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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879391

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate relationship between cold pain of knee joint and subchondral bone marrow edema (BME).@*METHODS@#From May 2018 to August 2019, 92 patients with knee osteoarthritis (KOA) associated with cold pain of knee were admitted, all patients were underwent MRI examination. The patients were divided into observation group (47 patients with BME) and control group(45 patients without BME). In observation group, there were 6 males and 41 females aged from 36 to 87 years old with an average of (63.2±12.3) years old. In control group, there were 10 males and 35 females, aged from 48 to 84 years old with an average of (62.7±8.3) years old. All patientswere treated with drugs. The degree of joint degeneration was evaluated by Kellgren-Lawrence (K-L) grading. Degree of cold pain of knee was evaluated by knee cold pain score, and degree of BME was evaluated according to WORMS. The correlation between cold pain of knee and K-L grading and BME was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Score of cold pain in observation group (15.55±7.68) was higher than that of control group (9.42± 5.50), which had significant difference (@*CONCLUSION@#The cold pain of KOA patients is not related to K-L grading, but corelate with BME grading. The Cold pain of knee was more pronounced in KOA patients with BME, and the severity of BME is often related to degree of cold pain. It seemed to be a tendency:the more serious BME, the heavier coldpain.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Bone Marrow , Edema , Female , Humans , Knee Joint/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Middle Aged , Osteoarthritis, Knee/diagnostic imaging , Pain/etiology
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877609

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the imaging features of focus of knee joint tendon in patients with knee osteoarthritis (KOA) by musculoskeletal ultrasound (MSUS) technique.@*METHODS@#One hundred KOA patients and 100 healthy subjects were included. All the KOA patients were palpated by the sequence of foot @*RESULTS@#The top-5 focus of knee tendon of KOA patients were located in medial inferior patella, medial tibial condyle, inferior patella, Zusanlici and Hedingci. The thickness of ligaments and tendons in extension and flexion positions in KOA patients were thicker than that in healthy subjects (@*CONCLUSION@#The focus of knee joint tendon in KOA patients shows significantly thickened musculoskeletal imaging features.


Subject(s)
Healthy Volunteers , Humans , Knee Joint/diagnostic imaging , Osteoarthritis, Knee/diagnostic imaging , Tendons/diagnostic imaging , Ultrasonography
3.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(5): 1646-1652, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1131575

ABSTRACT

The objective was to establish the reference standards for elastography of the main structures of the canine stifle joint. The medial meniscus, patellar and cruciate ligaments of thirty healthy beagles was evaluated by B-mode and ARFI elastography (n=60 joints). Analysis detected a positive correlation of the shear wave velocity (SWV) of structures according to age. Patellar ligament presented a gradual stiffness increase in relation to age, while medial meniscus and cruciate ligament were more rigid in puppies than in adults. However, greater stiffness of these structures was observed in elderly animals. Elasticity of each structure was evaluated according to gender and reproductive status. Females presented greater stiffness of all structures, with SWV differing 0.3 and 0.36m/s between genders. Only the medial meniscus was not stiffer in neutered animals when compared to intact animals, differing only 0.02m/s in menisci and 0.4 to 0.47m/s in ligaments between groups. These findings corroborate with literature data that states a higher prevalence of ligament insufficiency in elderly dogs, females and neutered animals. It was concluded that ARFI elastography of the canine stifle joint is feasible and its application can be potentially effective in early diagnosis of ligament and meniscal changes.(AU)


O objetivo foi estabelecer os padrões normais para elastografia das principais estruturas da articulação do joelho em cães. O menisco medial, ligamento patelar e cruzado de trinta beagles saudáveis foram avaliados pelo modo B e elastografia ARFI (n=60 articulações). A análise detectou uma correlação positiva da velocidade de cisalhamento (SWV) das estruturas com a idade. O ligamento patelar apresentou um aumento gradual da rigidez em relação à idade, enquanto o menisco medial e o ligamento cruzado foram mais rígidos em filhotes do que em adultos. Entretanto, observou-se maior rigidez dessas estruturas em idosos. A elasticidade de cada estrutura foi avaliada de acordo com o sexo e o estado reprodutivo. As fêmeas apresentaram maior rigidez em todas as estruturas, com SWV diferente de 0,3 e 0,36m/s entre os sexos. Somente o menisco medial não foi mais rígido nos animais castrados quando comparado não castrados, diferindo apenas 0,02m/s no menisco e 0,4 a 0,47m/s nos ligamentos entre os grupos. Esses achados corroboram com dados da literatura que afirmam maior prevalência de insuficiência ligamentar em cães idosos, fêmeas e animais castrados. Concluiu-se que a elastografia ARFI da articulação do joelho canino é viável e sua aplicação pode ser eficaz no diagnóstico precoce de alterações ligamentares e meniscais.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Patellofemoral Joint/diagnostic imaging , Meniscus/diagnostic imaging , Knee Joint/diagnostic imaging , Ultrasonography/veterinary , Elasticity Imaging Techniques/veterinary
4.
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 25(1): 11-13, 2018. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-907452

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El dolor de rodilla es una de las consultas más comunes en el consultorio traumatológico. Es comúnencontrarnos con pacientes que llegan a la consulta con una Resonancia Magnetica Nuclear (RMN) diciendo que tienenun menisco roto y buscando un turno en el quirófano. La mayoría de estos pacientes son factibles de tratamientoortopédico y es suficiente realizar maniobras semiologicas correctas para determinarlo. A pesar de ello hay un númerocreciente de solicitud de RMN de rodilla por miembros del equipo de salud. La hipótesis de este trabajo postula quelas RMN solicitadas por los especialistas en ortopedia y traumatología ofrecen resultados positivos tanto para los diagnósticos como para los planes de tratamiento.Objetivos: El objetivo de este trabajo es comparar la utilidad en el diagnóstico y en la definición terapéutica de las RMNde rodillas solicitadas por especialistas médicos...


Introduction: Knee pain is one of the most common complications in the trauma clinic. It is common to find patients whocome to the office with a Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (MRI) who have a broken meniscus and who are looking for a lathe inthe operating room. The majority of these patients are feasible for orthopedic treatment and it is sufficient to perform correct semiological maneuvers to determine it. Although there is a growing demand for knee MRI by members of the health team.The hypothesis of this work postulates that the NMR requested by the specialists in orthopedics and traumatology offerpositive results both for the diagnoses and for the treatment plans.Objectives: The aim of this study is to compare the usefulness in diagnosis and in the therapeutic definition of knee MRIs requested by medical specialists...


Subject(s)
Adult , Arthralgia/diagnostic imaging , Knee Injuries/diagnostic imaging , Knee Joint/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Orthopedics/statistics & numerical data , Retrospective Studies
5.
Clinics ; 73: e540, 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-974910

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the diagnosis and treatment of tibial intercondylar chondroblastoma. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the diagnosis and treatment of 12 patients with tibial intercondylar chondroblastoma admitted to the orthopedics department from May 2011 to February 2016; among them were 4 males and 3 females aged 10-19 years, with an average age of 15.7 years. Tibial intercondylar chondroblastoma was on the left and right side in 7 and 5 cases, respectively. The preoperative average Lysholm score of the knee joint was 68 (42-87). A posteromedial approach was applied in all cases. The incisions were approximately 5-8 cm in length. Complete curettage and inactivation were performed after fenestration, and allogeneic bone grafts were transplanted. Then, the posterior cruciate ligament insertion was fixed with 5.0 suture anchors. All patients were followed up with regularly to monitor for tumor recurrence, observe bone graft healing, and reassess the Lysholm score of the knee. RESULTS: Patients were followed for 7-55 months, and the median follow-up time was 19 months. One patient experienced tumor relapse 4 months after the operation. Incision, inactivation and cementation were performed. Then, the bone was fixed with anchors. In the other 11 patients, the bone graft healed over an average period of 6.2 months (4-10 months), with good functional recovery postoperatively. The average postoperative Lysholm score of the knee was 91 (81-95). CONCLUSION: Tibial intercondylar chondroblastoma has unique clinical and imaging characteristics and can effectively be treated by curettage followed by the inactivation, transplantation and fixation of allogeneic bone grafts with suture anchors through a posteromedial approach.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Young Adult , Tibia/surgery , Tibia/diagnostic imaging , Bone Neoplasms/surgery , Bone Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Chondroblastoma/surgery , Chondroblastoma/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Radiography , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Knee Joint/surgery , Knee Joint/diagnostic imaging
6.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 115(6): 445-448, dic. 2017. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-887411

