Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 30
Filter
1.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 43: 23-31, Jan. 2020. ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1087514

ABSTRACT

Background: Hong Qu glutinous rice wine (HQGRW) is brewed under non-aseptic fermentation conditions, so it usually has a relatively high total acid content. The aim of this study was to investigate the dynamics of the bacterial communities and total acid during the fermentation of HQGRW and elucidate the correlation between total acid and bacterial communities. Results: The results showed that the period of rapid acid increase during fermentation occurred at the early stage of fermentation. There was a negative response between total acid increase and the rate of increase in alcohol during the early fermentation stage. Bacterial community analysis using high-throughput sequencing technology was found that the dominant bacterial communities changed during the traditional fermentation of HQGRW. Both principal component analysis (PCA) and hierarchical clustering analysis revealed that there was a great difference between the bacterial communities of Hong Qu starter and those identified during the fermentation process. Furthermore, the key bacteria likely to be associated with total acid were identified by Spearman's correlation analysis. Lactobacillus, unclassified Lactobacillaceae, and Pediococcus were found, which can make significant contributions to the total acid development (| r| N 0.6 with FDR adjusted P b 0.05), establishing that these bacteria can associate closely with the total acid of rice wine. Conclusions: This was the first study to investigate the correlation between bacterial communities and total acid during the fermentation of HQGRW. These findings may be helpful in the development of a set of fermentation techniques for controlling total acid.


Subject(s)
Bacteria/isolation & purification , Wine/microbiology , Pediococcus/isolation & purification , Pediococcus/genetics , Pediococcus/metabolism , Time Factors , Acetobacter/isolation & purification , Acetobacter/genetics , Acetobacter/metabolism , Cluster Analysis , Sequence Analysis , Computational Biology , Principal Component Analysis , Fermentation , Microbiota , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Lactobacillus/isolation & purification , Lactobacillus/genetics , Lactobacillus/metabolism
2.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 49(4): 823-831, Oct.-Dec. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-974299

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Sour cassava starch (Polvilho azedo) is obtained from a spontaneous fermentation conducted by microorganisms from raw materials and fermentation tanks. This product is traditionally used in the baking industry for the manufacture of biscuits and Brazilian cheese breads. However, the end of fermentation is evaluated empirically, and the process occurs without standardization, which results in products of inconsistent quality. Predominant microbiota from a cassava flour manufacturer was isolated in order to select starter cultures for the production of sour cassava starch in a pilot-scale fermentation process. Lactic acid bacteria and yeasts were isolated, enumerated and grouped by Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism, and PCR fingerprinting, respectively. One isolate of each molecular profile was identified by sequencing of the rRNA gene. LAB were prevalent throughout the entire process. Lactobacillus brevis (21.5%), which produced the highest values of acidity, and Lactobacillus plantarum (13.9%) were among the most frequent species. Pichia scutulata (52.2%) was the prevalent yeast and showed amylolytic activity. The aforementioned species were tested as single and mixed starter cultures in a pilot-scale fermentation process for 28 days. L. plantarum exhibited better performance as a starter culture, which suggests its potential for the production of sour cassava starch.


Subject(s)
Starch/metabolism , Yeasts/metabolism , Manihot/chemistry , Lactobacillus/metabolism , Starch/chemistry , Yeasts/genetics , Brazil , Manihot/metabolism , Fermentation , Microbiota , Food Microbiology , Lactobacillus/isolation & purification , Lactobacillus/genetics
3.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 48(4): 715-723, Oct.-Dec. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889177

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The ability to adsorb zearalenone by five strain of lactic acid bacteria was evaluated: four strains of Lactobacillus spp. isolated from pig rectal swabs and one commercial strain (Lactobacillus rhamnosus). Several factors affecting the adsorption capacity were evaluated in order to improve the adsorption of the mycotoxin by bacteria. The stability of the zearalenone-bacteria complex was analyzed. In every case, bacterial adsorption capacity was higher than 40.0%. The strain showing the highest adsorption (68.2%) was selected for the following steps of this research. The adsorption percentages obtained after processing 6.5 and 7.5 mL MRS broth were 57.40% + 3.53 and 64.46% + 0.76, respectively. The stability of zearalenone-bacteria complex was evaluated by successively rinsing. In the first rinsing step 42.26% + 0.414 was still bound. In the second rinsing step 25.12% + 0.664 was still bound, whereas 15.82% + 0.675 remained in the pellet after the third rinse. Results obtained demonstrated that Lactic Acid Bacteria has capacity to adsorb zearalenone. Finally adsorption was increased using a higher volume of initial broth. These results could be used to design a new lyophilized powder for detoxification, using lactic acid bacteria as potential zearalenone adsorbents.


