Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 5.128
Filter
1.
Fisioter. Pesqui. (Online) ; 27(1): 41-47, jan.-mar. 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1090407

ABSTRACT

RESUMO As cardiopatias congênitas (CC) estão entre as principais causas de morbimortalidade na primeira infância e os lactentes com essa condição podem apresentar atrasos no desenvolvimento neuropsicomotor (DNPM). O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a influência da CC no DNPM de lactentes. Trata-se de um estudo observacional com avaliação do desenvolvimento neuropsicomotor realizada pela Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development (BSID-III). As condições maternas e clínicas dos lactentes foram verificadas no relatório de alta médica e na caderneta de saúde da criança, e a condição socioeconômica das famílias pelo Critério da Classificação Econômica Brasil. Para associar as variáveis clínicas e o DNPM foram utilizados o coeficiente de correlação de Spearman e o teste de razão de verossimilhança. Foram avaliados 18 lactentes, com predomínio do sexo feminino (72,2%). A maioria das mães (47,1%) possuía ensino médio completo ou superior incompleto, com média da idade de 27,2±5,5 anos. Houve correlação das escalas do BSID-III com as variáveis quantitativas analisadas: escala motora com o peso (p=0,02 e r=0,54) e com uso de oxigenoterapia (p=0,009 e r=−0,591); já para as variáveis qualitativas as associações foram entre: escala motora e condição socioeconômica (p=0,015), escala motora e comunicação interatrial - (CIA) (p=0,023) e escala da linguagem e CIA (p=0,038). A CC influenciou o DNPM, principalmente no aspecto motor. Além disso peso, diagnóstico de CIA, uso de oxigenoterapia e condição socioeconômica foram considerados como principais fatores de risco para o atraso no DNPM.


RESUMEN Las cardiopatías congénitas (CC) se encuentran entre las principales causas de morbimortalidad en la primera infancia, y los lactantes con esta afección pueden tener retrasos en el desarrollo neuropsicomotor (DNPM). El presente estudio tuvo el objetivo de evaluar la influencia de las CC en el DNPM de los lactantes. Este es un estudio observacional en el cual se evaluó el desarrollo neuropsicomotor utilizando la Bayley scales of infant and toddler development (BSID-III). Las condiciones maternas y clínicas de los lactantes se obtuvieron en el informe de alta médica y en la libreta de salud del niño, y el estado socioeconómico de las familias en el Criterio de Clasificación Económica de Brasil. Para asociar las variables clínicas y el DNPM, se utilizaron el coeficiente de correlación de Spearman y la prueba de razón de probabilidad. Se evaluaron a 18 lactantes, con un predominio del sexo femenino (72,2%). La mayoría de las madres (47,1%) tenían la secundaria completa o la educación superior incompleta, con una edad promedio de 27,2±5,5 años. Hubo una correlación entre las escalas BSID-III y las variables cuantitativas analizadas: escala motora con el peso (p=0,02 y r=0,54) y con el uso de oxigenoterapia (p=0,009 y r=−0,591); para las variables cualitativas, las asociaciones fueron entre: escala motora y estado socioeconómico (p=0,015), escala motora y comunicación interauricular (CIA) (p=0,023) y escala de lenguaje y CIA (p=0,038). Las CC influyeron en el DNPM, principalmente en el aspecto motor. Además, el peso, el diagnóstico de CIA, el uso de oxigenoterapia y el estado socioeconómico fueron considerados los principales factores de riesgo para el retraso en el DNPM.


ABSTRACT Congenital heart defects (CHD) are among the main causes of morbidity and mortality in infants who has this impairment may present delays in neuropsychomotor development (NPMD). This study assesses the influence of CHD on NPMD of infants. This is an observational study assessing neuropsychomotor development performed by Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development - BSID-III. The Brazilian Economic Classification Criteria was used to verify the socioeconomic status of the families and also the maternal and infants' clinical conditions were verified in the medical discharge report and in the child's health handbook. For the association between the quantitative and qualitative variables with the NPMD, the Spearman's correlation coefficient and the likelihood ratio test were used. A total of 18 infants were assessed, with a predominance of females (72.2%). Most mothers (47.1%) had complete high school or incomplete higher education, with a mean age of 27.2±5.5 years. There was a correlation between the BSID-III scales and the quantitative variables analyzed: motor scale with weight (p=0.02 and r=0.54) and oxygen therapy (p=0.009 and r=−0.591); besides that, the qualitative variables correlation were: motor scale and socioeconomic condition (p=0.015), motor scale and Interatrial Communication - IAC (p=0.023) and language with IAC scales (p=0.038). CHD influences the delay of NPMD, mainly for motor aspect. Furthermore, weight, diagnosis of IAC, use of oxygen therapy and socioeconomic status were considered the main risk factors for the delay in NPMD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Psychomotor Disorders/etiology , Motor Skills Disorders/etiology , Neurodevelopmental Disorders/etiology , Heart Defects, Congenital/complications , Oxygen Inhalation Therapy/adverse effects , Psychomotor Disorders/diagnosis , Socioeconomic Factors , Child Development/physiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Cognition Disorders/diagnosis , Cognition Disorders/etiology , Motor Skills Disorders/diagnosis , Neurodevelopmental Disorders/diagnosis , Hospitalization , Language Disorders/diagnosis , Language Disorders/etiology , Length of Stay , Neuropsychological Tests
2.
Fisioter. Pesqui. (Online) ; 27(1): 34-40, jan.-mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1090406

