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1.
Rev. med. vet. zoot ; 69(2): 155-165, mayo-ago. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1395018

ABSTRACT

Resumen Los virus de inmunodeficiencia y leucemia felina representan un problema de gran envergadura para los felinos domésticos debido a la multiplicidad de sintomatologías que manifiestan. El objetivo del presente estudio fue establecer, retrospectivamente, la prevalencia en la presentación de ViLeF y VIF en pacientes de seis clínicas de pequeños animales en Bogotá y Chía, en relación con factores como su edad, raza y género. Se realizó un estudio transversal y retrospectivo, mediante la recopilación de datos de 1.014 historias clínicas de pacientes felinos que ingresaron a seis clínicas de la ciudad de Bogotá y Chía, para determinar la prevalencia de VIF y ViLeF y la asociación de estas con factores como edad, género y raza, entre 2015 y 2019, a través de la prueba OR. La detección de los virus se realizó mediante una prueba rápida basada en inmunocromatografía. La mayor prevalencia para cada enfermedad por año fue: 12,3% para VIF en 2012 y 18% para ViLeF en 2019. Los machos presentaron mayores seroprevalencias para ambas enfermedades durante la mayoría los años evaluados. Factores como raza (criolla: VIF: 1,85; ViLeF: 2,01), género (macho: VIF: 1,53 OR; ViLeF: 1,64) y edad (> 7 años: VIF: 3,82; ViLeF: 3,21) se relacionaron positivamente con la presentación de ambas enfermedades en la población felina evaluada.


Abstract Immunodeficiency virus and feline leukemia virus represent major problems for domestic felines due to the multiplicity of symptoms they manifest. The objective of the present study was to establish, retrospectively, the prevalence in the presentation of FeLV and FIV in patients from six small animal clinics in Bogota and Chia, related to factors such as age, race, and gender. A cross-sectional and retrospective study was carried out, collecting data from 1.014 clinical records of feline patients who were admitted to six clinics in the city of Bogota and Chia, to determine the prevalence of FIV and FeLV and their association with factors such as age, gender, and race, between 2015 and 2019 through the OR test. The detection of the viruses was carried out through a rapid test based on immunochromatography. The highest prevalence for each disease per year was 12,3% for FIV in 2012 and 18% for FeLV in 2019. Males presented higher seroprevalences for both diseases during most of the years evaluated. Factors such as race (Creole: FIV: 1,85; FeLV: 2,01), gender (male: FIV: 1.53 OR, FeLV: 1,64), and age (> 7 years: FIV: 3.82; FeLV: 3.21) were positively related to the presentation of both diseases in the feline population evaluated.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cats , Viruses , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Leukemia , Chronic Disease , Disease , Chromatography, Affinity , Immunodeficiency Virus, Feline , Leukemia Virus, Feline , Diagnosis , Retroviridae , Hospitals, Animal
2.
Rev. med. vet. zoot ; 69(1): 11-18, ene.-abr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1389163

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La leucemia viral felina (ViLeF) es una enfermedad retroviral letal, de una elevada prevalência en Colombia, que afecta a felinos de diferentes edades y sexos. El objetivo de esta investigación fue determinar la frecuencia por serodiagnóstico de ViLeF en felinos del centro integral de bienestar animal Ceiba, ubicado en Rionegro, Antioquia (Colombia), en 2020. Para ello, se realizó un estudio descriptivo longitudinal de serofrecuencia de ViLeF desde enero hasta diciembre de 2020. Fueron muestreados 92 gatos, a los cuales se les efectuó una prueba p27 por inmunoensayo comercial Elisa (Idexx©, Snap Combo Plus®, Maine, EE. UU.). La frecuencia de felinos positivos fue 30/92 (32,60%) y el mes de mayo fue el de mayor frecuencia (9,78%). Los machos positivos fueron 17/92 (18,47%) y las hembras 13/92 (14,13%). La edad promedio de seropositividad fue 2,14 años. La frecuencia de ViLeF en 2020 para Ceiba, Rionegro (Colombia) es de 32,60%, un valor elevado con respecto a descripciones en otros albergues para felinos. ViLeF es una enfermedad que está siendo reportada con mayor frecuencia en Colombia, debido a que las medidas de prevención no se están adoptando rutinariamente.