Subject(s)
Animals , Lactobacillus/metabolism , Swine/microbiology , Zearalenone/metabolism , Adsorption , Lactobacillus/chemistry , Lactobacillus/genetics , Lactobacillus/isolation & purification , Rectum/microbiology , Zearalenone/chemistry
4.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 30: 83-87, nov. 2017. graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1021898

ABSTRACT

Background: ß-Glucosidase assay is performed with purified or semipurified enzymes extracted from cell lysis. However, in screening studies, to find bacteria with ß-glucosidase activity among many tested bacteria, a fast method without cell lysis is desirable. In that objective, we report an in vivo ß-glucosidase assay as a fast method to find a ß-glucosidase producer strain. Results: The method consists in growing the strains for testing in a medium supplemented with the artificial substrate p-nitrophenyl-ß-glucopyranoside (pNPG). The presence of ß-glucosidases converts the substrate to p-nitrophenol (pNP), a molecule that can be easily measured in the supernatant spectrophotometrically at 405 nm. The assay was evaluated using two Bifidobacterium strains: Bifidobacterium longum B7254 strain that lacks ß-glucosidase activity and Bifidobacterium pseudocatenulatum B7003 strain that shows ß-glucosidase activity. The addition of sodium carbonate during pNP measurement increases the sensitivity of pNP detection and avoids the masking of absorbance by the culture medium. Furthermore, we show that pNP is a stable enzymatic product, not metabolized by bacteria, but with an inhibitory effect on cell growth. The ß-glucosidase activity was measured as units of enzyme per gram per minute per dry cell weight. This method also allowed the identification of Lactobacillus strains with higher ß-glucosidase activity among several lactobacillus species. Conclusion: This in vivo ß-glucosidase assay can be used as an enzymatic test on living cells without cell disruption. The method is simple, quantitative, and recommended, especially in studies screening for bacteria not only with ß-glucosidase activity but also with high ß-glucosidase activity.


Subject(s)
Bifidobacterium/isolation & purification , Bifidobacterium/enzymology , beta-Glucosidase/metabolism , Bifidobacterium/metabolism , Nitrophenylgalactosides , Enzyme Assays , Bifidobacterium longum/isolation & purification , Bifidobacterium longum/enzymology , Bifidobacterium pseudocatenulatum/isolation & purification , Bifidobacterium pseudocatenulatum/enzymology , Lactobacillus/isolation & purification , Lactobacillus/enzymology , Lactobacillus/metabolism , Nitrophenols
5.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 48(3): 592-601, July-Sept. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889150

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to develop a kefir apple-based vinegar and evaluate this fermentation process using new methodology with Biospeckle Laser. Brazilian kefir grains were inoculated in apple must for vinegar production. In this study, the microbial community present in kefir, and correspondent vinegar, was investigated using Matrix Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionization - Time of Flight Mass Spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) technique. Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Lactobacillus paracasei, Lactobacillus plantarum, Acetobacter pasteurianus and Acetobacter syzygii were the microbial species identified. S. cerevisiae, L. plantarum, A. pasteurianus and A. syzygii were found in smaller quantities at the beginning of the alcoholic fermentation, but were found throughout the alcoholic and acetic fermentation. Kefir grains were able to utilize apple must as substrate to produce ethanol, and acetic acid. Acetate, volatile alcohols and aldehydes in the vinegar-based kefir were also produced. The yield of acetic acid in the kefir vinegars was ∼79%. The acetic acid concentration was ∼41 g L-1, reaching the required standard for the Brazilian legislation accepts it as vinegar (4.0% acetic acid). Kefir vinegar showed good acceptance in the sensory analysis. The technology proposed here is novel by the application of immobilized-cell biomass (kefir grains) providing a mixed inocula and eliminating the use of centrifuge at the end of the fermentative process. This step will save energy demand and investment. This is the first study to produce apple vinegar using kefir grains.


