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An. bras. dermatol ; 95(2): 180-186, Mar.-Apr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1130838


Abstract Background: Lichen planus is a chronic inflammatory mucocutaneous disease. Recent studies have suggested that it is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular comorbidities. Objective: The purpose of this study was to assess and compare arterial stiffness and cardiovascular hemodynamics in patients with lichen planus and a healthy control group. Methods: Fifty-five patients with lichen planus and 42 healthy controls were enrolled. All patients underwent echocardiographic examination, and arterial stiffness was measured using applanation tonometry. Results: No statistically significant difference was determined between the patient and control groups in terms of arterial stiffness, but stiffness was markedly higher in patients with erosive lichen planus compared to the control group and other patients (p = 0.006, and p = 0.023, respectively). Moderate positive correlation was determined between duration of disease and arterial stiffness. Impairment of systolic and diastolic functions was also determined in patients with lichen planus compared to the control group (p < 0.001, and p = 0.005, respectively). Study limitations: Relatively low number of patients. Conclusion: The positive correlation observed between duration of disease and arterial stiffness in patients with lichen planus suggests that these patients should be followed-up in terms of cardiovascular risk in the presence of resistant and long-term disease, particularly in case of erosive lichen planus.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Cardiovascular Diseases/physiopathology , Vascular Stiffness/physiology , Hemodynamics/physiology , Lichen Planus/physiopathology , Reference Values , Time Factors , Echocardiography , Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology , Cardiovascular Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Case-Control Studies , Linear Models , Statistics, Nonparametric , Heart/physiopathology , Lichen Planus/complications , Manometry/methods , Middle Aged
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 64(3): 214-216, Mar. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-896451


Summary An 82-year-old man sought our service with dysphagia and was referred for upper endoscopy with biopsies, which evidenced multiple ulcers of the esophagus and oropharinx. Histopathology confirmed the unusual diagnosis of esophageal lichen planus. The correct clinical suspicion of this disease can facilitate the diagnosis and guide specific treatment, which can drastically change the natural course of the disease.

Resumo Paciente do sexo masculino, de 82 anos, com disfagia, foi encaminhado para realização de endoscopia digestiva alta com biópsias, na qual foram evidenciadas múltiplas úlceras de esôfago e orofaringe. O estudo histopatológico confirmou o diagnóstico raro de líquen plano esofágico. A correta suspeita clínica dessa doença pode facilitar o diagnóstico e direcionar para um tratamento específico, o que pode drasticamente alterar o curso natural dessa comorbidade.

Humans , Male , Aged, 80 and over , Deglutition Disorders/etiology , Deglutition Disorders/diagnostic imaging , Esophageal Diseases/complications , Lichen Planus/complications , Biopsy , T-Lymphocytes/pathology , Esophagoscopy , Epithelial Cells/pathology , Esophageal Diseases/pathology , Esophageal Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Lichen Planus/pathology , Lichen Planus/diagnostic imaging
An. bras. dermatol ; 92(5,supl.1): 76-78, 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-887058


Abstract We present the case of a 72-year-old Caucasian woman with frontal fibrosing alopecia of one year's duration. Eighteen months later, she presented with sudden hyperpigmentation on the submental area, neck and upper chest. Histopathological examination was consistent with lichen planus pigmentosus. This is the report of a unique case of a FFA and extrafacial lichen planus pigmentosus.

Humans , Female , Aged , Hyperpigmentation/pathology , Alopecia/pathology , Lichen Planus/pathology , Skin/pathology , Hyperpigmentation/complications , Dermoscopy , Alopecia/complications , Forehead/pathology , Lichen Planus/complications
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 79(6): 402-403, Nov.-Dec. 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-838760


ABSTRACT Lichen planus (LP) is an autoimmune, inflammatory disease of unknown etiology that commonly affects the skin and mucous membranes. Retinal vasculitis is a group of vision-threatening disorders, in which autoimmunity is thought to play a role in pathogenesis. We present the case of a patient who was diagnosed with retinal vasculitis and who was followed up for mucosal LP. LP has not been reported as a cause of retinal vasculitis in the literature. We believe that the retinal vasculitis in this case was related to LP because cellular immunity plays a role in the pathogenesis of both entities.

