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1.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 74(4): 376-383, ago. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407939

ABSTRACT

Resumen Objetivo: El objetivo de este estudio es comparar los resultados perioperatorios del abordaje abierto (AA) con el abordaje laparoscópico (AL) para la reconstitución de tránsito (RT), y determinar factores de riesgo asociados a morbilidad posoperatoria. Material y Métodos: Se estudiaron pacientes consecutivos sometidos a RT entre enero de 2007 y diciembre de 2016 en nuestro centro. Se excluyeron aquellos con grandes hernias incisionales que requirieran reparación abierta simultánea. Se consignaron variables demográficas y perioperatorias, y se compararon ambos grupos. Además, se realizó una regresión logística para la identificación de factores de riesgo asociados a morbilidad posoperatoria en la serie. Resultados: Se realizaron 101 RT en el período. Se excluyeron 14 casos por hernia incisional, por lo que se analizaron 87 casos (46 AA y 41 AL). Diez pacientes en el grupo AL (24,4%) requirieron conversión, principalmente por adherencias. La morbilidad total de la serie fue de 36,8%, siendo mayor en el AA (50% vs 21,9%, p = 0,007). Hubo una filtración anastomótica en cada grupo. La estadía posoperatoria fue de 5 (3-52) días para el AL y 7 (4-36) días para el AA (p < 0,001). En la regresión logística, sólo el AA fue un factor de riesgo independientemente asociado a morbilidad posoperatoria (OR 2,89, IC 95% 1,11-7,49; p = 0,029). Conclusión: El abordaje laparoscópico se asocia a menor morbilidad y estadía posoperatoria que el abordaje abierto para la reconstitución del tránsito pos-Hartmann. En nuestra serie, el abordaje abierto fue el único factor independientemente asociado a morbilidad posoperatoria.


Introduction: Hartmann's reversal (HR) is considered a technically demanding procedure and is associated with high morbidity rates. Aim: The aim of this study is to compare the perioperative results of the open approach (OA) with the laparoscopic approach (LA) for HR, and to determine the risk factors associated with postoperative morbidity. Material and Methods: Consecutive patients undergoing HR between January 2007 and December 2016 at a university hospital were included. Patients with large incisional hernias that required an open approach a priori were excluded from the analysis. Demographic and perioperative variables were recorded. Analytical statistics were carried out to compare both groups, and a logistic regression was performed to identify risk factors associated with postoperative morbidity in the series. Results: A hundred and one HR were performed during the study period. Fourteen cases were excluded due to large incisional hernias, so 87 cases (46 OA and 41 LA) were analyzed. Ten patients in the LA group (24.4%) required conversion, mainly due to adhesions. The total morbidity of the series was 36.8%, being higher in the OA group (50% vs. 21.9%, p = 0.007). There was one case of anastomotic leakage in each group. The length of stay was 5 (3-52) days for LA and 7 (4-36) days for OA (p < 0.001). In the logistic regression, the OA was the only independent risk factor associated with postoperative morbidity in HR (OR 2.89, IC 95% 1.11-7.49; p = 0.029). Conclusion: A laparoscopic approach is associated with less morbidity and a shorter length of stay compared to the open approach for Hartmann's reversal. An open approach was the only factor independently associated with postoperative morbidity in our series.


Subject(s)
Humans , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Colorectal Neoplasms/surgery , Laparoscopy/methods , Colorectal Surgery/methods , Laparotomy/methods , Postoperative Complications/physiopathology , Anastomosis, Surgical/methods , Colorectal Neoplasms/mortality , Colorectal Neoplasms/pathology , Chi-Square Distribution , Survival Analysis , Laparoscopy/adverse effects , Colorectal Surgery/adverse effects , Laparotomy/adverse effects
2.
Prensa méd. argent ; 108(5): 251-261, 20220000. fig, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1392605

ABSTRACT

"Body packing", "Body pushing" y "Body stuffing" son distintas formas de transportar sustancias ilegales dentro del cuerpo humano. Frente al ingreso en la unidad de emergencias de un "Body Packer", conocido como "tragador de paquetes" con fines de contrabando o un "Body Stuffer" llamados "tragadores rápidos", quienes ingieren en forma compulsiva paquetes manufacturados para la venta de sustancias ante la posibilidad de ser sorprendidos por agentes de la ley; se plantean una serie de desafíos en cuanto al tratamiento que al día de hoy permanecen en debate. Generalmente se prefiere mantener una conducta conservadora facilitando la expulsión de los paquetes. En aquellos casos en los que los pacientes presenten paquetes atascados o rotos o no mejoren con el tratamiento conservador, se recomienda el tratamiento quirúrgico.El presente trabajo tiene por objetivo reportar una serie de casos internados por ingesta de paquetes potencialmente peligrosos que se sometieron a una evacuación farmacológica y/o quirúrgica en 8 pacientes y una revisión bibliográfica sobre el tema.


"Body packing", "Body pushing", and "Body stuffing" are different ways to use the interior of the human body to transport illegal substances. In the face of a "Body Packer" or a "Body Stuffer" known as "fast swallowers", which are those cases in which they compulsively swallow manufactured packages for the sale of substances before the possibility of being surprised by law enforcement officers, a series of challenges present themselves regarding the treatment, which is currently up for debate. Generally, a conservative conduct is preferred, facilitating the expulsion of the packages. In those cases, in which patients have stuck or broken packages or do not improve with conservative treatment, surgical treatment is recommended.The present paper aims to report a series of cases in which the patients were admitted due to an intake of potentially dangerous packages and put through a pharmacological evacuation and/or surgical evacuation of 8 patients, and a bibliographical revision on the subject.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Poisoning/mortality , Substance-Related Disorders/mortality , Emergencies , Body Packing , Laparotomy
3.
Rev. urug. enferm ; 17(1): 1-14, jun. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1362990

