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Rev. medica electron ; 42(4): 2094-2103, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1139299


RESUMEN Se presentó el caso de una niña con el diagnóstico de displasia de Meyer. Consiste en una alteración en el desarrollo de la cadera en el niño dado por irregularidad y retraso en la osificación del núcleo de la epífisis femoral, aunque muchos ortopedistas la consideran como una variante fisiológica normal. Radiológicamente se manifiesta como un patrón granular múltiple de osificación y clínicamente si bien puede ser sintomática en algunos casos, lo más frecuente es que sea asintomática. Se enfatizó en la importancia de considerar a la displasia de Meyer como posibilidad diagnóstica ante alteraciones en la osificación de la epífisis femoral. Se señaló a la displasia congénita de la cadera y la enfermedad de Perthes como principales entidades a tener en cuenta al hacer el diagnóstico diferencial. Se analizó la evolución clínico-radiológica de la paciente a partir de los datos recogidos en la historia clínica. Se concluyó enfatizando que la displasia de Meyer debe tenerse presente como posibilidad diagnóstica ante casos similares, realizar una cuidadosa valoración de cada paciente y tener en cuenta a la displasia congénita de la cadera y la enfermedad de Perthes como diagnóstico diferencial atendiendo a la edad del paciente (AU).

ABSTRACT The authors present the case of a female child diagnosed with Meyers dysplasia. It is an alteration of the hip development in children, given the ossification irregularity and retardation of the femoral epiphysis nucleus, although several orthopedists consider it a normal physiological variant. Radiologically, it shows like a multiple granular pattern of ossification, and clinically it could be symptomatic in several cases, but more frequently it is asymptomatic. It was emphasized the importance of considering Meyer dysplasia as a diagnostic possibility in the presence of alterations in the femoral epiphysis ossification. The authors indicated hip congenital dysplasia and Perthes disease as main entities to take into account when making the differential diagnosis. They also analyzed clinic-radiological evolution of the patient on the basis of the data collected in the clinical record. They concluded emphasizing that Meyer dysplasia must be taken into consideration as a diagnostic possibility in similar cases, each patient should be carefully assessed and that hip congenital dysplasia and Perthes disease have to be considered as differential diagnosis given the age of the patient (AU).

Humans , Female , Child , Child , Hip Dislocation, Congenital/diagnosis , Radiology , Clinical Evolution , Diagnosis, Differential , Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease/congenital , Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease/diagnosis
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811117


BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of literature on the use of hip arthroscopy for pathologic conditions in skeletally immature patients. Thus, the indications and safety of the procedure are still unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate the safety and functional outcomes of hip arthroscopy for pediatric and adolescent hip disorders. We further attempted to characterize arthroscopic findings in each disease.METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 32 children and adolescents with hip disorders who underwent 34 hip arthroscopic procedures at a tertiary care children's hospital from January 2010 to December 2016. We evaluated functional limitations and improvement after operation by using the modified Harris hip score (HHS), the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC), subjective pain assessment with a visual analog scale (VAS), and range of hip motion as well as the complications of hip arthroscopy. Arthroscopic findings in each disease were recorded.RESULTS: Hip arthroscopy was performed for Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease (n = 6), developmental dysplasia of the hip (n = 6), slipped capital femoral epiphysis (n = 5), idiopathic femoroacetabular impingement (n = 6), sequelae of septic arthritis of the hip (n = 3), hereditary multiple exostosis (n = 2), synovial giant cell tumor (n = 3), idiopathic chondrolysis (n = 2), and posttraumatic osteonecrosis of the femoral head (n = 1). Overall, there was a significant improvement in the modified HHS, WOMAC, VAS, and range of hip motion. Symptom improvement was not observed for more than 18 months in four patients who had dysplastic acetabulum with a labral tear (n = 2) or a recurrent femoral head bump (n = 2). There were no complications except transient perineal numbness in five patients.CONCLUSIONS: Our short-term follow-up evaluation shows that hip arthroscopy for pediatric and adolescent hip disorder is a less invasive and safe procedure. It appears to be effective in improving functional impairment caused by femoroacetabular impingement between the deformed femoral head and acetabulum or intra-articular focal problems in pediatric and adolescent hip disorders.