ABSTRACT Feline viral leukemia (ViLeF) is a lethal retroviral disease with a high prevalence in Colombia that affects felines of different ages and sexes. The purpose of this investigation was to determine the frequency by serodiagnosis of ViLeF in felines of the integral center of animal welfare Ceiba, located in Rionegro, Antioquia (Colombia), during 2020. For that, a longitudinal descriptive study of ViLeF serofrequency from were made January to December 2020. 92 cats were sampled, which were tested for p27 by commercial Elisa immunoassay (Idexx©, Snap Combo Plus®, Maine, USA). The frequency of positive felines was 30/92 (32,60%). May was the month with the highest frequency (9,78%). The positivity frequency for males was 17/92 (18,47%) and the frequency for females 13/92 (14,13%). The main age of seropositivity was 2,14 years. The frequency of ViLeF in 2020 for Ceiba, Rionegro (Colombia) is 32,60%. This is a high value in comparison to descriptions in other shelters for felines. ViLeF, in Colombia, is a disease that has been reported with more frequency because prevention measures are not being adopted routinely.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cats , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Morbidity , Chromatography, Affinity , Leukemia, Feline , Leukemia Virus, Feline , Felidae , Immunoassay , Serologic Tests , Disease , Prevalence
3.
Rev. bras. ciênc. vet ; 27(4): 183-187, out./dez. 2020. il.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1369656

ABSTRACT

A esporotricose é uma zoonose causada por fungos do gênero Sporothrix. Os gatos doentes têm importante potencial zoonótico e frequentemente revelam uma apresentação disseminada da doença. O objetivo deste relato de caso é descrever as características clínicas e anatomopatológicas de um caso de esporotricose felina refratária ao tratamento com apresentação clínica cutânea disseminada e sistêmica. Um felino macho de 3 anos de idade foi tratado para esporotricose com itraconazol e obteve resolução completa das lesões cutâneas. Porém, um ano após alta clínica, o animal apresentou aumento e ulceração da região nasal. Após cultura fúngica positiva para Sporothrix spp foi instituído tratamento com itraconazol 100mg associado ao iodeto de potássio 20mg por via oral diariamente e transcorrido 3 meses de tratamento, foi observada piora progressiva do sinais clínicos com disseminação de lesões para outras regiões do corpo. O animal foi submetido à eutanásia e encaminhado para necrópsia no Serviço de Anatomia Patológica da Faculdade de Veterinária da Universidade Federal Fluminense. Amostras da língua, pulmão, fígado, baço, rim, cérebro, linfonodo e pele foram coletadas para evidência de disseminação do agente fúngico e avaliação de alterações microscópicas. A coloração de metenamina de prata de Grocott foi utilizada para facilitar a visualização de leveduras sugestivas de Sporothrix spp nos cortes histológicos. Leveduras foram visualizadas em amostras de pele, língua, linfonodo, rim, fígado, baço e cérebro. No presente relato a disseminação do Sporothrixspp para diversos órgãos sinaliza a necessidade de uma minuciosa investigação dos casos graves de esporotricose felina para o tratamento adequado.


Sporotrichosis is a zoonosis caused by fungi of the genus Sporothrix. Sick cats have an significant zoonotic potential and often show a widespread presentation of the disease. The purpose of this case report is to describe the clinical and anatomopathological characteristics of a case of feline sporotrichosis refractory to treatment with disseminated and systemic cutaneous clinical presentation. A 3-year-old male feline was treated for sporotrichosis with itraconazole and achieved complete resolution of the skin lesions. However, one year after clinical discharge, the animal presented an increase and ulceration of the nasal region. After a positive fungal culture for Sporothrix spp, treatment with itraconazole 100mg associated with potassium iodide 20mg was instituted orally daily and after 3 months of treatment, a progressive worsening of the symptoms was observed with the spread of lesions to other regions of the body. The animal was euthanized and sent for necropsy at the Pathological Anatomy Service of the Veterinary Faculty of Universidade Federal Fluminense. Samples of the tongue, lung, liver, spleen, kidney, brain, lymph node, and skin were collected for evidence of spread of the fungal agent and evaluation of microscopic changes. Grocott silver methenamine staining was used to facilitate the visualization of yeasts suggestive of Sporothrix spp in histological sections. Yeasts were visualized in samples of skin, tongue, lymph node, kidney, liver, spleen, and brain. In the present report, the spread of Sporothrix spp to different organs signals the need for a thorough investigation of severe cases of feline sporotrichosis for the proper treatment.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cats , Autopsy/veterinary , Sporotrichosis/veterinary , Sporothrix/pathogenicity , Cats/physiology , Itraconazole/therapeutic use , Immunodeficiency Virus, Feline , Leukemia Virus, Feline
4.
Rev. bras. parasitol. vet ; 29(3): e008420, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138109

ABSTRACT

Abstract Cats are less susceptible to Dirofilaria immitis infection than dogs. Although rare, the feline disease can be fatal even with low parasitic loads. The infection is often asymptomatic or has non-specific symptoms that are mainly associated with the death of immature worms. Microfilaremia is rare and transient. Normally, microfilaremia, when present, lasts for not more than 33 days. This study describes a feline case presenting with non-specific clinical signs and prolonged microfilaremia. Case: a random bred cat infected by feline leukemia virus (FeLV) that was found to be microfilaremic by chance. The infection was detected by the presence of microfilariae in a blood smear and was confirmed by antigen test (SNAP Feline Triple Test, Idexx®) and echocardiogram.


