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1.
ABCS health sci ; 46: e021309, 09 fev. 2021.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1349415

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Premature rupture of membranes remains a challenge for professionals due to the high rates of maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality, mainly related to complications resulting from prematurity. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the scientific production about premature rupture of membranes in pregnancies above 28 weeks and below 34 weeks. METHODS: Integrative literature review carried out in the Lilacs, SciELO, Medline and Cochrane Library databases, between 2014 and 2018, in Portuguese, English and Spanish, including original articles, available in full online, with free access, that addressed the study theme, using the keywords "premature rupture of ovular membranes", "premature labor" and "pregnancy complications" combined using the Boolean operators "AND" and "OR". RESULTS: Fourteen studies were included. It was possible to highlight the main recommendations regarding preterm premature rupture of membranes, divided into six categories for discussion, namely: indications for expectant management and delivery induction, prophylactic antibiotic therapy, prenatal corticosteroids, use of tocolytics, recommendations regarding the use of magnesium sulfate and amniocentesis. CONCLUSION: It was identified that expectant management is the ideal approach, with constant monitoring of the pregnant woman and the fetus, in addition to the administration of prophylactic antibiotics and prenatal corticosteroids, in the face of premature rupture of membranes in pregnancies between 28 and 34 weeks in order to provide the best maternal and perinatal results, guiding health professionals to evidence-based practice.


INTRODUÇÃO: A ruptura prematura de membranas continua a ser um desafio para os profissionais devido às altas taxas de morbimortalidade materna e neonatal, relacionada principalmente às complicações decorrentes da prematuridade. OBJETIVO: Analisar a produção científica acerca das evidências frente a ruptura prematura de membranas em gestações acima de 28 semanas e abaixo de 34 semanas. MÉTODOS: Revisão integrativa da literatura realizada nas bases de dados Lilacs, SciELO, Medline e Cochrane Library, entre 2014-2018, em português, inglês e espanhol, incluídos artigos originais, disponíveis completos online, com acesso livre, que abordassem a temática do estudo, utilizando os descritores "ruptura prematura de membranas ovulares", "trabalho de parto prematuro" e "complicações na gravidez" combinados por meio dos operadores booleanos "AND" e "OR". RESULTADOS: Foram incluídos 14 estudos, nos quais foi possível evidenciar as principais recomendações frente a ruptura prematura de membranas fetais pré-termo, divididos em seis categorias para discussão, sendo elas: indicações para o manejo expectante e indução do parto, antibioticoterapia profilática, corticosteroides pré-natais, uso de tocolíticos, recomendações quanto ao uso de sulfato de magnésio e realização de amniocentese. CONCLUSÃO: O estudo possibilitou identificar que o manejo expectante é a conduta ideal, com monitorização constante da gestante e do feto, além da administração de antibióticos profiláticos e corticosteroides pré-natais, frente a ruptura prematura de membranas em gestações entre 28 e 34 semanas a fim de proporcionar os melhores resultados maternos e perinatais, guiando os profissionais da saúde para uma prática baseada em evidências.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Fetal Membranes, Premature Rupture , Obstetric Labor, Premature , Tocolysis , Adrenal Cortex Hormones , Antibiotic Prophylaxis , Watchful Waiting , Amniocentesis , Labor, Induced , Magnesium Sulfate
2.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BIMENA | ID: biblio-1284516

ABSTRACT

Introducción: en la obstetricia se realizan algunas prácticas que producen daños significativos a la madre o a su bebé, aunque no siempre se admite su ejecución. Un ejemplo es la maniobra de Kristeller, cuya aplicación es controvertida. Objetivo: determinar la frecuencia con que se realizó la maniobra de Kristeller en una muestra de mujeres atendidas en la maternidad del Hospital San Felipe de Tegucigalpa. Metodología: estudio descriptivo, que se realizó en el período comprendido entre los meses de marzo a mayo del 2018. Se incluyeron un total de 376 pacientes. Las variables estudiadas fueron: hora del parto, paridad, profesional que atendió y supervisó el parto, profesional que realizó la maniobra de Kristeller, complicaciones maternas y neonatales observadas. Resultados: se encontró una frecuencia de maniobra de Kristeller de 12.2 % (46/376). Conclusiones: ser primigesta incrementó el riesgo de que se le aplicara la maniobra Kristeller (OR: 3.11, IC:95%, p=0.0002), dentro de los factores protectores se encontraron ser multípara (OR:0.25, IC:95%, p=0.00004) y, haber sido atendida por una licenciada en enfermería (OR: 0.34, IC:95%, p=0.0097). La maniobra de Kristeller aumentó el riesgo de complicaciones maternas en 12.5 veces (OR: 17.6, IC:95%, p=0.0000000019) y 6.5 veces en el neonato (OR: 7.7 IC:95%, p=0.0000578)...(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Obstetric Violence , Labor, Induced/methods , Violence Against Women , Postpartum Hemorrhage
3.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 85(supl.1): S28-S34, set. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138646

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÖN Y OBJETIVOS: Describir la experiencia de los partos en gestantes con diagnóstico confirmado de COVID 19 mediante RT-PCR asintomáticas o con sintomatología leve y aquellas sin la enfermedad, y determinar la tasa de éxito de parto vaginal en inducción de trabajo de parto. MÉTODOS: Análisis retrospectivo de pacientes que tuvieron su parto entre 15 de Abril y 03 de Julio del 2020 en el Hospital San Juan de Dios. Se incluyeron las pacientes inducidas con Dinoprostona, Oxitocina o ambas de manera secuencial y se dividieron según estatus COVID 19 mediante RT-PCR al ingreso. Se caracterizó demográficamente el grupo de pacientes positivas y se determinaron los datos de ambos grupos en relación a la necesidad de inducción de trabajo de parto y su éxito para parto vaginal. RESULTADOS: De un total de 657 nacimientos, hubo un 9.7% (n=64) de pacientes con COVID 19, de las cuales un 23.4% (n=15) requirió inducción de trabajo de parto, con una tasa de éxito para parto vaginal de un 66.7% (n=10). De estas pacientes, un 50% recibió Oxitocina, un 40% Dinosprostona y un 10% ambos medicamentos de forma secuencial. En las pacientes negativas, hubo un total de 568 nacimientos, con un 29.8% (n=169) de usuarias que requirieron inducción. La tasa de éxito para parto vaginal en este grupo fue de 72.2% (n=122), utilizando un 50% Oxitocina; un 27% Dinoprostona; un 14.8% ambas; y un 8.2% Balón de Cook. CONCLUSIONES: Sabemos que los resultados de este estudio están limitados por el bajo número de pacientes incluidas, sin embargo, podemos observar que, en nuestra experiencia con las pacientes que arrojaron PCR SARS-CoV-2 positivas, asintomáticas o con enfermedad leve, se logró realizar la inducción de trabajo de parto según protocolos habituales, obteniendo porcentajes de éxito para partos vaginales, similares a las pacientes sin la enfermedad.


INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Describe the experience of deliveries in pregnant women with a confirmed diagnosis of COVID 19 by asymptomatic RT-PCR or with mild symptoms and those without the disease, and determine the success rate of vaginal delivery in the induction of labor. METHODS: Retrospective study of patients who had their delivery between 15th April and 03rd of July, 2020 in the San Juan de Dios Hospital. Patients induced with Dinoprostone, Oxytocin or both sequentially were included, and were divided according to COVID 19 status by RT-PCR on their admission process. The group of positive patients was demographically characterized and the data of both groups was determined in relation to the need for labor induction and its success for vaginal delivery. RESULTS: Of a total of 657 births, there were 9.7% (n = 64) of patients with COVID 19, of which 23.4% (n = 15) required labor induction, with a success rate for vaginal delivery of 66.7% (n = 10). Of these patients, 50% received Oxytocin, 40% Dinosprostone and 10% both drugs sequentially. In the negative patients, there were a total of 568 births, with 29.8% (n = 169) of users requiring labor induction. The success rate for vaginal delivery in this group was 72.2% (n = 122); 50% using Oxytocin; 27% Dinoprostone; 14.8% using both; and 8.2% using Cook's Catheter. CONCLUSIONS: We know that the results of this study are limited by the low number of patients included, however, in our experience, we can observe that, in patients with SARS-CoV-2 PCR positive, asymptomatic or with mild disease, it was possible to perform induction of labor according to standard protocols, achieving success rates for vaginal deliveries, similar to patients without the disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Pneumonia, Viral/complications , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/therapy , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/virology , Coronavirus Infections/complications , Labor, Induced/methods , Oxytocin/administration & dosage , Pregnancy Outcome , Dinoprostone/administration & dosage , Cesarean Section , Retrospective Studies , Delivery, Obstetric , Pandemics , Betacoronavirus
4.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 42(9): 522-528, Sept. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1137870

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To obtain cesarean-section (CS) rates according to the Robson Group Classification in five different regions of Brazil. Methods A descriptive epidemiological study using data from secondary birth records fromthe Computer Science Department of the Brazilian Unified Health System (Datasus, in Portuguese) between January 1st, 2014, and December 31st, 2016, including all live births in Brazil. Results The overall rate of CSwas of 56%. The sample was divided into 11 groups, and vaginal births were more frequent in groups 1 (53.6%), 3 (80.0%) and 4 (55.1%). The highest CS rates were found in groups 5 (85.7%), 6 (89.5%), 7 (85.2%) and 9 (97.0%). The overall CS rate per region varied from 46.2% in the North to 62.1% in the Midwest. Group 5 was the largest obstetric population in the South, Southeast and Midwest, and group 3 was the largest in the North and Northeast. Group 5 contributed the most to the overall CS rate, accounting for 30.8% of CSs. Conclusion Over half of the births in Brazil were cesarean sections. The Midwest had the highestCS rates,while theNorth had the lowest. The largestobstetric population in the North and in the Northeast was composed of women in group 3, while in the South, Southeast and Midwest it was group 5. Among all regions, the largest contribution to the overall CS rate was from group 5.


Resumo Objetivo Identificar as taxas de cesárea de acordo com a Classificação de Robson nas cinco regiões do Brasil. Métodos Estudo epidemiológico descritivo utilizando dados secundários obtidos do Departamento de Informática do Sistema Único de Saúde (Datasus) entre 1° de janeiro de 2014 e 31 de dezembro de 2016, incluindo todos os nascidos vivos no Brasil. Resultados Cesáreas representaram 56% de todos os nascimentos. A amostra foi dividida em 11 grupos, e partos vaginais forammais frequentes nos grupos 1 (53,6%), 3(80,0%) e 4 (55,1%). As maiores taxas de cesárea foram encontradas nos grupos 5 (85,7%), 6 (89,5%), 7 (85,2%) e 9 (97,0%). A taxa geral de cesárea variou de 46,2% no Norte a 62,1% no Centro-Oeste. O grupo 5 representou a maior população obstétrica no Sul, Sudeste e Centro-Oeste, e o grupo 3, no Norte e Nordeste. O grupo 5 contribuiu mais para a taxa geral de cesárea, totalizando 30,8%. Conclusão Mais da metade dos nascimentos no Brasil ocorreu por cesárea. O Centro- Oeste apresentou a maior taxa, e o Norte, a mais baixa. A maior população obstétrica no Norte e no Nordeste foi o grupo 3, enquanto no Sul, Sudeste e Centro-Oeste foi o grupo 5. Entre todas as regiões, amaior contribuição para a taxa geral de cesárea foi do grupo 5.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Cesarean Section/statistics & numerical data , Brazil/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Vaginal Birth after Cesarean/statistics & numerical data , Labor, Induced/statistics & numerical data
5.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 85(3): 210-220, jun. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1126156

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: determinar el perfil clínico de pacientes con diabetes gestacional (DG) y la incidencia de las complicaciones neonatales. MÉTODOS: estudio descriptivo de una cohorte retrospectiva de gestantes con DG según criterios HAPO/ (IADPSG) International Association of Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Groups y Carpenter-Coustan y sus hijos, en un servicio de alta complejidad obstétrica de Medellín, Colombia entre 2012-2015. Se presentan medidas descriptivas de características maternas y neonatales e incidencia de las complicaciones neonatales. RESULTADOS: se incluyeron 197 maternas y 203 neonatos; 90,5 % maternas tenían sobrepeso u obesidad; la comorbilidad más frecuente fue el trastorno hipertensivo asociado al embarazo en 22,8 %. El manejo de la DG fue 59,3% nutricional exclusivo, 37,1% nutricional más insulina y 3.6% nutricional más metformina. La media de edad gestacional al parto fue 37 sem y 3 días; la DG fue la indicación más frecuente de inducción del parto en 76 % (38/50); 56,4 %, fueron partos vaginales y el 34,6% fueron cesáreas indicadas por DG. Un 11,3 % de los recién nacidos fueron grandes para la edad gestacional (P >90) y se encontraron 2 recién nacidos con peso > 4000 gr. La incidencia de al menos una complicación neonatal fue 27,6 %, 16,7 % presentaron hiperbilirrubinemia, 9,9 % síndrome de dificultad respiratoria (SDR), 3.0% hipoglicemia, 10.8% otras complicaciones y 12,3 % ingresaron a la unidad de cuidados intensivos neonatales. CONCLUSIONES: la DG es una indicación frecuente de inducción del parto y de indicación de cesárea. Las complicaciones neonatales ocurren en uno de cuatro recién nacidos, aunque observamos una baja incidencia de grandes para la edad gestacional (recién nacidos con peso > percentil 90), hubo 2 otras morbilidades neonatales relacionados con el diagnóstico materno como hiperbilirrubinemia y SDR.


