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1.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 79-90, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880969

ABSTRACT

Natural killer (NK) cells, a type of cytotoxic lymphocytes, can infiltrate into ischemic brain and exacerbate neuronal cell death. Astragaloside IV (ASIV) is the major bioactive ingredient of Astragalus membranaceus, a Chinese herbal medicine, and possesses potent immunomodulatory and neuroprotective properties. This study investigated the effects of ASIV on post-ischemic brain infiltration and activation of NK cells. ASIV reduced brain infarction and alleviated functional deficits in MCAO rats, and these beneficial effects persisted for at least 7 days. Abundant NK cells infiltrated into the ischemic hemisphere on day 1 after brain ischemia, and this infiltration was suppressed by ASIV. Strikingly, ASIV reversed NK cell deficiency in the spleen and blood after brain ischemia. ASIV inhibited astrocyte-derived CCL2 upregulation and reduced CCR2


Subject(s)
Animals , Brain , Histone Deacetylases , Killer Cells, Natural , Rats , Saponins/pharmacology , Triterpenes/pharmacology
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880181

ABSTRACT

TIGIT is an inhibitory receptor containing T cell immunoglobulin and immune receptor protein tyrosine inhibitory motif domain. It shows high expression level on the surface of immune cells in tumor patients and plays an inhibitory role by binding to corresponding ligands, CD155 and CD112. Studying the mechanism of inhibitory effect of TIGIT and the way to block it shows a great significance in the immunotherapy of tumor. In this review, the structure of TIGIT molecule and its inhibitory effect on immune cells(including NK cells and T cells) were introduced, the expression level and the newest research advance of TIGIT molecule in lymphoma,multiple myeloma,leukemia and myelodysplastic syndrome were reviewed and summarized briefly, so as to provide reference for the further study of TIGIT and the application of TIGIT inhibitors in hematological malignancies.


Subject(s)
Hematologic Neoplasms , Humans , Immune Checkpoint Proteins , Immunotherapy , Killer Cells, Natural , Receptors, Immunologic
3.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 103-114, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878240

ABSTRACT

Natural killer (NK) cells are the main immune cells at the maternal-fetal interface and accumulate in the uterine decidua in early pregnancy. Many studies have shown that NK cells at the maternal-fetal interface have unique phenotypes and play critical roles in various processes, including immune tolerance during pregnancy, decidualization, invasion of trophoblasts, remodeling of the uterine spiral artery, formation of the placenta and growth of embryo. However, specific functions of NK cells and their mechanism remain to be fully elucidated. This review summarizes the research progress of NK cells at the maternal-fetal interface and their roles in the pregnancy-related disorders in recent years. The aims of this review are to gain deep insight of the function of NK cells at the maternal-fetal interface and provide new ideas for intervention of pregnancy-related diseases.


Subject(s)
Decidua , Female , Humans , Killer Cells, Natural , Maternal-Fetal Exchange , Placenta , Pregnancy , Trophoblasts , Uterus
4.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 46(2): 244-252, Mar.-Apr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090589

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose To evaluate the usefulness of natural killer cell activity (NKA) in diagnosing prostate cancer (PC). Materials and Methods The medical records of patients who underwent transrectal prostate biopsy (TRBx) at Korea University Ansan Hospital between May 2017 and December 2017 were retrospectively reviewed. NKA levels were measured using NK Vue® Tubes (ATgen, Sungnam, Korea). All blood samples were obtained at 8 AM on the day of biopsy. Patients with other malignancies, chronic inflammatory conditions, high prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level (>20ng/mL), or history of taking 5-alpha-reductase inhibitor or testosterone replacement therapy were excluded. Results A total of 102 patients who underwent TRBx for PC diagnosis were enrolled. Among them, 50 were diagnosed with PC. Significant differences in age and NKA level were observed between the PC and no-PC groups. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis showed that the optimal cut-off of NKA level for the prediction of PC was 500pg/dL, with a sensitivity of 68.0% and a specificity of 73.1%. In addition, NKA level (0.630) had the greatest area under the ROC curve compared to those for the ratio of total PSA to free PSA (0.597) and PSA density (0.578). Conclusions The results of this pilot study revealed that low NKA and high PSA levels were likely to be associated with a positive TRBx outcome. NKA detection was easy and improved the diagnostic accuracy of PC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Prostatic Neoplasms/diagnosis , Killer Cells, Natural/metabolism , Prostate-Specific Antigen/blood , Prostatic Neoplasms , Prostatic Neoplasms/blood , Killer Cells, Natural/physiology , Biomarkers/metabolism , Biomarkers/blood , Pilot Projects , Retrospective Studies , ROC Curve , Sensitivity and Specificity , Image-Guided Biopsy , Middle Aged
5.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(1): 177-190, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | ID: biblio-1088927

ABSTRACT

Estudou-se o efeito do hipotireoidismo materno na expressão espaço-temporal de mediadores imunológicos e na população de células natural killers (NK) na decídua e na glândula metrial de ratas durante a gestação. Avaliou-se a detecção imunoistoquímica de interferon γ (IFNγ), do fator inibidor de migração (MIF), da interleucina 15 (IL15), do óxido nítrico sintase induzível (iNOS), a marcação com lectina DBA para evidenciação das células NK uterinas DBA+ e a expressão gênica de Ifnγ e Nos2. O hipotireoidismo aumentou o iNOS aos sete dias, a IL15 e o MIF aos 10 e 12 dias, o IFNγ e o MIF aos 14 DG e a expressão dos transcritos gênicos para iNos aos 12 e 19 dias e para Ifnγ aos 14 DG. O hipotireoidismo reduziu a imunomarcação de MIF e lectina DBA aos sete dias, lectina DBA aos 10 e 14 DG, IFNγ aos 12 dias, e a expressão de Ifnγ aos 10 e 19 DG e de iNOS aos 12, 14 e 19 DG, bem como reduziu seus transcritos gênicos aos 10 e 14 DG. Conclui-se que o hipotireoidismo compromete o perfil imunológico na interface materno-fetal ao longo da gestação, particularmente por reduzir o fator anti-inflamatório iNOS e a população de células uNK DBA+.(AU)


The goal of this study was to evaluate the effect of maternal hypothyroidism on the spatiotemporal expression of immunological mediators and population of Natural Killers cells in decidua and metrial gland of rats. Interferon gamma (IFNγ), migration inhibitory factor (MIF), interleukin 15 (IL15), inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), and DBA-Lectin labeling for evidence of uNK DBA+ cells in decidua and genetic expression of Ifnγ and iNos by real-time RT-PCR were evaluated. Hypothyroidism increased protein expression of iNOS at 7 days, IL15 and MIF at 10 and 12 days, IFNγ and MIF at 14 DG in the decidua and/or metrial gland and the gene transcripts for iNOS at 12 and 19 days and for Inf at 14 DG. In addition, hypothyroidism reduced the protein expression of MIF and DBA-Lectin at 7 days, DBA-Lectin at 10 and 14 DG, IFNγ at 12 days, and the gene transcript to Ifnγ at 10 and 19 DGs. Hypothyroidism also reduced the protein expression of iNOS at 12, 14 and 19 DG and reduced its gene transcripts at 10 and 14 DGs. It is concluded that hypothyroidism compromises the immunology profile at the maternal-fetal interface throughout pregnancy, particularly by reducing the anti-inflammatory factor iNOS and population of uNK DBA+ cells.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Pregnancy , Rats , Embryo Implantation , Killer Cells, Natural , Hypothyroidism/veterinary , Metrial Gland
6.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1167-1170, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827145

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of chidamide on the killing activity of NK (Natural killer cell, NK) cells targeting K562 cells and its related mechanism.@*METHODS@#K562 cells were pretreated with chidamide at different concentrations and cocultured with NK cells at different effect-target ratios. The killing effect of chidamide on K562 cells by NK cells, the expression of natural killer group 2 member D (NKG2D) ligands and apoptosis rate of K562 cells were detected by flow cytometry.@*RESULTS@#The killing sensitivity of NK cells to K562 cells could be enhanced by chidamide. The expression of ULBP2 on K562 cell surface could be up-regulate, however, the expression of ULBP1 and MICA/MICB showed no statistically difference as compared with control group. Chidamide showed no obvious cytotoxicity to K562 cells.@*CONCLUSION@#Chidamide can significantly improve killing efficiency of NK cells on K562 cells, which may be related to the up-regulation of ULBP2 expression.


Subject(s)
Aminopyridines , Benzamides , GPI-Linked Proteins , Histocompatibility Antigens Class I , Humans , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins , K562 Cells , Killer Cells, Natural , Allergy and Immunology , NK Cell Lectin-Like Receptor Subfamily K
7.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1367-1375, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827110

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the killing effect of NK-92MI cells modified by chimeric antigen receptor (CD7-CAR) and specifically targeting CD7 to CD7 hematological malignant cells.@*METHODS@#Three types of hematological malignant tumor cells, including 5 cases of CD7 acute T-lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL), 10 cases of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and 6 cases of T-cell lymphoma were collected, centrifuged, cultured and used to detect the expression levels of tumor cell surface targets; 7-AAD, CD56-APC, CD3-FITC, IgG Fc-PE flow cytometry were used to detected the transfection efficiency of NK-92MI and CD7-CAR-NK-92MI cells, killing efficiencies of CD7-CAR-NK-92MI cells to CD7 hematological tumor cells in vitro were determined by flow cytometry using PE Annexin V Apoptosis Detection Kit. Secretion differences of NK-92MI and CD7-CAR-NK-92MI cytokines interleukin (IL)-2, interferon (IFN)-γ, and granzyme B detection were estimated by using CBA kit.@*RESULTS@#The killing efficiencies of CD7-CAR-modified NK-92MI cells to CD7 T-ALL, AML, T-cell lymphoma tumor cells were significantly higher than those of NK-92MI cells without genetical modification. The difference showed statistically significant (P<0.05). The level of IFN-γ and granzyme B were significantly increased among cytokines secreted by CD7-CAR-modified NK-92MI cells as compared with those of NK-92MI cells without genetical modification (P<0.05) .@*CONCLUSION@#CD7-CAR-modified NK-92MI cells have significantly improved killing efficiency against CD7 T-ALL, AML and T lymphoma cells, and shows specific targeting effects, which provides a clinical basis for the treatment of CD7 hematological malignancies.


Subject(s)
Cell Line, Tumor , Humans , Killer Cells, Natural , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Receptors, Chimeric Antigen , T-Lymphocytes
8.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1429-1432, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827099

ABSTRACT

Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a kind of malignant hematological disease with high mortality. Patients 5-year survival rate is less than 25% and that of elderly patients is lower than 10%. Although the standardized chemotherapy or hematopoetic stem cell transplantation can significantly improve the therapeutic efficacy for AML, but disease recurrence is still a difficult problem in most patients. Chemotherapy combined with immunotherapy has been regarded as the most promising treatment for AML in recent years, but immunotherapy is prone to immune escape, which has become an important factor affecting the therapeutic efficacy. Therefore, understanding the mechanism of immune escape of AML and taking corresponding measures in time to improve the therapeutic effect and reduce the recurrence of AML are of great significance. In this review, the important cells that cause immune escape, such as myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSC), natural killer cells (NK), and cell surface inhibitory receptor PD-1 (programmed death 1), which mediate immune escape of AML cells are summarized, so as to provide valuable reference for research to improve the effect of AML immunotherapy.


Subject(s)
Aged , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Immunotherapy , Killer Cells, Natural , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Stem Cell Transplantation
9.
São Paulo; s.n; 2020. 36 p.
Thesis in Portuguese, French | LILACS, Inca | ID: biblio-1179402

ABSTRACT

Câncer colorretal (CCR) é altamente incidente; estimam-se, no Brasil, em 2016 16.660 casos novos de CCR em homens e 17.620 em mulheres, de acordo com o Ministério da Saúde. Estudos têm demonstrado que as células tumorais circulantes (CTCs) podem estar envolvidas no processo de metastatização. Desta forma, seu isolamento constitui uma estratégia potencial para o acompanhamento clínico, como método não invasivo. O presente estudo teve como objetivos: 1) Isolar e quantificar CTCs do sangue periférico de pacientes com câncer de reto localmente avançado (CRLA), estádios II e III, para correlacionar seus níveis com exames de imagem e sobrevida livre de doença; 2) Analisar nas CTCs marcadores de resistência ao tratamento (TYMS e RAD23) e correlacionar com resposta à terapia e sobrevida livre de doença. Foram analisadas amostras de 30 pacientes. As amostras foram coletadas antes da quimioterapia neoadjuvante (baseline) e após a mesma (follow-up). As CTCs foram caracterizadas nos dois momentos por imunocitoquímica com anticorpos específicos para os marcadores acima citados e por CISH, avaliando a expressão do mRNA do gene do TYMS. As contagens de CTCs diminuíram entre a primeira e a segunda coletas em pacientes exibindo resposta patológica completa (RPC; p = 0,02) ou resposta parcial (RP; p = 0,01). Em relação à expressão protéica, TYMS estava ausente em 100% das CTCs dos pacientes com RPC (p = 0,001), mas foi expresso em 83% dos não respondedores na segunda coleta (p <0,001). Em paralelo, RAD23b foi expresso em CTCs de 75% dos não respondedores na coleta baseline (p = 0,01) e em 100% dos não respondedores do follow-up (p = 0,001). Surpreendentemente, 100% dos não respondedores expressaram mRNA de TYMS nos dois momentos (p = 0,001). Além disso, TYMS / RAD23b não foram detectadas nas CTCs de pacientes que exibiam RPC (p = 0,001). Encontramos 83,3% de sensibilidade para o mRNA de TYMS no baseline (p = 0,001) e 100% para a expressão da proteína TYMS (p = 0,064) e RAD23B (p = 0,01) no follow- up. Assim, a expressão do RNAm TYMS e / ou TYMS / RAD23b nas CTCs, bem como a cinética das CTCs, têm o potencial de prever não resposta ao tratamento neoadjuvante e evitar cirurgias radicais desnecessárias em pacientes com CRLA com RPC. Com a realização deste trabalho obtivemos uma melhor compreensão a respeito dos mecanismos que envolvem a resistência ao tratamento nos pacientes com CRLA, por meio da análise de CTCs. Auxiliados por estas análises, identificamos novos biomarcadores sanguíneos prognósticos, que poderão ser usados como instrumentos de direcionamento clínico na escolha da melhor terapêutica


Colorectal cancer (CRC) is highly incident; In Brazil, in 2016, an estimated 16,660 new cases of CRC in men and 17,620 in women, according to the Ministry of Health. Studies have shown that circulating tumor cells (CTCs) may be involved in the metastasization process. Thus, its isolation is a potential strategy for clinical follow-up as a noninvasive method. The present study aims to: 1) Isolate and quantify peripheral blood CTCs from patients with locally advanced rectal cancer (stages II and III) to correlate their levels with imaging and progression-free survival; 2) Analyze treatment resistance markers on CTCs (TYMS and RAD23), and correlate with therapy response and progression-free survival. Samples from 30 patients were analyzed. Samples were collected before and after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (follow-up). CTCs were characterized at both times by immunocytochemistry with specific antibodies to the markers mentioned above and by CISH, evaluating the expression of the TYMS gene mRNA. CTC counts decreased between the first and second collection in patients exhibiting complete pathological response (CPR; p = 0.02) or partial response (PR; p = 0.01). Regarding protein expression, TYMS was absent in 100% of the CTCs of patients with CPR (p = 0.001), but was expressed in 83% of non-responders in the second collection (p <0.001). Meanwhile, RAD23b was expressed in CTCs of 75% of baseline non-responders (p = 0.01) and 100% of follow-up non-responders (p = 0.001). Surprisingly 100% of non-responders expressed TYMS mRNA at both times (p= 0.001). In addition, TYMS / RAD23b was not detected in CTCs of patients with CPR (p = 0.001). We found 83.3% sensitivity for TYMS mRNA at baseline (p = 0.001) and 100% for TYMS protein expression (p = 0.064) and RAD23B (p = 0.01) at follow-up. Thus, TYMS mRNA and/or TYMS / RAD23b in CTCs, as well as CTC kinetics, have the potential to predict non-response to NCRT and to avoid unnecessary radical surgery in patients with LARC and CPR. With this work we obtained a better understanding about the mechanisms involving resistance to treatment in patients with locally advanced rectal cancer, through the analysis of CTCs. With these analyzes, we identified new prognostic blood biomarkers that could be used as clinical guidance tools in choosing the best therapy


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Prognosis , Rectal Neoplasms , Breast Neoplasms/immunology , Killer Cells, Natural , Liquid Biopsy , Neoplastic Cells, Circulating
10.
J. appl. oral sci ; 28: e20200124, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1134800

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives To evaluate apoptotic levels of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and apoptotic regulatory proteins (Bax and Bcl-2) in lymphocyte subsets of oral cancer (OC) patients and healthy controls (HC). Methodology The percentage of apoptotic cells and lymphocyte counts were measured in the first cohort using PBMCs obtained from 23 OC patients and 6 HC. In the second cohort, (OC, 33; HC, 13), the mean fluorescence intensity (MFI) of Bax and Bcl-2 in CD19+ B, CD4+ T, CD8+ T, and CD16+56+ natural killer (NK) cells was determined via flow cytometry. Results The percentage of apoptotic cells was higher in the PBMCs of OC patients than in HC patients, particularly in patients with stage IV cancer (p<0.05). However, lymphocyte counts were significantly lower in stage IV patients (p<0.05). NK CD19+ B and CD16+56+ cell counts were significantly lower in OC patients compared with HC patients (p<0.001 and p<0.01, respectively), but CD4+ T cells were interestingly significantly higher in OC patients (p<0.001). While Bax MFI was slightly higher, Bcl-2 MFI was significantly lower for all four lymphocyte subsets in OC samples, particularly in stage IV patients, when compared with HC. Consequently, Bax/Bcl-2 ratios showed an upward trend from HC to OC patients, particularly those in stage IV. We found similar trends in Bax and Bcl-2 MFI for tumor stage, tumor size, and lymph node involvement. Conclusions The increased lymphocyte apoptosis in stage IV OC patients may be related to higher Bax levels and lower Bcl-2 levels. The Bax/Bcl-2 ratio in lymphocytes may be useful to determine the prognosis of OC patients, and could be considered a mean for supportive treatment in the future.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mouth Neoplasms , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Killer Cells, Natural , Lymphocyte Subsets , Apoptosis , Flow Cytometry
11.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1899-1903, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879990

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression of costimulatory molecule Tim3 and its subsets on NK cells in patients with acute myeloid leukemia.@*METHODS@#30 patients with acute myeloid leukemia treated in our hospital from August 2016 to August 2018 were randomly selected as the AML group, and 30 healthy persons in our hospital during the same period were randomly selected as the control group. The expression levels of CD56@*RESULTS@#The expression levels of CD56@*CONCLUSION@#The expression of costimulatory molecule Tim3 in NK cells and its subsets of patients with acute myeloid leukemia is down-regulated.


Subject(s)
CD56 Antigen , Flow Cytometry , Hepatitis A Virus Cellular Receptor 2 , Humans , Killer Cells, Natural , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Patients
12.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1796-1803, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879974

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the mechanisms of anti-apoptosis and immune evasion in drug-resistant leukemia cells mediated by STAT3, further to explore the possible mechanism of leukemia relapse caused by minimal residual.@*METHODS@#Drug-resistance leukemia cell line was established by transfecting pcDNA3.1-STAT3 into K562 cells (K562/STAT3). The expression of STAT3, BAX and NKG2D ligands (MICA and ULBP1) in K562/-cells, K562/STAT3 were detected by Western blot and/or RQ-PCR. Cells apoptosis and the killing effect of NK cells on leukemia cells were detected by flow cytometry.@*RESULTS@#The expression of the total STAT3, STAT3 phosphorylation in K562/STAT3 was significantly increased, and P-gp mRNA expression was increased also significantly (P<0.005). In K562/STAT3 cells, the expression of pro-apoptotic BAX (P=0.005) was significantly lower, and the number of apoptotic cells (P=0.002) induced by adriamycin was significantly decreased as compared with those in K562/- cells. After K562/STAT3 cells were treated by STAT3 inhibitor (SH-4-54), the expression of BAX mRNA (P=0.017) was significantly higher and the number of apoptotic cells (P=0.005) was significantly increased. The MICA and ULBP1 mRNA expression in K562/STAT3 cells was significantly lower than that in K562/- cells, and also for MICA and ULBP1 protein (MICA and ULPB1 mRNA: P<0.0001, MICA protein: P=0.001, ULPB1 protein: P=0.022). After K562/STAT3 cells were treated with STAT3 inhibitor (SH-4-54), the expression of MICA mRNA and protein was increased (mRNA: P=0.001, protein: P=0.002), but ULBP1 mRNA and protein showed no significantly change (mRNA: P=0.137, protein: P=0.1905). The cytotoxicity of NK cells to K562/STAT3 cells was susceptible as compared with K562/- (P=0.002), but the cytotoxicity of K562/STAT3 cells to NK cell could be recovered by STAT3 inhibitor (P=0.006).@*CONCLUSION@#STAT3 phosphorylation can inhibits cell apoptosis and promotes cell immune escape. STAT3 inhibitors can promote the apoptosis of leukemia cells and increase their sensitivity to NK cells.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Humans , Immune Evasion , K562 Cells , Killer Cells, Natural , Leukemia , Pharmaceutical Preparations , STAT3 Transcription Factor
13.
Immune Network ; : 6-2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811176

ABSTRACT

IL-17 is produced by RAR-related orphan receptor gamma t (RORγt)-expressing cells including Th17 cells, subsets of γδT cells and innate lymphoid cells (ILCs). The biological significance of IL-17-producing cells is well-studied in contexts of inflammation, autoimmunity and host defense against infection. While most of available studies in tumor immunity mainly focused on the role of T-bet-expressing cells, including cytotoxic CD8⁺ T cells and NK cells, and their exhaustion status, the role of IL-17-producing cells remains poorly understood. While IL-17-producing T-cells were shown to be anti-tumorigenic in adoptive T-cell therapy settings, mice deficient in type 17 genes suggest a protumorigenic potential of IL-17-producing cells. This review discusses the features of IL-17-producing cells, of both lymphocytic and myeloid origins, as well as their suggested pro- and/or anti-tumorigenic functions in an organ-dependent context. Potential therapeutic approaches targeting these cells in the tumor microenvironment will also be discussed.


Subject(s)
Animals , Autoimmunity , Child , Child, Orphaned , Friends , Humans , Inflammation , Interleukin-17 , Killer Cells, Natural , Lymphocytes , Mice , T-Lymphocytes , Th17 Cells , Tumor Microenvironment
14.
Blood Research ; : 1-9, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-820809

ABSTRACT

A bibliometric study is performed to analyze publication patterns in a specific research area and to establish a landscape model that can be used to quantitatively weigh publications. This study aimed to investigate AML research networks and to conduct a trend-related keyword analysis. We analyzed 48,202 studies about AML published from 1999 to 2019 in the Web of Science Core Collection. The network analysis was conducted using the R&R studio software. The journal Blood had the highest number of published articles with an h-index of 410. The USA had the highest number of total publications (18,719, 38.3%) and research funded by the government, institutions, and pharmaceutical companies (5,436, 10.8%). The institute with the largest number of publications was the MD Anderson Cancer Center. Kantarjian H, Garcia-Manero G, and Ravandi F were the leading authors of publications about AML. Keyword analysis revealed that FLT 3, micro-RNA, and NK cell topics were the hotspots in the cell and gene area in all publications. The overall AML research landscape is popular in the field of translational research as it can identify molecular, cell, and gene studies conducted by different funding agencies, countries, institutions, and author networks. With active funding and support from the Chinese government, the productivity of scientific research is increasing not only in the AML field but also in the medical/health-related science field.


Subject(s)
Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Bibliometrics , Efficiency , Financial Management , Humans , Killer Cells, Natural , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Publications , Translational Medical Research
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828939

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the effect of neutralizing CD96 on natural killer (NK) cell functions in mice with pulmonary infection and explore the possible mechanism.@*METHODS@#Male BALB/c mice were randomly divided into infection group (Cm group), anti-CD96 treatment group (anti-CD96 group) and control group (=5). In the former two groups, was inoculated intranasal administration to establish mouse models of pulmonary infection, and the mice in the control group received intranasal administration of the inhalation buffer. In anti-CD96 group, the mice were injected with anti-CD96 antibody intraperitoneally at the dose of 250 μg every 3 days after the infection; the mice in Cm group received intraperitoneal injections of saline. The body weight of the mice was recorded daily. The mice were sacrificed 5 days after infection, and CD96 expression was detected by quantitative real-time PCR and Western blotting. HE staining and pathological scores were used to evaluate pneumonia of the mice. The inclusion body forming units (IFUs) were detected in the lung tissue homogenates to assess lung tissue chlamydia load. Flow cytometry and ELISA were used to assess the capacity of the lung NK cells to produce interferon-γ (IFN-γ) and regulate macrophages and Th1 cells.@*RESULTS@# infection inhibited CD96 expression in NK cells of the mice. Compared with those in Cm group, the mice in antiCD96 mice showed significantly milder lung inflammation ( < 0.05) and reduced chlamydia load in the lung tissue ( < 0.05). Neutralizing CD96 with anti-CD96 significantly enhanced IFN-γ secretion by the NK cells ( < 0.05) and augmented the immunoregulatory effect of the NK cells shown by enhanced responses of the lung macrophages ( < 0.05) and Th1 cells ( < 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Inhibition of CD96 alleviates pneumonia in -infected mice possibly by enhancing IFN-γ secretion by NK cells and augmenting the immunoregulatory effect of the NK cells on innate and adaptive immunity.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antigens, CD , Chlamydia Infections , Chlamydia muridarum , Interferon-gamma , Killer Cells, Natural , Lung Injury , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mice, Inbred C57BL
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828520

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the effect of neutralizing CD96 on natural killer (NK) cell functions in mice with pulmonary infection and explore the possible mechanism.@*METHODS@#Male BALB/c mice were randomly divided into infection group (Cm group), anti-CD96 treatment group (anti-CD96 group) and control group (=5). In the former two groups, was inoculated intranasal administration to establish mouse models of pulmonary infection, and the mice in the control group received intranasal administration of the inhalation buffer. In anti-CD96 group, the mice were injected with anti-CD96 antibody intraperitoneally at the dose of 250 μg every 3 days after the infection; the mice in Cm group received intraperitoneal injections of saline. The body weight of the mice was recorded daily. The mice were sacrificed 5 days after infection, and CD96 expression was detected by quantitative real-time PCR and Western blotting. HE staining and pathological scores were used to evaluate pneumonia of the mice. The inclusion body forming units (IFUs) were detected in the lung tissue homogenates to assess lung tissue chlamydia load. Flow cytometry and ELISA were used to assess the capacity of the lung NK cells to produce interferon-γ (IFN-γ) and regulate macrophages and Th1 cells.@*RESULTS@# infection inhibited CD96 expression in NK cells of the mice. Compared with those in Cm group, the mice in antiCD96 mice showed significantly milder lung inflammation ( < 0.05) and reduced chlamydia load in the lung tissue ( < 0.05). Neutralizing CD96 with anti-CD96 significantly enhanced IFN-γ secretion by the NK cells ( < 0.05) and augmented the immunoregulatory effect of the NK cells shown by enhanced responses of the lung macrophages ( < 0.05) and Th1 cells ( < 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Inhibition of CD96 alleviates pneumonia in -infected mice possibly by enhancing IFN-γ secretion by NK cells and augmenting the immunoregulatory effect of the NK cells on innate and adaptive immunity.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antigens, CD , Metabolism , Chlamydia Infections , Allergy and Immunology , Chlamydia muridarum , Interferon-gamma , Genetics , Metabolism , Killer Cells, Natural , Metabolism , Lung Injury , Genetics , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mice, Inbred C57BL
18.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2803-2807, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877935

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Allogeneic natural killer (NK) cell immunotherapy is recognized as a promising anti-tumor strategy, but whether it plays a role in poor CD4 recovery among human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infected patients is unknown. This study aimed to investigate the safety and effectiveness of allogeneic NK cells immunotherapy on HIV-1 immunological non-responders (INRs) receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART).@*METHODS@#From February to April 2018, a prospective, randomized, controlled, open-label clinical trial, which enrolled 20 HIV-1 INRs following specific inclusion criteria, was conducted at Nankai University Second People's Hospital. Participants were randomly allocated (simple randomization 1:1) to either the combined treatment (NK + ART) group (n = 10) or the control (ART) group (n = 10). The allogenic highly activated NK cells from killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor (KIR)/human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-Cw mismatched healthy donor were prepared (10 cells in each injection) and intravenously infused to each recruited patient of NK+ART group in three courses. Key immune parameters (CD4 count, CD8 count, CD4/CD8 ratio), laboratory tests (count of blood cells, biochemistry panel) and symptoms at baseline and at month 1, 3, 6, 9, 12, and 24 were measured/collected to analyze the safety and efficacy of the therapy. Comparisons were between the seven time-points of both groups using repeated measurement analysis of variance (ANOVA) test. Generalized estimating equations (GEE) model was performed to evaluate the overall effect of the NK+ART group vs. the ART group.@*RESULTS@#From baseline to 24 months, we noted a mean CD4 count augmentation (139 to 243 cells/μL) in the NK + ART group and (144 to 176 cells/μL) in the ART group (difference, 67; 95% CI, 10 to 124; P = 0.024). Our estimations revealed that NK+ART group could improve CD4 level (β = 54.59, P = 0.006) and CD8 level (β = 322.47, P = 0.010) on average among the six measurements compared with the ART group. Only two (2/10, 20%) participants in the NK+ART group developed a transient mild fever after the first course.@*CONCLUSIONS@#This preliminary study informs that HIV-1 INRs, allogenic NK cells immunotherapy is safe and could significantly improve CD4 recovery but not CD4/CD8 ratio. The practical effects, however, need long-term follow-up observations. Further study on the potential underlying mechanism is warranted. REGISTRATION INFO:: www.chictr.org.cn/showproj.aspx?proj=34912 (No. ChiCTR1900020634).


Subject(s)
CD4 Lymphocyte Count , HIV Infections/therapy , HIV-1 , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Immunotherapy , Killer Cells, Natural , Prospective Studies , Viral Load
19.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2928-2939, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877928

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Natural killer (NK) cells play a critical role in suppressing human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) infection, but knowledge on whether and how NK cells affect immune reconstitution in HIV-1-infected individuals who receive antiretroviral therapy (ART) is limited.@*METHODS@#We performed a case-control study with 35 healthy individuals and 66 HIV-1-infected patients including 32 immunological non-responders (INRs) with poor CD4+ T-cell recovery (500 cells/μL after 4 years of ART). NK cell phenotype, receptor repertoire, and early activation in INRs and IRs were investigated by flow cytometry.@*RESULTS@#A significantly higher proportion of CD56dimCD16dim/- NK cells was observed in INRs than IRs before ART and after 4 years of ART. The number of CD56dimCD16dim/- NK cells was inversely correlated with CD4+ T-cell counts in INRs before ART (r = -0.344, P = 0.050). The more CD69-expressing NK cells there were, the lower the CD4+ T-cell counts and ΔCD4, and these correlations were observed in INRs after ART (r = -0.416, P = 0.019; r = -0.509, P = 0.003, respectively). Additionally, CD69-expressing CD56dimCD16dim/- NK cells were more abundant in INRs than those in IRs (P  = 0.018) after ART, both of which had an inverse association trend towards significance with CD4+ T-cell counts. The expression of the activating receptors NKG2C, NKG2D, and NKp46 on CD56dimCD16dim/- NK cell subsets were higher in IRs than that in INRs after 4 years of ART (all P < 0.01). Strong inverse correlations were observed between CD69 expression and NKG2C, NKG2A-NKG2C+, NKG2D, and NKp46 expression on CD56dimCD16dim/- NK cells in INRs after ART (NKG2C: r = -0.491, P = 0.004; NKG2A-NKG2C+: r = -0.434, P = 0.013; NKG2D: r = -0.405, P = 0.021; NKp46: r = -0.457, P = 0.008, respectively).@*CONCLUSIONS@#INRs had a larger number of CD56dimCD16dim/- NK cells characterized by higher activation levels than did IRs after ART. The increase in the CD56dimCD16dim/- NK cell subset may play an adverse role in immune reconstitution. Further functional studies of CD56dimCD16dim/- NK cells in INRs are urgently needed to inform targeted interventions to optimize immune recovery.


Subject(s)
CD4 Lymphocyte Count , CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Case-Control Studies , HIV Infections/drug therapy , HIV-1 , Humans , Killer Cells, Natural
20.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 13(4): 398-401, dic. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056475

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: El linfoma extranodal de células T/NK es una neoplasia maligna agresiva que se caracteriza por una destrucción de estructuras de la línea media de la cara como paladar y fosa nasal. Presentamos el caso de un paciente de sexo masculino, 48 años de edad, consumidor de cocaína, que consulta en la Facultad de Odontología de la Universidad de Chile en Septiembre del 2015 por síntomas de disfagia, rinorrea y que presenta al examen clínico un tumor ulcerado que compromete paladar duro y blando, de un mes de evolución. Se confirma diagnóstico de linfoma de células T/NK con una batería de pruebas inmunohistoquímicas. Esta patología, aunque infrecuente, siempre debe ser considerada dentro los diagnósticos diferenciales en tumores ulcerados en esta localización.


ABSTRACT: Extranodal T / NK cell lymphoma is an aggressive malignant neoplasm characterized by destruction of midline structures of the face such as the palate and nasal fossa. We present the case of a male patient, 48 years old, cocaine user, who consults at the Faculty of Dentistry of the Universidad de Chile in September of 2015 due to symptoms of dysphagia, rhinorrhea and presenting to the clinical examination an ulcerated tumor which compromises hard and soft palate, a month of evolution. Diagnosis of T / NK cell lymphoma is confirmed with a battery of immunohistochemical tests. This pathology, although infrequent, should always be considered within the differential diagnoses in ulcerated tumors of this location.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections/virology , Lymphoma, Extranodal NK-T-Cell/diagnosis , Lymphoma, Extranodal NK-T-Cell/pathology , Natural Killer T-Cells/pathology , Killer Cells, Natural/virology , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Chile , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections/pathology , Lymphoma, Extranodal NK-T-Cell/virology
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