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Na unidade de terapia intensiva (UTI) pediátrica, a falha de extubação pode aumentar o risco de mortalidade. Este estudo objetivou: (1) verificar a taxa de falha de extubação na UTI pediátrica de um hospital público do município de Bauru (São Paulo, Brasil); (2) identificar a principal causa atribuída à falha de extubação; (3) avaliar se características como a idade e o tempo de ventilação mecânica invasiva (VMI) estão associadas à falha de extubação; (4) avaliar se o tempo de permanência na UTI e hospital é maior entre os pacientes que apresentaram falha de extubação. Foi realizado estudo de coorte retrospectivo com 89 pacientes internados de maio de 2017 até julho de 2018. Os resultados mostraram taxa de falha de extubação correspondente a 16%. A principal causa atribuída à falha de extubação foi o estridor laríngeo, totalizando 57% dos casos. A comparação intergrupos (sucesso vs. falha de extubação) não mostrou diferenças em relação à idade (p=0,294) e ao tempo de VMI (p=0,228). No entanto, observamos que o grupo falha de extubação apresentou maior tempo de UTI (p=0,000) e hospital (p=0,010). Desta forma, concluímos que a taxa de extubação está de acordo com a observada em outros estudos. O estridor laríngeo foi responsável por mais da metade dos casos de falha de extubação. Embora a idade e o tempo de VMI não tenham sido características associadas à falha de extubação, esta contribuiu para o maior período de permanência na UTI e no hospital.


RESUMEN En la unidad de cuidados intensivos (UCI) pediátrica, el fracaso de la extubación puede aumentar el riesgo de mortalidad. Este estudio tuvo el objetivo de: (1) verificar el índice de fracaso de la extubación en la UCI pediátrica de un hospital público en el municipio de Bauru (São Paulo, Brasil); (2) identificar la causa principal atribuida al fracaso de la extubación; (3) evaluar si las características edad y tiempo de ventilación mecánica invasiva (VMI) están asociadas al fracaso de la extubación; (4) evaluar si la duración en la UCI y el hospital es mayor entre los pacientes que experimentaron este fracaso. Se realizó un estudio de cohorte retrospectivo con 89 pacientes hospitalizados desde mayo de 2017 hasta julio de 2018. Los índices del fracaso de la extubación fueron del 16%. El estridor laríngeo fue la causa principal atribuida al fracaso de la extubación, lo que totaliza el 57% de los casos. La comparación intergrupal (éxito versus fracaso de la extubación) no presentó diferencias en relación con la edad (p=0,294) y el tiempo VMI (p=0,228). Se observó que el grupo fracaso de la extubación estuvo más tiempo en la UCI (p=0,000) y el hospital (p=0,010). Se concluye que el índice de extubación está en consonancia con lo observado en otros estudios. El estridor laríngeo fue el responsable de más de la mitad de los casos de fracaso de la extubación. Las características edad y el tiempo de VMI no estuvieron asociadas al fracaso de la extubación, pero esta contribuyó a un período más prolongado en la UCI y en el hospital.


ABSTRACT In the pediatric intensive care unit (ICU), extubation failure may increase mortality risk. This study aimed: (1) to verify the rate of extubation failure in the pediatric ICU of a public hospital located in the city of Bauru (São Paulo, Brazil); (2) to identify the main cause attributed to extubation failure; (3) to evaluate whether age and time of invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV) are characteristics associated to extubation failure; (4) to evaluate whether the length of stay in the ICU/hospital is longer among patients who presented extubation failure. A retrospective study was performed with 89 hospitalized patients from May 2017 to July 2018. Results showed an extubation failure rate corresponding to 16%. The main cause attributed to extubation failure was laryngeal stridor, totaling 57% of the cases. Intergroup comparison (success vs. failure of extubation) showed no differences in relation to age (p=0.294) and IMV time (p=0.228). However, we observed that the extubation failure group had longer ICU (p=0.000) and hospital time (p=0.010). In this way, we conclude that the rate of extubation failure is in agreement with other studies. Laryngeal stridor was responsible for more than half of cases of extubation failure. Although IMV time and age were not associated with the extubation failure, they contributed to a longer stay in the ICU and in the hospital.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Respiration, Artificial/adverse effects , Intensive Care Units, Pediatric/statistics & numerical data , Airway Extubation/adverse effects , Respiration, Artificial/statistics & numerical data , Time Factors , Respiratory Sounds/etiology , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Cohort Studies , Age Factors , Treatment Failure , Electronic Health Records , Airway Extubation/statistics & numerical data , Length of Stay
3.
Article in Korean | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-811287

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study compared the clinical and radiological results between two groups of patients with percutaneous fixation or conventional fixation after hardware removal.MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study analyzed 68 patients (43 open fixation and 43 percutaneous screw fixation [PSF] 25) who had undergone fixation for unstable thoracolumbar fractures. The radiologic results were obtained using the lateral radiographs taken before and after the fixation and at the time of hardware removal. The clinical results included the time of operation, blood loss, time to ambulation, duration of the hospital stay and the visual analogue scale.RESULTS: The percutaneous pedicle screw fixation (PPSF) group showed better results than did the conventional posterior fixation (CPF) group (p<0.05) in regard to the perioperative data such as operation time, blood loss, and duration of the hospital stay. There were no significant differences in wedge angle, local kyphotic angle, and the ΔKyphotic angle on the postoperative plane radiographs between the two groups (p>0.05). There were no significant differences in the wedge angle and local kyphotic angle after implant removal (p>0.05) between the two groups as well. However, there were significant differences in the segmental montion angle (p<0.001), and the PPSF group showed a larger segmental motion angle than did the CPF group (CPF 1.7°±1.2° vs PPSF 5.9°±3.2°, respectively).CONCLUSION: For the treatment of unstable thoracolumbar fractures, the PPSF technique could achieve better clinical results and an improved segmental motion angle after implant removal within a year than that of the conventional fixation method.