Resumo Gatos são menos susceptíveis à infecção por Dirofilaria immitis do que cães. Apesar de rara, a doença nos gatos pode ser fatal mesmo com baixas cargas parasitárias. Muitas vezes, a doença é assintomática ou apresenta sintomas inespecíficos, principalmente associados com a morte de formas parasitárias imaturas. Microfilaremia é rara e transitória. Normalmente, quando ocorre microfilaremia, ela permanece por, no máximo, 33 dias. Este estudo descreve o caso de um felino que apresentava sinais inespecíficos e microfilaremia prolongada: um gato sem raça definida, portador de infecção pelo vírus da leucemia felina (FeLV) que foi diagnosticado como microfilaremico ao acaso. A infecção foi detectada pela presença de microfilárias em esfregaço sanguíneo e, posteriormente, confirmada pelo teste de antígenos (SNAP Feline Triple Test, Idexx®) e por ecocardiograma.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cats , Cat Diseases/parasitology , Cat Diseases/virology , Dirofilaria immitis , Dirofilariasis/complications , Dirofilariasis/diagnosis , Dirofilariasis/blood , Leukemia Virus, Feline , Retroviridae Infections/complications , Retroviridae Infections/veterinary , Dirofilariasis/parasitology
5.
Rev. bras. parasitol. vet ; 28(4): 790-796, Oct.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057980

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to investigate the occurrence of Leishmania spp. antibodies, and its association with feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) and feline leukemia virus (FeLV), in domestic cats from an area endemic for canine and human leishmaniasis in Rio Grande do Norte State, Brazil. Ninety-one cats were subjected to a complete clinical exam, and blood samples were collected. An epidemiological questionnaire was used to investigate the risk factors. IgG anti-Leishmania spp. antibodies were detected by immunofluorescence antibody test (IFAT), with a cut-off value of 1:40. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was performed to detect genetic material of Leishmania spp. in the blood samples. The presence of antibodies against FIV and antigens of FeLV was evaluated using an immunochromatographic test. Seropositivity for Leishmania spp., FIV, and FeLV was observed in 14/91 (15.38%), 26/91 (28.57%), and 3/91 (3.29%) cats, respectively. All samples gave negative results on PCR analysis. Based on these data, no significant statistical association was observed between seropositivity for Leishmania spp., and sex, age, presence of clinical signs, evaluated risk factors, and positivity for retroviruses. These findings demonstrated for the first time that cats from Mossoró, Rio Grande do Norte, are being exposed to this zoonosis and might be part of the epidemiological chain of transmission of visceral leishmaniasis.


Resumo O objetivo do presente estudo foi investigar a ocorrência de anticorpos contra Leishmania spp., e sua associação com o vírus da imunodeficiência felina (FIV) e o vírus da leucemia felina (FeLV), em felinos domésticos provenientes de uma área endêmica no estado do Rio Grande do Norte, para a leishmaniose visceral canina e humana. Noventa e um gatos foram submetidos a exame clínico completo e amostras de sangue foram coletadas. Um questionário epidemiológico foi feito para investigar fatores de risco. Anticorpos IgG anti-Leishmania spp. foram identificados por meio da imunofluorescência indireta (RIFI), adotando-se como ponto de corte a diluição de 1:40. A reação em cadeia da polimerase (PCR) foi executada visando detectar o material genético de Leishmania spp. a partir de amostras de sangue total. Para avaliar a presença de anticorpos contra o FIV e antígenos do FeLV foi utilizado um teste imunocromatográfico. Observou-se soropositividade em 14/91 (15,38%), 26/91 (28,57%) e 3/91 (3,29%) animais para Leishmania spp., FIV e FeLV, respectivamente. Nenhuma amostra foi positiva na PCR. Baseado nestes dados, não foi observada nenhuma associação estatística significativa entre a soropositividade para Leishmania spp. e gênero, idade, presença de sinais clínicos, fatores de risco avaliados e positividade para as retroviroses. Esses achados demonstram pela primeira vez que felinos da cidade Mossoró, Rio Grande do Norte, estão sendo expostos a esta zoonose, sugerindo que os mesmos podem estar participando da cadeia epidemiológica de transmissão da leishmaniose visceral.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Cats , Dogs , Antibodies, Protozoan/blood , Cat Diseases/parasitology , Leishmaniasis/veterinary , Brazil/epidemiology , Cat Diseases/diagnosis , Cat Diseases/epidemiology , Leishmaniasis/diagnosis , Leishmaniasis/epidemiology , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Risk Factors , Immunodeficiency Virus, Feline/immunology , Leukemia Virus, Feline/immunology , Fluorescent Antibody Technique, Direct , Endemic Diseases
6.
Asian Spine Journal ; : 1017-1027, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785483

