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1.
Enferm. foco (Brasília) ; 15: 1-7, maio. 2024.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1553946

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Analisar as práticas de cuidado desenvolvidas para atender às necessidades de saúde de homens em atenção domiciliar. Métodos: Pesquisa observacional e qualitativa, realizada com 34 cuidadores e 24 homens assistidos pelo serviço de atenção domiciliar do município de João Pessoa. A coleta de dados foi realizada por meio de um roteiro com variáveis sociodemográficas e perguntas abertas. A Análise Crítica do Discurso foi utilizada como método de análise, com destaque para os significados representacional e identificacional dos discursos. Resultados: As práticas de cuidado e necessidades de saúde foram apontadas com base na relação hegemônica entre os atores do cuidado, associação do cuidado ao processo de trabalho informal, atuação da família, da atividade corresponsabilizada, e prática da autonomia e autocuidado. Conclusão: Evidenciou-se um cuidado multifacetado e executado por diversos atores com suporte de equipes multiprofissionais de atenção domiciliar. (AU)


Objective: To analyze the care practices developed to meet the health needs of men in home care. Methods: Observational and qualitative research, carried out with 34 caregivers and 24 men assisted by the home care service in the city of João Pessoa. Data collection was performed through a script with sociodemographic variables and open questions. Critical Discourse Analysis was used as a method of analysis, with emphasis on the representational and identificational meanings of the discourses. The research was approved according to the opinion number 1.829.326. Results: Care practices and health needs were identified based on the hegemonic relationship between the care actors, association of care with the informal work process, family activities and co-responsibility activities, and the practice of autonomy and self-care. Conclusion: There was evidence of a multifaceted care performed by different subjects with the support of multidisciplinary home care teams. (AU)


Objetivo: Analizar las prácticas asistenciales desarrolladas para satisfacer las necesidades de salud de los hombres en la atención domiciliaria. Métodos: Investigación observacional y cualitativa, realizada con 34 cuidadores y 24 hombres asistidos por el servicio de atención domiciliaria en la ciudad de João Pessoa. La recolección de datos se realizó mediante un guión con variables sociodemográficas y preguntas abiertas. Se utilizó el Análisis Crítico del Discurso como método de análisis, con énfasis en los significados representativos e identificativos de los discursos. La investigación fue aprobada de acuerdo al dictamen número 1.829.326. Resultados: Se identificaron prácticas de cuidado y necesidades de salud a partir de la relación hegemónica entre los actores del cuidado, la asociación del cuidado con el proceso de trabajo informal, las actividades familiares y de corresponsabilidad, y la práctica de la autonomía y el autocuidado. Conclusión: Se evidenció una atención multifacética realizada por diferentes sujetos con el apoyo de equipos multidisciplinares de atención domiciliaria. (AU)


Subject(s)
Men's Health , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Caregivers , Knowledge , Home Care Services , Home Nursing
2.
Invest. educ. enferm ; 42(1): 193-206, 20240408. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1554634

ABSTRACT

Objective.To investigate the relationship between environmental ethics, spiritual health, and environmental behavior among nursing students . Methods. In this cross-sectional study, 200 iranian students from the Chabahar Nursing School were selected using a simple random sampling method. The data collection tool included a questionnaire on demographic information, knowledge, attitudes and behaviors towards the environment, environmental ethics, and spiritual health. Partial least squares structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM) was utilized to evaluate the conceptual framework in this study. Results. The mean score for environmental ethics among nursing students was 65.73±10.61 out of 100. Most of the students (47%) had desirable environmental ethics. The knowledge structure (ß=0.46) predicted attitude. The attitude structure also predicted environmental behavior (ß=0.28) and spiritual health (ß=0.31). Ultimately, the results showed that spiritual health and environmental ethics predict environmental behavior directly and indirectly (p<0.001). Conclusion. Spiritual health and environmental ethics were strong predictors of environmental behavior. Therefore, it is necessary to take into account not only students' spiritual health but also their ethical behaviors to promote environmental protection behaviors in the future.


Objetivo. Investigar la relación entre la ética ambiental, la salud espiritual y el comportamiento ambiental entre los estudiantes de enfermería. Métodos. En este estudio transversal se seleccionaron 200 estudiantes iraníes de la Escuela de Enfermería de Chabahar mediante un método de muestreo aleatorio simple. La herramienta de recogida de datos incluía un cuestionario sobre información demográfica, conocimientos, actitudes y comportamientos hacia el medio ambiente, ética medioambiental y salud espiritual. Se utilizó el modelo de ecuaciones estructurales por mínimos cuadrados parciales (PLS-SEM) para evaluar el marco conceptual de este estudio. Resultados. La puntuación media en ética medioambiental entre los estudiantes de enfermería fue de 65.73±10.61 sobre 100. El 47% de los estudiantes tenían una ética medioambiental deseable. La estructura de conocimientos (0.46) predijo la actitud. La estructura de la actitud también predijo el comportamiento medioambiental (0.28) y la salud espiritual (0.31). En última instancia, los resultados mostraron que la salud espiritual y la ética medioambiental predicen el comportamiento medioambiental directa e indirectamente (p<0.001). Conclusión. La salud espiritual y la ética medioambiental fueron fuertes predictores del comportamiento medioambiental. Por lo tanto, es necesario tener en cuenta no sólo la salud espiritual de los estudiantes, sino también sus comportamientos éticos para promover conductas de protección del medio ambiente en el futuro.


Objetivo. Investigar a relação entre ética ambiental, saúde espiritual e comportamento ambiental entre estudantes de enfermagem. Métodos. Neste estudo transversal, 200 estudantes da Escola de Enfermagem de Chabahar (Irã) foram selecionados usando um método de amostragem aleatória simples. A ferramenta de coleta de dados incluiu um questionário sobre informações demográficas, conhecimento, atitudes e comportamentos em relação ao meio ambiente, ética ambiental e saúde espiritual. A modelagem de equações estruturais por mínimos quadrados parciais (PLS-SEM) foi usada para avaliar a estrutura conceitual deste estudo. Resultados. A pontuação média sobre ética ambiental entre os estudantes de enfermagem foi de 65.73±10.61 de um total de 100. 47% dos estudantes tinham uma ética ambiental desejável. A estrutura de conhecimento (0.46) previu a atitude. A estrutura da atitude também previu o comportamento ambiental (0.28) e a saúde espiritual (0.31). Por fim, os resultados mostraram que a saúde espiritual e a ética ambiental previram o comportamento ambiental direta e indiretamente (p<0.001). Conclusão. A saúde espiritual e a ética ambiental foram fortes preditores do comportamento ambiental. Portanto, é necessário considerar não apenas a saúde espiritual dos alunos, mas também seus comportamentos éticos, a fim de promover comportamentos de proteção ambiental no futuro.