Subject(s)
Humans , Alcoholic Beverages/microbiology , Kefir/analysis , Malus/microbiology , Acetic Acid/analysis , Acetic Acid/metabolism , Acetobacter/isolation & purification , Acetobacter/metabolism , Biodiversity , Brazil , Ethanol/analysis , Ethanol/metabolism , Fermentation , Food Handling , Kefir/microbiology , Lactobacillus/isolation & purification , Lactobacillus/metabolism , Malus/metabolism , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/isolation & purification , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolism , Taste
6.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 48(2): 251-258, April.-June 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-839382

ABSTRACT

Abstract Kinetic behaviors of five Lactobacillus strains were investigated with Contois and Exponential models. Awareness of kinetic behavior of microorganisms is essential for their industrial process design and scale up. The consistency of experimental data was evaluated using Excel software. L. bulgaricus was introduced as the most efficient strain with the highest biomass and lactic acid yield of 0.119 and 0.602 g g-1 consumed lactose, respectively. The biomass and carbohydrate yield of L. fermentum and L. lactis were slightly less and close to L. bulgaricus. Biomass and lactic acid production yield of 0.117 and 0.358 for L. fermentum and 0.114 and 0.437 g g-1 for L.actobacillus lactis were obtained. L. casei and L. delbrueckii had the less biomass yield, nearly 11.8 and 22.7% less than L. bulgaricus, respectively. L. bulgaricus (R 2 = 0.9500 and 0.9156) and L. casei (R 2 = 0.9552 and 0.8401) showed acceptable consistency with both models. The investigation revealed that the above mentioned models are not suitable to describe the kinetic behavior of L. fermentum (R 2 = 0.9367 and 0.6991), L. delbrueckii (R 2 = 0.9493 and 0.7724) and L. lactis (R 2 = 0.8730 and 0.6451). Contois rate equation is a suitable model to describe the kinetic of Lactobacilli. Specific cell growth rate for L. bulgaricus, L. casei, L. fermentum, L. delbrueckii and L. lactis with Contois model in order 3.2, 3.9, 67.6, 10.4 and 9.8-fold of Exponential model.


Subject(s)
Lactobacillus/growth & development , Lactobacillus/metabolism , Lactose/metabolism , Models, Theoretical , Sweetening Agents/metabolism , Biomass , Lactic Acid/metabolism , Fermentation
7.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 26: 60-63, Mar. 2017. ilus, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1009760

ABSTRACT

Background: New directions of research on lactic acid bacteria include investigation of metabolic pathways for the synthesis and/or metabolism of 1,2-propanediol, commonly used in the food and chemical industry, medicine, pharmacy and cosmetology as well as agriculture. The objective of this study was to compare the capacity of strains representing three diverse heterofermentative species belonging to the genus Lactobacillus to synthesize and/or transform 1,2-PD as well as to suggest new directions of research aimed at commercial use of this metabolite. Results: The novel strain of Lactobacillus buchneri A KKP 2047p, characterized as exhibiting an unusual trait for that species in the form of capacity to metabolize 1,2-PD, grew poorly in a medium containing 1,2-PD as a sole carbon source. The supplementation with glucose facilitated rapid growth of bacteria and use of 1,2-PD for the synthesis of propionic acid. A similar observation was noted for Lactobacillus reuteri. On the other hand, Lactobacillus diolivorans effectively metabolized 1,2-PD which was the sole carbon source in the medium, and the addition of glucose inhibited the synthesis of propionic acid. The experiments also investigated the effect of cobalamin as a diol dehydratase coenzyme involved in the propionic acid synthesis from 1,2-PD whose addition promoted the yield of the reaction in the case of all tested strains. Conclusions: All tested isolates showed the ability to effectively metabolize 1,2-PD (in the presence of cobalamin) and its conversion to propionic acid, which reveals that investigated bacteria meet the essential requirements of microorganisms with a potential application.


