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1.
Femina ; 49(2): 115-120, 20210228. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1224068

ABSTRACT

Este trabalho buscou reunir dados essenciais sobre as etiologias de dor pélvica aguda, uma queixa constante nos serviços de emergências e ambulatórios de ginecologia, responsável por grande desconforto e impacto na qualidade de vida de pacientes mulheres. É uma condição laboriosa por causa de seu amplo espectro de causas, devendo ser abordada com cuidado e atenção pelo profissional médico, o qual deve considerar os diversos diagnósticos diferenciais, sendo a ultrassonografia o exame de maior importância para auxiliar em seu diagnóstico. As principais etiologias não obstétricas podem ser não ginecológicas e ginecológicas; essas últimas são divididas em anexiais e uterinas. Entre as causas ginecológicas, devem- -se investigar cistos ovarianos, torções anexiais, leiomiomas, doença inflamatória pélvica, abscesso tubo-ovariano, dismenorreia e complicações de dispositivos intrauterinos. A maioria das causas tem tratamento eficaz, com retorno da função do órgão e melhora da qualidade de vida, sem complicações, especialmente se diagnosticada precocemente.(AU)


The aim of this study was to gather important data on acute pelvic pain etiologies, a usual complaint in the emergency services and gynecology outpatient clinics, responsible for great discomfort and impact on quality of life in female patients. It is a laborious condition due to its wide spectrum of causes, which needs to be approached with attention by the physician, who must consider all the possible diagnoses, being the ultrasonography the most important exam to detect it. The main non-obstetric etiologies can be non-gynecological and gynecological, which are separated in adnexal and uterine causes. Among the gynecological causes, ovarian cysts, adnexal torsions, leiomyomas, pelvic inflammatory disease, ovarian tube abscess, dysmenorrhea and complications of intrauterine devices should be investigated. Most causes can be effectively treated, with return of organ function and improved quality of life, without complications, especially if diagnosed early.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pelvic Pain/etiology , Acute Pain/etiology , Ovarian Cysts/complications , Databases, Bibliographic , Pelvic Inflammatory Disease/complications , Pelvic Pain/diagnosis , Pelvic Pain/diagnostic imaging , Abscess/complications , Dysmenorrhea/complications , Ovarian Torsion/complications , Intrauterine Devices/adverse effects , Leiomyoma/complications
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879946

ABSTRACT

:To explore the value of quantitative perfusion histogram parameters of dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) in pathological classification of uterine leiomyoma and its correlation with Ki-67 protein expression. Thirty five patients with uterine leiomyoma confirmed by operation and pathology at Shaoxing People's Hospital from October 2015 to September 2017 were analyzed retrospectively,including 15 cases of ordinary type,8 cases of cellular type and 12 cases of degenerative type. All patients were examined by pelvic DCE-MRI before operation,and the histogram parameters (median,mean,skewness,kurtosis,energy,entropy) of various quantitative perfusion parameters,including volume transport constant (K),rate constant (K),extravascular extracellular space distribute volume per unit tissue volume (V),blood plasma volume per unit volume of tissue (V) were calculated,and the efficacy of different parameters in pathological classification of uterine leiomyoma was evaluated by ROC curve. The expression of Ki-67 protein in uterine leiomyoma was detected by immunohistochemical method,and the correlation between histogram parameters and Ki-67 protein expression was analyzed by Pearson and Spearman correlation analysis. The median and mean values of K,K,V and V in the cellular group were higher than those in the degenerative group and the ordinary group(<0.05 or <0.01),while the skewness of V,the skewness and kurtosis of K in the cellular group were lower than those in the ordinary group (all <0.05). The entropy of K in the cellular group was higher than that in the degenerative group and the ordinary group (all < 0.05). The entropy of V in the cellular group was higher than that in the ordinary group (<0.01). The median,mean,skewness of K,median and mean of K,median and mean of V,median,mean,energy and entropy of V were correlated with Ki-67 expression(all <0.05). The results of ROC curve analysis showed that the median threshold of K was 0.994/min,the sensitivity and specificity for the diagnosis of cellular uterine leiomyoma were 100.0% and 77.8% respectively,and the area under the ROC curve was 0.949. When the mean threshold of K was 1.170/min,the sensitivity and specificity for diagnosing cellular uterine leiomyoma were 100.0% and 77.8% respectively,and the area under the ROC curve was 0.958. The area under the ROC curve of K (entropy),K (median,mean),V (median,mean,entropy) in the diagnosis of cellular uterine leiomyoma were 0.755-0.907. :DCE-MRI quantitative perfusion histogram parameters have high diagnostic value in differentiating pathological types of uterine leiomyoma,especially for cellular uterine leiomyoma.


Subject(s)
Contrast Media , Humans , Leiomyoma/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Perfusion , Retrospective Studies
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878933

ABSTRACT

CNKI, PubMed and other databases were retrieved to extract eligible randomized controlled trial(RCT) about modified Xuefu Zhuyu Decoction(MXZD) combined with Western medicine(trial group) versus Western medicine alone(control group) in the treatment of leiomyoma. Therefore, a total of 25 RCTs were included, involving 2 328 patients. Bias risk evaluation tool in Cochrane Handbook 5.1.0 was used for evaluating the quality of these RCTs. Meta-analysis was performed for the reported indicators, including total efficiency, serum hormone level [progesterone(P), luteinizing hormone(LH), estradiol(E_2), follicle stimulating hormone(FSH)], uterine size, fibroids size and adverse reactions by using Stata 14.0 software. Meta-analysis showed that the total efficiency(RR=1.21,95%CI[1.17,1.25],P<0.05) of trial group was better than that of control group. Serum hormone level(WMD_P=-3.86,95%CI[-4.31,-3.41],P<0.05; WMD_(LH)=-3.64,95%CI[-4.47,-2.82],P<0.05; WMD_(E_2)=-39.99,95%CI[-53.45,-26.52],P<0.05; WMD_(FSH)=-3.79,95%CI[-4.86,-2.72],P<0.05), uterine size(WMD=-50.02,95%CI[-55.98,-44.06],P<0.05), fibroids size(WMD=-15.79,95%CI[-18.11,-13.46],P<0.05) and adverse reactions(RR=0.65,95%CI[0.48,0.88],P<0.05) of trial group were all lower than those of control group, with statistical significances. Trial sequential analysis(TSA) was performed by using TSA 0.9 software, and showed a reliable therapeutic effect of the experimental group. In short, our study indicated that modified Xuefu Zhuyu Decoction combined with Western medicine had a better therapeutic effect on leiomyoma than Western medicine alone, but more high-quality studies are needed to verify this conclusion in the future.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Leiomyoma/drug therapy , Medicine
4.
Gac. méd. boliv ; 43(2): 215-218, dic. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249986

ABSTRACT

Los miomas uterinos son neoplasias bastante comunes, se clasifican según su localización en el miometrio; subseroso, intramural, transmural y submucoso. A su vez existen diferentes variantes morfológicas y cambios degenerativos que son un fenómeno frecuente en los miomas, especialmente entre mayor tamaño tenga éste: como la apoplejía, atrofia, hialinización, degeneración roja, quística, calcificación periférica, necrosis, degeneración hidrópica y la degeneración maligna o sarcomatosa. Se expone el caso de una paciente de 53 años sometida a una laparotomía donde se identificó una masa tumoral de 8150 gramos, que dio como resultado anatomopatológico un leiomioma gigante con 3 diversos tipos de degeneración: roja, hidrópica y quística. Se informa este caso por la rareza en su conformación y debido a la falta de reportes en la literatura mundial, siendo este el primer caso presentando y permitiendo realizar algunos comentarios sobre la patología.


Uterine myomas are quite common neoplasms. They are classified according to their location in the myometrium; subserosa, intramural, transmural and submucosal; At the same time, there are different morphological variants and degenerative changes that are a frequent phenomenon in myomas, especially the larger it is: as the apoplexy, atrophy, hyalinization, red degeneration, cystic, peripheral calcification, necrosis, hydropic degeneration and malignant degeneration or sarcomatous. We present the case of a 53-year-old patient who underwent a laparotomy where a tumor mass of 8150 grams was identified, which resulted in a pathological result of a giant leiomyoma with 3 different types of degeneration: red, hydropic and cystic. This case is reported due to the rarity of its conformation and due to the lack of reports in the world literature, this being the first case presenting and allowing some comments on the pathology.


Subject(s)
Myoma , Neoplasms , Laparotomy , Leiomyoma
5.
Medisan ; 24(5) ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1135210

ABSTRACT

Se presenta el caso clínico de una paciente de 27 años de edad con 17,2 semanas de embarazo, quien se encontraba en seguimiento por consulta de Ginecología del Hospital Provincial Ginecoobstétrico Mariana Grajales Coello de Santiago de Cuba por presentar un mioma uterino sintomático con cuadro doloroso abdominal agudo debido a una necrobiosis, lo cual obligó a la resolución quirúrgica urgente. La gestante evolucionó satisfactoriamente y a las 39 semanas se le realizó cesárea, sin complicaciones materno-fetales.


