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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928336

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the efficacy between vesselplasty and percutanous kyphoplasty (PKP) in the treatment of Kümmell disease.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of patients with Kümmell disease from July 2018 to December 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the different therapeutic methods, the patients were divided into vesselplasty group and PKP group. There were 20 patients in vesselplasty group, including 2 males and 18 females, aged from 54 to 83 years with an average of (67.40±7.44)years, 1 case of T10 fracture, 3 cases of T12 fracture, 9 cases of L1 fractures, 5 cases of L2 fractures and 2 cases of L3 fractures. There were 20 patients in PKP group, including 3 males and 17 females, aged from 56 to 81 with an average of(67.20±7.01) years, 2 cases of T10 fracture, 1 case of T11 fracture, 6 cases of T12 fracture, 10 cases of L1 fracture and 1 case of L3 fracture. Visual analogue scale(VAS), Cobb angle, anterior vertebral height were recorded before operation, 1 day after operation and 1 year after operation. Oswestry Disability Index(ODI) was recorded before operation, 1 month after operation and 1 year after operation. And bone cement leakage rate was compared between two groups after operation.@*RESULTS@#All the patient were followed up for more than 1 year. In vesselplasty group, VAS score was 1.20±0.41, ODI was(13.50±3.10)%, Cobb angle was(17.20±3.12)° and anterior vertebral height was(20.20±1.35) mm at 1 year after operation. In PKP group, VAS score was 1.15±0.40, ODI was (13.20±3.00)%, Cobb angle was (17.10±3.19)° and anterior vertebral height was (20.10±1.37) mm at 1 year after operation. These index was significantly better than pre-operation through intra-group comparison(P<0.05), and there was no statistically difference between the two groups(P>0.05). There were 20 cases (20 vertebrae) in vesselplasty group, of which 1 case had bone cement leakage at the upper endplate, with a leakage rate of 5%(1/20). In PKP group, there were 20 cases (20 vertebrae), 3 cases of upward endplate leakage(3/7), 1 case of downward endplate leakage(1/7), 1 case of leakage to the front of the vertebral body(1/7), 2 cases of leakage to the side of the vertebral body(2/7), with a leakage rate of 35% (7/20). The difference between two groups was statistically significant(P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Vesselplasty in the treatment of Kümmell disease can better reduce leakage rate of bone cement and reduce complications.


Subject(s)
Bone Cements , Female , Fractures, Compression/surgery , Humans , Kyphoplasty/methods , Male , Osteoporotic Fractures/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Spondylosis , Treatment Outcome , Vertebroplasty
2.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(2): 258-262, Apr.-June 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251341

ABSTRACT

Abstract Osteoporotic vertebral fractures are a common type of fracture and affect a significant number of subjects with osteoporosis. Despite the high fracture risk, the concomitant occurrence of vertebral fractures at non-contiguous levels is very rare. We report the case of a patient with three burst dorsolumbar spine fractures at non-contiguous levels who was treated with percutaneous kyphoplasty and transpedicular posterior fixation. Six months after the surgery, the patient walks autonomously and without pain; in addition, there is no radiological evidence of fracture reduction loss.


Resumo As fraturas vertebrais osteoporóticas são um tipo comum de fratura e afetam um número significativo da população com osteoporose. Apesar do elevado risco de fratura, a ocorrência concomitante de fraturas vertebrais em níveis não contíguos é muito rara. Reportamos o caso de uma paciente com três fraturas explosivas da coluna dorsolombar em níveis não contíguos, tratada com cifoplastia e fixação posterior transpedicular por via percutânea. Seis meses após a cirurgia, a paciente tem marcha autônoma, sem dor, e, radiologicamente, não existem evidências de perda de redução das fraturas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Osteoporosis/surgery , Spinal Fractures , Fractures, Bone , Osteoporotic Fractures , Kyphoplasty , Fracture Fixation
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878713

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of sarcopenia on the efficacy of percutaneous kyphoplasty(PKP)in the treatment of osteoporotic spinal compression fracture(OSCF)in elderly patients. Methods From February 2017 to June 2018,a total of 77 elderly patients who met the inclusion and exclusion criteria were included in this study.Grip strength of dominant hand was measured by an electronic grip dynamometer with cut-off values of 27 kg for males and 16 kg for females.The cross-sectional area of the pedicle level muscle of the 12th thoracic vertebra(T12)was measured by chest CT.The skeletal muscle index(SMI)was calculated by dividing the T12 pedicle level muscle cross-sectional area by the square of body height.The SMI cut-off value used to diagnose sarcopenia was 42.6 cm


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Fractures, Compression/surgery , Humans , Kyphoplasty , Male , Osteoporotic Fractures/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Sarcopenia/complications , Spinal Fractures , Treatment Outcome
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888349

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the efficacy of gelfoam granules application in prevention of cement leakage via anterior vertebral wall in Kümmell's patients treated with percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP).@*METHODS@#From June 2017 to December 2019, 13 patients with Kümmell disease were treated with PKP, and gelatin sponge was inserted into the anterior wall of vertebral body to prevent bone cement leakage. There were 3 males and 10 females, with an average age of (73.84±8.44) years. The visual analogue scale (VAS) was used to record the degree of pain before treatment and 1 day and 3 months after treatment; Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) was used to evaluate the thoracolumbar function before treatment and 3 monthsafter treatment;X-ray was used to observe the bone cement leakage after operation.@*RESULTS@#The VAS scores were 7.31±0.83, 2.92±1.13 and 1.69±1.11 before treatment and 1 day and 3 months after treatment, respectively. The VAS scores on the 1st day and 3 months after treatment were lower than those before treatment (@*CONCLUSION@#The application of gelfoam granules in PKP can effectively prevent the leakage of bone cement via the anterior vertebral wall of Kümmell patients, and reduce the risk of thermal and mechanical injury of soft tissues such as the aorta in front of the vertebral body, and does not affect the postoperative pain relief and the recovery of thoracolumbar function.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Bone Cements , Female , Gelatin Sponge, Absorbable , Humans , Kyphoplasty/adverse effects , Male , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fractures
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888345

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the methods and efficacy of unilateral extra-pedicle precision puncture percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) or percutaneous kyphoplasty(PKP) by digital subtraction angiography (DSA) for the treatment of osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCFs).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 68 patients with osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures treated from August 2015 to December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 20 males and 48 females, aged 56 to 90(73.5±8.0) years, 40 cases of double segments, 28 cases of three segments, a total of 168 vertebrae. All the patients were performed PVP orPKP through unilateral extra pedicle precision puncture under the guidance of DSA. The vertebrae were distributed in T@*RESULTS@#All the punctures were successful in 68 patients. All the puncture needles reached the midline of vertebral body, and the bone cement was well dispersed in the vertebral body with symmetrical distribution. The operation time was 35 to 60 (41.6±3.2) minutes, and there was no puncture complications. The injection volume of bone cement was 3 to 5 (3.6±0.5) ml in each vertebra. There were 8 cases of bone cement leakage, with a leakage rate of 11.76%. All 68 patients were followed up from 12 to 27 (14.3±3.5) months in the study. VAS score and ODI at 3 days after surgery and at final follow-up time were significantly improved (@*CONCLUSION@#PVP or PKP under the guidance of DSA via a unilateral extrapedicular approach with precision puncture can effectively relieve pain, restore vertebral body height and spinal function, which is a safe, fast and effective method in the treatment of osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures.


Subject(s)
Angiography, Digital Subtraction , Female , Fractures, Compression/surgery , Humans , Kyphoplasty , Male , Osteoporotic Fractures/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Vertebroplasty
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888344

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the risk factors of vertebral refracture after percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) for osteoprotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCFs), and to provide reference for clinical prevention.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis of 228 OVCFs patients who met the inclusion criteria admitted from November 6, 2013 to December 14, 2018. There were 35 males and 193 females, with a male-to-female ratio of 3∶20, and aged 58 to 91 years with an average of (69.70±7.03) years. All patients were treated with PKP and had complete clinical data. According to whether refracture occurred after operation, they were divided into refracture group (24 cases) and non refracture group (204 cases). Factors that may be related to refracture (including gender, age, surgical segment, number of vertebral bodies in the surgical segment, whether combined with degenerative scoliosis, whether anti-osteoporosis treatment) were included in the univariate analyses, and the single factor analysis of statistically significant risk factors was carried out with multiple Logistic regression analysis to further clarify the independent risk factors for vertebral body refracture after PKP. Survival analysis was performed using the time of vertebral refracture after PKP as the end time of follow up, the occurrence of refracture after PKP as the endpoint event, and the presence or absence of degenerative lateral curvature as a variable factor.@*RESULTS@#All 228 patients were followed up for 1.8 to 63.6 months with an average of (28.8±15.6) months, and the refracture rate was 10.5%(24/228). There were statistically significant differences between two groups in age, number of operative vertebral bodies, whether combinedwith degenerative scoliosis and whether anti osteoporosis treatment (@*CONCLUSION@#Combined scoliosis is an independent risk factor for refracture after OVCFs vertebroplasty, and it is also a possible high-risk factor for refracture after surgery.


