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1.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 81(5): 786-790, oct. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351052

ABSTRACT

Resumen El cáncer renal representa el 3 al 4% de todas las lesiones malignas y su detección incidental es cada vez más frecuente. Para los tumores renales cT1a la cirugía es el tratamiento de elección. No todos los pacientes son candidatos a este tipo de tratamiento por elevado riesgo quirúrgico debido a comorbi lidades asociadas o antecedentes de cirugía en dicho órgano. Las guías de la Asociación Americana de Urología recomiendan la termoablación como alternativa a la cirugía en tumores menores a 3 cm. La experiencia con crioablación percutánea en tumores renales es escasa en Latinoamérica y hay pocas publicaciones al respecto en esta región. El objetivo de este trabajo fue describir la efectividad y seguridad de la crioablación percutánea en una cohorte de pacientes adultos con cáncer renal cT1 (menores a 5 cm) como alternativa al tratamiento quirúrgico. Los procedimientos fueron realizados con guía de tomografía computarizada o con un angiógrafo, en condiciones estériles y bajo anestesia general. Los pacientes fueron tratados en condiciones ambulatorias. El seguimiento se realizó con estudios por imágenes, análisis de laboratorio y consulta clínica. Todos tuvieron una respuesta completa constatada por imágenes en los controles evolutivos. El 61% no tuvo complicaciones y en el resto se observaron complicaciones grado 1 como hematuria, retención urinaria y hematoma perirrenal. Se concluyó que la crioablación percutánea es segura y efectiva como alternativa a la cirugía en pacientes con tumores renales.


Abstract Renal cancer represents 3-4% of all malignancies. Its incidental detection is becoming more frequent. Surgery is the gold standard treatment for T1 renal cancer. Still, surgery is not suitable for every patient due to comorbidities or previous kidney surgery. Guidelines provided by The American Urological Association recommend thermoablation therapies as an alternative to surgery in tumors under 3 cm. Experience regarding percutaneous cryoablation in renal tumors is scarce in Latin America and there are only a handful of publications in this region regarding this subject. The objective of this study was to assess the effectiveness and security of percutaneous cryoablation in a cohort of adult patients with cT1 renal cancer (smaller than 5 cm) as an alternative to surgery. The procedures were performed with CT or Cone Beam CT guidance and under general anesthesia in sterile conditions. Cryoablation was carried out on an outpatient basis. Follow up was done with imaging studies, blood test and clinical consultation. All patients had complete response in imaging studies. There were no complications in 61% of all of them, the remaining patients suffered grade-1 complications such as hematuria, urinary reten tion and perirenal hematoma. In conclusion, percutaneous cryoablation for renal tumors is a safe and effective alternative to surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Cryosurgery , Kidney Neoplasms/surgery , Kidney Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888233

ABSTRACT

The background of abdominal computed tomography (CT) images is complex, and kidney tumors have different shapes, sizes and unclear edges. Consequently, the segmentation methods applying to the whole CT images are often unable to effectively segment the kidney tumors. To solve these problems, this paper proposes a multi-scale network based on cascaded 3D U-Net and DeepLabV3+ for kidney tumor segmentation, which uses atrous convolution feature pyramid to adaptively control receptive field. Through the fusion of high-level and low-level features, the segmented edges of large tumors and the segmentation accuracies of small tumors are effectively improved. A total of 210 CT data published by Kits2019 were used for five-fold cross validation, and 30 CT volume data collected from Suzhou Science and Technology Town Hospital were independently tested by trained segmentation models. The results of five-fold cross validation experiments showed that the Dice coefficient, sensitivity and precision were 0.796 2 ± 0.274 1, 0.824 5 ± 0.276 3, and 0.805 1 ± 0.284 0, respectively. On the external test set, the Dice coefficient, sensitivity and precision were 0.817 2 ± 0.110 0, 0.829 6 ± 0.150 7, and 0.831 8 ± 0.116 8, respectively. The results show a great improvement in the segmentation accuracy compared with other semantic segmentation methods.


Subject(s)
Humans , Kidney Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Neural Networks, Computer , Specimen Handling , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
4.
Rev. cuba. inform. méd ; 12(2): e386, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1144463

ABSTRACT

Una de las campañas más reconocidas en el mundo es la lucha contra el cáncer, siendo el sistema renal uno de los más afectados por esta patología. El carcinoma de células renales (CCR), el más común de cáncer renal en los adultos, representa la sexta causa de muerte por cáncer. Debido al aumento en el uso de las técnicas de diagnóstico por imagen, las lesiones renales pueden ser diagnosticadas en forma incidental aproximadamente en 50% de los casos. Cuba apuesta por el uso de la tecnología en la salud y en la Universidad de las Ciencias Informáticas (UCI) se ha desarrollado un sistema para el almacenamiento, transmisión y visualización de imágenes médicas (XAVIA PACS), el cual se encuentra implantado en varios hospitales del país, pero no cuenta con alternativas para realizar la detección del CCR en imágenes tomográficas, haciendo más lento el diagnóstico, lo que se traduce en menos posibilidades para el paciente. La presente investigación tiene como objetivo realizar un análisis sobre las principales técnicas de segmentación y procesamiento para la detección de carcinomas renales en imágenes de tomografías abdominal, que propicie a los equipos de desarrollo contar con la base teórica necesaria para enfrentar el problema en cuestión. Para ello se realizó un análisis documental sobre trabajos relacionados con la temática y que propician soluciones al problema. Se estudiaron algoritmos y técnicas computacionales efectivas para la segmentación y procesamiento de imágenes abdominales. Como resultado de la investigación se obtuvieron los algoritmos más acordes para el sistema XAVIA PACS y el contexto médico cubano(AU)


One of the most recognized campaigns in the world is the fight against cancer, the kidney system being one of the most affected by this pathology. Renal cell carcinoma (RCC), the most common form of kidney cancer in adults, represents the sixth leading cause of cancer death. Due to the increased use of diagnostic imaging techniques, kidney injuries can be diagnosed incidentally in approximately 50% of cases. Cuba is committed to the use of technology in health and a system for the storage, transmission and display of medical images (XAVIA PACS) has been developed at the University of Computer Sciences (UCI), which is implanted in several hospitals of the country, but it does not have alternatives to detect RCC in tomographic images, slowing down the diagnosis, which translates into fewer possibilities for the patient. The objective of this research is to carry out an analysis on the main segmentation and processing techniques for the detection of renal carcinomas in abdominal tomography images, which provides development teams with the theoretical basis necessary to face the problem in question. For this, a documentary analysis was carried out on works related to the subject and that provide solutions to the problem. Algorithms and effective computational techniques for the segmentation and processing of abdominal images were studied. As a result of the research, the most suitable algorithms for the XAVIA PACS system and the Cuban medical context were obtained(AU)


Subject(s)
Algorithms , Programming Languages , Software , Radiographic Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted/methods , Kidney Neoplasms/epidemiology , Kidney Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging
6.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 46(2): 234-241, Mar.-Apr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090590

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose Preoperative computed tomography or magnetic resonance (MR) imaging are commonly used for radiological evaluation of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) before radical nephrectomy or nephron sparing surgery(NSS). This study aimed to assess the role of MRI for predicting postoperative renal function by preoperative estimation of renal parenchymal volume and correlation with glomerular filtration rate (GFR). Materials and Methods A prospective observational study was conducted from February 2015 to October 2016 at a tertiary care hospital in northern India. MR imaging was done on 3 Tesla MR scanner (Signa Hdxt General Electrics, Milwaukee, USA). MR volumetry was used to estimate the renal parenchymal volume. GFR was measured in all patients using Tc99m Diethyl-triamine-penta-acetic acid using Russell's algorithm. Such measurement was done preoperatively, and postoperatively 3 months after surgery. Results 30 patients with suspected RCC underwent NSS (n=10) and radical nephrectomy (n=20). Median tumour volume was 175.7cc (range: 4.8 to 631.8cc). The median volume of the residual parenchyma on the affected side was 84.25±41.97cc while that on the unaffected side was 112.25±26.35cc. There was good correlation among the unaffected kidney volume and postoperative GFR for the radical nephrectomy group (r=0.83) as well as unaffected kidney volume, total residual kidney volume and residual volume of affected kidney with postoperative GFR for the NSS group (r=0.71, r=0.73, r=0.79 respectively; P <0.05). Conclusion Preoperative residual parenchymal volume on MR renal volumetry correlates well with postoperative GFR in patients with RCC undergoing radical nephrectomy or NSS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/surgery , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/diagnostic imaging , Kidney Neoplasms/surgery , Kidney Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Nephrectomy/methods , Nephrons/surgery , Postoperative Period , Prognosis , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Prospective Studies , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Middle Aged
7.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 46(1): 92-100, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056355

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To evaluate the role of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) in differentiating bland thrombus from tumor thrombus of the inferior vena cava (IVC) in patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Materials and Methods: We retrospectively investigated 30 consecutive patients who underwent robot-assisted radical nephrectomy with IVC thrombectomy and had pathologically confirmed RCC. All patients underwent US and CEUS examination. Two off-line readers observed and recorded thrombus imaging information and enhancement patterns. Sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive predictive value and negative predictive value for bland thrombus were assessed. Results: Of the 30 patients, no adverse events occurred during administration of the contrast agent. Early enhancement of the mass within the IVC lumen on CEUS was an indicator of tumor thrombus. Bland thrombus showed no intraluminal flow on CEUS. There were eight (26.7%) patients with bland thrombus, including three level II, two level III, and three level IV. There were three cases with cephalic bland thrombus and five cases with caudal bland thrombus. Three caudal bland thrombi extended to the iliac vein and underwent surgical IVC interruption. Based on no intraluminal flow, for bland thrombus, CEUS had 87.5% sensitivity, 100% specificity, 96.7% accuracy, 100% positive predictive value and 95.6% negative predictive value. Conclusion: Our study demonstrates the potential of CEUS in the differentiation of bland and tumor thrombus of the IVC in patients with RCC. Since CEUS is an effective, inexpensive, and non-invasive method, it could be a reliable tool in the evaluation of IVC thrombus in patients with RCC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Vena Cava, Inferior/diagnostic imaging , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/diagnostic imaging , Ultrasonography, Doppler/methods , Venous Thrombosis , Kidney Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Vena Cava, Inferior/surgery , Vena Cava, Inferior/pathology , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/surgery , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/pathology , Reproducibility of Results , Retrospective Studies , Thrombectomy/methods , Contrast Media , Venous Thrombosis/surgery , Venous Thrombosis/pathology , Tumor Burden , Neoplasm Grading , Kidney Neoplasms/surgery , Kidney Neoplasms/pathology , Middle Aged
8.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 46(1): 26-33, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056358

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: Clear cell papillary (CCP) renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is a new subtype of RCC that was formally recognized by the International Society of Urological Pathology Vancouver Classification of Renal Neoplasia in 2013. Subsequently, CCP RCC was added to the 2016 World Health Organization Classification of Tumors of the Urinary System and Male Genital Organs. In this study, we retrospectively investigated the computed tomography (CT) findings of pathologically diagnosed CCP RCC. Materials and Methods: This study included 12 patients pathologically diagnosed with CCP RCC at our institution between 2015 and 2017. We reviewed the patient's CT data and analyzed the characteristics. Results: Nine solid masses and 3 cystic masses with a mean tumor size of 22.7±9.2mm were included. Solid masses exhibited slight hyper-density on unenhanced CT with a mean value of 34±6 Hounsfield units (HU), good enhancement in the corticomedullary phase with a mean of 195±34HU, and washout in the nephrogenic phase with a mean of 133±29HU. The walls of cystic masses enhanced gradually during the corticomedullary and nephrogenic phases. Solid and cystic masses were preoperatively diagnosed as clear cell RCC and cystic RCC, respectively. Conclusions: The CT imaging characteristics of CCP RCCs could be categorized into either the solid or cystic type. These masses were diagnosed radiologically as clear cell RCC and cystic RCC, respectively.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Carcinoma, Papillary/diagnostic imaging , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Kidney Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Immunohistochemistry , Carcinoma, Papillary/pathology , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/pathology , Retrospective Studies , Tumor Burden , Neoplasm Grading , Kidney Neoplasms , Kidney Neoplasms/pathology
9.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 18: eAO5576, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1133778

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate anatomic factors and radiologist's experience in the detection of solid renal masses on ultrasonography. Methods: We searched for solid renal masses diagnosed on cross-sectional imaging from 2007 to 2017 that also had previous ultrasonography from the past 6 months. The following features were evaluated: nodule size, laterality, location and growth pattern, patient body mass index and radiologist's experience in ultrasound. In surgically resected cases, pathologic reports were evaluated. Unpaired t test and χ2 test were used to evaluate differences among subgroups, using R-statistics. Statistical significance was set at p<0.05. Results: The initial search of renal nodules on cross-sectional imaging resulted in 428 lesions and 266 lesions were excluded. Final cohort included 162 lesions and, of those, 108 (67%) were correctly detected on ultrasonography (Group 1) and 54 (33%) were missed (Group 2). Comparison of Groups 1 and 2 were as follows, respectively: body mass index (27.7 versus 27.1; p=0.496), size (2.58cm versus 1.74cm; p=0.003), laterality (54% versus 59% right sided; p=0.832), location (27% versus 22% upper pole; p=0.869), growth pattern (25% versus 28% endophytic; p=0.131) and radiologist's experience (p=0.300). From surgically resected cases, histology available for Group 1 was clear cell (n=11), papillary (n=15), chromophobe (n=2) renal cell carcinoma, oncocytoma (n=1), and, for Group 2, clear cell (n=7), papillary (n=5) renal cell carcinoma, oncocytoma (n=2), angiomyolipoma, chromophobe renal cell carcinoma, and interstitial pyelonephritis (n=1, each). Conclusion: Size was the only significant parameter related to renal nodule detection on ultrasound.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar os fatores anatômicos e a experiência do radiologista na detecção de massas renais sólidas na ultrassonografia. Métodos: Buscamos massas renais sólidas diagnosticadas em imagens seccionais, de 2007 a 2017, que também tivessem ultrassonografia prévia nos últimos 6 meses. As seguintes características foram avaliadas: tamanho do nódulo, lateralidade, localização e padrão de crescimento, índice de massa corporal do paciente e experiência do radiologista em ultrassonografia. Nos casos com ressecção cirúrgica, os laudos de patologia foram analisados. O teste t não pareado e o teste χ2 foram utilizados para avaliar as diferenças entre os subgrupos, usando R-statistics. A significância estatística foi estabelecida em p<0,05. Resultados: A pesquisa inicial de nódulos renais achados em imagens seccionais resultou em 428 lesões, com 266 exclusões. A coorte final incluiu 162 lesões e, destas, 108 (67%) foram detectadas corretamente na ultrassonografia (Grupo 1), e 54 (33%) não foram identificadas (Grupo 2). A comparação dos Grupos 1 e 2 mostrou índice de massa corporal (27,7 versus 27,1; p=0,496), tamanho (2,58cm versus 1,74cm; p=0,003), lateralidade (54% versus 59% no lado direito; p=0,832), localização (27% versus 22% no polo superior; p=0,869), padrão de crescimento (25% versus 28% endofítico; p=0,131) e experiência do radiologista (p=0,300). A histologia disponível para o Grupo 1 foi carcinoma renal de células claras (n=11), papilar (n=15), cromófobo (n=2), oncocitoma (n=1), e, para o Grupo 2, carcinoma renal de células claras (n=7), papilar (n=5), oncocitoma (n=2), angiomiolipoma, cromófobo e pielonefrite intersticial (n=1, cada). Conclusão: O tamanho foi o único parâmetro significativo relacionado à detecção de nódulos renais no ultrassom.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/diagnostic imaging , Ultrasonography , Kidney/diagnostic imaging , Kidney Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Diagnosis, Differential , Radiologists , Kidney/pathology
10.
Clinics ; 75: e1489, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089586

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Histopathology is the 'gold standard' for diagnosing renal cell carcinoma but is limited by sample size. Contrast-enhanced ultrasound can differentiate malignant and benign lesions, but the Chinese guidelines on the management of renal cell carcinoma do not include this method. The purpose of this study was to compare the diagnostic parameters of contrast-enhanced ultrasound against those of contrast-enhanced computed tomography for detecting kidney lesions, with histopathology considered the reference standard. METHODS: Patients with suspected kidney lesions from prior grayscale ultrasonography and computed tomography were included in the analysis (n=191). The contrast-enhanced ultrasound, contrast-enhanced computed tomography, and histopathology data were collected and analyzed. A solid, enhanced mass was considered a malignant lesion, and an unenhanced mass or cyst was considered a benign lesion. The Bosniak criteria were used to characterize the lesions. RESULTS: Contrast-enhanced ultrasound and contrast-enhanced computed tomography both detected that 151 patients had malignant tumors and 40 patients had benign tumors. No significant differences in the tumors and their subtypes were reported between contrast-enhanced ultrasound and histopathology (p=0.804). Chromophobe renal cell carcinoma was detected through contrast-enhanced computed tomography (n=1), but no such finding was reported by contrast-enhanced ultrasound. A total of 35 cases of papillary renal cell carcinoma were reported through contrast-enhanced ultrasound while 32 were reported through histopathology. CONCLUSIONS: Contrast-enhanced ultrasound might be safe and as accurate as histopathology in diagnosing kidney lesions, especially renal cell carcinoma. Additionally, this study provides additional information over histopathology and has an excellent safety profile. Level of evidence: III.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Ultrasonography/methods , Contrast Media/pharmacology , Cysts/diagnostic imaging , Kidney Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/metabolism , Sensitivity and Specificity , Kidney Neoplasms/metabolism
11.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(6): 1129-1135, Nov.-Dec. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056327

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To report our initial experience using a patient-specific 3D-printed renal tumor model for the surgical planning of a complex heminephrectomy in a horseshoe kidney. Materials and Methods: We selected a clinical case for a complex laparoscopic surgery consisting in a 53 year-old male presenting a local recurrence of a renal tumor in a horseshoe kidney with aberrant vascularisation previously treated with a laparoscopic partial nephrectomy. He is now proposed for a laparoscopic left heminephrectomy. Along with conventional imaging, a real-size 3D-printed renal model was used to plan de surgical approach. The perioperative experience of the surgical team was recorded. Results: The surgical team found the patient-specific 3D printed model useful for a better understanding of the anatomy and an easier surgical planning. Conclusion: The use of patient-specific 3D-printed renal models seem to be helpful for the surgical planning in complex renal tumors.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/surgery , Laparoscopy/methods , Printing, Three-Dimensional , Fused Kidney/surgery , Kidney Neoplasms/surgery , Models, Anatomic , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/diagnostic imaging , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Imaging, Three-Dimensional/methods , Computed Tomography Angiography , Kidney Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Middle Aged , Nephrectomy/methods
12.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(2): 402-405, Mar.-Apr. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002207

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Primary angiosarcomas of the kidney are very rare, but highly aggressive tumors showing poor prognosis. Patients frequently complain of flank pain, hematuria, or a palpable mass. We present a case of primary renal angiosarcoma occurring in a 61-year-old man. CT images depicted a huge exophytic mass (16 cm in diameter) in the right kidney, exhibiting extensive hemorrhage. The mass showed centripetal peripheral nodular enhancement on dynamic contrast-enhanced images. Furthermore, MR imaging revealed a tangled mesh of tumor vessels in the periphery of the mass. We suggest its inclusion in the differential diagnosis of cases of hemorrhagic renal tumors with prominent vasculature.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Kidney Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Hemangiosarcoma/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Kidney Neoplasms/pathology , Hemangiosarcoma/pathology , Middle Aged
13.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(2): 229-232, Mar.-Apr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-990581

ABSTRACT

Abstract Advanced renal cell carcinoma accompanied by tumor thrombus in the venous system is present in up to 10% of cases. Extension of tumor thrombus above the diaphragm or into the right atrium represents level IV disease. Level IV tumors are typically treated with sterno-laparotomy approach with or without deep hypothermic circulatory arrest and veno-venous bypass. In this case report, the surgical technique for the resection of advanced RCC were described, with the concomitant use of transesophageal echocardiography for thrombus extraction without the veno-venous or cardiopulmonary bypass.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/surgery , Thrombectomy/methods , Echocardiography, Transesophageal/methods , Venous Thrombosis/surgery , Kidney Neoplasms/surgery , Vena Cava, Inferior/surgery , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Ultrasonography, Interventional , Venous Thrombosis/pathology , Kidney Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging
14.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 44(5): 922-932, Sept.-Oct. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-975643

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the preoperative imaging manifestation and therapeutic effect of laparoscopic simple enucleation (SE) for localized chromophobe renal cell carcinoma (chRCC). Materials and Methods: Clinical data of 36 patients who underwent laparoscopic SE of localized chRCC at our institute were retrospectively analyzed. All patients underwent preoperative renal protocol CT (unenhanced, arterial, venous, and delayed images). CT scan characteristics were evaluated. After intraoperative occlusion of the renal artery, the tumor was free bluntly along the pseudocapsule and enucleated totally. The patients were followed up regularly after the operation. Results: Mean tumor diameter was 3.9±1.0 cm, 80% of tumors were homogeneous and all the tumors had complete pseudocapsule. The attenuation values were slightly lower than normal renal cortex and degree of enhancement of the tumors were significantly lower than normal renal cortex. Mean operation time was 104.3±18.2 min. Mean warm ischemia time (WIT) was 21.3±3.5 min. Mean blood loss was 78.6±25.4 mL. No positive surgical margin was identified. Mean postoperative hospital stay was 5.3±1.5 d. Hematuria occurred in 3 patients and all disappeared within 3 days. After a mean follow-up of 32.1±20.6 months, no patient had local recurrence or metastatic progression. Conclusion: Localized chRCCs have a great propensity for homogeneity and complete pseudocapsule. The attenuation values were slightly lower than normal renal cortex and small degree of enhancement. Laparoscopic SE is a safe and effective treatment for localized chRCC. The oncological results were satisfactory.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/surgery , Laparoscopy/methods , Kidney Neoplasms/surgery , Nephrectomy/methods , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Operative Time , Kidney Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Middle Aged
15.
J. bras. nefrol ; 40(1): 86-90, Jan.-Mar. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-893820

ABSTRACT

Abstract Renal oncocytoma is an infrequently reported renal neoplasm, often asymptomatic, which usually behaves as a benign entity and is identified accidentally on radiological imaging. Transplant patients under long-term immunosuppressive drugs have a high prevalence of cancers, such as skin cancers, lymphoproliferative disorders, and renal carcinomas. We present a case report of an asymptomatic renal oncocytoma in a kidney transplant recipient presenting persistent hematuria. The features of computed tomography and contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) are presented. This was the first time we used CEUS in a transplant kidney recipient presenting a renal mass, allowing the real-time visualization of contrast-enhancement patterns during all vascular phases for the differential diagnosis of renal tumors. Although the pattern of intense vascularization could mislead to an early judgment as a malignant lesion, it could help to exclude other renal lesions without inducing nephrotoxicity.


Resumo O oncocitoma renal é uma neoplasia renal raramente relatada, muitas vezes assintomática, que geralmente se comporta como uma entidade benigna e é identificada acidentalmente em imagens radiológicas. Pacientes transplantados em regimes imunossupressores de longa duração apresentam alta prevalência de neoplasias tais como câncer de pele, distúrbios linfoproliferativos e carcinomas renais. Apresentamos o relato de um caso de oncocitoma renal assintomático em receptor de transplante renal com hematúria persistente. São apresentados os achados de imagens de tomografia computadorizada e ultrassonografia (US) com contraste. Foi a primeira vez que utilizamos a US com contraste em um receptor de transplante renal que apresentava massa renal, permitindo a visualização em tempo real dos padrões de realce do contraste em todas as fases vasculares para o diagnóstico diferencial dos tumores renais. Embora o padrão de vascularização intensa possa induzir uma avaliação precoce de lesão maligna, o exame ajuda a excluir outras lesões renais sem induzir nefrotoxicidade.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Postoperative Complications/diagnostic imaging , Kidney Transplantation , Adenoma, Oxyphilic/diagnostic imaging , Contrast Media , Kidney Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Ultrasonography/methods
16.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 37(2): 63-67, jun. 2017. graf., ilus.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1087149

ABSTRACT

Presentamos un paciente de 63 años con cáncer renal y aumento de fosfatasa alcalina sérica de tipo óseo de acuerdo con su reactividad con anticuerpos monoclonales específicos. Se descartaron las causas conocidas de aumento de la isoenzima, incluyendo metástasis óseas. Los niveles enzimáticos cayeron abruptamente con la remoción del tumor, por lo que consideramos a este último como su origen. Diversas isoenzimas de fosfatasa alcalina pueden ser producidas y secretadas por tumores como manifestación paraneoplásica. El conocimiento de esto puede, en ocasiones, orientarnos hacia la presencia de una neoplasia oculta. Además, los cambios en los niveles séricos de esas isoenzimas pueden ser indicadores de respuesta al tratamiento o de recidiva tumoral. (AU)


A 63-year old man was seen in the outpatient clinic because of renal cancer and elevation in bone alkaline phosphatase measured by monoclonal antibodies assay. Known causes of bone isoenzyme augmentation, including bone metastases, were ruled out. The tumoral origin of the isoenzyme was diagnosed because after removal of the tumor the enzymatic levels fell sharply. Several alkaline phosphatase isoenzymes can be produced and secreted by tumors as a paraneoplasic manifestation and their elevation could be a manifestation of an occult neoplasia. Furthermore the monitoring of their blood levels can be useful means of treatment response and a tool to monitoring recurrence if a sharp decrease after removal of the tumor is observed. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Alkaline Phosphatase/biosynthesis , Kidney Neoplasms/metabolism , Osteitis Deformans/diagnostic imaging , Atenolol/therapeutic use , Biomarkers , Erythropoietin/therapeutic use , Simvastatin/therapeutic use , Alkaline Phosphatase/analysis , Alkaline Phosphatase/radiation effects , Alkaline Phosphatase/physiology , Everolimus/therapeutic use , Sunitinib/therapeutic use , Zoledronic Acid/therapeutic use , Hypercholesterolemia/drug therapy , Hypertension/drug therapy , Ilium/diagnostic imaging , Anemia/drug therapy , Kidney Neoplasms/pathology , Kidney Neoplasms/drug therapy , Kidney Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Antibodies, Monoclonal/radiation effects
17.
An. bras. dermatol ; 91(5,supl.1): 116-118, Sept.-Oct. 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-837951

ABSTRACT

Abstract Onychogryphosis is an acquired nail plate change. It often affects the toenail and is characterized by an opaque, yellow-brownish nail plate that is distorted, grossly thickened, elongated, and partly curved resembling a ram's horn. Tuberous sclerosis complex is a multisystem disorder associated with high rates of mental retardation, autism, cognitive impairment, behavioral problems, or seizures. Nail disease can also be associated, which is a concern to patients due to pain and nail distortion. We reported a typical tuberous sclerosis complex patient with distinctive clinical features of a ram's horn nails, which presented a great challenge to surgical treatment and nail restoration.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Tuberous Sclerosis/pathology , Nail Diseases/pathology , Tuberous Sclerosis/diagnostic imaging , Brain/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Angiofibroma/pathology , Angiofibroma/diagnostic imaging , Kidney Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Lipoma/diagnostic imaging , Liver Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Nails/pathology
18.
Rev. argent. radiol ; 80(2): 99-111, jun. 2016. ilus, graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-843221

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Diferenciar el angiomiolipoma atípico del carcinoma de células renales del mismo tamaño mediante hallazgos tomográficos. Materiales y métodos: Se realizó un estudio retrospectivo con 68 pacientes (17 con angio-miolipomas atípicos y 51 con carcinoma de células renales) nefrectomizados por diagnóstico presuntivo preoperatorio, mediante tomografía computada trifásica (fases sin contraste, corticomedular y excretora temprana), de carcinoma de células renales menor de 45mm. Dos radiólogos que desconocían el diagnóstico definitivo evaluaron retrospectivamente las características generales del tumor, su atenuación en fase sin contraste y las características de su realce. Se realizó un análisis estadístico con software R, aplicándose el modelo logit para diferenciar el angiomiolipoma atípico del carcinoma de células renales a partir de los hallazgos tomográficos de masa renal, incluidos en el modelo final el contorno, la atenuación en fase sin contraste y el patrón de realce con el tiempo. Resultados: Los hallazgos de angiomiolipoma atípico que resultaron significativos fueron atenuación tumoral en fase sin contraste hiperdensa y patrón de realce con tiempo prolongado con chance de ocurrencia de 10,49 (p=0,0381) y 36,71 (p=0,0009), respectivamente. En los pacientes, según el valor de cada hallazgo incluido en el modelo, se calculó probabilidad, sensibilidad (0,2941) y especificidad (0,9804). La curva característica operativa del receptor (ROC) determinó un punto de corte óptimo (0,9694) para discriminar el angiomiolipoma atípico, por lo que se confirmó su presencia. Conclusión: La tomografía computada helicoidal trifásica es útil para diferenciar el angiomiolipoma atípico del carcinoma de células renales, siendo la atenuación hiperdensa sin contraste del tumor y su patrón de realce prolongado los hallazgos tomográficos más valiosos.


Objective: To compare various computed tomographic features of atypical angiomyolipoma with those of size-matched renal cell carcinoma. Materials and methods: Sixty-eight patients (17 with atypical angiomyolipomas and 51 with carcinoma renal cells) who had undergone nephrectomy by presumptive diagnosis of carcinoma renal cell<45mm on diameter by preoperative triphasic computed tomography (CT) (with unenhanced, corticomedullary, and early excretory phase scanning) were evaluated in a retrospective study. Two reviewers who were unaware of the diagnosis retrospectively recorded tumor attenuation on unenhanced scans, enhancement characteristics and general characteristics of the tumor. Statistical analysis was performed with R software, applying logit model to differentiate atypical angiomyolipoma from renal cell carcinoma from CT findings of renal mass, included in the final model the tumor margin, its attenuation on unenhanced scans and the enhancement pattern over time. Results: For atypical angiomyolipomas the most valuable CT findings were hyperdense attenuation tumour in unenhaced phase scan and prolonged enhancement pattern, with chance of occurrence of 10.49 (p=0.0381) and 36.71 (p=0.0009), respectively. In the patients, as each finding value in the model, probability, sensitivity (0.2941) and specificity (0.9804) was calculated ROC curve was constructed that determined optimal cutoff (0.9694) to discriminate atypical angiomyolipoma, confirming their presence. Conclusion: Triphasic helical CT may be useful in differentiating atypical angiomyolipoma from renal cell carcinoma, with hyperdense tumor attenuation on unenhanced scans and prolonged enhancement pattern being the most valuable CT findings.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/diagnostic imaging , Angiomyolipoma/diagnostic imaging , Kidney Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Retrospective Studies , ROC Curve , Tomography, Spiral Computed
19.
Ciênc. cuid. saúde ; 15(2): 259-267, Abr.-Jun. 2016. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-974831

ABSTRACT

RESUMO A trajetória do cliente oncológico ainda é permeada por percalços que interferem em seu prognóstico e qualidade de vida. Assim, este estudo visa a mapear o itinerário do paciente oncológico desde o diagnóstico até o tratamento e analisar suas implicações nas ações de enfermagem para o controle do câncer. Estudo qualitativo, realizado através da técnica de história oral de dez clientes oncológicos atendidos em um hospital federal no município do Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. Os dados foram tratados de acordo com a técnica de análise temática, além da confecção de representações do itinerário terapêutico de cada entrevistado. Foram identificados três eixos temáticos: trajetória antes do diagnóstico, trajetória do diagnóstico ao início do tratamento, e trajetória no tratamento. Percebe-se que o acesso aos serviços apresenta-se como um problema que culmina no agravamento da doença, no aparecimento de metástases e a morte do paciente, além de criar condições para a falta de adesão ao tratamento.


RESUMEN La trayectoria del cliente oncológico todavía es permeada por inconvenientes que interfieren en su pronóstico y calidad de vida. Así, este estudio pretende identificar el itinerario del paciente oncológico desde el diagnóstico hasta el tratamiento y analizar sus implicaciones en las acciones de enfermería para el control del cáncer. Estudio cualitativo, realizado a través de la técnica de historia oral de diez clientes oncológicos atendidos en un hospital federal en el municipio de Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. Los datos fueron tratados de acuerdo con la técnica de análisis temático, además de la confección de representaciones del itinerario terapéutico de cada entrevistado. Fueron identificados tres ejes temáticos: trayectoria antes del diagnóstico; trayectoria del diagnóstico al inicio del tratamiento; y trayectoria en el tratamiento. Se nota que el acceso a los servicios se presenta como un problema que culmina en el agravamiento de la enfermedad, el en surgimiento de metástasis y la muerte del paciente, además de crear condiciones para la falta de adhesión al tratamiento.


ABSTRACT The course of oncology patients is still crossed by setbacks that interfere with their prognosis and quality of life. This study aims to map the itinerary of cancer patients from diagnosis to treatment and to analyze its implications in nursing healthcare practices for the control of cancer. This is a qualitative study, conducted using oral history technique with ten cancer patients treated in a federal hospital in the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The data were analyzed according to thematic analysis technique and with the making of representations of the therapeutic itinerary of each interviewee. Three main themes were identified: course before diagnosis, course from diagnosis to the beginning of treatment, and course during treatment. We observed that the access to medical services is presented as a problem that culminates in the worsening of the disease, appearing of metastases and death of the patient, in addition to creating conditions that hinder the adherence to treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Unified Health System/organization & administration , Health Services Accessibility/standards , Medical Oncology/instrumentation , Neoplasms/diagnosis , Nursing Care/standards , Biopsy/nursing , Mammography/instrumentation , Ultrasonography, Mammary/instrumentation , Health Personnel/ethics , Drug Therapy/instrumentation , Treatment Adherence and Compliance/psychology , Furunculosis/diagnosis , Kidney Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Neoplasm Metastasis/drug therapy
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