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2.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 38(3): 568-573, Mayo 8, 2023. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1438592

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Los tricobezoares ocurren de forma frecuente en niñas y adolescentes, y se asocian a trastornos psicológicos como depresión, tricotilomanía o tricofagia. Caso clínico. Se presenta una paciente adolescente con síndrome de Rapunzel, con hallazgo adicional de perforación yeyunal debido al tricobezoar. Discusión. Dentro de las complicaciones de los tricobezoares se reporta invaginación intestinal (principalmente de yeyuno), apendicitis, obstrucción biliar, neumonía, pancreatitis secundaria y perforación, esta última como ocurrió en nuestra paciente. Conclusión. En pacientes mujeres adolescentes con dolor abdominal o abdomen agudo, se debe tener en cuenta el diagnóstico de síndrome de Rapunzel, así como sus probables complicaciones


Introduction. Trichobezoars occur frequently in young and adolescent girls, and are associated with psychological disorders such as depression, trichotillomania, or trichophagia. Clinical case. An adolescent patient with Rapunzel syndrome is presented, with an additional finding of jejunal perforation due to the trichobezoar. Discussion. Among the complications of trichobezoars, intussusception is reported (mainly of the jejunum), appendicitis, biliary obstruction, pneumonia, secondary pancreatitis, and perforation, the latter as occurred in our patient. Conclusion. In adolescent female patients with abdominal pain or acute abdomen, the diagnosis of Rapunzel syndrome should be taken into account, as well as its probable complications


Subject(s)
Humans , Trichotillomania , Bezoars , Intestinal Perforation , Syndrome , Abdomen, Acute , Laparotomy
3.
Enferm. foco (Brasília) ; 14: 1-5, mar. 20, 2023. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1435374

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Descrever o perfil dos pacientes atendidos pela onda vermelha em 2018 e 2019. Métodos: Trata-se de uma pesquisa quantitativa, de caráter transversal, retrospectiva, descritiva e documental realizada no Hospital de Pronto-Socorro João XXIII, Belo Horizonte, Brasil. O universo deste estudo foram 83 prontuários eletrônicos de pacientes que entraram no protocolo da Onda Vermelha. Foi realizada distribuições de frequência, medidas de tendência central (média e mediana) e de variabilidade (desvio padrão). Resultados: A maioria dos pacientes foi do sexo masculino, com idade entre 1 e 95 anos e média de 33,4 anos. O mecanismo do trauma mais frequente foi contuso, o meio transporte foi ambulância do Serviço de Atendimento Móvel de Urgência, a causa mais frequente dos traumas foi acidente automobilístico seguido de trauma por projétil de arma de fogo. As cirurgias mais frequentes foram laparotomia, toracotomia e craniectomia. Óbito foi o desfecho mais comum. Conclusão: Os pacientes chegam muito graves e o óbito foi o principal desfecho. Sugere-se estudos que possibilitem análise comparativa de dados e padronização do cálculo da probabilidade de sobrevivência. Recomenda-se atualização do protocolo da onda vermelha, incluindo outras cirurgias que já são realizadas e novos critérios de inclusão de pacientes. (AU)


Objective: To describe the profile of patients treated in the "Red Wave", in the period of 2018-2019. Methods: It is a quantitative, cross-sectional, retrospective, descriptive and documentary research. Held at the first-aid post João XXIII Hospital, in Belo Horizonte. The universe of this study was 83 electronic medical records of patients who entered the "Red Wave" protocol. Simple frequency distributions, measures of central tendency (mean and median) and variability (standard deviation) have been performed. Results: Male, aged between 1 and 95 years old, being an average at 33,4 years old. The most frequent trauma mechanism was blunt, the means of transport was an ambulance from the Mobile Emergency Service, the causes of the trauma were an automobile accident, followed by trauma by a firearm projectile. From the performed surgeries, the most frequent ones were laparotomy, thoracotomy and craniectomy. Among the outcome, death was the most common one among patients. Conclusion: Patients arrive very seriously and death was the main outcome. Studies that allow comparative data analysis and standardization of the calculation of survival probability are suggested. It is recommended to update the red wave protocol, including other surgeries that are already performed and new inclusion criteria for patients. (AU)


Objetivo: Describir el perfil de los pacientes atendidos por la onda roja en 2018 y 2019. Métodos: se trata de un estudio cuantitativo, transversal, retrospectivo, descriptivo y documental realizado en el Hospital de Pronto-Socorro João XXIII, Belo Horizonte, Brasil. El universo de este estudio fue de 83 historias clínicas electrónicas de pacientes que ingresaron al protocolo Red Wave. Se realizaron distribuciones de frecuencia, medidas de tendencia central (media y mediana) y variabilidad (desviación estándar). Resultados: La mayoría de los pacientes eran varones, con edades comprendidas entre 1 y 95 años y media de 33,4 años. El mecanismo de traumatismo más frecuente fue contundente, el medio de transporte fue una ambulancia del Servicio Móvil de Emergencias, la causa más frecuente de traumatismo fue un accidente automovilístico seguido del traumatismo por proyectil de arma de fuego. Las cirugías más frecuentes fueron laparotomía, toracotomía y craniectomía. La muerte fue el resultado más común. Conclusión: Los pacientes llegan muy en serio y la muerte fue el resultado principal. Se sugieren estudios que permitan el análisis de datos comparativos y la estandarización del cálculo de la probabilidad de supervivencia. Se recomienda actualizar el protocolo de onda roja, incluyendo otras cirugías que ya se realizan y nuevos criterios de inclusión de pacientes. (AU)


Subject(s)
Multiple Trauma , Thoracotomy , Emergencies , Laparotomy
4.
Medicentro (Villa Clara) ; 27(1)mar. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1440506

ABSTRACT

El cistoadenoma apendicular es una neoplasia poco frecuente, que tiene una incidencia de 0,2 % a 0,3 % en todas las apendicetomías; esta afección predomina en pacientes féminas y su presentación es poco específica en cuanto a los síntomas, los cuales pueden compararse a un cuadro de apendicitis aguda, una masa abdominal, un cuadro obstructivo o ginecológico, o manifestaciones urológicas, que son las menos frecuentes. Se presentó una paciente femenina de 59 años de edad con dolor abdominal localizado en la fosa ilíaca derecha de 4 meses de evolución; se realizaron varios exámenes complementarios, una laparoscopia diagnóstica, una laparotomía exploratoria y también una apendicetomía. Después de estos exámenes se realizó un diagnóstico histológico de cistoadenoma mucinoso apendicular.