Subject(s)
Humans , Length of Stay , Methods , Pedicle Screws , Walking
4.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-782477

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: There has been no consensus regarding the discontinuation order of vasopressors in patients recovering from septic shock treated with concomitant norepinephrine (NE) and arginine vasopressin (AVP). The aim of this study was to compare the incidence of hypotension within 24 hours based on whether NE or AVP was discontinued first in order to determine the optimal sequence for discontinuation of vasopressors.METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted in MEDLINE, Embase, and the Cochrane Central Register. The primary end-point was incidence of hypotension within 24 hours after discontinuation of the first vasopressor.RESULTS: We identified five studies comprising 930 patients, of whom 631 (67.8%) discontinued NE first and 299 (32.2%) discontinued AVP first. In pooled estimates, a random-effect model showed that discontinuation of NE first was associated with a significant reduction of the incidence of hypotension compared to discontinuing AVP first (31.8% vs. 54.8%; risk ratios, 0.35; 95% confidence interval, 0.16 to 0.76; P = 0.008; I² = 90.7%). Although a substantial degree of heterogeneity existed among the trials, we could not identify the significant source of bias. In addition, there were no significant differences in intensive care unit (ICU) mortality, in-hospital mortality, 28-day mortality, or ICU length of stay between the groups.CONCLUSION: Discontinuing NE prior to AVP was associated with a lower incidence of hypotension in patients recovering from septic shock. However, our results should be interpreted with caution, due to the considerable between-study heterogeneity.


Subject(s)
Arginine Vasopressin , Arginine , Bias , Consensus , Hospital Mortality , Humans , Hypotension , Incidence , Intensive Care Units , Length of Stay , Mortality , Norepinephrine , Odds Ratio , Population Characteristics , Sepsis , Shock, Septic , Treatment Outcome , Vasoconstrictor Agents
5.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-782270

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to develop and compare predictive models based on supervised machine learning algorithms for predicting the prolonged length of stay (LOS) of hospitalized patients diagnosed with five different chronic conditions.METHODS: An administrative claim dataset (2008–2012) of a regional network of nine hospitals in the Tampa Bay area, Florida, USA, was used to develop the prediction models. Features were extracted from the dataset using the International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) codes. Five learning algorithms, namely, decision tree C5.0, linear support vector machine (LSVM), k-nearest neighbors, random forest, and multi-layered artificial neural networks, were used to build the model with semi-supervised anomaly detection and two feature selection methods. Issues with the unbalanced nature of the dataset were resolved using the Synthetic Minority Over-sampling Technique (SMOTE).RESULTS: LSVM with wrapper feature selection performed moderately well for all patient cohorts. Using SMOTE to counter data imbalances triggered a tradeoff between the model's sensitivity and specificity, which can be masked under a similar area under the curve. The proposed aggregate rank selection approach resulted in a balanced performing model compared to other criteria. Finally, factors such as comorbidity conditions, source of admission, and payer types were associated with the increased risk of a prolonged LOS.CONCLUSIONS: Prolonged LOS is mostly associated with pre-intraoperative clinical and patient socioeconomic factors. Accurate patient identification with the risk of prolonged LOS using the selected model can provide hospitals a better tool for planning early discharge and resource allocation, thus reducing avoidable hospitalization costs.


Subject(s)
Bays , Chronic Disease , Cohort Studies , Comorbidity , Dataset , Decision Trees , Florida , Forests , Hospitalization , Humans , Inpatients , International Classification of Diseases , Learning , Length of Stay , Machine Learning , Masks , Patient Discharge , Resource Allocation , Sensitivity and Specificity , Socioeconomic Factors , Supervised Machine Learning , Support Vector Machine
6.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-782262

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Vitamin D is a pleiotropic hormone that affects various body organ systems. We evaluated the prevalence of a vitamin D deficiency (VDD) and its potential role in the clinical condition of critically ill Korean children.SUBJECTS/METHODS: Patients under 18 years old with a 25(OH) vitamin D measurement on the first day of PICU admission were included from among the children admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) of our tertiary children's hospital between October 2017 and January 2019.RESULTS: A total of 172 pediatric patients were enrolled. The mean 25(OH) vitamin D level was 17.5 ± 12.8 ng/mL. There was a 65.1% prevalence of VDD (25(OH) vitamin D level < 20 ng/mL). VDD was associated with age at PICU admission, gastrointestinal/hepatobiliary disorders, International Society of Thrombosis and Hemostasis disseminated intravascular coagulation (ISTH DIC) score, pediatric multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (pMODS) score and with several laboratory test findings including hemoglobin, platelet, C-reactive protein, serum albumin, total bilirubin, prothrombin time, and anti-thrombin III levels. Most of these parameters also showed significant linear correlations with the 25(OH) vitamin D level (P < 0.05). However, no statistically meaningful association was found between VDD and other clinical conditions such as the need for a mechanical ventilator, requirement for vasoactive drugs, duration of the PICU and hospital stays, or PICU mortality.CONCLUSION: There is a high prevalence of VDD in critically ill Korean children. There were significant associations between the 25(OH) vitamin D level and gastrointestinal/hepatobiliary disorders, the pMODS score and with coagulation related factors. Further large-scale studies with more specific subgroup analyses are required to more precisely assess the clinical implications of VDD in critically ill pediatric patients.


