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Rev. venez. cir. ortop. traumatol ; 55(1): 46-52, jun. 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1512109


El objetivo de este trabajo es determinar la utilidad del bloqueo del tobillo con lidocaína y Bupivacaína para amputación de los radios del pie en pacientes atendidos en el Hospital General del Sur Dr. Pedro Iturbe, Maracaibo, Venezuela, desde mayo 2019 hasta mayo 2021. Se realizó un estudio pre-experimental, prospectivo y longitudinal. Se incluyeron pacientes de ambos sexos, entre 18 a 90 años, con amputaciones traumáticas, pie diabético e insuficiencia vascular periférica. Se incluyeron 50 pacientes, con edad promedio de 50,76 ± 25,0 años, 35(70,0%) de sexo masculino. Con antecedente de diabetes 13(26,0%) pacientes, fumadores 4(8,0%), cardiópatas 4(8,0%), hipertensos/diabéticos 6(12,0%), obesidad 5(10,0%), trauma 6(12,0%), nefrópatas 2(4,0%), drogas 1(2,0%) y sin antecedentes 9(18,0%). Diagnóstico preoperatorio predominante: amputación traumática 19 pacientes (38,0%), El promedio de tiempo de inicio del bloqueo fue 5-15min en 21(42,0%) casos. El bloqueo fue satisfactorio en 46(92,0%) pacientes. La duración del bloqueo en 22(44,0%) pacientes fue prolongada. Según la EVA del dolor en 19(38,0%) casos fue leve. No se evidenciaron complicaciones asociadas al procedimiento en 50(100,0%) pacientes. El bloqueo con lidocaína y bupivacaína es una técnica útil en la amputación de los radios del pie, inmediata, ambulatoria, a bajo costo, de duración prolongada y satisfactoria, de bajo dolor postoperatorio, poco requerimiento de analgésicos y con bajas complicaciones(AU)

The objective to determine the usefulness of the ankle block with lidocaine and Bupivacaine for amputation of the foot rays in patients treated at the Hospital General del Sur Dr. Pedro Iturbe during the period May 2019 to May 2021. A pre-experiment, prospective and longitudinal study was made. Patients of both sexes, between 18 and 90 years old, with traumatic amputations, diabetic foot and peripheral vascular Insufficiency were included. A descriptive statistical analysis was applied. Mean age 50,76±25,0 years, 35(70,0%) male patients. Patients history: Diabetes 13(26,0%), smokers 4(8,0%), heart patients 4(8,0%), hypertensive/diabetics 6(12,0%) patients, obesity 5(10,0%), trauma 6(12,0%), kidney disease 2(4,0%), drugs 1(2,0%), no history 9(18,0%). Predominant preoperative diagnosis: traumatic amputation 19(38,0%) patients, Block onset time: medium (5-15min) 21(42,0%) patients. The blockade was satisfactory in 46 patients (92.0%). Block duration in 22(44,0%) patients was prolonged. Pain scale 19(38,0%) patients mild pain. There were no complications associated with the procedure in 50(100,0%) patients. Conclusions: The blockade with lidocaine and bupivacaine is useful in the amputation of the foot rays since it is performed immediately, on an outpatient basis, at low cost, with a long and satisfactory duration, presenting mild postoperative pain, little need for analgesics and they do not represent a risk for the patient since there were no complications related to the technique(AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Foot/physiopathology , Amputation, Traumatic , Lidocaine/administration & dosage , Ankle , Diabetic Foot
Braz. J. Anesth. (Impr.) ; 73(3): 351-353, May-June 2023. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1439623


Abstract Stenting for lower tracheal stenosis is a tricky situation and for the safe conduct of anesthesia, it is imperative to maintain spontaneous respiration. Airway topicalization is routinely recommended for anticipated difficult airway. We report a case of upper airway obstruction following lidocaine nebulization in a patient to be taken for tracheal stenting for lower tracheal stenosis. We would like to highlight that close monitoring of the patient is advisable during airway topicalization to detect any airway obstruction at the earliest and how fiberoptic intubation can play a pivotal role to secure the airway in an emergency scenario.

Humans , Tracheal Stenosis/surgery , Airway Obstruction/etiology , Anesthesia , Airway Management , Intubation, Intratracheal , Lidocaine
Rev. Anesth.-Réanim. Med. Urg. Toxicol. ; 15(1): 49-54, 2023. tables, figures
Article in French | AIM | ID: biblio-1438431


L'évaluation de la satisfaction des patientes est une composante essentielle de l'amélioration de la qualité des services en anesthésie. Notre objectif était de déterminer les bénéfices/risques de la Lidocaïne par rapport à la gestion de la douleur post-césarienne et son coût dans le but d'améliorer la prise en charge des patientes douloureuses. Méthodes : Nous avons procédé à une d'une étude prospective comparative randomisée sur une période de dix mois au sein du Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Gynécologie Obstétrique de Befelatanana. La population d'étude a concerné les femmes opérées pour césarienne sous rachianesthésie. Nous avons évalué la douleur avec la règle EVA (0 à 100 mm) à H1, H2, H3, H4, H8, H12 postopératoire. Résultats : Nous avons inclus 40 patientes pour le groupe A avec Lidocaïne, et 40 patientes pour le groupe B sans Lidocaïne. L'intensité moyenne de la douleur à H12 postopératoire, est de 17,6 ± 11,5 mm pour le groupe A et 29,1 ± 7,4 mm pour le groupe B, avec une différence statistique significative entre les deux groupes (p = 0,008). Conclusion : L'infiltration pariétale de Lidocaïne en peropératoire, pour la prise en charge de la douleur post-césarienne, est bénéfique, comparée au traitement standard seul

Humans , Pain, Postoperative , Cesarean Section , Patient Satisfaction , Obstetrics and Gynecology Department, Hospital , Pain Management , Lidocaine
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 23: e210215, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1448804


ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the feasibility of posterior maxillary teeth extraction buccal infiltration with or without the use of palatal injection. Material and Methods: A total of 70 patients underwent extraction of bilateral maxillary posterior teeth under 2% lignocaine hydrochloride with 1:2,00000 adrenaline infiltration in this single-centric split-mouth randomized trial. The test side was administered with a buccal infiltration of 2 mL of anesthetic alone. An extended waiting period of 10 minutes was given before the commencement of the procedure. A standard protocol was followed for the control side. A single operator performed all extractions. Results: A total of 140 posterior maxillary teeth were extracted. Patients marked pain perception on a visual analogue scale in three different instances. During the administration of injections for the test side, the pain score was less than that of the control side and was statistically significant. The overall pain during the extraction procedure was comparable and statistically insignificant. The overall success of the method was 90%. Conclusion: Extraction of posterior maxillary teeth was feasible with a single buccal infiltration without palatal injection in most cases using an extended waiting period. Dentists can attempt extraction without palatal injections with optimal success. However, the alternate technique could be used when there is a necessity for rescue palatal anesthesia.

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Tooth Extraction/adverse effects , Pain Measurement/instrumentation , Dentists , Anesthesia, Local/methods , Lidocaine/adverse effects , Statistics, Nonparametric
The Philippine Children&rsquo ; s Medical Center Journal;(2): 47-61, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980684


BACKGROUND@#Emergence delirium is a state of mental confusion and agitation after wakening from anesthesia that may result in traumatic injuries to the child. Limited drugs have been studied or used to prevent this occurrence.@*OBJECTIVE@#To determine the efficacy and safety of intravenous lidocaine in controlling emergence agitation (EA) in children undergoing surgeries done under general anesthesia compared to placebo or other intravenous anesthetics.@*METHODOLOGY@#This study is a meta-analysis, where published articles were obtained using PubMed, Cochrane Library, Clinical Trials, and Google Scholar up to August 2022. The primary outcome measure includes incidence of emergence delirium while secondary outcomes are postoperative pain and adverse effects comparing lidocaine and other intravenous drugs. The latter includes nausea and vomiting, untoward airway events and local anesthetic toxicity (LAST). Review Manager 5.4 was used for statistical analysis.@*RESULTS@#There were a total of 6 articles included for quantitative and qualitative analysis. The overall incidence of emergence agitation (RR=1.03, 95% CI [0.50, 2.13], P=0.94) and adverse events were higher in the Lidocaine group, although the differences were not significant. Subgroup analysis by comparator showed significant increased risk of developing EA with Lidocaine compared to other intravenous drugs (RR=2.06, 95% CI [1.32, 2.32], P=0.002). The risk for developing postoperative pain is decreased with Lidocaine compared to placebo and other drugs.@*CONCLUSION@#Intravenous lidocaine given to children undergoing general anesthesia with sevoflurane increased their risk for emergence delirium, compared to both placebo and other intravenous anesthetics.

Lidocaine , Emergence Delirium , Child , Pediatrics , Anesthesia , Anesthesia, General
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1415750


Objetivo: Describir la técnica de bloqueo supramaleolar de tobillo y nuestra experiencia con este bloqueo en la cirugía de tobillo y pie. materiales y métodos:Se llevó a cabo un estudio observacional, retrospectivo de los últimos 5 años en pacientes con enfermedad de tobillo y pie, sometidos a un bloqueo supramaleolar de tobillo. Se excluyó a pacientes con cirugía previa, cirugías bilaterales, neuropatía periférica o enfermedad vascular, diabetes, infección activa o tabaquistas. Se realizó el bloqueo supramaleolar de tobillo con lidocaína al 2% y bupivacaína al 0,5%, teniendo en cuenta las referencias anatómicas. Se evaluaron la duración del bloqueo, la escala analógica visual de dolor a las 24 h de la cirugía, el tiempo hasta la toma del primer analgésico y el grado de satisfacción del paciente. Resultados:Se incluyó a 771 pacientes operados, todos tuvieron una analgesia completa por, al menos, 12 h (duración promedio 18 h). El puntaje promedio de la escala para dolor a las 24 h fue de 1,4. El tiempo promedio hasta la toma del primer analgésico fue de 16 h. El grado de satisfacción del paciente con el bloqueo y el dolor percibido en las primeras 24 h fue: muy satisfecho (89%), satisfecho (10%) y poco satisfecho (1%). No hubo casos de secuela neurológica permanente, toxicidad sistémica ni infección. Conclusión:El bloqueo supramaleolar de tobillo es un método simple, eficaz y seguro que puede realizar el traumatólogo para obtener una analgesia posquirúrgica prolongada. Nivel de Evidencia: IV

Background: We present the description of a supramalleolar ankle block technique and our experience using this technique in foot and ankle surgery. Materials and methods: We performed a retrospective observational study of the past 5 years of patients with foot and ankle pathology that had undergone the supramalleolar ankle block. We excluded patients with a history of previous foot surgery, bilateral surgeries, vascular disease, peripheral neuropathy, diabetes, smoking, or active surgical site infection. The supramalleolar ankle block was guided by anatomic landmarks and we used a solution of lidocaine 2% and bupivacaine 0.5%. We evaluated the duration of the ankle block, the visual analog scale (VAS) for pain 24 hrs after surgery, the time until the first analgesic dose, and the level of patient satisfaction. Results:771 patients were included in this study, all of whom had complete analgesia for at least 12 hrs (mean 18 hrs) after surgery. The mean value on the VAS for pain after 24 hrs was 1.4. On average, the first analgesic dose was administered 16 hrs after surgery. The level of satisfaction about the pain perceived in the first 24 hrs after surgery was: very satisfied (89%), satisfied (10%), and dissatisfied (1%). There were no reports of permanent neurological sequelae, systemic toxicity, or surgical site infections. Conclusion: We consider the supramalleolar ankle block a simple, effective, and safe procedure to obtain long-lasting postoperative analgesia. Level of Evidence: IV

Adult , Bupivacaine , Treatment Outcome , Foot , Anesthesia, Local , Lidocaine , Ankle Joint
Braz. J. Anesth. (Impr.) ; 72(5): 637-647, Sept.-Oct. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1420588


Abstract Introduction Burns are a common trauma that cause acute severe pain in up to 80% of patients. The objective of this narrative review is to evaluate the efficacy of opioids, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, paracetamol, gabapentinoids, ketamine, and lidocaine in the treatment of acute pain in burn victims. Methodology The databases explored were PubMed, Embase, ClinicalTrials, and OpenGrey. The included randomized, controlled clinical trials assessed the analgesic efficacy of these drugs on hospitalized patients, had no age limit, patients were in the acute phase of the burn injury and were compared to placebo or other analgesic drugs. Studies describing deep sedation, chronic opioid use, chronic pain, and patients taken to reconstructive surgeries were excluded. The Jadad scale was used to evaluate quality. Results Six randomized controlled clinical trials (397 patients) that evaluated the analgesic efficacy of fentanyl (n = 2), nalbuphine (n = 1), ketamine (n = 1), gabapentin (n = 1), and lidocaine (n = 1) to treat post-procedural pain were included. Fentanyl, nalbuphine, and ketamine were effective, while lidocaine was associated with a slight increase in reported pain and gabapentin showed no significant differences. Two studies were of high quality, one was of medium high quality, and three were of low quality. No studies on the efficacy of NSAIDs or paracetamol were found. Conclusion Evidence of efficacy is very limited. Fentanyl, nalbuphine, and ketamine seem to be effective for controlling acute pain in burn patients, whereas gabapentin and lidocaine did not show any efficacy.

Humans , Burns/complications , Analgesics, Non-Narcotic , Acute Pain/etiology , Acute Pain/drug therapy , Pain, Procedural , Ketamine/therapeutic use , Nalbuphine/therapeutic use , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/therapeutic use , Fentanyl , Gabapentin , Analgesics , Analgesics, Opioid/therapeutic use , Lidocaine , Acetaminophen
Braz. J. Anesth. (Impr.) ; 72(5): 593-598, Sept.-Oct. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1420595


Abstract Background: Acute postoperative pain is associated with poor quality of recovery after surgery. Perioperative use of intravenous lignocaine or dexmedetomidine have demonstrated better pain control, early return of bowel function, and effects on quality of recovery. Methods: Ninety-six women planned for elective robotic abdominal hysterectomy were randomized into four groups. Groups received lignocaine infusion (1.5−1 loading, 2−1.h−1 infusion) (Group I), dexmedetomidine infusion (1 µ−1 loading, 0.6 µ−1.h−1 infusion) (Group 2), lidocaine (1.5−1 loading, 2−1.h−1 infusion), and dexmedetomidine infusions (1 µ−1 loading, 0.5 µ−1.h−1 infusion) (Group 3), and normal saline 10 mL loading, 1−1.h−1 infusion) (Group 4). Primary outcome was visual analogue pain scores at 1, 2, 4, 12, and 24 hours after surgery. Secondary outcomes included postoperative fentanyl requirement, time of return of bowel sounds and flatus, QoR15 score on day 1, 2, and discharge. Results The VAS was significantly lower in Groups 2 and 3 compared to Groups 1 and 4. Total postoperative fentanyl consumption in the first 24 hours was 256.25 ± 16.36 mcg (Group 1), 177.71 ± 16.81 mcg (Group 2), 114.17 ± 16.19 mcg (Group 3), and 304.42 ± 31.26 mcg (Group 4), respectively. Time to return of bowel sounds and passage of flatus was significantly shorter in Groups 2 and 3 (p < 0.01). QoR15 scores after surgery were higher in Group 3 compared to Groups 1, 2, and 4, (p < 0.01) respectively. Conclusion: Combined infusion of lignocaine and dexmedetomidine significantly decreased postoperative pain, fentanyl consumption, and improved quality of recovery score after surgery in patients undergoing Robotic abdominal hysterectomy.

Humans , Female , Dexmedetomidine/therapeutic use , Robotic Surgical Procedures , Pain, Postoperative/prevention & control , Pain, Postoperative/drug therapy , Infusions, Intravenous , Fentanyl , Double-Blind Method , Prospective Studies , Flatulence , Hysterectomy , Lidocaine/therapeutic use
Rev. cuba. cir ; 61(3)sept. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1441514


Introducción: La cirugía de la hernia inguinal constituye uno de los procederes más comunes a nivel mundial. Se estima que el 80 por ciento son realizados con anestesia regional o general, y un 20 por ciento con local en contra de la recomendación de las sociedades internacionales que aceptan que la mayor parte de los enfermos son candidatos para este método. Objetivos: Describir la técnica de anestésica local aplicada por el propio cirujano, exponiendo sus ventajas y desventajas apoyadas en la evidencia relevante disponible. Métodos: Se realizó una revisión híbrida de tipo narrativa. Se describió el método anestésico empleado por nuestro grupo. Paralelamente, se realizó una búsqueda en las principales bases de datos para la identificación de las investigaciones que sostienen y defienden los aspectos técnicos y decisiones clínicas tomadas. Desarrollo: No existen contraindicaciones absolutas para la selección de la anestesia local, en su mayoría son relativas. El anestésico a emplear es lidocaína, aunque adjuvantes pueden ser tenidos en cuenta. La sedación pre o transoperatoria no se recomienda. El método anestésico involucra la fase subcutánea con una técnica de bloqueo de campo y fase incisional profunda con infiltración tumescente. Conclusiones: El empleo de anestesia local para la cirugía de hernia inguinal por vía anterior puede ser considerado de primera elección. Es más económica y las complicaciones urinarias y cardiovasculares se reducen. Para lograr una cirugía de igual calidad a otro método de anestesia es importante dominar la técnica anestésica(AU)

Introduction: Inguinal hernia surgery is one of the most common procedures worldwide. 80 percent of them are estimated to be performed under regional or general anesthesia; while 20 percent are performed under local anesthesia, contrary to the recommendation of international societies, which accept that most of the patients are candidates for this method. Objectives: To describe the local anesthetic technique applied by the surgeon himself, exposing its advantages and disadvantages supported by the relevant evidence available. Methods: A hybrid narrative review was carried out. The anesthetic method used by our group was described. At the same time, a search was performed in the main databases to identify the research supporting and defending the technical aspects and the taken clinical decisions. Development: There are no absolute contraindications for the selection of local anesthesia; most of them are relative. The anesthetic to be used is lidocaine, although adjuvants can be taken into account. Pre- or intraoperative sedation is not recommended. The anesthetic method involves the subcutaneous phase with a field block technique and the deep incisional phase with tumescent infiltration. Conclusions: The use of local anesthesia for inguinal hernia surgery though an anterior approach can be considered as the first choice; it is more economical, while urinary and cardiovascular complications are reduced. To achieve a surgery of equal quality to another method of anesthesia, it is important to master the anesthetic technique(AU)

Humans , Hernia, Inguinal/surgery , Anesthesia, Local/methods , Lidocaine/administration & dosage
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 11(4): 1-12, jul. 21, 2022. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1427279


Aim: To investigate the precipitate formed from the interaction between 2% lidocaine hydrochloride with adrenaline (LA) with 2.5% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) and 0.2% chitosan nanoparticles on root canal dentin, using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Material and Methods: Sixty mandibular premolars were decoronated, and the root length standardised. The specimens were randomly distributed into the following groups: Group 1 (control): 2% LA mixed with sterile water without root canal instrumentation, Group 2: 2% LA with 2.5% NaOCl in water without root canal instrumentation, and Group 3: 2% LA with 0.2% chitosan nanoparticles in water without root canal instrumentation. Teeth specimens were split and subjected to SEM analysis at cervical, middle, and apical root thirds. On observing precipitate formation in Group 2, 10 premolars were decoronated and treated with 2% LA and 2.5% NaOCl and subjected to root canal instrumentation. Results: Group 1 and Group 3 showed patent dentinal tubules and no precipitate formation. Group 2 showed precipitate blocking dentinal tubules in all the three sections, and the precipitate could not be removed completely after cleaning and shaping. Conclusion: NaOCl forms an insoluble precipitate on interaction with local anaesthetic solution that cannot be removed after chemo-mechanical preparation. Chitosan nanoparticles do not form any such precipitate and show patent dentinal tubules. Hence, chitosan can be used as a flushing irrigant.

Objetivo: Investigar el precipitado formado a partir de la interacción entre el clorhidrato de lidocaína al 2% con adrenalina (LA), el hipoclorito de sodio al 2,5% (NaOCl) y nanopartículas de quitosano al 0,2% en la dentina del conducto radicular, mediante microscopía electrónica de barrido (SEM). Material y Métodos: Se decoraron 60 premolares mandibulares y se estandarizó la longitud de la raíz. Los especímenes se distribuyeron aleatoriamente en los siguientes grupos: Grupo 1 (control): 2% la que fue mezclado con agua estéril sin instrumentación del conducto radicular, Grupo 2: 2% LA con 2,5% de NaOCl sin instrumentación del conducto radicular y Grupo 3: 2 % LA con 0,2% de nanopartículas de quitosano sin instrumentación del conducto radicular. Las muestras de dientes se dividieron y se sometieron a análisis SEM en los tercios radiculares cervical, medio y apical. Al observar la formación de precipitado en el Grupo 2, 10 premolares fueron decorados y tratados con LA al 2% y NaOCl al 2,5% y sometidos a instrumentación de conductos radiculares. Resultado: El Grupo 1 y el Grupo 3 mostraron túbulos dentinarios permeables y sin formación de precipitados. El grupo 2 mostró precipitado que bloqueaba los túbulos dentinarios en las tres secciones, y el precipitado no se pudo eliminar por completo después de limpieza y conformación. Conclusión: el NaOCl forma un precipitado insoluble al interactuar con la solución anestésica local que no se puede eliminar después de la preparación quimiomecánica. Las nanopartículas de quitosano no forman ningún precipitado de este tipo y muestran túbulos dentinarios permeables. Por lo tanto, el quitosano se puede utilizar como irrigante para el lavado.

Humans , Root Canal Irrigants/chemical synthesis , Sodium Hypochlorite/chemical synthesis , Chitosan/chemical synthesis , Lidocaine/chemical synthesis , Bicuspid , In Vitro Techniques , Smear Layer
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1383559


Se describe el caso de un paciente que instaló un hipo persistente luego de recibir una inyección epidural transforaminal lumbar de corticoides. Se destaca que es una complicación raramente reportada y por ende poco conocida por quienes practican intervencionismo en dolor. Se discuten los posibles mecanismos por los que puede presentarse, se reseña la evolución observada, y se describe el tratamiento instituido. Se señala el impacto que el hipo puede tener sobre la calidad de vida.

The case of a patient who installed a persistent hiccup after receiving a lumbar transforaminal epidural injection of corticosteroids is described. It is highlighted that it is a rarely reported complication and little known by those who practice interventional pain medicine. Possible mechanisms by which it may occur are discussed, the evolution observed and the treatment instituted are reviewed. The impact that hiccups can have on quality of life is pointed out.

Descrevemos o caso de um paciente que desenvolveu soluços persistentes após receber uma injeção peridural transforaminal lombar de corticosteróides. Ressalta-se que é uma complicação pouco relatada e, portanto, pouco conhecida por quem pratica o intervencionismo na dor. Discutem-se os possíveis mecanismos pelos quais pode ocorrer, revisa-se a evolução observada e descreve-se o tratamento instituído. O impacto que os soluços podem ter na qualidade de vida é apontado.

Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Injections, Epidural/adverse effects , Triamcinolone/adverse effects , Glucocorticoids/adverse effects , Hiccup/chemically induced , Triamcinolone/administration & dosage , Low Back Pain/drug therapy , Dopamine D2 Receptor Antagonists/therapeutic use , Hiccup/drug therapy , Lidocaine/administration & dosage , Lumbar Vertebrae , Metoclopramide/therapeutic use
Rev. cuba. ortop. traumatol ; 36(1)abr. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1409047


Introducción: En los últimos años la anestesia local sin torniquete y con el paciente despierto, técnica conocida por WALANT (por sus siglas en inglés), ha ganado mucha popularidad en las cirugías de la mano y la muñeca. Objetivo: Reportar nuestra experiencia con el uso de la técnica WALANT, a fin de prescindir del uso del torniquete en las cirugías de la mano. Métodos: En noviembre del 2020 fueron intervenidos 30 pacientes por diversas enfermedades ortopédicas, entre las que figuraron: dedos en resorte, síndrome del túnel carpiano, tenovaginitis estenosante del pulgar, gangliones del carpo y amputación del tercer radio por rigidez en extensión postraumática, entre otras. Para la evaluación de la técnica tuvimos en cuenta: tiempo quirúrgico, magnitud del sangrado, dolor durante la infiltración anestésica, la intervención, y en las primeras 24 horas del postoperatorio, la necesidad de refuerzo anestésico, uso de isquemia, complicaciones y nivel de satisfacción del paciente. Resultados: Los resultados obtenidos con esta técnica anestésica son semejantes a otras, con las ventajas que el sangrado es leve, no hay que utilizar isquemia, el tiempo quirúrgico es menor y el efecto anestésico duró entre 10 y 12 horas en todos los pacientes. En ninguno de los pacientes hubo necesidad de refuerzo anestésico. Conclusiones: Se demuestra la efectividad de la técnica WALANT en las cirugías de mano. Con ella se disminuye el gasto de materiales para el acto quirúrgico, así como de personal, es de fácil aplicación y disminuyen las sensaciones desagradables y los peligros del uso de isquemia en los pacientes(AU)

Introduction: Currently, the use of local anaesthetic with no tourniquet and wide awake patient (Wide Awake Local Anaesthetic No Tourniquet - WALANT) has gained popularity in surgeries of the hand and wrist. Objective: To report our experience in the use of WALANT technique in order to discard the use of tourniquet in hand surgeries. Method: In November 2020, thirty patients underwent surgery due to different orthopaedic conditions, among them trigger fingers, carpal tunnel syndrome, stenosing tenovaginitis of the thumb, carpal ganglion and amputation of the third radius due to post trauma stiffness, among others. In order to assess this technique, we considered surgical time, volume of bleeding, pain during anesthetic infiltration, intervention and the need for additional anesthetic during the first 24 hours after surgery; we considered also ischemia, complications and level patient´s satisfaction. Results: This technique had similar results to others; however, the bleeding is mild, there is no need for ischemia, the surgical time is lesser and the anesthetic effect lasted 10 to 12 hours in all patients. None of them required additional anesthetic. All subjects felt the initial infiltration but none complained of pain during the rest of the anesthetic injection or during the surgical act. There were no complications. Conclusions: The effectiveness of WALANT technique in hand surgeries is shown. The cost of materials for the surgical act is reduced with it, as well as the surgical staff, it is easy to use and unpleasant sensations and dangers of the use of ischemia in patients are reduced(AU)

Humans , Bone Neoplasms/surgery , Epinephrine/administration & dosage , Sodium Bicarbonate/administration & dosage , Hand/surgery , Lidocaine/administration & dosage , Wrist/surgery , Effectiveness
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 683-690, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940975


Objective: To investigate the effects of compound analgesia on ultra-pulsed fractional carbon dioxide laser (UFCL) treatment of post-burn hypertrophic s in children. Methods: A prospective randomized controlled study was conducted. From April 2018 to March 2020, 169 pediatric patients with post-burn hypertrophic s admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Air Force Medical University were randomly divided into general anesthesia alone group (39 cases, 19 males and 20 females, aged 35 (21, 48) months), general anesthesia+lidocaine group (41 cases, 23 males and 18 females, aged 42 (22, 68) months), general anesthesia+ibuprofen suppository group (41 cases, 25 males and 16 females, aged 38 (26, 52) months), and three-drug combination group with general anesthesia + lidocaine+ibuprofen suppository (48 cases, 25 males and 23 females, aged 42 (25, 60) months), and the pediatric patients in each group were treated with corresponding analgesic regimens when UFCL was used to treat s, and the pediatric patients were given comprehensive care throughout the treatment process. The pain degree of pediatric patients scar was evaluated by facial expression,legs,activity,cry,and consolability (FLACC) of children's pain behavior scale at 0 (immediately), 1, 2, and 4 h after awakening from the first anesthesia, respectively. At 4 h after awakening from the first anesthesia of postoperative pain assessment, the self-made analgesia satisfaction questionnaire was used to evaluate the satisfaction for the analgesic effect of the pediatric patients or their families, and the satisfaction rate was calculated. Within 2 h after the first operation, the occurrences of adverse reactions of the pediatric patients, such as nausea and vomiting, headache, dizziness, drowsiness, etc, were observed and recorded. Before the first treatment and 1 month after the last treatment, the Vancouver scar scale (VSS) was used to evaluate the pediatric patients scar, and the difference value between the two was calculated. Data were statistically analyzed with least significant difference test, Kruskal-Wallis H test, chi-square test and Fisher's exact probability test. Results: At 0 h after awakening from the first anesthesia, the FLACC scores of pediatric patients in general anesthesia+lidocaine group, general anesthesia+ibuprofen suppository group and three-drug combination group were significantly lower than those in general anesthesia alone group (P<0.01). The FLACC scores of the pediatric patients in anesthesia+ibuprofen suppository group and three-drug combination group were significantly lower than that in general anesthesia+lidocaine group (P<0.01), and the FLACC score of the pediatric patients in three-drug combination group was significantly lower than that in general anesthesia+ibuprofen suppository group (P<0.01). At 1 and 2 h after awakening from the first anesthesia, the FLACC scores of pediatric patients in general anesthesia+ibuprofen suppository group and three-drug combination group were both significantly lower than those in general anesthesia alone group and general anesthesia+lidocaine group (P<0.01), and the FLACC score of the pediatric patients in three-drug combination group was significantly lower than that in general anesthesia+ibuprofen suppository group (P<0.01). At 4 h after awakening from the first anesthesia, the FLACC scores of the pediatric patients in general anesthesia+ibuprofen suppository group and three-drug combination group were significantly lower than those in general anesthesia alone group and general anesthesia+lidocaine group (P<0.01). At 4 h after awakening from the first anesthesia, the satisfactions rate with the analgesic effect in the four groups of pediatric patients or their families were 79.49% (31/39), 85.37% (35/41), 87.80% (36/41), and 97.92% (47/48), respectively. The satisfaction rate of the pediatric patients in three-drug combination group was significantly higher than those in general anesthesia alone group, general anesthesia+lidocaine group, general anesthesia+ibuprofen suppository group. Within 2 h after the first operation, there was no significant difference in the overall comparison of adverse reactions such as nausea and vomiting, headache, dizziness, and drowsiness of pediatric patients among the 4 groups (P>0.05). The VSS scores of pediatric patients before the first treatment, 1 month after the last treatment, and and the difference value between the two in the 4 groups were not significantly different (P>0.05). Conclusions: Three-drug combination for analgesia has a good effect in the treatment of hypertrophic scars after burn in pediatric patients with UFCL. Pediatric patients or their families are highly satisfied with the effect, and the treatment effect and incidence of adverse reactions are similar to other analgesic regimens, so it is recommended to be promoted in clinical practice.

Child , Female , Humans , Male , Analgesia , Analgesics , Cicatrix, Hypertrophic/pathology , Dizziness/drug therapy , Headache/drug therapy , Ibuprofen/therapeutic use , Lasers, Gas/therapeutic use , Lidocaine , Nausea/drug therapy , Pain/drug therapy , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Vomiting/drug therapy
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 49(4): e501, Oct.-Dec. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1341246


Abstract Introduction: The use of intravenous lidocaine infusion has increased over the past decade as part of a multimodal approach to analgesia in adults; however, information about its safety and tolerability in the pediatric population is limited. Methods: Acute pain management using lidocaine infusion in eleven patients treated in the pediatric intensive care unit. Results: Five cases of postoperative abdominal pain and six cases of non-operative abdominal pain. Two cases were cancer patients affected by neutropenic colitis. Analgesic control achieved was good. Conclusion: Lidocaine infusions are apparently a safe option for the management of acute pain, either post-operative or not, in the pediatric population.

Resumen Introducción: El uso de la infusión de lidocaína endovenosa ha aumentado en la última década como parte de un enfoque analgésico multimodal en los adultos; sin embargo, se dispone de información limitada sobre su seguridad y tolerabilidad en la población pediátrica. Métodos: Se presentan once casos de manejo de dolor agudo con lidocaína en infusión tratados en unidad de cuidado intensivo pediátrico. Resultados: Cinco casos fueron postoperatorio abdominal y seis casos tenían dolor abdominal no postoperatorio. Dos pacientes tenían cáncer y cursaban con colitis neutropénica. El control analgésico alcanzado fue bueno. Conclusión: Las infusiones de lidocaína parecen ser una opción segura para el manejo del dolor agudo ya sea posquirúrgico o no en la población pediátrica.

Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Anesthesia, Intravenous , Lidocaine , Postoperative Care , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , Acute Pain , Analgesia
Rev. cuba. oftalmol ; 34(2): e1064, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1341453


Objetivo: Evaluar la seguridad ocular y sistémica de una combinación de lidocaína 2 por ciento y fenilefrina 1 por ciento administrada por vía intracameral para provocar midriasis intraoperatoria en la cirugía de catarata. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio prospectivo de serie de casos en 70 ojos de igual número de pacientes sometidos a facoemulsificación con implante de lente intraocular. El grupo midriasis intraoperatoria en la cirugía lo conformaron 35 pacientes dilatados con una inyección intracameral de lidocaína y fenilefrina antes de la cirugía, mientras otros 35 ojos se dilataron de manera tradicional, con un colirio midriático previo. Para la seguridad ocular se evaluaron múltiples parámetros del examen oftalmológico pre- y posoperatorio. Resultados: La presión intraocular, el espesor corneal central, la densidad celular del endotelio corneal y el edema corneal posoperatorio como hallazgo del segmento anterior se comportaron de manera similar en ambos grupos de estudio. Se reportó una complicación transoperatoria en el grupo de manera tradicional y un caso con edema quístico macular posoperatorio en el grupo midriasis intraoperatoria en la cirugía que no representaron diferencias significativas. Conclusión: La inyección de lidocaína más fenilefrina intracameral es una opción segura tanto ocular como sistémica para provocar midriasis durante la facoemulsificación(AU)

Objective: Evaluate the ocular and systemic safety of a combination of 2 percent lidocaine and 1 percent phenylephrine administered intracamerally to achieve intraoperative mydriasis in cataract surgery. Methods: A prospective study was conducted of a case series of 70 patients (70 eyes) who underwent phacoemulsification with intraocular lens implantation. The intraoperative mydriasis group was composed of 35 patients dilated with an intracameral injection of lidocaine and phenylephrine before surgery, whereas another 35 eyes were dilated by the conventional method, with mydriatic eye drops. Ocular safety evaluation was based on the analysis of a wide variety of pre- and postoperative ophthalmological examination parameters. Results: Intraocular pressure, central corneal thickness, corneal endothelial cell density and postoperative corneal edema as an anterior segment finding, behaved in a similar manner in both study groups. An intraoperative complication was reported in the conventional method group and a case with postoperative cystoid macular edema in the intraoperative mydriasis group group, neither of them exhibiting significant differences. Conclusion: Intracameral lidocaine plus phenylephrine injection is a safe ocular and systemic option to achieve mydriasis during phacoemulsification(AU)

Humans , Phenylephrine/therapeutic use , Cataract Extraction/methods , Mydriasis/drug therapy , Lidocaine/therapeutic use , Case-Control Studies , Prospective Studies
Revista Digital de Postgrado ; 10(1): 262, abr. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LIVECS, LILACS | ID: biblio-1147578


El bloqueo del nervio peri prostático con lidocaína, proporciona un buen alivio del dolor en la realización de la biopsia prostática guiada por ultrasonido, pero el dolor post-procedimiento, puede llegar a ser significativo, la adición del supositorio de diclofenac, podría proporcionar alivio adicional. Se asignaron al azar pacientes en 2 grupos el grupo 1 bloqueo con lidocaína del plexo peri prostático + supositorio de diclofenac sódico y el grupo 2 bloqueo con lidocaína del plexo peri prostático + supositorio de placebo, realizando biopsia doble sextante, el dolor a varios intervalos después del procedimiento se registró en una escala visual análoga (EVA) de 0 a 10. Los 2 grupos fueron similares en cuanto a edad, volumen de próstata, antígeno prostático específico, diagnóstico histopatológico. Los pacientes que recibieron diclofenac tuvieron puntajes de dolor significativamente más bajos que los que recibieron placebo (2 frente a 3,35) p 0,02. La administración rectal de diclofenac antes de la realización de la biopsia de próstata es un procedimiento simple que alivia significativamente el dolor experimentado sin aumento en la morbilidad(AU)

The peri-prostatic nerve block with lidocaine, provides good pain relief in performing ultrasoundguided prostate biopsy, but the postprocedure pain can be significant, the addition of diclofenac suppository, could provide additional relief. Patients were randomly assigned in 2 groups to group 1 blockade with lidocaine of the prostatic peri plexus + suppository of diclofenac sodium and group 2 blockade with lidocaine of the prostatic peri plexus + placebo suppository, performing double sextant biopsy, pain at several intervals after the procedure was recorded on a visual analog scale (EVA) from 0 to 10. Thee 2 groups were similar in terms of age, prostate volume, prostate-specific antigen, histopathological diagnosis. Patients who received diclofenac had pain scores significantly lower than those who received placebo (2 vs. 3.35) p 0.02. Rectal administration of diclofenac before performing a prostate biopsy is a simple procedure that relieves significantly pain experienced without increased morbidity(AU)

Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Prostate/pathology , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/therapeutic use , Diclofenac/therapeutic use , Anesthetics, Local/therapeutic use , Lidocaine/therapeutic use , Nerve Block/methods , Placebos/therapeutic use , Prostate/diagnostic imaging , Administration, Rectal , Prospective Studies , Pain Management/methods , Image-Guided Biopsy , Anesthesia, Local
Rev. cuba. anestesiol. reanim ; 20(1): e681, ene.-abr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | CUMED, LILACS | ID: biblio-1156364


Introducción: El estudio y tratamiento del dolor ha sido una de las preocupaciones más importantes en los últimos 30 años en el ámbito médico mundial. Desde hace varias décadas a nivel internacional se realizan estudios sobre el efecto del tramadol y la lidocaína como analgésicos intraoperatorio, con el fin de obtener una adecuada analgesia durante el procedimiento quirúrgico y el periodo posoperatorio inmediato. Objetivo: Comparar el efecto analgésico del tramadol y la lidocaína durante el período transoperatorio en caninos programados para intervención quirúrgica. Método: Se realizó un estudio prospectivo, comparativo, con animales programados para tratamiento quirúrgico por presentar tumores periféricos. Se incluyeron 10 animales divididos en 2 grupos. El grupo control (G-C) que recibió lidocaína sin preservo (lidocaína SP) en infusión continua durante el procedimiento quirúrgico y el grupo 1 (G-1) que se le administró tramadol endovenoso previo al acto quirúrgico. Se evaluaron variables hemodinámicas y de oxigenación como indicadores indirectos de dolor transoperatorio. Resultados: La muestra fue homogénea para la edad y el sexo. El comportamiento de las variables hemodinámicas resultó más estable durante la infusión de lidocaína. La saturación periférica de oxígeno fue similar con ambos medicamentos, así como la temperatura. Conclusiones: La infusión intravenosa de lidocaína SP durante el periodo transoperatorio en caninos oncológico demostró una mejor efectividad analgésica en comparación con el tramadol aplicado preoperatoriamente, según los parámetros evaluados(AU)

Introduction: Study and treatment of pain has been one of the most important concerns in the last thirty years in the worldwide medical field. For several decades, international studies have been carried out on the effect of tramadol and lidocaine as intraoperative analgesics, in order to achieve adequate analgesia during surgical procedures and the immediate postoperative period. Objective: To compare the analgesic effect of tramadol and lidocaine during the intraoperative period in canines scheduled for surgical intervention. Method: A prospective, comparative study was carried out with animals scheduled for surgical treatment due to peripheral tumors. Ten animals were included, divided into two groups: the control group, which received lidocaine without preservation in continuous infusion during the surgical procedure, and group 1, which was administered intravenous tramadol prior to the surgical act. Hemodynamic and oxygenation variables were assessed as indirect indicators of intraoperative pain. Results: The sample was homogeneous for age and sex. The behavior of the hemodynamic variables was more stable during the lidocaine infusion. Peripheral oxygen saturation was similar in both drugs, as well as temperature. Conclusions: Intravenous infusion of lidocaine without preservation during the intraoperative period in oncological canines showed better analgesic effectiveness compared to tramadol applied preoperatively, according to the parameters assessed(AU)

Animals , Dogs , Tramadol/therapeutic use , Anesthesia and Analgesia/methods , Lidocaine/therapeutic use , Prospective Studies , Dog Diseases/drug therapy
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 815-818, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922163


Objective@#To evaluate the clinical efficacy of Compound Chamomile and Lidocaine Hydrochloride Gel for postoperative hypospadias in children.@*METHODS@#From January to December 2020, we treated 116 children with distal hypospadias in the Department of Urology, Department of Pediatrics and the Seventh Medical Center of the PLA General Hospital, 58 by primary Snodgrass urethroplasty only (the control group) and the other 58 with Compound Chamomile and Lidocaine Hydrochloride Gel smeared on the penis postoperatively in addition (the trial group). We compared the operation time and postoperative pain score, edema regression and incidence of infection between the two groups, followed by statistical analysis using T test and Chi-square test.@*RESULTS@#All the operations were successfully completed by the same surgeon under general anesthesia. There were no statistically significant differences between the trial and control groups in age ([2.5 ± 0.8] vs [2.4 ± 0.6] yr, P > 0.05) or operation time ([95.6 ± 14.5] vs [97.1 ± 15.2] min, P > 0.05). No incision infection occurred in any of the cases. The pain scores at dressing removal were remarkably lower in the trial than in the control group at 2 hours (1.4 ± 1.0 vs 2.6 ± 1.3, P < 0.05), 24 hours (2.2 ± 1.3 vs 3.9 ± 1.6, P < 0.05), 48 hours (1.2 ± 0.7 vs 1.6 ± 0.9, P < 0.05) and 72 hours after surgery (2.5 ± 0.8 vs 3.7 ± 1.8, P < 0.05). Significantly more cases of edema regression were achieved in the trial than in the control group at 2 weeks postoperatively (35 vs 19, P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Compound Chamomile and Lidocaine Hydrochloride Gel can effectively relieve pain, reduce edema and accelerate edema regression after surgery in children with hypospadias, and therefore deserves wide clinical application.、.

Child, Preschool , Humans , Male , Chamomile , Hypospadias/surgery , Lidocaine/therapeutic use , Pain, Postoperative/drug therapy , Postoperative Period
Rev. habanera cienc. méd ; 19(6): e2604, oct.-dic. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1149972


Introducción: La alcalinización de la lidocaína ha resultado ser exitosa en el bloqueo del nervio dentario inferior, sin embargo, existen resultados contradictorios respecto a su eficacia clínica. Objetivo: Determinar el efecto de la lidocaína 2 por ciento con adrenalina 1:80000 alcalinizada con bicarbonato de sodio al 8,4 % sobre el bloqueo del nervio dentario inferior. Material y métodos: Estudio experimental, prospectivo y longitudinal conformado por 50 pacientes de la Facultad de Odontología de la Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos. Las siguientes soluciones fueron administradas para el bloqueo del nervio dentario inferior: lidocaína 2 por ciento con adrenalina 1:80000 alcalinizada con bicarbonato de sodio al 8,4 por ciento y lidocaína 2 por ciento con adrenalina 1:80000 no alcalinizada. Se evaluó la intensidad del dolor por la inyección, parámetros hemodinámicos y periodos anestésicos (tiempo de inicio de acción y duración del efecto anestésico). Resultados: Se evidenció una menor intensidad del dolor por la inyección en el grupo de lidocaína alcalinizada (19,16 ± 2,7) en comparación al grupo de lidocaína no alcalinizada (22,88 ± 4,2); p=0,02. Así mismo, el tiempo de inicio de acción fue menor en el grupo de lidocaína alcalinizada (105,72 ± 9,7s) en comparación con el grupo de lidocaína no alcalinizada (157,52 ± 12,1); p=0,002. Sin embargo, no se evidenciaron diferencias significativas en los parámetros hemodinámicos (p>0,05) y la duración del efecto anestésico (p=0,114). Conclusiones: La lidocaína 2 por ciento con adrenalina 1:80000 alcalinizada con bicarbonato de sodio al 8,4 por ciento sobre el bloqueo del nervio dentario inferior produce una disminución de la intensidad del dolor por la inyección y del tiempo de inicio de acción, en comparación con la formulación no alcalinizada. Sin embargo, no se evidencian diferencias en relación con los parámetros hemodinámicos ni a la duración del efecto anestésico(AU)

Introduction: The alkalinization of lidocaine has been successful in blocking the inferior dental nerve; however, there are contradictory results regarding its clinical efficacy. Objective: To determine the effect of 2 percent lidocaine with 1: 80,000 adrenaline alkalinized with 8.4 percent sodium bicarbonate on inferior dental nerve block. Material and methods: Experimental, prospective and longitudinal study that comprised 50 patients from the Dental School of the National University of San Marcos. The following solutions were administered for inferior dental nerve block: 2 percent lidocaine with epinephrine 1: 80,000 alkalinized with 8.4 percent sodium bicarbonate and 2 percent lidocaine with 1: 80,000 adrenaline not alkalinized. Pain intensity was evaluated by injection, hemodynamic parameters and anesthetic periods (time of onset of action and duration of the anesthetic effect). Results: There was a lower pain intensity due to injection in the alkalized lidocaine group (19.16 ± 2.7) compared to the non-alkalinized lidocaine group (22.88 ± 4.2); p=0.02. Likewise, the onset time of action was lower in the alkalized lidocaine group (105.72 ± 9.7) compared to the non-alkalinized lidocaine group (157.52 ± 12.1); p=0.002. However, no significant differences were found in the hemodynamic parameters (p>0.05) and the duration of the anesthetic effect (p=0.114). Conclusions: Lidocaine 2 percent with adrenaline 1: 80,000 alkalized with sodium bicarbonate at 8.4 percent on the block of the inferior dental nerve produces a decrease in pain intensity due to injection and the time of onset of action, compared to the non-alkalinized formulation. However, there are no differences in relation to the hemodynamic parameters or the duration of the anesthetic effect(AU)

Schools, Dental , Anesthesia, Dental , Lidocaine/therapeutic use , Reference Standards , Longitudinal Studies