Subject(s)
Humans , Students, Nursing , Behavior , Attitude , Conservation of Natural Resources , Knowledge
3.
Nursing (Ed. bras., Impr.) ; 27(309): 10161-10166, mar.2024. tab.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1552367

ABSTRACT

Caracterizar o conhecimento dos graduandos de uma instituição de ensino superior acerca do processo de doação de medula óssea. Método: Trata-se de um estudo descritivo com abordagem quantitativa. Foram entrevistados 266 graduandos, de ambos os sexos, entre 17 e 21 anos de idade. Foi utilizado um questionário estruturado, contendo perguntas sobre o conhecimento a respeito do processo de doação de medula óssea. Resultados: A maioria dos participantes não conhece o processo de cadastro e doação de medula óssea, tendo como a falta de informação a principal causa para a desinformação a respeito do tema abordado, consequentemente resultando em pouca demanda para que mais pessoas sejam cadastradas no REDOME. Conclusão: os estudantes do ensino superior desconhecem os processos que envolvem desde ao cadastro até a doação de medula óssea, devido à desinformação e pouca divulgação sobre a temática. (AU)


To characterize the knowledge of undergraduates from a higher education institution about the bone marrow donation process. Method: This is a descriptive study with a quantitative approach. 266 undergraduates were interviewed, of both sexes, between 17 and 21 years old. A structured questionnaire was used, containing questions about their knowledge about the bone marrow donation process. Results: Most participants do not know the bone marrow registration and donation process, with lack of information being the main cause for misinformation about the topic addressed, consequently resulting in little demand for more people to be registered in REDOME. Conclusion: the higher education students are unaware of the processes that involve from registration to bone marrow donation, due to misinformation and little dissemination on the subject. (AU)


Caracterizar el conocimiento de estudiantes de grado de una institución de educación superior sobre el proceso de donación de médula ósea. Método: Se trata de un estudio descriptivo con abordaje cuantitativo. Se entrevistaron 266 estudiantes universitarios, de ambos sexos, entre 17 y 21 años. Se utilizó un cuestionario estructurado que contenía preguntas sobre el conocimiento sobre el proceso de donación de médula ósea. Resultados: La mayoría de los participantes desconocen el proceso de registro y donación de médula ósea, siendo la falta de información la principal causa de la desinformación sobre el tema abordado, por lo que se genera poca demanda para que más personas se registren en REDOME. Conclusión: los estudiantes de educación superior desconocen los procesos que involucran desde el registro hasta la donación de médula ósea, debido a la desinformación y poca difusión sobre el tema. (AU)


Subject(s)
Bone Marrow Transplantation , Nursing , Knowledge
4.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 23(2): 257-272, mar. 2024. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1552388

ABSTRACT

The use and knowledge of native and naturalized medicinal plants were evaluated in four communities of Villa Corzo, Chiapas, Mexico. The information was obtained through semi - structured surveys conducted with 1 18 people of different age and gender categories. To determine the most important plant species, indexes of value and frequency of use were generated. Seventy - nine species of 49 families were recorded, as well as their use in the treatment of various disea ses according to local knowledge. The species with the highest value of use were Aloe vera (L.) Burm. f., Verbena officinalis L. (verbena), Ocimum basilicum L. (basil) and Psidium guajava L. (guava). (guava). The most important families by number of specie s used were, in order of importance: Asteraceae and Rutaceae with five species Lamiaceae, Fabaceae and Rosaceae with four species each.


Se evaluaron el uso y conocimiento de las plantas medicinales nativas y naturalizadas en cuatro comunidades de Villa Corzo, Chiapas, México. La información se obtuvo a través de encuestas semiestructuradas realizadas a 118 personas de distintas categorías de edad y género. Para determinar las especies de plantas más importantes se generaron índices de valor y frecuencia de uso. Se registraron 79 especies de 49 familias, así como su uso en el tratamiento de diversas enfermedades de acuerdo al conocimiento local. Las especies con mayor valor de uso fueron Aloe vera (L.) Burm. f. (sábila), Verbena officinalis L. (verbena), Ocimum basilicum L. (albahaca) y Psidium guajava L. (guayaba). Las familias más importantes por el número de especies utilizadas fueron, en orden de importancia: Asteraceae y Rutaceae con cinco especies, Lamiaceae, Fabaceae y Rosaceae con cuatro especies cada una.


Subject(s)
Plants, Medicinal/chemistry , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Ethnopharmacology , Plant Extracts/chemistry , Surveys and Questionnaires , Knowledge , Mexico
5.
Nursing (Ed. bras., Impr.) ; 27(308): 10131-10134, fev.2024.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1537516

ABSTRACT

Identificar a percepção dos profissionais de enfermagem sobre o manejo de reação infusional imediata a antineoplásicos. Método: Trata-se de um estudo descritivo de caráter exploratório com abordagem qualitativa realizado em um hospital no Rio Grande do Sul. Resultados: Todos os participantes afirmaram saber identificar uma reação infusional. Após a identificação da reação, nota-se que a maioria obedeceu a uma ordem de condutas a serem realizadas. Quanto aos cuidados para prevenção das reações infusionais, a maioria dos participantes mencionou a administração de medicamentos pré-quimioterápicos, como antialérgicos e antieméticos. Conclusão: Os achados demonstram que a maioria dos profissionais sabe reconhecer e manejar, porém há a necessidade de treinamentos e padronização das ações.(AU)


To identify the perception of nursing professionals about the management of immediate infusion reactions to antineoplastic drugs. Method: This is a descriptive, exploratory study with a qualitative approach carried out in a hospital in Rio Grande do Sul. Results: All the participants said they knew how to identify an infusion reaction. After identifying the reaction, it was noted that the majority followed an order of conduct to be carried out. As for precautions to prevent infusion reactions, most of the participants mentioned the administration of pre-chemotherapy drugs, such as anti-allergic and anti-emetic drugs. Conclusion: The findings show that most professionals know how to recognize and manage them, but there is a need for training and standardization of actions.(AU)


Identificar la percepción de los profesionales de enfermería sobre el manejo de las reacciones infusionales inmediatas a medicamentos antineoplásicos. Método: Se trata de un estudio descriptivo, exploratorio, con abordaje cualitativo, realizado en un hospital de Rio Grande do Sul. Resultados: Todos los participantes afirmaron saber identificar una reacción a la infusión. Después de identificar la reacción, la mayoría siguió un orden de conducta. En cuanto a las precauciones para prevenir las reacciones a la infusión, la mayoría de los participantes mencionó la administración de fármacos prequimioterápicos, como antialérgicos y antieméticos. Conclusión: Los hallazgos muestran que la mayoría de los profesionales saben reconocerlas y manejarlas, pero es necesaria la formación y la estandarización de actuaciones.(AU)