Subject(s)
Bilirubin , Blood Platelets , C-Reactive Protein , Child , Critical Illness , Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation , Hemostasis , Humans , Intensive Care Units , Length of Stay , Mortality , Multiple Organ Failure , Pediatrics , Prevalence , Prothrombin Time , Serum Albumin , Thrombosis , Ventilators, Mechanical , Vitamin D Deficiency , Vitamin D , Vitamins
7.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-782261

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Malnutrition has multiple impacts on surgical success, postoperative complications, duration of hospital stay, and costs, particularly for cancer patients. There are various nutrition risk screening tools available for clinical use. Herein, we aim to determine the most appropriate nutritional risk screening system for esophageal cancer (EC) patients in China.SUBJECTS/METHODS: In total, 138 EC patients were enrolled in this study and evaluated by experienced nurses using three different nutritional screening tools, the Nutrition Risk Screening 2002 tool (NRS2002), the Patient-generated Subjective Globe Assessment (PG-SGA), and the Nutrition Risk Index (NRI).We compared sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative likelihood ratios, and Youden index generated by each of the three screening tools. Finally, cut-off points for all three tools were re-defined to optimize and validate the best nutritional risk screening tool for assessing EC patients.RESULTS: Our data suggested that all three screening tools were 100% sensitive for EC patients, while the specificities were 44.4%, 2.96%, and 59.26% for NRS 2002, PG-SGA, and NRI, respectively. NRI had a higher positive likelihood ratio as well as a higher area under the receiver operating characteristic curve compared to those of NRS 2002 and PG-SGA; although, all three tools had null negative likelihood ratios. After adjusting the cut-off points, the specificity and accuracy for all tools were significantly improved, however, the NRI remained the most appropriate nutritional risk screening system for EC patients.CONCLUSIONS: The NRI is the most suitable (highest sensitivity and accuracy) nutritional risk screening tool for EC patients. The performance of the NRI can be significantly improved if the cut-off point is modified according to the results obtained using MedCalc software.


Subject(s)
China , Esophageal Neoplasms , Humans , Length of Stay , Malnutrition , Mass Screening , Postoperative Complications , ROC Curve , Sensitivity and Specificity
8.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-782212

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Cesarean section is the most commonly performed obstetrical surgical procedure; however, there are no standard guidelines on appropriate skin closure techniques and materials. Only few comparative studies have been conducted on different skin closure techniques, and they have shown conflicting results. Therefore, we compared different skin closure techniques during emergency cesarean section to identify the best technique with minimal wound complication rates.METHODS: Patients were randomized into 3 groups (group A, n=100; group B, n=102; and group C, n=98). In group A, the skin was closed using staples; in group B, via the subcuticular technique using monocryl 3-0; and in group C, using mattress suture nylon (2-0). The primary outcome was a composite of wound complications, including infection, seroma, gaping, and need for resuturing and antibiotic administration. The secondary outcome included closure time, pain perception, patient satisfaction, and cost. Analyses were performed in accordance with the intention-to-treat principle.RESULTS: The composite wound complication rate in the entire cohort was 16.6% (n=50); the complication rate was significantly higher in group A than in the other groups. Infection was the most common wound complication observed in the entire study group (86%) and was significantly higher in group A than in groups B and C (P≤0.001).CONCLUSION: The use of staples for cesarean section skin closure is associated with an increased risk of wound complications and prolonged hospital stay postoperative visits.


Subject(s)
Cesarean Section , Cohort Studies , Emergencies , Female , Humans , Length of Stay , Nylons , Obstetric Surgical Procedures , Pain Perception , Patient Satisfaction , Pregnancy , Seroma , Skin , Sutures , Wounds and Injuries
9.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-782208

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) requires an aggressive surgical approach. The important part of literature on ovarian cancer surgery emphasize residual tumor and survival analyses. Morbidity issue keeps in background. Therefore, we aimed to report on morbidity of cytoreductive surgery for EOC in this study.METHODS: EOC patients who underwent primary debulking were evaluated. Intraoperative and postoperative complications that occurred within 30 days after the surgery and factors that affect morbidity were considered.RESULTS: The study involved 359 patients. Forty-six intraoperative complications occurred in 42 (11.6%) patients. Advanced stage and cancer antigen level of 125 were independently and significantly associated with operative complications (hazard ratio [HR], 1.66; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.01–2,73; P=0.044, and HR, 1.47; 95% CI, 1.05–2.06; P=0.025, respectively). The need for intensive care unit admission was significantly higher in patients with intraoperative complications (28.6% vs. 8.8%, P=0.001). Intraoperative and postoperative complication rates were significantly higher in extended surgery than in standard surgery (18.9%vs. 8.5%, P=0.005 and 38.7% vs. 10.9%, P < 0.001, respectively). Intraoperative and postoperative transfusion need, hospital stay duration, and chemotherapy start day were also significantly higher in extended surgery than in standard surgery. Hundred postoperative complications occurred in 70 patients. Age, extended surgery, presence of ascites, and presence of operative complications were independently and significantly associated with postoperative complications.CONCLUSION: Morbidity of extensive surgical approach should be kept in mind in ovarian cancer surgery aimed at leaving no residual tumor. Patient-based management with an appropriate preoperative evaluation may avoid morbidity of extended/extensive surgical approaches.