ABSTRACT

El dolor de rodilla es uno de los síntomas musculoesqueléticos más frecuentes en jóvenes físicamente activos y aparece, sobre todo, en adolescentes varones. Dentro del diagnóstico diferencial, hay que considerar entidades habituales de diagnóstico clínico, como la osteocondrosis apofisaria, y también otras en las que se precisan estudios complementarios. Se presenta el caso de un varón deportista de 12 años con dolor continuo en la rodilla derecha que se intensificaba con la actividad física y la presión directa. Se hizo el diagnóstico de enfermedad de Osgood-Schlatter mediante los datos exploratorios, reproducción del dolor ante la palpación a punta de dedo sobre la tuberosidad tibial anterior, y se confirmó mediante radiología. Se describe esta entidad y otras derivadas de la sobreutilización en la actividad física con las que hacer diagnóstico diferencial; se insiste en las medidas preventivas en cuanto a una correcta orientación en la actividad deportiva.


Knee pain is one of the most frequent musculoskeletal symptoms in young physically active males. Common entities of clinical diagnosis as osteochondritis/apophysitis and others that need complementary studies should be considered in the differential diagnosis. We present the case of a 12-year-old male athlete with continuous pain in his right knee that intensifies with physical activity and with direct pressure. Diagnosis of Osgood-Schlatter disease is made by exploratory data, pain-to-finger palpation on the anterior tibial tuberosity, and is confirmed by radiology. This entity is described as well as the main pathologies derived from overuse to make differential diagnosis and to stress preventive measures regarding a correct orientation in the sport activity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Exercise , Osteochondrosis/diagnostic imaging , Arthrography , Arthralgia/etiology , Osteochondrosis/complications , Knee Joint/diagnostic imaging
8.
Rev. bras. reumatol ; 57(2): 154-161, Mar.-Apr. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-844223

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To describe the performance of a non-fluoroscopic fixed-flexion PA radiographic protocol with a new positioning device, developed for the assessment of knee osteoarthritis (OA) in Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health Musculoskeletal Study (ELSA-Brasil MSK). Material and methods: A test–retest design including 19 adults (38 knee images) was conducted. Feasibility of the radiographic protocol was assessed by image quality parameters and presence of radioanatomic alignment according to intermargin distance (IMD) values. Repeatability was assessed for IMD and joint space width (JSW) measured at three different locations. Results: Approximately 90% of knee images presented excellent quality. Frequencies of nearly perfect radioanatomic alignment (IMD ≤1 mm) ranged from 29% to 50%, and satisfactory alignment was found in up to 71% and 76% of the images (IMD ≤1.5 mm and ≤1.7 mm, respectively). Repeatability analyses yielded the following results: IMD [SD of mean difference = 1.08; coefficient of variation (%CV) = 54.68%; intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) (95%CI) = 0.59 (0.34–0.77)]; JSW [SD of mean difference = 0.34–0.61; %CV = 4.48%–9.80%; ICC (95%CI) = 0.74 (0.55–0.85)–0.94 (0.87–0.97)]. Adequately reproducible measurements of IMD and JSW were found in 68% and 87% of the images, respectively. Conclusions: Despite the difficulty in achieving consistent radioanatomic alignment between subsequent radiographs in terms of IMD, the protocol produced highly repeatable JSW measurements when these were taken at midpoint and 10 mm from the medial extremity of the medial tibial plateau. Therefore, measurements of JSW at these locations can be considered adequate for the assessment of knee OA in ELSA-Brasil MSK.


Resumo Objetivo: Descrever o desempenho de um protocolo radiográfico em flexão fixa sem fluoroscopia em incidência PA com um novo posicionador, desenvolvido para a avaliação da osteoartrite de joelho (OA) no estudo ELSA-Brasil ME. Material e métodos: Fez-se um estudo de teste e reteste que incluiu 19 adultos (38 imagens de joelho). A viabilidade do protocolo radiográfico foi avaliada por meio de parâmetros de qualidade da imagem e presença de alinhamento radioanatômico de acordo com as medidas da distância intermarginal (DIM). Avaliaram-se a repetibilidade dos valores de DIM e do espaço articular (EA) em três locais diferentes. Resultados: Aproximadamente 90% das imagens de joelho apresentaram uma qualidade excelente. As frequências de imagens com alinhamento radioanatômico quase perfeito (DIM<1mm) variaram de 29% a 50%, e de alinhamento satisfatório (DIM<1,5mm e <1,7mm) de 71% a 76%, respectivamente. As análises de repetibilidade produziram os seguintes resultados: DIM [DP da média das diferenças = 1,08; coeficiente de variação (% CV) = 54,68%; coeficiente de correlação intraclasse (CCI) (IC 95%) = 0,59 (0,34 a 0,77)]; EA [DP da média das diferenças = 0,34 a 0,61; % CV = 4,48% a 9,80%; CCI (IC 95%) = 0,74 (0,55 a 0,85) a 0,94 (0,87 a 0,97]. Encontraram-se medidas adequadamente reprodutíveis de DIM e EA em 68% e 87% das imagens, respectivamente. Conclusões: Apesar da dificuldade de obter um alinhamento radioanatômico consistente entre radiografias repetidas em termos de DIM, o protocolo produziu medições de EA altamente repetíveis quando essas foram tomadas no ponto médio e a 10 mm da extremidade medial do platô tibial medial. Portanto, as medidas de EA nesses locais podem ser consideradas adequadas para a avaliação da OA de joelho no estudo ELSA-Brasil ME.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Osteoarthritis, Knee/diagnostic imaging , Patient Positioning/instrumentation , Knee Joint/diagnostic imaging , Image Processing, Computer-Assisted , Brazil , Radiography , Radiography/instrumentation , Feasibility Studies , Reproducibility of Results , Longitudinal Studies , Osteoarthritis, Knee/pathology , Middle Aged
9.
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 81(3): 170-176, set. 2016. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-842489

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las artroplastias totales de rodilla sintomáticas con estudios normales resultan un desafío para el ortopedista. La resonancia magnética podría ser una alternativa para arribar al diagnóstico. El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar la utilidad de la resonancia magnética con secuencias optimizadas en artroplastias totales de rodilla sintomáticas y también realizar un estudio interobservador para determinar qué estructuras anatómicas son evaluables. Materiales y Métodos: Se evaluaron retrospectivamente 15 pacientes con artroplastias totales de rodilla operados entre 2007 y 2012, con dolor periprotésico, y radiografía, centellograma y análisis de laboratorio normales, sometidos a una resonancia magnética. Se realizó un análisis interobservador utilizando los coeficientes de correlación intraclase y kappa entre cuatro profesionales, un residente de diagnóstico por imágenes y otro de Ortopedia, y dos médicos con 20 años de experiencia, uno en diagnóstico por imágenes y el otro en rodilla. Resultados: Se halló líquido articular aumentado en 14 pacientes, sinovitis en cuatro, un osículo infrarrotuliano y no se detectó osteólisis en ningún caso. En siete pacientes, fue posible evaluar correctamente los ligamentos colaterales. Los gemelos, el tejido celular subcutáneo y el aparato extensor se evaluaron sin dificultad. La resonancia magnética encontró causas de dolor en 12 casos. El coeficiente de correlación intraclase mostró concordancia para el ligamento colateral medial, el aparato extensor, los gemelos y el tejido celular subcutáneo. Conclusión: Este estudio demuestra la utilidad del método en la toma de decisiones. La concordancia interobservador fue estadísticamente significativa para el análisis del ligamento colateral medial, los gemelos y el tejido celular subcutáneo. Nivel de Evidencia: III


Introduction: Symptomatic total knee arthroplasties with normal studies are a challenge for the orthopedic surgeon. Nuclear magnetic resonance could be an alternative to reach a correct diagnosis. The objective of the study was to evaluate the usefulness of nuclear magnetic resonance using optimized sequences in symptomatic total knee arthroplasties, and to perform an interobserver study to determine which anatomical structures are evaluable. Methods: We retrospectively evaluated 15 patients operated on between 2007 and 2012 who had periprosthetic pain and normal radiographs, scintigraphy and laboratory values undergoing MRI. An interobserver analysis using intraclass correlation and kappa coefficients was performed among four professionals, a resident of diagnostic imaging and an advanced Orthopedic resident, and two physicians with 20 years of practice, one in diagnostic imaging and the other in knee surgery. Results: Joint fluid was increased in 14 patients; we detected synovitis in four cases and a case of infrapatellar ossicle, but osteolysis was not found in any of the patients. The collateral ligaments could be evaluated properly in seven cases. The gastrocnemius, the subcutaneous tissue and the extensor apparatus were evaluated without difficulty. MRI found causes of pain in 12 cases. The intraclass correlation coefficient showed concordance for the medial collateral ligament, the extensor apparatus, twins and subcutaneous tissue. Conclusion: This study demonstrates the usefulness of the method in the decision-making process. The interobserver agreement was statistically significant for the analysis of the medial collateral ligament, gastrocnemius and subcutaneous tissue. Level of Evidence: III


Subject(s)
Aged , Pain, Postoperative , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Knee Joint/diagnostic imaging , Observer Variation , Retrospective Studies
11.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 225-231, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-220778

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To identify the accuracy of postoperative implant alignment in minimally invasive surgery total knee arthroplasty (MIS-TKA), based on the degree of varus deformity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The research examined 627 cases of MIS-TKA from November 2005 to December 2007. The cases were categorized according to the preoperative degree of varus deformity in the knee joint in order to compare the postoperative alignment of the implant: less than 5degrees varus (Group 1, 351 cases), 5degrees to less than 10degrees varus (Group 2, 189 cases), 10degrees to less than 15degrees varus (Group 3, 59 cases), and 15degrees varus or more (Group 4, 28 cases). RESULTS: On average, the alignment of the tibial implant was 0.2+/-1.4degrees, 0.1+/-1.3degrees, 0.1+/-1.6degrees, and 0.3+/-1.7degrees varus, and the tibiofemoral alignment was 5.2+/-1.9degrees, 4.7+/-1.9degrees, 4.9+/-1.9degrees, and 5.1+/-2.0degrees valgus for Groups 1, 2, 3, and 4, respectively, in the preoperative stage, indicating no difference between the groups (p>0.05). With respect to the accuracy of the tibial implant alignment, 98.1%, 97.6%, 87.5%, and 86.7% of Groups 1, 2, 3, and 4, respectively, had 0+/-3degrees varus angulation, demonstrating a reduced level of accuracy in Groups 3 and 4 (p0.05). CONCLUSION: Satisfactory component alignment was achieved in minimally invasive surgery in total knee arthroplasty, regardless of the degree of varus deformity.


Subject(s)
Aged , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee/methods , Bone Anteversion/complications , Bone Malalignment/etiology , Female , Humans , Joint Deformities, Acquired/surgery , Knee Joint/diagnostic imaging , Knee Prosthesis , Male , Middle Aged , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures/methods , Osteoarthritis, Knee/complications , Postoperative Period , Preoperative Period , Range of Motion, Articular , Tibia/surgery , Treatment Outcome
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-44153

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study was to evaluate the overall prevalence and clinical significance of interposition of the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) into the medial compartment of the knee joint in coronal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 317 consecutive patients referred for knee MRI at our institution between October 2009 and December 2009. Interposition of the PCL into the medial compartment of the knee joint on proton coronal MRI was evaluated dichotomously (i.e., present or absent). We analyzed the interposition according to its prevalence as well as its relationship with right-left sidedness, gender, age, and disease categories (osteoarthritis, anterior cruciate ligament tear, and medial meniscus tear). RESULTS: Prevalence of interposition of PCL into the medial compartment of the knee joint was 47.0% (149/317). There was no right (50.0%, 83/166) to left (43.7%, 66/151) or male (50.3%, 87/173) to female (43.1%, 62/144) differences in the prevalence. There was no significant association between the prevalence and age, or the disease categories. CONCLUSION: Interposition of the PCL into the medial compartment of the knee joint is observed in almost half of patients on proton coronal MRI of the knee. Its presence is not associated with any particular factors including knee pathology and may be regarded as a normal MR finding.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Child , Female , Humans , Image Processing, Computer-Assisted , Knee Joint/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Menisci, Tibial/diagnostic imaging , Middle Aged , Osteoarthritis/diagnosis , Posterior Cruciate Ligament/diagnostic imaging , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies , Young Adult
13.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 735-740, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-21839

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the relationship of hypoxia-inducible factor-2 (HIF-2α) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) with radiographic severity in primary osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee. Expression of these two factors in cartilage samples from OA knee joints was examined at mRNA and protein levels. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Knee joints were examined using plain radiographs, and OA severity was assessed using the Kellgren and Lawrence (KL) grading system. Specimens were collected from 29 patients (31 knees) who underwent total knee replacement because of severe medial OA of the knee (KL grades 3 and 4), 16 patients who underwent knee arthroscopy (KL grade 2), and 5 patients with traumatic knees (KL grade 0). HIF-2α and VEGF expression was quantified by real-time polymerase chain reaction and western blotting. RESULTS: Cartilage degeneration correlated with the radiographic severity grade. OA severity, determined using the Mankin scale, correlated positively with the KL grade (r=0.8790, p<0.01), and HIF-2α and VEGF levels with the radiographic severity of knee OA (r=0.7001, p<0.05; r=0.6647, p<0.05). CONCLUSION: In OA cartilage, HIF-2α and VEGF mRNA and protein levels were significantly and positively correlated. The expression of both factors correlated positively with the KL grade. HIF-2α and VEGF, therefore, may serve as biochemical markers as well as potential therapeutic targets in knee OA.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Arthroscopy , Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors/metabolism , Biomarkers/blood , Cartilage/metabolism , Female , Humans , Knee Joint/diagnostic imaging , Male , Middle Aged , Osteoarthritis, Knee/blood , RNA, Messenger , Radiography , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Severity of Illness Index , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/metabolism
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-119055

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Clinical and radiologic evaluation and analyses of the surgeries using Buechel and Pappas (B-P) knee implants. METHODS: The study was conducted on 60 patients who underwent 94 total knee replacement arthroplasty with B-P knee implants from May 2009 to December 2010. The results were compared to the results of 41 patients who underwent 60 knee joint surgeries using NexGen-LPS implants from January 2008 to August 2009. RESULTS: The American Knee Society score of the B-P knee group increased from an average of 66.9 (clinical score) and 65.5 (functional score) to 93.4 and 90.3, respectively; while those for the NexGen-LPS group increased from an average of 68.8 (clinical score) and 62.4 (functional score) to 86.3 and 76, respectively. The average ranges of motion of the B-P knee group and the NexGen-LPS group were 119.1degrees and 114.8degrees, respectively, before surgery and improved to 121.0degrees and 123.0degrees at final follow-up after the surgery. The visual analogue scale scores for the B-P knee group and the NexGen-LPS group improved from 4.7 and 4.6 to 1.4 and 1.8, respectively. The flexion contracture also improved from 5.1degrees and 6.3degrees to 0.64degrees and 1.72degrees. The tibio-femoral angle for the B-P knee group and the NexGen-LPS group also improved greatly after the surgery, from varus 0.34degrees and 0.73degrees each to valgus 6.7degrees and 6.9degrees, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The evaluation of more than 2 years of total knee replacement arthroplasty using B-P knee implants showed good results. B-P knee implants showed a relatively higher degree of satisfaction in clinical knee score and less intraoperative bone mass removal than NexGen-LPS implants.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee/instrumentation , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Knee Joint/diagnostic imaging , Knee Prosthesis , Male , Middle Aged , Osteoarthritis, Knee/diagnostic imaging
15.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 454-459, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-141627

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the correlation between rotational axes of femur and tibia with the use of Linker. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was carried out from August 2009 to February 2010 on 54 patients (106 knees), who were diagnosed with simultaneous bilateral total knee arthroplasty. With the use of postoperative computed tomography scans, it was investigated how much the rotational angle of femoral and tibial components matched. RESULTS: The tibial component was internally rotated for the femoral component at an angle of 0.8degrees. The femoral component was externally rotated for the surgical transepicondylar axis (TEA) at an angle of 1.6 (range: from 4.8degrees of internal rotation to 7.9degrees of external rotation, SD=2.2degrees), and the tibial component was externally rotated for the surgical TEA at an average angle of 0.9 (range: from 5.1degrees of internal rotation to 8.3degrees of external rotation, SD=3.1degrees). CONCLUSION: The femoro-tibial synchronizer helped to improve the orientation and positioning of both femoral component and tibial component, and also increase the correlation of the rotational axes of the two components.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee/methods , Female , Femur/diagnostic imaging , Humans , Knee , Knee Joint/diagnostic imaging , Knee Prosthesis , Male , Middle Aged , Reference Values , Rotation , Tibia/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods
16.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 454-459, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-141626

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the correlation between rotational axes of femur and tibia with the use of Linker. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was carried out from August 2009 to February 2010 on 54 patients (106 knees), who were diagnosed with simultaneous bilateral total knee arthroplasty. With the use of postoperative computed tomography scans, it was investigated how much the rotational angle of femoral and tibial components matched. RESULTS: The tibial component was internally rotated for the femoral component at an angle of 0.8degrees. The femoral component was externally rotated for the surgical transepicondylar axis (TEA) at an angle of 1.6 (range: from 4.8degrees of internal rotation to 7.9degrees of external rotation, SD=2.2degrees), and the tibial component was externally rotated for the surgical TEA at an average angle of 0.9 (range: from 5.1degrees of internal rotation to 8.3degrees of external rotation, SD=3.1degrees). CONCLUSION: The femoro-tibial synchronizer helped to improve the orientation and positioning of both femoral component and tibial component, and also increase the correlation of the rotational axes of the two components.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee/methods , Female , Femur/diagnostic imaging , Humans , Knee , Knee Joint/diagnostic imaging , Knee Prosthesis , Male , Middle Aged , Reference Values , Rotation , Tibia/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods
17.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 1584-1591, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-221603

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The object of this study was to evaluate entrance angle effects on femoral tunnel length and cartilage damage during anteromedial portal drilling using three-dimensional computer simulation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data was obtained from an anatomic study performed using 16 cadaveric knees. The anterior cruciate ligament femoral insertion was dissected and the knees were scanned by computer tomography. Tunnels with different of three-dimensional entrance angles were identified using a computer simulation. The effects of different entrance angles on the femoral tunnel length and medial femoral cartilage damage were evaluated. Specifically, tunnel length and distance from the medial femoral condyle to a virtual cylinder of the femoral tunnel were measured. RESULTS: In tunnels drilled at a coronal angle of 45degrees, an axial angle of 45degrees, and a sagittal angle of 45degrees, the mean femoral tunnel length was 39.5+/-3.7 mm and the distance between the virtual cylinder of the femoral tunnel and the medial femoral condyle was 9.4+/-2.6 mm. The tunnel length at a coronal angle of 30degrees, an axial angle of 60degrees, and a sagittal angle of 45degrees, was 34.0+/-2.9 mm and the distance between the virtual cylinder of the tunnel and the medial femoral condyle was 0.7+/-1.3 mm, which was significantly shorter than the standard angle (p<0.001). CONCLUSION: Extremely low and high entrance angles in both of axial plane and coronal plane produced inappropriate tunnel angles, lengths and higher incidence of cartilage damage. We recommend that angles in proximity to standard angles be chosen during femoral tunnel drilling through the anteromedial portal.


Subject(s)
Aged , Anterior Cruciate Ligament/surgery , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction/instrumentation , Cadaver , Computer Simulation , Female , Femur/anatomy & histology , Humans , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Knee Joint/diagnostic imaging , Male , Middle Aged , Osteotomy/methods , Outcome and Process Assessment, Health Care , Patient Positioning , Surgical Instruments , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-104725

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Despite the wide use of knee radiography in children and adolescent patients visiting the outpatient clinic, there has been no analysis about the prevalence and type of incidental findings yet. This study was performed to investigate the incidental findings on knee radiographs in children and adolescents according to age. METHODS: A total of 1,562 consecutive patients younger than 18 years of age were included. They who visited Seoul National University Bundang Hospital's outpatient clinic with a chief complaint of knee pain or malalignment between 2010 and 2011. We reviewed the knee radiographs and analyzed the prevalence and type of incidental findings, such as metaphyseal lucent area, epiphyseal cortical irregularity, osteochondroma and Harris growth arrest line. RESULTS: The mean age of the patients was 10.2 years (range, 1 month to 18 years). We identified 355 incidental findings in 335 patients (21.4%) and 98 abnormal findings (6.3%). The most common incidental finding was metaphyseal lucent area (131, 8.4%), followed by epiphyseal cortical irregularity (105, 6.7%), Harris growth arrest line (75, 4.8%), and osteochondroma (44, 2.8%). An epiphyseal cortical irregularity tended to have a higher prevalence at younger age (p < 0.001) and the prevalences of metaphyseal lucent area and Harris growth arrest line were also higher at a younger age (p = 0.001 and p < 0.001, respectively). However, the osteochondroma tended to have a higher prevalence at an older age (p = 0.004). CONCLUSIONS: This study describes the incidental findings on knee radiographs in children and adolescents and provides effective information from a viewpoint of an orthopedic doctor. The authors recommend considering those incidental findings if unfamiliar findings appear on a knee radiograph in the pediatric outpatient clinic.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Humans , Incidental Findings , Infant , Knee/diagnostic imaging , Knee Joint/diagnostic imaging , Retrospective Studies
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-88120

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: We hypothesized that a number of clinical and radiologic parameters could influence the reducibility of varus deformity in total knee arthroplasty. The aim of this study was to identify the factors correlated with reducibility of varus deformity and predict more accurately the amount of medial soft tissue release required in varus deformity total knee arthroplasty. METHODS: One hundred forty-three knees with preoperative varus alignment and medial osteoarthritis were included in this retrospective study. The total knee arthroplasties were performed using a navigation system (OrthoPilot) by single surgeon. To assess varus deformity, the authors measured preoperative mechanical axis angles and valgus stress angles. Mechanical tibial angles, mechanical femoral angles, femoral osteophyte sizes, and tibial osteophyte sizes were measured. The Ahlback grading scale was applied for radiologic parameters, and clinical parameters (age, body mass index, sex, duration of pain, and preoperative range of motion) were documented. Correlations between these factors and preoperative valgus stress angle were analyzed. RESULTS: A negative correlation was found between preoperative mechanical axis angle and preoperative valgus stress angle (p < 0.01, r = -0.38), and a positive correlation was found between the preoperative mechanical tibial angle and preoperative valgus stress angle (p = 0.01, r = 0.19). CONCLUSIONS: The present study shows that preoperative varus deformity and proximal tibial vara (measured by preoperative mechanical axis angle and mechanical tibial angle, respectively) are correlated with reducibility of varus deformity (measured by preoperative valgus stress angle), and clinical parameters (age, range of motion, duration of pain and body mass index) and other radiologic parameters (osteophyte size, severity of osteoarthritis and angulation of distal femoral joint surface) were not significantly correlated with reducibility of varus deformity.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee/methods , Bone Malalignment/diagnostic imaging , Female , Humans , Knee Joint/diagnostic imaging , Male , Middle Aged , Osteoarthritis, Knee/diagnostic imaging , Retrospective Studies , Stereotaxic Techniques , Surgery, Computer-Assisted
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-72929

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the potential and correlation between near-infrared fluorescence (NIRF) imaging using cyanine 5.5 conjugated with hydrophobically modified glycol chitosan nanoparticles (HGC-Cy5.5) and 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography (18F-FDG-PET) imaging of collagen-induced arthritis (CIA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used 10 CIA and 3 normal mice. Nine days after the injecting collagen twice, microPET imaging was performed 40 minutes after the intravenous injection of 9.3 MBq 18F-FDG in 200 microL PBS. One day later, NIRF imaging was performed two hours after the intravenous injection of HGC-cy5.5 (5 mg/kg). We assessed the correlation between these two modalities in the knees and ankles of CIA mice. RESULTS: The mean standardized uptake values of 18F-FDG for knees and ankles were 1.68 +/- 0.76 and 0.79 +/- 0.71, respectively, for CIA mice; and 0.57 +/- 0.17 and 0.54 +/- 0.20 respectively for control mice. From the NIRF images, the total photon counts per 30 mm2 for knees and ankles were 2.32 +/- 1.54 x 10(5) and 2.75 +/- 1.51 x 10(5), respectively, for CIA mice, and 1.22 +/- 0.27 x 10(5) and 0.88 +/- 0.24 x 10(5), respectively, for control mice. These two modalities showed a moderate correlation for knees (r = 0.604, p = 0.005) and ankles (r = 0.464, p = 0.039). Moreover, both HGC-Cy5.5 (p = 0.002) and 18F-FDG-PET (p = 0.005) imaging also showed statistically significant differences between CIA and normal mice. CONCLUSION: NIRF imaging using HGC-Cy5.5 was moderately correlated with 18F-FDG-PET imaging in the CIA model. As such, HGC-Cy5.5 imaging can be used for the early detection of rheumatoid arthritis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Ankle Joint/diagnostic imaging , Arthritis, Experimental/diagnostic imaging , Carbocyanines/administration & dosage , Chitosan/administration & dosage , Fluorodeoxyglucose F18/administration & dosage , Injections, Intravenous , Knee Joint/diagnostic imaging , Male , Mice , Microscopy, Confocal , Nanoparticles , Positron-Emission Tomography/methods , Radiopharmaceuticals/administration & dosage , Statistics, Nonparametric
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