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1.
Femina ; 49(8): 505-508, 20210831.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1342422

ABSTRACT

A gestação ectópica em cicatriz de cesariana prévia é um evento iatrogênico raro, que vem crescendo junto com o aumento das taxas de cesariana. Ela não exi- be manifestação clínica específica, o que dificulta o diagnóstico e não apresenta tratamento preconizado, embora esteja associada a grandes complicações obsté- tricas como hemorragia incoercível, acretismo placentário e rotura uterina. Dessa forma, o presente artigo relata três casos clínicos em que diferentes tratamentos foram propostos, objetivando discutir algumas possibilidades terapêuticas como a aspiração manual intrauterina (AMIU) associada com o uso de metotrexato, lapa- roscopia e laparotomia, comparando os resultados encontrados.(AU)


Ectopic cesarean scar pregnancy is a rare iatrogenic event, which has been increase with growing in the percentage of cesarean delivery. It does not exhibit specific cli- nical manifestation, making diagnosis difficult and does not have yet recommended treatment, although is associated with major obstetrics complication such incoer- cible hemorrhage, abnormally invasive placenta and uterine rupture. Therefore, the present article reports three clinical cases witch different types of management, ai- ming discuss some possibilities such intrauterine manual aspiration after systemic methotrexate, laparoscopy or laparotomy surgical, comparing results.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Pregnancy, Ectopic/surgery , Cesarean Section/adverse effects , Suction , Cicatrix , Video-Assisted Surgery , Laparotomy
2.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 60(2): e1060, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1280224

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La hidatidosis es una zoonosis de distribución mundial con alta incidencia en Argentina, Uruguay, Australia, Grecia y Portugal. Dada la escasa sintomatología que habitualmente produce la enfermedad hidatídica, su diagnóstico se realiza de manera casual por estudios radiológicos fortuitos o durante una laparotomía por otras causas. Por otra parte, la volvulación del colon transverso es un evento raro en la población mundial. Objetivo: Analizar, basados en la literatura relacionada, un caso portador de ambas entidades simultáneamente. Caso clínico: Paciente de sexo masculino de 64 años con condiciones de vida deficientes, que acude a consulta por presentar cuadro clínico de oclusión intestinal mecánica. Los estudios preoperatorios muestran un quiste hidatídico en pulmón derecho. En el acto operatorio se encuentra otro quiste hidatídico en el lóbulo izquierdo del hígado y el colon transverso volvulado como causa de la oclusión. Conclusiones: Pocas veces coinciden 2 condiciones médicas infrecuentes en un mismo paciente. Ambas entidades suponen un reto terapéutico cuando se abordan en situaciones de urgencia como en el reporte. En zonas endémicas debe tenerse una alta sospecha clínica con el fin de obtener un diagnóstico adecuado y poder ofrecer un manejo oportuno. La cirugía, en la mayor proporción de pacientes, es prioritaria(AU)


Introduction: Hydatidosis is a worldwide distribution zoonosis with high incidence in Argentina, Uruguay, Australia, Greece and Portugal. Given the scarce symptoms usually produced by hydatid disease, its diagnosis is made inadvertently by fortuitous radiological studies or during laparotomy for other causes. On the other hand, transverse colon volvulus is a rare event in the world population. Objective: To analyze, based on the related literature, the case of a patient with both entities simultaneously. Clinical case: A 64-year-old male patient with poor living conditions came to the medical office due to a clinical picture of mechanical intestinal obstruction. Preoperative studies show a hydatid cyst in the right lung. During the operative act, another hydatid cyst is found in the left lobe of the liver, apart from the transverse colon volvulus due to the occlusion. Conclusions: Rarely do two infrequent medical conditions coincide in the same patient. Both entities pose a therapeutic challenge when they are approached in emergency situations, as they have been reported here. In endemic areas, a high clinical suspicion must be considered, in order to obtain an adequate diagnosis and be able to offer timely management. Surgery, in the largest proportion of patients, is a priority(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Colon, Transverse/surgery , Echinococcosis/epidemiology , Echinococcosis/diagnostic imaging , Intestinal Obstruction/surgery , Laparotomy/methods , Review Literature as Topic
3.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 36(supl.1): 52-58, abr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251547