Subject(s)
Ascites , Drug Therapy , Humans , Intensive Care Units , Intraoperative Complications , Length of Stay , Neoplasm, Residual , Ovarian Neoplasms , Postoperative Complications
10.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 145-153, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-782197

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study investigated multidrug-resistant (MDR) pathogens and antibiotic strategies of culture-positive spontaneous ascitic infection (SAI) in patients with acute decompensated cirrhosis.MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 432 acute decompensated cirrhotic patients with culture-positive SAI from 11 teaching hospitals in China (January 2012 to May 2018). A Cox proportional hazards model analysis was conducted to identify independent predictors of 28-day mortality.RESULTS: A total of 455 strains were isolated from 432 ascitic culture samples. Gram-negative bacteria (GNB), gram-positive bacteria (GPB), and fungi caused 52.3, 45.5, and 2.2% of all SAI episodes, respectively. Episodes were classified as nosocomial (41.2%), healthcare-related (34.7%), and community-acquired (24.1%). Escherichia coli (13.4%) and Klebsiella pneumoniae (2.4%) were extended-spectrum β-lactamase producing isolates. The prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus was 1.1%. Ceftazidime, cefepime, aztreonam, and amikacin were recommended as first-line antibiotics agents for non-MDR GNB infections; piperacillin/tazobactam and carbapenems for MDR GNB in community-acquired and healthcare-related or nosocomial infections, respectively; and vancomycin or linezolid for GPB infections, regardless of drug-resistance status. Multivariate analysis revealed days of hospital stay before SAI, upper gastrointestinal bleeding, white blood cell count, alanine aminotransferase, serum creatinine concentration, total bilirubin, and international normalized ratio as key independent predictors of 28-day mortality.CONCLUSION: MDR pathogens and antibiotic strategies were identified in patients with acute decompensated cirrhosis with culture-positive SAI, which may help optimize therapy and improve clinical outcomes.


Subject(s)
Alanine Transaminase , Amikacin , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Aztreonam , Bilirubin , Carbapenems , Ceftazidime , China , Creatinine , Cross Infection , Escherichia coli , Fibrosis , Fungi , Gram-Negative Bacteria , Gram-Positive Bacteria , Hemorrhage , Hospitals, Teaching , Humans , International Normalized Ratio , Klebsiella pneumoniae , Length of Stay , Leukocyte Count , Linezolid , Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus , Mortality , Multivariate Analysis , Prevalence , Proportional Hazards Models , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Vancomycin
11.
Hip & Pelvis ; : 11-16, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-811159

ABSTRACT

The incidence of hip fractures is rapidly increasing with an aging population and is now one of the most important health concerns worldwide due to a high mortality rate. The effect of delayed surgery on postoperative outcomes has been widely discussed. Although various treatment guidelines for hip fractures in the elderly exist, most institutions recommend that operations are conducted as soon as possible to help achieve the most favorable outcomes. While opinions differ on the relationship between delayed surgery and postoperative mortality, a strong association between earlier surgery and improvement in postoperative outcomes (e.g., length of hospital stay, bedsore occurrence, return to an independent lifestyle), has been reported. Taken together, performing operations for hip fractures in the elderly within 48 hours of admission appears to be best practice. Importantly, however, existing evidence is based primarily on observational studies which are susceptible to inherent bias. Here, we share the results of a literature search to summarize data that helps inform the most appropriate surgical timing for hip fractures in the elderly and the effects of delayed surgery on postoperative outcome. In addition, we expect to be able to provide a more accurate basis for these correlations through a large-scale randomized controlled trial in the future and to present data supporting recommendations for appropriate surgical timing.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aging , Bias , Hip Fractures , Humans , Incidence , Length of Stay , Mortality , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Pressure Ulcer
12.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-811125

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The number of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (herein, lupus) undergoing total hip arthroplasty (THA) or total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is increasing. There is disagreement about the effect of lupus on perioperative complication rates. We hypothesized that lupus would be associated with higher complication rates in patients who undergo elective primary THA or TKA.METHODS: Records of more than 6.2 million patients from the National Inpatient Sample who underwent elective primary THA or TKA from 2000 to 2009 were reviewed. Patients with lupus (n = 38,644) were compared with those without lupus (n = 6,173,826). Major complications were death, pulmonary embolism, myocardial infarction, stroke, pneumonia, and acute renal failure. Minor complications were wound infection, seroma, deep vein thrombosis, hip dislocation, wound dehiscence, and hematoma. Patient age, sex, duration of hospital stay, and number of Elixhauser comorbidities were assessed for both groups. Multivariate logistic regression models using comorbidities, age, and sex as covariates were used to assess the association of lupus with major and minor perioperative complications. The alpha level was set to 0.001.RESULTS: Among patients who underwent THA, those with lupus were younger (mean age, 56 vs. 65 years), were more likely to be women (87% vs. 56%), had longer hospital stays (mean, 4.0 vs. 3.8 days), and had more comorbidities (mean, 2.5 vs. 1.4) than those without lupus (all p < 0.001). In patients with THA, lupus was independently associated with major complications (odds ratio [OR], 1.4; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.1 to 1.7) and minor complications (OR, 1.2; 95% CI, 1.0 to 1.5). Similarly, among patients who underwent TKA, those with lupus were younger (mean, 62 vs. 67 years), were more likely to be women (93% vs. 64%), had longer hospital stays (mean, 3.8 vs. 3.7 days), and had more comorbidities (mean, 2.8 vs. 1.7) than those without lupus (all p < 0.001). However, in TKA patients, lupus was not associated with greater odds of major complications (OR, 1.2; 95% CI, 0.9 to 1.4) or minor complications (OR, 1.1; 95% CI, 0.9 to 1.3).CONCLUSIONS: Lupus is an independent risk factor for major and minor perioperative complications in elective primary THA but not TKA.