Subject(s)
Propylene Glycol/metabolism , Lactobacillus/metabolism , Propionates , Vitamin B 12/metabolism , Lactic Acid , Propylene Glycol/chemical synthesis , Fermentation , Glucose
8.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 46(3): 825-834, July-Sept. 2015. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-755824

ABSTRACT

Lactobacillus sakei subsp. sakei 2a is a bacteriocinogenic lactic acid bacterium isolated from Brazilian pork sausage, capable of inhibiting the growth of microbial pathogens, mainly Listeria monocytogenes. In order to optimize bacteriocin production for industrial applications, this study evaluated the effect of supplementation of MRS broth with glucose, Tween 20, Tween 80, sodium citrate, potassium chloride and cysteine, and effect of the initial pH and temperature of incubation of the medium on production of bacteriocins by L. sakei 2a. Adding glucose and Tween 20 to the medium, an initial pH of 5.0 or 5.5, and incubation temperatures of 25 °C or 30 °C resulted to the highest bacteriocin yields. Thus, a 24 factorial design with the four variables was performed, and statistical analysis showed that it was an adequate model (R2 = 0.8296). In the studied range, the four parameters significantly influenced bacteriocin production, with the maximum yield produced at an initial pH between 5.5 and 7.0, a temperature between 25 and 30 °C and supplementation of the MRS broth with glucose from 3.25 to 6.0 g L−1 and Tween 20 from 0.575 to 1.15% (v/v). Response Surface Methodology analysis indicated that the highest bacteriocin production (12800 AU mL−1) occurred in the MRS broth supplemented with 5.5 g L−1 glucose and 1.05% Tween 20 at an initial pH of 6.28 and an incubation temperature of 25 °C. The amount of bacteriocin produced in commercial MRS broths under the same conditions was only 5600AU mL−1.

.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents/metabolism , Bacteriocins/metabolism , Culture Media/metabolism , Lactobacillus/growth & development , Lactobacillus/metabolism , Brazil , Glucose/metabolism , Lactobacillus/classification , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Polysorbates/metabolism , Red Meat/microbiology , Surface Properties , Temperature
9.
J. appl. oral sci ; 22(4): 282-286, Jul-Aug/2014. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-718294

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the effect of Lactobacillus sp. A-2 metabolites on viability of CAL-27 cells and apoptosis in CAL-27 cells. Methods: Lactobacillus sp. A-2 metabolites 1 and 2 (LM1 and LM2) were obtained by culturing Lactobacillus sp. A-2 in reconstituted whey medium and whey-inulin medium; the cultured CAL-27 cells were treated with different concentrations of LM1 and LM2 (0, 3, 6, 12, 24, 48 mg/mL) and assayed by methyl thiazolyltetrazolium (MTT) method; morphological changes of apoptotic cell were observed under fluorescence microscopy by acridine orange (Ao) fluorescent staining; flow cytometry method (FCM) and agarose gel electrophoresis were used to detect the apoptosis of CAL-27 cells treated LM1 and LM2. Results: The different concentrations of LM1 and LM2 could restrain the growth of CAL-27 cells, and in a dose-dependent manner; the apoptosis of CAL-27 cells was obviously induced and was time-dependent. Conclusions: Viability of CAL-27 cells was inhibited by Lactobacillus sp. A-2 metabolites; Lactobacillus sp. A-2 metabolites could induce CAL-27 cells apoptosis; study on the bioactive compounds in the Lactobacillus sp. A-2 metabolites and their molecular mechanism is in progress. .


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis/physiology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Lactobacillus/metabolism , Tongue Neoplasms/pathology , Analysis of Variance , Cell Survival , Cells, Cultured , Electrophoresis, Agar Gel , Flow Cytometry , Lactobacillus/growth & development , Microscopy, Fluorescence , Tetrazolium Salts , Thiazoles , Time Factors
10.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-163094

ABSTRACT

Aims: This study was focused on using Lactic Acid Bacteria (LAB) isolated from fresh vegetables which has been molecularly identified for in vitro control of some tomato pathogens. Study Design: The inhibitory potentials of supernatant obtained from previously characterized LAB isolates or vegetable origin were investigated against some tomato phytopathogens using agar-well method with the view to develop biological agents for some tomato disease causing organisms. Place and Duration of Study: Biotechnology Centre of Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria, between January 2011 and February 2012. Methodology: The antimicrobial activities of LAB against some tomato phytopathogenic bacteria which include (Xanthomonas campestries, Erwinia caratovora, and Pseudomonas syringae) were obtained by using the agar well diffusion method. Results: The result indicates that cell free culture of LAB from fresh vegetables origin (Weissella paramesenteroides, Lactobacillus pentosus, Weissella cibaria, Pediococcus pentosaceus, Weissella kimchi and Lactobacillus plantarum) can inhibits these bacteria by creating clear zones of inhibition around the wells containing cell free supernatants of the above mentioned strains of lactic acid bacteria. Pediococcus pentosaceus showed the highest zone of inhibition against Xanthomonas campestries at 15 mm radius, Weissella kimchi was the least effective against Pseudomonas syringae at 3.67 mm and Erwinia caratovora at 3.50 mm radius. Conclusion: Tomato disease causing organisms can be most likely biologically controlled by using extracts from LAB. This finding will reduce the potential hazard from the use of chemical herbicides on plant.