Subject(s)
Female , Fractures, Compression/surgery , Humans , Kyphoplasty/adverse effects , Male , Osteoporotic Fractures , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Vertebral Body
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879376

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study effects of postoperative regular training of core muscle strength guided by the concept of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) on the rehabilitation of elderly patients with osteoporotic lumbar vertebral compression fracture after vertebroplasty (PVP) and kyphoplasty(PKP).@*METHODS@#Ninety-four elderly patients with osteoporotic lumbar compression fractures who underwent PKP or PVP from January 2016 to January 2018 and met inclusion criteria were divided into observation group and control group. All the patients were treated with routine anti osteoporosis therapy after operation. There were 47 patients in the observationgroup, including 18 males and 29 females, with an average age of (62.62±3.21) years old;in the control group, there were 47 cases, including 17 males and 30 females, with an average age of (62.38±2.84) years old. The patients in the control group were trained by traditional way, and the patients in observation group were instructed to conduct regular training of core muscle strength according to ERAS concept. The patients were followed up for 1, 3 and 6 months after operation. Patients' conditions were quantitatively evaluated according to Barthel scale, JOA low back pain score and Oswestry Disability Index, and the differences in treatment effects between two groups were statistically analyzed and compared.@*RESULTS@#All the patients were followed up, and the Barthel scale, JOA low back pain score and Oswestry Disability Index score of the observation group were all better than those of the control group on the 1st and the 3rd months after surgery(@*CONCLUSION@#Early regular core strength training has a positive effect on early functional recovery and improvement of life ability after PKP or PVP for elderly patients with osteoporotic lumbar compression fractures, which is in line with the concept of accelerated rehabilitation surgery.


Subject(s)
Aged , Enhanced Recovery After Surgery , Female , Fractures, Compression/surgery , Humans , Kyphoplasty , Male , Middle Aged , Osteoporotic Fractures/surgery , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Vertebroplasty
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827250

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical effect of zoledronic acid combined with vitamin K2 regimen in percutaneous vertebroplasty for multi-segment osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures(OVCFs).@*METHODS@#This study was a retrospective control study. A total of 364 patients with OVCFs who were admitted to our spinal surgery department from January 2014 to January 2017 were selected as the study subjects. According to whether zoledronic acid combined with vitamin K2 was used to treat osteoporosis after surgery, the patients were divided into control group and experimental group. Among them, 257 patients in the control group were treated with calcium carbonate and vitamin D regimen, while 107 patients in the experimental group were treated with zoledronic acid combined with vitamin K2 regimen on the basis of the control group. Visual analogue scale (VAS) score and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) were used to evaluate the clinical effect. Pre- and post-operative bone mineral density of lumbar spine and proximal femur, vertebral height ratio of responsible vertebral body and Cobb angle of vertebral body were observed by image data. Serological indicators related to bone metabolism were detected by laboratory. The complications such as fever, dizziness, osteoarthritis, muscular and soft tissue pain and adjacent vertebral re-fracture were compared between two groups.@*RESULTS@#There was no significant difference in general data between the two groups (0.05);VAS score in the experimental group was significantly lower than that in the control group 1 month, 3 months and 1 year after operation(0.05), and at the 24 hours, 3 months, 1 year after operation, the experimental group was significantly lower than the control group (0.05). The vertebral height ratio of the responsible vertebral body in experimental group was significantly higher than that in control group and Cobb angle in experimental group was significantly lower than that in control group at 3 months and 1 year after operation (0.05), but at 3 months and 1 year after operation, the bone mineral density of lumbar spine and proximal femur in experimental group was significantly lower than that in control group (0.05). At 1 year after operation the total type I collagen amino-terminal elongation peptide and β-collagen degradation products in experimental group was significantly lower than that in the control group (<0.05), but the 25-hydroxyvitamin D operation in experimental group was significantly higher than that in control group(<0.05). The incidence of postoperative complications such as fever, dizziness, osteoarthritis, muscle and soft tissue pain and adjacent vertebral re-fracture in experimental group was significantly lower than that in control group (<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Zoledronic acid injection combined with vitamin K2 regimen can be used for anti-osteoporosis treatment of OVCFs vertebroplasty. It has a definite curative effect and a high safety factor. It is worth popularizing.