Subject(s)
Acute Kidney Injury , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Comorbidity , Female , Hematoma , Hip Dislocation , Hip , Humans , Inpatients , Knee , Length of Stay , Logistic Models , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic , Myocardial Infarction , Pneumonia , Pulmonary Embolism , Risk Factors , Seroma , Stroke , Venous Thrombosis , Wound Infection , Wounds and Injuries
13.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 12: 667-675, jan.-dez. 2020. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), BDENF | ID: biblio-1097520

ABSTRACT

Objetivos: verificar a associação entre o tempo de internação hospitalar de pacientes submetidos à cirurgia cardíaca com as variáveis sociodemográficas e clínicas. Método: estudo transversal, retrospectivo a partir da análise de dados secundários de indivíduos que realizaram cirurgias cardíacas em um hospital universitário, na região Sudeste do Brasil. Resultados: foi identificada mediana de tempo de internação hospitalar maior nos pacientes com idade de 60 anos ou mais, sexo masculino, com comorbidades prévias. Além disso, a internação foi mais prolongada nos indivíduos que apresentaram complicações no pós-operatório como eventos neurológicos, arritmias cardíacas, insuficiência renal aguda, complicações pulmonares e infecção hospitalar. Conclusão: a associação das características e a identificação do perfil de pacientes que em geral permanecem mais tempo no leito poderão ser úteis na elaboração de protocolos e fluxos institucionais


Objectives: to verify the association between the length of hospital stay of patients undergoing cardiac surgery and the sociodemographic and clinical variables. Method: cross-sectional, retrospective study based on secondary data analysis of individuals who underwent cardiac surgery at a university hospital in the Southeast region of Brazil. Results: median length of hospital stay was identified higher in patients aged 60 years or older, male, with previous comorbidities. In addition, hospitalization was longer in individuals with postoperative complications such as neurological events, cardiac arrhythmias, acute renal failure, pulmonary complications, and nosocomial infection. Conclusion: the association of the characteristics and the identification of the profile of patients who usually stay longer in bed may be useful in the elaboration of protocols and institutional flows


Objetivos: verificar la asociación entre la duración de la estancia hospitalaria de los pacientes sometidos a cirugía cardíaca y las variables sociodemográficas y clínicas. Método: estudio transversal retrospectivo basado en el análisis de datos secundarios de individuos que se sometieron a una cirugía cardíaca en un hospital universitario en la región sudeste de Brasil. Resultados: la mediana de la duración de la estancia hospitalaria se identificó más alta en pacientes de 60 años o más, hombres, con comorbilidades previas. Además, la hospitalización fue más prolongada en individuos con complicaciones postoperatorias como eventos neurológicos, arritmias cardíacas, insuficiencia renal aguda, complicaciones pulmonares e infección nosocomial. Conclusión: la asociación de las características y la identificación del perfil de los pacientes que suelen permanecer más tiempo en la cama puede ser útil en la elaboración de protocolos y flujos institucionales


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Postoperative Complications , Cardiovascular Surgical Procedures/statistics & numerical data , Length of Stay/statistics & numerical data , Socioeconomic Factors , Cross-Sectional Studies , Cardiovascular Nursing , Hospitals, University
14.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 47: e20202374, 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1091926

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: A pneumonia necrosante (PNS) é uma grave e rara complicação da pneumonia adquirida na comunidade, acometendo principalmente crianças, sendo assim, objetivamos analisar prontuários de crianças submetidas ao tratamento cirúrgico de PNS e comparação dos resultados obtidos com os presentes na literatura médica. Métodos: Análise retrospectiva dos prontuários de crianças submetidas ao tratamento cirúrgico por PNS entre julho de 2006 a julho de 2016 em dois hospitais do sul de Santa Catarina, Brasil. Resultados: Do total de 26 crianças, com mediana de idade 2,70 anos, maioria mulheres (61,5%). Os principais sintomas foram febre (88,5%) e tosse (65,4%). Houve média de 4,31 antibióticos utilizados por paciente. O principal agente etiológico foi o Staphylococcus aureus (23,1%) mas as culturas foram negativas em 69% dos pacientes. Em 23 pacientes realizou-se decorticação e desbridamento das áreas necróticas (88,5%). A média de drenagem pleural pós-operatória foi 8,12 dias. Fístula broncopleural ocorreu em 50,0% no pré-operatório e 46,2% após a cirurgia. O tempo total de internação hospitalar foi, em média, de 27,52 dias e tempo pós-operatório com média de 12,60 dias. Complicações pós-operatórias ocorreram em 13 crianças e não houve mortalidade. Conclusões: Propõe-se abordagem cirúrgica nos pacientes sem resposta ao tratamento clínico, pois o atraso na intervenção cirúrgica associa-se a infecção progressiva no parênquima pulmonar e taxas maiores de complicações. A cirurgia pode conduzir a melhor evolução clínica e recuperação mais precoce.


ABSTRACT Objective: Necrotizing pneumonia (PNZ) is a severe and rare complication of a community-acquired pneumonia, affecting mainly children. We aimed to analyze medical records of children undergoing surgical treatment for PNZ and compare our results with those found in the medical literature. Methods: Retrospective analysis of children's medical charts who underwent an operation for PNZ, between July 2006 and July 2016, in two hospitals in southern Santa Catarina, Brazil. Results: A total of 26 children with a median age of 2.70 years and mostly females (61.5%) were included in the current study. The main symptoms were fever (88.5%) and cough (65.4%). There was an average use of 4.31 antibiotics per patient. The primary etiological agent was Staphylococcus aureus (23.1%), but cultures were negative in 69% of the patients. Decortication and debridement of necrotic areas were performed in 23 patients (88.5%). The mean postoperative pleural drainage was 8.12 days. The presence of bronchopleural fistula occurred in 50.0% in the preoperative period and 46.2% in the postoperative. The total length of hospital stay was, on average, 27.52 days and the postoperative length of stay was 12.60 days (mean). Postoperative complications occurred in 13 children and there was no mortality. Conclusion: The surgical approach is indicated to patients with no response to clinical treatment. Late surgical intervention is associated with progressive parenchyma infection and higher rates of complications. Surgery can lead to better clinical outcomes and earlier recovery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Postoperative Complications , Oxacillin/therapeutic use , Time Factors , Ceftriaxone/therapeutic use , Vancomycin/therapeutic use , Drainage/methods , Medical Records , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Community-Acquired Infections/surgery , Statistics, Nonparametric , Pneumonia, Necrotizing/surgery , Length of Stay , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use
15.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-762470

ABSTRACT

Active surveillance culture (ASC) can help detect hidden reservoirs, but the routine use of ASC for extended spectrum β-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae is controversial in an endemic situation. We aimed to determine the prevalence and risk factors of extended spectrum β-lactamase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae (EBSL-Kpn) colonization among intensive care unit (ICU)-admitted patients. Prospective screening of ESBL-Kpn colonization was performed for ICU-admitted patients within 48 hours for two months. A perirectal swab sample was inoculated on MacConkey agar supplemented with 2 µg/mL ceftazidime. ESBL genotype was determined by PCR-sequencing, and clonal relatedness was evaluated by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE). The risk factors of ESBL-Kpn colonization were evaluated. The ESBL-Kpn colonization rate among the 281 patients at ICU admission was 6.4% (18/281), and bla(CTX-M-15) was detected in all isolates. ESBL producers also showed resistance to fluoroquinolone (38.9%, 7/18). All isolates had the same ESBL genotype (bla(CTX-M-15)) and a highly clustered PFGE pattern, suggesting cross-transmission without a documented outbreak. In univariate analysis, the risk factor for ESBL-Kpn colonization over the control was the length of hospital stay (odds ratio=1.062; P=0.019). Routine use of ASC could help control endemic ESBL–Kpn for ICU patients.


Subject(s)
Agar , Ceftazidime , Colon , Critical Care , Electrophoresis, Gel, Pulsed-Field , Enterobacteriaceae , Genotype , Humans , Intensive Care Units , Klebsiella pneumoniae , Klebsiella , Length of Stay , Mass Screening , Prevalence , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors
16.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-785428

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) is recently performed in older cancer patients. The complication rate of PD is high. The present study was to compare the postoperative short- and long-term outcomes of PD in between older patients and younger patients.METHODS: Between 2000 and 2014, patients who underwent PD due to periampullary cancers were enrolled. Patients aged 75 years or over were included in the older group.RESULTS: Total 1,249 patients were enrolled in this study and 168 patients (13.5%) were included in the older group. Postoperative complication rates, duration of postoperative hospital stay, and 30-day mortality were comparable between the 2 groups, although the admission rate of intensive care unit postoperatively was higher in the older adult group (20.8% vs. 10.5%, P < 0.001). In terms of long-term outcomes, 5-year overall survival rate was lower in the older group (23.4% vs. 41.8%, P < 0.001), and 5-year cumulative recurrence rate was higher in the older group without statistical significance (63.9% vs. 57.9%, P = 0.095). However, there were no statistical differences of cumulative recurrence in pancreatic cancer patients (81.5% vs. 82.5%, P = 0.805).CONCLUSION: PD for periampullary cancer is a safe and feasible treatment in the older patients. The treatment modality for obtaining better survival outcomes will be investigated.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Geriatric Assessment , Humans , Intensive Care Units , Length of Stay , Mortality , Pancreatic Neoplasms , Pancreaticoduodenectomy , Postoperative Complications , Recurrence , Survival Rate
17.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-785426

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Unplanned conversion is sometimes necessary during minimally invasive liver resection (MILR) of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The aims of this study were to compare surgical outcomes of planned MILR and unplanned conversion and to investigate the risk factors after unplanned conversion.METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 286 patients who underwent MILR with HCC from January 2006 to December 2017. All patients were divided into a MILR group and an unplanned conversion group. The clinicopathologic characteristics and outcomes were compared between the 2 groups. In addition, surgical outcomes in the conversion group were compared with the planned open surgery group (n = 505). Risk factors for unplanned conversion were analyzed.RESULTS: Of the 286 patients who underwent MILR, 18 patients (6.7%) had unplanned conversion during surgery. The unplanned conversion group showed statistically more blood loss, higher transfusion rate and postoperative complication rate, and longer hospital stay compared to the MILR group, whereas no such difference was observed in comparison with the planned open surgery group. There were no significant differences in overall and disease-free survival among 3 groups. The right-sided sectionectomy (right anterior and posterior sectionectomy), central bisectionectomy and tumor size were risk factors of unplanned conversion.CONCLUSION: Unplanned conversion during MILR for HCC was associated with poor perioperative outcomes, but it did not affect long-term oncologic outcomes in our study. In addition, when planning right-sided sectionectomy or central bisectionectomy for a large tumor (more than 5 cm), we should recommend open surgery or MILR with an informed consent for unplanned open conversions.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Disease-Free Survival , Humans , Informed Consent , Length of Stay , Liver , Postoperative Complications , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
18.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 34(4): 582-583, oct.-dec. 2019.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1047937

ABSTRACT

As informações no leito, sobre a necessidade de manobras do paciente, em intervalos de 2 h, para evitar o aparecimento de lesões por pressão podem reduzir o tempo de permanência, diminuir o risco de lesões de pele e os custos de manutenção do paciente.