Appendiceal cystadenoma is a rare neoplasm, with an incidence of 0.2% to 0.3% among all appendectomies; this condition predominates in female patients and its presentation is unspecific in terms of symptoms, which can be compared to acute appendicitis, an abdominal mass, obstructive or gynecological symptoms, or urological manifestations, which are the least frequent. We present a 59-year-old female patient with an abdominal pain over 4 months located in the right iliac fossa; several complementary tests were performed such as a diagnostic laparoscopy, an exploratory laparotomy and an appendectomy. After these examinations, a histological diagnosis of appendiceal mucinous cystadenoma was made.


Subject(s)
Appendiceal Neoplasms , Pathological Conditions, Signs and Symptoms , Cystadenoma , Laparotomy
5.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 62(1)mar. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1515266

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El vólvulo de ciego es infrecuente en Occidente y representa solo el 1 por ciento de los casos de oclusión intestinal en el adulto. Los pacientes con esta entidad presentan habitualmente un cuadro clínico de dolor abdominal intermitente, vómitos, ausencia de expulsión de gases y heces por el recto. Objetivo: Describir dos alternativas de tratamiento ante el vólvulo de ciego. Presentación de caso: Se presentan dos casos de pacientes masculinos, ambos de la tercera edad que presentan cuadro clínico sugestivo de oclusión intestinal mecánica de intestino grueso por vólvulo de ciego. Se realizó laparotomía explorada con los diagnósticos antes referidos y se encontró vólvulo del ciego. Luego se aplicaron técnicas quirúrgicas distintas para cada caso según el estado individual de cada uno de ellos. Conclusiones: Fue factible la aplicación de técnicas quirúrgicas diferentes, tras valorar el estado individual de los pacientes, pues ambos presentaron una evolución favorable(AU)


Introduction: Cecal volvulus is uncommon in the West and represents only 1 percent of cases of intestinal occlusion in adults. Patients with this entity usually present a clinical picture of intermittent abdominal pain, vomiting, as well as absence of gas and stool expulsion through the rectum. Objective: To describe two treatment alternatives for cecal volvulus. Case presentation: The cases are presented of two cases of male patients, both elderly, with clinical symptoms suggestive of mechanical intestinal occlusion of the large intestine caused by cecal volvulus. Exploratory laparotomy was performed with the aforementioned diagnoses and cecal volvulus was found. Then different surgical techniques were applied for each case according to the individual condition of each case. Conclusions: It was feasible to apply different surgical techniques after assessing the individual condition of the patients, since both presented a favorable evolution(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Intestinal Volvulus/surgery , Intestinal Obstruction/therapy , Laparotomy/methods
6.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 38(2): 374-379, 20230303. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1425219

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El embalaje y transporte de estupefacientes dentro del organismo, o body packing, es una práctica frecuente en Centroamérica y el Caribe. Además del riesgo de muerte por la exposición a las sustancias tóxicas, existe el riesgo de complicaciones mecánicas con indicación de manejo quirúrgico. El Hospital de Engativá, por su cercanía al aeropuerto de Bogotá, D.C., Colombia, es el centro de referencia para el tratamiento de estos pacientes. Caso clínico. Un hombre de 65 años traído al hospital por un episodio emético con expulsión de cuatro cápsulas para el transporte de estupefacientes. Al examen físico se encontraron masas palpables en el hemiabdomen superior, sin abdomen agudo. La tomografía de abdomen informó un síndrome pilórico secundario a retención gástrica de cuerpos extraños. Fue llevado a laparotomía y gastrotomía logrando la extracción de 97 objetos cilíndricos de látex que contenían sustancias ilícitas. Discusión. En los body packer asintomáticos, la administración de soluciones laxantes es una estrategia terapéutica segura. Los casos reportados de obstrucción gastrointestinal son infrecuentes y se relacionan con la ingesta de un gran número de cápsulas, por lo que es necesario el tratamiento quirúrgico. Conclusión. El síndrome pilórico es una presentación infrecuente en un body packer. Se debe tener un alto índice de sospecha para garantizar un manejo oportuno


Introduction. Packaging and transportation of narcotic drugs inside a human body, or body packing, is a frequent practice in Central America and the Caribbean. In addition to the risk of death due to exposure to toxic substances, there is a risk of mechanical complications with an indication for surgical management. The Engativá Hospital, due to its proximity to the airport in Bogotá, D.C., Colombia, is the reference center for the treatment of these patients. Clinical case. A 65-year-old man brought to the hospital for an emetic episode with expulsion of four narcotic transport capsules. Physical examination revealed palpable masses in the upper abdomen, without an acute abdomen. Abdominal tomography revealed pyloric syndrome secondary to gastric retention of foreign bodies. He was taken to laparotomy and gastrotomy, achieving the extraction of 97 cylindrical latex objects that contained illicit substances. Discussion. In asymptomatic body packers, the administration of laxative solutions is a safe therapeutic strategy. Reported cases of gastrointestinal obstruction are infrequent and are related to the ingestion of a large number of capsules, for which surgical treatment is necessary. Conclusion. Pyloric syndrome is an uncommon presentation in body packers. A high index of suspicion is required to ensure timely management


Subject(s)
Humans , Gastric Outlet Obstruction , Body Packing , Laparotomy
7.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 474-480, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985786