ABSTRACT

STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, single-center study.PURPOSE: The current trend of operative treatment for adult spinal deformity (ASD) is combined anterior-posterior staged surgery. When anterior surgery was first performed, oblique lumbar interbody fusion (OLIF) was employed; this method became increasing popular. This study aimed to determine the lordosis correction that can be achieved using OLIF and assess whether we can preoperatively predict the lordosis correction angle achieved using OLIF.OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Many previous studies on OLIF have shown improved clinical and radiologic outcomes. With the increase in the popularity of OLIF, several surgeons have started using larger cages to attain greater lordosis correction. Moreover, some studies have reported complications of OLIF because of immoderate cage insertion. To our knowledge, this is the first prospective study that attempted to determine whether it is possible to predict the lordosis correction angle achieved with OLIF preoperatively, using fullextension lateral view (FELV).METHODS: Forty-six patients with ASD were enrolled. All the operations were performed by a single surgeon in two stages (first, anterior and second, posterior) with a 1-week interval. Radiological evaluation was performed by comparing the Cobb’s angle of the segmental and regional lordosis obtained using preoperative and postoperative simple radiography (including the FELV) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).RESULTS: Regional lordosis (L1–S1) in the whole-spine standing lateral radiograph was −3.03°; however, in the supine lateral MRI, it was 20.92°. The regional lordosis of whole-spine standing lateral and supine lateral (MRI) was significantly different. In the FELV, regional lordosis was 25.72° and that in the postoperative supine lateral (MRI) was 25.02°; these values were not significantly different.CONCLUSIONS: Although OLIF offers many advantages, it alone plays a limited role in ASD treatment. Lordosis correction using OLIF as well as lordosis determined in the FELV was possible. Hence, our results suggest that FELV can help predict the lordosis correction angle preoperatively and thus aid the selection of the appropriate technique in the second staged operation.


Subject(s)
Adult , Animals , Congenital Abnormalities , Humans , Leukemia Virus, Feline , Lordosis , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Methods , Prospective Studies , Radiography , Surgeons
7.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 37(12): 1531-1536, dez. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-895389

ABSTRACT

Using a retrospective study, 493 cats tested for FeLV and FIV were selected for analysis of the association between hematologic findings and positivity at immunoassay test. Individual and hematologic variables were assessed considering the influence of results using univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis. Out 153 of the 493 cats were positive for FeLV (31%), 50 were positive for FIV (10.1%) and 22 were positive for both FIV and FeLV (4.4%). Multivariate analysis detected significant associations between FeLV infection and age below 1 year (p=0.01), age from 1 to 10 years (p=0.03), and crossbreed (p=0.04). Male cats were more likely to be FIV-positive (p=0.002). Regarding hematological changes, FeLV-positive cats have higher odds to anemia, leukopenia and lymphopenia than FeLV-negative cats. FIV-positive cats are more likely to have anemia than negative. Identification of associated factors related to animal status and correlation of hematological disorders with infection by retroviruses in cats could be useful for detecting these retroviral diseases in cats.(AU)


Através de um estudo retrospectivo, 493 gatos testados para FeLV e FIV foram selecionados para análise da associação entre as alterações hematológicas e a positividade no teste imunoenzimático. Variáveis individuais e hematológicas foram consideradas para verificar a influência dos resultados utilizando análise de regressão logística univariada e multivariada. Um total de 153 de 493 gatos avaliados foram positivos para o FeLV (31%), 50 foram positivos para o FIV (10,1%) e 22 foram positivos para FIV e FeLV (4,4%). Análise multivariada detectou uma associação significativa entre a infecção pelo FeLV e a idade abaixo de 1 ano (P=0,01), idade entre 1 a 10 anos (P=0,03) e raça mista (P=0,04). Gatos machos foram mais predispostos a serem positivos para FIV (P=0,002). Com base nas alterações hematológicas, gatos positivos para o FeLV tem maior odds para apresentar anemia, leucopenia e linfopenia que os negativos. Gatos positivos para FIV possuem maiores chances de apresentarem anemia que os gatos negativos. A identificação dos fatores associados à infecção relacionados ao perfil do animal e a correlação com os distúrbios hematológicos com a infecção, pode ser útil para detecção das doenças retrovirais em gatos.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Cats , Lentivirus Infections/epidemiology , Immunodeficiency Virus, Feline/isolation & purification , Leukemia Virus, Feline/isolation & purification , Retroviridae Infections/epidemiology , Leukemia/veterinary , Retrospective Studies , Immunoenzyme Techniques/veterinary , Leukopenia/veterinary , Lymphopenia/veterinary
8.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 69(3): 587-592, jun. 2017. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-846891

