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Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 43(3): 315-322, sept. 2023. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1533942


Introduction. Over time, efforts have been invested in the design of new instruments that overcome the disadvantages of the gold standard instrument in surgery, the scalpel. As a result, electronic equipment has emerged such as the electric scalpel and laser devices. The available evidence on these instruments suggests that the tissue response is related to each instrument's physical and biological cutting principles. Objective. To compare the histological changes in gingiva samples associated with surgical cutting performed with a 940 nm diode laser, a 2780 nm erbium, chromium: yttriumscandium-gallium-garnet (Er,Cr:YSGG) laser, and an electric scalpel, by presenting a series of cases. Case presentation. We present three cases of healthy patients undergoing cosmetic surgery. The clinical examination revealed exposure of a keratinized gingiva band greater than 4 mm, normal color and texture in gingival tissue, with a firm consistency and no bleeding on periodontal probing. Gingivectomy was indicated with the following protocols: Diode laser of 940 nm at 1 W, in continuous mode; Er,Cr:YSGG laser of 2780 nm at 2.5 W, 75 Hz, H mode, air 20, water 40, gold tip MT4); and electric scalpel in cutting mode at power level four. Gingival tissue samples were taken and stored in 10% formaldehyde for histological analysis. Conclusion. All the evaluated cutting instruments generated histological changes produced by the thermal effect, the main ones being collagen coagulation and carbonization. The depth of thermal damage caused by the 2780 nm Er,Cr:YSGG laser was much lesser than that induced by the electric scalpel and the 940 nm diode laser.

Introducción. Históricamente se ha invertido esfuerzo en el diseño de nuevos instrumentos que superen las desventajas del estándar de referencia en cirugía, el bisturí. Como consecuencia de esto, han surgido equipos electrónicos como el electrobisturí y los diferentes dispositivos de tecnología láser. La información disponible sobre estos instrumentos sugiere que la respuesta del tejido intervenido está influenciada por los principios físicos y biológicos de corte del instrumento. Objetivo. Comparar los cambios histológicos en muestras de encía asociados al corte quirúrgico realizado con láser de diodo de 940 nm, láser de erbio, cromo: itrio-escandio-galio-granate (Er,Cr:YSGG) (2780nm) y electrobisturí mediante una presentación de serie de casos. Presentación de los casos. Se presentan tres casos de pacientes sanos sometidos a cirugía estética. El examen clínico reveló la exposición de una banda gingival queratinizada mayor de 4 mm, tejido gingival de color y textura normales, de consistencia firme y sin sangrado al sondaje periodontal. Se indicó gingivectomía con los siguientes protocolos: láser de diodo de 940 nm a 1 W, en modo continuo; láser de Er,Cr:YSGG de 2780 nm a 2,5 W, 75 Hz, modo H, aire 20, agua 40, punta de oro MT4; y bisturí eléctrico en modo de corte, a nivel de potencia cuatro. Se tomaron muestras de tejido gingival y se almacenaron en formaldehído al 10 % para su análisis histológico. Conclusión. Los tres instrumentos de corte generaron cambios histológicos producidos por el efecto térmico; los principales fueron coagulación del colágeno y carbonización. La profundización del daño térmico causada por el láser de Er,Cr:YSGG de 2780 nm fue mucho menor que la generada por el electrobisturí y por el láser de diodo de 940 nm.

Gingivectomy , Artifacts , Lasers, Semiconductor , Lasers, Solid-State , Histology
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 17(2): 136-141, jun. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1440351


This study aimed to carry out an integrative review of the use of diode lasers in the treatment of oral fibrous hyperplasia in order to observe surgical efficacy, healing process, and main microscopic findings. The following databases-PubMed/MEDLINE, Embase, Virtual Health Library, Scopus, Web of Science, and gray literature-were searched without regard to the time of year or language. Diode laser treatment cases described in case reports and case series were included, but those who did not undergo microscopic analysis to confirm the diagnosis or who did not provide postoperative information were excluded. Twelve studies (64 patients) were included. Prevalence was observed for females (68.75 %, n=44). In view of the diagnosis, there was a prevalence of focal fibrous hyperplasia (79.68 %, n=51), followed by inflammatory fibrous hyperplasia (20.31 %, n=13). For surgical removal, a diode laser was used with a wavelength ranging from 808 to 960 nm, in continuous mode, and an average power of 2830 mW. In general, there were no intercurrences in the trans and postoperative periods and wound healing occurred by second intention, with excellent evolution. High-powered diode lasers can be an excellent therapeutic option for oral hyperplastic lesions. Long-term clinical trials should be conducted to determine laser setting parameters in various oral lesions.

El objetivo de este estudio fue realizar una revisión integradora sobre el uso del láser de diodo en el tratamiento de la hiperplasia fibrosa oral, con el fin de visualizar la eficacia quirúrgica, el patrón de cicatrización y el análisis de los principales resultados microscópicos. Se realizó una búsqueda sin restricciones de año e idioma en PubMed/MEDLINE, Embase, Virtual Health Library, Scopus, Web of Science y literatura gris. Se incluyeron reportes de casos y series de casos que brindaron información sobre pacientes diagnosticados con lesiones hiperplásicas orales tratados con láser de diodo, excluyendo aquellos a los que no se les había realizado análisis microscópico para confirmar el diagnóstico, así como aquellos que no brindaron información postoperatoria. Se incluyeron doce estudios (64 pacientes). Se observó prevalencia en el sexo femenino (68,75 %, n=44). Ante el diagnóstico, predominó la hyperplasia fibrosa focal (79,68 %, n=51), seguida de la hiperplasia fibrosa inflamatoria (20,31 %, n=13). Para la remoción quirúrgica se utilizó un láser de diodo con una longitud de onda de 808 a 960 nm, en modo continuo, y una potencia promedio de 2830 mW. En general, no hubo intercurrencias en el trans y postoperatorio y la cicatrización de la herida ocurrió por segunda intención, con excelente evolución. El uso de láseres de diodo de alta potencia puede ser una excelente alternativa terapéutica para las lesiones hiperplásicas orales. Se deben realizar más estudios clínicos a largo plazo para determinar los parámetros de ajuste del láser en diferentes lesiones orales.