Acetabulum , Adolescent , Arthritis, Infectious , Arthroscopy , Child , Exostoses, Multiple Hereditary , Femoracetabular Impingement , Follow-Up Studies , Giant Cell Tumors , Head , Hip , Humans , Hypesthesia , Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease , Ontario , Osteoarthritis , Osteonecrosis , Pain Measurement , Retrospective Studies , Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphyses , Tears , Tertiary Healthcare , Visual Analog Scale
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763580


BACKGROUND: Ganz surgical hip dislocation via a posterior (Kocher-Langenbeck) approach is a popular procedure in the management of femoroacetabular impingement (FAI). We report the results of surgery performed through an anterolateral (Watson-Jones) approach in the management of anterolateral FAI. METHODS: Twenty-one hips in 20 patients (mean age at the time of operation, 17.3 years) were treated surgically using an anterolateral approach: 12 hips with Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease, three septic hips, three hips with avascular necrosis (combined with slipped capital femoral epiphysis [SCFE], femoral neck fracture, and developmental dislocation of the hip), two hips with epiphyseal dysplasia, and one hip with SCFE. All patients had anterolateral FAI. Surgical hip dislocation was performed in four hips with trochanteric osteotomy. Combined osteotomies were for neck lengthening in 11 hips, varus or valgus osteotomy in the proximal femur in four hips, and pelvic osteotomy in four hips. Clinical results were evaluated using a modified Harris hip score (mHHS). RESULTS: Range of hip flexion and abduction showed statistically significant improvement after surgery; however, the improvement in mean mHHS was not statistically significant. CONCLUSIONS: An anterolateral approach can be used as an alternative to a posterior approach in the management of anterolateral FAI with or without hip dislocation while safely preserving the blood supply to the femoral head and allowing simultaneous procedures in the proximal femur.

Joint Dislocations , Femoracetabular Impingement , Femoral Neck Fractures , Femur , Head , Hip Dislocation , Hip , Humans , Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease , Neck , Necrosis , Osteotomy , Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphyses
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-770020


PURPOSE: To evaluate the interstitial and appositional growth of greater trochanter post-screw apophysiodesis in Legg-Calve-Perthes (LCP) disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 17 patients, who were diagnosed with LCP and underwent greater trochanter screw apophysiodesis and metal removal between December 2003 and December 2012, and were followed-up for at least 4 years, were selected. Anterioposterior radiologic images were taken in each process of apophysiodesis, metal removal, and last follow-up. From such images, articulotrochanter tip distance (ATD), trochanter tip-screw distance (TSD), trochanter tip-trochanter lower margin distance (TLD), and screw-trochanter lower margin distance (SLD) were measured. Appositional growth and greater trochanter growth rates were compared using paired t-test, independent t-test, and correlation analysis. RESULTS: The average ATD of the affected and unaffected sides was 14.2 and 16.8 mm, respectively at apophysiodesis and 9.2 and 14.8 mm at the last follow-up, with a significantly greater decrease observed on the affected side the unaffected side (p=0.030). TLD of the affected side during the follow-up increased 11.0 mm, from an average of 30.8 to 41.8 mm, while the un-affected side increased 14.3 mm, from an average of 26.7 to 41.0 mm. The growth of greater trochanter after the operation in the affected side was 76.7% of that in unaffected side. The ratio of TLD of the affected side to the unaffected side was significantly reduced, from 1.15 to 1.02 (p=0.014) at the final follow-up. TSD was significantly increased from 4.5 to 14.4 mm at metal removal (p < 0.001) and increased to 17.0 mm at the last follow-up. Moreover, the ratio of TSD to SLD was significantly increased from 0.20 to 0.74 at metal removal (p < 0.001) and increased to 0.84 at the final follow-up. CONCLUSION: The results of this study showed that screw apophysiodesis can suppress the overall growth, but not the appositional growth of the greater trochanter. Therefore, screw apophysiodesis may not be a good procedure to inhibit the growth of greater trochanter.