Bedside information on the need for repositioning the patient at 2 h intervals to avoid the appearance of pressure ulcers can reduce hospitalization time, risk of skin lesions, and maintenance costs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Surgery, Plastic , Wounds and Injuries , Pressure Ulcer , Length of Stay , Surgery, Plastic/rehabilitation , Wounds and Injuries/therapy , Pressure Ulcer/surgery , Pressure Ulcer/complications , Pressure Ulcer/prevention & control , Pressure Ulcer/therapy
19.
J. bras. nefrol ; 41(4): 462-471, Out.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1056610

ABSTRACT

Abstract Acute kidney injury (AKI) has an incidence rate of 5-6% among intensive care unit (ICU) patients and sepsis is the most frequent etiology. Aims: To assess patients in the ICU that developed AKI, AKI on chronic kidney disease (CKD), and/or sepsis, and identify the risk factors and outcomes of these diseases. Methods: A prospective observational cohort quantitative study that included patients who stayed in the ICU > 48 hours and had not been on dialysis previously was carried out. Results: 302 patients were included and divided into: no sepsis and no AKI (nsnAKI), sepsis alone (S), septic AKI (sAKI), non-septic AKI (nsAKI), septic AKI on CKD (sAKI/CKD), and non-septic AKI on CKD (nsAKI/CKD). It was observed that 94% of the patients developed some degree of AKI. Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) stage 3 was predominant in the septic groups (p = 0.018). Nephrologist follow-up in the non-septic patients was only 23% vs. 54% in the septic groups (p < 0.001). Dialysis was performed in 8% of the non-septic and 37% of the septic groups (p < 0.001). Mechanical ventilation (MV) requirement was higher in the septic groups (p < 0.001). Mortality was 38 and 39% in the sAKI and sAKI/CKD groups vs 16% and 0% in the nsAKI and nsAKI/CKD groups, respectively (p < 0.001). Conclusions: Patients with sAKI and sAKI/CKD had worse prognosis than those with nsAKI and nsAKI/CKD. The nephrologist was not contacted in a large number of AKI cases, except for KDIGO stage 3, which directly influenced mortality rates. The urine output was considerably impaired, ICU stay was longer, use of MV and mortality were higher when kidney injury was combined with sepsis.


Resumo A Lesão Renal Aguda (LRA), cuja etiologia mais frequente é sepse, tem incidência de 5-6% na Unidade de Terapia Intensiva (UTI). Objetivo: Avaliar pacientes que permaneceram mais de 48 horas na UTI e desenvolveram LRA ou Doença Renal Crônica agudizada (DRCag) e/ou sepse; identificar fatores associados e causas que possam afetar a evolução desses pacientes. Método: Estudo prospectivo, observacional, coorte e quantitativo dos pacientes em UTI entre maio a dezembro de 2013 com sepse e LRA. Excluídos pacientes < 48 horas e/ou dialíticos prévios. Resultados: Dos 1156 pacientes admitidos, 302 foram incluídos e divididos em grupos: sem sepse e sem LRA (SSSLRA), apenas sepse (S), LRA séptica (LRAs), LRA não séptica (LRAns), DRCag séptica (DRCags), DRCag não séptica (DRCagns). Foi verificado que 94% apresentaram algum grau de lesão renal; Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) 3 foi predominante nos grupos sépticos (p = 0.018); o nefrologista foi chamado apenas em 23% dos pacientes não sépticos vs. 54% dos sépticos (p < 0.001); houve necessidade de diálise em 8% dos não sépticos vs. 37% dos sépticos (p < 0.001); necessidade de Ventilação Mecânica (VM) em 61% da LRAns versus 90% na LRAs (p < 0.001). A mortalidade foi 38% e 39% na LRAs e DRCags vs. 16% e 0% na LRAns e DRCagns, respectivamente (p < 0.001). Conclusão: LRAs e DRCags têm pior prognóstico que a não séptica. O nefrologista ainda não é solicitado em grande parte dos casos com influência direta na mortalidade (p < 0.001), o débito urinário é consideravelmente prejudicado; o tempo de permanência na UTI, necessidade de VM e mortalidade são maiores quando há associação da sepse e LRA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Sepsis/complications , Acute Kidney Injury/microbiology , Acute Kidney Injury/mortality , Intensive Care Units/statistics & numerical data , Respiration, Artificial/mortality , Brazil/epidemiology , Incidence , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Mortality/trends , Renal Dialysis/methods , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/complications , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/therapy , Evaluation Studies as Topic , Acute Kidney Injury/epidemiology , Length of Stay , Nephrology/statistics & numerical data
20.
Rev. Fac. Cienc. Méd. Univ. Cuenca ; 37(3): 11-17, dic. 2019. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1100067

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: caracterizar la mortalidad por infecciones asociadas a la asisten-cia sanitaria (IAAS) en el Hospital Abel Santamaría Cuadrado de Pinar del Río durante el año 2015.Metodología: estudio descriptivo de corte transversal. La muestra estuvo constituida por 278 pacientes fallecidos por infecciones asociadas a la asistencia sanitaria con necropsia realizada y datos completos en la historia clínica. Resultados: el 40.6% de pacientes presentó una estadía hospitalaria de 22 días y más. El 66.2% presentó una infección de localización respiratoria, siendo la neumonía nosocomial la principal causa de muerte. El 28.8% de los organismos aislados fueron Enterobacter ssp. El antibiótico más utilizado fue la Ciprofloxacino, con un 54.3% y el procedimiento invasivo más prevalente fue el cateterismo vesical (84.2%). Conclusiones las principales variables asociadas a la mortalidad por IAAS fueron la sobrestadía hospitalaria y el uso de catéter urinario. La infección de localización respiratoria fue la más frecuente con predominio de gérmenes gram negativos. Se evidenció un elevado uso de antibióticos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Communicable Diseases/mortality , Delivery of Health Care , Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data , Anti-Infective Agents/administration & dosage , Mortality/trends , Delivery of Health Care/classification , Length of Stay
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL