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1.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 47: 17-28, sept. 2020. ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1253006

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Cichoric acid (CA) is extracted from Echinacea purpurea. It is well known and widely used for its immunological function. However, the effect of CA on peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from yaks is still unclear. This study investigated the potential influences of CA on the proliferation, cytokine induction, and apoptosis of PBMCs from Datong yak in vivo, and aimed to provide a basis for exploring the pharmacological activities of CA on yaks. RESULTS: In this study, CA promoted PBMCs proliferation by combining concanavalin A (Con A) and exhibited a dose-dependent effect as demonstrated by a Cell Counting Kit-8. The concentration of 60 µg/ml CA was the best and promoted the transformation from the G0/G1 phase to the S and G2/M phases with Con A. Furthermore, 60 µg/ml CA significantly increased IL-2, IL-6, and IFN-γ levels and PCNA, CDK4 and Bcl-2 expression levels, but it significantly inhibited the TP53, Bax, and Caspase-3 expression levels. Transcriptome analysis revealed a total of 6807 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between the CA treatment and control groups. Of these genes, 3788 were significantly upregulated and 3019 were downregulated. Gene Ontology and pathway analysis revealed that DEGs were enriched in cell proliferation and immune function signaling pathways. The expression level of some transcription factors (BTB, Ras, RRM_1, and zf-C2H2) and genes (CCNF, CCND1, and CDK4) related to PBMCs proliferation in yaks were significantly promoted after CA treatment. By contrast, anti-proliferation-associated genes (TP53 and CDKN1A) were inhibited. CONCLUSIONS: In summary, CA could regulate the immune function of yaks by promoting proliferation and inhibiting inflammation and apoptosis of PBMCs.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Succinates/pharmacology , Caffeic Acids/pharmacology , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/drug effects , Echinacea/chemistry , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Transcription Factors , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/cytology , Blotting, Western , Cytokines , Apoptosis/drug effects , Concanavalin A/pharmacology , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , RNA-Seq
2.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 61(4): 329-335, July-Aug. 2015. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-761708

ABSTRACT

SummaryIntroduction:aging is associated with several immunologic changes. Regulatory (Treg) and effector T cells are involved in the pathogenesis of infectious, neoplastic, and autoimmune diseases. Little is known about the effects of aging on the frequency and function of these T cell subpopulations.Methods:peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) were obtained from 26 young (under 44 years old) and 18 elderly (above 80 years old) healthy women. T cell subpopulations were analyzed by flow cytometry.Results:elderly individuals had lower frequency of several activated effector T cell phenotypes as compared with young individuals: CD3+CD4+CD25+ (3.82±1.93 versus 9.53±4.49; p<0.0001); CD3+CD4+CD25+CD127+(2.39±1.19 versus 7.26±3.84; p<0.0001); CD3+CD4+CD25+ (0.41±0.22 versus 1.86±0.85, p<0.0001); and CD3+CD4+CD25highCD127+(0.06±0.038 versus 0.94±0.64, p<0.0001). Treg (CD3+CD4+CD25+CD127øFoxp3+) presented lower frequency in elderly individuals as compared to young adults (0.34±0.18 versus 0.76±0.48; p=0.0004) and its frequency was inversely correlated with age in the whole group (r=-0.439; p=0.013). The elderly group showed higher frequency of two undefined CD25øFoxp3+ phenotypes: CD3+CD4+CD25øFoxp3+(15.05±7.34 versus 1.65±1.71; p<0.0001) and CD3+CD4+CD25øCD127øFoxp3+(13.0±5.52 versus 3.51±2.87; p<0.0001).Conclusions:the altered proportion of different T cell subsets herein documented in healthy elderly women may be relevant to the understanding of the immunologic behavior and disease susceptibility patterns observed in geriatric patients.


