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1.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 49: e20222446, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365393

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Laparoscopic appendectomy does not have a single protocol on its technical systematization, access routes, and use of energy and staplers. The cost of disposable materials can prevent its widespread use. Alternatives to decrease cost can help disseminate the laparoscopic access to appendectomy. Objective: to introduce a low-cost laparoscopic appendectomy method with good aesthetic results through the location of incisions; to show its viability through its application in 1,552 cases of laparoscopic appendectomy operated between 2000 and 2019 with three portals and very low-cost regarding materials used. Methods: we applied three punctures - an umbilical one for the camera (5 or 10mm in diameter), a 10mm puncture in the right iliac fossa, and one 5mm puncture in the left iliac fossa. The materials used were permanent use trocars, grasping forceps, hook, scissors, and needle holder, without the need for any disposable device. Results: 1.552 patients were operated between 2000 and 2019, 56.2% being female, mean age 32.66 years (9-93), average hospital stay of 1.74 days (1-10), and median of 1.2 days. Conclusion: the technique we describe uses three metallic trocars and four permanent instruments, in addition to a single cotton suture. It is, therefore, a very low-cost laparoscopic procedure. Its application has shown good results and low morbidity, which may become the preferred indication for laparoscopic surgery in the treatment of acute appendicitis.


RESUMO Introdução: a apendicectomia videolaparoscópica não tem protocolo único sobre sistematização técnica, vias de acesso, uso de energia e grampeadores. O custo de materiais descartáveis pode inviabilizar o emprego mais generalizado. Alternativas para diminuir o custo podem ajudar a disseminar o acesso laparoscópico para a realização de apendicectomia. Objetivo: introduzir um método para realizar a apendicectomia videolaparoscópica de baixo custo e visando bom resultado estético por meio da localização das incisões; mostrar a viabilidade por meio de aplicação em 1.552 casos de apendicectomia videolaparoscópica operados entre 2000 e 2019 com três portais, de muito baixo custo em insumos utilizados. Métodos: três punções - uma punção umbilical para introdução da câmera (de 5 ou 10mm de diâmetro), uma punção de 10mm em fossa ilíaca direita e uma punção em fossa ilíaca esquerda de 5mm. Os materiais utilizados - trocartes, pinças de apreensão, gancho, tesoura e porta-agulhas são de uso permanente, sem necessidade de qualquer material descartável. Resultados: foram operados 1.552 pacientes entre 2000 e 2019, sendo 56,25% do sexo feminino, média de idade de 32,66 anos (9 a 93 anos), tempo médio de internação de 1,74 dias (1 a 10 dias) e mediana de 1,2 dias. Conclusão: a técnica que descrevemos utiliza três trocartes metálicos e quatro instrumentos permanentes, além de um único fio de algodão. Trata-se, portanto, de procedimento laparoscópico de muito baixo custo. A aplicação demonstrou bons resultados e baixa morbidade, podendo tornar-se rotina a indicação preferencial da vídeocirurgia no tratamento da apendicite aguda.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Appendicitis/surgery , Laparoscopy/methods , Appendectomy/methods , Umbilicus , Length of Stay
2.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 49: e20223063, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365386

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: to describe the use of the robotic platform in inguinal hernia recurrence after a previous laparoscopic repair. Methods: patients with recurrent inguinal hernias following a laparoscopic repair who have undergone robotic transabdominal preperitoneal between December 2015 through September 2020 were identified in a prospectively maintained database. Outcomes of interest included demographics, hernia characteristics, operative details and rates of 30-day surgical site occurrence, surgical site occurrences requiring procedural interventions, surgical site infection and hernia recurrence were abstracted. Results: nineteen patients (95% male, mean age 55 years, mean body mass index 28) had 27 hernias repaired (N=8 bilateral). Average operative time was 168.9 ± 49.3min (range 90-240). There were two intraoperative complications all of them were bleeding from the inferior epigastric vessel injuries. Three SSOs occurred (N=2 seromas and N=1 hematoma. After a median 35.7 months follow-up (IQR 13-49), no recurrence has been diagnosed. One patient developed chronic postoperative inguinal pain. Conclusions: on a small number of selected patients and experienced hands, we found that the use of the robotic platform for repair of recurrent hernias after prior laparoscopic repair appears to be feasible, safe and effective despite being technically demanding. Further studies in larger cohorts are necessary to determine if this technique provides any benefits in recurrent inguinal hernia scenario.


RESUMO Objetivo: descrevemos nossa experiência com uso da plataforma robótica no tratamento das recidivas operadas previamente por laparoscopia, mantendo assim uma proposta minimamente invasiva a esses pacientes, apesar de haver uma predileção pela via anterior e aberta nestes casos. Métodos: foram incluídos pacientes submetidos a hernioplastia inguinal robótica transabdominal pré-peritoneal como tratamento de recidiva e que foram operados previamente por laparoscopia, entre dezembro de 2015 e setembro de 2020 e mantidos em uma base de dados ambulatorial prospectiva. Variáveis de interesse incluíram dados demográficos, características herniárias, detalhes operatórios, ocorrências do sítio cirúrgico em 30 dias (com ou sem necessidade de intervenção), infeção do sítio cirúrgico, tempo de seguimento e taxa de recidiva. Resultados: dezenove pacientes (95% masculino, média de idade de 55 anos, média de índice de massa corporal 28kg/m2) e 27 hérnias operadas (N=8 bilaterais). Média de tempo cirúrgico 168.9±49.3 min (variando 90-240). N=2 complicações intraoperatórias por lesão de vasos epigástricos inferiores. N=2 seromas e N=1 hematoma foram identificados no pós-operatório; N=1 paciente apresentou dor crônica pós operatória. Após um tempo de seguimento médio de 35.7 meses (intervalo entre quartis 13-49), nenhuma recidiva foi diagnosticada. Conclusões: o uso da plataforma robótica parece ser seguro e efetivo no tratamento das recidivas operadas previamente laparoscopia, nesse pequeno grupo de pacientes selecionados, apesar de requerer expertise em cirurgia robótica. Outros estudos com maiores casuísticas são necessários para estabelecer o papel desta técnica no cenário das hérnias inguinais recidivadas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Laparoscopy/methods , Robotic Surgical Procedures/methods , Hernia, Inguinal/surgery , Recurrence , Surgical Mesh , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Herniorrhaphy/methods , Groin , Middle Aged
3.
Rev. argent. cir ; 113(4): 434-443, dic. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1356953

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Antecedentes: La hernioplastia inguinal es el procedimiento quirúrgico más frecuentemente realizado dentro de la Cirugía General. Se realizan anualmente 20 millones de hernioplastias; la técnica de Lichtenstein y la transabdominal preperitoneal (TAPP) mediante cirugía laparoscópica son las más utilzadas. Objetivo: El objetivo del presente estudio es valorar la factibilidad de la realización del TAPP, en un centro universitario, por parte de residentes y cirujanos jóvenes en formación. Se comparó dicho procedimiento con la técnica de Lichtenstein valorando los resultados en los primeros 30 días del posoperatorio. Las principales variables para estudiar fueron: complicaciones, dolor posoperatorio, estadía hospitalaria y costo del procedimiento. Como variables para estudiar, a largo plazo, se compararon la recidiva herniaria y el dolor crónico. Material y métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional comparando dos técnicas quirúrgicas utilizando la base de datos del Servicio con información adquirida de forma prospectiva. Se analizaron 80 pacientes, divididos en dos grupos: hernioplastia de Lichtenstein (grupo1) y hernioplastia por TAPP (grupo 2), durante el período comprendido desde mayo de 2015 hasta mayo de 2019, en dos Centros Universitarios de Montevideo Uruguay (Hospital de Clínicas y Hospital Español). Resultados: No hubo diferencia significativa en la estadía hospitalaria y complicaciones posoperatorias. El grupo del Lichtenstein presentó una recidiva herniaria. La hernioplastia laparoscópica presentó un tiempo operatorio promedio de 20 minutos más y el costo de materiales fue mayor. Si bien el dolor posoperatorio en las primeras 24 horas fue mayor en TAPP, el dolor a las 48 horas, 7días, un mes, tres meses y seis meses fue similar en ambos grupos. Conclusión: La técnica de TAPP, para la hernia inguinal primaria unilateral, es factible de ser realizada por cirujanos jóvenes o en formación, con un porcentaje de complicaciones, dolor posoperatorio y recidivas similares al Lichtenstein, aunque con un costo de materiales y tiempo operatorio levemente mayor.


ABSTRACT Background: Inguinal hernia repair is one of the most common procedures in general surgery. Each year, 20 million surgeries for inguinal hernia repaired are performed; the most common techniques used are the Lichtenstein procedure and the transabdominal preperitoneal (TAPP) laparoscopic approach. Objective: The aim of the present study is to evaluate the outcomes of the TAPP approach performed by residents and young surgeons in training in a university center. TAPP was compared with the Lichtenstein and the outcomes at 30 days were compared. The variables considered were complications, postoperative pain, length of hospital stay and procedure-related costs. The long-term variables analyzed were recurrence and chronic pain. Material and methods: We conducted an observational study comparing two surgical techniques, using prospectively acquired information from the database of our department. The cohort was made up of 80 patients undergoing inguinal hernia repair in two university-based hospitals in Montevideo, Uruguay (Hospital de Clínicas and Hospital Español), between May 2015 and May 2019. The patients were divided into two groups: Lichtenstein procedure (group 1) and TAPP procedure (group 2). Results: There were no significant differences in length of hospital stay and postoperative complications. One patient in the Lichtenstein group presented hernia recurrence. Mean operative time was 20 minutes longer with laparoscopic hernia repair, and the cost of the materials was higher. Postoperative pain at 24 hours was greater in the TAPP group, but was similar at 48 hours, 7 days, one month, three months and six months in both groups. Conclusion: The use of TAPP technique for unilateral primary inguinal hernia is feasible to perform by young surgeons or surgeons in training, and the percentage of complications, postoperative pain and recurrences is similar to that of the Lichtenstein technique, although the cost of materials and operative time are slightly higher.


Subject(s)
Laparoscopy/methods , Hernia, Inguinal/surgery , Pain, Postoperative , Postoperative Complications , General Surgery , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Costs and Cost Analysis , Chronic Pain , Herniorrhaphy , Operative Time , Hernia , Hernia, Inguinal/diagnostic imaging , Hospitals , Length of Stay , Methods
4.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 60(3): e924, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1347392

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La cirugía laparoscópica tiene como avance importante el abordaje monopuerto, que está en constante perfeccionamiento y donde influye para su éxito el dispositivo de acceso del que se disponga. Estos procederes de cirugía laparoscópica por un puerto único se realizan con el uso de dispositivos monopuerto, a través de un guante quirúrgico, por endoscopia flexible o por múltiples trócares en una incisión, pero la primera opción facilita el trabajo y disminuye complicaciones. Objetivo: Actualizar la información existente sobre dispositivos monopuerto para tenerla en consideración a la hora de realizar el proceder. Métodos: Se realizó una revisión bibliográfica sobre dispositivos monopuerto en la cirugía mínimamente invasiva desde marzo hasta abril del año 2020. Se revisaron artículos, libros especializados y citas bibliográficas de estudios elegidos de los cuales fueron seleccionados 25 para esta revisión. Desarrollo: Después de la revisión de 25 bibliografías citadas se detallaron las características de los principales dispositivos. Conclusiones: Existe una amplia gama de dispositivos monopuerto, cuya eficacia se evidencia en la bibliografía consultada, y que la revisión de este tema debe ser tomada en cuenta por los especialistas a la hora de realizar esta cirugía(AU)


Introduction: Laparoscopic surgery has as an important advance the single-port approach, which is in constant improvement and where the available access device influences its success. These procedures of laparoscopic surgery by a single port are performed with the use of single port devices, through a surgical glove, by flexible endoscopy or by multiple trocars in an incision, but the first option facilitates the work and reduces complications. Objective: Update the existing information on single-port devices to take it into consideration when carrying out the procedure. Methods: A bibliographic review on single port devices in minimally invasive surgery was carried out from March to April 2020. Articles, specialized books and bibliographic citations of selected studies were reviewed, of which 25 were selected for this review. Development: After reviewing 25 cited bibliographies, the characteristics of the main devices were detailed. Conclusions: There is a wide range of single-port devices, whose effectiveness is evidenced in the consulted bibliography, and that the review of this topic should be taken into account by specialists when performing this surgery(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Surgical Instruments/adverse effects , Laparoscopy/methods , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures/methods , Bibliographies as Topic , Review Literature as Topic
5.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 60(2): e947, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1280213

ABSTRACT

Introducción: En los últimos años, la aplicación de la cirugía laparoscópica ha permitido ofrecer una nueva expectativa en el tratamiento de la hernia inguinal, ya que no solo permite la colocación de una malla sin tensión, sino que además permite colocarla en la auténtica zona débil de la región inguinal: su pared posterior. Objetivo: Mostrar los resultados obtenidos con la implementación de la hernioplastia laparoscópica como tratamiento alternativo en la reparación de las hernias inguinales. Método: Se realizó un estudio cuasi experimental en el servicio de Cirugía General del Hospital General Docente "Comandante Pinares", durante el período comprendido de junio de 2015 hasta mayo de 2017, con una muestra de 27 pacientes. Se controlaron variables como edad, tipo de hernia inguinal, complicaciones del proceder, recidivas del tratamiento, así como la efectividad del proceder en comparación con técnicas convencionales. Resultados: La hernia inguinal unilateral fue la más frecuente tratada, las complicaciones estuvieron dadas por la inguinodinia y rechazo a la malla. Disminuyeron variables como pérdidas sanguíneas, tiempo quirúrgico, la efectividad se consideró buena en la mayoría de los casos. Conclusiones: Se demuestra que la hernioplastia laparoscópica tiene mayores ventajas biológicas, sociales y económicas(AU)


Introduction: In recent years, the usage of laparoscopic surgery has offered new expectations regarding inguinal hernia treatment, since it not only allows the placement of a mesh without tension, but also allows it to be placed in the authentic weak area of the inguinal region, its posterior wall. Objective: To show the outcomes obtained with the implementation of laparoscopic hernioplasty as an alternative treatment in inguinal hernias repair. Method: A quasiexperimental study was carried out, during the period from June 2015 to May 2017, in the general surgery service of Comandante Pinares General Teaching Hospital, with a sample of 27 patients. Variables such as age, type of inguinal hernia, procedural complications, treatment recurrences, as well as the effectiveness of the procedure were controlled in comparison with conventional techniques. Results: Unilateral inguinal hernia was the most frequently treated. Complications were caused by inguinodynia and mesh rejection. Variables such as blood loss and surgical time decreased. Effectiveness was considered good in most cases. Conclusions: Laparoscopic hernioplasty is shown to have greater biological, social and economic advantages(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Laparoscopy/methods , Herniorrhaphy/methods , Hernia, Inguinal/surgery
6.
Rev. cuba. anestesiol. reanim ; 20(1): e701, ene.-abr. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156367

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La convivencia con la infección por COVID-19 en Cuba supone un reto actual de adaptación a todos los entornos hospitalarios y de salud, creación de protocolos y nuevos modelos de asistencia. La intervención sobre la vía aérea en sus diferentes formas, conlleva un riesgo de contaminación al personal de la salud. Objetivo: Describir las consideraciones anestésicas en los procedimientos laparoscópicos y endoscópicos durante la pandemia COVID-19. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio cualitativo, de investigación-acción, apoyado en el análisis de documentos y la observación participante de las acciones tomadas en el Centro Nacional de Cirugía de Mínimo Acceso en el curso de los cuatro meses transcurridos a partir de que se identificara el primer caso de COVID-19 en Cuba. Resultados: Se establecieron las recomendaciones anestésicas para el procedimiento de actuación durante la COVID-19 en el Centro Nacional de Cirugía de Mínimo Acceso, que dictan las acciones para el tratamiento de los pacientes y la protección de los trabajadores. Esto posibilita mantener la calidad de los servicios médico quirúrgicos en estos escenarios de riesgo. Conclusiones: La evaluación y tratamiento anestésico estandarizado de los pacientes ante el brote de COVID-19 y en la fase poscovid permite optimizar la seguridad del paciente y el personal sanitario. Es importante el cumplimiento de los protocolos dirigidos hacia el control estricto de la parada quirúrgica, uso adecuado de los equipos de protección personal, disminución de los aerosoles con métodos de barrera y la desinfección del salón y equipos al concluir la intervención(AU)


Introduction: Coexistence with COVID-19 infection in Cuba is a current challenge of adaptation to all hospital and health settings, creation of protocols and new models of care. The airway approach in its different forms represents a risk of contamination of the health personnel. Objective: To describe the anesthetic considerations in laparoscopic and endoscopic procedures during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: A qualitative, action-research study was carried out, supported by the analysis of documents and participant observation of the actions taken in the National Center for Minimally-Invasive Surgery in the course of four months after the first case of COVID-19 was identified in Cuba. Results: Anesthetic recommendations were established for the action procedure during COVID-19 in the National Center for Minimally-Invasive Surgery, which dictate the actions for the treatment of patients and the protection of workers. This makes it possible to maintain the quality of surgical medical services in these risk settings. Conclusions: Assessment and standardized anesthetic treatment of patients in the face of the COVID-19 outbreak and in the post-COVID phase allows optimizing the safety of the patient and the healthcare personnel. It is important to comply with the protocols aimed at controlling strictly the surgical setting, proper use of personal protective equipment, reduction of aerosols with barrier methods, and disinfection of the room and equipment at the conclusion of the intervention(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Protocols , Patient Safety , Laparoscopy/methods , Endoscopy/methods , Evaluation Studies as Topic , Anesthesia/standards
7.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 48: e20202704, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155355

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objectives: minimally invasive inguinal hernia repair has proven advantages over open procedures including less pain and earlier return to normal activity. Robotic surgery adds ergonomics, a three-dimensional high definition camera and articulating instruments overcoming some laparoscopic limitations. We aimed to report the outcomes of the early experience of over 97 robotic inguinal hernia repairs performed by a referred surgical group in Brazil. Methods: a review of a prospective mantined database was conducted in patients submitted to robotic transabdominal preperitoneal (TAPP) inguinal hernia repairs between March 2016 and February 2020. Descriptive statistics were performed. Surgical outcomes data and patient follow-ups are reported. Results: retrospective chart review identified 97 patients submitted to robotic TAPP inguinal hernia repair. Mean age was 36.4 years, with median BMI of 26.9 kg/m2. Mean console time was 58 min (range 40-150) and patients were discharged within 24 hours of their stay in a majority of cases. Mesh was placed in all procedures and there were no conversion rates. Complications were low grade and no recurrence was seen after a mean follow-up of 642 days. Conclusion: this study represents to-date the first brazilian case series of robotic TAPP inguinal hernia repair. Our results encourage that robotic assisted TAPP inguinal hernia repair appears to be technically feasible and safe in experienced hands, with good outcomes achieving high health-related quality of life and low recurrence rates in the short and long term.


RESUMO Objetivo: a cirurgia minimamente invasiva das hérnias inguinais apresenta vantagens comprovadas em relação aos procedimentos convencionais, incluindo menos dor e retorno precoce às atividades rotineiras. A cirurgia robótica acrescenta uma melhor ergonomia, ótica estável tridimensional de alta definição e instrumentos articulados, superando algumas limitações laparoscópicas. O objetivo deste estudo é relatar os resultados da experiência inicial de 97 cirurgias de correção de hérnias inguinais robóticas pela técnica transabdominal pré-peritoneal (TAPP) realizadas por um grupo cirúrgico referência no Brasil. Métodos: foi realizada uma revisão de um banco de dados mantido prospectivamente de pacientes submetidos a cirurgias de hérnia inguinal TAPP robótica entre março de 2016 e fevereiro de 2020. Uma análise detalhada dos resultados foi feita e dados dos resultados cirúrgicos e acompanhamento dos pacientes são relatados. Resultados: a revisão retrospectiva do prontuário identificou 97 pacientes submetidos à cirurgia de hérnia inguinal TAPP robótica. A idade média foi de 36,4 anos, com IMC médio de 26,9 kg/m2. O tempo médio de procedimento cirúrgico no console robótico foi de 58 minutos. A colocação de prótese foi realizada em todos os procedimentos e não houve taxas de conversão ou intercorrências. Conclusão: este estudo representa a primeira série de casos de cirurgia robótica de hérnia inguinal pela técnica transabdominal pré-peritoneal no Brasil. Os resultados descritos reforçam que a hernioplastia inguinal robótica apresenta-se como tecnicamente viável e segura em mãos experientes, com bons resultados quanto a qualidade de vida e baixas taxas de recidiva a curto e longo prazo.


Subject(s)
Laparoscopy/methods , Herniorrhaphy/methods , Robotic Surgical Procedures/methods , Hernia, Inguinal/surgery , Quality of Life , Treatment Outcome , Middle Aged
8.
Rev. méd. Maule ; 36(2): 28-33, dic. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1344611

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Evaluate initial results of a ambulatory major surgery program in Gynecology. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective, descriptive study of the period March 2018 to June 2019. The interventions included were: surgical sterilizations via vaginal, minilap and laparoscopic, diagnostic laparoscopy, laparoscopic cyst or anexectomy, hysteroscopy, TOT, vaginal plasty, biopsy curettage, polypectomy, extraction of IUD under anesthesia, labiaplasty, and removal of transobsturatrix tape. Quality indicators such as suspension, readmissions and systemic and surgical complications have been analyzed. RESULTS: 136 patients were operated by CMA of which 43 were laparoscopic (31.6%), 55 patients vaginally (40.4%), 34 histeroscopy (25%) and 4 patients by minilap (3%)There were 4 minor and late complications (2.9%) that corresponded to operative wound infection in vaginal plasty and nymphoplasty, a dysfunctional TOT tape that had to be removed in a mediated manner and a PIP post surgical sterilization via vaginal route. CONCLUSIONS: Gynecological ambulatory major surgery is feasible to perform in a hospital of medium complexity with a low percentage of minor complications in this study.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Laparoscopy/methods , Ambulatory Surgical Procedures/methods , Hysterectomy, Vaginal/methods , Outpatients , Patient Readmission , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Clinical Record , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Treatment Outcome , Hysterectomy/methods
9.
Rev. medica electron ; 42(5): 2416-2423, sept.-oct. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1144745

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Las indicaciones de la cirugía de mínimo acceso en el niño han aumentado. Lo que ha traído consigo que aumente el espectro de las entidades resueltas por esta novedosa técnica. En marzo de 2017, se comenzaron a aplicar de manera sistemática estos procedimientos en el Hospital Docente Pediátrico "Eliseo Noel Caamaño", de Matanzas. Con este artículo se pretende describir los resultados de la cirugía mínimamente invasiva en Pediatría, durante su primer año en la mencionada provincia. Se realizó un estudio descriptivo prospectivo para presentar los resultados durante el primer año. Se operaron 77 pacientes. Predominó el sexo femenino, y el grupo etario de 15-19 años. Las intervenciones más realizadas fueron la apendicectomía, 50,6 % y la colecistectomía, 28 %. Se registró un 4 % de conversiones y un 4 % de complicaciones (AU).


ABSTRACT The indications of minimal access surgery in children have increased and the spectrum of the entities resolved with this new technique has enhanced. In March 2017, these procedures began to be used systematically at the Teaching Pediatric Hospital "Eliseo Noel Caamaño", of Matanzas. In this article, the authors pretend to describe the results of the minimally invasive surgery in Pediatrics during the first year in the before-mentioned province. A descriptive prospective study was conducted to present the achieved results. 77 patients underwent surgery. Female sex predominated and the age group of 15-19 years. The most common surgeries were appendectomy (50.6 %) and cholecistectomy (28 %). A 4 % of conversions and 4 % complications were recorded (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Laparoscopy/methods , Pediatrics/history , Pediatrics/methods , Minor Surgical Procedures/methods , Ambulatory Surgical Procedures
10.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 40(3): 237-242, July-Sept. 2020. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134985

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Minimally invasive colectomy has been performed for some years for many patients worldwide without much complications compared to the open approach. In this study we explained our experience regarding a modification in laparoscopic total colectomy and removing the specimen with Natural Orifice Specimen Extraction (NOSE) through rectum using a plastic cover for the first time. Methods and material: This was an experimental study on a new technique of total colectomy with a small modification. Total colectomy was performed based on 7 port laparoscopic approach. Rectum was sparred. Colon was then taken out through the anal canal using a plastic cover. Results: Thirteen patients underwent laparoscopic total colectomy by removal of the specimen through rectum. Mean age of patients was 42.23 ± 8.15 years. Mean duration of operation was 130 ± 32.4 min. All patients had an uneventful postoperative hospitalization. Discussion: Laparoscopic total colectomy has been proven to have superior benefits than the open approach. In NOSE technique, colon is removed from the anal canal without any complication or consuming much time. This technique might have less pain and removes the complications associated with an incision on the skin to remove the specimen. Also, due to low price of a usual plastic cover, it can be used instead of other techniques to remove the specimen through the rectum.


Resumo Introdução: A colectomia minimamente invasiva vem sendo realizada há alguns anos em muitos pacientes no mundo inteiro, apresentando menos intercorrências do que a abordagem aberta. Neste estudo, os autores relatam sua experiência com uma modificação da colectomia total laparoscópica e extração de espécime em orifício natural (NOSE) pelo reto, usando uma cobertura plástica pela primeira vez. Métodos e materiais: Este foi um estudo experimental sobre uma nova técnica de colectomia total com uma pequena modificação. A colectomia total foi realizada com base na abordagem laparoscópica de sete portas. O reto foi poupado. O cólon foi então retirado pelo canal anal usando uma cobertura plástica. Resultados: Treze pacientes foram submetidos a colectomia total laparoscópica por remoção do espécime pelo reto. A idade média dos pacientes foi de 42,23 ± 8,15 anos. A duração média da operação foi de 130 ± 32,4 minutos. Para todos os pacientes, a internação pós-operatória transcorreu sem intercorrências. Discussão: Foi comprovado que a colectomia total laparoscópica apresenta benefícios superiores à abordagem aberta. Na técnica NOSE, o cólon é removido mais rapidamente do canal anal, sem nenhuma intercorrência. Essa técnica pode causar menos dor e remove as complicações associadas a uma incisão na pele para remover o espécime. Além disso, devido ao baixo preço de uma cobertura plástica comum, ela pode ser usada no lugar de outras técnicas para remover o espécime pelo reto.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Laparoscopy/methods , Colectomy/methods , Natural Orifice Endoscopic Surgery , Colon/surgery , Colorectal Surgery , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures
11.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 85(supl.1): S67-S74, set. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138650

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: La reciente pandemia por SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) ha hecho resurgir preocupación sobre la exposición inadvertida del equipo quirúrgico a agentes infecciosos transmisibles por vía aérea durante el acto quirúrgico. El objetivo de este trabajo es describir la confección de un sistema de filtrado simple y de bajo costo que permite reducir el riesgo de exposición al virus, particularmente en el proceso de aspiración, recambio y remoción del neumoperitoneo en cirugía laparoscópica. MATERIALES Y MÉTODO: Se diseñó e implementó un circuito cerrado de evacuación y de filtrado del neumoperitoneo en cirugías ginecológicas laparoscópicas en un centro de salud terciario. El circuito incluye un filtro HEPA (High Efficiency Particulate Air) y una trampa de vacío que contiene una solución de inactivación en base a amonio cuaternario o hipoclorito de sodio. RESULTADOS: Desde su implementación se han realizado 17 cirugías laparoscópicas ginecológicas por diversas patologías. Dos de ellas fueron en pacientes Covid-19 (+). A la fecha no se han reportado contagios en el equipo médico que participó en la cirugía. CONCLUSIONES: Es posible implementar un sistema de evacuación del neumoperitoneo en cirugía laparoscópica presumiblemente eficaz en minimizar el riesgo de exposición al virus SARS-COV-2 (Covid-19). Su bajo costo lo hace especialmente recomendable en países en vías de desarrollo.


INTRODUCTION: The recent SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) pandemics has raised concern on the incidental exposition of health team to air transmissible infectious agents during surgeries. The main goal of this work is to communicate a simple and low-cost filtering system allowing to reduce the risk of contagion related to the virus, associated with pneumoperitoneum removal during surgical laparoscopy. METHODS: A closed circuit of gas removal and filtering was developed and implemented in laparoscopic gynecologic procedures at a tertiary teaching hospital. The circuit included an HEPA (High Efficiency Particulate Air) filter and a vacuum trap containing an inactivating solution based on quaternary ammonium or sodium hypochlorite. RESULTS: Since its introduction, seventeen laparoscopic surgeries have been carried out for different gynecologic pathologies. Two of them in Covid (+) cases. To date, no contagion has been reported among health teammates participating in these surgeries. CONCLUSIONS: It is possible to implement a pneumoperitoneum evacuation system in laparoscopic surgery presumably effective in minimizing the risk of exposure to the SARS-COV-2 virus (Covid-19). Its low cost makes it especially recommended in developing countries.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures/methods , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Pandemics/prevention & control , Pneumonia, Viral/transmission , Pneumoperitoneum , Security Measures , Sodium Hypochlorite , Laparoscopy/methods , Infectious Disease Transmission, Patient-to-Professional/prevention & control , Coronavirus Infections/transmission , Low Cost Technology , Ammonium Compounds , Betacoronavirus
12.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 40(3): 300-308, July-Sept. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134997

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: The management of Hinchey III diverticulitis has been subject to investigation over the years. Hartmann's procedure is widely referred as the standard treatment. However, this option is associated with relevant morbidity and mortality which motivated the arise of alternative interventions such as the laparoscopic peritoneal lavage. Aim: The aim of this review is to synthesize the evidence on the safety and effectiveness of laparoscopic peritoneal lavage in the management of diverticulitis with generalized purulent peritonitis in comparison to resection procedures. Materials and methods: The bibliographic research was conducted using the electronic database Medline from Pubmed. Of the 358 articles identified, our criterious selection resulted in a total of 27 articles for review. Results: Overall, laparoscopic lavage revealed low mortality rates with no remarkable differences between procedures. The non-randomized studies tended to show lower recurrence and morbidity rates comparatively to the latest RCTs, in the lavage groups, however, no significant differences have been found. Discussion and conclusion: In this review, laparoscopic peritoneal lavage proved to be safe and comparatively effective, although not superior to resection, reaching mixed results. We believe it can be applied as a damage control operation to treat or as a bridge to elective resection. Still, more studies are needed to determine indications and factors for the success of laparoscopic lavage.


Resumo Introdução: O tratamento da diverticulite por Hinchey III tem sido objeto de investigação ao longo dos anos. A operação tipo Hartmann é amplamente referida como o tratamento padrão. No entanto, esta opção está associada à morbilidade e mortalidade relevante, o que motivou o surgimento de intervenções alternativas, como a lavagem peritoneal laparoscópica. Objetivo: O objetivo desta revisão é sintetizar a evidência sobre a segurança e a eficácia da lavagem peritoneal laparoscópica no tratamento da diverticulite com peritonite generalizada purulenta em comparação com os procedimentos de ressecção. Materiais e métodos: A pesquisa bibliográfica foi realizada na base de dados eletrónica Medline da Pubmed. Dos 358 artigos identificados, a nossa seleção criteriosa resultou num total de 27 artigos para revisão. Resultados: No geral, a lavagem laparoscópica revelou baixas taxas de mortalidade sem diferenças significativas entre os procedimentos. Os estudos não randomizados tenderam a mostrar menores taxas de recorrência e morbilidade comparativamente aos últimos ensaios clínicos randomizados, nos grupos submetidos à lavagem, no entanto, nenhuma diferença significativa foi encontrada. Discussão e conclusão: Nesta revisão, a lavagem peritoneal laparoscópica mostrou-se segura e comparativamente eficaz, embora não superior à ressecção, não alcançando resultados constantes. Nós acreditamos que pode ser aplicada como um procedimento de controlo de danos para tratamento ou como ponte para cirurgia eletiva. Ainda assim, são necessários mais estudos para determinar indicações e fatores para o sucesso da lavagem laparoscópica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Peritoneal Lavage , Laparoscopy/methods , Diverticulitis/therapy , Peritonitis , Treatment Outcome
15.
Rev. argent. coloproctología ; 31(3): 97-103, sept. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1128567

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La sigmoidectomía por diverticulitis perforada es una cirugía de urgencia comúnmente realizada por cirujanos generales. Está descripta la correlación positiva entre el volumen del cirujano y los mejores resultados postoperatorios. Sin embargo, existe escasa evidencia de la influencia de la especialización en cirugía colorrectal sobre los resultados de la sigmoidectomía laparoscópica por diverticulitis perforada. Objetivo: Evaluar el impacto de la especialización en cirugía colorrectal en los resultados postoperatorios de la sigmoidectomía laparoscópica por diverticulitis Hinchey III. Diseño: Estudio retrospectivo sobre una base de datos cargada de forma prospectiva. Material y métodos: Se incluyeron pacientes sometidos a sigmoidectomía laparoscópica por diverticulitis perforada Hinchey III. La muestra fue dividida en dos grupos: pacientes operados por un cirujano colorrectal (CC) y aquellos operados por un cirujano general (CG). Las variables demográficas, operatorias y postoperatorias fueron comparadas entre los grupos. El objetivo primario fue determinar si existían diferencias en la proporción de anastomosis primaria, morbilidad y mortalidad a 30 días entre los grupos. Resultados: Se incluyeron 101 pacientes en el análisis; 58 operados por CC y 43 por CG. Los pacientes operados por CC presentaron una mayor proporción de anastomosis primaria (CC: 98,3% vs. CG: 67,4%, p<0,001). Los CG realizaron más estomas (CC: 13,8% vs. CG: 46,5%, p<0,001), presentaron un mayor índice de conversión (CC: 20,6% vs. CG: 39,5%, p=0,03) y una mayor estadía hospitalaria (CC: 6,2 vs. CG: 10,8 días, p<0,001). La morbilidad global (CC: 34,4% vs. CG: 46,5%, p=0.22), dehiscencia anastomótica (CC: 3,5% vs. CG: 6,8%, p=0.48) y la mortalidad (CC: 1,7% vs. CG: 9,3 %, p=0,08) fueron similares entre ambos grupos. Conclusión: La sigmoidectomía laparoscópica de urgencia realizada por CG presenta similar morbilidad y mortalidad postoperatoria que la realizada por CC. Sin embargo, la participación del especialista se asoció a una mayor frecuencia de anastomosis primarias, menos estomas y una estadía hospitalaria más corta.


Background: Sigmoid resection for perforated diverticulitis is one of the most common emergency surgeries and often performed by general surgeons. Relationship between high-volume surgeons and improved postoperative outcomes is well established. However, the influence of colorectal specialization on outcomes after emergency laparoscopic sigmoidectomy for perforated diverticulitis is not well described. Aim: Evaluate the impact of colorectal surgery training on the outcomes after emergency laparoscopic sigmoid resection for Hinchey III diverticulitis. Design: Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected database.Method: Patients undergoing emergent laparoscopic sigmoid resection for perforated (Hinchey III) diverticulitis were identified and stratified by involvement of colorectal or general surgeon. This study was conducted from 2000 to 2018 at a teaching hospital. Primary outcome measures were primary anastomosis, postoperative morbidity and mortality.Results: A total of 101 patients were identified; 58 by colorectal and 43 by general surgeons. Patients in the colorectal surgeon group had higher rates of primary anastomosis (CS: 98, 2% vs. GS: 67, 4%, p<0.001). General surgeons performed more ostomies (CS: 13, 8% vs. GS: 46, 5%, p<0.001), had a higher conversion rate (CS: 20, 6% vs. GS: 39, 5%, p=0.03) and longer mean length of hospital stay (CS: 6, 2 vs. GS: 10, 8 days, p<0.001). Overall morbidity (CS: 34, 4% vs. GS: 46, 5%, p=0.22), anastomotic leak rate (CC: 3,5% vs. CG: 6,8%, p=0.48) and mortality (CS: 1, 7% vs. GS: 9,3 %, p=0.08) were similar between groups. Conclusion: Emergency laparoscopic sigmoid resection by general surgeons wasn ́t associated with higher rates of postoperative morbidity, anastomotic leakage or mortality. However, patients operated by colorectal surgeons had higher rates of primary anastomosis, lower rates of ostomy, conversion and shorter length of hospital stay.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Laparoscopy/methods , Colorectal Surgery/methods , Diverticulitis, Colonic/surgery , Intestinal Perforation/surgery , Peritonitis/surgery , Peritonitis/complications , Postoperative Complications , Colon, Sigmoid/surgery , Preoperative Care , Anastomosis, Surgical/methods
16.
Rev. argent. coloproctología ; 31(3): 110-110, sept. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1128578

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La enfermedad diverticular de colon es una patología de alta prevalencia en nuestro medio. Su presentación inicial como fístulas no complicadas no es frecuente sin antecedentes de episodios de diverticulitis previa. Objetivos: Presentar detalles técnicos de la cirugía de resección y tratamiento laparoscópico de una fistula colovesical de origen diverticular. Materiales y métodos: Se presenta el caso de un paciente varón de 63 años con dolor en hipogastrio sin alteraciones evacuatorias ni cirugías previas. Sin antecedentes de diverticulitis. Se realizó ecografía abdominal y tomografía computada donde se constata aire en vejiga. El urocultivo es positivo para escherichia coli y el colon por enema detecta pequeño trayecto fistuloso entre colon sigmoides y vejiga. Se decide resección laparoscópica. Resultados: Se realizó una colectomía sigmoidea laparoscópica con identificación de trayecto fistuloso a la vejiga que se aisló y seccionó entre clips de polímero. Se completó con anastomosis primara colorrectal y sondaje vesical prolongado que se retiró a los 15 días. Los parámetros postoperatorios fueron favorables con egreso a las 72 hs. Conclusión: La fístula colovesical es una complicación de la enfermedad diverticular de colon aunque es rara su debut como forma de presentación sin episodios de diverticulitis previa. Se destaca su identificación como trayecto único y no hemos encontrado mención al respecto en la bibliografía. Su resolución de ligadura entre clips es una opción terapéutica efectiva y rápida para su resolución definitiva. El abordaje laparoscópico electivo es de elección y su tratamiento mediante el procedimiento propuesto resultó efectivo y seguro.


Background: Diverticular disease is a high prevalent colonic pathology. Initial presentation as complicated disease includes fistulas, perforation and bleeding. Objetive: To present technical surgical aspects of surgical treatment of laporoscopic resection of colovesical fistula after diverticular disease. Methods: A 63 years old patient presented with low abdominal pain and no transit symptoms. There was no previous surgery and diverticulitis episode. Abdominal ultrasound and CT scan showed air in the bladder. Urine culture was positive to Escherichia coli. Colonic barium x-rays showed a colovesical fistula. Laparoscopic resection was decided as treatment of choice. Results: Laparoscopic sigmoid colectomy, aisolation of fistula tract and posterior clips ligation and section. Primary mecanic anastomosis and 15 days vesical catheter completed the treatment. Postoperative evolution was satisfactory. Conclusions: Colovesical fistula is a frequent complication of complicated diverticular disease, however its debut without previous episodes is rare. The colonic fistula presented as unique tract is unfrequent. Resolution by polimer clips and section associated with colonic resection by laparoscopic is a good option to avoid bladder sutures. This procedure resulted safe and effective.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Urinary Bladder Fistula/surgery , Laparoscopy/methods , Colorectal Surgery/methods , Colon/surgery , Diverticulitis, Colonic/surgery , Diverticulitis, Colonic/complications
17.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 59(3): e998, jul.-set. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1144434

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: La obesidad es una enfermedad crónica multifactorial cuyo mejor tratamiento lo constituye en la actualidad la cirugía bariátrica. Objetivo: Describir los resultados a corto y largo plazo de la gastroplicatura vertical laparoscópica como técnica de cirugía bariátrica restrictiva. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, retrospectivo, longitudinal en 436 pacientes obesos intervenidos por gastroplicatura vertical laparoscópica, de enero 2010 a enero 2020, en Hospital Universitario General Calixto García. Se incluyeron pacientes de ambos géneros, mayores de 18 años. Variables analizadas: edad, sexo, peso, talla, índice de masa corporal, grado de obesidad, perímetro de cintura, enfermedades asociadas, valores de glucemia, colesterol y triglicéridos, tiempo quirúrgico, pérdidas sanguíneas intraoperatorias, complicaciones perioperatorias y porcentaje de sobrepeso perdido al año. Resultados: Edad promedio 38,48 años, con predominio del sexo femenino. El índice de masa corporal medio fue de 45,41 Kg/m2. Las enfermedades asociadas fueron: hipertensión arterial, síndrome de apnea obstructiva del sueño y diabetes mellitus. El 8,6 por ciento presentó complicación intraoperatoria, mientras que en el posoperatorio hubo un 5,9 por ciento de complicaciones. Tuvieron mayor relación con índice cintura/cadera incrementado y solo se reportó un fallecido. Conclusiones: Los resultados de las gastroplicatura vertical laparoscópica son prometedores como técnica bariátrica restrictiva según lo descrito en la serie de pacientes tratados durante un periodo de 10 años. La misma permitió una disminución significativa del Índice de Masa Corporal y grado de obesidad con repercusión importante en el porcentaje de peso perdido y escasas complicaciones(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Obesity is a multifactorial chronic disease whose best treatment is currently bariatric surgery. Objective: To describe the short- and long-term outcomes of laparoscopic vertical gastroplication as a restrictive bariatric surgery technique. Methods: A descriptive, retrospective and longitudinal study was carried out in 436 obese patients who received laparoscopic vertical gastroplication, from January 2010 to January 2020, at General Calixto García University Hospital. Patients of both genders, older than 18 years, were included. The variables analyzed were age, sex, weight, height, body mass index, degree of obesity, waist circumference, associated diseases, blood glucose, cholesterol and triglyceride values, surgical time, intraoperative blood loss, perioperative complications, and percentage of overweight lost at one year. Results: The average age 38.48 years, with a predominance of the female sex. The mean body mass index was 45.41 kg/m2. The associated diseases were arterial hypertension, obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, and diabetes mellitus. 8.6 percent presented intraoperative complication, while there were 5.9 percent of complications in the postoperative period. They were more related to the increased waist/hip ratio and only one death was reported. Conclusions: The results of laparoscopic vertical gastroplication are promising based on the usefulness of the restrictive bariatric technique as described in the series of patients treated over a period of ten years. It allowed a significant decrease in body mass index and the degree of obesity, with a significant impact on the percentage of lost weight lost and with few complications(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Body Mass Index , Laparoscopy/methods , Bariatric Surgery/methods , Obesity/therapy , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retrospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies
18.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 59(3): e925, jul.-set. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1144431

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: La histerectomía constituye la segunda causa más frecuente de cirugía mayor en la mujer. Tres tipos de histerectomías son usadas en la actualidad: la histerectomía vaginal, la histerectomía abdominal y la histerectomía mínimamente invasiva. Esta última variedad se comenzó a realizar en Matanzas a finales de la pasada década. Objetivo: Evaluar las características clínicas epidemiológicas de las pacientes histerectomizadas por cirugía video laparoscópica. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo y prospectivo. El universo lo conformaron todas las pacientes en las que se implementó esta técnica quirúrgica y se tomó como muestra al propio universo, 96 pacientes. Resultados: Predominó la edad comprendida entre 40 y 49 años con 44 pacientes; la raza negra con 51 pacientes; diagnóstico de miomatosis uterina con 87 casos; tiempo quirúrgico de 61-90 min con 57 pacientes y estadía hospitalaria de hasta 24 h en 93 de las pacientes. Se presentaron 3 complicaciones en total y el número de casos convertidos fue 0. Conclusiones: La histerectomía videolaparoscópica es implementada de forma segura y eficaz. Se realizó predominantemente en mujeres mayores de 40 años, con diagnóstico de miomatosis uterina. El tiempo quirúrgico promedio es mayor que el reportado en la literatura. La estadía hospitalaria es de 24 horas como promedio y se reincorporaron a sus actividades habituales rápidamente(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Hysterectomy is the second most frequent type of major surgery among women. Three types of hysterectomy are currently used: vaginal hysterectomy, abdominal hysterectomy, and minimally invasive hysterectomy. This last variety began to be performed in Matanzas at the end of the last decade. Objective: To evaluate the clinical-epidemiological characteristics of patients hysterectomized. Methods: A descriptive and prospective study was carried out. The population was made up of all the patients operated on by this surgical technique. The whole population itself was taken as a sample (96 patients). Results: There was predominance of the age group 40-49 years (44 patients), the black race (51 patients), diagnosis of uterine myomatosis (87 cases), surgical time of 61-90 min (57 patients), and hospital stay of up to 24 hours (93 patients). There were three complications and the number of converted cases was 0. Conclusions: Videolaparoscopic hysterectomy is implemented safely and effectively. It was performed predominantly in women over 40 years of age and diagnosed with uterine myomatosis. Average surgical time is greater than that reported in the scientific literature. Hospital stay is 24 hours as an average. The patients returned to their usual activities quickly(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Laparoscopy/methods , Video-Assisted Surgery/methods , Hysterectomy/methods , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Prospective Studies
19.
Rev. medica electron ; 42(4): 2039-2048,
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1139294

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Existe pobre evidencia del impacto de la altura de los tumores de recto extraperitoneal en los resultados postoperatorios y oncológicos. No obstante, se ha reportado que aquellos tumores de recto inferior tendrían peor pronóstico oncológico y mayor tasa de complicaciones. Sin embargo, se desconoce si la laparoscopía podría disminuir dichas dificultades en tumores bajos. El objetivo de este trabajo fue revisar artículos bibliográficos actualizados relacionados con los tumores de recto extraperitoneal y los resultados utilizando un abordaje laparoscópico. Se incluyeron 22 artículos sobre tumores de recto extraperitoneal operados por vía laparoscópica. Se compararon variables demográficas, resultados quirúrgicos, histopatológicos y oncológicos entre los artículos revisados. No hubo diferencias en variables demográficas en la revisión. La incidencia de complicaciones tempranas fue muy baja y las complicaciones tardías fueron más anatomopatológicas (escisión total del mesorrecto, margen de resección circunferencial). Las variables y estadios patológicos no presentaron diferencias. Con una mediana de seguimiento de 41,8 meses (rango: 6-120), las tasas de recurrencia y sobrevida fueron comparables. La altura de los tumores de recto extraperitoneal no afectaría los resultados quirúrgicos ni oncológicos en la escisión total del mesorrecto laparoscópica (AU).


SUMMARY There is little evidence of the impact of the extra peritoneal rectal tumors height in the oncological and post surgery results. Nevertheless, it has been reported that inferior rectal tumors would have a worse oncological prognosis and a bigger rate of complications. But it is unknown if laparoscopy could reduce those difficulties in low tumors. The aim of this work was reviewing up-dated bibliographic articles dealing with tumors of the extra peritoneal rectum and the results obtained using a laparoscopic approach. 22 articles on tumors of extra peritoneal rectum that underwent laparoscopic surgery were included. Demographic variables and oncological, histopathologic surgical results were compared between the reviewed articles. Differences in demographic variables were not found in the review. The incidence of early complications was low and late complications were more anatomopathologic ones (total mesorectal resection, circumferential resection margin). Variables and pathological stages did not show differences. With an average follow up of 41.8 months (range 6-120), the recurrence rates and survival were similar. The height of extra peritoneal rectum tumors would not affect surgical nor oncologic results in the total laparoscopic mesorectal resection (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Postoperative Period , Rectal Neoplasms/surgery , Postoperative Complications , Prognosis , Outcome Assessment, Health Care , Laparoscopy/methods , Laparoscopy/rehabilitation
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