ABSTRACT

Resumen La disfunción del esfínter de Oddi es un síndrome clínico causado por una enfermedad funcional (discinesia) o estructural (estenosis). La prevalencia estimada de disfunción del esfínter de Oddi en la población en general es del 1 %; aumentando a 20 % para pacientes con dolor persistente posterior a colecistectomía y a 70 % en pacientes con pancreatitis aguda recurrente idiopática. Se caracteriza clínicamente por la presencia de dolor abdominal, similar al cólico biliar o dolor tipo pancreático en ausencia de patología biliar orgánica; así como en pacientes con pancreatitis recurrente idiopática asociada con elevación de enzimas pancreáticas o hepáticas, y dilatación del conducto biliar o pancreático. El tratamiento para la disfunción del esfínter de Oddi tipo I se basa en la realización de esfinterotomía endoscópica, pero existe controversia en el manejo de la disfunción del esfínter de Oddi tipo II y III. En este artículo se presenta el caso clínico de una paciente de 67 años con antecedente de colecistectomía por laparotomía. Después del procedimiento quirúrgico refirió un dolor abdominal de predominio en el hipocondrio derecho tipo cólico asociado con emesis de características biliares. En el reporte de colangiorresonancia se encontró una ligera dilatación de la vía biliar intrahepática y gammagrafía con ácido iminodiacético hepatobiliar (HIDA) diagnóstica de disfunción del esfínter de Oddi. Se realizó una esfinterotomía endoscópica. En el seguimiento, dos años después, la paciente se encontraba asintomática con la disfunción del esfínter de Oddi resuelta.


Abstract Sphincter of Oddi dysfunction is a clinical syndrome caused by functional (dyskinesia) or structural (stenosis) disease. The estimated prevalence of this condition in the general population is 1%, reaching 20% in patients with persistent pain after cholecystectomy and 70% in patients with idiopathic recurrent acute pancreatitis. It is clinically characterized by the presence of abdominal pain, similar to biliary colic or pancreatic pain in the absence of organic biliary disease. It is also observed in patients with idiopathic recurrent pancreatitis, associated with elevated pancreatic or hepatic enzymes, and bile duct and/or pancreatic duct dilatation. Treatment for sphincter of Oddi dysfunction type I is based on endoscopic sphincterotomy, but there is controversy regarding the management of sphincter of Oddi dysfunction types II and III. This article presents the clinical case of a 67-year-old female patient with a history of cholecystectomy by laparotomy. After the surgical procedure, she reported abdominal pain predominantly in the right hypochondrium, colicky, associated with emesis of biliary characteristics. Cholangioresonance report revealed mild intrahepatic bile duct dilatation, and scintigraphy with HIDA scan showed sphincter of Oddi dysfunction. Endoscopic sphincterotomy was performed. The patient was asymptomatic and the sphincter of Oddi dysfunction had resolved at two-year follow-up.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Sphincterotomy, Endoscopic , Sphincter of Oddi Dysfunction , Syndrome , Cholecystectomy , Laparotomy
4.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 36(3): 493-498, 20210000. tab, fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1254336

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Los pacientes que sufren algún tipo de trauma tienen una presentación clínica muy variable, por lo que se han diseñado pautas diagnósticas y terapéuticas con el fin de disminuir el número de laparotomías innecesarias. Las herramientas actuales para la predicción de infección intraabdominal, permiten intervenciones tempranas en los pacientes con alto riesgo y un mejor seguimiento clínico posoperatorio. El objetivo de este trabajo fue realizar un estudio de los factores asociados al desarrollo de las infecciones intraabdominales o sepsis abdominal posterior a laparotomía por trauma penetrante. Métodos. Estudio descriptivo de una cohorte de pacientes atendidos por trauma abdominal penetrante en el Hospital Universitario de Santander, Bucaramanga, Colombia, entre enero de 2016 y diciembre de 2018. El análisis de datos se realizó en el software Stata®, versión 14 (StataCorp. LP, College Station, TX, USA). Resultados. Se incluyeron 174 pacientes con edad media de 32 años, el 10,9 % (n=19) de los pacientes presentaron sepsis abdominal, de este grupo el 94,7 % (n=18) requirieron reintervención quirúrgica (p < 0,0001). La mortalidad general del grupo fue de 5,1 % (n=9), sin diferencia significativa entre los pacientes con o sin sepsis abdominal. Discusión. Dentro de los diferentes desenlaces asociados a laparotomía por trauma, se describe la sepsis abdominal como una de las complicaciones que genera morbilidad significativa, con aumento en la estancia hospitalaria, necesidad de reintervención, aumento en los costos de atención y disminución en la calidad de vida, factores en concordancia con los hallazgos del presente estudio