Subject(s)
Knowledge , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Antineoplastic Agents , Nursing Care
6.
Rev. cient. cienc. salud ; 6: 1-7, 30-01-2024.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDNPAR | ID: biblio-1526919

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La parada cardiorrespiratoria consiste en la interrupción brusca, inesperada y potencialmente reversible de la respiración y circulación espontánea. Representa el extremo más grave de situaciones de emergencia con elevadas tasas de mortalidad. Objetivo. Determinar el nivel de conocimiento acerca de reanimación cardiopulmonar (RCP) en el personal de enfermería de las especialidades troncales del Hospital Nacional de Itauguá en julio de 2023.Materiales y métodos. Estudio observacional descriptivo y analítico en el que se incluyó al personal de enfermería de las especialidades troncales del Hospital Nacional de Itauguá enjulio de 2023. Las variables estudiadas fueron sexo, edad, especialidad troncal y nivel de conocimientos en RCP. Se utilizó el cuestionario de conocimientos para enfermeros sobre reanimación cardio-pulmonar. Para la comparación de conocimientos entre las especialidades se utilizó la prueba chi cuadrado a un nivel de significancia de 0,05. Resultados. Se incluyeron 122enfermeros/as, 36de ginecología/obstetricia, 33 de medicina interna, 30 de pediatría y 23 de cirugía general. La edad media fue 37,63 ± 7,75 años, 69,7% de sexo femenino y 54,9% del departamento Central. El puntaje promedio global fue 5,55±2,72,significativamente (p = 0,001)mayor en la especialidad de cirugía general (6,61±2,39) comparado a la de pediatría (3,40±2,59). El nivel de conocimientos fue insuficiente en el 56,6%de los participantes, 83% de la especialidad de pediatría y 43,5% de cirugía general. Conclusión. El nivel de conocimiento del personal de enfermería sobre reanimación cardiopulmonar es deficiente y sobre todo en la especialidad de pediatría. Palabras clave: conocimiento; reanimación cardiopulmonar; enfermeros


Introduction. Cardiorespiratory arrest consists of the sudden, unexpected and potentially reversible interruption of breathing and spontaneous circulation. It represents the most serious extreme of emergency situations with high mortality rates. Objective. To determine the level of knowledge about cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in the nursing staff of the core specialties of the "Hospital Nacional de Itauguá" in July 2023. Materials and methods. Descriptive and analytical observational study in which the nursing staff of the core specialties of the "Hospital Nacional of Itauguá"was included in July 2023. The variables studied were sex, age, core specialty and level of knowledge in CPR. The knowledge questionnaire for nurses about cardio-pulmonary resuscitation was used. To compare knowledge between the specialties, the chi-square test was used at a significance level of 0.05. Results.122 nurses were included, 36 from gynecology/obstetrics, 33 from internal medicine, 30 from pediatrics and 23 from general surgery. The mean age was 37.63 ± 7.75 years, 69.7% female and 54.9% from the Central department. The overall average score was 5.55±2.72, significantly (p = 0.001) higher in the specialty of general surgery (6.61±2.39) compared to pediatrics (3.40±2.59). The level of knowledge was insufficient in 56.6% of the participants, 83% in the specialty of pediatrics and 43.5% in general surgery. Conclusion. The level of knowledge of nursing staff about cardiopulmonary resuscitation is poor, especially in the specialty of pediatrics. Key words: knowledge; cardiopulmonary resuscitation; nurses


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation , Knowledge , Nurses, Male
7.
Journal of Medicine University of Santo Tomas ; (2): 1362-1370, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016743

ABSTRACT

@#The increase in coronavirus disease (COVID-19) cases in the Philippines has created an alarming issue in high-density public places, such as schools and universities. Personal preventive behaviors that the students exercise play a big part in whether such behaviors prevent or only predispose them even more to contracting the virus. Several factors may influence the personal preventive behaviors of an individual. These include attitude, awareness, personal beliefs, and culture concerning the disease. Through outlining these several factors, the researchers aim to identify the main attributes that determine students’ preferred COVID-19 personal preventive behavior and implemented precautionary measures. The researchers used a two-part survey: socioeconomic and demographic followed by an orthogonal plan. The safety protocols implemented by the university were found to be the most important factor, followed by knowledge about the disease, communication channels, attitude, and social construct of the family. Thus, this follows that based on the attribute’s importance value, the students prefer safety protocols that are most implemented by the university while social construct of the family is the least preferred. These findings suggest that the safety protocols implemented by the university are the most important factor, hence, policy implementation and strengthening should be observed by the university.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Knowledge , Perception , Attitude
8.
Philippine Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 300-307, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013456

ABSTRACT

Introduction@#Patient education is integral in the management of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), a common pregnancy complication that may cause adverse perinatal outcomes. This study evaluated the effect of diabetes education on the knowledge and attitude among patients with GDM, comparing pre- vs post-diabetes session scores and determining pregnancy outcomes.@*Methodology@#A one-group pre-test and post-test experimental design study was conducted on 75 patients after one- session diabetes counseling using the Gestational Diabetes Mellitus Knowledge Questionnaire (GDMKQ) and the third version of the Diabetes Attitude Scale (DAS-3).@*Results@#Of the 75 subjects, 84% exhibited adequate knowledge of diabetes. Post-education, a significant increase in the total scores was seen among those less than 35 years of age (p-value: 0.003), both employed and unemployed (p-value: 0.0.026, 0.047, respectively), with a secondary level of education (p-value: 0.014) and multigravid (p-value: 0.015). An overall median positive attitude score of 3.6 was documented. For neonatal outcomes, no adverse events existed. For maternal outcomes, 17.9% had elevated fasting blood glucose while 7.1% had elevated 2-hour post-glucose tolerance test.@*Conclusion@#Diabetes education improves patient’s knowledge but not their attitude. Hence, improvement in attitude interventions should be incorporated into the current diabetes education program.