Subject(s)
Bone Cements , Fractures, Compression , Humans , Kyphoplasty , Osteoporotic Fractures , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fractures , Treatment Outcome , Vertebroplasty , Vitamin K 2 , Zoledronic Acid
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827249

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical efficacy of vertebral body stent (VBS) system and percutanous kyphoplasty (PKP) combined with zoledronic acid for the treatment of severely osteoporotic compression vertebral fractures (OVCFs).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 48 patients with osteoporotic thoracolumbar fractures treated from December 2017 to December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed, including 13 males and 35 females, aged 55 to 92 years old with an average (71.2±10.5) years. All patients were treated with VBS system PKP surgery, and zoledronic acid injection was used for anti-osteoporosis treatment after operation. The VAS scores ODI, the height of diseasedvertebral lost were compared before operation, 3 d and half a year after operation, and whether there was re-fracture of diseased or adjacent vertevrae after operation was observed.@*RESULTS@#Before operation, 3 d and half a year after operation, VAS scores were 7.60±0.12, 3.00±0.46, 1.20±0.23, ODI were(82.00±0.32)%, (30.00±1.50) %, (18.00±0.16) %, the height of diseased vertebral lost were (12.00±0.43) mm, (3.00± 0.15) mm, (3.60±0.51) mm respectively. Postoperative VAS score, ODI, the height of diseased vertebral lost were obviously improved (0.05). All the 48 patients were followed up with an average time of (6.6±0.5) months. All the incisions healed at grade A after operation, and no re-fracture of diseased vertebrae or adjacent vertebrae was found at the final follow-up.@*CONCLUSION@#VBS system and PKP combined with zoledronic acid in the treatment of OVCFs not only may effectively relieve the pain in the thoracolumbar back, improve the mobility of the thoracolumbar, but also can restore the height of the vertebral body to the maximum extent, and prevent the re-fracture of the affected vertebrae and adjacent vertebrae, which is worthy to spread in clinic.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Bone Cements , Female , Fractures, Compression , Humans , Kyphoplasty , Male , Middle Aged , Osteoporotic Fractures , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fractures , Stents , Treatment Outcome , Zoledronic Acid
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827248

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#From the perspective of clinical application to analyze the effectiveness and reliability of CPC/PMMA bone cement in percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) for the treatment of elderly patients with osteoporotic thoracolumbar fractures.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on 62 patients with osteoporotic compression fracture of single-vertebral thoracic or lumbar segment who underwent PKP surgery and had a bone density less than or equal to -3.0 SD from February 2016 to December 2016. Among them, 23 patients were in CPC/PMMA group, with an average age of (77.6±2.2) years old, 39 patients in PMMA group, with an average age of (77.1±1.1) years old. The indexes between two groups were compared, including the visual analogue scale (VAS), height ratio of anterior vertebra (AVHR), local Cobb angle, cement leakage, new adjacent vertebral fracture(NAVF).@*RESULTS@#There were no significant difference in gender, age, follow-up time and preoperative VAS, AVHR, local Cobb angle between two groups (>0.05), at the 1 day after operation, VAS, AVHR, local Cobb angle in all patients got obvious improvement (0.05). At the same time, there was no statistically significant difference in the incidence of new adjacent vertebral fracture and cement leakage (>0.05). The pain in both groups continued to improve at follow up after operation (<0.05), the local Cobb angle increased (<0.05) and AVHR decreased slightly (<0.05). However, the images of conventional methods (X-ray or CT) could not find signs about CPC degeneration and new bone ingrowth.@*CONCLUSION@#CPC/PMMA composite bone cement is safe and reliablein PKP for treatment of elderly patients with osteoporotic thoracolumbar fractures, which can effectively relieve pain and maintain vertebral body stability. It has the same curative effect as PMMA bone cement. It was worthy to research more in future, although no direct evidences support the CPC/PMMA composite bone cement can reduce the incidence of adjacent vertebral fracture, CPC degeneration or new bone ingrowth.