The case report of a 27 years patient with 17.2 weeks of pregnancy is presented, who was in the Gynecology service follow up of Mariana Grajales Coello Gynecoobstetric Provincial Hospital in Santiago de Cuba presenting a symptomatic uterine myoma with acute abdominal pain due to a necrobiosis, which forced an urgent surgical solution. The pregnant woman had a favorable clinical course and a cesarean section was carried out at the 39 weeks of pregnancy without maternal-fetal complications.


Subject(s)
Pregnant Women , Uterine Myomectomy/methods , Leiomyoma/surgery
6.
Medisur ; 18(4): 712-720, jul.-ago. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1125254

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Los leiomiomas esofágicos gigantes son neoplasias raras con un curso clínico impreciso; la mayoría se origina en la porción media e inferior del órgano. Para identificar el diagnóstico y tratamiento adecuado se utilizan pruebas de imágenes y endoscópicas. Compartir y divulgar un nuevo reporte de leiomioma esofágico gigante es el propósito de este trabajo, basado en un nuevo caso. El paciente ingresó por disfagia. Las pruebas para el diagnóstico incluyeron radiografía de esófago, estómago y duodeno, endoscopía digestiva superior, tomografía axial computarizada y resonancia magnética nuclear. El paciente se sometió a cirugía mediante toracotomía derecha, se realizó enucleación de un tumor de 10x6x5cm, y se constató integridad de la mucosa. No hubo evidencias de malignidad en el estudio histopatológico. Fue dado de alta ocho días después de cirugía. La toracotomía con enucleación del tumor esofágico es un procedimiento eficaz para tratar a pacientes con leiomioma gigante.


ABSTRACT Giant esophageal leiomyomas are rare neoplasms with an imprecise clinical course; most originate from the middle and lower portion of the organ. Imaging and endoscopic tests are used to identify the proper diagnosis and treatment. The purpose of this work, based on a new case, is to share and disseminate a new report of giant esophageal leiomyoma. The patient was admitted for dysphagia. Diagnostic tests included radiography of the esophagus, stomach, and duodenum, upper digestive endoscopy, computed tomography, and MRI. The patient underwent surgery by right thoracotomy, enucleation of a 10x6x5cm tumor was performed, and the integrity of the mucosa was verified. There was no evidence of malignancy in the histopathological study. He was discharged eight days after surgery. Thoracotomy with enucleation of the esophageal tumor is an effective procedure to treat patients with giant leiomyoma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Esophageal Neoplasms/surgery , Esophageal Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Thoracotomy , Leiomyoma/surgery
7.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 40(7): 554-558, July 2020. ilus
Article in English | ID: biblio-1135654

ABSTRACT

Extraintestinal pathogenic Escherichia coli (ExPEC) is a highly diverse pathotype of E. coli which colonizes the intestine, and it is considered an important etiological agent associated with bacteremia and other systemic infections, among them urinary tract infection. Retrospective studies evaluating morbidity and mortality of nondomestic felids have demonstrated that urinary tract diseases are among the main causes of death for geriatric animals. Also, mesenchymal neoplasms of the uterus are common in wild felids, and they possess variable morphologic characteristics related to invasiveness and malignancy. This report describes a case of bilateral pyelonephritis due to extraintestinal uropathogenic E. coli infection in a captive jaguar (Panthera onca). The diagnosis was confirmed through pathological, bacterial and immunohistochemical findings. According to molecular analysis, this E. coli strain was classified in the phylogroup F, possessing the following virulence-associated genes: usp, cnf-1, hlyA, papC and sfa. Additionally, this E. coli was highly resistant to beta-lactams and first-generation cephalosporin. This jaguar also presented a uterine leiomyoma with distinct distribution, and severe degenerative articular disease, both of them described as frequently seen lesions in geriatric animals from the Panthera genus.(AU)


Escherichia coli extraintestinal patogênica (ExPEC) é um patotipo altamente diverso de E. coli que coloniza o intestino e é considerada um agente etiológico importante, associado com bacteremia e outras infecções sistêmicas, dentre elas infecções do trato urinário. Estudos retrospectivos avaliando morbidade e mortalidade de felídeos não domésticos demostram que doenças do trato urinário estão entre as principais causas de morte de animais geriátricos. Ainda, neoplasias mesenquimais uterinas são comuns em felídeos de cativeiro e possuem características morfológicas variáveis relacionadas a invasividade e malignidade. Neste relato é descrito um caso de pielonefrite bilateral por E. coli extraintestinal uropatogênica em uma onça-pintada de cativeiro (Panthera onca). O diagnóstico foi confirmado através dos achados patológicos, bacteriológicos e imuno-histoquímicos. A partir da análise molecular, esta cepa de E. coli foi classificada no filogrupo F, possuindo os seguintes genes associados a virulência: usp, cnf-1, hlyA, papC and sfa. Adicionalmente, a bactéria isolada foi altamente resistente a ß-lactâmicos e cefalosporinas de primeira geração. Foi observado ainda um leiomioma uterino com distribuição distinta e doença articular degenerativa severa, ambas descritas na literatura como comumente observadas em animais geriátricos do gênero Panthera.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Pyelonephritis/etiology , Uterine Neoplasms/veterinary , Panthera , Escherichia coli Infections/veterinary , Extraintestinal Pathogenic Escherichia coli , Leiomyoma/veterinary , Animals, Zoo
8.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 14(1): 117-123, mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056510

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: El Leiomioma es una neoplasia benigna originada en el tejido muscular liso por lo que puede manifestarse en cualquier región del cuerpo humano que contenga músculo liso, siendo el sitio más común el útero, la piel y en el tracto gastrointestinal. La escasa cantidad de tejido muscular liso en boca hace que su manifestación oral sea infrecuente, representando solo 0.06 % del total de este tipo de tumores. Los sitios más afectados suelen ser los labios, las mejillas, el paladar, la lengua y encías. Histológicamente se distinguen tres tipos: el Leiomioma Sólido, Angioleiomioma (Vascular) y Leiomioma Epitelioide (Leiomioblastoma). El origen de esta neoplasia en boca suele ser la túnica media de los vasos sanguíneos. El Leiomioma intraóseo suele ser aún menos frecuente, y con un diagnóstico diferencial complejo, con histopatología que en varias ocasiones no suele ser fácil de clasificar. Si bien es definida como un tumor benigno, su manifestación intraósea puede llegar a ser localmente agresiva y con un diagnóstico controversial, debiendo abordarse muchas veces como una neoplasia maligna. El objetivo de este artículo es presentar una revisión de la literatura de esta variante intraósea de Leiomioma situada en mandíbula, sus consideraciones clínicas y un algoritmo de tratamiento.


ABSTRACT: Leiomyoma is a benign neoplasm, the origin is the smooth muscle tissue that can be found in any area of the human body, which contains smooth muscle tissue. The most common regions it can be located, are the uterus, the skin and the gastrointestinal tract. The low quantity of muscle tissue in the mouth leads to infrequent oral manifestation, representing only 0.06 % of these tumors. The most affected regions are the lips, cheeks, palate, tongue and gums. The Histologic classification is: Solid Leiomyoma, Angioleiomyoma (vascular) and Epithelioid Leiomyoma (Leiomyoblastoma). The origin of this tumor in the mouth is the tunica media of the blood vessels. Nevertheless, and in spite of being defined as a benign tumor, it can be extremely aggressive, be subject to controversial diagnosis, and must often be treated as a malign neoplasm. The Intraosseous Leiomyoma is infrequent and presents a complicated differential diagnosis, with a histopathology that many times cannot be easily classified. The aim of this article is to present a review of intraosseous variant Leiomyoma in the mandible, the clinicians´ considerations and a treatment algorithm.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mandibular Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Leiomyoma, Epithelioid/diagnosis , Angiomyoma , Leiomyoma/diagnosis , Leiomyoma/pathology , Mouth , Algorithms , Radiography, Panoramic , Mandibular Neoplasms/surgery , Mandibular Neoplasms/pathology , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Leiomyoma/surgery
9.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 18: eAO5458, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1133752

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate improvement in quality of life, reduction of uterine volume, and the correlation between these two variables after uterine fibroid embolization. Methods Data on quality of life before and after uterine fibroid embolization were collected from 60 patients using the Uterine Fibroid Symptom - Quality of Life questionnaire. In 40 of these patients, uterine volume information on magnetic resonance imaging examinations performed before and after uterine fibroid embolization was collected, and compared using the nonparametric Wilcoxon test for paired data. Correlation between quality of life and uterine volume before and after procedure was measured using Spearman's correlation coefficient. Results There was significant improvement in quality of life after uterine fibroid embolization on Uterine Fibroid Symptom - Quality of Life questionnaire, in both subscales scores and the total score. There was a significant median reduction of -37.4% after uterine fibroid embolization, but no correlations between uterine volume and quality of life scores were found before or after embolization. Conclusion Uterine embolization is an alternative to treat uterine fibroids, resulting in relief of symptoms and better quality of life. Although reduction in uterine volume plays an important role in the evaluation of therapeutic success, it does not necessarily have a definitive correlation with relief of symptoms.


RESUMO Objetivo Avaliar a melhora na qualidade de vida e a redução do volume uterino, além da correlação entre essas duas variáveis, após a embolização de artérias uterinas. Métodos Foram coletados dados de 60 pacientes sobre qualidade de vida antes e depois da embolização de artérias uterinas com a aplicação do questionário Uterine Fibroid Symptom - Quality of Life. Informações sobre o volume uterino em exames de ressonância magnética realizada antes e depois do procedimento foram coletadas em 40 dessas pacientes e comparadas por meio de teste não paramétrico de Wilcoxon para dados pareados. A correlação entre qualidade de vida e volume uterino antes e depois do procedimento foi determinada pelo coeficiente de Spearman. Resultados Houve melhora significativa na qualidade de vida das pacientes após embolização de artérias uterinas nos escores do questionário Uterine Fibroid Symptom - Quality of Life, tanto das subescalas como do total. Houve redução mediana significativa (-37,4%) no volume uterino após embolização de artérias uterinas, embora não tenha sido estabelecida qualquer correlação entre volume uterino e escores de qualidade de vida antes e depois da embolização. Conclusão A embolização de artérias uterinas é alternativa para o tratamento de fibroide uterina, resultando na melhora dos sintomas e da qualidade de vida. Embora a redução do volume uterino seja fator importante na avaliação do sucesso terapêutico, não está necessariamente correlacionada com melhora de sintomas.


Subject(s)
Quality of Life/psychology , Uterine Neoplasms/therapy , Embolization, Therapeutic/methods , Leiomyoma/therapy , Uterine Neoplasms/psychology , Treatment Outcome , Leiomyoma/psychology
10.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 35(4): 659-664, 2020. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1147913

ABSTRACT

El leiomioma primario de pulmón es un tumor benigno raro, de origen mesodérmico, que representa aproximadamente el 2 % de todos los tumores benignos de pulmón. Desde que fue descrito por primera vez por Forkel en 1910, se han reportado al menos 150 casos en la literatura. Se hace una revisión del tema a propósito del caso de una mujer posmenopáusica oligosintomática, con hallazgo de una lesión pulmonar sólida, asociada a una malformación vascular, en quien la biopsia inicial reportó un tumor fusocelular, por lo que fue llevada a lobectomía superior del pulmón derecho, y cuyo diagnóstico patológico definitivo fue leiomioma pulmonar primario. Este caso se presenta por su baja incidencia y la poca literatura sobre este tipo de lesiones tumorales benignas


Primary lung leiomyoma is a rare benign tumor of mesodermal origin, that accounts for approximately 2% of all benign lung tumors. Since it was first described by Forkel in 1910, at least 150 cases have been reported in the literature. A review of the subject is made regarding the case of an oligosymptomatic postmenopausal woman, with the finding of a solid lung lesion, associated with a vascular malformation, in whom the initial biopsy reported a spindle cell tumor, for which she was taken for a right upper lung lobectomy and whose definitive pathological diagnosis was primary pulmonary leiomyoma. This case is presented due to its low incidence and the little literature on this type of benign tumor lesions


Subject(s)
Humans , Leiomyoma , Thoracoscopy , Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted , Lung Neoplasms
13.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 65(12): 1459-1463, Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057087

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE Evaluate the expression of KI-67 in uterine leiomyomas and adjacent myometrial tissue and verify the existence of a correlation between clinical parameters and KI-67 expression in tumors. METHODS This is a cross-sectional, controlled, analytical study. Samples of leiomyomas and myometrium were obtained from patients who underwent hysterectomy. The samples were processed by immunohistochemistry using KI-67 antibody, and the expression was evaluated by two blinded observers. Student›s T-test was used for comparison of means, and Pearson›s P test for correlation with clinical parameters. RESULTS A total of 9 patients were included in the study. The mean age was 40.7 years, ranging from 35 to 44 years. The mean expression of KI-67 in myometrium was 1.63%, and, in leiomyomas, 5.96% (p <0.001). The highest expression of KI-67 was moderately related to the severity of anemia, bleeding, and pain level. CONCLUSION The expression of KI-67 in normal myometrium was significantly lower than in leiomyomas. The highest expression of KI-67 was moderately related to the severity of anemia, bleeding, and pain level in the patients of this study.


