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1.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 465-472, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007760

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#To perform anatomical anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR), tunnels should be placed relatively higher in the femoral anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) footprint based on the findings of direct and indirect femoral insertion. But the clinical results of higher femoral tunnels (HFT) in double-bundle ACLR (DB-ACLR) remain unclear. The purpose was to investigate the clinical results of HFT and lower femoral tunnels (LFT) in DB-ACLR.@*METHODS@#From September 2014 to February 2016, 83 patients who underwent DB-ACLR and met the inclusion and exclusion criteria were divided into HFT-ACLR (group 1, n = 37) and LFT-ACLR (group 2, n = 46) according to the position of femoral tunnels. Preoperatively and at the final follow-up, clinical scores were evaluated with International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC), Tegner activity, and Lysholm score. The stability of the knee was evaluated with KT-2000, Lachman test, and pivot-shift test. Cartilage degeneration grades of the International Cartilage Repair Society (ICRS) were evaluated on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Graft tension, continuity, and synovialization were evaluated by second-look arthroscopy. Return-to-sports was assessed at the final follow-up.@*RESULTS@#Significantly better improvement were found for KT-2000, Lachman test, and pivot-shift test postoperatively in group 1 ( P >0.05). Posterolateral bundles (PL) showed significantly better results in second-look arthroscopy regarding graft tension, continuity, and synovialization ( P <0.05), but not in anteromedial bundles in group 1. At the final follow-up, cartilage worsening was observed in groups 1 and 2, but it did not reach a stastistically significant difference ( P >0.05). No statistically significant differences were found in IKDC subjective score, Tegner activity, and Lysholm score between the two groups. Higher return-to-sports rate was found in group 1 with 86.8% (32/37) vs. 65.2% (30/46) in group 2 ( P = 0.027).@*CONCLUSION@#The HFT-ACLR group showed better stability results, better PL, and higher return-to-sports rate compared to the LFT-ACLR group.


Subject(s)
Humans , Follow-Up Studies , Anterior Cruciate Ligament/surgery , Knee Joint/surgery , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries/surgery , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction/methods , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Treatment Outcome
2.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 58-62, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009500

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#Many techniques have been described for the reconstruction of chronic lateral collateral ligament (LCL) rupture with different autograft options. The advantages of percutaneous LCL reconstruction include small incisions, minimal soft tissue disruption, less postoperative pain, and speedy rehabilitation and recovery. The aim of this study was to report the functional outcome of percutaneous LCL reconstruction and overall patient satisfaction in Africans.@*METHODS@#This prospective and interventional study involving 51 patients with chronic LCL rupture who had percutaneous LCL reconstruction using peroneus longus autograft was conducted between January 2021 and December 2022 in National Orthopaedic Hospital, Dala-Kano, Nigeria. The inclusion criteria were patients between the ages of 18 and 45 years with chronic isolated LCL and not more than 1 injury of knee ligament. Exclusion criteria were active infection, and multi-ligament knee injury requiring 2-staged surgery. The knee functions were assessed preoperatively, 3 months, 6 months, and 12 months postoperatively using the Lysholm scoring system. Patient satisfaction with the outcome of the treatment was assessed using a 5-point Likert scale. Relevant information was recorded into Microsoft Excel sheet and data was analyzed using SPSS version 23.0 for windows. The paired samples t-test was used to compare the clinical outcomes as continuous variables. Statistical significance was considered at p < 0.05.@*RESULTS@#The mean age of the patients was (30.10 ± 5.90) years. The median time from injury to surgery was 7 months (ranging from 3 to 28 months). The mean follow-up period was (14.07 ± 3.13) months. The mean preoperative and 1-year postoperative Lysholm scores were 44.33 ± 12.97 and 97.96 ± 1.23, respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#Percutaneous LCL reconstruction using peroneus longus autograft significantly improves patient knee function and results in excellent patient satisfaction.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Lateral Ligament, Ankle/surgery , Prospective Studies , Nigeria , Knee Joint/surgery , Ligaments, Articular , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries/surgery , Treatment Outcome
3.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 98-102, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009231

ABSTRACT

The discoid meniscus is a common congenital meniscal malformation that is prevalent mainly in Asians and often occurs in the lateral discoid meniscus. Patients with asymptomatic discoid meniscus are usually treated by conservative methods such as observation and injury avoidance, while patients with symptoms and tears need to be treated surgically. Arthroscopic saucerization combined with partial meniscectomy and meniscus repair is the most common surgical approach., and early to mid-term reports are good. The prognostic factors are the patient's age at surgery、follow-up time and type of surgery. Some patients experience complications such as prolonged postoperative knee pain, early osteoarthritis, retears and Osteochondritis dissecans. The incidence of prolonged postoperative knee pain was higher and the incidence of Osteochondritis dissecans was the lowest. Retears of the lateral meniscus is the main reason for reoperation.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Osteochondritis Dissecans , Treatment Outcome , Follow-Up Studies , Knee Joint/surgery , Menisci, Tibial/surgery , Joint Diseases/surgery , Prognosis , Cartilage Diseases/surgery , Meniscus , Pain, Postoperative , Arthroscopy/methods
4.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 45-50, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009221