ABSTRACT

A laparotomia consiste no acesso cirúrgico aos órgãos da cavidade abdominal, quando classifica-da como urgente apresenta-se quando há necessidade de se explorar a dimensão de lesões abdominais ou para investigar e tratar patologias desconhecidas. Por vezes, tal procedimento apresenta complicações onde há a necessidade de uma relaparotomia. O objetivo deste estudo foi descrever a ocorrência da laparotomia de urgência e fatores de risco associados à relaparotomia. Trata-se de um estudo retrospectivo, analítico e de caráter quantitativo, realizado em hospital de urgência e emergência do estado de Pernambuco. A amostra foi composta por 120 prontuários. Os resultados apresentaram perfis de risco distintos. Para a laparotomia houve a prevalência do sexo masculino, idade <50 anos, com o etilismo sendo um hábito de vida considerado fator de risco relevante e o desfecho clínico mais comum foi a alta hospitalar. Já no caso da relaparotomia, houve prevalência no sexo feminino, idade >50 anos, sendo a idade elevada considera um fator de risco para complicações, como fatores de risco clínico, o tabagismo e a hipertensão arterial prevaleceram, a classificação do ASA III e IV também se mostrou relevante e o desfecho clínico mais representativo foi o óbito. Em ambos os perfis, a causa inicial se mostrou signifi cativa para a diferença no desfecho clínico dos prontuários analisados. Conhecer a ocorrência da laparotomia de urgência e os fatores de risco para relaparotomias proporciona a equipe multiprofissional dos serviços de saúde um conhecimento prévio para que haja o planejamento adequado da assistência e a implantação de medidas preventivas.


Laparotomy consists of surgical access to the organs of the abdominal cavity, when classified as urgent, it appears when there is a need to explore the dimension of abdominal injuries or to investigate and treat unknown pathologies. Sometimes, this procedure presents complications where there is a need for a relaparotomy. the aim of this study was to describe the occurrence of emergency laparotomy and risk factors associated with relaparotomy. this is a retrospective, analytical and quantitative study carried out in an emergency hospital in the state of Pernambuco. The sample consisted of 120 medical records. The results showed different risk profiles. For laparotomy, there was a prevalence of males, age <50 years, with alcoholism being a life habit considered a relevant risk factor and the most common clinical outcome was hospital discharge. In the case of relaparotomy, there was a prevalence in females, age> 50 years, with high age considered a risk factor for complications, as clinical risk factors, smoking and arterial hypertension prevailed, the classification of ASA III and IV it also proved to be relevant and the most representative clinical outcome was death. In both profiles, the initial cause was significant for the difference in the clinical outcome of the analyzed medical records. Knowing the occurrence of emergency laparotomy and the risk factors for relaparotomy provides the multidisciplinary team of health services with prior knowledge so that there is adequate planning of care and the implementation of preventive measures.


La laparotomía consiste en el acceso quirúrgico a los órganos de la cavidad abdominal, cuando se clasifica como urgente, aparece cuando es necesario explorar la dimensión de las lesiones abdominales o investigar y tratar patologías desconocidas. A veces, este procedimiento presenta complicaciones donde existe la necesidad de una relaparotomía. El objetivo de este estudio fue describir la aparición de laparotomía de emergencia y los factores de riesgo asociados con la relaparotomía. Este es un estudio retrospectivo, analítico y cuantitativo realizado en un hospital de emergencia en el estado de Pernambuco. La muestra consistió en 120 registros médicos. Los resultados mostraron diferentes perfi les de riesgo. Para la laparotomía, hubo una prevalencia de varones, edad <50 años, siendo el alcoholismo un hábito de vida considerado un factor de riesgo relevante y el resultado clínico más común fue el alta hospitalaria. En el caso de la relaparotomía, hubo una prevalencia en las mujeres, edad > 50 años, con la edad alta considerada un factor de riesgo de complicaciones, ya que prevalecieron los factores de riesgo clínico, el tabaquismo y la hipertensión arterial, la clasificación de ASA III y IV también demostró ser relevante y el resultado clínico más representativo fue la muerte. En ambos perfiles, la causa inicial fue significativa para la diferencia en el resultado clínico de los registros medicos analizados. Conocer la aparición de laparotomía de emergencia y los factores de riesgo de la relaparotomía proporciona al equipo multidisciplinario de servicios de salud conocimientos previos para que hay a una planificación adecuada de la atención y la implementación de medidas preventivas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Brazil , Risk Factors , Emergency Medicine , Abdominal Injuries , Laparotomy
4.
Prensa méd. argent ; 108(3): 151-156, 20220000. tab, fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1373112

ABSTRACT

El íleo biliar se define como una obstrucción intestinal mecánica secundaria a la presencia de un cálculo biliar. Menos del 1% de los casos de obstrucción intestinal se derivan de esta etiología. La causa más frecuente es la impactación del cálculo en el íleon, tras su paso por una fístula bilioentérica. Es una complicación rara y potencialmente grave de la colelitiasis. Esta patología se presenta más en adultos mayores, la edad promedio en la que se presenta es entre los 60 y 84 años, afectando principalmente al sexo femenino, atribuido a la mayor frecuencia de patología biliar en dicho sexo. Presenta una alta morbimortalidad, principalmente por la dificultad y la demora diagnóstica.


Gallstone ileus is defined as a mechanical intestinal obstruction secondary to the presence of a gallstone. Less than 1% of cases of intestinal obstruction are derived from this etiology. Te most frequent cause is the impaction of the stone in the ileum, after passing through a bilioenteric fistula. It is a rare and potentially serious complication of cholelithiasis. Tis pathology occurs more in the elderly, the average age at which it occurs is between 60 and 84 years, mainly affecting the female sex, attributed to the higher frequency of biliary pathology in said sex. It presents a high morbidity and mortality, mainly due to the difficulty and the diagnostic delay


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Biliary Tract/pathology , Cholelithiasis/surgery , Indicators of Morbidity and Mortality , Diagnosis, Differential , Ileum/pathology , Intestinal Obstruction/surgery , Laparotomy
5.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 37(1): 108-113, Jan.-Mar. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376914

ABSTRACT

Abstract We describe a case of disseminated abdominal hydatid disease in a 21-year-old man who presented with clinical symptoms of persistent abdominal pain after abscess drainage post-appendectomy. The images showed multiple cystic lesions in the peritoneum, liver, and spleen. Due to pain exacerbation, the patient was taken to laparotomy. Multiple cystic lesions scattered throughout the abdominal cavity were observed, which were diagnosed by histopathology as multiple cystic lesions due to peritoneal and abdominal echinococcosis.