Subject(s)
Aged , Bone Cements , Dinucleoside Phosphates , Fractures, Compression , Humans , Kyphoplasty , Osteoporotic Fractures , Polymethyl Methacrylate , Reproducibility of Results , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fractures , Treatment Outcome , Vertebroplasty
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827247

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the early clinical efficacy and safety of vesselplasty for the treatment of spinal metastases complicated by posterior wall destruction of vertebral body.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 19 patients(21 segments) with spinal metastases complicated by posterior wall destruction of vertebral body treated from January 2016 to January 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 15 males and 4 females, aged 40 to 85 years old with a mean of (66.00±10.25) years . All patients had severe low back pain before the operation, which were diagnosed by CT as damage-type metastatic tumor of the vertebral posterior wall. All patients were treated by vesselplasty technique. Nineteen vertebrae received percutaneous unilateral pedicle puncture and two vertebrae received percutaneous bilateral pedicle puncture. VAS, ODI were recorded before operation, 1 d and 3 d after operation respectively. X-ray and CT scan were used to observe bone cement leakage and complications.@*RESULTS@#All the operations were successful and postoperative pain was significantly relieved. Postoperative VAS score and ODI of the two groups were significantly improved (<0.05). A small amount of bone cement leakage occurred in one vertebral body, which was a vertebral venous plexus leakage, but no clinical symptoms after operation.@*CONCLUSION@#Vesselplasty for the treatment of spinal metastases complicated by posterior wall destruction of vertebral body can significantly reduce the symptoms of thoracolumbar back pain, improve the quality of life, reduce the incidence of bone cement leakage, and has high clinical efficacy and safety.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Bone Cements , Female , Fractures, Compression , Humans , Kyphoplasty , Male , Middle Aged , Osteoporotic Fractures , Quality of Life , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fractures , Spinal Neoplasms , Treatment Outcome , Vertebroplasty
12.
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 84(3): 273-284, jun. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1020343

ABSTRACT

Las hernias discales intraesponjosas vertebrales o nódulos de Schmörl consisten en una herniación o una extrusión del núcleo pulposo del disco intervertebral a través del platillo vertebral hacia el cuerpo adyacente. Suelen asociarse a deformidades vertebrales, como la enfermedad de Scheuermann, o a enfermedades reumáticas, como la espondilitis anquilopoyética. En general, son hallazgos casuales y cuadros asintomáticos; son pocos los casos publicados de nódulos sintomáticos. Su aparición estaría relacionada con un platillo vertebral debilitado por traumatismo o estrés repetido. Cuando el nódulo es agudo o reciente, puede ser difícil diferenciar la degeneración benigna de una infiltración maligna o una infección. Presentamos un caso inusual de un nódulo de Schmörl doloroso en un hombre sin antecedentes de relevancia, que enmascaró una lesión metastásica de carcinoma pancreático a nivel lumbar. Se realiza una revisión bibliográfica. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Intraosseous disc herniation -or Schmörl nodes (SN)- are a herniation or prolapse of the nucleus pulposus of the intervertebral disc through the vertebral plate and into the adjacent vertebral body. They are usually associated with vertebral deformities, such as Scheuermann's disease, or rheumatic diseases, such as ankylopoietic spondylitis. In general, they are spontaneous and asymptomatic findings, and there are only a few reported cases of symptomatic nodes. The etiology is supposedly related to a weakened spinal plate due to trauma or repeated stress. When the node is acute or recent, it can be difficult to differentiate a benign degeneration from a malignant infiltration or infection. In this paper, we discuss the unusual case of a painful Schmörl node in a man with no relevant history and a masked metastatic lumbar spinal tumor originated from pancreatic cancer. We performed a literature review. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Aged , Spinal Diseases , Low Back Pain , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/pathology , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/diagnostic imaging , Lumbar Vertebrae/pathology , Kyphoplasty
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773902

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the hidden blood loss and related risk factors of osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures after percutaneous kyphoplasty.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 153 patients with osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures who underwent percutaneous kyphoplasty from March 2015 to December 2017 were retrospectively analyzed, including 55 males and 98 females, aged 68 to 87(78.6±11.4) years old. Erythrocyte specific volume was collected before and after operation to calculate the hidden blood loss. The influence of sex, age, body mass index, bone mineral density, diabetes mellitus and hypertension, operation mode (unilateral or bilateral), operation time, operative segment and number, loss height of vertebral body and recovery height ratio on hidden blood loss was analyzed by multiple linear regression model.@*RESULTS@#Postoperative hidden blood loss was (287.7±68.5) ml. Multivariate linear regression analysis showed that the history of diabetes mellitus (β=2.405, =0.012), the mode of operation(β=3.042, <0.001), the time of operation (β=2.043, =0.038), the operative segment (β=1.993, =0.043), the number (β=0.374, <0.001), the loss of vertebral height (β=2.785, =0.003) and the recovery ratio(β=7.301, <0.001) were correlated with occult hemorrhage.@*CONCLUSIONS@#There is a certain degree of occult hemorrhage in kyphoplasty for osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures. The risk factors of hidden hemorrhage are diabetes history, operation method, operation time, operative segment and number, loss of vertebral height and recovery ratio.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Fractures, Compression , Humans , Kyphoplasty , Male , Osteoporotic Fractures , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fractures , Treatment Outcome
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773885