Subject(s)
Diabetes, Gestational , Knowledge , Attitude
9.
Acta Medica Philippina ; : 69-79, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006818

ABSTRACT

Background@#The 2019 Expanded National Nutrition Survey results showed that the contribution of fruits and vegetables (FV) in the one-day food intake of adolescents only accounted for 2.6% and 5.9%, respectively. Numerous literatures also stated that insufficient intake of FV is associated with the development of most non-communicable diseases. @*Objectives@#This study was undertaken to compare the knowledge and consumption of FV between selected respondents from public and private SHS in Imus City.@*Methods@#The study used a descriptive research design, and convenience sampling was done to gather respondents. A self-administered questionnaire was developed and the level of knowledge on FV was classified into low, fair, and good. In the evaluation of FV amount consumption, the Daily Nutrition Guide Pyramid for Teens was used. The data were reported in mean, mode, and percentages.@*Results@#More public SHS (49%) obtained a good level of knowledge on nutrient contents of FV, and consumed fruits (61%) more than the recommended daily serving. While more private SHS (96%) had a good level of knowledge of its health benefits but consumed vegetables (67%) less than the recommended daily serving. Their most consumed vegetables were dahon ng sili and garlic. The most consumed fruits were Indian mango and pear. Squash (47%) was the most liked vegetable by both groups. The majority of public SHS identified banana (37%) as their most liked fruit while it was mango (22%) for the majority of private SHS. Public SHS respondents were also recorded to have a lower average estimated family expenditure on FV.@*Conclusion@#The study concluded that both public and private SHS do not consume adequate amounts of FV despite their good level of knowledge of its nutrients and health benefits.


Subject(s)
Knowledge , Economics , Fruit , Vegetables
10.
Acta Medica Philippina ; : 1-13, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006806

ABSTRACT

Background@#Child-rearing is challenging for adolescent mothers at risk of providing limited care to their children because of the challenges and demands of simultaneously being an adolescent and a mother. Children aged 0-2 years depend on caregivers like their young mothers to promote their physical, emotional, social, and cognitive growth and development.@*Objective@#The study aimed to determine the effectiveness of the Child-rearing Information Booklet (CRIB) among adolescent mothers with children aged 0-2 years on the three dimensions of knowledge, attitude, and practices.@*Methods@#The study utilized the quasi-experimental non-equivalent pre-test-post-test control group design to investigate 30 intervention and 30 comparison adolescent mothers with children aged 0-2 years who met the study criteria in Baguio City from January 2019 to January 2021. The fishbowl sampling technique was used in selecting the population and the specific barangays. A validated self-made questionnaire (I-CVI of 0.95 with Cronbach's α of 0.96) determined both groups' knowledge, attitude, and practices (KAP). The study used the weighted mean for adolescent mothers' KAP while an independent sample t-test analyzed the significant change in the scores of both groups and to answer the significant difference in the pre- and post-test scores between the two groups.@*Results@#The results revealed that both groups are knowledgeable about child-rearing skills. Both groups have a favorable attitude when caring for their children and have a very satisfactory practice in childcare. The study also yielded a significant difference in the change of scores in the pre-and post-test scores of the two groups, specifically in knowledge and practice, while no significant difference in their attitude. It also presented a significant difference in the post-test scores between the two groups along with their knowledge (large effect size), attitude (medium effect size), and practices (large effect size).@*Conclusions@#Adolescent mothers have pre-existing KAP in child-rearing. The CRIB effectively enhances adolescent mothers' child-rearing knowledge and practice. Also, the increase of scores in KAP in child-rearing during the posttest may not be solely caused by the CRIB but also influenced by their age, level of education, living environment, experience in child-rearing, and age of their child. The CRIB has a high practical significance in improving the knowledge and practices among adolescent mothers but not in their attitude.


Subject(s)
Adolescent Mothers , Knowledge , Attitude
11.
Acta Medica Philippina ; : 1-15, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006393

ABSTRACT

Background and Objective@#Colorectal cancer (CRC) has the third highest incidence in the Philippines. Currently, there is a paucity in literature that is focused on the knowledge, attitudes, and perceptions of Filipinos regarding CRC screening. This is the first study in the Philippines that describes this. @*Methods@#This is a cross-sectional study that validated a 52-item Filipino questionnaire on the knowledge on colorectal cancer, willingness to undergo CRC screening, and perceived benefits and barriers to fecal occult blood test (FOBT) and colonoscopy. The study enrolled household heads more than 20 years of age residing in both urban and rural communities in the Philippines. @*Results@#The UP-PGH CRC KAP (University of the Philippines – Philippine General Hospital Colorectal Cancer Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices) and Rawl Questionnaire’s validity and internal consistency were established in a pilot study of 30 respondents. A total of 288 respondents were then enrolled to the main study group with a median age of 54.0. Knowledge scores for prognosis and utility of CRC screening were modest (6.3/12 and 8.4/20, respectively). Perceived benefit scores to FOBT and colonoscopy were high (9.9/12 and 13.9/16, respectively).Median scores to barriers to FOBT and colonoscopy were intermediate (22.5/36 and 35.8/60, respectively). Notably, a vast majority (86.1%) were willing to participate in CRC screening programs initiated by the government, and 46.9% agreed to undergo screening tests even as out-of-pocket expense. @*Conclusion@#The UP-PGH CRC KAP Questionnaire as well as the Filipino translation of the Rawl Questionnaire are reliable and valid tools in extensively assessing the knowledge of Filipinos on CRC and willingness to undergo screening, as well as the benefits of and barriers to FOBT and colonoscopy. Knowledge scores were modest suggesting that directed educational campaigns and awareness programs can aid in increasing awareness about CRC and its screening. Household income and highest educational attainment were significantly positively correlated with knowledge scores, and perceived benefits of and barriers to CRC screening. Scores were generally comparable between urban and rural communities.


Subject(s)
Knowledge , Attitude
12.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1551115

ABSTRACT

Este estudo objetivou estimar a prevalência do uso do cigarro eletrônico e a associação com fatores preditores. Trata-se de um estudo transversal, analítico, com amostra probabilística de universitários matriculados em um Centro Universitário de Montes Claros, Minas Gerais, Brasil no segundo semestre de 2022. A variável dependente referiu-se ao uso do cigarro eletrônico. As variáveis independentes referiram a fatores sociodemográficas, laborais e comportamentais. A associação entre as variáveis investigadas e a prevalência do uso do CE foi verificada pela análise bivariada e a regressão de Poisson. Foram entrevistados 730 universitários, com a média de idade de anos 22,56 (±6,25). Destes, 21,8 % faziam o uso cigarro eletrônico e após a análise multivariada manteve-se associado ao desfecho não ter companheiro (RP= 3,31; IC95% 1,04-10,48), morar com amigos/sozinho (RP=1,53; IC95% 1,07-2,18), ter histórico de usuários de cigarro eletrônico na residência (RP= 1,76; IC95%: 1,17- 1,89), consumir bebida alcoólica (RP= 3,07; IC95%: 1,72-5,49) e não praticar atividade física (RP= 3,37; IC95% 2,35-4,83). Conhecer sobre o cigarro eletrônico foi fator protetor (RP= 0,31 IC95% 0,20-0,46). Registrou-se elevada prevalência do uso do cigarro eletrônico, e manteve associados a fatores sociodemográficos e comportamentais. Esses achados chamam a atenção para a necessidade de novas medidas regulatórias, a fim de reduzir o uso desse dispositivo.


This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of e-cigarette use and the association with predictors. This is a cross-sectional, analytical study with a probabilistic sample of university students enrolled in a University Center of Montes Claros, Minas Gerais, Brazil in the second half of 2022. The dependent variable referred to the use of electronic cigarettes. The independent variables referred to sociodemographic, labor and behavioral factors. The association between the variables investigated and the prevalence of EC use was verified by bivariate analysis and Poisson regression. A total of 730 university students were interviewed, with a mean age of 22.56 (±6.25). Of these, 21.8% used electronic cigarettes and after multivariate analysis, it remained associated with the outcome of not having a partner (PR= 3.31; CI95% 1.04-10.48), living with friends/alone (PR=1.53; CI95% 1.07-2.18), having a history of e-cigarette users in the residence (PR= 1.76; CI95%: 1.17- 1.89), alcohol consumption (PR= 3.07; CI95%: 1.72-5.49) and not practicing physical activity (PR= 3.37; IC95% 2.35-4.83). Knowing about electronic cigarettes was a protective factor (PR= 0.31 CI95% 0.20-0.46). There was a high prevalence of e-cigarette use, and it was associated with sociodemographic and behavioral factors. These findings draw attention to the need for new regulatory measures in order to reduce the use of this device.


Este estudio tuvo como objetivo estimar la prevalencia del uso de cigarrillos electrónicos y la asociación con predictores. Se trata de un estudio analítico transversal con una muestra probabilística de estudiantes universitarios matriculados en un Centro Universitario de Montes Claros, Minas Gerais, Brasil, en el segundo semestre de 2022. La variable dependiente se refería al uso de cigarrillos electrónicos. Las variables independientes se refirieron a factores sociodemográficos, laborales y conductuales. La asociación entre las variables investigadas y la prevalencia de uso de CE fue verificada por análisis bivariado y regresión de Poisson. Fueron entrevistados 730 estudiantes universitarios, con una edad promedio de 22,56 (±6,25). De estos, 21,8% utilizaron cigarrillos electrónicos y después del análisis multivariado, se mantuvo asociado con el resultado de no tener pareja (RP= 3,31; IC95% 1,04-10,48), vivir con amigos/solo (RP=1,53; IC95% 1,07-2,18), con antecedentes de usuarios de cigarrillos electrónicos en la residencia (RP= 1,76; IC95%: 1,17- 1,89), consumo de alcohol (RP= 3,07; IC95%: 1,72-5,49) y no practicar actividad física (RP= 3,37; IC95% 2,35-4,83). El conocimiento de los cigarrillos electrónicos fue un factor protector (RP= 0,31 IC95% 0,20-0,46). Hubo una alta prevalencia de uso de cigarrillos electrónicos, y se asoció con factores sociodemográficos y de comportamiento. Estos hallazgos llaman la atención sobre la necesidad de nuevas medidas regulatorias para reducir el uso de este dispositivo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Universities , Prevalence , Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems/instrumentation , Behavior/physiology , Knowledge
13.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 32: e4131, 2024. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1550985

ABSTRACT

Objective: to analyze the problematization methodology impact on the knowledge of nursing and medical students about hypodermoclysis. Method: quasi-experimental study conducted with 22 undergraduate nursing and medical students from a public Brazilian higher education institution. The students participated in the educational intervention using the problematization methodology based on the Arch of Maguerez. A previously validated questionnaire was used to determin' the students' knowledge level about hypodermoclysis. This instrument was applied before and after the educational intervention. The results were compared by McNemar's test and Student's t test for paired samples. Results: when comparing the correct answers before and after the intervention, there was a significant increase in 75% of the questions (p<0.05), including theoretical and practical aspects of hypodermoclysis. The mean score on students' self-assessment of the ability to explain (0.9 versus 5.9 points) and perform hypodermoclysis (1.9 versus 5.0) was significantly higher after applying the problematization methodology (p<0.001). Conclusion: the problematization methodology had a positive impact on the students' knowledge about hypodermoclysis. The number of correct answers after the educational intervention was higher than the initial assessment. The problematization methodology can be incorporated into the teaching-learning process of nursing and medical students for teaching procedures such as hypodermoclysis.


Objetivo: analizar el impacto de la metodología de problematización en el conocimiento de estudiantes de enfermería y medicina sobre hipodermoclisis. Método: estudio cuasiexperimental realizado con 22 estudiantes de enfermería y medicina de una institución pública de educación superior brasileña. Los estudiantes participaron de la intervención educativa utilizando la metodología de problematización basada en el Arco de Maguerez. Se utilizó un cuestionario previamente validado para determinar el nivel de conocimiento de los estudiantes sobre la hipodermoclisis. Este instrumento se aplicó antes y después de la intervención educativa. Los resultados se compararon mediante la prueba de McNemar y la prueba t de Student para muestras pareadas. Resultados: al comparar las respuestas correctas antes y después de la intervención, se observó un aumento significativo en el 75% de las preguntas (p<0,05), que incluye aspectos teóricos y prácticos de la hipodermoclisis. El puntaje promedio en la autoevaluación de los estudiantes con respecto a su capacidad para explicar (0,9 versus 5,9 puntos) y realizar hipodermoclisis (1,9 versus 5,0) fue significativamente mayor después de aplicar la metodología de problematización (p<0,001). Conclusión: la metodología de problematización tuvo impacto positivo en el conocimiento de los estudiantes sobre la hipodermoclisis. El número de respuestas correctas luego de la intervención educativa fue mayor que en la evaluación inicial. La metodología de problematización puede incorporarse al proceso de enseñanza-aprendizaje de estudiantes de enfermería y medicina para enseñar procedimientos como la hipodermoclisis.


Objetivo: analisar o impacto da metodologia de problematização no conhecimento de estudantes de enfermagem e medicina sobre hipodermóclise. Método: estudo quase-experimental realizado com 22 estudantes de graduação em enfermagem e medicina de uma instituição pública de ensino superior brasileira. Os alunos participaram da intervenção educacional usando a metodologia de problematização baseada no Arco de Maguerez. Um questionário previamente validado foi usado para determinar o nível de conhecimento dos alunos sobre hipodermóclise. Esse instrumento foi aplicado antes e depois da intervenção educacional. Os resultados foram comparados pelo teste de McNemar e pelo teste t de Student para amostras pareadas. Resultados: ao comparar as respostas corretas antes e depois da intervenção, houve um aumento significativo em 75% das questões (p<0,05), incluindo aspectos teóricos e práticos da hipodermóclise. A pontuação média na autoavaliação dos alunos quanto à capacidade de explicar (0,9 versus 5,9 pontos) e realizar a hipodermóclise (1,9 versus 5,0) foi significativamente maior após a aplicação da metodologia de problematização (p<0,001). Conclusão: a metodologia de problematização teve um impacto positivo no conhecimento dos alunos sobre hipodermóclise. O número de respostas corretas após a intervenção educacional foi maior do que na avaliação inicial. A metodologia de problematização pode ser incorporada ao processo de ensino-aprendizagem de estudantes de enfermagem e medicina para o ensino de procedimentos como a hipodermóclise.


Subject(s)
Humans , Students, Medical , Students, Nursing , Teaching , Educational Technology , Knowledge , Hypodermoclysis
14.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 23: e244948, 2024. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1560829

ABSTRACT

Aim: Patient anxiety during dental procedures impacts oral health and well-being. Dental practitioners are vital in managing this stress. Our study aims to explore, analyze, and draw comparisons regarding the understanding and awareness levels of stress and anxiety assessment during routine dental procedures among general dental practitioners and specialists. Method: A self-administered questionnaire was sent to 503 Indian dental practitioners, encompassing both general dentists and specialists. Comprising 13 sections, the questionnaire covered demographic information and delved into topics such as dental anxiety assessment tools, familiarity with stress-reducing techniques, and awareness of the impact of anxiety on treatment outcomes. Following this, data analysis was performed using SPSS software, employing a range of descriptive and inferential statistics, including the Chi-square test. Results: Significant knowledge disparities were observed. While 78.3% of specialists assessed patient stress, only 75% of general dentists did, with no statistical difference (p=0.386). Both groups recognized the impact of gender dynamics and environmental factors on stress, but these findings lacked significant differences (p=0.314, p=0.40, p=0.86). However, specialists showed significantly more awareness of the link between stress and periodontal disease (p=0.043), genetics' role in stress (p=0.008), and the implications of epigenetics for stress and oral health (p=0.000). Conclusion: This study highlights a noticeable knowledge gap between general dentists and specialists in assessing patient stress during dental procedures. While both groups share similar views on gender dynamics and environmental factors, significant differences exist in their awareness of connections between stress, periodontal disease, genetics, and epigenetics. Targeted educational efforts are necessary to bridge this knowledge gap, improve patient care, and advance dental medicine


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Stress, Psychological , Dental Anxiety , Knowledge , Epigenomics
15.
Braz. dent. sci ; 27(1): 1-7, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1552194

ABSTRACT

Osteonecrosis of the jaw associated with bisphosphonate use is a matter of utmost importance in clinical practice for the safe treatment of patients using this medication. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the level of knowledge of dentists who carry out clinical practice about bisphosphonate-associated jaw osteonecrosis. Material and Methods: The methodology used in the present research consisted of a non-probability sampling approach for the selection of participants. To conduct the study, a questionnaire created on the Google Forms platform was sent via Direct on Instagram to the professionals who agreed to participate. The data were sent for analysis, using the frequency for each response, and the professionals were divided into subcategories according to their time of professional practice. Results: Participants were familiar with the purpose of the medication (65%) or had heard of it (34%); regarding the professionals' opinion on their knowledge and practice about bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis a significant percentage (93.24%) responded positively regarding the existence of side effects resulting from the therapeutic use of bisphosphonates and 48.65% self-evaluated their level of knowledge on the subject as insufficient. Conclusion: The study reveals that almost all participating dentists have good knowledge about the effects caused by bisphosphonates, but some of them still do not feel specifically confident about the management and knowledge of jaw osteonecrosis (AU)


A osteonecrose dos maxilares associada ao uso de bisfosfonatos é um assunto de suma importância na prática clínica para o atendimento seguro dos pacientes que fazem uso terapêutico do medicamento. Objetivo: O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar o nível de conhecimento de cirurgiões dentistas que realizam atendimento clínico acerca da osteonecrose dos maxilares associada ao uso dos bisfosfonatos. Material e Métodos: A metodologia utilizada na presente pesquisa consistiu em uma abordagem de amostragem não probabilística para a seleção dos participantes. Para conduzir o estudo, enviamos um questionário criado na plataforma Google Forms via Direct no Instagram para os profissionais que concordaram em participar. Os dados foram enviados para análise, usando a frequência para cada resposta, sendo que os profissionais foram divididos em subcategorias por tempo de formação. Resultados: Os participantes estavam familiarizados com a finalidade do medicamento (65%) ou já haviam ouvido falar deles (34%); em relação à opinião dos profissionais sobre seu conhecimento e prática acerca da osteonecrose relacionada aos bisfosfonatos, observou-se que 48,65% autoavaliaram seu nível de conhecimento sobre o assunto como insuficiente e uma parcela expressiva (93,24%) respondeu positivamente em relação à existência de efeitos colaterais decorrentes ao uso terapêutico dos bisfosfonatos. Conclusão: O estudo revela que quase todos os dentistas participantes possuem um bom conhecimento acerca dos efeitos causados pelos bisfosfonatos, mas que parte deles ainda não se sentem seguros especificamente em relação ao manejo e conhecimento da osteonecrose dos maxilares (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Osteonecrosis , Knowledge , Diphosphonates , Bisphosphonate-Associated Osteonecrosis of the Jaw , Jaw
16.
Rev. cienc. cuidad ; 21(1): 47-57, 2024.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1553637

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: validar el cuestionario "Conocimientos y comportamientos de autocuidado de la mu-jer embarazada ante los trastornos hipertensivos del embarazo - CoNOCiTHE". Materiales y Métodos: estudio psicométrico de validez y confiabilidad, realizado en el segundo semestre del 2022 en Santander, Colombia, con una muestra de 217 mujeres embarazadas. La consistencia interna se evaluó con el coeficiente alfa de Cronbach, la confiabilidad test-retest a partir del Coeficiente de Correlación Intraclase (CCI). La validez, examinó la validez de criterio conver-gente y de grupos conocidos. Resultados: La escala con 72 ítems originales, luego de un análi-sis de correlación condujo a la eliminación de 14 ítems. El instrumento en su versión definitiva evidenció una consistencia interna de 0,67 y una estabilidad test-retest con un CCI de 0,96. La validez convergente demostró una correlación significativa con los resultados conocimiento: proceso de la enfermedad (rho=0,405; p=0,019) y control del riesgo: hipertensión (rho= 0,503; p=0,003). En la validez de grupos conocidos se encontró diferencias en las puntuaciones de mujeres con más de 20 semanas de gestación y menos de 20 (p=0,009). Conclusiones: Las propiedades psicométricas aceptables del cuestionario lo convierten en una herramienta válida para evaluar el conocimiento y los comportamientos de autocuidado ante los trastornos hi-pertensivos del embarazo en el idioma español y en el contexto Colombiano


Objetive: validate the questionnaire "Knowledge and self-care behaviors of pregnant women in the face of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy - CoNOCiTHE". Materials and meth-ods: psychometric study of validity and reliability, conducted in the second half of 2022 in Santander, Colombia, with a sample of 217 pregnant women. Internal consistency was eval-uated with Cronbach's alpha coefficient, test-retest reliability from the Intraclass Correlation Coefficient (ICC). To assess validity, convergent criterion and known groups were examined. Results: The scale con72 original items, after a correlation analysis led to the elimination of 14 items. The instrument in its definitive version showed an internal consistency of 0.67 and a test-retest stability with a CCI of 0.96. Convergent validity showed a significant correlation with the outcome's knowledge: disease process (rho=0.405; p=0.019) and risk control: hy-pertension (rho= 0.503; p=0.003). In the validity of known groups differences were found in the scores of women with more than 20 weeks of gestation and less than 20 (p=0.009). Con-clusions: The acceptable psychometric properties of the questionnaire make it a valid tool to evaluate knowledge and self-care behaviors in the face of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy in the Spanish language and in the Colombian context


Objetivo: validar o questionário "Conhecimentos e comportamentos de autocuidado da mulher grávida ante os transtornos hipertensivos da gravidez - CoNOCiTHE". Materias e métodos: estudo psicométrico de validade e confiabilidade, realizado no segundo semestre de 2022 em Santander, Colômbia, com amostra de 217 mulheres grávidas. A consistência interna foi avaliada com o coeficiente alfa de Cronbach, a fiabilidade teste-reteste a partir do Coeficiente de Cor-relação Intraclasse (CCI). Para avaliar a validade, a validade de critério convergente e os grupos conhecidos foram examinados. Resultados: a escala com 72 itens originais, após uma análise de correlação, levou à eliminação de 14 itens. O instrumento na sua versão final evidenciou uma consistência interna de 0,67 e uma estabilidade test-retest com um CCI de 0,96. A validade convergente demonstrou um correlação significativa com os resultados conhecimento: processo da doença (rho=0,405; p=0,019) e controlo de risco: hipertensão (rho= 0,503; p=0,003). Na vali-dade de grupos conhecidos foram encontradas diferenças nas pontuações de mulheres com mais de 20 semanas de gestação e com menos de 20 semanas de gestação (p=0,009). Conclusões: as propriedades psicométricas aceitáveis do questionário o tornam uma ferramenta válida para avaliar o conhecimento e os comportamentos de autocuidado diante dos transtornos hiperten-sivos da gravidez na língua espanhola e no contexto Colombiano


Subject(s)
Hypertension, Pregnancy-Induced , Self Care , Surveys and Questionnaires , Knowledge , Validation Study , Standardized Nursing Terminology
17.
Afr. J. Clin. Exp. Microbiol ; 25(1): 28-37, 2024. figures, tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1532983

ABSTRACT

Background: Globally, 296 million people were infected by hepatitis B in 2019, with 1.1 million deaths. Africa is one of the endemic regions. Good knowledge and awareness of hepatitis B remain pivotal to the biosafety of medical students. This study sought to determine the levels of knowledge and awareness of hepatitis B among students of Pamo University of Medical Sciences (PUMS), Port Harcourt, Nigeria, and the predicting factors associated with this knowledge and awareness. The is with the aim of providing recommendations for improving and sustaining biosafety levels for medical and other health-related students of the University. Methodology: The study was a descriptive cross-sectional design conducted amongst 528 randomly selected medical students of PUMS, Port Harcourt, Nigeria. Structured questionnaires were interviewer-administered to collect socio-demographic information and participants' responses to questions on knowledge and awareness of hepatitis B. Data were analysed using SPSS version 26.0 and relationships of socio-demographic characteristics and predictive factors with knowledge and awareness of hepatitis B were tested using binary logistic regression analysis with p value for statistical significance set at <0.05. Results: A total of 528 students participated in the study, 202 (38.3%) males and 326 (61.7%) females. Most participants (296, 56.1%) were between 15-19 years of age with mean age of 19 ±2.43 years. The mean (±SD) of participants responses with good knowledge of hepatitis B was 249±121.5 while for good awareness, it was 181±88.3. The percentage average for good knowledge and good awareness was 47.2% and 34.2% respectively, with positive correlation between knowledge and awareness of hepatitis B (r=0.720, p<0.0001). Age was significantly associated with participants percentage average knowledge (OR=0.77, 95% CI 0.70-0.84, p<0.0001) and awareness of hepatitis B (OR=0.84, 95%CI 0.78-0.90, p=0.004). No other factor was significantly associated with knowledge and awareness of hepatitis B except Ijaw tribe (OR=0.4, 95%CI 0.24-0.66, p=0.034) and attendance of Federal Government College (OR=0.4, 95% CI 0.24-0.68, p=0.046). Conclusion: The percentage average good knowledge of 47.2% and awareness of 34.2% for hepatitis B in this study are low, although most participants in the study were between the ages of 15-19 years and in their first and second year of study. This gives room for improvement in knowledge and awareness of hepatitis B with progression in age and year of training. Good knowledge and awareness of hepatitis B are central to the biosafety of medical students. It is recommended that the National Universities Commission (NUC) and the Medical and Dental Council of Nigeria (MDCN) review the current medical school curriculum to increase the teaching of medical and health-related students that will impact more on knowledge and awareness of infectious diseases and infection prevention and control.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Schools, Medical , Awareness , Hepatitis B , Universities , Knowledge
18.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 27(2): 874-900, Maio-Ago. 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1425133

ABSTRACT

A vegetação da Caatinga é rica em uma diversidade de espécies vegetais utilizadas para satisfazer as necessidades humana. Muitas dessas espécies são utilizadas para fins terapêuticos por populações. As formas de uso dessas espécies podem ser registradas e resgatadas através de estudos etnobotânicos, os quais contribuem no levantamento das potencialidades dos recursos vegetais, bem como em planos de recuperação e conservação da vegetação. Assim, com base em uma revisão integrativa, o presente trabalho buscou copilar informações sobre como os trabalhos de etnobotânica das plantas medicinais estão sendo desenvolvidos, assim como a respeito das principais espécies e famílias botânicas de potencial medicinal descritas, em levantamentos realizados em áreas caatinga localizadas na região semiárida do Nordeste. Para isso, foram selecionados artigos publicados entre os anos de 2010 e 2022, que abordassem a temática relacionada. Foram considerados trabalhos publicados no formato de artigos originais, disponíveis de forma online, gratuito e completo, em língua portuguesa e inglesa. Esses artigos foram consultados em diferentes bases de dados. A análise integrativa evidenciou as características das publicações, como a concentração de estudos direcionados aos estados da Bahia, Paraíba e Pernambuco, bem como demonstrou uma rica diversidade de plantas medicinais que são utilizadas pela população no semiárido nordestino, destacando-se, principalmente, os saberes tradicionais sobre as suas formas de uso e propriedades terapêuticas.


The Caatinga vegetation is rich in a diversity of plant species used to satisfy human needs. Many of these species are used for therapeutic purposes by populations. The forms of use of these species can be registered and rescued through ethnobotanical studies, which contribute to the survey of the potential of plant resources, as well as plans for the recovery and conservation of vegetation. Thus, based on an integrative review, the present work sought to compile information on how ethnobotany works on medicinal plants are being developed, as well as on the main species and botanical families with medicinal potential described, in surveys carried out in caatinga areas located in the semi-arid region of the Northeast. For this, articles published between the years 2010 and 2022 that addressed the related theme were selected. Works published in the format of original articles, available online, free and complete, in Portuguese and English, were considered. These articles were consulted in different databases. The integrative analysis showed the characteristics of the publications, such as the concentration of studies directed to the states of Bahia, Paraíba and Pernambuco, as well as demonstrating a rich diversity of medicinal plants that are used by the population in the northeastern semi-arid region, highlighting, mainly, the knowledge traditional practices about their forms of use and therapeutic properties.


La vegetación de la Caatinga es rica en una diversidad de especies vegetales utilizadas para satisfacer las necesidades humanas. Muchas de estas especies son utilizadas con fines terapéuticos por las poblaciones. Las formas de uso de estas especies pueden ser registradas y rescatadas a través de estudios etnobotánicos, que contribuyen al levantamiento del potencial de los recursos vegetales, así como a los planes de recuperación y conservación de la vegetación. Así, a partir de una revisión integradora, el presente trabajo buscó recopilar información sobre cómo se están desarrollando los trabajos etnobotánicos sobre plantas medicinales, así como sobre las principales especies y familias botánicas con potencial medicinal descritas, en relevamientos realizados en áreas de caatinga ubicadas en la región semiárida del Nordeste. Para ello, se seleccionaron artículos publicados entre los años 2010 y 2022 que abordaran la temática relacionada. Se consideraron trabajos publicados en formato de artículos originales, disponibles en línea, gratuitos y completos, en portugués e inglés. Estos artículos fueron consultados en diferentes bases de datos. El análisis integrador mostró las características de las publicaciones, como la concentración de estudios dirigidos a los estados de Bahía, Paraíba y Pernambuco, además de demostrar una rica diversidad de plantas medicinales que son utilizadas por la población de la región semiárida del nordeste, destacándose, principalmente, los conocimientos tradicionales sobre sus formas de uso y propiedades terapéuticas.


Subject(s)
Plants, Medicinal , Ethnobotany , Knowledge , Systematic Reviews as Topic , Medicine, Traditional
19.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1535457

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El aprovechamiento de los cursos de ciencias básicas puede depender de las percepciones estudiantiles sobre la importancia de estos en su vida profesional, por lo que se hace necesario determinar el grado de importancia que los estudiantes le confieren a este tipo de cursos. Materiales y métodos: Se presentó un cuestionario con 9 declaraciones a 54 estudiantes de odontología y medicina. Las respuestas se pasaron a una escala numérica para su análisis. Se usó una prueba de U de Mann-Whitney con el fin de evaluar diferencias entre estudiantes de ambas facultades. Resultados: Los estudiantes en conjunto mostraron tener una buena opinión de la importancia de las ciencias básicas en la práctica clínica. Se observó también que es mayor la proporción de estudiantes de odontología que consideran que la investigación básica no es útil para su práctica clínica. Conclusión: Los estudiantes consideran las ciencias básicas necesarias para un buen desempeño profesional.


Introduction: The benefit of basic science courses may depend on students' perceptions of the importance of these courses in their professional life, therefore, it's necessary to determine the degree of importance that students give to this type of courses. Materials and methods: A questionnaire with 9 statements was presented to 54 dental and medical students. The responses were converted to a numerical scale for analysis. Using a Mann-Whitney U test, differences between students from both faculties were evaluated. Results: The students showed a good opinion of the importance of basic sciences in clinical practice. It was also observed that the proportion of dental students who consider that basic research is not useful for their clinical practice is higher. Conclusion: Students consider the basic sciences necessary for good professional performance.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Adult , Natural Science Disciplines , Dental Research , Education, Dental , Education, Medical, Undergraduate , Science , Students , Knowledge , Biomedical Research
20.
Rev. enferm. Inst. Mex. Seguro Soc ; 32(1): e1450, dic. 26, 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1531636

ABSTRACT

Las humanidades en salud y en particular sus enfoques críticos, son indispensables para fortalecer la investigación orientada a producir conocimiento respecto al estudio de los fenómenos relacionados con la salud, la enfermedad y la muerte desde sus dimensiones social, antropológica, histórica, ética y política. En este sentido, surge la necesidad de promover métodos de investigación a partir del planteamiento de preguntas sobre las experiencias de las personas que viven procesos de salud, enfermedad y muerte. Estas preguntas deben realizarse desde epistemologías interdisciplinarias que ayuden en la comprensión de dichas experiencias y a traducir el conocimiento derivado de la investigación en acciones centradas en las personas, con pertinencia social, cultural y ética. La intención es impulsar el diseño, implementación, evaluación y publicación de la Investigación de Humanidades en Salud, mediante el fortalecimiento de redes de investigación en salud interdisciplinar e interprofesional, con el propósito de fundamentar acciones efectivas en el marco del derecho de la población en la atención con equidad e inclusión. (AU)


The humanities in health, and particularly their critical approaches, are indispensable for strengthening research aimed at producing knowledge regarding the study of phenomena related to health, illness, and death from their social, anthropological, historical, ethical, and political dimensions. In this sense, we need to promote research methods and pose questions about the experiences of individuals undergoing processes of health, illness, and death. These questions should be approached from interdisciplinary epistemologies that aid in the understanding of such experiences and in translating the knowledge derived from research into people-centered actions, with social, cultural, and ethical relevance. The intention is to drive the design, implementation, evaluation, and publication of Health Humanities Research by strengthening interdisciplinary and interprofessional health research networks, with the purpose of substantiating effective actions within the framework of the population's right to equitable and inclusive care. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Bioethics , Knowledge , Health Services Research
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