Subject(s)
Anti-Infective Agents/physiology , Lactobacillus/isolation & purification , Lactobacillus/metabolism , Lactobacillus/physiology , Lycopersicon esculentum/microbiology , Pest Control, Biological , Plant Diseases/microbiology , Plant Diseases/prevention & control , Vegetables/microbiology
11.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 45(1): 81-88, 2014. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-709482

ABSTRACT

Bacteriocins from lactic acid bacteria are ribosomal synthesized antibacterial proteins/ peptides having wide range of applications. Lactobacillus pentosus SJ65, isolated from fermented Uttapam batter (used to prepare south Indian pan cake), produces bacteriocin having a broad spectrum of activity against pathogens. Optimization studies are of utmost important to understand the source of utilization and the conditions to enhance the production of metabolites. In the present study, an attempt was made to identify the parameters involved for maximal production of antimicrobial compounds especially bacteriocin from the isolate L. pentosus SJ65. Initially, optimal conditions, such as incubation period, pH, and temperature were evaluated. Initial screening was done using methodology onevariable-at-a-time (OVAT) for various carbon and nitrogen sources. Further evaluation was carried out statistically using Plackett-Burman design and the variables were analyzed using response surface methodology using central composite design. The optimum media using tryptone or soy peptone, yeast extract, glucose, triammonium citrate, MnSO4, dipotassium hydrogen phosphate and tween 80 produced maximum bacteriocin activity.


Subject(s)
Anti-Infective Agents/metabolism , Biological Products/metabolism , Culture Media/chemistry , Lactobacillus/growth & development , Lactobacillus/metabolism , Biostatistics , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Temperature , Time Factors
12.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 44(4): 1199-1206, Oct.-Dec. 2013. ilus, graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-705261

ABSTRACT

Lactic acid bacteria are non pathogenic organism widely distributed in nature typically involved in a large number of spontaneous food fermentation. The purpose of this study was to characterize the bacteriocinogenic lactobacilli from fermented idli batter which can find application in biopreservation and biomedicine. Eight most promising lactobacilli were chosen from twenty two isolates based on their spectrum of activity against other lactic acid bacteria and pathogens. The eight lactobacilli were characterized based on the various classical phenotypic tests, physiological tests and biochemical tests including various carbohydrate utilization profiles. All isolates were homo fermentative, catalase, and gelatin negative. Molecular characterization was performed by RAPD, 16S rRNA analysis, 16S ARDRA, and Multiplex PCR for species identification. RAPD was carried out using the primer R2 and M13. Five different clusters were obtained based on RAPD indicating strain level variation. 16S rRNA analysis showed 99 to 100% homology towards Lactobacillus plantarum. The restriction digestion pattern was similar for all the isolates with the restriction enzyme AluI. The subspecies were identified by performing Multiplex PCR using species specific primer. Among the five clusters, three clusters were clearly identified as Lactobacillus plantarum subsp. plantarum, Lactobacillus pentosus, and Lactobacillus plantarum subsp. argentoratensis.


Subject(s)
Bacteriocins/metabolism , Food Microbiology , Lactobacillus/classification , Lactobacillus/metabolism , Bacterial Typing Techniques , Carbohydrate Metabolism , Cluster Analysis , DNA, Bacterial/chemistry , DNA, Bacterial/genetics , DNA, Ribosomal/chemistry , DNA, Ribosomal/genetics , Enzymes/analysis , Lactobacillus plantarum , Lactobacillus/genetics , Lactobacillus/isolation & purification , Molecular Sequence Data , Molecular Typing , Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction , Phylogeny , Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA Technique , /genetics , Sequence Analysis, DNA , Sequence Homology, Nucleic Acid
13.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-162942

ABSTRACT

Aim: To correlate H2O2 production of Lactobacillus species with the Nugent scores of young Nigerian women in order to assess their vaginal health. Study Design: Cross-sectional study. Place and Duration of Study: Departments of Medical Microbiology & Parasitology, Biochemistry and Obstetrics and Gynaecology, College of Medicine of the University of Lagos, between May and august 2009. Methodology: Ninety- seven isolates of Lactobacillus from eighty-two women without Bacterial vaginosis (BV) and fifteen women with BV were used for the study. BV was diagnosed using Nugent scoring method. Lactobacilli were isolated using MRS agar and categorized into facultative anaerobes and strict anaerobes. Hydrogen peroxide was detected and measured by titration using dilute sulphuric acid and reaction stopped with potassium permanganate. Results: Out of 97 isolates studied, 76 (78%) were facultative anaerobes, while 21 (22%) were strict anaerobes. The facultative anaerobes were obtained from 11 of 15 women with BV and 65 of 82 women without BV. Forty- nine (50.51%) of the 97 isolates produced H2O2. Forty- four of the H2O2 producers were from women without BV while five were from women with BV. Majority (67%) of the strains obtained from women with BV were non-hydrogen peroxide producing. Proportion of H2O2 producing Lactobacillus by Nugent score were 70%, 43% and 33% in negative, intermediate and BV Nugent scores respectively. There was no significant difference between the mean concentrations of H2O2 production in the various Nugent scores. Conclusion: The overall rate of hydrogen peroxide production was low. While the rates of hydrogen peroxide production correlated with Nugent scores, being highest in negative Nugent scores and lowest with BV scores, the concentration of hydrogen peroxide produced had no association with Nugent scores. The Nigerian women studied might have a relatively high susceptibility rate to vaginal infections.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Hydrogen Peroxide/metabolism , Lactobacillus/metabolism , Lactobacillus/physiology , Nigeria , Research Design/methods , Vaginosis, Bacterial/metabolism , Young Adult
14.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 16(5): 5-5, Sept. 2013. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-690465

ABSTRACT

Background: There is a genuine interest in the development of probiotic milk and juice based beverages because they are a good-vehicle to deliver probiotic microorganisms to consumers. For this purpose, the viability and metabolism of four probiotic strains (Lactobacillus acidophilus LA5, Bifidobacterium lactis BB12, L. rhamnosus and L. plantarum) were studied in non-fermented milk and carrot juice mix drink. The drinks were evaluated in 5 days interval for viable cell count, pH, acidity, sedimentation and sensory quality during refrigerated storage at 4 ± 2ºC for up to 20 days. Results: The results showed that all strains had good viability in milk/carrot juice drink (88-98%), but L. acidophilus LA5 seemed more stable than three other strains. The levels of pH and acidity were ranged 5.33-6.6 and 0.13-0.31%, respectively. The drinks inoculated with L. rhamnosus and control (non-probiotic) showed more variation in pH and acidity. The most sedimentation was detected in drinks inoculated with L. rhamnosus, reaching 3.73 mL/10 mL sample. Sensory assessment indicated lowest acceptability in control and milk/carrot juice drink inoculated with L. rhamnosus, respectively. Conclusion: This study indicated that some probiotic bacteria can be applied by food producers to produce functional drinks with an increased shelf-life.


Subject(s)
Probiotics , Milk , Juices , Bifidobacterium animalis/metabolism , Lactobacillus/metabolism , Taste , Colony Count, Microbial , Sedimentation , Daucus carota , Microbial Viability , Cooled Foods , Food Storage , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
15.
Indian J Exp Biol ; 2013 Feb; 51(2): 174-180
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-147581

ABSTRACT

The total antioxidative activity of L. ingluviei ADK10 isolated from chicken intestine intact cells and cell free culture supernatant (CFCS) was 54- 67.95%. The ability to scavenge a,a-Diphenyl-b-Picrylhydrazyl free radical ranged from 71 and 64% in intact cells and CFCS respectively. Total reducing activity of bacteria was equivalent to 290 µM/L of cysteine. Reducing glutathione activity was equivalent to 93.95µg/mL. Oral administration of the strain at a dose of 109 cfu/kg body weight to acetaminophen induced oxidative stress in rats increased catalase, glutathione and superoxide dismutase activity in the blood, liver and kidney and lowered malondialdehyde level. The results indicate that L. ingluviei ADK10 has potential free radical scavenging activity for the treatment of oxidative stress related disease.