Introduction. Patients who suffer some type of trauma have a highly variable presentation, which is why diagnostic and therapeutic guidelines have been designed in order to reduce the number of unnecessary laparotomies. Current tools for the prediction of intra-abdominal infections allow early interventions in high-risk patients and a better postoperative clinical follow-up. The objective of this article was to study the factors associated with the development of intra-abdominal infections or abdominal sepsis after laparotomy due to penetrating trauma. Methods. Descriptive study of a cohort of patients treated for penetrating abdominal trauma at the Santander University Hospital, Bucaramanga, Colombia, between January 2016 and December 2018. Data analysis was performed using Stata® software, version 14 (Stata corp. LP, College Station, TX, USA). Results. A total of 174 patients with a mean age of 32 years were included, 10.9% (n=19) of the patients presented abdominal sepsis, of this group 94.7% (n=18) had a surgical reintervention (p < 0.0001). The overall mortality of the group was 5.1% (n=9) with no significant difference between patients with or without abdominal sepsis. Discussion. Among the different outcomes associated with laparotomy due to trauma, abdominal sepsis is described as one of the complications that generates significant morbidity, with an increase in hospital stay, the need for reoperation, an increase in care costs and a decrease in quality of life, factors in agreement with the findings of the present study


Subject(s)
Humans , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Wounds and Injuries , Open Abdomen Techniques , Mortality , Sepsis , Control , Laparotomy
5.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 36(1): 93-97, ene.-mar. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251527

ABSTRACT

Resumen El hemangioma cavernoso de colon es una neoplasia vascular benigna, muy poco frecuente. Se realiza una breve descripción del cuadro clínico, diagnóstico y tratamiento de un paciente joven con un hemangioma cavernoso en el sigmoides. Se trata de un paciente de 18 años de edad quien consultó al servicio de urgencias por un cuadro clínico consistente en sangrado rectal indoloro asociado con disnea, astenia y adinamia; el paciente ingresó con signos vitales estables, posteriormente, se realizaron estudios complementarios, entre ellos un hemograma, que reportó un síndrome anémico grave que lleva al estudio de su causa. Se realizó una colonoscopia que reportó una lesión a nivel del sigmoides compatible con hemangioma colónico. El paciente es llevado a cirugía (laparotomía), se realizó una hemicolectomía y se confirmó el diagnostico por estudio de patología.


Abstract Cavernous hemangioma of the colon is a very rare benign vascular neoplasm. The following is a brief description of the symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of a young patient with a cavernous hemangioma of the sigmoid colon. An 18-year-old man consulted the emergency department due to painless rectal bleeding associated with dyspnea, asthenia, and adynamia. The patient was admitted with stable vital signs, and complementary studies, including a blood count, reported severe anemic syndrome leading to the study of the cause of the disease. A colonoscopy was performed, finding a sigmoid lesion compatible with colon hemangioma. The patient was taken to surgery (laparotomy), a hemicolectomy was performed, and the diagnosis was confirmed by pathology study.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Colon, Sigmoid , Hemangioma, Cavernous , Colonoscopy , Laparotomy
6.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 60(1): e1018, ene.-mar. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289380

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los hemangiomas hepáticos son lesiones no epiteliales que se observan con mucha frecuencia en piezas quirúrgicas resecadas por otras razones. Los hemangiomas que miden 10 cm o más, denominados "hemangiomas gigantes", pueden producir síntomas, como dolor y manifestaciones de un síndrome de reacción inflamatoria y coagulopatía. Los hemangiomas hepáticos son los tumores hepáticos primarios más frecuentes y están presentes en un 0,4-20 por ciento de la población general y es característico que se detecten de manera accidental durante la evaluación de síntomas abdominales inespecíficos. Objetivo: Presentar a una paciente portadora de un hemangioma gigante y características anatómicas peculiares intervenida quirúrgicamente con buenos resultados y evolución excelente. Caso clínico: Paciente de sexo femenino de 24 años de edad, portadora de un Hemangioma hepático gigante en segmento lateral, con variante anatómica vascular que dificultó la embolización y facilitó la cirugía. Se realizó una lobectomía hepática izquierda con una evolución clínica satisfactoria y sin complicaciones. Conclusiones: Las resecciones quirúrgicas de hemangiomas gigantes sintomáticos son una opción terapéutica segura y muy válida ante el fracaso de la embolización(AU)


Introduction: Hepatic hemangiomas are nonepithelial lesions much frequently observed in surgical specimens resected for other reasons. Hemangiomas ten centimeters or more, called "giant hemangiomas," can cause symptoms such as pain, as well as manifestations of an inflammatory reaction syndrome and coagulopathy. Hepatic hemangiomas are the commonest primary hepatic tumors, are present in 0.4-20 percent of the general population, and are typically accidentally detected during the evaluation of nonspecific abdominal symptoms. Objective: To present the case of a patient with a giant hemangioma and unusual anatomical characteristics, who underwent surgery with good outcome and excellent evolution. Clinical case: 24-year-old female patient with a giant hepatic hemangioma in the lateral segment, with a vascular anatomical variant that made embolization difficult and facilitated surgery. A left hepatic lobectomy was performed with satisfactory and uncomplicated clinical evolution. Conclusions: Surgical resections of symptomatic giant hemangiomas are a safe and very valid therapeutic option in case of embolization failure(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Young Adult , Hemangioma/epidemiology , Hemangioma, Cavernous/diagnostic imaging , Laparotomy/methods , Liver Neoplasms/pathology
7.
Autops. Case Rep ; 11: e2020236, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153178

ABSTRACT

Bowel obstructions can have a variety of causes, including impacted feces, adhesions, volvulus, non-internal hernias, and in rare cases internal hernias. We report a 63-year-old woman who presented to the emergency department with severe abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, and obstructive symptoms that had started 12 hours earlier. A computed tomographic scan of the abdomen and pelvis showed a right internal hernia with a cecal bascule traversing through the foramen of Winslow, concerning for a closed-loop obstruction. The patient underwent an exploratory laparotomy with cecal bascule reduction and cecopexy. Given the increased mortality risk if undiagnosed, it is important to remain aware of internal hernias. Patient outcomes are markedly improved with early diagnosis and surgical intervention.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Hernia/complications , Intestinal Obstruction/etiology , Cecal Diseases , Colorectal Surgery , Early Diagnosis , Laparotomy
9.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 48: e20213010, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1340673

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Acute appendicitis is the leading cause of abdominal emergency surgery worldwide and appendectomy continues to be the definitive treatment of choice. This cost-effectiveness analysis evaluates laparoscopic versus open appendectomies performed in public health services in the state of Bahia (Brazil). We conducted a retrospective observational study using the database from the Department of Informatics of the Unified Health System (DATASUS). Available data on appendectomies between 2008 and 2019 were included, and we evaluated the temporal trend of hospital admissions, procedure-related mortality rates, length of stay, and costs. Statistical analysis was performed using the R-software (R Foundation, v.4.0.3) and the BioEstat software (IMDS, v. 5.3), considering p<0.05 as significant. During 2008-2019, 53,024 appendectomies were performed in the public health services in Bahia, of which 94.9% were open surgeries. The open technique was associated with a higher mortality rate (4.9/1,000 procedures; p<0.05) and a higher risk of death (RR=4.5; p<0.05) compared to laparoscopy (1.1/1,000 procedures). Laparoscopic appendectomy (median of 2.7 days) had a shorter length of stay compared to laparotomy (median of 4.15 days) (p<0.05). There was no difference in the medians of costs nor hospital services, per procedure (p=0.08 and p=0.08, respectively). Laparoscopic professional median costs were higher by US$ 1.39 (p<0.05). Minimally invasive surgery for appendicitis is a safe and efficacious procedure in Brazilian public health care services, as it provides advantages over the open method (including lower procedure-related mortality rate and earlier discharges), and it did not imply higher expenses for public service budgets in the state of Bahia.


RESUMO Apendicite aguda é a principal causa de cirurgia abdominal de emergência no mundo e a apendicectomia continua sendo o tratamento definitivo de escolha. A presente investigação avalia desfechos e custos das apendicectomias laparoscópicas versus abertas realizadas em serviços públicos de saúde no estado da Bahia (Brasil). Realizou-se estudo observacional retrospectivo, utilizando a base de dados do DATASUS. Incluiu-se dados disponíveis sobre apendicectomias na Bahia entre 2008 e 2019, avaliando-se a tendência temporal de internações, taxas de mortalidade por procedimentos, tempo de permanência e custos. A análise estatística foi realizada no R-software (Fundação R, v.4.0.3) e no software BioEstat (IMDS, v.5.3), considerando p<0,05 significativo. Entre 2008 e 2019, realizou-se 53.024 apendicectomias no serviço público de saúde na Bahia, das quais 94,9% foram cirurgias abertas. A laparotomia foi associada à maior taxa de mortalidade (4,9/1.000 procedimentos; p<0,05) e maior risco de morte (RR=4,5; p<0,05) do que laparoscopia (1,1/1.000 procedimentos). Apendicectomia laparoscópica (mediana de 2,7 dias) obteve menor tempo de internamento do que cirurgia laparotômica (mediana de 4,15 dias) (p<0,05). Não houve diferença entre as medianas dos custos e nem dos serviços hospitalares por procedimento (p=0,08 e p=0,08, respectivamente). A mediana do custo de profissionais na laparoscopia foi significativamente mais elevada, em US$ 1,39 (p<0,05). A cirurgia minimamente invasiva para apendicite é um procedimento seguro e eficaz, proporcionando vantagens sobre a laparotomia (incluindo menor taxa de mortalidade e alta precoce), não implicando, por sua vez, em maiores despesas para cofres públicos no estado da Bahia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Appendicitis/surgery , Laparoscopy , Appendectomy , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Cost-Benefit Analysis , Laparotomy , Length of Stay
10.
Gac. méd. boliv ; 43(2): 215-218, dic. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249986