AIM: To determine the clinical profile pregnant women with gestational diabetes and incidence of the neonatal complications. METHODS: Descriptive analysis of a retrospective cohort of pregnant women with gestational diabetes (GD) according to HAPO and Carpenter-Coustan criteria and their children, under a high complexity obstetric service in Medellin, Colombia between 2012-2015. Descriptive measures of maternal and neonatal characteristics and incidence of neonatal complications are presented. RESULTS: The study included 197 pregnant women and 203 neonates: 90.5 % of pregnancies were overweight or obese; the most frequent comorbidity was the hypertensive disorder associated with pregnancy in 22.8 %. The management of the DG was 99.0% nutritional, 37.1% insulin and 3.6 % metformin. The average gestational age at delivery was 37 weeks and 3 days; DG was the most frequent indication of induction of labor in 76 % (38/50); 56.4% were vaginal deliveries and 34.6 % were DG related caesarean sections, 11.3 % of newborns were large for gestational age (P > 90) and two newborns weighing > 4000 gr. The incidence of at least one neonatal complication was 27.6 %, 16.7 % had hyperbilirubinemia, 9.9 % respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), 3.0 % hypoglycemia, 10.8 % other complications and 12.3 % were admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit. CONCLUSIONS: DG is a frequent indication of induction of labor and indication of caesarean section. Neonatal complications occur in one of four newborns, although we observed a low incidence of macrosomia, there were other neonatal morbidities related to maternal diagnosis such as hyperbilirubinemia and RDS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Adult , Pregnancy Complications/epidemiology , Diabetes, Gestational , Infant, Newborn, Diseases/epidemiology , Fetal Macrosomia/epidemiology , Comorbidity , Intensive Care, Neonatal , Cesarean Section , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Incidence , Retrospective Studies , Colombia , Hyperbilirubinemia, Neonatal/epidemiology , Overweight , Hypoglycemia , Labor, Induced
6.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 40(4): 266-270, Apr. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1135618

ABSTRACT

The induction of labor aims to concentrate births to follow up better the parturient and the first care to the neonates. However, even if the labor induction technique with dexamethasone administration has been successfully described since the late 1970s, few studies report the technique of birth development and neonatal vitality in Santa Inês sheep. This study aimed to evaluate the efficiency of dexamethasone use in two doses (8 and 16mg) in labor induction of Santa Inês ewes at 145 days of gestation and to evaluate its effects on the birth characteristics. In this study, 58 ewes were used, raised in an extensive system in the experimental farms of UFBA, with confirmation pregnancy after fixed-time artificial insemination or controlled breeding. These female ewes were separated into three groups according to the dose of dexamethasone administered (G1 = 0mg, G2 = 8mg, and G3 = 16mg). From these births, 79 lambs were born. This study analyzed the period from induction of labor to birth, fetal presentation at birth, the weight of the placenta, and the period for placenta expulsion. The data were analyzed by the Statistical Analysis System (SAS v.9.1.3®, 2002), and the significance level considered for all analyzes was 5%. Births of induced groups occurred on average at 48.4±22.17 hours after induction, while the females with non-induced labor gave birth 131.96±41.9 hours on average after the placebo application (P<0.05), confirming the efficiency of both doses for induction of labor. The period from induction to birth did not differ (P>0.05) between the doses used. There were no differences in delivery about the fetal static relation, time to placental attachment, and weight. With this study, it can be concluded that the induction at 145 days of gestation with eight or 16mg of dexamethasone is a useful technique and does not alter the labor in Santa Inês sheep.(AU)


A indução do parto visa concentrar os nascimentos para melhor acompanhamento das parturientes e primeiros cuidados aos neonatos. Contudo, mesmo que a técnica de indução de parto, com administração de dexametasona, tenha sido descrita com sucesso desde o final da década de 70, existem estudos escassos que relatam a influência desta técnica sobre o parto em ovinos da raça Santa Inês. Dessa forma, o objetivo do estudo foi avaliar a eficácia da dexametasona em duas doses (8 e 16mg), para a indução do parto de ovelhas Santa Inês com 145 dias de gestação e avaliar os seus efeitos nas características de desencadeamento e finalização do parto. Para este estudo foram utilizadas 58 ovelhas, criadas em sistema extensivo nas fazendas experimentais da UFBA, com prenhez confirmada após inseminação artificial em tempo fixo ou monta controlada. Essas fêmeas foram separadas em três grupos, de acordo com a dose de dexametasona administrada (G1 = 0mg, G2 = 8mg e G3 = 16mg). Destes partos nasceram 79 cordeiros. Foram avaliados o período em horas da indução do parto aos nascimentos, a apresentação fetal ao nascimento, assim como o peso da placenta e o período para o delivramento. Os dados foram analisados pelo pacote estatístico Statistical Analysis System (SAS v.9.0®, 2002) sendo considerado para todas as análises o nível de significância de 5%. Os nascimentos dos grupos induzidos ocorreram em média com 48,4±22,1 horas após a indução, enquanto que as fêmeas com parto não induzido pariram em média 131,96±41,9 horas após aplicação do placebo (P<0,05), confirmando a eficácia de ambas as doses para indução do parto. O período da indução até o parto não diferiu (P>0,05) entre as doses utilizadas. Não ocorreram diferenças no parto em relação à estática fetal, tempo para o delivramento e peso da placenta nos diferentes grupos. Com este estudo, conclui-se que a indução de parto em ovelhas aos 145 dias de gestação com oito e 16 mg de dexametasona é uma técnica eficaz e que não altera o trabalho de parto nas ovelhas da raça Santa Inês.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Pregnancy , Dexamethasone , Sheep , Labor, Induced/methods , Labor, Induced/veterinary
7.
Cuenca; s.n; 2020. 41 p. ^c39,5 cm.ilus; tab..
Thesis in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1102489

ABSTRACT

Antecedentes: La inducción del parto es una práctica frecuente en obstetricia, observándose un aumento de sus cifras en las últimas décadas a nivel mundial. Objetivo: Determinar los factores maternos y fetales asociados a la inducción del parto en pacientes hospitalizadas en el departamento de Ginecología y Obstetricia del hospital Vicente Corral Moscoso, Cuenca, 2019. Métodos: Estudio analítico realizado a 208 gestantes ingresadas en el área de Ginecología y Obstetricia. La información se procesó en el programa SPSS versión 15. Para el análisis utilizamos estadística descriptiva en base a frecuencias y porcentajes, se midió la asociación estadística con la prueba Chi 2 y Razón de Prevalencia (RP), intervalo de confianza 95%, considerando estadísticamente significativo p < 0,05. Resultados: La edad media fue 24,7 (DS± 5,93), predominó la instrucción secundaria, estado civil estable. Hubo asociación y significancia estadística de factores materno fetales a inducción como: ruptura prematura de membranas RP 2,97 (IC95%: 2,09­4,24 valor p 0,000); preeclampsia RP 2,13 (IC95%: 1,46­3,10 valor p 0,000); embarazo término tardío RP 2,91 (IC95%: 2,12­3,99 valor p 0,000); restricción del crecimiento RP 3,22 (IC95%: 2,62-3,95 valor p 0,000). No así para corioamnionitis RP 3,08 (IC95%: 2,53­3,76 valor p 0,33) y muerte fetal RP 1,55 (IC95%: 0,68­3,54 valor p 0,31). Conclusiones: Se encontró asociación y significancia estadística con factores materno fetales e inducción como: ruptura prematura de membranas, preeclampsia, embarazo término tardío, restricción del crecimiento. No para corioamnionitis y muerte fetal.


Background: Induction of labor is a frequent practice in obstetrics, with an increase in its numbers being observed in recent decades worldwide. Objective: To determine the maternal and fetal factors associated with labor induction in hospitalized patients in the Gynecology and Obstetrics department of the Vicente Corral Moscoso hospital, Cuenca, 2019. Methods: Analytical study carried out on 208 pregnant women admitted to the Gynecology and Obstetrics area who met the inclusion criteria. The information was processed in the SPSS version 15 program. For the analysis we used descriptive statistics based on frequencies and percentages, the statistical association was measured with the Chi 2 test and Prevalence Ratio (RP), 95% confidence interval, considering statistically significant p <0.05. Results: The mean age was 24.7 (SD ± 5.93), secondary education, stable marital status predominated. There was association and statistical significance of maternal-fetal factors to induction of labor such as: premature rupture of membranes RP 2.97 (95% CI: 2.09­4.24 p-value 0.000); preeclampsia RP 2.13 (95% CI: 1.46­3.10 p-value 0.000); late term pregnancy RP 2.91 (95% CI: 2.12­3.99 p-value 0.000); intrauterine growth restriction RP 3.22 (95% CI: 2.62-3.95 p-value 0.000). Not so for chorioamnionitis RP 3.08 (95% CI: 2.53­3.76 p value 0.33) and fetal death RP 1.55 (95% CI: 0.68­3.54 p value 0.31). Conclusions: There was an association and statistical significance with maternal-fetal factors associated with induction such as: premature rupture of membranes, pre-eclampsia, late-term pregnancy, intrauterine growth restriction. Not so for chorioamnionitis and fetal death.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adolescent , Maternal-Fetal Relations/physiology , Labor Pain/diagnosis , Labor, Induced/instrumentation
8.
In. Briozzo Colombo, Leonel; Grenno Troitiño, Analía Alondra; Tarigo Galo, Josefina; Gallino Font, María Verónica; Viroga Espino, Stephanie; Greif Waldman, Diego; Firpo, María Noel; Gómez, Fernanda; Ben Carli, Sebastián Nicolás; Quevedo, Carolina; Citrín, Estela; Fiol Lepera, Verónica Juana; Nozar Cabrera, María Fernanda. Integrando los derechos sexuales y reproductivos en la clínica desde el compromiso profesional de conciencia: derechos sexuales en la práctica clínica. Montevideo, Udelar, 2020. p.61-129.
Monography in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1343269
9.
Rev. saúde pública (Online) ; 54: 88, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1127256

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT In Brazil, the excess of interventions that anticipate childbirth, such as cesarean sections and labor inductions, has resulted in the shortening of pregnancy, with negative consequences on maternal-infant outcomes. This commentary presents a novel way to measure gestational age: the continuous variable "Potential pregnancy days lost." Using data from the Live Birth Information System (SINASC), we counted the missing days between the period until childbirth and the average duration of pregnancy (280 days), or the lost weeks. This measure can be used as an outcome variable (socioeconomic-demographic characteristics of the mother, type of childbirth, financing, etc.) or exposure variable (for neonatal, infant, and maternal outcomes). The indicator can be used in municipal and national cohorts and intervention studies to analyze hospitals and regions. We discuss the limits and scope of gestational age measures and, given their inaccuracies, the importance of studying their trends.


RESUMO No Brasil, o excesso de intervenções que antecipam o parto, como cesarianas e induções, tem resultado no encurtamento da gestação, com consequências negativas nos desfechos materno-infantis. Neste comentário apresentamos uma medida inovadora da idade gestacional que estamos desenvolvendo: a variável contínua "dias potenciais de gravidez perdidos". Utilizando dados do Sistema de Informações de Nascidos Vivos, contamos, quando possível, os dias faltantes entre o período até o nascimento e a duração média da gestação (280 dias), ou então as semanas perdidas. Essa medida pode ser usada como variável desfecho (de características socioeconômico-demográficos da mãe, do tipo de parto, de financiamento etc.) ou de exposição (para desfechos neonatais, infantis e maternos). O indicador pode ser usado em coortes municipais e nacionais e em estudos de intervenção, para analisar hospitais e territórios. Discutimos os limites e alcances das medidas de idade gestacional e, diante de suas imprecisões, a importância de estudar suas tendências.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant , Delivery, Obstetric , Labor, Induced , Brazil , Cesarean Section , Gestational Age
10.
Article in English, Spanish, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1123262

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Caracterizar o perfil das mulheres submetidas à cesariana segundo a classificação da Escala Robson em um Hospital público da baixada litorânea do Estado do Rio de Janeiro. MÉTODO: Pesquisa de campo, descritiva, de natureza quantitativa, utilizando a técnica documental retrospectiva, realizada em 2016. RESULTADO: Foram analisados 267 prontuários de mulheres submetidas a cesariana, representando 53,4% do total de nascimentos, com maior incidência nas mulheres pertencentes ao Grupo 02 (31,46%); Grupo 01 (9,36%); e Grupo 05 (29,96%) da Escala de Robson. CONCLUSÃO: A Escala de Robson pode ser uma ferramenta útil na identificação dos grupos que efetivamente necessitam de intervenção com vistas à redução das taxas de cesáreas desnecessárias. O estudo aponta para necessidade imediata de medidas que possam qualificar a atenção ao parto na instituição pesquisada.


OBJETIVO: caracterizar el perfil de las mujeres que se someten a una cesárea de acuerdo con la clasificación de la escala Robson en un hospital público en las tierras bajas en las zonas costeras del estado de Río de Janeiro. MÉTODO: Investigación de campo, descriptiva, de naturaleza cuantitativa, utilizando la técnica documental retrospectiva, realizada en 2016. RESULTADOS: se analizaron 267 registros médicos de mujeres sometidas a cesárea, que representan el 53.4% del total de nacimientos, con una mayor incidencia en las mujeres que pertenecen al Grupo 02 (31.46%); Grupo 01 (9,36%); y el Grupo 05 (29.96%) de la Escala Robson. CONCLUSIÓN: La escala de Robson puede ser una herramienta útil para identificar los grupos que necesitan intervención de manera efectiva para reducir las cesáreas innecesarias. El estudio señala la necesidad inmediata de medidas que puedan calificar la atención del parto en la institución investigada.


OBJECTIVE: To characterize the profile of women undergoing cesarean section according to the Robson Scale classification at a public hospital in the coastal lowlands of the State of Rio de Janeiro. METHOD: Descriptive, quantitative field research, using the retrospective documentary technique, performed in 2016. RESULTS: 267 medical records of women undergoing cesarean section were analyzed, representing 53.4% of the total births, with a higher incidence in women belonging to Group 02 (31.46%); Group 01 (9.36%); and Group 05 (29.96%) of the Robson Scale. CONCLUSION: The Robson Scale can be a useful tool in identifying the groups that effectively need intervention in order to reduce unnecessary cesarean rates. The study highlights the immediate need for measures that can qualify childbirth care in the researched institution.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Health Profile , Cesarean Section , Women's Health , Parturition , Pregnant Women , Parity , Labor, Obstetric , Labor, Induced
11.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 41(8): 476-484, Aug. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1042326

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective Labor induction does not always result in vaginal delivery, and can expose both the mother and the fetus to the risks inherent to the induction procedure or a possible cesarean section. Transvaginal sonography (TVS) of the cervix is a useful tool to predict prematurity; in the present study, this tool was used to evaluate postterm induction. Methods We evaluated the ultrasound characteristics of the cervix (cervical length, cervical funneling, internal os dilation, the presence or absence of the cervical gland area [CGA], and the morphological changes of the cervix as a result of applying fundal pressure) before the onset of labor induction among women with postterm pregnancy to identify the possible predictors of failed labor induction. The Bishop score (BS) was used for comparison purposes. Three groups were evaluated: successful versus unsuccessful induction; vaginal delivery versus cesarean delivery (excluding cases of acute fetal distress [AFD]); and vaginal delivery versus cesarean delivery (including cases of AFD). A fourth group including only the primiparous women from the three previous groups was also evaluated. Results Based on the studied characteristics and combinations of variables, a cervical length ≥ 3.0 cm and a BS ≤ 2 were the best predictors of induction failure. Conclusion Although TVS is useful for screening for induction failure, this tool should not be used as an indication for cesarean section.


Resumo Objetivo Nem sempre a indução do parto termina emparto vaginal, expondo tanto a mãe quanto o feto aos riscos inerentes ao procedimento de indução, ou a uma possível cesárea. A ultrassonografia transvaginal (UTV) semostrou interessante instrumento na predição da prematuridade e, neste estudo, utilizamos este instrumento na situação inversa: indução do parto no pós-datismo. Métodos Avaliamos variáveis ultrassonográficas do colo uterino (comprimento, presença de afunilamento, dilatação do orifício interno do colo, eco glandular endocervical [EGE] evidente ou não, e alterações morfológicas do colo uterino à compressão fúndica uterina) antes do início da indução em gestantes com pósdatismo, na tentativa de encontrar um possível preditor de falha de indução. O índice de Bishop (IB) também foi utilizado para fins de comparação. Três grupos foram avaliados: indução bem-sucedida x malsucedida; parto vaginal x cesárea (excluindo casos de sofrimento fetal agudo[SFA]); e parto vaginal x cesárea (incluindo casos de SFA). Além disso, um quarto grupo composto apenas pelas primíparas dos outros três grupos também foi avaliado. Resultados Com base em todas as características estudadas e combinações de variáveis, o comprimento do colo uterino ≥ 3,0 cm e IB ≤ 2 foram os melhores preditores em todos os grupos analisados. Conclusão Apesar de a UTV do colo uterino ser um bomexame para rastreamento de indução malsucedida, não deve ser usado para se indicar uma cesariana.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Cervix Uteri/diagnostic imaging , Ultrasonography, Prenatal , Labor, Induced/statistics & numerical data , Cesarean Section/statistics & numerical data , Prospective Studies , Delivery, Obstetric/statistics & numerical data
12.
Rev. colomb. obstet. ginecol ; 70(2): 103-114, 20190723. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1042833

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To describe the characteristics of the labor induction process associated with the excess number of cesarean sections in women subjected to this intervention. Materials and methods: Descriptive historical cohort that included pregnant women without a history of previous cesarean section, with singleton term pregnancy and cephalic presentation who were subjected to labor induction in a Level III complexity hospital in Medellín, Colombia, during the time period between May 2015 and October 2016. Consecutive sampling was used. Measured variables were maternal age, parity, gestational age, indication for labor induction, cervical favorability, time of induction, quality of uterine activity achieved, type of delivery, and time point during induction when the decision of cesarean section was made. The clinical practice guidelines of international organizations of the specialty and the new guidelines arising from the 2012 proposal of limiting the first cesarean section were used in order to define adherence to the recommendations for induction. Results: Of the 2402 births, 289 which met the inclusion criteria were selected. Cesarean section was performed in 48% of the women subjected to induction, 60.8% nulliparous and 32.1% multiparous. Of those with unfavorable cervix, 72.2% received oxytocin for cervical maturation. Of the women subjected to delivery induction, 108 (37%) underwent cesarean section due to a diagnosis of failed induction. This was considered inadequate in all of them, given that the diagnosis was made before reaching a dilatation of 6 cm in 88 (81.5%), with intact membranes in 67 (62%), with no uterine activity in 42 (38.9%), with poor quality uterine activity in 23 (21.3%) and in 55 (61%) who did not have at least 24 hours of latent phase before undergoing cesarean section. Conclusion: Failure to adhere to the recommendations for adequate induction was found, added to an incorrect diagnosis of failed induction.


RESUMEN Objetivo: describir las características del proceso de inducción del trabajo de parto relacionadas con el exceso de cesáreas en las mujeres a quienes se les realiza este procedimiento. Materiales y métodos: cohorte histórica descriptiva en la que se incluyeron las gestantes sin antecedente de cesárea, con embarazo único, a término y presentación cefálica, sometidas a inducción del trabajo de parto en un hospital de tercer nivel de complejidad, en Medellín, Colombia, en el periodo de mayo de 2015 a octubre de 2016. Se excluyeron mujeres con feto muerto antes de la inducción. Muestreo consecutivo. Se midieron: edad materna, paridad, edad gestacional, indicación de la inducción del trabajo de parto, favorabilidad del cérvix, tiempo de la inducción, calidad de la actividad uterina lograda, tipo de parto, momento de la inducción en que se decide la cesárea. Para definir el cumplimiento de las recomendaciones de inducción se tuvieron como referencia las guías de práctica clínica de organizaciones internacionales de la especialidad y las nuevas directrices generadas en la propuesta de reducción de la primera cesárea del año 2012. Se utilizó estadística descriptiva. Resultados: de 2402 nacimientos se seleccionaron 289 que cumplieron con los criterios de inclusión. Se realizó cesárea al 48 % de las gestantes, a 60,8 % de las nulíparas y a 32,1 % de las multíparas sometidas a inducción. El 72,2 % de las que tenían cérvix desfavorable recibieron oxitocina como método de maduración cervical. A 108 (37 %) de las mujeres llevadas a inducción de parto se les realizó cesárea por diagnóstico de inducción fallida que se consideró inadecuado en todas ellas, ya que el diagnóstico se realizó antes de alcanzar 6 cm de dilatación en 88 (81,5 %), con membranas íntegras en 67 (62 %), sin actividad uterina en 42 (38,9 %), con actividad uterina de mala calidad en 23 (21,3 %) y 55 (61 %), no tuvieron al menos 24 horas de fase latente antes de realizar la cesárea. Conclusión: se encontró falta de cumplimiento de las recomendaciones para una adecuada inducción que lleva a un diagnóstico errado de inducción fallida.


Subject(s)
Pregnancy , Labor, Induced , Cervix Uteri , Cesarean Section , Cervical Ripening
13.
Rev. cuba. obstet. ginecol ; 45(2): e331, abr.-jun. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1093637

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La maniobra Kristeller consiste en hacer presión del fondo uterino en el período expulsivo, la segunda etapa del trabajo de parto. Objetivo: Determinar la prevalencia, características de la aplicación de la maniobra Kristeller y consecuencias físicas y éticas en puérperas de un hospital de alta complejidad en Lima, Perú. Métodos: Diseño descriptivo transversal y prospectivo. Se incluyeron 250 puérperas de parto vaginal, con gestación única a término, atendidas en el Hospital Nacional Hipólito Unanue, entre agosto y diciembre de 2016. Se usó cuestionario -Stop Kristeller- realizado por la Asociación Española El parto es nuestro. Se les aplicó un cuestionario validado por expertos a las puérperas durante su estancia. Se realizó análisis descriptivo mostrando los resultados en frecuencias y porcentajes. Resultados: Se evidenció que a 116 de ellas (46,4 por ciento) se les realizó la maniobra Kristeller. Con respecto a las características de la realización de la maniobra 77,6 por ciento refirió que se realizó con las palmas de las manos, más del 70 por ciento refirió que fue entre una y tres veces y 75,9 por ciento señaló que solo una persona la realizó. El 32,8 por ciento reportó haber sufrido desgarro vaginal y 51,7 por ciento refirió que no solicitaron su consentimiento para realizar la maniobra. Conclusiones: Existe elevada prevalencia de la utilización de la maniobra, las características de su aplicación siguen pautas descritas por Samuel Kristeller, entre las consecuencias físicas encontradas están los desgarros perineales superficiales y profundos y en muchos casos las condiciones bioéticas no se cumplieron(AU)


Introduction: The Kristeller maneuver consists in making fundal pressure during the second stage of labor. Objective: To determine the prevalence, characteristics of the application of Kristeller maneuver and the physical and ethical consequences in puerperal women of a highly complex hospital in Lima, Peru. Methods: A cross-sectional and prospective descriptive study was carried out in 250 puerperal women of vaginal delivery, with single gestation at term, assisted at Hipólito Unanue National Hospital, from August to December 2016. This research used the Stop Kristeller questionnaire - prepared by the Spanish Association El parto es nuestro. A questionnaire validated by experts was applied to the puerperal women during their stay. A descriptive analysis was made and the results in frequencies and percentages are shown. Results: It was showed that 116 of them (46.4 percent) underwent Kristeller maneuver. Regarding the characteristics of the maneuver performance, 77.6 percent reported that it was performed with hand palms, more than 70 percent reported that this maneuver was done between one and three times and 75.9 percent indicated that only one person performed it. Vaginal tear was reported in 32.8 percent and 51.7 percent reported their consent to perform the maneuver was not requested. Conclusions: There is high prevalence of the use of this maneuver. The characteristics of its application follow the guidelines described by Samuel Kristeller. Superficial and deep perineal tears are among the physical consequences and in many cases, bioethical conditions were not fulfilled(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Ethics, Clinical/education , Dystocia/epidemiology , Labor, Induced/adverse effects , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies
14.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 41(6): 363-370, June 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1013630

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate the results of induced labor and to determine the main factors associated with intrapartum cesarean section after patients being submitted to this procedure at the Hospital Universitário of the Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (HU/UFSC, in the Portuguese acronym), Florianópolis, state of Santa Catarina, Brazil. Methods A retrospective cross-sectional study that included all the pregnancies that resulted in single-fetus births, whose gestational-age was > 22 weeks and that had been submitted to labor induction at the HU/UFSC in the period from 2013 to 2016. Results During the proposed period, 1,491 pregnant women were submitted to the labor induction protocol. In 1,264 cases (84.8%), induction resulted in labor, with 830 (65.7%) progressing to vaginal delivery. Gestational age ≥ 41 + 0 weekswas themost common indication for induced labor (55.2%), and vaginal administration of misoprostol was themost commonly usedmethod (72.0%). Among these pregnant women, the cesarean section rate was of 34.3%. Considering the cases of induction failure, the cesarean section rate rose to 44.3%. The factors associated with cesarean section were: previous history of cesarean delivery (PR [prevalence ratio] = 1.48; 95%CI [confidence interval]: 1.51-1.88), fetuses with intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) (PR = 1.82; 95%CI: 1.32-2.19), Bishop score ≤ 6 (PR = 1.33; 95%CI: 1.01-1.82), and induction time either < 12 hours (PR = 1.44; 95%CI: 1.17-1.66) or > 36 hours (PR = 1.51; 95% CI 1.22-1.92) between the beginning of the induction and the birth. Conclusion Labor induction was successful inmost patients. In the cases in which the final outcome was a cesarean section, the most strongly associated factors were: previous history of cesarean delivery, presence of fetuses with IUGR, and either excessively short or excessively long periods of induction.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar os resultados da indução de trabalho de parto e determinar os principais fatores associados à realização de cesarianas intraparto em pacientes do Hospital Universitário da Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (HU-UFSC), Florianópolis, SC, Brasil. Métodos Trata-se de um estudo epidemiológico transversal que incluiu todas as gestantes de feto único e comidade gestacional > 22 semanas, submetidas a indução de trabalho de parto no HU-UFSC no período de 2013 a 2016. Resultados No período proposto, 1.491 gestantes foram submetidas ao protocolo de indução. Em 1.264 casos (84,8%), a indução resultou em trabalho de parto, com 830 (65,7%) progredindo para o parto vaginal. Gestação ≥ 41 + 0 semanas foi a causa mais comumde indicação de indução de trabalho de parto (55,2%),emisoprostol foi o método mais utilizado (72,0%). Nessas gestantes, o índice de cesariana foi de 34,3%. Considerando os casos de falha de indução, o índice de cesariana sobe para 44,3%. Os fatores associados às cesarianas foram: história prévia de cesárea (RP [razão de prevalência] = 1,48; IC [índice de confiança]: 95% 1,51-1,88), fetos com restrição de crescimento intrauterino (RP = 1,82; IC95%: 1,32-2,19), índice de Bishop ≤ 6 (RP = 1,33; IC95%: 1,01-1,82) e tempo de indução < 12 horas (RP = 1,44; IC95%: 1,17-1,66), ou > 36 horas (RP = 1,51; IC95%: 1,22-1,92) entre o início da indução e o parto. Conclusão A indução de trabalho de parto foi bem-sucedida na maioria das pacientes. Naquelas em quem o desfecho final foi a cesariana, os fatores mais fortemente associados foram: história prévia de cesárea, presença de fetos com restrição de crescimento intrauterino, e tempos muito curtos ou muito longos de indução.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Cervix Uteri/diagnostic imaging , Fetal Growth Retardation/diagnosis , Labor, Induced , Brazil/epidemiology , Cervix Uteri/physiopathology , Cesarean Section/statistics & numerical data , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Gestational Age , Fetal Growth Retardation/epidemiology
15.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 41(3): 147-154, Mar. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003541

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The objective of the present study was to explore obstetric management in relation to clinical, maternal and child health outcomes by using the Robson classification system. Methods Data was collected from obstetrics registries in tertiary care hospitals in Dubai, United Arab Emirates (UAE). Results The analysis of > 5,400 deliveries (60% of all the deliveries in 2016) in major maternity hospitals in Dubai showed that groups 5, 8 and 9 of Robson's classification were the largest contributors to the overall cesarean section (CS) rate and accounted for 30% of the total CS rate. The results indicate that labor was spontaneous in 2,221 (45%) of the women and was augmented or induced in almost 1,634 cases (33%). The birth indication rate was of 64% for normal vaginal delivery, of 24% for emergency CS, and of 9% for elective CS.The rate of vaginal birth after cesarean was 261(6%), the rate of external cephalic version was 28 (0.7%), and the rate of induction was 1,168 (21.4%). The prevalence of the overall Cesarean section was 33%; with majority (53.5%) of it being repeated Cesarean section. Conclusion The CS rate in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) is higher than the global average rate and than the average rate in Asia, which highlights the need for more education of pregnant women and of their physicians in order to promote vaginal birth. A proper planning is needed to reduce the number of CSs in nulliparous women in order to prevent repeated CSs in the future. Monitoring both CS rates and outcomes is essential to ensure that policies, practices, and actions for the optimization of the utilization of CS lead to improved maternal and infant outcomes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Young Adult , Prenatal Care/statistics & numerical data , Delivery, Obstetric/statistics & numerical data , Tertiary Care Centers/statistics & numerical data , Oxytocics , Pregnancy, Multiple/statistics & numerical data , United Arab Emirates , Oxytocin , Pregnancy Outcome , Cesarean Section/statistics & numerical data , Child Health/statistics & numerical data , Prospective Studies , Analgesia, Obstetrical/statistics & numerical data , Unnecessary Procedures/statistics & numerical data , Term Birth , Anesthesia, Epidural/statistics & numerical data , Labor, Induced/statistics & numerical data , Obstetrical Forceps/statistics & numerical data
16.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 41(2): 68-75, Feb. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003525

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To access the benefits or harms of an exercise program, based on the current American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists guidelines, on the mode of delivery, duration and onset of labor. Methods A study performed at the Hospital Senhora da Oliveira between October 2015 and February 2017. This was a quasi-experimental study involving 255 women divided into two groups: an intervention group engaged in a controlled and supervised exercise program during pregnancy (n = 99), and a control group that did not participate in the exercise program (n = 156). Data were collected in two stages: during the 1st trimester biochemical screening (before the beginning of the program), through a written questionnaire, and after delivery, from the medical files of the patients. The significance level in the present study was 5% (p = 0.05). Results The control group had higher odds of induced labor (odds ratio [OR] 2.71; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.42-5.17; p = 0.003), when compared with women who underwent the intervention. No differences were found between the groups in instrumental vaginal deliveries, cesarean rate, time until the beginning of the active phase, duration of the active phase, and duration of the second stage of labor. Conclusion The implementation of a controlled and supervised exercise program in pregnancy was associated with significantly lower odds of induced deliveries.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar o efeito de um programa de exercícios na gravidez (baseado nas recomendações do American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists) na via, duração e início do trabalho de parto. Métodos Estudo realizado no Hospital Senhora da Oliveira entre outubro de 2015 e fevereiro de 2017. Trata-se de um estudo quasi-experimental com 255 grávidas, divididas em dois grupos: grupo de intervenção, constituído por mulheres que participaram de um programa controlado e supervisionado de exercícios físicos (n = 99), e um grupo de controle, formado por grávidas que não participaram do programa de exercícios (n = 156). Os dados foram colhidos em dois momentos: durante o rastreio bioquímico do primeiro trimestre (antes do início do programa), através de um questionário escrito, e após o parto, através da consulta do processo clínico da paciente. O nível de significância estatística adotado neste projeto foi de 5% (p = 0,05). Resultados O grupo controle apresentou maior probabilidade de indução do trabalho de parto (razão de chances [RC] 2,71; intervalo de confiança [IC] 95%: 1,42-5,17; p = 0,003) quando comparado com o grupo de intervenção. Não foram encontradas diferenças estatisticamente significativas entre os dois grupos em relação à via de parto, tempo até início da fase ativa, duração da fase ativa e duração do segundo estadio do trabalho de parto. Conclusão A implementação de um programa de exercícios controlado e supervisionado na gravidez foi associada a uma probabilidade significativamente menor de indução do trabalho de parto.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Prenatal Care/methods , Labor, Obstetric/physiology , Exercise Therapy/methods , Labor, Induced/statistics & numerical data , Pregnancy Outcome , Case-Control Studies
17.
Nursing (Säo Paulo) ; 22(248): 2577-2582, jan.2019.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-980659

