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Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 35: e006, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132752


Abstract: The objective of this study was to analyze the quality of videos on oral lichen planus (OLP) available in YouTube™. A cross-sectional analytical study was conducted by searching the video sharing platform YouTube™. Videos aimed at clarifying the etiological and clinical characteristics, diagnostic criteria, treatment, and prognosis of OLP were included. A total of 481 videos were retrieved and 37 were included in the study according to the selection criteria established. Most of the videos evaluated (86.5%; n = 32) were produced by independent users. The average reliability was 1.8 and quality assessment classified only three videos (8.1%) as having good/excellent quality. A significant correlation was observed between the length of the video analyzed and its quality and reliability (p < 0.05), as well as between the reliability and usefulness of the video (p = 0.03). YouTube™ has become a leading source of information for the general population. However, a significant number of these videos have a low quality. Students, professionals, and healthcare providers must be more actively involved in providing clear, accurate, and reliable evidence-based information in an accessible language in order to enable significant improvement in patient care delivery.

Humans , Lichen Planus, Oral/diagnosis , Social Media , Video Recording , Cross-Sectional Studies , Reproducibility of Results
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879957


Oral lichen planus (OLP) is a chronic inflammatory oral mucosal disease with unclear etiology. Autoimmune thyroid diseases (AITD) is a type of autoimmune disease characterized by increased thyroid-specific antibodies. In recent years, more and more studies have found that the incidence of AITD is increased in OLP patients. The occurrence and development of OLP and AITD may be related to the expression of thyroid autoantigen in oral keratinocytes, the imbalance of thyroid hormone (Th)1/Th2 and Th17/Treg cell subsets, the abnormal quantity and function of follicular helper T cells and chemokines and the specific killing ability of CD8 T cells to target cells. In this article, the possible immune mechanisms involved in the coexistence of OLP and AITD are reviewed to provide insights for the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of these two diseases from the perspective of immunology.

Autoimmune Diseases/complications , Hashimoto Disease , Humans , Lichen Planus, Oral/complications , Mouth Mucosa , Th17 Cells
J. appl. oral sci ; 29: e20210180, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1340111


Abstract Objective Our study compared the effects of injectable platelet-rich fibrin (i-PRF) with those of corticosteroids in the treatment of erosive oral lichen planus (EOLP). Methodology This split-mouth study included 24 individuals diagnosed histopathologically with bilateral EOLP. One bilateral lesion was injected with i-PRF, whereas the other was injected with methylprednisolone acetate in four sessions at 15-day intervals. Visual analog scale (VAS) for pain and satisfaction, oral health impact profile scale-14, and the lesion size were used. Results The intragroup comparisons showed a significant decrease in VAS-pain and lesion size in both the i-PRF group (from 81.88±17.74 to 13.33±18.34, and from 4.79±0.41 to 1.88±1.08, respectively) and the corticosteroid group (from 80.21±17.35 to 23.33±26.81, and from 4.71±0.46 to 2.21±1.35, respectively) in the 6th month compared to baseline (p<0.001). Moreover, VAS-satisfaction increased significantly in both the i-PRF group (from 26.67±17.8 to 85.63±16.24) and the corticosteroid group (from 28.33±17.05 to 74.38±24.11) in the 6th month compared to baseline (p<0.001). However, no significant difference in any value occurred in the intergroup comparisons. Conclusion In patients with EOLP, both methods decreased pain and lesion size similarly, and both increased satisfaction. Therefore, the use of i-PRF may be considered an option in cases refractory to topical corticosteroid therapy. Biochemical and histopathological studies are required to reveal the mechanism of i-PRF action in EOLP treatment.

Humans , Lichen Planus, Oral/drug therapy , Platelet-Rich Fibrin
Braz. dent. sci ; 24(3): 1-8, 2021. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1281167


Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the oral health related quality of life in patients with oral lichen planus, using a Chronic Oral Mucosal Diseases Questionnaire (COMDQ) during a course of standard medical treatment. Material and Methods: In this experimental study, fifteen patients with oral lichen planus were entered the study and the COMDQ (a self-reported questionnaire assessing different aspects of quality of life in individuals with chronic oral mucosal diseases), was used to assess the level of "Pain and functional limitation", "Medication and treatment", "Social emotional" and "Patient support" during the course of standard treatment. A data collection form including demographic information, type and location of the lesions, patients' symptoms and level of healing process was completed. Patients were evaluated weekly during four weeks of treatment and COMDQ scores were documented. Data were analyzed, using ANOVA and Friedman statistical tests. Results:The mean score of the COMDQ questionnaire in lichen planus patients who completed the course of treatment, showed significant improvement (p < 0.001) after each week of therapy. Oral symptoms and the healing process of oral lesions showed improvement without any statistically significant changes among different weeks of therapy. "Pain and functional limitation", "Medication and treatment" and "Patient Support" improved significantly during the treatment period (p<001); however, the "Social and emotional" aspect did not show significant changes over the course of medical management. Conclusion: Oral health-related quality of life in patients with oral lichen planus improved significantly during the course of medical treatment. (AU)

Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a qualidade de vida relaciona à saúde oral em pacientes com líquen plano oral, utilizando o questionário de Doença oral crônica (Chronic Oral Mucosal Diseases Questionnaire -COMDQ) durante o curso de tratamento médico convencional. Material e Métodos: Neste estudo, foram incluídos quinze pacientes com líquen plano oral e o COMDQ (Um questionário de auto-avaliação que abrange diversos aspectos da qualidade de vida dos indivíduos com doenças orais crônicas) foi utilizado para avaliar o nível de "dor e limitação funciononal", "medicação e tratamento, "habilidades sócio-emocionais" e "suporte do paciente" durante o curso do tratamento. Também foram coletados dados como informações geográficas, tipo e local das lesões, sintomas dos pacientes e se a cicatrização das lesões foi completa. Os pacientes foram avaliados semanalmente durante 4 semanas e os escores do COMDQ foram documentados. Os dados foram analisados utilizando os testes estatísticos de ANOVA e Friedman. Resultados: O escore médio do questionário COMDQ em pacientes com líquen plano que completaram o tratamento, demonstrou melhora significativa (p < 0,001) após cada semana de tratamento. Sintomas orais e o processo de cicatrização das lesões orais mostrou melhoras entre as diferentes semanas de tratamento, porém sem significância estatística. "Dor e limitação functional, "Medicação e tratamento"e "suporte do paciente" aumentaram significativamente durante o período de tratamento (p < 0,001); No entanto, "habilidades sócio-emocionais" não apresentou alterações significantes durante o curso do manejo clínico. Conclusão: Qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde oral em pacientes com líquen plano melhora significativamente no decorrer do tratamento médico. (AU)

Humans , Quality of Life , Oral Health , Lichen Planus, Oral
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 9(5): 400-404, oct. 31, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1179031


Introduction: Vitamin D deficiency is a global health problem that can be a risk factor for a broad range of diseases such as some autoimmune diseases. Due to the autoimmune base of lichen planus, it seems that a reduction of the serum level of vitamin D is related to lichen planus. In this study, we investigate the relation between serum level of vitamin D and oral lichen planus patients (OLP). Material and Methods: In this case-control study, 35 patients with OLP (including 15 men and 20 women) and 70 healthy volunteers (including 35 men and 35 women), aged between 30-60 years old, referred to Qazvin University of Medical Sciences were investigated. None of these volunteers had systemic diseases. Vitamin D levels were measured with ELFA (Enzyme Linked Fluorescent Assay) and the data was analyzed using the chi-squared test and t-test. Results: The mean serum level of vitamin D in the control group was 23.7±9ng/ml and in the case group was 18.12±8/7ng/ml. The results show that the serum level of vitamin D in patients with OLP is significantly less than in the control group (p<0.05). Conclusion: According to the results, the serum level of vitamin D in patients with OLP was significantly lower than that of healthy people.

Introducción: La deficiencia de vitamina D es un problema de salud global que puede ser un factor de riesgo para una amplia gama de enfermedades, como algunas enfermedades autoinmunes. Debido a la base autoinmune del liquen plano, parece que una reducción del nivel sérico de vitamina D está relacionada con el liquen plano. En este estudio, investigamos la relación entre el nivel sérico de vitamina D y los pacientes con liquen plano oral (LPO). Material y Métodos: En este estudio de casos y controles, 35 pacientes con LPO (incluidos 15 hombres y 20 mujeres) y 70 voluntarios sanos (incluidos 35 hombres y 35 mujeres), con edades comprendidas entre 30 y 60 años, remitieron a la Universidad de Medicina de Qazvin. Se investigaron las ciencias. Ninguno de estos voluntarios padecía enfermedades sistémicas. Los niveles de vitamina D se midieron con ELFA (ensayo fluorescente ligado a enzimas) y los datos se analizaron utilizando la prueba de chi-cuadrado y la prueba t. Resultados: El nivel sérico medio de vitamina D en el grupo de control fue de 23,7 ± 9 ng / ml y en el grupo de casos fue de 18,12 ± 8/7 ng / ml. Los resultados muestran que el nivel sérico de vitamina D en pacientes con OLP es significativamente menor que en el grupo de control (p<0.05). Conclusión: De acuerdo con los resultados, el nivel sérico de vitamina D en pacientes con LPO fue significativamente menor que en personas sanas.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Vitamin D Deficiency/complications , Lichen Planus, Oral/etiology , Autoimmune Diseases/etiology , Case-Control Studies , Chi-Square Distribution , Epidemiology, Experimental , Serum
Rev. ADM ; 77(2): 70-79, mar.-abr. 2020. ilus, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1100338


Las enfermedades autoinmunes tienen múltiples manifestaciones en estomatología, entre las más frecuentes se encuentra el liquen plano oral (LPO), se trata de una enfermedad crónica con manifestaciones clínicas en piel y mucosas. Se agrupa en dos formas anatomoclínicas, la de curso evolutivo benigno identificado como típico y la susceptible de transformación maligna, identificada como atípico. Histológicamente, la degeneración vacuolar del estrato basal del epitelio es el signo histomorfológico patognomónico seguido de apoptosis celular. La apoptosis es un evento esencial entre los fenómenos del ciclo celular, sucede con la finalidad de eliminar células dañadas o inútiles. De todas las proteínas implicadas las caspasas son los responsables de la ejecución de este mecanismo, especialmente la caspasa 3 por fragmentar y activar otras caspasas responsables de la proteólisis. El potencial de transformación maligna del LPO podría estar en relación con el fallo de este mecanismo de regulación del ciclo de las células epiteliales agredidas y la persistencia de células dañadas. El presente trabajo de investigación tuvo como objetivo analizar la presencia y proporción de apoptosis en las distintas variantes de LPO con técnicas histológicas de rutina y posterior aplicación de inmunohistoquímica, utilizando como marcador la caspasa 3. Se obtuvieron 20 biopsias de LPO de cinco variedades clínicas nueve variantes típicas (VT): cinco placa, cuatro reticulares y 11 variantes atípicas (VA): dos atróficos, seis erosivos, tres ampollares. El método de evaluación fue semicuantitativo, se consideró en función del porcentaje, se realizó un recuento celular de un total de 100 células en cinco campos de gran aumento considerando las siguientes categorías según ausencia, presencia leve (< 10%), moderada (10 ≤ 25%), intensa (25 ≤ 50%), no valorables. Se encontró una buena correlación de los cambios histológicos y el grado de expresión del marcador utilizado para poner en evidencia la apoptosis, sobre todo con las muestras de LPO de variante atípica. En los casos de las variantes atípicas de liquen observados en comparación con la tinción de rutina (H/E) se observó igualdad o una disminución en algunos casos del número de queratinocitos apoptóticos. En cuanto a las variantes clínicas consideradas «típicas¼ se observó que el recuento de células en apoptosis estaba significativamente elevado. Obtuvimos excelentes resultados con el inmunomarcador caspasa 3, el cual coincide con la literatura en su alta sensibilidad como recurso para cuantificar el número de apoptosis en estas lesiones orales (AU)

Autoimmune diseases have multiple manifestations in stomatology, among the most frequent is oral lichen planus (LPO), it is a chronic disease with clinical manifestations in skin and mucous membranes. It is grouped into two anatomoclinic forms, the benign evolutionary course identified as typical and susceptible to malignant transformation, identified as atypical. Histologically, vacuolar degeneration of the basal stratum of the epithelium is the pathognomonic histomorphological sign followed by cellular apoptosis. Apoptosis is an essential event among cell cycle phenomena, it happens in order to eliminate damaged or useless cells. Of all the proteins involved, caspases are responsible for the execution of this mechanism, especially caspase-3 for fragmenting and activating other caspases responsible for proteolysis. The potential for malignant transformation of the LPO could be related to the failure of this mechanism to regulate the cycle of attacked epithelial cells and the persistence of damaged cells. This research work aimed to analyze the presence and proportion of apoptosis in the different variants of LPO with routine histological techniques and subsequent application of immunohistochemistry, using caspase as a marker 3. 20 LPO biopsies from 5 clinical varieties were obtained 9 typical variants (VT): 5 plate, 4 reticular and 11 atypical variants (VA): 2 atrophic, 6 erosive, 3 ampoules. The evaluation method was semi-quantitative considering the percentage, making a cell count of a total of 100 cells, in five large-scale fields considering the following categories according to absence, mild presence (< 10%), moderate (10 ≤ 25%), intense (25 ≤ 50%), not valuable. We found a good correlation of histological changes and the degree of expression of the marker used to highlight apoptosis, especially with the atypical variant LPO samples. In the cases of atypical variants of lichen observed, compared with routine staining (H/E) we find equality or a decrease in some cases of the number of apoptotic keratinocytes. For clinical variants considered «typical¼ it was observed that the cell count in apoptosis was significantly increased. We obtained excellent results with the caspase 3 immunomarker coinciding with the literature of its high sensitivity as a resource to quantify the number of apoptosis in these oral lesions (AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Biomarkers , Cell Transformation, Neoplastic , Apoptosis , Lichen Planus, Oral/immunology , Caspase 3 , Biopsy , Immunohistochemistry , Statistical Analysis
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 9(2): 86-92, abr. 30, 2020. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1151843


Introduction: Lichen planus is one of the most common oral mucosal lesions. Transforming growth factor-ß (TGF- ß) has a marked effect on epithelial­mesenchymal transition and immune cells function. Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF) is a key regulator of vasculogenesis and angiogenesis. Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) mediates T-lymphocyte homing and apoptosis of epithelial cells. Objetive: The present study was conducted in order to compare the expression of serum and salivary TGF- ß, VEGF, TNF-α between OLP patients and control individuals to investigate if saliva can be used as an alternative to serum for diagnostic purposes and for monitoring disease. Materials and Methods: 23 OLP patients and 23 control individuals were included to evaluate serum and salivary TGF-ß, VEGF, TNF-α using ELISA kits. Five milliliters of venous blood was collected and unstimulated saliva was collected by the spitting method. Results: Serum and salivary levels of TGF- ß, VEGF, TNF-α are higher in OLP patients compared to normal controls. Mean difference is higher in saliva than serum. Moreover, there was a significant difference in serum and salivary VEGF and TNF-α between symptomatic and asymptomatic groups. Conclusions: Saliva can be a used as a substitute for serum to evaluate levels of the assessed biomarkers.

Introducción: El liquen plano oral es una de las lesiones de la mucosa oral más comunes. El factor de crecimiento transformante ß (TGF-ß) tiene un efecto marcado sobre la transición epitelial-mesenquimal y la función de las células inmunes. El factor de crecimiento endotelial vascular (VEGF) es un regulador clave de la vasculogénesis y la angiogénesis. El factor de necrosis tumoral α (TNF-α) media la localización de los linfocitos T y la apoptosis de las células epiteliales. Objetivo: El presente estudio se realizó con el fin de comparar la expresión en suero y saliva de TGF-ß, VEGF, TNF-α entre pacientes con OLP y personas de control para investigar si la saliva se puede utilizar como alternativa al suero para fines de diagnóstico y monitoreo de la enfermedad. Material y Métodos: Se incluyeron 23 pacientes con OLP y 23 individuos control para evaluar los niéveles en suero y en saliva de TGF- ß, VEGF, TNF-α utilizando kits ELISA. Se recogieron cinco mililitros de sangre venosa y se recogió saliva no estimulada por el método de escupir. Resultado: Los niveles séricos y salivales de TGF-ß, VEGF, TNF-α son más altos en pacientes con OLP en comparación con los controles normales. La diferencia media es mayor en saliva que en suero. Además, hubo una diferencia significativa de VEGF y TNF-α en suero y saliva entre los grupos sintomáticos y asintomáticos. Conclusion: La saliva puede usarse como un sustituto del suero para evaluar los niveles de los biomarcadores estudiados

Humans , Male , Female , Saliva/metabolism , Transforming Growth Factor beta , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Lichen Planus, Oral/diagnosis , Serum/metabolism , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Egypt , Mouth Mucosa , Necrosis
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 14(1): 131-135, mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056512


ABSTRACT: Oral Lichen planus (OLP) is one of the main inflammatory diseases of the oral mucosa that is considered as a potentially malignant disorder. The exact pathogenesis of OLP remains to be completely understood. However, presence of bacteria has been associated to the inflammatory response observed in OLP. Particularly, Helicobacter pylori a major etiological agent of gastrointestinal inflammatory diseases and risk factor for gastric cancer, has been associated to Lichen planus. Here we studied a group of Chilean patients if there is any association between the presence of Helicobacter pylori and the clinical manifestation of OLP. We found a significant difference between the patients positive for H. pylori and the age of OLP diagnosis, suggesting that oral H. pylori might induce the disease at an earlier age. However, we could not confirm a statistically significance between the presence of the bacteria and OLP.

RESUMEN: Liquen Plano Oral (LPO) es una enfermedad inflamatoria de la mucosa oral considerada como desorden potencialmente maligno. La patogénesis exacta de LPO es desconocida. Sin embargo, se ha asociado la presencia de bacterias como responsables de la inflamación observada en LPO. Particularmente, Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori), agente etiológico principal de enfermedades inflamatorias gastrointestinales y factor de riesgo de cáncer gástrico, ha sido asociado con LPO. Se estudió la posible asociación entre H. pylori y manifestaciones clínicas de LPO en un grupo de pacientes Chilenos. Se encontró diferencia significativa entre los pacientes positivos para H. pylori y la edad de diagnóstico de LPO, sugiriendo que H. pylori podría inducir la enfermedad a temprana edad. Sin embargo, no se pudo confirmar significancia estadística entre la presencia de esta bacteria y la presencia de displasia en LPO.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Helicobacter pylori/isolation & purification , Lichen Planus, Oral/physiopathology , Lichen Planus, Oral/microbiology , Mouth/microbiology , Saliva/microbiology , Chile , Gene Amplification , Statistics, Nonparametric , Nucleic Acid Amplification Techniques
Autops. Case Rep ; 10(4): e2020210, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131862


Chronic infection by hepatitis C virus (HCV) can lead not only to the development of hepatic cirrhosis, but also to the emergence of extra-hepatic manifestations (EHMs), such as oral lichen planus (OLP). Here, we describe a clinical presentation of massive, erosive OLP in an HCV-positive patient whose clinical management was difficult. Full remission was achieved after sustained virological response by using direct-acting anti-retrovirals. This case report demonstrates not only the importance of diagnosing EHMs for identification of HCV infection, but also the importance of controlling it for management of OLP and EHMs.

Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Hepatitis C , Lichen Planus, Oral , Hepacivirus
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 34: e002, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055528


Abstract Oral potentially malignant disorders (OPMD) possess significant chances of malignancy conversion. In order to develop an early diagnostic tool, the present study evaluated the expression of miRNA-21 and 31 as salivary markers. The case-control study was carried out in 36 healthy participants as controls and in 36 patients who were newly diagnosed as OPMD having four different lesions including leucoplakia, oral sub mucous fibrosis (OSMF)궱, oral lichen planus, and (OSMF)궱 with leucoplakia. The samples were also classified as non-dysplastic, or with mild, moderate, and severe dysplasia according to their histopathological reports. The salivary miRNA-21 and 31 expressions were studied using real-time PCR. The statistical analysis was carried out using SPSS version 22. Salivary miRNA-21 (p-value = 0.02) and 31 (p-value = 0.01) were significantly upregulated in severe dysplasia compared with control. Among the different lesions, leucoplakia had significant upregulation of miRNA-21 and 31. miRNA-21 can be used as a diagnostic marker with specificity of 66% and sensitivity of 69%. The area under the ROC curve was 0.820 for miRNA-21 and 0.5 for miRNA-31, which proved that miRNA-21 is a better diagnostic marker than miRNA-31 for OPMD.

Humans , Precancerous Conditions/pathology , Saliva/chemistry , Mouth Neoplasms/pathology , MicroRNAs/analysis , Oral Submucous Fibrosis/pathology , Reference Values , Severity of Illness Index , Leukoplakia, Oral/pathology , Mouth Neoplasms/chemistry , Biomarkers, Tumor/analysis , Case-Control Studies , Linear Models , ROC Curve , Analysis of Variance , Lichen Planus, Oral/pathology , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878394


Oral lichen planus (OLP) is a common chronic inflammatory disease of the oral mucosa. The prevalence rate of OLP in adults is 0.5%-2%. The etiology and pathogenesis of OLP are still unclear. The pathogenesis of OLP may be related to the genetic polymorphism of some genes. Currently, the gene families, including tumor necrosis factor, interferon, interleukin, enzyme, and receptor, have been extensively studied. This work reviews related studies on gene polymorphism of OLP.

Adult , Humans , Lichen Planus, Oral/genetics , Mouth Mucosa , Polymorphism, Genetic , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/genetics
Rev. cuba. invest. bioméd ; 38(4): e262, oct.-dic. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1093422


Introducción: El liquen plano oral, la estomatitis aftosa recurrente y el síndrome boca urente constituyen entidades patológicas bucales que presentan relación con afecciones psicológicas. Objetivo: Describir la presencia de liquen plano oral, estomatitis aftosa recurrente y síndrome de boca urente en pacientes con afecciones psicológicas atendidos en una institución de salud. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo de corte transversal, obteniéndose una población de 35 pacientes seleccionados mediante un muestreo no probabilístico por criterio de 26 pacientes aquellos que fueron remitidos del área de psicología (bajo un test de diagnóstico psicológico) al servicio de estomatología, con lesiones orales antes descritas. Bajo la firma de un consentimiento informado fueron tratadas y evolucionadas en un periodo de 16 meses. Se tuvieron en cuenta las consideraciones éticas basadas en la resolución 008430 de 1993, tratado de Helsinki. Resultados: En cuanto a la frecuencia, la lesión bucal que más se presentó fue la estomatitis aftosa recurrente en un 65,3 por ciento, las aftas mayores en un 38,4 por ciento, seguido de un tipo aftas menores en un 26,9 por ciento, entre otras lesiones en menor frecuencia. Los diagnósticos psicológicos evidenciados fueron estrés, depresión y ansiedad, en diferentes proporciones, mostrándose como lesión más frecuente dentro de estas entidades psicológicas, la estomatitis aftosa recurrente. No existió asociación estadística entre las variables orales y las psicológicas por mostrar valores de p >0,005. Conclusiones: Existió la presencia de liquen plano oral, la estomatitis aftosa recurrente y el síndrome boca urente en alteraciones psicológicas como estrés, ansiedad y depresión, con mayor frecuencia la estomatitis aftosa recurrente(AU)

Introduction: Oral lichen planus, recurrent aphthous stomatitis and burning mouth syndrome are oral conditions related to psychological disorders. Objective: Describe the presence of oral lichen planus, recurrent aphthous stomatitis and burning mouth syndrome in patients with psychological disorders attending a health institution. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted of a population of 35 patients, of whom 26 were selected by criterion nonprobability sampling and referred from the psychology service (based on a psychological diagnosis test) to the dental care service due to the presence of the aforementioned oral lesions. Upon granting their informed consent, the patients were treated and followed up for 16 months. Ethical provisions from Resolution 008430 of 1993, the Helsinki Declaration, were complied with. Results: In terms of frequency, the most common oral lesion was recurrent aphthous stomatitis with 65.3 percent. Major aphthas represented 38.4 percent. and aphthas of a minor type 26.9 percent.; other lesions had a lower frequency. The psychological diagnoses achieved were stress, depression and anxiety to various degrees, and the most common lesion for these psychological disorders was recurrent aphthous stomatitis. No statistical association was found between oral and psychological variables, for they showed values of p >0.005. Conclusions: The presence of oral lichen planus, recurrent aphthous stomatitis and burning mouth syndrome was determined in psychological disorders such as stress, anxiety and depression. Of these oral lesions, recurrent aphthous stomatitis was the most common(AU)

Humans , Anxiety/complications , Stomatitis, Aphthous/psychology , Wounds and Injuries , Burning Mouth Syndrome , Dental Care , Lichen Planus, Oral/psychology , Oral Medicine , Mouth/injuries , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Mentally Ill Persons/psychology
Odontoestomatol ; 21(34): 16-26, Jul-Dic. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, BNUY-Odon | ID: biblio-1024959


El objetivo del presente trabajo fue determinar la expresión de diversos biomarcadores moleculares en liquen plano oral para ayudar a comprender su conducta biológica. Materiales y métodos: Se realizó un estudio inmunohistoquímico en 40 casos de liquen plano oral contra BAX, BCL-2, CD-138, Histona 3, Ki-67, MCM3 y p53, en el Área de Patología Molecular Estomatológica de la Facultad de Odontología, UDELAR, Uruguay. Resultados: Se observó mayor expresión de BAX en contraposición con BCL-2, sugiriendo un comportamiento proapoptótico, respaldado a su vez por la ausencia de expresión de p53. La expresión de los marcadores de proliferación celular fue en todo el tejido lesional observado, sugiriendo así alteraciones de la proliferación. CD-138 se expresó de manera intensa y uniforme, determinando una baja alteración de las uniones intercelulares para estos casos. Conclusiones: La alteración en la expresión de las proteínas estudiadas sugiere un trastorno en los mecanismos proliferativos y apoptóticos, los cuales se asocian con una conducta patológica de la mucosa oral.

This study aims to establish an association of the expression of specific biomarkers in oral lichen planus to understandits biological behavior. Materials and methods: An immunohistochemistry study was conducted in 40 cases of oral lichen planus against BAX, BCL-2, CD138, Histone 3, Ki-67, MCM3 and p53 at the Molecular Pathology Area of the School of Dentistry, UDELAR, Uruguay. Results: A greater expression of BAX was detected compared to BCL-2, suggesting a pro-apoptotic behavior, supported by the absence of p53 expression. MCM3 expression was more sensitive than Ki-67, considering proliferation alterations. CD-138 had a more intense and uniform expression, determining fewer intercellular adhesion alterations. Conclusions: The expression of the proteins studied suggests an alteration in proliferative and apoptotic mechanisms, associated with a pathological behavior of the oral mucosa.

O objetivo deste trabalho foi determinar a expressão de vários biomarcadores moleculares no líquen plano oral para ajudar a compreender seu comportamento biológico. Materiais emétodos: Foi realizado um estudo imunohistoquímico em 40 casos de líquen plano oral contra BAX, BCL-2, CD-138, Histona 3, Ki-67, MCM3 e p53, na área de Patologia Molecular Estomatológica da Faculdade de Odontologia , UDELAR, Uruguai. Resultados: Observou-se aumento da expressão de BAX em contraste com BCL-2, sugerindo um comportamento proapoptótico, apoiado por sua vez pela ausência da expressão de p53. A expressão de marcadores de proliferação celular foi observada em todo o tecido da lesão, sugerindo alterações na proliferação. CD-138 foi expressado de maneira intensa e uniforme, determinando uma baixa alteração das junções intercelulares para esses casos. Conclusões: A alteração na expressão das proteínas estudadas sugere um distúrbio nos mecanismos proliferativos e apoptóticos, os quais estão associados a um comportamento patológico da mucosa oral.

Humans , Lichen Planus, Oral , Biomarkers
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 19(1): 4350, 01 Fevereiro 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-997959


Objective: To compare salivary transferrin levels between patients with oral lichen planus (OLP) and healthy subjects. Material and Methods: In this descriptive, analytical, crosssectional study, 11 patients with OLP and 22 healthy subjects were selected after matching in terms of age and gender. OLP was confirmed by two oral medicine specialists based on clinical and histopathological criteria. Salivary samples were collected by spitting. The patients were asked to collect their saliva in their oral cavity and then evacuate it into sterilized Falcon tubes. The procedure was repeated every 60 seconds for 5-15 minutes. A total of 5 mL of saliva was collected using this method. The samples were collected from 8 to 9 in the morning in a fasting state to avoid circadian changes. The collected salivary samples were immediately placed next to ice and transferred to the laboratory to be centrifuged at 4°C at 800 g to isolate squamous cells and cellular debris. Then the samples were frozen at -80°C until the samples were prepared. An ELISA kit was used to determine salivary transferrin levels. Data were analyzed with descriptive statistics (means and standard deviations) and t-test for independent groups using SPSS 17. Statistical significance was set at p<0.05. Results: The mean salivary transferrin concentrations in patients with OLP and healthy subjects were 0.9055±0.28229 and 1.5932±0.80041 mg/dL, respectively (p<0.05). Conclusion: The salivary transferrin levels in patients with OLP were significantly lower than those in healthy subjects.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Saliva , Transferrin , Clinical Diagnosis , Lichen Planus, Oral/diagnosis , Mouth Diseases/diagnosis , Case-Control Studies , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Histological Techniques/methods , Iran
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772262


The biodiversity of the mycobiome, an important component of the oral microbial community, and the roles of fungal-bacterial and fungal-immune system interactions in the pathogenesis of oral lichen planus (OLP) remain largely uncharacterized. In this study, we sequenced the salivary mycobiome and bacteriome associated with OLP. First, we described the dysbiosis of the microbiome in OLP patients, which exhibits lower levels of fungi and higher levels of bacteria. Significantly higher abundances of the fungi Candida and Aspergillus in patients with reticular OLP and of Alternaria and Sclerotiniaceae_unidentified in patients with erosive OLP were observed compared to the healthy controls. Aspergillus was identified as an "OLP-associated" fungus because of its detection at a higher frequency than in the healthy controls. Second, the co-occurrence patterns of the salivary mycobiome-bacteriome demonstrated negative associations between specific fungal and bacterial taxa identified in the healthy controls, which diminished in the reticular OLP group and even became positive in the erosive OLP group. Moreover, the oral cavities of OLP patients were colonized by dysbiotic oral flora with lower ecological network complexity and decreased fungal-Firmicutes and increased fungal-Bacteroidetes sub-networks. Third, several keystone fungal genera (Bovista, Erysiphe, Psathyrella, etc.) demonstrated significant correlations with clinical scores and IL-17 levels. Thus, we established that fungal dysbiosis is associated with the aggravation of OLP. Fungal dysbiosis could alter the salivary bacteriome or may reflect a direct effect of host immunity, which participates in OLP pathogenesis.

Adult , Bacteria , Case-Control Studies , Dysbiosis , Microbiology , Female , Humans , Lichen Planus, Oral , Microbiology , Male , Microbiota , Middle Aged , Mouth Mucosa , Microbiology , Mycobiome , Saliva , Microbiology
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 18(2): 6-15, abr.-jun. 2018. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1254757


Este estudo realizou a prevalência das desordens orais com potencial de transformação maligna diagnosticadas nos pacientes atendidos pela Clínica-Escola de Odontologia da Universídade Federal de Campina Grande. A pesquisa foi realizada nos prontuários arquivados dos pacientes atendidos na clínica-escola. Os pacientes diagnosticados com lesão foram convidadas a comparecerem novamente à clínica-escola para a realização do controle clínico. De um total de 2.706 prontuários, foram encontrados 131 pacientes com desordens orais, revelando uma prevalência de 4,84%. A queilite actínica foi a mais frequente com 68 (50,4%) casos, seguida da leucoplasia com 61 (45,2%). Homens corresponderam a 85 (64,9%) casos; o tipo de pele mais comum foi o feoderma com 64 (48,8%), e a média de idade dos pacientes foi de 45,11 anos. Também foi observado que 89 (68%) pacientes não realizaram o tratamento preconizado para a lesão e que o resultado histopatológico mais comum foi a hiperceratose com 11 (18%) casos, seguida da displasia epitelial leve com 5 (8,2%) ocorrências. Com relação ao controle clínico, apenas 33 (25,2%) pacientes retornaram, sendo 22 livres da doença. Diante do exposto, conclui-se que a prevalência das desordens encontradas foi semelhante à prevalência mundial e que existe uma grande evasão por parte dos pacientes no tratamento e no controle clínico... (AU)

This study evaluated the prevalence of oral disorders with potential malignant transformation diagnosed in the patients attended by the Clinical School of Dentistry of the Federal University of Campina Grande. The research was carried out from medical files of patients attended at the school-clinic. Patients diagnosed with an injury were called to attend the school clinic again for clinical control. From a total of 2,706 medical records, 131 patients with oral disorders were found, showing a prevalence of 4.84%. Actinic cheilitis was the most frequent with 68 (50.4%) cases, followed by leukoplakia with 61 (45.2%). Men corresponded to 85 (64.9%) cases, the most common skin type was feoderma with 64 (48.8%), and the mean age of the patients was 45.11 years. It was also observed that 89 (68%) patients did not perform the recommended treatment for the lesion, and that the most common histopathological result was hyperkeratosis with 11 (18%) cases, followed by mild epithelial dysplasia with 5 (8.2%) occurrences. Regarding the clinical control, only 33 (25.2%) patients returned, being 22 free of the disease. In view of the above, it is concluded that the prevalence of the disorders found was similar to the worldwide prevalence and that there is a great deal of evasion by the patients to the treatment and in the clinical control... (AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Pathology, Oral , Cheilitis , Cross-Sectional Studies , Lichen Planus, Oral , Dentistry , Leukoplakia , Wounds and Injuries
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 18(2): 30-33, abr.-jun. 2018. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1254872


O líquen plano oral é uma doença crônica sistêmica comum, que se caracteriza por ser mucocutânea, autoimune, porém de etiologia incerta. O objetivo do presente trabalho é o de relatar um caso clínico com diagnóstico precoce e tratamento imediato, bem como acompanhamento de sua evolução. Foi descrito o caso de uma paciente do serviço de Traumatologia Buco-Maxilo-Facial do Hospital Universitário Oswaldo Cruz ­ HUOC. O teste para hepatite C se mostrou negativo para a paciente-alvo de nosso estudo e não há traços de transformação maligna nas lesões, considerando o acompanhamento clínico de 6 meses. O líquen plano oral necessita de diagnóstico preciso, para que a implementação de uma correta conduta terapêutica possa ser realizada... (AU)

Oral lichen planus is a common chronic systemic disease characterized as a mucocutaneous, autoimmune but of uncertain etiology. The aim of this study was to report a case with early diagnosis, prompt treatment and a six-month follow-up. It described the case of a patient of Buco-Maxillofacial Service of the University Hospital Oswaldo Cruz - HUOC. The test for hepatitis C was negative for the patient and no traces of malignant transformation lesions was found, taking into account the clinical six-month follow-up. Oral lichen planus requires an accurate diagnosis for the implementation of a correct approach therapy... (AU)

Humans , Female , Adult , Aged , Precancerous Conditions , Lichen Planus, Oral , Oral Medicine , Early Diagnosis , Therapeutics
Rev. odontol. Univ. Cid. São Paulo (Online) ; 30(1): 95-102, jan.-mar. 2018. tab.; ilus.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-965975


O amálgama dental ainda é amplamente utilizado na prática odontológica, apesar do acordo assinado na Convenção de Minamata, na qual 140 países comprometeram-se a reduzir o uso do mercúrio. O uso desse material restaurador pode desencadear reações liquenoides orais (RLO) cujas lesões apresentam semelhanças clínicas e histológicas com líquen plano oral (LPO), dificultando o diagnóstico. Aqui relatamos o caso de uma paciente do sexo feminino, de 72 anos, que foi encaminhada com uma lesão na mucosa bucal esquerda, com 10 meses de evolução e queixa de dor. A lesão era adjacente ao segundo molar inferior esquerdo que tinha uma restauração de amálgama. A paciente não apresentava doença sistêmica ou hábitos deletérios e não estava usando drogas continuamente. O diagnóstico clínico presuntivo foi RLO versus LPO. Sessenta dias após a substituição da restauração do amálgama, observou-se a regressão completa da lesão e o diagnóstico final de RLO foi realizado. A avaliação clínica associada aos resultados obtidos após a substituição do material suspeito pode ser suficiente para estabelecer o diagnóstico, embora em alguns casos seja necessária a avaliação histopatológica.

Dental amalgam is still widely used in dental practice, despite the agreement signed at the Minamata Convention, in which 140 countries have committed to reducing the use of mercury. The use of this restorative material may trigger oral lichenoid reactions (OLR) whose lesions show clinical and histological similarities with oral lichen planus (OLP), making diagnosis difficult. Here we report the case of a female patient, 72-year-old, who was referred with a lesion in the left buccal mucosa, with 10 months of evolution and complaint of pain. The lesion was adjacent to the second lower left molar which had an amalgam restoration. The patient had no systemic disease or deleterious habits and was not using drugs continuously. The presumptive clinical diagnosis were OLR versus OLP. Sixty days after the replacement of amalgam restoration the complete regression of the lesion was observed and the final diagnosis of OLR was done. Clinical assessment associated with the results obtained after the replacement of suspect material may be sufficient to establish the diagnosis, although in some cases it may be necessary histopathological evaluation.

Humans , Female , Aged , Lichen Planus, Oral , Dental Amalgam , Lichenoid Eruptions
Acta odontol. latinoam ; 31(2): 77-81, 2018. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-970181


Tumor hypoxia is an important indicator of cancer prognosis. Among the different genes that are upregulated by hypoxia is carbonic anhydrase IX, which combines carbon dioxide and water to form bicarbonate and hydrogen. Although expression of this enzyme is very low in normal tissues, carbonic anhydrase IX is overexpressed in several types of cancer. The aim of the present work was to analyze carbonic anhydrase IX expression in the two most frequent potentially malignant oral disorders: oral lichen planus and oral leukoplakia. Immunohistochemical analysis of oral lichen planus and oral leukoplakia biopsies was performed using anticarbonic anhydrase IX antibody. Samples of normal mucosa served as controls. Statistical analysis was performed by Fischer's exact test. The enzyme was detected in the epithelium of both lesions. The staining was more intense in the basal layer and decreased towards the surface in oral lichen planus. Conversely, the most intense reaction was observed in the superficial layers in leukoplakia, and staining intensity decreased towards the basal membrane. No carbonic anhydrase IX expression was seen in normal mucosa samples. Carbon anhydrase IX expression in lichen and leukoplakia epithelia shows that hypoxia plays a role in the pathogenesis of both lesions. The different distribution patterns provides further evidence of the different biological behavior of these two entities, which under certain circumstances can have similar clinical and histological features (AU)

La hipoxia tumoral es un importante indicador de pronóstico en cáncer. Entre los distintos genes que son activados por hipoxia, uno de los principales es la anhidrasa carbónica IX (CAIX), que combina CO2 con H2O para sintetizar HCO3 y H+. Aunque la expresión de esta enzima es muy baja en tejidos normales, se sobreexpresa en varios tipos de cáncer. La finalidad del presente trabajo fue analizar la expresión de CAIX en las dos lesiones orales potencialmente malignas más frecuentes: el liquen plano y la leucoplasia. Se utilizó una técnica inmuno histoquímica con un anticuerpo específico contra CAIX, en biopsias de liquen plano oral y leucoplasia oral. Se utilizaron mucosas normales como controles. Se realizaron análisis estadísticos utilizando test exacto de Fischer. La identificación de la enzima fue positiva en el epitelio de ambas lesiones. En los líquenes la reacción es más intensa en los estratos basales, disminuyendo hacia la superficie. Inversamente, las leucoplasias mostraron marcación más intensa en estratos superficiales, con disminución hacia la membrana basal. Las mucosas normales resultaron negativas. La expresión de CAIX en el epitelio de líquenes y leucoplasias indica que la hipoxia juega algún papel en la patogenia de ambas lesiones. El diferente patrón de distribución es una evidencia más del diferente comportamiento biológico de dos entidades las cuales en ciertas circunstancias pueden manifestar cuadros clínicos e histológicos semejantes (AU)

Humans , Leukoplakia, Oral , Lichen Planus, Oral , Carbonic Anhydrase IX , Argentina , Schools, Dental , Biopsy , Immunohistochemistry , Statistical Analysis , Tumor Hypoxia