ABSTRACT

Los miomas uterinos son neoplasias bastante comunes, se clasifican según su localización en el miometrio; subseroso, intramural, transmural y submucoso. A su vez existen diferentes variantes morfológicas y cambios degenerativos que son un fenómeno frecuente en los miomas, especialmente entre mayor tamaño tenga éste: como la apoplejía, atrofia, hialinización, degeneración roja, quística, calcificación periférica, necrosis, degeneración hidrópica y la degeneración maligna o sarcomatosa. Se expone el caso de una paciente de 53 años sometida a una laparotomía donde se identificó una masa tumoral de 8150 gramos, que dio como resultado anatomopatológico un leiomioma gigante con 3 diversos tipos de degeneración: roja, hidrópica y quística. Se informa este caso por la rareza en su conformación y debido a la falta de reportes en la literatura mundial, siendo este el primer caso presentando y permitiendo realizar algunos comentarios sobre la patología.


Uterine myomas are quite common neoplasms. They are classified according to their location in the myometrium; subserosa, intramural, transmural and submucosal; At the same time, there are different morphological variants and degenerative changes that are a frequent phenomenon in myomas, especially the larger it is: as the apoplexy, atrophy, hyalinization, red degeneration, cystic, peripheral calcification, necrosis, hydropic degeneration and malignant degeneration or sarcomatous. We present the case of a 53-year-old patient who underwent a laparotomy where a tumor mass of 8150 grams was identified, which resulted in a pathological result of a giant leiomyoma with 3 different types of degeneration: red, hydropic and cystic. This case is reported due to the rarity of its conformation and due to the lack of reports in the world literature, this being the first case presenting and allowing some comments on the pathology.


Subject(s)
Myoma , Neoplasms , Laparotomy , Leiomyoma
11.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(4): 1369-1374, July-Aug. 2020. ilus
Article in English | ID: biblio-1131499

ABSTRACT

This report describes a horse presenting ileal impaction that went through a right flank laparotomy procedure while standing. The decision to use this technique was made under the influence of several factors: the patient exhibited a calm temperament and demonstrated responsiveness to the analgesic treatment for pain control; the abdominal lesion was amenable to correction by a standing right flank approach. Also, the owner reported financial problems. Ileal obstruction was relieved successfully, and the horse recovery was satisfactory. This case highlights that, in specific cases of colic syndrome, the use of surgical procedures in the standing position might be a viable option and promote fast recovery.(AU)


Este relato de caso descreve um equino com compactação de íleo corrigida por laparotomia em estação pelo flanco direito. A decisão dessa abordagem foi influenciada por vários fatores: o paciente exibiu um temperamento calmo e demonstrou responsividade ao tratamento analgésico para controle da dor; a afecção intestinal em questão foi passível de correção pela abordagem pelo flanco direito em estação; e o proprietário relatou limitações financeiras. A desobstrução ileal foi realizada com sucesso e o cavalo apresentou recuperação satisfatória. Este caso destaca que, em casos específicos da síndrome de cólica, o uso de um procedimento em estação pode ser uma abordagem viável e promover uma rápida recuperação.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Horses/surgery , Ileal Diseases/veterinary , Ileum/surgery , Intestinal Obstruction/urine , Laparotomy/veterinary
12.
Rev. méd. panacea ; 9(2): 141-144, mayo-ago. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIPECS | ID: biblio-1121363

ABSTRACT

El síndrome pilórico es un conjunto de síntomas y signos que se producen por una obstrucción total o parcial de la región pilórica que trae como consecuencia la dificultad para el vaciamiento gástrico y la consiguiente retención de su contenido. Se trata de un paciente que presentó vómitos postpandrial tardíos y dolor abdominal difuso después de ingerir alimentos sólidos. Pasado un mes de estos síntomas, los vómitos procedían ante la ingesta de líquidos, acompañado de astenia, anorexia y pérdida de peso. Se atiende en el servicio de cirugía del Hospital "Dr. Ernesto Guevara de la Serna". Se realizó endoscopia que observó obstrucción pilórica completa sin etiología precisada. La laparotomía exploratoria encontró dilatación gástrica con edema y endurecimiento del antro pilórico, múltiples tumoraciones y endurecimientos de un segmento de la unión yeyuno e íleon. Se efectuó antrectomía con gastroyeyunostomía y Brown, con resección de 60 cm de intestino delgado, que incluyó las tumoraciones encontradas. El diagnóstico histológico fue de Linfoma no Hodgkin Linfocitico bien diferenciado. (AU)


Pyloric syndrome is a set of symptoms and signs that are produced by a total or partial obstruction of the pyloric region that results in difficulty in gastric emptying and the consequent retention of its contents. This patient presented with late postpandrial vomiting and diffuse abdominal pain after ingesting solid food. After one month of these symptoms, vomiting was even caused by the intake of liquids, accompanied by asthenia, anorexia and weight loss. He is treated in the surgery service of Dr. "Ernesto Guevara de la Serna" Hospital. An endoscopy was performed which observed complete pyloric obstruction without precise aetiology. Exploratory laparotomy found gastric dilatation with edema and hardening of the pyloric antrum, multiple tumors and hardening of a segment of the jejunum-ion junction. Antrectomy was performed with gastrojejunostomy and Brown, with resection of 60 cm of small intestine, which included the tumors found. The histological diagnosis was well-differentiated Lymphocytic Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Pyloric Antrum , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin , Pyloric Stenosis, Hypertrophic , Laparotomy
13.
Rev. argent. cir ; 112(3): 325-328, jun. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1279746

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La recurrencia de las hernias diafragmáticas congénitas, luego de reparadas quirúrgicamente, es de baja frecuencia. Se presenta el caso de un paciente masculino de 22 años con hernia diafragmática congénita reparada inicialmente al segundo día de vida, el cual presenta disnea grado 1 y enfermedad por reflujo gastroesofágico. Se evidencia por medio de imagen una hernia diafragmática izquierda, el saco herniario con contenido de bazo, colon, cola de páncreas y glándula suprarrenal izquierda. Se aborda de manera abdominal mediante incisión subcostal izquierda, se reduce el saco herniario, se coloca malla tipo en el defecto diafragmático y se realiza procedimiento de Ladd por la presencia de malrotación intestinal.


ABSTRACT Recurrence of congenital diaphragmatic hernia, after surgical repair, is infrequent. Here, we report the case of a 22-year-old male patient with a history of congenital diaphragmatic disease initally treated with surgery on the second day of life who presented class I dyspnea and gastroesophageal reflux. A left diaphragmatic hernia with a hernia sac containing the spleen, colon, tail of pancreas and left adrenal gland. The patient underwent surgical repair via a left subcostal incision; the hernia sac was reduced, the diaphragmatic defect was repaired with a mesh and the Ladd procedure was performed due to the diagnosis of intestinal malrotation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Young Adult , Hernias, Diaphragmatic, Congenital/surgery , Radiography, Thoracic , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures , Hernias, Diaphragmatic, Congenital/diagnosis , Laparotomy
14.
Rev. cuba. med. mil ; 49(2): e368, abr.-jun. 2020. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1138996

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El mucocele es una dilatación apendicular por secreción mucosa secundaria a la obstrucción de la luz, su incidencia estimada es de 0,2-0,3 por ciento de todas las apendicectomías realizadas y el 8-10 por ciento de todos los tumores apendiculares. Objetivo: Presentar un caso inusual de cirugía de urgencia, con dolor abdominal en fosa ilíaca derecha, sugestivo de apendicitis aguda operado en el servicio de urgencia. Caso clínico: Paciente femenina de 32 años de edad, que consulta por dolor abdominal en fosa ilíaca derecha asociado a náuseas, con dolor a la palpación en dicha zona, defensa muscular y dolor a la descompresión brusca del abdomen, fue intervenida quirúrgicamente con el diagnóstico presuntivo apendicitis aguda. Se encuentra durante videolaparoscopia al apéndice cecal aumentado de tamaño, sin compromiso de su base, por lo cual se decide realizar laparotomía y apendicectomía convencional. La paciente fue egresada a las 48 horas de operada con evolución favorable y pendiente de resultado anatomopatológico, el cual informó mucocele apendicular. Conclusiones: El mucocele apendicular es una entidad poco frecuente, que predomina en el sexo femenino y edades entre 50 y 60 años. El tratamiento de elección es el quirúrgico(AU)


Introduction: The mucocele is the abnormal mucous accumulation inside the light of the appendix. Objective: To present an unusual case of surgery of urgency with abdominal pain and suspicion of appendicitis operated in emergency. Clinical case: Female patient of 32 years old that consults for abdominal pain in the right iliac fossa, accompanied by nausea. Physical examination we find pain to the palpation in the right iliac fossa and peritoneal reaction being operated with suspicion of appendicitis, during intervention we find the appendix augmented of volume and apendicectomy was made. The histopathological study informed a apendicular mucocele. The patient was discharged after 48 hours without further complications. Conclusions: Apendicular mucocele is very uncommon disease that predominates in female sex and persons between fifty and sixty years old. Treatment is surgical(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Appendectomy/instrumentation , Appendicitis/complications , Appendix/surgery , Abdominal Pain , Laparotomy/methods
16.
Rev. medica electron ; 42(2): [7], mar.-abr. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1127030

ABSTRACT

El término infección puerperal se utiliza para describir cualquier infección bacteriana del aparato genital después del parto. Durante gran parte del siglo XX las infecciones puerperales, la preeclampsia y la hemorragia obstétrica formaron parte de la tríada letal de mortalidad materna. La ecografía, la resonancia magnética y la tomografía axial computarizada son la triada de elección para el diagnóstico del abdomen agudo en el puerperio. El mismo resulta difícil debido a factores intrínsecos y es entonces, cuando el radiólogo adquiere un papel crucial. Se presentó un caso de una mujer de 30 años, con 8 días de habérsele practicado una cesárea con un puerperio inmediato normal. Posteriormente presentó dolor abdominal, fiebre, escalofríos y masa palpable en fosa iliaca izquierda. Se practicaron técnicas de imágenes se plantea una masa ovárica izquierda, se realizó laparotomía exploradora y se concluyó como absceso ovárico (AU).


The term puerperal infection is used to describe any bacterial infection of the genital tract after delivery. During much of the twentieth century puerperal infections, preeclampsia and obstetric hemorrhage were part of the lethal triad of maternal mortality. Ultrasonography, magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography are the triad of choice for the diagnosis of acute abdomen in the puerperium, which is difficult due to intrinsic factors and it is when radiologist plays a vital role. The authors present the case of a woman, aged 30 years, at the 8th day after undergoing a cesarean section with a normal immediate puerperium, who later presented abdominal pain (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Puerperal Infection/diagnosis , Women , Puerperal Disorders/diagnosis , Signs and Symptoms , Cesarean Section/methods , Methods , Abdomen, Acute/surgery , Laparotomy/methods
17.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 311-313, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879645

ABSTRACT

Intra-abdominal infection (IAI) is a deadly condition in which the outcome is associated with urgent diagnosis, assessment and management, including fluid resuscitation, antibiotic administration while obtaining further laboratory results, attaining precise measurements of hemodynamic status, and pursuing source control. This last item makes abdominal sepsis a unique treatment challenge. Delayed or inadequate source control is an independent predictor of poor outcomes and recognizing source control failure is often difficult or impossible. Further complicating issue in the debate is surrounding the timing, adequacy, and procedures of source control. This review evaluated and summarized the current approach and challenges in IAI management, which are the future research directions.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents/administration & dosage , Drainage , Fluid Therapy , Hemodynamics , Humans , Intraabdominal Infections/therapy , Laparoscopy , Laparotomy , Prognosis , Sepsis
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811105

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Necrotizing enterocolitis and intestinal perforation are the most common surgical emergency in the neonatal intensive care unit. The purpose of this study is to evaluate if peritoneal drainage (PD) is beneficial in extremely low birth weight infants with intestinal perforation.METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of extremely low birth weight infants with a diagnosis of intestinal perforation. They were received primary PD (n = 23, PD group) or laparotomy (n = 13, LAP group). Laboratory and physiologic data were collected and organ failure scores calculated and compared between preprocedure and postprocedures. Data were analyzed using appropriated statistical tests.RESULTS: Between January 2005 and December 2015, 13 infants (male:female = 9:4) received laparotomy. Of 23 infants (male:female = 16:7) received PD, 20 infants received subsequent laparotomy. There were no demographic differences between PD and LAP groups. And there were no differences in total organ score in either group (PD, P = 0.486; LAP, P = 0.115). However, in LAP group, respiratory score was statistically improved between pre- and postprocedure organ failure score (P = 0.02). In physiologic parameter, PD group had a statistically worsening inotropics requirement (P = 0.025). On the other hand, LAP group had a improvement of PaO₂/FiO₂ ratio (P = 0.01).CONCLUSION: PD does not improve clinical status in extremely low birth weight infants with intestinal perforation.


Subject(s)
Cohort Studies , Diagnosis , Drainage , Emergencies , Enterocolitis, Necrotizing , Hand , Humans , Infant , Infant, Extremely Low Birth Weight , Infant, Low Birth Weight , Infant, Newborn , Intensive Care, Neonatal , Intestinal Perforation , Laparotomy , Organ Dysfunction Scores , Retrospective Studies
19.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 149-151, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827841

ABSTRACT

Adrenal gland trauma is a rare phenomenon, due to the small size and retroperitoneal location of the organ. The majority of adrenal gland trauma is due to blunt force injury and is only rarely encountered due to the penetrating mechanisms. A 20-year-old male sustained a gunshot wound to the left abdomen. Upon exploration, he was found to have a through and through injury to the left adrenal gland, among other injuries. Injury to the adrenal gland due to penetrating trauma is exceptionally rare. The principles of management are to control bleeding from the gland with debridement and hemostasis rather than attempt to resect the entire organ. The management of a penetrating injury to the adrenal gland is straightforward and should not be a contributor to a patient's morbidity or mortality.


Subject(s)
Adrenal Glands , Diagnostic Imaging , Wounds and Injuries , Adult , Debridement , Hemorrhage , Therapeutics , Hemostasis, Surgical , Humans , Laparotomy , Male , Multiple Trauma , Therapeutics , Organ Sparing Treatments , Methods , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Treatment Outcome , Wounds, Gunshot , Diagnostic Imaging , Therapeutics , Young Adult
20.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 35(3): 455-463, 2020. fig, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1123199

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar si la laparotomía de control de daños con ligadura y reconstrucción intestinal diferida, en pacientes con peritonitis secundaria a compromiso de víscera hueca, reduce el número de ostomías. Métodos. Se incluyeron todos los pacientes menores de 18 años de edad que ingresaron a la clínica con sospecha de peritonitis de origen no traumático y que se sometieron a laparotomía entre enero del 2003 y diciembre del 2018. Se evaluaron las características sociodemográficas, comorbilidades, escalas de gravedad fisiológica, técnicas de reconstrucción intestinal y resultados clínicos. Resultados. Se incluyeron 306 pacientes, distribuidos en tres grupos: 1) 120 (39,2 %) sometidos a resección y anastomosis, 2) 87 (28,4 %) sometidos a ostomía, y 3) 99 (32,3 %) sometidos inicialmente a ligadura intestinal. Los pacientes sometidos a ligadura intestinal presentaron mayor compromiso fisiológico al ingreso a la unidad de cuidado intensivo, con puntuación APACHE II: 14 (rango intercuartílico, RIC=10-18) en el grupo 1, 13 (RIC=11-18) en el grupo 2, y 18 (RIC=14-24) en el grupo 3 (p<0,01). Sin embargo, más de la mitad se reconstruyeron en la siguiente laparotomía: anastomosis mecánica (16/99; 16,1 %), anastomosis manual (49/99; 49,5 %), ostomía (34/99; 34,3 %). Además, estos pacientes sometidos a ligadura intestinal tuvieron un número significativamente mayor de nuevas laparotomías, y de días de asistencia respiratoria mecánica, de estancia en la unidad de cuidado intensivo y de estancia hospitalaria. No hubo diferencias estadísticamente significativas en la mortalidad entre los subgrupos: (grupo 1=19 (15,8 %), grupo 2=16 (18,4 %), grupo 3=19 (19,2 %) (p=0,79). Conclusión. En este estudio, se logró evitar la ostomía como técnica de reconstrucción definitiva en más de la mitad de los pacientes con peritonitis que se sometieron a laparotomía de control de daños con ligadura intestinal


Introduction. The objective of this study was to evaluate if the damage control laparotomy with ligation and delayed intestinal reconstruction (DR), in patients with peritonitis secondary to compromised hollow viscera, reduces the number of ostomies.Methods. All patients under 18 years of age who entered the clinic with suspected non-traumatic peritonitis and who underwent laparotomy between January 2003 and December 2018 were included. Sociodemographic characteristics, comorbidities, severity scales physiological, intestinal reconstruction techniques and clinical results were evaluated.Results. A total of 306 patients were included, divided into three groups: 1) 120 (39.2 %) underwent resection and anastomosis, 2) 87 (28.4 %) underwent ostomy, and 3) 99 (32.3 %) underwent initial to intestinal ligation. Patients undergoing intestinal ligation presented greater physiological compromise upon admission to the intensive care unit, with an APACHE II score: 14 (interquartile range, IQR= 10-18) in group 1, 13 (IQR = 11-18) in the group 2, and 18 (IQR = 14-24) in group 3 (p<0.01). However, more than half were reconstructed in the following laparotomy: mechanical anastomosis (16/99; 16.1 %), manual anastomosis (49/99; 49.5 %), ostomy (34/99; 34.3 %). Also, they had a significantly greater number of new laparotomies, and of days of mechanical respiratory assistance, of stay in the intensive care unit and of hospital stay. There were no statistically significant differences in mortality between the subgroups: group 1= 19 (15.8 %), group 2= 16 (18.4 %), group 3= 19 (19.2 %) (p= 0.79). Conclusion. In this study, it was possible to avoid the ostomy as the definitive reconstruction technique in more than half of the patients with peritonitis who underwent damage control laparotomy with intestinal ligation


Subject(s)
Humans , Laparotomy , Peritonitis , Ostomy , Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation
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