ABSTRACT

Objective: To examine the safety and effectiveness of laparoscopic individualized surgical treatment for chronic traumatic diaphragmatic hernia (CTDH). Methods: The clinical data and follow-up data of 29 CTDH cases admitted to the Qilu Hospital of Shandong University or the First Affiliated Hospital of Shandong First Medical University from June 2015 to January 2023 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 21 males and 8 females, aged (49.4±17.8) years (range: 19 to 79 years). The main clinical manifestations were symptoms of the digestive system and respiratory system, and only 4 cases were asymptomatic. All patients received laparoscopic treatment (conversion to open surgery was not excluded). Intraoperative exploration (location of the hernia, contents of the hernia, diameter of the hernia ring), surgical conditions (surgical repair plan, operation time, blood loss, postoperative complications) and postoperative follow-up were analyzed and discussed. Results: Laparoscopic repair was successfully completed in 27 cases, including simple suture in 6 cases, suture and patch repair in 17 cases, the anterior abdominal wall muscle flap reversal suture and patch repair of in 3 cases, and patch bridge repair in 1 case. The operation time was (112.8±44.7) minutes (range: 60 to 200 minutes). The amount of bleeding (M(IQR)) was 35 (58) ml (range: 10 to 300 ml). The other 2 patients were converted to laparotomy. Except for one patient with transverse colon strangulation necrosis who died of aggravated pulmonary infection after surgery, the remaining 28 patients were discharged successfully. The follow-up time was 36 (24) months (range: 1 to 60 months). During the follow-up period, only two patients had occasional left upper abdominal discomfort. Twenty-seven patients with left diaphragmatic hernia had no recurrence, and the symptoms of 1 patient with right diaphragmatic hernia were relieved. Conclusion: Customized laparoscopic surgical repair for CTDH according to the location and size of the diaphragmatic defect can achieve good surgical results.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Hernia, Diaphragmatic, Traumatic/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Laparoscopy/methods , Postoperative Complications , Laparotomy , Surgical Mesh
8.
Rev. Bras. Cancerol. (Online) ; 69(3)jul-set. 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1512820

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Os lipossarcomas são tumores malignos raros de origem mesenquimal, a partir de precursores de adipócitos, podendo ocorrer no retroperitônio. Os lipossarcomas retroperitoneais representam de 0,3% a 0,6% das neoplasias malignas. Em virtude do crescimento lento e assintomático do tumor, tendo como principal manifestação clínica o aumento do volume abdominal, o quadro é comumente acompanhado de um diagnóstico tardio e curso indolente. Relato do caso: Homem, 70 anos de idade, com aumento progressivo abdominal há cerca de dois anos. A ressonância magnética demonstrou uma formação em topografia retroperitoneal à direita, promovendo importante desvio das estruturas da linha média, com presença de conteúdo sólido acima da estrutura supradescrita. Foi submetido à laparotomia xifopúbica, com apresentação de massa gigante retroperitoneal que ocupava todo abdome, com deslocamento das alças intestinais e rim direito. Foram realizadas ressecção do tumor em bloco, rafia diafragmática e colecistectomia. Após três meses do primeiro procedimento cirúrgico, o paciente apresentou novamente aumento do volume abdominal, com confirmação de recidiva tumoral após realização de exames de imagem. Um novo procedimento cirúrgico foi realizado, revelando tumor com cápsula rompida e múltiplos coágulos. Após alta hospitalar, foi submetido a sessões de radioterapia complementares à cirurgia. Conclusão: A rápida reapresentação do paciente após o surgimento da recidiva, comum nesses casos, foi essencial para a redução de resíduos na segunda cirurgia, evidenciando a importância de exames periódicos para o reconhecimento precoce da recorrência local. No presente caso, também foram realizadas sessões de radioterapia, com a finalidade de evitar a recidiva, sem sucesso.


Introduction: Liposarcomas are rare malignant tumors of mesenchymal origin, from adipocyte precursors, which may occur in the retroperitoneum. Retroperitoneal liposarcomas account for 0.3% to 0.6% of malignant neoplasms and the main symptom is increased abdominal volume. Due to the slow and asymptomatic growth of the tumor, the condition is commonly associated with late diagnosis and indolent course. Case report: 70-year-old man with progressive abdominal enlargement for about two years. Magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated a formation in the right retroperitoneal topography, promoting significant deviation of the midline structures. Furthermore, there was a solid content above the structure described above. A xiphopubic laparotomy was performed with presentation of giant retroperitoneal mass occupying the entire abdomen, displacing the intestinal loops and the right kidney. En bloc tumor resection, diaphragmatic raffia and cholecystectomy were performed. Three months after the first surgical procedure, the patient presented a novel increase of the abdominal volume which imaging tests showed tumor recurrence. A new surgical procedure was performed, revealing a tumor with a ruptured capsule and multiple clots. After hospital discharge, the patient was submitted to complementary radiotherapy Conclusion: The fast return of the patient after the recurrence, common in these cases, was essential to reduce the residues of the second surgery, highlighting the importance of periodic examinations for the early recognition of local recurrence. In this case, radiotherapy sessions were also performed to prevent recurrence, however, unsuccessful.


Introducción: Los liposarcomas son tumores malignos raros de origen mesenquimatoso, a partir de precursores de los adipocitos, y pueden presentarse en el retroperitoneo. Los liposarcomas retroperitoneales representan del 0,3% al 0,6% de las neoplasias malignas, siendo el síntoma principal el aumento de volumen abdominal. Debido al crecimiento lento y asintomático del tumor, la condición se acompaña comúnmente de un diagnóstico tardío y un curso indolente. Informe del caso: Varón, 70 años, con agrandamiento abdominal progresivo de unos 2 años de evolución. La resonancia magnética nuclear mostró una formación en la topografía retroperitoneal hacia la derecha, promoviendo una desviación significativa de las estructuras de la línea media. Además, se observó un contenido sólido por encima de la estructura descrita anteriormente. Considerando la principal hipótesis diagnóstica, liposarcoma de retroperitoneo, se realizó laparotomía, evidenciándose una masa retroperitoneal gigante que ocupaba todo el abdomen, que desplazaba las asas intestinales y el riñón derecho. Se realizó disección y resección del tumor en bloque para extirpar la masa tumoral, así como rafia diafragmática y colecistectomía. A los tres meses del primer acto quirúrgico, el paciente volvió a presentar aumento de volumen abdominal, en el que las pruebas de imagen mostraron recidiva tumoral. Se realizó un nuevo procedimiento quirúrgico que reveló un tumor con una cápsula rota y múltiples coágulos. Conclusión: El rápido retorno del paciente tras el inicio de la recidiva, frecuente en estos casos, fue fundamental para reducir los residuos en la segunda cirugía, destacando la importancia de las exploraciones periódicas para el reconocimiento precoz de la recidiva local. En este caso también se realizaron sesiones de radioterapia, con el objetivo de prevenir la recurrencia, sin éxito.


Subject(s)
Retroperitoneal Space , Laparotomy , Liposarcoma
9.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 73-76, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970978

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#Trauma centres have been proven to provide better outcomes in developed countries for overall trauma, but there is limited literature on the systematic factors that describe any discrepancies in outcomes for trauma laparotomies in these centres. This study was conducted to examine and interrogate the effect of systematic factors on patients undergoing a trauma laparotomy in a developed country, intending to identify potential discrepancies in the outcome.@*METHODS@#This was a retrospective study of all laparotomies performed for trauma at a level 1 trauma centre in New Zealand. All adult patients who had undergone an index laparotomy for trauma between February 2012 and November 2020 were identified and laparotomies for both blunt and penetrating trauma were included. Repeat laparotomies and trauma laparotomies in children were excluded. The primary clinical outcomes reviewed included morbidity, length of hospital stay, and mortality. All statistical analysis was performed using R v.4.0.3.@*RESULTS@#During the 9-year study period, 204 trauma laparotomies were performed at Waikato hospital. The majority (83.3%) were performed during office hours (170/204), and the remaining 16.7% were performed after hours (34/204). And 61.3% were performed on a weekday (125/204), whilst 38.7% were performed on the weekend/public holiday (79/204). Most of the parameters in office hours and after hours groups had no statistically significant difference, except lactate (p = 0.026). Most of the variables in weekday and weekend groups had no statistically significant difference, except pH, lactate, length of stay, and gastrointestinal complications (p = 0.012, p < 0.001, p = 0.003, p = 0.020, respectively).@*CONCLUSION@#The current trauma system at Waikato hospital is capable of delivering care for trauma laparotomy patients with the same outcome regardless of working hours or after hours, weekday or weekend. This confirms the importance of a robust trauma system capable of responding to the sudden demands placed on it.


Subject(s)
Adult , Child , Humans , Laparotomy , Trauma Centers , Retrospective Studies , New Zealand/epidemiology , Lactic Acid , Abdominal Injuries/surgery
10.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1427186

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: analisar o percentual de instrumentais cirúrgicos que compõem a caixa de laparotomia exploradora e não são utilizados durante as cirurgias. Método: estudo descritivo, transversal com abordagem quantitativa, que contabilizou instrumentais constituintes da caixa de laparotomia exploradora utilizados e não utilizados durante 13 cirurgias realizadas em um período de 17 dias, em um hospital do interior paulista. Resultados: nas 13 cirurgias analisadas, obteve-se um total de 1300 (100%) pinças presentes nas caixas, onde 832 (64%) não foram utilizadas e 468 (36%) foram utilizadas. Nos tempos cirúrgicos, o maior número de uso foi de 166 (35,5%) artigos, para preensão e afastadores. Conclusão: houve 64% de instrumentais não utilizados nas cirurgias analisadas. Há necessidade de implementar estratégias gerenciais que reduzam os números encontrados e, consequentemente, reduzam gastos, para gerar menor desperdício e reduzir falhas no gerenciamento de recursos materiais.


Objective: to analyze the percentage of surgical instruments that make up the operating laparotomy box and are not used during surgeries. Method: descriptive, cross-sectional study with quantitative approach, which counted instrumental constituents of the exploratory laparotomy box used and not used during 13 surgeries performed in a period of 17 days, in a hospital in the interior of São Paulo. Results: in the 13 surgeries analyzed, a total of 1300 (100%) tweezers were obtained in the boxes, where 832 (64%) were not used and 468 (36%) were used. In surgical times, the highest number of use was 166 (35.5%) articles, for seizures and reparators. Conclusion: there were 64% of instruments not used in the analyzed surgeries. There is a need to implement management strategies that reduce the numbers found and, consequently, reduce expenses, to generate less waste and reduce failures in the management of material resources.


Objetivo: analizar el porcentaje de instrumentos quirúrgicos que componen la caja de laparotomía quirúrgica y no se utilizan durante las cirugías. Método: estudio descriptivo, transversal con enfoque cuantitativo, que contó constituyentes instrumentales de la caja de laparotomía exploratoria utilizada y no utilizada durante 13 cirugías realizadas en un período de 17 días, en un hospital del interior de São Paulo. Resultados: en las 13 cirugías analizadas, se obtuvieron un total de 1300 (100%) pinzas en las cajas, donde no se utilizaron 832 (64%) y 468 (36%). En tiempos quirúrgicos, el mayor número de uso fue de 166 (35,5%) artículos, para convulsiones y reparadores. Conclusión: hubieran 64% de instrumentos no utilizados en las quirurgias analizadas. Es necesario implementar estrategias de gestión que reduzcan los números encontrados y, en consecuencia, reduzcan los gastos, para generar menos residuos y reducir las fallas en la gestión de los recursos materiales.


Subject(s)
Surgical Instruments/statistics & numerical data , Sterilization/statistics & numerical data , Health Expenditures , Cross-Sectional Studies , Costs and Cost Analysis , Laparotomy/instrumentation
11.
Cir. Urug ; 7(1): e303, 2023. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1447833

ABSTRACT

El tumor pseudopapilar de páncreas, conocido como tumor de Frantz, es excepcional; comprende entre el 0.2 y 2.7 % de los carcinomas de páncreas. Su etiología es desconocida y predomina en mujeres jóvenes. Son tumores de bajo potencial maligno, que cursan asintomáticos y dan síntomas por compresión regional: dolor gravativo y/o masa abdominal palpable. La probabilidad de una forma definidamente maligna es de 15 %. Anatómicamente se localizan con mayor frecuencia en la cola del páncreas, seguido por la cabeza y el cuerpo. El tratamiento es la resección quirúrgica y su pronóstico es excelente, con sobrevida a 5 años de casi 100 %. El diagnóstico es anátomo-patológico, considerando el aspecto microscópico y el perfil inmunohistoquímico. Se presenta un caso de una mujer de 21 años, en la cual se realizó una cirugía de excéresis completa del tumor y que se mantiene a asintomática a 24 meses de operada.


Pseudo papillary tumor of the pancreas, also called Frantz´s tumor, is a very rare disease; between 0.2 and 2.7 % of pancreatic carcinomas. Ethiology is unknown; is observed in young women. It´s a tumors with low malignant potential, usually of asymptomatic evolution by long time and the symptoms are due to regional compression: pain or abdominal mass. The possibility of a malignant form is around 15 %. Anatomically, they are most frequently located in the tail of the pancreas, followed by the head and body. The treatment is the surgical resection; with an excellent prognosis and a 5-year survival almost 100 %. The diagnosis is with pathological study, considering the microscopic appearance and the immunohistochemical profile. Its perform an analysis of the literature and once case of a 21 years old, woman is reported. A complete resection surgery of the tumor was performed and remains asymptomatic at 24 months of follow-up.


O tumor pseudopapilar do pâncreas, conhecido como tumor de Frantz, é excepcional; compreende entre 0,2 e 2,7 % dos carcinomas pancreáticos. Sua etiologia é desconhecida e predomina em mulheres jovens. São tumores de baixo potencial maligno, que são assintomáticos e apresentam sintomas devido à compressão regional: dor intensa e/ou massa abdominal palpável. A probabilidade de uma forma definitivamente maligna é de 15 %. Anatomicamente, eles estão localizados com mais frequência na cauda do pâncreas, seguido pela cabeça e corpo. O tratamento é a ressecção cirúrgica e seu prognóstico é excelente, com sobrevida em 5 anos de quase 100 %. O diagnóstico é anátomo-patológico, considerando o aspecto microscópico e o perfil imuno-histoquímico. Apresenta-se o caso de uma mulher de 21 anos submetida a cirurgia de excisão completa do tumor e que permanece assintomática 24 meses após a cirurgia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Pancreatic Neoplasms/surgery , Pancreatic Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Carcinoma, Papillary/surgery , Carcinoma, Papillary/diagnostic imaging , Pancreatectomy , Splenectomy , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Laparotomy
12.
Rev. argent. cir ; 114(4): 307-316, oct. 2022. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1422943

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Antecedentes: la pandemia por COVID-19 generó importantes cambios en la atención y tratamiento de los pacientes quirúrgicos. Objetivo: los objetivos de este estudio fueron comparar los volúmenes de prestaciones realizadas durante un año de pandemia con un período igual sin pandemia, proyectar su impacto asistencial e institucional, y comparar pacientes COVID+ versus COVID- para determinar complicaciones posoperatorias, mortalidad y los factores de riesgo asociados a estos eventos. Material y métodos: estudio observacional y retrospectivo. Comparamos el volumen de prestaciones realizadas entre el 19/3/20 y el 18/3/21 con idéntico período de 2019/20. Efectuamos un estudio de cohorte emparejada (2:1) entre los pacientes con COVID-19 y sin él y se analizaron las complicaciones posoperatorias, la mortalidad, y doce variables objetivas como factores de riesgo asociados. Resultados: todas las variables prestacionales analizadas disminuyeron, pero solo las internaciones programadas y las cirugías y endoscopias no urgentes cayeron significativamente. De los 979 ingresos, 41 casos fueron COVID+ (4,1%). La mortalidad fue del 29,2% en COVID+ (12/41) vs. 7,3% en COVID- (6/82) P = 0,021. Los factores de riesgo significativos asociados a mortalidad fueron: edad ≥ 75 años, hombres, COVID+, urgencias, neumonía, requerimiento de UTI y ARM. Los pacientes operados presentaron una tasa significativamente mayor de neumonías. El análisis de regresión logística (COVID+ vs. -) mostró que por ser COVID+ y registrar la necesidad de ARM, como variables determinantes, en los COVID+ solo la ARM fue determinante en la mortalidad. Conclusión: la pandemia por COVID-19 disminuyó la actividad prestacional y aumentó la mortalidad de los afectados por la virosis.


ABSTRACT Background: The COVID-19 pandemic produced significant changes in the care and treatment of surgical patients. Objectives: The aims of this study were to compare the volume of services provided during a year of pandemic with an equal period without pandemic, estimate its impact on health care and institutional care, and compare COVID-positive versus COVID-negative patients to determine postoperative complications, mortality and risk factors associated with these events. Material and methods: We conducted an observational and retrospective study, comparing the volume of services performed between March 19, 2020, and March 18, 2021, with the same period in 2019/2020. We performed a matched cohort study (in a 2:1 ratio) between patients with and without COVID-19 and analyzed the postoperative complications, mortality, and twelve objective variables as associated risk factors. Results: There was a significant decrease in planned hospitalizations and non-urgent surgeries and endoscopies, while all the other variables showed a non-significant reduction. Of the 979 admissions, 41 corresponded to COVID-positive patients (4.1%). Mortality was 29.2% in COVID-positive patients (12/41) vs. 7.3%% in those COVID negative (p = 0.021). The significant risk factors associated with mortality were age ≥75 years, male sex, COVID+, emergencies, pneumonia, requirement of ICU and MV. Patients operated on had a significantly higher rate of pneumonia. Logistic regression analysis between COVID+ patients and COVID- patients showed that COVID+ and need for MV were predictors of mortality. In COVID+ patients, only MV was a determinant of mortality. Conclusion: The COVID-19 pandemic reduced healthcare services and increased mortality in patients infected with the virus.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Postoperative Complications , Surgical Procedures, Operative/statistics & numerical data , Mortality , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retrospective Studies , Laparoscopy/statistics & numerical data , Endoscopy/statistics & numerical data , COVID-19 , Laparotomy/statistics & numerical data
13.
Rev. argent. cir ; 114(4): 364-369, oct. 2022. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1422950

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Los aneurismas de la arteria hepática son una patología poco frecuente. Cuando son sintomáticos, se debe sospechar un sufrimiento aneurismático y su tratamiento está indicado. Presentamos el caso clínico de un paciente con mal terreno cardiovascular, que consultó por un cuadro clínico de dolor epigástrico, repercusión hemodinámica e ictericia. La imagenología evidenció la presencia de un aneurisma de la arteria hepática común complicado con compromiso del origen de la arteria hepática propia y la arteria gastroduodenal. La presencia de una vascularización arterial hepática "no convencional" con una arteria hepática derecha proveniente de la arteria mesentérica superior, en la angiotomografía, permitió cambiar la táctica quirúrgica haciéndose prescindible la realización de un bypass. Este caso resalta la importancia de determinar en el preoperatorio no solo la extensión del aneurisma, sino también la anatomía vascular hepática a fin de planificar mejor la cirugía, disminuyendo así la morbimortalidad de esta enfermedad.


ABSTRACT Hepatic artery aneurysms are rare. Expanding aneurysms should be suspected in case of symptoms and treatment is indicated. We report the case of a patient with a history of cardiovascular disease who sought medical care due to epigastric pain, hemodynamic instability and jaundice. The imaging tests showed the presence of an aneurysm of the common hepatic artery complicated with involvement of the origin of the proper hepatic artery and the gastroduodenal artery. The surgical approach could be changed due to presence of a "non-conventional" hepatic arterial variant with a right hepatic artery originating from the superior mesenteric artery in the computed tomography angiography as bypass surgery was not necessary. This case highlights the importance of determining the extent of the aneurysm in the preoperative period and the anatomy of the hepatic vessels to better plan the surgery, thus reducing morbidity and mortality of this disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Aneurysm, Ruptured/surgery , Hepatic Artery/pathology , Aneurysm, Ruptured/diagnostic imaging , Hemoperitoneum/diagnostic imaging , Hepatic Artery/surgery , Laparotomy
14.
Rev. argent. cir ; 114(4): 375-379, oct. 2022. graf, il
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1422952

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Las hernias internas constituyen una causa rara de obstrucción de intestino delgado. Entre estas se encuentra la hernia transmesentérica congénita, que es muy infrecuente en adultos. Presentamos el caso de un paciente de sexo masculino de 20 años, sin antecedentes quirúrgicos ni traumáticos, que acudió al Servicio de Urgencias con sintomatología de obstrucción intestinal. Se realizó laparotomía de emergencia, encontrándose intestino delgado encarcelado a través de un defecto localizado en mesenterio yeyunal distal. No había necrosis intestinal por lo que no fue necesaria la resección intestinal. El paciente evolucionó favorablemente y fue dado de alta al tercer día posoperatorio.


ABSTRACT Internal hernias are a rare cause of bowel obstruction. Congenital transmesenteric hernias, a type of internal hernias, are uncommon in adults. We report the case of a 20-year-old male patient with no history of surgeries or trauma who presented to the emergency department with symptoms of bowel obstruction. Emergency laparotomy revealed small bowel incarceration through a defect in the distal jejunal mesentery. As the bowel was viable there was no need to perform bowel resection. The patient evolved with favorable outcome and was discharged on postoperative day 3.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Young Adult , Internal Hernia/surgery , Intestinal Obstruction/surgery , Abdominal Pain , Internal Hernia/diagnosis , Intestinal Obstruction/diagnostic imaging , Laparotomy
15.
Rev. peru. med. exp. salud publica ; 39(4): [495-499], oct. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1424354

ABSTRACT

La hidatidosis es considerada en la actualidad como un problema de salud pública en el Perú. Es una infección parasitaria trasmitida por la ingesta de huevos de Echinococcus granulosus y los órganos más comprometidos son el hígado y los pulmones, siendo rara la afectación del bazo. Presentamos el caso de una gestante joven con dolor abdominal y sensación de masa en hipocondrio izquierdo. El estudio ecográfico reveló imagen quística multitabicada en hemiabdomen izquierdo, con feto viable. Se le realizó cesárea, seguido de laparotomía exploratoria y se halló una tumoración gigante de bazo que, según el estudio anatomopatológico corresponde a una hidatidosis esplénica multiquística. Asimismo, como complicación fetal ocurrió restricción del crecimiento intrauterino. La paciente evolucionó favorablemente sin recurrencia de focos hidatídicos, mientras que el neonato mostró un patrón de crecimiento adecuado.


Hydatidosis is currently considered a public health problem in Peru. It is a parasitic infection transmitted by the ingestion of eggs of Echinococcus granulosus. The most involved organs are the liver and lungs, with spleen involvement being rare. We present the case of a young pregnant woman with abdominal pain and a sensation of mass in the left hypochondrium. The ultrasound study revealed a multiloculated cystic image in the left hemiabdomen, and a viable fetus. She underwent cesarean section, followed by exploratory laparotomy, which revealed a giant spleen tumor that, according to the anatomopathological study, corresponded to multicystic splenic hydatid disease. Likewise, intrauterine growth restriction was found as a fetal complication. The patient progressed favorably without recurrence of hydatid foci and the neonate had an adequate growth pattern.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Pregnant Women , Echinococcosis , Fetal Growth Retardation , Abdominal Pain , Public Health , Echinococcus granulosus , Eating , Laparotomy
16.
Rev. argent. cir ; 114(3): 258-261, set. 2022. graf, il.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1422935

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La hernia vesical es una entidad asociada a la hernia inguinal, con predisposición de lado derecho, en un porcentaje de 0,5 a 3%, hasta 10% en hombres, y a partir de la quinta a séptima década de vida1. La mayoría son pequeñas; la fisiopatología más común es la obstrucción mientras que la hiperplasia prostática es la principal etiología. La presentación clínica es poco específica, y el diagnóstico es en la mayoría de los casos transoperatorio. Se presenta el caso de un paciente de género masculino de 64 años, con antecedente patológico de enfermedad de Parkinson, hernia inguinal izquierda reducible hace 5 años. Acudió a consulta médica por manifestar dolor abdominal de moderada intensidad, más aumento de volumen en región inguinoescrotal izquierda. Al realizar el examen físico se constató una hernia inguinoescrotal izquierda no reducible. Con el diagnóstico de hernia inguinal incarcerada se realizó una exploración quirúrgica, con hallazgos de hernia inguinoescrotal de gran tamaño con contenido vesical y epiplón incarcerado con cambios de coloración. Se realizó entonces la reparación de la hernia. La evolución posoperatoria fue satisfactoria sin complicaciones.


ABSTRACT Bladder hernia is a condition associated with inguinal hernia, usually right-sided, in 0.5 to 3% of the cases and up to 10% in men between the fifth and seventh decade of life. Most hernias are small; the most common pathophysiology is obstruction while prostatic hyperplasia is the main etiology. The clinical presentation is unspecific, and the diagnosis is usually made during surgery. We report the case of a 64-year-old male patient with a history of Parkinson's disease and reducible left inguinal hernia 5 years before, who sought medical advice due to abdominal pain of moderate intensity, with increased volume in the left inguinoscrotal region.On physical examination a diagnosis of left-sided non-reducible inguinoscrotal hernia was made. With the diagnosis of incarcerated inguinal hernia the patient underwent surgical exploration which showed a large inguinoscrotal hernia containing the bladder and incarcerated omentum with color changes. The hernia was repaired, and the patient evolved with favorable outcome.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Cystocele/surgery , Herniorrhaphy , Hernia, Inguinal/surgery , Abdominal Pain/complications , Cystocele/diagnostic imaging , Hernia, Inguinal/diagnostic imaging , Laparotomy
17.
Rev. argent. cir ; 114(3): 275-278, set. 2022. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1422938

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El tumor estromal gastrointestinal representa el 3% de las neoplasias gastrointestinales; es el tumor mesenquimático más frecuente. Afecta a hombres mayores de 50 años. El 80% son benignos, la mayoría afectan el estómago e intestino delgado. La incidencia de localización extragastrointestinal es desconocida. Paciente masculino de 56 años, tabaquista, obeso, con hipertensión arterial (HTA) y diabético (DBT), anticoagulado, consulta por dolor en fosa ilíaca derecha, posterior a esfuerzo físico. Se realiza tomografía computarizada (TC) donde se visualiza lesión de aspecto expansivo intraperitoneal que muestra realce periférico. Se decide conducta quirúrgica. Se halla un tumor mesentérico. En su presentación, estos tumores hasta en un 60% suelen ser asintomáticos por lo que resultan solo un hallazgo imagenológico; es indispensable, pues, su sospecha clínica y fundamentalmente el aporte de la inmunohistoquímica para la definición de la patología. El CD 117 es el principal marcador. Su tratamiento de preferencia es siempre quirúrgico, acompañado de tratamientos quimioterápicos.


ABSTRACT Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) account for < 3% of gastrointestinal neoplasms and are the most common mesenchymal tumors. They are more common in men > 50 years. They are benign in 80% of the cases and usually occur in the stomach and small intestine. The incidence of extragastrointestinal GISTs is unknown. A 56-year-old male patient sought medical care for abdominal pain in the right iliac fossa that appeared after exercising. The patient was a current smoker, obese, had a history of hypertension (HTN) and diabetes (DBT) and was receiving anticoagulants. A computed tomography (CT) scan showed an expansive mass within the peritoneum with peripheral enhancement. Surgical management was decided. During the procedure, a tumor was found in the mesentery. Up to 60% of these tumors are usually asymptomatic and are incidentally found in imaging tests; therefore, clinical suspicion and, most importantly immunohistochemistry, are essential for the diagnosis. CD117 is the main marker. Surgery is the treatment of choice for GISTs and chemotherapy is also indicated.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors/surgery , Gastrointestinal Neoplasms/surgery , Ileostomy , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors/pathology , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors/diagnostic imaging , Laparotomy
18.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 61(3)sept. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1441511

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La isquemia mesentérica aguda es la condición clínica que aparece cuando el flujo sanguíneo del territorio mesentérico resulta insuficiente para satisfacer los requerimientos del intestino. Objetivo: Caracterizar la morbilidad y mortalidad de los pacientes con isquemia mesentérica aguda. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo, transversal, en el Servicio de cirugía del Hospital Universitario "Arnaldo Milián Castro" de Santa Clara, Villa Clara desde enero del 2016 hasta diciembre del 2020. La muestra quedó constituida por 119 pacientes que cumplieron los criterios de inclusión y exclusión. Resultados: De los 119 pacientes que presentaron isquemia mesentérica aguda, predominaron pacientes con factores de riesgo mayores de 65 años 97 (81,5 por ciento), femeninos 61 (51,3 por ciento), fumadores 52 (43,7 por ciento), con hipertensión arterial 84 (70,6 por ciento), cardiopatía isquémica 57 (47,9 por ciento), diabetes mellitus 31 (26,1 por ciento) y enfermedad arterial periférica 20 (16,8 por ciento). Predominó el tratamiento quirúrgico: la laparotomía exploratoria y cierre 55 (46,3 por ciento). Las complicaciones más frecuentes encontradas: el fallo múltiple de órganos 25 (25,7 por ciento) en los pacientes fallecidos. En los hallazgos necrológicos predominó la trombosis arterioesclerótica de la arteria mesentérica superior. Conclusiones: La isquemia mesentérica resulta frecuente en pacientes con factores de riesgo como son la edad mayor de 65 años, el sexo femenino, el hábito tóxico del tabaquismo y las enfermedades crónicas no transmisibles tales como la hipertensión arterial, cardiopatía isquémica y la diabetes mellitus. El tratamiento más realizado es el quirúrgico (la laparotomía y el cierre). En la mayoría de las necropsias realizadas la trombosis de la arteria mesentérica superior es el mayor hallazgo en los informes necrológicos(AU)


Introduction: Acute mesenteric ischemia is the clinical condition that appears when the blood flow of the mesenteric area becomes insufficient to meet intestinal requirements. Objective: To characterize the morbidity and mortality of patients with acute mesenteric ischemia. Methods: An observational, descriptive and cross-sectional study was carried out in the surgery service of Arnaldo Milián Castro University Hospital of Santa Clara City, Villa Clara Province, Cuba, from January 2016 to December 2020. The sample consisted of 119 patients who met the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Results: Of the 119 patients who presented acute mesenteric ischemia, patients with risk factors predominated: older than 65 years (97; 81.5 percent), female (61; 51.3 percent), smokers (52; 43.7 percent), with arterial hypertension (84; 70.6 percent), ischemic heart disease (57; 47.9 percent), diabetes mellitus (31; 26.1 percent), and peripheral arterial disease (20; 16.8 percent). Surgical management predominated: exploratory laparotomy and closure (55; 46.3 percent). The most frequent complications were multiple organ failure (25; 25.7 percent) in the deceased patients. Among the necropsy findings, arteriosclerotic thrombosis of the superior mesenteric artery predominated. Conclusions: Mesenteric ischemia is frequent in patients with risk factors such as age over 65 years, the female sex, the toxic habit of smoking; as well as chronic noncommunicable diseases such as arterial hypertension, ischemic heart disease and diabetes mellitus. The most commonly performed procedure is surgery (laparotomy and closure). In most of the performed necropsies, thrombosis of the superior mesenteric artery is the main finding according to the necrology reports(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Mesenteric Ischemia/complications , Laparotomy/methods , Multiple Organ Failure/mortality , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Observational Study
19.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 74(4): 376-383, ago. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407939

ABSTRACT

Resumen Objetivo: El objetivo de este estudio es comparar los resultados perioperatorios del abordaje abierto (AA) con el abordaje laparoscópico (AL) para la reconstitución de tránsito (RT), y determinar factores de riesgo asociados a morbilidad posoperatoria. Material y Métodos: Se estudiaron pacientes consecutivos sometidos a RT entre enero de 2007 y diciembre de 2016 en nuestro centro. Se excluyeron aquellos con grandes hernias incisionales que requirieran reparación abierta simultánea. Se consignaron variables demográficas y perioperatorias, y se compararon ambos grupos. Además, se realizó una regresión logística para la identificación de factores de riesgo asociados a morbilidad posoperatoria en la serie. Resultados: Se realizaron 101 RT en el período. Se excluyeron 14 casos por hernia incisional, por lo que se analizaron 87 casos (46 AA y 41 AL). Diez pacientes en el grupo AL (24,4%) requirieron conversión, principalmente por adherencias. La morbilidad total de la serie fue de 36,8%, siendo mayor en el AA (50% vs 21,9%, p = 0,007). Hubo una filtración anastomótica en cada grupo. La estadía posoperatoria fue de 5 (3-52) días para el AL y 7 (4-36) días para el AA (p < 0,001). En la regresión logística, sólo el AA fue un factor de riesgo independientemente asociado a morbilidad posoperatoria (OR 2,89, IC 95% 1,11-7,49; p = 0,029). Conclusión: El abordaje laparoscópico se asocia a menor morbilidad y estadía posoperatoria que el abordaje abierto para la reconstitución del tránsito pos-Hartmann. En nuestra serie, el abordaje abierto fue el único factor independientemente asociado a morbilidad posoperatoria.


Introduction: Hartmann's reversal (HR) is considered a technically demanding procedure and is associated with high morbidity rates. Aim: The aim of this study is to compare the perioperative results of the open approach (OA) with the laparoscopic approach (LA) for HR, and to determine the risk factors associated with postoperative morbidity. Material and Methods: Consecutive patients undergoing HR between January 2007 and December 2016 at a university hospital were included. Patients with large incisional hernias that required an open approach a priori were excluded from the analysis. Demographic and perioperative variables were recorded. Analytical statistics were carried out to compare both groups, and a logistic regression was performed to identify risk factors associated with postoperative morbidity in the series. Results: A hundred and one HR were performed during the study period. Fourteen cases were excluded due to large incisional hernias, so 87 cases (46 OA and 41 LA) were analyzed. Ten patients in the LA group (24.4%) required conversion, mainly due to adhesions. The total morbidity of the series was 36.8%, being higher in the OA group (50% vs. 21.9%, p = 0.007). There was one case of anastomotic leakage in each group. The length of stay was 5 (3-52) days for LA and 7 (4-36) days for OA (p < 0.001). In the logistic regression, the OA was the only independent risk factor associated with postoperative morbidity in HR (OR 2.89, IC 95% 1.11-7.49; p = 0.029). Conclusion: A laparoscopic approach is associated with less morbidity and a shorter length of stay compared to the open approach for Hartmann's reversal. An open approach was the only factor independently associated with postoperative morbidity in our series.


Subject(s)
Humans , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Colorectal Neoplasms/surgery , Laparoscopy/methods , Colorectal Surgery/methods , Laparotomy/methods , Postoperative Complications/physiopathology , Anastomosis, Surgical/methods , Colorectal Neoplasms/mortality , Colorectal Neoplasms/pathology , Chi-Square Distribution , Survival Analysis , Laparoscopy/adverse effects , Colorectal Surgery/adverse effects , Laparotomy/adverse effects
20.
Prensa méd. argent ; 108(5): 251-261, 20220000. fig, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1392605

ABSTRACT

"Body packing", "Body pushing" y "Body stuffing" son distintas formas de transportar sustancias ilegales dentro del cuerpo humano. Frente al ingreso en la unidad de emergencias de un "Body Packer", conocido como "tragador de paquetes" con fines de contrabando o un "Body Stuffer" llamados "tragadores rápidos", quienes ingieren en forma compulsiva paquetes manufacturados para la venta de sustancias ante la posibilidad de ser sorprendidos por agentes de la ley; se plantean una serie de desafíos en cuanto al tratamiento que al día de hoy permanecen en debate. Generalmente se prefiere mantener una conducta conservadora facilitando la expulsión de los paquetes. En aquellos casos en los que los pacientes presenten paquetes atascados o rotos o no mejoren con el tratamiento conservador, se recomienda el tratamiento quirúrgico.El presente trabajo tiene por objetivo reportar una serie de casos internados por ingesta de paquetes potencialmente peligrosos que se sometieron a una evacuación farmacológica y/o quirúrgica en 8 pacientes y una revisión bibliográfica sobre el tema.


"Body packing", "Body pushing", and "Body stuffing" are different ways to use the interior of the human body to transport illegal substances. In the face of a "Body Packer" or a "Body Stuffer" known as "fast swallowers", which are those cases in which they compulsively swallow manufactured packages for the sale of substances before the possibility of being surprised by law enforcement officers, a series of challenges present themselves regarding the treatment, which is currently up for debate. Generally, a conservative conduct is preferred, facilitating the expulsion of the packages. In those cases, in which patients have stuck or broken packages or do not improve with conservative treatment, surgical treatment is recommended.The present paper aims to report a series of cases in which the patients were admitted due to an intake of potentially dangerous packages and put through a pharmacological evacuation and/or surgical evacuation of 8 patients, and a bibliographical revision on the subject.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Poisoning/mortality , Substance-Related Disorders/mortality , Emergencies , Body Packing , Laparotomy
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