ABSTRACT

Extramedullary noncutaneous plasmacytoma (ENP) is a myeloproliferative disorder of plasma cells that rarely affects cats. This paper describes an ENP case revealed by fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) of the mass in the skeletal muscle of an 8-month-old, male, mixed breed cat, which had a nodule in the left hind limb. The rapid immunoassay test confirmed the presence of feline leukemia virus (FeLV). The animal necropsy macroscopically showed the nodule came from the semimembranosus muscle. Histopathological examination ratified the cytological findings. Thus, this paper alerts to the existence of plasmacytoma located in the skeletal muscle of feline species. FNAC is a quick and efficient method for diagnosis of ENP.(AU)


O plasmocitoma extramedular (PEM) não cutâneo é um distúrbio mieloproliferativo de plasmócitos que raramente acomete felinos. Este trabalho descreve um caso de PEM no músculo esquelético de um gato, macho, sem raça definida, de oito meses de idade, que apresentava um aumento de volume no membro pélvico esquerdo. A citologia aspirativa por agulha fina (CAAF) da massa revelou tratar-se de PEM. O teste imunoenzimático rápido confirmou a presença do vírus da leucemia felina (FeLV). Na necropsia do animal, macroscopicamente, percebeu-se que o nódulo era originário do músculo semimembranoso. O exame histopatológico ratificou os achados citológicos. Desta forma, alerta-se para a existência de plasmocitoma com localização em músculo esquelético na espécie felina, sendo a CAAF um método alternativo rápido e eficaz para o seu diagnóstico.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Cats , Biopsy, Fine-Needle/veterinary , Plasmacytoma/diagnosis , Plasmacytoma/veterinary , Leukemia Virus, Feline , Muscle, Skeletal/cytology
9.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 37(5): 491-494, maio 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-895442

ABSTRACT

This search aimed to investigate FIV and FeLV infections in domestic cats, analysing the epidemiological profile of the disease as well as additional infection with Leishmania sp. We evaluated 88 domestic cats for the presence of FIV, FeLV and Leishmania sp. infection. Eleven (12.5%) cats were positive for FIV infection, four (4.5%) were positive for FeLV, and two were co-infected. However, none was infected with Leishmania sp. The prevalence for FIV infection was higher than FeLV, and those observed in other regions, but no factor was associated with the infection by FIV and FeLV in this study.(AU)


Esta pesquisa teve o objetivo de investigar a infecção em gatos domésticos por FIV e FeLV, analisando o perfil epidemiológico destas doenças, assim como a infecção por Leishmania sp. Oitenta e oito gatos domésticos foram avaliados pesquisando a infecção por FIV, FeLV e Leishmania sp. Onze (12,5%) gatos foram positivos para infecção por FIV, quatro (4,5%) para FeLV, e dois gatos apresentaram co-infecção pelos dois vírus. Entretanto, nenhum gato doméstico apresentou infecção por Leishmania sp. A prevalência da infecção para FIV foi maior que a observada para FeLV, e que a observada em outras regiões, mas nenhum fator teve associação à infecção neste estudo.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Cats , Feline Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/epidemiology , Immunodeficiency Virus, Feline/isolation & purification , Leukemia Virus, Feline/isolation & purification , Leishmaniasis, Visceral/veterinary , Polymerase Chain Reaction/veterinary
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-90020

ABSTRACT

At the time of visiting, the cat was 6-year-old female Siamese cat. The mammary mass was solid and firm and measured 2 × 5 cm2 in greatest diameter. The uterus revealed thick uterine horn and cross sectioned wall. Histopathologically, the mammary mass revealed feline mammary carcinoma. In the uterus, cystic endometrial hyperplasia was observed. Feline leukemia virus positive reaction was detected by polymerase chain reaction. As far as we know, this is the first report of the simultaneous feline mammary carcinoma and uterine endometrial cystic hyperplasia with Feline leukemia virus infection in a cat.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cats , Child , Endometrial Hyperplasia , Female , Horns , Humans , Hyperplasia , Leukemia Virus, Feline , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Uterus
11.
Rev. argent. microbiol ; 48(4): 293-297, dic. 2016. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1041764

ABSTRACT

A cross-sectional study was carried out on cats attending the Small Animal Hospital at the Faculty of Veterinary Sciences of the University of Buenos Aires to assess the prevalence and associated risk factors of Feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) and Feline leukemia virus (FeLV) in the city of Buenos Aires, Argentina. Blood samples from 255 cats with symptoms compatible with FIV or FeLV infection, collected between 2009 and 2013 were analyzed by serology (immunochromatography, IA) and by hemi-nested PCR (n-PCR). The IA and n-PCR assays showed similar percentages of positivity for FIV while the n-PCR test was more sensitive for FeLV. Differences between the diagnostic tests and their choice according to the age of the animal are discussed. The clinical histories of ninety of the 255 cats showed blood profiles similar to others previously reported and revealed a higher risk of infection in male adult cats with outdoor access.


Para determinar la prevalencia en la ciudad de Buenos Aires del virus de la inmunodeficiencia felina (FIV) y del virus de la leucemia felina (FeLV), y analizar los factores de riesgo que pudieran estar asociados a ellos, se realizó un estudio transversal en gatos atendidos en el Hospital de Pequeños Animales de la Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias de la Universidad de Buenos Aires. Se analizaron por serología (inmunocromatografía --#91;IA--#93;) y por hemi-nested PCR (n-PCR) 255 muestras de sangre de gatos con síntomas compatibles con infección por FIV o FeLV. La IA y la n-PCR revelaron porcentajes similares de animales positivos para FIV, mientras que para FeLV el diagnóstico por n-PCR resultó más sensible. Se discuten las diferencias halladas entre los métodos diagnósticos y su elección según la edad del animal. Las historias clínicas de 90 de los 255 gatos mostraron perfiles sanguíneos similares a otros ya reportados y revelaron el mayor riesgo de infección con ambos virus en machos adultos con acceso al exterior.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cats , Cat Diseases/blood , Immunodeficiency Virus, Feline/growth & development , Leukemia Virus, Feline/growth & development , Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods , Prevalence , Risk Factors , Immunodeficiency Virus, Feline/pathogenicity , Leukemia Virus, Feline/pathogenicity
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-56429

ABSTRACT

Feline leukemia virus (FeLV) causes a range of neoplastic and degenerative diseases in cats. To obtain a more sensitive and convenient diagnosis of the disease, we prepared monoclonal antibodies specific for the FeLV p27 to develop a rapid diagnostic test with enhanced sensitivity and specificity. Among these antibodies, we identified two clones (hybridomas 8F8B5 and 8G7D1) that specifically bound to FeLV and were very suitable for a diagnostic kit. The affinity constants for 8F8B5 and 8G7D1 were 0.35 x 10(9) and 0.86 x 10(9), respectively. To investigate the diagnostic abilities of the rapid kit using these antibodies, we performed several clinical studies. Assessment of analytical sensitivity revealed that the detection threshold of the rapid diagnostic test was 2 ng/mL for recombinant p27 and 12.5 x 10(4) IU/mL for FeLV. When evaluating 252 cat sera samples, the kit was found to have a kappa value of 0.88 compared to polymerase chain reaction (PCR), indicating a significant correlation between data from the rapid diagnostic test and PCR. Sensitivity and specificity of the kit were 95.2% (20/21) and 98.5% (257/261), respectively. Our results demonstrated that the rapid diagnostic test would be a suitable diagnostic tool for the rapid detection of FeLV infection in cats.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibodies, Monoclonal/blood , Cats , Diagnostic Tests, Routine/veterinary , Female , Gene Products, gag/blood , Leukemia Virus, Feline/immunology , Leukemia, Feline/diagnosis , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Sensitivity and Specificity
14.
Rio de Janeiro; s.n; 2013. 38 p. tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-762495

ABSTRACT

A toxoplasmose é uma zoonose causada pelo protozoário Toxoplasma gondii que acomete várias espécies de vertebrados, inclusive o ser humano. Os gatos, assim como os outros felinos, têm papel de suma importância na epidemiologia da infecção, pois são os hospedeiros definitivos do T. gondii...


Toxoplasmosis is a zoonotic disease caused by the Toxoplasma gondii protozoan that affects several species of vertebrates, including humans. Cats, as well as other felines, are important in the epidemiology of the infection because they are the definite hosts of T. gondii...


Subject(s)
Cats , Immunodeficiency Virus, Feline , Leukemia Virus, Feline , Sporotrichosis , Toxoplasmosis/transmission
15.
Rev. bras. parasitol. vet ; 21(3): 219-223, July-Sept. 2012. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-653708

ABSTRACT

Hemotrophic mycoplasmas and Bartonella species are important pathogens that circulate between cats and invertebrate hosts, occasionally causing diseases in humans. Nevertheless, there are few reports on occurrences of these agents in cats in Brazil. The present study aimed to detect the presence of hemoplasma and Bartonella DNA by means of PCR and sequencing. FIV antigens and anti-FeLV antibodies, were studied by using a commercial kit on blood and serum samples, respectively, among 46 cats that were sampled during a spaying/neutering campaign conducted in Jaboticabal, SP. Three (6.5%) cats were positive for hemoplasmas: two (4.3%) for 'Candidatus M. haemominutum' and one (2.2%) for both M. haemofelis and 'Candidatus M. turicensis'. One of the two 'Candidatus M. haemominutum'-infected cats was also positive for FeLV antigens and showed antibodies for FIV. Two cats (4.3%) were positive for B. henselae. One of them was also positive for FeLV antigens. Eight cats (17.4%) were positive for FeLV, and just one (2.2%) showed anti-FIV antibodies. Bartonella species and hemoplasmas associated with infection due to retroviruses can circulate among apparently healthy cats.


Micoplasmas hemotróficos e espécies de Bartonella são importantes patógenos que circulam entre gatos e hospedeiros invertebrados, causando ocasionalmente doenças no homem. Apesar disto, poucos são os estudos acerca da ocorrência destes agentes entre gatos no Brasil. O presente estudo objetivou detectar o DNA de hemoplasmas e Bartonella sp. pela PCR e sequenciamento. Antígeno de FIV e anticorpos anti-FeLV foram estudados utilizando um "kit" comercial, em amostras de sangue e soro, respectivamente, de 46 gatos amostrados em uma campanha de castração em Jaboticabal, SP. Três gatos (6,5%) foram positivos para hemoplasmas: dois (4,3%) para 'Candidatus M. haemominutum' e um (2,2%) para M. haemofelis and 'Candidatus M. turicensis'. Um dos gatos positivos para 'Candidatus M. haemominutum' mostrou-se também positivo na detecção de antígeno de FeLV e de anticorpos para FIV. Dois (4,3%) gatos mostraram-se positivos para B. henselae, sendo que um deles também se mostrou positivo para antígeno de FeLV. Oito gatos (17,4%) foram positivos para FeLV, e apenas um gato mostrou anticorpos anti-FIV. Bartonella sp. e hemoplasmas associados à infecção por retrovírus podem circular entre gatos aparentemente saudáveis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cats , Female , Male , Bartonella Infections/veterinary , Bartonella/isolation & purification , Coinfection , Cat Diseases/microbiology , Mycoplasma Infections/veterinary , Mycoplasma/isolation & purification , Retroviridae Infections/veterinary , Sterilization, Reproductive , Antibodies, Viral/blood , Brazil , Bartonella Infections/blood , Bartonella Infections/complications , Cat Diseases/blood , Immunodeficiency Virus, Feline/immunology , Leukemia Virus, Feline/immunology , Mycoplasma Infections/blood , Mycoplasma Infections/complications , Retroviridae Infections/blood , Retroviridae Infections/complications
16.
Laboratory Animal Research ; : 347-351, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-45065

ABSTRACT

Feline endometrial adenocarcinomas are uncommon malignant neoplasms that have been poorly characterized to date. In this study, we describe a uterine adenocarcinoma in a Persian cat with feline leukemia virus infection. At the time of presentation, the cat, a female Persian chinchilla, was 2 years old. The cat underwent surgical ovariohystectomy. A cross-section of the uterine wall revealed a thickened uterine horn. The cat tested positive for feline leukemia virus as detected by polymerase chain reaction. Histopathological examination revealed uterine adenocarcinoma that had metastasized to the omentum, resulting in thickening and the formation of inflammatory lesions. Based on the histopathological findings, this case was diagnosed as a uterine adenocarcinoma with abdominal metastasis. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of a uterine adenocarcinoma with feline leukemia virus infection.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma , Animals , Cats , Chinchilla , Female , Horns , Humans , Leukemia Virus, Feline , Leukemia, Feline , Neoplasm Metastasis , Omentum , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Uterus
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-15557

