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1.
San Salvador; MINSAL; ene, 06, 2023. 69 p. ilus.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1411695

ABSTRACT

En El Salvador las enfermedades crónicas no transmisibles se han incrementado progresivamente en las últimas décadas, actualmente ocupan un lugar relevante en la ocurrencia de morbilidad y mortalidad en la población. El aparecimiento de nuevos casos, sumado a la alta cifra de los ya existentes, ha producido un incremento en la demanda de servicios de salud, tanto de atenciones ambulatorias, como de hospitalizaciones. Como parte esencial de este esfuerzo y con participación de especialistas del MINSAL y del ISSS, se han actualizado los protocolos médicos para el trasplante de riñón que fueron elaborados en el año 2019. EL presente documento contiene la inclusión de nuevos criterios, con los que se ha actualizado el contenido técnico, en relación con los procedimientos médicos que regirán la realización de los procesos de trasplante renal en la red de hospitales del SNIS, involucrados en la donación y trasplante con donantes vivos y que proporcionarán a pacientes que los reciban, la oportunidad de una mejor calidad de vida


In El Salvador, chronic noncommunicable diseases have increased progressively in recent decades, currently occupying a relevant place in the occurrence of morbidity and mortality in the population. The appearance of new cases, added to the high number of existing ones, has produced an increase in the demand for health services, both for outpatient care and hospitalizations. As an essential part of this effort and with the participation of MINSAL and ISSS specialists, the medical protocols for kidney transplantation that were prepared in 2019 have been updated. This document contains the inclusion of new criteria, with which has updated the technical content, in relation to the medical procedures that will govern the performance of kidney transplant processes in the SNIS network of hospitals, involved in donation and transplantation with living donors and that will provide patients who receive them, the opportunity of a better quality of life


Subject(s)
Kidney Transplantation , Guidelines as Topic , Living Donors , Transplants , Gift Giving , El Salvador , Ambulatory Care
2.
An. Fac. Cienc. Méd. (Asunción) ; 55(3): 51-57, 20221115.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1401476

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La anestesia total intravenosa (TIVA) con perfusión controlada por objetivo (TCI) es una técnica de anestesia general que usa una combinación de fármacos administrados exclusivamente por vía intravenosa sin usar fármacos por vía inhalatoria. Objetivos: Determinar los resultados del uso de TIVA TCI en los pacientes sometidos a trasplante renal, donantes y receptores, entre noviembre de 2014 y julio de 2018, en el Hospital de Clínicas. Pacientes y métodos: Estudio observacional, analítico transversal, con muestreo no probabilístico a criterio. La serie se agrupó en donantes y receptores. Los datos se expresan en medias y proporciones, se analizó el Odds Rattio y el R2. Se consideró una p< 0,05 como significativa. Resultados: se incluyeron a 198 intervenciones anestésicas, 131 (66,2%) fueron receptores. El rango de edad fue de entre 5 y 66 años (35,8±13 años) y 114 (57%) fueron masculinos. En el post operatorio inmediato, el tiempo en despertar, la PAS, PAD, PAM, frecuencia cardiaca y saturación de oxígeno no tuvieron diferencias significativas, en la comparación de los grupos (donante y receptor). Se observó cefalea en 3 (1,5%) del grupo de donantes y ninguna en los receptores. La diuresis fue tardía en 18 (9,1%) pacientes (p= 0,084 R2=29). Conclusión: La TIVA TCI demostró ser una técnica muy efectiva en el trasplante renal, con pronta recuperación y despertar inmediato tras la extubación, con lucidez absoluta en todos los pacientes.


Introduction: Total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) with goal-controlled perfusion (TCI) is a general anesthesia technique that uses a combination of drugs administered exclusively intravenously without using inhalational drugs. Objectives: To determine the results of the use of TIVA TCI in kidney transplant patients, donors and recipients, between November 2014 and July 2018, at the Hospital de Clínicas. Patients and methods: Observational, cross-sectional analytical study, with non-probabilistic sampling at the discretion. The series was grouped into donors and recipients. The data is expressed in means and proportions, the Odds Rattio and the R2 were analyzed. A p<0.05 was considered significant. Results: 198 anesthetic interventions were included, 131 (66.2%) were recipients. The age range was between 5 and 66 years (35.8±13 years) and 114 (57%) were male. In the immediate postoperative period, time to awakening, SBP, DBP, MAP, heart rate and oxygen saturation did not show significant differences when comparing the groups (donor and recipient). Headache was observed in 3 (1.5%) of the donor group and none in the recipients. Diuresis was late in 18 (9.1%) patients (p= 0.084 R2=29). Conclusion: TIVA TCI proved to be a very effective technique in kidney transplantation, with prompt recovery and immediate awakening after extubation, with absolute clarity in all patients.


Subject(s)
Kidney Transplantation , Perfusion , Anesthesia , Anesthesia, Intravenous
3.
Rev. cuba. med ; 61(2): e2590, abr.-jun. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1408999

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La fístula arteriovenosa por vía quirúrgica para hemodiálisis constituye el acceso vascular de elección, para ese proceder depurador, no obstante, repercute negativamente sobre el aparato cardiovascular. Objetivo: Actualizar aspectos conceptuales y conductuales relativos a la permanencia de la fístula arteriovenosa para hemodiálisis posterior al trasplante renal. Métodos: Se revisó la literatura publicada en los últimos cinco años en las bases de datos; PubMed/Medline y Scopus y las fuentes de información; Cochrane Library y Ebsco. Resultados: La repercusión de la fístula arteriovenosa sobre el sistema cardiovascular tiene una marcada incidencia en diferentes alteraciones estructurales y funcionales del corazón que requieren de la adopción de una conducta destinada a evitar el riesgo. Se examinan puntos de vista convergentes y divergentes relacionados con la pertinencia de la fístula arteriovenosa como acceso vascular creado para hemodiálisis y la posibilidad de mantenerla luego del trasplante renal. Conclusiones: La fístula arteriovenosa supone el acceso vascular de apropiado para la supervivencia en hemodiálisis, sin embargo, las consecuencias de su permanencia sobre el aparato cardiovascular implican riesgo añadido de morbilidad y mortalidad(AU)


Introduction: Surgical arteriovenous fistula for hemodialysis is the vascular access of choice, this purifying procedure, however, has negative impact on the cardiovascular system. Objective: To bring up-to-date conceptual and behavioral aspects related to the permanence of the arteriovenous fistula for hemodialysis after renal transplantation. Methods: The literature published in the last five years was reviewed in PubMed/Medline and Scopus and information sources; Cochrane Library and Ebsco databases. Results: The repercussion of the arteriovenous fistula on the cardiovascular system has a marked incidence in different structural and functional alterations of the heart that require the adoption of a behavior to avoid risks. Convergent and divergent points of view related to the relevance of the arteriovenous fistula as a vascular access created for hemodialysis and the possibility of maintaining it after renal transplantation are examined. Conclusions: The arteriovenous fistula is the appropriate vascular access for survival in hemodialysis, however, the consequences of its permanence on the cardiovascular system imply an added risk of morbidity and mortality(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Cardiovascular System , Arteriovenous Fistula/epidemiology , Renal Dialysis/methods , Kidney Transplantation , Cardiovascular Abnormalities/complications
4.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 140(3): 439-446, May-June 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1377376

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Epidemiological studies involving large samples usually face financial and operational challenges. OBJECTIVES: To describe the planning and execution of ADHERE Brazil, an epidemiological study on 1,105 kidney transplant patients, and report on how the study was structured, difficulties faced and solutions found. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional multicenter study in 20 Brazilian kidney transplantation centers. METHODS: Actions developed in each phase of implementation were described, with emphasis on innovations used within the logistics of this study, aimed at estimating the prevalence of nonadherence to treatment. RESULTS: Coordination of activities was divided into four areas: general, regulatory, data collection and statistics. Weekly meetings were held for action planning. The general coordination team was in charge of project elaboration, choice of participating centers, definition of publication policy and monitoring other coordination teams. The regulatory team provided support to centers for submitting the project to ethics committees. The data collection team prepared a manual on the electronic collection system, scheduled web meetings and was available to respond to queries. It also monitored the data quality and reported any inadequacies found. Communication with the centers was through monthly reports via e-mail and distribution of exclusive material. The statistical team acted in all phases of the study, especially in creating the data analysis plan and data bank, generation of randomization lists and data extraction. CONCLUSIONS: Through these logistics, we collected high-quality data and built a local research infrastructure for further studies. We present supporting alternatives for conducting similar studies. CLINICAL TRIAL ANNOTATION: http://clinicaltrials.gov/ on October 10, 2013; NCT02066935.


Subject(s)
Humans , Kidney Transplantation , Brazil/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Communication
5.
San Salvador; MINSAL; jun. 24, 2022. 29 p. ilus.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1392902

ABSTRACT

Los presentes lineamientos técnicos han sido elaborados como una herramienta destinada a orientar la realización de este proceso de evaluación inicial en pacientes con ERC en estadio 5 y establece las directrices básicas esenciales para asegurar la valoración médica correcta de cada uno de estos pacientes, para definir si están aptos para ser incluidos como candidatos a trasplante renal, a través de donantes vivos o para ser incluidos en una lista de espera nacional con donantes en condición de muerte cerebral. Los médicos especialistas responsables del manejo clínico de estos pacientes, deben asegurar la óptima utilización clínica de los aspectos individuales del perfil de un candidato en la evaluación de los pacientes en los que exista la posibilidad de realizarles un trasplante de riñón


These technical guidelines have been developed as a tool to guide the performance of this initial evaluation process in patients with stage 5 CKD and establish the essential basic guidelines to ensure the correct medical assessment of each of these patients, to define whether are eligible to be included as kidney transplant candidates through living donors or to be included on a national waiting list with brain-dead donors. Specialist physicians responsible for the clinical management of these patients must ensure optimal clinical use of the individual aspects of a candidate's profile in the evaluation of patients in whom there is the possibility of performing a kidney transplant


Subject(s)
Patients , Kidney Transplantation , Living Donors , El Salvador , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic
6.
Cienc. Salud (St. Domingo) ; 6(2): 49-60, 20220520. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1379351

ABSTRACT

Introducción: las alteraciones del metabolismo óseo-mineral, son una causa importante de morbilidad en los pacientes con trasplante renal, por lo que el manejo de las complicaciones del paciente trasplantado, a largo plazo, deben de ser seguidas. El estudio intenta demostrar cambios en el metabolismo óseo y mineral en pacientes con enfermedad renal crónica sometidos a trasplante renal en el Hospital General Plaza de la Salud durante el período comprendido entre enero 2010 ­ agosto 2018, Santo Domingo, República Dominicana. Método: estudio observacional, descriptivo, retrospectivo y transversal de 131 trasplantes realizados en el Hospital General Plaza de la Salud, evaluando cambios de calcio (Ca), fósforo (P) y hormona paratiroidea (PTH) antes y tres meses post-trasplante. Resultados: la edad media de los pacientes incluidos fue 43.1 ±13.1 años, 72.51 % pertenecía al sexo masculino, con un tiempo medio en hemodiálisis en meses de 27.0 ± 33.6, 60 % de los trasplantes realizados fueron de donante vivo y un 63 % de los pacientes tenía HTA como comorbilidad. El nivel medio de PTH disminuyó en los primeros 3 meses posteriores al trasplante comparado con el pre-trasplante (779.6 ± 1004.0 vs. 167.9 ± 138.2 pg/ml). El fosfato disminuyó significativamente (4.9 ± 1.6 vs. 3.5 ± 0.8) y el calcio aumentó (9.0 ± 1.2 mg/dl vs. a 9.7± 0.8 mg/dl). Discusión: los cambios generales en los niveles séricos de Ca, P, PTH, BUN y creatinina desde el momento del TR a los 3 meses post TR, fueron todos significativos


Introduction: Alterations of bone-mineral metabolism are an important cause of morbidity in patients with kidney transplantation, so the management of long-term transplant patient complications should be followed. The study tries to demonstrate changes in bone and mineral metabolism in patients with chronic renal disease undergoing kidney transplant in the Hospital General Plaza de la Salud during the period January 2010 to August 2018, Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic. Method: Observational, Descriptive, Retrospective and Cross-sectional Study of 131 transplants performed at Hospital General Plaza de la Salud, evaluating changes of calcium (Ca), phosphorus (P) and parathyroid hormone (PTH) before and 3 months post-transplant. Results: The mean age of the patients included was 43.1 ± 13.1 years, 72.51% belonged to the male sex, with a mean time on hemodialysis in months of 27.0 ± 33.6, 60% of the transplants performed were from live donors and 63% from the patients had hypertension as comorbidity. The mean PTH level decreased in the first 3 months after transplantation compared to the pre-transplant (779.6 ± 1004.0 vs 167.9 ± 138.2 pg/ml). Phosphate decreased significantly (4.9 ± 1.6 vs 3.5 ± 0.8) and calcium increased (9.0 ± 1.2 mg / dl vs. 9.7 ± 0.8 mg / dl). Discussion: The general changes in serum levels of Ca, P, PTH, BUN and Creatinine from the time of TR to 3 months post TR were all significant


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Chronic Kidney Disease-Mineral and Bone Disorder/metabolism , Kidney Transplantation , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/metabolism , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/surgery , Hyperparathyroidism, Secondary/metabolism
7.
ABCS health sci ; 47: e022204, 06 abr. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1363533

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Kidney transplantation (KT) is the renal replacement therapy (RRT) of choice for patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, not every KT is successful and some patients persist on RRT. OBJECTIVE: To model a logistic regression with pre- and post-KT risk covariates capable of predicting secondary allograft dysfunction in need of RRT or reaching stage V of CKD until the first six months post-KT. METHODS: Cohort with KT recipients from Northeastern Brazil. Medical records of KT performed between 2011-2018 were analyzed. KT-recipients with insufficient data or who abandoned follow-up were excluded. The covariables analyzed were: demographic; infectious; pre- and post-KT comorbidities; panel reactive-antibodies; number of HLA mismatches; acute rejection episodes mediated by T-cell (ACR) or antibodies (AAR) six months after KT; and laboratory tests six months after KT. RESULTS: Covariates with higher risk for the analyzed outcomes six months after KT were: elderly KT recipients (OR:1.41; CI95%:1.01-1.99), time between onset of RRT and KT (ΔT-RRT&KT)>10years (OR:3.54; CI95%:1.27-9.87), diabetes mellitus (DM) pre-KT (OR:3.35; CI95%:1.51-7.46), pyelonephritis (OR:2.45; CI95%:1.24-4.84), polyomavirus nephropathy (OR:4.99; CI95%:1.87-13.3), AAS (OR:4.82; CI95%:1.35-17.2), 24h-proteinuria ≥300mg/24h (OR:5.05; CI95%:2.00-12.7) and serum calcium (Ca) <8.5mg/dL (OR:4.72; CI95%:2.00-11.1). The multivariate model presented an accuracy of 88.1% and the mean variance inflation factor is 1.81. CONCLUSION: Elderly-recipients, ΔT-RRT&KT>10 years, pre-KT DM, and post-KT aggressions until six months (pyelonephritis, polyomavirus nephropathy, ABMR, 24h-proteinuria≥300mg/24h, and Ca<8.5mg/dL) are associated with high predictive power for secondary allograft dysfunction in need of RRT or reaching CKD stage V until the first six months post-KT.


INTRODUÇÃO: Transplante renal (TR) é a terapia renal substitutiva (TRS) de escolha para pacientes com doença renal crônica (DRC). Entretanto, nem todo TR é bem-sucedido e alguns pacientes persistem em TRS. OBJETIVO: Modelar uma regressão logística com covariáveis de risco pré e pós-TR preditora da disfunção secundária do aloenxerto com necessidade de TRS ou alcance ao estágio V da DRC até os primeiros seis meses pós-TR. MÉTODOS: Coorte com receptores transplantados realizado em hospital no Nordeste brasileiro. Analisou-se registros médicos dos TR realizados entre 2011-2018. Receptores com dados insuficientes ou que abandonaram seguimento foram excluídos. Foram analisadas covariáveis: demográficas; infecciosas; comorbidades pré e pós-TR; painel de reatividade; incompatibilidades de HLA; episódios de rejeições agudas mediadas por células-T ou por anticorpos; exames laboratoriais seis meses pós-TR. RESULTADOS: Receptores idosos (OR:1,41; IC95%:1,01-1,99), tempo entre início da TRS e TR (∆T-TRS&TR)>10 anos (OR:3,54; IC95%:1,27-9,87), diabetes mellitus (DM) pré-TR (OR:3,35; IC95%:1,51-7,46), pielonefrite (OR:2,45; IC95%:1,24-4,84), nefropatia por poliomavírus (OR:4,99; IC95%:1,87-13,3), RAMA (OR:4,82; IC95%:1,35-17,2), proteinúria de 24h (Pt24h) ≥300mg/24h (OR:5,05; IC95%:2,00-12,7) e cálcio sérico (Ca)<8,5mg/dL (OR:4,72; IC95%:2,00-11,1) foram identificadas como covariáveis de maior risco para os desfechos analisados até seis meses pós-TR. O modelo multivariado apresentou acurácia de 88,1% e fator de inflação da variância médio de 1,81. CONCLUSÃO: Receptores idosos, ∆T-TRS&TR>10anos, DM pré-TR e agressões até seis meses pós-TR (pielonefrite, nefropatia por poliomavírus, RAMA, Pt24h≥300mg/24h e Ca<8,5mg/dL), apresentam alto poder preditivo para disfunção secundária do aloenxerto com necessidade de TRS ou alcance ao estágio V da DRC até os primeiros seis meses pós-TR.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Risk Factors , Kidney Transplantation , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Allografts , Proteinuria , Pyelonephritis , Logistic Models , Retrospective Studies , Renal Dialysis , Immunosuppression Therapy , BK Virus , Disease Progression , Hypocalcemia
8.
Rev. chil. infectol ; 39(2): 210-213, abr. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388343

ABSTRACT

Resumen Rothia mucilaginosa es una bacteria propia de la microbiota del tracto respiratorio superior, que se asocia en forma infrecuente a infecciones en pacientes inmunocomprometidos y con enfermedades pulmonares crónicas, principalmente neumonía y bacteriemia. Su tratamiento generalmente, se basa en el uso de antibacterianos β lactámicos. Se describe el caso de un paciente sometido a un trasplante renal con uso de fármacos inmunosupresores, que cursó con una infección diseminada por Cryptococcus neoformans. Tras el inicio de la terapia antifúngica, presentó un cuadro febril, con aparición de nuevos infiltrados radiológicos e insuficiencia respiratoria aguda, demostrándose en el estudio con lavado broncoalveolar, un cultivo positivo para R. mucilaginosa, descartándose otras etiologías. Evolucionó en forma favorable tras el uso de meropenem, con buena respuesta clínica y resolución de los infiltrados radiológicos.


Abstract Rothia mucilaginosa is a bacterium derived from the upper respiratory tract microbiota, which is rarely associated with infections in immunocompromised patients suffering chronic lung diseases, mainly pneumonia and bacteremia. Its treatment is generally based on the use of β-lactams. The case study of a kidney transplant patient using immunosuppressive drugs, who developed a disseminated Cryptococcus neoformans infection, is described. After starting antifungal therapy, he presented with fever, appearance of new radiological infiltrates and acute respiratory failure, demonstrating a positive culture for R. mucilaginosa in a study with bronchoalveolar lavage, ruling out other etiologies. He evolved favorably after the use of meropenem, with good clinical response and resolution of radiological infiltrates.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Kidney Transplantation/adverse effects , Pneumonia, Bacterial/diagnosis , Micrococcaceae , Immunocompromised Host
9.
Goiânia; SES-GO; 25 mar. 2022. 1-21 p. quad, graf.
Non-conventional in Portuguese | LILACS, ColecionaSUS, CONASS, SES-GO | ID: biblio-1397377

ABSTRACT

A Portaria MS n.º 78, de 9 de março de 1.999, credenciou a Central Estadual de Transplantes de Goiás - CET/GO e desde então, os transplantes no Estado tem desenvolvido de forma íntegra e abrangente, inclusive no que tange outras instituições, as quais possam participar de forma direta ou indiretamente das ações relacionadas aos transplantes, no Estado. Diante disso, a presente Nota Técnica n.º 2/2022 visa orientar, organizar e publicizar o fluxo das ações relacionadas aos transplantes de rins em Goiás, de modo a atender as legislações vigentes, bem como a necessidade social e médica, em consonância com os princípios do SUS, que são norteadores desse processo


Ordinance MS n.º 78, of March 9, 1999, accredited the Goiás State Transplant Center - CET/GO and since then, transplants in the State have developed in an integral and comprehensive way, including with regard to other institutions, which can participate directly or indirectly in actions related to transplants in the State. Therefore, this Technical Note No. 2/2022 - aims to guide, organize and publicize the flow of actions related to kidney transplants in Goiás, in order to comply with current legislation, as well as the social need and medical, in line with the principles of the SUS, which guide this process


Subject(s)
Humans , Kidney Transplantation/standards , Tissue Donors/classification , Dialysis/standards
10.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 74(1): 103-111, feb. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388907

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: La embolización de arteria renal (EAR) es un procedimiento percutáneo que ocluye la arteria renal, con la consecuente isquemia del territorio vascular. Sus indicaciones más comunes son la hematuria y el manejo paliativo en cáncer renal metastásico. A pesar del desarrollo técnico y de la experiencia progresiva, los estudios incluyen un número reducido de pacientes y en nuestro país se revisan casos aislados. Objetivo: Describir la experiencia en el Servicio de Salud Valparaíso San Antonio y revisar la literatura existente. Materiales y Método: Realizamos un estudio descriptivo de los pacientes sometidos a EAR por anemia severa secundaria a hematuria, durante los años 2012 a 2020. Posteriormente, realizamos una revisión de la literatura en PubMed, hasta abril de 2020. Resultados: Incluimos 9 pacientes, 6 (66,7%) hombres y 3 (33,3%) mujeres. La mediana de edad fue de 69 años (RIC = 18). La principal causa de la hematuria fue cáncer renal avanzado (7 pacientes). No hubo complicaciones, y se logró éxito clínico en todos los pacientes. Nuestra búsqueda de literatura arrojó 571 referencias y 24 cumplieron con nuestros criterios de elegibilidad. La edad de los pacientes y las causas subyacentes de hematuria fueron variadas. La menor tasa de éxito clínico fue de 65%, sin embargo, 15 estudios (62,5%) reportaron un éxito igual o mayor al 90%. Seis estudios reportaron más de un 10% de pacientes con alguna complicación. Conclusión: Nuestros resultados y la evidencia revisada muestran que la EAR parece ser segura y eficaz en el manejo de anemia severa secundaria a hematuria.


Introduction: Renal artery embolization (RAE) is a percutaneous procedure that occludes the renal artery, with consequent ischemia of the vascular territory. The most common indications include hematuria and palliation for metastatic renal cancer. Despite technical development and progressive experience, studies include a small number of patients and few cases have been published in our country. Aim: To share our experience at Valparaíso-San Antonio Health Service and to review the existing literature. Materials and Method: We performed a retrospective descriptive review of medical records of patients with severe anemia due to hematuria managed with RAE, between 2012 and 2020. Subsequently, we conducted a literature search in PubMed, from inception until April 2020. Results: We included 9 patients. There were 6 (66.7%) males and 3 (33.3%) females with a median age of 69 years (IQR = 18). Main cause of hematuria was advanced kidney cancer (7 patients). There were no complications and clinical success was achieved in all patients. Our literature search yielded 571 references, 24 met our eligibility criteria. The age of patients and the underlying causes of hematuria were varied. The lowest clinical success rate was 65%, however, 15 studies (62.5%) reported a success equal to or greater than 90%. Six studies reported more than 10% of patients with complications. Conclusión: Our results and the studies reviewed show that RAE appears to be safe and effective in the management of patients with severe anemia due to hematuria.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Aged , Renal Artery , Embolization, Therapeutic/methods , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Kidney Transplantation/adverse effects , Embolization, Therapeutic/adverse effects , Hematuria
11.
San Salvador; MINSAL; feb. 02, 2022. 32 p. ilus, graf.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1361737

ABSTRACT

En los presentes lineamientos técnicos se describen los conceptos y procedimientos a realizar en la implementación del registro, además se presentan entre otros aspectos, los componentes relacionados con la obligatoriedad en el reporte, definición de caso registrable, las variables a registrar, las fuentes de información, metodología de la recolección, los centros de diálisis y trasplante, así como el reporte de resultados y la hoja de recolección de la información


These technical guidelines describe the concepts and procedures to be carried out in the implementation of the registry, in addition to presenting, among other aspects, the components related to the obligatory nature of the report, the definition of the registrable case, the variables to be registered, the sources of information, collection methodology, dialysis and transplant centers, as well as the results report and the information collection sheet


Subject(s)
Records , Kidney Transplantation , Dialysis , Registries , Research Report
12.
Rev. eletrônica enferm ; 24: 1-9, 18 jan. 2022.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1367717

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: elaborar um modelo técnico-assistencial de enfermagem para pacientes de transplante renal. Método: desenvolvimento de modelo técnico-assistencial fundamentado nas teorias de Orem e Watson baseado na pesquisa convergente assistencial. O cenário foi um Centro Transplantador da região sul do Brasil. Coleta de dados - diagnóstico das atividades realizadas no serviço de transplante renal; entrevista semiestruturada com pacientes; e três grupos focais com enfermeiros. Participaram nove pacientes de transplante renal e dez enfermeiros que atuam nas fases do perioperatório. Utilizou-se análise de conteúdo. Resultados: categorias emergidas dos pacientes - expectativas do transplante renal; informação sobre o tratamento após transplante; mudança no estilo de vida após o adoecimento; importância do autocuidado; sentimentos envolvidos no transplante renal e melhorias do centro transplantador. Conclusão: o modelo desenvolvido foi fundamentado nas teorias de Watson e Orem contemplando integralidade, promoção do autocuidado e atuação do enfermeiro, bem como necessidades apontadas pelos pacientes.


Objective: to develop a model of nursing technical care for kidney transplant patients. Method: development of a technical care model based on the theories of Orem and Watson based on convergent care research. The setting was a Transplant Center in southern Brazil. Data collection - diagnosis of activities performed in the kidney transplant service; semi-structured interview with patients; and three focus groups with nurses. Nine kidney transplant patients and ten nurses who work in the perioperative period participated. Content analysis was performed. Results: categories emerged from patients - expectations of kidney transplantation; information about treatment after transplantation; lifestyle changes after illness; importance of self-care; feelings involved in kidney transplantation; and transplant center improvements. Conclusion: the developed model was based on Watson and Orem's theories and contemplated comprehensiveness, promotion of self-care and the role of nurses, as well as needs identified by patients.


Subject(s)
Kidney Transplantation , Healthcare Models/trends , Perioperative Nursing
13.
Goiânia; SES-GO; jan. 2022. 26 p. graf, tab.
Non-conventional in Portuguese | LILACS, ColecionaSUS, CONASS, SES-GO | ID: biblio-1398331

ABSTRACT

Esta Análise Situacional dos Transplantes em Goiás mostra tudo que está relacionado às modalidades de transplantes feitas no Estado, além de toda a estatística dos transplantes no período pré-pandemia/pandemia, entre os anos de 2019 e 2021. São dados extremamente importantes que mostram toda a evolução do sistema de transplantes em Goiás, com números, gráficos compara-vos e planilhas, e expondo, também, a sua estrutura organizacional


This Situational Analysis of Transplants in Goiás shows everything related to the modalities of transplants made in the state, in addition to all the statistics of transplants in the pre-pandemic/pandemic period, between the years 2019 and 2021. These are extremely important data that show all the evolution of the transplant system in Goiás, with numbers, comparative charts and spreadsheets, and also exposing its organizational structure


Subject(s)
Humans , Tissue and Organ Procurement/statistics & numerical data , Brain Death/diagnosis , Corneal Transplantation/statistics & numerical data , Kidney Transplantation/statistics & numerical data
14.
urol. colomb. (Bogotá. En línea) ; 31(4): 170-176, 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1412093

ABSTRACT

Objetivo Describir la tasa de mortalidad de infección por coronavirus de tipo 2 causante del síndrome respiratorio agudo severo (severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, SARS-CoV-2, en inglés) y los factores de riesgo asociados a la severidad de la enfermedad en pacientes con trasplante renal de un centro del nordeste colombiano. Materiales y Métodos Estudio descriptivo de una cohorte de pacientes en seguimiento postrasplante renal, en el que se hizo una búsqueda retrospectiva de los que presentaron infección por SARS-CoV-2 entre marzo del 2020 y mayo del 2021. Para el análisis, se incluyeron los pacientes con infección confirmada mediante pruebas de reacción en cadena de la polimerasa (polymerase chain reaction, PCR, en inglés), de antígenos, o de anticuerpos. Se realizó un análisis descriptivo de las variables sociodemográficas y clínicas, y un análisis bivariado de los posibles factores asociados con el riesgo de mortalidad. Resultados Con un total de 307 individuos en seguimiento, se encontró una prevalencia del 14,3% (n = 44) de infección por enfermedad por coronavirus 2019 (coronavirus disease 2019, COVID-19, en inglés). La media de edad fue de 56 años, con predominio del género masculino. El esquema de inmunosupresión más frecuente fue micofenolato­tacrolimus­prednisona. Entre los pacientes infectados, la mortalidad fue del 34,1% (15/44), lo que representa el 4,8% de toda la población a estudio. Maás de la mitad de los pacientes requirieron hemodiálisis, y en el 86,7% fue necesario hacer ajustes en el esquema de inmunosupresión. Conclusión La prevalencia de infección por SARS-CoV-2 en nuestro grupo de trasplantes fue similar a la reportada por otros grupos de trasplante del país, y mayor a la de la población no trasplantada. El valor de creatinina previo a la infección, la edad y las comorbilidades se asociaron con un mayor riesgo de mortalidad.


Objective To describe the mortality related to severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection and the risk factors associated with disease severity in patients submitted to a kidney transplant from a center in northeastern Colombia. Materials and Methods The present is a descriptive study of a cohort of patients in follow-up care after kidney transplant, with a retrospective search for those who presented SARS-CoV-2 infection between March 2020 and May 2021. Patients with confirmed infection by polymerase chain reaction (PCR), antigens or antibodies tests were included for analysis. We performed a descriptive analysis of the sociodemographic and clinical variables as well as a bivariate analysis to evaluate the possible factors associated with the risk of mortality. Results With a total of 307 individuals in follow-up care, a prevalence of 14.3% (n = 44) of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection was found. The mean age of the sample was of 56 years, with a male predominance. The most frequent immunosuppression regimen was mycophenolate-tacrolimus-prednisone. Among the infected patients, the mortality rate was of 34.1% (15/44), representing 4.8% of the entire study population. More than half of the patients required hemodialysis, and 86.7% required adjustments to the immunosuppression regimen. Conclusion The prevalence of SARS-CoV-2 infection in our transplant group was similar to that reported by other transplant groups in the country and higher than among the non-transplanted population. The preinfection creatinine value, age, and comorbidities were associated with a higher risk of mortality.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Renal Dialysis , Kidney Transplantation , Coronavirus , Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19 , Severity of Illness Index , Adaptation, Psychological , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Risk Factors , Immunosuppression Therapy , Antigens
15.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 37(2): 214-225, 20220316. tab, fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362926

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El trasplante renal es el tratamiento de elección para la enfermedad renal crónica. Debido a la brecha con la disponibilidad de donantes, el uso de criterios expandidos es una opción que busca mejorar la tasa de donación mundial. El objetivo de este estudio fue comparar la sobrevida del injerto y del paciente trasplantado con donante de criterios expandidos versus el donante estándar. Métodos. Cohorte retrospectiva de 1002 pacientes con trasplante renal donde se determinó la sobrevida del injerto renal y del receptor a 10 años después del trasplante. La sobrevida del injerto renal y el receptor fueron estimadas por el método de Kaplan-Meier. Una regresión de Cox fue realizada ajustando el modelo multivariado.Resultados. El análisis incluyó 1002 receptores, con un 18,8 % (n=189) que correspondían al uso de donante de criterios expandidos. El grupo de trasplante renal con donante de criterios expandidos tuvo menor sobrevida del paciente (48,1 % versus 63,8 %) y del injerto (63,3 % versus 74,7 %) en comparación con el grupo de trasplante renal con donantes con criterios estándar a los 10 años después del trasplante. La asociación de trasplante renal con donante de criterios expandidos y muerte o pérdida del injerto renal no fueron significativas cuando se ajustaron las variables en el modelo multivariado. Conclusión. El trasplante renal con donante de criterios expandidos tiene menor sobrevida del receptor y del injerto frente al grupo de trasplante renal con donante estándar. No hubo diferencias estadísticamente significativas en cuanto al trasplante renal con donante de criterios expandidos frente a la pérdida del injerto renal o muerte.


Introduction. Kidney transplantation is the treatment of choice for chronic kidney disease. Due to the gap with donor availability, the use of expanded criteria is an option that seeks to improve the global donation rate. The objective of this study was to compare the survival of the graft and the transplanted patient with an expanded criteria donor versus the standard donor. Methods. Retrospective cohort of 1002 kidney transplant patients where survival of the kidney graft and the recipient was determined at 10 years after transplantation. The survival of the kidney graft and the recipient were estimated by the Kaplan-Meier method. A Cox regression was performed by fitting the multivariate model. Results. The analysis included 1002 recipients with 18.8% (n=189) corresponding to the use of an expanded criteria donor. The expanded criteria donor kidney transplant group had lower patient (48.1% versus 63.8%) and graft (63.3% versus 74.7%) survival compared to the donor kidney transplant group with standard criteria at 10 years post-transplant. The association of kidney transplantation with expanded criteria donor and death or loss of the kidney graft were not significant when the variables were adjusted in the multivariate model. Conclusion. Kidney transplantation with an expanded criteria donor has a lower recipient and graft survival compared to the standard kidney transplant group. There were no statistically significant differences in expanded criteria donor kidney transplantation versus kidney graft loss or death.


Subject(s)
Humans , Kidney Transplantation , Graft Survival , Tissue and Organ Procurement , Donor Selection , Transplant Donor Site , Graft Rejection
16.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 49: e2022EDIT01, 2022.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365381

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Are presented results of experimental pig kidney xenotransplantation in Brazil, which aims to reduce the waiting list mortality due to shortage of organs. Recent clinical results obtained abroad are commented.


RESUMO Apresentam-se resultados de xenotransplante suíno de rim experimental no Brasil que visa reduzir as listas de espera nas quais falecem muitos inscritos à espera do transplante. Comentam-se os recentes resultados clínicos obtidos no exterior.


Subject(s)
Animals , Kidney Transplantation , Swine , Transplantation, Heterologous/methods , Brazil , Waiting Lists , Kidney
17.
Rev. Méd. Inst. Mex. Seguro Soc ; 60(1): 52-58, 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1359848

ABSTRACT

Introducción: el conocimiento de la funcionalidad del injerto y la supervivencia del paciente es fundamental para valorar el éxito del trasplante renal. Objetivo: determinar la supervivencia de los pacientes trasplantados por tipo de donante y la funcionalidad de los injertos renales en una cohorte en México. Material y métodos: cohorte de trasplante renal de 2013 a 2017 en México. Se analizaron 790 pacientes seguidos por un año para valorar la supervivencia de los pacientes trasplantados por tipo de donante y la funcionalidad de los injertos renales. Para ello se usaron medidas de tendencia central y dispersión, así como tablas de supervivencia de Kaplan-Meier con SPSS, versión 25. Resultados: de los 790 pacientes, 518 fueron de donante vivo (65.56%) con supervivencia del paciente de 97.88% y de funcionalidad del injerto de 93.24% a 12 meses de seguimiento; 272 pacientes recibieron el injerto de donante fallecido con supervivencia del paciente de 91.18% y funcionalidad del injerto renal de 84.19%. Conclusiones: aún existe una diferencia de casi 5% en la supervivencia del paciente receptor de un donante vivo en referencia con un donante fallecido. Para la funcionalidad del injerto renal esta diferencia es > 7%. La donación cadavérica ha aumentado; sin embargo, incluso en cifras bajas es de aproximadamente el 35% en México


Background: Knowledge of the functionality of the graft and patient survival is essential to assess the success of kidney transplantation. Objective: To determine the survival of transplanted patients by type of donor and the functionality of kidney grafts in a cohort in Mexico. Material and methods: Kidney transplant cohort from 2013 to 2017 in Mexico. 790 patients followed up for one year were analyzed to assess the survival of transplanted patients by type of donor and the functionality of kidney grafts. For this, measures of central tendency and dispersion were used, as well as Kaplan-Meier survival tables with SPSS, version 25. Results: Out of the 790 patients, 518 were from living donors (65.56%) with patient survival of 97.88% and graft function of 93.24% at 12 months of follow-up; 272 patients received the graft from a deceased donor with patient survival of 91.18% and renal graft function of 84.19%. Conclusions: There is still a difference of almost 5% in the survival of the recipient patient from a living donor compared to a deceased donor. For the functionality of the kidney graft, this difference is > 7%. Cadaveric donation has increased; however, even at low figures is of approximately 35% in Mexico


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Middle Aged , Survival , Kidney Transplantation , Aftercare , Survivorship , Graft Survival , Cohort Studies , Mexico
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939809

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#After renal transplantation, patients need to take various immunosuppressant, but the drug compliance is poor. The theory of planned behavior suggests that the past medication behavior and subjective norms of individuals are closely related to medication compliance. This study aims to explore the change of medication compliance behavior and its influenting factors for renal transplantation patients at different stages.@*METHODS@#This study was a prospective longitudinal study. The Basel Assessment of Adherence with Immunosuppressive Medication Scale (BAASIS), Medication Belief Scale, Social Support Scale and Quality of Life Scale were used to dynamically follow up renal transplantation patients at pre-operation and 1-month, 6-month, and 12-month after transplantation.@*RESULTS@#A total of 300 patients completed the whole follow-up. The percentage of patients with good medication compliance was 97.60%, 87.30% and 84.30% at 1-month, 6-month and 12-month after transplantation respectively. The life quality of the patients was decreased at 6 months after the operation, and the patients with better self-reported life quality had poor medication compliance. After adjusting for demographic data, the risk of medication incompliance in patients with poor medication compliance before operation was 37.646 times than those with good compliance. Patients who did not use medication reminders had high risk (odds ratio=2.467) of drug non-adherence. The risk of drug non-adherence in patients with more postoperative misgivings was 1.265 times compared with that in patients with less postoperative misgivings.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The medication compliance decreases with the time of transplantation, but the medication compliance of patients with good self-reported life quality is poor. Medication concerns reduce the compliance behavior. Preoperative medication behavior has a significant predictive effect on postoperative behavior. Medication reminder is a protective factor for promoting compliance. Medical staff should pay more attention to preoperative medication belief, behaviors and reminder of using drug so as to provide precise intervention in the renal transplantation patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Immunosuppressive Agents/therapeutic use , Kidney Transplantation/adverse effects , Longitudinal Studies , Medication Adherence , Prospective Studies , Quality of Life
19.
Acta cir. bras ; 37(2): e370202, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1374070

ABSTRACT

Purpose: Simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplantation (SPKT) brings several benefits for insulin-dependent type-1 diabetic patients associated with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). However, data on psychological outcomes for the waiting list and the transplanted patients are still lacking. Methods: Using the psychological Beck inventories of anxiety (BAI) and depression (BDI), 39 patients on the waiting list were compared to 88 post-transplanted patients who had undergone SPKT. Results: Significant differences were found regarding depression (p = 0.003) but not anxiety (p = 0.161), being the pretransplant patients more vulnerable to psychological disorders. Remarkable differences were observed relative to the feeling of punishment (p < 0.001) and suicidal thoughts (p = 0.008) between the groups. It was observed that patients who waited a longer period for the transplant showed more post-transplant anxiety symptoms due to the long treatment burden (p = 0.002). Conclusions: These results demonstrated the positive impact of SPKT on psychological aspects related to depression when comparing the groups. The high number of stressors in the pretransplant stage impacts more severely the psychosocial condition of the patient.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anxiety/diagnosis , Postoperative Care/psychology , Preoperative Care/psychology , Kidney Transplantation/psychology , Pancreas Transplantation/psychology , Depression/diagnosis , Quality of Life , Cross-Sectional Studies
20.
Sudan j. med. sci ; 17(3): 313-329, 2022. tales, figures
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1398201

ABSTRACT

Background: Graft survival post-kidney transplantation is of paramount importance to patients and nephrologists. Nonadherence to immunosuppressive therapy can be associated with deterioration of renal function and graft rejection. This study aimed to evaluate the adherence to immunosuppressive medications in kidney transplant patients at three centers in Khartoum, Sudan. Methods: In this descriptive cross-sectional hospital-based survey, 277 post-kidneytransplant patients were recruited. Data were collected using a questionnaire and analyzed using the SPSS v.23. Our scoring method was calculated based on Morisky Medication Adherence Scale (MMAS-8) related to immunosuppressive medications and was expressed as questions in the questionnaire; every correct answer was given one mark, then the marks were gathered and their summation was expressed. Results: Overall, 33% ,45%, and 22% of the studied participants reported high, medium, and low adherence, respectively. The major factor for nonadherence was forgetfulness affecting 36.1% of those who did not adhere. The cost of the immunosuppressive medications did not negatively affect any of the participants' adherence (100%). However, a significant association was seen between adherence and occupational status, duration of transplantation, shortage of immunosuppressants, recognizing the name of immunosuppressant, side effect, and forgetfulness (P-values = 0.002, 0.01, 0.006 , 0.000, 0.022, and 0.000, respectively). Logistic regression analysis showed a significant association with occupational status, side effects, and forgetfulness.


Subject(s)
Humans , Kidney Transplantation , Patient Compliance , Sudan , Immunosuppression Therapy
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