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1.
Rev. cuba. med. mil ; 50(2): e955, 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1341435

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El tumor del estroma gastrointestinal, es el tumor mesenquimal más frecuente en el tracto digestivo, que causa sangrado y obstrucción, con una incidencia de 10 a 20 casos por millón de habitantes. La prevalencia es mayor, debido el curso clínico largo de la enfermedad. Objetivo: Presentar un caso inusual de cirugía electiva, con tumor del estroma gastrointestinal digestivo, operado en el servicio de cirugía general. Caso clínico: Paciente masculino de 57 años de edad, que consulta por dolor abdominal en mesogastrio, acompañado de vómitos postprandiales tardíos, pérdida de peso y episodios recurrentes de sangrado digestivo bicolor, se ingresa de forma electiva y se estudia. Se interviene quirúrgicamente con el diagnóstico presuntivo de tumor abdominal. Se encuentra durante la laparotomía tumor de 14 por 20 centímetros que compromete la luz del intestino delgado, se decide realizar extracción del tumor y anastomosis término terminal convencional. El paciente fue egresado a los ocho días con evolución favorable y pendiente de resultado anatomopatológico, el cual informó tumor del estroma gastrointestinal. Conclusiones: Los tumores del estroma gastrointestinal son poco frecuentes como causa de cirugía electiva en los servicios de cirugía general(AU)


Introduction: Gastrointestinal stromal tumor is the most frequent mesenchymal tumor in the digestive tract, causing bleeding and obstruction, with an incidence of 10 to 20 cases per million inhabitants. The prevalence is higher, due to the long clinical course of the disease. Objective: To present an unusual case of elective surgery, with a gastrointestinal digestive stromal tumor, operated on in the general surgery service. Clinical case: A 57-year-old male patient who consulted for abdominal pain in the mesogastrium, accompanied by late postprandial vomiting, weight loss and recurrent episodes of bicolor digestive bleeding, was admitted electively and studied. Surgery was performed with the presumptive diagnosis of abdominal tumor. During the laparotomy, a 14 by 20-centimeter tumor that compromises the lumen of the small intestine is found; it is decided to perform extraction of the tumor and a conventional end-to-end anastomosis. The patient was discharged after eight days with a favorable evolution and pending histopathological result, which reported a gastrointestinal stromal tumor. Conclusions: Gastrointestinal stromal tumors are rare as a cause of elective surgery in general surgery services(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , General Surgery , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors/complications , Abdominal Pain/surgery , Laparotomy/methods
2.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 60(2): e1060, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1280224

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La hidatidosis es una zoonosis de distribución mundial con alta incidencia en Argentina, Uruguay, Australia, Grecia y Portugal. Dada la escasa sintomatología que habitualmente produce la enfermedad hidatídica, su diagnóstico se realiza de manera casual por estudios radiológicos fortuitos o durante una laparotomía por otras causas. Por otra parte, la volvulación del colon transverso es un evento raro en la población mundial. Objetivo: Analizar, basados en la literatura relacionada, un caso portador de ambas entidades simultáneamente. Caso clínico: Paciente de sexo masculino de 64 años con condiciones de vida deficientes, que acude a consulta por presentar cuadro clínico de oclusión intestinal mecánica. Los estudios preoperatorios muestran un quiste hidatídico en pulmón derecho. En el acto operatorio se encuentra otro quiste hidatídico en el lóbulo izquierdo del hígado y el colon transverso volvulado como causa de la oclusión. Conclusiones: Pocas veces coinciden 2 condiciones médicas infrecuentes en un mismo paciente. Ambas entidades suponen un reto terapéutico cuando se abordan en situaciones de urgencia como en el reporte. En zonas endémicas debe tenerse una alta sospecha clínica con el fin de obtener un diagnóstico adecuado y poder ofrecer un manejo oportuno. La cirugía, en la mayor proporción de pacientes, es prioritaria(AU)


Introduction: Hydatidosis is a worldwide distribution zoonosis with high incidence in Argentina, Uruguay, Australia, Greece and Portugal. Given the scarce symptoms usually produced by hydatid disease, its diagnosis is made inadvertently by fortuitous radiological studies or during laparotomy for other causes. On the other hand, transverse colon volvulus is a rare event in the world population. Objective: To analyze, based on the related literature, the case of a patient with both entities simultaneously. Clinical case: A 64-year-old male patient with poor living conditions came to the medical office due to a clinical picture of mechanical intestinal obstruction. Preoperative studies show a hydatid cyst in the right lung. During the operative act, another hydatid cyst is found in the left lobe of the liver, apart from the transverse colon volvulus due to the occlusion. Conclusions: Rarely do two infrequent medical conditions coincide in the same patient. Both entities pose a therapeutic challenge when they are approached in emergency situations, as they have been reported here. In endemic areas, a high clinical suspicion must be considered, in order to obtain an adequate diagnosis and be able to offer timely management. Surgery, in the largest proportion of patients, is a priority(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Colon, Transverse/surgery , Echinococcosis/epidemiology , Echinococcosis/diagnostic imaging , Intestinal Obstruction/surgery , Laparotomy/methods , Review Literature as Topic
3.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 60(1): e1018, ene.-mar. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289380

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los hemangiomas hepáticos son lesiones no epiteliales que se observan con mucha frecuencia en piezas quirúrgicas resecadas por otras razones. Los hemangiomas que miden 10 cm o más, denominados "hemangiomas gigantes", pueden producir síntomas, como dolor y manifestaciones de un síndrome de reacción inflamatoria y coagulopatía. Los hemangiomas hepáticos son los tumores hepáticos primarios más frecuentes y están presentes en un 0,4-20 por ciento de la población general y es característico que se detecten de manera accidental durante la evaluación de síntomas abdominales inespecíficos. Objetivo: Presentar a una paciente portadora de un hemangioma gigante y características anatómicas peculiares intervenida quirúrgicamente con buenos resultados y evolución excelente. Caso clínico: Paciente de sexo femenino de 24 años de edad, portadora de un Hemangioma hepático gigante en segmento lateral, con variante anatómica vascular que dificultó la embolización y facilitó la cirugía. Se realizó una lobectomía hepática izquierda con una evolución clínica satisfactoria y sin complicaciones. Conclusiones: Las resecciones quirúrgicas de hemangiomas gigantes sintomáticos son una opción terapéutica segura y muy válida ante el fracaso de la embolización(AU)