Humans , Oral Surgical Procedures , Lasers, Semiconductor/therapeutic use , Hyperplasia/surgery , Laser Therapy
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 12(1): 86-99, abr. 4, 2023. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1512278


Objective: The objective of this study was to investigate the morphology, proliferation, and differentiation of gingival mesenchymal stem cells (GMSCs) irradiated with a 970 nm Diode Laser (LLLT). It is essential to validate the efficacy of treatment, optimize irradiation conditions and guarantee the safety and quality of stem cells for future use in dental applications. Materials and Methods: GMSCs were cultured in standard conditions and irradiated with a Diode laser (970 nm, 0.5W) with an energy density of 9J/cm2. Cell proliferation was assessed with the WST-1 proliferation kit. GMSCs were differentiated into chondrogenic and osteogenic lineages. Cell morphology was performed with Hematoxylin/eosin staining, and quantitative nuclear analysis was done. Cell viability was monitored with trypan blue testing. Results: GMSCs subjected to irradiation demonstrated a significant increase in proliferation at 72 hours compared to the non-irradiated controls (p=0.027). This indicates that the 970 nm diode laser has a stimulatory effect on the proliferation of GMSCs. LLLT-stimulated GMSCs exhibited the ability to differentiate into chondrogenic and osteogenic lineages. A substantial decrease in cell viability was observed 24 hours after irradiation (p=0.024). However, after 48 hours, the cell viability recovered without any significant differences. This indicates that there might be a temporary negative impact on cell viability immediately following irradiation, but the cells were able to recover and regain their viability over time. Conclusions: This study support that irradiation with a 970 nm diode laser could stimulate the proliferation of GMSCs, maintain their ability to differentiate into chondrogenic and osteogenic lineages, and has minimal impact on the mor- phological characteristics of the cells. These results support the potential use of NIR Lasers in combination with GMSCs as a promising strategy for dental treatments.

Objetivo: El objetivo de este estudio fue investigar la morfología, proliferación y diferenciación de las células madre mesenquimatosas (GMSC) irradiadas con un láser de diodo de 970 nm (LLLT). Es fundamental validar la eficacia del tratamiento, optimizar las condiciones de irradiación y garantizar la seguridad y calidad de las células madre para su uso futuro en aplicaciones dentales.Materiales y Métodos: Las GMSC se cultivaron en condiciones estándar y se irradiaron con un láser de diodo (970 nm, 0,5 W) con una densidad de energía de 9 J/cm2. La proliferación celular se evaluó con el kit de proliferación WST-1. Las GMSC se diferenciaron en linajes condrogénicos y osteogénicos. La morfología celular se realizó con tinción de hematoxilina/eosina y se realizó un análisis nuclear cuantitativo. La viabilidad celular se controló con prueba de azul de tripano. Resultados: Las GMSC sometidas a irradiación demostraron un aumento significativo en la proliferación a las 72 horas en comparación con los controles no irradiados (p=0,027). Esto indica que el láser de diodo de 970 nm tiene un efecto estimulante sobre la proliferación de GMSC. Las GMSC estimuladas con LLLT exhibieron la capacidad de diferenciarse en linajes condrogénicos y osteogénicos. Se observó una disminución sustancial de la viabilidad celular 24 horas después de la irradiación (p=0,024). Sin embargo, después de 48 horas, la viabilidad celular se recuperó sin diferencias significativas. Esto indica que podría haber un impacto negativo temporal en la viabilidad de las células inmediatamente después de la irradiación, pero las células pudieron recuperarse y recuperar su viabilidad con el tiempo. Conclusión: En conclusión, este estudio respalda que la irradiación con un láser de diodo de 970 nm podría estimular la proliferación de GMSC, mantener su capacidad para diferenciarse en linajes condrogénicos y osteogénicos y tiene un impacto mínimo en las características morfológicas de las células. Estos resultados respaldan el uso potencial de láseres NIR en combinación con GMSC como una estrategia prometedora para tratamientos dentales.

Humans , Low-Level Light Therapy , Cell Proliferation/radiation effects , Lasers, Semiconductor , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/radiation effects , In Vitro Techniques , Gingiva/radiation effects
Rev. odontol. UNESP (Online) ; 52: e20230028, 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1530302


Introduction: the use of light emitting diodes (LED) in domestic and public vias have increased in the last 20 years. In addition, the LED light has been used as a light source for medical applications. Objective: since humans are increasingly exposed to LEDs, there is an urgency to investigate the possible biological effects on tissues caused by this exposure. So, researchers have been focused their investigations in the application of this light in the health field. Material and method: in this review, a search in important databases was performed on the biological effects caused after application of different LED light protocols in in vitro and in vivo studies. Result: although most published papers have shown positive results, some of them reported negative biological effects of light LEDs technology on humans' cells/tissues. Conclusion: therefore, the comprehension of the biological effects caused by light LEDs will provide a better assessment of the risks involved using this technology.

Introdução: o uso de diodos emissores de luz ("LED") em vias domésticas e públicas tem aumentado nos últimos 20 anos. Além disso, a luz LED tem sido usada para aplicações médicas. Objetivo: pelo fato de seres humanos estarem cada vez mais expostos aos LEDs, há urgência em investigar os possíveis efeitos biológicos nos tecidos causados por esta exposição. Assim, pesquisadores têm focado suas investigações no uso desta luz na área da saúde. Material e método: nesta revisão foi realizada uma pesquisa em bancos de dados conceituados sobre os efeitos biológicos causados após aplicação de diferentes protocolos de luz LED em estudos in vitro e in vivo. Resultado: embora a maioria dos artigos publicados tenham mostrado resultados positivos, alguns deles relataram efeitos biológicos negativos da tecnologia de LEDs nas células/tecidos humanos. Conclusão: portanto, a compreensão dos efeitos biológicos causados pela luz LED proporcionará uma melhor avaliação dos riscos envolvidos no uso desta tecnologia.

Phototherapy , Tissues , In Vitro Techniques , Catchment Area, Health , Cells , Lasers, Semiconductor , Curing Lights, Dental
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e223759, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1355009


Aim: To evaluate the fracture resistance of roots restored with CAD/CAM-fabricated posts, receiving or not intracanal laser treatment, compared with glass fiber posts under mechanical cycling. Methods: Twenty-seven endodontically treated, single-rooted teeth were divided into 3 groups: group 1 (control), prefabricated glass fiber posts relined with resin composite; group 2, CAD/CAM-fabricated intraradicular posts using Resin Nano Ceramic (RNC) blocks; and group 3, CAD/CAM-fabricated intraradicular posts using RNC blocks in canals irradiated with a 940-nm diode laser (100 mJ, 300-um optic fiber, coronal-apical and apical-coronal helical movements, speed of 2 mm/second, 4 times each canal). After cementation of the coping, cyclic loading was applied at an angle of 135° to the long axis of the root, with a pulse load of 130 N, frequency of 2.2 Hz, and 150,000 pulses on the crown at a point located 2 mm below the incisal edge on the lingual aspect of the specimen. Every 50,000 cycles, the specimens were evaluated for root fracture occurring below or above the simulated bone crest. Results were analyzed by one-way ANOVA followed by Tukey's test (p<0.05). Results: Group 1 was the least resistant, while groups 2 and 3 were the most resistant. Group 1 differed significantly from groups 2 and 3 (p<0.01), but there was no difference between groups 2 and 3 (p<0.01). Conclusion: Treatment of the intracanal surface with diode laser had no influence on fracture resistance of roots restored with CAD/CAM-fabricated posts, but a longer cycling time is required to evaluate the real benefits of diode laser irradiation

Humans , Tooth Fractures/rehabilitation , Tooth Root/injuries , Dental Pins , Dentistry , Lasers, Semiconductor/therapeutic use
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e226630, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1393209


Aim: The present study aimed to asses enamel microhardness after office bleaching with diode laser and LED light compared to the conventional bleaching procedure. Methods: Thirty-nine human premolar teeth were collected and randomly divided into three groups regarding of the bleaching technique. Group 1: Snow O bleaching gel with LED light-curing unit; Group 2: Snow L bleaching gel with diode laser irradiation; and Group 3: Opalescence Boost bleaching gel with no light source in group 3. Enamel surface changes were evaluated in one tooth in each study group and one intact tooth as a reference under a scanning electron microscope (SEM). In the remaining samples (n=12), enamel microhardness was determined by Vickers microhardness test before and after bleaching. Data were analyzed with repeated-measures ANOVA to compare microhardness changes, followed by post hoc Tukey tests at the 0.05 significance level. Results: Enamel microhardness decreased in all the groups after bleaching, with the maximum decrease in microhardness in the Snow O bleaching group with LED light, which was significantly higher than the other groups (P=0.002). The two other groups did not exhibit any significant difference in microhardness decrease (P>0.05). Conclusion:Based on the limitations of this study, it can be concluded power bleaching with 980nm diode laser was less time-consuming compare to conventional bleaching procedure and yielded better outcomes in terms of enamel surface microhardness compared to the use of an LED light-curing unit

Tooth Bleaching/adverse effects , Dental Enamel , Lasers, Semiconductor , Curing Lights, Dental , Hardness
Gac. méd. espirit ; 24(1): [18], abr. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1404892


RESUMEN Fundamento: Aunque la estomatitis aftosa recurrente no tiene una etiología bien definida porque es una enfermedad multicausal, se ha reconocido que las interacciones o el debilitamiento del sistema inmunitario, contribuyen principalmente a la magnitud del proceso patológico. Las propuestas de tratamiento en pacientes inmunocomprometidos son diversas y por lo general se centran en alteraciones inmunológicas específicas. Objetivo: Evaluar el efecto clínico de los tratamientos propuestos para la estomatitis aftosa recurrente en pacientes inmunocomprometidos. Metodología: La búsqueda se realizó en las bases de datos PubMed/Medline y Cochrane. Se incluyeron ensayos clínicos que tuviesen entre sus variables de respuesta principales: Cicatrización de la úlcera aftosa, tiempo de cicatrización, de recurrencia e intensidad del dolor y entre las variables secundarias: Los efectos adversos y los síntomas. La extracción de datos se realizó de manera independiente por los autores. Se aplicó la metodología por la colaboración Cochrane para evaluar el riesgo de sesgo en cada uno de los estudios. Resultados: Se incluyeron 11 ensayos clínicos (8 controlados) publicados entre 1995 y 2020 y que aportan resultados de la eficacia de varias intervenciones terapéuticas: talidomida (4), irsogladine (2), rebamipida (1), láser de diodo (1), cápsulas de Omega-3 (1), vitamina B 12 (1), Complejo B (1). Seis de estos estudios incluyeron pacientes con la forma menor de estomatitis aftosa recurrente. El periodo de seguimiento estuvo entre los 14 y 360 días. Conclusiones: La talidomida puede ser eficaz en el alivio de los síntomas, la cicatrización y remisión de las lesiones, el diodo de láser y vitamina B12 en la disminución de la intensidad del dolor.

ABSTRACT Background: Although recurrent aphthous stomatitis does not have a well-defined etiology due to it is a multicausal disease, it has been recognized that the interactions or the weakening of the immune system, contribute mainly to the magnitude of the process pathological. Treatment proposals in immune compromised patients are diverse and they usually focus on specific immunological alterations. Objective: To evaluate the clinical effect of the proposed treatments for recurrent aphthous stomatitis in immunocompromised patients. Methodology: The search was performed in the PubMed/Medline and Cochrane databases. Clinical trials were included that could have among their main response variables: Aphthous ulcer healing, healing time, recurrence and pain intensity and among the secondary variables: Adverse effects and symptoms. data extraction was done independently by the authors. The methodology was applied by Cochrane collaboration to assess the risk of bias in each of the studies. Results: 11 clinical trials (8 controlled) published between 1995 and 2020 and that provided the results of the efficacy of various therapeutic interventions: thalidomide (4), irsogladine (2), rebamipide (1), diode laser (1), Omega-3 capsules (1), vitamin B 12 (1), Complex B (1). Six of these studies included patients with the minor form of stomatitis recurrent aphthous. The follow-up period was between 14 and 360 days. Conclusions: Thalidomide may be effective in relieving symptoms, healing and remission of the lesions, the laser diode and vitamin B12 in the decrease of the intensity of the pain.

Stomatitis, Aphthous/therapy , Thalidomide/therapeutic use , Vitamin B 12/therapeutic use , Lasers, Semiconductor/therapeutic use , Systematic Review
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 43(1): 41-44, jan.-abr. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1361662


Background: Glanzmann thrombasthenia (GT) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by platelet function impairment. Considering that the oral cavity is highly vascularized and performing some local hemostatic maneuvers may be difficult, GT patients are at high risk for hemorrhage related to invasive oral procedures. This study aimed to present an alternative method for periodontal surgery in a young GT patient. Case Report: A 15-year-old female GT patient with a recent history of excessive bleeding following dental surgeries was referred to a public dental center, presenting gingival hyperplasia. The procedure was performed using a high-power laser (HPL), and except for local anesthesia with epinephrine, no further hemostatic agent was necessary. Conclusion: According to the case, the HPL seems to be an efficient tool for preventing perioperative bleeding in GT patients submitted to minor oral surgeries(AU)

Introdução: A trombastenia de Glanzmann (TG) é uma doença autossômica recessiva rara caracterizada por comprometimento da função plaquetária. Tendo em vista que a cavidade oral é altamente vascularizada e a realização de algumas manobras hemostáticas locais pode ser difícil, pacientes com TG apresentam alto risco de hemorragia relacionada a procedimentos orais invasivos. Este artigo teve como objetivo apresentar uma técnica alternativa para cirurgia periodontal em um paciente jovem com TG. Relato de Caso: Paciente com TG, sexo feminino, 15 anos, com história recente de sangramento excessivo relacionado a cirurgias odontológicas prévias, foi encaminhada a um centro odontológico público apresentando hiperplasia gengival. O procedimento de remoção foi realizado com laser de alta potência e, com exceção da anestesia local com epinefrina, nenhum outro agente hemostático foi necessário. Conclusão: De acordo com o caso, o laser de alta potência parece ser uma ferramenta eficiente na prevenção de sangramento perioperatório em pacientes com TG submetidos a pequenas cirurgias orais(AU)

Humans , Female , Adolescent , Surgery, Oral , Thrombasthenia , Blood Coagulation Disorders , Laser Therapy , Lasers, Semiconductor , Gingival Hyperplasia
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 81: e0035, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376791


ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of mitomycin C in anatomical and functional success after modified transcanalicular diode laser dacryocystorhinostomy. Methods: A prospective, double-blinded, randomized placebo-controlled study compared the effect of topical mitomycin C on modified transcanalicular diode laser dacryocystorhinostomy. Group 1 had modified transcanalicular diode laser dacryocystorhinostomy with topical saline, while Group 2 had modified transcanalicular diode laser dacryocystorhinostomy with topical mitomycin C. Success was defined as anatomical patency and relief of symptoms at the end of 6 months. Results: Six months after surgery, Group 1 (30 patients) showed anatomical and functional success rates of 86.7% and 83.3%, respectively. Group 2 (32 patients) showed anatomical and functional success rates of 87.5% and 84.3%, respectively. There was no statistically significant difference between the groups 1 and 2 (p = 1.000). Conclusion: The use of mitomycin C did not improve the anatomical and functional success rates of modified transcanalicular diode laser dacryocystorhinostomy compared to placebo.

RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar a eficácia da mitomicina C no sucesso anatômico e funcional após dacriocistorrinostomia transcanalicular com laser de diodo. Métodos: Estudo prospectivo, duplo-cego, randomizado e controlado por placebo. Comparou o efeito da mitomicina C tópica na dacriocistorrinostomia transcanalicular com laser de diodo. No Grupo 1, foi utilizada apenas solução salina tópica, enquanto no Grupo 2 foi utilizada mitomicina C tópica. O sucesso foi definido como permeabilidade da via lacrimal e alívio dos sintomas ao final de 6 meses. Resultados: Seis meses após a cirurgia, o Grupo 1 (30 pacientes) apresentou taxas de sucesso anatômico e funcional de 86,7% e 83,3%, respectivamente. O Grupo 2 (32 pacientes) apresentou taxas de sucesso anatômico e funcional de 87,5% e 84,3%, respectivamente. Não houve diferença estatística significante entre os Grupos 1 e 2 (p=1,000). Conclusão: O uso de mitomicina C não melhora as taxas de sucesso anatômico e funcional do dacriocistorrinostomia transcanalicular com laser de diodo em comparação ao placebo.

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Dacryocystorhinostomy/methods , Mitomycin/administration & dosage , Mitomycin/therapeutic use , Mitomycin/pharmacology , Lasers, Semiconductor/therapeutic use , Nasolacrimal Duct/drug effects , Placebos , Random Allocation , Double-Blind Method , Prospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Dacryocystitis/surgery , Laser Therapy/methods , Lacrimal Duct Obstruction/therapy , Nasolacrimal Duct/surgery
Archives of Orofacial Sciences ; : 97-106, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964089


ABSTRACT@#Using laser for treatment of dentin hypersensitivity (DH) have recently shown promising results and better immediate reduction in pain scores. However, its efficacy and mechanism of action is controversial. Thus, this study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of diode laser compared with sodium fluoride varnish in treating DH in patients with gingival recession. Eighteen patients with Miller’s class I and class II gingival recession and hypersensitivity in at least two non-adjacent teeth were included in the study. Test surfaces (n = 25) were treated with diode laser, whilst control surfaces (n = 23) were treated with 5% sodium fluoride varnish. Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) scores were recorded for air and tactile stimulus for both groups at baseline, 15 min, 1 month and 3 months post-treatment. Results showed significant (p < 0.05) reduction in VAS scores at 15 min, 1 month and 3 months compared with baseline in both test and control surfaces, with no significant intergroup differences. However, the percentage reduction in DH was more in laser at all evaluation periods. The use of diode laser and sodium fluoride varnish showed good immediate and prolonged results. Further studies are needed to come up with more effective treatment methods.

Lasers, Semiconductor , Dentin Sensitivity , Gingival Recession
Int. j. med. surg. sci. (Print) ; 7(4): 1-13, dic. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1151707


Existen diversas condiciones anatómicas o alteraciones mucogingivales que pueden afectar tanto el normal funcionamiento como la estética gingival de piezas dentarias e implantes dentales. Si bien los tratamientos de estas condiciones se han realizado tradicionalmente con bisturí, el desarrollo tecnológico ha permitido que actualmente se pueden realizar con láser. Existen diferentes tipos de láser, siendo el diodo uno de los más utilizados debido a su menor tamaño, portabilidad, fácil configuración y menor costo. El láser ha adquirido mayor popularidad en cirugías de tejido blando dado sus múltiples beneficios: menor tiempo operatorio, control del sangrado y de la hemostasia, reducción de la cantidad de anestesia, posibilidad de no requerir suturas y minimización del dolor e inflamación postquirúrgica. El propósito de este trabajo es presentar la resolución de tres casos clínicos a los cuales se les realizaron los procedimientos de frenectomía labial, remoción de melanosis gingival y resección de fibroma irritativo mediante el uso de láser diodo. Para desarrollar todos los procedimientos se utilizó un equipo de láser diodo de 940 nm (Biolase®, USA) con una potencia que varió entre 2 y 2.5 W en modo continuo utilizando una pieza quirúrgica con una punta de 300 µm (E 3-4), la que fue activada antes de empezar. Posterior a la cirugía se bioestimuló para disminuir el dolor y edema postoperatorio utilizando la punta de dolor a 4 W por 30 segundos a una distancia de 1 cm directo en la zona intervenida a todos los casos. La conclusión arroja que en todos los casos, el láser de diodo permitió un resultado exitoso. El procedimiento fue seguro, la técnica fue sencilla y de tiempo clínico reducido. El postoperatorio ocurrió con ausencia de dolor o molestias, generando una mayor satisfacción del paciente. Cabe señalar que la técnica depende de la habilidad del profesional que la realiza.

There are various anatomical conditions or mucogingival alterations that can affect the normal functioning and the gingival aesthetics of teeth and dental implants. Although the treatments of these conditions have been traditionally performed with a scalpel, technological development has allowed that they can be now performed with lasers. There are different types of lasers, being the diode one of the most used due to its smaller size, portability, easy configuration, and lower cost. The laser has become more popular in soft tissue surgeries due to its multiple benefits: shorter operating time, control of bleeding and hemostasis, reduction in the amount of anesthesia, possibility of not requiring sutures, and minimization of post-surgical pain and inflammation. The purpose of this work is to present the resolution of three clinical cases which underwent labial frenectomy procedures, removal of gingival melanosis and resection of irritative fibroma using diode laser. To develop all the procedures, a 940 nm diode laser equipment (Biolase®, USA) was used with a power that varied between 2 and 2.5 W in continuous mode, using a 300 µm tip (E 3-4), which was activated before starting. After surgery, biostimulation was carried out to reduce postoperative pain and edema using the pain tip at 4 W for 30 seconds at a distance of 1 cm directly in the operated area in all cases. In all cases, the diode laser allowed a successful result. The procedure was safe, the technique was simple, and the clinical time was short. The postoperative period occurred with the absence of pain or discomfort, generating greater patient satisfaction. It should be noted that the technique depends on the skill of the professional who performs it.

Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Lasers, Semiconductor/therapeutic use , Gingival Diseases/surgery , Labial Frenum/surgery , Therapy, Soft Tissue
Int. j. med. surg. sci. (Print) ; 7(4): 1-20, dic. 2020. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1151709


El propósito de este artículo es mejorar nuestro conocimiento sobre las estructuras y función de los diferentes elementos presentes en la boca del recién nacido, ya que en ocasiones los odontólogos no recuerdan la importancia de la boca en el desarrollo general del lactante y la necesidad de una intervención temprana con láseres para ayudarles a obtener un buen estado de su sistema oral. Realizamos una exploración clínica integral del paciente con el fin de realizar un diagnóstico más preciso. Cuando la cirugía sea necesaria, recomendamos utilizar láseres de Erbio siempre que sea posible (láser de 2780nm Er, Cr: YSGG o un Er: YAG de 2940nm), ya que es una opción rápida y eficaz para tratar estas lesiones orales, especialmente los frenillos labiales o linguales que pueden poner en riesgo el acto de amamantar; Asimismo podemos utilizar láseres de diodo (810nm, 940nm, 980 nm o un láser Nd: YAG de 1064nm o de CO2 10.600- 9600 nm) con sus gafas de seguridad específicas. Estos sistemas láser utilizados por un profesional certificado, en colaboración con un personal debidamente entrenado, son un factor muy importante durante la cirugía. Al tener un conocimiento adecuado de las estructuras orales y sus patologías, podemos diagnosticar si esos trastornos deben tratarse quirúrgicamente y, de ser así, cómo proceder con los sistemas láser, ya que son procedimientos mínimamente invasivos; o si debiésemos recomendar a los padres que visiten a un terapeuta miofuncional para ayudar a recuperar la función normal. La comprensión de las estructuras orales de los recién nacidos es muy importante para promover el desarrollo del crecimiento craneofacial y para brindar un servicio importante a las madres, dándoles a sus bebés un buen comienzo en la vida desde una etapa muy temprana. Necesitamos mejorar la colaboración entre profesionales de diferentes disciplinas con el fin de mejorar nuestro conocimiento.

The purpose of this article is to improve our knowledge about the structures and function of the different elements present in the mouth of newborns since dentists sometimes do not remember the importance of the mouth in the general development of infants and the need for an early intervention with lasers to help them obtain a good state of their Oral System. We performed a comprehensive clinical exploration of the patient in order to make a more accurate diagnosis. When surgery is necessary, we recommend to use erbium lasers when possible (2780nm Er, Cr: YSGG laser or a 2940nm Er: YAG), as they are a quick and effective option to treat these oral lesions, especially lip or tongue ties which can risk the act of breastfeeding; moreover, we can also use diode lasers (810nm, 940nm, 980nm or a 1064nm Nd:YAG laser or CO2 10.600-9600 nm.) al lof them with their specifical safety goggles. These laser systems used by a certified professional, in collaboration with a properly trained staff, are a very important factor during the surgery.By having proper knowledge of the oral structures and their pathologies, we are able to diagnose whether those disorders should be surgically treated and if so, how to proceed with laser systems as they are minimally invasive procedures; or if we should recommend parents to visit a myofunctional therapist in order to help recover the normal function.The understanding of oral structures of newborns is very important in order to improve the development of craniofacial growth and provide an important service to mothers by giving their babies a right start in life from a very early stage. We need to improve collaboration between professionals from different disciplines in order to enhance our knowledge.

Humans , Infant, Newborn , Lasers, Semiconductor/therapeutic use , Lasers, Solid-State/therapeutic use , Mouth/surgery , Oral Surgical Procedures , Ankyloglossia/surgery , Labial Frenum/surgery
Int. j. med. surg. sci. (Print) ; 7(4): 1-12, dic. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1151807


Los implantes dentales son ampliamente usados para el reemplazo de piezas dentarias y se han convertido en el "gold standard" de las terapias protésicas en odontología. Dado el mayor uso de éstos, las investigaciones epidemiológicas recientes han demostrado elevadas tasas de prevalencia de enfermedad periimplantaria. En el presente estudio se presentan tres casos clínicos diagnosticados con periimplantitis. Todos los casos presentaron aumento de la profundidad al sondaje periimplantario en relación a controles anteriores, supuración, sangramiento al sondaje y pérdida ósea confirmada a través de tomografía computada cone beam. El tratamiento indicado para todos los casos fue una terapia conjunta entre un tratamiento mecánico mediante ultrasonido con la utilización de puntas plásticas (P.I EMS®, Suiza) y la terapia con láser. Para la laserterapia se utilizó un equipo de láser diodo de 940 nm (Biolase®, USA) con una potencia de 2 W en modo CW, utilizando una punta de 300 µm. El láser de diodo no daña la superficie de titanio y es capaz de descontaminar las superficies rugosas de los implantes. En este reporte, el uso de una terapia combinada mecánica y láser fue efectiva en todos los casos. En los controles clínicos, la mucosa periimplantaria no presentó signos de supuración ni sangramiento, y la profundidad al sondaje también se vió disminuída. El nivel óseo se controló a través de una tomografía computada cone beam y no se evidenciaron cambios significativos. En la actualidad, la evidencia clínica para el tratamiento periimplantario mediante la fototerapia todavía es limitada. Sin embargo, el láser ofrece un enfoque técnico novedoso que es completamente diferente de los instrumentos mecánicos y tiene varios efectos beneficiosos, por lo que puede desempeñar un papel importante, en la resolución de la peri-implantitis.

Dental implants are widely used for the replacement of teeth and have become the "gold standard" of prosthetic therapies in dentistry. Given the increased use of these, recent epidemiological investigations have shown high prevalence rates of peri-implant disease. In the present study, three clinical cases diagnosed with peri-implantitis are presented. All cases presented increased depth to peri-implant probing in relation to previous controls, suppuration, bleeding and bone loss confirmed by cone beam computed tomography. The treatment indicated for all cases was a joint therapy between a mechanical ultrasound treatment with the use of plastic tips (P.I EMS®, Switzerland) and laser therapy. For laser therapy, a 940 nm diode laser equipment was used (Biolase®, USA) with a power of 2W in continuous laser beam mode, using a 300 µm tip. The diode laser does not damage the titanium surface and is capable of decontaminating the rough surfaces of the implants. In this report, the use of a combined mechanical and laser therapy was effective in all cases. In clinical controls, the peri-implant mucosa did not show signs of suppuration or bleeding, and the depth on probing was decreased. The bone level was controlled through a cone beam computed tomography and no significant changes were evidenced. At present, the clinical evidence for peri-implant treatment using phototherapy is still limited. However, the laser offers a novel technical approach that is completely different from mechanical instruments and has several beneficial effects, so it can play an important role in the resolution of peri-implantitis.

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Lasers, Semiconductor/therapeutic use , Peri-Implantitis/radiotherapy , Dental Implants
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 83(1): 1-4, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088953


ABSTRACT Purpose: To determine the reliability of the endoscopic dye transit test for the prediction of functional success after dacryocystorhinostomy. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 50 patients who underwent external dacryocystorhinostomy Group or transcanalicular dacryocystorhinostomy Group and had anatomically patent ducts during irrigation, with a minimum 6-month follow-up. The external dacryocystorhinostomy, defined as the time from instillation of the dye into the conjunctival sac until its flow from the rhinostomy site, was performed in all patients. Positive predictive value of the endoscopic dye transit test to assess functional success was analyzed. The cutoff point was determined using a receiver operating characteristic curve. Results: Of the 50 patients, 44 (88%) exhibited subjective improvement or complete resolution of epiphora (functional success). The best cutoff point for the endoscopic dye transit test was 60 s. Of 39 patients with endoscopic dye transit test £60 s, 38 (97.4%) exhibited functional success, demonstrating a 97.4% positive predictive value. Conclusion: The endoscopic dye transit test £60 s is a reliable tool to predict functional success and good prognosis after external or laser transcanalicular dacryocystorhinostomy.

RESUMO Objetivo: Determinar a confiabilidade do teste endoscópico do corante na predição do sucesso funcional após dacriocistorrinostomia. Métodos: Estudo transversal com 50 pacientes submetidos ao grupo de dacriocistorrinostomia externa ou grupo dacriocistorrinostomia transcanalicular e que possuíam dutos anatomicamente patentes pela irrigação, com seguimento mínimo de 6 meses. A dacriocistorrinostomia externa, definida como o tempo desde a instilação do corante no saco conjuntival até o fluxo do local da rinostomia, foi realizada em todos os pacientes. O valor preditivo positivo do teste endoscópico do corante para avaliar o sucesso funcional foi analisado. O ponto de corte foi determinado usando uma curva característica de operação do receptor. Resultados: Dos 50 pacientes, 44 (88%) apresentaram melhora subjetiva ou resolução completa da epífora (sucesso funcional). O melhor ponto de corte para o teste endoscópico do corante foi de 60 s. Dos 39 pacientes com teste endoscópico do corante £60 s, 38 (97,4%) apresentaram sucesso funcional, demonstrando um valor preditivo positivo de 97,4%. Conclusão: O teste en­doscópico do corante £60 s é uma ferramenta confiável para predizer o sucesso funcional e o bom prognóstico após dacriocistorrinostomia transcanalicular externa ou a laser.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Dacryocystorhinostomy/methods , Lasers, Semiconductor/therapeutic use , Lacrimal Duct Obstruction/diagnosis , Nasolacrimal Duct/physiopathology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Predictive Value of Tests , Reproducibility of Results , Contrast Media , Endoscopy/methods
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 79(1): 38-41, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092654


Resumo Objetivo: Avaliar a efetividade e o perfil de segurança da ciclofotocoagulação transescleral padrão (CTCTE) e sua variação técnica denominada slow cooking (CTCTE SC) em pacientes com olho cego doloroso por glaucoma neovascular. Métodos: Pacientes foram submetidos a exame oftalmológico, graduando o nível da dor através de escala gráfica/numérica e divididos em dois grupos, um para tratamento com CTCTE e outro CTCTE SC. O acompanhamento foi realizado no primeiro, trigésimo e nonagésimo dias. Resultados: Dos 26 pacientes inclusos, 11 (42,3%) eram do sexo masculino. A idade média dos pacientes foi de 69 anos. Destes, 16 pacientes foram submetidos ao tratamento CTCTE e 10 pacientes a CTCTE SC. A pressão intraocular (PIO) teve média pré tratamento de 49 ± 23 mmHg no grupo CFCTE e medias no 1º, 30º e 90º dias pós-operatórios respectivamente: 32 ± 24 mmHg, 38 ± 18 mmHg, 43 ± 10 mmHg. No grupo submetido a técnica CFCTE SC a PIO prévia foi 54 ± 16 mmHg e médias no 1º, 30º e 90º dias pós-operatórios respectivamente: 38 ± 22 mmHg, 39 ± 10 mmHg , 44 ± 09 mmHg. A redução da dor foi efetiva em 88,4% pacientes. Durante o pós-operatório foi verificado hiperemia, quemose e hifema. Não foram observadas complicações graves. Conclusão: O tratamento do olho cego doloroso com ciclofotocoagulação transescleral com baixa carga foi um procedimento seguro e eficaz na resolução da dor, mas apresentou um baixo nível de redução da pressão intraocular em ambas técnicas usadas.

Abstract Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety profile of standard transescleral cyclophotocoagulation (CTCTE) and its technical variation of slow cooking (CTCTE SC) in patients with neovascular glaucoma pain. Methods: Patients underwent ophthalmological examination, grading their pain level through a graphical / numerical scale and divided into two groups, one for treatment with CTCTE and another CTCTE SC. Follow-up was performed on the first, thirtieth and ninetieth days. Results: Of the 26 patients included, 11 (42.3%) were male. The average age of the patients was 69 years. Of these, 16 patients underwent CTCTE treatment and 10 patients underwent CTCTE SC. Intraocular pressure (IOP) had a mean pre-treatment of 49 ± 23 mmHg in the CFCTE group and medians at the 1st, 30th and 90th postoperative days respectively: 32 ± 24 mmHg, 38 ± 18 mmHg, 43 ± 10 mmHg. In the group submitted to the CFCTE SC technique, the previous IOP was 54 ± 16 mmHg and averages on the 1st, 30th and 90th postoperative days respectively: 38 ± 22 mmHg, 39 ± 10 mmHg, 44 ± 09 mmHg. Pain reduction was effective in 88.4% patients. During the postoperative period, hyperemia, chemosis and hyphema were observed. No serious complications were observed. Conclusion: Painful blind eye treatment with low load transscleral cyclophotocoagulation was a safe and effective procedure for pain resolution, but presented a low level of intraocular pressure reduction in both techniques used.

Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Glaucoma, Neovascular/surgery , Glaucoma, Neovascular/complications , Blindness/etiology , Laser Coagulation/methods , Eye Pain/surgery , Sclera/surgery , Prospective Studies , Lasers, Semiconductor/therapeutic use
Acta cir. bras ; 35(12): e351204, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152679


Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the effect of diode laser use on experimental orthodontic tooth movements. Methods: Thirty Rattus norvegicus albinus Wistar were divided into three equal groups (n = 10), two experimentals and one control. Applying 20 g orthodontic force were attached to the maxillary incisors of the rats in all groups. Low dose laser was applied to the surrounding tissues of the maxillary incisors of the rats in the experimental groups. Two exposure times for laser irradiation were used for seven days: t = 12 min (energy dose = 72 J) and t = 9 min (energy dose = 54 J) by a 0.1 W DEKA brand diode laser with wavelength of 980 nm. Results: Osteoclastic activation increased in the 72 J group when compared to control group and decreased in comparison to the 54 J group. Osteoblastic activation was decreased in the 72 J group when compared to the control group and increased in comparison to the 54 J group. Conclusions: Applying 54 J laser energy has been found effective to accelerate the orthodontic tooth movement.

Tooth Movement Techniques , Low-Level Light Therapy , Osteoclasts , Rats, Wistar , Lasers, Semiconductor
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 20: e5039, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | BBO, LILACS | ID: biblio-1135508


Abstract Objective: To discover the perceptions of pediatric patients, their parents and undergraduate Dentistry students of the use of the diode laser in frenectomy surgeries. Material and Methods: A qualitative study was conducted through semi-structured interviews, recorded and transcribed with subsequent content analysis. Twelve healthy children (5-8 years old) who needed a frenectomy were selected and invited, together with their parents, to undergo laser diode surgery. In addition, 28 undergraduate dentistry students were invited to attend the procedures. One week after performing the surgical procedures, the children (Group 1), their parents (Group 2) and the students who attended the procedures (Group 3) were individually interviewed for the thematic analysis. Results: The analysis of the conversations identified three emerging contents: positive thoughts on the use of diode laser; frustrations from the use of diode laser; and aspects related to professional training. Conclusion: The results pointed to the acceptance of surgical laser use in pediatric dentistry; however, the feelings of frustration indicate that its use requires guidance from the child and his/her parents, in addition to careful handling and specific training.

Pediatric Dentistry , Laser Therapy/instrumentation , Lasers, Semiconductor/therapeutic use , Gingival Diseases/surgery , Labial Frenum/surgery , Perception , Brazil/epidemiology , Qualitative Research
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 63: e20180668, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132159


Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the in vivo response of red light-emitting diode (LED) on acute lung injury (ALI) in a sepsis model in rats. Twenty rats were randomly allocated into two experimental groups (n=10): Control Sepsis Group (CS); sepsis and red LED group (SRL). The anterior region of the trachea and ventral regions of the chest (below the ribs), bilaterally were irradiated daily for two consecutive days, starting immediately after the surgery using red (630 nm) LED. The histological results showed that in red LED treated group presented a modulation of the lung inflammatory process, less intense alveolar septum thickening and decrease of the inflammatory cells. Moreover, LED significantly reduced the lung injury score and increased interleukin type 10 (IL-10) protein expression compared SG. These results suggest that LED was efficient in attenuating ALI in a sepsis model in rats by reducing inflammatory cells into lung tissue and enhancing the anti-inflammatory cytokine production.

Animals , Male , Rats , Sepsis/therapy , Low-Level Light Therapy , Lasers, Semiconductor , Acute Lung Injury/therapy , Biomarkers , Rats, Wistar , Disease Models, Animal
Braz. dent. sci ; 23(4): 1-9, 2020. tab, ilus
Article in English | BBO, LILACS | ID: biblio-1121858


Objective: This study evaluates the shear bond strength (SBS) and Vickers micro-hardness (VHN) of the orthodontic adhesive resin Transbond XT using thermocycled samples. The study also measures the degree of cure by poliwave light curing unit Valo. Materials and Methods: 135 brackets were bonded for the SBS test, and 90 disc-shaped orthodontic adhesive resins were prepared for the VHN test. The measurements were taken either immediately or after 500 or 10.0000 thermocycling. The SBS and VHN test data were statistically evaluated using a Two-way ANOVA and Tukey multiple comparison tests. The degree of conversion (DC) was measured by FTIR. Results: The 10-sec polymerized control group (57.08) and the 10.000 termocycled samples (55.96) had the highest VHN scores. On the other hand, the 3 second polymerized and the 10.000 termocycled samples (39.22) had the lowest VHN scores. There was no significant difference in the bracket SBS values between the termocycled and immediate groups. An evaluation of the bond failure surfaces revealed that the ARI scores did not differ between the immediate and the thermo-cycled groups according to the power modes. The FTIR results revealed that the lowest DC was seen in the 3 second light-cured sample. Conclusion: TransbondXT provided sufficient bond strength, microhardness and DC under in vitro bracket bonding conditions after 3 and 10 s of Poliwave LED curing. However, low mean values were seen in the groups that received Poliwave LED curing for only 3 s (AU)

Objetivo: Este estudo avalia a resistência ao cisalhamento (SBS) e a microdureza Vickers (VHN) da resina adesiva ortodôntica Transbond XT utilizando amostras termocicladas. O estudo também mede o grau de cura pela unidade de fotopolimerização Valo poliwave. Materiais e Métodos: 135 braquetes foram colados para o teste SBS e 90 discos de resina adesiva ortodôntica foram preparados para o teste VHN. As medições foram feitas imediatamente ou após 500 ou 10.000 ciclos de termociclagem. Os dados dos testes SBS e VHN foram avaliados estatisticamente usando ANOVA 2 fatores e teste de comparação múltipla de Tukey. O grau de conversão (DC) foi medido por FTIR. Resultados: O grupo controle polimerizado por 10segundos (57,08) ciclados por 10.000 ciclos (55,96) tiveram os valores VHN mais altos. Por outro lado, as amostras polimerizadas de 3 segundos e 10.000 ciclos (39,22) os valores de VHN mais baixos. Não houve diferença significativa nos valores de SBS do braquete entre os grupos termociclados e imediato. Uma avaliação das superfícies de falha de adesão revelou que os escores do ARI não diferiram entre os grupos imediato e termociclados de acordo com as densidades de potência. Os resultados do FTIR revelaram que o menor DC foi observado nas amostras fotopolimerizadas de 3 segundos. Conclusão: Transbond XT forneceu suficiente resistência de união, microdureza e DC sob condições de colagem de braquetes in vitro após 3 e 10 s de polimerização em LED Poliwave. No entanto, valores médios baixos foram observados nos grupos que receberam a cura do LED Poliwave por apenas 3 s (AU)

Orthodontics , Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared , Shear Strength , Lasers, Semiconductor