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#The 3D model of lumbar spine was established by using Mimics software. To observe the applicability and needling parameters of lumbar vertebral kyphoplasty with unilateral puncture by backward rotation method using simulated puncture.@*METHODS@#Twenty-four patients (12 males and 12 females) with osteoporotic thoracic fracture in the first time and no signs of lumbar misalignment and bone destruction were scanned by spiral CT on the lumbar spine. The original DICOM file was modeled in 3D with Mimics software, and the vertebral bodies were separated. After being imported into 3-matic software, the posterior wall of the vertebral body was restrained for standardized measurement. A sketch perpendicular to the mid-section of the pedicle and the posterior wall of the vertebral body was drawn. The simulated puncture was performed on the sketch. The angle and distance parameters of the range of motion of the puncture needle were recorded, and the puncture needle was recorded at the top. The crossing points of the anterior, middle and posterior zones of the tangential line of the vertebral body were located at the high extraversion angle, and the results were compared and analyzed.@*RESULTS@#All the data in the left and right sides had no significantly differences(>0.05). Data of different segments in different gender were significantly differences(<0.05). The maximal extraversion angle in lumbar spine increased gradually from (33.41±1.31) degree to (56.53±4.71) degree in males, as same as in females from(28.58±2.55) to (53.86±2.68) degree. There was no crossing point in area A, 3.3% of males and 26.67% of females in area B, rest in area C. The distribution areas on gender showed statistically significance (<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Backward rotation method can theoretically meet the requirements of puncture point for vertebral compression fracture, especially for males and lower lumbar spine. The determination of the maximum inclination angle is of guiding significance to the backward rotation method.


Subject(s)
Female , Fractures, Compression , Humans , Kyphoplasty , Lumbar Vertebrae , Male , Osteoporotic Fractures , Punctures , Rotation , Spinal Fractures , Thoracic Vertebrae , Treatment Outcome
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773865

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the therapeutic effects and bone cement distribution of unilateral percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) with oriented bone cement injector for thoracolumbar osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCFs).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 211 patients (211 vertebrae) with thoracolumbar osteoporotic compression fractures underwent PKP between July 2016 to July 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. All punctures were performed unilaterally:102 patients in observation group used oriented bone cement injector including 30 males and 72 females with an average age of (68.4±8.9)years old; 109 patients in regular group used traditional bone cement injector including 32 males and 77 females with an average age of (70.4±9.2) years old. The two groups were compared in terms of duration of operation, cement volume, visual analogue scale(VAS), Oswestry Disability Index(ODI), distribution of bone cement, bone cement leakage and Cobb angle modified rate.@*RESULTS@#There were no significant difference in gender, age and fracture vertebra between the two groups(>0.05). No significant difference was found between two groups in duration of operation, cement volume, VAS, ODI and Cobb angle(>0.05). In observation group, 10 cases occurred cement leakages, with leakage rate of 9.80%; and in regular group, 11 cases occurred cement leakage, with leakage rate of 10.09%. There was no significant difference in the cement leakage rate between two groups(>0.05). In observation group, proportion rate of I-IV degree in cement distribution was 60.78%, 19.61%, 9.80%, 9.80%, respectively; while 39.45%, 22.93%, 22.93%, 14.68% in regular group. The I degree of cement cross-filling rate was better in observation group than in regular group(0.05). From T10 to L₅, I degree bone cement distribution rate of both groups showed decline trend. The I degree cement cross-filling rate in L₁-L₅ was 50% in observation group and 30.23% in regular group(<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Oriented bone cement injector can control the direction of bone cement dispersion and achieve effective distribution of bilateral bone cement using unilateral puncture and satisfactory surgical results. It is feasible and effective for unilateral PKP treatment of OVCFs.


Subject(s)
Aged , Bone Cements , Female , Fractures, Compression , Humans , Kyphoplasty , Male , Middle Aged , Osteoporotic Fractures , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fractures , Treatment Outcome , Vertebroplasty
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773864

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the efficacy of bilateral sagittal cross percutaneous kyphoplasty(PKP) for preventing recurrent fracture of the cemented vertebrae.@*METHODS@#From January 2017 to June 2017, 85 patients with single-segment osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures(OVCFs) were treated by bilateral sagittal cross PKP(cross group). There were 35 males and 50 females with an average age of (70.1±8.3) years old in cross group. Another 85 patients with single-segment OVCFs were treated by traditional PKP (traditional group). There were 37 males and 48 females with an average age of (73.3±9.5) years old in traditional group. The cement distribution condition, recurrent fracture of the cemented vertebrae, the anterior vertebral body height and sagittal Cobb angle, visual analogue scale(VAS) were observed in two groups.@*RESULTS@#All patients underwent operation successfully. The follow-up time were (11.8±4.5) months in cross group and (12.1±3.7) months in traditional group. In cross group, all patients' bone cement touched the upper and lower endplates of the vertebral body while 67 cases (78.8%) in traditional group did with significant difference between two groups (0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Bilateral sagittal cross PKP was a simple, safe and effective technique which can make bone cement distribute in the fractured vertebral body and contact the upper and lower endplates of the vertebral body, thus preventing the recurrent fracture of the cemented vertebrae.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Fractures, Compression , Humans , Kyphoplasty , Male , Middle Aged , Osteoporotic Fractures , Spinal Fractures , Treatment Outcome , Vertebroplasty
17.
Asian Spine Journal ; : 928-935, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785494

ABSTRACT

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study (level of evidence: 4).PURPOSE: To demonstrate the effects of balloon kyphoplasty (BKP) on prevention of kyphosis progression.OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Kyphoplasty can correct local kyphosis (fractured vertebra), but its efficacy is attenuated by adjacent fracture and/or disc height reduction with endplate damage. With these attenuating factors incorporated, a comparison between BKP and conservative treatment is necessary to verify the effect of BKP on kyphosis correction.METHODS: This study retrospectively analyzed 129 patients treated conservatively and 95 treated with BKP in our institution. The rate of new adjacent fracture occurrence was determined using Kaplan–Meier analysis. We examined the progression of local kyphosis in patients who underwent lateral X-ray after 1 year. Local kyphosis was measured as an angle between higher end plate of the vertebra above and lower end plate of the vertebra below the fractured vertebra. The comparison included 45 patients treated conservatively and 58 treated with BKP.RESULTS: The incidence of new adjacent fracture at 1 year was 7.3% in the conservative treatment group and 23.2% in the BKP group (p<0.001), while the progression of local kyphosis at 1 year was 5.7°±4.7° and 3.2°±4.6°, respectively (p=0.01). Relative to conservative treatment, local kyphosis did not progress after BKP, despite the higher incidence of adjacent fracture. Local kyphosis progressed in cases with adjacent fracture compared with those without adjacent fracture (6.0°±4.3° vs. 2.1°±4.3°, p=0.003), and fractured vertebral instability was found to be a risk factor for adjacent fracture in BKP.CONCLUSIONS: Compared with the conservative treatment, BKP suppressed the progression of local kyphosis. However, an adjacent fracture attenuated the BKP correction and was more frequently seen in patients with unstable vertebral fractures.


Subject(s)
Cohort Studies , Humans , Incidence , Kyphoplasty , Kyphosis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Spine
18.
Asian Spine Journal ; : 459-467, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762945

ABSTRACT

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. PURPOSE: The study aims to assess the effectiveness and safety of radiofrequency (RF) kyphoplasty in the treatment of vertebral compression fractures (VCFs) in osteoporotic patients. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Vertebroplasty and balloon kyphoplasty are established procedures for the treatment of osteoporotic VCFs. However, RF kyphoplasty is a new method which controls cement viscosity. METHODS: We reviewed the results of 41 consecutive patients with 23 thoracic and 38 lumbar VCFs who underwent RF kyphoplasty. The study population included 14 males (34%) and 27 females (66%). The mean patients age was 78 years (range, 51–89 years), and the follow-up period was 1 year. Clinical and radiographic analyses were performed during follow-up at 6 weeks, 6 months, and 1 year. All patients were assessed clinically pre- and postoperative using the Visual Analog Scale (VAS) and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI). Radiological assessment with X-ray in two views preoperatively, postoperatively, and during follow-up visits. RESULTS: The mean preoperative VAS was 8.7 (range, 5–10; standard deviation [SD], 1.2). Postoperatively, VAS decreased by 3.3 (range, 2–5; SD, 0.9). At the end of the follow-up, VAS decreased by 1.22 (range, 0–7; SD, 1.6). The mean preoperative ODI score was 85.9, decreasing to 9.6 postoperatively and improving to 18.4 during the 1-year follow-up. The mean local kyphotic angle was 9.04° before the procedure and decreased by a mean of 6.16° after the operation and at the end of the follow-up. The mean increase in vertebral body height was 3.3 mm postoperatively and after 1-year follow-up. The rate of cement leakage was 8% (five out of 61 levels of fracture). CONCLUSIONS: RF kyphoplasty is a safe and effective augmentation technique with an advantage of controlling the cement viscosity to minimize the risk of cement leakage. It also shortens operation time.


Subject(s)
Body Height , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Fractures, Compression , Humans , Kyphoplasty , Male , Methods , Osteoporosis , Retrospective Studies , Vertebroplasty , Viscosity , Visual Analog Scale
19.
Asian Spine Journal ; : 210-215, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762934

ABSTRACT

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. PURPOSE: To evaluate the incidence and risk factors for early adjacent vertebral fractures following balloon kyphoplasty (KP). OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: KP is a safe and effective treatment for pain alleviation in patients with osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCF). However, some studies have reported that the risk of newly developed fractures increases at the adjacent vertebra after KP. METHODS: Total 123 consecutive patients with painful OVCF who underwent KP were enrolled from January 2009 to June 2016. Early adjacent vertebral fractures were defined as new fractures that had developed within 3 months after surgery. Sex, age, body mass index (BMI), bone mineral density (BMD), vertebral height, kyphotic angle, Visual Analog Scale score, cement amount, and leakage were evaluated as risk factors for adjacent vertebral fractures. Only cement leakage into the disc space was included in this study. RESULTS: Early adjacent vertebral fractures were identified in 20 (16.2%) of the 123 patients. The mean time to diagnosis of fractures was 1.7±0.7 months after KP. The average patient age was 78.0±0.7 years, average BMI was 23.06±3.83 kg/m², and mean BMD was −3.61±1.22 g/m². Cement leakage was present in 16 patients, and fractures developed in 11 (68.7%). In contrast, fractures developed in nine patients (8.2%) without cement leakage. There were no significant differences in terms of age, BMI, BMD, kyphotic angle, or vertebral body height ratio between the fracture and control groups. CONCLUSIONS: Cement leakage into the disc increased the risk of early adjacent vertebral fractures after balloon KP.


Subject(s)
Body Height , Body Mass Index , Bone Density , Cohort Studies , Diagnosis , Fractures, Compression , Humans , Incidence , Kyphoplasty , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Spine , Visual Analog Scale
20.
Asian Spine Journal ; : 305-312, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762921

ABSTRACT

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series observational study. PURPOSE: Cancer patients are often aged and are further weakened by their illness and treatments. Our goal was to evaluate the efficiency and safety of using minimally invasive techniques to operate on spinal fractures in these patients. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Vertebroplasty is now considered to be a safe technique that allows a significant reduction of the pain induced by a spinal tumoral fracture. However, few papers describe the kyphosis reduction that can be achieved by combining percutaneous fixation and anterior vertebral reconstruction. METHODS: We studied 35 patients seen between December 2013 and October 2016 who had at least one pathological spinal fracture and multiple vertebral metastases. The population’s mean age was 67 years, and no patients included had preoperative neurological deficits. The patients underwent a minimally invasive surgery consisting of a percutaneous pedicular fixation with cement-enhanced screws and anterior reconstruction comprising kyphoplasty when possible or corpectomy in cases of excessive damage to the vertebral body. Back pain, traumatic local and regional kyphosis, and Beck’s Index were collected pre- and postoperatively, and at 3-, 6-, and 12-month follow-ups. RESULTS: Mean follow-up time was 13.4 months. Significant reductions in back pain (p<0.001) and local (p<0.001) and regional kyphosis (p=0.006) were found at the 6-month follow-up (alpha risk level <0.05). Beck’s Index was also significantly increased, indicating good restoration of the anterior vertebral height. By the final follow-up, no screws had fallen/pulled out. There were no infectious or neurological complications. CONCLUSIONS: Percutaneous cement-enhanced fixation for pathological fractures has proven a safe and efficient technique in our experience, enabling weak patients to rapidly become ambulatory again without complications. Further follow-up of the patients is necessary to assess the long-term effects of this technique and the continued quality of life of our patients.


Subject(s)
Back Pain , Cementoplasty , Follow-Up Studies , Fractures, Spontaneous , Humans , Kyphoplasty , Kyphosis , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Neoplasm Metastasis , Observational Study , Quality of Life , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fractures , Vertebroplasty
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