Femur , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-75351


BACKGROUND: In a previous study, we reported clinical and radiographic results of our modified Salter innominate osteotomy technique in 16 hips affected by Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease (LCPD) with an average follow-up of 31.8 months. In this study, we present the long-term results of the osteotomy in LCPD patients followed until physeal closure. METHODS: Thirty hips of 29 patients were followed until skeletal maturation after modified Salter innominate osteotomy. The mean follow-up duration was 12.9 years (range, 9.1 to 16.0 years). Eleven hips (36.7%) were classified as Catterall group III and 19 (63.3%) as Catterall group VI. Stable interposition of a bone block was achieved using one biodegradable screw in nine hips and without any fixation device in 21 hips by simply changing the direction of osteotomy. The Harris Hip Score (HHS), Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) score, and hip function were evaluated at the last follow-up. Radiological outcomes were evaluated using Wiberg's center-edge angle, the Mose method, and Stulberg classification, and osteoarthritic changes were evaluated using the Tonnis classification. RESULTS: Mean HHS and WOMAC score were 80.2 points and 54 points, respectively, preoperatively and these were improved to 96.2 points and 28 points, respectively, at the last follow-up. Clinical results, according to Robinson's criteria, were good in 18, fair in seven, and poor in five hips. Radiological results assessed using the Mose method were good in 18, fair in six, and poor in six hips, and according to the Stulberg classification, nine hips were class I, nine were class II, eight were class III, and four were class IV. The mean center-edge angle improved from 19.7° preoperatively to 29.6° at the final follow-up. According the Tonnis classification, three hips were grade 2, five were grade 1, and 22 were grade 0. Of the three grade 2 hips, two underwent Chiari osteotomy 12.1 and 8.8 years postoperatively, and the other underwent total hip arthroplasty 12.9 years postoperatively. CONCLUSIONS: The modified Salter innominate osteotomy produced relatively satisfactory long-term clinical and radiological results.

Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Classification , Follow-Up Studies , Hip , Humans , Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease , Methods , Ontario , Osteoarthritis , Osteotomy
Rev. bras. ortop ; 51(3): 337-345, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-787721


To present the preliminary results from treating patients with Legg-Calvé-Perthes Disease (LCPD) by means of hip arthrodiastasis using a monolateral external fixator applied to the hip and to succinctly describe the surgical technique used, in a prospective study. METHODS: Prospective study on 18 patients with LCPD who underwent surgical treatment by means of the hip arthrodiastasis technique using a monolateral external fixator. There were 13 male and five female patients of mean age 8.5 years, ranging from five to 13 years. All the patients presented unilateral hip impairment: nine on the right side and nine on the left. The results were evaluated at maturity using clinical and radiological criteria. RESULTS: All the patients evolved with improvement of joint mobility, and pain relief was achieved in 88.9% of them. Reossification of the femoral epiphysis occurred within the first three months of the treatment. The hips operated at the necrosis stage of the disease did not passed through the fragmentation stage, thus shortening the evolution of the disease. The results were 77.8% satisfactory and 22.2% unsatisfactory. CONCLUSION: Hip arthrodiastasis with a monolateral external fixator during the active phase of LCPD improved the degree of joint mobility. Use of the arthrodiastasis technique at the necrosis stage or at the fragmentation stage (active phase of the disease) presented satisfactory results from treatment of LCPD.

Apresentar os resultados preliminares do tratamento da DLCP com o uso de artrodiástase com fixador externo monolateral aplicado ao quadril e descrever sucintamente a técnica operatória usada em um estudo prospectivo. MÉTODOS: Estudo prospectivo de 18 pacientes com DLCP submetidos ao tratamento operatório com a técnica de artrodiástase do quadril por meio de fixador externo unilateral. São 13 pacientes do gênero masculino e cinco do feminino com idade média de 8,5 anos com variação de cinco a 13 anos. Todos os pacientes com acometimento unilateral do quadril, nove à direita e nove à esquerda. A avaliação dos resultados foi feita na maturidade e considerou critérios clínicos e radiográficos. RESULTADOS: Todos os pacientes evoluíram com melhoria da mobilidade articular com alívio da dor obtido em 88,9% dos pacientes. A reossificação da epífise femoral ocorreu nos primeiros três meses do tratamento. Os quadris operados na fase de necrose não passaram pela fase de fragmentação e abreviaram o tempo de evolução da doença. Os resultados foram 77,8% satisfatórios e 22,2% insatisfatórios. CONCLUSÕES: A artrodiástase do quadril com fixador externo monolateral na fase ativa da DLCP melhora o grau de mobilidade articular. O emprego da técnica de artrodiástase nas fases de necrose e fragmentação (fase ativa da doença) apresenta resultados satisfatórios no tratamento da DLCP.

Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Hip Joint , Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease , Orthopedic Procedures
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-215532


BACKGROUND: To evaluate the efficacy of arthrodiastasis for Legg-Calve-Perthes disease. METHODS: Arthrodiastasis was conducted using external fixator devices (Orthofix) in 7 patients at least 8 years of age with a diagnosis of Legg-Calve-Perthes disease. The average follow-up was 80 months (range, 32 to 149 months), and their average age was 9.1 years (range, 8 to 12 years). The results of treatment were evaluated by measuring the degree of hip pain and the range of motion of the hip at 6 months after the operation and comparing the values with preoperative measurements. Radiological recovery was evaluated by the epiphyseal index and compared with the preoperative values. At the final follow-up, clinical and radiological results were evaluated using the Iowa hip score and the Stulberg classification. RESULTS: On the clinical evaluation performed at 6 months after arthrodiastasis, the degree of pain decreased by 1.8 points on average, and the average flexion, internal rotation, and abduction increased by 35°, 16°, and 11°, respectively. Based on radiological findings, the epiphyseal index showed a remarkable increase of 6.6 on average (from 19 preoperatively to 26 postoperatively). At the final follow-up, the average Iowa hip score improved from 65 points preoperatively to 84 points. There were 1 Stulberg class I hip, 2 Stulberg class II hips, 3 Stulberg class III hips, 1 Stulberg class IV hip, and no Stulberg class V hip. CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that arthrodiastasis using an external fixator can be a relatively promising surgical procedure for the treatment of late-onset Legg-Calve-Perthes disease.

Classification , Diagnosis , External Fixators , Follow-Up Studies , Hip , Humans , Iowa , Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease , Range of Motion, Articular
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-28892


Legg-Calve-Perthes (LCP) disease is characterized by idiopathic avascular osteonecrosis of the epiphysis of the femur head. The main factor that plays a role in the etiology of the disease is decreased blood flow to the epiphysis. Many predisposing factors have been suggested in the etiology of LCP disease, and most have varying degrees of effects. Here we present the case of a boy aged 4 years and 10 months with complaints of short stature and a diagnosis of multiple hypophyseal hormone deficiency, in whom LCP disease and difficult birth-related pituitary stalk interruption syndrome were identified by anamnesis. The present case revealed that LCP disease and hypophyseal hormone deficiency could be secondary to difficult birth and that LCP disease could be secondary to insulin-like growth factor 1 deficiency. Additionally, to the best of our knowledge there is no published case on the relation between LCP disease and insulin-like growth factor 1 deficiency. Therefore, we believe that this case is worthy of presentation.

Causality , Diagnosis , Epiphyses , Femur Head , Humans , Hypopituitarism , Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease , Male , Osteonecrosis , Parturition , Pituitary Gland
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-52653


BACKGROUND: Standard treatments may provide adequate containment in mild to moderate Legg-Calve-Perthes disease (LCPD), but they can be problematic in more severe cases. The purpose of this study was to report the results of combined shelf acetabuloplasty with femoral varus osteotomy in severe LCPD. METHODS: We reviewed 12 patients who had undergone combined shelf acetabuloplasty with femoral varus osteotomy. The indications for this type of operation were: (1) above 8 years of age at clinical onset; (2) massive femoral epiphysis involvement (Catterall group 4, lateral pillar C); (3) femoral head lateral subluxation on the anteroposterior radiograph; and (4) impending hinged abduction on preoperative magnetic resonance imaging or arthrography. The mean age was 9.3 years (range, 8 to 10.8 years). The patients were clinically evaluated with Iowa hip score and leg length discrepancy at the final follow-up. Radiographic outcome was assessed using the Stulberg classification to evaluate femoral head sphericity. The presence of osteoarthritis was evaluated by the Tonnis classification. Correlation analysis was conducted to analyze the preoperative factors that were strongly associated with patients' outcomes. RESULTS: The mean follow-up period was 10.1 years (range, 7.1 to 13.2 years). Functional grade was excellent in all patients at last follow-up (mean, 92; range, 82 to 99). The mean leg length discrepancy after skeletal maturity was 0.9 cm (range, 0 to 1.7 cm). There were no significant complications or need for additional surgery. Radiographically, 92% of patients reached satisfactory outcomes: Stulberg grade I, 0 cases; Stulberg grade II, 4 cases (34%); Stulberg III, 7 cases (58%), Stulberg IV, 1 case (8%); and Stulberg V, 0 cases. There was no osteoarthritis by Tonnis classification. CONCLUSIONS: The surgical outcomes for combined shelf acetabuloplasty with femoral varus osteotomy in severe LCPD patients over 8 years old are comparable with other advanced surgical methods. In the cases of severe disease that match our inclusion criteria, our containment method could be another treatment option.

Acetabuloplasty/adverse effects , Child , Female , Humans , Leg Length Inequality , Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease/diagnostic imaging , Male , Osteotomy/adverse effects , Pain , Postoperative Complications , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
Repert. med. cir ; 24(3): 201-205, 2015. Dibujos
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-795718


Estudio observacional, descriptivo longitudinal (nivel III). Objetivo: describir las características clínicas, demográficas y posibles factores de riesgo en pacientes con enfermedad de Legg-Calvé-Perthes (LCP) en tres hospitales de Bogotá DC, Colombia entre 2003 y 2013. Materiales y métodos: historias clínicas ortopédicas de pacientes con LCP en rangos de edad entre 4 y 14 años. Resultados: el total de la población fue de 83 pacientes con 89 caderas comprometidas; 88% fueron hombres. Los factores de riesgo encontrados fueron: en 24 casos (29%) trastorno de déficit de atención e hiperactividad (TDAH), 23 (28%) evidenciaron exposición pasiva a humo de cigarrillo de la madre durante el embarazo y 4.8% tenían discrasias sanguíneas. Conclusiones: teniendo en cuenta los resultados no se demostró que la enfermedad de LCP en pacientes pediátricos tuviera relación con madres añosas (>35 años) al momento del parto; 29% cursó con TDAH y 28% con exposición pasiva a humo de cigarrillo durante el embarazo...

Longitudinal, observational, descriptive (level III) study. Objective: to describe the clinical features, demographics and possible risk factors of Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease (LCPD) in patients of three hospitals in Bogotá DC, Colombia between 2003 and 2013. Materials and Methods: review of orthopedic clinical records of patients with LCPD aged 4 to 14 years. Results: a total population of 83 patients with 89 compromised hips were included, 88% were males. Risk factors found were: attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in 24 cases (29%), passive exposure to cigarette smoke of the mother during pregnancy in 23 (28%) and coagulation disorders in 4.8%. Conclusions: the results did not demonstrate that LCPD in pediatric patients had relation to advanced maternal age (>35 years) at delivery; 29% were associated to ADHD and 28% with passive exposure to cigarette smoke of the mother during pregnancy...

Humans , Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease , Pediatrics , Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity , Orthopedics/classification
Rev. bras. ortop ; 49(5): 488-493, Sep-Oct/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-727704


Objectives: To determine whether the clinical variables and preoperative classification of patients with Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease (LCPD) who undergo Salter osteotomy correlate with the radiographic result at the time of skeletal maturity. Methods: In this retrospective cohort study, 47 individuals with LCPD who were treated using Salter osteotomy (1984-2004) were evaluated. The patients were evaluated according to sex, skin color, side affected and age at which osteotomy was performed. The preoperative radiographs were analyzed in accordance with the classifications of Waldenstrom, Catter-all, Laredo and Herring. The radiographs obtained at the time of skeletal maturity were classified using the Stulberg method. Results: The mean age at the time of surgical treatment was 82.87 months (6.9 years). The age presented a statistically significant correlation with the Stulberg grades at skeletal maturity (p < 0.001). Patients over the age of 6.12 years tended to present less favorable results. The variables of sex, skin color and side affected did not present any statistically significant correlation with the prognosis (p = 0.425; p = 0.467; p = 0.551, respectively). Only the Laredo classification presented a statistically significant correlation with the final result given by the Stulberg classification (p = 0.001). The other classifications used (Waldenstrom, Catterall and Herring) did not present any correlation between the time at which surgery was indicated and the postoperative result. Conclusions: The age at which the patients underwent surgical treatment and the Laredo classification groups were the only variables that presented significant correlations with the Stulberg classification...

Objetivos: Determinar em pacientes com doenca de Legg-Calvé-Perthes (DLCP) submetidos à osteotomia de Salter se as variáveis clínicas e as classificacões pré-operatórias se correlacionam com o resultado radiográfico na maturidade esquelética. Métodos: Neste estudo de coorte retrospectivo foram avaliados 47 indivíduos portadores da DLCP tratados com osteotomia de Salter (1984-2004). Os pacientes foram avaliados de acordo com sexo, cor, lado acometido e idade em que foi feita a osteotomia. As radiografias pré-operatórias foram analisadas de acordo com as classificacões de Waldenstrõm, Catterall, Laredo e Herring. As radiografias obtidas na maturidade esquelética foram classificadas segundo o método de Stulberg. Resultados: A média da idade no momento do tratamento cirúrgico foi de 82,87 meses (6,9 anos). A idade apresentou correlacão estatisticamente significativa com os graus de Stulberg na maturidade esquelética (p <0,001). Pacientes acima de 6,12 anos tendem a apresentar resultados menos favoráveis. As variáveis sexo, cor e lado acometido não apresentaram correlacão estatisticamente significativa com o prognóstico (p = 0,425; p = 0,467; p = 0,551, respectivamente). Apenas a classificacão de Laredo apresentou correlacão estatisticamente significante com o resultado final dado pela classificacão de Stulberg (p = 0,001). As demais classificacões usadas, Waldenstrõm, Caterall e Herring, não apresentaram correlacão entre o momento em que foi indicada a cirurgia e o resultado pós-operatório. Conclusões: A idade em que os pacientes foram submetidos ao tratamento cirúrgico e os grupos da classificacão de Laredo foram as únicas variáveis que apresentaram correlacão significativa com a classificacão de Stulberg...

Humans , Male , Female , Child , Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease/classification , Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease
Hip & Pelvis ; : 214-219, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-52089


PURPOSE: Patients who have secondary hip osteoarthritis as sequelae of Legg-Calve-Perthes disease (LCPD) are severe deformities of femoral head and acetabulum. A few studies have presented that the clinical results and risks associated with total hip arthroplasty (THA) for patients with a history of LCPD were not satisfactory. In this study, we reported the radiographic and clinical outcomes of THA in patients with sequelae of LCPD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between March 2007 and May 2012, 23 hips (23 patients) underwent cementless THA and were followed up at least 2 years after surgery. There were 11 male patients and 12 female patients with an average age of 49.2 years old (range, 25 to 69 years old), and the average follow up period was 40.8 months (range, 24 to 84 months). The clinical and radiological evaluations were performed. RESULTS: The Harris hip score improved from 48.3 points preoperatively to 92.4 points at the time of the last follow-up. The shortening of affected limb was improved from -1.6 cm to 0.2 cm. The complications included one case of sciatic nerve palsy that developed after extensive lengthening of lower extremity, three cases of intraoperative femur fractures. There was no component loosening. CONCLUSION: Fractures and motor nerve palsies may be more frequent in this population. Careful preoperative planning should be performed to overcome the technical pitfalls. If overcoming this early complication, the clinical and radiological evaluations showed excellent outcomes at average 40-month follow-ups.

Acetabulum , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Congenital Abnormalities , Extremities , Female , Femur , Follow-Up Studies , Head , Hip , Humans , Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease , Lower Extremity , Male , Osteoarthritis, Hip , Paralysis , Sciatic Neuropathy
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-100963


BACKGROUND: Within the lateral pillar classification of the Legg-Calve-Perthes (LCP) disease, hips seem quite variable in the pattern of fragmentation as seen in radiographs. The purpose of this study was to determine: if it is possible to reliably subdivide the lateral pillar groups into femoral head fragmentation patterns, and if such a subdivision of the lateral pillar groupings is clinically useful in managing LCP disease. METHODS: Two hundred and ninety-three anteroposterior radiographs taken at the maximal fragmentation stage (189 lateral pillar B, 57 B/C border, and 47 C hips; mean bone/chronologic age at the time of first visit, 6.2/7.9 years) and at skeletal maturity (mean age, 16.6 years) were analyzed. We distinguished 3 fragmentation patterns in each pillar group based on the region of major involvement. We tested the inter- and intraobserver reliability of our classification system and analyzed the relationships between the fragmentation patterns and the Stulberg outcomes as well as other factors such as surgical treatment and age. RESULTS: Inter- and intraobserver consistency in fragmentation pattern assignments was found to be substantial to excellent. A statistically significant trend (p = 0.001) in the proportion of Stulberg III or IV outcomes in comparison with Stulberg I and II was only found for the different fragmentation patterns in our lateral pillar B patients: fragmentation patterns having mainly lateral-central necrosis led to poor outcomes. No significant association was found between fragmentation patterns and Stulberg outcomes in pillar groups B/C border and C. CONCLUSIONS: Our results are consistent with the lateral pillar classification itself. Therefore, fragmentation patterns in each lateral pillar classification did not provide clinical usefulness in the management of LCP disease.

Adolescent , Child , Femur Head/diagnostic imaging , Femur Head Necrosis/classification , Humans , Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease/classification , Observer Variation , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Young Adult
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-652704


PURPOSE: To evaluate the radiologic changes in the acetabulum after shelf acetabuloplasty in Legg-Calve-Perthes (LCP) disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From January 2003 to March 2006, 13 patients with unilateral LCP disease were treated by shelf acetabuloplasty. The mean follow-up period was 51 months. Pre-operative, post-operative, and annual follow-up radiographs were obtained to assess the changes in lateral subluxation ratio (LSR), acetabular head quotient (AHQ), acetabular depth index (ADI), acetabular height index (AHI), total depth index (TDI) and width of bone graft. RESULTS: The mean LSR decreased from 1.78+/-0.32 pre-operatively to 1.48+/-0.15 post-operatively, and remained 1.33+/-0.21 at last follow-up (p=0.011). The mean AHQ increased from 81.0+/-7.5% pre-operatively to 120.0+/-15.1% post-operatively, and remained 109.7+/-13.8% at final follow-up (p=0.001); the post-operative TDI that included the width of bone graft, decreased at follow-up. Furthermore, the mean ADI and AHI changed from 0.97+/-0.12, 1.13+/-0.07 pre-operatively to 1.04+/-0.02, 1.15+/-0.09 post-operatively; last follow-up results were 1.03+/-0.05 and 1.16+/-0.07, respectively. Between the 2 indices, post-operative ADI for 2 years was statistically significant (p<0.05). Also, the width of bone graft decreased from 24.4+/-3.6 mm post-operatively to 15.0+/-4.1 mm at final follow up (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: The indices LSR and AHQ confirmed that the shelf acetabuloplasty could preserve the femoral head containment. The growth of the acetabulum after shelf acetabuloplasty was stimulated by increasing the depth of acetabulum in comparison with height for postoperative 2 years. Further follow-up is needed until skeletal maturity.

Acetabulum , Containment of Biohazards , Follow-Up Studies , Head , Humans , Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease , Transplants
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 809-817, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-155379


PURPOSE: This study investigated the effects of multiple drilling on the immature capital femoral epiphysis following ischemic injury in a piglet model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ischemic necrosis of capital femoral epiphysis was induced bilaterally in 12 piglets using a cervical ligation method. Three weeks later, medial, central, and lateral 3 drill holes were made on the left femoral head using 0.062" K-wire. At 3, 6, 9, and 12 weeks following the multiple drilling, femoral heads were harvested from each three piglets. On histologic examination, percent of revascularization, percent of osteoblast surface, capital femoral epiphyseal quotient and proximal femoral growth plate height were evaluated. Untreated right femoral heads served as control. RESULTS: While percent of revascularization of left capital femoral epiphysis with multiple drilling was significantly higher than untreated control side (p<0.001), percent of osteoblast surface, capital femoral epiphyseal quotient and proximal femoral growth plate height showed no significant difference. CONCLUSION: This study indicates that multiple drilling could promote revascularization of ischemic capital femoral epiphysis, and multiple drilling does not appear to produce bony physeal bars at short-term, if using small diameter drill. However, multiple drilling alone does not seem to prevent femoral head deformity or to promote new bone formation.

Animals , Bone Remodeling , Disease Models, Animal , Epiphyses/blood supply , Female , Femur Head/blood supply , Humans , Ischemia/pathology , Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease/pathology , Swine