Subject(s)
Acetaminophen , Animals , Antioxidants/metabolism , Catalase/blood , Chickens/microbiology , Glutathione/blood , Intestines/microbiology , Kidney/enzymology , Lactobacillus/classification , Lactobacillus/isolation & purification , Lactobacillus/metabolism , Liver/enzymology , Liver/pathology , Male , Malondialdehyde/blood , Molecular Sequence Data , Oxidation-Reduction , Oxidative Stress , Phylogeny , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Superoxide Dismutase/blood
16.
Rev. colomb. biotecnol ; 14(1): 31-40, ene.-jun. 2012. ilus, graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-656938

ABSTRACT

Se evaluó in vitro el potencial probiótico de cepas nativas aisladas de las heces de pollos asilvestrados (Gallus gallus) pertenecientes a los géneros Lactobacillus sp, Bacillus sp y levaduras tipo saccharomyces sp; se determinó la actividad probiótica mediante pruebas de resistencia al ácido (pH 3, 4, 5, 6, 7), sales de bilis (0,05, 0,1, 0,15, 0.3 %), tolerancia al NaCl (2, 4, 7, 10 %), actividad antagónica (Salmonella sp, E. coli), determinación del tipo de fermentación, crecimiento a temperaturas (28,37,43°C) y capacidad de crecimiento. Las cepas con mayor tolerancia se identificaron a través de pruebas bioquímicas y fermentación de carbohidratos. Como resultado se observó que tres microorganismos: Saccharomyces sp. (3), Bacillus sp. (7) y Lactobacillus sp. (14) poseen propiedades probióticas.


Was evaluated in vitro the probiotic potential of native strains isolated from feces of wild chickens (Gallus gallus) belonging to the genera Lactobacillus sp., Bacillus sp. and Saccharomyces ; probiotic activity was determined by testing acid resistance (pH 3, 4, 5.6, 7), bile salts (0,05, 0,1, 0,15, 0,3%), tolerance to NaCl (2, 4, 7,10%), antagonistic activity (Salmonella spp, E. coli), production gas (glucose), growth temperatures (28, 37, 43 ° C) and growth capacity. The most tolerant strains were identified by biochemical tests and carbohydrate fermentation. As a result it was found that three microorganisms: Saccharomyces sp. (3), Bacillus sp. (7) and Lactobacillus sp. (14) have probiotic properties.


Subject(s)
Animals , Food Additives/analysis , Animal Feed/analysis , Animal Feed/supply & distribution , Animal Feed , Diet , Chickens/metabolism , Probiotics/analysis , Probiotics , Birds , Bacillus/metabolism , Bacillus/chemistry , Food Services , Lactobacillus/metabolism , Lactobacillus/chemistry , Poultry , Saccharomyces/metabolism , Saccharomyces/chemistry
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-65167

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the capacity of a lactic acid bacteria (LAB) inoculum to protect calves with or without lactose supplements against Salmonella Dublin infection by evaluating histopathological lesions and pathogen translocation. Fifteen calves were divided into three groups [control group (C-G), a group inoculated with LAB (LAB-G), and a group inoculated with LAB and given lactose supplements (L-LAB-G)] with five, six, and four animals, respectively. The inoculum, composed of Lactobacillus (L.) casei DSPV 318T, L. salivarius DSPV 315T, and Pediococcus acidilactici DSPV 006T, was administered with milk replacer. The LAB-G and L-LAB-G received a daily dose of 109 CFU/kg body weight of each strain throughout the experiment. Lactose was provided to the L-LAB-G in doses of 100 g/day. Salmonella Dublin (2 x 1010 CFU) was orally administered to all animals on day 11 of the experiment. The microscopic lesion index values in target organs were 83%, 70%, and 64.3% (p < 0.05) for the C-G, LAB-G, and L-LAB-G, respectively. Administration of the probiotic inoculum was not fully effective against infection caused by Salmonella. Although probiotic treatment was unable to delay the arrival of pathogen to target organs, it was evident that the inoculum altered the response of animals against pathogen infection.


Subject(s)
Administration, Oral , Animals , Animals, Newborn , Cattle , Cattle Diseases/drug therapy , Dietary Supplements/analysis , Feces/microbiology , Lactobacillus/metabolism , Lactose/metabolism , Male , Pediococcus/metabolism , Probiotics/therapeutic use , Salmonella Infections, Animal/drug therapy , Salmonella enterica/drug effects , Tissue Distribution
18.
Rev. chil. nutr ; 37(4): 461-472, dic. 2010. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-582998

ABSTRACT

During the last decade, the development of functional food has grown as the demand has increased significantly. The Group Functional Foods Research (GAF) of the National University of Colombia, Headquarters Medellin; applies the matrix engineering as the methodology to obtain these, adding antioxidant vitamins, minerals, pro-biotics, among others, in the structure of the fruits. Aim of this study was to develop cape gooseberry minimally processed inoculated with Lactobacillus plantarum in glucose solution, using it as mechanism of incorporating the vacuum impregnation technique. Impregnated samples and stored at 4ºC, at time 0,5,10 and 15 days, counting showed 1J52 +/- 0,6 x 109 CFU/100g fresh cape gooseberry. Having dairy products as a referent to consider food as probiotic (106 CFU/day), an agreement can be made based on the results. The fruit cape gooseberry inoculated with L. plantarum presents these characteristics, providing an improvement in the consumer's diet. The development of innovative products like fruits minimally processed with probiotic microorganisms represents an advance in research and development that reinforces the growing culture food consumption that favors health.


En la última década el desarrollo de alimentos funcionales ha evolucionado y su demanda se ha incrementado notablemente. El grupo de Investigación en Alimentos Funcionales (GAF) de la Universidad Nacional de Colombia Sede Medellín, aplica la Ingeniería de Matrices como metodología de obtención de estos, adicionando vitaminas antioxidantes, minerales, probióticos, entre otros, en la estructura de los frutos. El objetivo de este estudio es desarrollar uchuva mínimamente procesada, inoculada con Lactobacillus plantarum en solución de glucosa, utilizando como mecanismo de incorporación la técnica de impregnación a vacío. Las muestras impregnadas y almacenadas a 4ºC, en los tiempos deO, 5, 10 y 15 días; presentaron conteos de 1,52 +/- 0,6 x 10(9) UFC/100g uchuva fresca. Teniendo como referente los productos lácteos para considerar un alimento como probiótico (10(6) UFC/día), se puede decir de acuerdo con los resultados, que la uchuva inoculada con L. plantarum presenta estas características y puede proporcionar un mejoramiento en la salud del consumidor. El desarrollo de productos innovadores como frutas mínimamente procesadas con microorganismos probióticos, representa un avance en investigación que refuerza la creciente cultura de consumo de alimentos que favorecen la salud.


Subject(s)
Lactobacillus/metabolism , Probiotics/administration & dosage , Food Preservatives
19.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 43(4): 338-344, Apr. 2010. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-543580

ABSTRACT

Lactobacilli isolated from the vaginal tract of women with and without bacterial vaginosis (BV) were identified and characterized for the production of antagonists. Bacterial samples were isolated from healthy women (N = 16), from patients with clinical complaints but without BV (N = 30), and from patients with BV (N = 32). Identification was performed using amplified ribosomal DNA restriction analysis. Production of antagonistic compounds was evaluated by the double-layer diffusion technique using Gram-positive (N = 9) and Gram-negative bacteria (N = 6) as well as yeast (N = 5) as indicator strains. Of a total of 147 isolates, 133 were identified as pertaining to the genus Lactobacillus. Lactobacillus crispatus was the species most frequently recovered, followed by L. johnsonii and L. jensenii. Statistical analysis showed that L. crispatus was more frequent in individuals without BV (P < 0.05). A higher production of antagonists was noted in L. crispatus isolates from healthy women (P < 0.05). More acidic local pH and higher H2O2 production by isolated lactobacilli from healthy women suggest these mechanisms as the possible cause of this antagonism. In conclusion, a significant correlation was detected between the presence and antagonistic properties of certain species of Lactobacillus and the clinical status of the patients.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Hydrogen Peroxide/metabolism , Lactobacillus/metabolism , Vagina/microbiology , Vaginosis, Bacterial/microbiology , Bacterial Typing Techniques/methods , DNA, Ribosomal/analysis , DNA, Ribosomal/genetics , Lactobacillus/classification , Lactobacillus/isolation & purification , Restriction Mapping
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL