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1.
J. appl. oral sci ; 29: e20210038, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1340106

ABSTRACT

Abstract Potent signaling agents stimulate and guide pulp tissue regeneration, especially in endodontic treatment of teeth with incomplete root formation. Objective This study evaluated the bioactive properties of low concentrations of extracellular matrix proteins on human apical papilla cells (hAPCs). Methodology Different concentrations (1, 5, and 10 µg/mL) of fibronectin (FN), laminin (LM), and type I collagen (COL) were applied to the bottom of non-treated wells of sterilized 96-well plates. Non-treated and pre-treated wells were used as negative (NC) and positive (PC) controls. After seeding the hAPCs (5×103 cells/well) on the different substrates, we assessed the following parameters: adhesion, proliferation, spreading, total collagen/type I collagen synthesis and gene expression (ITGA5, ITGAV, COL1A1, COL3A1) (ANOVA/Tukey; α=0.05). Results We observed greater attachment potential for cells on the FN substrate, with the effect depending on concentration. Concentrations of 5 and 10 µg/mL of FN yielded the highest cell proliferation, spreading and collagen synthesis values with 10 µg/mL concentration increasing the ITGA5, ITGAV, and COL1A1 expression compared with PC. LM (5 and 10 µg/mL) showed higher bioactivity values than NC, but those were lower than PC, and COL showed no bioactivity at all. Conclusion We conclude that FN at 10 µg/mL concentration exerted the most intense bioactive effects on hAPCs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Extracellular Matrix Proteins , Fibronectins , Cell Adhesion , Cells, Cultured , Laminin , Collagen Type I , Extracellular Matrix
2.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(5): 1288-1295, oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134438

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of stretching and therapeutic ultrasound (TUS) on desmin and laminin contents of rat muscle after contusion. Male Wistar rats (n = 35, 8-9 weeks of age, 271 ± 14g body weight) were divided into five groups: Control group (CG) (n= 03); Injured group (IG) (n= 8); Injured + ultrasound group (IUSG) (n= 8); Injured+stretching group (ISG) (n= 8); Injured +ultrasound + stretching group (IUSSG) (n= 8). The application of ultrasound started 72 hours after the contusion, using the 50 % pulsed mode, 0.5 W/cm2, 5 min, once a day, for five consecutive days. Passive manual stretching was started on the tenth day after injury, with four repetitions of 30 s each and 30 s rest between repetitions, once a day, five times per week, for a total of ten applications. After 22 days, the rats were euthanazied and the gastrocnemius of both limbs removed for desmin and laminin immunohistochemistry morphometric measurement. Analysis was conducted using ANOVA one way post-hoc Tukey to parametric data and Kruskall-Wallis for non-parametric data. The IUSSG animals showed a larger area of desmin than ISG (p<0.05). It was found a decrease in laminin comparing IUSG to IG. However, laminin area was higher in ISG than all groups (p<0.05). UST isolated or in combination with stretching influenced gastrocnemius regeneration in different manners. While stretching applied isolated enhanced gastrocnemius regeneration noticed by the increase in laminin area, in combination with TUS strengthened the muscle healing rising desmin area.


RESUMEN: El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar los efectos del estiramiento y la ecografía en los contenidos de desmina y laminina del músculo de rata después de la lesión. Ratas Wistar macho (n = 35, 8-9 semanas de edad, 271 ± 14 g de peso corporal) se dividieron en cinco grupos: grupo de control (CG) (n = 03); Grupo lesionado (GL) (n = 8); Lesionado + grupo de ultrasonido (LGU) (n= 8); Lesionado + grupo de estiramiento (LGE) (n = 8); Lesionado + ultrasonido + grupo de estiramiento (LUGE) (n = 8). La aplicación de ultrasonido comenzó 72 horas después de la lesión, usando el modo pulsado al 50 %, 0,5W / cm2, 5 min, una vez al día, durante cinco días consecutivos. El estiramiento manual pasivo se inició el décimo día después de la lesión, con cuatro repeticiones de 30 seg cada una y 30 seg de descanso entre repeticiones, una vez al día, cinco veces por semana, para un total de diez aplicaciones. Las ratas fueron sacrificadas después de 22 días, y se extrajo el músculo gastrocnemio de ambos miembros para la medición morfométrica de desmina y laminina a través de inmunohistoquímica. El análisis se realizó utilizando ANOVA unidireccional Tukey post-hoc para datos paramétricos y Kruskall-Wallis para datos no paramétricos. Los animales LUGE mostraron un área mayor de desmina que LGE (p <0,05). Se encontró una disminución en la laminina comparando LGU con GL. Sin embargo, el área de laminina fue mayor en LGE que en todos los grupos (p <0,05). El tratamiento con ultrasonido aislado o en combinación con estiramiento influyó en la regeneración del músculo gastrocnemio de diferentes maneras. Si bien el estiramiento aplicado, en combinación con tratamiento de ultrasonido, fortaleció el área de desmina, la regeneración del músculo gastrocnemio mejoró por el aumento en el área de laminina aumentando la curación muscular.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Ultrasonic Therapy/methods , Muscle, Skeletal/pathology , Contusions/therapy , Muscle Stretching Exercises/methods , Immunohistochemistry , Analysis of Variance , Laminin/analysis , Rats, Wistar , Muscle, Skeletal/injuries , Desmin/analysis
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811221

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: With the emerging significance of genetic profiles in the management of endometrial cancer, the identification of tumor-driving genes with prognostic value is a pressing need. The LAMC1 gene, encoding the laminin subunit gamma 1 (LAMC1) protein, has been reported to be involved in the progression of various malignant tumors. In this study, we aimed to investigate the role of LAMC1 in endometrial cancer and elucidate the underlying mechanism.METHODS: We evaluated the immunohistochemical expression of LAMC1 in atypical endometrial hyperplasia and endometrial cancer. Within the endometrial cancer cases, we analyzed the association of LAMC1 overexpression with clinicopathological factors and prognosis. Furthermore, to indentify genes influenced by LAMC1 overexpression, we transfected HEC50B and SPAC-S cells with siRNA targeting LAMC1 and conducted microarray gene expression assays.RESULTS: While none of the atypical endometrial hyperplasia specimens exhibited LAMC1 overexpression, endometrial cancer possessed a significantly higher LAMC1 overexpression rate. LAMC1 overexpression was strongly associated with histological type, lymphovascular space invasion, lymph node metastasis, advanced International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage, and poor overall survival in endometrial cancer. Gene expression microarray analysis identified 8 genes correlated with tumor progression (LZTFL1, TAPT1, SEL1L, PAQR6, NME7, TMEM109, CCDC58, and ANKRD40) that were commonly influenced in HEC50B and SPAC-S by LAMC1 silencing.CONCLUSION: LAMC1 overexpression is a potent biomarker for identifying endometrial cancer patients needing aggressive adjuvant therapy. We elucidated 8 candidate genes that may mediate progression of LAMC1 overexpressing cancer. Further investigation of the underlying mechanism should lead to the discovery of new therapeutic targets.


Subject(s)
Endometrial Hyperplasia , Endometrial Neoplasms , Female , Gene Expression , Gene Expression Profiling , Gynecology , Humans , Laminin , Lymph Nodes , Microarray Analysis , Neoplasm Metastasis , Obstetrics , Prognosis , RNA, Small Interfering
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828698

ABSTRACT

Biallelic pathogenic mutations of the LAMA2 gene result in congenital muscular dystrophy type 1A (CMD1A). The patient in this study was a boy aged 19 months, with the clinical manifestations of motor development delay and increases in the serum levels of creatine kinase, aminotransferases, and lactate dehydrogenase. Genetic analysis showed that the patient had compound heterozygous mutations in the LAMA2 gene, among which c.7147C>T (p.Ala2383Ter) from his mother was a known nonsense mutation, and c.8551_8552insAA (p.Ile2852ArgfsTer2) from his father was a frameshift mutation which had never been reported before and was identified as a pathogenic mutation based on the ACMG guideline. The boy was confirmed with CMD1A. A literature review of related articles in China and overseas revealed that most children with CMD1A have disease onset within 6 months after birth, with the features of motor developmental delay, elevated serum creatine kinase, and white matter impairment on imaging examination. The mutations of the LAMA2 gene have remarkable heterogeneity, the majority of which are null mutations. There are no specific treatment methods for CMD1A currently, and children with CMD1A usually have a poor long-term prognosis.


Subject(s)
China , Genetic Testing , Humans , Infant , Laminin , Genetics , Male , Muscular Dystrophies , Genetics , Mutation
5.
J. appl. oral sci ; 28: e20190558, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1101249

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective Ameloblastoma is a representative odontogenic tumor comprising several characteristic invasive forms, and its pathophysiology has not been sufficiently elucidated. A stable animal experimental model using immortalized cell lines is crucial to explain the factors causing differences among the subtypes of ameloblastoma, but this model has not yet been disclosed. In this study, a novel animal experimental model has been established, using immortalized human ameloblastoma-derived cell lines. Methodology Ameloblastoma cells suspended in Matrigel were subcutaneously transplanted into the heads of immunodeficient mice. Two immortalized human ameloblastoma cell lines were used: AM-1 cells derived from the plexiform type and AM-3 cells derived from the follicular type. The tissues were evaluated histologically 30, 60, and 90 days after transplantation. Results Tumor masses formed in all transplanted mice. In addition, the tumors formed in each group transplanted with different ameloblastoma cells were histologically distinct: the tumors in the group transplanted with AM-1 cells were similar to the plexiform type, and those in the group transplanted with AM-3-cells were similar to the follicular type. Conclusions A novel, stable animal experimental model of ameloblastoma was established using two cell lines derived from different subtypes of the tumor. This model can help clarify its pathophysiology and hasten the development of new ameloblastoma treatment strategies.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Mice , Ameloblastoma/pathology , Disease Models, Animal , Neoplasms, Experimental/pathology , Proteoglycans , Time Factors , Immunohistochemistry , Cells, Cultured , Reproducibility of Results , Collagen , Laminin , Cell Line, Tumor , Green Fluorescent Proteins/analysis , Drug Combinations
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739659

ABSTRACT

Coculture with adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) can stimulate proliferation and migration of melanocytes. To enhance outcomes of skin disorders caused by melanocyte loss or death, mixed transplantation with ADSCs has been suggested. However, role of cocultured ADSCs in proliferation and migration of melanocytes remains unclear. This study determined the effect of ADSCs on production of growth factors and expression levels of intergrins in primary culture of adult human melanocytes with or without ADSCs and in nude mice grafted with such melanocytes. Higher amounts of growth factors for melanocytes, such as bFGF and SCF were produced and released from ADSCs by coculturing with melanocytes. Relative levels of integrins β1, α5, and α6 as well as adhesion to fibronectin and laminin were increased in melanocytes cocultured with ADSCs. Such increases were inhibited by neutralization of bFGF or SCF. Relative levels of bFGF, SCF and integrins were increased in nude mice skin after grafting with melanocyte+ADSC cocultures. Collectively, these results indicate that ADSCs can stimulate proliferation and migration of melanocytes by increasing expression of integrins in melanocytes through upregulation of production/release of melanocyte growth factors such as bFGF and SCF.


Subject(s)
Adult , Animals , Coculture Techniques , Extracellular Matrix , Fibronectins , Humans , Integrins , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins , Laminin , Melanocytes , Mice , Mice, Nude , Skin , Stem Cells , Transplants , Up-Regulation
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761912

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Human adipose tissue is routinely discarded as medical waste. However, this tissue may have valuable clinical applications since methods have been devised to effectively isolate adipose-derived extracellular matrix (ECM), growth factors (GFs), and stem cells. In this review, we analyze the literature that devised these methods and then suggest an optimal method based on their characterization results. METHODS: Methods that we analyze in this article include: extraction of adipose tissue, decellularization, confirmation of decellularization, identification of residual active ingredients (ECM, GFs, and cells), removal of immunogens, and comparing structural/physiological/biochemical characteristics of active ingredients. RESULTS: Human adipose ECMs are composed of collagen type I–VII, laminin, fibronectin, elastin, and glycosaminoglycan (GAG). GFs immobilized in GAG include basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), transforming growth factor beta 1(TGF-b1), insulin like growth factor 1 (IGF-1), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), BMP4 (bone morphogenetic protein 4), nerve growth factor (NGF), hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), and epithermal growth factor (EGF). Stem cells in the stromal-vascular fraction display mesenchymal markers, self-renewal gene expression, and multi-differentiation potential. CONCLUSION: Depending on the preparation method, the volume, biological activity, and physical properties of ECM, GFs, and adipose tissue-derived cells can vary. Thus, the optimal preparation method is dependent on the intended application of the adipose tissue-derived products.


Subject(s)
Adipose Tissue , Collagen , Elastin , Extracellular Matrix , Fibroblast Growth Factor 2 , Fibronectins , Gene Expression , Hepatocyte Growth Factor , Humans , Insulin , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins , Laminin , Medical Waste , Methods , Nerve Growth Factor , Platelet-Derived Growth Factor , Stem Cells , Transforming Growth Factor beta , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
8.
Int. j. morphol ; 37(1): 54-58, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-990004

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Matrigel is a basement membrane matrix extracted from the EHS mouse tumor containing extracellular matrix protein, its main components are laminin, type IV collagen, nestin, heparin sulfate, growth factor and matrix metalloproteinase.At room temperature, Matrigel polymerized to form a three dimensional matrix with biological activity. It can simulate the structure, composition, physical properties and functions of the cell basement membrane in vivo, which is beneficial to the culture and differentiation of the cells in vitro, and can be used for the study of cell morphology, biochemical function, migration, infection and gene expression. In this study, Matrigel three-dimensional culture model of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells(BMSCs) was established, and its morphology, proliferation and survival were observed. BMSCs were isolated and cultured with whole bone marrow adherence method. The Second generation BMSCs with good growth condition were selected and mixed with Matrigel to form cell gel complexes. The morphology and proliferation of mesenchymal stem cells were observed by phase contrast microscope and HE staining,Live/Dead staining was used to evaluate the cell activity.Phase contrast microscopy showed that BMSCs were reticulated in Matrigel and proliferated well, After 7 days, the matrix gel gradually became soft and collapsed, a few cell reticular crosslinking growth was seen at 14 days; HE staining showed that the cytoplasm of the cells was larger on the fourth day and the cells were elongated and cross-linked on the seventh day; Live/dead staining showed that most cells showed green fluorescence with the prolongation of culture time, on the first, 4 and 7 days, the activity of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells in Matrigel gradually increased, and the percentages were 92.57 %, 95.54 % and 97.37 %, respectively. Matrigel three-dimensional culture system can maintain the morphology, function and proliferation ability of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells.


RESUMEN: Matrigel es una matriz de membrana basal extraída del tumor de ratón EHS que contiene proteína de matriz extracelular. Los componentes principales son laminina, el colágeno tipo IV, nestina, sulfato de heparina, factor de crecimiento y metaloproteinasa de matriz. A temperatura ambiente, Matrigel se polimerizó para formar una matriz tridimensional. Es posible simular la estructura, la composición, las propiedades físicas y las funciones de la membrana basal celular in vivo, lo que es beneficioso para el cultivo y la diferenciación de las células in vitro, y se puede utilizar para el estudio de la morfología celular, la función bioquímica, la migración, infección y expresión génica. En este estudio, se estableció el modelo de cultivo tridimensional Matrigel de células madre mesenquimales de médula ósea (BMSC), y se observó su morfología, proliferación y supervivencia. Las BMSC fueron aisladas y cultivadas con el método de adherencia de la médula ósea completa. Se seleccionaron las BMSC de segunda generación con buenas condiciones de crecimiento y se mezclaron con Matrigel para formar complejos de gel de células. La morfología y la proliferación de las células madre mesenquimales se observaron con microscopio de contraste de fase y se tiñó con Hematoxilina-Eosina (HE); para evaluar la actividad celular se usó la tinción Live/Dead. La microscopía de contraste mostró que las BMSC se reticularon en Matrigel y proliferaron bien. Después de 7 días, se observó que el gel de matriz gradualmente se volvió blando y colapsó, y se visualizó un cruce transversal de algunas células reticulares a los 14 días. La tinción mostró que la mayoría de las células mostraron una fluorescencia verde con la prolongación del tiempo de cultivo; en los primeros 4 y 7 días, la actividad de las células madre mesenquimales de la médula ósea en Matrigel aumentó gradualmente y los porcentajes fueron de 92,57 %, 95,54 % y 97,37 %, respectivamente. El sistema de cultivo tridimensional de Matrigel puede mantener la morfología, la función y la capacidad de proliferación de las células madre mesenquimales de la médula ósea.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Proteoglycans/chemistry , Collagen/chemistry , Laminin/chemistry , Cell Culture Techniques/methods , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/cytology , Tissue Engineering , Drug Combinations
9.
São Paulo; s.n; s.n; 2019. 139 p. graf, tab, ilus.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1007438

ABSTRACT

A sinalização da matriz extracelular (MEC) é essencial para a determinação do destino e comportamento de células epiteliais da glândula mamária. Entretanto, pouco é conhecido sobre os mecanismos moleculares envolvidos nesse processo. A via Hippo, uma cascata de sinalização que participa da regulação de diversos comportamentos celulares, incluindo o tamanho de órgãos, parece ser uma importante candidata a mediadora sinalização da MEC. Resultados preliminares do laboratório indicam que a arquitetura tecidual e a membrana basal, componente da MEC de epitélios e outros tecidos, influenciam a localização, concentração e atividade de YAP, uma proteína efetora da via Hippo, em células epiteliais mamárias. Neste contexto, o objetivo deste trabalho foi identificar as proteínas que interagem com Yap (ortólogo de YAP em camundongo) nas células epiteliais da glândula mamária em resposta à membrana basal. Foram utilizadas células EpH4, uma linhagem mamária não-tumoral murina, como modelo de diferenciação funcional e formação de ácinos em um ensaio de cultura tridimensional (3D). O tratamento de estruturas multicelulares 3D pré-formadas em placas nãoadesiva com uma matriz rica em laminina (lrECM) alterou a localização e o padrão subcelular de Yap, assim como a expressão gênica de membros da via Hippo e dos alvos de Yap, mas não alterou a expressão das proteínas da via em nível de proteína. O ensaio de co-imunoprecipitação (CoIP) seguida de análise por espectrometria de massas identificou um conjunto diferencial de proteínas que interagem com Yap na fração citoplasmática de células EpH4 cultivadas na ausência ou na presença de lrECM em um modelo de ECM-overlay. Uma análise realizada junto à database KEGG Pathways revelou que os possíveis interagentes Yap nas células cultivadas não-tratadas com lrECM participam de processos relacionados à proteólise mediada por ubiquitina, enquanto nas células expostas à lrECM os possíveis interagentes estão associados a processos metabólicos e são especialmente proteínas-chave do metabolismo de lipídios. A busca na plataforma de redes de interação STRING não identificou trabalhos que destaquem a interação de Yap com estas proteínas. A plataforma Vizit indica a participação de Yap em processos relacionados à síntese e atividade de lipídios e hormônios, o que reforça as evidências de que está pode ser uma nova função de Yap ainda não explorada em detalhes. A fim de se obter resultados complementares à CoIP, padronizamos o ensaio de identificação por biotinilação dependente de proximidade (BioID) em células embrionárias de rim humano da linhagem 293FT. As proteínas isoladas por pulldown foram identificadas por espectrometria de massas e uma análise junto à database Gene Ontology indicou que os possíveis interagentes de Yap nestas células são em sua maioria proteínas relacionadas à via Hippo, o que reforça a robustez do ensaio. Nós pretendemos transpor este sistema para as células EpH4. A expectativa é que, em conjunto, estes resultados nos orientem em projetos futuros para compreender os mecanismos de sinalização da MEC na morfogênese e diferenciação da glândula mamária


Extracellular matrix (ECM)-signaling is crucial for determination of epithelial cell fate and behavior in the mammary gland. However, little is known about the molecular mechanisms involved in these processes. The Hippo pathway, a signaling cascade involved in the regulation of several cellular processes, including organ size, seems to be an important candidate as a mediator of this signaling. Our preliminary results indicate that the tissue architecture and the basement membrane, an ECM component of epithelia and other tissues, influence the location, level and activity of YAP, an effector of the Hippo pathway. In this context, the goal of this work was to identify the proteins that interact with Yap (ortholog of YAP in mouse) in mammary epithelial cells in response to the basement membrane. We used EpH4 cells, a nontumoral murine mammary cell, in a functional differentiation and acini-forming in tridimensional (3D) culture assay. Treatment of 3D multicellular structures pre-formed on nonadhesive plates with a laminin-rich extracellular matrix (lrECM) altered the subcellular localization and pattern of Yap, as well as gene expression of Hippo pathway proteins and Yap targets, but did not altered the expression of the pathway members at the protein level. Coimmunoprecipitation (CoIP) followed by mass spectrometry analysis identified a differential set of proteins interacting with Yap in cytoplasmic fractions of EpH4 cells in the absence or presence of lrECM in an ECM-overlay culture model. An analysis performed with the KEGG Pathways database revealed that putative Yap interactors in non-treated cells participate in processes related to ubiquitin-mediated proteolysis, whereas in cells exposed to lrECM Yap interactors are associated to metabolic processes and are mainly key-proteins of metabolism of lipids and carbohydrates. A search in interaction networks platform STRING did not identify previous works that showing the interaction of Yap with these proteins. Vizit platform indicated the participation of Yap in processes related to the synthesis and activity of lipids and hormones, which reinforces the evidences that Yap can play a novel poorly explored role. To obtain complementary results to CoIP, we devised the proximity-dependent biotinylation identification (BioID) assay on embryonic renal cells of 293FT cell line. Pulldown-isolated proteins were identified by mass spectrometry and an analysis performed with Gene Ontology database revealed that putative Yap interactors are Hippo pathway-related proteins, which reinforces the robustness of the assay. We intend to transpose this system to the EpH4 cells. We expect that, together, these results will guide us in future projects to understand the signaling mechanisms of ECM in mammary gland morphogenesis and differentiation


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Mammary Glands, Human , Epithelial Cells/classification , Extracellular Matrix/chemistry , Mass Spectrometry/methods , Basement Membrane/anatomy & histology , Laminin/adverse effects
10.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 33: e059, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039303

ABSTRACT

Abstract We recently demonstrated that a co-culture system of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) and human dental pulp stem cells (hDPSCs) could enhance angiogenesis ability in vitro. However, whether tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) could promote blood vessel formation during pulp regeneration remained unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of TNF-α on the formation of endothelial tubules and vascular networks in a co-culture system of hDPSCs and HUVECs. hDPSCs were co-cultured with HUVECs at a ratio of 1:5. The Matrigel assay was performed to detect the total tubule branching lengths and numbers of branches, and the Cell-Counting Kit 8 assay was performed to examine the effect of TNF-α on cell proliferation. Real-time polymerase chain reactions and western blot were used to detect vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) mRNA and protein expression. The Matrigel assay showed significantly greater total branching lengths and numbers of branches formed in the experimental groups treated with different concentrations of TNF-α compared with the control group. The decomposition times of the tubule structures were also significantly prolonged (P < 0.05). Treatment with 50 ng/ml TNF-α did not significantly change the proliferation of co-cultured cells, but it significantly increased the VEGF mRNA and protein expression levels (p < 0.05). In addition, the migration abilities of HUVECs and hDPSCs increased after co-culture with TNF-α (p < 0.05). TNF-α enhanced angiogenic ability in vitro in the co-culture system of hDPSCs and HUVECs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/pharmacology , Neovascularization, Physiologic/drug effects , Dental Pulp/cytology , Dental Pulp/drug effects , Angiogenesis Inducing Agents/pharmacology , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells/drug effects , Proteoglycans , Reference Values , Time Factors , Cell Count , Cells, Cultured , Blotting, Western , Reproducibility of Results , Collagen , Laminin , Neovascularization, Physiologic/physiology , Dental Pulp/physiology , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/analysis , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/drug effects , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Cell Proliferation/physiology , Drug Combinations , Cell Migration Assays , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells/physiology , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
11.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 229-237, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691006

ABSTRACT

<p><b>PURPOSE</b>Microgravity is known to cause endothelium dysfunction in astronauts returning from spaceflight. We aimed to reveal the regulatory mechanism in alterations of human endothelial cells after simulated microgravity (SMG).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We utilized the rotary cell culture system (RCCS-1) to explore the subsequent effects of SMG on human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>SMG-treated HUVECs appeared obvious growth inhibition after return to normal gravity, which might be attributed to a set of responses including alteration of cytoskeleton, decreased cell adhesion capacity and increased apoptosis. Expression levels of mTOR and its downstream Apaf-1 were increased during subsequent culturing after SMG. miR-22 was up-regulated and its target genes SRF and LAMC1 were down-regulated at mRNA levels. LAMC1 siRNAs reduced cell adhesion rate and inhibited stress fiber formation while SRF siRNAs caused apoptosis.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>SMG has the subsequent biological effects on HUVECs, resulting in growth inhibition through mTOR signaling and miR-22-mediated mechanism.</p>


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Proliferation , Cells, Cultured , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells , Physiology , Humans , Laminin , Genetics , MicroRNAs , Physiology , Weightlessness Simulation
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713805

ABSTRACT

Urine-derived stem cells (USCs) are considered as a promising cell source capable of neuronal differentiation. In addition, specific growth factors and extracellular matrix are essential for enhancing their neuronal differentiation efficiency. In this study, we investigated the possibility of neuronal differentiation of USCs and the role of laminin and platelet-derived growth factor BB (PDGF-BB) as promoting factors. USCs were isolated from fresh urine of healthy donors. Cultured USCs were adherent to the plate and their morphology was similar to the cobblestone. In addition, they showed chromosome stability, rapid proliferation rate, colony forming capacity, and mesenchymal stem cell characteristics. For inducing the neuronal differentiation, USCs were cultured for 14 days in neuronal differentiation media supplemented with/without laminin and/or PDGF-BB. To identify the expression of neuronal markers, RT-PCR, flow cytometry analysis and immunocytochemistry were used. After neuronal induction, the cells showed neuron-like morphological change and high expression level of neuronal markers. In addition, laminin and PDGF-BB respectively promoted the neuronal differentiation of USCs and the combination of laminin and PDGF-BB showed a synergistic effect for the neuronal differentiation of USCs. In conclusion, USCs are noteworthy cell source in the field of neuronal regeneration and laminin and PDGF-BB promote their neuronal differentiation efficiency.


Subject(s)
Chromosomal Instability , Extracellular Matrix , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins , Laminin , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Neurons , Platelet-Derived Growth Factor , Regeneration , Stem Cells , Tissue Donors
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776071

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Newly identified human rhinovirus C (HRV-C) and human bocavirus (HBoV) cannot propagate in vitro in traditional cell culture models; thus obtaining knowledge about these viruses and developing related vaccines are difficult. Therefore, it is necessary to develop a novel platform for the propagation of these types of viruses.@*METHODS@#A platform for culturing human airway epithelia in a three-dimensional (3D) pattern using Matrigel as scaffold was developed. The features of 3D culture were identified by immunochemical staining and transmission electron microscopy. Nucleic acid levels of HRV-C and HBoV in 3D cells at designated time points were quantitated by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Levels of cytokines, whose secretion was induced by the viruses, were measured by ELISA.@*RESULTS@#Properties of bronchial-like tissues, such as the expression of biomarkers CK5, ZO-1, and PCK, and the development of cilium-like protuberances indicative of the human respiration tract, were observed in 3D-cultured human airway epithelial (HAE) cultures, but not in monolayer-cultured cells. Nucleic acid levels of HRV-C and HBoV and levels of virus-induced cytokines were also measured using the 3D culture system.@*CONCLUSION@#Our data provide a preliminary indication that the 3D culture model of primary epithelia using a Matrigel scaffold in vitro can be used to propagate HRV-C and HBoV.


Subject(s)
Collagen , Drug Combinations , Enterovirus , Enterovirus Infections , Virology , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Epithelial Cells , Virology , Human bocavirus , Humans , Laminin , Parvoviridae Infections , Virology , Primary Cell Culture , Methods , Proteoglycans , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Respiratory Mucosa , Virology , Virus Cultivation
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-813189

ABSTRACT

To determine the effect of andrographolide (Andro) on angiogenesis of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs).
 Methods: HUVECs were treated with different concentrations of Andro and the cell viability was detected with Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8). HUVECs were treated with half lethal dose (IC50) of Andro. Matrigel was used to make capillary formation of HUVECs and the effect of Andro on capillary formation was evaluated by calculating the percentage of capillary formation. Moreover, the effects of Andro and the supernatant from cultured A549 tumor cells on capillary formation were evaluated by calculating the percentage of capillary formation. The effect of Andro on the expression of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) was determined with Western blot.
 Results: The cell viability of HUVECs decreased with the increase of Andro concentrations. IC50 was 20 μmol/L. The capillary formation of HUVECs was inhibited when treated with 20 μmol/L Andro for 24 hours. Moreover, Andro was able to antagonize the promotion of the capillary formation induced by the supernatant from cultured tumor cells. Andro could suppress the expression of MMP-9 and antagonize the capillary formation.
 Conclusion: Andro inhibits the capillary formation of HUVECs and can antagonize the promotion of angiogenesis induced by the supernatant from cultured tumor cells.


Subject(s)
Capillaries , Cell Survival , Collagen , Culture Media , Diterpenes , Pharmacology , Drug Combinations , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells , Humans , Laminin , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 , Metabolism , Neovascularization, Pathologic , Proteoglycans , Tumor Cells, Cultured
15.
São Paulo; s.n; s.n; 2018. 201 p. ilus, tab, graf.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-911604

ABSTRACT

O diabetes mellitus do tipo 1 (DM1) é uma doença causada pela destruição autoimune das células-ß produtoras de insulina do pâncreas. O transplante de ilhotas pancreáticas é um procedimento tecnicamente simples sendo uma alternativa terapêutica interessante para o DM1. Entretanto, a oferta limitada de pâncreas de doadores falecidos e a necessidade de imunossupressão crônica são fatores que limitam a aplicabilidade dessa modalidade de transplante. Neste trabalho foram estudadas duas estratégias que visam oferecer soluções aos fatores limitantes do transplante de ilhotas pancreáticas. Na primeira parte do trabalho, o mecanismo molecular que dirige o processo de diferenciação de células-tronco embrionárias murinas (murine embryonic stem cells, mESCs) em células produtoras de insulina (insulin producing cells, IPCs) foi analisado visando otimizar o processo de diferenciação. Nós selecionamos o gene Thioredoxin interacting protein (Txnip), diferencialmente expresso ao longo da diferenciação ß-pancreática, para realizar um estudo funcional através da modificação genética de mESCs. Os resultados obtidos permitiram verificar que a inibição de Txnip na diferenciação ß-pancreática pode induzir a diferenciação de IPCs com maior expressão de marcadores de células- e mais responsivas ao estímulo de glicose. Além disso, o modelo de zebrafish permitiu elucidar in vivo o papel de Txnip durante a organogênese pancreática, revelando que a inibição desse gene é capaz de aumentar a massa de células-ß através do estimulo de células presentes no ducto extra-pancreático. Dessa forma, a inibição de Txnip pode aprimorar os protocolos para obtenção de IPCs a partir de células-tronco pluripotentes. A exposição crônica a agentes imunossupressores diabetogênicos e a perda de componentes de matriz extracelular durante o isolamento de ilhotas pancreáticas são causas para a perda de funcionalidade do enxerto. Dessa forma, na segunda parte do trabalho, um biomaterial inovador foi desenvolvido, contendo um polímero de laminina (polilaminina, PLn) para o encapsulamento e a imunoproteção de ilhotas pancreáticas. As cápsulas produzidas com o biomaterial desenvolvido, Bioprotect-Pln, são térmica- e mecanicamente estáveis, além de serem biocompatíveis e capazes de imunoproteger ilhotas pancreáticas humanas in vitro. O encapsulamento com Bioprotect-Pln preserva a funcionalidade de ilhotas pancreáticas. Além disso, quando cápsulas vazias de Bioprotect-Pln foram implantadas em camundongos imunocompetentes, houve atenuação da resposta inflamatória ao implante, uma das principais causas para perda de funcionalidade de enxertos encapsulados. Os resultados obtidos indicam que a presença de polilaminina na malha capsular induz uma resposta anti-inflamatória que pode beneficiar a preservação do enxerto de ilhotas pancreáticas encapsuladas. Atualmente, o transplante de ilhotas pancreáticas é visto como a terapia celular mais promissora para atingir a independência de insulina em pacientes de DM1, porém, a aplicabilidade desse transplante ainda é limitada. Este trabalho contribuiu para a elucidação dos mecanismos moleculares que podem aprimorar o processo de diferenciação de célulastronco pluripotentes em IPCs, estabelecendo uma fonte alternativa de células para a terapiade reposição, e, também, estabeleceu um biomaterial inovador, capaz de diminuir a resposta inflamatória ao implante de microcápsulas e de imunoproteger células microencapsuladas. Desta forma, este trabalho contribui para o estabelecimento da terapia de reposição celular para pacientes de DM1


Type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM1) is a disease caused by the autoimmune destruction of insulin-producing pancreatic ß-cells. Pancreatic islet transplantation is a technically simple procedure and an interesting alternative therapy for DM1, however, the limited supply of cadaveric donated pancreas and the need of life-long immunosuppression are factors which limit its applicability. In the present work, two strategies were employed aiming at establishing viable solutions for the factors limiting pancreatic islet transplantation. In the first part of this study, the molecular mechanism which drives differentiation of murine embryonic stem cells (mESCs) into insulin producing cells (IPCs) was analyzed in order to optimize the differentiation process. The Thioredoxin interacting protein (Txnip) gene, which is differentially expressed along -pancreatic differentiation, was selected to undergo a functional analysis by genetically modifying mESCs. The results allowed us to verify that Txnip inhibition during the ß-pancreatic differentiation process can induce differentiation of IPCs displaying higher expression of ß-cell markers and being more responsive to glucose stimuli. In addition, the zebrafish model allowed us to elucidate in vivo the role of Txnip during pancreatic organogenesis, revealing that its inhibition is able to increase the mass of ß-cells through stimulation of extra-pancreatic ductal cells. Therefore, Txnip inhibition may turbinate IPCs differentiation from pluripotent stem cells. The chronic exposure to diabetogenic immunosuppressive agents and the loss of extracellular matrix components during isolation of pancreatic islets are probable causes for the loss of pancreatic islet graft functionality. Therefore, in the second part of this study, an innovative biomaterial was developed by incorporating a laminin polymer (polylaminin, PLn) for the encapsulation and immunoprotection of pancreatic islets. The capsules produced with the novel biomaterial, Bioprotect-Pln, are biocompatible, thermally and mechanically stable and are able to immunoprotect human pancreatic islets in vitro. Encapsulation with Bioprotect-Pln preserves the functionality of pancreatic islets. In addition, when empty Bioprotect-Pln capsules were implanted into immunocompetent mice, an attenuation of the inflammatory response to the implant occurred, this being one of the main causes of encapsulated graft loss. The results indicate that polylaminin addition to the capsular mesh induces an anti-inflammatory response which may favor preservation of the engrafted encapsulated pancreatic islets. Pancreatic islet transplantation is currently seen as the most promising cell therapy to achieve insulin independence in DM1 patients, however, the applicability of this transplant is still limited. This work contributed to the elucidation of the molecular mechanisms which can turbinate the differentiation of pluripotent stem cells into IPCs, establishing an alternative source of cells for the replacement therapy, and, also, established an innovative biomaterial which is able to decrease the inflammatory response to the graft, thereby immunoprotecting the microencapsulated cells. Therefore, this work contributes to the establishment of the cell replacement therapy for DM1 patients


Subject(s)
Complementary Therapies/statistics & numerical data , Latent Autoimmune Diabetes in Adults/drug therapy , Mouse Embryonic Stem Cells , Insulin-Secreting Cells , Islets of Langerhans Transplantation , Laminin
16.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 51(1): e6382, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889010

ABSTRACT

Biological biomaterials for tissue engineering purposes can be produced through tissue and/or organ decellularization. The remaining extracellular matrix (ECM) must be acellular and preserve its proteins and physical features. Placentas are organs of great interest because they are discarded after birth and present large amounts of ECM. Protocols for decellularization are tissue-specific and have not been established for canine placentas yet. This study aimed at analyzing a favorable method for decellularization of maternal and fetal portions of canine placentas. Canine placentas were subjected to ten preliminary tests to analyze the efficacy of parameters such as the type of detergents, freezing temperatures and perfusion. Two protocols were chosen for further analyses using histology, scanning electron microscopy, immunofluorescence and DNA quantification. Sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) was the most effective detergent for cell removal. Freezing placentas before decellularization required longer periods of incubation in different detergents. Both perfusion and immersion methods were capable of removing cells. Placentas decellularized using Protocol I (1% SDS, 5 mM EDTA, 50 mM TRIS, and 0.5% antibiotic) preserved the ECM structure better, but Protocol I was less efficient to remove cells and DNA content from the ECM than Protocol II (1% SDS, 5 mM EDTA, 0.05% trypsin, and 0.5% antibiotic).


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Pregnancy , Dogs , Placenta/cytology , Tissue Engineering/methods , Extracellular Matrix , Fetus/cytology , Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate/pharmacology , Biocompatible Materials , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Reproducibility of Results , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Collagen/analysis , Fibronectins/analysis , Laminin/analysis , Edetic Acid , Cold Temperature , Tissue Engineering/veterinary , Immersion
17.
Biol. Res ; 51: 15, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-950901

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Translational research to develop pharmaceutical and surgical treatments for pterygium requires a reliable and easy to produce animal model. Extracellular matrix and fibroblast are important components of pterygium. The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of the subconjunctival injection of fibroblast cells (NIH3T3 cell line) and exogenous extracellular matrix in rabbits in producing a pterygium-like lesion. METHODS: Six 3-month-old white New Zealand rabbits were injected with 20,000 NIH3T3 cells and 5 µL of Matrigel in the right conjunctiva, and with only 5 µL of Matrigel in the left conjunctiva. The eyes were photographed under a magnification of 16× using a 12-megapixel digital camera attached to the microscope on day 1,3 and 7. Conjunctival vascularization was measured by analyzing images to measure red pixel saturation. Area of corneal and conjunctival fibrovascular tissue formation on the site of injection was assessed by analyzing the images on day 3 and 7 using area measurement software. Histopathologic characteristics were determined in the rabbit tissues and compared with a human primary pterygium. RESULTS: The two treatments promoted growth of conjunctival fibrovascular tissue at day 7. The red pixel saturation and area of fibrovascular tissue developed was significantly higher in right eyes (p < 0.05). Tissues from both treatments showed neovascularization in lesser extent to that observed in human pterygium. Acanthosis, stromal inflammation, and edema were found in tissues of both treatments. No elastosis was found in either treatment. CONCLUSIONS: Matrigel alone or in combination with NIH3T3 cells injected into the rabbits' conjunctiva can promote tissue growth with characteristics of human pterygium, including neovascularization, acanthosis, stromal inflammation, and edema. The combination of Matrigel with NIH3T3 cells seems to have an additive effect on the size and redness of the pterygium-like tissue developed.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Rabbits , Proteoglycans/adverse effects , Pterygium/etiology , Collagen/adverse effects , Laminin/adverse effects , Disease Models, Animal , Extracellular Matrix/transplantation , Fibroblasts/transplantation , Proteoglycans/administration & dosage , Pterygium/pathology , Collagen/administration & dosage , Laminin/administration & dosage , NIH 3T3 Cells , Drug Combinations
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-220606

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: We investigated the effects of laminin on the fraction of cells with self-renewing capacity in the estrogen-dependent, tamoxifen-sensitive LM05-E breast cancer cell line. We also determined whether laminin affected the response to tamoxifen. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The LM05-E breast cancer cell line was used as a model for all experiments. Aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) activity, clonogenic and mammosphere assays were performed to measure the effects of laminin on modulation of the stem cell subpopulation. Pluripotent gene expression was analyzed by reverse transcriptase–polymerase chain reaction. The involvement of the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK)/ERK pathway was determined using specific inhibitors. The effects of laminin on the response to tamoxifenwere determined and the involvement of α6 integrin was investigated. RESULTS: We found that pretreatment with laminin leads to a decrease in cells with the ability to form mammospheres that was accompanied by a decrease in ALDH activity. Moreover, exposure of mammospheres to laminin reduced the capacity to form secondary mammospheres and decreased the expression of Sox-2, Nanog, and Oct-4. We previously reported that 4-OH-tamoxifen leads to an increase in the expression of these genes in LM05-E cells. Treatment with signaling pathway inhibitors revealed that the MAPK/ERK pathway mediates the effects of laminin. Finally, laminin induced tamoxifen resistance in LM05-E cells through α6 integrin. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that the final number of cells with self-renewing capacity in estrogen-dependent breast tumors may result from the combined effects of endocrine treatment and microenvironmental cues.


Subject(s)
Aldehyde Dehydrogenase , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Cell Line , Cues , Estrogen Receptor alpha , Gene Expression , Laminin , MAP Kinase Signaling System , Protein Kinases , Stem Cells , Tamoxifen
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-649896

ABSTRACT

In this paper we report the differentiating properties of platelet-rich plasma releasates (PRPr) on human chondrocytes within elastomeric polycaprolactone triol–citrate (PCLT–CA) porous scaffold. Human-derived chondrocyte cellular content of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) and total collagen were determined after seeding into PCLT–CA scaffold enriched with PRPr cells. Immunostaining and real time PCR was applied to evaluate the expression levels of chondrogenic and extracellular gene markers. Seeding of chondrocytes into PCLT–CA scaffold enriched with PRPr showed significant increase in total collagen and GAGs production compared with chondrocytes grown within control scaffold without PRPr cells. The mRNA levels of collagen II and SOX9 increased significantly while the upregulation in Cartilage Oligomeric Matrix Protein (COMP) expression was statistically insignificant. We also report the reduction of the expression levels of collagen I and III in chondrocytes as a consequence of proximity to PRPr cells within the scaffold. Interestingly, the pre-loading of PRPr caused an increase of expression levels of following extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins: fibronectin, laminin and integrin β over the period of 3 days. Overall, our results introduce the PCLT–CA elastomeric scaffold as a new system for cartilage tissue engineering. The method of PRPr cells loading prior to chondrocyte culture could be considered as a potential environment for cartilage tissue engineering as the differentiation and ECM formation is enhanced significantly.


Subject(s)
Blood Platelets , Cartilage Oligomeric Matrix Protein , Cartilage , Chondrocytes , Collagen , Elastomers , Extracellular Matrix , Fibronectins , Glycosaminoglycans , Humans , Laminin , Methods , Phenotype , Platelet-Rich Plasma , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , RNA, Messenger , Tissue Engineering , Up-Regulation
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-649882

ABSTRACT

Clinical investigations have shown a significant relationship between osteoarthritis (OA) and estrogens levels in menopausalwomen. Therefore, treatment with exogenous estrogens has been shownto decrease the risk ofOA.However, the effect estrogen has not been clearly demonstrated in the chondrocytes using phytoestrogens, which lack the specific side-effects of estrogens, may provide an alternative therapy. This study was designed to examine the possible effects of phytoestrogen (daidzein) on human chondrocyte phenotype and extracellular matrix formation. Phytoestrogens which lack the specific side-effects of estrogens may provide beneficial effect without causing hormone based side effect. Human chondrocytes cells were cultured in 2D (flask) and 3D (PCL-CA scaffold) systems. Daidzein cytotoxic effect was determined by MTT assay. Chondrocyte cellular content of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs), total collagen and chondrogenic gene expression were determined in both culture systems after treatment with daidzein.Daidzein showedtime-dependent and dose-independent effects on chondrocyte bioactivity.Thecompound at low doses showed significant (p0.05). The expression levels of Fibronectin, Laminin and Integrin b1were significantly increased especially in3Dculture system. This studywas illustrated the potential positive effects of daidzein onmaintenance of human chondrocyte phenotype and extracellular matrix formation suggesting an attractive and viable alternative therapy for OA.


Subject(s)
Chondrocytes , Collagen , Estrogens , Extracellular Matrix , Fibronectins , Gene Expression , Glycosaminoglycans , Humans , Laminin , Osteoarthritis , Phenotype , Phytoestrogens , RNA, Messenger , Up-Regulation
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