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1.
Enferm. foco (Brasília) ; 12(3): 552-559, dez. 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1352832

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Compreender as representações sociais do uso de mapas conceituais em grupo tutorial de estudantes de enfermagem. Método: Pesquisa qualitativa, feita a partir da análise do Discurso do Sujeito Coletivo de 26 estudantes de uma universidade pública no Centro-Oeste do Brasil. Resultados: Emergiram duas categorias provenientes da análise do discurso: 1) Mapa Conceitual: ferramenta facilitadora de organização da aprendizagem e 2) Mapa Conceitual: ferramenta que provoca tensão e desfavorece o aprendizado. Conclusões: O mapa conceitual facilita o auto estudo e a aprendizagem, pois possibilita a sintetização do conhecimento e a organização do raciocínio. Quanto à sua utilização coletiva, observou-se falhas em relação ao tempo gasto na elaboração e na necessidade de encontrar palavras de ligação. (AU)


Objective: To understand the social representations of the use of concept maps in a tutorial group of nursing students. Methods: Qualitative research, based on the Collective Subject Discourse analysis of 26 students from a public university in the Midwest of Brazil. Results: Two categories emerged from the discourse analysis: 1) Concept Map: a facilitating tool for learning organization and 2) Concept Map: a tool that causes tension and disadvantages learning. Conclusion: The concept map facilitates self-study and learning, as it enables the synthesis of knowledge and the organization of reasoning. Regarding their collective use, there were flaws in the time spent in elaboration and in the need to find linking words. (AU)


Objetivo: Comprender las representaciones sociales del uso de mapas conceptuales en un grupo tutorial de estudiantes de enfermería. Métodos: Investigación cualitativa, basada en el análisis del discurso del sujeto colectivo de 26 estudiantes de una universidad pública en el medio oeste de Brasil. Resultados: Del análisis del discurso surgieron dos categorías: 1) Mapa conceptual: una herramienta facilitadora para la organización del aprendizaje y 2) Mapa conceptual: una herramienta que causa tensión y desventajas del aprendizaje. Conclusion: El mapa conceptual facilita el autoaprendizaje y el aprendizaje, ya que permite la síntesis del conocimiento y la organización del razonamiento. Con respecto a su uso colectivo, hubo fallas en el tiempo dedicado a la elaboración y en la necesidad de encontrar palabras de enlace. (AU)


Subject(s)
Problem-Based Learning , Teaching , Nursing , Mentoring , Learning
2.
An. Fac. Cienc. Méd. (Asunción) ; 54(3): 103-112, Dec. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1352962

ABSTRACT

Las estrategias didácticas cumplen un papel relevante en la innovación de la malla curricular, esta investigación tiene por finalidad comprender el proceso de cambio instaurado en la facultad desde la percepción de los actores principales, desde varias aristas relacionadas como la infraestructura, materiales de apoyo e información sobre la malla innovada. Nuestro objetivo fue analizar e interpretar la percepción que tienen los docentes y estudiantes del ciclo básico de la carrera de medicina de Asunción, en relación a la innovación curricular y permitirnos reflexionar y contribuir a este proceso dinámico que está llegando al ciclo clínico, a través de una investigación cualitativa con enfoque hermenéutico


Didactic strategies play a relevant role in the innovation of the curricular mesh, this research aims to understand the process of change established in the faculty from the perception of the main actors, from several related aspects such as infrastructure, support materials and information on the innovated curriculum. Our objective was to analyze and interpret the perception that teachers and students of the basic cycle of the medical career have, in relation to curricular innovation and allow us to reflect and contribute to this dynamic process that is reaching the clinical cycle, through a qualitative research with a hermeneutical approach


Subject(s)
Teaching , Health Strategies , Perception , Running , Students , Faculty , Learning
3.
An. Fac. Cienc. Méd. (Asunción) ; 54(3): 129-142, Dec. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1352970

ABSTRACT

En esta segunda parte de la serie Códigos QR en Educación Médica describiremos los principales aspectos relacionados con los distintos tipos de códigos bidimensionales, las herramientas y aplicaciones necesarias para generar y decodificar un código QR, y los problemas de seguridad que pueden surgir durante su utilización. Nuestro objetivo es lograr que los educadores se familiaricen con esta tecnología y puedan incorporarla al material educativo utilizado en el proceso de enseñanzaaprendizaje, tanto en el aula tradicional como en los cursos virtuales. Con la finalidad de facilitar una correcta comprensión del artículo, en la última sección se proporciona un glosario alfabético con los términos y conceptos introducidos en el mismo. En la tercera y última parte de esta serie de artículos describiremos los aspectos relacionados con la personalización de los símbolos y su uso diferentes contextos educativos tanto analógicos como digitales


In this second section of the series QR Codes in Medical Education we will describe the main aspects related to the tools and applications necessary to generate and decode a QR code and how to customize them. The different types of based on their function and how to generate mixed function codes to be applied in Augmented Reality educational contexts will be analyzed. The final purpose is to ensure that all educators feel familiar with this technology and can incorporate it into the educational material used in the teaching-learning process, both in the traditional classroom and in virtual courses. In order to facilitate a correct understanding of the article, the last section provides an alphabetical glossary with the terms and concepts introduced in it. In the third and last part of this series of articles we will describe aspects related to the personalization of symbols and their use in different educational contexts, both analog and digital


Subject(s)
Codes , Technology , Education, Medical , Learning
4.
Notas enferm. (Córdoba) ; 21(38): 4-11, nov. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1348581

ABSTRACT

Introducción: el uso de teléfonos inteligentes se ha asociado significativamente con una disminución para el aprendizaje y las tareas relacionadas con el trabajo, incluidas aquellas tareas asociadas con el entorno de atención sanitaria. En México el uso de dispositivos móviles ha aumentado exponencialmente y se ha estimado hasta un 75% de los encuestados poseen algún grado de atención a estos dispositivos. Asimismo, la dependencia a estos dispositivos ha sido asociada con adicción a sustancias como el alcohol, tabaco, marihuana entre otros. En el ámbito sociosanitario puede afectar el desempeño mental, la concentración en la realización de los cuidados y en general para los estudiantes de enfermería presentar distracciones en la práctica. Objetivo: identificar el nivel de dependencia al teléfono móvil y relacionarlo con conductas de riesgo como la adicción a sustancias legales e ilegales. Metodología: estudio descriptivo, transversal y observacional. Resultados: el 84.3% manifiesta que alguna persona cercana a el lo ha llamado dependiente al teléfono móvil, el 74% se encontraba en dependencia media y el 22.3% en una dependencia alta, se encontraron asociaciones mediante Rho y OR, con el consumo de alcohol, tabaco y otras drogas. Conclusión: la dependencia al teléfono móvil en estudiantes se caracterizó en general como un nivel medio y alto y se encontraron correlaciones positivas para el consumo de tabaco y de otras drogas[AU]


Introduction: smartphone use has been significantly associated with a decline in learning and work-related tasks, including those tasks associated with the healthcare environment. In Mexico, the use of mobile devices has increased exponentially, and it has been estimated that up to 75% of those surveyed have some degree of attention to these devices. Likewise, dependence on these devices has been associated with addiction to substances such as alcohol, tobacco, marijuana, among others. In the socio-sanitary field, it can affect mental performance, concentration in the realization of care and in general for nursing students present distractions in practice. Objective. Identify the level of dependence on the mobile phone and relate it to risk behaviors such as addiction to legal and illegal substances. Methodology. Descriptive, cross-sectional, and observational study. Results. 84.3% state that someone close to them has called them dependent on the mobile phone, 74% were in medium dependence and 22.3% in high dependence, associations were found through Rho and OR, with the consumption of alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs. Conclusion. Mobile phone dependence in students was generally characterized as a medium and high NE | 05level and positive correlations were found for tobacco and other drug use[AU]


Introdução: o uso de smartphone foi significativamente associado a um declínio no aprendizado e nas tarefas relacionadas ao trabalho, incluindo aquelas associadas ao ambiente de saúde. No México, o uso de dispositivos móveis aumentou exponencialmente e estima-se que até 75% dos pesquisados têm algum grau de atenção a esses dispositivos. Da mesma forma, a dependência desses dispositivos tem sido associada à dependência de substâncias como álcool, tabaco, maconha, entre outras. No campo sociossanitário, pode afetar o desempenho mental, a concentração na realização do cuidado e em geral para os alunos de enfermagem apresentarem distrações na prática. Objetivo. Identifique o nível de dependência do telefone celular e relacione-o a comportamentos de risco, como dependência de substâncias legais e ilegais. Metodologia. Estudo descritivo, transversal e observacional. Resultados. 84,3% afirmam que alguém próximo os chamou de dependente do celular, 74% estavam em média dependência e 22,3% em alta dependência, foram encontradas associações por meio de Rho e OR, com o consumo de álcool, tabaco e outras drogas. Conclusão. A dependência de telefone celular em estudantes foi geralmente caracterizada como um nível médio e alto e foram encontradas correlações positivas para o uso de tabaco e outras drogas[AU]


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Students, Nursing , Substance-Related Disorders , Cell Phone , Learning , Smartphone
5.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 25(3): 237-244, set-out. 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1348220

ABSTRACT

Trata-se de um relato de experiência, que descreve, sob estratégia narrativo-argumentativa, as significâncias político-pedagógicas atreladas ao planejamento estratégico de ações de educação em saúde bucal vivenciadas em um ambiente escolar e experimentadas por acadêmicos estagiários de um curso de Odontologia. Após análise detalhada, algumas inferências se destacaram: o reconhecimento do ambiente escolar como território fértil para o desenvolvimento de ações promotoras de saúde; a efetividade do instrumento "TPC" (Teorizar-Praticar-Criticar) no direcionamento dos acadêmicos estagiários no planejamento estratégico de atividades de educação em saúde bucal; a importância de se disseminar, em espaços científicos, os aprendizados advindos de experimentações práticas de estágios.


This is a report on an experience that describes, under a narrative-argumentative strategy, the political-pedagogical significance linked to the strategic planning of oral health education actions experienced in a school environment and experienced by university trainees from a Dentistry course. After a detailed analysis, some inferences were observed: the recognition of the school environment as a fertile territory for the development of health-promoting actions; the effectiveness of the "TPC" (Theorize-Practice-Criticize) instrument in directing university trainees in the strategic planning of oral health education activities; the importance of disseminating, in scientific spaces, the learning from practical experimentation during internships.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Play and Playthings , Strategic Planning/standards , Health Education, Dental/methods , Oral Hygiene/education , Students, Dental , Training Support/methods , Health Policy, Planning and Management/organization & administration , Oral Health/education , Scientific and Technical Activities , Health Promotion/methods , Learning
6.
Ciênc. cogn ; 26(1): 104-119, 10 set. 2021. graf, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1293017

ABSTRACT

No ano de 2020, iniciou-se uma emergência de saúde pública mundial. A fim de frear a transmissão do SARSCoV-2, foram aplicadas medidas de distanciamento social, que reduziram o contato interpessoal e deflagraram mudanças profundas em comportamentos relacionados à interação social. Os sistemas educacionais ao redor do mundo têm se adaptado a esta nova realidade, adotando protocolos emergenciais caracterizados, em grande parte, pela substituição das atividades presenciais pelas virtuais. O objetivo deste artigo é dialogar sobre os impactos do distanciamento social no ensino superior através de uma abordagem neurofisiológica, conectando estresse, empatia e o contexto histórico do ensino emergencial quando comparado ao Ensino à Distância, além das ferramentas à nossa disposição e as complexidades do ambiente virtual. Os professores devem estar conscientes do impacto do estresse e do uso de ferramentas digitais e de ensino à distância na formação dos estudantes, buscando formas responsáveis de passar por este momento histórico e estratégias para lidar eficientemente com os desafios no ensino evocados pela pandemia.


In 2020, a worldwide public health emergency began. In order to curb the transmission of the SARS CoV-2, measures of social distancing were applied, which reduced interpersonal contact and triggered profound changes in behaviors related to social interaction. Educational systems around the world have adapted to this new reality, adopting emergency protocols characterized, in large part, by replacing classroom activities with virtual ones. The objective of this article is to discuss the impacts of social distancing in higher education through a neurophysiological approach, connecting stress, empathy and the historical context of emergency education when compared to Distance Learning, in addition to the tools at our disposal and the complexities of the virtual environment. Teachers must be aware of the impact of stress and the use of digital and distance learning tools on student training, looking for responsible ways to go through this historical moment and strategies to deal effectively with the teaching challenges evoked by the pandemic.


Subject(s)
Humans , Education, Distance , COVID-19 , Learning , Stress, Psychological , Empathy
8.
Edumecentro ; 13(3): 64-80, jul.-sept. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1278989

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Fundamento: los programas de preparación para asumir una jubilación saludable son elementos clave en la protección de la calidad de vida de las personas prejubilables. Objetivo: mostrar la eficacia de la aplicación de un programa educativo dirigido a personas en etapa de prejubilación para el afrontamiento de una vida futura con calidad. Métodos: se realizó un estudio polietápico con diseño cuasiexperimental, en el Policlínico Universitario "Marta Abreu", en Santa Clara, Villa Clara, entre enero 2017-febrero 2019. Se utilizaron métodos teóricos: histórico-lógico, análisis-síntesis, inductivo-deductivo y sistémico-estructural; empíricos: análisis documental, cuestionario antes y después de aplicado el programa; y para valorar la propuesta se utilizaron los grupos focal y nominal, y los criterios de especialistas, además se emplearon métodos matemático-estadísticos. Resultados: el diagnóstico realizado demostró la necesidad de la preparación de las personas prejubilables para afrontar con calidad una nueva etapa de sus vidas, por lo que se diseñó un programa educativo el cual fue estructurado en cinco módulos: la jubilación como una etapa trascendental en la vida del adulto, salud física y salud psicológica, bienestar psicosocial e inteligencia emocional, planificación y emprendimiento y la adaptación integral a una nueva fase. Fue valorado por especialistas, quienes lo consideraron muy pertinente y viable. Conclusiones: el programa educativo resultó efectivo para el mejoramiento de la calidad de vida en personas prejubilables del grupo estudio, pues se constataron cambios significativos en sentido de avance al comparar sus conocimientos antes y después de aplicado y en relación con el grupo de control.


ABSTRACT Background: the preparation programs for assuming a healthy retirement are key elements in protecting life quality in early retirement people. Objective: to show the effectiveness of the application of an educational program aimed at people in pre-retirement stage to face a future life with quality. Methods: a multi-stage study with a quasi-experimental design was carried out at the "Marta Abreu" University Polyclinic, in Santa Clara, Villa Clara, from January 2017 to February 2019. Theoretical methods were used: historical-logical, analysis-synthesis, inductive-deductive and systemic-structural; empirical ones: documentary analysis, questionnaire before and after applying the program; and to assess the proposal, the focal and nominal groups were used, as well as the criteria of specialists, in addition, mathematical-statistical methods were used. Results: the diagnosis showed the need to prepare early retirees to face a new stage of their lives with quality, so an educational program was designed which was structured in five modules: retirement as a transcendental stage in the adult life, physical and psychological health, psychosocial well-being and emotional intelligence, planning and entrepreneurship, and comprehensive adaptation to a new phase. It was valued by specialists, who considered it very relevant and feasible. Conclusions: the educational program was effective for improving the quality of life in early retirement in the study group, since meaningful changes in the direction of progress were found when comparing their knowledge before and after it was applied and in relation to the control group.


Subject(s)
Quality of Life , Health Strategies , Education, Medical , Training Courses , Learning
9.
Edumecentro ; 13(3): 271-288, jul.-sept. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286266

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Fundamento: es necesario el perfeccionamiento de la asignatura "Seguridad Nacional y Asistencia Primaria" en 1er año de la carrera de Licenciatura en Enfermería en la que se han visto afectaciones en los resultados docentes de los alumnos, con cierta frecuencia. Objetivo: diseñar acciones metodológicas para el perfeccionamiento de la asignatura "Seguridad Nacional y Asistencia Primaria", a partir de un diagnóstico de su proceso de enseñanza. Métodos: se realizó un estudio descriptivo, transversal, con un enfoque mixto en la carrera de Licenciatura en Enfermería, con información de los cursos 2015-2016 al 2018-2019. Se emplearon métodos teóricos, empíricos y estadístico-matemáticos. Los profesores que participaron actuaron como expertos para valorar la propuesta realizada. Resultados: se constataron insuficiencias en el proceso enseñanza aprendizaje de la asignatura "Seguridad Nacional y Asistencia Primaria" en 1er año de la carrera de Licenciatura en Enfermería, que motivaron al diseño de acciones metodológicas generales y particulares en diferentes temas que contribuyen al perfeccionamiento de la asignatura. Conclusiones: las acciones metodológicas propuestas tras el diagnóstico del proceso de enseñanza de la asignatura "Seguridad Nacional y Asistencia Primaria", respetan el fondo de tiempo de la asignatura y deben tener, según los expertos, un impacto potencial previsible positivo en los estudiantes de 1er año de Licenciatura en Enfermería.


ABSTRACT Background: it is necessary to improve the subject "National Security and Primary Assistance" in the 1st year of the Nursing Bachelor's degree in which there have been affectations on the educational results of the students, with some frequency. Objective: to design methodological actions for the improvement of the subject "National Security and Primary Assistance", based on a diagnosis of the teaching process. Methods: a descriptive, cross-sectional study was carried out, with a mixed approach in the Bachelor of Nursing degree, with information from the 2015-2016 to 2018-2019 courses. Theoretical, empirical and statistical-mathematical methods were used. The professors who participated acted as experts to assess the proposal made. Results: insufficiencies were found in the teaching-learning process of the subject "National Security and Primary Care" in the 1st year of the Nursing Bachelor's degree, which motivated the design of general and particular methodological actions in different topics that contribute to the improvement of the course. Conclusions: the methodological actions proposed after the diagnosis of the teaching process of the subject "National Security and Primary Assistance", respect the amount of time devoted to the subject and according to the experts; they should have a foreseeable potential positive impact on 1st year students of the Bachelor's Degree in Nursing.


Subject(s)
Health Strategies , Education, Nursing , Learning
10.
Edumecentro ; 13(3): 162-179, jul.-sept. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286260

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Fundamento: las colectividades humanas cada día son más envejecidas y la población de nefrópatas crónicos crece cada vez más, por lo que la Nefrogeriatría demanda nuevas estrategias de superación para los profesionales de la salud. Objetivo: diseñar una estrategia de superación sobre Nefrogeriatría para el mejoramiento del desempeño profesional del médico de familia. Métodos: se realizó una investigación cuasiexperimental entre enero de 2017 a mayo de 2019 en el Policlínico Universitario "5 de Septiembre" del municipio Consolación del Sur, provincia Pinar del Río; Cuba. Se aplicaron métodos teóricos: sistematización, análisis-síntesis, sistémico-estructural-funcional y modelación; empíricos: observación del desempeño profesional, revisión documental y el criterio de expertos; y matemático-estadísticos. Resultados: el diagnóstico realizado permitió identificar carencias en cuanto al nivel de conocimientos sobre la nefroprevención y la atención médica en el paciente nefrogeriátrico en los médicos de familia, por lo que se diseñó una estrategia fundamentada en aspectos filosóficos, sociológicos, psicológicos, de las tecnologías de la información y las comunicaciones, pedagógicos y de la educación médica, la cual fue valorada por criterios de expertos. Conclusiones: la estrategia se caracterizó por ser interdisciplinaria, sistémica, flexible, contextualizada, humanista, factible, con capacidad de aplicabilidad y participación de los actores implicados. La consulta a los expertos corroboró su pertinencia y adecuada estructura metodológica en correspondencia con el diagnóstico y los fundamentos referidos.


ABSTRACT Background: human communities are getting older every day and the population of chronic nephropathies grows more every day, that's why Geriatric Nephrology demands new coping strategies for health professionals. Objective: to design a strategy of improvement on Geriatric Nephrology for the improvement of the professional performance of the general practitioner. Methods: a quasi-experimental investigation was carried out from January 2017 to May 2019 in the "5 de Septiembre" University Polyclinic of the Consolación del Sur municipality, Pinar del Río province; Cuba. Theoretical methods were applied: systematization, analysis-synthesis, systemic-structural-functional and modeling; empirical ones: observation of professional performance, documentary review and expert´s criteria; and mathematical-statistics. Results: the diagnosis carried out allowed identifying gaps in terms of the level of knowledge about Geriatric Nephrology prevention and medical care in the geriatric patient in General practitioner, for which a strategy based on philosophical, sociological, psychological, information and communication technologies, pedagogical and medical education aspects was designed, which was valued by expert criteria. Conclusions: the strategy for the improvement of the professional performance of the General practitioner in Geriatric Nephrology was characterized by being interdisciplinary, systemic, flexible, contextualized, humanistic, and feasible, with applicability capacity and participation of the actors involved. The consultation with the experts corroborated its relevance and adequate structure in correspondence with the diagnosis and the aforementioned aspects.


Subject(s)
Health Strategies , Education, Professional , Mentoring , Learning
11.
Ciênc. cogn ; 26(1): 77-93, 10 set. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1292985

ABSTRACT

Reading in a foreign language is considered a high cognitive function, believed, thus, to impose demands on working memory resources. Studies have shown significant correlations between working memory capacity and foreign language reading comprehension, but its underlying mechanisms are still open to discussion. This article reports on a study whose objective was to investigate possible correlations between working memory capacity and foreign language reading comprehension considering the knowledge of the first language as a possible source of interference. A recall task was conducted in two conditions, one in which readers performed the task in English and another, in Portuguese. Results showed a weak but statistically significant correlation between working memory capacity and recall scores in the second condition and no correlations between working memory capacity and reading time. Exploratory data analyses suggested that the correlation observed was influenced by foreign language reading proficiency and that the ratio of recall scores to reading time is a better measure of comprehension efficiency.


A leitura em língua estrangeira é considerada uma função cognitiva de alto nível que se acredita, portanto, impor demandas nos recursos da memória de trabalho. Estudos mostram correlações significativas entre capacidade de memória de trabalho e compreensão leitora em língua estrangeira, mas seus mecanismos subjacentes ainda estão abertos a discussões. Esse artigo reporta um estudo cujo objetivo foi investigar possíveis correlações entre capacidade de memória de trabalho e compreensão leitora em língua estrangeira considerando o conhecimento da primeira língua como uma possível fonte de interferência. Uma tarefa de recordação foi conduzida em duas condições, uma em que os leitores realizaram a tarefa em inglês e outra, em português. Os resultados mostraram uma correlação fraca, mas estatisticamente significativa entre capacidade de memória de trabalho e pontuações no teste de recordação na segunda condição e nenhuma correlação entre capacidade de memória de trabalho e tempo de leitura. Análises exploratórias dos dados apontaram que a correlação observada foi influenciada pela proficiência de leitura em língua estrangeira e que a razão entre pontuações do teste de recordação e tempo de leitura é uma medida mais apropriada para a eficiência da compreensão leitora.


Subject(s)
Humans , Comprehension , Language , Learning , Memory, Short-Term
12.
Rev. Pesqui. Fisioter ; 11(3): 599-608, ago.2021. ilus, tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1292116

ABSTRACT

| INTRODUÇÃO: No contexto de reabilitação em gerontologia surge como destaque a melhoria da capacidade de execução de tarefas motoras a fim de promover a autonomia, dessa maneira, é preciso investigar ferramentas para viabilizar esse objetivo clinico. OBJETIVO: Avaliar o efeito de um treino com realidade virtual não imersiva sobre a execução da tarefa motora real em idosos. MATERIAIS E MÉTODO: Trata-se de um relato de casos, com intervenção única, utilizando o Nintendo® Wii com sujeitos de idade superior a 60 anos submetidos à intervenção com treinamento de arremesso no jogo wii sports resort, e avaliados com analise cinemática angular de vídeo com o software Kinovea®, antes e depois da intervenção, protocolo composto por uma bateria de dez arremessos, antes e após a intervenção, além da avaliação subjetiva da melhora pós-treino. RESULTADOS: Participaram da pesquisa 4 sujeitos, sendo 3 do sexo feminino, com média de idade 70,7 anos ± 7,13 e escolaridade 8 anos ± 6,16. Para as variáveis angulares verificou-se que, após o treino com Wii, houve acentuação na flexão de ombro e decréscimo no cotovelo para na postura inicial do arremesso; já na posição final do arremesso, ocorreu decréscimo na extensão de cotovelo e aumento da flexão de punho. Também foi verificado aumento do salto e diminuição no tempo de execução da tarefa. CONSIDERAÇÕES FINAIS: Diante disso é possível concluir que o Nintendo® Wii se mostra um recurso potencial para melhoria de gestos no âmbito real para idosos.


INTRODUCTION: In the context of rehabilitation in gerontology, the improvement of the ability to perform motor tasks is highlighted to promote autonomy, so it is necessary to investigate tools to achieve this clinical objective. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of training with non-immersive virtual reality on the execution of the real motor task in the elderly. MATERIALS AND METHOD: This is a case report, with a single intervention using the Nintendo® Wii, with subjects over 60 years old who underwent intervention with throw training in the game Wii sports resort and evaluated with video angular kinematic analysis with the Kinovea® software before and after the intervention, a protocol consisting of a battery of ten shots before and after the intervention, in addition to the subjective assessment of posttraining improvement. RESULTS: Four subjects participated in the research, 3 females, with a mean age of 70.7 years ± 7.13 and schooling 8 years ± 6.16. For the angular variables, it was found that, after training with the Wii, in the initial throwing posture, there was an accentuation in the shoulder flexion and a decrease in the elbow for the same movement in the final position. There was a decrease in the elbow extension and an increase in the wrist flexion. It was also verified an increase in the jump and a decrease in the task execution time. FINAL CONSIDERATIONS: Given this, it is possible to conclude that the Nintendo® Wii is a potential resource for improving gestures in real life for the elderly


Subject(s)
Aged , Biotechnology , Learning
13.
Medwave ; 21(6): e8218, 31-07-2021.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284249

ABSTRACT

Introducción El proceso de aprendizaje demanda la utilización de estrategias pertinentes y efectivas. La utilización de la metodología aprendizaje servicio implica grandes desafíos tanto para el estudiante como para el docente-tutor. Objetivo Develar la experiencia de docentes-tutores a partir del trabajo comunitario con estudiantes de enfermería de la Universidad Austral de Chile, utilizando la metodología aprendizaje servicio. Método Investigación cualitativa descriptiva y exploratoria mediante un estudio intrínseco de casos. Muestra no probabilística e intencionada de casos por criterios y conveniencia. Se entrevistaron a cinco docentes del Instituto de Enfermería de la Universidad Austral de Chile contratados por la universidad, que cumplieron el rol de docente-tutor previa firma del consentimiento informado. La información fue obtenida mediante entrevistas semiestructuradas. El análisis se realizó a través de la metodología de reducción de datos, que considera el análisis de resultados en tres niveles. El estudio fue aprobado por el Comité Ético Científico de la Facultad de Medicina de la Universidad Austral de Chile. Resultados En el nivel 1 se identificaron 107 unidades de significado, agrupadas en cinco categorías descriptivas. En el nivel 2 se formaron tres metacategorías: "opinión de las docentes-tutoras con relación al trabajo con la metodología aprendizaje servicio", "factores que inciden en el trabajo con la metodología aprendizaje servicio" y "competencias genéricas desarrolladas con la metodología aprendizaje servicio". En el nivel 3 se identificaron dos dominios cualitativos: "apreciación de las docentes-tutoras para el desarrollo de la metodología aprendizaje servicio" y "aportes de la metodología aprendizaje servicio para el desarrollo de competencias genéricas". Conclusiones La implementación de la metodología de manera eficiente requiere de capacitación y motivación de docentes-tutores, estudiantes y socios comunitarios.


Introduction The learning process demands appropriate and effective strategies. Furthermore, the service-learning methodology implies significant challenges for both the student and the teacher-tutor. Objective To reveal the experience of community-based teacher-tutors work with nursing students from the Austral University of Chile, using the service-learning methodology. Method Descriptive and exploratory qualitative research through an intrinsic case study. Non-probabilistic and intentional sample of cases by criteria and convenience. Five teachers from the Austral University of Chile Nursing Institute hired by the university were interviewed. They fulfilled the role of teacher-tutor after signing the informed consent. The information was obtained through semi-structured interviews, and the analysis was carried out through the data reduction methodology, which considers the analysis of results at three levels. The Scientific Ethics Committee of the Austral University of Chile School of Medicine approved the study. Results At level 1: One hundred and seven (107) units of meaning were identified, grouped into five descriptive categories. At level 2, three meta-categories were formed: "opinion of the tutor-teachers on working with the service-learning methodology", "factors that influence working with the service-learning methodology" and "generic competencies developed with the service-learning methodology. Finally, at level 3, two qualitative domains were identified: "Teacher-tutors appreciation for the development of the service-learning methodology" and "Contributions of the service-learning methodology for developing generic competencies". Conclusions The efficient implementation of the methodology requires training and motivation of tutors, teachers, students and community partners.


Subject(s)
Humans , Problem-Based Learning/methods , Curriculum , Education, Nursing/methods , Faculty, Nursing/psychology , Learning , Interviews as Topic , Qualitative Research , Motivation
14.
Barbarói ; (58)jan.-jun. 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1150692

ABSTRACT

Este artigo analisa os sentidos atribuídos ao jovem configurado pela atual política pública brasileira de aprendizagem profissional e como operam as tecnologias de governo do indivíduo na produção da noção de risco social. Trata-se de um estudo documental com base na teoria de leitura de Mikhail Bakhtin, na qual se analisam os enunciados objetivando a sua desnaturalização. Um conjunto de normativas atinentes a essa política foi selecionado, lido e analisado enquanto textos e intertextos a produzir uma rede dialógica complexa que evidencia o posicionamento do Estado em relação ao significado de ser aprendiz, o qual envolve a noção de proteção social, portanto direcionado ao público alvo da política de assistência social. O sentido da identidade do jovem considerado de risco é o principal alvo da política, que regulamenta o trabalho antes dos 18 anos identificando-o como aprendiz. O estudo evidencia o caráter normativo e regulador desse processo, embora a esfera social seja complexa e requeira uma revisão constante. Diante da naturalização do conceito de juventude constatado, as políticas públicas voltadas para o jovem apresentam-se contraditórias e distantes das demandas específicas desta população. Este estudo aponta para a necessidade de problematizar os sentidos da proteção social para o jovem e para a sociedade, bem como os seus efeitos, especialmente na política de aprendizagem profissional, a qual não afeta somente o seu destinatário, mas a toda a sociedade, uma vez que atua na fabricação de um modelo identitário e gesta a existência dos indivíduos objetivando sua conformação.(AU)


This article analyses the meanings attributed to the young person as seen by Brazilian public policy of professional apprenticeship and how the government technologies of the individual work on the production of the concept social risk. It is a documental study based on Mikhail Bakhtin's reading theory, in which utterances are analysed aiming at their denaturalisation. A set of norms regarding this policy has been selected, read and analysed as texts and intertexts, producing a complex dialogic web and casting light on the positioning of the state government concerning the meaning of apprentice and social protection, therefore directed to the target audience of this social care policy. The meaning of the identity of the youth seen as at risk is the main target of this policy, which regulates work before the age of 18, identifying the young person as an apprentice. This study evinces the characteristics of this process as normative and regulatory, although the social sphere is complex, requiring constant revision. Considering the naturalisation of the meaning of youth, the public policies for the young person are presented as contradictory and distant from the specific needs of this population. This study shows the necessity to problematize the meanings of social care for youth and for society, and its effects, particularly regarding the policy for professional apprenticeship, which affects not only its receiver, but also the whole society, since it acts on the fabrication of an identity model and manages the existence of the individuals, aiming at their conformity.(AU)


Este articulo analiza los sentidos atribuidos al joven configurado por la actual política pública brasilera de aprendizaje profesional y cómo operan las tecnologias de gobierno del individuo en la producción de la noción de riesgo social. Es un estudio documental basado en la teoría de lectura Bajtiniana, que analiza los enunciados buscando su desnaturalización. Un conjunto de normativas referidas a esa política fueron analizados como textos e intertextos que producen una red dialógica compleja que evidencia el posicionamiento del Estado en relación al significado de ser aprendiz, el cual involucra la noción de protección social, por lo tanto direccionado al público objeto de la política de asistencia social. El sentido de la identidad del joven considerado en riesgo es el principal objetivo de la política, que reglamenta el trabajo antes de los 18 años identificándolo como aprendiz. El estudio evidencia el caracter normativo y regulador de ese proceso aunque la esfera social sea compleja y requiera una revisión constante. Delante de la naturalización del concepto de juventud constatado, las políticas públicas volcadas hacia el joven se presentan contradictorias y distantes de las demandas específicas de ésta población. Este estudio apunta la necesidad de problematizar los sentidos de la protección social para el joven y la sociedad, también como sus efectos, especialmente en la política de aprendizaje profesional, la cual no afecta solamente su destinatario, sino a toda la sociedad, una vez que actua en la fabricación de un modelo identitario y gesta la existencia de los indivíduos buscando su conformación.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Public Policy , Adolescent , Education, Professional , Learning , Social Work , Risk
15.
Rev. med. Risaralda ; 27(1): 70-75, ene.-jun. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1280495

ABSTRACT

Resumen En la educación médica, la metacognición incide en diferentes aspectos: mejora el rendimiento académico, contribuye a la toma de decisiones, facilita el desarrollo de habilidades clínicas, permite combatir el exceso de confianza y disminuye errores diagnósticos. Por ello, se constituye en una habilidad necesaria en la formación del médico. En este sentido, el uso de estrategias que promuevan el desarrollo de juicios metacognitivos, es clave en los procesos de enseñanza y aprendizaje. Para profundizar en los aportes de los juicios metacognitivos en el campo de la educación médica, se construye el siguiente artículo producto de una revisión bibliográfica. En él se logra pasar de una dimensión macro de la metacognición (conocimiento o regulación), a una dimensión micro referida a los juicios metacognitivos, evidenciado cómo estos aportan al razonamiento clínico, a la toma de decisiones, a la disminución del error médico y a la seguridad del paciente. El artículo muestra una línea de trabajo denominada juicios metacognitivos, caracterizada por centrarse en la precisión entre las afirmaciones de desempeño en una tarea y el rendimiento real.


Abstract Metacognition contributes to medical education from different aspects: improve academic performance, contributes to decision making, facilitates the development of clinical skills, helps combat overconfidence and reduces diagnostic errors. This is why it becomes a necessary skill to develop in the training of the student medicine for which strategies such as metacognitive scaffolds are included, deliberate consideration of alternatives, and the reproduction of optimal actions. To understand these contributions for learning medicine, a bibliographic review article was developed, through a process that included searching databases through descriptors in Spanish and English, the selection of articles that will include the relationship of metacognition and the learning of medicine, to arrive at the construction of a text that would account for an understanding of the subject. The above allowed, not just delve into metacognition as a higher order skill in learning, but also guide a discussion that highlights a line of work called metacognitive judgments, which is characterized by focusing on the precision between performance claims on a task and actual performance.


Subject(s)
Humans , Decision Making , Education, Medical , Metacognition , Judgment/ethics , Learning , Aptitude , Clinical Competence , Knowledge , Patient Safety , Academic Performance , Clinical Reasoning
16.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 58(2): e3173, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289410

ABSTRACT

Introducción: A través del tiempo la enseñanza-aprendizaje de Inglés con Fines Específicos en la carrera de Estomatología ha variado, en respuesta los procesos histórico-sociales que han supuesto cambios en el modelo de formación del estomatólogo. Objetivo: Describir la evolución de la enseñanza-aprendizaje de Inglés con Fines Específicos en la carrera de Estomatología en Cuba. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio histórico-descriptivo, desde marzo de 2017 hasta septiembre de 2019. Se recogió información a través de la entrevista a informantes clave y se revisaron artículos científicos relacionados con el tema de investigación, literatura básica de la carrera y otros documentos de relevancia. Se organizó la información cronológicamente y se agrupó en etapas a partir de hechos que han significado un cambio cualitativo en el desarrollo de la enseñanza-aprendizaje de Inglés con Fines Específicos en la carrera de Estomatología en Cuba. Resultados: La enseñanza-aprendizaje de Inglés con Fines Específicos en la carrera de Estomatología en Cuba se organizó en cuatro etapas. Se reveló la necesidad de concretar un objetivo instructivo general relacionado con el desarrollo de habilidades comunicativas profesionales en inglés y un programa adecuado a las funciones del profesional. La metodología de Inglés con Fines Específicos se ha perfeccionado, desde el aprendizaje memorístico hasta el uso del enfoque comunicativo. La evaluación se encamina hacia la evaluación formativa, aunque en su concepción aún se aprecian prácticas evaluativas tradicionales que no consideran su potencialidad como vehículo para el desarrollo de la competencia comunicativa profesional. Conclusiones: A pesar de que se han apreciado avances en la enseñanza-aprendizaje de Inglés con Fines Específicos en la carrera de Estomatología en Cuba, todavía se aprecian insuficiencias relacionadas con la falta de adecuación de los programas al modelo de profesional y el insuficiente aprovechamiento de la evaluación para favorecer el desarrollo de la competencia comunicativa profesional(AU)


Introduction: The teaching and learning of English for special purposes in undergraduate dental training has changed throughout time, in response to historical and social processes which have imposed changes on the dental training model. Objective: Describe the evolution of the teaching and learning of English for special purposes in undergraduate dental training in Cuba. Methods: A historical-descriptive study was conducted from March 2017 to September 2019. Information was collected from interviews with key informants, and a review was carried out of scientific papers related to the study topic, basic undergraduate bibliography and other relevant documents. The data were ordered chronologically and grouped into periods based on milestones implying a qualitative change in the development of the teaching and learning of English for special purposes in undergraduate dental training in Cuba. Results: The teaching and learning of English for special purposes in undergraduate dental training in Cuba was arranged into four periods. It was found that it is necessary to define a general instructional objective related to the development of professional communicative skills in English, as well as a syllabus adjusted to the functions of professionals. The teaching methodology of English for special purposes has evolved from rote learning to the use of a communicative approach. Evaluation is now aimed at formative assessment, though traditional evaluation practices are still found in its design which do not consider its potential as a vehicle for the development of professional communicative competence. Conclusions: Despite the progress achieved by the teaching and learning of English for special purposes in undergraduate dental training in Cuba, deficiencies are still found which have to do with scarce adjustment of syllabuses to the professional model and insufficient use of evaluation to foster the development of professional communicative competence(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Schools, Dental/history , Teaching , Learning , Review Literature as Topic , Epidemiology, Descriptive
17.
Edumecentro ; 13(2): 159-171, abr.-jun. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286247

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Fundamento: el curso de contenido propio o curso propio Terapéutica Razonada incluido en el plan D de la carrera de Medicina en 4to año es pertinente y de utilidad para los futuros egresados de la carrera de Medicina. Objetivo: valorar la factibilidad, pertinencia, fortalezas y debilidades del curso propio Terapéutica Razonada en el programa de estudios desde el cumplimiento de sus objetivos. Métodos: se realizó un estudio observacional descriptivo transversal en la Universidad de Ciencias Médicas de Villa Clara en 2019. Se utilizaron métodos teóricos: análisis-síntesis e inducción-deducción; empíricos: análisis documental y entrevistas a estudiantes de cuarto año de Medicina y sus profesores. Resultados: se identificaron elementos positivos: desarrollo de habilidades de razonamiento, basarse en pilares acordes a las Guías de Buena Prescripción, propiciar la integración de diversos tratamientos y personalizar la terapéutica a aplicar. Permitió desarrollar habilidades de búsqueda bibliográfica, uso de las tecnologías de la información y las comunicaciones y contribuyó al uso racional de los medicamentos. La ubicación del curso simultáneamente con la asignatura Pediatría se consideró una debilidad al interferir con la integración de temas docentes. Los profesores brindaron criterios positivos sobre el curso; mientras algunos estudiantes expresaron desmotivación al considerar que el proceso de la prescripción se fragmentaba demasiado en las primeras actividades de las clases taller. Conclusiones: Terapéutica Razonada se consideró un curso propio necesario, pertinente y factible, aunque presentó debilidades en cuanto a ubicación en la malla curricular que pudieran modificarse en aras de lograr mayor integración y motivación de los estudiantes.


ABSTRACT Background: the Reasoned Therapeutics course included in plan D of the Medicine degree in 4th year is relevant and useful for future graduates of the Medicine degree. Objective: to assess the feasibility, relevance, strengths and weaknesses of the Reasoned Therapeutics course in the study program from the fulfillment of its objectives. Methods: a cross-sectional descriptive observational study was carried out at Villa Clara University of Medical Sciences in 2019. Theoretical methods were used: analysis-synthesis and induction-deduction; empirical ones: documentary analysis and interviews with fourth-year medical students and their professors. Results: positive elements were identified: development of reasoning skills, being based on pillars according to the Good Prescription Guidelines, promoting the integration of various treatments and personalizing the therapy to be applied. It made possible to develop bibliographic search skills, use of information and communication technologies and contributed to the rational use of drugs. The simultaneous location of the course with the Pediatrics subject was considered a weakness as it interfered with the integration of teaching topics. The teachers provided positive criteria about the course; while some students expressed demotivation when considering that the prescription process was too fragmented in the first activities of the workshop classes. Conclusions: Reasoned Therapeutics was considered a necessary, pertinent and feasible course, although it presented weaknesses in terms of location in the curriculum that could be modified in order to achieve greater integration and motivation of the students.


Subject(s)
Students , Faculty , Learning
18.
Edumecentro ; 13(2): 146-158, abr.-jun. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286246

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Fundamento: los medios de enseñanza diseñados utilizando las herramientas de las tecnologías de la información y las comunicaciones constituyen recursos del aprendizaje muy empleados en las carreras de las ciencias médicas. Objetivo: conformar una galería de imágenes anatómicas del sistema reproductor femenino como medio de enseñanza alternativo. Métodos: se realizó una investigación de desarrollo en la Facultad de Medicina de la Universidad Katyavala Bwila de Benguela, Angola, en 2018. Se utilizaron métodos teóricos para la fundamentación de la investigación y empíricos: entrevista a expertos y análisis documental. Resultados: los expertos opinaron de forma unánime que la carencia de medios de enseñanza es un factor que dificulta el aprendizaje y logro de habilidades en los estudiantes. La revisión documental permitió determinar las principales destrezas a adquirir por los estudiantes y consecuentemente la selección de imágenes a utilizar en el producto. Formaron parte de la galería: imágenes fotográficas, radiográficas, ecográficas y dibujos de los genitales externos e internos femeninos. Conclusiones: se conformó una galería de imágenes como medio de enseñanza alternativo, la que fue valorada como pertinente, útil y factible por su carácter científico y pedagógico, por los expertos consultados, la cual fortalece la motivación de los estudiantes al permitirles construir el conocimiento en pos de lograr una formación académica integral.


Background: teaching aids designed using the tools of information and communication technologies are learning resources widely used in medical sciences degrees. Objective: to create a gallery of anatomical images of the female reproductive system as an alternative teaching aid. Methods: a developmental investigation was carried out at the Faculty of Medicine of Benguela Katyavala Bwila University, Angola, in 2018. Theoretical methods were used to support the research and empirical ones: interview with experts and documentary analysis. Results: the experts unanimously believed that the lack of teaching aids is a factor that hinders the learning and achievement of skills in students. The documentary review made possible to determine the main skills to be acquired by the students and consequently the selection of images to be used in the product. The following were part of the gallery: photographic, radiographic, ultrasound images and drawings of the female external and internal genitalia. Conclusions: an image gallery was created as an alternative teaching aid, which was valued by the experts consulted as pertinent, useful and feasible due to its scientific and pedagogical nature, it strengthens the motivation of the students by allowing them to build knowledge in order to achieve a comprehensive academic training.


Subject(s)
Students, Medical , Medical Informatics Applications , Learning
19.
Edumecentro ; 13(2): 128-145, abr.-jun. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286245

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Fundamento: el Plan de Estudio D para la carrera de Medicina incluyó un curso de contenido propio o curso propio sobre nutrición, cuyo programa original fue sustituido por una versión confeccionada por docentes de la Universidad de Ciencias Médicas de Villa Clara. Objetivo: valorar los resultados del curso propio Alimentación Saludable elaborado por docentes de la Universidad de Ciencias Médicas de Villa Clara, e implementado desde 2018-2019 en la carrera de Medicina en Cuba. Métodos: se realizó una investigación descriptiva en la Universidad de Ciencias Médicas de Villa Clara, curso 2019-2020. Se utilizaron métodos teóricos para la fundamentación de la investigación y recogida de información, y empíricos: análisis documental, cuestionario a docentes y la técnica de grupo focal. Resultados: los criterios de profesores y estudiantes de la carrera en Villa Clara y de algunos docentes de 20 facultades de Medicina en Cuba fueron favorables en cuanto al diseño del curso, su pertinencia y posibilidades de su implementación; consideraron sus contenidos en correspondencia con el perfil declarado en el modelo del profesional; la mayoría de los docentes logró motivar a los estudiantes y los resultados de promoción fueron satisfactorios; aunque se advierten aspectos a mejorar, entre los que se destaca que docentes de diez facultades consideraron que se requiere preparación previa para lograr un proceso enseñanza aprendizaje con mayor calidad. Conclusiones: el curso Alimentación Saludable es un proyecto válido en el empeño de elevar la calidad de la enseñanza de la nutrición en la carrera de Medicina.


ABSTRACT Background: Study Plan D for the Medicine degree included a course on nutrition; the original program was replaced by a version prepared by teachers from Villa Clara University of Medical Sciences. Objective: to assess the results of the Healthy food course prepared by teachers from Villa Clara University of Medical Sciences, and implemented from 2018 to 2019 in the Medicine degree in Cuba. Methods: a descriptive research was carried out at Villa Clara University of Medical Sciences, 2019-2020 academic year. Theoretical methods were used to base the research and information gathering, and empirical ones: documentary analysis, questionnaire for teachers and the focal group technique. Results: the criteria of professors and students of the degree in Villa Clara and some teachers of 20 medical schools in Cuba were favorable regarding the design of the course, its relevance and possibilities of its implementation; they considered its contents in correspondence with the profile declared in the professional model; most of the teachers managed to motivate the students and the course grade results were satisfactory; although there are aspects to be improved, among which it stands out that teachers from ten faculties considered that prior preparation is required to achieve a higher quality teaching-learning process. Conclusions: the Healthy food course is a valid project in the effort to raise the quality of nutrition teaching in Medicine.


Subject(s)
Students, Medical , Nutrition Programs , Learning
20.
Edumecentro ; 13(2): 89-107, abr.-jun. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286243

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Fundamento: la integración de contenidos científicos es tendencia e imperativo en la educación superior, por lo que estudiar la realidad educativa en este campo permite encaminar acciones para perfeccionar el proceso enseñanza aprendizaje. Objetivo: diagnosticar el estado actual de la integración de contenidos de las ciencias básicas biomédicas en la disciplina Morfofisiología para la carrera de Estomatología. Métodos: investigación observacional descriptiva y transversal de corte pedagógico desarrollada en la Facultad de Estomatología de la Universidad de Ciencias Médicas de Camagüey, desde septiembre 2018 hasta marzo 2020. Se emplearon métodos teóricos: análisis-síntesis e inductivo-deductivo; y empíricos: entrevista y cuestionario a profesores y estudiantes, observación científica y revisión documental. Resultados: todos los profesores y la mayoría de los estudiantes consideraron importante la integración en Morfofisiología; sin embargo la media de los docentes expresó limitaciones para lograrlo, lo que coincidió con el criterio estudiantil al expresar que sus profesores no estaban suficientemente preparados en especialidades distintas a la suya; de similar modo los docentes consideraron insuficiente el nivel de integración alcanzado por los estudiantes al culminar la disciplina. Conclusiones: aun cuando confieren importancia a la integración de contenidos en el proceso enseñanza aprendizaje de la Morfofisiología, en los estudiantes persisten limitaciones relacionadas con el dominio de los contenidos susceptibles de ser integrados, y carencias pedagógicas en los profesores para conducirlos hacia este enfoque, desde su propia implicación en este proceso docente integrador.


ABSTRACT Background: the integration of scientific content is a trend and imperative in higher education, so studying the educational reality in this field allows directing actions to improve the teaching-learning process. Objective: to diagnose the current state of the integration of contents of the basic biomedical sciences in the Morphology-physiology discipline for the Dentistry degree. Methods: descriptive and cross-sectional observational research of a pedagogical nature developed at the Dentistry Faculty of Camagüey University of Medical Sciences, from September 2018 to March 2020. Theoretical methods were used: analysis-synthesis and inductive-deductive; and empirical: interview and questionnaire with teachers and students, scientific observation and documentary review. Results: all the teachers and most of the students considered important integration in Morphology- physiology. However, the average of the teachers expressed limitations to achieve this, which coincided with the student´s criteria when expressing that their teachers were not sufficiently prepared in specialties other than their own; similarly, the teachers considered the level of integration reached by the students to be insufficient at the end of the discipline. Conclusions: even though the students attach importance to the integration of content in the Morphology-physiology teaching-learning process, they still have limitations related to mastering the content that can be integrated as well as pedagogical deficiencies in teachers to lead them towards this approach from their own involvement in this inclusive teaching process.


Subject(s)
Mainstreaming, Education , Learning
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