Resumen Se realiza la descripción de un caso de hidatidosis abdominal diseminada de un hombre de 21 años, quien consultó por cuadro clínico de dolor abdominal persistente después de un drenaje de absceso luego de una apendicetomía. Las imágenes mostraron múltiples lesiones quísticas en peritoneo, hígado y bazo. Por exacerbación del dolor, el paciente se lleva a laparotomía, donde se evidenciaron múltiples lesiones quísticas diseminadas en toda la cavidad abdominal, que se diagnosticaron a la histopatología como lesiones quísticas múltiples por equinococosis peritoneal y abdominal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Abdominal Pain , Abdominal Cavity , Echinococcosis , Echinococcosis/drug therapy , Peritoneum , Laparotomy , Liver
6.
Rev. venez. cir ; 75(1): 29-34, ene. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1391600

ABSTRACT

La evaluación y el manejo del trauma abdominal ha presentado cambios significativos en los últimos tiempos. La laparoscopia en el trauma abdominal penetrante ha sido de gran utilidad principalmente como método diagnóstico, sin embargo, se debería considerar como herramienta terapéutica.Objetivo: Determinar la eficacia del manejo laparoscópico vs el convencional en el tratamiento de pacientes con trauma abdominal penetrante por heridas de arma blanca.Métodos : Estudio experimental, prospectivo, comparativo. La población de estudio estuvo representada por pacientes con diagnóstico de traumatismo abdominal penetrante por herida de arma blanca que ingresaron a la emergencia de cirugía del Hospital Dr. Miguel Pérez Carreño durante el periodo enero 2019 a julio 2021.Resultados : Fueron incluidos 48 pacientes, 28 pacientes del grupo control y 20 pacientes del grupo experimental. Ambos grupos fueron comparables con respecto a edad y sexo. El índice de severidad del trauma (PATI) fue similar en ambos grupos. Las complicaciones y el tiempo quirúrgico no tuvieron diferencias estadísticamente significativas. Las cirugías negativas representaron el 15 % en el grupo laparoscópico vs 11 % en el abordaje convencional. El porcentaje de conversión fue de 15 %. La estancia hospitalaria fue menor en el grupo laparoscópico 3,25 vs 4,6 días (p = 0,04).Conclusión: La cirugía laparoscópica puede considerarse el abordaje de elección en pacientes hemodinámicamente estables con trauma abdominal penetrante por herida de arma blanca, siendo un método seguro y eficaz, brindando los beneficios propios de la cirugía mínimamente invasiva, con baja tasa de complicaciones y una recuperación más rápida(AU)


The evaluation and management of abdominal trauma have changed significantly in recent times. Laparoscopic approach in penetrating abdominal trauma has been useful as diagnostic method, however, its therapeutic value should be considered. Objective: To determine the efficacy of laparoscopy versus laparotomy approach as treatment in patients with penetrating abdominal trauma caused by stab wounds. Methods: We conducted an experimental, prospective and comparative study. Study population was represented by patients with diagnosis of penetrating abdominal trauma due to stab wounds who were admitted to the emergency room of Dr. Miguel Pérez Carreño Hospital between January 2019 and July 2021.Results : 48 patients were included, 28 in the control group and 20 patients in the experimental group. No differences were found between groups regarding age and sex. The penetrating abdominal trauma index (PATI) was similar in both groups. Differences in complications and surgical time were not statistically significant. Non-therapeutic surgeries represented 15 % in laparoscopic group and 11 % in laparotomy group. The conversion percentage was 15 %. Hospital stay were shorter in laparoscopic group, 3.25 vs 4.6 days (p = 0.04). Conclusion: Laparoscopic surgery can be considered the approach of choice in hemodynamically stable patients with penetrating abdominal trauma due to stab wounds. It is a safe and effective method, providing the benefits of minimally invasive surgery, with a low rate of complications and faster patient recovery(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Wounds, Stab , Laparoscopy , Abdominal Injuries , Wounds and Injuries , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Laparotomy
7.
Rev. venez. cir ; 75(1): 45-48, ene. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1391723

ABSTRACT

Las neoplasias quísticas pancreáticas se observan en cuerpo y cola del páncreas en mujeres de mediana edad. Son consideradas lesiones premalignas y requieren extirpación quirúrgica según tamaño y características imagenológicas. El cistoadenoma mucinoso es una neoplasia epitelial que produce mucina, forma quistes que surgen del páncreas y puede progresar a carcinoma invasivo. Representan la mitad de las neoplasias quísticas del páncreas. Lesiones sintomáticas en pacientes operables deben resecarse. En caso de lesiones asintomáticas, es importante diferenciar su estirpe (serosa o mucinosa) y su riesgo de degeneración. Una vez valorado el paciente, se indica tratamiento quirúrgico u observación. Caso clínico: Paciente femenina de 43 años con antecedentes de hipertensión arterial sistémica e hipotiroidismo controlados, quien presenta cuadro clínico caracterizado por distensión abdominal y síntomas dispépticos. Se realiza ultrasonografía abdominal y tomografía de abdomen y pelvis con doble contraste evidenciándose lesión redondeada hipodensa en rango líquido con septos finos en su interior, definida, que impresiona formar parte de cuerpo y cola de páncreas. Se decide resolución quirúrgica mediante laparotomía exploradora. Informe histopatológico: cistoadenoma mucinoso cuerpo y cola de páncreas. Conclusión: Las neoplasias quísticas del páncreas son tumoraciones que en la actualidad gracias al desarrollo de nuevas tecnologías se observan en nuestra práctica médica con más frecuencia. Al sospechar una neoplasia quística del páncreas, el tratamiento adecuado es la resección quirúrgica adaptada a la localización del tumor. El manejo de esta patología debe ser individualizado de acuerdo a las características clínicas, imagenológicas e histopatológicas del mismo(AU)


Pancreatic cystic neoplasms are observed in the body and tail of the pancreas in middle-aged women. They are considered premalignant lesions and require surgical removal depending on their size and imaging characteristics. Mucinous cystadenoma is an epithelial neoplasm that produces mucin, forms cysts that arise from the pancreas, and can progress to invasive carcinoma. They represent half of the cystic neoplasms of the pancreas. Symptomatic lesions in operable patients should be resected. In the case of asymptomatic lesions, it is important to differentiate their type (serous or mucinous) and their risk of degeneration. Once the patient has been assessed, surgical treatment or observation is indicated. Clinical case: A 43-year-old female patient with a history of controlled systemic arterial hypertension and hypothyroidism, who presented a clinical picture characterized by abdominal distension and dyspeptic symptoms. Abdominal ultrasonography and tomography of the abdomen and pelvis with double contrast were performed, a rounded, hypodense lesion in the liquid range with fine septa inside, defined, which appears to be part of the body and tail of the pancreas. Surgical resolution was decided by exploratory laparotomy. Histopathological report: mucinous cystadenoma of the body and tail of the pancreas. Conclusion: Cystic neoplasms of the pancreas are tumors that today, thanks to the development of new technologies, are observed more frequently in our medical practice. When suspecting a cystic neoplasm of the pancreas, the appropriate treatment is surgical resection adapted to the location of the tumor. The management of this pathology must be individualized according to its clinical, imaging and histopathological characteristics(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Pancreas , Pancreatic Neoplasms , Cystadenoma, Mucinous , Pancreatectomy , Hypertension , Hypothyroidism , Laparotomy
8.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 140-147, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935592

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the short-term efficacy and long-term prognosis of laparoscopic and laparotomy radical resection for gallbladder cancer(GBC). Methods: From January 2010 to December 2020,the clinical data and survival information for 133 patients who underwent radical resection of GBC at the Department of Hepatopancreatobiliary Surgery,Zhejiang Provincial People's Hospital,were retrospectively collected. Eighty patients(23 males and 57 females) underwent laparoscopic radical resection and had a median age(M(IQR)) of 66.0(12.8)years(range:28.0 to 82.0 years). Fifty-three patients(45 males and 8 females) who received laparotomy were 63.0(6.0)years old(range:45.0 to 80.0 years old). There were no significant differences in age,gender,body mass index,preoperative albumin,preoperative total bilirubin,N stages,vascular invasion,peri-neural invasion or tumor differentiation between the laparoscopic and laparotomy group(all P>0.05). But there were significant differences in preoperative CA19-9(Z=-2.955, P=0.003), preoperative ALT level(Z=-2.801,P=0.031) and T stage (χ2=19.110,P=0.007) between the two groups. A non-parametric test was used for quantitative data. χ2 test or Fisher exact probability method was used for count data. Results: Patients in the laparoscopic group did not differ from those in the laparotomy group in terms of length of operation,number of lymph node yield,number of positive lymph nodes,the incidence of intraoperative gallbladder rupture,incidence of postoperative bile leakage,abdominal bleeding or abdominal infection,30-day mortality,90-day mortality, the incidence of incision implantation or peritoneal cavity metastasis(all P>0.05). Patients in the laparoscopic group showed less intraoperative bleeding(100.0(200.0)ml vs. 400.0(250.0)ml)(Z=-5.260,P<0.01),fewer days with drainage tube indwelling(6.0(3.8)days vs. 7.0(4.0)days)(Z=-3.351, P=0.001), and fewer postoperative days in hospital(8.0(5.0)days vs. 14.0(7.5)days)(Z=-6.079,P<0.01) than those in the laparotomy group. Patients in the laparoscopic group displayed better overall survival (P<0.01) and progression-free survival (P<0.01). Subgroup analysis for GBC of T1b-T2 and T3 stages revealed comparable overall survival and progression-free survival between the laparoscopic and laparotomy groups (P>0.05). Conclusions: Laparoscopic radical resection can achieve long-term survival for GBC comparable to that with open surgery. Laparoscopic radical resection has advantages over open surgery regarding surgical trauma and postoperative recovery.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Child , Female , Gallbladder Neoplasms/surgery , Humans , Laparoscopy , Laparotomy , Male , Middle Aged , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927333

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) on postoperative ileus after laparotomy for gastrointestinal cancer.@*METHODS@#A total of 90 patients with postoperative ileus after laparotomy for gastrointestinal cancer were randomized into an EA group and a conventional treatment group, 45 cases in each one. In the conventional treatment group, the postoperative fast track surgical regimen was accepted. In the EA group, on the base of the treatment as the conventional treatment group, acupuncture was applied to Zusanli (ST 36), Shangjuxu (ST 37), Yinlingquan (SP 9) and Taichong (LR 3) and electric stimulation was attached on Zusanli (ST 36) and Yinlingquan (SP 9), with continuous wave, 2 Hz in frequency and 3-5 mA in intensity. Acupuncture was provided once daily till the onset of postoperative exhaust and defecation. The first postoperative exhaust time, the first postoperative defecation time, the postoperative hospital stay and the wound pain under standing on the next morning after entering group were compared in the patients between the two groups. The impact of the EA expectation was analyzed on the first postoperative exhaust time, the first postoperative defecation time and the postoperative hospital stay separately.@*RESULTS@#The first postoperative exhaust time and the first postoperative defecation time in the EA group were earlier than the conventional treatment group (P<0.05), the postoperative hospital stay was shorter than the conventional treatment group (P<0.05), and the rate of wound pain in the postoperative standing was lower than the conventional treatment group (P<0.05). EA expectation had no obvious correlation with the clinical therapeutic effect (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#EA can relieve postoperative ileus symptoms, alleviate pain and shorten hospital stay in the patients after laparotomy for gastrointestinal cancer.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Electroacupuncture , Gastrointestinal Neoplasms , Humans , Ileus/therapy , Laparotomy/adverse effects
10.
Rev. méd. Minas Gerais ; 31: 31417, 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1372700

ABSTRACT

Hérnia lombar é definida como a extrusão de órgãos intra ou extraperitoneais através da descontinuidade da parede abdominal posterolateral. Corresponde a menos de 1% a 2% de todas as hérnias da parede abdominal, sendo poucos os casos descritos na literatura. Quando a hérnia ocorre no triângulo de Grynfelt, ela é definida como hérnia lombar superior. Uma vez que são incomuns na prática médica, podem ser confundidas com lipomas ou mesmo abscessos. Este artigo apresenta o caso de hérnia gigante de Grynfelt em um paciente do sexo masculino, submetido ao atendimento hospitalar inicial devido à dor lombar associada à massa palpável. Descoberto o diagnóstico, foi realizada incisão transversa no ápice da hérnia onde foi identificado o saco herniário e o trígono de Grynfelt. O reparo foi realizado por meio da colocação de uma tela de polipropileno com resultados satisfatórios. Reforça-se a importância do diagnóstico de uma afecção rara e a experiência do cirurgião para uma abordagem adequada.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Hernia, Abdominal , General Surgery , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Rare Diseases , Laparotomy
11.
Rev. argent. cir ; 113(4): 477-481, dic. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1356958

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El vólvulo gástrico agudo (VGA) es una entidad infrecuente, con elevada mortalidad de hasta 50%, y su diagnóstico se basa en un alto nivel de sospecha clínica. En el paciente estable se puede plantear manejo no operatorio, pero en el inestable se impone el tratamiento quirúrgico. Presentamos el caso de un paciente con VGA e inestabilidad hemodinámica, en el cual se realizó laparotomía y devolvulación gástrica, pero falleció en el posoperatorio inmediato por shock refractario.


ABSTRACT Acute gastric volvulus (AGV) is an uncommon condition with high mortality (up to 50%) and its diagnosis is based on high level of suspicion. Conservative management can be attempted in stable patients, but the surgical approach is indicated in unstable cases. We report the case of a patient with AGV and hemodynamic instability who underwent laparotomy with reduction of the volvulus but who died in the immediate postoperative period due to refractory shock.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Stomach Volvulus/diagnostic imaging , Postoperative Period , Stomach Volvulus , Mortality , Intestinal Volvulus , Hemodynamics , Laparotomy
12.
Rev. Méd. Inst. Mex. Seguro Soc ; 59(6): 560-567, dic. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357659

ABSTRACT

Introducción: el sangrado gastrointestinal de origen oscuro es una entidad poco frecuente y se reserva a los casos en los que ya se ha realizado exploración del intestino delgado (endoscópica/radiológica) sin encontrar la causa. Actualmente el estándar de oro es la videocápsula, que se ha descrito como una técnica segura, útil y eficaz para el diagnóstico y tratamiento de las enfermedades del intestino delgado. Objetivo: describir variables demográficas, indicaciones, hallazgos, segmento explorado, tratamiento y tiempo de procedimiento quirúrgico de la enteroscopía transoperatoria en 15 pacientes con diagnóstico de sangrado de tubo digestivo de origen oscuro. Material y métodos: se incluyeron 15 pacientes adultos con el diagnóstico de sangrado de origen oscuro con panendoscopía y colonoscopía negativa a sangrado. A todos se les realizó laparotomía exploradora y enteroscopía transoperatoria con un gastroduodenoscopio. Resultados: se realizaron 15 enteroscopías transoperatorias con gastroduodenoscopio; 10 en mujeres y 5 en hombres, con promedio de edad de 67.2 años. Se exploró la tercera y cuarta porción del duodeno, yeyuno e íleon terminal. Los diagnósticos encontrados fueron enfermedad de Crohn en 1 paciente (6.66%), adenomas en 2 (13.3%), divertículo yeyunal en 6 (40%) y angiectasias en 6 casos (40%). La localización fue en yeyuno [12 casos (80%)] e íleon [3 casos (20%)]. Conclusiones: la enteroscopía intraoperatoria es una alternativa diagnóstica en el sangrado de origen oscuro cuando no se cuente con la enteroscopía doble balón o la videocápsula endoscópica.


Background: Bleeding of dark origin is a rare entity and it is reserved for cases in which exploration of the small intestine has already been performed (endoscopic / radiological) without finding the cause. Currently, the gold standard is the videocapsule which has been described as a safe, useful and effective technique for the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the small intestine. Objective: The objective was to describe demographic variables, indications, findings, explored segment, treatment and time of the surgical procedure of the intraoperative enteroscopy in 15 patients with a diagnosis of gastrointestinal bleeding of dark origin. Material and methods: 15 adult patients with the diagnosis of bleeding of dark origin with panendoscopy and negative colonoscopy to bleeding were included. All of these underwent exploratory laparotomy and intraoperative enteroscopy with a gastroduodenoscope. Results: 15 intraoperative enteroscopies were performed with a gastroduodenoscope; 10 women and 5 men with an average age of 67.2 years. Third and fourth portions of the duodenum, jejunum, and terminal ileum were explored. The diagnoses found were Crohn's disease 1 (6.66%), Adenomas 2 (13.3%), jejunal diverticulum 6 (40%) and angiectasias in 6 cases (40%). The location was in jejunum, 12 cases (80%) and ileum, 3 cases (20%). Conclusions: Intraoperative enteroscopy is a diagnostic alternative in bleeding of dark origin when there is no double balloon enteroscopy or endoscopic video capsule.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Crohn Disease , Colonoscopy , Endoscopes, Gastrointestinal , Mexico , Adenoma , Diverticulum , Gastrointestinal Tract , Duodenum , Endoscopy , Hemorrhage , Intestine, Small , Jejunum , Laparotomy
13.
Prensa méd. argent ; 107(6): 307-311, 20210000. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1359098

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Presentar metodología diagnostica y resección atípica, con fines curativos de hepatocarcinoma. Caso clínico: Femenina de 82 años, con múltiples antecedentes entre el que se destaca, hepatitis a virus C de 15 años de evolución, que presenta por estudios complementarios alta sospecha de hepatocarcinoma, se realiza laparotomía exploradora con resección atípica de tumor en segmento 5 y 6 con radiofrecuencia quirúrgica y colecistectomía con colangiografía intraoperatoria. Cursa post operatorio sin complicaciones con alta sanatorial al 8vo dia. Conclusion: Hay que sospechar esta patología en pacientes con antecedentes de hepatopatía viral, plantear screening adecuado para un diagnóstico temprano y la mejor resolución adaptada a cada paciente. Dentro de las opciones terapéuticas encontramos la radiofrecuencia quirúrgica como una buena herramienta, con índice bajo de complicaciones


Objective: To present diagnostic methodology and atypical resection, for curative purposes of hepatocarcinoma. Clinical case: An 82-year-old female, with multiple history factors, among them, hepatitis C virus of 15 years of evolution, which presents high suspicion of hepatocarcinoma due to complementary studies, exploratory laparotomy is performed with atypical resection of tumor in segments 5 and 6 with surgical radiofrequency and cholecystectomy with intraoperative cholangiography. Post-operative course without complications with sanatorial discharge on the 8th day. Conclusion: This pathology must be suspected in patients with history of viral liver disease. We suggest an adequate screening for an early diagnosis and the best resolution adapted to each patient. Among the therapeutic options we find surgical radiofrequency as a good tool, with a low rate of complications


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged, 80 and over , Cholecystectomy/rehabilitation , Incidence , Aftercare/methods , Evaluation Studies as Topic , Early Detection of Cancer/methods , Laparotomy , Liver Neoplasms/therapy
14.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 36(4): 726-731, 20210000. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1291273

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Los quistes mesoteliales benignos son una entidad poco frecuente, que ocurren especialmente en mujeres en edad reproductiva. Se deben a una proliferación anómala del mesotelio que puede ser originada en varias estructuras intraabdominales e inicialmente es asintomática. Caso clínico. Se presenta el caso de una mujer de 20 años con un cuadro sugestivo de neoplasia maligna, en quien se confirmó el diagnóstico de quiste mesotelial originado en la trompa de Falopio derecha. Se realizó tratamiento quirúrgico exitoso. Discusión. A pesar de la estrecha relación de esta entidad con el útero y los ovarios, no se encuentran reportes de quistes mesoteliales originados a partir de las trompas de Falopio. El tratamiento de los quistes mesoteliales es quirúrgico y en el caso de esta paciente se hizo con la finalidad de mejorar los síntomas y erradicar la enfermedad. Las decisiones fueron tomadas basadas en la opinión de expertos en oncología en una junta de tumores gastrointestinales. Conclusiones. Los quistes mesoteliales son neoplasias de baja incidencia, pero se deben tener en cuenta como diagnóstico diferencial de los tumores abdominales. Se presenta el caso de una paciente tratada de forma quirúrgica con resultados exitosos y seguimiento a un año sin recurrencias


Introduction. Benign mesothelial cysts (BMC) are a rare entity that occurs especially in women of reproductive age. It is due to an abnormal proliferation of the mesothelium that can originate from various intra-abdominal structures and it is initially asymptomatic. Clinical case. This is a case of a 20-year-old woman with a suspicious malignant neoplasia, in whom the diagnosis of a mesothelial cyst originating in the right Fallopian tube was confirmed. Successful surgical treatment was achieved. Discussion. Despite the close relationship of this entity with the uterus and ovaries, there are no reports of me-sothelial cysts originating from the Fallopian tubes. The treatment of mesothelial cysts is surgical and in the case of this patient it was performed in order to improve the symptoms and eradicate the disease. The decisions were taken based on the oncologists' expert opinion of the gastrointestinal tumor board. Conclusions. Mesothelial cysts are neoplasms of low incidence, but they should be considered as a differential diagnosis of abdominal tumors. The case of a patient treated surgically with successful results and a one-year follow-up without recurrences is presented


Subject(s)
Humans , Mesothelioma, Cystic , Fallopian Tubes , Histology , Laparotomy , Neoplasms
15.
Rev. cuba. med. mil ; 50(2): e991, 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1341437

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La ingesta de cuerpos extraños en el adulto de forma intencional es un evento raro que ocurre fundamentalmente en pacientes psiquiátricos o reclusos, y puede ocasionar un problema serio que llegue a comprometer la vida del paciente. Objetivo: Presentar el caso clínico de un paciente adulto, con ingestión de varios cuerpos extraños puntiformes de diferentes tamaños, y mostrar una variante para extraerlos con el menor daño posible. Caso clínico: Se expone el caso de un paciente recluso, del sexo masculino, de 25 años de edad, que ingirió varios trozos de alambre de cobre de diferentes longitudes. Por el alto riesgo de perforación, se decide realizar una laparotomía exploradora y extracción de los cuerpos extraños a través de una gastrotomía, por el orificio apendicular sin necesidad de abrir un asa intestinal. Conclusiones: Una variante para extraer los cuerpos extraños finos que logran pasar por el ángulo de Trietz, puede ser, avanzar el cuerpo extraño a través del orificio apendicular y realizar apendicectomía complementaria y lograr de esa manera su extracción sin realizar una enterotomía(AU)


Introduction: Intentional ingestion of foreign bodies in adults is a rare event that occurs mainly in psychiatric patients or inmates, and can cause a serious problem, compromising the life of the patient. Objective: To present the clinical case of an adult patient with ingestion of several pinpoint foreign bodies of different sizes, and to show a variant to extract them with the least possible damage. Clinical case: The case is a 25-year-old male incarcerate patient who ingested several pieces of copper wire of different lengths, and due to the high risk of causing perforation, it was decided to perform an exploratory laparotomy and extraction of foreign bodies through a gastrotomy, and through the appendicular orifice without the need to open an intestinal loop. Conclusions: A possible method to extract the fine foreign bodies that manage to pass through the Trietz angle is to advance the foreign body through the appendicular orifice and perform a complementary appendectomy, thus achieving its extraction without performing an enterotomy(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Appendectomy , Eating , Laparotomy , Foreign Bodies
16.
Rev. cuba. med. mil ; 50(2): e955, 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1341435

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El tumor del estroma gastrointestinal, es el tumor mesenquimal más frecuente en el tracto digestivo, que causa sangrado y obstrucción, con una incidencia de 10 a 20 casos por millón de habitantes. La prevalencia es mayor, debido el curso clínico largo de la enfermedad. Objetivo: Presentar un caso inusual de cirugía electiva, con tumor del estroma gastrointestinal digestivo, operado en el servicio de cirugía general. Caso clínico: Paciente masculino de 57 años de edad, que consulta por dolor abdominal en mesogastrio, acompañado de vómitos postprandiales tardíos, pérdida de peso y episodios recurrentes de sangrado digestivo bicolor, se ingresa de forma electiva y se estudia. Se interviene quirúrgicamente con el diagnóstico presuntivo de tumor abdominal. Se encuentra durante la laparotomía tumor de 14 por 20 centímetros que compromete la luz del intestino delgado, se decide realizar extracción del tumor y anastomosis término terminal convencional. El paciente fue egresado a los ocho días con evolución favorable y pendiente de resultado anatomopatológico, el cual informó tumor del estroma gastrointestinal. Conclusiones: Los tumores del estroma gastrointestinal son poco frecuentes como causa de cirugía electiva en los servicios de cirugía general(AU)


Introduction: Gastrointestinal stromal tumor is the most frequent mesenchymal tumor in the digestive tract, causing bleeding and obstruction, with an incidence of 10 to 20 cases per million inhabitants. The prevalence is higher, due to the long clinical course of the disease. Objective: To present an unusual case of elective surgery, with a gastrointestinal digestive stromal tumor, operated on in the general surgery service. Clinical case: A 57-year-old male patient who consulted for abdominal pain in the mesogastrium, accompanied by late postprandial vomiting, weight loss and recurrent episodes of bicolor digestive bleeding, was admitted electively and studied. Surgery was performed with the presumptive diagnosis of abdominal tumor. During the laparotomy, a 14 by 20-centimeter tumor that compromises the lumen of the small intestine is found; it is decided to perform extraction of the tumor and a conventional end-to-end anastomosis. The patient was discharged after eight days with a favorable evolution and pending histopathological result, which reported a gastrointestinal stromal tumor. Conclusions: Gastrointestinal stromal tumors are rare as a cause of elective surgery in general surgery services(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , General Surgery , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors/complications , Abdominal Pain/surgery , Laparotomy/methods
17.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 60(2): e1060, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1280224

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La hidatidosis es una zoonosis de distribución mundial con alta incidencia en Argentina, Uruguay, Australia, Grecia y Portugal. Dada la escasa sintomatología que habitualmente produce la enfermedad hidatídica, su diagnóstico se realiza de manera casual por estudios radiológicos fortuitos o durante una laparotomía por otras causas. Por otra parte, la volvulación del colon transverso es un evento raro en la población mundial. Objetivo: Analizar, basados en la literatura relacionada, un caso portador de ambas entidades simultáneamente. Caso clínico: Paciente de sexo masculino de 64 años con condiciones de vida deficientes, que acude a consulta por presentar cuadro clínico de oclusión intestinal mecánica. Los estudios preoperatorios muestran un quiste hidatídico en pulmón derecho. En el acto operatorio se encuentra otro quiste hidatídico en el lóbulo izquierdo del hígado y el colon transverso volvulado como causa de la oclusión. Conclusiones: Pocas veces coinciden 2 condiciones médicas infrecuentes en un mismo paciente. Ambas entidades suponen un reto terapéutico cuando se abordan en situaciones de urgencia como en el reporte. En zonas endémicas debe tenerse una alta sospecha clínica con el fin de obtener un diagnóstico adecuado y poder ofrecer un manejo oportuno. La cirugía, en la mayor proporción de pacientes, es prioritaria(AU)


Introduction: Hydatidosis is a worldwide distribution zoonosis with high incidence in Argentina, Uruguay, Australia, Greece and Portugal. Given the scarce symptoms usually produced by hydatid disease, its diagnosis is made inadvertently by fortuitous radiological studies or during laparotomy for other causes. On the other hand, transverse colon volvulus is a rare event in the world population. Objective: To analyze, based on the related literature, the case of a patient with both entities simultaneously. Clinical case: A 64-year-old male patient with poor living conditions came to the medical office due to a clinical picture of mechanical intestinal obstruction. Preoperative studies show a hydatid cyst in the right lung. During the operative act, another hydatid cyst is found in the left lobe of the liver, apart from the transverse colon volvulus due to the occlusion. Conclusions: Rarely do two infrequent medical conditions coincide in the same patient. Both entities pose a therapeutic challenge when they are approached in emergency situations, as they have been reported here. In endemic areas, a high clinical suspicion must be considered, in order to obtain an adequate diagnosis and be able to offer timely management. Surgery, in the largest proportion of patients, is a priority(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Colon, Transverse/surgery , Echinococcosis/epidemiology , Echinococcosis/diagnostic imaging , Intestinal Obstruction/surgery , Laparotomy/methods , Review Literature as Topic
18.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 36(supl.1): 52-58, abr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251547

ABSTRACT

Resumen La disfunción del esfínter de Oddi es un síndrome clínico causado por una enfermedad funcional (discinesia) o estructural (estenosis). La prevalencia estimada de disfunción del esfínter de Oddi en la población en general es del 1 %; aumentando a 20 % para pacientes con dolor persistente posterior a colecistectomía y a 70 % en pacientes con pancreatitis aguda recurrente idiopática. Se caracteriza clínicamente por la presencia de dolor abdominal, similar al cólico biliar o dolor tipo pancreático en ausencia de patología biliar orgánica; así como en pacientes con pancreatitis recurrente idiopática asociada con elevación de enzimas pancreáticas o hepáticas, y dilatación del conducto biliar o pancreático. El tratamiento para la disfunción del esfínter de Oddi tipo I se basa en la realización de esfinterotomía endoscópica, pero existe controversia en el manejo de la disfunción del esfínter de Oddi tipo II y III. En este artículo se presenta el caso clínico de una paciente de 67 años con antecedente de colecistectomía por laparotomía. Después del procedimiento quirúrgico refirió un dolor abdominal de predominio en el hipocondrio derecho tipo cólico asociado con emesis de características biliares. En el reporte de colangiorresonancia se encontró una ligera dilatación de la vía biliar intrahepática y gammagrafía con ácido iminodiacético hepatobiliar (HIDA) diagnóstica de disfunción del esfínter de Oddi. Se realizó una esfinterotomía endoscópica. En el seguimiento, dos años después, la paciente se encontraba asintomática con la disfunción del esfínter de Oddi resuelta.


Abstract Sphincter of Oddi dysfunction is a clinical syndrome caused by functional (dyskinesia) or structural (stenosis) disease. The estimated prevalence of this condition in the general population is 1%, reaching 20% in patients with persistent pain after cholecystectomy and 70% in patients with idiopathic recurrent acute pancreatitis. It is clinically characterized by the presence of abdominal pain, similar to biliary colic or pancreatic pain in the absence of organic biliary disease. It is also observed in patients with idiopathic recurrent pancreatitis, associated with elevated pancreatic or hepatic enzymes, and bile duct and/or pancreatic duct dilatation. Treatment for sphincter of Oddi dysfunction type I is based on endoscopic sphincterotomy, but there is controversy regarding the management of sphincter of Oddi dysfunction types II and III. This article presents the clinical case of a 67-year-old female patient with a history of cholecystectomy by laparotomy. After the surgical procedure, she reported abdominal pain predominantly in the right hypochondrium, colicky, associated with emesis of biliary characteristics. Cholangioresonance report revealed mild intrahepatic bile duct dilatation, and scintigraphy with HIDA scan showed sphincter of Oddi dysfunction. Endoscopic sphincterotomy was performed. The patient was asymptomatic and the sphincter of Oddi dysfunction had resolved at two-year follow-up.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Sphincterotomy, Endoscopic , Sphincter of Oddi Dysfunction , Syndrome , Cholecystectomy , Laparotomy
19.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 36(3): 493-498, 20210000. tab, fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1254336

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Los pacientes que sufren algún tipo de trauma tienen una presentación clínica muy variable, por lo que se han diseñado pautas diagnósticas y terapéuticas con el fin de disminuir el número de laparotomías innecesarias. Las herramientas actuales para la predicción de infección intraabdominal, permiten intervenciones tempranas en los pacientes con alto riesgo y un mejor seguimiento clínico posoperatorio. El objetivo de este trabajo fue realizar un estudio de los factores asociados al desarrollo de las infecciones intraabdominales o sepsis abdominal posterior a laparotomía por trauma penetrante. Métodos. Estudio descriptivo de una cohorte de pacientes atendidos por trauma abdominal penetrante en el Hospital Universitario de Santander, Bucaramanga, Colombia, entre enero de 2016 y diciembre de 2018. El análisis de datos se realizó en el software Stata®, versión 14 (StataCorp. LP, College Station, TX, USA). Resultados. Se incluyeron 174 pacientes con edad media de 32 años, el 10,9 % (n=19) de los pacientes presentaron sepsis abdominal, de este grupo el 94,7 % (n=18) requirieron reintervención quirúrgica (p < 0,0001). La mortalidad general del grupo fue de 5,1 % (n=9), sin diferencia significativa entre los pacientes con o sin sepsis abdominal. Discusión. Dentro de los diferentes desenlaces asociados a laparotomía por trauma, se describe la sepsis abdominal como una de las complicaciones que genera morbilidad significativa, con aumento en la estancia hospitalaria, necesidad de reintervención, aumento en los costos de atención y disminución en la calidad de vida, factores en concordancia con los hallazgos del presente estudio


Introduction. Patients who suffer some type of trauma have a highly variable presentation, which is why diagnostic and therapeutic guidelines have been designed in order to reduce the number of unnecessary laparotomies. Current tools for the prediction of intra-abdominal infections allow early interventions in high-risk patients and a better postoperative clinical follow-up. The objective of this article was to study the factors associated with the development of intra-abdominal infections or abdominal sepsis after laparotomy due to penetrating trauma. Methods. Descriptive study of a cohort of patients treated for penetrating abdominal trauma at the Santander University Hospital, Bucaramanga, Colombia, between January 2016 and December 2018. Data analysis was performed using Stata® software, version 14 (Stata corp. LP, College Station, TX, USA). Results. A total of 174 patients with a mean age of 32 years were included, 10.9% (n=19) of the patients presented abdominal sepsis, of this group 94.7% (n=18) had a surgical reintervention (p < 0.0001). The overall mortality of the group was 5.1% (n=9) with no significant difference between patients with or without abdominal sepsis. Discussion. Among the different outcomes associated with laparotomy due to trauma, abdominal sepsis is described as one of the complications that generates significant morbidity, with an increase in hospital stay, the need for reoperation, an increase in care costs and a decrease in quality of life, factors in agreement with the findings of the present study


Subject(s)
Humans , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Wounds and Injuries , Open Abdomen Techniques , Mortality , Sepsis , Laparotomy
20.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 36(1): 93-97, ene.-mar. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251527

ABSTRACT

Resumen El hemangioma cavernoso de colon es una neoplasia vascular benigna, muy poco frecuente. Se realiza una breve descripción del cuadro clínico, diagnóstico y tratamiento de un paciente joven con un hemangioma cavernoso en el sigmoides. Se trata de un paciente de 18 años de edad quien consultó al servicio de urgencias por un cuadro clínico consistente en sangrado rectal indoloro asociado con disnea, astenia y adinamia; el paciente ingresó con signos vitales estables, posteriormente, se realizaron estudios complementarios, entre ellos un hemograma, que reportó un síndrome anémico grave que lleva al estudio de su causa. Se realizó una colonoscopia que reportó una lesión a nivel del sigmoides compatible con hemangioma colónico. El paciente es llevado a cirugía (laparotomía), se realizó una hemicolectomía y se confirmó el diagnostico por estudio de patología.


Abstract Cavernous hemangioma of the colon is a very rare benign vascular neoplasm. The following is a brief description of the symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of a young patient with a cavernous hemangioma of the sigmoid colon. An 18-year-old man consulted the emergency department due to painless rectal bleeding associated with dyspnea, asthenia, and adynamia. The patient was admitted with stable vital signs, and complementary studies, including a blood count, reported severe anemic syndrome leading to the study of the cause of the disease. A colonoscopy was performed, finding a sigmoid lesion compatible with colon hemangioma. The patient was taken to surgery (laparotomy), a hemicolectomy was performed, and the diagnosis was confirmed by pathology study.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Colon, Sigmoid , Hemangioma, Cavernous , Colonoscopy , Laparotomy
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