RESUMO Líquen plano (LP) é uma doença auto-imune, inflamatória de etiologia desconhecida que normalmente afeta a pele e membranas mucosas. Vasculite retiniana engloba um grupo de doenças que ameaçam a visão em que a autoimunidade parece desempenhar um papel na sua patogênese. Apresentamos um caso que foi diagnosticado com vasculite da retina e que tinha sido acompanhado com LP de mucosa. LP não consta entre as causas de vasculite retiniana na literatura. Acreditamos que a vasculite da retina no nosso caso, foi relacionado com o LP considerando que a imunidade celular desempenha um papel na patogênese de ambas as entidades.

Humans , Male , Adult , Retinal Vasculitis/diagnosis , Lichen Planus/diagnosis , Autoimmune Diseases/complications , Fluorescein Angiography , Retinal Vasculitis/etiology , Retinal Vasculitis/pathology , Lichen Planus/complications
An. bras. dermatol ; 91(5,supl.1): 20-22, Sept.-Oct. 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-837960


Abstract We describe a fifty-six-year old, Afro-descendent female patient showing dystrophy of her twenty nails and hyperchromic, asymptomatic macule on her face. Histopathological examination of the macule showed vacuolization of the basal layer, melanophages in the superficial dermis and lymphoplasmocytic inflammatory infiltrate. Nail biopsy revealed orthokeratotic hyperkeratosis and lichenoid inflammatory infiltrate. Lichen planus pigmentosus is an uncommon variety of lichen planus. It is characterized by typical hyperpigmented macules on the face and neck. Nail changes might be present in 10% of lichen planus cases, but no associations with lichen planus pigmentosus have been described. We report a case of lichen planus in twenty nails associated with lichen planus pigmentosus on the patient's face.

Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Hyperpigmentation/complications , Hyperpigmentation/pathology , Lichen Planus/complications , Lichen Planus/pathology , Nail Diseases , Biopsy , Epidermis/pathology , Facial Dermatoses/pathology , Keratosis/pathology , Nails/pathology
Int. braz. j. urol ; 42(3): 571-577, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-785740


ABSTRACT Purpose to investigate whether patients with lichen planus (LP) are really prone to urolithiasis or not. Patients and Methods We performed a prospective analysis of 40 patients diagnosed with lichen planus (LP) (group I), and 40 volunteers did not have LP before (group II). Participants were all checked for urolithiasis by radiological investigations. Blood samples were analyzed for biochemistry parameters including calcium and uric acid. 24-h urine samples were analyzed to investigate oxalate, citrate calcium, uric acid, magnesium, sodium and creatinine. Results Men/women ratio and mean age were similar between group I and II (p>0.05). A presence or history of urolithiasis was detected in 8 (20%) and 2 (%5) patients in group I and II, respectively (p<0.05). Hypocitraturia was the most common anomaly with 35% (n:14) in group I. The rate of hypocitraturia in group II was 12.5% (n:5) and the difference was statistically significantly different (p=0.036). In group I, hyperuricosuria and hyperoxaluria followed with rates of 27.5% (n:11) and 25% (n:10), respectively. The rate of hyperuricosuria and hyperoxaluria were both 5% (n:2) in group II and the differences were significant (p<0.05). Hyperuricemia was another important finding in the patients with LP. It was detected in 13 (32.5%) patients in group I and in 1 (2.5%) participant in group II (p=0.001). Conclusion According to our results, metabolic disorders of urolithiasis were highly detected in the patients with LP. However, similar to the etiology of LP, the exact reasons for these metabolic abnormalities in LP remain a mystery.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Young Adult , Urolithiasis/etiology , Lichen Planus/complications , Oxalates/urine , Reference Values , Sodium/urine , Uric Acid/urine , Uric Acid/blood , Case-Control Studies , Calcium/blood , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Urinalysis , Calcium Citrate/urine , Creatinine/urine , Urolithiasis/urine , Lichen Planus/urine , Magnesium/urine , Metabolic Diseases/complications , Metabolic Diseases/urine , Middle Aged
Clinics ; 68(6): 846-850, jun. 2013. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-676933