Introduction: Hepatic hemangiomas are nonepithelial lesions much frequently observed in surgical specimens resected for other reasons. Hemangiomas ten centimeters or more, called "giant hemangiomas," can cause symptoms such as pain, as well as manifestations of an inflammatory reaction syndrome and coagulopathy. Hepatic hemangiomas are the commonest primary hepatic tumors, are present in 0.4-20 percent of the general population, and are typically accidentally detected during the evaluation of nonspecific abdominal symptoms. Objective: To present the case of a patient with a giant hemangioma and unusual anatomical characteristics, who underwent surgery with good outcome and excellent evolution. Clinical case: 24-year-old female patient with a giant hepatic hemangioma in the lateral segment, with a vascular anatomical variant that made embolization difficult and facilitated surgery. A left hepatic lobectomy was performed with satisfactory and uncomplicated clinical evolution. Conclusions: Surgical resections of symptomatic giant hemangiomas are a safe and very valid therapeutic option in case of embolization failure(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Young Adult , Hemangioma/epidemiology , Hemangioma, Cavernous/diagnostic imaging , Laparotomy/methods , Liver Neoplasms/pathology
4.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 70(5): 471-476, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1143969

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting (PONV) is a multifactorial surgical complication with an unclear underlying cause. Anesthetic methods, patients' characteristics and the type of surgery are considered as factors affecting PONV. This study was designed to compare the effect of inhalational and intravenous anesthesia in abdominal surgery on the incidence and severity of PONV. Methods: A single-blinded prospective randomized clinical trial on 105 patients aged 18 − 65 years was carried out. Patients were divided into two groups of Total Intravenous Anesthesia (TIVA) and inhalational anesthesia. The incidence and the severity of PONV were examined at 0, 2, 6, 12 and 24 hours after the surgery. The use of a rescue antiemetic was also evaluated. Results: 50.9% of the patients in the inhalation group and 17.3% of the patients in the intravenous group developed PONV (p < 0.001). The incidence of vomiting was reported in 11.3% of the inhalational group and 3.8% of the TIVA group (p = 0.15). 24.5% of patients in the inhalation group and 9.6% of patients in the intravenous group needed an antiemetic medication (p = 0.043). Conclusion: The incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting and the need for administration of an antiemetic rescue drug and the severity of nausea in patients were significantly lower in the TIVA group.


Resumo Justificativa: Náusea e Vômito no Pós-Operatório (NVPO) é uma complicação multifatorial com etiologia não esclarecida. A técnica anestésica, as características dos pacientes e o tipo de cirurgia são considerados fatores que afetam a NVPO. O presente estudo foi desenhado para comparar o efeito da anestesia inalatória com anestesia intravenosa na incidência e gravidade de NVPO na cirurgia abdominal. Método: Foi realizado estudo clínico mono-cego prospectivo randomizado com 105 pacientes com idades de 18 − 65 anos. Os pacientes foram divididos em dois grupos, Anestesia Total Intravenosa (TIVA) e anestesia inalatória. A incidência e gravidade de NVPO foram avaliadas em cinco momentos: 0, 2, 6, 12 e 24 horas pós-cirurgia. O uso de antiemético de resgate também foi avaliado. Resultados: NVPO ocorreu em 50,9% dos pacientes no grupo inalatória e 17,3% dos pacientes no grupo TIVA (p< 0,001). A incidência de vômitos relatados foi 11,3% no grupo Inalatória e 3,8% no grupo TIVA (p = 0,15). Necessitaram de medicação antiemética 24,5% dos pacientes no grupo Inalatória e 9,6% dos pacientes no grupo TIVA (p = 0.043). Conclusão: A incidência de náusea e vômito no pós-operatório, a necessidade de administração de droga antiemética de resgate e a gravidade da náusea foram significantemente mais baixas no grupo TIVA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Young Adult , Anesthetics, Intravenous/administration & dosage , Anesthetics, Inhalation/administration & dosage , Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting/epidemiology , Laparotomy/methods , Severity of Illness Index , Single-Blind Method , Incidence , Anesthetics, Intravenous/adverse effects , Anesthetics, Inhalation/adverse effects , Abdomen/surgery , Middle Aged , Antiemetics/administration & dosage
5.
Rev. cuba. med. mil ; 49(2): e368, abr.-jun. 2020. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1138996

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El mucocele es una dilatación apendicular por secreción mucosa secundaria a la obstrucción de la luz, su incidencia estimada es de 0,2-0,3 por ciento de todas las apendicectomías realizadas y el 8-10 por ciento de todos los tumores apendiculares. Objetivo: Presentar un caso inusual de cirugía de urgencia, con dolor abdominal en fosa ilíaca derecha, sugestivo de apendicitis aguda operado en el servicio de urgencia. Caso clínico: Paciente femenina de 32 años de edad, que consulta por dolor abdominal en fosa ilíaca derecha asociado a náuseas, con dolor a la palpación en dicha zona, defensa muscular y dolor a la descompresión brusca del abdomen, fue intervenida quirúrgicamente con el diagnóstico presuntivo apendicitis aguda. Se encuentra durante videolaparoscopia al apéndice cecal aumentado de tamaño, sin compromiso de su base, por lo cual se decide realizar laparotomía y apendicectomía convencional. La paciente fue egresada a las 48 horas de operada con evolución favorable y pendiente de resultado anatomopatológico, el cual informó mucocele apendicular. Conclusiones: El mucocele apendicular es una entidad poco frecuente, que predomina en el sexo femenino y edades entre 50 y 60 años. El tratamiento de elección es el quirúrgico(AU)


Introduction: The mucocele is the abnormal mucous accumulation inside the light of the appendix. Objective: To present an unusual case of surgery of urgency with abdominal pain and suspicion of appendicitis operated in emergency. Clinical case: Female patient of 32 years old that consults for abdominal pain in the right iliac fossa, accompanied by nausea. Physical examination we find pain to the palpation in the right iliac fossa and peritoneal reaction being operated with suspicion of appendicitis, during intervention we find the appendix augmented of volume and apendicectomy was made. The histopathological study informed a apendicular mucocele. The patient was discharged after 48 hours without further complications. Conclusions: Apendicular mucocele is very uncommon disease that predominates in female sex and persons between fifty and sixty years old. Treatment is surgical(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Appendectomy/instrumentation , Appendicitis/complications , Appendix/surgery , Physical Examination , Abdominal Pain , Laparotomy/methods
6.
Rev. medica electron ; 42(2): [7], mar.-abr. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1127030

ABSTRACT

El término infección puerperal se utiliza para describir cualquier infección bacteriana del aparato genital después del parto. Durante gran parte del siglo XX las infecciones puerperales, la preeclampsia y la hemorragia obstétrica formaron parte de la tríada letal de mortalidad materna. La ecografía, la resonancia magnética y la tomografía axial computarizada son la triada de elección para el diagnóstico del abdomen agudo en el puerperio. El mismo resulta difícil debido a factores intrínsecos y es entonces, cuando el radiólogo adquiere un papel crucial. Se presentó un caso de una mujer de 30 años, con 8 días de habérsele practicado una cesárea con un puerperio inmediato normal. Posteriormente presentó dolor abdominal, fiebre, escalofríos y masa palpable en fosa iliaca izquierda. Se practicaron técnicas de imágenes se plantea una masa ovárica izquierda, se realizó laparotomía exploradora y se concluyó como absceso ovárico (AU).


