Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 3 de 3
Add filters

Year range
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 107(3): 410-415, May 2012. ilus, graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-624024


The spleen plays a crucial role in the development of immunity to malaria, but the role of pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) in splenic effector cells during malaria infection is poorly understood. In the present study, we analysed the expression of selected PRRs in splenic effector cells from BALB/c mice infected with the lethal and non-lethal Plasmodium yoelii strains 17XL and 17X, respectively, and the non-lethal Plasmodium chabaudi chabaudi AS strain. The results of these experiments showed fewer significant changes in the expression of PRRs in AS-infected mice than in 17X and 17XL-infected mice. Mannose receptor C type 2 (MRC2) expression increased with parasitemia, whereas Toll-like receptors and sialoadhesin (Sn) decreased in mice infected with P. chabaudi AS. In contrast, MRC type 1 (MRC1), MRC2 and EGF-like module containing mucin-like hormone receptor-like sequence 1 (F4/80) expression decreased with parasitemia in mice infected with 17X, whereas MRC1 an MRC2 increased and F4/80 decreased in mice infected with 17XL. Furthermore, macrophage receptor with collagenous structure and CD68 declined rapidly after initial parasitemia. SIGNR1 and Sn expression demonstrated minor variations in the spleens of mice infected with either strain. Notably, macrophage scavenger receptor (Msr1) and dendritic cell-associated C-type lectin 2 expression increased at both the transcript and protein levels in 17XL-infected mice with 50% parasitemia. Furthermore, the increased lethality of 17X infection in Msr1 -/- mice demonstrated a protective role for Msr1. Our results suggest a dual role for these receptors in parasite clearance and protection in 17X infection and lethality in 17XL infection.

Animals , Female , Mice , Lectins, C-Type/immunology , Malaria/parasitology , Mannose-Binding Lectins/immunology , Plasmodium chabaudi/immunology , Plasmodium yoelii/immunology , Receptors, Cell Surface/immunology , Receptors, Scavenger/immunology , Spleen/parasitology , Toll-Like Receptors/immunology , Flow Cytometry , Lectins, C-Type/genetics , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Microarray Analysis , Malaria/immunology , Mannose-Binding Lectins/genetics , Parasitemia/immunology , Receptors, Cell Surface/genetics , Receptors, Scavenger/genetics , Spleen/immunology , Toll-Like Receptors/genetics
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 103(3): 244-250, May 2008. ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-485211


A polysaccharide-rich fraction (ATF) of medicinal mushroom Agaricus brasiliensis was evaluated on the candidacidal activity, H2O2 and nitric oxide (NO) production, and expression of mannose receptors by murine peritoneal macrophages. Mice received three intraperitoneal (i.p.) injections of ATF and after 48 h their peritoneal resident macrophages were assayed against Candida albicans yeast forms. The treatment increased fungicidal activity and it was associated with higher levels of H2O2, whereas NO production was not affected. We also found that the treatment enhances mannose receptor expression by peritoneal macrophages, which are involved in the attachment and phagocytosis of non-opsonized microorganisms. Treatment of animals with ATF was able to enhance the clearance of C. albicans during the first 6 h after the experimental i.p. infection. Our results suggest that this extract can increase host resistance against some infectious agents through the stimulation of microbicidal activity of macrophages.

Animals , Male , Mice , Agaricus/chemistry , Candida albicans/immunology , Macrophages, Peritoneal/immunology , Polysaccharides/pharmacology , Candida albicans/drug effects , Hydrogen Peroxide/immunology , Lectins, C-Type/immunology , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Macrophages, Peritoneal/drug effects , Macrophages, Peritoneal/microbiology , Mannose-Binding Lectins/immunology , Nitric Oxide/biosynthesis , Phagocytosis/drug effects , Polysaccharides/isolation & purification , Receptors, Cell Surface/immunology
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-23340


BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE: The understanding of the pathogenesis of psoriasis vulgaris has focused on T cell mediated immune disorder for many years. Recent studies provide evidence that dendritic cells may be of major importance as regulatory cells driving the psoriasis tissue reaction, and they are one of the therapeutic targets. In order to further characterize the role of dendritic cells in psoriasis, this study was designed to assess the differentiation of dendritic cells from monocytes (MoDC), the expression of phagocytosis related receptors by MoDC, their endocytic activity for fluorescent beads and lucifer yellow as well as their superoxide generation in patients with psoriasis. METHODS: Twenty eight patients with psoriasis vulgaris and 12 healthy controls were included in the study. MoDC were obtained by culturing monocytes with granulocyte macrophage-colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) and interleukin-4 (IL-4) for 5 days. Cell surface expression of CD1a, CD14, CD40, CD80, CD83, CD86, HLA-DR, mannose receptor (MR) and Fcg receptors by MoDC and their endocytosis of dextran and lucifer yellow were analyzed by flow cytometry. Zymosan ingestion was measured to access the phagocytosis of MoDC. RESULTS: Differentiation of monocytes to dendritic cells was upregulated in patients manifested as significantly increased expression of CD40, CD80, CD86 and HLA-DR compared with that in healthy controls (P<0.01). Expression of MR and Fcg receptor II (CD32) by MoDC was significantly increased in patients with psoriasis as well (P<0.01). Endocytosis of dextran but not lucifer yellow in patients was significantly higher than controls (P<0.01), and significantly enhanced phagocytosis by increasing zymosan ingestion was also observed (P<0.01) in patients. Taken together, endocytic and phagocytic activity of MoDC in psoriasis was increased than normal persons. INTERPRETATION & CONCLUSION: Enhanced activity of dendritic cells binding and capturing foreign antigens for subsequent antigen presentation and the initiation of immune responses in psoriasis may contribute to the pathogenesis of the disease. The upregulated expression of MR and the enhanced endocytic activity of DC might be an explanation for the absence of skin infection observed in psoriasis.

Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Biomarkers/metabolism , Cell Differentiation/physiology , China , Dendritic Cells/cytology , Endocytosis/physiology , Female , Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor/metabolism , Humans , Lectins, C-Type/immunology , Male , Mannose-Binding Lectins/immunology , Middle Aged , Monocytes/cytology , Phagocytosis/physiology , Psoriasis/immunology , Random Allocation , Receptors, Cell Surface/immunology , Receptors, IgG/immunology