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1.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 22: e238727, Jan.-Dec. 2023. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1413363

ABSTRACT

Aim: The present in vitro study aimed to evaluate the bond strength of a bulk fill composite on dentin surfaces prepared with the Er: YAG laser. Methods: Twenty-four permanent third molars were selected and divided into 2 groups: CP - Conventional preparation with high-speed handpiece (control) and LA (laser) - Preparation with Er: YAG laser. The occlusal surface was removed to expose coronal dentin, which was subsequently prepared with a high-speed handpiece or Er: YAG laser (350mJ, 4Hz, 1.5 ml/min water flow). Both groups were restored with Filtek One Bulk Fill (3M ESPE) composite resin. After 24 hours, the samples were evaluated for microtensile bond strength (µTBS), fracture pattern, and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Results: The data obtained in the µTBS test were submitted to t-test (α=0.05). The results showed no difference in µTBS when the different types of cavity preparation were compared (ρ=0.091). Fracture patterns revealed the prevalence of cohesive fracture in composite resin in CP (83.3%) and adhesive fracture in LA (92.1%). In the SEM analysis, the LA group demonstrated the presence of gaps between the composite resin and the irradiated dentin surface. The hybrid layer exhibited more regularity with the presence of longer and uniform resin tags in the CP group. Conclusion: The type of cavity preparation did not influence the values of bulk fill composite resin µTBS to dentin. Fracture patterns and scanning electron microscopy analyses suggested less interference at the adhesive interface in preparations performed using CP


Subject(s)
Adhesiveness , Composite Resins , Dental Materials , Lasers, Solid-State
2.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e223816, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1354701

ABSTRACT

Direct pulp capping induces a local inflammatory process. Several biomaterials have been used for this procedure. The aim of this study was to compare the dentinal bridge thickness using three different pulp capping biomaterials with the conventional technique (high speed diamond bur) or Er-Yag laser, 1 month after pulp effraction. Materials and Methods: Forty two Class V cavities were prepared on the buccal surface of 4 maxillary incisors and 2 mandibular incisors of New Zealand rabbits. Specimens were divided into 6 treatment groups. Teeth were treated with: In Group 1: Er-Yag laser and Biodentine® (Septodont), in Group 2: Er: Yag laser and calcium hydroxide (Dycal® Dentsply), in Group 3: Er: Yag laser and adhesive system (Prime& Bond® NT Dentsply), in Group 4: high speed diamond bur and Biodentine® (Septodont), in Group 5: high speed diamond bur and calcium hydroxide (Dycal® Dentsply), and in Group 6: high speed diamond bur and adhesive system (Prime& Bond® NT Dentsply). The preparation was done with copious irrigation. The animals were sacrificed at 30 days and the teeth were extracted and prepared for histological analysis. Results: In the group of « laser Er-Yag ¼, iatrogenic pulpal wounds treated with Biodentine® were covered with a thick hard tissue barrier after 1 month. The difference was not significant with the groups of Dycal® used with Er: Yag laser and high speed diamond bur. Prime& Bond® NT Dentsply specimens showed a thin dentinal bridge layer. Conclusion: At 1 month, Er-Yag laser proved to be useful with Biodentine® for direct pulp capping procedures


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Polymethacrylic Acids , Calcium Hydroxide , Silicates , Calcium Compounds , Dental Pulp Capping , Lasers, Solid-State
3.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 48(2): 371-372, March-Apr. 2022.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364945

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Tissue transfer has been used in urethral reconstruction for decades, and several grafts have been described (1, 2). The ideal graft would have optimal tissue characteristics and lead to minimal morbidity at the donor site. Urethroplasty using bladder mucosa was first described by Memmelaar in 1947 (3). The main limitation in using bladder mucosal grafts has been the invasiveness of open harvesting (4). We describe an endoscopic technique using Holmium: YAG laser to harvest bladder mucosal graft for substitution urethroplasty. Methodology: A 33-year-old male with no history of urethral instrumentation, trauma, or infection presented with obstructive lower urinary tract symptoms. On retrograde urethrogram a 6cm bulbar urethral stricture was identified. Several options were discussed, and the patient opted for a one-sided onlay dorsal urethroplasty (5) using a bladder mucosal graft. Equipment used to harvest the graft included an 18.5Fr continuous flow laser endoscope with a Kuntz working element (RZ) and a 60W Holmium Laser (Quanta) with 550μm laser fiber. The procedure was started by making a perineal incision, urethral mobilization and incision of the stricture segment. The laser endoscope was then introduced via the perineum. Settings of 0.5J, 30 Hz, and long pulse were used and a 7 x 2.5cm graft was harvested from the posterior bladder wall. Hemostasis of the harvest site was performed. The bladder mucosal graft was thinned in similar fashion to a buccal mucosal graft and sutured as per previously described techniques. Conclusion: Endoscopic Holmium Laser harvesting of bladder mucosal graft is feasible and may allow this graft to become an alternative to buccal mucosa. Further studies are required to define its role in urethral reconstruction.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Urethral Stricture/surgery , Lasers, Solid-State/therapeutic use , Urethra/surgery , Urinary Bladder/surgery , Mouth Mucosa/transplantation
4.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 48(2): 328-335, March-Apr. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364937