ABSTRACT

A 1.6-year-old male domestic short hair cat was brought to the Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital, Kasetsart University, with signs of severe anemia, depression, and general lymph node enlargement. Complete blood count revealed leukocytosis and massive undifferentiated blasts. Testing for antibodies specific to feline leukemia virus (FeLV) was positive, and FeLV nucleic acid was confirmed by nested polymerase chain reaction. Base on cytochemistry and ultrastructure, the cat was diagnosed with acute monoblastic leukemia.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cat Diseases/diagnosis , Cats , Leukemia Virus, Feline/isolation & purification , Leukemia, Monocytic, Acute/diagnosis , Male , Osteoblasts/ultrastructure
18.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec ; 59(4): 939-942, ago. 2007. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-462190

ABSTRACT

Investigou-se a ocorrência da infecção pelo vírus da imunodeficiência felina (FIV) e pelo vírus da leucemia felina (FeLV) em gatos domésticos, provenientes de dois abrigos, no município de Belo Horizonte. Amostras de sangue de 145 animais foram coletadas e testadas para detecção do FIV pela reação em cadeia da polimerase (PCR). Destas amostras, 40 foram testadas para o antígeno p26 de FeLV por meio de ELISA. Observaram-se duas fêmeas (1,4 por cento) e quatro machos (2,8 por cento) positivos para FIV e nove fêmeas (22,5 por cento) e quatro machos (10,0 por cento) positivos para FeLV


The occurrence of the feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) and feline leukemia virus (FeLV) was investigated in domestic cats from two shelters of Belo Horizonte. Samples from 145 cats were collected and tested for FIV by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Forty out of 145 samples were tested for FeLV p27 antigen by a commercial ELISA kit. Two females (1.4 percent) and four males (2.8 percent) were positive for FIV. For FeLV tests, 13 cats (32.5 percent) were positive, being nine females (22.5 percent) and four males (10.0 percent)


Subject(s)
Animals , Cats , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Cats/immunology , Cats/blood , Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods , Immunodeficiency Virus, Feline/isolation & purification , Leukemia Virus, Feline/isolation & purification
19.
Rev. bras. ciênc. vet ; 12(1/3): 99-101, jan.-dez. 2005. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-435914

ABSTRACT

A esporotricose é uma micose subcutânea resultante da inoculação do fungo Sporothrix schenckii na pele e tecido subcutâneo. Micoses como a esporotricose podem comportar-se de forma oportunista em indivíduos imunossuprimidos. O presente trabalho teve como objetivo relacionar esporotricose e vírus da leucemia felina (FeLV) em 18 gatos, de um total de 90 criados em ambiente úmido, cercado por vegetação e pouca incidência solar. Para o diagnóstico micológico foram colhidos fragamentos e exsudato das lesões e para o diagnóstico da FeLV, pela técnica de imunofluorescência indireta, colheu-se sangue. A FeLV foi pesquisada em 18 gatos com esporotricose. Quatro animais (22,2


Subject(s)
Cats , Leukemia , Leukemia Virus, Feline , Sporotrichosis
20.
Arq. ciênc. vet. zool. UNIPAR ; 5(2): 207-211, jul.-dez. 2002. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-360703

ABSTRACT

O vírus da Leucemia Felina (FeLV) infecta gatos de todo o mundo, estando associado tanto a doenças neoplásicas quanto nãoûneoplásicas e imunossupressoras. A incidência desta infecção está diretamente relacionada com a densidade populacional. A transmissão ocorre mediante a exposição à urina, sangue, saliva, via transplacentária ou contato com fômites. As manifestações clínicas são atribuíveis aos efeitos oncogênicos, citopáticos e imunossupressores do vírus. Aproximadamente 60 por cento dos gatos expostos ao vírus desenvolvem uma resposta imune logo após uma exposição inicial. O presente estudo teve como objetivo verificar a ocorrência de animais infectados pelo FeLV em Uberlândia, através do teste ELISA. Foram colhidas 70 amostras de soro de gatos atendidos no Hospital Veterinário da Universidade Federal de Uberlândia e 55 amostras do Centro de Zoonoses de Uberlândia. Encontrouûse uma taxa de 12,59 por cento de gatos positivos a FeLV na amostra estudada. Das amostras originadas do Centro de Zoonoses, 20 por cento foram positivas contra 5,71 por cento das coletadas no Hospital Veterinário. Segundo a faixa etária, os animais entre 7 a 12 meses apresentaram maior porcentagem de infecção. No estudo realizado verificouûse que o vírus da FeLV infecta os gatos independentes da idade e sexo.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cats , Leukemia Virus, Feline
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