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Apresentar a eficácia e os eventos adversos da utilização da sonda Foley e das prostaglandinas sintéticas na indução do trabalho de parto em gestantes a termo. Métodos: revisão integrativa descritiva realizada no período de maio a agosto de 2017. A coleta de dados foi realizada nas bases de dados Literatura Latino-americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde (LILACS), Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval Sistem Online (MEDLINE) e Secretaria Municipal de São Paulo, disponíveis na Biblioteca Virtual de Saúde (BVS). Resultados: a Dinoprostona não é um método vantajoso pelo alto custo e difícil armazenamento. O misoprostol é eficaz, porém apresenta muitos eventos adversos. A sonda Foley possui a mesma efetividade do Misoprostol quando combinada com ocitocina em baixas doses, porém com menos eventos adversos. Conclusão: A utilização da sonda Foley como método indutor do trabalho de parto trouxe uma nova proposta para mulheres, contribuindo com mudanças do modelo de assistência obstétrica no país.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Misoprostol , Delivery, Obstetric , Labor, Induced , Maternal and Child Health , Obstetric Nursing
18.
San Salvador; s.n; 2019. 31 p.
Thesis in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1128243

ABSTRACT

La inducción del trabajo de parto se define como el procedimiento dirigido a estimular la actividad uterina para producir cambios cervicales y comenzar el trabajo de parto en pacientes que se busca un parto vaginal. Existen numerosas técnicas disponibles, las prostaglandinas siguen siendo el medio más efectivo de inducción del trabajo de parto, ya que brindan eficacia clínica y satisfacción a la paciente. La prostaglandina más utilizada es el Misoprostol, un análogo sintético de la prostaglandina E1. El presente estudio buscó identificar la caracterización clínica y los resultados perinatales de las pacientes primigestas en las que se utilizó el Misoprostol para inducción del trabajo de parto, así evidenciar los efectos que este tiene desde la primera vez de su uso.


Subject(s)
Misoprostol , Labor, Induced , Obstetrics and Gynecology Department, Hospital
19.
Article in English | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1257684

ABSTRACT

Background: An evidence-based practice suggests that the birth position adopted by women during labour has a significant impact on the maternal and neonatal birth outcomes. The birth positions are endorsed by guidelines of maternity care in South Africa, which documented that women in labour should be allowed to select the birth position of their choice, preferably alternative birth positions (including upright, kneeling, squatting and lateral positions) during labour. Thus, the lithotomy birth position should be avoided. However, despite available literature, midwives routinely position women in the lithotomy position during normal vertex births, which causes several adverse maternal outcomes (namely prolonged labour, postpartum haemorrhage) and adverse neonatal outcomes (such as foetal asphyxia and respiratory compromise). Aim: The aim was to explore and describe factors hindering midwives' utilisation of alternative birth positions during labour in a selected public hospital. Setting: A public hospital in the Tshwane district, Pretoria were used in the study. Methods: This study used the qualitative, exploratory and descriptive research design. This design gathered quality information on factors hindering midwives' utilisation of alternative birth positions during labour in a selected public hospital. Results: The study revealed the following themes: (1) midwives' perceptions on alternative use of birth positions and (2) barriers to utilisation of alternative birth positions. The themes were discussed and validated through the use of a literature review. Conclusion: The lack of skills and training during the midwifery undergraduate and postgraduate programme contributes to the midwives being incompetent to utilise alternative birth positions during clinical practice


Subject(s)
Hospitals, Public , Labor, Induced , South Africa , Women
20.
S. Afr. j. child health (Online) ; 13(3): 108-114, 2019. ilus
Article in English | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1270365

ABSTRACT

Background. Preterm birth remains one of the most serious problems in obstetrics care globally. In Ethiopia preterm delivery is a direct cause of 28% newborn deaths. However, little is known about the risk factors of preterm birth.Objective. To determine risk factors of preterm birth in Tigray, Ethiopia.Methods. A hospital-based, unmatched case-control study was conducted among 288 respondents (cases=96; controls=192). Data were collected during individual interviews and through a chart review. Statistical analysis included descriptive statistics and bivariate and multivariate binary logistic regression analysis (significance level p<0.05). Results. The response rate was 100%. The mean (standard deviation) age of the respondents was 26.1 (5.9) years. Urban residence (adjusted odds ratio (aOR) 3.11; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.181 - 8.168)), gynaecological problems (aOR 8.9; 95% CI 1.580 - 50.252), hard physical work during pregnancy (aOR 3.85; 95% CI 1.622 - 9.144), being younger than 18 (aOR 4.56; 95% CI 1.702 - 12.215) and being a first-time mother (aOR 4.66; 95% CI 1.635 - 13.254) were identified as statiscally significant risk factors of preterm delivery. Micronutrient supplementation (aOR 0.26; 95% CI 0.008 - 0.084) and nutritional counselling during pregnancy (aOR 0.24; 95% CI 0.067 - 0.862) were identified as protective factors against preterm birth. Conclusion. The study identified various factors associated with an increased risk of preterm birth and also some protective factors against preterm birth. Programmes to improve maternal and newborn healthcare are recommended to reduce the incidence of preterm births in this region


Subject(s)
Ethiopia , Infant, Newborn , Labor, Induced , Obstetrics , Premature Birth
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