OBJECTIVE: Lichen planus is a chronic inflammatory autoimmune mucocutaneous disease. Recent research has emphasized the strong association between inflammation and both P-wave dispersion and dyslipidemia. The difference between the maximum and minimum P-wave durations on an electrocardiogram is defined as P-wave dispersion. The prolongation of P-wave dispersion has been demonstrated to be an independent risk factor for developing atrial fibrillation. The aim of this study was to investigate P-wave dispersion in patients with lichen planus. METHODS: Fifty-eight patients with lichen planus and 37 age- and gender-matched healthy controls were included in this study. We obtained electrocardiographic recordings from all participants and used them to calculate the P-wave variables. We also assessed the levels of highly sensitive C-reactive protein, which is an inflammatory marker, and the lipid levels for each group. The results were reported as the means ± standard deviations and percentages. RESULTS: The P-wave dispersion was significantly higher in lichen planus patients than in the control group. Additionally, highly sensitive C-reactive protein, LDL cholesterol, and triglyceride levels were significantly higher in lichen planus patients compared to the controls. There was a significant positive correlation between highly sensitive C-reactive protein and P-wave dispersion (r = 0.549, p<0.001) in lichen planus patients. CONCLUSIONS: P-wave dispersion increased on the surface electrocardiographic measurements of lichen planus patients. This result may be important in the early detection of subclinical cardiac involvement. Increased P-wave dispersion, in terms of the tendency for atrial fibrillation, should be considered in these patients. .

Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Atrial Fibrillation/physiopathology , Electrocardiography , Lichen Planus/physiopathology , Atrial Fibrillation/etiology , Case-Control Studies , Echocardiography , Lichen Planus/complications , Predictive Value of Tests , Reference Values , Risk Assessment , Risk Factors , Time Factors , Ventricular Function, Left/physiology
Journal of Dental School-Shahid Beheshti Medical Sciences University. 2010; 28 (1): 35-39
in Persian | IMEMR | ID: emr-105526


Regarding the importance and prevalence of lichen planus among patients and rarity of Oro-Vulval-Vaginal and Peno-Gingival syndromes, that need more attention for diagnosis because of simultaneous oral and genital involvement, we are going to review the symptoms and early diagnosis of these patients. The aim of this article is to report two patients with Oro-Vulval-Vaginal syndrome and two patients with Peno-Gingival syndrome with a short review on these syndromes and their treatments. This study is a case report four patients with these syndromes who attended oral medicine department. For each patient a complete document consisting of demographic information, medical, dental, familial and social history was prepared and a photograph was taken from the oral lesions at the first visit and for definite diagnosis of genital lesions consultation with Dermatologist and OB and GYN Surgeon was done.After biopsy and definite diagnosis simultaneous treatment for oral and genital lesions started. Regarding the severity of lesions and acceptable response to the primary treatment, type and dose of the drug was changed and finally the patients were placed in follow up phase. Regarding the outcome of neglecting Lichen Planus in other organs and delay in accurate diagnosis and lack of receiving enough and on time treatment, performing an exact examination and taking a complete history with attention to other organ's symptoms is of great importance. More over malignant changes in even asymptomatic oral and genital lesions is probable

Humans , Vaginal Diseases/diagnosis , Vulvar Diseases/diagnosis , Early Diagnosis , Lichen Planus/complications
An. bras. dermatol ; 84(6): 682-688, nov.-dez. 2009. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-538461


Literature data analysis, providing an exact explanation of the lichen planus pathogenesis, as well as its transition into other rare forms such as Keratosis lichenoides chronica or Graham Lassueur Piccardi Little Syndrome are scant, or totally missing. The chronological course of the disease, known in the literature as lichen planus, varies. Some patients develop Lichen planus or lichen nitidus and there is no logical explanation why. It is also not clear why single patients initially develop ulcerative lesions in the area of the mucosa and only in a few of them these lesions affect the skin. Antigen Mimicry and Epitope Spreading could be the possible pathogenic inductor in cases of lichenoid dermatoses, as well as the cause for their transition into ulcerative, exanthematous or other rare forms. The Epitope Spreading is probably not the leading pathogenetic factor in lichen planus but a phenomenon which occurs later. This manuscript analyzes some basic pathogenic aspects and presents some possible medical hypotheses regarding the heterogenic clinical picture and pathogenesis of lichen planus and lichenoid like pathologies of the skin which, in the near future should be analyzed in details in order to clarify several dilemmas the clinical dermatologist has to face.

Análises das informações disponíveis na literatura que forneçam uma explicação precisa sobre a patogênese do Líquen Plano, assim como sobre sua transição para outras formas raras da doença, como Ceratose Liquenóide Crônica ou Síndrome de Graham-Little-Piccardi- Lassueur , são raras ou inexistentes. O curso cronológico da doença, conhecida na literatura como Líquen Plano, varia. Alguns pacientes desenvolvem Líquen Plano ou Líquen Nítido e não ha uma explicação lógica do por quê. Também não está claro por que alguns pacientes inicialmente desenvolvem lesões ulcerativas na área da mucosa e em apenas alguns deles essas lesões afetam a pele. Mimetismo Antigênico ou Espalhamento de Epítopos poderiam ser fatores patogênicos indutores em casos de Dermatoses Liquenóides, e também fatores responsáveis pela transição para a forma ulcerativa, exantematosa ou outras formas raras da doença. Espalhamento de Epítopos provavelmente não é o principal fator patogênico envolvido no Líquen Plano, mas um fenômeno de ocorrência posterior.Esse manuscrito analisa alguns aspectos patogênicos básicos e apresenta algumas hipóteses médicas sobre o quadro clínico heterogênico e a patogênese do Líquen Plano e de patologias da pele do tipo liquenóide. Essas patologias devem, em um futuro próximo, ser analisadas minuciosamente a fim de esclarecer vários dilemas que o dermatologista clínico tem de enfrentar.

Humans , Epitopes , Keratosis/immunology , Lichen Planus/immunology , Lichenoid Eruptions/immunology , Molecular Mimicry , Chronic Disease , Lichen Planus/complications , Syndrome
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 71(6): 881-885, nov.-dez. 2008. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-503460


Descrevemos um caso de ceratoconjuntivite cicatricial bilateral em uma paciente portadora de líquen plano e apresentamos revisão da literatura mundial sobre esse assunto. Cicatrização conjuntival, com formação de simbléfaro, olho seco, infiltração corneana, neovascularização e afinamento foram os sinais observados. Diagnóstico foi baseado nos achados clínicos e biópsia, após exclusão das causas típicas de ceratoconjuntivite cicatricial.

To describe a case of bilateral cicatrizing keratoconjunctivitis in a patient with lichen planus and review the literature. Conjunctiva cicatrization with symblepharon formation, dry eye, corneal infiltration and neovascularization and thinning were the most observed prominent signs. Diagnosis was based on clinical findings and biopsy, after exclusion of typical causes of cicatricial keratoconjuntivitis.

Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Cicatrix/etiology , Keratoconjunctivitis/etiology , Lichen Planus/complications , Biopsy , Cicatrix/pathology , Conjunctiva/pathology , Keratoconjunctivitis/pathology , Scalp Dermatoses/pathology , Scalp/pathology
Gac. méd. Méx ; 141(1): 23-25, ene.-feb. 2005. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-632106


Antecedentes: la causa de liquen plano (LP) es desconocida. Se ha estudiado el posible papel del virus de hepatitis C (VHC) con resultados controvertidos. Material y métodos: el objetivo de este estudio fue determinar la prevalencia de infección por virus de hepatitis C en 36 pacientes con LP confirmado por histopatología, 12 en forma retrospectiva, y 24 en forma prospectiva. El grupo control constó de 60 donadores de sangre consecutivos del Banco de sangre del hospital. La prueba de inmunoensayo ligado a enzima de tercera generación fue utilizada para la determinación de anticuerpos contra VHC. Resultados:una prevalencia de infección por VHC de 2.77% en pacientes con LP, y 0% en el grupo control (Prueba exacta de Fisher - p=0.375). Conclusiones: en nuestro grupo de pacientes con LP se encontró prevalencia de serología positiva para VHC menor a la reportada en la literatura. Como en todos los estudios se han encontrado pacientes con LP sin infección por VHC, consideramos que existen otros factores en la patogénesis de esta dermatosis que deben ser estudiados.

Introduction: The etiology of lichen planus (LP) is unknown. The possible role of hepatitis C virus (HCV) has been studied with controversial results. Materials and Methods: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of HCV infection in 36 patients with lichen planus (LP) confirmed by histopathology, 12 in a retrospective way, and 24 in a prospective one. The controls were 60 consecutive blood donors from the Blood Bank of the hospital. Third generation enzyme immunoassay screening test was employed for determination of antibodies against HCV. Results: A prevalence of HCV infection of 2.77% in LP patients, and 0% in control group (Fisher's exact test -p=0.375). Conclusions: We found in our patients with LP a lower prevalence of positive serology for HCV than that reported in the literature. Since all studies have found patients with LP without infection by HC V, we think that other factors in the pathogenesis of this dermatosis need to be studied.

Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Hepatitis C/complications , Hepatitis C/epidemiology , Lichen Planus/complications , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies