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1.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 39(7): 481-484, July 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1040707

ABSTRACT

The hereditary autosomal recessive disorders bovine citrullinemia (BC), bovine leukocyte adhesion deficiency (BLAD), factor XI deficiency (FXID), and complex vertebral malformation (CVM) have affected dairy cattle breeding significantly around the world. This study examined the carrier frequency of BC, BLAD, FXID, and CVM autosomal recessive disorders in Bos taurus Holstein cows bred in the Altos Norte region of the state of Jalisco, Mexico. We extracted DNA from 408 random samples of peripheral blood, and then used polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to identify insertion mutations for FXID, and PCR with restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) for CVM, BC and BLAD. We visualized the PCR products using agarose gel electrophoresis stained with GelRed®. We found that 100% of wild-type (N/N) allele homozygous animals for genes CD18, ASS, and FXI were free of the mutations for BLAD, BC and FXID respectively. For gene SLC35A3 we estimated total carrier frequency of 10.3% and allele frequency of 5%.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Cattle , Leukocyte-Adhesion Deficiency Syndrome/veterinary , Citrullinemia/veterinary , Chromosome Disorders/epidemiology , Factor XI Deficiency/veterinary , Genetic Diseases, Inborn/veterinary , Mexico/epidemiology
2.
Rev. ecuat. pediatr ; 18(2): 21-23, diciembre 2017.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-996595

ABSTRACT

Los síndromes de deficiencia de adhesión leucocitaria (leukocyte adhesion deficiency [LAD por sus siglas en inglés]) engloban un conjunto de patologías causadas por defectos en el reconocimiento, la adhesión y la migración de los leucocitos mieloides hacia los lugares de invasión microbiana, lo que provoca la falta de defensa innata del huésped frente a bacterias, hongos u otros microrganismos. Se identifica en lactantes por antecedentes como la demora en la caída del cordón umbilical cuando los niños empiezan a tener complicaciones infecciosas. No es común identificar LAD en niños recién nacidos, posiblemente la presencia de la fistula ano rectal y el tratamiento quirúrgico aceleran la presentación clínica en el paciente facilitando así su diagnóstico. Por ser una enfermedad autosómica recesiva y teniendo el importante antecedente de los fallecimientos en sus dos hermanos anteriores a mayor edad. Poder contar con mecanismos de diagnóstico efectivos facilitan el llegar a una conclusión pronta, mejor manejo en general mejorando las expectativas de vida de los pacientes con este tipo de alteraciones hematológicas.


The syndromes of leukocyte adhesion deficiency (LAD) encompass a group of pathologies caused by defects in the recognition, adhesion and migration of myeloid leukocytes to microbial invasion sites. Causes the lack of innate host defense against bacteria, fungi or other microorganisms. It is identified in infants due to antecedents such as the delay in the fall of the umbilical cord when children begin to have infectious complications. It is not common to identify HDL in newborn children, possibly the presence of anus rectal fistula and surgical treatment accelerate the clinical presentation in the patient, thus facilitating its diagnosis. For being an autosomal recessive disease and having the important antecedent of the deaths in his two older brothers at older age. Being able to count on effective diagnostic mechanisms makes it easier to arrive at a quick conclusion better management in general, improving the life expectancy of patients with this type of hematological alterations.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Infant, Newborn , Integrins , Leukocyte-Adhesion Deficiency Syndrome , Genes, Recessive , Umbilical Cord , Rectal Fistula
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-32083

ABSTRACT

Chronic/cyclic neutropenia, leukocyte adhesion deficiency syndrome, Papillon-Lefèvre syndrome, and Chédiak-Higashi syndrome are associated with severe periodontitis, suggesting the importance of neutrophils in the maintenance of periodontal health. Various Toll-like receptor (TLR) ligands are known to stimulate neutrophil function, including FcR-mediated phagocytosis. In the present study, the effect of TLR2 activation on the non-opsonic phagocytosis of oral bacteria and concomitant production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) by human neutrophils was evaluated. Neutrophils isolated from peripheral blood were incubated with Streptococcus sanguinis or Porphyromonas gingivalis in the presence of various concentrations of Pam3CSK4, a synthetic TLR2 ligand, and analyzed for phagocytosis and ROS production by flow cytometry and chemiluminescence, respectively. Pam3CSK4 significantly increased the phagocytosis of both bacterial species in a dose-dependent manner. However, the enhancing effect was greater for S. sanguinis than for P. gingivalis. Pam3CSK4 alone induced ROS production in neutrophils and also increased concomitant ROS production induced by bacteria. Interestingly, incubation with P. gingivalis and Pam3CSK4 decreased the amounts of ROS, as compared to Pam3CSK4 alone, indicating the possibility that P. gingivalis survives within neutrophils. However, neutrophils efficiently killed phagocytosed bacteria of both species despite the absence of Pam3CSK4. Although P. gingivalis is poorly phagocytosed even by the TLR2-activated neutrophils, TLR2 activation of neutrophils may help to reduce the colonization of P. gingivalis by efficiently eliminating S. sanguinis , an early colonizer, in subgingival biofilm.


Subject(s)
Bacteria , Biofilms , Colon , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Leukocyte-Adhesion Deficiency Syndrome , Ligands , Luminescence , Neutropenia , Neutrophils , Periodontitis , Phagocytosis , Porphyromonas gingivalis , Reactive Oxygen Species , Streptococcus , Toll-Like Receptor 2 , Toll-Like Receptors
4.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 531-534, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-275660

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>Leukocyte adhesion deficiency type 1 (LAD-I) is rare. We present 1 case of LAD-I patient diagnosed by gene analysis. His clinical manifestations and genetic mutation features are analyzed in this article.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The clinical material of the LAD-I patient who was diagnosed by gene analysis was retrospectively analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The patient was a 2-month-old boy. He had a complaint of recurrent fever and cough for 30 days. Pulmonary CT indicated a small to moderate quantity pleural effusion on the right side. His peripheral blood leukocyte and C-reactive protein (CRP) was always significantly higher than normal. After hospitalization he had diarrheal diseases, routine stool test showed 2 RBC cells/high power (HP), WBC 30 cells/HP, stool cultures were negative, digestive tract ultrasonography showed an array of defects, in the sigmoid colon and rectal mucosa suggestive of ulcerative colitis. He was treated with cefoperazone and sulbactam and vancomycin. He had a history of impetigo in his neonatal period and without delayed umbilical cord exfoliation. His family history was normal. ITGB2 genetic mutation analysis revealed a homozygous mutation (1062A > T). His parents did not participate in this study. He had no fever but had diarrheal disease after 1 month of follow up.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>This patient had suffered from impetigo, pleural effusion, diarrheal diseases, markedly increased peripheral white blood cell and ITGB2 genetic mutation analysis showed that homozygous mutation (1062A > T). He received a diagnosis of LAD-I.</p>


Subject(s)
Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Colitis, Ulcerative , Diagnosis , Cytoskeletal Proteins , Genetics , DNA Mutational Analysis , Flow Cytometry , Homozygote , Humans , Infant , Leukocyte Count , Leukocyte-Adhesion Deficiency Syndrome , Diagnosis , Genetics , Male , Muscle Proteins , Genetics , Pleural Effusion , Diagnosis , Point Mutation , Genetics , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Retrospective Studies
5.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 130(4): 263-266, 2012. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-647954

ABSTRACT

CONTEXT: Adhesion molecule deficiency type 1 is a rare disease that should be suspected in any patient whose umbilical cord presents delay in falling off, and who presents recurrent severe infections. Early diagnostic suspicion and early treatment improve the prognosis. CASE REPORT: The case of a four-month-old boy with recurrent hospitalizations because of severe bronchopneumonia and several episodes of acute otitis media with non-purulent drainage of mucus and positive bacterial cultures is presented. His medical history included neonatal sepsis and delayed umbilical cord detachment. Laboratory studies showed marked leukocytosis with predominance of neutrophils and decreased CD11b and CD18. These were all compatible with a diagnosis of leukocyte adhesion deficiency type I [LAD type 1].