RESUMO OBJETIVO Avaliar a expressão do KI-67 em leiomiomas uterinos e tecido miometrial adjacente e verificar a existência de correlação entre parâmetros clínicos e expressão do KI-67 em tumores. MÉTODOS Estudo transversal, controlado e analítico. Amostras de leiomiomas e miométrio foram obtidas de pacientes que realizaram histerectomia. As amostras foram processadas por imuno-histoquímica utilizando anticorpo para KI-67 e a expressão avaliada por dois observadores cegos. O teste t de Student foi utilizado para comparação de médias e o teste P de Pearson para correlação com parâmetros clínicos. RESULTADOS Um total de 9 pacientes foi incluído no estudo. A idade média foi de 40,7 anos, variando de 35 a 44 anos. A expressão média do KI-67 no miométrio foi de 1,63% e nos leiomiomas de 5,96% (p <0,001). A maior expressão do KI-67 foi moderadamente relacionada com a gravidade da anemia, sangramento e nível de dor. CONCLUSÃO A expressão do KI-67 no miométrio normal foi significativamente menor que nos leiomiomas. A maior expressão do KI-67 foi moderadamente relacionada à gravidade da anemia, sangramento e nível de dor nos pacientes deste estudo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Uterine Neoplasms/pathology , Ki-67 Antigen/analysis , Leiomyoma/pathology , Myometrium/chemistry , Reference Values , Immunohistochemistry , Body Mass Index , Case-Control Studies , Pilot Projects , Cross-Sectional Studies , Tumor Burden , Hysterectomy
14.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 71(5): 1513-1517, set.-out. 2019. ilus
Article in Portuguese | ID: biblio-1038663

ABSTRACT

Descrição de leiomioma vulvar em lobo-guará (Chrysocyon brachyurus), fêmea, castrada, apresentando 10 anos de idade e mantida em cativeiro. Com base na avaliação clínica, no monitoramento de formação nodular de crescimento lento e progressivo e no diagnóstico preliminar sugestivo de neoplasia, procedeu-se à exérese da massa tumoral e à identificação anatomopatológica do leiomioma. Exames complementares radiográficos e ultrassonográficos não apontaram presença de metástases. A ressecção cirúrgica se mostrou satisfatória como conduta clínica, não havendo recidiva.(AU)


Description of leiomyoma vulvar in a female castrated Chrysocyon brachyurus, , ten years of age, and maintained in captivity. Based on the clinical evaluation, monitoring of nodular formation of slow and progressive growth, and preliminary diagnosis suggestive of neoplasia, the tumor mass was excised and anatomopathological identification of the leiomyoma was done. Complementary radiographic and ultrasound examinations did not indicate the presence of metastases. Surgical resection proved to be satisfactory as a clinical practice, and there was no relapse.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Canidae/anatomy & histology , Leiomyoma/rehabilitation , Leiomyoma/veterinary , Neoplasms/veterinary
15.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 84(5): 379-383, oct. 2019. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058164

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El cáncer de mama puede originar de forma muy excepcional metástasis en órganos genitales. Estas suelen presentarse de forma asintomática siendo su diagnóstico generalmente tardío. En el estudio de la enfermedad diseminada la tomografía de emisión de positrones con fluordeoxiglucosa asociada a la tomografía computada (FDG PET/CT) juega un rol importante, sin embargo presenta limitantes al momento de diferenciar entre lesiones secundarias, primarias y neoplasias benignas que pueden tener elevada captación de fluordeoxiglucosa (1). Por lo expuesto anteriormente el diagnóstico de certeza solo puede realizarse mediante el estudio anatomopatológico. El caso presentado a continuación abarca uno de los posibles diagnósticos diferenciales con FDG PET/CT que evidencia un incremento en la captación de fluordeoxiglucosa.


ABSTRACT Breast cancer rarely metastasize on pelvic organs and its diagnosis is often delayed due to the asymptomatic nature of this disease. Fluorodeoxyglucose Positron Emission Tomography/Computed Tomography (FDG PET/CT) is a useful method for early diagnosis. However, may present a false positive diagnosis from benign lesions that have an increased uptake of glucose. We present a case in which a patient who had breast cancer had an increase glucose uptake in FDG PET/CT from a benign lesion.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Breast Neoplasms/complications , Breast Neoplasms/diagnosis , Leiomyoma/pathology , Uterine Neoplasms/pathology , Diagnosis, Differential , Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography
16.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 32(3): 297-301, May-June 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002228

ABSTRACT

Uterine leiomyoma and coronary artery disease are two common diseases in women. However, the association of uterine bleeding caused by leiomyoma with unstable coronary syndrome is not frequent. Here we describe a case of a patient with active vaginal bleeding and unstable angina who underwent a unique approach by performing percutaneous procedures. The report demonstrates that new interventional options can be used to control active bleeding in patients in need of coronary angioplasty


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Uterine Hemorrhage/complications , Women , Stents , Angioplasty , Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary/methods , Embolization, Therapeutic/methods , Leiomyoma
17.
Rev. cuba. obstet. ginecol ; 45(2): e457, abr.-jun. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1093648

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El síndrome de Meigs consiste en la asociación de tumor benigno de ovario tipo fibroma con ascitis e hidrotórax, que se resuelven tras la extirpación del tumor. El síndrome de pseudo-Meigs secundario al leiomioma uterino es una entidad rara. Presentación de caso: Mujer de 68 años que presentó una historia de un mes con sensación de opresión torácica y disnea. La radiografía de tórax reveló derrame pleural derecho. En la tomografía axial computarizada de abdomen y región pelviana se aprecia ascitis y un gran mioma uterino subseroso. Se sometió a una histerectomía abdominal total con salpingo-ooforectomía bilateral. Conclusiones: La ascitis y el derrame pleural desaparecieron rápidamente en el postoperatorio. Tras 20 meses de seguimiento, no hay recidiva de la enfermedad(AU)


Introduction: Meigs syndrome consists of the association of a benign tumor of the ovary "fibroma type" with ascites and hydrothorax, which resolve after the tumor is removed. The pseudo-Meigs syndrome secondary to uterine leiomyoma is a rare entity. Case report: A 68-year-old woman refered having a month with a sensation of chest tightness and dyspnea. Chest X-ray revealed right pleural effusion. Computed axial tomography of the abdomen and pelvic region shows ascites and a large subserous uterine myoma. She underwent a total abdominal hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy. Conclusions: Ascites and pleural effusion disappeared rapidly in the postoperative period. After 20 months of follow-up, there is no recurrence(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Uterine Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Leiomyoma/diagnostic imaging , Meigs Syndrome/diagnosis , Meigs Syndrome/epidemiology
18.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 34(2): 125-134, abr.-jun. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1013928

ABSTRACT

Resumen Antecedentes: la cirugía transanal endoscópica es un abordaje mínimamente invasivo recientemente descrito, que provee una exposición superior y permite el acceso a las lesiones del recto en toda su extensión. Además, provee un riesgo menor de compromiso de los márgenes de resección, menores tasas de recurrencia y una menor morbimortalidad en comparación con la escisión transanal convencional o las remociones endoscópicas. Objetivos: se pretende describir la experiencia inicial y los resultados con la cirugía transanal mínimamente invasiva (transanal minimally invasive surgery, TAMIS) en términos de resecciones completas y posibles complicaciones relacionadas con el procedimiento. Materiales y métodos: esta una serie de casos con un seguimiento prospectivo de los pacientes con TAMIS. Se analizaron los resultados de 27 pacientes intervenidos en varios centros de Medellín, Colombia, entre enero de 2012 y diciembre de 2016, realizados con cirugía laparoscópica monopuerto (single-port laparoscopic surgery, SILS) (21 casos) o el GelPOINT® Path (6 casos), junto con el apoyo de la óptica del laparoscopio (16 pacientes) y del endoscopio flexible (11 pacientes). Resultados: se realizaron 27 TAMIS en el mismo número de pacientes, 10 mujeres (37 %) y 17 hombres fueron evaluados. Se realizó un seguimiento a los pacientes durante aproximadamente 12 meses, en promedio 32 meses. La edad promedio fue de 68 años (52-83 años). El tamaño promedio del tumor fue de 5,3 cm (2-9 cm) y la distancia promedio desde el margen anal fue de 7 cm (5-9 cm) Las complicaciones posoperatorias se dieron en 6 casos (22 %) Una perforación rectal se corrigió por vía laparoscópica en el mismo acto quirúrgico y otra por la misma vía transanal. Una estenosis rectal se manejó con dilatación digital, y hubo un caso de sangrado rectal menor, uno de retención urinaria y un paciente presentó un cáncer rectal avanzado a los tres meses de la resección con margen microscópico positivo (4 %). No hubo reingresos. La mortalidad por la intervención fue nula. La patología operatoria reportó la presencia de adenoma de bajo grado en 3 casos (11 %), de alto grado en 11 (41 %), adenocarcinoma in situ en 6 (22 %), tumor neuroendocrino en 5 pacientes (18 %), 1 caso de fibrosis cicatricial (4 %) y 1 de leiomioma (4 %). Limitaciones: los resultados no son extrapolables a la población general debido al poco número de intervenciones y la ejecución limitada a solo dos autores. Conclusiones: en nuestra experiencia inicial, TAMIS es un procedimiento mínimamente invasivo con una baja morbilidad posoperatoria, es curativa para lesiones benignas y para pacientes seleccionados con cáncer temprano.


Abstract Background: Transanal endoscopic surgery, a recently described minimally invasive approach, provides superior exposure and access to the entirety of rectal lesions and has lower risks of compromising resection margins, lower recurrence rates and lower morbidity and mortality than do conventional transanal excision and endoscopic removals. Objectives: The aim of this study is to describe our initial experience and with minimally invasive transanal surgery (TAMIS) and its results in terms of complete resections and complications possibly related to the procedure. Materials and methods: This is a series of TAMIS cases with prospective follow-ups. We analyzed the results of 27 patients who underwent the procedure at several centers in Medellín, Colombia, between January 2012 and December 2016. Twenty patients had Single Incision Laparoscopic Surgery while the GelPOINT path transanal access platform was used for the other six patients. Laparoscope optics provide support for 16 procedures while the more recently introduced flexible endoscope supported eleven procedures. Results: Twenty-seven TAMIS procedures were performed and evaluated. Ten patients were women (37%), and 17 were men. On average, patients were followed up for 32 months, but none less than 12 months. Average patient age was 68 years (52 to 83 years). The average tumor size was 5.3 cm (2 to 9 cm) and the average distance from the anal margin was 7 cm (5 to 9 cm). Postoperative complications occurred in six cases (22%). In one case, a rectal perforation was corrected laparoscopically during the procedure. Another perforation was corrected by the same transanal route. A rectal stenosis was managed with digital dilatation, there was one case of minor rectal bleeding, one case of urinary retention and one patient developed advanced rectal cancer with a positive microscopic margin (4%) three months after resection. There were no readmissions. There were no deaths due to the intervention. Pathology reported low grade adenomas in three cases (11%), high grade adenomas in 11 cases (41%), in-situ adenocarcinoma in six cases (22%), neuroendocrine tumors in five cases (19%), and one case each of cicatricial fibrosis (4%) and leiomyoma (4%). Limitations: The results cannot be extrapolated to the general population because of the limited number of interventions and performance of procedures by only two authors. Conclusions: Our initial experience shows TAMIS to be a minimally invasive procedure with low postoperative morbidity which is curative for benign lesions and for selected patients with early cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Transanal Endoscopic Surgery , Rectal Neoplasms , Recurrence , Fibrosis , Adenocarcinoma , Mortality , Adenocarcinoma in Situ , Leiomyoma
20.
Rev. cuba. obstet. ginecol ; 45(1): 106-117, ene.-mar. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1093628

ABSTRACT

Las malformaciones uterinas congénitas presentan una baja prevalencia en la población general (0,5-6,7 por ciento), el útero septo es la más frecuente. Estas enfermedades pueden afectar a los resultados reproductivos de las pacientes, así como aumentar la incidencia de abortos de repetición, presentaciones fetales anómalas o partos pretérminos. De la misma forma, los miomas uterinos submucosos también pueden producir alteraciones de la fertilidad, aunque la sintomatología más relacionada con los mismos es el sangrado. Constituyen el tumor benigno más frecuente del aparato genital femenino. El diagnóstico de estas patologías puede realizarse mediante pruebas de imagen como la ecografía transvaginal y la resonancia magnética, aunque la visualización directa vía histeroscópica sigue siendo de elección. Esta técnica constituye, además, la primera opción terapéutica, ya que se puede realizar tanto la resección del septo uterino como la miomectomía, sin apenas complicaciones y mediante una técnica quirúrgica segura y poco invasiva. El tratamiento histeroscópico está especialmente indicado en pacientes sintomáticas, con esterilidad o abortos de repetición, incluso antes de iniciar terapias de reproducción asistida. En el siguiente trabajo exponemos el caso de una paciente que presentaba un septo uterino constituido en su mayor parte por un leiomioma submucoso tratado vía histeroscópica; siendo un caso muy raro, dada la infrecuente asociación entre ambas patologías(AU)


Congenital uterine malformations present low prevalence in the general population (0.5-6.7 percent), and uterus septum is the most frequent. These pathologies can affect the reproductive outcomes of patients, as well as increase the incidence of repeating abortions, abnormal fetal presentations or preterm deliveries. In the same way, submucosal uterine fibroids can also produce alterations in fertility, although the most related symptomatology is bleeding. They are the most frequent benign tumor of the female genital tract. Diagnosis can be carried out through imaging tests such as transvaginal ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging, although direct visualization, via hysteroscopy, is still the preferred option. This technique is also the first therapeutic option, since both, resection of the uterine septum and myomectomy can be performed with few complications and a safe and minimally invasive surgical technique. Hysteroscopy is especially indicated in symptomatic patients, with sterility or repeated abortions, even before initiating assisted reproduction therapies. In the following paper, we present the case of a patient who presented a uterine septum formed mostly by a submucosal leiomyoma. She was treated by hysteroscopy. This case is very rare given the infrequent association between both pathologies(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Urogenital Abnormalities/diagnostic imaging , Hysteroscopy/methods , Leiomyoma/diagnostic imaging , Uterus/abnormalities
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