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Prensa méd. argent ; 109(3): 97-100, 20230000. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1444329


La apendicitis aguda (AA) es una de las afecciones más frecuentes para la consulta por el servicio de guardia que requiere tratamiento quirúrgico, con una incidencia estimada de entre 6 y 8%. Métodos: Se crearon dos grupos compuestos por 25 pacientes seleccionados al azar: G1. Apendectomía laparoscópica (AL). G2. Apendectomía convencional (CA). Analizamos variables como sexo, edad, tiempo de operación, dolor postoperatorio, estadía en el hospital y complicaciones postoperatorias. Resultados: el 53.2% de los pacientes eran hombres y el 46.8% restante eran mujeres, con una edad media de 31 años. La serie arrojó una tasa de complicación general del 28% para G1 y 68% para G2. Conclusión: lo que marca la evolución no es solo la capacidad del residente interino, sino también la condición del órgano y los propios factores del paciente

Acute appendicitis (AA) is one of the most frequent conditions for consultation by the on-call service that requires surgical treatment, with an estimated incidence of between 6 and 8%. Methods: Two groups made up of 25 randomly selected patients were created: G1. Laparoscopic appendectomy (AL). G2. Conventional appendectomy (CA). We analyzed variables such as sex, age, operating time, postoperative pain, hospital stay, and postoperative complications. Results: 53.2% of the patients were male and the remaining 46.8% were female, with a mean age of 31 years. The series yielded a general complication rate of 28% for G1 and 68% for G2. Conclusión: What marks the evolution is not only the capacity of the acting resident, but also the condition of the organ and the patient's own factors

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Appendectomy/methods , General Surgery/methods , Laparoscopy/methods
Femina ; 51(3): 182-189, 20230331. Ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1428734


Objetivo: Identificar o impacto da histerectomia para patologias benignas sobre a sexualidade feminina. Métodos: Revisão de literatura com busca na plataforma PubMed, sendo selecionados 23 artigos em português e inglês publicados entre 2016 e 2021. Resultados: Foi descrita, majoritariamente, melhora na função sexual após histerectomia, semelhante às abordagens totais ou supracervicais e independentemente da via de acesso cirúrgico, apesar de impacto ligeiramente menor com a via laparoscópica. Na laparoscopia, houve melhor desfecho sexual no fechamento da cúpula vaginal, quando comparado ao fechamento via vaginal. Ademais, a ooforectomia concomitante apresentou resultados conflitantes e inconclusivos. Conclusão: A histerectomia afeta positivamente a saúde sexual feminina e aspectos técnicos podem interferir na função sexual, porém os dados são limitados. Devido à importância do tema, necessitam-se de mais estudos com metodologias padronizadas para possibilitar análises mais detalhadas.

Objective: To identify the impact of hysterectomy for benign pathologies on female sexuality. Methods: Literature review with search on PubMed platform, being selected 23 articles in Portuguese and English published between 2016 and 2021. Results: Improvement in sexual function after hysterectomy was mostly described, being similar in total or supracervical approaches and independent of the surgical access route, although it had slightly lower impact when laparoscopic. In the laparoscopic approach, there was better sexual outcome in the vaginal dome closure when compared to vaginal closure. In addition, concomitant oophorectomy showed conflicting and inconclusive results. Conclusion: Hysterectomy positively affects female sexual health and technical aspects may interfere with sexual function, but data are limited. Due to the importance of the theme, more studies with standardized methodologies are needed to enable more detailed analyses.

Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Pelvis/innervation , Hysterectomy/adverse effects , Uterus/physiopathology , Women's Health Services/statistics & numerical data , Laparoscopy/methods , Sexuality , Hysterectomy, Vaginal/methods
Braz. j. anesth ; 73(1): 85-90, Jan.-Feb. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1420642


Abstract Backgraund: This prospective observational cohort study aimed to investigate the relationship between preoperative anxiety levels and postoperative pain and analgesic requirement in patients undergoing laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy. Methods: Forty two female patients with body mass index ≥ 35, who underwent laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy for treatment of obesity were included in the study. Spielberger's state and trait anxiety scales were used in this study. Demographic data of the patients, anesthetic and analgesic drugs during the surgery, pain levels measured with verbal analog scale at the postoperative 1st, 4th, 12th, and 24th hour, sedation levels measured with the Ramsay sedation scale, and the amount of analgesic consumed were recorded. Anesthesiologist, surgeon, and patient were not informed of the anxiety level results. The relationship between preoperative anxiety and postoperative pain and analgesic consumption was evaluated by Spearman's correlation analysis. Stepwise multiple linear regression analysis was applied. Normal Distribution control was performed by applying the Shapiro-Wilk test to residual values obtained from the final model. Results: There was no relationship between trait anxiety level and postoperative pain and analgesic consumption. A correlation was found between state anxiety level and pain level up to 24 hours and analgesic consumption (p < 0.05). According to the obtained model it had been observed that the university graduates consumed more analgesic compared to other education level groups. Conclusion: In this study, a relationship was found between preoperative state anxiety level and 24-hour pain scores and analgesic consumption in patients who underwent laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy under general anesthesia.

Humans , Female , Laparoscopy/methods , Analgesics/therapeutic use , Anxiety , Pain, Postoperative/etiology , Pain, Postoperative/prevention & control , Pain, Postoperative/drug therapy , Prospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Gastrectomy/methods
Braz. j. anesth ; 73(1): 36-41, Jan.-Feb. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1420657


Abstract Introduction The higher risk of perioperative complications associated with obesity has made anesthesiologists increasingly concerned with the management of obese patients. Measures that improve bariatric surgery patient safety have become essential. The implementation of ERAS protocols in several surgical specialties has made it possible to achieve appropriate outcomes as to surgery safety. The aim of this study was to evaluate patient compliance with the recommendations of an ERAS protocol for Bariatric Surgery (ERABS) at a hospital specialized in obesity treatment. Methods Cross-sectional study, using a medical record database, in a hospital certified as an International Center of Excellence in Bariatric and Metabolic Surgery. The definition of the variables to be assessed was based on the most recent ERABS proposed by Thorell et al. Results were analyzed using descriptive epidemiology. Results The study evaluated all patients undergoing bariatric surgery in 2019. Mean compliance with the recommendations per participant was 42.8%, with a maximum of 55.5%, and was distributed as follows: 22.6% of compliance with preoperative recommendations, 60% to intraoperative recommendations, and 58.1% to postoperative recommendations. The anesthesiologist is the professional who provides most measures for the perioperative optimization of bariatric surgery patients. In our study we found that anesthesiologists complied with only 39.5% of ERABS recommendations. Conclusions Mean compliance with ERABS recommendations per participant was 42.8%. Considering that the study was carried out at a hospital certified as an international center of excellence, the need for introducing improvements in the care of patients to be submitted to bariatric surgery is evident.

Humans , Laparoscopy/methods , Bariatric Surgery/methods , Enhanced Recovery After Surgery , Obesity/surgery , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Obesity, Morbid , Cross-Sectional Studies
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 36: e1748, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1447014


ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Obesity has reached epidemic proportions among adolescents. Methods, such as bariatric surgery, have become the most effective treatment for patients with classes III and IV obesity. AIM: To evaluate weight loss, comorbidity remission, and long-term results of bariatric surgery in adolescents. METHODS: Study with adolescent patients undergoing bariatric surgery, evaluating laboratory tests, comorbidities, and the percentage of excess weight loss in the preoperative period and at one, two, and five years postoperatively. RESULTS: A total of 65 patients who met the inclusion criteria, with a mean age of 18.6 years, were included in the analysis. In the preoperative period, 30.8% of hypercholesterolemia, 23.1% of systemic arterial hypertension, and 18.4% of type 2 diabetes were recorded, with remission of these percentages occurring in 60, 66.7 and 83.4%, respectively. The mean percentage of excess weight loss was 63.48% after one year of surgery, 64.75% after two years, and 57.28% after five years. The mean preoperative total cholesterol level was 180.26 mg/dL, and after one, two, and five years, it was 156.89 mg/dL, 161.39 mg/dL, and 150.97 mg/dL, respectively. The initial mean of low-density lipoprotein was 102.19mg/dL and after five years the mean value reduced to 81.81 mg/dL. The mean preoperative glycemia was 85.08 mg/dL and reduced to 79.13 mg/dL after one year, and to 76.19 mg/dL after five years. CONCLUSIONS: Bariatric surgery is safe and effective in adolescents, with low morbidity, resulting in a loss of excess weight and long-term stability, improving laboratory tests, and leading to remission of comorbidities, such as diabetes mellitus, hypercholesterolemia, and systemic arterial hypertension.

RESUMO RACIONAL: A obesidade tomou proporções epidêmicas entre adolescentes, e procedimentos como a cirurgia bariátrica tornou-se o tratamento mais efetivo em pacientes com obesidade grau III e IV. OBJETIVOS: Avaliar a perda peso, a remissão de comorbidades, e resultados a longo prazo da cirurgia bariátrica em adolescentes. MÉTODOS: Estudo com pacientes adolescentes submetidos à cirurgia bariátrica, avaliando exames laboratoriais, comorbidades e o percentual de perda de excesso de peso, nos períodos pré-operatório e com 1, 2 e 5 anos de pós-operatório. RESULTADOS: Foram incluídos no estudo 65 pacientes que preencheram os critérios de inclusão, com a média de idade de 18,6 anos. No pré-operatório foram registrados: 30,8% hipercolesterolemia, 23,1% hipertensão arterial sistêmica e 18,4% diabetes tipo 2, ocorrendo remissão destes porcentuais em 60, 66,7 e 83,4%, respectivamente. O percentual médio de perda de excesso de peso após 1 ano foi de 63,48%, após 2 anos foi de 64,75% e após 5 anos foi 57,28%. O valor médio do colesterol total no pré-operatório era de 180,26mg/dL, e após 1 ano, 2 anos e 5 anos foram de 156,89mg/dL,161,39mg/dL e de 150,97mg/dL, respectivamente. A média inicial de lipoproteína de baixa densidade era 102,19mg/dL e após 5 anos o valor médio reduziu para 81,81 mg/dL. O valor médio da glicose pré-operatório era 85,08 mg/dL, após um ano uma média 79,13mg/dL, e com 5 anos 76,19 mg/dL. CONCLUSÕES: A cirurgia bariátrica é segura e eficaz em adolescentes, com baixa morbidade, resultando em uma perda do excesso de peso e estabilidade a longo prazo, melhorando exames laboratoriais e levando a remissão de comorbidades como diabetes mellitus, hipercolesterolemia e hipertensão arterial sistêmica.

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Obesity, Morbid/surgery , Laparoscopy/methods , Bariatric Surgery/methods , Pediatric Obesity/surgery , Obesity, Morbid/diagnosis , Weight Loss , Comorbidity , Sex Factors , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Pediatric Obesity/diagnosis
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1403143


El procedimiento de apendicostomía continente para la realización de enemas anterógrados ha sido publicado ya hace varios años para el tratamiento de la incontinencia fecal y del estreñimiento de muy difícil manejo. Otra indicación del mismo incluye el estreñimiento severo, en el cual se agotaron las medidas farmacológicas y el único tratamiento efectivo es la realización de enemas. El objetivo principal del procedimiento es ofrecer a los niños y sus familias una alternativa a la hora de realizar los enemas, logrando una mayor adherencia al tratamiento y buscando alcanzar una mejor calidad de vida que permita adecuarse a las actividades con sus pares. Por otra parte permite al niño ir logrando cierta independencia gradual a medida que crezca, preparándolos para el futuro y haciéndolos participes activos de su cuidado. Se describen los primeros casos en donde utilizamos en nuestro medio el abordaje laparoscópico, sus indicaciones, la técnica quirúrgica y los resultados iniciales. Hemos constatado como ventaja principal los beneficios del abordaje mínimamente invasivo, como la exploración completa de la cavidad abdominal, el menor dolor postoperatorio, cicatrices más pequeñas, menor creación de adherencias.

The appendicostomy procedure for performing antegrade enemas has been published several years ago for the treatment of fecal incontinence and constipation that are very difficult to manage. The Malone procedure is performed in our setting, especially in patients with fecal incontinence secondary to neurological disorders such as myelomeningocele using a conventional approach. Other indications of it is severe constipation, in which pharmacological measures have been exhausted and the only effective treatment is enemas. The main objective of the procedure is to offer children and their families an alternative when performing enemas, achieving greater adherence to treatment and seeking to achieve a better quality of life that allows them to adapt to the activities of their peers. On the other hand, it allows the child to achieve a certain gradual independence as they grow, preparing them for the future and making them active participants in their care. The first cases in which we use the laparoscopic approach, its indications, the surgical technique and the initial results are described. We think that its main advantage is the benefits of the minimally invasive approach, such as complete exploration of the abdominal cavity, less postoperative pain, smaller scars, and less creation of adhesions.

O procedimento de apendicostomia continente para a realização de enemas anterógrados foi publicado há vários anos para o tratamento de incontinência fecal e constipação de difícil manejo. Outra indicação inclui constipação grave, na qual as medidas farmacológicas foram esgotadas e o único tratamento eficaz são os enemas. O principal objetivo do procedimento é oferecer às crianças e seus familiares uma alternativa na realização dos enemas, alcançando maior adesão ao tratamento e buscando alcançar uma melhor qualidade de vida que lhes permita adaptar-se às atividades com seus pares. Por outro lado, permite que a criança alcance uma certa independência gradual à medida que cresce, preparando-a para o futuro e tornando-a participante ativa em seus cuidados. São descritos os primeiros casos em que utilizamos a via laparoscópica, suas indicações, a técnica cirúrgica e os resultados iniciais. Confirmamos os benefícios da abordagem minimamente invasiva como principal vantagem, como exploração completa da cavidade abdominal, menos dor pós-operatória, cicatrizes menores e menor formação de aderências.

Humans , Female , Adolescent , Appendectomy/methods , Laparoscopy/methods , Constipation/surgery , Fecal Incontinence/surgery , Appendectomy/instrumentation , Treatment Outcome , Laparoscopy/instrumentation , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures
Rev. cuba. cir ; 61(4)dic. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1441534


Introducción: La cirugía laparoscópica desde su introducción en 1987 ha experimentado un enorme desarrollo. La cirugía hepática laparoscópica de los tumores hepáticos plantea diversas controversias: los cirujanos deben estar formados en cirugía hepática y cirugía laparoscópica, la técnica laparoscópica más adecuada no está bien definida (totalmente laparoscópica o asistida con la mano), el abordaje o disección de grandes vasos entraña riesgos importantes, los métodos de sección parenquimatosa están menos desarrollados que en la cirugía hepática abierta entre otros retos. A pesar de estos criterios existen situaciones en que la cirugía puede llevarse a cabo con seguridad, sobre todo en tumores benignos y malignos cuando las lesiones se localizan principalmente en segmentos anteriores del hígado. Objetivo: Presentar una paciente portadora de una lesión hepática intervenida quirúrgicamente por videolaparoscopía con buenos resultados y evolución excelente. Caso clínico: Paciente femenina de 42 años de edad; antecedentes de salud con presencia de dolor abdominal de tres meses de evolución en región de hipocondrio derecho y trastornos dispépticos esporádicos. Se confirmó imaginológicamente un tumor de 5 cm de diámetro en segmento III, de aspecto hemangiomatoso con componente mixto y sospecha de malignidad. Se realizó resección laparoscópica, el diagnóstico anatomopatológico fue nódulo regenerativo, tipo nódulo cirrótico con hemangioma cavernoso de localización periférica en hígado sano, sin evidencias de malignidad en los estudios realizados. Conclusiones: Las resecciones quirúrgicas de lesiones hepáticas abordables por vía laparoscópica son una opción terapéutica segura y muy válida en pacientes con indicaciones específicas(AU)

Introduction: Laparoscopic surgery, since its introduction in 1987, has undergone enormous development. Laparoscopic hepatic surgery of liver tumors raises several controversies: surgeons must be trained in hepatic surgery and laparoscopic surgery, the most appropriate laparoscopic technique is not well defined (totally laparoscopic or hand-assisted), the approach to or dissection of large vessels involves significant risks, the methods for parenchymal section are less developed than in open hepatic surgery, among other challenges. Despite these criterions, there are situations in which the surgery can be performed safely, above all in benign and malignant tumors when the lesions are located mainly in anterior segments of the liver. Objective: To present the case of a patient with a hepatic lesion and operated on by videolaparoscopy with good outcomes and excellent evolution. Clinical case: A 42-year-old female patient with a family history of disease presented abdominal pain of three months of evolution in the right hypochondrium and sporadic dyspeptic disorders. Imaging confirmed a tumor of 5 cm of diameter in segment III, with hemangiomatous aspect, mixed component and suspicion of malignancy. Laparoscopic resection was performed; the anatomopathological diagnosis was regenerative nodule, similar to a cirrhotic nodule with cavernous hemangioma of peripheral location in healthy liver, with no evidence of malignancy in the performed studies. Conclusions: Surgical resections of hepatic lesions that can be laparoscopically approached are a safe and very valid therapeutic option in patients with specific indications(AU)

Humans , Female , Adult , Laparoscopy/methods , Hemangioma, Cavernous/etiology
Braz. j. anesth ; 72(5): 560-566, Sept.-Oct. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1420594


Abstract Introduction and objectives Multimodal Analgesia (MMA) has shown promising results in postoperative outcomes across a broad spectrum of surgeries, including bariatric surgery. We compared the analgesic effect immediately after Laparoscopic Bariatric Surgery (LBS) of the combined effect of MMA and methadone against two techniques that were based mainly on the use of high-potency medium-acting opioids. Methods Two hundred seventy-one patients were retrospectively reviewed. The primary outcome was postoperative pain score > 3/10 measured by the Verbal Numeric Scale (VNS) during the Postanesthetic Care Unit (PACU) stay. The three protocols of intraoperative analgesia were: (P1) sufentanil at anesthetic induction followed by remifentanil infusion; (P2) sufentanil at induction followed by dexmedetomidine infusion; and (P3) remifentanil at induction followed by MMA including dexmedetomidine, magnesium, lidocaine, and methadone. Only P1 and P2 patients received morphine toward the end of surgery. Poisson regression was used to adjust confounding factors and calculate Prevalence Ratio (PR). Results Postoperative VNS > 3 was recorded in 135 (49.81%) patients, of which 93 (68.89%) were subjected to P1, 25 (18.56%) to P2, and 17 (12.59%) to P3. In the final adjusted model, both anesthetic techniques (P3) (PR = 0.10; 95% CI [0.03-0.28]), and (P2) (PR = 0.42%; 95% CI [0.20-0.90]) were associated with lower occurrence of VNS > 3, whereas age range 20-29 was associated to higher occurrence of VNS > 3 (PR = 3.21; 95% CI [1.22-8.44]) in PACU. Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting (PONV) was distributed as follows: (P1) 20.3%, (P2) 31.25% and (P3) 6.77%; (P3 < P1, P2; p< 0.05). Intraoperative hypotension occurred more often in P3 (39%) compared to P2 (20.31%) and P1 (17.46%) (p< 0.05). Conclusion MMA + methadone was associated with higher incidence of intraoperative hypotension and lower incidence of moderate/severe pain in PACU after LBS.

Humans , Adult , Young Adult , Laparoscopy/methods , Bariatric Surgery/methods , Hypotension , Pain, Postoperative/prevention & control , Pain, Postoperative/drug therapy , Retrospective Studies , Sufentanil , Dexmedetomidine , Remifentanil , Analgesics , Analgesics, Opioid , Methadone
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 74(4): 376-383, ago. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407939


Resumen Objetivo: El objetivo de este estudio es comparar los resultados perioperatorios del abordaje abierto (AA) con el abordaje laparoscópico (AL) para la reconstitución de tránsito (RT), y determinar factores de riesgo asociados a morbilidad posoperatoria. Material y Métodos: Se estudiaron pacientes consecutivos sometidos a RT entre enero de 2007 y diciembre de 2016 en nuestro centro. Se excluyeron aquellos con grandes hernias incisionales que requirieran reparación abierta simultánea. Se consignaron variables demográficas y perioperatorias, y se compararon ambos grupos. Además, se realizó una regresión logística para la identificación de factores de riesgo asociados a morbilidad posoperatoria en la serie. Resultados: Se realizaron 101 RT en el período. Se excluyeron 14 casos por hernia incisional, por lo que se analizaron 87 casos (46 AA y 41 AL). Diez pacientes en el grupo AL (24,4%) requirieron conversión, principalmente por adherencias. La morbilidad total de la serie fue de 36,8%, siendo mayor en el AA (50% vs 21,9%, p = 0,007). Hubo una filtración anastomótica en cada grupo. La estadía posoperatoria fue de 5 (3-52) días para el AL y 7 (4-36) días para el AA (p < 0,001). En la regresión logística, sólo el AA fue un factor de riesgo independientemente asociado a morbilidad posoperatoria (OR 2,89, IC 95% 1,11-7,49; p = 0,029). Conclusión: El abordaje laparoscópico se asocia a menor morbilidad y estadía posoperatoria que el abordaje abierto para la reconstitución del tránsito pos-Hartmann. En nuestra serie, el abordaje abierto fue el único factor independientemente asociado a morbilidad posoperatoria.

Introduction: Hartmann's reversal (HR) is considered a technically demanding procedure and is associated with high morbidity rates. Aim: The aim of this study is to compare the perioperative results of the open approach (OA) with the laparoscopic approach (LA) for HR, and to determine the risk factors associated with postoperative morbidity. Material and Methods: Consecutive patients undergoing HR between January 2007 and December 2016 at a university hospital were included. Patients with large incisional hernias that required an open approach a priori were excluded from the analysis. Demographic and perioperative variables were recorded. Analytical statistics were carried out to compare both groups, and a logistic regression was performed to identify risk factors associated with postoperative morbidity in the series. Results: A hundred and one HR were performed during the study period. Fourteen cases were excluded due to large incisional hernias, so 87 cases (46 OA and 41 LA) were analyzed. Ten patients in the LA group (24.4%) required conversion, mainly due to adhesions. The total morbidity of the series was 36.8%, being higher in the OA group (50% vs. 21.9%, p = 0.007). There was one case of anastomotic leakage in each group. The length of stay was 5 (3-52) days for LA and 7 (4-36) days for OA (p < 0.001). In the logistic regression, the OA was the only independent risk factor associated with postoperative morbidity in HR (OR 2.89, IC 95% 1.11-7.49; p = 0.029). Conclusion: A laparoscopic approach is associated with less morbidity and a shorter length of stay compared to the open approach for Hartmann's reversal. An open approach was the only factor independently associated with postoperative morbidity in our series.

Humans , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Colorectal Neoplasms/surgery , Laparoscopy/methods , Colorectal Surgery/methods , Laparotomy/methods , Postoperative Complications/physiopathology , Anastomosis, Surgical/methods , Colorectal Neoplasms/mortality , Colorectal Neoplasms/pathology , Chi-Square Distribution , Survival Analysis , Laparoscopy/adverse effects , Colorectal Surgery/adverse effects , Laparotomy/adverse effects
Cir. Urug ; 6(1): e504, jul. 2022. 1 vídeo en línea son. (8 min)^cdigital, col
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1404118


Apertura ligamento gástro-cólico, acceso a transcavidad de los epiplones. Descenso ángulo hepato-colónico, maniobra Kocher. Sección de vasos gastroepiplóicos derechos. Sección de antro gástrico. Sección de arteria pilórica y gastroduodenal. Pasaje retropancreático, sección cuello páncreas. Decruzamiento retromesentérico, sección de primera asa. Liberación proceso uncinado, sección vía biliar. Linfadenectomía pedículo hepático. Extracción de pieza. Ascenso de yeyuno vía retromesentérica, confeccionando anastomosis: hepático-yeyuno. Pancreato-yeyunal. Ducto-mucosa, tutorizada a exterior. Apertura mesocolon-transverso, pasaje de yeyuno y sección. Gastro-yeyuno anastomosis, por vía trasmesocolónica. Confeccionando anastomosis al pie en Y de Roux, 60 cm de anastomosis previa. Drenajes sobre anastomosis pancreático-biliar fijándolos a piel.

Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pancreatic Neoplasms/surgery , Pancreaticoduodenectomy/methods , Laparoscopy/methods , Audiovisual Aids , Treatment Outcome , Video-Audio Media
Cir. Urug ; 6(1): e502, jul. 2022. 1 vídeo en línea (7 min.)^cdigital
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1384413


El cáncer de colon es frecuente en nuestro medio. Aquellos situados sobre el colon derecho tienen peor pronóstico. La linfadenectomía D3 implica la resección de los ganglios centrales, por delante del eje mesentérico superior. Complementariamente, la escisión mesocolónica completa ha demostrado mejorar los resultados oncológicos.

Humans , Female , Aged, 80 and over , Laparoscopy/methods , Colonic Neoplasms/surgery , Lymph Node Excision/methods , Audiovisual Aids , Video-Audio Media , Octogenarians
Cir. Urug ; 6(1): e503, jul. 2022. 1 vídeo en línea son. (6 min.)^cdigital, col
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1404116


Incisión supraumbilical, colocación de trocar de 10 mm, técnica Hasson. Otros trocares bajo visión directa. Apertura de membrana freno esofágica y liberación de esófago de pilares, identificación de nervio vago anterior, separando y preservándolo. Disección de fibras musculares longitudinales y sección de las fibras circulares hasta exposición mucosa esofágica, 6 cm en esófago y 2 cm a nivel gástrico. Funduplicatura tipo Dor con puntos separados 3.0 a nivel de fondo gástrico, muscular esofágica y pilares diafragmáticos. Extracción de trocares bajo visión, exsuflación de neumoperitoneo. Cierre de laparotomía umbilical. Síntesis cutánea.

Humans , Female , Adult , Esophageal Achalasia/surgery , Laparoscopy/methods , Heller Myotomy/methods , Audiovisual Aids , Treatment Outcome , Video-Audio Media
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 87(3): 241-244, jun. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388731


Resumen La gestación cornual, también conocida como intersticial, es una gestación ectópica infrecuente que ocurre en 1/2500 a 1/5000 de los embarazos cuando el embrión implanta en el trayecto intramiometrial de la porción proximal de la trompa. Puede debutar como shock hipovolémico en un 25% de los casos, conllevando una mortalidad de hasta un 2,5%. Mediante ecografía se encuentra un saco gestacional excéntrico y rodeado por una fina capa de miometrio. El tratamiento, en la mayoría de los casos, es quirúrgico, y el control de la hemostasia supone todo un reto. Se presentan dos casos clínicos de mujeres con diagnóstico de gestación intersticial en quienes se realizó exéresis por laparoscopia tras inyección de vasopresina, permitiendo así controlar el sangrado. En una de las pacientes se practicaron también puntos transfixivos transitorios en la arteria uterina y el ligamento útero-ovárico.

Abstract Cornual gestation, also known as interstitial, is a rare ectopic gestation that occurs in 1/2500 to 1/5000 of pregnancies when the embryo implants in the intramyometrial tract of the proximal tube. It can debut as hypovolemic shock in 25% of cases, leading to a mortality rate of up to 2.5%. Using ultrasound, we will find an eccentric gestational sac surrounded by a thin layer of myometrium. Treatment, in most cases, is surgical and control of hemostasis is a challenge. Two clinical cases are presented of women with a diagnosis of interstitial pregnancy in whom transient transfixive sutures were performed at the level of the uterine artery and uterine-ovarian ligament and injection of vasopressin prior to laparoscopic exeresis, thus allowing the bleeding to be controlled.

Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Vasopressins/administration & dosage , Hemostatics/administration & dosage , Laparoscopy/methods , Pregnancy, Cornual/surgery , Blood Loss, Surgical/prevention & control , Suture Techniques , Injections
Rev. cuba. endocrinol ; 33(1)abr. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1408261


Introducción: Por los beneficios demostrados de este proceder, la cirugía bariátrica es una opción de tratamiento para el síndrome metabólico. Objetivo: Describir los efectos de las técnicas gástricas restrictivas laparoscópicas en pacientes obesos con síndrome metabólico asociado. Métodos: Estudio descriptivo y prospectivo en 22 pacientes con índice de masa corporal mayor o igual a 35 Kg/m2 y diagnóstico de síndrome metabólico, intervenidos por técnicas restrictivas laparoscópicas en el Hospital Universitario "General Calixto García" entre noviembre de 2018 y enero de 2020. Se estudió el grado de obesidad, el perímetro de cintura, el porcentaje de sobrepeso perdido, el porcentaje del exceso de índice de masa corporal perdido, las cifras de glucosa, el colesterol, los triglicéridos y el tratamiento antihipertensivo e hipoglicemiante. Resultados: La edad promedio fue de 41,8±10,6 años, con predominio de las mujeres. El índice de masa corporal disminuyó al año, al igual que el perímetro de la cintura. La media al año del porcentaje de sobrepeso perdido y del porcentaje del exceso de índice de masa corporal perdido fue de 75 y 83 por ciento, respectivamente. Las cifras de glucemia, colesterol y los triglicéridos disminuyeron respecto a los valores preoperatorios. El 78,6 por ciento de los diabéticos y el 81,2 por ciento de los hipertensos lograron suspender toda medicación. Conclusiones: Disminuyó significativamente el grado de obesidad, el porcentaje de sobrepeso perdido, el porcentaje del exceso de índice de masa corporal perdido y el perímetro de la cintura. Los valores de glucemia, triglicéridos y colesterol descendieron significativamente respecto a los basales, con una disminución en el uso de fármacos hipoglicemiantes y antihipertensivos(AU)

Introduction: Due to the proven benefits of this procedure, bariatric surgery is a treatment option for metabolic syndrome. Objective: To describe the effects of laparoscopic gastric restrictive techniques in obese patients with associated metabolic syndrome. Methods: A descriptive and prospective study was performed in 22 patients with a body mass index higher than or equal to 35 Kg/m2 and with diagnosis of metabolic syndrome; they had undergone surgery by laparoscopic restrictive techniques at the General Calixto García University Hospital, from November 2018 to January 2018 2020. The degree of obesity, waist circumference, percentage of overweight lost, percentage of excess body mass index lost, glucose, cholesterol, triglycerides, and antihypertensive and hypoglycemic treatment were studied. Results: The average age was 41.8±10.6 years, with predominance of women. Body mass index decreased at one year, as did waist circumference. The mean per year of the percentage of overweight lost and the percentage of excess body mass index lost was 75 percent and 83 percent, respectively. Blood glucose, cholesterol and triglyceride levels decreased compared to preoperative values. 78.6 percent of diabetics managed to suspend all medication and 81.2 percent hypertensive. Conclusions: The degree of obesity, the percentage of overweight lost, the percentage of excess body mass index lost and the waist circumference decreased significantly. Blood glucose, triglycerides, and cholesterol values decreased significantly compared to baseline, with a decrease in the use of hypoglycemic and antihypertensive drugs(AU)

Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Laparoscopy/methods , Metabolic Syndrome/diagnosis , Bariatric Surgery/methods , Body Mass Index , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Prospective Studies
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 74(1): 73-80, feb. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388921


Resumen Objetivo: Comparar tres abordajes quirúrgicos (abierto, laparoscópico y laparoscópico convertido) para el manejo de complicaciones posoperatorias en cirugía colorrectal electiva realizadas primariamente por vía laparoscópica. Materiales y Método: Este estudio de cohorte retrospectivo incluyó pacientes reoperados después de una cirugía colorrectal laparoscópica electiva, agrupándose según la vía de abordaje de reoperación: abierta (RVA), laparoscópica (RVL) y laparoscópica convertida (RVLC). Las variables estudiadas fueron: preoperatorias (edad, sexo, puntuación ASA, IMC, comorbilidades e historia quirúrgica); operatorias (causa de reoperación, latencia para reoperación, tiempo operatorio, cirugía realizada y causa de conversión); y posoperatorias (tránsito intestinal, días de hospitalización, días de UCI, complicaciones médicas, infección del sitio quirúrgico, evisceración, transfusión y mortalidad a los 30 días). Resultados: Sin diferencias significativas para las variables preoperatorias y operatorias. En cuanto a las variables posoperatorias, el grupo de reoperaciones por vía laparoscópica, tuvo menos días de hospitalización (p = 0,012), menos días de UCI (p = 0,001) y un tránsito intestinal más rápido para reaparición de gases, heces y retorno a dieta sólida (p = 0,008, p = 0,029, p = 0,030, respectivamente). No hubo diferencias significativas en la infección del sitio quirúrgico, la evisceración, las complicaciones médicas, la transfusión y la mortalidad. Discusión y Conclusión: Este estudio reveló una mejor evolución clínica posoperatoria en el grupo de reoperación laparoscópica, con menor estancia hospitalaria y en UCI, y reducción del íleo posoperatorio, sin aumento de la morbimortalidad. Por lo tanto, la reoperación laparoscópica en cirugía colorrectal podría ser el abordaje más adecuado en pacientes debidamente seleccionados.

Aim: To compare three approaches (laparoscopic, open, and conversion of laparoscopic approach) for the management of intra-abdominal surgical complications after elective laparoscopic colorectal surgery. Materials and Method: This was a retrospective cohort study including patients who required reoperation due to an intra-abdominal surgical complication after initial elective laparoscopic colorectal surgery. Patients were grouped according to the reoperation approach-laparoscopic reoperation, laparoscopic reoperation that required conversion to open surgery, and open reoperation. Pre-operative variables (age, gender, ASA score, BMI, comorbidities, and surgical history), operative variables (cause of reoperation, latency for reoperation, operative time, surgery performed, and cause of conversion), and post-operative variables (intestinal transit, hospital days, ICU days, medical complications, surgical site infection, evisceration, transfusion and 30-day mortality), were compared between groups. Results: There were no significant differences between groups among the pre-operative and operative variables. In terms of post-operative variables, the laparoscopic reoperation group, had fewer hospital days (p = 0.012), fewer ICU days (p = 0.001), and faster intestinal transit regarding gas, stool and return to solid diet (p = 0.008, p = 0.029 and p = 0.030, respectively). However, there were no significant differences in surgical site infection, evisceration, medical complications, transfusion, and mortality. Discussion and Conclusión: This study revealed better post-operative clinical course in the laparoscopic reoperation group, with shorter hospital and ICU stay, and reduced postoperative ileus, without increased morbidity or mortality. Laparoscopic reoperation for complications after elective laparoscopic colorectal surgery may therefore be the preferred approach.

Humans , Colon/surgery , Colorectal Surgery/adverse effects , Colonic Diseases/surgery , Intraoperative Complications , Demography , Cohort Studies , Laparoscopy/adverse effects , Laparoscopy/methods
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 44(1): 55-66, Jan. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365664


Abstract Objective To summarize the available evidence of TAP Block in efficacy in laparoscopic or robotic hysterectomy. Data Sources We searched databases and gray literature for randomized controlled trials in which transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block was compared with placebo or with no treatment in patients who underwent laparoscopic or robot-assisted hysterectomy. Method of Study Selection Two researchers independently evaluated the eligibility of the selected articles. Tabulation, Integration, and Results Seven studies were selected, involving 518 patients. Early postoperative pain showed a difference in the mean mean difference (MD): - 1.17 (95% confidence interval [CI]: - 1.87-0.46) in pain scale scores (I2=68%), which was statistically significant in favor of using TAP block, but without clinical relevance; late postoperative pain: DM 0.001 (95%CI: - 0.43-0.44; I2=69%); opioid requirement: DM 0.36 (95%CI: - 0.94-1.68; I2=80%); and incidence of nausea and vomiting with a difference of 95%CI=- 0.11 (- 0.215-0.006) in favor of TAP. Conclusion With moderate strength of evidence, due to the high heterogeneity and imbalance in baseline characteristics among studies, the results indicate that TAP block should not be considered as a clinically relevant analgesic technique to improve postoperative pain in laparoscopic or robotic hysterectomy, despite statistical significance in early postoperative pain scale scores. Clinical Trial Number and Registry: PROSPERO ID - CRD42018103573.

Resumo Objetivo Resumir as evidências disponíveis sobre a eficácia do bloqueio TAP em histerectomia laparoscópica ou robótica. Fontes de Dados Pesquisamos bancos de dados e literatura cinza por ensaios clínicos randomizados nos quais o bloqueio do plano transverso do abdome (TAP na sigla em inglês) foi comparado com placebo ou com nenhum tratamento em pacientes que foram submetidos a histerectomia laparoscópica ou assistida por robô. Métodos de Seleção de Estudos Dois pesquisadores avaliaram independentemente a elegibilidade dos artigos selecionados. Tabulação, Integração e Resultados Sete estudos foram selecionados envolvendo 518 pacientes. A dor pós-operatória precoce apresentou diferença nasmédias (DM) de: -1 17 (intervalo de confiança [IC] de 95%: - 1 87-0 46) nos escores da escala de dor (I2=68%) o que foi estatisticamente significativo a favor do uso do bloqueio TAP mas sem relevância clínica; dor pós-operatória tardia: DM 0001 (IC95%: - 043-044; I2=69%); necessidade de opioides: DM0 36 (95%CI: - 0 94-168; I2=80%); e incidência de náuseas e vômitos com diferença de 95% CI=- 011 (- 0215-0006) a favor do TAP. Conclusão Com moderada força de evidência devido à alta heterogeneidade e ao desequilíbrio nas características basais entre os estudos os resultados indicam que o bloqueio do TAP não deve ser considerado como uma técnica analgésica clinicamente relevante para melhorar a dor pós-operatória em histerectomia laparoscópica ou robótica apesar da significância estatística nas pontuações da escala de dor pósoperatória inicial. Número e Registro do Ensaio Clínico: PROSPERO ID - CRD42018103573.

Pain, Postoperative/prevention & control , Laparoscopy/methods , Robotic Surgical Procedures/methods , Analgesics, Opioid/therapeutic use , Pain, Postoperative/drug therapy , Robotics , Abdominal Muscles , Hysterectomy/methods
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 49: e20223063, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365386


ABSTRACT Objective: to describe the use of the robotic platform in inguinal hernia recurrence after a previous laparoscopic repair. Methods: patients with recurrent inguinal hernias following a laparoscopic repair who have undergone robotic transabdominal preperitoneal between December 2015 through September 2020 were identified in a prospectively maintained database. Outcomes of interest included demographics, hernia characteristics, operative details and rates of 30-day surgical site occurrence, surgical site occurrences requiring procedural interventions, surgical site infection and hernia recurrence were abstracted. Results: nineteen patients (95% male, mean age 55 years, mean body mass index 28) had 27 hernias repaired (N=8 bilateral). Average operative time was 168.9 ± 49.3min (range 90-240). There were two intraoperative complications all of them were bleeding from the inferior epigastric vessel injuries. Three SSOs occurred (N=2 seromas and N=1 hematoma. After a median 35.7 months follow-up (IQR 13-49), no recurrence has been diagnosed. One patient developed chronic postoperative inguinal pain. Conclusions: on a small number of selected patients and experienced hands, we found that the use of the robotic platform for repair of recurrent hernias after prior laparoscopic repair appears to be feasible, safe and effective despite being technically demanding. Further studies in larger cohorts are necessary to determine if this technique provides any benefits in recurrent inguinal hernia scenario.

RESUMO Objetivo: descrevemos nossa experiência com uso da plataforma robótica no tratamento das recidivas operadas previamente por laparoscopia, mantendo assim uma proposta minimamente invasiva a esses pacientes, apesar de haver uma predileção pela via anterior e aberta nestes casos. Métodos: foram incluídos pacientes submetidos a hernioplastia inguinal robótica transabdominal pré-peritoneal como tratamento de recidiva e que foram operados previamente por laparoscopia, entre dezembro de 2015 e setembro de 2020 e mantidos em uma base de dados ambulatorial prospectiva. Variáveis de interesse incluíram dados demográficos, características herniárias, detalhes operatórios, ocorrências do sítio cirúrgico em 30 dias (com ou sem necessidade de intervenção), infeção do sítio cirúrgico, tempo de seguimento e taxa de recidiva. Resultados: dezenove pacientes (95% masculino, média de idade de 55 anos, média de índice de massa corporal 28kg/m2) e 27 hérnias operadas (N=8 bilaterais). Média de tempo cirúrgico 168.9±49.3 min (variando 90-240). N=2 complicações intraoperatórias por lesão de vasos epigástricos inferiores. N=2 seromas e N=1 hematoma foram identificados no pós-operatório; N=1 paciente apresentou dor crônica pós operatória. Após um tempo de seguimento médio de 35.7 meses (intervalo entre quartis 13-49), nenhuma recidiva foi diagnosticada. Conclusões: o uso da plataforma robótica parece ser seguro e efetivo no tratamento das recidivas operadas previamente laparoscopia, nesse pequeno grupo de pacientes selecionados, apesar de requerer expertise em cirurgia robótica. Outros estudos com maiores casuísticas são necessários para estabelecer o papel desta técnica no cenário das hérnias inguinais recidivadas.

Humans , Male , Female , Laparoscopy/methods , Robotic Surgical Procedures/methods , Hernia, Inguinal/surgery , Recurrence , Surgical Mesh , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Herniorrhaphy/methods , Groin , Middle Aged
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 49: e20222446, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365393


ABSTRACT Introduction: Laparoscopic appendectomy does not have a single protocol on its technical systematization, access routes, and use of energy and staplers. The cost of disposable materials can prevent its widespread use. Alternatives to decrease cost can help disseminate the laparoscopic access to appendectomy. Objective: to introduce a low-cost laparoscopic appendectomy method with good aesthetic results through the location of incisions; to show its viability through its application in 1,552 cases of laparoscopic appendectomy operated between 2000 and 2019 with three portals and very low-cost regarding materials used. Methods: we applied three punctures - an umbilical one for the camera (5 or 10mm in diameter), a 10mm puncture in the right iliac fossa, and one 5mm puncture in the left iliac fossa. The materials used were permanent use trocars, grasping forceps, hook, scissors, and needle holder, without the need for any disposable device. Results: 1.552 patients were operated between 2000 and 2019, 56.2% being female, mean age 32.66 years (9-93), average hospital stay of 1.74 days (1-10), and median of 1.2 days. Conclusion: the technique we describe uses three metallic trocars and four permanent instruments, in addition to a single cotton suture. It is, therefore, a very low-cost laparoscopic procedure. Its application has shown good results and low morbidity, which may become the preferred indication for laparoscopic surgery in the treatment of acute appendicitis.

RESUMO Introdução: a apendicectomia videolaparoscópica não tem protocolo único sobre sistematização técnica, vias de acesso, uso de energia e grampeadores. O custo de materiais descartáveis pode inviabilizar o emprego mais generalizado. Alternativas para diminuir o custo podem ajudar a disseminar o acesso laparoscópico para a realização de apendicectomia. Objetivo: introduzir um método para realizar a apendicectomia videolaparoscópica de baixo custo e visando bom resultado estético por meio da localização das incisões; mostrar a viabilidade por meio de aplicação em 1.552 casos de apendicectomia videolaparoscópica operados entre 2000 e 2019 com três portais, de muito baixo custo em insumos utilizados. Métodos: três punções - uma punção umbilical para introdução da câmera (de 5 ou 10mm de diâmetro), uma punção de 10mm em fossa ilíaca direita e uma punção em fossa ilíaca esquerda de 5mm. Os materiais utilizados - trocartes, pinças de apreensão, gancho, tesoura e porta-agulhas são de uso permanente, sem necessidade de qualquer material descartável. Resultados: foram operados 1.552 pacientes entre 2000 e 2019, sendo 56,25% do sexo feminino, média de idade de 32,66 anos (9 a 93 anos), tempo médio de internação de 1,74 dias (1 a 10 dias) e mediana de 1,2 dias. Conclusão: a técnica que descrevemos utiliza três trocartes metálicos e quatro instrumentos permanentes, além de um único fio de algodão. Trata-se, portanto, de procedimento laparoscópico de muito baixo custo. A aplicação demonstrou bons resultados e baixa morbidade, podendo tornar-se rotina a indicação preferencial da vídeocirurgia no tratamento da apendicite aguda.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Appendicitis/surgery , Laparoscopy/methods , Appendectomy/methods , Umbilicus , Length of Stay
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936374


OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical value of three-dimensional (3D) visualization technique in laparoscopic D3 radical resection of right colon cancer.@*METHODS@#We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 73 patients with right colon cancer undergoing laparoscopic D3 radical operation in our hospital between May, 2019 and March, 2021. Among these patients, 41 underwent enhanced CT examination with 3D visualization reconstruction to guide the actual operation, and 32 underwent enhanced CT examination only before the operation (control group). In 3D visualization group, we examined the coincidence rate between the 3D visualization model and the findings in surgical exploration of the anatomy and variations of the main blood vessels, supplying vessels of the tumor, and the tumor location, and the coincidence rate between the actual surgical plan for D3 radical resection of right colon cancer and the plan formulated based on the 3D model. The operative time, estimated blood loss, unexpected injury of blood vessels, number of harvested lymph nodes, mean time of the first flatus, complications, postoperative hospital stay and postoperative drainage volume were compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#The operative time was significantly shorter in 3D visualization group than in the control group (P < 0.05). The volume of blood loss, proportion of unexpected injury of blood vessel, the number of harvested lymph nodes, time of the first flatus, proportion of complications, postoperative hospital stay and postoperative drainage volume did not differ significantly between the two groups (P > 0.05). In the 3D visualization group, the 3D visualization model clearly displayed the shape and direction of the colon, the location of the tumor, the anatomy and variation of the main blood vessels and the blood vessels supplying the cancer, and showed a coincidence rate of 100% with the findings by surgical exploration. The surgical plan for D3 radical resection of right colon cancer was formulated based on the 3D model also showed a coincidence rate of 100% with the actual surgical plan.@*CONCLUSION@#The 3D visualization reconstruction technique allows clear visualization the supplying arteries of the tumor and their variations to improve the efficiency, safety and accuracy of laparoscopic D3 radical resection of right colon cancer.

Humans , Colonic Neoplasms/surgery , Flatulence/surgery , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Laparoscopy/methods , Lymph Node Excision/methods , Postoperative Complications , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936298


With the development and application of laparoscopic hepatectomy in major medical centers, domestic and foreign guidelines have summarized the indications, surgical techniques and operational procedures of the surgery. But in primary care facilities, where the surgical equipment are available, laparoscopic hepatectomy is performed only in a small number of cases and the progress of its application remains slow. The reasons possibly lie in the failure of a full understanding of the surgery, the lack of anatomical knowledge of laparoscopic hepatectomy, the lack of close multidisciplinary cooperation in the perioperative period and insufficient training of laparoscopic technology. In this review, we elaborate on three aspects of laparoscopic hepatectomy: preoperative planning, surgical techniques and postoperative management. Before the operation, the surgeons should fully understand the anatomical structure of the liver and select appropriate cases considering both the difficulty of operation and the surgical experience of the surgeons. During the operation, the position of the patient and the layout of the stamping card should be appropriate, and the central venous pressure needs to be well controlled in close cooperation with the anesthesiologist. The surgeons should be proficient at the techniques of liver suspension and pulling and at the use of ultrasonic knife, and select correct techniques for management of bleeding and the control of blood flow in and out of the liver. The patient should receive postoperative management with standard enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocols. These experiences may help to improve the practice of laparoscopic hepatectomy in local hospitals or primary care facilities.

Humans , China , Hepatectomy , Laparoscopy/methods , Liver Neoplasms/surgery , Postoperative Period , Primary Health Care