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the efficacy and clinical results of total internal protection technique in anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction.@*METHODS@#A total of 56 patients undergoing anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction treated from January 2018 to December 2019 were selected. According to the different surgical methods, they were divided into total internal reconstruction group and standard bone tunnel group. There were 21 patients in the total internal reconstruction group, including 15 males and 6 females, aged from 20 to 48 with an average of (35.6±6.7) years old, and 35 patients in the standard tibial tunnel group, including 26 males and 9 females, aged 22 to 51 years old with an average of (33.7±9.6) years old. Preoperative examination of Lachman test was positive, magnetic resonance indicated anterior cruciate ligament rupture. There were no significant differences between the two groups in age, sex, body mass index, time from injury to ACL reconstruction, combined meniscus injury and operation method, operation time, ligament diameter, ligament length and other general information. Postoperative evaluation included operation duration, length and diameter of transplanted tendon after braid. International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) score, Lysholm score, Tegner score and perioperative complications 2 years after surgery.@*RESULTS@#Both groups were followed up, ranging from 24 to 30 months with an average of (26.9±3.4) months. Postoperative incision healing was good, and no failure or joint infection occurred at the last follow-up. There was no statistically significant difference between the two groups in IKDC score, Lysholm score and Tegner score before, 1 year and 2 years after surgery. However, IKDC score, Lysholm score and Tegner score at 1 year and 2 years after surgery.@*CONCLUSION@#The same postoperative function and stability of knee joint can be obtained by both the residual whole technique and the standardized reconstruction technique. In the residual whole group, only the semitendinosus muscle is taken, and the femoral thin muscle is retained, with greater tibial bone mass preserved, which is safe and effective in clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Young Adult , Middle Aged , Anterior Cruciate Ligament/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Arthroscopy/methods , Knee Joint/surgery , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries/surgery
5.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 9-14, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009101

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the early effectiveness of local infiltration anesthesia (LIA) with compound betamethasone in total knee arthroplasty (TKA).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 102 patients with knee osteoarthritis who were treated by TKA and met the selection criteria between May 2022 and March 2023 were retrospectively analyzed. They were divided into control group and study group according to whether LIA preparation was added with compound betamethasone, with 51 cases in each group. There was no significant difference of baseline data, such as age, gender, body mass index, operative side, preoperative range of motion (ROM), Knee Society Score (KSS), white blood cell (WBC), and hematocrit between the two groups ( P>0.05). The intraoperative total blood loss and hidden blood loss were recorded, and WBC was recorded on the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd days after operation. Pain was assessed by visual analogue scale (VAS) score on the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd days after operation and morphine intake milligrames equivalent within 48 hours after operation. Passive ROM, maximum extension and flexion angles of knee joint were measured on the 3rd day after operation; the early postoperative complications were recorded.@*RESULTS@#There was no significant difference in total blood loss and hidden blood loss between the two groups ( P>0.05). The postoperative pain levels in both groups were relatively mild, and there was no significant difference in VAS scores in the first 3 days after operation and in morphine intake milligrams equivalent within 48 hours after operation between the two groups ( P>0.05). The WBC in the first 3 days after operation was significantly improved in both groups ( P<0.05). The WBC in the study group was significantly higher than that in the control group on the 1st and 2nd days after operation ( P<0.05), but there was no significant difference between the two groups on the 3rd day after operation ( P>0.05). On the 3rd day after operation, the maximum extension angle of knee joint in the study group was smaller than that in the control group, while the maximum flexion angle and passive ROM of knee joint in the study group were larger than those in the control group, and the differences were significant ( P<0.05). There were 6 cases of fever and 17 cases of deep venous thrombosis in the control group, and 1 case and 14 cases in the study group, respectively. There was no poor wound healing and periprosthetic joint infection in the two groups, and there was no significant difference in the incidence of complications between the two groups ( P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The application of compound betamethasone in LIA during TKA is a safe and optimal strategy to promote the early postoperative rehabilitation of patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Anesthesia, Local , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Knee Joint/surgery , Osteoarthritis, Knee/surgery , Blood Loss, Surgical , Morphine
6.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 73-81, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970050

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Synovectomy has been introduced into total knee arthroplasty (TKA) with the aim of relieving pain and inflammation of the synovium. However, there are no long-term, comparative data to evaluate the effect of synovectomy in TKA. This study was aimed at assessing pain, function, and complications in patients undergoing synovectomy during TKA for osteoarthritis (OA) at long-term follow-up.@*METHODS@#This was a prospective randomized controlled trial of 42 consecutive patients who underwent staged bilateral TKA. Patients undergoing the first-side TKA were allocated to receive TKA with or without synovectomy followed by a 3-month washout period and crossover to the other strategy for the opposite-side TKA. The overall efficacy of both strategies was evaluated by determination of blood loss, the Knee Society score (KSS), and knee inflammation conditions during a 3-month postoperative period. The postoperative pain, range of motion (ROM), and complications were sequentially evaluated to compare the two groups until 10 years after surgery.@*RESULTS@#At the 10-year follow-up, both groups had a similarly significantly improved ROM (114.88 ± 9.84° vs. 114.02 ± 9.43°, t  = 0.221, P  = 0.815) and pain relief with no differences between the two groups (1.0 [1.0] vs. 1.0 [1.5], U  = 789.500, P  = 0.613). Similar changes in total blood loss, KSS, and knee inflammation were found in both groups during 3 months postoperatively ( P  > 0.05). Additionally, there was no significant difference regarding complications and satisfaction between the two groups ( P  > 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Synovectomy in conjunction with TKA for primary OA does not seem to provide any benefit regarding postoperative pain, ROM, and satisfaction during a 10-year follow-up. In addition, it may not result in more blood loss and increased incidence of long-term complications. Based on our long-term findings, it should not be performed routinely.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#Chinese Clinical Trial Registry, ChiCTR-INR-16008245; https://www.chictr.org.cn/showproj.aspx?proj=13334 .


Subject(s)
Humans , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee/methods , Synovectomy/methods , Osteoarthritis, Knee/surgery , Prospective Studies , Pain, Postoperative , Inflammation/etiology , Range of Motion, Articular , Knee Joint/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Knee Prosthesis/adverse effects
7.
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 30(4): 149-155, 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1537102

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las roturas del tendón rotuliano son lesiones propias del paciente joven y deportista menor de cuarenta años. El objetivo de este trabajo es describir la técnica que utilizamos en nuestro centro y analizar los resultados funcionales del tratamiento de las roturas del tendón rotuliano empleando suturas transóseas como método de fijación. Materiales y métodos: se evaluó retrospectivamente a un grupo de diez pacientes con rotura aguda del tendón rotuliano, operados entre diciembre de 2014 y febrero de 2019. En todos se usaron suturas transóseas y en cuatro pacientes se realizó aumentación con cerclaje de alambre. El grupo de pacientes tenía una edad media de 36.4 años al momento de la cirugía. El tiempo promedio de seguimiento del grupo fue de doce meses. El protocolo de diagnóstico fue a través de la clínica e imágenes que comprendieron la radiografía y ecografía de partes blandas. Se documentó la evaluación funcional mediante la escala de Lysholm y los criterios del International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC). Resultados: el promedio postoperatorio en la escala de Lysholm fue de 90 puntos (84-100) y según criterios del International Knee Documentation Committee, para el total de pacientes fue considerado normal o casi normal. Un paciente requirió tratamiento antibiótico en el postoperatorio. Conclusiones: la técnica utilizada en nuestro centro ha resultado sencilla desde el punto de vista técnico y de bajo costo desde lo económico, demostrando resultados clínicos excelentes. Por esta razón, se considera una opción válida en el tratamiento de las roturas agudas del tendón rotuliano. Tipo de Estudio: Serie de Casos. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Introduction: Patellar tendon ruptures are typical injuries in young patients and athletes under forty years of age. The objective of this work is to describe the technique we use in our center and to analyze the functional results of the treatment of patellar tendon ruptures using transosseous sutures as a fixation method. Materials and methods: a group of ten patients with acute patellar tendon rupture, operated between December 2014 and February 2019, was retrospectively evaluated. Transosseous sutures were used in all of them and augmentation with wire cerclage was performed in four patients. The group of patients has a mean age of 36.4 years at the time of surgery. The group's average follow-up time was twelve months. The diagnostic protocol was through the clinic and images that included radiography and soft tissue ultrasound. The functional evaluation was documented using the Lysholm scale and the criteria of the International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC). Results: the postoperative average on the Lysholm scale was 90 points (84-100) and according to the International Knee Documentation Committee criteria, all patients were considered normal or almost normal. One patient required antibiotic treatment postoperatively. Conclusions: the technique used in our center has been simple from a technical point of view and low cost from an economic point of view, demonstrating excellent clinical results. For this reason, it is considered a valid option in the treatment of acute patellar tendon ruptures.Type of study: Case Series. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Adult , Acute Disease , Follow-Up Studies , Patellar Ligament , Knee Injuries , Knee Joint/surgery
8.
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 30(4): 168-172, 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1537105

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La avulsión de la espina tibial posterior en el adulto representa una forma infrecuente de compromiso del ligamento cruzado posterior (LCP), más común de ver en la población pediátrica. La posibilidad de consolidación de esta lesión, con el tratamiento adecuado en forma temprana, depende de un diagnóstico precoz. Caso: reportamos el caso de una paciente de veintisiete años con una lesión multiligamentaria de rodilla con inestabilidad medial y posterior, por trauma de alta energía tras sufrir un accidente de tránsito en moto. Fue tratada mediante una fijación abierta con técnica de "pull-out". Discusión: en países asiáticos es una lesión frecuente por la alta prevalencia de accidentes en moto, pero menos común en nuestro medio. Si bien el manejo quirúrgico temprano muestra mejores resultados, no existe consenso actual en cuanto a la técnica. Dos tipos de resolución (abierta y artroscópica) muestran resultados similares a largo plazo, con un mayor porcentaje de artrofibrosis en el último grupo. Conclusión: al existir controversia sobre su manejo quirúrgico, creemos que la combinación de las ventajas de ambas técnicas (abierta y artroscópica) constituye una opción reproducible, de bajo costo y con bajo índice de complicaciones.


Introduction: Avulsion of the posterior tibial spine in adults represents an infrequent form of compromise of the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL), more common to see in the pediatric population. The possibility of consolidation of this lesion, with adequate treatment early, depends on an early diagnosis.Case: we report the case of a 27-year-old patient with a multiligamentary knee injury with medial and posterior instability, due to high-energy trauma after suffering a motorcycle traffic accident. Which was treated with an open fixation with a "pull-out" technique. Discussion: in Asian countries it is a frequent injury due to the high prevalence of motorcycle accidents, being less common in our continent. Although early surgical management shows better results, there is no current consensus regarding the optimal technique. Both types of resolution (open and arthroscopic) show similar long-term results, with a higher risk of arthrofibrosis in the last group. Conclusion: as there is controversy over its surgical management, we believe that the combination of the advantages of both techniques (open and arthroscopic) constitutes a reproducible, low-cost option with a low rate of complications.


Subject(s)
Adult , Tibia/injuries , Accidents, Traffic , Fractures, Avulsion , Knee Injuries , Knee Joint/surgery
9.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 579-585, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981736

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To provide an overview of the incidence of knee donor -site morbidity after autologous osteochondral mosaicplasty.@*METHODS@#A comprehensive search was conducted in PubMed, EMbase, Wanfang Medical Network, and CNKI databases from January 2010 to April 20, 2021. Relevant literature was selected based on predefined inclusion and exclusion criteria, and data were evaluated and extracted. The correlation between the number and size of transplanted osteochondral columns and donor-site morbidity was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#A total of 13 literatures were included, comprising a total of 661 patients. Statistical analysis revealed an incidence of knee donor-site morbidity at 8.6% (57/661), with knee pain being the most common complaint, accounting for 4.2%(28/661). There was no significant correlation between the number of osteochondral columns and postoperative donor-site incidence (P=0.424, N=10), nor between the diameter size of osteochondral columns and postoperative donor-site incidence(P=0.699, N=7).@*CONCLUSION@#Autologous osteochondral mosaicplasty is associated with a considerable incidence of knee donor-site morbidity, with knee pain being the most frequent complaint. There is no apparent correlation between donor-site incidence and the number and size of transplanted osteochondral columns. Donors should be informed about the potential risks.


Subject(s)
Humans , Incidence , Cartilage/transplantation , Knee , Knee Joint/surgery , Pain , Cartilage, Articular , Transplantation, Autologous , Bone Transplantation
10.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 507-513, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981724

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate outcomes of mixed unicompartmental knee arthroplasty(UKA) and total knee arthroplasty(TKA) in the treatment of medial osteoarthritis(OA) of the knee.@*METHODS@#Retrospective analysis of 156 patients, 44 males and 112 females, aged from 50 to 75 years old with an average of(58.76±4.97) years old, who underwent knee arthroplasty from October 2017 to October 2019. The patients were divided into two groups:81 cases(81 knees) underwent TKA, including 23 males and 58 females, aged from 51 to 75 years old with an average of (58.60±5.01) years old, and 75 case (75 knees) underwent UKA with mixed phase 3 Oxford, including 21 males and 54 females, aged from 50 to 72 years old with an average of (58.92±4.95) years old. The two groups were compared regarding to the clinical outcomes, assessed using surgical information and complications, American Knee Society score(AKSS) clinical score and functional score. Radiographs were assessed using hip-knee-ankle angle(HKA), tibial component valgus/varus angle(TCVA), tibial component posterior slope angle(TCPSA), femoral component valgus/varus angle(FCVA), femoral component posterior slope angle(FCPSA), looking for bearing dislocation, prosthesis loosening, progression of OA in lateral compartment.@*RESULTS@#Intraoperative bleeding, operative time and hospital days were significantly better in the UKA group than in the TKA group (P<0.05), and there were no postoperative complications in either group. Patients in both groups were enrolled with an average follow-up time of (38.01±8.90) months, ranged from 24 to 54 months. AKSS functional, AKSS clinical, HKA in both groups significantly improved at the final follow-up compared with those before operation. At the final follow-up, the UKA group was significantly better than the TKA group in AKSS functional and AKSS clinical, whereas HKA in the TKA group was better. At the final follow-up. TCVA and FCVA between the two groups were not significantly different, while TCPSA and FCPSA in the UKA group were significantly greater than the TKA group. No signs of progression of OA to the lateral compartment were observed.@*CONCLUSION@#Mixed phase 3 Oxford UKA in medial unicompartmental knee osteoarthritis was considerably better than TKA for less blood loss, shorter operation time, shorter hospital stay, rapid postoperative recovery, helping achieve satisfactory function, provided satisfactory outcome.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Osteoarthritis, Knee/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Knee Joint/surgery , Knee Prosthesis
11.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 502-507, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981723

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the mid-term clinical effect of arthroscopic surgery versus conservative treatment on the middle aged early knee osteoarthritis (EKOA) patients, with the hope to provide clinical evidence for their individual therapy.@*METHODS@#A total of 145 middle aged EKOA patients(182 knees) who received arthroscopic surgery or conservative treatment from January 2015 to December 2016 were retrospectively enrolled, including 35 males and 110 females, aged from 47 to 79 years old with an average of (57.6±6.9) years old, and the duration of disease ranged from 6 to 48 months with an average of(14.6±8.9) months. According to treatment method, patients were divided into arthroscopic surgery group (47 patients, 58 knees) and conservative treatment group(98 patients, 124 knees). Before treatment, patients presented with symptoms of knee joint, such as pain, swelling, locking, limited flexion and extension, and weakness, as well as abnormal findings in knee X-ray (without or suspicious joint space narrow, and a few of osteophyte formation) or in knee MRI (injury or degeneration of articular cartilage or meniscus, loose body in the joint cavity and synovial hyperemia edema, etc). Related data were collected, including duration of knee symptoms, presence of meniscus injury, loose body in the joint cavity or mechanical symptoms such as locking, and visual analogue scale (VAS) and Lysholm knee function score before treatment and at the latest follow-up. Statistical analysis was performed to compare the differences in VAS or Lyshilm score before or after treatment between the low groups and within each group.@*RESULTS@#Patients in the two groups were followed up from 60 to 76 months. In the arthroscopic surgery group, the incision healing was good and no surgical complications occurred. There were no significant differences in age, gender, BMI and follow-up time between the two groups(P>0.05). Before treatment, compared with conservative group, duration of symptoms in the arthroscopic group was longer (P<0.001), comorbidity rates of meniscus injury (P<0.001), free body (P=0.001) and mechanical symptoms (P<0.001) were higher, VAS (P<0.001) and Lysholm score (P<0.001) were worse. At the final follow-up, VAS and Lysholm score in either the conservative group or the arthroscopic group were significantly better than before treatment (P<0.05), while no significant differences between the two groups were found. The VAS was (1.5±1.2) scores in the arthroscopic group and (1.6±1.0)scores in the conservative group(P=0.549), and the Lysholm score was (84.9±12.5) scores in the arthroscopic group and (84.2±9.9) scores in the conservative group (P=0.676).@*CONCLUSION@#Both arthroscopic surgery and conservative treatment have satisfactory intermediate clinical effect middle- aged patients with EKOA, without statistically differences. However, most of the patients before surgery in the arthroscopic treatment group had mechanical locking symptoms caused by meniscus injury or loose body. Therefore, for the middle-aged EKOA patients with mechanical locking symptoms or without obtaining satisfactory outcome after conservative treatment, arthroscopic surgery may be considered.


Subject(s)
Male , Middle Aged , Female , Humans , Aged , Osteoarthritis, Knee/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Arthroscopy/methods , Treatment Outcome , Knee Joint/surgery
12.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 459-464, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981715

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the outcome of lateral femoral notch (LFN) after early anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction and evaluate the recovery of knee joint function after the operation.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 32 patients who underwent early ACL reconstruction from December 2015 to December 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. The study included 18 males and 14 females, aged 16 to 54 years old, with an average age of (25.39±2.82) years. The body mass index (BMI) of the patients ranged from 20 to 30 kg/cm2, with an average of (26.15±3.09) kg/cm2. Among them, 6 cases were caused by traffic accidents, 19 by exercise, and 7 by the crush of heavy objects. MRI of all patients showed LFN depth was more than 1.5 mm after injury, and no intervention for LFN was performed during surgery. Preoperative and postoperative depth, area, and volume of LFN defects were observed by MRI data. International Cartilage Repair Society (ICRS) score, Lysholm score, Tegner activity levels, and knee injury and osteoarthritis outcome score (KOOS) were analyzed before and after the operation.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up from 2 to 6 years with an average of (3.28±1.12) years. There was no significant difference in the defect depth of LFN from (2.31±0.67) mm before the operation to (2.53±0.50) mm at follow-up (P=0.136). The defect area of LFN was decreased from (207.55±81.01)mm2 to (171.36±52.69)mm2 (P=0.038), and the defect volume of LFN was decreased from (426.32±176.54) mm3 to (340.86±151.54)mm3 (P=0.042). The ICRS score increased from (1.51±0.34) to (2.92±0.33) (P<0.001), the Lysholm score increased from (35.37±10.54) to (94.46±8.45) (P<0.001), and the Tegner motor score increased from (3.45±0.94) to (7.56±1.28), which was significantly higher than that of the preoperative data (P<0.001). The KOOS score of the final follow-up was 90.42±16.35.@*CONCLUSION@#With the increase of recovery time after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction, the defect area and volume of LFN decreased gradually, but the defect depth remained unchanged. The knee joint function of the patients significantly improved. The cartilage of the LFN defect improved, but the repair effect was not good.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Young Adult , Adult , Adolescent , Middle Aged , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction , Femur/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Knee Joint/surgery
13.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 386-392, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981702

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore application value and efficacy of personalized osteotomy in primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA) for severe varus knee osteoarthritis.@*METHODS@#From June 2018 to January 2020, 36 patients (49 knees) with severe varus knee osteoarthritis were treated, including 15 males (21 knees) and 21 females (28 knees), aged from 59 to 82 years old with an average of (67.6 ± 6.5) years old;the course of disease ranged from 9.5 to 20.5 years with an average of (15.0 ± 5.0) years;11 patients (15 knees) with Kellgren-Lawrence grade Ⅲ and 25 patients (34 knees) with grade Ⅳ according to Kellgren-Lawrence grading. According to AORI clsssification of tibial bone defects, 8 patients (15 knees) were typeⅠTa and 16 patients (18 knees) were typeⅡ T2a. All patients' femor-tibial angle (FTA) was above 15°, and received primary TKA with personalized osteotomy. Thirty-three patients (45 knees) were treated with posterior-stabilized (PS) prostheses, 13 patients (15 knees) with PS prostheses combined with a metal pad and extension rod on the tibial side, and 3 patients (4 knees) with legacy constrained condylar knee (LCCK) prostheses. FTA, posterior condylar angle (PCA), medial proximal tibial angle (MPTA) and lateral distal femoral angle (LDFA) before and after operation at 1 month were measured and compared by using picture archiving and communication systems (PACS). Recovery of lower limbs before and after operation at 12 months was evaluated by American Knee Society Score(KSS), and complications were observed and recorded.@*RESULTS@#All 36 patients (49 knees) were followed up from 15 to 40 months with an average of (23.46±7.65) months. FTA, MPTA were corrected from preoperative (18.65±4.28)° and (83.75±3.65)° to postoperative (2.35±1.46)° and (88.85±2.25)° at 1 month, respectively (P<0.001). PCA was decreased from (2.42±2.16)° before operation to (1.65±1.35)° at 1 month after operation, LDFA improved from (89.56 ± 3.55)° before operation to (91.63±3.38)° at 1 month after operation (P<0.05). KSS increased from (67.58±24.16) before opertion to(171.31±15.24) at 12 months after operation, 14 patients (19 knees) got excellent result, 19 (26 knees) good, and 3 (4 knees) fair.@*CONCLUSION@#Personalized osteotomy is helpful for recovery of axial alignment of lower limbs and correct placement of prosthesis, could effectively relieve pain of knee joint, recover knee joint function.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Child , Adolescent , Young Adult , Adult , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Osteoarthritis, Knee/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Knee Joint/surgery , Osteotomy , Tibia/surgery
14.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 308-312, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981688

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore treatment strategy for complex Schatzker Ⅳ tibial plateau fracture.@*METHODS@#Forty-one patients with complex Schatzker type Ⅳ tibial plateau fractures were treated from January 2016 to January 2021, including 28 males and 13 females, aged from 19 to 65 years old with an average of (35.3±19.8) years old. Individualized treatment plan was developed according to preoperative imaging characteristics, medial surgical approach was mainly combined with other auxiliary incisions. Posteromedial inverted L approach was used in 18 patients, posteromedial approach and anterolateral extended approach in 19 patients, and posteromedial approach with anterolateral and lateral condylar osteotomy in 4 patients. Articular surface and facture healing were observed, range of knee joint motion was measured at 12 months after opertaion, and function of knee joint was evaluated by Lysholm scoring system.@*RESULTS@#Forty-one patients were followed up for 12 to 26 months with an average of (13.3±6.8) months. Twenty-nine patients and 10 patients were obtained complete fracture healing at 6 and 12 months after operation respectively, and fracture healing time was 4 to 13 months with an average of (5.0±3.7) months. Two patients occurred posterior medial internal fixation failure and varus deformity of knee joint, and the fracture healed and varus deformity was corrected after the second operation. Range of knee joint motion was (118±29) °, and Lysholm score was(83.0±16.0) points.@*CONCLUSION@#Individualized treatment should be reasonably selected for complex Schatzker Ⅳ tibial plateau fractures, the characteristics of lateral plateau fractures are an important reference for selecting surgical approaches, the effective fixation of posteromedial bone blocks should be pay full attention, and the overall treatment results are satisfied.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Adolescent , Tibial Plateau Fractures , Bone Plates , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Knee Joint/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Retrospective Studies
15.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 885-894, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981683

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To review the research progress of meniscus repair in recent years, in order to provide help for the clinical decision-making of meniscus injury treatment.@*METHODS@#The domestic and foreign literature related to meniscal repair in recent years was extensively reviewed to summarize the reasons for the prevalence of meniscal repair, surgical indications, various repair methods and long-term effectiveness, the need to deal with mechanical structural abnormalities, biological enhancement repair technology, rehabilitation treatment, and so on.@*RESULTS@#In order to delay the occurrence of osteoarthritis, the best treatment of meniscus has undergone an important change from partial meniscectomy to meniscal repair, and the indications for meniscal repair have been expanding. The mid- and long-term effectiveness of different meniscal repair methods are ideal. During meniscus repair, the abnormality of lower limb force line and meniscus protrusion should be corrected at the same time. There are controversies about the biological enhancement technology to promote meniscus healing and rehabilitation programs, which need further study.@*CONCLUSION@#Meniscal repair can restore the normal mechanical conduction of lower limbs and reduce the incidence of traumatic osteoarthritis, but the poor blood supply and healing ability of meniscal tissue bring difficulties to meniscal repair. Further development of new biological enhanced repair technology and individualized rehabilitation program and verification of its effectiveness will be an important research direction.


Subject(s)
Humans , Menisci, Tibial/surgery , Knee Joint/surgery , Meniscectomy/methods , Lower Extremity , Osteoarthritis
16.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 862-867, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981680

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the feasibility of establishing an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction model using hamstring tendon autograft in cynomolgus monkeys.@*METHODS@#Twelve healthy adult male cynomolgus monkeys, weighing 8-13 kg, were randomly divided into two groups ( n=6). In the experimental group, the ACL reconstruction model of the right lower limb was prepared by using a single bundle of hamstring tendon, and the ACL of the right lower limb was only cut off in the control group. The survival of animals in the two groups was observed after operation. Before operation and at 3, 6, and 12 months after operation, the knee range of motion, thigh circumference, and calf circumference of the two groups were measured; the anterior tibial translation D-value (ATTD) was measured by Ligs joint ligament digital body examination instrument under the loads of 13-20 N, respectively. At the same time, the experimental group underwent MRI examination to observe the graft morphology and the signal/ noise quotient (SNQ) was caculated.@*RESULTS@#All animals survived to the end of the experiment. In the experimental group, the knee range of motion, thigh circumference, and calf circumference decreased first and then gradually increased after operation; the above indexes were significantly lower at 3 and 6 months after operation than before operation ( P<0.05), and no significant difference was found between pre-operation and 12 months after operation ( P>0.05). In the control group, there was no significant change in knee range of motion after operation, showing no significant difference between pre- and post-operation ( P>0.05), but the thigh circumference and calf circumference gradually significantly decreased with time ( P<0.05), and the difference was significant when compared with those before operation ( P<0.05). At 6 and 12 months after operation, the thigh circumference and calf circumference were significantly larger in the experimental group than in the control group ( P<0.05). At 3 and 6 months after operation, the knee range of motion was significantly smaller in the experimental group than in the control group ( P<0.05). Under the loading condition of 13-20 N, the ATTD in the experimental group increased first and then decreased after operation; and the ATTD significantly increased at 3, 6 months after operation when compared with the value before operation ( P<0.05). But there was no significant difference between the pre-operation and 12 months after operation ( P>0.05). There was no significant change in ATTD in the control group at 3, 6, and 12 months after operation ( P>0.05), and which were significantly higher than those before operation ( P<0.05). At each time point after operation, the ATTD was significantly smaller in the experimental group than in the control group under the same load ( P<0.05). The MRI examination of the experimental group showed that the ACL boundary gradually became clear after reconstruction and was covered by the synovial membrane. The SNQ at each time point after operation was significantly higher than that before operation, but gradually decreased with time, and the differences between time points were significant ( P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The ACL reconstruction model in cynomolgus monkey with autogenous hamstring tendon transplantation was successfully established.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Anterior Cruciate Ligament/surgery , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries/surgery , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction , Hamstring Tendons/surgery , Knee Joint/surgery , Macaca fascicularis , Transplantation, Autologous
17.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 833-838, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981676

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effectiveness of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction assisted by personalized femoral locator based on the apex of deep cartilage (ADC) combined with patient imaging data.@*METHODS@#Between January 2021 and January 2022, a total of 40 patients with primary ACL rupture were selected and randomly divided into study group (ACL reconstruction assisted by personalized femoral locator based on ADC) and control group (ACL reconstruction assisted by intraoperative fluoroscopy and traditional femoral locator), with 20 cases in each group. There was no significant difference in gender, age, body mass index, affected side, cause of injury, and preoperative International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) score, Lyshlom score, and Tegner score between the two groups ( P>0.05). IKDC score, Lyshlom score, and Tegner score were used to evaluate the functional recovery of the affected knee before operation and at 3, 6, and 12 months after operation. CT scan and three-dimensional reconstruction were performed before and after operation to measure the horizontal distance from ADC to the anterior cartilage margin (L) and the horizontal distance from ADC to the center of the femoral canal (I), and the anteroposterior position of the bone canal (R) was calculated by I/L; the distance from the center to the distal cartilage margin (D) was measured on the two-dimensional cross section; the R value and D value were compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#The operation time of the study group was significantly less than that of the control group [ MD=-6.90 (-8.78, -5.03), P<0.001]. The incisions of the two groups healed by first intention, and no complication such as intra-articular infection, nerve injury, and deep vein thrombosis of lower limbs occurred. There was no significant difference in the R value and D value between the preoperative simulated positioning and the actual intraoperative positioning in the study group [ MD=0.52 (-2.85, 3.88), P=0.758; MD=0.36 (-0.39, 1.11), P=0.351]. There was no significant difference in the actual intraoperative positioning R value and D value between the study group and the control group [ MD=1.01 (-2.57, 4.58), P=0.573; MD=0.24 (-0.34, 0.82), P=0.411]. The patients in both groups were followed up 12-13 months (mean, 12.4 months). The IKDC score, Lysholm score, and Tegner score of the two groups increased gradually with time, and there were significant differences between pre- and post-operation ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the scores between the two groups at each time point after operation ( P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The personalized femoral locator based on ADC can accurately assist the femoral tunnel positioning in ACL reconstruction, which can shorten the operation time when compared with traditional surgical methods, and achieve satisfactory early effectiveness.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries/surgery , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction/methods , Cartilage/surgery , Knee Joint/surgery , Treatment Outcome
18.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 670-674, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981650

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of body mass index (BMI) on the short-term effectiveness of high tibial osteotomy (HTO) in the treatment of varus knee arthritis.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 84 patients (84 knees) with varus knee arthritis treated with HTO between May 2016 and August 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. According to BMI, the patients were divided into normal group (32 patients in group A, BMI<25 kg/m 2), overweight group (27 patients in group B, BMI>30 kg/m 2), and obese group (25 patients in group C, BMI>30 kg/m 2). The BMI of groups A, B, and C were (23.35±0.89), (26.65±1.03), and (32.05±1.47) kg/m 2, respectively. There was no significant difference ( P>0.05) in gender, age, surgical side, disease duration, and preoperative Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS) score, visual analogue scale (VAS) score, knee range of motion, and hip-knee-ankle angle (HKA) between groups. The operation time, intraoperative dominant blood loss, and the decrease of hemoglobin on the 3rd day after operation were recorded and compared between groups. The improvement of knee joint function and pain status were evaluated by knee joint HSS score, knee range of motion, and VAS score before and after operation, and measuring the HKA of patients on X-ray film. During the follow-up, the X-ray films of the knee joint were reexamined to observe the position of the internal fixator and the healing of osteotomy.@*RESULTS@#All patients completed the operation successfully and were followed up 8-40 months (mean, 19.3 months). There was no significant difference in follow-up time, operation time, intraoperative dominant blood loss, and the decrease of hemoglobin on the 3rd day after operation between groups ( P>0.05). No operative complications such as severe vascular or nerve injury occurred. After operation, deep venous thrombosis of lower extremities occurred in 1 case in groups A and B respectively, and fat liquefaction of surgical incision occurred in 2 cases in group C. There was no significant difference in the incidence of perioperative complications between groups (3.1% vs. 3.7% vs. 8.0%) ( P=0.689). During the follow-up, there was no bone nonunion, plate fracture or loosening. At last follow-up, HSS score, VAS score, knee range of motion, and HKA significantly improved in the 3 groups when compared with those before operation ( P<0.05), but there was no significant difference in the differences of the above indexes between groups before and after operation ( P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#BMI does not affect the short-term effectiveness of HTO in the treatment of varus knee arthritis. HTO can be selected for overweight and obese patients after standard medical treatment is ineffective.


