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1.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e223759, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1355009

ABSTRACT

Aim: To evaluate the fracture resistance of roots restored with CAD/CAM-fabricated posts, receiving or not intracanal laser treatment, compared with glass fiber posts under mechanical cycling. Methods: Twenty-seven endodontically treated, single-rooted teeth were divided into 3 groups: group 1 (control), prefabricated glass fiber posts relined with resin composite; group 2, CAD/CAM-fabricated intraradicular posts using Resin Nano Ceramic (RNC) blocks; and group 3, CAD/CAM-fabricated intraradicular posts using RNC blocks in canals irradiated with a 940-nm diode laser (100 mJ, 300-um optic fiber, coronal-apical and apical-coronal helical movements, speed of 2 mm/second, 4 times each canal). After cementation of the coping, cyclic loading was applied at an angle of 135° to the long axis of the root, with a pulse load of 130 N, frequency of 2.2 Hz, and 150,000 pulses on the crown at a point located 2 mm below the incisal edge on the lingual aspect of the specimen. Every 50,000 cycles, the specimens were evaluated for root fracture occurring below or above the simulated bone crest. Results were analyzed by one-way ANOVA followed by Tukey's test (p<0.05). Results: Group 1 was the least resistant, while groups 2 and 3 were the most resistant. Group 1 differed significantly from groups 2 and 3 (p<0.01), but there was no difference between groups 2 and 3 (p<0.01). Conclusion: Treatment of the intracanal surface with diode laser had no influence on fracture resistance of roots restored with CAD/CAM-fabricated posts, but a longer cycling time is required to evaluate the real benefits of diode laser irradiation


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth Fractures/rehabilitation , Tooth Root/injuries , Dental Pins , Dentistry , Lasers, Semiconductor/therapeutic use
2.
Int. j. med. surg. sci. (Print) ; 7(4): 1-13, dic. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1151707

ABSTRACT

Existen diversas condiciones anatómicas o alteraciones mucogingivales que pueden afectar tanto el normal funcionamiento como la estética gingival de piezas dentarias e implantes dentales. Si bien los tratamientos de estas condiciones se han realizado tradicionalmente con bisturí, el desarrollo tecnológico ha permitido que actualmente se pueden realizar con láser. Existen diferentes tipos de láser, siendo el diodo uno de los más utilizados debido a su menor tamaño, portabilidad, fácil configuración y menor costo. El láser ha adquirido mayor popularidad en cirugías de tejido blando dado sus múltiples beneficios: menor tiempo operatorio, control del sangrado y de la hemostasia, reducción de la cantidad de anestesia, posibilidad de no requerir suturas y minimización del dolor e inflamación postquirúrgica. El propósito de este trabajo es presentar la resolución de tres casos clínicos a los cuales se les realizaron los procedimientos de frenectomía labial, remoción de melanosis gingival y resección de fibroma irritativo mediante el uso de láser diodo. Para desarrollar todos los procedimientos se utilizó un equipo de láser diodo de 940 nm (Biolase®, USA) con una potencia que varió entre 2 y 2.5 W en modo continuo utilizando una pieza quirúrgica con una punta de 300 µm (E 3-4), la que fue activada antes de empezar. Posterior a la cirugía se bioestimuló para disminuir el dolor y edema postoperatorio utilizando la punta de dolor a 4 W por 30 segundos a una distancia de 1 cm directo en la zona intervenida a todos los casos. La conclusión arroja que en todos los casos, el láser de diodo permitió un resultado exitoso. El procedimiento fue seguro, la técnica fue sencilla y de tiempo clínico reducido. El postoperatorio ocurrió con ausencia de dolor o molestias, generando una mayor satisfacción del paciente. Cabe señalar que la técnica depende de la habilidad del profesional que la realiza.


There are various anatomical conditions or mucogingival alterations that can affect the normal functioning and the gingival aesthetics of teeth and dental implants. Although the treatments of these conditions have been traditionally performed with a scalpel, technological development has allowed that they can be now performed with lasers. There are different types of lasers, being the diode one of the most used due to its smaller size, portability, easy configuration, and lower cost. The laser has become more popular in soft tissue surgeries due to its multiple benefits: shorter operating time, control of bleeding and hemostasis, reduction in the amount of anesthesia, possibility of not requiring sutures, and minimization of post-surgical pain and inflammation. The purpose of this work is to present the resolution of three clinical cases which underwent labial frenectomy procedures, removal of gingival melanosis and resection of irritative fibroma using diode laser. To develop all the procedures, a 940 nm diode laser equipment (Biolase®, USA) was used with a power that varied between 2 and 2.5 W in continuous mode, using a 300 µm tip (E 3-4), which was activated before starting. After surgery, biostimulation was carried out to reduce postoperative pain and edema using the pain tip at 4 W for 30 seconds at a distance of 1 cm directly in the operated area in all cases. In all cases, the diode laser allowed a successful result. The procedure was safe, the technique was simple, and the clinical time was short. The postoperative period occurred with the absence of pain or discomfort, generating greater patient satisfaction. It should be noted that the technique depends on the skill of the professional who performs it.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Lasers, Semiconductor/therapeutic use , Gingival Diseases/surgery , Labial Frenum/surgery , Therapy, Soft Tissue
3.
Int. j. med. surg. sci. (Print) ; 7(4): 1-20, dic. 2020. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1151709

ABSTRACT

El propósito de este artículo es mejorar nuestro conocimiento sobre las estructuras y función de los diferentes elementos presentes en la boca del recién nacido, ya que en ocasiones los odontólogos no recuerdan la importancia de la boca en el desarrollo general del lactante y la necesidad de una intervención temprana con láseres para ayudarles a obtener un buen estado de su sistema oral. Realizamos una exploración clínica integral del paciente con el fin de realizar un diagnóstico más preciso. Cuando la cirugía sea necesaria, recomendamos utilizar láseres de Erbio siempre que sea posible (láser de 2780nm Er, Cr: YSGG o un Er: YAG de 2940nm), ya que es una opción rápida y eficaz para tratar estas lesiones orales, especialmente los frenillos labiales o linguales que pueden poner en riesgo el acto de amamantar; Asimismo podemos utilizar láseres de diodo (810nm, 940nm, 980 nm o un láser Nd: YAG de 1064nm o de CO2 10.600- 9600 nm) con sus gafas de seguridad específicas. Estos sistemas láser utilizados por un profesional certificado, en colaboración con un personal debidamente entrenado, son un factor muy importante durante la cirugía. Al tener un conocimiento adecuado de las estructuras orales y sus patologías, podemos diagnosticar si esos trastornos deben tratarse quirúrgicamente y, de ser así, cómo proceder con los sistemas láser, ya que son procedimientos mínimamente invasivos; o si debiésemos recomendar a los padres que visiten a un terapeuta miofuncional para ayudar a recuperar la función normal. La comprensión de las estructuras orales de los recién nacidos es muy importante para promover el desarrollo del crecimiento craneofacial y para brindar un servicio importante a las madres, dándoles a sus bebés un buen comienzo en la vida desde una etapa muy temprana. Necesitamos mejorar la colaboración entre profesionales de diferentes disciplinas con el fin de mejorar nuestro conocimiento.


The purpose of this article is to improve our knowledge about the structures and function of the different elements present in the mouth of newborns since dentists sometimes do not remember the importance of the mouth in the general development of infants and the need for an early intervention with lasers to help them obtain a good state of their Oral System. We performed a comprehensive clinical exploration of the patient in order to make a more accurate diagnosis. When surgery is necessary, we recommend to use erbium lasers when possible (2780nm Er, Cr: YSGG laser or a 2940nm Er: YAG), as they are a quick and effective option to treat these oral lesions, especially lip or tongue ties which can risk the act of breastfeeding; moreover, we can also use diode lasers (810nm, 940nm, 980nm or a 1064nm Nd:YAG laser or CO2 10.600-9600 nm.) al lof them with their specifical safety goggles. These laser systems used by a certified professional, in collaboration with a properly trained staff, are a very important factor during the surgery.By having proper knowledge of the oral structures and their pathologies, we are able to diagnose whether those disorders should be surgically treated and if so, how to proceed with laser systems as they are minimally invasive procedures; or if we should recommend parents to visit a myofunctional therapist in order to help recover the normal function.The understanding of oral structures of newborns is very important in order to improve the development of craniofacial growth and provide an important service to mothers by giving their babies a right start in life from a very early stage. We need to improve collaboration between professionals from different disciplines in order to enhance our knowledge.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Lasers, Semiconductor/therapeutic use , Lasers, Solid-State/therapeutic use , Mouth/surgery , Oral Surgical Procedures , Ankyloglossia/surgery , Labial Frenum/surgery
4.
Int. j. med. surg. sci. (Print) ; 7(4): 1-12, dic. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1151807

ABSTRACT

Los implantes dentales son ampliamente usados para el reemplazo de piezas dentarias y se han convertido en el "gold standard" de las terapias protésicas en odontología. Dado el mayor uso de éstos, las investigaciones epidemiológicas recientes han demostrado elevadas tasas de prevalencia de enfermedad periimplantaria. En el presente estudio se presentan tres casos clínicos diagnosticados con periimplantitis. Todos los casos presentaron aumento de la profundidad al sondaje periimplantario en relación a controles anteriores, supuración, sangramiento al sondaje y pérdida ósea confirmada a través de tomografía computada cone beam. El tratamiento indicado para todos los casos fue una terapia conjunta entre un tratamiento mecánico mediante ultrasonido con la utilización de puntas plásticas (P.I EMS®, Suiza) y la terapia con láser. Para la laserterapia se utilizó un equipo de láser diodo de 940 nm (Biolase®, USA) con una potencia de 2 W en modo CW, utilizando una punta de 300 µm. El láser de diodo no daña la superficie de titanio y es capaz de descontaminar las superficies rugosas de los implantes. En este reporte, el uso de una terapia combinada mecánica y láser fue efectiva en todos los casos. En los controles clínicos, la mucosa periimplantaria no presentó signos de supuración ni sangramiento, y la profundidad al sondaje también se vió disminuída. El nivel óseo se controló a través de una tomografía computada cone beam y no se evidenciaron cambios significativos. En la actualidad, la evidencia clínica para el tratamiento periimplantario mediante la fototerapia todavía es limitada. Sin embargo, el láser ofrece un enfoque técnico novedoso que es completamente diferente de los instrumentos mecánicos y tiene varios efectos beneficiosos, por lo que puede desempeñar un papel importante, en la resolución de la peri-implantitis.


Dental implants are widely used for the replacement of teeth and have become the "gold standard" of prosthetic therapies in dentistry. Given the increased use of these, recent epidemiological investigations have shown high prevalence rates of peri-implant disease. In the present study, three clinical cases diagnosed with peri-implantitis are presented. All cases presented increased depth to peri-implant probing in relation to previous controls, suppuration, bleeding and bone loss confirmed by cone beam computed tomography. The treatment indicated for all cases was a joint therapy between a mechanical ultrasound treatment with the use of plastic tips (P.I EMS®, Switzerland) and laser therapy. For laser therapy, a 940 nm diode laser equipment was used (Biolase®, USA) with a power of 2W in continuous laser beam mode, using a 300 µm tip. The diode laser does not damage the titanium surface and is capable of decontaminating the rough surfaces of the implants. In this report, the use of a combined mechanical and laser therapy was effective in all cases. In clinical controls, the peri-implant mucosa did not show signs of suppuration or bleeding, and the depth on probing was decreased. The bone level was controlled through a cone beam computed tomography and no significant changes were evidenced. At present, the clinical evidence for peri-implant treatment using phototherapy is still limited. However, the laser offers a novel technical approach that is completely different from mechanical instruments and has several beneficial effects, so it can play an important role in the resolution of peri-implantitis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Lasers, Semiconductor/therapeutic use , Peri-Implantitis/radiotherapy , Dental Implants
5.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 83(1): 1-4, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088953

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To determine the reliability of the endoscopic dye transit test for the prediction of functional success after dacryocystorhinostomy. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 50 patients who underwent external dacryocystorhinostomy Group or transcanalicular dacryocystorhinostomy Group and had anatomically patent ducts during irrigation, with a minimum 6-month follow-up. The external dacryocystorhinostomy, defined as the time from instillation of the dye into the conjunctival sac until its flow from the rhinostomy site, was performed in all patients. Positive predictive value of the endoscopic dye transit test to assess functional success was analyzed. The cutoff point was determined using a receiver operating characteristic curve. Results: Of the 50 patients, 44 (88%) exhibited subjective improvement or complete resolution of epiphora (functional success). The best cutoff point for the endoscopic dye transit test was 60 s. Of 39 patients with endoscopic dye transit test £60 s, 38 (97.4%) exhibited functional success, demonstrating a 97.4% positive predictive value. Conclusion: The endoscopic dye transit test £60 s is a reliable tool to predict functional success and good prognosis after external or laser transcanalicular dacryocystorhinostomy.


RESUMO Objetivo: Determinar a confiabilidade do teste endoscópico do corante na predição do sucesso funcional após dacriocistorrinostomia. Métodos: Estudo transversal com 50 pacientes submetidos ao grupo de dacriocistorrinostomia externa ou grupo dacriocistorrinostomia transcanalicular e que possuíam dutos anatomicamente patentes pela irrigação, com seguimento mínimo de 6 meses. A dacriocistorrinostomia externa, definida como o tempo desde a instilação do corante no saco conjuntival até o fluxo do local da rinostomia, foi realizada em todos os pacientes. O valor preditivo positivo do teste endoscópico do corante para avaliar o sucesso funcional foi analisado. O ponto de corte foi determinado usando uma curva característica de operação do receptor. Resultados: Dos 50 pacientes, 44 (88%) apresentaram melhora subjetiva ou resolução completa da epífora (sucesso funcional). O melhor ponto de corte para o teste endoscópico do corante foi de 60 s. Dos 39 pacientes com teste endoscópico do corante £60 s, 38 (97,4%) apresentaram sucesso funcional, demonstrando um valor preditivo positivo de 97,4%. Conclusão: O teste en­doscópico do corante £60 s é uma ferramenta confiável para predizer o sucesso funcional e o bom prognóstico após dacriocistorrinostomia transcanalicular externa ou a laser.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Dacryocystorhinostomy/methods , Lasers, Semiconductor/therapeutic use , Lacrimal Duct Obstruction/diagnosis , Nasolacrimal Duct/physiopathology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Predictive Value of Tests , Reproducibility of Results , Contrast Media , Endoscopy/methods
6.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 79(1): 38-41, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092654

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo: Avaliar a efetividade e o perfil de segurança da ciclofotocoagulação transescleral padrão (CTCTE) e sua variação técnica denominada slow cooking (CTCTE SC) em pacientes com olho cego doloroso por glaucoma neovascular. Métodos: Pacientes foram submetidos a exame oftalmológico, graduando o nível da dor através de escala gráfica/numérica e divididos em dois grupos, um para tratamento com CTCTE e outro CTCTE SC. O acompanhamento foi realizado no primeiro, trigésimo e nonagésimo dias. Resultados: Dos 26 pacientes inclusos, 11 (42,3%) eram do sexo masculino. A idade média dos pacientes foi de 69 anos. Destes, 16 pacientes foram submetidos ao tratamento CTCTE e 10 pacientes a CTCTE SC. A pressão intraocular (PIO) teve média pré tratamento de 49 ± 23 mmHg no grupo CFCTE e medias no 1º, 30º e 90º dias pós-operatórios respectivamente: 32 ± 24 mmHg, 38 ± 18 mmHg, 43 ± 10 mmHg. No grupo submetido a técnica CFCTE SC a PIO prévia foi 54 ± 16 mmHg e médias no 1º, 30º e 90º dias pós-operatórios respectivamente: 38 ± 22 mmHg, 39 ± 10 mmHg , 44 ± 09 mmHg. A redução da dor foi efetiva em 88,4% pacientes. Durante o pós-operatório foi verificado hiperemia, quemose e hifema. Não foram observadas complicações graves. Conclusão: O tratamento do olho cego doloroso com ciclofotocoagulação transescleral com baixa carga foi um procedimento seguro e eficaz na resolução da dor, mas apresentou um baixo nível de redução da pressão intraocular em ambas técnicas usadas.


Abstract Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety profile of standard transescleral cyclophotocoagulation (CTCTE) and its technical variation of slow cooking (CTCTE SC) in patients with neovascular glaucoma pain. Methods: Patients underwent ophthalmological examination, grading their pain level through a graphical / numerical scale and divided into two groups, one for treatment with CTCTE and another CTCTE SC. Follow-up was performed on the first, thirtieth and ninetieth days. Results: Of the 26 patients included, 11 (42.3%) were male. The average age of the patients was 69 years. Of these, 16 patients underwent CTCTE treatment and 10 patients underwent CTCTE SC. Intraocular pressure (IOP) had a mean pre-treatment of 49 ± 23 mmHg in the CFCTE group and medians at the 1st, 30th and 90th postoperative days respectively: 32 ± 24 mmHg, 38 ± 18 mmHg, 43 ± 10 mmHg. In the group submitted to the CFCTE SC technique, the previous IOP was 54 ± 16 mmHg and averages on the 1st, 30th and 90th postoperative days respectively: 38 ± 22 mmHg, 39 ± 10 mmHg, 44 ± 09 mmHg. Pain reduction was effective in 88.4% patients. During the postoperative period, hyperemia, chemosis and hyphema were observed. No serious complications were observed. Conclusion: Painful blind eye treatment with low load transscleral cyclophotocoagulation was a safe and effective procedure for pain resolution, but presented a low level of intraocular pressure reduction in both techniques used.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Glaucoma, Neovascular/surgery , Glaucoma, Neovascular/complications , Blindness/etiology , Laser Coagulation/methods , Eye Pain/surgery , Sclera/surgery , Prospective Studies , Lasers, Semiconductor/therapeutic use
7.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1135508

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To discover the perceptions of pediatric patients, their parents and undergraduate Dentistry students of the use of the diode laser in frenectomy surgeries. Material and Methods: A qualitative study was conducted through semi-structured interviews, recorded and transcribed with subsequent content analysis. Twelve healthy children (5-8 years old) who needed a frenectomy were selected and invited, together with their parents, to undergo laser diode surgery. In addition, 28 undergraduate dentistry students were invited to attend the procedures. One week after performing the surgical procedures, the children (Group 1), their parents (Group 2) and the students who attended the procedures (Group 3) were individually interviewed for the thematic analysis. Results: The analysis of the conversations identified three emerging contents: positive thoughts on the use of diode laser; frustrations from the use of diode laser; and aspects related to professional training. Conclusion: The results pointed to the acceptance of surgical laser use in pediatric dentistry; however, the feelings of frustration indicate that its use requires guidance from the child and his/her parents, in addition to careful handling and specific training.


Subject(s)
Pediatric Dentistry , Laser Therapy/instrumentation , Lasers, Semiconductor/therapeutic use , Gingival Diseases/surgery , Labial Frenum/surgery , Perception , Brazil/epidemiology , Qualitative Research
8.
Rev. ADM ; 76(2): 109-112, mar.-abr. 2019. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1009264

ABSTRACT

La desprogramación neuromuscular juega un papel importante en el tratamiento de la disfunción temporomandibular, uno de los principales inconvenientes es el periodo prolongado del tratamiento, lo cual influye en la aceptación del paciente o el abandono del tratamiento. El diagnóstico es crucial para planificar el tratamiento ya que cubre una amplia gama de variables para tratarlo, por lo que en este caso es un paciente dolicofacial, con problemas de disfunción temporomandibular de origen muscular, por lo cual se optó por utilizar laserterapia de bajo nivel como coadyuvante de tratamiento, dando como resultado una mejor aceptación y colaboración de la desprogramación del paciente en un periodo de tiempo más corto (AU)


Neuromuscular deprogramming plays an important role in the treatment of temporomandibular dysfunction, one of the main drawbacks is the prolonged period of treatment, which influences the acceptance of the patient or the abandonment of treatment. The diagnosis is crucial to plan the treatment since it covers a wide range of variables to treat it, so in this case it is a dolichofacial patient, with problems of temporomandibular dysfunction of muscular origin, which is why we chose to use low-level laser therapy, level as a coadjutant of treatment, resulting in a better acceptance and collaboration of the deprogramming of the patient in a shorter period of time (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction Syndrome/therapy , Dental Occlusion, Centric , Lasers, Semiconductor/therapeutic use , Occlusal Splints , Dental Articulators , Mexico
9.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 33: e084, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019612

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study aimed to evaluate the role of photobiomodulation (PBM) in apexification and apexogenesis of necrotic rat molars with an open apex. Rat molars were exposed to the oral environment for 3 weeks. Canals were rinsed with 2.5% NaOCl and 17% EDTA, filled with antibiotic paste and sealed. After 7 days, canals were rinsed and divided into six groups (n=6): mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA); blood clot (BC); human dental pulp stem cells (hDPSC); MTA+PBM; BC+PBM; and hDPSC+PBM. In hDPSC groups, a 1% agarose gel scaffold was used. Two groups were not exposed: healthy tooth+PBM (n = 6), healthy tooth (n = 3); and one was exposed throughout the experiment: necrotic tooth (n = 3). In PBM groups, irradiation was performed with aluminum gallium indium phosphide (InGaAlP) diode laser for 30 days within 24-h intervals. After that, the specimens were processed for histological and immunohistochemical analyses. Necrotic tooth showed greater neutrophil infiltrate (p < 0.05). Necrotic tooth, healthy tooth, and healthy tooth+PBM groups showed absence of a thin layer of fibrous condensation in the periapical area. All the other groups stimulated the formation of a thicker layer of fibers (p < 0.05). All groups formed more mineralized tissue than necrotic tooth (p < 0.05). PBM associated with MTA, BC, or hDPSC formed more mineralized tissue (p < 0.05). MTA+PBM induced apexification (p < 0.05). Rabbit polyclonal anti-bone sialoprotein (BSP) antibody confirmed the histological findings of mineralized tissue formation, and hDPSC groups exhibited higher percentage of BSP-positive cells. It can be concluded that PBM improved apexification and favored apexogenesis in necrotic rat molars with an open apex.


Subject(s)
Animals , Tooth Diseases/radiotherapy , Dental Pulp Necrosis/radiotherapy , Tooth Apex/radiation effects , Low-Level Light Therapy/methods , Dental Pulp Cavity/radiation effects , Lasers, Semiconductor/therapeutic use , Apexification/methods , Oxides/therapeutic use , Stem Cells , Tooth Diseases/pathology , Immunohistochemistry , Random Allocation , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Rats, Wistar , Silicates/therapeutic use , Calcium Compounds/therapeutic use , Aluminum Compounds/therapeutic use , Dental Pulp Necrosis/pathology , Tooth Apex/pathology , Dental Pulp/cytology , Dental Pulp Cavity/pathology , Drug Combinations , Integrin-Binding Sialoprotein/analysis
10.
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 62: e19180133, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011525

ABSTRACT

Abstract Quality of life drastically diminished after radiotherapy due to radiation induced oral complications. Fluoride was found to be helpful in decreasing the incidence of radiation caries; however it has not led to elimination of dental caries. Thus, new techniques containing low fluoride concentration or not containing fluoride at all, as laser irradiation, have been studied to prevent the beginning or progression of caries. So the purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of laser surface treatment with or without fluoride on microhardness and ultrastructure of demineralized gamma irradiated enamel; Thirty enamel slabs were allocated into three groups (n=10): G slabs were subjected to gamma irradiation only; GL slabs were subjected to gamma irradiation followed by diode laser and GFL slabs were subjected to gamma irradiation followed by fluoride then diode laser. Slabs were then exposed to demineralizing solution for 72 hours. Examination of slabs was performed using vickers microhardness test and scanning electron microscope; The lowest microhardness was recorded in group G, while inGL and GFL groups it significantly increased. Scanning electron microscope revealed a pronounced loss of central prism core and retention of prism peripheries in group G. Confluence of prismatic and interprismatic structures in GL slabs and irregular rough surface with prismatic boundaries conservation in GFL slabs were detected. Applying laser improved the microhardness and counteracted the adverse effect of gamma radiation. Adding fluoride before laser irradiation had a marked effect on microhardness..


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth Demineralization/therapy , Dental Enamel/radiation effects , Lasers, Semiconductor/therapeutic use , Fluorides/therapeutic use
11.
Rev. odontol. UNESP (Online) ; 48: e20180144, 2019. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1014406

ABSTRACT

Resumo Introdução A busca por protocolos efetivos para reduzir a incidência de reabsorções radiculares e favorecer a reparação do ligamento periodontal perdido ainda representa um grande desafio, tendo em vista o prognóstico desfavorável dos reimplantes dentais tardios. Objetivo Avaliar, por meio da análise histológica, os efeitos do laser de alta potência e da fotobiomodulação na ocorrência de reabsorção radicular e no reparo periodontal, em dentes reimplantados tardiamente. Material e método Foram utilizados 50 incisivos centrais direitos de ratos Wistar. Após a extração, os espécimes foram divididos em cinco grupos (n = 10): G1 (controle positivo): reimplante imediato; G2 (controle negativo): reimplante tardio (RT): espécimes mantidos em ambiente seco por 60 minutos, sem tratamento adicional; G3: RT associado ao tratamento da superfície radicular com laser diodo de alta potência (810 nm, 1.5 W); G4: RT + superfícies radiculares e feridas alveolares tratadas com fotobiomodulação (laser diodo 660 nm, 30 mW e 780 nm, 40 mW, respectivamente); G5: RT + superfícies radiculares irradiadas com laser de alta e alvéolos com fotobiomodulação, nos mesmos parâmetros que G3 e G4, respectivamente. Após 60 dias, os animais foram eutanasiados. Os espécimes foram processados para análise histológica. Resultado G3 e G5 apresentaram as menores médias de scores com relação à ocorrência de reabsorções radiculares e anquilose, quando comparados a G2 e G4 (Teste Kruskall-Wallis, p<0,05). Com relação ao reparo periodontal, todos os grupos experimentais (G3, G4 e G5) apresentaram médias de escores inferiores (Teste Kruskall-Wallis, p<0,05) comparadas ao G1 e semelhantes ao G2 (Teste Kruskall-Wallis, p>0,05). Conclusão O laser de alta potência, associado ou não à fotobiomodulação, diminuiu a ocorrência das reabsorções radiculares e da anquilose, e a fotobiomodulação não favoreceu o controle das reabsorções radiculares nem o reparo periodontal.


Abstract Introduction The search for effective protocols for a lower incidence of root resorptions reduction and for a favor periodontal repair still represents a great challenge, considering the unfavorable prognostic of the delayed replanted tooth. Objective To evaluate by histologic analyses the effects of high power diode laser and photobiomodulation on the occurrence of root resorption and on the tissue repair of delayed replanted teeth. Material and method Fifty right central incisors of Wistar rats were used. After the extraction, the specimens were assigned to 5 groups (n=10): G1 and G2 were the control groups-with no treatment and they were respectively submitted to immediate and delayed replantation (DR- 60 minutes after the extraction). The other three groups received tissue repair treatment prior the DR: G3 - root surfaces were irradiated with high power laser (810 nm, 1.5 W); G4- root surfaces and the alveolar wounds were irradiated with low power laser (photobiomodulation), respectively with 660 nm, 90 mW and 780 nm, 40 mW; G5- root surfaces were irradiated with high power and the alveolar wound received photobiomodulation with the same parameters used in G3 and G4. After 60 days the animals were euthanized. The specimens were processed for histological analyses. Result The histologic analysis showed lower means values of scores of root reabsorptions and ankylosis in G3 and G5 when compared to G2 and G4 (Kruskall-Wallis test, p>0.05). Regarding the periodontal repair, all the experimental groups (G3, G4 and G5) presented lower means values of scores than G1 (Kruskall-Wallis test, p <0.05) and similar values to G2 (Kruskall-Wallis test, p>0.0.5). Conclusion High power laser reduced the occurrence of root resorption and photobiomodulation did not enhance the tissue healing process in delayed tooth replantation in rats.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Root Resorption , Tooth Avulsion , Tooth Replantation , Lasers, Semiconductor/therapeutic use , Phototherapy , Incidence , Rats, Wistar , Tooth Ankylosis
12.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 12(3): 269-273, Sept. 2018. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-975744

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: El uso del láser de baja potencia en odontología está siendo cada vez más frecuente y con excelentes resultados, los equipos más modernos traen pre-establecidos la dosimetría de los parámetros para las diferentes acciones clínicas. El objetivo de esta revisión fue encontrar evidencia científica que permita al clínico tener como una alternativa de tratamiento el uso del láser de baja potencia en patologías orales de tejidos blandos y duros en pacientes pediátricos. Se realizó una revisión de la literatura por medio de buscadores como PubMed, LILACS y SciELO. Después de leer a texto completo todos los trabajos es posible señalar que el láser de baja frecuencia es una buena alternativa terapéutica en la resolución de signos y síntomas en patologías orales que aquejan al paciente pediátrico, puesto que, presenta un rápido control del dolor, la inflamación, el sangrado y acelera los procesos de reparación celular.


ABSTRACT: Low Level Laser Therapy in dentistry is becoming more frequent and has had excellent results, with state of the art equipment having pre-established dosimetry parameters for the various clinical actions. The objective of this review was to find scientific evidence that allows the clinician to have the use of low power laser as treatment alternative, in oral soft tissue and hard pathologies in pediatric patients. A review of the literature was performed through search engines such as PubMed, LILACS and SciELO. After reading the texts, it was possible to point out that low frequency laser is a good therapeutic alternative in the resolution of signs and symptoms in oral pathologies of the pediatric patient. This alternative allows for rapid pain control, reduces inflammation and bleeding, and accelerates cellular repair processes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Stomatitis, Aphthous/therapy , Oral Ulcer/therapy , Low-Level Light Therapy/methods , Dentin Sensitivity/radiotherapy , Lasers, Semiconductor/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome , Pediatric Dentistry/methods , Laser Therapy/methods , Labial Frenum/surgery
13.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 77(4): 214-218, jul.-ago. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-959101

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: We describe the pressure lowering effect of micropulse laser trabeculoplasty (MLT) in patients with uncontrolled open angle glaucoma (OAG). Design: Retrospective case series. Methods: We retrospective reviewed 30 eyes with Open angle Glaucoma (OAG) at the Vista Clinic in Lima, Peru. A single session of MLT treatment was delivered using a 532 nm Frequency doubled Nd. YAG laser to 360º of the trabecular meshwork with a power of 1000 mW, 25 % of duty cycle, and 300 ms. of exposure. The intraocular pressure (IOP) was measured at baseline and at 1 day, 1 week, 3, 6 months post-treatment and were followed up for one last control. Results: The mean baseline IOP was 15.6 mmHg and in the last control was12.8 mmHg, mean follow up time of 19 months (+/- 10 SD). The mean reduction of IOP in the first day was 1.6 mmHg (± 2.6 SD) and 1.2 mmHg (± 3.3 SD) in the last follow up. The mean percentage of IOP reduction was 17.9% and 7 eyes (40%) had IOP reduction greater than 20%. No statistical difference in relation to demographics characteristics of the patients. The greatest reduction was achieved in the first day with a median of 2.00 (P 0.001). A tendency to achieve higher reduction of IOP in patients with higher baseline IOP was found, but was not statistical significant. No adverse reactions occurred. Conclusions: Micropulse laser trabeculoplasty can temporarily be effective in reducing the IOP in some patients with uncontrolled Open angle glaucoma and appears to be safe.


RESUMO Objetivo: Descrevemos o efeito redutor de pressão da trabeculoplastia com laser de micropulso (MLT) em pacientes com glaucoma de ângulo aberto (OAG) descontrolado. Design: Série de casos retrospectiva. Métodos: Foram revisados retrospectivamente 30 olhos com glaucoma de ângulo aberto (OAG) na Clínica Vista em Lima, Peru. Uma única sessão de tratamento com MLT foi administrada usando uma Nd de frequência duplicada de 532 nm. Laser YAG a 360 º da malha trabecular com uma potência de 1000 mW, 25% do ciclo de trabalho e 300 ms. de exposição. A pressão intra-ocular (PIO) foi medida no início e em 1 dia, 1 semana, 3, 6 meses após o tratamento e foram seguidos por um último controle. Resultados: A média da PIO basal foi de 15,6 mmHg e no último controle foi de 12,8 mmHg, com tempo médio de seguimento de 19 meses (+/- 10 DP). A redução média da PIO no primeiro dia foi de 1,6 mmHg (± 2,6 DP) e 1,2 mmHg (± 3,3 DP) no último seguimento. A porcentagem média de redução da PIO foi de 17,9% e 7 olhos (40%) tiveram redução da PIO superior a 20%. Nenhuma diferença estatística em relação às características demográficas dos pacientes. A maior redução foi obtida no primeiro dia com mediana de 2,00 (P 0,001). A tendência de atingir uma redução maior da PIO em pacientes com PIO basal mais alta foi encontrada, mas não foi estatisticamente significativa. Nenhuma reação adversa ocorreu. Conclusões: A trabeculoplastia a laser Micropulse pode ser temporariamente eficaz na redução da PIO em alguns pacientes com glaucoma de ângulo aberto descontrolado e parece ser segura.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Trabeculectomy/methods , Glaucoma, Open-Angle/surgery , Laser Therapy/methods , Peru , Medical Records , Retrospective Studies , Lasers, Semiconductor/therapeutic use , Intraocular Pressure
14.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 32: e61, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-974452

ABSTRACT

Abstract To evaluate the impact of the GaAlAs diode laser with energy densities of 160 J/cm2, 320 J/cm2, and 640 J/cm2 on the periodontal tissues under continuous orthodontic force application and on the rate of orthodontic tooth movement in rats with type-2 diabetes mellitus. The intensity of primary alveolar bone formation was also investigated through the immune-positive osteocytes for OPN antibody. Forty adult male Wistar rats were divided into eight groups of 5 rats: normoglycemic (N), 160 J-laser-normoglycemic (160 J-LN), 320 J-laser-normoglycemic (320 J-LN), 640 J-laser-normoglycemic (640 J-LN), diabetic (D), 160 J-laser-diabetic (160 J-LD), 320 J-laser-diabetic (320 J-LD), and 640 J-laser-diabetic (640 J-LD) rats. Diabetes mellitus was induced by a single intravenous injection of 40 mg/kg monohydrated-alloxan. An orthodontic force magnitude of 20cN was applied. The laser parameters were continuous emission of 780-nm wavelength, output power of 20mW, and fiber probe with a spot size of 0.04 cm in diameter. Radiographic, histomorphological, and immunohistochemical analysis were performed after a period of 21 days. The photobiomodulation using the energy density of 640 J/cm2 strongly stimulated the alveolar bone formation and contributed the reorganization of the soft periodontal tissues, followed by the 320 J/cm2. Extensive alveolar bone loss, intense infiltration of inflammatory cells, and degradation of the PDJ tissue were mainly found in the D and 160 J-LD groups. The rate of orthodontic tooth movement was represented by the interdental distance between the cementoenamel junctions of the right mandibular first and second molars . This distance was larger in the diabetic groups (D: 39.98±1.97, 160 J-LD: 34.84±6.01, 320 J-LD: 29.82±1.73, and 640 J-LD: 35.47±4.56) than in the normoglycemic groups (N: 21.13±1.19; 160 J-LN: 22.69±0.72, 320 J-LN: 22.28±0.78, and 640 J-LN: 24.56±2.11). The number of osteopontin-positive osteocytes was significantly greater in the 640 J-LD (14.72 ± 0.82; p < 0.01) and 640 J-LN (13.62 ± 1.33; p < 0.05) groups than with D (9.82 ± 1.17) and 160 J-LD (9.77 ± 1.10) groups. Therefore, the energy density of 640 J/cm2 provided the best maintenance and integrity of the periodontal tissue microarchitecture under continuous orthodontic force when compared with the other dosages, mainly in the uncontrolled diabetic rats. The interdental distance was greater in the D and 160 J-LD groups due to presence of severe periodontitis caused by diabetes plus the mechanical stress generated by continuous orthodontic forces, implying, thus, an insufficient biostimulatory effect for the dosage of 160 J/cm2.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Tooth Movement Techniques/methods , Periodontium/radiation effects , Low-Level Light Therapy/methods , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/physiopathology , Orthodontic Appliances , Osteoclasts/radiation effects , Osteocytes/radiation effects , Osteogenesis/radiation effects , Radiation Dosage , Reference Values , Periodontium/pathology , Periodontium/diagnostic imaging , Immunohistochemistry , Radiography , Random Allocation , Reproducibility of Results , Alveolar Bone Loss/pathology , Rats, Wistar , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental , Osteopontin/analysis , Lasers, Semiconductor/therapeutic use
15.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 32: e56, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-952163

ABSTRACT

Abstract Given the growing trend towards medical indications for continuous use of anticoagulants, the number of patients on these medications continues to rise. The management of patients on oral anticoagulants requiring oral surgical procedures has aroused much controversy. Changes in an anticoagulation regimen are associated with an increased risk of thromboembolism. However, it seems logical and advantageous for the patients' health if surgery could be performed without any change to the anticoagulation therapy. In dentistry, high-power lasers have been poorly explored in this field. The hemostatic properties of high-power lasers could be helpful during oral soft tissue surgeries in anticoagulated patients. The aim of this study was to compare bleeding time in anticoagulated rats after lingual frenectomy performed with a scalpel or diode laser with bleeding time in healthy animals. Twenty-four male Wistar rats were assigned to four groups (n = 6): (CS) Control-Scalpel Surgery; (AS) Anticoagulated-Scalpel Surgery; (CL) Control-Laser (diode laser 810 nm/1.5 W) Surgery; and (AL) Anticoagulated-Laser Surgery (diode laser 810 nm/1.5 W). Warfarin administration was used to induce anticoagulation. Blood was blotted every 30 seconds with filter paper until bleeding stopped to verify bleeding time. Two blinded researchers performed the surgeries and collected the bleeding time data. Diode laser surgery led to complete hemostasis in rats during and after lingual frenectomy. Zero bleeding was assessed during surgeries and after diode laser surgeries in anticoagulated rats. Laser-induced hemostasis offered an alternative solution to the controversial issue of intraoperative and postoperative bleeding control in patients on anticoagulation therapy.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Blood Coagulation/radiation effects , Laser Coagulation/methods , Postoperative Hemorrhage/prevention & control , Lasers, Semiconductor/therapeutic use , Lingual Frenum/surgery , Thromboembolism , Warfarin/therapeutic use , Bleeding Time , Double-Blind Method , Reproducibility of Results , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome , Rats, Wistar , Anticoagulants/therapeutic use
16.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 32: e90, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-952149

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the biostimulation (BS) effect of the gallium-aluminum-arsenide (GaAlAs) diode laser by histopathology with an experimental osteoarthritis (OA) model in the temporomandibular joints (TMJ) of rabbits, in the early period. GaAlAs diode laser is used for pain reduction in TMJ disorders. Twenty-four adult male New Zealand white rabbits were randomly divided into three equal groups: Control Group (CG), Study Group 1 (SG-1), and Study Group 2 (SG-2). Mono-iodoacetate (MIA) was administered to the right TMJs of all rabbits. The rabbits did not undergo any treatment for four weeks to allow the development of osteoarthritis. In SG-1, laser BS was applied to the rabbits at 940 nm, 5 W, and 15 J/cm2 in continuous wave mode at 48-hour intervals for 14 sessions; and in SG-2, laser BS was applied with the same parameters at 24-hour intervals for 28 sessions. Laser BS was not applied to the rabbits in CG. All rabbits were sacrificed simultaneously. The TMJ cartilage, osteochondral junction, chondrocyte appearance, and subchondral ossification were evaluated histopathologically. There was no statistically significant difference between the groups in terms of cartilage, osteochondral junction, chondrocyte appearance, and subchondral ossification values (p > 0.05). The laser BS protocol used in the study had no positive histopathological effects on TMJ OA in the early period.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Osteoarthritis/radiotherapy , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders/radiotherapy , Low-Level Light Therapy/methods , Lasers, Semiconductor/therapeutic use , Osteoarthritis/pathology , Rabbits , Temporomandibular Joint/pathology , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders/pathology , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Chondrocytes/radiation effects , Chondrocytes/pathology
17.
J. appl. oral sci ; 26: e20170266, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-954507

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective In this study, we aimed to histologically and immunologically evaluate the effect of diode laser treatment when applied adjunctive to scaling and root planing (SRP) in an experimental periodontitis model. Materials and methods We used Wistar-Albino rats (n=60) with average weight of 230 g. Experimental periodontitis was induced by ligature at the right and left first mandibular molar teeth in all rats. After 11 days, the ligature was removed and rats were divided into two groups. The control group (n=30) received only SRP treatment, while the laser group (n=30) received a diode laser (GaAlAs, 810 nm, 1 W, 10 J, 20 s) treatment adjunctive to SRP. Ten rats in each group were sacrificed after 7, 15, and 30 days. Histopathological examination was performed in the left mandible of rats. Myeloperoxidase (MPO) was evaluated by western blot in the gingival specimens from the right mandible. Results MPO levels in the laser group were statistically significantly lower compared with the control group (p≤0.05). There was no statistically significance at any time between MPO levels in the control group (p>0.05). MPO levels in the laser group at the 7th day were statistically significantly higher compared to the 15th (p≤0.05) and the 30th day (p≤0.05). Inflammatory cell infiltration decreased over time in both groups and was statistically significantly lower in the laser group than in the control group at all times (p≤0.01). Conclusions Within the limits of this study, we suggest that diode laser application is an adjunctive treatment because it reduced inflammation and MPO when applied in addition to SRP. On the other hand, more studies are needed for the assessment of the effects of diode laser application to periodontal tissues.


Subject(s)
Animals , Periodontitis/pathology , Periodontitis/therapy , Dental Scaling/methods , Peroxidase/analysis , Low-Level Light Therapy/methods , Lasers, Semiconductor/therapeutic use , Periodontitis , Time Factors , Random Allocation , Blotting, Western , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Rats, Wistar , Combined Modality Therapy , Disease Models, Animal , Ligation
18.
Rev. cuba. oftalmol ; 30(4): 1-14, oct.-dic. 2017. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1042925

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: comparar los resultados del tratamiento, mediante ciclofotocoagulación transescleral con láser diodo utilizando sonda Nidek y sonda G-Probe, a ojos con glaucoma absoluto doloroso de pacientes atendidos en el Servicio de Glaucoma del Instituto Cubano de Oftalmología Ramón Pando Ferrer durante un año. Métodos: se realizó un estudio comparativo-prospectivo a 50 ojos distribuidos aleatoriamente en dos grupos: 25 ojos sometidos al procedimiento con sonda Nidek y 25 ojos tratados con sonda G-Probe. Se analizaron y compararon las variables presión intraocular, dolor, medicamentos hipotensores utilizados, así como complicaciones posoperatorias antes y después de aplicado el tratamiento. Resultados: los 50 ojos antes del tratamiento eran hipertensos; tres meses después los valores de la presión intraocular eran considerados normales para ambos grupos de estudio. Se mostró una variación estadísticamente significativa (p= 0,0000) respectivamente. Todos los pacientes referían dolor ocular previo. En ambos grupos se redujo satisfactoriamente el componente doloroso y se obtuvieron resultados similares. Se redujo significativamente el número de medicamentos hipotensores, y la mayor parte de los ojos no requirió más terapia farmacológica después de los tres meses. El número de complicaciones asociadas fue discretamente superior en los ojos tratados con sonda Nidek. La uveítis y los picos hipertensivos en el posoperatorio inmediato fue lo más destacado con el uso de ambas sondas. Conclusiones: la ciclofotocoagulación transescleral con láser diodo reduce las cifras de presión intraocular y el componente doloroso con ambas sondas satisfactoriamente. La mayoría de los ojos tratados no requiere terapia farmacológica hipotensora después de 3 meses de realizada. El procedimiento ciclodestructivo es seguro y causa un número discreto de complicaciones con el uso de ambas sondas(AU)


Objective: compare the results of treatment with diode laser transscleral cyclophotocoagulation using Nidek probe and G-probe for eyes with painful absolute glaucoma of patients cared for at the Glaucoma Service of Ramón Pando Ferrer Cuban Institute of Ophthalmology during one year. Methods: a prospective comparative study was conducted of 50 eyes randomly distributed in two groups: 25 treated with Nidek probe and 25 with G-Probe. The following variables were analyzed and compared: intraocular pressure, pain, hypotensive drugs used, and postoperative complications before and after application of the treatment. Results: before treatment, the 50 eyes were hypertensive, whereas three months later intraocular pressure values were considered to be normal in both study groups. A statistically significant variation was found (p= 0.0000). All the patients stated having had ocular pain previously. The two groups showed a satisfactory reduction in pain, with similar results between them. The number of hypotensive drugs was significantly reduced, and most eyes did not require any more drug therapy after three months. The number of associated complications was slightly higher in the eyes treated with Nidek probe. Uveitis and hypertensive peaks in the immediate postoperative period were the most outstanding events with the use of both probes. Conclusions: diode laser transscleral cyclophotocoagulation satisfactorily reduces intraocular pressure values and pain with the use of both probes. Most of the eyes treated do not require hypotensive drug therapy after 3 months. The cyclodestructive procedure is safe, causing a slight number of complications with the use of both probes(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Glaucoma, Neovascular/therapy , Laser Coagulation/methods , Lasers, Semiconductor/therapeutic use , Comparative Study , Prospective Studies
19.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 22(6): 99-109, Nov.-Dec. 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-891104

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: In dental practice, low-level laser therapy (LLLT) and high-intensity laser therapy (HILT) are mainly used for dental surgery and biostimulation therapy. Within the Orthodontic specialty, while LLLT has been widely used to treat pain associated with orthodontic movement, accelerate bone regeneration after rapid maxillary expansion, and enhance orthodontic tooth movement, HILT, in turn, has been seen as an alternative for addressing soft tissue complications associated to orthodontic treatment. Objective: The aim of this study is to discuss HILT applications in orthodontic treatment. Methods: This study describes the use of HILT in surgical treatments such as gingivectomy, ulotomy, ulectomy, fiberotomy, labial and lingual frenectomies, as well as hard tissue and other dental restorative materials applications. Conclusion: Despite the many applications for lasers in Orthodontics, they are still underused by Brazilian practitioners. However, it is quite likely that this demand will increase over the next years - following the trend in the USA, where laser therapies are more widely used.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Orthodontics/instrumentation , Orthodontics/methods , Laser Therapy/instrumentation , Laser Therapy/methods , Surgery, Oral/instrumentation , Surgery, Oral/methods , Tooth Movement Techniques/instrumentation , Tooth Movement Techniques/methods , Low-Level Light Therapy/instrumentation , Low-Level Light Therapy/methods , Lasers, Semiconductor/therapeutic use , Gingivectomy/instrumentation
20.
J. appl. oral sci ; 25(4): 387-395, July-Aug. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-893639

ABSTRACT

Abstract Low intensity laser can be used as a promising alternative in the treatment of periodontal disease. Objective The aim of this study was to evaluate low-level laser therapy (LLLT) as an adjuvant treatment for scaling and root planing (SRP) for the treatment of induced periodontitis in simvastatin-modified rats. Material and Methods A total of 180 rats were evenly divided into two groups: Veh - receiving oral administration of polyethylene glycol (vehicle); S - receiving oral administration of Simvastatin. Periodontal disease was induced in both groups at the first mandibular molar. After seven days, the ligature was removed and the animals were divided into subgroups according to the following local treatments: NT - no treatment; SRP - scaling and root planing and irrigation with saline solution; and LLLT ¬- SRP and laser irradiation (660 nm; 0.03 W; 4 J). Ten animals in each subgroup/local treatment were euthanized at 7, 15 and 30 days. Samples of gingival tissue were processed to analyze the tissue oxidative damage and radiographic analysis. Levels of oxidative stress were analyzed by the expressions of Tripeptideglutathione (TG), Malondialdehyde (MDA) and Carbonylated Proteins (CP). Results The animals in S group had higher levels of TG and lower levels of MDA and CP compared with Veh group (p<0.05). Radiographically, in the intragroup analysis Veh and S, LLLT showed lower bone loss (BL) compared with NT and SRP, in all experimental periods (p<0.01). In addition, a lower BL was observed for the animals of Veh group treated with LLLT compared with treatment SRP in the S group, in all experimental periods. Conclusion Within the limits of this study, we can conclude that LLLT was effective as adjuvant treatment for SRP protecting against the occurrence of oxidative tissue damages as well as for reducing alveolar bone loss in experimentally induced periodontitis simvastatin-modified rats.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Periodontitis/therapy , Dental Scaling/methods , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors/pharmacology , Simvastatin/pharmacology , Low-Level Light Therapy/methods , Lasers, Semiconductor/therapeutic use , Periodontitis/diagnostic imaging , Reference Values , Time Factors , Random Allocation , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Rats, Wistar , Radiotherapy, Adjuvant , Protein Carbonylation , Gingiva/drug effects , Gingiva/chemistry , Glutathione/analysis , Malondialdehyde/analysis , Mandible/diagnostic imaging
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