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Neotrop. entomol ; 39(4): 568-571, July-Aug. 2010.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-558843


Diatraea saccharalis (Fabricius) has cryptonephridial type Malphigian tubules (MT). This type of MT is characterized by the penetration of the distal part of the MT into the external walls of the rectum, which is usually lined with a perinephral membrane. The MT is divided into three differentiated regions: proximal, middle and distal. In this study, our objective was to compare the nuclear activities of each one of the three regions of the D. saccharalis MT by using a nuclear basophilic technique and critical electrolyte concentration with a toluidine blue stain at pH 4.0. This method allows differentiation of DNA/protein complexes in in situ and in vitro chromatin. MT chromatin structure in D. saccharalis is variable. Fifth instars have a more decondensed chromatin than fourth instars. The distal tubule region was the most decondensed region of the MT. Our data show an elevated genetic activity of the MT in the pre-metamorphosis period. The distal region of the MT has the highest observed activity, which may be associated with the re-absorption of useful components and the excretion of waste materials.

Animals , Electrolytes/metabolism , Lepidoptera/metabolism , Malpighian Tubules/metabolism , Larva/metabolism
Indian J Exp Biol ; 2004 Feb; 42(2): 214-6
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-56585


Esterase activity of resistant and susceptible H. armigera were compared in gels with different substrate such as naphthyl acetate, naphthyl phosphate, paraoxon and monocrotophos. Whole body extract of resistant H. armigera hydrolyzed paraoxon, monocrotophos and naphthyl phosphate in gels. Resistant H. armigera showed high esterase, phosphatase and paraoxon hydrolase activity compared to susceptible ones.

Animals , Esterases/metabolism , Hydrolysis , Insecticide Resistance , Insecticides/metabolism , Larva/drug effects , Lepidoptera/metabolism , Monocrotophos/metabolism , Naphthalenes/metabolism , Naphthols/metabolism , Organophosphorus Compounds/metabolism , Paraoxon/metabolism , Phosphoric Monoester Hydrolases/metabolism