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1.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 47: 17-28, sept. 2020. ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1253006

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Cichoric acid (CA) is extracted from Echinacea purpurea. It is well known and widely used for its immunological function. However, the effect of CA on peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from yaks is still unclear. This study investigated the potential influences of CA on the proliferation, cytokine induction, and apoptosis of PBMCs from Datong yak in vivo, and aimed to provide a basis for exploring the pharmacological activities of CA on yaks. RESULTS: In this study, CA promoted PBMCs proliferation by combining concanavalin A (Con A) and exhibited a dose-dependent effect as demonstrated by a Cell Counting Kit-8. The concentration of 60 µg/ml CA was the best and promoted the transformation from the G0/G1 phase to the S and G2/M phases with Con A. Furthermore, 60 µg/ml CA significantly increased IL-2, IL-6, and IFN-γ levels and PCNA, CDK4 and Bcl-2 expression levels, but it significantly inhibited the TP53, Bax, and Caspase-3 expression levels. Transcriptome analysis revealed a total of 6807 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between the CA treatment and control groups. Of these genes, 3788 were significantly upregulated and 3019 were downregulated. Gene Ontology and pathway analysis revealed that DEGs were enriched in cell proliferation and immune function signaling pathways. The expression level of some transcription factors (BTB, Ras, RRM_1, and zf-C2H2) and genes (CCNF, CCND1, and CDK4) related to PBMCs proliferation in yaks were significantly promoted after CA treatment. By contrast, anti-proliferation-associated genes (TP53 and CDKN1A) were inhibited. CONCLUSIONS: In summary, CA could regulate the immune function of yaks by promoting proliferation and inhibiting inflammation and apoptosis of PBMCs.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Succinates/pharmacology , Caffeic Acids/pharmacology , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/drug effects , Echinacea/chemistry , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Transcription Factors , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/cytology , Blotting, Western , Cytokines , Apoptosis/drug effects , Concanavalin A/pharmacology , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , RNA-Seq
2.
J. appl. oral sci ; 27: e20180529, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1012507

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives: Dental composites release unreacted resin monomers into the oral environment, even after polymerization. Periodontal cells are, therefore, exposed to substances that potentially elicit the immune inflammatory response. The underlying molecular mechanisms associated with the interaction between resin monomers and human immune cells found in the gingival crevicular fluid are not fully understood yet. This study investigated the ability of bisphenol A-glycidyl methacrylate (BISGMA), urethane dimethacrylate (UDMA) and triethylene glycol dimethacrylate (TEGDMA) to induce apoptosis and cytokine release by human leukocytes stimulated with a periodontal pathogen. Methodology: Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from 16 healthy individuals were included in this study. To determine the toxicity, the PBMC were incubated for 20 hours, with monomers, for the analysis of cell viability using MTT assay. To evaluate cell death in the populations of monocytes and lymphocytes, they were exposed to sub-lethal doses of each monomer and of heat-inactivated Porphyromonas gingivalis (P. gingivalis) for 5 hours. Secretions of IL-1β, IL-6, IL-10 and TNF-α were determined by ELISA after 20 hours. Results: UDMA and TEGDMA induced apoptosis after a short-time exposure. Bacterial challenge induced significant production of IL-1β and TNF-α (p<0.05). TEGDMA reduced the bacterial-induced release of IL-1β and TNF-α, whereas UDMA reduced IL-1β release (p<0.05). These monomers did not affect IL-10 and IL-6 secretion. BISGMA did not significantly interfere in cytokine release. Conclusions: These results show that resin monomers are toxic to PBMC in a dose-dependent manner, and may influence the local immune inflammatory response and tissue damage mechanisms via regulation of bacterial-induced IL-1β and TNF-α secretion by PBMC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Polyethylene Glycols/pharmacology , Polymethacrylic Acids/pharmacology , Polyurethanes/pharmacology , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/drug effects , Cytokines/metabolism , Bisphenol A-Glycidyl Methacrylate/pharmacology , Porphyromonas gingivalis/physiology , Methacrylates/pharmacology , Reference Values , Time Factors , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/metabolism , Cell Survival/drug effects , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Cytokines/analysis , Cytokines/drug effects , Apoptosis/drug effects , Statistics, Nonparametric , Necrosis
3.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 33: e040, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001596

ABSTRACT

Abstract: The study characterizes dental implant surfaces treated with phosphoric acid to assess the effects of acid treatment on blood cells and correlate them with cytokine levels. The implant surfaces examined were divided into untreated metal surface (US; n = 50), metal surface treated with phosphoric acid (ATS; n = 50) and cement surface (CS; n = 50) groups. The samples were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and rheometry. The implants were incubated with human blood mononuclear cells for 24 h, with surface rinsing in the ATS treatment. Cell viability was determined by colorimetric methods and cytokines in the culture supernatant were quantified using flow cytometry. In the ATS group, the surface porosity and contact surface were increased and plaques were observed on the surface. The blood flow and viscosity curves were similar among the treatments, and the high cell viability rates indicate the biocompatibility of the materials used. An increase in the levels of IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-10 and TNF-α was observed in the ATS and CS groups. There were positive correlations between IL-10 and IL-2 levels and between IL-10 and IL-4 levels in the culture supernatant of the ATS group. The results suggest that implant surface treatment with phosphoric acid activates the production of inflammatory cytokines. The increased cytokine levels can modulate the immune response, thereby improving biofunctional processes and promoting the success of dental implants.


Subject(s)
Humans , Phosphoric Acids/pharmacology , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/drug effects , Dental Implants , Cytokines/analysis , Dental Materials/pharmacology , Rheology , Surface Properties , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Cell Survival , Cytokines/metabolism , Interleukin-10/analysis , Interleukin-10/metabolism , Dental Cements , Anti-Inflammatory Agents
4.
Journal of Medicinal Plants. 2017; 16 (Supp. 10): 167-173
in Persian | IMEMR | ID: emr-185705

ABSTRACT

Background: Today the use of medicinal plants to improve the immune system function and against pathogenic bacteria has been considered


Objective: In this study, the effect of methanol extract of the aerial parts of Agrimonia eupatoria on peripheral blood mononuclear cells [PBMC] and 12 pathogenic bacteria were investigated


Methods: The methanol extract of branches, stems, seeds and leaves of Agrimonia eupatoria were prepared and the effect of different concentrations of 50, 100, 500, 1000, 1500, 2000 and 2500 micro g/ml of the extract on proliferation of PBMC was evaluated by MTT assay. Also the effect of concentrations of 1, 2, 4, 5, 7 and 10 mg/ml of the extract was tested on 12 pathogenic bacteria by disc method and on nutrient agar media


Results: The methanol extract of the branch, stem and seed of Agrimonia eupatoria showed the most stimulatory effects on immune system and induced the proliferation of PBMCs up to 8 times. Methanol extract of Agrimonia eupatoria showed antibacterial effects against gram-positive bacteria and the most antibacterial effect was on Bacillus subtilis at a concentration of 4 mg/ml and Staphylococcus aureus at concentration of 7 mg/ml


Conclusion: The Agrimonia eupatoria methanol extract showed stimulatory effects on the immune system and also antibacterial properties against certain gram-positive pathogenic bacteria. These finding indicate that Agrimonia eupatoria can be considered to use for immunodeficiency patients and moreover to control some bacterial infections


Subject(s)
Plant Extracts , Plants, Medicinal , Agrimonia , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/drug effects , Bacteria/drug effects
5.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 50(8): e5163, 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-888986

ABSTRACT

Pseudobrickellia brasiliensis (Asteraceae) is a plant commonly known as arnica-do-campo and belongs to the native flora of the Brazilian Cerrado. The alcoholic extract of the plant has been used as an anti-inflammatory agent in folk medicine, but the biological mechanism of action has not been elucidated. The present study evaluated the composition of P. brasiliensis aqueous extract and its effects on pro-inflammatory cytokine production and lymphocyte proliferation. The extracts were prepared by sequential maceration of P. brasiliensis leaves in ethanol, ethyl acetate, and water. Extract cytotoxicity was evaluated by trypan blue exclusion assay, and apoptosis and necrosis were measured by staining with annexin V-FITC and propidium iodide. The ethanolic (ETA) and acetate (ACE) extracts showed cytotoxic effects. The aqueous extract (AQU) was not cytotoxic. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells stimulated with phorbol myristate acetate and ionomycin and treated with AQU (100 μg/mL) showed reduced interferon (IFN)-γ and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α expression. AQU also inhibited lymphocyte proliferative response after nonspecific stimulation with phytohemagglutinin. The aqueous extract was analyzed by liquid chromatography coupled with photodiode array detection and mass spectrometry. Quinic acid and its derivatives 5-caffeoylquinic acid and 3,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid, as well as the flavonoids luteolin and luteolin dihexoside, were detected. All these compounds are known to exhibit anti-inflammatory activity. Taken together, these findings demonstrate that P. brasiliensis aqueous extract can inhibit the pro-inflammatory cytokine production and proliferative response of lymphocytes. These effects may be related to the presence of chemical substances with anti-inflammatory actions previously reported in scientific literature.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/pharmacology , Asteraceae/chemistry , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Interferon-gamma/drug effects , Lymphocytes/drug effects , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/drug effects , Cell Survival/drug effects , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Interferon-gamma/metabolism , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/drug effects , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/metabolism , Plant Extracts/chemistry , Time Factors , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism
6.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 36(4): 603-611, dic. 2016. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-950926

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción. Las tiosemicarbazonas y sus complejos de paladio (II) poseen actividad antineoplásica con pocos efectos secundarios, por lo cual se las considera como una nueva alternativa terapéutica. Sin embargo, existen diferencias en los rangos de la concentración inhibitoria media (CI50) asociada a la divergencia estructural y la solubilidad de los complejos, así como a la sensibilidad de los blancos celulares. La inclusión de fármacos en la beta-ciclodextrina con fines terapéuticos ha mejorado su solubilidad y estabilidad, pero los efectos de su combinación con los complejos de paladio (II) y las tiosemicarbazonas no se han comprobado aún. Objetivo. Estudiar el efecto citotóxico de los complejos de paladio en la beta-ciclodextrina. Materiales y métodos. La actividad citotóxica de los complejos de paladio en la beta-ciclodextrina se evaluó en la línea celular de cáncer de mama (MCF-7), empleando el método de la sulforodamina B. Resultados. Los ligandos MePhPzTSC y Ph2PzTSC, sus complejos de paladio (II) libres e incluidos en la beta-ciclodextrina y el cisplatino mostraron actividad citotóxica en la línea celular MCF-7; sin embargo, la citotoxicidad fue mayor con la inclusión en la beta-ciclodextrina ([Pd(MePhPzTSC)2]•ß-CD y [Pd(Ph2PzTSC)2]•ß-CD). La concentración inhibitoria media (CI50) para estos complejos se obtuvo en concentraciones de 0,14 y 0,49 μM, y con dosis hasta cinco veces inferiores comparadas con las concentraciones de los ligandos libres (1,4 y 2,9 μM), de los complejos de paladio (II) libres (0,57 y 1,24 μM) y del cisplatino (6,87 μM). Conclusiones. El uso de la beta-ciclodextrina mejoró significativamente la actividad citotóxica de las tiosemicarbazonas y sus complejos de paladio (II), lo cual probablemente está asociado al incremento de la solubilidad y biodisponibilidad del compuesto, estrategia que se puede sugerir para el diseño de futuros fármacos antineoplásicos.


Abstract Introduction: Thiosemicarbazones and palladium (II) complexes have antineoplastic activities with mild side effects, for which they are considered new alternative antineoplastic drugs. However, the IC50 ranges of these complexes vary due to differences in their structure and solubility and their sensitivities for various cellular targets. Beta-cyclodextrin is an additive used to improve the solubility and stability of various drugs for therapeutic use, but the combination of beta-cyclodextrin with palladium (II) complexes and thiosemicarbazones has not been tested yet. Objective: To study the cytotoxic effect of palladium (II) inclusion complexes in beta-cyclodextrin. Materials and methods: We tested the cytotoxic activity of palladium complexes combined with betacyclodextrin in the breast cancer cell line MCF-7 using a sulforhodamine B assay. Results: We tested the antiproliferative activity of palladium (II) complexes with and without the ligands MePhPzTSC and Ph2PzTSC and with and without beta-cyclodextrin in MCF-7 cells and compared them to that of cisplatin. All combinations showed antiproliferative activity; however, the activity was greater for the combinations that included beta-cyclodextrin: ([Pd (MePhPzTSC) 2] • ß-CD and [Pd (Ph2PzTSC) 2] • ß-CD), at concentrations of 0.14 and 0.49 μM, respectively. The IC50 for this complex was 5-fold lower than that of the ligand-free combinations (1.4 and 2.9 μM, respectively). The IC50 for free palladium (II) complex was 0.571.24 μM and that for cisplatin was 6.87 μM. Conclusions: Beta-cyclodextrin significantly enhanced the cytotoxic activities of palladium (II) complexes and thiosemicarbazones probably by improving their solubility and bioavailability. The addition of betacyclodextrin is a possible strategy for designing new anticancer drugs.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Organometallic Compounds/pharmacology , Palladium/pharmacology , Adjuvants, Pharmaceutic/pharmacology , beta-Cyclodextrins/pharmacology , Antineoplastic Agents/pharmacology , Organometallic Compounds/chemistry , Palladium/chemistry , Solubility , Drug Screening Assays, Antitumor , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/drug effects , Biological Availability , Drug Design , Molecular Structure , Cell Division/drug effects , Cisplatin/pharmacology , Inhibitory Concentration 50 , Cytotoxins/pharmacology , Cytotoxins/chemistry , Drug Synergism , MCF-7 Cells , Antineoplastic Agents/chemistry
7.
Biol. Res ; 48: 1-8, 2015. ilus, graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-734619

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are considered the best candidate in stem cells therapy due to their multipotent differentiation ability, low expression of co-stimulatory molecules (CD80, CD86, CD34 and HLA-II) and immunosuppression effects on in vivo immune responses. MSCs were now widely used in clinical trials but received no encourage results. The major problem was the fate of engrafted MSCs in vivo could not be defined. Some studies indicated that MSCs could induce immune response and result in the damage and rejection of MSCs. As toll like receptors (TLRs) are important in inducing of immune responses, in this study we study the role of TLR7 in mediating the immune status of MSCs isolated from umbilical cord. RESULTS: Our results indicated that TLR7 agonist Imiquimod could increase the proliferation of PBMC isolated from healthy human volunteers and release of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) in supernatant from PBMC-UCMSCs co-culture system. Flow cytometry and quantitative PCR also confirmed the regulated expression of surface co-stimulatory molecules and pro-inflammatory genes (IL-6, IL-8, IL-12, TGF-β and TNF-α). And the down-regulation expression of stem cell markers also confirmed the loss of stemness of UCMSCs. We also found that the osteo-differentiation ability of UCMSCs was enhanced in the presence of Imiquimod. CONCLUSION: To our knowledge, this is the first report that activation of TLR7 pathway increases the immunogenicity of UCMSCs. Extensive researches have now been conducted to study whether the change of immune status will be help in tumor rejection based on the tumor-tropism of MSCs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adjuvants, Immunologic/pharmacology , Aminoquinolines/pharmacology , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/drug effects , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/immunology , /agonists , Antigens, CD/drug effects , Cell Differentiation/drug effects , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Flow Cytometry , Gene Expression Regulation/drug effects , /analysis , /analysis , /analysis , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase/drug effects , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/drug effects , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/immunology , Membrane Proteins/drug effects , Osteogenesis/drug effects , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Transforming Growth Factor beta/analysis , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/analysis
8.
Arq. bras. endocrinol. metab ; 58(1): 53-61, 02/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-705239

ABSTRACT

Objective : The Brazilian population has heterogeneous ethnicity. No previous study evaluated NR3C1 polymorphisms in a Brazilian healthy population. Materials and methods : We assessed NR3C1 polymorphisms in Brazilians of Caucasian, African and Asian ancestry (n = 380). In a subgroup (n = 40), we compared the genotypes to glucocorticoid (GC) sensitivity, which was previously evaluated by plasma (PF) and salivary (SF) cortisol after dexamethasone (DEX) suppression tests, GC receptor binding affinity (K d ), and DEX-50% inhibition (IC 50 ) of concanavalin-A-stimulated mononuclear cell proliferation. p.N363S (rs6195), p.ER22/23EK (rs6189-6190), and BclI (rs41423247) allelic discrimination was performed by Real-Time PCR (Polymerase Chain Reaction). Exons 3 to 9 and exon/intron boundaries were amplified by PCR and sequenced. Results : Genotypic frequencies (%) were: rs6195 (n = 380; AA:96.6/AG:3.14/GG:0.26), rs6189-6190 (n = 264; GG:99.6/GA:0.4), rs41423247 (n = 264; CC:57.9/CG:34.1/GG:8.0), rs6188 (n = 155; GG:69.6/GT:25.7/TT:4.7), rs258751 (n = 150; CC:88.0/CT:10.7/TT:1.3), rs6196 (n = 176; TT:77.2/TC:20.4/CC:2.4), rs67300719 (n = 137; CC:99.3/CT:0.7), and rs72542757 (n = 137; CC:99.3/CG:0.7). The rs67300719 and rs72542757 were found only in Asian descendants, in whom p.N363S and p.ER22/23EK were absent. The p.ER22/23EK was observed exclusively in Caucasian descendants. Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium was observed, except in the Asian for rs6188 and rs258751, and in the African for p.N363S. The K d , IC 50 , baseline and after DEX PF or SF did not differ between genotype groups. However, the mean DEX dose that suppressed PF or SF differed among the BclI genotypes (P = 0.03). DEX dose was higher in GG- (0.7 ± 0.2 mg) compared to GC- (0.47 ± 0.2 mg) and CC-carriers (0.47 ± 0.1 mg). Conclusion : The genotypic frequencies of NR3C1 polymorphisms in Brazilians are similar to worldwide populations. Additionally, the BclI polymorphism ...


Objetivo : Este estudo avalia polimorfismos (SNPs) do NR3C1 na população brasileira, que possui origem étnica heterogênea. Materiais e métodos : SNPs do NR3C1 foram avaliados em brasileiros de ancestralidade caucasiana, africana ou japonesa (n = 380). Em um subgrupo (n = 40), os genótipos foram comparados à sensibilidade aos glicocorticoides (GC), previamente avaliada por cortisol plasmático (PF) e salivar (SF) após supressão com dexametasona (DEX), ensaio de afinidade do receptor ao GC (K d ) e inibição por DEX de 50% da proliferação de mononucleares estimulada por concanavalina-A (IC 50 ). Discriminação alélica de p.N363S (rs6195), p.ER22/23EK (rs6189-6190) e BclI (rs41423247) foi realizada por PCR em tempo real. Éxons 3 a 9 e transições éxon/íntron foram amplificados e sequenciados. Resultados : Frequências genotípicas (%) foram: rs6195 (n = 380; AA:96,6/AG:3,14/GG:0,26), rs6189-6190 (n = 264; GG:99,6/GA:0,4), rs41423247 (n = 264; CC:57,9/CG:34,1/GG:8,0), rs6188 (n = 155; GG:69,6/GT:25,7/TT:4,7), rs258751 (n = 150; CC:88,0/CT:10,7/TT:1,3), rs6196 (n = 176; TT:77,2/TC:20,4/CC:2,4), rs67300719 (n = 137; CC:99,3/CT:0,7), e rs72542757 (n = 137; CC:99,3/CG:0,7). Enquanto rs67300719 e rs72542757 foram exclusivos dos nipodescendentes, p.N363S e p.ER22/23EK estavam ausentes nesses indivíduos. p.ER22/23EK foi exclusivo dos descendentes de caucasianos. Equilíbrio de Hardy-Weinberg foi observado, exceto nos nipodescendentes para rs6188 e rs258751 e nos afrodescendentes para p.N363S. K d , IC 50 , PF ou SF basal ou após DEX foram semelhantes entre os genótipos. Entretanto, a dose média de DEX que suprimiu PF ou SF diferiu entre os genótipos BclI (P = 0,03), sendo maior nos carreadores GG (0,7 ± 0,2 mg) comparada aos GC (0,47 ± 0,2 mg) e CC (0,47 ± 0,1 mg). Conclusão : As ...


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Blacks/genetics , Asians/genetics , Whites/genetics , Metabolism, Inborn Errors/genetics , Polymorphism, Genetic/drug effects , Receptors, Glucocorticoid/deficiency , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/pharmacology , Brazil/ethnology , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Dexamethasone/pharmacology , Gene Frequency , Genetic Association Studies , Hydrocortisone/blood , Hydrocortisone , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/drug effects , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Receptors, Glucocorticoid/genetics , Sequence Analysis, DNA
9.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 141(9): 1150-1157, set. 2013. ilus, graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-699682

ABSTRACT

Background: The rainforest is an important source of natural compounds with therapeutic properties. Although there are many anti-inflammatory and antineoplastic drugs available to the clinician, there is an ongoing need for new therapeutic drugs with fewer serious adverse effects. Aim: To evaluate the in vitro cytotoxic effects of lupeol and casearin G on tumor cells, on phagocytic activity and nitric oxide (NO) production by blood mononuclear cells. Material and Methods: The cytotoxic effect of these compounds on cell lines MCF-7 (human breast adenocarcinoma) and PC-3 (human prostate cancer) was measured by a colorimetric assay (MTS/PMS) and the sulphorhodamine B assay. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells were obtained from eight healthy volunteers. The effect of these compounds on nitric oxide (NO) production was measured using the Griess reaction. Their effect on phagocytic activity of PBMC was also evaluated. Results: Lupeol (≥ 2 mM) resulted in a reduction of both the phagocytic index and the percentage of phagocytic monocytes and macrophages. Treatment of monocytes/macrophages with lupeol (72 µM) and casearin G (4 µM) reduced the production of NO. Neither lupeol (< 969 µM) nor casearin G (< 55 µM) had cytotoxic effects on PBMC. Casearin G showed both cytotoxic (IC50, LC50) and cytostatic (GI50) effects against tumor cells, PC-3 (IC50 = 12.5 µM; GI50 = 13.3 µM; LC50 = 51.9 µM) and MCF-7 (IC50 = 112.8 µM; GI50 = 11.8 µM; LC50 = 49.4 µM), as well as a hemolytic effect (≥ 182 µM). Conclusions: These observations indicate that lupeol and casearin G might be useful compounds in the preparation of anti-inflammatory drugs, whereas casearin G might be useful in the elaboration of antitumor drugs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/pharmacology , Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic/pharmacology , Diterpenes/pharmacology , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/drug effects , Nitric Oxide/biosynthesis , Pentacyclic Triterpenes/pharmacology , Phagocytosis/drug effects , Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic/isolation & purification , Casearia/chemistry , Cell Line, Tumor/drug effects , Drug Screening Assays, Antitumor , Diterpenes/isolation & purification , Pentacyclic Triterpenes/isolation & purification , Zanthoxylum/chemistry
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-169636

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of meloxicam (MEL) on selected immune parameters of bovine CD25highCD4+, CD25lowCD4+, and CD25-CD4+ cells. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) collected from 12-month-old heifers were treated with MEL at a concentration corresponding to the serum level of this medication following administration at the recommended dose (MEL 5 x 10(-6) M) and at a concentration 10 times lower (MEL 5 x 10(-7) M). After 12 and 24 h of incubation with the drug, the percentage of CD25highCD4+ cells decreased; however, this disturbance was quickly reversed. Furthermore, the absolute number of CD25highCD4+ cells in the PBMC populations treated with MEL 5 x 10(-6) M for 48 and 168 h was increased. Prolonged (168 h) exposure to the drug increased the percentage of Foxp3+ cells in the CD25highCD4+ cell subpopulation. The higher dose of MEL was found to significantly increase the percentage of IFN-gamma+ cells among the CD25-CD4+ cells. These results indicated that MEL does not exert an immunosuppressive effect by depleting CD4+ cells and suppression of IFN-gamma+ production by these cells. Furthermore, IL-10 and TGF-beta production was not changed following exposure to MEL.


Subject(s)
Animals , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/administration & dosage , Apoptosis/drug effects , CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes/drug effects , Cattle , Cytokines/metabolism , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Female , Forkhead Transcription Factors/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation/drug effects , Immune Tolerance/drug effects , Interleukin-2 Receptor alpha Subunit/metabolism , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/drug effects , Thiazines/administration & dosage , Thiazoles/administration & dosage
11.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 140(11): 1377-1382, nov. 2012. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-674002

ABSTRACT

Background: The pharmacological action of metformin goes beyond mere glycemic control, decreasing markers of inflammation and contributing to the reduction of oxidative stress. Aim: To evaluate biochemical, anthropometric and pro-inflammatory markers in obese type 2 diabetic patients treated or not with metformin. Patients and Methods: Obese patients with type 2 diabetes were invited to participate in the study if they were aged more than 40 years, were not receiving insulin, did not have cardiovascular diseases and were not taking anti-inflammatory drugs. A pharmacological history was taken and patients were stratified in two groups whether they were using metformin or not. A fasting blood sample was obtained to measure blood glucose, insulin, lipid levels, C reactive protein (hsCRP) and to isolate peripheral blood mononuclear cells. RNA was isolated from these cells to measure expression of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), Interleukin-6 (IL-6), nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells (NF-kB), Toll-Like Receptor 2/4 (TLR 2/4) and beta-2-microglobulin (B2M). Results: Thirty participants were studied. Of these, 16 subjects aged 54.4 ± 5.5years were treated with metformin and 14 subjects aged 54.9 ± 6.4 years did not receive the drug. Participants receiving metformin had lower levels of hsCRP and lower mRNA relative abundance of TNF-α and TLR 2/4. There were no differences in glucose levels or lipid profile between both groups. Conclusions: Obese diabetic patients treated with metformin had lower levels of hsCRP expression of TNF-α and TLR 2/4, than their counterparts not receiving the drug.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , /drug therapy , Hypoglycemic Agents/therapeutic use , Metformin/therapeutic use , Obesity/blood , Toll-Like Receptors/blood , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/blood , Body Mass Index , Biomarkers/analysis , Case-Control Studies , /blood , Hypoglycemic Agents/pharmacology , Inflammation/genetics , /blood , /genetics , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/drug effects , Metformin/pharmacology , Obesity/complications , Obesity/physiopathology , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Toll-Like Receptors/genetics , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/genetics
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-128887

ABSTRACT

Since the risk of developing allergic disease increases in individuals exposed to allergens previously, even during the neonatal period, the immunologic status of a fetus may be important in the subsequent development of allergy. We evaluated the fetal factors to predict atopic dermatitis (AD) at 12 months in 412 infants of a COhort for Childhood Origin of Asthma and Allergic Diseases (COCOA) in the general Korean population. Cord blood mononuclear cells (CBMCs) were stimulated with ovalbumin and phytohemagglutinin and cellular proliferative response and concentrations of interleukin-13 and interferon-gamma, were measured. The risk of developing AD was greater in boys than girls (OR 1.97, 95% CI 1.26-3.09), infants delivered by cesarean section than vaginally (OR 1.93, 95% CI 1.14-3.26) and infants with than without parental history of AD (OR 2.34, 95% CI 1.29-4.24). The CBMC proliferative response to phytohemagglutinin stimulation was higher in infants with than without AD (P = 0.048), but no difference was observed in ovalbumin-stimulated cells (P = 0.771). Risk factors for the development of AD at 12 months include male gender, delivery by cesarean section and parental history of AD. Increased CBMC proliferative response to phytohemagglutinin stimulation may predict the development of AD at 12 months.


Subject(s)
Adult , Cell Proliferation , Cesarean Section , Dermatitis, Atopic/diagnosis , Female , Fetal Blood/cytology , Humans , Infant , Interferon-gamma/metabolism , Interleukin-13/metabolism , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/drug effects , Male , Odds Ratio , Ovalbumin/toxicity , Phytohemagglutinins/toxicity , Predictive Value of Tests , Pregnancy , Risk Factors , Sex Factors
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-128870

ABSTRACT

Since the risk of developing allergic disease increases in individuals exposed to allergens previously, even during the neonatal period, the immunologic status of a fetus may be important in the subsequent development of allergy. We evaluated the fetal factors to predict atopic dermatitis (AD) at 12 months in 412 infants of a COhort for Childhood Origin of Asthma and Allergic Diseases (COCOA) in the general Korean population. Cord blood mononuclear cells (CBMCs) were stimulated with ovalbumin and phytohemagglutinin and cellular proliferative response and concentrations of interleukin-13 and interferon-gamma, were measured. The risk of developing AD was greater in boys than girls (OR 1.97, 95% CI 1.26-3.09), infants delivered by cesarean section than vaginally (OR 1.93, 95% CI 1.14-3.26) and infants with than without parental history of AD (OR 2.34, 95% CI 1.29-4.24). The CBMC proliferative response to phytohemagglutinin stimulation was higher in infants with than without AD (P = 0.048), but no difference was observed in ovalbumin-stimulated cells (P = 0.771). Risk factors for the development of AD at 12 months include male gender, delivery by cesarean section and parental history of AD. Increased CBMC proliferative response to phytohemagglutinin stimulation may predict the development of AD at 12 months.


Subject(s)
Adult , Cell Proliferation , Cesarean Section , Dermatitis, Atopic/diagnosis , Female , Fetal Blood/cytology , Humans , Infant , Interferon-gamma/metabolism , Interleukin-13/metabolism , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/drug effects , Male , Odds Ratio , Ovalbumin/toxicity , Phytohemagglutinins/toxicity , Predictive Value of Tests , Pregnancy , Risk Factors , Sex Factors
14.
Clinics ; 67(6): 587-590, 2012. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-640207

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate the production of interferon-gamma and interleukin-10 by stimulated peripheral blood mononuclear cells isolated from patients with supraglottic laryngeal cancer before and after surgical treatment. METHODS: Fourteen patients with advanced supraglottic laryngeal cancer were studied. Cultures of peripheral blood mononuclear cells isolated during the preoperative and late postoperative periods were stimulated with concanavalin A and Bacille Calmette-Guerin, and the supernatant concentrations of interferon-gamma and interleukin-10 were measured. RESULTS: For non-stimulated cultures, the interferon-gamma levels produced by the preoperative period and the late postoperative period cultures were lower than the levels produced by the control group cultures. The interferon-gamma levels after stimulation with concanavalin A were higher in the late postoperative period cultures than in the preoperative evaluation cultures. Stimulation with Bacille Calmette-Guerin led to the production of similar levels of interferon-gamma and interleukin-10 by all cultures; thus, stimulation increased the levels of interferon-gamma produced by both the preoperative and postoperative cultures relative to the levels produced by the corresponding unstimulated cultures. CONCLUSION: Patients with advanced supraglottic laryngeal cancer exhibit an in vitro deficiency in interferongamma secretion by mononuclear cells. Stimulated cells seem to recover this function during the postoperative period.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Carcinoma/blood , Interferon-gamma/biosynthesis , /biosynthesis , Laryngeal Neoplasms/blood , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/metabolism , Case-Control Studies , Carcinoma/pathology , Concanavalin A/pharmacology , Cytokines/blood , Interferon-gamma/blood , /blood , Laryngeal Neoplasms/pathology , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/drug effects , Mycobacterium bovis , Mitogens/pharmacology , Neoplasm Staging , Statistics, Nonparametric
15.
Tehran University Medical Journal [TUMJ]. 2012; 69 (11): 671-677
in Persian | IMEMR | ID: emr-122532

ABSTRACT

Isosorbide dinitrate has been broadly used in the treatment of various ischemic heart diseases. Isosorbide is a nitric oxide donor which increases blood flow to tumors through vasodilatation and consequently accelerates the access of chemo-drugs to them. Furthermore, this drug has inhibitory effects on angiogenesis, tumor growth and metastasis in vivo. Moreover, its antinflammatory effects have also been reported. In the present study we evaluated the effects of isosorbide on the proliferative activity of fibrosarcoma WEHI-164 cell line and peripheral blood mononuclear cells [PBMCs]. WEHI-164 fibrosarcoma cells and human PBMCs were cultured in complete Roswell Park Memorial Institute [RPMI] 1640 medium with 10% fetal bovine serum and 2x104 cells/mL for WEHI-164 and 2x105 cells/mL for PBMCs. The cells were then incubated at the exponential growth phase with different concentrations of isosorbide [4xl0[-6]-1.6xl0[-3] M] for 24, 48 and 72 hours. Subsequently, isosorbide effects on proliferation of the cells were evaluated by trypan blue dye exclusion [TB] test and MTT assay. Statistical comparisons between groups were made by analysis of variance. The proliferative activity of WEHI-164 fibrosarcoma cells and human PBMCs treated with different concentrations of isosorbide, did not show any significant difference with untreated control cells. The results of this study showed that isosorbide neither had any significant effects on the proliferative activity of fibrosarcoma WEHI-164 cells nor on human PBMCs. Our findings suggest that anti-tumoral effects of isosorbide reported by other investigators may be mediated through non-cytotoxic mechanisms


Subject(s)
Leukocytes, Mononuclear/drug effects , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Fibrosarcoma , Cell Line/drug effects , Trypan Blue
16.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 106(8): 986-992, Dec. 2011. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-610974

ABSTRACT

In this study, we evaluated whether human serum and lipoproteins, especially high-density lipoprotein (HDL), affected serum amyloid A (SAA)-induced cytokine release. We verified the effects of SAA on THP-1 cells in serum-free medium compared to medium containing human serum or lipoprotein-deficient serum. SAA-induced tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) production was higher in the medium containing lipoprotein-deficient serum than in the medium containing normal human serum. The addition of HDL inhibited the SAA-induced TNF-α release in a dose-dependent manner. This inhibitory effect was specific for HDL and was not affected by low-density lipoprotein or very low-density lipoprotein. In human peripheral blood mononuclear cells, the inhibitory effect of HDL on TNF-α production induced by SAA was less pronounced. However, this effect was significant when HDL was added to lipoprotein-deficient medium. In addition, a similar inhibitory effect was observed for interleukin-1 beta release. These findings confirm the important role of HDL and support our previous hypothesis that HDL inhibits the effects of SAA during SAA transport in the bloodstream. Moreover, the HDL-induced reduction in the proinflammatory activity of SAA emphasizes the involvement of SAA in diseases, such as atherosclerosis, that are characterized by low levels of HDL.


Subject(s)
Humans , Interleukin-1beta/biosynthesis , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/metabolism , Lipoproteins, HDL/pharmacology , Serum Amyloid A Protein/antagonists & inhibitors , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/biosynthesis , Culture Media, Serum-Free , Interleukin-1beta/drug effects , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/drug effects , Lipoproteins, LDL/pharmacology , Lipoproteins, VLDL/pharmacology , Monocytes/drug effects , Monocytes/metabolism , Serum Amyloid A Protein/pharmacology
17.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 44(11): 1134-1140, Nov. 2011. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-604281

ABSTRACT

Human T lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) is the causal agent of myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP), a disease mediated by the immune response. HTLV-1 induces a spontaneous proliferation and production of pro-inflammatory cytokines by T cells, and increasing interferon-γ (IFN-γ) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) levels are potentially involved in tissue damage in diseases related to HTLV-1. This exaggerated immune response is also due to an inability of the natural regulatory mechanisms to down-modulate the immune response in this group of patients. TNF-α inhibitors reduce inflammation and have been shown to improve chronic inflammatory diseases in clinical trials. The aim of this study was to evaluate the ability of pentoxifylline, forskolin, rolipram, and thalidomide to decrease in vitro production of TNF-α and IFN-γ in cells of HTLV-1-infected subjects. Participants of the study included 19 patients with HAM/TSP (mean age, 53 ± 11; male:female ratio, 1:1) and 18 HTLV-1 carriers (mean age, 47 ± 11; male:female ratio, 1:2.6). Cytokines were determined by ELISA in supernatants of mononuclear cell cultures. Pentoxifylline inhibited TNF-α and IFN-γ synthesis with the minimum dose used (50 µM). The results with forskolin were similar to those observed with pentoxifylline. The doses of rolipram used were 0.01-1 µM and the best inhibition of TNF-α production was achieved with 1 µM and for IFN-γ production it was 0.01 µM. The minimum dose of thalidomide used (1 µM) inhibited TNF-α production but thalidomide did not inhibit IFN-γ production even when the maximum dose (50 µM) was used. All drugs had an in vitro inhibitory effect on TNF-α production and, with the exception of thalidomide, all of them also decreased IFN-γ production.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/pharmacology , HTLV-I Infections/metabolism , Immunosuppressive Agents/pharmacology , Interferon-gamma/biosynthesis , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/drug effects , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/biosynthesis , Case-Control Studies , Colforsin/pharmacology , HTLV-I Infections/immunology , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/metabolism , Pentoxifylline/pharmacology , Rolipram/pharmacology , Statistics, Nonparametric , Thalidomide/pharmacology
18.
Invest. clín ; 52(1): 15-22, mar. 2011. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-630916

ABSTRACT

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS) are the first line of therapy in acute gouty arthritis. NSAIDs inhibit the cyclooxygenase pathway, but not the lipooxygenase activity and can have many adverse effects and thus have a limited effect on the control of inflammation in this disease. In this work we studied the effect of montelukast on the cellular inflammatory infiltrate in a model of murine arthritis induced by sodium monourate crystals (SMU), using a subcutaneous air cavity (air pouch) in BALB/c mice. Seven groups of BALB/c mice (n = 4) were distributed into five experimental groups and two inflammatory control groups, a positive and a negative one. Previous to SMU exposure, the experimental groups received montelukast (1 and 0.01 mg/Kg/w) and/or indomethacine (2.5 mg/Kg/w), followed by administration of SMU in the air pouch. The total and differential counts of inflammatory cells were analyzed after 2, 6, 12 and 24 hours. Montelukast, significantly reduced the total number of cells (p<0.05), with a predominant impact on polymorphonuclear over mononuclear cells, especially after 12 hours of the medication. The montelukast/indometacine combination showed an additive effect. Our data show that montelukast has an anti-inflammatory effect in the model of gouty arthritis. Consequently, anti-leukotrienes could represent a new and effective therapy, either isolated or combined with conventional therapy of gouty arthritis.


En artritis gotosa aguda las drogas antiinflamatorias no esteroideas son la primera línea terapéutica. Este tratamiento no es satisfactorio porque inhibe la ciclooxigenasa sin modificar la actividad de la lipooxigenasa, y puede acompañarse de numerosos efectos adversos. Investigamos el efecto de montelukast sobre el infiltrado celular inflamatorio en un modelo de artritis múrida inducida por cristales de monourato de sodio (MUS) en el modelo experimental de la bolsa de aire (air pouch). Siete grupos de ratones BALB/c (n = 4) fueron distribuidos en cinco grupos experimentales y dos grupos controles inflamatorios: positivo y negativo. Los grupos experimentales recibieron, montelukast (1 y 0,01 mg/Kg/p) y/o indometacina (2,5 mg/Kg/p) por vía oral, previo a la administración de MUS en la bolsa del aire. El conteo absoluto y diferencial de las células inflamatorias fue analizado después de 2, 6, 12 y 24 horas de tratamiento. El tratamiento con montelukast redujo significativamente el número total de células presentes en el infiltrado inflamatorio (p < 0,05), con un efecto mayor sobre polimorfonucleares que sobre las células mononucleares, y con un máximo efecto a las 12 horas después de la administración del medicamento. La combinación montelukast/indometacina mostró un efecto aditivo. Los resultados demuestran que montelukast tiene un efecto antiinflamatorio en el modelo de la artritis gotosa. Por lo tanto, los anti-leucotrienos podrían representar una nueva y eficaz terapia, aislada o en combinación con la terapéutica convencional, para la artritis gotosa.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Acetates/therapeutic use , Arthritis, Gouty/drug therapy , Leukotriene Antagonists/therapeutic use , Quinolines/therapeutic use , Uric Acid/toxicity , Acetates/administration & dosage , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/administration & dosage , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/therapeutic use , Arthritis, Gouty/chemically induced , Arthritis, Gouty/prevention & control , Cell Migration Assays, Leukocyte , Disease Models, Animal , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Drug Evaluation, Preclinical , Drug Synergism , Indomethacin/administration & dosage , Indomethacin/therapeutic use , Inflammation/chemically induced , Inflammation/drug therapy , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/drug effects , Leukotriene Antagonists/administration & dosage , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Neutrophils/drug effects , Premedication , Quinolines/administration & dosage
19.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 43(11): 1054-1061, Nov. 2010. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-564126

ABSTRACT

Hypnophilin and panepoxydone, terpenoids isolated from Lentinus strigosus, have significant inhibitory activity onTrypanosoma cruzi trypanothione reductase (TR). Although they have similar TR inhibitory activity at 10 μg/mL (40.3 μM and 47.6 μM for hypnophilin and panepoxydone, respectively; ~100 percent), hypnophilin has a slightly greater inhibitory activity (~71 percent) on T. cruzi amastigote (AMA) growth in vitro as well as on in vitro phytohemagglutinin (PHA)-induced peripheral blood mononuclear (PBMC) proliferation (~70 percent) compared to panepoxydone (69 percent AMA inhibition and 91 percent PBMC inhibition). Hypnophilin and panepoxydone at 1.25 μg/mL had 67 percent inhibitory activity onLeishmania (Leishmania) amazonensis amastigote-like (AMA-like) growth in vitro. The panepoxydone activity was accompanied by a significant inhibitory effect on PHA-induced PBMC proliferation, suggesting a cytotoxic action. Moreover, incubation of human PBMC with panepoxydone reduced the percentage of CD16+ and CD14+ cells and down-regulated CD19+, CD4+ and CD8+ cells, while hypnophilin did not alter any of the phenotypes analyzed. These data indicate that hypnophilin may be considered to be a prototype for the design of drugs for the chemotherapy of diseases caused by Trypanosomatidae.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antiprotozoal Agents/pharmacology , Bridged Bicyclo Compounds, Heterocyclic/pharmacology , Leishmania/drug effects , Lentinula/chemistry , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Sesquiterpenes/pharmacology , Trypanosoma cruzi/drug effects , Antigens, CD/drug effects , Bridged Bicyclo Compounds, Heterocyclic/isolation & purification , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Drug Design , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/drug effects , Sesquiterpenes/isolation & purification
20.
Indian J Biochem Biophys ; 2009 Apr; 46(2): 161-165
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-135189

ABSTRACT

Lentinula edodes (Berk) Pegler, commonly known as Shiitake mushroom has been used as medicinal food in Asian countries, especially in China and Japan and is believed to possess strong immunomodulatory property. In the present study, the methanolic extract of the fruit bodies of L. edodes was investigated for cytoprotective effect against H2O2-induced cytotoxicity in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) by measuring the activities of xanthine oxidase (XO) and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) . H2O2 at a concentration of 5 μM caused 50% inhibition of PBMCs viability. The extract improved the PBMC viability and exerted a dose-dependent protection against H2O2-induced cytotoxicity. At 100 μg/ml of extract concentration, the cell viability increased by 60% compared with the PBMCs incubated with H2O2 alone. The extract also inhibited XO activity in PBMC, while showing moderate stimulatory effect on GPx. However, in the presence of H2O2 alone, both the enzyme activities were increased significantly. The GPx activity increased, possibly in response to the increased availability of H2O2 in the cell. When the cells were pretreated with the extract and washed (to remove the extract) prior to the addition of H2O2, the GPx and XO activities as well as the cell viability were comparable to those when incubated with the extract alone. Thus, it is suggested that one of the possible mechanisms via which L. edodes methanolic extract confers protection against H2O2-induced oxidative stress in PBMC is by inhibiting the superoxide-producing XO and increasing GPx activity which could rapidly inactivate H2O2.


Subject(s)
Cell Survival/drug effects , Cytotoxins/antagonists & inhibitors , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Glutathione Peroxidase/metabolism , Humans , Hydrogen Peroxide/antagonists & inhibitors , Hydrogen Peroxide/metabolism , Hydrogen Peroxide/toxicity , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/cytology , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/drug effects , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/enzymology , Methanol/chemistry , Shiitake Mushrooms/chemistry , Xanthine Oxidase/metabolism
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