanced renal involvement, and it is important to diagnose it in a timely manner to define the cause and treat it, avoiding complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Kidney Failure, Chronic , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic , Autoimmune Diseases , Causality , Diagnosis
8.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 37(6): e00043620, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249465

ABSTRACT

Resumo: Este estudo avaliou a prevalência e os fatores associados a não procura por transplante renal entre pacientes em diálise crônica na Região Metropolitana de Fortaleza, Ceará, Brasil. Foram excluídos os pacientes sem condições clínicas e aqueles em avaliação pré-transplante renal. Um questionário semiestruturado foi aplicado, incluindo opções para a pergunta "Qual o principal motivo pelo qual o senhor/senhora não está inscrito(a) para o transplante renal?". A prevalência de pacientes considerados aptos, mas não inscritos e nem em avaliação pré-transplante renal foi de 50,7%. As principais causas foram: receio de insucesso/perda do enxerto (32,5%), dificuldade de transporte e acesso aos exames (20,9%) e problemas pessoais ou familiares temporários (13,7%). Em análise múltipla, as variáveis associadas a risco de receio do insucesso/perda do enxerto foram: sexo feminino (OR = 1,763; IC95%: 1,224-2,540) e doença renal dialítica (DRC 5-D) por hipertensão (OR = 1,732; IC95%: 1,178-2,547), tendo a renda mensal (salários mínimos) uma associação de proteção (OR = 0,882; IC95%: 0,785-0,991). O tempo em diálise (meses) foi um fator de risco para a dificuldade de transporte e acesso aos exames (OR = 1,004; IC95%: 1,001-1,007) e o sexo feminino apresentou uma associação de proteção (OR = 0,576; IC95%: 0,368-0,901). Esses resultados mostram elevada prevalência de pacientes em diálise fora de lista para transplante renal. As principais causas são reflexo da desinformação e falta de acesso. Sexo feminino, baixa renda e DRC 5-D por hipertensão foram os fatores de risco para a não procura por transplante renal por receio de perda do enxerto, reflexo da carência de informações sobre a modalidade. Sexo masculino e maior tempo em diálise foram os fatores de risco para a dificuldade de acesso à terapia.


Abstract: This study evaluated the prevalence and factors associated with lack of enrollment for kidney transplant among patients in chronic dialysis in Greater Metropolitan Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil. The sample excluded patients with insufficient clinical status and those already in pre-kidney transplant evaluation. A semi-structured questionnaire was applied, including options for the question, "What is the main reason why you are not enrolled for kidney transplant?" Prevalence of patients considered fit but not enrolled or in pre- kidney transplant evaluation was 50.7%. The main reasons were fear of failure/loss of grafting (32.5%), difficulty with transportation or access to tests (20.9%), and temporary personal or family problems (13.7%). In the multivariate analysis, the variables associated with fear of failure or loss of graft were female sex (OR = 1.763; 95%CI: 1.224-2.540) and end-stage renal disease (ESRD) due to hypertension (OR = 1.732; 95%CI: 1.178-2.547), while monthly income (number of minimum wages) showed a protective association (OR = 0.882; 95%CI: 0.785-0.991). Time on dialysis (months) was a risk factor for difficulty with transportation and access to tests (OR = 1.004; 95%CI: 1.001-1.007), and female sex showed a protective association (OR = 0.576; 95%CI: 0.368-0.901). These results show high prevalence of patients in dialysis not enrolled on the kidney transplant waitlist. The main causes were lack of information and lack of access. Female sex, low income, and ESRD due to hypertension were risk factors for lack of enrollment on the kidney transplant waitlist due to fear of loss of graft, resulting from lack of information on this treatment modality. Male sex and longer time on dialysis were risk factors for difficulty in access to kidney transplant.


Resumen: Este estudio evalúo la prevalencia y los factores asociados a la no búsqueda de un trasplante renal entre pacientes con diálisis crónica en la Región Metropolitana de Fortaleza, Ceará, Brasil. Se excluyeron a pacientes sin condiciones clínicas y aquellos en evaluación pre-trasplante renal . Se aplicó un cuestionario semiestructurado, incluyendo opciones a la pregunta "¿cuál es el principal motivo por el cual usted no está inscrito(a) para un trasplante renal?" La prevalencia de pacientes considerados aptos, pero no inscritos y ni en evaluación pre-trasplante renal fue de un 50,7%. Las principales causas fueron: recelo al fracaso/pérdida del injerto (32,5%), dificultad de transporte y acceso a los exámenes (20,9%), así como problemas personales o familiares temporales (13,7%). En el análisis múltiple, las variables asociadas al riesgo del recelo al fracaso/pérdida del injerto fueron de sexo femenino (OR = 1,763; IC95%: 1,224-2,540) y enfermedad renal dialítica (DRC 5-D) por hipertensión (OR = 1,732; IC95%: 1,178-2,547), teniendo la renta mensual (salarios mínimos) una asociación de protección (OR = 0,882; IC95%: 0,785-0,991). El tiempo en diálisis (meses) fue un factor de riesgo para la dificultad en el transporte y acceso a los exámenes (OR = 1,004; IC95%: 1,001-1,007), y el sexo femenino tuvo una asociación de protección (OR = 0,576; IC95%: 0,368-0,901). Estos resultados muestran la elevada prevalencia de pacientes en diálisis fuera de la lista para transplante renal. Las principales causas son reflejo de la desinformación y falta de acceso. Sexo femenino, baja renta y DRC 5-D por hipertensión fueron factores de riesgo para la no búsqueda de trasplante renal por recelo a la pérdida del injerto, reflejo de la carencia de información sobre la modalidad. Sexo masculino y mayor tiempo en diálisis fueron factores de riesgo para la dificultad de acceso a la terapia. izará la atención a las vulnerabilidades individuales desde la perspectiva de la salud integral.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Prevalence , Kidney Transplantation/adverse effects , Kidney Failure, Chronic/surgery , Kidney Failure, Chronic/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Risk Factors , Renal Dialysis
9.
Med. lab ; 25(3): 569-580, 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1343146

ABSTRACT

La glomerulonefritis rápidamente progresiva mediada por complejos inmunes (GMNRP II) es un síndrome clínico caracterizado por el rápido deterioro de la función renal asociado a hematuria, edemas y oliguria. Histológicamente se manifiesta como una glomerulonefritis crescéntica, con la presencia de depósitos granulares en la inmunofluorescencia. Aunque es una enfermedad rara, es grave y puede evolucionar a una enfermedad renal crónica, por lo cual es fundamental su identificación temprana. A continuación, se presenta una revisión sobre este tipo de glomerulonefritis, con énfasis en su etiología y en las opciones terapéuticas existentes en la actualidad


Rapidly progressive immune complex-mediated glomerulonephritis (RPGNMN II) is a clinical syndrome characterized by severe deterioration of renal function associated with hematuria, edema, and oliguria. It is histologically characterized as a crescentic glomerulonephritis, with the presence of granular deposits on immunofluorescence. Although it is a rare condition, it is a potentially serious disease that may progress to chronic renal disease, therefore its early identification is essential. Here we present a review of this form of glomerulonephritis, with emphasis on its etiology and the currently available therapeutic options


Subject(s)
Glomerulonephritis , Purpura , Purpura, Schoenlein-Henoch , Steroids , Biopsy , ISCOMs , Glomerulonephritis, IGA , Kidney Failure, Chronic
10.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(4): e9806, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153537

ABSTRACT

An increasing number of elderly people in renal support is expected in the coming years. The objective of this study was to report the clinical and socio-demographic data of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) adult patients undergoing regular dialysis treatment comparing elderly (≥65 years old) and non-elderly subjects using data from the Brazilian Dialysis Registry database. The regional distribution of the sample was Southeast (48.8%), South (33.7), Northeast (13.1%), Midwest (5.1%), and North (0.1%). A total of 18,030 patients were included in the analysis with elderly patients accounting for 29.5% of the sample. The elderly patients were predominantly male, white, retired, and literate. Elderly ESRD patients had a slightly higher frequency of undernourishment and a lower frequency of obesity than the non-elderly adults. A higher frequency of elderly patients were from the South and Southeast regions. The dialysis treatment of patients from both groups was predominantly funded by the public system, but the percent of non-public funding was higher for the elderly group. The most used initial access in the elderly was the central venous catheter and hemodialysis was the main modality at the beginning of treatment (93.2%), as well as during maintenance therapy (91.8%). Advanced age was associated with greater use of central venous catheter in the first dialysis session. The survival of the elderly on dialysis was lower than that of the non-elderly early in the course of dialysis and this difference increased over time. This is yet the largest national epidemiological study of elderly people on chronic dialysis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Renal Dialysis , Kidney Failure, Chronic/therapy , Kidney Failure, Chronic/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Demography , Kidney
11.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 54: e0633-2020, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155602

ABSTRACT

Abstract In this study, we present two cases of cutaneous leishmaniasis in patients with end-stage renal disease, who were treated solely with intramuscular pentamidine. In such cases, treatment implies a fine line between therapeutic efficacy and toxicity. This is suggestive of a knowledge gap; however, findings indicate that this is still the fastest and safest alternative to the treatment with antimonials. Also, it can help avoid the side effects that occur upon using antimonials.


Subject(s)
Humans , Leishmaniasis, Cutaneous/complications , Leishmaniasis, Cutaneous/drug therapy , Kidney Failure, Chronic/complications , Kidney Failure, Chronic/therapy , Antiprotozoal Agents/therapeutic use , Pentamidine/therapeutic use , Renal Dialysis
12.
Arch. cardiol. Méx ; 90(4): 503-510, Oct.-Dec. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152826

ABSTRACT

Resumen El síndrome cardiorrenal (SCR) es un trastorno en el que intervienen el corazón y los riñones, interactuando y produciendo una disfunción entre ellos en forma aguda o crónica. Existen diferentes fenotipos clínicos bien identificados como «desórdenes del corazón y riñón en los que la disfunción aguda o crónica en un órgano induce la disfunción aguda o crónica del otro¼. La alta incidencia de morbimortalidad cardiovascular presente en los pacientes con enfermedad renal crónica terminal (ERCT), en especial la insuficiencia cardiaca (IC), origina inicialmente una lesión miocárdica que conlleva remodelamiento ventricular, lo cual induce a la activación de mecanismos compensadores, entre los cuales el riñón es pieza fundamental, ya que regula la homeostasis hidroelectrolítica y así el volumen circulante, siendo esto en la etapa dialítica más evidente. Los cambios funcionales y anatómicos cardiovasculares que se producen en estos pacientes son muy prevalentes e incluyen las interacciones hemodinámicas del corazón y los riñones en la insuficiencia cardiaca, y el impacto de la enfermedad aterosclerótica en ambos sistemas de órganos. También describimos estrategias diagnósticas y terapéuticas aplicables al síndrome cardiorrenal, que determinan la importancia de la ecocardiografía como modelo de diagnóstico útil. Finalmente, se analizan las posibilidades de tratamiento y la remisión de las alteraciones funcionales cardiacas con el trasplante renal en los pacientes con ERCT.


Abstract Cardiorenal syndrome (CRS) is a disorder in which the heart and kidneys are involved, interacting and producing a dysfunction between them in an acute or chronic way. There are different clinical phenotypes well identified as "heart and kidney disorders in which acute or chronic dysfunction in one organ induces acute or chronic dysfunction in the other". The high incidence of cardiovascular morbimortality in patients with chronic terminal kidney disease (CKD), especially heart failure (HF), initially causes a myocardial lesion that leads to ventricular remodeling, which induces the activation of compensatory mechanisms, among which the kidney is a fundamental part since it regulates the hydroelectrolytic homeostasis and thus the circulating volume, being this in the dialytic stage more evident. The functional and anatomical changes at cardiovascular level that occur in these patients are very prevalent, and include hemodynamic interactions of the heart and kidneys in heart failure and the impact of atherosclerotic disease in both organ systems. We also describe diagnostic and therapeutic strategies applicable to cardiorenal syndrome, which determine the importance of echocardiography as a useful diagnostic model. Finally, we analyze the possibilities of treatment and remission of cardiac functional alterations with renal transplantation in patients with T-CKD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Echocardiography , Cardio-Renal Syndrome/diagnostic imaging , Kidney Failure, Chronic/complications , Kidney Transplantation , Cardio-Renal Syndrome/physiopathology , Kidney Failure, Chronic/surgery , Kidney Failure, Chronic/diagnostic imaging
13.
Iatreia ; 33(4): 360-369, oct.-dic. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1143088

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La tuberculosis es una enfermedad infecciosa y frecuente en países en vía de desarrollo. Esta puede causar una amplia variedad de complicaciones y presentaciones atípicas con alta morbimortalidad. De la forma genitourinaria se sospechada muy poco, razón por la cual su diagnóstico se hace, usualmente, de forma tardía o no se realiza. Esto conlleva a consecuencias muy graves en los pacientes, por ejemplo, la enfermedad renal crónica terminal. A continuación, se presenta un reporte de caso de una paciente con la anterior enfermedad, secundaria a una tuberculosis renal bilateral diagnosticada tardíamente y se realiza una revisión de la literatura sobre este tema.


SUMMARY Tuberculosis is a common infectious disease in developing countries, which can cause a variety of complications and atypical manifestations with high morbidity and mortality. The urogenital form is rarely suspected, resulting in delayed diagnosis or even no diagnosis, which can have serious consequences for the patients, such as chronic end-stage renal disease. We report on a patient with chronic end-stage renal failure caused by a delayed diagnosis of bilateral renal tuberculosis and a literature review on this topic.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tuberculosis, Urogenital , Kidney Failure, Chronic
14.
An. Fac. Cienc. Méd. (Asunción) ; 53(3): 147-152, 20201201.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1177998

ABSTRACT

La función renal (FR) es medida por varios métodos. La más utilizada es el aclaramiento de creatinina (ClCr), que reflejaría, el filtrado glomerular (FG). Para su medición se recurre a la recolección de orina durante 24 horas o a la utilización de fórmulas, siendo la más utilizada, la ecuación CKD-EPI (Chronic kidney disease Epidemiology Collaboration). La disfunción renal se clasifica en 5 estadios. El estadio 5 (cuando el ClCr es igual o inferior a 15 ml/min), es cuando los pacientes están prontos a recibir tratamiento sustitutivo renal (TSR). La hemodiálisis (HD), es una técnica muy utilizada como TSR y normalmente es llevada a cabo 3 veces a la semana, por 4 horas cada una. Un paciente de 59 años, quién debido a la distancia entre su domicilio y el Centro de diálisis decide (consentimiento firmado), someterse a solo 2 sesiones de HD por semana. Al inicio del tratamiento, el paciente presentaba todos los datos clínicos y bioquímicos de la Enfermedad renal Crónica Avanzada, estadio 5 y un volumen diurético (VD) ≥ 1 litro/día. En caso de empeoramiento clínico y/o bioquímico, las sesiones de HD serían 3 veces por semana. Al año, los parámetros clínicos, bioquímicos y la función renal residual (FRR), permanecen óptimos. Si FRR (medido por el aclaramiento de urea (Kru) y el VD), declina serán necesarias 3 sesiones de HD, semanales. El mantenimiento de la FRR, está relacionado con la mortalidad y la HD incremental, al preservar mejor la FRR, mejora la sobrevida del paciente.


Several methods are useful to measure renal function (RF). In clinical practice, the creatinina cleareance (CrCl), is widely used, which approximately reflects the glomerular filtration rate (GFR). The 24 hs urine volume collection is required to measure CrCl, however, thanks different formulas we can have a precise CrCl value. The CKD-EPI (chronic kidney disease epidemiology collaboration), is the equation frequently used. According to glomerular filtration rate (GFR), the renal function has been classified in 5 stages. At advances stages (stage 5), (CrCl: 15 ml/min), the patient is faced to receive renal replacement therapy (RRT). Hemodialysis (HD) method is often used. It is carry out 3 times per week (4 hours each). A 59 years old male, due to the distance between the Capital City and his home, decided to receive HD only two times per week (signed consent). At the beginning of the treatment the patient presents all the clinical and biochemical data corresponding to Chronic Renal Failure stage 5. His diuretic volume (DV), ≥ 1 lt/day. In the case of RF deterioration reflected clinical and/or biochemically, the HD session would be 3 times a week. At year, presents adequate residual renal function (RRF) and clinics, biochemical parameters as well. If the RRF (measured by urea clareance (Kru) and the DV) decline, 3 sessions per week will be necessary. The RRF maintenance is related to mortality, therefore, its preservation thanks incremental HD, improve the patient survival.


Subject(s)
Renal Dialysis , Creatinine , Dialysis , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Kidney Failure, Chronic , Residence Characteristics , Epidemiology , Mortality
16.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 80(3): 297-306, set. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1144893

ABSTRACT

Resumen La mucormicosis rino-órbito-cerebral (ROC) crónica es una patología poco frecuente, con un número reducido de casos publicados en la literatura, cuyas manifestaciones son muy diversas e inespecíficas. El tratamiento se basa en la experiencia de casos y series de casos. Las herramientas terapéuticas incluyen el uso de antifúngicos endovenosos y orales por tiempo prolongado, asociado o no a debridamiento quirúrgico amplio, pudiendo requerir incluso exenteración orbitaria. Presentamos a continuación un caso de mucormicosis ROC crónica, junto con las dificultades para su diagnóstico y manejo, en el que destaca el enfrentamiento multidisciplinario. Dada la poca frecuencia de esta enfermedad, nos parece relevante difundirlo.


Abstract Chronic rhino-orbital-cerebral mucormycosis is a rare condition with a small number of cases that have been published, whose manifestations are very diverse and nonspecific. The treatment is based on case series experiences. Therapeutic options include the use of long-term intravenous and oral antifungals, associated or not with extensive surgical debridement, and may even require orbital exenteration. We present below a case of chronic rhino-orbital-cerebral mucormycosis with the challenge of diagnosis and management in which multidisciplinary work is fundamental. Since it is an uncommon pathology, it seems relevant to share the information.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Brain Diseases/diagnosis , Eye Diseases/diagnosis , Mucormycosis/surgery , Mucormycosis/diagnostic imaging , Orbital Diseases , Paranasal Sinuses/pathology , Exophthalmos , Orbit Evisceration , Diagnosis, Differential , Orbital Cellulitis/diagnostic imaging , Kidney Failure, Chronic/complications , Mucormycosis/drug therapy , Antifungal Agents
17.
Rev. cuba. med. mil ; 49(3): e627, jul.-set. 2020. tab, fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1144480

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La insuficiencia renal crónica se relaciona con múltiples factores de riesgo vascular. La prevalencia de estas entidades se ha incrementado en Cuba en las últimas décadas, asociado al envejecimiento de la población. Objetivo: Identificar la relación entre la insuficiencia renal crónica, diagnosticada según los estadios de filtrado glomerular, con factores de riesgo vascular (obesidad, hipertensión arterial, diabetes mellitus, hiperlipoproteinemia, tabaquismo) y la enfermedad cardiovascular establecida. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, transversal, en 2 913 pacientes. Se recolectaron datos generales, antropométricos, factores de riesgo vascular y hemoquímica. Se consideraron portadores de insuficiencia renal crónica aquellos con filtrado glomerular inferior a 60 mL/min/1,73 m2. Se identificó la relación entre la insuficiencia renal crónica y los factores de riesgo vascular mediante el odds ratio. Los valores medios de las variables hemoquímicas se compararon con ANOVA de un factor. Resultados: Se encontró 10,8 por ciento de insuficiencia renal crónica (15,3 por ciento en las mujeres), su frecuencia aumentó con la edad y se asoció con los factores de riesgo seleccionados (enfermedad cardiovascular establecida, OR = 3,58; hiperlipoproteinemia, OR = 2,96; hipertensión arterial, OR = 2,95; diabetes mellitus, OR = 2,70 y obesidad, OR = 1,33). La frecuencia de insuficiencia renal crónica así como los valores de glucemia, colesterol, triglicéridos y HbA1c aumentaron con la suma de factores de riesgo. Conclusiones: La insuficiencia renal crónica fue muy frecuente en esta serie. Predominó en el sexo femenino y en los grupos de edad más avanzada. Se constató una significativa relación con los factores de riesgo seleccionados, que fue mayor en pacientes con enfermedad cardiovascular establecida(AU)


Introduction: Chronic renal insufficiency is related to multiple vascular risk factors. The prevalence of these entities has increased in Cuba in recent decades, associated with population aging. Objective: To identify the relationship between chronic renal failure, diagnosed according to glomerular filtration stages, with vascular risk factors (obesity, high blood pressure, diabetes mellitus, hyperlipoproteinemia, smoking) and established cardiovascular disease. Methods: A descriptive, cross-sectional study was carried out in 2913 patients. General, anthropometric data, vascular risk factors, and hemochemistry were collected. Carriers of chronic renal insufficiency were considered those with glomerular filtration rate lower than 60 mL / min / 1.73 m2. The relationship between chronic renal insufficiency and vascular risk factors was identified using the Odds Ratio. The mean values of the hemochemical variables were compared with one-way ANOVA. Results: 10.8 percent of chronic renal insufficiency (15.3 percent in women) was found, its frequency increased with age and was associated with the selected risk factors (established cardiovascular disease: OR 3,58; hyperlipoproteinemia: OR 2,96; hypertension: OR 2,95; diabetes mellitus: OR 2,70 and obesity: OR 1,33). The frequency of chronic renal insufficiency as well as blood glucose, cholesterol, triglyceride and HbA1c levels increased with the sum of risk factors. Conclusions: chronic renal insufficiency was very frequent in this series. It prevailed in the female sex and in the most advanced age groups. A significant relationship with the selected risk factors was found, which was higher in patients with established cardiovascular disease(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Cardiovascular Diseases , Cross-Sectional Studies , Kidney Failure, Chronic , Obesity , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/complications
18.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(9): 1229-1234, Sept. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136367

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of hemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis, and renal transplantation on the quality of life of patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and analyze the influencing factors. METHODS: A total of 162 ESRD patients who received maintenance hemodialysis, continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis, and renal transplantation from February 2017 to March 2018 in our hospital were divided into a hemodialysis group, a peritoneal dialysis group, and a renal transplantation group. The baseline clinical data, serum indices, as well as environmental factors such as education level, marital status, work, residential pattern, household income, and expenditure were recorded. The quality of life was assessed using the short-form 36-item (SF-36) scale reflecting the Physical Component Summary (PCS) and the Mental Component Summary (MCS). One-way analysis of variance and logistic stepwise multiple regression analysis were performed to analyze the factors influencing the quality of life. RESULTS: The renal transplantation group had the highest average scores for all dimensions of the SF-36 scale. The PCS and MCS scores of this group were higher than those of the hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis groups. The peritoneal dialysis group had higher scores for physical functioning, physical role, bodily pain, general health, mental health, PCS, and MCS than those of the hemodialysis group. Age, HGB, GLU, and ALP were the main factors influencing PCS. Age, education level, residential pattern, medication expenditure, and monthly per capita income mainly affected MCS. CONCLUSION: In terms of quality of life, renal transplantation is superior to peritoneal dialysis and hemodialysis.


RESUMO OBJETIVO: Avaliar os efeitos da hemodiálise, diálise peritoneal e transplante renal na qualidade de vida de pacientes na última fase da doença renal terminal (ESRD), bem como analisar os fatores influentes. MÉTODOS: Um total de 162 pacientes de ESRD receberam hemodiálise de manutenção, diálise peritoneal ambulatorial contínua e transplante renal de fevereiro de 2017 a março de 2018 em nosso hospital. Eles foram divididos em grupo de hemodiálise, grupo de diálise peritoneal e grupo de transplante renal. Foram analisados os dados clínicos de base, índices-chave e os fatores ambientais, como nível educacional, estado civil, emprego, padrão residencial, renda e gasto familiar. A qualidade de vida foi avaliada pelo uso da escala de forma reduzida de 36 itens (SF-36), que reflete o Resumo da Escala Física (PCS) e o Resumo dos Componentes Mentais (PCS). Análise unidirecional de variações e análise de regressão logística múltipla foram realizadas para analisar os fatores que influenciam a qualidade de vida. RESULTADOS: O grupo de transplante renal teve os maiores pontos médios em todas as dimensões da escala SF-36. Os pontos PCS e MCS desse grupo foram mais altos que os dos grupos de hemodiálise e diálise peritoneal. Além disso, o grupo de diálise peritoneal teve pontos mais altos em funcionamento físico, função física, dor corporal, saúde geral, saúde mental, PCS e MCS do que os do grupo de hemodiálise. Idade, HGB, GLU e ALP foram os principais fatores que influenciaram a PCS. Idade, nível educacional, padrão residencial, gastos em medicamentos e renda mensal per capita afetaram principalmente o MCS. CONCLUSÃO: Quanto à qualidade de vida, o transplante renal é melhor que a diálise peritoneal e a hemodiálise.


Subject(s)
Humans , Kidney Transplantation , Peritoneal Dialysis , Kidney Failure, Chronic/therapy , Quality of Life , Renal Dialysis
19.
Av. enferm ; 38(2): 191-201, May-Aug. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1114689

ABSTRACT

Resumen Objetivo: comprender la experiencia vivida por un grupo de personas con insuficiencia renal crónica que recibieron un trasplante de órgano frente a los servicios de salud y los significados del cuidado de la salud realizados por enfermeras y familiares. Materiales y métodos: estudio cualitativo con enfoque fenomenológico-hermenéutico. La muestra se compone de 11 personas con insuficiencia renal crónica trasplantadas, cinco cuidadores y cinco enfermeras. Entrevistas recolectadas y grabadas entre diciembre de 2015 y enero de 2017. Para el análisis se empleó el método propuesto por Van Manen. Resultados: uno de los temas que emerge es la experiencia de encontrarse y vivir con insuficiencia renal crónica, del cual se extrae el subtema relacionado con la vivencia en el sistema de salud por parte de las personas enfermas, sus cuidadores y los profesionales de enfermería. Conclusiones: la insuficiencia renal crónica asume un significado complejo y multidimensional para la persona con la enfermedad, sus cuidadores familiares y las enfermeras que asumen el cuidado de este grupo de personas, que los lleva a experimentar el sistema de salud con un efecto adverso que deshumaniza el cuidado de las personas.


Resumo Objetivo: compreender a experiência vivida por um grupo de pessoas com insuficiência renal crônica que receberam um transplante de órgão ante os serviços de saúde e os significados do cuidado da saúde realizados por enfermeiros e familiares. Materiais e métodos: estudo qualitativo, com abordagem fenomenológico-hermenêutica. A amostra está composta por 11 pessoas com insuficiência renal crônica transplantadas, 5 cuidadores e 5 enfermeiras. Foram realizadas entrevistas entre dezembro de 2015 e janeiro de 2017. Para a análise, foi utilizado o método proposto por Van Manen. Resultados: um dos problemas que emerge é a experiência de se deparar com a insuficiência renal crônica e conviver com ela; disso é extraído o subtema relacionado à vivência no sistema de saúde, para pessoas doentes, seus cuidadores e profissionais de enfermagem. Conclusões: a insuficiência renal crônica assume um significado complexo e multidimensional para a pessoa com a doença, seus cuidadores familiares e os enfermeiros que cuidam desse grupo de pessoas, o que os leva a vivenciar o sistema de saúde com um efeito adverso que desumaniza o cuidado de pessoas.


Abstract Objective: To understand the experience of a group of people with chronic kidney failure who received an organ transplant regarding the health services and the meanings of health care performed by nurses and family members who interact with them. Materials and methods: Qualitative study with a phenome-nological-hermeneutical approach on a sample of 11 people with chronic kidney failure who received a transplant, 5 caregivers and 5 nurses. Interviews were collected and recorded between December 2015 and January 2017. Data analysis followed the method proposed by Van Manen. Results: One of the issues that emerges from this study is the experience of living with chronic renal failure. From this, arises the sub-theme related with the experience lived by patients, their caregivers and nursing professionals within the health system. Conclusions: Chronic renal failure assumes a complex and multidimensional meaning for the person with the disease, their family care-givers, and the nurses who take care of this group of people, which leads them to experience the health system with adverse effects that dehumanize people's care.


Subject(s)
Humans , Health Systems , Nursing , Caregivers , Qualitative Research , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Hermeneutics , Kidney Failure, Chronic
20.
Rev. inf. cient ; 99(3): 274-283, mayo.-jun. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126946

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: La infección por coronavirus-2, que causa la enfermedad conocida como COVID-19, afecta la función renal en muchos de los pacientes. Objetivo: Ofrecer un referente teórico para contribuir a la preparación de estudiantes de Medicina y médicos generales respecto a la influencia de la infección por coronavirus-2 en el sistema renal. Método: En el Hospital General Docente "Dr. Agostinho Neto", entre marzo y julio de 2020, se hizo una revisión narrativa sobre este tema a través de una búsqueda en diferentes bases de datos bibliográficas: Pubmed/Medline, Science Direct y SciELO. Resultados: La información se estructuró en: aspectos generales de la COVID-19, fisiopatología, manifestaciones, bases terapéuticas, pronóstico e impacto social de la nefropatía causada por COVID-19; también, se identificaron aspectos irresueltos respecto al fallo renal causado por esta pandemia. Conclusiones: El pronóstico del paciente con COVID-19 se agrava por la presencia de fallo renal agudo, no obstante, en la fisiopatología, las manifestaciones clínicas y el pronóstico en los pacientes con esta complicación no es del todo conocida. Su aparición es más común en los pacientes con antecedente de enfermedad renal crónica, diabetes mellitus e hipertensión arterial sistémica, lo que legitima la necesidad de la preparación profesional para ser capaz de una evaluación precisa del sistema renal para la prevención y control de esta complicación.


ABSTRACT Introduction: The infection for coronavirus-2, which causes the infectious disease known as COVID-19, often affects the renal function in many of the patients. Objective: To offer a theoretical referent, to contribute on the preparation of medicine students and general doctors about the influence of the infection for coronavirus-2 on the renal system. Method: In the Hospital Dr. Agostinho Neto, between March and June of 2020, a narrative review about this topic was made through a search in the bibliographical databases Pubmed/Medline, Science Direct and SciELO. Results: The information was structured as: general aspects of the COVID-19, physiopathology, symptoms, therapeutic bases, prognosis, and social impact of the nephropathy caused by COVID-19. Unsettled aspects regarding the renal failure caused by this pandemic were also identified. Conclusions: The patient's prognostic with COVID-19 is worsened by the presence of acute renal failure; nevertheless, in the physiopathology, the clinical manifestations and patient prognosis on this complication are not completely known. Its appearance is more common in patients with an antecedent of chronic kidney failure, diabetes mellitus and systemic arterial hypertension which legitimates the necessity of professional preparation to be capable of a precise evaluation of the renal system for prevention and control of this complication.


Subject(s)
Humans , Coronavirus Infections/complications , Coronavirus Infections/diagnosis , Coronavirus Infections/etiology , Coronavirus Infections/physiopathology , Coronavirus Infections/transmission , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Kidney Failure, Chronic/etiology
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