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objectives: To compare thulium laser enucleation of prostate (ThuLEP) versus laparoscopic trans-vesical simple prostatectomy (LSP) in the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Materials and Methods: Data of patients who underwent surgery for "large" BPH (>80mL) at three Institutions were collected and analyzed. Two institutions performed ThuLEP only; the third institution performed LSP only. Preoperative (indwelling catheter status, prostate volume (PVol), hemoglobin (Hb), Qmax, post-voiding residual volume (PVR), IPSS, QoL, IIEF-5) and perioperative data (operative time, enucleated adenoma, catheterization time, length of stay, Hb-drop, complications) were compared. Functional (Qmax, PVR, %ΔQmax) and patient-reported outcomes (IPSS, QoL, IIEF-5, %ΔIPSS, %ΔQoL) were compared at last follow-up. Results: 80 and 115 patients underwent LSP and ThuLEP, respectively. At baseline, median PVol was 130 versus 120mL, p <0.001; Qmax 9.6 vs. 7.1mL/s, p=0.005; IPSS 21 versus 25, p <0.001. Groups were comparable in terms of intraoperative complications (1 during LSP vs. 3 during ThuLEP) and transfusions (1 per group). Differences in terms of operative time (156 vs. 92 minutes, p <0.001), Hb-drop (-2.5 vs. −0.9g/dL, p <0.001), catheterization time (5 vs. 2 days, p <0.001) and postoperative complications (13.8% vs. 0, p <0.001) favored ThuLEP. At median follow-up of 40 months after LSP versus 30 after ThuLEP (p <0.001), Qmax improved by 226% vs. 205% (p=0.5), IPSS decreased by 88% versus 85% (p=0.9), QoL decreased by 80% with IIEF-5 remaining almost unmodified for both the approaches. Conclusions: Our analysis showed that LSP and ThuLEP are comparable in relieving from BPO and improving the patient-reported outcomes. Invasiveness of LSP is more significant.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Prostatic Hyperplasia/surgery , Prostatic Hyperplasia/complications , Laparoscopy , Laser Therapy , Lasers, Solid-State/therapeutic use , Prostate/surgery , Prostatectomy , Quality of Life , Thulium/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome
5.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 48(1): 200-201, Jan.-Feb. 2022.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1356299

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: The expansion of technology is leading to a paradigm shift in several urological fields (1, 2). In particular, the adoption of lasers within the surgical treatment of patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is considered one of the most relevant innovations (3-5). In this video, we aimed to report our experience with holmium laser for the ablation of the prostate (HoLAP) in patients with obstructive lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) due to BPH. Materials and Methods: From 2018 to 2020, 10 patients with obstructive LUTS secondary to BPH were treated at our Institution with HoLAP (120W Holmium laser Lumenis® with Moses® technology). Main inclusion criteria were: 1) International Prostate Symptom Score ≥12; 2) prostate volume ≤65mL, 3) maximal flow rate (Qmax) ≤15ml/s at preoperative non-invasive uroflowmetry. Results: Mean patient age was 65 (range: 59-72) years. Preoperative mean prostate volume was 50 (range: 35-65) mL. Mean operative time was 66 (range: 45-85) minutes with a mean laser time/operative time ratio of 0.51 (range: 0.44-0.60). Voiding symptoms, Qmax and post voiding residual were significantly improved after 3 and 12 months (all p <0.05). No postoperative urinary incontinence was detected. Conclusions: The present findings suggest that HoLAP is a slightly time-spending procedure, thus its use should be limited to prostate volume <70-80mL. However, no postoperative complications were recorded at all. This technique showed to be a safe option in patients with low-intermediate prostate volume, also in patients whose antiaggregant/anticoagulant therapy is maintained.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Prostatic Hyperplasia/surgery , Transurethral Resection of Prostate , Laser Therapy , Lasers, Solid-State/therapeutic use , Prostate/surgery , Prostatectomy , Technology , Holmium
6.
urol. colomb. (Bogotá. En línea) ; 31(4): 162-169, 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1412092

ABSTRACT

Introducción y Objetivo Con el advenimiento de nuevas tecnologías, vienen controversias respecto al espectro de sus aplicaciones. El costo derivado de estas tecnologías juega un papel muy importante en el momento de la toma de decisiones terapéuticas. Es por esto que consideramos relevante estimar la costo-efectividad de la nefrolitotomía percutánea comparada con la nefrolitotomía retrógrada flexible con láser de holmio en pacientes con litiasis renal de 20 mm a 30 mm en Colombia. Materiales y Métodos Por medio de la construcción de un modelo de árbol de decisión usando el programa Treeage (TreeAge Software, LLC, Williamstown, MA, EE.UU.), se realizó una comparación entre la nefrolitotomía percutánea y la nefrolitotomía retrógrada flexible con láser de holmio en pacientes con litiasis renal de 20 mm a 30 mm. La perspectiva fue la del tercer pagador, y se incluyeron los costos directos. Las cifras fueron expresadas en pesos colombianos de 2018. La mejoría clínica, definida como el paciente libre de cálculos, fue la unidad de resultado. Se hizo una extracción de datos de efectividad y seguridad por medio de una revisión sistemática de la literatura. La razón de costo-efectividad incremental fue calculada. Resultados El modelo final indica que la nefrolitotomía percutánea puede ser considerada como la alternativa más costo-efectiva. Los hallazgos fueron sensibles a la probabilidad de mejoría clínica de la nefrolitotomía percutánea. Conclusión Teniendo en cuenta las variables económicas, los supuestos del modelo y desde la perspectiva del tercer pagador, la nefrolitotomía percutánea para el tratamiento de pacientes con cálculos renales de 20 mm a 30 mm es costo-efectiva en nuestro país. Estos hallazgos fueron sensibles a los costos y a la efectividad de los procedimientos quirúrgicos.


Introduction and Objective The advent of new technologies leads to controversies regarding the spectrum of their applications and their cost. The cost of these technologies plays a very important role when making therapeutic decisions. Therefore, we consider it relevant to estimate the cost-effectiveness of percutaneous nephrolithotomy compared with flexible retrograde holmium laser nephrolithotomy in patients with kidney stones of 20 mm to 30 mm in Colombia. Materials and Methods Through the development of a decision tree model using the Treeage (TreeAge Software, LLC, Williamstown, MA, US) software, we compared percutaneous nephrolithotomy with flexible holmium laser retrograde nephrolithotomy in patients with kidney stones of 20 mm to 30 mm. The perspective was that of the third payer, and all direct costs were included. The figures were expressed in terms of 2018 Colombian pesos. Clinical improvement, which was defined as a stone-free patient, was the outcome unit. We extracted data on effectiveness and safety through a systematic review of the literature. The incremental cost-effectiveness ratio was calculated. Results In terms of cost-effectiveness the final model indicates that percutaneous nephrolithotomy may be considered the best alternative. These findings were sensitive to the probability of clinical improvement of the percutaneous nephrolithotomy. Conclusion Taking into account the economic variables, the assumptions of the model, and through the perspective of the third payer, percutaneous nephrolithotomy for the treatment of patients with kidney stones of 20 mm to 30mm is cost-effective in our country. These findings were sensitive to the costs and effectiveness of the surgical procedures.


Subject(s)
Humans , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Costs and Cost Analysis , Nephrolithiasis , Lasers, Solid-State , Nephrolithotomy, Percutaneous , Technology , Effectiveness , Decision Trees , Kidney Calculi , Colombia
7.
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(4): 1-10, 2022. tab, ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1395952

ABSTRACT

Objective: Endodontic perforation is a challenging mishap that should be repaired with a biocompatible material, Mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) and Biodentine are the most commonly used repair materials. However, these materials are expensive, (MTA) has prolonged setting time and difficult manipulation. The purpose of this study is to prepare the experimental nano calcium-aluminate/tri-calcium-silicate (CA/C3S) material and comparing its physical properties with biodentine and MTA, to evaluate the experimental material eligibility to compete the commercial repair materials. And to perform part two (animal study) that will evaluate the cytotoxicity, the biocompatibility and the efficacy of (CA/C3S) in furcal perforation repair compared to diode laser. Material and Methods: A mixture of calcium carbonate and aluminum oxide was used to formulate calcium aluminate phase (CA), tri-calcium-Silicate phase (C3S) was formulated by firing of calcium carbonate and quartz. The produced powders were investigated by X-ray diffraction, then (CA) and (C3S) mixed with water.(CA/ C3S) compared with MTA and biodentine for setting-time, micro-hardness, dimensional-stability and solubility. Results: Mean setting time of (CA/C3S) was (32.70±0.75min) which is significantly higher than MTA and Biodentine. The Mean microhardness of (CA/C3S) was (56.50±7.41VHN) which has no statical difference with MTA and Biodentine. Solubility results showed weight increase for (CA/C3S) as following (6.29±3.05)and loss of weight for MTA and Biodentine. The percentage of change in dimensions for(CA/C3S) increased as following (0.64±0.78) while decreased for MTA and Biodentine. Conclusion: The experimental (CA/C3S) material showed good microhardness, dimensional stability and acceptable setting time that could be improved in further work (AU)


Objetivo: A perfuração endodôntica é um percalço desafiador que deve ser reparado com um material biocompatível, Agregado de trióxido mineral (MTA) e Biodentina são os materiais de reparo mais comumente usados. No entanto, esses materiais são caros, (MTA) tem tempo de presa prolongado e difícil manipulação. O objetivo deste estudo é preparar o material experimental de nano aluminato de cálcio/silicato tricálcico (CA/C3S) e comparar suas propriedades físicas com biodentina e MTA, para avaliar a elegibilidade do material experimental para competir com os materiais de reparo comerciais. E realizar a segunda parte (estudo animal) que avaliará a citotoxicidade, a biocompatibilidade e a eficácia do (CA/C3S) no reparo de perfuração de furca em comparação ao laser de diodo.Material e Métodos: Uma mistura de carbonato de cálcio e óxido de alumínio foi usada para formular a fase de aluminato de cálcio (CA), a fase tri-cálcio-silicato (C3S) foi formulada por queima de carbonato de cálcio e quartzo. Os pós produzidos foram investigados por difração de raios X, em seguida (CA) e (C3S) misturados com água. (CA/ C3S) comparados com MTA e biodentina para tempo de presa, microdureza, estabilidade dimensional e solubilidade. Resultados: O tempo médio de presa de (CA/C3S) foi (32,70±0,75min) que é significativamente maior que MTA e Biodentine. A microdureza média de (CA/C3S) foi (56,50±7,41VHN) que não tem diferença estática com MTA e Biodentine. Os resultados de solubilidade mostraram aumento de peso para (CA/C3S) conforme a seguir (6,29±3,05) e perda de peso para MTA e Biodentine. A porcentagem de mudança nas dimensões para (CA/C3S) aumentou como segue (0,64±0,78), enquanto diminuiu para MTA e Biodentine. Conclusão: O material experimental (CA/C3S) apresentou boa microdureza, estabilidade dimensional e aceitável tempo de presa, que pode ser melhorado em trabalhos futuros (AU)


Subject(s)
X-Ray Diffraction , Biocompatible Materials , Calcium Carbonate , Lasers, Solid-State , Aluminum Oxide
8.
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(1): 1-9, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1354535

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study aimed to determine the push-out-bond-strength(PBS) of mineral trioxide aggregate (BIOMTA+) and calcium-enriched-mixture-cement (CEM) in retrograde cavities prepared using Er: YAG laser and stainless-steel bur. Material and Methods: The root canals of 60 extracted single-rooted human teeth were prepared, filled and their apical portion of 3-mm were resected using a diamond bur and randomly divided into four groups according to technique of retrograde preparation and filling material as follows(n=15): Group1: bur/ BIOMTA+ ,Group2: bur/ CEM, Group3: Er:YAG laser/ BIOMTA+, Group4: Er:YAG laser/ CEM. PBS test were performed to specimens and failure modes were evaluated. The data were statistically analyzed with ANOVA, Post-Hoc Tukey and t tests (p< 0.05). Results: CEM was exhibited higher than bond strength compared to BIOMTA+ in retrograde cavity prepared using laser (p= 0.021) and BIOMTA+ in retrograde cavity prepared using bur was exhibited higher than bond strength compared to in retrograde cavities prepared using laser (p= 0.024). Failure modes were dominantly cohesive in all groups tested and one representative specimen each failure mode was examined in SEM and the general characteristics of the failure modes were confirmed. Conclusion: With in the limitations of the present study, when used CEM, Er: YAG laser-assisted retrograde cavity preparation positively affected the bond strength values compared to BIO MTA+. Considering its optimal adhesion, the calcium-enriched-mixture-cement (CEM) might be a good option as a filling material in retrograde cavities in clinical use. (AU)


Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi determinar a força de união (PBS) de cimento de agregado trióxido mineral (BIO MTA+) e cimento enriquecido com cálcio (CEM) em preparos cavitários retrógrados realizados com: Laser Er-YAG e brocas de aço inoxidável. Material e Métodos: Canais radiculares de 60 dentes unirradiculares extraídos foram preparados, preenchidos e 3 mm de suas porções apicais foram ressecadas usando uma broca diamantada e divididos randomicamente em quatro grupos de acordo com a técnica de preparação retrógrada e o material de preenchimento (n=15): Grupo 1: Broca/BIO MTA+, Grupo 2: Broca/CEM, Grupo 3: Laser Er-YAG/BIO MTA+, Grupo 4: Laser Er-YAG/CEM. O teste de PBS foi realizado para as amostras e os modelos de falha foram avaliados. Os dados foram analisados estatisticamente pelos testes de ANOVA, Post-Hoc Tukey e testes t (p< 0.05). Resultados: CEM apresentou maior força de união que BIO MTA+ em cavidades retrógradas preparadas com laser (p= 0.021) e BIO MTA+ em cavidades retrógradas preparadas com brocas apresentou maior força de união quando comparado à cavidades retrógradas preparadas com laser (p= 0.024). Os modelos de falha foram predominantemente coesos em todos os grupos testados e um espécime representativo de cada modelo de falha foi examinado em MEV e as características gerais dos modelos de falha foram confirmadas. Conclusão: Com as limitações do presente estudo, quando usou-se CEM, o preparo de cavidades retrógradas através de Laser Er-YAG afetou positivamente os valores da força de união quando comparados com BIO MTA+. Considerando sua ótima adesão, o cimento enriquecido com cálcio (CEM) pode ser uma boa opção como um material de preenchimento em cavidades retrógradas no uso clínico.


Subject(s)
Dental Cements , Dental Pulp Cavity , Lasers, Solid-State
9.
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(2): 1-10, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1363628

ABSTRACT

Objective: The current study aimed to evaluate the effect of diode laser irradiation (980 nm) and warm air drying (50°C) on shear bond strength between Lithium di-silicate (IPS e.max; Ivoclar) and human dentin using both (Etch & Rinse) adhesive, Adper™ Single Bond 2 (3M ESPE) and (Self-etch) adhesive, Single Bond UniversalTM(3M ESPE) before adhesive polymerization. Material and Methods: 54 sound lower molars were sectioned to obtain flat dentinal surfaces. Specimens were divided into 2 equal groups (n=27): Group 1 (ER) and Group 2 (SE) according to bonding approach. Each subgroup was subdivided according to dentin surface treatment into 3 equal subgroups (n=9): Control (Co), Diode laser irradiation (L) and Warm air drying (W). All specimens were adhesively cemented to IPS e.max® CAD discs using RelyX™ Ultimate Clicker™(3M ESPE) resin cement. Samples were then subjected to pre-loading in a thermodynamic manner. All samples were tested for shear bond strength using computer-controlled material testing machine. Data analysis was performed using two-way (ANOVA) (p< 0.05) followed by pair-wise Tukey's post-hoc tests. Results: In (SE) group, the subgroup (W) had the highest shear bond strength values followed by (Co) subgroup and the least was (L) subgroup with statistically significant difference. As for (ER) group, the subgroup (W) had the highest shear bond strength values followed by (Co) subgroup and the least was (L) subgroup with no statistically significant difference. Conclusion: Warm air drying for (SE) bonding approach increased shear bond strength of Lithium di-silicate to human dentin and can be introduced as a new effective protocol.(AU)


Objetivo: o objetivo do estudo atual é avaliar o efeito da radiação do laser de diodo (980nm) e secagem de ar quente (50°C) na resistência ao cisalhamento entre dissilicati de Lítio (IPS e.max; Ivoclar) e a dentina humana usando ambos modelos de adesivos (condicionamento total) Adper™ Single Bond e (auto-condicionante) Single Bond Universal™ (3M ESPE), Single Bond UniversalTM (3M ESPE) antes da fotopolimerização. Material e Métodos: 54 segundos molares inferiores foram selecionados para obter superfícies dentinárias planas. Os espécimes foram divididos em 2 grupos iguais (n=27): grupo 1 (ER) e grupo 2 (SE) de acordo com protocolo de adesividade. Cada grupo foi subdividido de acordo com o tratamento de superfície dentro de 3 subgrupos iguais (n=9): Controle (co), irradiação com laser de diodo (L) e secagem com ar quente (W). Todos os espécimes foram adesivamente cimentados a discos de IPS emax CAD usando RelyX Ultimate Clicker (3M ESPE) cimento resinoso. As amostras foram então submetidas a pré-carregamento de forma termodinâmica. Todas as amostras foram testadas para resistência a cisalhamento usando máquina de teste de materiais controlados por computador. A análise de dados foi realizada usando ANOVA dois fatores (p<0.05) seguindo por testes de Tukey pareado como test post-hoc. Resultados: No grupo (SE), o subgrupo (W) apresentou maiores valores de resistência ao cisalhamento seguindo o subgrupo (Co) é o menor foi o subgrupo (L) com diferença estatisticamente significativa. Já para o grupo (Er), o subgrupo (W) apresentou os maiores valores de resistência ao cisalhamento seguido do grupo (Co) e o menor foi o subgrupo (L) sem diferença estatisticamente significante. Conclusão: a secagem com ar quente para a abordagem de adesividade (Se) aumentou a resistência ao cisalhamento do dissilicato de lítio à dentina humana e poderia ser introduzido como um novo e eficaz protocolo(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Shear Strength , Dentin , Lasers, Solid-State
10.
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(2): 1-13, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1368754

ABSTRACT

Background: The debonding of crowns and ceramic veneers with laser is already a reality in the clinic. It presents benefits in comparison to traditional removal with the use of a rotating instrument; however, there is still no consolidated protocol and many professionals use it without the necessary scientific basis. Objective: The aim of this work was to perform a literature review on the debonding of indirect ceramic restorations using the Er:YAG and Er,Cr:YSGG lasers to provide clinical professionals and the scientific community a careful analysis, and also to guiding the use of irradiation at laser for such procedures. Methods: Bibliographic searches were performed in the following databases: Pubmed, Web of Science and Google Scholar. According to the inclusion criteria adopted, twenty-seven clinical and in vitro studies were selected in the period from 2007 to 2021. In the present work, the composition of the crowns and facets, as well as the types of cement and the laser irradiation protocols adopted in the selected studies is detailed. Conclusions: It was concluded that the use of erbium lasers for debonding of indirect ceramic restorations proved to be more selective and conservative when compared to removal with a rotary diamond instrument. Furthermore, it was shown to be in more efficient in debonding different types of ceramics. However, there are great variations in the "debonding" protocols, which emphasizes the need for further studies that seek to standardize the irradiation protocols considering the different clinical situations (AU)


Antecedentes: A remoção de coroas e facetas cerâmicas com laser já é uma realidade clínica e apresenta benefícios em relação à remoção tradicional com uso de instrumento rotatório diamantado; entretanto, ainda não existe um protocolo consolidado e muitos profissionais o utilizam sem o embasamento científico necessário. Objetivos: O objetivo deste trabalho foi realizar uma revisão da literatura sobre a remoção de restaurações cerâmicas indiretas utilizando os lasers Er:YAG e Er,Cr:YSGG para fornecer uma análise cuidadosa aos profissionais clínicos e à comunidade científica, além de orientar o uso da irradiação a laser para tal aplicação. Métodos: As buscas bibliográficas foram realizadas, nas seguintes bases de dados: Pubmed, Web of Science e Google Scholar. De acordo com os critérios de inclusão adotados, foram selecionados vinte e sete estudos clínicos e in vitro no período de 2007 a 2021. No presente trabalho, a composição das coroas e facetas, bem como os tipos de cimento e os protocolos de irradiação laser adotados nos estudos selecionados foram detalhados. Conclusão: Concluiu-se que o uso dos lasers de érbio para remoção de restaurações cerâmicas indiretas mostrou-se mais seletivo e conservador quando comparado à remoção com instrumento rotatório diamantado, além de ser eficiente na remoção de diferentes tipos de cerâmicas. No entanto, existem grandes variações nos protocolos de "debonding", o que enfatiza a necessidade de novos estudos que busquem uma padronização dos protocolos de irradiação considerando as diferentes situações clínicas.(AU)


Subject(s)
Lifting , Crowns , Dental Veneers , Lasers, Solid-State
11.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 81: e0006, 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360917

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: Identificar se há mudança refracional significativa após realização de capsulotomia posterior com laser Nd:YAG em olhos pseudofácicos. Métodos: Estudo retrospectivo com análise de prontuários de pacientes atendidos em um hospital com diagnóstico de opacificação de cápsula posterior do cristalino tratada com capsulotomia posterior com laser Nd:YAG no período de outubro de 2019 a março de 2021. A comparação entre a refração antes e após o procedimento foi realizada calculando-se o equivalente esférico. Também foi avaliada a mudança da acuidade visual, aferida por LogMAR. Resultados: Foram analisados 90 prontuários, totalizando 140 olhos, de pacientes submetidos à capsulotomia posterior com laser Nd:YAG. O equivalente esférico médio pré-procedimento foi de -0,07±0,89D, mínimo de -3,0D e máximo de +2,5D, mediana (intervalo interquartil) de 0,0D (-0,50D a +0,375D). A média pós-procedimento foi de -0,18±0,86D, mínimo de -3,5D e máximo de +2,25D, mediana (intervalo interquartil) de -0,125D (-0,50D a 0,0D). com p<0,0082. Dos 140 olhos, 66 sofreram miopização e 37 hipermetropização. A média de alteração do equivalente esférico geral foi de -0,12±0,51D, mínimo de -2,50D e máximo de +1,25D, mediana (intervalo interquartil) de 0,0D (-0,375D a +0,125D). Ao se comparar a diferença entre o equivalente esférico antes e após o procedimento do grupo de olhos que sofreu miopização (n=66) ou hipermetropização (n=37), separadamente, ambos obtiveram p<0,0001. Ao se compararem todos os olhos que sofreram alguma alteração refracional (n=103), foi encontrado p=0,008. A acuidade visual média pré-procedimento foi de 0,23±0,32, mínimo de 0,0 e máximo de 2,3. Pós-procedimento, a média foi de 0,06±0,13, mínimo de -0,12 e máximo de 0,7, com p<0,0001. Conclusão: A capsulotomia posterior com laser Nd:YAG gerou melhora significativa da acuidade visual nos pacientes do estudo, porém também gerou alteração refracional significativa após o procedimento, tanto para miopização (a mais frequente), quanto para hipermetropização.


ABSTRACT Objective: To identify if there is a significant change on refraction after Nd:YAG laser posterior capsulotomy in pseudophakic eyes. Methods: A retrospective study with analysis of medical records of patients treated at a hospital, with diagnosis of opacification of posterior lens capsule treated with Nd:YAG laser posterior capsulotomy, from October 2019 to March 2021. The comparison of refraction before and after the procedure was performed by calculating the spherical equivalent. Changes in visual acuity (VA), measured by LogMAR, were also evaluated. Results: A total of 90 medical records (140 eyes) of patients submitted to Nd:YAG laser posterior capsulotomy were analysed. The mean pre-procedure spherical equivalent was -0.07±0.89D, minimum of -3.0D and maximum of +2.5D, median (interquartile range) of 0.0D (-0.50D to +0.375D). The post-procedure mean was -0.18±0.86D, minimum of -3.5D and maximum of +2.25D, median (interquartile range) of -0.125D (-0.50D to 0.0D), with p <0.0082. Of the 140 eyes, 66 underwent myopia and 37 hyperopia, the mean change in the general spherical equivalent was -0.12±0.51D, minimum -2.50D and maximum +1.25D, median (interquartile range) of 0.0D (-0.375D to +0.125D). When comparing the difference between the spherical equivalent before and after the procedure of the group of eyes that underwent myopia (n=66) or hyperopia (n=37), separately, both obtained p<0.0001. When comparing all eyes that suffered any change on refraction (n=103), the p value was 0.008. The mean pre-procedure visual acuity was 0.23±0.32, minimum of 0.0 and maximum of 2.3. After the procedure, the mean was 0.06±0.13, minimum of -0.12 and maximum of 0.7, p<0.0001. Conclusion: Nd:YAG laser posterior capsulotomy significantly improved visual acuity of patients in this study; however, it also led to a significant change on refraction after the procedure, both for myopization, which was more frequent, and for hyperopization.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Refraction, Ocular , Lasers, Solid-State/therapeutic use , Posterior Capsulotomy/adverse effects , Posterior Capsulotomy/methods , Cataract Extraction/adverse effects , Medical Records , Retrospective Studies , Phacoemulsification/adverse effects , Pseudophakia/surgery , Laser Therapy/methods , Capsule Opacification/surgery , Capsule Opacification/etiology
12.
Rev. cuba. oftalmol ; 34(3): e858, 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1352036

ABSTRACT

El síndrome de contracción capsular se describe como una reducción progresiva y acelerada del diámetro de la capsulorrexis y del saco capsular tras la extracción extracapsular del cristalino. Se reporta el caso de una paciente femenina, con antecedentes de miopía elevada, a quien se le realizó cirugía de catarata de ambos ojos sin complicaciones transquirúrgicas, y regresa con síndrome de contracción capsular bilateral al mes de operada. Se comenta la conducta seguida en ambos ojos(AU)


Capsule contraction syndrome is described as progressive, accelerated reduction in capsulorhexis and capsular bag diameter after extracapsular crystalline lens extraction. A case is presented of a female patient with a history of high myopia who underwent cataract surgery of both eyes without any intraoperative complication. One month after surgery the patient presents with bilateral capsule contraction syndrome. Comments are made on the clinical management of each eye(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Cataract Extraction/methods , Capsulorhexis/methods , Lasers, Solid-State/adverse effects , Posterior Capsulotomy/methods
13.
Rev. cuba. oftalmol ; 34(3): e1051, 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1352035

ABSTRACT

El lupus eritematoso sistémico es una enfermedad autoinmune, de curso crónico con afectación multisistémica. Las manifestaciones oculares del lupus eritematoso sistémico pueden afectar cualquier estructura del ojo. La formación de catarata y la aparición de la diabetes secundaria asociada con el tratamiento esteroideo prolongado es frecuente en estos pacientes. Se presenta el caso de una paciente femenina de 69 años, con antecedentes de lupus eritematoso sistémico de más de 20 años de evolución, tratada con 5 mg diarios de prednisona oral en dosis de mantenimiento. Refiere, además, diabetes mellitus tipo 2 controlada de más de 10 años de evolución. Asiste a la consulta de Oftalmología por disminución de la visión y se diagnostica catarata en el ojo derecho. Se realiza facoemulsificación con implante de lente intraocular plegable, previa profilaxis para la endoftalmitis. La catarata asociada a la diabetes secundaria en los pacientes con lupus eritematoso sistémico justifica el uso de profilaxis antinflamatoria con esteroides tópicos y sistémicos para asegurar una mínima inflamación posoperatoria y mejorar el pronóstico visual(AU)


Systemic lupus erythematosus is a chronic autoimmune disease of multisystemic involvement. Ocular manifestations of systemic lupus erythematosus may present in any structure of the eye. Cataract formation and the appearance of secondary diabetes associated to prolonged steroid therapy are common in these patients. A case is presented of a female 69-year-old patient with a history of systemic lupus erythematosus of more than 20 years' evolution, treated with 5 mg daily of oral prednisone at maintenance doses. The patient also reports controlled diabetes mellitus type 2 of more than ten years' evolution. Her main concern in attending Ophthalmology consultation is vision reduction. Cataract is diagnosed in her right eye. The treatment indicated is phacoemulsification with foldable intraocular lens implantation following prophylaxis for endophthalmitis. Cataract associated to secondary diabetes in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus justifies the use of anti-inflammatory prophylaxis with topical and systemic steroids to ensure minimum postoperative inflammation and improve visual prognosis(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Cataract/diagnosis , Endophthalmitis/complications , Phacoemulsification/methods , Lens Implantation, Intraocular/methods , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/diagnosis , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/etiology , Lasers, Solid-State/therapeutic use , Research Report
14.
Braz. dent. sci ; 24(4): 1-9, 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1293079

ABSTRACT

Objective: High-energy lasers are used as an alternative to surgical treatment of potentially malignant disorders in the oral cavity. The present article aims to make a prospective randomised comparative clinical assessment of the effect of laser surgery and conventional surgery in the treatment of oral leukoplakia (OL). Material and methods: In the study were included 89 patients with histologically confirmed oral leukoplakia lesions. Laser excision of the lesions using Er YAG laser was performed in 36 of the patients, while standard surgical excision was used in 53 of the cases. Following clinical assessment comparing the two treatment methods was conducted based on: pain, wound healing, infection and recurrence of the lesions. Results: A statistically significant difference between two groups according pain in the postoperative period was found. Patients treated with laser ablation experienced far less pain than those treated with surgical excision. The healing time was significantly faster in the group treated with Er YAG laser, and regarding the occurrence of postoperative infections, the results of the two methods did not differ significantly. Recurrence was observed earlier in the group treated with laser ablation, but the levels align over a longer period of time. Conclusion: Er YAG laser ablation is a contemporary method for the treatment of oral leukoplakia without dysplasia, providing similar success, compared to conventional surgical excision, with less postoperative discomfort for the patients. (AU)


Objetivo: Os lasers de alta potência são utilizados como alternativa ao tratamento cirúrgico de doenças potencialmente malignas da cavidade oral. O presente artigo tem como objetivo fazer uma avaliação clínica prospectiva e randomizada comparativa do efeito da cirurgia a laser e da cirurgia convencional no tratamento da leucoplasia oral (LO). Material e Métodos: No estudo foram incluídos 89 pacientes com lesões de leucoplasia oral confirmadas histologicamente. A excisão das lesões com laser Er YAG foi realizada em 36 dos pacientes, enquanto a excisão cirúrgica padrão foi utilizada em 53 dos casos. A avaliação clínica seguinte comparando os dois métodos de tratamento foi realizada com base em: dor, cicatrização da ferida, infecção e recorrência das lesões. Resultados: Foi encontrada diferença estatisticamente significante entre os dois grupos de acordo com a dor no pós-operatório. Os pacientes tratados com ablação a laser experimentaram muito menos dor do que aqueles tratados com excisão cirúrgica. O tempo de cicatrização foi significativamente mais rápido no grupo tratado com laser Er YAG e, em relação à ocorrência de infecções pós-operatórias, os resultados dos dois métodos não diferiram significativamente. A recorrência foi observada mais cedo no grupo tratado com ablação a laser, mas os níveis se alinham por um longo período de tempo. Conclusão: A ablação a laser Er YAG é um método contemporâneo para o tratamento da leucoplasia oral sem displasia, proporcionando sucesso semelhante ao da excisão cirúrgica convencional, com menor desconforto pós-operatório para os pacientes. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Leukoplakia, Oral , Lasers, Solid-State , Leukoplakia
15.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 35: e29, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1153613

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study evaluated how Er,Cr:YSGG laser, associated or not with 5% fluoride varnish, influences the surface roughness and volume loss of bovine root dentin submitted to erosive and/or abrasive wear. One hundred and twenty dentin specimens were divided into the groups: without preventive treatment (WPT), 5% fluoride varnish (FV); Er,Cr:YSGG laser irradiation (L), and varnish combined with laser (FV + L). The specimens (n = 10) were subdivided into: 1 = erosion (E); 2 = abrasion (A); and 3 = erosion followed by abrasion (E + A). The erosive solution used was a soft-drink (pH = 2.42 at 4ºC) applied in 5-min cycles twice a day for 10d. Abrasive wear involved brushing for 60s with an electric brush (1,600-oscillations/s) at a load of 2.0N. Surface roughness and volume loss were evaluated using a laser scanning confocal microscope. Roughness data were submitted to one-way ANOVA and Tukey post-hoc test. For volume loss, the Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn's post-hoc tests were used (α = 5%). The lowest values of roughness were found in the control areas of all subgroups (p > 0.05). In the experimental area, the [(WPT) + (E+A)] subgroup had a significantly higher roughness (5.712 ± 0.163 μm 2 ) than the other subgroups (p < 0.05). The L and (FV + L) groups had statistically similar roughness, regardless of the type of wear. The (FV + L) group had the lowest volume loss, regardless of the type of wear performed: [(FV + L) + (E)] = 7.5%, [(FV + L) + (A) = 7.3%, and [(FV + L) + (E + A)] = 8.1%. The subgroup [(WPT) + (E + A)] had the highest volume loss (52.3%). The proposed treatments were effective in controlling dentin roughness. Laser irradiation can be an effective method to increase root dentin resistance after challenges and limit problems related to non-carious lesions.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Tooth Erosion/etiology , Lasers, Solid-State/therapeutic use , Tooth Root , Toothbrushing , Dentin , Fluorides
16.
J. appl. oral sci ; 29: e20200266, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1180799

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives We analyzed the effects of the Er:YAG laser used with different parameters on dentinal tubule (DT) occlusion, intrapulpal temperature and pulp tissue morphology in order to determine the optimal parameters for treating dentin hypersensitivity. Methodology Dentin specimens prepared from 36 extracted human third molars were randomized into six groups according to the treatment method (n=6 each): control (A); Gluma desensitizer (B); and Er:YAG laser treatment at 0.5 W , 167 J/cm2 (50 mJ, 10 Hz) (C), 1 W , 334 J/cm2 (50 mJ, 20 Hz) (D), 2 W , 668 J/cm2 (100 mJ, 20 Hz) (E), and 4 W and 1336 J/cm2 (200 mJ, 20 Hz) (F). Treatment-induced morphological changes of the dentin surfaces were assessed using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) to find parameters showing optimal dentin tubule occluding efficacy. To further verify the safety of these parameters (0.5 W, 167 J/cm2), intrapulpal temperature changes were recorded during laser irradiation, and morphological alterations of the dental pulp tissue were observed with an upright microscope. Results Er:YAG laser irradiation at 0.5 W (167 J/cm2) were found to be superior in DT occlusion, with an exposure rate significantly lower than those in the other groups (P<0.05). Intrapulpal temperature changes induced by Er:YAG laser irradiation at 0.5 W (167 J/cm2) with (G) and without (H) water and air cooling were demonstrated to be below the threshold. Also, no significant morphological alterations of the pulp and odontoblasts were observed after irradiation. Conclusion Therefore, 0.5 W (167 J/cm2) is a suitable parameter for Er:YAG laser to occlude DTs, and it is safe to the pulp tissue.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lasers, Solid-State/therapeutic use , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Dental Occlusion , Dentin
17.
J. appl. oral sci ; 29: e20200736, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1180797

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate the efficacy of Nd:YAG laser associated with calcium-phosphate desensitizing pastes on dentin permeability and tubule occlusion after erosive/abrasive challenges. Methodology Dentin specimens were exposed to 17% ethylene diamine tetra-acetic acid (EDTA) solution for 5 min and randomly allocated into five groups: G1, control (no treatment); G2, Nd:YAG laser (1 W, 10 Hz, 100 mJ, 85 J/cm2); G3, Laser + TeethmateTM Desensitizer; G4, Laser + Desensibilize Nano P; and G5, Laser+Nupro®. Specimens underwent a 5-day erosion-abrasion cycling. Hydraulic conductance was measured post-EDTA, post-treatment, and post-cycling. Post-treatment and post-cycling permeability (%Lp) was calculated based on post-EDTA measurements, considered 100%. Open dentin tubules (ODT) were calculated at the abovementioned experimental moments using scanning electron microscopy and ImageJ software (n=10). Data were analyzed using two-way repeated measures ANOVA and Tukey's test (α=0.05). Results G1 presented the highest %Lp post-treatment of all groups (p<0.05), without significantly differences among them. At post-cycling, %Lp significantly decreased in G1, showed no significant differences from post-treatment in G3 and G4, and increased in G2 and G5, without significant differences from G1 (p>0.05). We found no significant differences in ODT among groups (p>0.05) post-EDTA. At post-treatment, treated groups did not differ from each other, but presented lower ODT than G1 (p<0.001). As for post-cycling, we verified no differences among groups (p>0.05), although ODT was significantly lower for all groups when compared to post-EDTA values (p<0.001). Conclusion All treatments effectively reduced dentin permeability and promoted tubule occlusion after application. Combining Nd YAG laser with calcium-phosphate pastes did not improve the laser effect. After erosive-abrasive challenges, treatments presented no differences when compared to the control.


Subject(s)
Lasers, Solid-State/therapeutic use , Dentin Desensitizing Agents , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Calcium/pharmacology , Dentin , Dentin Permeability
18.
Braz. dent. sci ; 24(2): 1-7, 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1178409

ABSTRACT

Background: To present the benefits of high power lasers (Er: YAG and Nd: YAG) over the use of the high speed turbine for the extraction of ceramics restorations, without damaging the surfaces of the teeth; being a relatively easier and faster procedure without the use of anesthetic agents, and the preparation of the ceramic restorations and cementing in the single session; with a follow-up of 1 year. Objective: The benefits of lasers over high-speed turbine mechanical instrumentation for crown removal encompass efficient restoration recovery without damage to tooth surfaces; and a relatively easier and faster procedure without the use of anesthetic agents. Methods: The Er: YAG laser (no contact; 3.2-4.0 W, 20 Hz) was used to extract the porcelain prosthesis, followed by a gingivectomy with the Nd: YAG laser on tooth 12 to improve the gingival contour. The dental surfaces where the ceramic prosthesis will be cemented were scanned. Then, CAD / CAM technology was used to make the ceramic veneers that were cemented in the same session. Results: The efficacy the Er:YAG laser energy was observed by the decreased of the time to remove all-ceramic materials through ablation of bonding cements, reducing working time by 75% compared to a high-speed turbine. Conclusions: An Er: YAG laser can safely remove lithium disilicate crowns with the settings used in this study. Laser-assisted removal of all ceramic PDFs is a promising treatment protocol. The use of the Nd: YAG (2.0 W power, short 20Hz, 320 µm optical fiber, in contact) laser allowed gingivoplasty to be performed, automatically cauterizing avoiding post-operative bleeding, and facilitating the preparation of ceramic restorations the same day. The use of high-power lasers and the use of accompanying CAD / CAM technology allowed this clinical case to be completed in a single visit without the use of temporary restorations, achieving absolute patient satisfaction. (AU)


Antecedentes: Apresentar os benefícios dos lasers de alta potência (Er: YAG e Nd:YAG) sobre o uso da turbina de alta velocidade para a remoção de restaurações cerâmicas, sem danificar as superfícies dos dentes; sendo um procedimento relativamente mais fácil e rápido evitando o uso de agentes anestésicos, conseguindo fazer o preparo das restaurações de cerâmica e cimentação em uma única sessão; com seguimento de 1 ano. Objetivo: Os benefícios dos lasers sobre a instrumentação mecânica com turbina de alta velocidade para a remoção da coroa abrangem a recuperação eficiente da restauração sem danos às superfícies dos dentes; e um procedimento relativamente mais fácil e rápido sem o uso de agentes anestésicos. Métodos: O laser Er: YAG (sem contato; 3,2-4,0 W, 20 Hz) foi utilizado para remover a prótese de porcelana, seguido de gengivectomia com o laser Nd: YAG no dente 12 para melhorar o contorno gengival. As superfícies dentais onde a prótese de cerâmica será cimentada foram escaneadas. Em seguida, a tecnologia CAD / CAM foi utilizada para confeccionar as facetas de cerâmicas que foram cimentadas na mesma sessão. Resultados: A eficácia da energia do laser Er: YAG foi observada pela diminuição do tempo na remoção dos materiais cerâmicos por meio da ablação dos cimentos de ligação, reduzindo o tempo de trabalho em 75% em relação a uma turbina de alta velocidade. Conclusão: Um laser Er: YAG pode remover com segurança as coroas de dissilicato de lítio com as configurações usadas neste estudo. A remoção assistida por laser de todos os PDFs de cerâmica é um protocolo de tratamento promissor. O uso do laser Nd: YAG (2,0 W potência, curta 20Hz, 320 µm fibra ótica, em contato) permitiu a realização da gengivoplastia, cauterizando automaticamente evitando sangramento pós-operatório e facilitando o preparo das restaurações cerâmicas no mesmo dia. O uso de lasers de alta potência e o uso da tecnologia CAD / CAM que o acompanha permitiram que este caso clínico fosse concluído em uma única visita, sem o uso de restaurações temporárias, alcançando a satisfação absoluta do paciente (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Computer-Aided Design , Dental Materials , Lasers, Solid-State
19.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 787-792, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922158

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the safety and clinical efficiency of holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) in the treatment of small-volume BPH (SBPH) complicated by severe lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS).@*METHODS@#We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data on 82 cases of SBPH with severe LUTS treated by HoLEP from January 2017 to December 2018. The patients were aged (65.5 ± 7.6) years, with a mean prostate volume of <40 ml, a total IPSS of 24.8 ± 4.6, a QOL score of 5.2 ± 0.8, the maximum urinary flow rate (Qmax) of (7.6 ± 3.7) ml/s, and a mean PSA level of (1.8 ± 1.4) μg/L.@*RESULTS@#All the operations were successfully completed, the mean operation time averaging (30.2 ± 5.0) min, enucleation time (26.7 ± 5.6) min and comminution time (3.5 ± 1.1) min, and the enucleated tissue weighing (20.3 ± 4.9) g. After surgery, the bladders were irrigated for (3.5 ± 1.9) h, with (3.0 ± 1.7) L of rinse solution, and catheterization lasted (24.8 ± 9.7) h. Histopathology revealed moderate or severe lymphocytic infiltration in 69 cases (84.1%). At 6 months after operation, significant improvement was observed in the IPSS, QOL, Qmax and PSA level compared with the baseline (P < 0.05). To date, no urethral stricture-related reoperation was ever necessitated.@*CONCLUSIONS@#HoLEP is safe and effective for the treatment of SBPH complicated by severe LUTS and can be employed after adequate preoperative evaluation of the patient.《.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lasers, Solid-State , Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms/surgery , Male , Prostate/surgery , Prostatic Hyperplasia/surgery , Quality of Life , Retrospective Studies
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921397

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the clinical effect of Er:YAG laser combined with ethylenediamine tetra acetic acid (EDTA) on three-walled periodontal intrabony defects adjacent to implant sites.@*METHODS@#A total of 30 patients with three-walled periodontal intrabony defects adjacent to implant sites were treated with the combination therapy. Patients with three-walled intrabony defects were divided into two groups according to the depth of the intrabony pocket between the implant and natural teeth. Evaluation of wound healing was performed 10 days after the operation, and bone augmentation was evaluated 6 months after the operation.@*RESULTS@#Primary healing in group 1 was 92.31%, primary healing in group 2 was 82.35%. No significant difference was observed between the two groups (@*CONCLUSIONS@#The effect of bone augmentation with combination therapy was more ideal in group 2 than in group 1. Implant placement with combination therapy may be a viable technique to reconstruct three-walled intrabony defects due to the space maintenance provided by implants and bone grafts and the good root surface biocompatibility provided by the Er:YAG laser and EDTA.


Subject(s)
Acetic Acid , Alveolar Bone Loss , Dental Implants , Ethylenediamines , Follow-Up Studies , Guided Tissue Regeneration, Periodontal , Humans , Lasers, Solid-State , Periodontal Attachment Loss , Treatment Outcome
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