ResumoIntrodução:o envelhecimento está associado a diversas alterações imunológicas. Células T reguladoras e efetoras estão envolvidas na patogênese de enfermidades infecciosas, neoplásicas e autoimunes. Pouco se sabe acerca dos efeitos da idade sobre a frequência e a função dessas populações celulares.Métodos:células mononucleares do sangue periférico foram obtidas de participantes saudáveis (26 com idade inferior a 44 anos e 18 acima de 80 anos). As subpopulações celulares foram analisadas por citometria de fluxo.Resultados:o grupo constituído por idosas apresentou menor frequência de vários fenótipos de células T efetoras ativadas em comparação com jovens: CD3+CD4+CD25+ (3,82±1,93 versus 9,53±4,49, p<0,0001); CD3+CD4+ CD25+CD127+ (2,39±1,19 versus7,26±3,84, p<0,0001); CD3+CD4+CD25high(0,41±0,22 versus 1,86±0,85, p<0,0001); CD3+CD4+CD25highCD127+(0,06±0,038 versus 0,94±0,64, p<0,0001). As células T reguladoras CD3+CD4+CD25highCD127øFoxP3+ apresentaram menor frequência em indivíduos idosos em comparação com adultos jovens (0,34±0,18 versus0,76±0,48, p=0,0004) e sua frequência foi inversamente correlacionada com a idade em todo o grupo (r=-0,439; p=0,013). O grupo de idosas apresentou maior frequência de dois fenótipos indefinidos (CD25øFoxP3+), células CD3+CD4+CD25øFoxP3+ (15,05±7,34 versus 1,65±1,71, p<0,0001) e células CD3+CD4+CD25øCD127øFoxP3+(13,0±5,52 versus 3,51±2,87, p<0,0001).Conclusão:as proporções alteradas de diferentes subpopulações de células T em idosas saudáveis contribuem para a compreensão dos padrões de comportamento e suscetibilidade a doenças imunológicas evidenciadas em pacientes geriátricos.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Young Adult , Aging/immunology , Immunophenotyping , T-Lymphocyte Subsets/immunology , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory/cytology , Age Factors , Flow Cytometry , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/cytology , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/immunology , T-Lymphocyte Subsets/cytology , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory/immunology
3.
Clinics ; 70(2): 120-125, 2/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-741425

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: To explore the microendoscopic discectomy technique and inclusion criteria for the treatment of recurrent lumbar disc herniation and to supply feasible criteria and technical notes to avoid complications and to increase the therapeutic effect. METHODS: A consecutive series of 25 patients who underwent posterior microendoscopic discectomy for recurrent lumbar disc herniation were included. The inclusion criteria were as follows: no severe pain in the lumbar region, no lumbar instability observed by flexion-extension radiography and no intervertebral discitis or endplate damage observed by magnetic resonance imaging. All patients were diagnosed by clinical manifestations and imaging examinations. RESULTS: Follow-up visits were carried out in all cases. Complications, such as nerve injuries, were not observed. The follow-up outcomes were graded using the MacNab criteria. A grade of excellent was given to 12 patients, good to 12 patients and fair to 1 patient. A grade of excellent or good occurred in 96% of cases. One patient relapsed 3 months after surgery and then underwent lumbar interbody fusion and inner fixation. The numerical rating scale of preoperative leg pain was 7.4± 1.5, whereas it decreased to 2.1±0.8 at 7 days after surgery. The preoperative Oswestry disability index of lumbar function was 57.5±10.0, whereas it was 26.0±8.5 at 7 days after surgery. CONCLUSION: In these cases, microendoscopic discectomy was able to achieve satisfactory clinical results. Furthermore, it has advantages over other methods because of its smaller incision, reduced bleeding and more efficient recovery. .


Subject(s)
Humans , Centrifugation/methods , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/metabolism , Transfection/methods , Cell Survival/physiology , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/cytology , RNA Interference/physiology , RNA, Small Interfering/genetics
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-99846

ABSTRACT

Mucosal-associated invariant T (MAIT) cells and natural killer T (NKT) cells are known to play crucial roles in a variety of diseases, including autoimmunity, infectious diseases, and cancers. However, little is known about the roles of these invariant T cells in acute cholecystitis. The purposes of this study were to examine the levels of MAIT cells and NKT cells in patients with acute cholecystitis and to investigate potential relationships between clinical parameters and these cell levels. Thirty patients with pathologically proven acute cholecystitis and 47 age- and sex-matched healthy controls were enrolled. Disease grades were classified according to the revised Tokyo guidelines (TG13) for the severity assessment for acute cholecystitis. Levels of MAIT and NKT cells in peripheral blood were measured by flow cytometry. Circulating MAIT and NKT cell numbers were significantly lower in acute cholecystitis patients than in healthy controls, and these deficiencies in MAIT cells and NKT cell numbers were associated with aging in acute cholecystitis patients. Notably, a reduction in NKT cell numbers was found to be associated with severe TG13 grade, death, and high blood urea nitrogen levels. The study shows numerical deficiencies of circulating MAIT and NKT cells and age-related decline of these invariant T cells. In addition, NKT cell deficiency was associated with acute cholecystitis severity and outcome. These findings provide an information regarding the monitoring of these changes in circulating MAIT and NKT cell numbers during the course of acute cholecystitis and predicting prognosis.


Subject(s)
Aged , Antibodies, Monoclonal/immunology , Case-Control Studies , Cholecystitis, Acute/diagnosis , Female , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/cytology , Male , Middle Aged , Natural Killer T-Cells/cytology , Patients , Prognosis , Severity of Illness Index , T-Lymphocyte Subsets/cytology
5.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 109(8): 989-998, 12/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-732605

ABSTRACT

Ethnic origin, genetics, gender and environmental factors have been shown to influence some immunologic indices, so that development of reference values for populations of different backgrounds may be necessary. We have determined the distribution of lymphocyte subsets in healthy Brazilian individuals from birth to adulthood. Lymphocyte subsets were determined using four-colour cytometry in a cross-sectional study of 463 human immunodeficiency virus-unexposed children and adults from birth through 49 years of age. Lymphocyte subsets varied according to age, as previously observed in other studies. However, total CD4+ T cell numbers were lower than what was described in the Pediatric AIDS Clinical Trials Group P1009 (PACTG P1009), which assessed an American population of predominantly African and Hispanic backgrounds until the 12-18 year age range, when values were comparable. Naïve percentages and absolute values of CD8+ T cells, as assessed by CD45RA expression, were also lower than the PACTG P1009 data for all analysed age ranges. CD38 expression on both CD4+ and CD8+ T cells was lower than the PACTG P1009 values, with a widening gap between the two studies at older age ranges. Different patterns of cell differentiation seem to occur in different settings and may have characteristic expression within each population.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , /cytology , /cytology , Lymphocyte Subsets/cytology , Age Factors , B-Lymphocytes/cytology , Brazil , Clinical Trials as Topic , Cross-Sectional Studies , Flow Cytometry/methods , Healthy Volunteers , Killer Cells, Natural/cytology , Lymphocyte Count , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/cytology , Reference Values
6.
Indian J Exp Biol ; 2014 Oct; 52(10): 983-988
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-153792

ABSTRACT

Assessment of natural killer cells (NK-cell) cytotoxicity is used not only in research settings but is also important in diagnosis of various diseases. NK-cell cytotoxicity assays are based on measurement of target cells killed by cytotoxic cells analyzed either by chromium (51Cr) release assay or flow cytometry. Both these methods use peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) or pure NK-cell population and hence require large volume of blood sample which is difficult to obtain in pediatric patients and patients with cytopenia. Hence, a flow cytometric assay was designed to determine NK cell activity using whole blood, eliminating the need for isolation of PBMCs or pure NK cells. This assay is based on a dual fluorescent staining of target cells (K562 cell line). The DIOC18 dye labeled K562 cells are incubated with whole blood and then counterstained with 7-AAD enabling the measurement of dead target cell and then percent cytotoxicity is calculated. This study compared the NK cell cytotoxicity using PBMC and whole blood in clinically relevant samples. There was no significant difference between two assays in the measurement of lytic activity or in reproducibility in the repeated samplings of healthy individuals. The whole blood assay required less volume of blood and also less processing time as compared to PBMC assay. It was also validated by testing patients diagnosed with familial hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis expected to have low NK-cell activity. This assay is rapid, sensitive and reproducible and requires significantly less volume of blood which is important for clinical evaluation of NK-cell function.


Subject(s)
Adult , Cell Survival/physiology , Female , Flow Cytometry/methods , Humans , K562 Cells , Killer Cells, Natural/cytology , Killer Cells, Natural/physiology , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/cytology , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/physiology , Male , Middle Aged , Reproducibility of Results , Young Adult
7.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 46(8): 676-680, ago. 2013. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-684529

ABSTRACT

Multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) were first isolated from bone marrow and then from various adult tissues including placenta, cord blood, deciduous teeth, and amniotic fluid. MSCs are defined or characterized by their ability to adhere to plastic, to express specific surface antigens, and to differentiate into osteogenic, chondrogenic, adipogenic, and myogenic lineages. Although the molecular mechanisms that control MSC proliferation and differentiation are not well understood, the involvement of microRNAs has been reported. In the present study, we investigated the role of miR-125b during osteoblastic differentiation in humans. We found that miR-125b increased during osteoblastic differentiation, as well as Runx2 and ALPL genes. To study whether the gain or loss of miR-125b function influenced osteoblastic differentiation, we transfected MSCs with pre-miR-125b or anti-miR-125b and cultured the transfected cells in an osteoblastic differentiation medium. After transfection, no change was observed in osteoblastic differentiation, and Runx2, OPN, and ALPL gene expression were not changed. These results suggest that the gain or loss of miR-125b function does not influence levels of Runx2, OPN, and ALPL during osteoblastic differentiation.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Alkaline Phosphatase/metabolism , Cell Differentiation/physiology , Core Binding Factor Alpha 1 Subunit/metabolism , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Osteoblasts/cytology , Osteopontin/metabolism , Alkaline Phosphatase/genetics , Antigens, Differentiation/isolation & purification , Bone Marrow Cells/cytology , Core Binding Factor Alpha 1 Subunit/genetics , Gene Expression/physiology , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/cytology , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/cytology , MicroRNAs/genetics , Osteoblasts/metabolism , Osteogenesis/physiology , Osteopontin/genetics , Primary Cell Culture , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Transfection
8.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 238-245, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-17423

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: We evaluated the effect of human parathyroid hormone (hPTH) on the engraftment and/or in vivo expansion of hematopoietic stem cells in an umbilical cord blood (UCB)-xenotransplantation model. In addition, we assessed its effect on the expression of cell adhesion molecules. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Female NOD/SCID mice received sublethal total body irradiation with a single dose of 250 cGy. Eighteen to 24 hours after irradiation, 1x107 human UCB-derived mononuclear cells (MNCs) and 5x106 human UCB-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) were infused via the tail vein. Mice were randomly divided into three groups: Group 1 mice received MNCs only, Group 2 received MNCs only and were then treated with hPTH, Group 3 mice received MNCs and MSCs, and were treated with hPTH. RESULTS: Engraftment was achieved in all the mice. Bone marrow cellularity was approximately 20% in Group 1, but 70-80% in the hPTH treated groups. Transplantation of MNCs together with MSCs had no additional effect on bone marrow cellularity. However, the proportion of human CD13 and CD33 myeloid progenitor cells was higher in Group 3, while the proportion of human CD34 did not differ significantly between the three groups. The proportion of CXCR4 cells in Group 3 was larger than in Groups 1 and 2 but without statistical significance. CONCLUSION: We have demonstrated a positive effect of hPTH on stem cell proliferation and a possible synergistic effect of MSCs and hPTH on the proportion of human hematopoietic progenitor cells, in a xenotransplantation model. Clinical trials of the use of hPTH after stem cell transplantation should be considered.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bone Marrow/metabolism , Cell Proliferation , Female , Fetal Blood/cytology , Flow Cytometry , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Hematopoietic Stem Cells/drug effects , Humans , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/cytology , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/cytology , Mice , Mice, Inbred NOD , Mice, SCID , Parathyroid Hormone/therapeutic use , Stem Cells/cytology , Transplantation, Heterologous
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-13096

ABSTRACT

Human amniotic membrane-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hAM-MSCs) are capable of differentiating into several lineages and possess immunomodulatory properties. In this study, we investigated the soluble factor-mediated immunomodulatory effects of hAM-MSCs. Mitogen-induced peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) proliferation was suppressed by hAM-MSCs in a dose-dependent manner as well as hAM-MSC culture supernatant. Moreover, interferon-gamma and interleukin (IL)-17 production significantly decreased from PBMC, whereas IL-10 from PBMCs and transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) production from hAM-MSCs significantly increased in co-cultures of hAM-MSCs and PBMCs. Production of several MSC factors, including hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), TGF-beta, prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), and indoleamine 2, 3 dioxygenase (IDO), increased significantly in hAM-MSCs co-cultured with PBMCs. These results indicate that the immunomodulatory effects of hAM-MSCs may be associated with soluble factors (TGF-beta, HGF, PGE2, and IDO), suggesting that hAM-MSCs may have potential clinical use in regenerative medicine.


Subject(s)
Amnion/cytology , Cell Differentiation/immunology , Coculture Techniques , Dinoprostone/genetics , Female , Hepatocyte Growth Factor/genetics , Humans , Immunologic Factors/immunology , Immunophenotyping , Indoleamine-Pyrrole 2,3,-Dioxygenase/genetics , Interferon-gamma/immunology , Interleukin-10/analysis , Interleukin-17/analysis , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/cytology , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/cytology , Pregnancy , RNA, Messenger/chemistry , Regenerative Medicine/methods , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Transforming Growth Factor beta/genetics
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-164056

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: CD4+CD25+ regulatory T-cells (Tregs) play a critical role in immune responses. We explored the status of Tregs in neoplastic and autoimmune hematologic diseases. We also evaluated the technical aspects of Treg measurement in terms of sample type and detection markers. METHODS: A total of 68 subjects were enrolled: 11 with AML, 8 with MDS, 10 with autoimmune diseases, and 39 controls. Tregs were analyzed in peripheral blood (PB) and bone marrow (BM) samples from each subject. Flow cytometry and the Human Regulatory T cell Staining Kit (eBioscience, USA) for CD4, CD25, and FoxP3 (forkhead box P3) were used. RESULTS: The CD4+CD25high/CD4 and CD4+CD25highFoxP3+/CD4 populations were significantly correlated (P<0.0001). The AML and high-risk MDS groups had significantly larger CD4+CD25high/CD4 and CD4+CD25highFoxP3+/CD4 populations in PB than the autoimmune (P=0.007 and 0.012, respectively) and control groups (P=0.004 and 0.006, respectively). Comparable findings were observed in BM. The CD4+CD25highFoxP3+/CD4 population was significantly larger in PB than in BM (P=0.0003). CONCLUSIONS: This study provides comparison data for Tregs in AML, MDS, and autoimmune hematologic diseases, and would be helpful for understanding the different immunologic bases of various hematologic diseases. Treg measurement using CD4, CD25, and/or FoxP3 in PB rather than in BM seems to be practical for routine hematologic purposes. Large-scale analysis of the diagnostic role of Treg measurement is needed.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Autoimmune Diseases/diagnosis , Bone Marrow Cells/cytology , Female , Flow Cytometry , Forkhead Transcription Factors/metabolism , Hematologic Diseases/diagnosis , Humans , Interleukin-2 Receptor alpha Subunit/metabolism , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/diagnosis , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/cytology , Male , Middle Aged , Myelodysplastic Syndromes/diagnosis , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory/immunology
11.
Indian J Biochem Biophys ; 2009 Apr; 46(2): 161-165
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-135189

ABSTRACT

Lentinula edodes (Berk) Pegler, commonly known as Shiitake mushroom has been used as medicinal food in Asian countries, especially in China and Japan and is believed to possess strong immunomodulatory property. In the present study, the methanolic extract of the fruit bodies of L. edodes was investigated for cytoprotective effect against H2O2-induced cytotoxicity in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) by measuring the activities of xanthine oxidase (XO) and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) . H2O2 at a concentration of 5 μM caused 50% inhibition of PBMCs viability. The extract improved the PBMC viability and exerted a dose-dependent protection against H2O2-induced cytotoxicity. At 100 μg/ml of extract concentration, the cell viability increased by 60% compared with the PBMCs incubated with H2O2 alone. The extract also inhibited XO activity in PBMC, while showing moderate stimulatory effect on GPx. However, in the presence of H2O2 alone, both the enzyme activities were increased significantly. The GPx activity increased, possibly in response to the increased availability of H2O2 in the cell. When the cells were pretreated with the extract and washed (to remove the extract) prior to the addition of H2O2, the GPx and XO activities as well as the cell viability were comparable to those when incubated with the extract alone. Thus, it is suggested that one of the possible mechanisms via which L. edodes methanolic extract confers protection against H2O2-induced oxidative stress in PBMC is by inhibiting the superoxide-producing XO and increasing GPx activity which could rapidly inactivate H2O2.


Subject(s)
Cell Survival/drug effects , Cytotoxins/antagonists & inhibitors , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Glutathione Peroxidase/metabolism , Humans , Hydrogen Peroxide/antagonists & inhibitors , Hydrogen Peroxide/metabolism , Hydrogen Peroxide/toxicity , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/cytology , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/drug effects , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/enzymology , Methanol/chemistry , Shiitake Mushrooms/chemistry , Xanthine Oxidase/metabolism
12.
Modares Journal of Medical Sciences, Pathobiology. 2007; 10 (3-4): 41-50
in English, Persian | IMEMR | ID: emr-84579

ABSTRACT

In peripheral blood polymorphnuclear and mononuclear cells Nitric Oxide [NO] could be synthesized by an enzyme called inducible NO synthase [iNOS]. iNOS gene [NOS2A] is located on chromosome 17 at position 17q11.2-q12. NO is released during inflammatory responses. In the present studies the frequency of NOS2A gene polymorphisms and their effects on NO production were investigated in the Peripheral Blood polymorphonuclear and mononuclear cells of normal individuals. In this study the frequency of NOS2A gene polymorphisms at positions -1659 C/T and +150 C/T of 232 normal subjects were investigated using PCR-Allele specific and PCR-RFLP methods, respectively. To study the effect of 1659C/T and +150C/T polymorphisms on NO production, polymorphonuclear and mononuclear cells of peripheral blood of 92 normal subjects were isolated and then stimulated by E.coli culture supernatants [ATCC 25922] for induction of iNOS enzyme and NO production. After 24h, the level of NO production in the culture supernatant were measured by Griess reaction. Polymorphisms as mentioned above were also studied in these normal cases. The results showed no significant difference in the level of NO production of various genotypes in the polymorphonuclear and mononuclear cells of peripheral blood of normal subjects. Our results indicated no significant correlation between NOS2A genotypes and NO production. No significant difference was observed between Gambia and China normal population and normal subjects of this study in NOS2A- 1659 C/T and +150 C/T polymorphisms. In Iran these differences are due to the genetic and ethnic differences among the studied populations, which indicates the importance of NOS2A polymorphism in the NO production, suggesting further studies in other ethnic groups


Subject(s)
Humans , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/cytology , Neutrophils/cytology , Polymorphism, Genetic , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type II , Nitric Oxide/biosynthesis , Nitric Oxide/genetics
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-178955

ABSTRACT

Bovine mastitis is an infectious disease with a major economic influence on the dairy industry worldwide. Many factors such as environment, pathogen, and host affect susceptibility or resistance of an individual cow to bovine mastitis. Recently, there has been considerable interest in defining genetic and immunological markers that could be used to select for improved disease resistance. In this study we have analyzed the lymphocyte subpopulations of mastitis-resistant and susceptible cows using monoclonal antibodies specific for bovine leukocyte differentiation antigens and flow cytometry. We have also used a microarray typing technique to define the bovine leukocyte antigen (BoLA) class I and class II haplotypes associated with resistance or susceptibility to bovine mastitis. A striking finding of the present study is that susceptibility to mastitis was associated with major histocompatibility complex (MHC) haplotypes that have only a single set of DQ genes. The study also revealed that susceptible cows had CD4:CD8 ratios of less than one in both their mammary gland secretions and peripheral blood. These results raise the possibility that the number of DQ genes that a cow has and/or a cow's CD4:CD8 ratio could be used as indicators of susceptibility to bovine mastitis.


Subject(s)
Alleles , Animals , Antigens, Differentiation/immunology , Cattle , Cell Count/veterinary , Female , Flow Cytometry/veterinary , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Histocompatibility Antigens/genetics , Korea , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/cytology , Lymphocyte Subsets/immunology , Mastitis, Bovine/genetics , Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis/veterinary , Statistics, Nonparametric
14.
Indian J Exp Biol ; 2003 Feb; 41(2): 112-7
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-63275

ABSTRACT

Chinese hamster lung (CHL) cells were susceptible to Herpes Simplex type-1 and Chandipura viruses; which induced chromosomal abnormalities in these cells. Chromosomal changes induced in these cells were specific. The cells were refractory to measles virus and chromosomal abnormalities were not detected after inoculation of the virus. On the other hand human peripheral blood (HPB) leukocytes were susceptible to all the 3 viruses studied and exhibited chromosomal abnormalities upon infection. The aberrations induced in HPBL cultures were random. The results suggest that a virus could induce chromosomal changes only in susceptible cells. This is the first report of comparative in vitro study on chromosomes.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Line , Chromosome Aberrations , Cricetinae , Cricetulus , Herpesvirus 1, Human/physiology , Humans , Karyotyping , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/cytology , Lung/cytology , Vesiculovirus/physiology
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-187040

ABSTRACT

This investigation was designed to confirm IL-8 production from human bronchial epithelial cells with toluene diisocyanate (TDI) exposure and to examine the effects of pro-inflammatory cytokine and dexamethasone. We cultured Beas-2B, a bronchial epithelial cell line with TDI-HSA conjugate and compared with those without conjugate. IL-8 in the supernatant was measured by ELISA. To evaluate the effect of proinflammatory cytokines, peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) were collected from TDI- and non-TDI asthma patients, and were added to the epithelial cell culture. Dexamethasone or antibodies to TNF-alpha and IL-1beta were pre-incubated with PBMC supernatant. There was a significant production of IL-8 from bronchial epithelial cells with addition of TDI-HSA conjugate in a dose-dependent manner, which was significantly augmented with addition of PBMC supernatant. Higher production of IL-8 was noted with addition of PBMC supernatant from TDI-asthma patients than in those from non-TDI asthma patients. IL-1beta and IL-1beta/TFNalpha antibodies were able to suppress the IL-8 productions. Pre-treatment of dexamethasone induced dose-dependent inhibition of the IL-8 production. These results suggest that the IL-8 production from bronchial epithelial cells contribute to neutrophil recruitment occurring in TDIinduced airway inflammation. IL-1beta released from PBMC of TDI-induced asthma patients may be one of the pro-inflammatory cytokines to enhance IL-8 production.


Subject(s)
Asthma/immunology , Bronchi/cytology , Cell Line , Dexamethasone/pharmacology , Epithelial Cells/cytology , Glucocorticoids/pharmacology , Humans , Interleukin-8/metabolism , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/cytology , Toluene 2,4-Diisocyanate/toxicity
16.
Asian Pac J Allergy Immunol ; 2001 Sep; 19(3): 183-90
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-36985

ABSTRACT

We studied granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) mediated peripheral blood progenitor cells (PBPC), which were mobilized and collected from healthy donors for allogeneic transplantation. A total of 26 donors, age ranged from 21-41 years were mobilized with G-CSF at a dose of 7.5 microg/kg/day subcutaneously for 5 days and the collection was started on day 5. The CD34 cell counts reached a maximum on day 5 and subsequently declined despite continually given G-CSF. White blood cells (WBC), absolute neutrophil counts (ANC), absolute lymphocytes (AL) and their subsets, absolute mononuclear cells (AMNC), colony-forming unit-granulocyte, macrophage (CFU-GM) and CD34+ cells were increased about 6, 9, 2, 3, 34 and 40-fold, respectively, but red blood cells (RBC), hematocrit (Hct) and platelets (Pit) decreased on day 5 when compared to day 0. All parameters decreased after stem cell collection. For stem cell collection by Cobe Spectra, we used a blood volume of 19.27 +/- 4.65 liters, flow rate of 60.53 +/- 10.03 ml/minute, acid citrate dextrose solution (ACD)/blood ratio of 1:13.31, the final product volume was 314.14 +/- 72.24 ml, collection time was 325.40 +/- 73.36 minutes and one or two procedures were sufficient. The correlation between the number of CD34+ cells/kg, CFU-GM/kg and MNC/kg found in the harvested product and CD34 cells can be used for determining the necessary amount of progenitor cells for transplantation.


Subject(s)
Adult , Antigens, CD34/blood , Blood Cell Count , Colony-Forming Units Assay , Female , Filgrastim/pharmacology , Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor/pharmacology , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Mobilization/methods , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Hematopoietic Stem Cells/cytology , Humans , Leukapheresis , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/cytology , Male , Recombinant Proteins/pharmacology , Transplantation, Homologous
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-144630

ABSTRACT

3-Deazaadenosine (DZA), a cellular methylation blocker was reported to induce the caspase-3-like activities-dependent apoptosis in U-937 cells. In this study, we analyzed the activation pathway of the caspase cascade involved in the DZA-induced apoptosis using specific inhibitors of caspases. In the U-937 cells treated with DZA, cytochrome c release from mitochondria and subsequent activation of caspase-9, -8 and -3 were observed before the induction of apoptosis. zDEVD-Fmk, a specific inhibitor of caspase-3, and zLEHD-Fmk, a specific inhibitor of caspase-9, prevented the activation of caspase-8 but neither caspase-3 nor caspase-9, indicating that caspase-8 is downstream of both caspase-3 and caspase-9, which are activated by independent pathways. zVAD-Fmk, a universal inhibitor of caspases, kept the caspase-3 from being activated but not caspase-9. Moreover, ZB4, an antagonistic Fas-antibody, exerted no effect on the activation of caspase-8 and induction of apoptosis by DZA. In addition, zVAD-Fmk and mitochondrial permeability transition pore (MPTP) inhibitors such as cyclosporin A (CsA) and bongkrekic acid (BA) did not block the release of cytochrome c from mitochondria. Taken together, these results suggest that in the DZA-induced apoptosis, caspase-8 may serve as an executioner caspase and be activated downstream of both caspase-3 and caspase-9, independently of Fas receptor-ligand interaction. And caspase-3 seems to be activated by other caspses including IETDase-like enzyme and caspse-9 seems to be activated by cytochrome c released from mitochondria without the involvement of caspases and CsA- and BA- inhibitory MPTP.


Subject(s)
Amino Acid Chloromethyl Ketones/pharmacology , Apoptosis/drug effects , Bongkrekic Acid/pharmacology , Caspases/metabolism , Cell Line , Cyclosporine/pharmacology , Cytochromes c/drug effects , Enzyme Activation , Humans , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/cytology , Ligands , Membrane Glycoproteins/metabolism , Tubercidin/pharmacology , U937 Cells
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-144618

ABSTRACT

3-Deazaadenosine (DZA), a cellular methylation blocker was reported to induce the caspase-3-like activities-dependent apoptosis in U-937 cells. In this study, we analyzed the activation pathway of the caspase cascade involved in the DZA-induced apoptosis using specific inhibitors of caspases. In the U-937 cells treated with DZA, cytochrome c release from mitochondria and subsequent activation of caspase-9, -8 and -3 were observed before the induction of apoptosis. zDEVD-Fmk, a specific inhibitor of caspase-3, and zLEHD-Fmk, a specific inhibitor of caspase-9, prevented the activation of caspase-8 but neither caspase-3 nor caspase-9, indicating that caspase-8 is downstream of both caspase-3 and caspase-9, which are activated by independent pathways. zVAD-Fmk, a universal inhibitor of caspases, kept the caspase-3 from being activated but not caspase-9. Moreover, ZB4, an antagonistic Fas-antibody, exerted no effect on the activation of caspase-8 and induction of apoptosis by DZA. In addition, zVAD-Fmk and mitochondrial permeability transition pore (MPTP) inhibitors such as cyclosporin A (CsA) and bongkrekic acid (BA) did not block the release of cytochrome c from mitochondria. Taken together, these results suggest that in the DZA-induced apoptosis, caspase-8 may serve as an executioner caspase and be activated downstream of both caspase-3 and caspase-9, independently of Fas receptor-ligand interaction. And caspase-3 seems to be activated by other caspses including IETDase-like enzyme and caspse-9 seems to be activated by cytochrome c released from mitochondria without the involvement of caspases and CsA- and BA- inhibitory MPTP.


Subject(s)
Amino Acid Chloromethyl Ketones/pharmacology , Apoptosis/drug effects , Bongkrekic Acid/pharmacology , Caspases/metabolism , Cell Line , Cyclosporine/pharmacology , Cytochromes c/drug effects , Enzyme Activation , Humans , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/cytology , Ligands , Membrane Glycoproteins/metabolism , Tubercidin/pharmacology , U937 Cells
19.
Rev. bras. anal. clin ; 32(3): 195-9, 2000. ilus, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-296349

ABSTRACT

Foi otimizado o método de RT-PCR para avaliar a expressäo gênica do recptor de LDL (RLDL) em células mononucleares periféricas (CMP), provenientes de indivíduos hipercolesterolêmicos tratados com agentes hipolipemiantes. As CMP foram isoladas a partir de 10 mL de sangue periférico por centrifugaçäo sob gradiente de Ficoll-Paque Plus. O RNA total foi extraído utilizando o reagente Trizol, ressuspendido em água tratada com DEPC e quantificado por espectrofotometria a 260 nm. O cDNA foi sintetizado a partir de 1 µg de RNA utilizando a enzima SuperScript TM II RT RNAse-. A seguir, o gene do RLDL foi amplificado pela técnica de PCR. Os produtos de amplificaçäo foram avaliados por eletroforese em gel de agarose a 1,5 por cento e fotografados. Os genes da gliceraldeído-3-fosfato desidrogenase (GAPDH) e da ß-actina foram amplificados como controles internos utilizando a mesma metodologia descrita. A expressäo gênica do RLDL foi determinada pelas relaçöes entre a intensidade das bandas dos produtos amplificados do RLDL e GAPDH (RLDL/GAPDH) e do RLDL e ß-actina (RLDL/ß-actina), determinadas por densitometria das fotografias. Em resumo, o método otimizado permite a rápida avaliaçäo da expressäo gênica do RLDL em CMP, sem a necessidade de componentes radioativos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Gene Expression , Hypercholesterolemia/diagnosis , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/cytology , Process Optimization , Receptors, LDL/analysis , Anticholesteremic Agents/administration & dosage , Homeostasis , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
20.
Asian Pac J Allergy Immunol ; 1999 Jun; 17(2): 93-9
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-37177

ABSTRACT

There is speculation that high cytotoxic T lymphocyte precursor frequencies (CTLpf) correlate with poor clinical outcome of bone marrow/organ transplantation. It is also believed that human umbilical cord blood is immunologically naive, and, therefore cord blood T cells may be less able to mediate graft versus host disease than marrow-derived T cells. CTLpf were determined in peripheral blood mononuclear cells collected from healthy adults, human umbilical cord blood and renal dialysis patients who were randomly selected and entered into this study. A highly sensitive non-radioactive Europium release cytotoxicity assay was optimized and modified to carry out the CTLpf estimation by using the principle of limiting dilution analysis. The results of CTLpf in healthy adults ranged from 1/694 to 1/66,666, median 1/7,339 (n=10); cord blood ranged from 1/1,562 to 1/35,714, median 1/10,162 (n=6) and dialysis patients ranged from 1/1,054 to 1/17,857 median 1/5,208 (n=9). The results demonstrated that there is little difference of CTLpf median values between the groups, but there is a wide variation of CTLpf between individuals within a population. It suggests that this variation should be taken into account when considering CTLpf assay as pre-transplantation cross-match procedure.


Subject(s)
Adult , Cytotoxicity Tests, Immunologic , Female , Fetal Blood/cytology , Hematopoietic Stem Cells/cytology , Humans , Kidney Failure, Chronic/blood , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/cytology , Lymphocyte Count , Male , T-Lymphocytes, Cytotoxic/cytology
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