The term puerperal infection is used to describe any bacterial infection of the genital tract after delivery. During much of the twentieth century puerperal infections, preeclampsia and obstetric hemorrhage were part of the lethal triad of maternal mortality. Ultrasonography, magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography are the triad of choice for the diagnosis of acute abdomen in the puerperium, which is difficult due to intrinsic factors and it is when radiologist plays a vital role. The authors present the case of a woman, aged 30 years, at the 8th day after undergoing a cesarean section with a normal immediate puerperium, who later presented abdominal pain (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Puerperal Infection/diagnosis , Women , Puerperal Disorders/diagnosis , Signs and Symptoms , Cesarean Section/methods , Methods , Abdomen, Acute/surgery , Laparotomy/methods
7.
Prensa méd. argent ; 106(1): 29-31, 20200000. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1370101

ABSTRACT

Las lesiones traumáticas duodenales son infrecuentes pero producen una tasa de morbi-mortalidad significativa. Se debe tener presente la elevada frecuencia de lesiones asociadas, siendo las de uréter superior las más frecuentes. Masculino de 50 años ingresa por HAF paravertebral derecha. Al ingreso OTE, lucido, vigil, con dolor y defensa abdominal generalizada. En la TC toracobdominal con cte EV y VO se objetiva extravasación de contraste oral a nivel duodenal y en fase excretora renal derecha.Se decide Laparotomía de urgencia objetivando lesión transfixiante de 2da porción de duodeno de < 50% de su circunferencia y sección de uréter derecho proximal. Se realiza rafia en dos planos de duodeno, colocación de pig tail y anastomosis T-T de uréter derecho mas drenaje. Buena evolución postquirúrgica con control tomográfico a las 72 hs sin objetivar fuga. Alta hospitalaria al 6to día. El traumatismo duodenal es una patología rara que se asocia con una tasa considerable de morbimortalidad, su localización retroperitoneal puede hacer que los clásicos signos de peritonismo no estén presentes en el momento de la evaluación, por lo que se recomienda la realización de exámenes clínicos seriados y de estudios complementarios con contraste VO y EV. Las lesiones ureterales asociadas son las más frecuentes. La mayoría tienen una pérdida mínima de tejido, siendo usualmente reparadas mediante desbridación y anastomosis.


Duodenal traumatic injuries are rare but produce a significant morbidity and mortality rate. The high frequency of associated lesions should be kept in mind, with those of the upper ureter being the most frequent. 50-year-old male enters for right paravertebral HAF. At hospital admission, lucid patient and vigil. Thoracoabdominal CT with intravenous and oral contrast show extravasation of oral contrast at the duodenal level and in the right renal excretory phase. Emergency laparotomy is decided by objectifying transfixing lesion of the 2nd portion of the duodenum of <50% of its circumference and proximal right ureter section. Raffia is performed in two planes of the duodenum, placement of pig tail and TT anastomosis of the right ureter plus drainage. Good post-surgical evolution with tomographic control at 72 hours without objectifying leakage. Hospital discharge on the 6th day. Duodenal trauma is a rare pathology that is associated with a considerable morbidity and mortality rate, its retroperitoneal location may make the classic signs of peritonism not present at the time of the evaluation, so clinical exams are recommended series and complementary studies with VO and EV contrast. Associated ureteral lesions are the most frequent, Most have minimal tissue loss, usually repaired by debridement and anastomosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Ureter/injuries , Firearms , Anastomosis, Surgical/methods , Emergency Medical Services , Intestinal Perforation/surgery , Laparotomy/methods , Abdominal Injuries/surgery
8.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 47: e20202529, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1136588

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: to assess the epidemiological profile of patients undergoing exploratory trauma laparotomy based on severity and prognosis criteria, and to determine the predictive accuracy of trauma scoring systems in terms of morbidity and mortality. Methods: retrospective cohort study and review of medical records of patients undergoing exploratory laparotomy for blunt or penetrating trauma at the Hospital de Pronto Socorro de Porto Alegre, from November 2015 to November 2019. Demographic data, mechanism of injury, associated injuries, physiological (RTS and Shock Index), anatomical (ISS, NISS and ATI) and combined (TRISS and NTRISS) trauma scores, intraoperative findings, postoperative complications, length of stay and outcomes. Results: 506 patients were included in the analysis. The mean age was 31 ± 13 years, with the majority being males (91.3%). Penetrating trauma was the most common mechanism of injury (86.2%), predominantly by firearms. The average RTS at hospital admission was 7.5 ± 0.7. The mean ISS and NISS was 16.5 ± 10.1 and 22.3 ± 13.6, respectively. The probability of survival estimated by TRISS was 95.5%, and by NTRISS 93%. The incidence of postoperative complications was 39.7% and the overall mortality was 12.8%. The most accurate score for predicting mortality was the NTRISS (88.5%), followed by TRISS, NISS and ISS. Conclusion: the study confirms the applicability of trauma scores in the studied population. The NTRISS seems to be the best predictor of morbidity and mortality.


RESUMO Objetivo: analisar o perfil epidemiológico dos pacientes submetidos a laparotomia exploradora por trauma com base em critérios de gravidade e prognóstico, e determinar a acurácia preditiva dos escores de trauma em termos de morbimortalidade. Métodos: estudo de coorte retrospectiva e revisão de prontuários dos pacientes submetidos a laparotomia exploradora por trauma contuso ou penetrante no Hospital de Pronto Socorro de Porto Alegre no período de novembro de 2015 a novembro de 2019. Foram avaliados dados demográficos, mecanismo do trauma, lesões associadas, índices fisiológicos (RTS e Shock Index), anatômicos (ISS, NISS e ATI) e mistos (TRISS e NTRISS), achados intraoperatórios, complicações pós-operatórias, tempo de internação e desfecho. Resultados: foram incluídos 506 pacientes na análise. A idade média foi de 31 ± 13 anos, com predomínio do sexo masculino (91,3%). O trauma penetrante foi o mecanismo de lesão mais comum (86,2%), sendo a maioria por arma de fogo. A média do RTS na admissão hospitalar foi 7,5 ± 0,7. A média do ISS e do NISS foi 16,5 ± 10,1 e 22,3 ± 13,6, respectivamente. A probabilidade de sobrevida estimada pelo TRISS foi de 95,5%, e pelo NTRISS de 93%. A incidência de complicações pós-operatórias foi de 39,7% e a mortalidade geral de 12,8%. O escore com melhor acurácia preditiva foi o NTRISS (88,5%), seguido pelo TRISS, NISS e ISS. Conclusões: o estudo confirma a aplicabilidade dos escores de trauma na população em questão. O NTRISS parece ser o sistema com melhor acurácia preditiva de morbimortalidade.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Wounds, Nonpenetrating/epidemiology , Wounds, Penetrating/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Laparotomy/methods , Abdominal Injuries/surgery , Wounds, Nonpenetrating/surgery , Wounds, Penetrating/surgery , Injury Severity Score , Trauma Severity Indices , Predictive Value of Tests , Abdominal Injuries/epidemiology , Middle Aged
9.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 71(6): 562-565, dic. 2019. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058319

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: El colangiocarcinoma intrahepático (CIH) corresponde al segundo tumor hepático primario y la resección quirúrgica es la única alternativa válida para el tratamiento curativo de esta enfermedad. Reporte de casos: Describimos 2 paciente portadores de CIH con compromiso de vena cava inferior (VCI) que fueron sometidos a resección en Clínica Alemana de Santiago (CAS). Ambas pacientes son de género femenino de 39 y 47 años de edad. Ambas fueron sometidas a resección mayor hepática izquierda, asociada a resección del segmento I y extendida a VCI. La reconstrucción de la VCI fue realizada con parche pericárdico bovino y cierre primario respectivamente. El período desde el posoperatorio hasta el alta, fue de 13 y 23 días respectivamente. Discusión: Aunque la reseccion quirúrgica es la única vía para la curación en el CIH, el compromiso de estructuras vasculares hacen que esto no sea posible. El manejo multidisciplinario asociado a una técnica meticulosa realizada por un equipo quirúrgico experimentado, hacen posible lograr buenos resultados.


Introduction: Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma is the second most common primary liver tumor and surgical resection the only valid curative treatment. Case reports: We describe two patients harboring an intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma with cava vein involvement who underwent resection at Clinica Alemana of Santiago. Both patients were females with ages of 39 and 47 years old. Both patients underwent left liver resection, associated to resection of segment I and of a portion of cava vein. Reconstruction of resected portion of the cava vein was performed by using a pericardium bovine patch and primary closure respectively. Postoperative period was uneventfully being discharged at 13 and 23 days respectively. Discussion: Although surgical resection is the only way to get curativeness, frequent involvement of large vascular structures make treatment unfeasible. A multidisciplinary approach associated with a meticulous technique performed by an experienced surgical team make possible to accomplish the above objective.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Vena Cava, Inferior/physiopathology , Cholangiocarcinoma/physiopathology , Liver Neoplasms/surgery , Cholangiocarcinoma/surgery , Cholangiocarcinoma/complications , Cholangiocarcinoma/diagnostic imaging , Laparotomy/methods , Liver Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging
10.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 58(4): e668, oct.-dic. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126394

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Se denomina duplicación intestinal a un grupo de malformaciones congénitas de la vía digestiva, de estructuras diverticulares, quísticas o tubulares, que presentan paredes de músculo liso como las del intestino y un revestimiento mucoso de tipo gastrointestinal. Se localiza en cualquier segmento del tubo digestivo, desde la boca hasta el ano. La zona más afectada es el íleon y constituye la causa más frecuente de masa abdominal en el periodo neonatal. El diagnóstico puede ser prenatal a través, de ecografía o resonancia. En el periodo posnatal es la clínica la que establece los indicios para realizar exámenes complementarios, que pueden ir desde ecografía hasta estudios con Tecnecio 99. En la porción duodenal esta enfermedad representa el 5 por ciento de todas las duplicaciones intestinales. La descripción de casos en la primera porción es excepcional, por lo que la consideramos para tener en cuenta como diagnóstico diferencial en las enfermedades tumorales neonatales de origen abdominal(AU)


ABSTRACT Intestinal duplication defines a group of congenital malformations of the digestive tract, of diverticular, cystic or tubular structures, which have smooth muscle walls such as those of the intestine and a gastrointestinal-type mucous lining. It is located in any segment of the digestive tract, from the mouth to the anus. The most affected area is the ileum, while the condition constitutes the most frequent cause of abdominal mass in the neonatal period. The diagnosis can be prenatal through either ultrasound or resonance. In the postnatal period, the clinical indications establish, based on the signs, whether complementary tests are required, which can range from ultrasound to studies with technetium-99. In the duodenal portion, this disease represents 5 percent of all intestinal duplications. The description of cases in the first portion is exceptional, which is the reason why we consider it as a differential diagnosis in neonatal tumor diseases of abdominal origin(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Digestive System Surgical Procedures/methods , Congenital Abnormalities/diagnostic imaging , Diagnosis, Differential , Laparotomy/methods
11.
Rev. argent. coloproctología ; 30(4): 104-113, dic. 2019. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1096799

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los pacientes que se presentan con cuadros de peritonitis de origen diverticular (estadios Hinchey III o IV) en un contexto de sepsis severa con inestabilidad hemodinámica (shock séptico) la realización de anastomosis primaria presenta una alta tasa de dehiscencia anastomótica y mortalidad operatoria, aconsejándose la realización de una resección y abocamiento a la manera de Hartmann. Sin embargo, la alta tasa de complicaciones relacionadas a la confección del ostoma, la complejidad de la cirugía de restauración del tránsito intestinal, asociado a que entre el 40 % y el 60 % de los Hartmann no se reconstruyen, ha estimulado a que se intenten otras variables de resolución para esta compleja y grave patología. Diversas publicaciones en los últimos años han propuesto la táctica de "cirugía del control del daño" con el objeto de disminuir la morbimortalidad de estos gravísimos cuadros sépticos y a su vez reducir la tasa de ostomías. El objetivo de este trabajo es presentar nuestra experiencia inicial con esta modalidad de manejo de la peritonitis diverticular Hinchey III/IV sepsis severa e inestabilidad hemodinámica (shock séptico) y realizar una revisión bibliográfica del tema. Material y método: Estudio observacional, descriptivo, de series de casos. Entre noviembre de 2015 y diciembre de 2016. Servicio de coloproctología del complejo médico hospitalario Churruca-Visca de la ciudad de Buenos Aires y práctica privada de los autores. Se utilizó la técnica de laparotomía abreviada y cierre temporal del abdomen mediante un sistema de presión negativa. Resultados: En el periodo descripto se operaron 17 pacientes con peritonitis generalizada purulenta o fecal de origen diverticular. Catorce casos fueron Hinchey III (82,36%) y 3 casos Hinchey IV (17,64%). En 3 casos se observó inestabilidad hemodinámica en el preoperatorio o intraoperatorio. Todos ellos correspondientes al estadio IV de Hinchey. Se describen los 3 casos tratados mediante esta táctica quirúrgica. Discusión: La alta tasa de morbimortalidad de este subgrupo de pacientes incentivó a diversos grupos quirúrgicos a implementar la técnica de control del daño, permitiendo de esta manera estabilizar a los pacientes hemodinámicamente y en un segundo tiempo evaluar la reconstrucción del tránsito intestinal. En concordancia con estas publicaciones, dos de nuestros pacientes operados con esta estrategia, pudieron ser anastomosados luego del segundo lavado abdominal. Conclusión: En pacientes con peritonitis diverticular severa asociado a shock séptico el concepto de laparotomía abreviada con control inicial del foco séptico, cierre temporal del abdomen con sistema de presión negativa y posterior evaluación de la reconstrucción del tránsito intestinal, es muy alentador. Permitiendo una disminución de la morbimortalidad como así también del número de ostomías. (AU)


Introduction: Patients presenting with diverticular peritonitis (Hinchey III or IV stages) in a context of severe sepsis with hemodynamic instability (septic shock), performing primary anastomosis has a high rate of dehiscence anastomotic and operative mortality, advising the realization of a resection and ostoma in the manner of Hartmann. However, the high rate of complications related to performing of ostoma, the complexity of intestinal transit restoration surgery, associated with the 40% to 60% of Hartmann reversal not performed, has encouraged other variables to be attempted resolution for this complex and serious pathology. Several publications in recent years have proposed the tactic of "damage control surgery" in order to reduce the morbidity of these serious septic charts while reducing the rate of ostomies. The objective of this study is to present our initial experience with this modality of management of the diverticular peritonitis Hinchey III/IV severe sepsis and hemodynamic instability (septic shock) and to carry out a bibliographic review of the subject. Material and method: Observational, descriptive study of case series. Between November 2015 and December 2016. Coloproctology service of the Churruca-Visca hospital medical complex in the city of Buenos Aires and private practice of the authors. The technique of abbreviated laparotomy and temporary closure of the abdomen was used by a negative pressure system. Results: In the period described, 17 patients with generalized purulent or fecal peritonitis of diverticular origin were operated. Fourteen cases were Hinchey III (82.36%) and 3 cases Hinchey IV (17.64%).In 3 cases, hemodynamic instability was observed in the preoperative or intraoperative period. all of them corresponding to Hinchey's Stage IV. The 3 cases treated using this surgical tactic are described. Discussion: The high morbidity rate of this subgroup of patients encouraged various surgical groups to implement the damage control technique, thus allowing patients to stabilize hemodynamically and in a second time evaluate reconstruction intestinal transit. In line with these publications, two of our patients operated on with this strategy could be anastomosated after the second abdominal wash. Conclusion: In patients with severe diverticular peritonitis associated with septic shock, the concept of abbreviated laparotomy with initial control of the septic focus, temporary closure of the abdomen with negative pressure system and subsequent evaluation of transit reconstruction intestinal, it's encouraging. Allowing a decrease in morbidity as well as the number of ostomies. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Peritonitis/surgery , Shock, Septic , Diverticulitis, Colonic/surgery , Negative-Pressure Wound Therapy , Laparotomy/methods , Peritonitis/etiology , Reoperation , Peritoneal Lavage , Colostomy/methods , Colostomy/mortality , Acute Disease , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Sepsis , Diverticulitis, Colonic/complications , Abdominal Wound Closure Techniques , Laparotomy/mortality
12.
Rev. cuba. obstet. ginecol ; 45(3): e488, jul.-set. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1093662

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: El embarazo ectópico en cicatriz de cesárea previa es una forma novedosa y potencialmente mortal de implantación anormal de un saco gestacional dentro del miometrio y el tejido fibroso de la cicatriz. Se desconoce la historia natural de esta condición para lo cual no existe consenso en su manejo. Presentación de caso: Se presenta un caso que se manejó quirúrgicamente de forma conservadora por minilaparotomía, evacuación del tejido trofoblástico, lográndose preservar el útero. Con edad gestacional de 10 semanas, se aplicó metrotexate localmente e intramuscular. La paciente evolucionó satisfactoriamente hacia la mejoría siendo dada de alta. Métodos: Se realiza una revisión bibliográfica en bases de datos Pub Med y Science Direct con las palabras claves obtenidas del MeSH: "Scar ectopic pregnancy" durante los años 2000 y 2018. Se presentan las alternativas de manejo, tanto médico como quirúrgico, sin embargo, ello estará sujeto a las condiciones de la paciente y a la experiencia del médico tratante(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Ectopic pregnancy in a previous caesarean section is a novel and life-threatening form of abnormal implantation of a gestational sac within the myometrium and the fibrous tissue of the scar. The natural history of this condition is unknown, thus there is no consensus in its management. Case report: We report a case that was surgically managed in conservative way by minilaparotomy, trophoblastic tissue evacuation. The uterus was preserved. The gestational age was 10 weeks. Metrotexate was applied locally and intramuscularly. The patient evolved satisfactorily towards improvement and discharge. Methods: A literature review during the years 2000 and 2018 was carried out in Pub Med and Science Direct databases. The keywords from MeSH used were "Scar ectopic pregnancy". Both medical and surgical management alternatives are presented, however the patient condition and the experience of the attending physician will contribute as well(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Pregnancy, Ectopic/diagnosis , Gestational Sac/pathology , Laparotomy/methods , Myometrium , Review Literature as Topic , Databases, Bibliographic
13.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 58(3): e688, jul.-set. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1098980

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Paciente con antecedentes de cirugía de tumor testicular, con biopsia de tumor de saco de Yolk y con diagnóstico de un tumor metastásico retroperitoneal irresecable. Un año más tarde de este último diagnóstico es remitido a nosotros, con un aumento considerable de dicha lesión y se logra su exéresis satisfactoriamente. Se realizó una revisión de la literatura, las indicaciones y técnicas en el tratamiento de la metástasis retroperitoneal de un tumor del saco de Yolk y se presentan los resultados de un paciente diagnosticado e intervenido en el Hospital Clínico Quirúrgico "Hermanos Ameijeiras", en el año 2016. La diseminación metastásica retroperitoneal del tumor del saco de Yolk es poco frecuente, muy poco reportado a nivel mundial y con pocas experiencias en su tratamiento. Se realizó una técnica de resección de una lesión gigante con quimioterapia adyuvante posoperatoria. No hubo complicaciones relacionadas con el proceder(AU)


ABSTRACT Patient with a history of testicular tumor surgery, with a Yolk sac tumor biopsy and with a diagnosis of an unresectable retroperitoneal metastatic tumor. One year after this last diagnosis, he was referred to us, with a considerable increase in this lesion and his excision was successfully achieved. A review of the literature, indications and techniques for the treatment of retroperitoneal metastasis from a Yolk sac tumor was performed, and the results of a patient diagnosed and operated on at the "Hermanos Ameijeiras" Clinical Surgical Hospital, in the year 2016. Retroperitoneal metastatic spread of Yolk sac tumor is infrequent, very little reported worldwide and with few experiences in its treatment. A giant lesion resection technique was performed with postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy. There were no complications related to the procedure(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Young Adult , Retroperitoneal Neoplasms/secondary , Testicular Neoplasms/surgery , Endodermal Sinus Tumor/drug therapy , Laparotomy/methods
14.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 71(4): 307-317, ago. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058277

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: Una de las vías de acceso a la cavidad abdominal es la laparotomía media, siendo uno de los riesgos más temidos las complicaciones postoperatorias, las cuales pueden disminuirse con difusión de una adecuada técnica quirúrgica. OBJETIVO: Generar un consenso de expertos con pasos clave para realizar una laparotomía media supra-infraumbilical, a través de la metodología Delphi. MATERIALES Y MÉTODO: Por medio de una revisión de la literatura se extrajo el detalle de 37 pasos considerados en el procedimiento, organizado en secciones de preparación, apertura y cierre, siendo evaluados por un grupo de cirujanos de 7 hospitales docentes de Chile, mediante una encuesta online. RESULTADOS: El consenso se alcanzó en dos rondas, con 28 de los 37 pasos extraídos de la literatura, considerados importantes o muy importantes para la enseñanza de la técnica. Discusión: De los 28 pasos identificados como importantes, existe un alto grado de acuerdo para la preparación y apertura de una laparotomía, a diferencia del cierre en el cual no se observa una preferencia clara entre el cierre en una o varias capas entre el peritoneo y la fascia, debiendo analizarse en cada caso específico. CONCLUSIÓN: La identificación de 28 pasos estandarizados constituye un aporte en los programas de formación de residentes y en el desarrollo de modelos de simulación adecuados para la replicación del procedimiento. El aprendizaje correcto de la técnica basado en evidencia es fundamental para disminuir el riesgo de complicaciones asociadas, especialmente en el postoperatorio.


INTRODUCTION: Traditionally, the main surgical technique to access the abdominal cavity has been midline incision laparotomy, being postoperative complications a main concern. Proper teaching-learning methods could help improving the success of this procedure. AIM: Establish an expert's consensus throughout the Delphi Methodology regarding the main steps that need to be considered in a midline laparotomy. MATERIALS AND METHOD: Literature review was conducted, 37 steps were identified and grouped in 3 sections; preparation of the skin, opening incision, and closure. These steps were evaluated online by surgeons of 7 teaching hospitals in Chile. RESULTS: Consensus was reached in two rounds, 28 of the 37 steps were identified as important or very important for the procedure. DISCUSSION: There is a high level of agreement in steps related to preparation of the skin and opening incision. However, there is not a consensus regarding closure of the peritoneum and fascia in one or more layers, being a case to case decision. CONCLUSIONS: Establishment of 28 standardized steps constitutes a contribution to resident teaching programs and the development of simulation materials as an active learning strategy. Satisfactory learning outcomes have a direct impact in the success of the procedure and a lower rate of complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Delphi Technique , Consensus , Laparotomy/education , Laparotomy/methods , Surgical Procedures, Operative/education
15.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 58(2): e669, mar.-jun. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1093168

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El bazo ectópico es una enfermedad infrecuente, que se caracteriza por el aumento de la movilidad del bazo debido a la ausencia o laxitud de sus ligamentos suspensorios, lo que puede dar lugar a una torsión de su pedículo, y provocar un abdomen agudo. Se presenta el caso de una mujer de 29 años que acude al servicio de urgencias por presentar dolor abdominal de 7 meses de evolución, localizado en fosa ilíaca izquierda, que ha empeorado en las últimas 48 horas. Se realizó ecografía en el servicio de urgencias (point-of-care) que mostró una imagen compatible con bazo ectópico junto a su hilio, localizado en tercio inferior del abdomen cerca de la vejiga y del útero, y líquido libre. La tomografía axial computarizada confirmó el diagnóstico de torsión del pedículo. Se realizó laparotomía de urgencia y se localizó el bazo dentro de la pelvis con torsión del pedículo; ante un bazo no viable se realizó esplenectomía. La histología demostró cambios trombóticos difusos con infartos isquémicos y hemorrágicos del bazo. A pesar de su baja prevalencia, el bazo ectópico se debe tener en cuenta a la hora de realizar el diagnóstico diferencial en aquellas mujeres en edad fértil que consultan por dolor abdominal o masa pélvica(AU)


ABSTRACT Ectopic spleen is a rare disease, characterized by increased mobility of the spleen due to the absence or laxity of its suspensory ligaments, which can lead to torsion of its pedicle and cause acute abdomen. We present the case of a 29-year-old woman who attends the emergency department with abdominal pain of seven months of evolution and located in the left iliac fossa, which has worsened in the last 48 hours. An ultrasound was performed in the emergency department (point-of-care), which showed, next to its hilum, an image consistent with ectopic spleen, located in the lower third of the abdomen near the bladder and uterus, and free fluid. Computed axial tomography confirmed the diagnosis of pedicle torsion. Emergency laparotomy was performed and the spleen was located inside the pelvis with torsion of the pedicle. Splenectomy was performed before a non-viable spleen. Histology showed diffuse thrombotic changes with ischemic and hemorrhagic infarcts of the spleen. Despite its low prevalence, the ectopic spleen should be taken into account when making the differential diagnosis in those women at childbearing age who come to the clinic for abdominal pain or pelvic mass(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Splenectomy/methods , Abdominal Pain/etiology , Wandering Spleen/diagnostic imaging , Laparotomy/methods , Emergency Service, Hospital
16.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 58(1): e634, ene.-mar. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1093153

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El tumor estromal gastrointestinal es el tumor mesenquimático más frecuente y se caracteriza por la expresión de un receptor de factor de crecimiento tirosina kinasa, CD117 c-KIT/CD 117. Se diferencia del resto de los tumores mesenquimáticos en que no expresa esta proteína. Alrededor del 70 - 80 por ciento de estos tumores son benignos, la mayoría se localizan en estómago e intestino delgado (> 90 por ciento). Los tumores estromal gastrointestinal malignos son generalmente de gran tamaño (> 5 cm), con índice mitótico alto y pueden dar metástasis a hígado y peritoneo. El tratamiento es la resección quirúrgica. Presentamos una paciente con 65 años de edad que acudió al cuerpo de guardia por sufrir caída de sus pies y quejarse de dolor abdominal. Como datos positivos al examen físico se constató palidez cutáneo mucosa y los complementarios de urgencia. El ultrasonido y la tomografía axial computarizada informaron líquido libre en cavidad con cifras de hemoglobina en 6,4 g/L. La punción abdominal constató sangre roja que no coagulaba. Se realizó laparotomía exploratoria encontrando hemoperitoneo y gran tumoración en cara anterior del antro gástrico, con otra pequeña en la porción alta del cuerpo; se realizó resección local con bordes libres de tumor y se suturaron los bordes gástricos. El resultado de la biopsia informó tumor del estroma gastrointestinal de células fusiformes con bajo índice mitótico, que midió 13 x 8 x 8 cm, con marcada angiogénesis y zonas de calcificación(AU)


ABSTRACT Gastrointestinal stromal tumor is the most frequent mesenchymal tumor and is characterized by expression of a tyrosine kinase growth factor receptor, CD117 c-KIT/CD 117. It is different to the rest of mesenchymal tumors in that it does not express this protein. About 70-80 percent of these tumors are benign. The majority are located in the stomach and small intestine (more than 90 percent). Malignant gastrointestinal stromal tumors are usually large (over 5 cm in size), with a high mitotic index, and can metastasize to the liver and peritoneum. The treatment is surgical resection. We present a 65-year-old patient who came to the emergency room due to having fallen on her own feet and complaining of abdominal pain. As positive data to the physical examination, mucous and skin whitening and the emergency complement tests were analyzed. Ultrasound and CT scan reported free fluid in cavity with hemoglobin values at 6.4 g/L. The abdominal puncture showed red blood that did not clot. The exploratory laparotomy showed a hemoperitoneum and a large tumor in the anterior face of the gastric antrum, with a small one in the upper portion of the body; local resection with tumor-free borders was performed and the gastric borders were sutured. The result of the biopsy reported a spindle cell gastrointestinal stromal tumor with a low mitotic index, measuring 13x8x8 cm, with marked angiogenesis and areas of calcification(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors/pathology , Margins of Excision , Hemoperitoneum/diagnostic imaging , Laparotomy/methods
17.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 58(1): e737, ene.-mar. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1093150

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El objetivo del trabajo es profundizar en los diferentes aspectos cognoscitivos sobre las nuevas evidencias concernientes al tratamiento de la apendicitis aguda y comparar los resultados obtenidos con las diferentes técnicas quirúrgicas empleadas actualmente y el tratamiento conservador. Se realizó una revisión bibliográfica y se seleccionaron artículos en las fuentes electrónicas: Web of Science, Scielo, Elsevier, PubMed, Medline y Google, publicadas en la presente centuria en idiomas español e inglés. La apendicetomía mediante laparotomía ha sido siempre la regla de oro para el tratamiento de la apendicitis aguda. En 1982, se introdujo el acceso laparoscópico que ha demostrado ser tan seguro y eficiente como el convencional. En 2004, la cirugía endoscópica a través de orificios naturales; en 2007 por un solo puerto y en 2015 mediante endoscopia retrógrada. La evolución del cuadro clínico es variable por lo que se han propuesto estrategias como la cirugía ambulatoria, el tratamiento conservador seguido o no de cirugía de intervalo, a fin de evitar intervenciones innecesarias con morbilidad y mortalidad similares a las realizadas con urgencia. La apendicetomía mediante laparotomía o laparoscopia aun es la regla de oro del tratamiento de la apendicitis aguda, aunque se impone el acceso laparoscópico, han surgido nuevas técnicas invasivas y la cirugía ambulatoria. La antibioticoterapia es esencial y como tratamiento único tiene como objetivo disminuir los costos y la morbilidad asociada a la cirugía; por tanto, actualmente el tratamiento adecuado de esta enfermedad es controversial y dependerá de los protocolos de actuación establecidos, el estado del paciente y los recursos disponibles(AU)


ABSTRACT The objective of this work is to study in depth the different cognitive aspects about the new evidences concerning the treatment of acute appendicitis and to compare the results obtained with the different surgical techniques currently used and the conservative treatment. A bibliographic review was carried out and articles were chosen from the electronic sources Web of Science, Scielo, Elsevier, PubMed, Medline, and Google, published in this century in Spanish and in English. Appendectomy by laparotomy has always been the gold standard for the treatment of acute appendicitis. In 1982, laparoscopic access was introduced, which has proven safe and efficient as conventional access. In 2004, endoscopic surgery through natural orifices was used; in 2007, it was performed by a single port, and in 2015, through retrograde endoscopy. The evolution of the clinical picture is variable so strategies have been proposed such as ambulatory surgery, conservative treatment followed or not by interval surgery, in order to avoid unnecessary interventions with morbidity and mortality similar to those performed with urgency. Appendectomy by laparotomy or laparoscopy is still the golden standard of the treatment of acute appendicitis, although laparoscopic access is required, new invasive techniques and outpatient surgery have emerged. Antibiotic therapy is essential and, as a single treatment, aims to reduce costs and morbidity associated with surgery; therefore, the adequate treatment of this disease is currently controversial and will depend on the established protocols of action, patient condition, and the available resources(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Appendicitis/therapy , Natural Orifice Endoscopic Surgery/methods , Ambulatory Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Laparotomy/methods , Review Literature as Topic
18.
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 95(1): 54-60, Jan.-Feb. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-984655

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To describe the success rate and the complications after procedures to diagnose abdominal non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in children and adolescents. Methods: A retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted with a population consisting of children and adolescents with abdominal non-Hodgkin's lymphoma diagnosed between September 1994 and December 2012. The sample comprised of 100 patients who underwent 113 diagnostic procedures, including urgent surgery (n = 21), elective surgery (n = 36), and non-surgical diagnosis (n = 56). Results: The most frequent procedures were laparotomy (46.9%) and ultrasound-guided core biopsy (25.6%). The rate of diagnostic success was 95.2% for urgent surgeries; 100% for elective surgeries and 82.1% for non-surgical procedures (p < 0.05). The rates of complication during the three diagnosis procedures considered were significant (p < 0.001; 95.2% of the urgent surgeries, 83.8% of the elective surgeries, and 10.7% of the non-surgical procedures). The length of time before resuming a full diet and starting chemotherapy was significantly reduced for patients who underwent non-surgical procedures when compared with the other procedures (p < 0.001). Conclusion: Non-surgical procedures for the diagnosis of pediatric abdominal non-Hodgkin's lymphoma are an effective option with low morbidity rate, allowing an earlier resumption of a full diet and chemotherapy initiation. Furthermore, non-surgical procedures should also be considered for obtaining tumor samples from patients with extensive disease.


Resumo Objetivo: Descrever a taxa de sucesso e as complicações dos procedimentos para o diagnóstico de linfoma não Hodgkin abdominal em crianças e adolescentes. Métodos: Estudo retrospectivo transversal em uma população de crianças e adolescentes com linfoma não Hodgkin abdominal diagnosticada entre setembro de 1994 e dezembro de 2012. A amostra foi composta por 100 pacientes submetidos a 113 procedimentos diagnósticos, inclusive cirurgia de urgência (n = 21), cirurgia eletiva (n = 36) e diagnóstico não cirúrgico (n = 56). Resultados: Os procedimentos mais frequentes foram laparotomia (46,9%) e biópsia guiada por ultrassonografia (25,6%). A taxa de sucesso diagnóstico foi de 95,2% para cirurgias de urgência; 100% para cirurgias eletivas e 82,1% para procedimentos não cirúrgicos (p < 0,05). Houve diferença significativa entre as taxas de complicação associadas aos três grupos (p < 0,001; 95,2% das cirurgias urgentes, 83,8% das cirurgias eletivas e 10,7% dos procedimentos não cirúrgicos). O tempo decorrido até o reinício da dieta plena e o início a quimioterapia foi significativamente reduzido para os pacientes submetidos a procedimentos não cirúrgicos quando comparados com os outros procedimentos (p < 0,001). Conclusão: Os procedimentos não cirúrgicos para o diagnóstico do linfoma não Hodgkin abdominal pediátrico são uma opção efetiva com baixa taxa de morbidade, permitem uma retomada mais precoce de uma dieta plena e início de quimioterapia. Em pacientes com doença extensa, os procedimentos não cirúrgicos também devem ser considerados para a obtenção de amostras tumorais.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Biopsy/methods , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin/diagnosis , Laparotomy/methods , Abdominal Neoplasms/diagnosis , Biopsy/adverse effects , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Laparotomy/adverse effects , Neoplasm Staging
19.
Rev. chil. cir ; 71(1): 70-74, feb. 2019. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-985382

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: La colecistitis hemorrágica es una complicación poco frecuente de la colecistitis aguda con una alta mortalidad. Materiales y Método: Paciente con dolor abdominal en hipocondrio derecho e ictericia. Los exámenes de laboratorio y ultrasonido hepatobiliar mostraron datos sugestivos de colecistitis aguda; durante su estancia hospitalaria presenta deterioro de su estado general, realizándose tomografía computarizada mostrando imágenes sugestivas de colecistitis hemorrágica y hemoperitoneo. Resultados: Laparotomía de urgencia, corroborando los hallazgos tomográficos y resolviéndose satisfactoriamente con la colecistectomía. Discusión: El diagnóstico de colecistitis hemorrágica es difícil ya que sus manifestaciones clínicas de inicio no difieren de la colecistitis aguda, por lo que la sospecha clínica y el adecuado estudio de imagen son importantes para su detección. Conclusión: A pesar que la colecistitis hemorrágica con perforación y hemoperitoneo es una patología muy poco común, de diagnóstico confuso, es importante establecer la realización de una tomografía computarizada abdominal con contraste endovenoso en pacientes con sospecha de colecistitis aguda grave.


Introduction: Hemorrhagic cholecystitis is a rare complication of acute cholecystitis with a high mortality. Materials and Method: Patient with abdominal pain in right hypochondrium and jaundice. Laboratory analyses and hepatobiliary ultrasound suggested acute cholecystitis, however, general worsening during hospital stay was observed and a computed tomography was performed, revealing hemorrhagic cholecystitis and hemoperitoneum. Results: Urgent laparotomy which confirmed tomographic results, successfully solved with cholecystectomy. Discussion: Hemorrhagic cholecystitis diagnosis is difficult as symptoms at the beginning do not differ from acute cholecystitis, then, clinical suspicion and a correct image analysis is crucial for its detection. Conclusion: Although, perforated hemorrhagic cholecystitis with hemoperitoneum is a very rare entity with confused diagnosis, an abdominal computed tomography with intravenous contrast is very important in any patient with severe acute cholecystitis suspicion.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Cholecystitis/surgery , Cholecystitis/diagnostic imaging , Hemorrhage/surgery , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Abdominal Pain , Acute Disease , Hemoperitoneum/surgery , Hemoperitoneum/diagnostic imaging , Hemorrhage/diagnostic imaging , Laparotomy/methods
20.
Clinics ; 74: e937, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011913

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Despite advances in diffuse peritonitis treatment protocols, some cases develop unfavorably. With the advent of vacuum therapy, the use of laparostomy to treat peritonitis has gained traction. Another treatment modality is continuous peritoneal lavage. However, maintaining this technique is difficult and has been associated with controversial results. We propose a new model of continuous peritoneal lavage that takes advantage of the features and benefits of vacuum laparostomy. METHOD: Pigs (Landrace and Large White) under general anesthesia were submitted to laparostomy through which a multiperforated tube was placed along each flank and exteriorized in the left and lower right quadrants. A vacuum dressing was applied, and intermittent negative pressure was maintained. Peritoneal dialysis solution (PDS) was then infused through the tubes for 36 hours. The stability of peritoneostomy with intermittent infusion of fluids, the system resistance to obstruction and leakage, water balance, hemodynamic and biochemical parameters were evaluated. Fluid disposition in the abdominal cavity was analyzed through CT. RESULTS: Even when negative pressure was not applied, the dressing maintained the integrity of the system, and there were no leaks or blockage of the catheters during the procedure. The aspirated volume by vacuum laparostomy was similar to the infused volume (9073.5±1496.35 mL versus 10165±235.73 mL, p=0.25), and there were no major changes in hemodynamic or biochemical analysis. According to CT images, 60 ml/kg PDS was sufficient to occupy all intra-abdominal spaces. CONCLUSION: Continuous peritoneal lavage with negative pressure proved to be technically possible and may be an option in the treatment of diffuse peritonitis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Peritoneum/surgery , Peritoneal Lavage/methods , Negative-Pressure Wound Therapy/methods , Laparotomy/methods , Peritoneum/diagnostic imaging , Swine , Vacuum , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Models, Animal
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