Subject(s)
Humans , Osteoarthritis, Knee/surgery , Body Mass Index , Overweight , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Knee Joint/surgery , Obesity/complications , Osteotomy , Blood Loss, Surgical
19.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 663-669, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981649

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the changes of knee joint kinematics after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction assisted by personalized femoral positioner based on the apex of deep cartilage (ADC).@*METHODS@#Between January 2021 and January 2022, a total of 40 patients with initial ACL rupture who met the selection criteria were randomly divided into the study group (using the personalized femoral positioner based on ADC design to assist ACL reconstruction) and the control group (not using the personalized femoral positioner to assist ACL reconstruction), with 20 patients in each group. Another 20 volunteers with normal knee were collected as a healthy group. There was no significant difference in gender, age, body mass index, and affected side between groups ( P>0.05). Gait analysis was performed at 3, 6, and 12 months after operation using Opti _ Knee three-dimensional knee joint motion measurement and analysis system, and the 6 degrees of freedom (flexion and extension angle, varus and valgus angle, internal and external rotation angle, anteroposterior displacement, superior and inferior displacement, internal and external displacement) and motion cycle (maximum step length, minimum step length, and step frequency) of the knee joint were recorded. The patients' data was compared to the data of healthy group.@*RESULTS@#In the healthy group, the flexion and extension angle was (57.80±3.45)°, the varus and valgus angle was (10.54±1.05)°, the internal and external rotation angle was (13.02±1.66)°, and the anteroposterior displacement was (1.44±0.39) cm, the superior and inferior displacement was (0.86±0.20) cm, and the internal and external displacement was (1.38±0.39) cm. The maximum step length was (51.24±1.29) cm, the minimum step length was (45.69±2.28) cm, and the step frequency was (12.45±0.47) step/minute. Compared with the healthy group, the flexion and extension angles and internal and external rotation angles of the patients in the study group and the control group decreased at 3 months after operation, and the flexion and extension angles of the patients in the control group decreased at 6 months after operation, and the differences were significant ( P<0.05); there was no significant difference in the other time points and other indicators when compared with healthy group ( P>0.05). In the study group, the flexion and extension angles and internal and external rotation angles at 6 and 12 months after operation were significantly greater than those at 3 months after operation ( P<0.05), while there was no significant difference in the other indicators at other time points ( P>0.05). There was a significant difference in flexion and extension angle between the study group and the control group at 6 months after operation ( P<0.05), but there was no significant difference of the indicators between the two groups at other time points ( P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with conventional surgery, ACL reconstruction assisted by personalized femoral positioner based on ADC design can help patients achieve more satisfactory early postoperative kinematic results, and three-dimensional kinematic analysis can more objectively and dynamically evaluate the postoperative recovery of knee joint.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biomechanical Phenomena , Knee Joint/surgery , Femur/surgery , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries/surgery , Range of Motion, Articular , Cartilage/surgery , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction/methods
20.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 658-662, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981648

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effectiveness of arthroscopic binding fixation using suture through single bone tunnel for posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) tibial insertion fractures in adults.@*METHODS@#Between October 2019 and October 2021, 16 patients with PCL tibial insertion fractures were treated with arthroscopic binding fixation using suture through single bone tunnel. There were 11 males and 5 females with an average age of 41.1 years (range, 26-58 years). The fractures were caused by traffic accident in 12 cases and sports in 4 cases. The time from injury to operation ranged from 2 to 10 days with an average of 6.0 days. The fractures were classified as Meyers-McKeever type Ⅱ in 4 cases and type Ⅲ in 9 cases, and Zaricznyi type Ⅳ in 3 cases. There were 2 cases of grade Ⅰ, 7 cases of grade Ⅱ, and 7 cases of grade Ⅲ in the posterior drawer test. There were 3 cases combined with lateral collateral ligament injury and 2 cases with meniscus injury. The visual analogue scale (VAS) score, Lysholm score, International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) score, and knee range of motion were used to evaluate knee joint function. The posterior drawer test and knee stability tester (Kneelax 3) were used to evaluate knee joint stability. The X-ray films were used to evaluate fracture reduction and healing.@*RESULTS@#All incisions healed by first intention after operation. There was no incision infection, popliteal neurovascular injury, or deep venous thrombosis of lower limbs. All patients were followed up 6-12 months, with an average of 10 months. X-ray films at 6 months after operation showed the fractures obtained bone union. There were 11 cases of grade 0, 4 cases of gradeⅠ, and 1 case of grade Ⅱin posterior drawer test, showing significant difference when compared with preoperative results ( Z=23.167, P<0.001). The VAS score, Lysholm score, IKDC score, knee range of motion, and the results of Kneelax3 examination all significantly improved when compared with preoperative results ( P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#For adult patients with PCL tibial insertion fractures, the arthroscopic binding fixation using suture through single bone tunnel has the advantages of minimal trauma, good fracture reduction, reliable fixation, and fewer complications. The patient's knee joint function recovers well.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries/surgery , Arthroscopy/methods , Knee Joint/surgery , Posterior Cruciate Ligament/injuries , Suture Techniques , Sutures , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Treatment Outcome
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