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1.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 76(1): 26-31, Jan. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-888344

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Motor imagery has emerged as a potential rehabilitation tool in stroke. The goals of this study were: 1) to develop a translated and culturally-adapted Brazilian-Portugese version of the Kinesthetic and Visual Motor Imagery Questionnaire (KVIQ20-P); 2) to evaluate the psychometric characteristics of the scale in a group of patients with stroke and in an age-matched control group; 3) to compare the KVIQ20 performance between the two groups. Methods Test-retest, inter-rater reliabilities, and internal consistencies were evaluated in 40 patients with stroke and 31 healthy participants. Results In the stroke group, ICC confidence intervals showed excellent test-retest and inter-rater reliabilities. Cronbach's alpha also indicated excellent internal consistency. Results for controls were comparable to those obtained in persons with stroke. Conclusions The excellent psychometric properties of the KVIQ20-P should be considered during the design of studies of motor imagery interventions for stroke rehabilitation.


RESUMO A Imagética Mental é uma ferramenta em potencial para a reabilitação de indivíduos com doenças cerebrovasculares. Os objetivos desse estudo foram: 1) Desenvolver uma versão traduzida e adaptada culturalmente do Questionário de Imagética Motora Cinestésica e Visual (KVIQ20-P); 2) Avaliar as características psicométricas da escala nesse grupo e em controles; 3) Comparar o desempenho na escala entre os dois grupos. Métodos Confiabilidades teste-reteste, interexaminador, assim como consistências internas da KVIQ20-P foram avaliadas em 40 indivíduos com AVC e em 31 controles. Resultados No grupo de pacientes, os intervalos de confiança mostraram excelentes confiabilidades teste-reteste e interexaminador. O alfa de Cronbach indicou uma excelente consistência interna. Os resultados no grupo controle foram comparáveis aos obtidos nos pacientes. Conclusões As excelentes propriedades psicométricas da KVIQ20-P devem ser consideradas durante o desenho de estudos de Imagética Mental para a reabilitação de indivíduos com doenças cerebrovasculares.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Surveys and Questionnaires/standards , Imagery, Psychotherapy/standards , Stroke Rehabilitation/instrumentation , Motor Activity/physiology , Psychometrics , Translations , Brazil , Cross-Cultural Comparison , Reproducibility of Results , Kinesthesis
2.
Rev. bras. ciênc. mov ; 25(1): 60-68, jan.-mar. 2017. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-880690

ABSTRACT

Este estudo objetivou investigar como ocorreu a introdução do Karate-Do Shotokan no estado do Rio Grande do Sul, por meio da reconstrução das memórias do sensei Luiz Tasuke Watanabe. Tendo como perspectiva teórico-metodológica a História Oral recuperou-se as memórias deste sensei, que foi um dos precursores do estilo Shotokan de Karate-Do no estado. Para tanto, foi gravada e transcrita uma entrevista com o sensei Watanabe. Além desta fonte oral, também foram analisadas fontes documentais, bem como, realizada a revisão bibliográfica sobre o assunto. As análises empreendidas nas fontes acessadas revelaram que Watanabe, ainda criança, emigrou do Japão para o Brasil com sua família e teve sua iniciação no Karate-Do por intermédio de seu irmão, que havia sido praticante no Japão. A prática do Karate-Do intensificou-se quando prestou o serviço militar ao ser aluno do sensei Yasutaka Tanaka, que ministrava aulas no exército. Posteriormente, em 1970, a convite do sensei Teruo Obata, Watanabe foi designado para dar aulas em Porto Alegre, onde atuou em diversas localidades, colaborando mais tarde para a criação do Departamento de Karate da Federação de Pugilismo do Rio Grande do Sul. Watanabe, na época, atuava como professor, mas também participou de competições. No ano de 1972, conquistou o primeiro lugar no Campeonato Mundial de Karate e alcançou destaque a nível nacional, contribuindo para a divulgação desta prática. Após uma década na cidade, em 1981, Watanabe partiu de Porto Alegre por designação do exército, retornando a cidade somente 30 anos depois para ministrar um curso...(AU)


This study aimed to investigate how occurred the introduction of Karate-Do Shotokan in Rio Grande do Sul state, through the reconstruction of memories of Luiz Tasuke Watanabe sensei. Having as theoretical and methodological perspective of the Oral History recovered the memories of this sensei, one of Shotokan karate style precursors in the state. For that was was recorded and transcribed an interview with Watanabe sensei. In addition to this oral source were analyzed documentary sources and was performed a bibliographic review about the subject. The analyzes undertaken in the accessed sources revealed that Watanabe, as a child, along with his family migrated from Japan to Brazil and had its initiation in karate, through his brother, who had been practicing in Japan. The practice of Karate-Do was intensified when paid military service and was a student of sensei Yasutaka Tanaka, who ministered classes in the army. After, in 1970 at the invitation of sensei Teruo Obata, Watanabe was appointed to teach in Porto Alegre, where he served in several places and also colaborated to creation of Karate Department of Pugilism Federation of Rio Grande Sul. Watanabe worked as a teacher and participated in competitions, and in 1972 won first place at the World Karate Championships. So, gained prominence in national level and contributes to the dissemination of Karate. After a decade in the city in 1981, Watanabe left Porto Alegre, by appointment of the army, returning the city only 30 years later to minister a course...(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Martial Arts , Motor Skills , Physical Fitness , Adolescent , Kinesthesis
3.
Rev. bras. ciênc. mov ; 25(1): 79-89, jan.-mar. 2017. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-880855

ABSTRACT

As perdas funcionais progressivas que a população idosa enfrenta com o avançar da idade, causam importantes déficits, que com o tempo se tornam mais significativos e no intuito de minimizá-los; o treinamento funcional tem proporcionado ganho de propriocepção, força, resistência, flexibilidade, coordenação motora e condicionamento cardiovascular. Assim como auxilia na obtenção de funcionalidade, contribuindo para a manutenção da independência e qualidade de vida. O estudo teve como objetivo verificar a influência da aplicação de um protocolo de treinamento funcional sobre o equilíbrio e funcionalidade de idosos não institucionalizados. Selecionou-se vinte e um idosos não institucionalizados, com idade média de 69,04 ± 6,4 anos que foram avaliados pela Escala de Equilíbrio de Berg, Escala de Equilíbrio e Marcha de Tinetti e Índex de Independência de Atividades de Vida Diária de Katz antes e após serem submetidos a um programa de treinamento funcional dividido em quatro fases que consistiram em aquecimento, exercícios de equilíbrio, fortalecimento muscular e alongamentos durante uma hora, com frequência de 3 vezes na semana, totalizando 24 sessões. Utilizou-se o teste de normalidade Shapiro-Wilk seguido do teste T student para análise das Escalas de Equilíbrio de Berg, Tinetti e funcionalidade pré e pós-treinamento (p≤0,05). Observou-se melhora de 100% na avaliação do equilíbrio pela Escala de Berg, 85,71% e 77,77% na avaliação da Escala de Tinetti marcha e equilíbrio respectivamente, no pós-treinamento se comparados ao pré-treinamento (p<0,0001). Entretanto na funcionalidade não foram encontradas diferenças entre os momentos avaliados (p>0,05). Conclui-se que o protocolo de treinamento funcional utilizado no estudo foi eficaz na melhora do equilíbrio estático e dinâmico dos idosos, o que favorece a redução do risco de quedas e consequentemente a redução da inabilidade desta população...(AU)


Progressive functional losses that the elderly population faces with advancing age, causing major deficits, which over time become more significant and in order to minimize; them functional training has provided gain proprioception, strength, endurance, flexibility, coordination and cardiovascular conditioning. As well as assists in obtaining feature, helping to maintain independence and quality of life. The study aimed to assess the effect of applying a functional training protocol on balance of oninstitutionalized elderly. Twenty one elderly non-institutionalized were selected, mean age: 69,04 ± 6,4 years, were evaluated by the Berg Balance Scale, Balance Scale and Tinetti Gait and Index of Activities of Daily Living of Independence Katz before and after they underwent functional training program divided into four phases that consisted of heating, balance exercises, muscle strengthening and stretching for one hour, with a frequency of three times a week, totaling 24 sessions. In the statistical analysis we used the Shapiro-Wilk normality test for all variables and the Student t test for analysis of variance of the Berg Balance Scale, Tinetti and functionality. There was 100% improvement in the balance of the assessment by the Berg Scale, 85,71% and 77,77% in the evaluation of Tinetti gait and balance scale respectively, in the post-training compared to pre-training (p <0 ,0001). However in functionality were no differences between the evaluated moments (p>0.05). It concludes that functional training protocol used in the study was effective in improving the static and dynamic balance o felderly, which helps reduce the risk of falls and consequently ther eduction of disability in this population...(AU)


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Aged , Aged , Postural Balance , Quality of Life , Mentoring , Kinesthesis
4.
Motriz (Online) ; 23(2): e101603, 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-841841

ABSTRACT

Abstract Aim To evaluate if the application of infrared low-level laser therapy (LLLT) alters proprioception in young women. Methods 26 female volunteers were evaluated statically and dynamically by means of electronic baropodometry in the variables: distance from the foot center, maximum and medium pressure, and surface. Proprioception was also functionally assessed by the Star Excursion Balance Test (SEBT). The intervention occurred in two distinct periods, separated by one week apart, as this was a crossover study, so volunteers were submitted to placebo or LLLT (830 nm, 8 J/cm2), on the muscles: gastrocnemius, soleus, tibialis previous and long and short fibular. Results the analysis of baropodometry for both dynamic and static found no significant differences for the intervention group and the control group. Similar results were observed for SEBT. Conclusion The application of the LLLT, in the proposed parameters, did not influence the proprioception in young women.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Kinesthesis , Low-Level Light Therapy , Nervous System , Postural Balance
5.
Braz. j. phys. ther. (Impr.) ; 20(1): 81-86, Jan.-Feb. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-778379

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Clinicians lack a quantitative measure of kinesthetic sense, an important contributor to sensorimotor control of the hand and arm. OBJECTIVES: The objective here was to determine the feasibility of administering the Brief Kinesthesia Test (BKT) and begin to validate it by 1) reporting BKT scores from persons with chronic stroke and a healthy comparison group and 2) examining the relationship between the BKT scores and other valid sensory and motor measures. METHOD: Adults with stroke and mild to moderate hemiparesis (N=12) and an age-, gender-, and handedness-matched healthy comparison group (N=12) completed the BKT by reproducing three targeted reaching movements per hand with vision occluded. OTHER MEASURES: the Hand Active Sensation Test (HASTe), Touch-Test(tm) monofilament aesthesiometer, 6-item Wolf Motor Function Test (Wolf), the Motor Activity Log (MAL), and the Box and Blocks Test (BBT). A paired t-test compared BKT scores between groups. Pearson product-moment correlation coefficients assessed the relationship between BKT scores and other measures. RESULTS: Post-stroke participants performed more poorly on the BKT than comparison participants with their contralesional and ipsilesional upper extremity. The mean difference for the contralesional upper extremity was 3.7 cm (SE=1.1, t=3.34; p<0.008). The BKT score for the contralesional limb was strongly correlated with the MAL-how much (r=0.84, p=0.001), the MAL-how well (r=0.76, p=0.007), Wolf (r=0.69, p=0.02), and the BBT (r=0.77, p=0.006). CONCLUSIONS: The BKT was feasible to administer and sensitive to differences in reaching accuracy between persons with stroke and a comparison group. With further refinement, The BKT may become a valuable clinical measure of post-stroke kinesthetic impairment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Aged , Paresis/physiopathology , Recovery of Function/physiology , Stroke/physiopathology , Stroke Rehabilitation/standards , Kinesthesis , Kinesthesis/physiology
6.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec ; 66(2): 355-359, Jan.-Apr. 2014. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-709270

ABSTRACT

Condrossarcoma mesenquimal extraesquelético (CME) é um neoplasma maligno e raro em animais domésticos. Descreve-se um caso de CME em uma gata que apresentava uma massa firme, branco-amarelada, medindo 18cm de diâmetro, aderida à musculatura do membro pélvico esquerdo. O exame citológico revelou presença de células fusiformes individualizadas pleomórficas e agregados de pequenas células ovais, sem bordas definidas em meio à matriz intercelular amorfa. Devido à impossibilidade de tratamento e ao prognóstico desfavorável, foi realizada eutanásia. Microscopicamente foram observadas células fusiformes indiferenciadas e agregados de células condroides pleomórficas. O diagnóstico de CME foi confirmado pelas técnicas de azul alciano, tricrômico de Masson e pela prova imunoistoquímica, utilizando-se anticorpos antivimentina...


Extraskeletal mesenchymal chondrosarcoma (EMC) is a rare malignant tumor in domestic animals. We described a case of EMC in a cat with a mass measuring 18cm in diameter, yellowish-white and firm attached to the muscles in left hind limb. Cytological examination revealed the presence of individual pleomorphic spindle cells and clusters of small oval cells with no hard edges in the midst of an amorphous intercellular matrix. Due to the impossibility of treatment and poor prognosis, the cat was euthanized. Microscopically undifferentiated spindle cells and clusters of pleomorphic chondroid cells were observed. The CME diagnosis was confirmed with thealcian blue, Masson's trichrome and immunohistochemistry techniques, using antivimentin antibodies...


Subject(s)
Animals , Cats , Cats , Chondrosarcoma, Mesenchymal/diagnosis , Chondrosarcoma, Mesenchymal/veterinary , Kinesthesis , Motor Skills Disorders , Proprioception
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-262644

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare balance ability between elderly individuals who practiced Tai-Chi-Chuan (TCC) for average 9.64 years and elderly individuals who did not practice TCC and its relationship with lower extremity muscle strength and ankle proprioception.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twenty-five elderly volunteers were divided into two groups according to their TCC practcing experience. Sixteen were TCC group and the other nine were control population. Subjects completed a static balance test and ankle proprioception test using a custom-designed evaluation system, and concentric and eccentric knee extensor and flexor muscle strength tests. Subjects stood on the plate form to measure the proprioception in functional standing position which was differed from the previous studies. Multiple linear regressions were also used to predict the important factor affecting balance.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>TCC group performed better than the control group in balance, proprioception, and muscle strength of lower extremity. The proprioception was the most important factor related to balance ability and it can be accounted for explaining 44% of variance in medial-lateral sway direction, and 53% of variance in antero-posterior sway direction. The proprioception may be a more important factor which affecting the balance ability.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>TCC training is recommended to the elders; as it can improve balance ability through better proprioception.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Ankle Joint , Physiology , Female , Humans , Kinesthesis , Linear Models , Male , Middle Aged , Muscle Strength , Physiology , Postural Balance , Physiology , Posture , Physiology , Proprioception , Physiology , Tai Ji
8.
Bogotá; s.n; 2014. 194 p. tab, ilus.
Thesis in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1357822

ABSTRACT

De los nacimientos, a nivel local e internacional, entre el 8 y 16% son prematuros y entre el 70 y el 80% son hospitalizados en las Unidades de Cuidado Neonatal (UCN). En estos ambientes se presentan factores estresantes así como lo son las intervenciones propias del cuidado. Han surgido técnicas de estimulación para atenuar sus efectos adversos como el Estímulo Táctil Kinestésico (ETK) cuyos efectos deben ser verificados en la respuesta fisiológica y comportamental de estrés en los prematuros. Este es el fin primordial de la propuesta investigativa que se desarrolló. Estudio cuantitativo cuasi experimental con un diseño de pre y post prueba con una muestra de 38 neonatos pretérmino ≤ 34 semanas de gestación, hemodinamicamente estables. Con asignación aleatoria a los grupos, a los cuales se les practicó el ETK tres veces al día (Grupo experimental) vs una vez al día (Grupo control) por cinco días consecutivos desde mayo 2012 a marzo 2013. La medición de la respuesta fisiológica se hizo mediante el nivel de cortisol en saliva el 1er y 5to día de la intervención. Se midieron frecuencia respiratoria (FR), frecuencia cardiaca (FC), saturación de oxígeno (SatO2) antes y después de la práctica del estímulo y seguimiento de la curva de peso. La respuesta comportamental se midió a través de los cambios del estado de conciencia según escala Brazelton y el registro de señales motoras de estrés y autorregulación. El análisis de los datos se realizó a través de la prueba t de Student, prueba U de Mann-Whitney, varianza de medidas repetidas (ANOVA) para las comparaciones de grupos y correlación de Pearson, regresión lineal y logística para evaluar las asociaciones entre variables. Los hallazgos indican que el ETK, tres veces al día, disminuye significativamente el nivel de cortisol en saliva (p=0,023). Aumenta significativamente la SatO2 (p=0,000) en el 2do, 3ero y 4to día de la intervención, favoreciendo la interrupción del aporte suplementario de oxígeno entre el 4to y 5to día del ETK. No se observó diferencia significativa en los valores de FC, FR e incremento de peso. El estado de conciencia antes del ETK, en ambos grupos, fue el sueño profundo (p=0,009) y después fue la somnolencia (p=0,009) y estado activo (p=0,017) sin presencia de llanto. Durante la intervención se evidenció disminución significativa de las señales motoras de estrés (p=0,034). Estos resultados sugieren que la práctica del ETK disminuye la respuesta fisiológica y del comportamiento de estrés en el recién nacido pretérmino en la UCN


Of births at local and international levels, between 8 and 16 % are premature and between 70 and 80 % were hospitalized in the Neonatal Care Unit (UCN). Stressors are presented in these environments as are own care interventions. Have emerged stimulation techniques to mitigate its adverse effects like Kinesthetic Tactile Stimulation (ETK) whose effects must be verified on the physiological and behavioral stress response in preterm infants. This is the primary purpose of the research proposal was developed. Quantitative study quasi-experimental design with pre -and post- test with a sample of 38 preterm infants ≤ 34 weeks gestation, hemodynamically stable. Randomized to groups to which they practiced three times a day ETK (experimental group) vs once daily (control group) for five consecutive days from May 2012 to March 2013. Measurement of physiological response made by the level of cortisol in saliva 1st and 5th day of the intervention. Respiratory rate (FR), heart rate (HR), oxygen saturation (SatO2) before and after practice stimulus and monitoring the weight curve were measured. The behavioral response was measured by changes in consciousness as Brazelton scale and registration of motor signs of stress and self-regulation. The data analysis was performed using the Student t test, U test Mann-Whitney variance for repeated measures (ANOVA) for group comparisons and Pearson correlation, linear and logistic regression to assess associations between variables. The findings indicate that the ETK, three times a day, significantly decreases the level of cortisol in saliva (p = 0.023). SatO2 significantly increases (p = 0.000) in the 2nd, 3rd and 4th day of surgery, favoring discontinuation of supplemental oxygen between the 4th and 5th day of ETK. No significant difference was observed in the values of HR, FR, and weight gain . The state of consciousness before ETK, in both groups, was sleep (p = 0.009) and then was somnolence (p = 0.009) and active (p = 0.017) without the presence of tears. During the intervention significantly decreased bodily signs of stress (p = 0.034) was demonstrated. These results suggest that the practice of ETK reduces the physiological and behavioral stress in preterm newborn response to UCN


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Stress, Physiological , Infant, Premature , Kinesthesis , Hydrocortisone , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , Touch Perception
9.
Braz. j. phys. ther. (Impr.) ; 17(6): 588-592, dez. 2013. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-696992

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Motor imagery (MI) has been recently considered as an adjunct to physical rehabilitation in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). It is necessary to assess MI abilities and benefits in patients with MS by using a reliable tool. The Kinesthetic and Visual Imagery Questionnaire (KVIQ) was recently developed to assess MI ability in patients with stroke and other disabilities. Considering the different underlying pathologies, the present study aimed to examine the validity and reliability of the KVIQ in MS patients. METHOD: Fifteen MS patients were assessed using the KVIQ in 2 sessions (5-14days apart) by the same examiner. In the second session, the participants also completed a revised MI questionnaire (MIQ-R) as the gold standard. Intra-class correlation coefficients (ICCs) were measured to determine test-retest reliability. Spearman's correlation analysis was performed to assess concurrent validity with the MIQ-R. Furthermore, the internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha) and factorial structure of the KVIQ were studied. RESULTS: The test-retest reliability for the KVIQ was good (ICCs: total KVIQ=0.89, visual KVIQ=0.85, and kinesthetic KVIQ=0.93), and the concurrent validity between the KVIQ and MIQ-R was good (r=0.79). The KVIQ had good internal consistency, with high Cronbach's alpha (alpha=0.84). Factorial analysis showed the bi-factorial structure of the KVIQ, which was explained by visual=57.6% and kinesthetic=32.4%. CONCLUSIONS: The results of the present study revealed that the KVIQ is a valid and reliable tool for assessing MI in MS patients. .


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Imagery, Psychotherapy , Kinesthesis , Multiple Sclerosis/physiopathology , Surveys and Questionnaires , Reproducibility of Results
10.
Rev. abordagem gestál. (Impr.) ; 19(1): 76-84, jul. 2013.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-693406

ABSTRACT

O foco do artigo é a relação entre corporeidade e consciência para explicar como um ato que é pré-reflexivo e involuntário vem a se tornar reflexivo e voluntário, para se expressar posteriormente como pré-reflexivo e voluntário. Primeiro traça um paralelo entre psicólogos que recorreram à psicologia fenomenológica ou descritiva em experimentos sobre a consciência imediata dos sentidos. Segundo, ressalta o corpo como referencial ao movimento e à ação na constituição da autoconsciência, indicando divergências com teorias cognitivas e convergências com a fenomenologia existencial. Terceiro, toma-se o corpo situado interagindo com um mundo real para demonstrar que parte da apreensão fenomenal é concreta e situada. Por isto, se diz que a percepção é uma presentação e não necessariamente uma representação. Por fim, recorre-se a exemplos de estudos recentes em campos como a educação física, dança e ergonomia para sugerir aplicações fenomenológicas ainda pouco exploradas: como delineamento de layouts, planificação de ambientes e prevenção de acidentes...


The focus of the paper is the relation between movement and consciousness to explain how a pre-reflexive and involuntary act becomes reflexive and voluntary, to further on express itself as pre-reflexive and voluntary. First, it traces a parallel among psychologists that used phenomenological or descriptive psychology on experiments about the immediate consciousness of the senses. Second, it emphasizes how descriptive phenomenology recognized the body as reference for movement and action in the constitution of self-consciousness, indicating convergences with existential phenomenology. Third, the situated body is taken in its interactions with the real world to show how phenomenal apprehension is concrete and situated. Thus, it understands perception as a presentation and not necessarily a representation. Finally, it resorts to examples of recent studies in fields such as physical education, dancing, and ergonomics, suggesting an applied field of phenomenology not much explored as designing layouts, planning environments and preventing accidents...


El enfoque del artigo es la relación entre movimiento y consciencia para explicar cómo es que un acto que es pre- reflexivo y involuntario se vuelve reflexivo y voluntario para expresarse, posteriormente como pre-reflexivo y voluntario. Primero traza un paralelo entre psicólogos que recurrieron a la psicología fenomenológica o descriptiva en experimentos sobre la consciencia inmediata de los sentidos. Segundo, resalta el cuerpo como referencial al movimiento y la acción en la constitución del auto consciencia, indicando convergencias con la fenomenología existencial. Tercero, tomase el cuerpo situado interactuando con un mundo real para demostrar que parte de la aprehensión fenomenal es concreta y ubicada. Por eso, se dice que la percepción es una presentación y no necesariamente una representación. Por fin, se recurre a ejemplos de estudios recientes en campos como la educación física, danza y ergonomía para sugerir aplicaciones fenomenológicas todavía poco exploradas, como el delineamiento de layouts, planeación de ambientes y prevención de accidentes...


Subject(s)
Humans , Kinesthesis , Motion Perception , Psychophysiology
11.
Iranian Journal of Pediatrics. 2013; 23 (3): 289-294
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-143194

ABSTRACT

Low Birth Weight [LBW] [1500gr

Subject(s)
Humans , Kinesthesis , Infant, Low Birth Weight , Infant Behavior , Massage , Exercise
12.
Rev. abordagem gestál. (Impr.) ; 17(2): 123-130, dez. 2011.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-796508

ABSTRACT

Husserl definiu cinestesia como a experiência vivida e autoconsciente do movimento e do gesto, associada à unidade corporal, ao desenvolvimento do esquema do ego estendido, e à percepção de espaço. O estudo contrasta dificuldades históricas e colaborações recentes entre fenomenologia e pesquisa experimental. A análise sustenta-se na revisão de estudos clássicos sobre cinestesia e percepção, e em pesquisas neurocognitivas recentes, destacando as implicações para a compreensão da intencionalidade. O conceito de cinestesia refere-se a duas questões fenomenológicas: como sei que eu sou eu, e quem sou eu. O senso de si e da ação presente passam pela integração da consciência reflexiva no desempenho motor e perceptivo, conforme confirmam experimentos fenomenológicos e neurocognitivos sobre situações de ambiguidade proprioceptiva. Tais estudos estão abrindo novas possibilidades para reabilitação de desordens proprioceptivas – como no caso de amputação, comorbidades de auto-imagem e mesmo esquizofrenia – e para colaborações profícuas entre fenomenologia e neurociências cognitivas...


Husserl defined kinesthesia as the self-consciousness lived experience of movement and gesture, associated to the body unity, to the development of an extended ego schema, and to spatial perception. The study contrasts historical difficulties and recent collaborations between phenomenology and experimental research. The analysis is sustained in classical studies review on kinesthesia and perception, and in recent neurocognitive research, emphasizing implications to an understanding of intentionality. The concept of kinesthesia refers to two phenomenological issues: How do I know that I am myself, and who am I. The sense of self and actual action passes through the integration of reflective consciousness in motor action and perception, as confirmed by phenomenological and neurocognitive experiments using proprioceptive ambiguity contexts. Those studies are opening new possibilities to the rehabilitation of proprioceptive disorders – as in the case of amputees, self-image comorbidities and schizophrenia – and also to fruitful collaborations between phenomenology and cognitive neurosciences...


Husserl define cinestesia como la auto-conciencia de la experiencia vivida del movimiento y el gesto, asociado a la unidad del cuerpo, a lo desarrollo de un esquema de ego extendido, y a la percepción espacial. El estudio contrasta las dificultades históricas y recientes colaboraciones entre la fenomenología y la investigación experimental. El análisis se sustenta en la revisión de estudios clásicos en cinestesia y la percepción, y en la investigación neurocognitiva reciente, destacando las implicaciones para la comprensión de la intencionalidad. El concepto de cinestesia se refiere a dos aspectos fenomenológicos: Cómo puedo saber que soy yo, y que yo soy. El sentido de sí mismo y la acción propia pasa por la integración de la conciencia reflexiva en la acción motora, según lo confirmado por experimentos fenomenológicos y neurocognitivos utilizando contextos de ambigüedad propioceptiva. Estos estudios están abriendo nuevas posibilidades para la rehabilitación de los trastornos propioceptivos – como en el caso de los amputados, comorbilidades de imagen de sí mismo y la esquizofrenia – y también a la colaboración fructífera entre la fenomenología y las neurociencias cognitivas...


Subject(s)
Humans , Kinesthesis , Cognition , Existentialism/psychology , Neurosciences , Perception
13.
Fisioter. mov ; 24(1): 57-64, jan.-mar. 2011. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-579682

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Verificar e comparar os efeitos da hidrocinesioterapia e da cinesioterapia na qualidade de vida de pacientes portadoras de fibromialgia. Materiais e métodos: Foi realizado um ensaio clínico randomizado, cego, para os avaliadores. Para avaliar a qualidade de vida, utilizou-se o questionário genérico SF-36 a fim de analisar os aspectos físicos e psicológicos em 24 pacientes do sexo feminino, portadoras de fibromialgia, com idade de 30 a 55 anos, alocadas aleatoriamente em dois grupos: hidrocinesioterapia e cinesioterapia. Durante um período de 23 semanas, as pacientes foram submetidas a alongamentos e exercícios aeróbios de baixa intensidade com duração de uma hora cada sessão (em ambos os grupos). Resultados: Observou-se melhora estatisticamente significante (p < 0,05) na maior parte dos aspectos abordados pelo SF-36 em ambos os grupos. Conclusão: A hidrocinesioterapia promoveu um relaxamento muscular favorável para a melhora da qualidade de vida, porém, não foi o fator principal para amenizar os efeitos da patologia, uma vez que a cinesioterapia também proporcionou efeitos benéficos para a promoção do bem-estar dessas pacientes. Portanto, os alongamentos e os exercícios aeróbios de baixa intensidade empregados em ambos os protocolos são os prováveis responsáveis pelos efeitos benéficos observados nas duas modalidades terapêuticas analisadas.


OBJECTIVE: To verify and compare the effects of hydrokinesiotherapy and kinesiotherapy in the quality of life of patients with fibromyalgia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: It was realized a randomized clinical trial, blinded, to observers. To evaluate the quality of life, it was used the generic questionnaire SF- 36 in order to analyze the physical and psychological aspects, in 24 female patients with fibromyalgia, between 30 and 55 years old, placed aleatorialy in two groups: hydrokinesiotherapy and kinesiotherapy. During a period of 23 weeks, the patients were submitted to stretching and aerobic exercises of low intensity with one hour of duration each section (in both groups). RESULTS: It was observed statistically significant increase (p < 0,05) in the majority of the aspects of SF-36 in both groups.CONCLUSION: The hydrokinesiotherapy provides a favorable muscle relaxing to improve the quality of life, however it is not the main factor to decrease the effects of the pathology, since the kinesiotherapy also provided beneficent effects to promote the well being of these patients. Therefore, stretching and aerobic exercises of low intensity employed in both protocols are the probable responsibles by positive effects observed in both therapeutic modalities analysed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Exercise , Fibromyalgia/therapy , Kinesthesis , Quality of Life
14.
Fisioter. mov ; 23(4): 617-636, out.-dez. 2010.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-587596

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A dor cervical mecânica é problema comum na população em geral e engloba a dor cervical aguda, as lesões em chicote, as disfunções cervicais e a dor cervical-ombro. A limitação da amplitude de movimento, a sensação de aumento da tensão muscular, a cefaleia, a braquialgia, a vertigem e outros sinais e sintomas são manifestações comuns e podem ser agravados por movimentos ou pela manutenção de posturas da coluna cervical. Estudos recentes mostram comprometimento no controle sensório-motor em pessoas com dor cervical manifestando-se por alterações da cinestesia cervical com dificuldade no reconhecimento da posição da cabeça, do movimento dos olhos e do equilíbrio.Objetivos: Descrever, com base na revisão da literatura, as manifestações e os métodos de avaliação dos distúrbios sensório-motores relacionados à dor cervical mecânica. Métodos: Para a revisão foram utilizadas as bases de dados de literatura científica indexada no período de 1965 a 2009. Considerou-separa a inclusão os artigos que abordassem a dor cervical mecânica e os distúrbios da propriocepção cervical, da coordenação dos movimentos dos olhos e do equilíbrio. Não houve restrição quanto à língua de publicação. O processo de seleção foi realizado por dois examinadores independentes, considerando a evidência científica em ordem decrescente, havendo preferência para as meta-análises e os estudos randomizados controlados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Kinesthesis , Neck Pain , Physical Examination , Physical Therapy Specialty
15.
Motriz rev. educ. fís. (Impr.) ; 16(3): 610-619, jul.-set. 2010. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-563284

ABSTRACT

Este estudo teve por função mensurar e comparar os escores de atletas de desportos de diferentes demandas, em variáveis bioperacionais. Para tanto, selecionou-se trinta (N=30) atletas do gênero masculino, com idade entre 13 e 16 anos, sendo 15 atletas de basquetebol e 15 velocistas do atletismo. As variáveis coordenação geral, percepção cinestésica e tempo de reação motriz foram mensuradas por meio de testes aplicados na seguinte ordem, teste de Burpee, teste de Salto Percepção Cinestésica e teste de Tempo de Reação Motriz. Os dados obtidos foram tratados e analisados no programa SSPS 10. Na versão descritiva utilizou-se os escores mínimos e máximos, as médias e desvios-padrão, na estatística inferencial, o teste “t” student. O teste da hipótese do estudo teve como referência o valor de alfa p≤0,05. Os resultados apontaram o tempo de reação dos atletas de basquetebol como variável que obteve significância estatística na comparação entre grupos.


This study had the task of comparing and measuring the scores of sports athletes of different demands raised here, the basketball and athletics, in varying bioperacionais. Thirty (N = 30) athletes of the masculine gender were selected, with age between 13 and 16 years, 15 basketball athletes and 15 athletes velocitys. The variables overall coordination, cinestesic perception and reaction time, were measured by means of tests that were applied in the following order, Burpee test; Jump Cinestesic Perception and test the reaction time. Data from the testing procedures were processed and analyzed in the program SSPS 10. In the version used to the descriptive means and standard deviations for the two times of testing. In statistical inference used to test the “t” student. The test of the hypothesis of the study was to reference the value of alpha p≤0.05. The basketball athletes were pointed to have a better score in this variable. The results pointed to the reaction time of driving as the variable that has obtained statistical significance between the groups.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Basketball , Kinesthesis/physiology , Sports , Reaction Time/physiology
16.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 68(4): 556-561, Aug. 2010. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-555234

ABSTRACT

The evoked cerebral electric response when sequences of complex motor imagery (MI) task are executed several times is still unclear. This work aims at investigating the existence of habituation in the cortical response, more specifically in the alpha band peak of parietal and occipital areas (10-20 international system electroencephalogram, EEG, protocol). The EEG signals were acquired during sequences of MI of volleyball spike movement in kinesthetic and visual modalities and also at control condition. Thirty right-handed male subjects (18 to 40 years) were assigned to either an 'athlete' or a 'non-athlete' group, both containing 15 volunteers. Paired Wilcoxon tests (with α=0.05) indicates that sequential MI of complex tasks promotes cortical changes, mainly in the power vicinity of the alpha peak. This finding is more pronounced along the initial trials and also for the athletes during the modality of kinesthetic motor imagery.


A resposta elétrica cerebral evocada quando sequencias de imagética motora (MI) de tarefas complexas são executadas seguidamente no tempo permanecem desconhecidas. Este trabalho objetivou investigar a existência de habituação da resposta cortical, mais especificamente na banda do pico de alfa de áreas parietais e occipitais (sistema internacional 10-20, eletroencefalograma, protocolo de EEG). Os sinais de EEG foram adquiridos durante sequências de MI do movimento de ataque do voleibol nas modalidades cinestésica e visual, e também em condição de controle. Trinta voluntários adultos (entre 18 e 40 anos), destros, do gênero masculino foram agrupados como 'atletas' ou 'não-atletas', sendo cada grupo composto de 15 voluntários. Testes pareados de Wilcoxon (com α=0.05) indicaram que a MI sequencial de tarefas complexas promoveram alterações nas respostas corticais, mais especificamente na região ao redor do pico de alfa. Este achado foi mais pronunciado ao longo dos trechos iniciais e também nos atletas durante a modalidade cinestésica de imagética motora.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Alpha Rhythm/physiology , Imagination/physiology , Kinesthesis/physiology , Movement/physiology , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Young Adult
17.
Braz. j. phys. ther. (Impr.) ; 14(2): 141-148, Mar.-Apr. 2010. graf, tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-549353

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Avaliar o efeito da estimulação tátil-cinestésica na evolução do padrão comportamental e clínico de recém-nascidos pré-termos (RNPT) durante o período de internação hospitalar. MÉTODOS: Trinta e dois RNPT, com peso ao nascimento inferior a 2.500 gramas, clinicamente estáveis e destituídos de asfixia perinatal importante foram divididos em 16 bebês do grupo controle (GC) e 16 do experimental (GE). Foram coletados dados da evolução clínica a partir dos registros hospitalares e da avaliação comportamental por meio de filmagens semanais de oito minutos, desde a inclusão do RNPT na amostra até a alta hospitalar. RESULTADOS: Tendência a redução do tempo de internação hospitalar, aumento do ganho de peso diário e predominância de comportamentos auto-organizados (respiração regular, estado de alerta, tônus equilibrado, posturas mistas, movimentação coordenada, movimentos de mão na face, sucção, preensão, apoio) para os RNPT do GE. A análise comparativa das idades pós-conceptuais divididas em intervalos (I - 31 a 33 semanas 6/7; II - 34 a 36 semanas 6/7; e III - 37 a 39 semanas 6/7) ressaltou, no aspecto motor, um tônus equilibrado e movimentação voluntária coordenada para os três períodos, maior permanência em posturas mistas (intervalo I) ou em flexão (intervalo II) e a obtenção de respiração mais regular na faixa etária I do GE. CONCLUSÃO: Destaque da estimulação tátil-cinestésica como método de intervenção durante o período de internação hospitalar, contribuindo para a auto-organização e regulação comportamental de RNPT.


OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of tactile and kinesthetic stimulation on behavioral and clinical development in preterm neonates while still in the hospital. METHODS: Thirty-two clinically stable preterm infants weighing <2.500 grams, with no significant perinatal asphyxia, were allocated to two groups: a control group (CG) in which no intervention was made (n=16) and a study group (SG) in which the newborn infants received tactile and kinesthetic stimulation (n=16). Data on the infants' clinical progress were collected from medical charts and behavioral evaluations by means of a series of weekly, eight-minute films recorded from the time of inclusion into the study until hospital discharge. RESULTS: There was a trend towards a shorter duration of hospital stay, increased daily weight gain and a predominance of self-regulated behavior (regular breathing, state of alertness, balanced tonus, a range of postures, coordinated movements, hand-to-face movement control, suction, grip, support) in infants in the SG. With respect to motor control, comparative analysis of postconceptional ages according to age-bracket (I - 31-33 weeks 6/7; II - 34-36 weeks 6/7; and III - 37-39 weeks 6/7) revealed balanced tonus and coordinated voluntary movements in all three periods, a longer time spent in a range of postures (age bracket I) or in flexion (age bracket II) and more regular breathing in age bracket I in the SG. CONCLUSION: In the hospital, tactile and kinesthetic stimulation was shown to have a positive effect, contributing towards adjustment and self-regulation of behavior in the preterm newborn infant.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Male , Child Development , Infant Behavior , Physical Stimulation , Hospitalization , Infant, Premature , Kinesthesis , Touch
18.
Kinesiologia ; 29(1): 6-15, mar. 2010. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-574226

ABSTRACT

Propósito: El fútbol está clasificado como deporte con alto riesgo de lesión. La Injuria en un futbolista puede generar complicaciones personales, grupales e institucionales, por lo que su rehabilitación es un objetivo prioritario y una de las variables en este proceso es la propiocepción. El propósito del estudio, consistió en investigar las lesiones deportivas en este deporte y el abordaje propiocepción en ellas, considerando la medición específica de la propiocepción, su relación con la terapia deportiva y los abordajes preventivos en el fútbol; orientados especialmente al proceder kinésico en el proceso formativo de divisiones menores de un club profesional de fútbol chileno. Conclusiones: La propiocepción es un factor importante en la rehabilitación deportiva. SI bien existe controversia en su medición y grado de participación en el control motor, permanentemente debe estar considerada en las intervenciones terapéuticas. La prevención de lesiones deportivas está relacionada con el uso de elementos profilácticos y actualmente se está aplicando como alternativa viable el trabajo propiocepción en pretemporadas y entrenamientos regulares. El abordaje kinésico en divisiones menores de un club, además de concentrarse en la rehabilitación deportiva, debiese siempre considerar el componente educativo implícito en la formación integral de un futuro futbolista profesional.


Purpose: Football is classified as a sport with a high risk of injury. The injury in a football player can generate personal, grupal and Institutional complications for what his rehabilitation is a priority objective and one of the variables in this process is the propiocepcion. The purpose of the study was to investigate the injuries In football and the propioceptive boarding in them, considering the specific measurement of propiocepcion., its relation with the sports therapy and the preventive boarding in this sport, specially orientated on the physical therapy procedure in the formative process in the minor divisions of a professional Chilean football club. Conclusions: Propiocepcion is an important factor in sports rehabilitation. Though controversy exists in Its measurement and degree of participation in the motor control, it should permanently be considered in therapeutic interventions. The prevention of sports injuries is related to the use of prophylactic elements and nowadays propiocepcion. Is been used as viable alternative during pre-seasons and regular trainings. The physical therapy boarding in minor divisions, besides focusing in sports rehabilitation, should always think in the implicit educational component in the integral formation of a future professional football player.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Adult , Proprioception/physiology , Soccer , Athletic Injuries/prevention & control , Athletic Injuries/rehabilitation , Kinesthesis/physiology
19.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-723097

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To measure knee joint proprioception quantitatively in hemiplegic patients after brain injury using an isokinetic dynamometer. METHOD: Thirty healthy subjects and 24 hemiplegic patients participated in this study. Joint position sense was evaluated with passive angle reproduction of 30degrees and 60degrees of knee flexion and kinesthesia was evaluated with the threshold for detection of passive movementfrom 45degrees of knee flexion. We used toe-"up or down"-test for conventional clinical method. RESULTS: Significant proprioceptive deficit was observed not only in paretic knees of both right and left hemiplegic patients (p0.05). CONCLUSION: The quantitative test using an isokinetic dynamometer is a reliable method to measure knee proprioception, and it is possible to detect proprioceptive deficit in hemiplegic patients. Conventional clinical assessments are poor for predicting the results of the quantitative measure in the nonparetic knee. This quantitative method may be useful in diagnosis and follow-up of knee proprioception of hemiplegic patients after brain injury.


Subject(s)
Brain Injuries , Hemiplegia , Humans , Joints , Kinesthesis , Knee , Knee Joint , Proprioception , Reproduction
20.
Fisioter. pesqui ; 17(1): 7-12, 2010. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-556388

ABSTRACT

O propósito deste foi determinar o grau de concordância inter-avaliador de dois testes que mensuram a propriocepção do joelho por meio da goniometria, em uma amostra de universitárias (n=13; 23,8±6,4 anos). Mensurou-se a acurácia proprioceptiva pelos testes de percepção do limiar de movimento passivo lento (T1), movendo-se passivamente a perna até o ângulo alvo; e pelo teste de senso de posição articular (T2), solicitando-se movimento ativo até o ângulo alvo, previamente atingido passivamente. Os ângulos alvos foram sorteados e as medições feitas simultaneamente, de forma cega, por dois avaliadores, por meio de dois goniômetros idênticos posicionados nas faces medial e lateral do joelho. As participantes sinalizavam ao atingir o ângulo alvo, registrando-se, por ambos os avaliadores, os valores angulares efetivamente alcançados. A diferença (em números absolutos) entre o ângulo alvo e aquele alcançado foi considerada o “valor de erro”, que reflete a acuidade proprioceptiva. Determinou-se a concordância inter-avaliador pelo teste de concordância de Kappa; os valores encontrados (T1, Kappa=0,55; T2, Kappa=0,58) mostram concordância moderada. Como a concordância inter-avaliador nos dois testes foi moderada, conclui-se que a goniometria é limitada, na avaliação proprioceptiva de movimento do joelho...


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Arthrometry, Articular/methods , Kinesthesis , Knee Joint , Proprioception
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