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1.
Dent. press endod ; 10(3): 63-69, Sept-Dec.2020. Ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1347990

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A insuficiência renal aguda (IRA) ocorre em cerca de 5% das hospitalizações e até 30% das internações em UTI, possuindo taxas de mortalidade entre 15% e 60%. Objetivo: O objetivo do presente trabalho foi analisar diferentes protocolos de indução da IRA em modelo animal, buscando a padronização do modelo para o estudo da relação bidirecional com a periodontite apical (PA). Métodos: Foram utilizados vinte e quatro ratos divididos em três grupos (n=8): G1) administração de gentamicina na dosagem de 80mg/Kg/dia durante cinco dias; G2) administração de gentamicina na dosagem de 100mg/kg/dia durante oito dias; e G3) administração de gentamicina na dosagem de 100mg/kg/dia durante dez dias. A PA foi induzida em todos os grupos por meio da exposição pulpar dos primeiros e segundos molares superiores e inferiores do lado direito. Após trinta dias da exposição pulpar, os animais foram eutanasiados; os rins, coletados para análise histológica em HE; e as maxilas e mandíbulas, removidas para análise radiográfica. Resultados: A presença da PA foi confirmada em todos os espécimes pelo exame radiográfico. O grupo G3 apresentou índice de mortalidade de 75%, enquanto G1 e G2 não apresentaram mortalidade. Histologicamente, o tecido renal do grupo G2 apresentou alterações teciduais, como dilatação e necrose tubular mais severa, quando comparado ao grupo G1 (p<0,05). Conclusão: Diante do alto índice de mortalidade observado em G3 e dos achados histológicos observados em G1 e G2, o protocolo indicado para o estudo da relação bidirecional com a periodontite apical é o de 100mg/kg/dia durante oito dias (AU).


Introduction: Acute Renal Failure (ARF) occurs in about 5% of hospitalizations and up to 30% of ICU admissions, with mortality rates between 15% and 60%. The objective of this study was to analyze different protocols for the induction of IRA in an animal model, seeking the standardization of the model for the study of bidirectional relationship with apical periodontitis (AP). Methods: Twenty-four rats were divided into three groups (n = 8): G1 - Administration of Gentamicin at a dose of 80mg/ kg/day for 5 days; G2 - Administration of Gentamicin at the dose of 100mg/kg/day for 8 days; G3 - Administration of Gentamicin at the dosage of 100mg/kg/day for 10 days. The AP was induced in all groups by means of pulp exposure of the first and second upper and lower molars from the right side. After 30 days, the animals were euthanized, the kidneys collected for histological analysis, and the jaws removed for radiographic analysis. Results: The presence of AP was confirmed in all specimens by radiographic examination. The G3 group had a mortality rate of 75% while G1 and G2 had no mortality. Histologically, the renal tissue of the G2 protocol presented tissue changes such as dilation and more severe tubular necrosis when compared to the G1 protocol (p <0.05). Conclusion: In view of the high mortality rate observed in G3 and the histological findings observed in G1 and G2, the indicated protocol is 100mg/kg/day for 8 days to study the bidirectional relationship with apical periodontitis (AU).


Subject(s)
Periapical Periodontitis , Reference Standards , Renal Insufficiency , Kidney/injuries , Gentamicins , Dosage
2.
Geriatr., Gerontol. Aging (Impr.) ; 14(2): 140-142, 30/06/2020. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1103727

ABSTRACT

O tratamento de desidratação e distúrbios eletrolíticos graves é contraindicado por meio de hipodermóclise, mas o nível de evidência da recomendação se baseia na opinião de especialistas. Descreve-se caso clínico de paciente com idade avançada, com indicação de cuidados paliativos, que evoluiu com desidratação hiperosmolar com hipernatremia grave, injúria renal aguda e hipercalemia. Tratou-se a paciente com solução hipotônica por meio da técnica de hipodermóclise, com resolução completa do quadro. Conclui-se que há necessidade de mais estudos sobre o uso da hipodermóclise para o tratamento de distúrbios hidroeletrolíticos graves.


The treatment of dehydration and severe electrolyte disturbances using hypodermoclysis is usually contraindicated, but the level of evidence for its recommendation is based on expert opinion. This case report describes an older patient receiving palliative care who developed hyperosmolar dehydration with severe hypernatremia, acute kidney injury, and hyperkalemia. She was treated with hypodermoclysis using a hypotonic solution, which led to complete resolution of the condition. In conclusion, further studies on the use of hypodermoclysis for the treatment of severe hydroelectrolytic disorders are needed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged, 80 and over , Dehydration/complications , Hypodermoclysis/methods , Hyperkalemia/complications , Hypernatremia/complications , Palliative Care , Frail Elderly , Acute Kidney Injury/complications , Kidney/injuries
3.
Int. j. med. surg. sci. (Print) ; 7(2): 1-5, jun. 2020. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1179279

ABSTRACT

We report the case of an 86-year-old adult man who, as a pedestrian, is hit by a motorcycle, suffering polytrauma; in initial care, he refers to thoraco-abdominal pain and subsequently neurological deterioration. Assessed by a neurosurgeon and general surgeon, a right chest tube is placed and a laparoscopy is performed where there is little bleeding from the abdominal cavity. It shows deterioration of its general state and dies in respiratory failure. During the necropsy procedure there is subarachnoid hemorrhage and cerebral herniation, rib fractures and pneumonic consolidation, a massive retroperitoneal hematoma is observed due to rupture of simple renal cyst.


Reportamos el caso de un hombre de 86 años que, siendo peatón, es atropellado por una motocicleta, sufriendo politraumatismo. En la atención inicial refiere a dolor toracoabdominal y posteriormente deterioro neurológico. Evaluado por un neurocirujano y un cirujano general, se coloca un tubo torácico derecho y se realiza una laparoscopia y observándose poco sangrado de la cavidad abdominal. El paciente muestra deterioro de su estado general y muere por insuficiencia respiratoria. Durante el procedimiento de necropsia se determina hemorragia subaracnoidea y hernia cerebral, fracturas costales y consolidación neumónica, se observa un hematoma retroperitoneal masivo por rotura de quiste renal simple.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged, 80 and over , Rupture, Spontaneous , Kidney/injuries , Kidney Diseases/complications , Retroperitoneal Space
4.
J. bras. nefrol ; 41(4): 451-461, Out.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056616

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Hypertension and Diabetes mellitus are the two main causes of chronic kidney disease that culminate in the final stage of kidney disease. Since these two risk factors are common and can overlap, new approaches to prevent or treat them are needed. Macitentan (MAC) is a new non-selective antagonist of the endothelin-1 (ET-1) receptor. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of chronic blockade of ET-1 receptor with MAC on the alteration of renal function observed in hypertensive and hyperglycemic animals. Genetically hypertensive rats were divided into control hypertensive (HT-CTL) group, hypertensive and hyperglycemic (HT+DIAB) group, and hypertensive and hyperglycemic group that received 25 mg/kg macitentan (HT-DIAB+MAC25) via gavage for 60 days. Kidney function and parameters associated with oxidative and nitrosative stress were evaluated. Immunohistochemistry for neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), ET-1, and catalase in the renal cortex was performed. The HT+DIAB group showed a decrease in kidney function and an increase in NGAL expression in the renal cortex, as well as an increase in oxidative stress. MAC treatment was associated with attenuated ET-1 and NGAL production and increases in antioxidant defense (catalase expression) and nitric oxide production. In addition, MAC prevented an increase in oxidant injury (as measured by urinary hydroperoxide and lipid peroxidation), thus improving renal function. Our results suggest that the antioxidant effect of the ET-1 receptor antagonist MAC is involved in the improvement of kidney function observed in hypertensive and hyperglycemic rats.


RESUMO Hipertensão e Diabetes Mellitus figuram como as duas principais causas de doença renal crônica que culmina em doença renal terminal. Uma vez que os dois fatores de risco são comuns e podem se sobrepor, novas abordagens preventivas e terapêuticas se fazem necessárias. O macitentan (MAC) é um novo antagonista não-seletivo dos receptores da endotelina-1 (ET-1). O presente estudo teve como objetivo avaliar os efeitos do bloqueio crônico dos receptores da ET-1 com MAC sobre a alteração da função renal em animais hipertensos e hiperglicêmicos. Ratos geneticamente hipertensos foram divididos em grupos com animais hipertensos de controle (HT-CTL), hipertensos e hiperglicêmicos (HT+DIAB) e hipertensos e hiperglicêmicos tratados com 25 mg/kg de macitentan (HT-DIAB+MAC25) via gavagem por 60 dias. Foram avaliados função renal e parâmetros associados ao estresse oxidativo e nitrosativo. Exames de imunoistoquímica foram realizados para lipocalina associada à gelatinase neutrofílica (NGAL), ET-1 e catalase no córtex renal. O grupo HT+DIAB exibiu diminuição da função renal e aumento na expressão de NGAL no córtex renal, bem como estresse oxidativo aumentado. O tratamento com MAC foi associado a atenuação da produção de ET-1 e NGAL e maior ativação das defesas antioxidantes (expressão de catalase) e elevação da produção de óxido nítrico. Além disso, o MAC evitou exacerbação da lesão oxidante (medida por hidroperóxidos urinários e peroxidação lipídica), melhorando assim a função renal. Nossos resultados sugerem que o efeito antioxidante do antagonista dos receptores da ET-1 MAC esteja imbricado no aprimoramento da função renal observada em ratos hipertensos e hiperglicêmicos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Hyperglycemia/complications , Kidney/drug effects , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Rats/genetics , Risk Factors , Endothelin-1/metabolism , Administration, Intravenous , Endothelin Receptor Antagonists/administration & dosage , Endothelin Receptor Antagonists/therapeutic use , Hyperglycemia/chemically induced , Hypertension/complications , Hypertension/physiopathology , Kidney/physiopathology , Kidney/injuries , Antibiotics, Antineoplastic/administration & dosage
5.
J. bras. nefrol ; 41(2): 172-175, Apr.-June 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1012543

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: The aim of this study was to analyze the presentation and management of major grade renal trauma in children. Method: A retrospective study was performed including data collected from the patients who were admitted in Pediatric surgery with major grade renal injury (grade 3 and more) from January 2015 to August 2018. Demography, clinical parameters, management, duration of hospital stay and final outcome were noted. Results: Out of 13 children (9 males and 4 females), with age range 2-12 years (mean of 8 years), reported self-fall was the commonest mode of injury followed by road traffic accident. The majority (10/13, 75%) had a right renal injury. Eight children had a grade IV injury, one had a grade V injury, and four children had grade III injury. Duration of hospital stay varied from 3 to 28 (mean of 11.7) days. Three children required blood transfusion. One child required image guided aspiration twice and two required pigtail insertion for perinephric collection. All the 13 children improved without readmission or need for any other surgical intervention. Conclusion: Children with major grade renal trauma due to blunt injury can be successfully managed without surgical intervention and minimal intervention may only be needed in select situations.


RESUMO Introdução: O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar a apresentação e tratamento de grande trauma renal em crianças. Método: Foi realizado um estudo retrospectivo incluindo dados coletados dos pacientes que foram internados na cirurgia pediátrica com lesão renal de grau importante (grau 3 ou mais) de janeiro de 2015 a agosto de 2018. Coletamos dados a respeito de demografia, parâmetros clínicos, manejo, tempo de internação e resultado final. Resultados: Das 13 crianças (9 homens e 4 mulheres) com faixa etária de 2-12 anos (média de 8 anos), a queda auto-relatada foi o modo de lesão mais comum seguido de acidente de trânsito. A maioria (10/13, 75%) apresentou lesão renal direita. Oito crianças tiveram uma lesão grau IV, uma apresentou uma lesão grau V e quatro crianças apresentaram lesão grau III. A duração da internação hospitalar variou de 3 a 28 (média de 11,7) dias. Três crianças necessitaram de transfusão de sangue. Uma criança necessitou de aspiração guiada por imagem duas vezes e duas inserções de dreno pigtail exigidas para coleções perinefréticas. Todas as 13 crianças melhoraram sem re-internação ou necessidade de qualquer outra intervenção cirúrgica. Conclusão: Crianças com trauma renal de alto grau devido a lesão contusa podem ser manejadas com sucesso sem intervenção cirúrgica, e intervenção mínima pode ser necessária apenas em situações selecionadas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Wounds, Nonpenetrating/pathology , Wounds, Nonpenetrating/therapy , Early Medical Intervention , Conservative Treatment , Kidney/injuries , Wounds, Nonpenetrating/diagnostic imaging , Blood Transfusion , Accidental Falls , Injury Severity Score , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Hospitals, University , Kidney/diagnostic imaging , Length of Stay
6.
Autops. Case Rep ; 8(3): e2018038, July-Sept. 2018. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-911892

ABSTRACT

Disseminated mycosis (DM)­with cardiac involvement and shock­is an unexpected and severe opportunistic infection in patients with yellow fever. DM can mimic bacterial sepsis and should be considered in the differential diagnosis of causes of systemic inflammatory response syndrome in this group of patients, especially in areas where an outbreak of yellow fever is ongoing. We report the case of a 53-year-old male patient who presented to the emergency department with fever, myalgia, headache, and low back pain. The laboratory investigation revealed a positive molecular test for yellow fever, hepatic injury, and renal failure. During hospitalization, the patient developed hepatic encephalopathy, ascending leukocytosis, and ascites, with signs consistent with peritonitis. On the 11th day of hospitalization, the patient developed atrioventricular block, shock and died. At autopsy, angioinvasive mycosis was evidenced mainly in the heart, lungs, kidneys, and adrenals.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Invasive Fungal Infections/complications , Yellow Fever/complications , Autopsy , Diagnosis, Differential , Fatal Outcome , Invasive Fungal Infections/pathology , Kidney/injuries , Renal Insufficiency/complications
7.
Ann. Univ. Mar. Ngouabi ; 18(1): 1-6, 2018.
Article in French | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1258844

ABSTRACT

Le but de ce travail était d'évaluer la prise en charge des traumatismes majeurs du rein dans un hôpital de troisième référence au Mali.Patient et méthodes:Il s'agit d'une étude rétrospective portant sur 7 cas de traumatismes majeurs du rein, colligés au service d'urologie de l'Hôpital Gabriel Touré de Bamako sur une période de 15 mois.Résultats : Les patients se répartissaient en 6 hommes et 1 femme.Nous avons enregistré6 cas de traumatisme fermé et 1 cas de plaie pénétrante du rein. L'âge moyen était de 19 ans. Les étiologies étaient dominées par les accidents de la circulation. Les principaux signes cliniques étaient l'hématurie et les lombalgies. L'état hémodynamique était stable à l'entrée.L'échographie puis la tomodensitométrie rénale ont été réalisées chez tous les patients permettant le diagnostic de traumatisme rénal.Le bilan radiologique permettait de classer les traumatismes selonl'AAST (American Association for the Surgery of Trauma) en : 3 cas de grade IV, et 4 cas de grade III.Notre prise en charge, a consisté en un traitement conservateur chez 5 patients et une chirurgie différée chez 2 patients. L'exploration chirurgicale réalisée a aboutit à une néphrectomie. Par ailleurs, 1 patient a présenté un urinome ayant régressé spontanément au cours de l'hospitalisation. L'évolution clinique était favorable chez tous les patients avec un délai moyen de 3 mois. La tension artérielle était normale chez tous les patients de même que le dosage du taux sérique de la créatinine. Le contrôle radiologique effectué chez les patients ayant présenté un traumatisme au stade IV a montré une reconstruction du rein et une absence d'extravasion de produit de contraste.Conclusion :Les traumatismes du rein sont de plus en plus fréquents. Cette situation est liée à l'augmentation des accidents de la voie publique. Le traitement conservateur même en cas de traumatisme majeur reste la méthode thérapeutique de choix en l'absence d'instabilité hémodynamique. Une surveillance accrue des traumatismes pénétrants par armes à feu semble indispensable pour une exploration chirurgicale précoce en cas de nécessité


Subject(s)
Diagnosis , Kidney/injuries , Mali , Radiology , Wounds and Injuries
8.
Acta cir. bras ; 32(6): 429-439, June 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-886202

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To determine whether dexmedetomidine (DEX) could attenuate acute kidney injury (AKI) induced by ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats. Methods: Four groups each containing six rats were created (sham control(S), diabetes-sham (DS), diabetes I/R (DI/R), and diabetes-I/R-dexmedetomidine (DI/R-DEX). In diabetes groups, single-dose (65 mg/kg) STZ was administered intraperitoneally (i.p.). In Group DI/R, ischemia reperfusion was produced via 25 min of bilateral renal pedicle clamping followed by 48 h of reperfusion. In Group DI/R-DEX, 50 μg/kg dexmedetomidine was administered intraperitoneally 30 minutes before ischemia. Renal function, histology, apoptosis, the levels of TNF-α, IL-1β, and oxidative stress in diabetic kidney were determined. Moreover, expression of P38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (P38-MAPK), phosphorylated-P38-MAPK(p-P38-MAPK) and thioredoxin-interacting protein (TXNIP) were assessed. Results: The degree of renal I/R injury was significantly increased in DI/R group compared with S group and DS group. The levels of TNF-α, IL-1β, oxidative stress and apoptosis were found significantly higher in DI/R Group when compared with S Group and DS Group. The protein expression of p-P38-MAPK and TXNIP were significantly increased after I/R. All these changes were reversed by DEX treatment. Conclusion: The renoprotective effects of DEX-pretreatment which attenuates I/R-induced AKI were partly through inhibition of P38-MAPK activation and expression of TXINP in diabetic kidney.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Reperfusion Injury/drug therapy , Protective Agents/therapeutic use , Dexmedetomidine/therapeutic use , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/complications , Kidney/drug effects , Reperfusion Injury/etiology , Reperfusion Injury/metabolism , Signal Transduction/drug effects , Carrier Proteins/drug effects , Carrier Proteins/metabolism , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Streptozocin , p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases/drug effects , p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases/metabolism , Kidney/injuries , Kidney/pathology
9.
Acta cir. bras ; 32(2): 90-97, Feb. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-837678

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the effect of tadalafil in renal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury in rats Methods: Group I/R saline rats (n=6) were subjected to 45 minutes of left renal ischemia and treated with saline; the I/R tadalafil rats (n=6) received oral 10mg/kg tadalafil microemulsion one hour before ischemia. In both groups, 8 hours after ischemia, laboratory analysis were performed Results: Better tissue perfusion was lower in ischemic left/kidney than in right/kidney in saline group, suggesting reduced kidney clearance. Fluorescence in left/kidneys of tadalafil treated rats was lower than in right/kidneys (difference not significant). The fluorescence signal intensity in kidneys of tadafil treated rats was higher than in saline rats. TNF-α levels were significantly lower in I/R tadalafil group rats compared to I/R saline group (154±10.3 vs 391.3±12.3), as well as IL-1β (163.4±13.2 vs 279±11.5pg/dL), and IL-6 (122.9±8.1 vs 173.7±6.3 respectively; p=0.0001). Urea, creatinine and C-reactive protein were significantly lower in tadafil treated rats then in saline group Conclusion: Tadalafil therapy decreased the expression of circulating pro-inflammatory cytokines in a renal I/R rodent model, while improving kidney function proofs.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Vasodilator Agents/pharmacology , Reperfusion Injury/prevention & control , Tadalafil/pharmacology , Kidney/drug effects , Reperfusion Injury/blood , Cytokines , Rats, Wistar , Models, Animal , Fluorescence , Kidney/injuries
11.
Mundo saúde (Impr.) ; 40(A): 433-446, 2017. ilus, tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-999814

ABSTRACT

As is well known, there are different pathophysiological conditions in which baroreflex deficit is enrolled in end-organ damage like hypertension, heart failure and myocardial infarction. The purpose of this study was to investigate the mechanisms enrolled in those relationships using a baroreflex deficit­induced model. Sinoaortic-denervated (SAD) rats were used as a model of arterial baroreflex impairment. Male Wistar rats were divided into: control (n = 9), and SAD (n = 8, 30 days) groups. SAD was performed using the method previously described by Krieger (1964). Cardiac morphology was assessed by echocardiography BP, HR and BP, and pulse interval (PI) variabilities were analyzed using a data acquisition system (Codas, 2kHz). Stroke volume and peripheral and regional resistance were evaluated using colored microspheres. SAD induced LV hypertrophy estimated by LV/BW mass using echocardiography. BP (C: 106±0.6 vs. SAD: 108±2 mmHg) and HR (C: 355±7 vs. SAD: 357±15 bpm) were not modified by SAD, while BP variability (C: 6.2±0.84 vs SAD: 14±0.9 mmHg) and PI variability (C: 24±0.7 vs SAD:17±0.8 ms) were increased and decreased, respectively. Moreover, a reduction was observed in stroke volume (C: 0.31±0.02 vs SAD: 0.25±0.01 mL/ min) and an increase in total peripheral resistance (C: 0.97±0.07 vs. SAD: 1.23±0.07 mL/min/mmHg) in SAD animals. Those alterations resulted in increased cardiac vascular resistance (C: 35±1.6 vs. SAD:66±2.3 mmHg/mL/min/g) and renal vascular resistance (C: 31±1.2 vs. SAD: 75±2.2 mmHg/mL/min/g) in the SAD group. SAD induced an augment in cardiac and renal damage as cardiac morphology by histological techniques showed increased arterial wall and interstitial fibroses, and renal morphology showed interstitial fibroses and a decreased Bowmann space. Conclusion: Total baroreflex dysfunction impaired BP and HR variabilities associated with decreased stroke volume and increased peripheral and regional resistance. These adjustments may play an important role in target organ damage in different pathological conditions; even BP values were maintained at the control levels


Existem diferentes condições fisiopatológicas em que o déficit de barorreflexo está associado ao dano do órgão final, como hipertensão, insuficiência cardíaca e infarto do miocárdio. O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar os mecanismos inscritos nestes relacionamentos usando um modelo induzido por déficit de barorreflexo. Foram utilizados ratos com desnervação sino-aórtica (SAD) como modelo de comprometimento barorreflexo arterial. Os ratos Wistar machos foram divididos em grupos controle (n = 9) e SAD (n = 8, 30 dias). O SAD foi realizado utilizando o método anteriormente descrito por Krieger (1964). A morfologia cardíaca foi avaliada pela ecocardiografia PA, e as variabilidades de FC e PA, e do intervalo de pulso (IP) foram analisadas usando um sistema de aquisição de dados (Codas, 2kHz). O volume sistólico e a resistência periférica e regional foram avaliados utilizando microesferas coloridas. SAD induziu hipertrofia do VE estimada pela massa de VE/PC usando ecocardiografia. PA (C: 106±0,6 vs. SAD: 108±2 mmHg) e FC (C: 355±7 vs. SAD: 357±15 bpm) não foram modificados pelo SAD, enquanto a variabilidade da PA (C: 6,2±0,84 vs. SAD: 14±0,9 mmHg) e a variabilidade de PI (C: 24±0,7 vs. SAD: 17±0,8 ms) aumentaram e diminuíram, respectivamente. Além disso, observou-se uma redução no volume sistólico (C: 0,31± 0,02 vs SAD: 0,25 ± 0,01 mL/min) e um aumento na resistência periférica total (C: 0,97±0,07 vs. SAD: 1,23±0,07 mL/min/mmHg) em animais SAD. Essas alterações resultaram em aumento da resistência vascular cardíaca (C: 35±1,6 vs. SAD: 66 ± 2,3 mmHg/mL/min/g) e resistência vascular renal (C: 31±1,2 vs. SAD: 75±2,2 mmHg/mL/min/g) no grupo SAD. SAD induziu um aumento no dano cardíaco e renal como a morfologia cardíaca por técnicas histológicas mostrou aumento da parede arterial e fibrose intersticial, e a morfologia renal mostrou fibrose intersticial e uma diminuição do espaço de Bowmann. A disfunção barorreflexa total prejudicou as variabilidades de PA e FC associadas à diminuição do volume sistólico e ao aumento da resistência periférica e regional. Esses ajustes podem desempenhar um papel importante no dano de órgãos alvo em diferentes condições patológicas; até mesmo os valores da PA foram mantidos nos níveis de controle


Subject(s)
Humans , Baroreflex , Heart , Kidney/injuries , Regional Blood Flow , Hypertension
12.
Rev. argent. cir ; 108(4): 1-10, dic. 2016. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-957885

ABSTRACT

Antecedentes: existe una tendencia creciente hacia el tratamiento no operatorio (TNO) en el trauma-tismo cerrado de abdomen (TCA), en pacientes estables hemodinámicamente, sin abdomen agudo peritoneal. No hay consenso sobre: momento de inicio de la dieta, deambulación, proflaxis anttrom-bótica, seguimiento y control, y reinicio de la actividad fisica. Objetivo: describir los resultados del manejo de pacientes con TCA, admitidos en nuestro Servicio de Cirugía. Material y métodos: incluimos pacientes mayores de 15 años internados desde enero de 2011 hasta septembre de 2014, con TCA sometidos a TNO. Se recabaron las variables analizadas de una base de datos electrónica de fichaje prospectivo. Resultados: del total de pacientes 31 TCA, 15 se intervinieron quirúrgicamente al ingreso y 16 pacientes se someteron a TNO. El 73,3% presentó lesiones asociadas extraabdominales. A todos se les realizó ecografa abdominal, donde se encontró líquido libre en el 80% y se identificó lesión de órgano sólido en el 60%. En 11 pacientes se realizó TC confrmando lesión objetivada en la ecografa e iden-tificando 3 no evidenciadas previamente. Se diagnosticaron 5 traumatismos hepáticos, 2 asociados a traumatismo renal; 6 traumatismos esplénicos, 4 renales y un paciente con hemoperitoneo. En 7 pacientes se utlizó tromboproflaxis. El TNO fue exitoso en todos los casos. Tres pacientes presentaron complicaciones. No se registró mortalidad. Conclusiones: los pacientes sometidos a TNO en nuestro hospital fueron tratados exitosamente en todos los casos. No se registró mortalidad en la serie analizada.


Background: there is a growing trend towards non-operative management (NOM) in the blunt abdominal trauma (BAT) in hemodynamically stable patentis without peritoneal acute abdomen. However, there is stll no consensus on: tme of onset of diet, ambulaton, antthrombotic prophylaxis, follow-up, and resumpton of physical activity. Objective: to describe the management of patentis with BAT, admited to the Department of Surgery of our insttuton. Material and methods: we included patentis age 15 and older admited from January 2011 to Sept-ember 2014, with BAT who underwent NOM. The variables analyzed were collected from an electronic database of prospective signing. Resultis: 31 TCA were identifed, 15 were operated on at admission and 16 patentis underwent NOM. 75% were men; mean age of 29 (range 18-58). In 100% abdominal ultrasound was performed, finding free fuid in 80% and identifying organ damage in 60% of the total. In 11 patentis CT scan was perfor-med confrming identifed organ injury on ultrasound and diagnosing three not evidenced previously. We included 5 patentis with liver trauma, 2 associated renal trauma; 6 splenic trauma; 4 kidney trauma and 1 patent with hemoperitoneum. Thromboprophylaxis was used in 7 patentis. NOM was successful in all cases. Three patentis presented complicatons, not associated with trauma. No mortality was recorded. Conclusions: patentis undergoing NOT in our hospital were successfully treated in all cases. There were no complicatons associated with management of the NOT. No mortality was recorded.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Abdominal Injuries/therapy , Argentina , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Ultrasonography , Kidney/injuries , Abdominal Injuries/diagnostic imaging , Liver/injuries
13.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 43(5): 341-347, Sept.-Oct. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-829603

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: to study the profile of victims of kidney trauma who underwent surgical and medical treatment in a hospital in Curitiba. Methods: we conducted a retrospective, analytical, quantitative, cross-sectional study of patients with renal trauma admitted to the Evangelical Hospital of Curitiba between February 2011 and January 2014. Results: participated in the study 38 patients, four women and 34, men with a mean age of 28.4 years. Most injuries (60.5%) was due to closed mechanisms, especially motorcycle accidents. Injuries were treated conservatively in most cases. Patients who required surgical treatment had severe kidney damage or some other associated lesion, usually intra-abdominal. Hospital stay was lower in the conservative treatment group (10.8 days) compared with the surgical treatment one (18.8 days); mortality was also lower in the conservative treatment group (8.3%) compared with the surgical (14.3%). There were no deaths associated to kidney damage itself. Conclusion: patients with renal trauma in this study were young men, victims of motorcycle accidents, taking place during the night and early morning. Most injuries were treated conservatively.


RESUMO Objetivo: estudar o perfil das vítimas de traumas renais submetidos a tratamento cirúrgico e clínico em um hospital de Curitiba. Métodos: estudo transversal quantitativo analítico retrospectivo de pacientes com trauma renal admitidos no Hospital Universitário Evangélico de Curitiba entre fevereiro de 2011 e janeiro de 2014. Resultados: fizeram parte do estudo 38 pacientes, sendo quatro mulheres e 34 homens, com média de idade de 28,4 anos. A maior parte dos traumas (60,5%) foi decorrente de mecanismo fechado, em especial acidentes automobilísticos envolvendo motos, tratados de maneira conservadora na maior parte dos casos. Os pacientes que necessitaram de tratamento cirúrgico possuíam lesões renais graves ou alguma outra lesão associada, geralmente intra-abdominal. O tempo de internamento foi menor no grupo de tratamento conservador (10,8 dias) em relação ao grupo de tratamento cirúrgico (18,8 dias), assim como a mortalidade também foi menor no grupo de tratamento conservador (8,3%) comparada ao cirúrgico (14,3%). Nenhuma morte foi relacionada à lesão renal em si. Conclusão: os pacientes com traumatismo renal neste estudo foram homens jovens, vítimas de acidentes automobilísticos com motos, ocorrendo durante a noite e madrugada. A maioria das lesões foi tratada de modo conservador.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Kidney/injuries , Wounds and Injuries/diagnosis , Wounds and Injuries/therapy , Brazil , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Hospitals, University
14.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 36(9): 857-863, set. 2016. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-829318

ABSTRACT

Systemic hypertension is known to be a common consequence of chronic renal disease, which is frequently diagnosed in dogs with visceral leishmaniasis. Although many veterinary investigations have looked at the renal injury caused by Leishmania spp., the role played by this complication in the development of arterial hypertension documented in some animals with visceral leishmaniasis is not completely understood. In this study, 18 adult dogs with naturally-occurring visceral leishmaniasis and varying clinical signs underwent an indirect blood pressure measurement. Also, sera and spot urine were used for laboratory tests. The median systolic blood pressure was 135.2mmHg (95% confidence interval: 128.5-147.7), median mean arterial pressure was 105.8mmHg (98.3-110.4), and median diastolic arterial pressure was 88.5mmHg (77.8-92.5). No differences existed between asymptomatic and symptomatic animals regarding arterial pressure, and no correlations were documented between blood pressure and serum creatinine, blood urea, urine protein-to-creatinine ratio, urine specific gravity, and the fractional excretion of sodium and potassium. Although an association between hypertension and the identification of inflammation on histopathology could not be demonstrated in hypertensive animals, the assessment of kidney samples from 12 dogs indicated mild inflammation with a lymphoplasmacytic infiltrate (6/12), moderate inflammation with multifocal lymphoplasmacytic and histiocytic infiltrates (3/12), and multifocal degeneration and protein casts (2/12). Anti-Leishmania spp. immunohistochemistry assays stained the renal epithelium in 2/12 of the animals. Even though mild systemic hypertension was documented in a small subset of animals, no relationship between the severity of clinical signs and hypertension could be anticipated.(AU)


A hipertensão sistêmica é reconhecida como uma consequência comum da doença renal crônica, cujo diagnóstico é frequente em cães com leishmaniose visceral. Embora muitas pesquisas veterinárias tenham investigado a lesão renal causada pela Leishmania spp., o papel dessa complicação no desenvolvimento da hipertensão arterial documentada em alguns animais com leishmaniose visceral ainda não é completamente compreendido. Neste estudo, 18 cães adultos com diagnóstico de leishmaniose visceral e sinais clínicos variáveis foram submetidos à avaliação indireta da pressão arterial. Além disso, foram coletados soro e urina para análises laboratoriais. As medianas das pressões arteriais sistólica, média e diastólica foram 135,2mmHg (intervalo de confiança de 95%: 128,5-147,7), 105,8mmHg (98,3-110,4) e 88,5mmHg (77,8-92,5), respectivamente. Não foram constatadas diferenças entre os cães assintomáticos e sintomáticos em relação à pressão arterial, assim como não houve correlação entre a pressão arterial e a creatinina e uréia séricas, relação proteína-creatinina urinária, densidade urinária e excreção fracionada de sódio e potássio. Embora não tenha sido evidenciada associação entre hipertensão arterial e inflamação do tecido renal à histopatologia, a avaliação das amostras oriundas de 12 cães indicou inflamação leve, com infiltrado linfoplasmocitário (6/12), inflamação moderada com infiltrados linfoplasmocitário e histiocítico multifocais (3/12), além de degeneração multifocal e cilindros protéicos (2/12). Ensaios imunoistoquímicos anti-Leishmania spp. marcaram o epitélio renal em 2/12 animais. Apesar de hipertensão leve ter sido documentada em uma pequena parcela dos cães estudados, não se evidenciou relação entre a severidade dos sinais clínicos e o desenvolvimento de hipertensão arterial.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Blood Pressure , Hypertension/veterinary , Kidney/injuries , Leishmaniasis, Visceral/veterinary , Proteinuria/veterinary , Immunohistochemistry/veterinary , Kidney Diseases/veterinary , Parasitic Diseases, Animal/complications
16.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 36(1): 1-12, Jan. 2016. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-777385

ABSTRACT

A acidificação urinária com cloreto de amônio (CA) é um método preventivo eficiente em urolitíase obstrutiva em ovinos. Os objetivos deste estudo com ovinos confinados, que receberam dieta concentrada com elevado teor proteico, foram: verificar o efeito da dieta sobre a formação de urólitos e o desenvolvimento da doença; analisar as características macroscópicas e histopatológicas do sistema urinário; relacionar os achados clínicos, laboratoriais e necroscópicos com a presença de urólitos. Utilizaram-se 60 ovinos machos: grupo CA (n=40), 400 mg/kg CA/dia, tratados via oral, por 42 dias consecutivos; grupo-controle (n=20), não tratado. Determinaram-se sete momentos de colheita de amostras com intervalos de sete dias, no total de 56 dias de confinamento. Encontraram-se microcálculos na pelve renal em cinco animais de ambos os grupos. As lesões renais microscópicas mais relevantes foram congestão vascular e necrose tubular. Concluiu-se que a dieta rica em concentrado provocou lesão renal em ambos os grupos, embora sem alterar a função renal, o que foi comprovado em testes pela ureia e creatinina séricas. O cloreto de amônio fornecido ao grupo CA não impediu a calculogênese, mas reduziu sua prevalência em relação ao grupo-controle. Os ovinos do grupo-controle tiveram maior comprometimento renal, pela alta incidência de cristalúria e pela necrose tubular, induzidas pelo consumo da dieta rica em grãos.


The urinary acidification with ammonium chloride (AC) is an efficient preventive method for urolithiasis in sheep. The objectives of this study with feedlot sheep receiving concentrated diet with high protein content were (1) to verify the effect of diet on urolith formation and development of the disease, (2) to analyze the macroscopic and histopathological characteristics of the urinary system, and (3) to relate the clinical, laboratory and necropsy findings with the presence of uroliths. Sixty male sheep were used: AC group (n=40), 400mg/kg AC/day, orally treated for 42 consecutive days, and control group (n=20), untreated. Seven times were determined for sampling with a seven-day interval, totaling 56 days of feedlot. Small uroliths were found in the renal pelvis of five sheep in both groups. The most relevant microscopic renal lesions were vascular congestion and tubular necrosis. It was concluded that the highly concentrated diet caused renal injury in both groups, without changing the renal function, what was proven by laboratory tests of urea and creatinine. Ammonium chloride provided to the CA group did not prevent urolith formation, but reduced its prevalence in comparison with the control group. Sheep of the control group had increased kidney damage, which resulted in higher incidence of crystalluria and tubular necrosis induced by the consumption of a diet rich in grains.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Ammonium Chloride/administration & dosage , Sheep/anatomy & histology , Sheep/physiology , Urinary Tract/anatomy & histology , Urinary Tract/physiopathology , Diet/veterinary , Kidney/injuries , Dietary Supplements/analysis , Clinical Laboratory Techniques/veterinary , Urinalysis/veterinary , Urolithiasis/veterinary
17.
Salvador; s.n; 2016. 65 p. ilus, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001032

ABSTRACT

INTRODUÇÃO: A bovinocultura no Brasil é uma das principais atividades que compõem o agronegócio do país, sendo o segundo maior rebanho do mundo. O estado da Bahia tem papel importante neste setor, sendo o 10º estado em número de animais abatidos no Brasil em 2015 (4,4% dos animais abatidos no Brasil). Mesmo com índices animadores, a produtividade da pecuária baiana ainda é baixa, tendo as doenças infecciosas e parasitárias como principais entraves à sua melhora. Dentre essas doenças a leptospirose apresenta uma prevalência de 45,42% nos bovinos no estado da Bahia em prévio inquérito. OBJETIVOS: Assim, o presente projeto teve como objetivo: i) analisar a sororeatividade contra Leptospira de bovinos abatidos em estabelecimento com serviço de inspeção federal, no estado da Bahia, utilizando o teste microaglutinação (MAT), ii) avaliar qual o sorovar predominante na população animal pesquisada, iii) avaliar os rins dos animais abatidos em estabelecimento com serviço de inspeção federal, no estado da Bahia quanto a presença de lesões macroscópicas e a sua associação com as reações positivas ao MAT, vi) avaliar possíveis fatores de risco que poderão propiciar o desencadeamento da infecção por Leptospira. Foram analisados soros de 400 bovinos abatidos...


INTRODUCTION: cattle raising in Brazil is one of the activities that comprise the agribusiness of the country, the second largest herd in the world. The state of Bahia has an important role in this sector, being the 10th state in the number of animals slaughtered in Brazil in 2015 (4.4% of the animals slaughtered in Brazil). Despite encouraging rates, productivity of the Bahian livestock is still low, and infectious and parasitic diseases as major barriers to improvement. Among these diseases leptospirosis has a prevalence of 45.42% in cattle in the state of Bahia in a previous survey. OBJECTIVES: The present project aimed to: i) analyze the seroreactivity against Leptospira from bovine animals slaughtered in establishments with federal inspection service in the state of Bahia, using the microscopic agglutination test (MAT), ii) assess what the predominant serovar in animal population studied, iii) evaluate the kidneys of animals slaughtered in an establishment with federal inspection service in the state of Bahia and the presence of gross lesions and their association with the positive reactions to the MAT, vi) evaluate possible risk factors that may promote the onset of Leptospira infection. 400 slaughtered cattle sera were analyzed...


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Kidney/abnormalities , Kidney/surgery , Kidney/growth & development , Kidney/immunology , Kidney/injuries , Kidney/parasitology , Kidney/pathology , Serology/methods
18.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 42(6): 382-385, Nov.-Dec. 2015. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-771149

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the characteristics of trauma patients with renal lesions treated at a university hospital in Curitiba. Methods: We conducted a retrospective, cross-sectional study guided by review of medical records of trauma victims who underwent surgical treatment. The variables analyzed were age, gender, mechanism of injury, degree of kidney damage, conduct individualized according to the degree of renal injury, associated injuries, complications and deaths. We classified lesions according to the American Association of Trauma Surgery (TSAA). Results: We analyzed 794 records and found renal lesions in 33 patients, with mean age 29.8 years, most (87.8%) being male. Penetrating trauma accounted for 84.8% of cases. The most common renal injuries were grade II (33.3%), followed by grade I (18.1%), III, IV and V. Nephrectomy treated 45.4% of injuries, 73.3% being total nephrectomy, and 45.4% by nephrorraphy. In 9% treatment was non-surgical. Only 12.1% of patients had isolated renal lesions. Complications ensued in 15.1% and mortality was 6.06%. Conclusion: The surgical approach was preferred due to penetrating trauma mechanism. We achieved low rates of complications and deaths, and neither case could be directly related to kidney damage, and there were patients with multiple lesions. In this sample, we could not observe a direct relationship between kidney damage and complications, deaths or the type of conduct employed.


Objetivo: analisar as características de pacientes vítimas de trauma, com lesões renais atendidos em um hospital universitário de Curitiba. Métodos: estudo transversal retrospectivo guiado por revisão de prontuários de vítimas de trauma submetidos ao tratamento cirúrgico. As variáveis analisadas foram idade, sexo, mecanismo de trauma, grau das lesões renais, conduta individualizada de acordo com o grau da lesão renal, lesões associadas, complicações e óbitos. As lesões foram classificadas de acordo com a Associação Americana de Cirurgia do Trauma (AAST). Resultados: foram analisados 794 prontuários, a lesão renal foi encontrada em 33 pacientes, a média de idade foi 29,8 anos, a maioria dos pacientes era (87,8%) do sexo masculino. O trauma penetrante foi responsável por 84,8% dos casos. As lesões mais frequentes foram as de grau II (33,3%), seguidas pelas lesões de grau I (18,1%) e pelas lesões de grau III, IV e V. Foram tratadas com nefrectomia, 45,4% das lesões, 73,3% por nefrectomia total e 45,4%, por nefrorrafia. Em 9% o tratamento não foi cirúrgico. Apenas 12,1% dos pacientes apresentaram lesões renais isoladas. Complicações foram observadas em 15,1% e a taxa de óbito foi 6,06%. Conclusão: a abordagem cirúrgica foi a preferencial devido ao mecanismo de trauma penetrante. Obtivemos baixos índices de óbitos e complicações, sendo que nenhum dos casos pôde ser relacionado diretamente à lesão renal, e ocorreram em pacientes com múltiplas lesões. Nesta amostra, não foi possível provar relação direta entre lesão renal e complicações, óbitos ou com o tipo de conduta empregada.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Multiple Trauma/epidemiology , Hospitals, University , Kidney/injuries , Wounds, Nonpenetrating , Multiple Trauma/surgery , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Kidney/surgery
19.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 41(2): 274-278, Mar-Apr/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-748284

ABSTRACT

Objective The aim of this study was to investigate retrorenal colon incidence in percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL) interventions made in our clinic. Materials and Methods Clinical data of 804 PNL patients, accumulated over a 7 year period (2006-2012), was surveyed. The patient files were reviewed retrospectively, and only those who had abdominal computed tomography (CT) images before PNL intervention were included in the study. In the CT images, the position of both the ascending and descending colon in relation to the right and left kidneys were evaluated. Results According to our hospital reports, 394 patients with CT images were included in the present study 27 patients (6.9%) had retrorenal colon, of which 18 (4.6%) were on the left side, 4 (1.0%) on the right side and 5 (1.3%) had bilateral retrorenal colons. Colonic perforation complication was seen only in two patients and the colonic perforation rate was 0.3%. These two cases had no CT images. Conclusions PNL, in the process of becoming the standard treatment modality, is a safe and reliable technique for renal stone treatment. Colonic injury should be taken into consideration during PNL interventions of the lower pole of the kidney (especially on the left side) due to the location of retrorenal colon. .


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Colon/anatomy & histology , Colon/injuries , Kidney/anatomy & histology , Nephrostomy, Percutaneous/adverse effects , Colon , Intestinal Perforation/etiology , Intraoperative Complications/etiology , Kidney Calculi/surgery , Kidney/injuries , Kidney , Medical Records , Nephrostomy, Percutaneous/methods , Prone Position , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
20.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 143(1): 96-100, ene. 2015.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-742556

ABSTRACT

After years of discussion by the Chilean legislature, the Law Nº 20.584, which regulates health care related rights and duties of people, entered into force in Chile in October 2012. This bill represents an important step in the recognition and protection of health care related rights, welfare, dignity and duties of persons. It also intends to protect potential participants in clinical research. However such protective measures include explicit prohibitions such as the review of clinical records or the inclusion of people with mental or psychological handicaps as research participants. We herein discuss the implications of this law in medical research.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Gene Expression Regulation , MicroRNAs/genetics , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Disease Models, Animal , Glomerulonephritis/metabolism , Hypertension/pathology , Kidney Glomerulus/metabolism , Kidney Tubules/metabolism , Kidney/injuries , Kidney/metabolism , Rats, Inbred WKY , Time Factors , Transforming Growth Factor beta/metabolism , Ureter/pathology
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