CONTEXTO: El deficit de moleculas de adhesión tipo 1 es una enfermedad rara que debe ser sospechada en todo paciente que presente un retardo en la caída del cordón unmbilical, además de infecciones graves a repetición. Un sospecha diagnóstica precoz y un tratamiento oportuno mejorarán el pronóstico. INFORMES DE CASO: Se presenta el caso de un niño de cuatro meses de edad, con hospitalizaciones recurrentes a causa de bronconeumonía severa y varios episodios de otitis media aguda con drenaje mucoso, no purulento, y cultivos bacterianos positivos. Su historial médico incluye la sepsis neonatal y el desprendimiento tardío del cordón umbilical. Los estudios de laboratorio mostraron leucocitosis marcada con predominio neutrofílico y disminución de CD11b y CD18, todos compatibles con el diagnóstico del tipo de deficiencia de adhesión leucocitaria 1 [tipo LAD 1].


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Male , Leukocyte-Adhesion Deficiency Syndrome/diagnosis , /blood , /blood , Chile/epidemiology , Leukocyte-Adhesion Deficiency Syndrome/blood , Leukocyte-Adhesion Deficiency Syndrome/epidemiology , South America/epidemiology
6.
Rev. paul. pediatr ; 28(2): 237-243, jun. 2010.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-551697

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: O objetivo deste estuo foi revisar na literatura a inter-relação entre condições sistêmicas e a ocorrência de doenças periodontais em crianças e adolescentes, destacando-se as manifestações periodontais frequentemente encontradas. FONTES DE DADOS: Artigos indexados nas bases de dados Medline, Lilacs e Bibliografia Brasileira em Odontologia, nos últimos 20 anos, além de referências clássicas. As palavraschave utilizadas foram: "doença periodontal", "periodontite", "doenças sistêmicas", "criança" e "adolescente". SÍNTESE DOS DADOS: Doenças sistêmicas como hipofosfatasia, histiocitose X, síndrome de Down, síndrome de Papillon-Lefèvre, síndrome de Ehlers-Danlos, síndrome de Chédiak-Higashi, leucemias, Aids e as deficiências quantitativas e qualitativas dos neutrófilos estão associadas ao aparecimento de alterações periodontais graves em crianças e adolescentes. Os estudos demonstraram a ocorrência de alteração periodontal na forma de periodontite em crianças e adolescentes com doenças sistêmicas, podendo levar à perda precoce de dentes. CONCLUSÕES: A ocorrência de alterações periodontais é observada em crianças e adolescentes com alterações sistêmicas, que manifestam desde inflamação gengival até formas mais destrutivas, como periodontites e perda precoce dos dentes.


OBJETIVE: The aim of this study was to review the literature regarding the relationship between systemic conditions and the occurrence of periodontal diseases among children and adolescents, and to highlight the most common periodontal alterations. DATA SOURCE: Indexed articles published in the last 20 years on the following databases were searched: Medline, Lilacs, and the archives of the Brazilian Bibliography of Dentistry, in addition to classic references. Keywords included "periodontal disease", "periodontitis", "systemic diseases", "child", and "adolescent". DATA SYNTHESIS: Systemic diseases such as hypophosphatasis, histiocytosis X; Down, Papillon-Lefèvre, Ehlers-Danlos and Chédiak-Higashi syndromes, as well as leukemia, Aids, quantitative and qualitative neutrophilic deficiencies are associated with severe periodontal alterations among children and adolescents. Several studies demonstrated the occurrence of periodontitis, which can lead to early tooth loss among children and adolescents diagnosed with systemic diseases. CONCLUSIONS: The occurrence of periodontal alterations is observed in children and adolescents with systemic diseases. There are several manifestations, ranging from gingival inflammations to more destructive patterns, such as periodontitis and early teeth losses.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adolescent , Down Syndrome , Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome , Gingival Diseases , Histiocytosis, Langerhans-Cell , Hypophosphatasia , Papillon-Lefevre Disease , Periodontitis , Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome , Chediak-Higashi Syndrome , Leukemia , Leukocyte-Adhesion Deficiency Syndrome , Neutropenia
7.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1278-1282, 2010.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-352574

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Leukocyte adhesion deficiency type 1 (LAD-1) is a rare, autosomal recessive inherited immunodeficiency disease characterized by recurrent severe bacterial infection, impaired pus formation, poor wound healing, associated with the mutation in the CD18 gene responsible for the ability of the leucocytes to migrate from the blood stream towards the site of inflammation. Correct and early diagnosis of LAD-1 is vital to the success of treatment and prevention of aggressive infections. The purpose of this study was to collect the clinical findings of the disease and to identify the genetic entity.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>CD18 expression in the peripheral blood leukocytes from the patient, his parents and normal control was measured with flow cytometry. The entire coding regions of the CD18 gene were screened with direct sequencing genomic DNA.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>CD18 expression level on this patient's leukocyte surface was significantly decreased, with normal level in control group, his father and mother. Gene analysis revealed that this patient had a homozygous c.899A > T missense mutation in exon 8 of CD18 gene, causing the substitution of Asp to Val at the 300 amino acid. His parents were both heterozygous carriers while no such mutation was found in 50 normal controls.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>This study disclosed a novel point mutation Asp 300 Val located in a highly conserved region (HCR) of CD18 and confirmed the heterogeneity of the mutations causing LAD-1, indicating it was quite beneficial to establish correct and early diagnosis in children with severe LAD-1.</p>


Subject(s)
Asian Continental Ancestry Group , CD18 Antigens , Genetics , Child, Preschool , DNA Mutational Analysis , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Leukocyte-Adhesion Deficiency Syndrome , Genetics , Male , Point Mutation , Genetics , Polymerase Chain Reaction
8.
Indian Pediatr ; 2008 Jun; 45(6): 507-9
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-11530

ABSTRACT

Leucocyte adhesion defect (LAD) is an inherited disorder of phagocytic function. It is characterized by inability of the leucocytes, in particular neutrophilis to migrate from the blood stream towards sites of inflammation. LAD -1 is characterized by the absence of b 2 integrins (CD 11 / CD18) on leucocytes. This disorder is characterized by delayed separation of the umbilical cord, recurrent severe infections, periodontitis, and delayed wound healing. We report an infant where the diagnosis was confirmed by flow cytometry.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Leukocyte-Adhesion Deficiency Syndrome/diagnosis , Male
9.
Indian J Pediatr ; 2008 Feb; 75(2): 143-8
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-79395

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To report various primary immune deficiencies diagnosed in children at a tertiary care hospital, their clinical manifestations and laboratory profile. METHODS: Case records of children diagnosed to have primary immunodeficiency disorders over a period of 24 months at a tertiary care hospital in northern India were evaluated. RESULTS: Twenty-seven children (M: F=3.5: 1) with mean age of 5.4 +/- 4.6 yrs (2 mo-16 yr) were diagnosed to have primary immunodeficiency. Thirteen children had chronic granulomatous disease (CGD), 4 had severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID), 4 had hypogammaglobulinemia, 2 had Ataxia telangiectasia, and one each had DiGeorge syndrome, Wiskott Aldrich syndrome, hyper IgM syndrome and leukocyte adhesion defect. Common mode of presentation were recurrent/ persistent pneumonia in 19, recurrent/ persistent diarrhea in 10, deep seated abscesses in 8, allergy in 3, disseminated tuberculosis infection in 2, extensive fungal infections in 2 and 1 each of disseminated cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection, disseminated BCG disease, otitis media and meningitis. Family history of sibling deaths was elicited in 2 families. Infectious agents were isolated in 16 cases. CONCLUSION: From a single center 27 patients with primary immune deficiency could be identified by chart review, suggesting need for high index of suspicion for diagnosis of primary immune deficiency in India. Though the exact prevalence is not known there is need to make a registry to document the magnitude of problem of these disorders.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Agammaglobulinemia/diagnosis , Ataxia Telangiectasia/diagnosis , Child , Child, Preschool , DiGeorge Syndrome/diagnosis , Female , Granulomatous Disease, Chronic/diagnosis , Hospitals, Teaching/statistics & numerical data , Humans , Hyper-IgM Immunodeficiency Syndrome/diagnosis , Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes/diagnosis , India/epidemiology , Infant , Leukocyte-Adhesion Deficiency Syndrome/diagnosis , Male , Medical Records , Retrospective Studies , Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome/diagnosis
10.
Indian J Pediatr ; 2007 Dec; 74(12): 1121-3
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-80098

ABSTRACT

Leukocyte Adhesion Deficiency (LAD) is characterized by the inability of leukocytes, in particular neutrophilic granulocytes, to emigrate from the blood stream towards sites of inflammation. Infectious foci are nonpurulent and may eventually become necrotic because of abnormal wound healing. LAD-I is characterized by the absence of the beta-2 integrins CD II and CD 18 on leukocytes. We present a male neonate referred with continuation of leukemoid reaction in spite of antibiotic therapy of simultaneous omphalitis. The diagnosis of LAD-I was confirmed by flow cytometry, showing a deficiency of beta-2 integrins on the surface of the leukocytes. After management, the patient was discharged with prophylactic antibiotics.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Antibiotic Prophylaxis , Bacterial Infections/drug therapy , Diagnosis, Differential , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Leukemoid Reaction/diagnosis , Leukocyte-Adhesion Deficiency Syndrome/diagnosis , Male
12.
Indian J Pediatr ; 2001 Jan; 68(1): 77-9
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-84005

ABSTRACT

Leukocyte adhesion deficiency is a rare syndrome with autosomal recessive pattern of inheritance. An eleven-month-old boy, whose parents were first degree relatives, was referred to clinic with recurrent episodes of pneumonia, otitis and extensive necrotic wounds of perianal area since neonatal period. His umbilical cord had separated 30 days after birth. Laboratory findings included marked leukocytosis, chemotaxis abnormality, and very low levels of CD 11 (0.5%) and CD 18 (2%). Leukocyte Adhesion Defect (LAD) is rare genetic defect of a group of leukocyte membrane glycoproteins. LAD affects nearly one out of every million individuals and is characterized by recurrent bacterial and fungal infections of skin and mucous membranes, diminished pus formation, delayed umbilical cord separation, granulocytosis, poor wound healing and progressive periodontitis. This is the first report of a case of LAD in Isfahan of Iran.


Subject(s)
Anus Diseases/etiology , Humans , Infant , Iran , Leukocyte-Adhesion Deficiency Syndrome/complications , Male , Necrosis , Umbilicus , Wound Infection/etiology
13.
Alergia (Méx.) ; 46(4): 140-4, jul.-ago. 1999.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-258939

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El síndrome de adhesión leucocitaria deficiente (ALD) es una alteración de la fagocitosis caracterizada por la deficiencia de una o varias intregrinas a la superfamilia de receptores de la superficie celular y de moléculas de adhesión. Objetivo. Describir las características clínicas de una inmunodeficiencia primaria de prevalencia rara. Caso clínico. Recién nacido masculino de 19 días de vida extrauterina referido al servicio de infectología pediátrica por un cuadro clínico de 15 días de evolución caracterizado por caída tardía del cordón umbilical, fiebre y lesiones dérmicas pápuloeritematosas en el área periumbilical, hipogástrica, inguinal, glútea y en el muslo derecho, misma que progresaron a celulitis y necrosis tisular. Ingresó al hospital con diagnóstico de septicemia secundaria a onfalitis. Hubo respuesta parcial al menejo inicial con antimicrobianos. Posteriormente tuvo infecciones bacteriana y micóticas recurrentes de las vías respiratorias y el tracto gastrointestinal. Tuvo retardo psicomotriz y deterioro severo de su estado nutricional. Falleció por septicemia a los cinco meses de edad. De los exámenes de laboratorio, la biometría hemática mostró leucocitosis persistente entre 42,000 y 133,00 células/mm3, con predominio de neutrófilos, con variaciones entre 64 y 68 por ciento. Se encontró deficiencia de la quimiotaxis de neutrófilos. Por citometría de flujo se observó deficiencia de las adhesinas CD11/18. El resto de los estudios inmunológicos, biopsia de médula ósea y viral fueron normales. Conclusión. Si bien su prevalencia es rara, los defectos de adhesión leucocitaria deben considerarse en los pacientes con caída tardía de cordón umbilical, infecciones severas recurrentes y neutrofilia muy elevada y persistente en quienes se hayan descartado otras inmunodeficiencias primarias y secundarias


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Infant , Leukocyte-Adhesion Deficiency Syndrome/physiopathology , Leukocyte-Adhesion Deficiency Syndrome/mortality
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