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1.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1353023

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: traçar o perfil de saúde dos servidores públicos de instituição de ensino localizada no Rio de Janeiro, a partir dos resultados dos exames periódicos de saúde. Método: utilizou-se abordagem quantitativa e transversal, com dados coletados em uma instituição pública federal de ensino. Resultados: verificou-se o risco para desenvolvimento de doenças crônicas não transmissíveis, dado o histórico familiar aliado ao estilo de vida dos participantes. A atividade física referida não pôde ser associada à diminuição de risco de doenças cardiovasculares e, por isso, pode não estar sendo efetiva sua contribuição para a saúde de seus praticantes. Quanto à exposição ocupacional, foram identificadas alterações nos exames de audiometria, videolaringoestroboscopia e Gama GT dos servidores docentes. Conclusão: torna-se fundamental consolidar as ações voltadas para os servidores públicos, enquanto ferramenta para embasar ações de promoção e proteção da saúde dos trabalhadores e para o fortalecimento de políticas públicas voltadas para o tema


Objective: to draw the health profile of public servants of an educational institution located in Rio de Janeiro, based on the results of periodic health examinations. Method: a quantitative and cross-sectional approach was used, with data collected from a federal public educational institution. Results: the risk for developing non-communicable chronic diseases was verified, given the family history combined with the participants' lifestyle. The referred physical activity could not be associated with a reduced risk of cardiovascular diseases and, therefore, its contribution to the health of its practitioners may not be effective. Regarding occupational exposure, changes in audiometry, videolaryngostroboscopy and Gama GT exams of the teaching staff were identified. Conclusion: it is essential to consolidate actions aimed at public servants, as a tool to support actions to promote and protect workers' health and to strengthen public policies. focused on the theme


Objetivo: dibujar el perfil de salud de los servidores públicos de una institución educativa ubicada en Río de Janeiro, con base en los resultados de los exámenes periódicos de salud. Método: se utilizó un enfoque cuantitativo y transversal, con datos recopilados de una institución educativa pública federal. Resultados: se verificó el riesgo de desarrollar enfermedades crónicas no transmisibles, dada la historia familiar combinada con el estilo de vida de los participantes. La actividad física referida no podría asociarse con un riesgo reducido de enfermedades cardiovasculares y, por lo tanto, su contribución a la salud de sus profesionales puede no ser efectiva. Con respecto a la exposición ocupacional, se identificaron cambios en audiometría, videolaringostroboscopia y exámenes de Gama GT del personal docente. Conclusión: es esencial consolidar las acciones dirigidas a los servidores públicos, como una herramienta para apoyar acciones para promover y proteger la salud de los trabajadores y fortalecer las políticas públicas. centrado en el tema


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Health Profile , Occupational Exposure/statistics & numerical data , Occupational Health , Government Employees/statistics & numerical data , Educational Personnel , Life Style
2.
Estima (Online) ; 19(1): e1921, jan.-dez. 2021.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1352428

ABSTRACT

Objetivo:Analisar as relações entre a qualidade de vida (QV) de pessoas com estomia com indicadores sociodemográficos, clínicos, de estilo de vida, de saneamento e moradia. Métodos: Estudo transversal com amostra de 106 indivíduos com estomia entrevistados de maio a dezembro de 2019. Utilizou-se um questionário sociodemográfico e clínico e o City of Hope - Quality of Life - Ostomy Questionnary. Resultados: O bem-estar espiritual (7,71±1,09) foi o domínio com melhor performance. A QV não diferiu entre homens e mulheres (p = 0,372), porém esteve associada à escolaridade (< 0,001) e renda familiar (p = 0,025), ao diabetes (p = 0,008) e etilismo (p = 0,044), às condições da água para consumo (p < 0,001), ao destino do lixo (p = 0,021), em ter energia elétrica (p = 0,034), ao tipo de moradia (p = 0,026) e ao número de cômodos (p = 0,023) e tipo de cobertura da habitação (p = 0,021). Conclusão: Piores indicadores socioeconômicos, de saneamento básico e moradia, parecem impactar negativamente a QV de pessoas com estomias.


Objectives:To analyze the relationships between the quality of life (QOL) of people with stoma with sociodemographic, clinical, lifestyle, sanitation, and housing indicators. Method: Cross-sectional study with a sample of 106 individuals with stoma interviewed from May to December 2019. A sociodemographic and clinical questionnaire and the City of Hope Quality of Life Ostomy Questionnaire were used. Results: Spiritual well-being (7.71 ± 1.09) was the best performing domain. Quality of life did not differ between men and women (p = 0.372), but was associated with education (< 0.001) and family income (p = 0.025), diabetes (p = 0.008) and alcoholism (p = 0.044), drinking water conditions (p < 0.001), garbage disposal (p = 0.021), having electricity (p = 0.034), housing type (p = 0.026), number of rooms (p = 0.023), and housing coverage (p = 0.021). Conclusion: worse socioeconomic, sanitation, and housing indicators appear to negatively impact the QOL of people with stomata


Objetivo:Analizar las relaciones entre la calidad de vida (CV) de las personas con estoma con indicadores sociodemográficos, clínicos, de estilo de vida, saneamiento y vivienda. Métodos: Estudio transversal con una muestra de 106 ostomizados, entrevistados de mayo a noviembre de 2019. Se utilizó un cuestionario sociodemográfico y clínico y el Cuestionario City of Hope - Quality of Life - Ostomy. Resultados: El bienestar espiritual (7,71 ± 1,09) fue el dominio con mejor desempeño. La CV no difirió entre hombres y mujeres (p = 0,372), pero se asoció con la educación (< 0,001) y los ingresos familiares(p = 0,025), la diabetes (p = 0,008) y el alcoholismo (p = 0,044), con las condiciones de agua potable (p <0,001), el destino de la basura (p = 0,021), la disponibilidad de electricidad (p = 0,034), el tipo de vivienda (p = 0,026) y el número de habitaciones (p = 0,023) y tipo de cobertura de vivienda (p = 0,021). Conclusión: Peores indicadores socioeconómicos, saneamiento básico, vivienda, parecen impactar negativamente la calidad de vida de las personas con ostomía.


Subject(s)
Quality of Life , Social Class , Ostomy , Basic Sanitation , Enterostomal Therapy , Life Style
3.
Oncología (Ecuador) ; 31(3): 201-212, 30-diciembre-2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1352465

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La supervivencia relativa a los cinco años para pacientes con cáncer colorrectal (CCR) se presenta entre el 60% en América del Norte y de 40% o menos en Argelia y Estonia. Es objetivo del presente estudio establecer la supervivencia a nivel local y determinar los factores asociados en un estudio de un centro nacional de referencia en Quito, Ecuador. Metodología: El presente estudio observacional se realizó en el Hospital de Especialidades Eugenio Espejo de la ciudad de Quito-Ecuador, en el período de enero del 2010 a diciembre del 2016. Se incluyeron pacientes con cáncer colorrectal. Las variables fueron descriptivas demográficas, variables clínicas y mortalidad. La muestra fue no probabilística, tipo censo. La variable mortalidad, fue estudiada con las variables Independientes clínicas, epidemiológicas con análisis actuarial de supervivencia. Resultados: Se incluyeron 395 casos, el 62.3% mujeres, con una edad 60 años (16 a 94). El 7.1% de casos refirieron algún tipo de exposición de riesgo relacionado a CCR. La supervivencia global fue del 56%, con una tasa de mortalidad del 7%. Casos con CCR estadio I sobrevida a los 6 años de 100%, con estadio II 96.5%, en el estadio III el 84%, estadio IV de 63% (P=0.001). Pacientes con instrucción secundaria o superior con supervivencia del 95% versus 88% en pacientes con instrucción primaria/analfabetos (P=0.048). La supervivencia es mayor en pacientes con diagnóstico temprano esta-dios (I y II) (P=0.007). Conclusión: La supervivencia en el presente estudio se asoció al nivel de instrucción de los pacientes, al estadiaje del cáncer, y al diagnóstico temprano sobre todo en pacientes con comorbilidades. No se evidenció relación con factores de riesgo como tabaco, alcohol, presencia de pólipos, etc.


Introduction: The five-year relative survival for patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) is between 60% in North America and 40% or less in Algeria and Estonia. The objective of this study is to estab-lish survival at the local level and determine the associated factors in a study of a national referral center in Quito, Ecuador. Methodology: The present observational study was carried out at the Eugenio Espejo Specialty Hospital in the city of Quito-Ecuador, in the period from January 2010 to December 2016. Patients with colorectal cancer were included. The variables were descriptive demographic, clinical variables and mortality. The sample was non-probabilistic, census type. The mortality variable was studied with the independent clinical and epidemiological variables with actuarial survival analysis. Results: A total of 395 patients were analyzed, 62.3% women, aged 60 years (16 to 94). 7.1% of cases referred to some type of risk exposure related to CRC. Overall survival was 56%, with a mortality rate of 7%. Cases with stage I CRC survival at 6 years of 100%, with stage II 96.5%, in stage III 84%, stage IV of 63% (P = 0.001). Patients with secondary education or higher with survival of 95% versus 88% in patients with primary education / illiterate (P= 0.048). Survival is higher in patients with early diagnosis stages (I and II) (P = 0.007). Conclusion: Survival in the present study was associated with the level of education of the patients, the staging of the cancer, and early diagnosis, especially in patients with comorbidities. There was no evidence of a relationship with risk factors such as tobacco, alcohol, presence of polyps, etc.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Survival Analysis , Risk Factors , Colonic Neoplasms , Colorectal Neoplasms , Early Detection of Cancer , Life Style
4.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1353129

ABSTRACT

The restriction of sodium intake, one of the pillars of antihypertensive treatment, has been associated with the increase in cholesterol levels. Given this, we hypothesize that a sodium intake restriction may increase cholesterol levels in hypertensive women. The present study aimed to evaluate the influence of sodium intake, sociodemo-graphic, lifestyle and anthropometric variables on the blood cholesterol levels of hypertensive women. This was a cross-sectional study with hypertensive and nondiabetic women aged 20 to 59 years, recruited from the primary healthcare units of Maceio, Alagoas, in the Brazilian Northeast. Sodium intake was estimated by the 24-hour urinary excretion of sodium; and blood cholesterol was estimated by capillary blood. Age (years), education level (<4 or ≥4 years), race (white or nonwhite), smoking and alcohol consumption were evaluated. The weight, height and waist circumference were measured and body mass index, conicity index and waist-to-height ratio were quantified. The percentage of body fat was measured using a tetrapolar bioelectrical impedance device. The relationship between blood cholesterol and other variables was assessed by multiple regression analysis. A significance level of 5% was used in the final model. This study included 165 hypertensive women. In linear regression, blood cholesterol was directly proportional to age (p<0.001), education level (p=0.01) and race (p=0.04). These variables, as well as sodium intake (p = 0.07) and conicity index (p = 0.12), were included in the multiple regression analysis. Sodium intake (p=0.03) and age (p=0.001) were related, in an inverse and a direct way, respectively, to the blood choles-terol in the hypertensive women studied. (AU)


ção da ingestão de sódio, um dos pilares do tratamento anti-hipertensivo, tem sido associada ao aumen-to dos níveis de colesterol. Diante disso, levantou-se a hipótese de que a ingestão de sódio influencia os níveis de colesterol de mulheres hipertensas, independentemente de outros fatores associados. Trata-se de um estudo transversal realizado com mulheres hipertensas e não diabéticas, na faixa etária entre 20 e 59 anos, recrutadas em unidades básicas de saúde de Maceió, Alagoas, situada no Nordeste do Brasil. A ingestão de sódio foi estimada pela excreção urinária de sódio de 24 horas; e o colesterol sérico foi mensurado por coleta de sangue capilar. Foram ava-liados idade (anos), escolaridade (<4 ou ≥4 anos), raça (branca ou não branca), tabagismo e consumo de álcool. O peso, a estatura e a circunferência da cintura foram aferidos e o índice de massa corporal, índice de conicidade e razão cintura/estatura foram calculados. A porcentagem de gordura corporal foi medida usando um dispositivo de impedância bioelétrica tetrapolar. A relação entre o colesterol sérico e as outras variáveis em estudo foi avalia-da por meio de análise de regressão múltipla, adotando-se um nível de significância de 5% no modelo final. Este estudo incluiu 165 mulheres hipertensas. Na análise de regressão linear, o colesterol sérico foi relacionado à idade (p<0,001), escolaridade (p=0,01) e raça (p=0,04). Essas variáveis, assim como o consumo de sódio (p=0,07) e o índice de conicidade (p=0,12), foram incluídas na análise de regressão múltipla. As variáveis que permaneceram no modelo final foram ingestão de sódio (p=0,03) e idade (p=0,001). A ingestão de sódio e a idade foram as variáveis que influenciaram o colesterol sérico de mulheres hipertensas. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Tobacco Use Disorder , Body Height , Alcohol Drinking , Capillaries , Anthropometry , Cholesterol , Hypertension , Life Style , Antihypertensive Agents , Obesity
5.
Invest. educ. enferm ; 39(3): 117-130, 15 octubre del 2021. Tab
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1348235

ABSTRACT

Objective. To identify the proportion of poor of glycemic control and associated factors among people with type 2 diabetes attending a regional reference outpatient clinic in Mato Grosso (Brazil). Methods. This is a cross-sectional quantitative study based on data from medical records of 338 people with type 2 diabetes who attend a state reference outpatient clinic in Mato Grosso (Brazil). Information on glycemic control, sociodemographic factors, lifestyle and clinical conditions was collected. Results. The prevalence of elevated glycated hemoglobin was 47.34%. In the Poisson multiple regression model analysis with robust variance, poor glycemic control was significantly associated (p<0.05) with the following factors: insulin use (Prevalence Ratio -PR = 2.03), fasting glucose ≤70 and ≥100 mg/dL (PR = 2.0), postprandial glucose ≥180 mg/dL (PR = 1.76), no physical activity (PR = 1.62), the interaction between age group ≤59 years and the time of disease diagnosis >10 years (PR = 1.58), and presence of arterial hypertension (PR = 0.79). Conclusion. Most users of the reference outpatient clinic with type 2 diabetes had poor glycemic control associated with risk factors that alter glycated hemoglobin and negatively affect the achievement of established glycemic levels.


Objetivo. Identificar la proporción de falta de control glucémico y los factores asociados entre las personas con diabetes tipo 2 que acuden a un ambulatorio regional de referencia en Mato Grosso (Brasil). Métodos. Se trata de un estudio transversal basado en los datos de las historias clínicas de 338 personas con diabetes tipo 2 atendidas en un ambulatorio estatal de referencia. Se tomó información del control glucémico, los factores sociodemográficos, el estilo de vida y las condiciones clínicas. Resultados. La prevalencia de hemoglobina glicosilada elevada fue del 47.34%. En el análisis del modelo de regresión múltiple de Poisson con varianza robusta mostró que el descontrol glucémico estaba significativamente asociado (p<0.05) con los siguientes factores: el uso de insulina (Ratio de Prevalencia -RP = 2.03), la glucemia en ayunas ≤70 y ≥100 mg/dL (PR = 2), la glucemia postprandial ≥180 mg/dL (PR = 1.76), la ausencia de actividad física (PR = 1.62), la interacción entre el grupo de edad ≤59 años y el tiempo de diagnóstico de la enfermedad >10 años (PR = 1.58) y la presencia de hipertensión (PR = 0.79). Conclusión. Una buena parte de los usuarios del ambulatorio de referencia con diabetes tipo 2 presentaba descontrol glucémico asociado a factores de riesgo que alteran la hemoglobina glicosilada y afectan negativamente la consecución de los niveles glucémicos establecidos.


Objetivo. Identificar a proporção de falta de controle glicêmico e fatores associados entre pessoas com diabetes tipo 2 que visitam um ambulatório de referência regional em Mato Grosso (Brasil). Métodos. Trata-se de um estudo transversal e quantitativo, com base em dados de prontuários de 338 pessoas com diabetes tipo 2 atendidas em ambulatório de referência estadual de Mato Grosso (Brasil). Foi recolhida informação sobre controlo glicémico, factores socio-demográficos, estilo de vida e condições clínicas. Resultados. A prevalência de hemoglobina glicada elevada foi de 47,34%. Na análise do modelo de regressão múltipla de Poisson com variância robusta, foi demonstrado que o descontrole glicêmico foi significativamente associado (p<0,05) aos seguintes fatores: uso de insulina (Razão de Prevalência -RP = 2.03), glicemia de jejum ≤70 e ≥100 mg / dL (RP = 2.0), glicemia pós-prandial ≥180 mg / dL (RP = 1.76), nenhuma atividade física (RP = 1.62), a interação entre a faixa etária ≤59 anos e o tempo de diagnóstico da doença > 10 anos (RP = 1.58) e apresentar hipertensão arterial (RP = 0.79). Conclusão. Boa parte dos usuários do ambulatório de referência com diabetes do tipo 2 apresentou descontrole glicêmico associados a fatores de risco que alteram a hemoglobina glicada e afeta negativamente o alcance dos níveis glicêmicos estabelecidos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Glycated Hemoglobin A , Risk Factors , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Control , Glycemic Control , Life Style
6.
Invest. educ. enferm ; 39(3): 131-148, 15 octubre del 2021. Ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1348236

ABSTRACT

Objective. To identify the physiological changes in older adults' vision during the aging process. Methods. An exploratory, descriptive study with a qualitative approach was conducted with 20 older adults and six healthcare providers who worked with older adults in João Pessoa, Paraíba (Brazil). The Focus Group Technique was used for data collection, with the collected information subsequently being submitted to Inductive Thematic Analysis using textual analysis software. Results. The physiological changes related to vision were described by both the older adults and healthcare providers using the following words: vision, difficulty; see; cataract; glasses; surgery; more; age; eye; and no. These terms represent declines in vision resulting from advancing age which significantly modify the daily lives of older adults and their families. Conclusion. The perception of the older adults and the healthcare providers who care for them regarding the physiological changes in vision throughout the aging process shows that the loss of visual acuity significantly affects the daily life of older adults and their families.


Objetivo. Describir la percepción de las personas mayores y de los profesionales que trabajan con ellas sobre los cambios fisiológicos en la visión durante el proceso de envejecimiento. Métodos. Estudio exploratorio, descriptivo con análisis cualitativo, realizado con 20 adultos mayores y seis profesionales de la salud que trabajan con adultos mayores en Paraíba (Brasil). Para la recolección de los datos se utilizó la técnica de grupo focal. A la información recopilada se le realizó el análisis de temática inductiva con la ayuda del software de análisis textual. Resultados. Tanto los adultos mayores como los profesionales describieron los cambios fisiológicos relacionados con la visión con las siguientes palabras: visión, dificultad, ver, catarata, anteojos, cirugía, más, edad, ojo y "no". Conclusión. La percepción de los adultos mayores y de profesionales que los atienden sobre los cambios fisiológicos en la visión muestra que la pérdida de la agudeza visual modifica significativamente la vida cotidiana del anciano y la de su familia.


Objetivo: Descriver a percepção de idosos e profissionais que trabalham com idosos sobre as alterações fisiológicas da visão durante o processo de envelhecimento. Métodos: Estudo exploratório, descritivo, com análise qualitativa, realizado com 20 idosos e seis profissionais de saúde que trabalham com idosos em João Pessoa, Paraíba (Brasil). Para a coleta de dados, utilizou-se a Técnica de Grupos Focais, sendo que os dados foram submetidos à Análise Temática Indutiva com auxílio de um software de análise textual. Resultados: As alterações fisiológicas relacionadas à visão foram descritas tanto pelos idosos quanto pelos profissionais por meio das seguintes palavras: visão, dificuldade; enxergar; catarata; óculos; cirurgia; mais; idade; olho e não. Esses termos representam declínios da visão decorrentes do avanço da idade que modificam significativamente o cotidiano dos idosos e seus familiares. Conclusão. A percepção dos idosos e dos profissionais que os cuidam sobre as alterações fisiológicas da visão mostra que a perda da acuidade visual modifica significativamente o cotidiano do idoso e de sua família.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Vision, Ocular , Aged , Aging , Geriatric Nursing , Visual Acuity , Life Style
7.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 26(supl.3): 4823-4834, Oct. 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345740

ABSTRACT

Resumo O objetivo da pesquisa foi analisar a percepção do peso corporal acima do ideal em adolescentes de Recife/PE e sua associação com o perfil antropométrico e estilo de vida. Trata-se de um estudo transversal com 2.480 escolares participantes do Estudo de Riscos Cardiovasculares em Adolescentes (Erica). O modelo conceitual também considerou variáveis demográficas e socioeconômicas. A percepção do peso foi analisada por meio da pergunta "Na sua opinião o seu peso atual é?", sendo as respostas: "abaixo do ideal", "ideal" e "acima do ideal". As associações foram identificadas por meio da regressão de Poisson. A média da idade foi de 14,7 anos (DP = 1,6), 53,7% eram do sexo feminino e 70,7% eram eutróficos, de acordo com o índice de massa corporal/idade (IMC/I). A percepção do peso foi respondida por 48,8% dos adolescentes. Desses, 36,8% e 63,2% se percebiam com baixo peso e peso acima do ideal, respectivamente. Após os ajustes, as variáveis associadas à percepção do peso acima do ideal foram: sexo feminino, idade entre 12 e 14 anos, escolaridade materna maior que oito anos, IMC/I de eutrofia e de excesso de peso, estágio pós-púbere e realização de café da manhã e refeição com os pais ocasionalmente. Portanto, variáveis demográficas, antropométricas e do estilo de vida se associaram à maior chance de percepção do peso corporal acima do ideal.


Abstract This study investigated the perception of above ideal body weight among adolescents in the city of Recife, Brazil, and its association with anthropometric profile and lifestyle. A cross-sectional study was conducted with a sample of 2480 adolescents from the "Study of Cardiovascular Risks in Adolescents." The conceptual model also assessed demographic and socioeconomic variables. Body weight perception was analyzed by asking the question: "In your opinion, your current body weight is … ?" Answers included: below ideal, ideal and above ideal body weight. Statistics were identified using Poisson Regression analysis. The mean age was 14.7 years (SD = 1.6), 53.7% were female, and 70.7% were eutrophic according to the body mass index/age (BMI/A). Perception of body weight was answered by 48.8% of the adolescents. 36.8% and 63.2% saw themselves as below and above their ideal weight, respectively. After adjustments, the variables associated with the perception of body weight above the ideal (outcome variable) were the female sex, age 12 to 14 years, mother's schooling > 8 years, BMI/A in the ideal range, being postpubescent, having breakfast and meals with parents occasionally. Demographic, anthropometric and lifestyle variables were more likely to be associated with body weight perception above the ideal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Adolescent , Body Image , Life Style , Body Weight , Brazil , Body Mass Index , Cross-Sectional Studies
8.
Arch Latinoam Nutr ; 71(3): 199-207, sept. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1353212

ABSTRACT

Las enfermedades mentales representan uno de los mayores problemas de salud pública. El consumo de alimentos ricos en antioxidantes como, frutas y verduras puede disminuir los factores de riesgo. Objetivo. Analizar la ingesta dietética y el riesgo de enfermedades mentales en adultos peruanos. Materiales y métodos. Se realizó un estudio transversal en 393 adultos peruanos, provenientes de las tres regiones del país (costa, sierra y selva). Los datos sociodemográficos, antropométricos se obtuvieron por auto reporte mediante una ficha de registro y el riesgo de enfermedades mentales se determinó con el Cuestionario de Salud General-12 (GHQ-12). Se analizaron los datos mediante el software estadístico IBM SPSS, versión 26. Se utilizó la prueba Chi-cuadrado, considerando un nivel de significancia del 5 %. Resultados. Los participantes que informaron riesgo y presencia de enfermedades mentales reportaron un consumo inadecuado de frutas, verduras y grasas saludables. El consumo adecuado de cereales integrales, frutas y verduras fue significativamente mayor en las mujeres (p<0,05). Sin embargo, más de la mitad de las mujeres demostró estar en riesgo de enfermedades mentales respecto a los hombres (p<0,001). Conclusiones. La ingesta adecuada de alimentos saludables podría resultar beneficiosa en la reducción de los riesgos de las enfermedades mentales en este grupo de población(AU)


Mental illnesses represent one of the biggest public health problems. Consuming foods rich in antioxidants such as fruits and vegetables can lower risk factors. Objective. To analyze the dietary intake and the risk of mental illnesses in Peruvian adults. Materials and methods. A cross-sectional study was carried out in 393 Peruvian adults, who came from the three regions of the country (coast, mountains and jungle). Sociodemographic and anthropometric data were obtained through a registration form and the risk of mental illnesses was determined using the General Health Questionnaire-12 (GHQ-12). The data were analyzed using the statistical software IBM SPSS, version 26. The Chi-square test was used, considering a significance level of 5%. Results. Participants who reported risk and presence of mental illness reported inadequate consumption of fruits, vegetables, and healthy fats. Adequate consumption of whole grains, fruits and vegetables was significantly higher in women (p <0.05). However, more than half of the women proved to be at risk for mental illnesses compared to men (p <0.001). Conclusions. The adequate intake of healthy foods could be beneficial in reducing the risks of mental illness in this population group(AU)q


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Vegetables , Depression/etiology , Diet, Healthy , Fruit , Mental Disorders/etiology , Mental Disorders/genetics , Antioxidants , Stress, Psychological , Risk Factors , Adult , Life Style
9.
Arch Latinoam Nutr ; 71(3): 178-188, sept. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1353191

ABSTRACT

Los problemas relacionados con los trastornos metabólicos se han incrementado en la actualidad en población joven. Promover un estilo de vida saludable en estudiantes universitarios puede ayudar a prevenir diabetes, enfermedades cardiovasculares y diferentes tipos de cáncer. Objetivo. Calcular el Índice de Masa Corporal (IMC) de universitarios para identificar la prevalencia de obesidad e hipertensión como factores de riesgo metabólico. Materiales y método. Se utilizó muestreo probabilístico aleatorio simple (n= 282, edad 19,1 ± 1,8, 54,6% mujeres, 48,5% hombres). Se realizaron mediciones de peso y estatura para calcular el IMC, circunferencia de cintura y presión arterial. Resultados. Los resultados promedio para mujeres y hombres respectivamente fueron: IMC 24,0 ±5,5 y 25,2 ±5,2 kg/m2 (p= 0,25); cintura 76,25 ± 11,87 y 82,32 ± 15,85 cm (p= 0,001), indicando un riesgo bajo en 73,1% de mujeres y 82,5% de hombres; y presión arterial 127,73/86,03 y 142,3/94,2 mmHg (p= 0,001). La probabilidad de tener hipertensión arterial fue mayor al tener una relación cintura/estatura (RCE) alterada en mujeres y hombres (OR=3,037; IC95% 1,385-6,657 y OR=3,664; IC95% 1,249-2,179, respectivamente). Conclusiones. La población universitaria presenta factores de riesgo que pueden derivar en enfermedades crónicas no transmisibles en un futuro próximo, por lo cual es necesario modificar sus estilos de vida. La RCE es un buen predictor de riesgo de hipertensión en esta población(AU)


The problems related to metabolic disorders have now increased in the young population. Promoting a healthy lifestyle in college students can help prevent diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and different types of cancer. Objective. To calculate the Body Mass Index (BMI) in college students to identify the prevalence of obesity and hypertension as metabolic risk factors. Materials and methods. Simple random probability sampling was used (n = 282, age 19,1 ± 1,8, 54,6% women, 48,5% men). BMI was calculated with weight and height, waist circumference, and blood pressure. Results. The average results for women and men respectively were: BMI 24,0 ± 5,5 and 25,2 ± 5,2 kg/m2 (p = 0,25); waist 76,25 ± 11,87 and 82,32 ± 15,85 cm (p = 0,001), indicating a low risk in 73,1% of women and 82,5% of men; and blood pressure 127,73 / 86,03 and 142,3 / 94,2 mm Hg (p = 0,001). The probability of having arterial hypertension was higher when there was an altered waist / height ratio (WHR) in women and men (OR = 3,037; 95% CI 1,385-6,657 and OR = 3,664; 95% CI 1,249-2,179, respectively). Conclusions. The university population presents risk factors that could lead to chronic diseases. It is necessary to modify their lifestyles to prevent future diseases. WHR is a good predictor of hypertension risk in this population(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Body Mass Index , Chronic Disease , Waist Circumference , Atrial Pressure , Waist-Height Ratio , Noncommunicable Diseases , Students , Universities , Risk Factors , Pediatric Obesity , Life Style
10.
Arch. latinoam. nutr ; 71(2): 114-126, jun. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1290833

ABSTRACT

La mayoría de los estudios apoyan la tesis de que el desayuno es la comida más importante del día. Un desayuno adecuado contribuye a lograr un patrón dietético global saludable y a mejorar la calidad de la dieta. El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar los principales patrones de desayuno en tres poblaciones universitarias de España, Túnez y Estados Unidos, analizar sus semejanzas y diferencias y estudiar la influencia de factores antropométricos, sociodemográficos y de estilo de vida en la adherencia a cada patrón. Se realizó un estudio transversal con datos de 730 estudiantes matriculados en las Universidades de Castilla-La Mancha, Cartago e Internacional de Florida en 2013. El consumo de alimentos se obtuvo mediante dos recordatorios de 24 horas, no consecutivos, uno de ellos en fin de semana. Los patrones se identificaron mediante análisis factorial exploratorio. La adherencia de los estudiantes a cada patrón se evaluó usando las puntuaciones factoriales. Se obtuvieron cuatro patrones para cada país. El principal patrón de los universitarios españoles incluyó pan, tomate, sal y aceite de oliva (varianza explicada: 20,85%); el principal de los tunecinos contenía pan, mermelada, nata y mantequilla (varianza explicada: 12,73%) y el principal de los americanos incluyó huevos, leche entera y azúcares (varianza explicada: 10,77%). Género, peso, IMC o comer fuera de casa fueron factores que influyeron en la adherencia a diferentes patrones. El estudio mostró la coexistencia de patrones tradicionales con otros occidentalizados y modelos transicionales intermedios. No se determinó un patrón generalizable asociado a mejores resultados del IMC(AU)


Most studies support the conclusion that breakfast is the most important meal of the day. An adequate breakfast contributes to achieving a healthy global dietary pattern and improving quality of diet. The objective of this study was to determine the main breakfast patterns of three university populations from Spain, Tunisia, and The United States of America, analyze their similarities and differences, and study the impact of anthropometric, sociodemographic and lifestyle factors on the adherence to each pattern. A cross-sectional study was developed with data from 730 students enrolled at the University of Castilla-La Mancha, University of Carthage, and Florida International University, during 2013. Food consumption data were obtained by means of two non-consecutive 24-hour recalls including one weekend day. Exploratory factor analysis was conducted to identify breakfast patterns. Factor scores were used to assess students' adherence to each pattern. Four breakfast patterns were obtained for each country. The main pattern of the Spanish students included bread, tomato, salt, and olive oil (explained variance: 20.85%); the main model of the Tunisians included bread, jam, cream and butter (explained variance: 12.73%); and the first pattern of the Americans was characterized by eggs, whole milk and sugars (explained variance: 10.77%). Gender, weight, BMI or eating out of home were factors that influenced the adherence to different patterns. Breakfast patterns obtained in this work showed the coexistence of traditional models with westernized and transitional ones. It was not determined a generalizable pattern associated with better BMI results(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Eating , Feeding Behavior , Breakfast , Life Style , Body Mass Index , Nutrients , Anthropometry , Metabolism
11.
Rev. cuba. salud pública ; 47(2): e1096, 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1341493

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El sobrepeso y la obesidad en la infancia y la adolescencia se han incrementado a nivel mundial durante las últimas décadas. Este hecho se asocia, principalmente, con la falta de actividad física, hábitos de vida y comportamientos alimenticios poco saludables. Objetivo: Analizar la efectividad de diferentes estudios de intervención escolar llevados a cabo en España para prevenir y tratar la obesidad en niños y niñas. Métodos: Se realizó una estrategia de búsqueda electrónica utilizando las bases de datos PubMed, Medline y SPORTdiscus y los términos school-based intervention, Spain, healthy lifestyle, obesity prevention, physical activity y nutrition childhood obesity y children obesity. Se identificaron 124 artículos y solo 11 cumplieron los criterios de inclusión. Conclusiones: Las intervenciones realizadas por el entorno escolar no fueron eficaces o significativas para cambiar los indicadores antropométricos de los niños, niñas y adolescentes españoles. Sin embargo, las intervenciones escolares unidas a la implicación familiar, pueden ser eficaces para modificar cambios en los hábitos nutricionales, nivel de actividad física y hábitos de vida saludable en la etapa infantojuvenil, ya que son los principales determinantes de obesidad en la infancia. Por último, la consolidación de un adecuado estilo de vida en etapas tempranas puede prevenir la obesidad y sobrepeso en la adultez(AU)


Introduction: Overweight and obesity in childhood and adolescence have increased worldwide in recent decades. This fact is associated mainly with a lack of physical activity, unhealthy lifestyle habits and eating behaviors. Objective: To analyze the effectiveness of different school intervention studies carried out in Spain to prevent and treat obesity in boys and girls. Methods: An electronic search strategy was carried out using the PubMed, Medline and SPORTdiscus databases, under the terms school-based intervention, Spain, healthy lifestyle, obesity prevention, physical activity, nutrition, childhood obesity and children obesity. 124 articles were identified and only 11 met the inclusion criteria. Conclusions: The interventions carried out by school were not effective or significant to change the anthropometric indicators of Spanish children and adolescents. However, school interventions, together with family involvement, can be effective in modifying changes in nutritional habits, level of physical activity and healthy lifestyle habits in the infant-juvenile stage, since they are the main determinants of obesity in childhood. Finally, establishing an adequate lifestyle early can prevent obesity and overweight in adulthood(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adolescent , Food and Nutrition Education , Exercise , Life Style , Obesity/prevention & control
12.
Rev. med. Risaralda ; 27(1): 35-45, ene.-jun. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1280491

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: Se hace una correlación entre la osteoatrosis y las condiciones laborales, hábitos y estilos de vida de los trabajadores informales del centro de Medellín, Colombia. Objetivo: Identificar la relación de la osteoartritis y la prevalencia de enfermedades crónicas y degenerativas con las condiciones sociodemográficas, laborales, hábitos y estilos de vida en un grupo de trabajadores informales de Medellín, Colombia. Materiales y métodos: Estudio transversal, con fuente primaria de información de 686 trabajadores informales. Se realizó una encuesta asistida, previa toma de consentimiento. Se seleccionaron 289 trabajadores con diagnóstico de enfermedad crónica o degenerativa, ≥18 años, con ≥5 años en su oficio. Se realizaron análisis exploratorios y de asociación con prueba Chi2, y cálculo de RP con IC del 95%. Resultados: el 79,9% de la población padecía alguna enfermedad crónica. El 3,46% presentaba diagnóstico de osteoartritis, siendo significativamente mayor (p<0,05) en quienes tenían entre 21 y 30 años en su oficio (RP=5,62. IC:1,20;26,34). También fue mayor la prevalencia de osteoartritis en; >45 años (RP=2,26), mujeres (RP:4,44), trabajadores sedentarios (RP=1,71), obesos (RP=3,40), así como en quienes habían sido obreros (RP=1,30), en aquellos que tenían puestos de venta semiestacionaria (RP=2,21), vendían productos de cosecha y perecederos (RP=1,78), en quienes trabajaban >8 horas diarias (RP:2,77), ≤5días a la semana (RP=3,10), no tenían espacio suficiente para moverse (RP=2,08), y en quienes tenían posturas o movimientos forzados (RP=2,72). Conclusión: En la población de vendedores informales del centro de Medellín, los factores sociodemográficos, laborales, hábitos y estilos de vida modificables se relacionan con una mayor prevalencia de osteoartritis.


Abstract Introduction: A correlation is made regarding osteoarthrosis and working conditions and lifestyles of informal workers in Medellin downtown. Objective: To identify the prevalence of chronic and degenerative diseases, and the relationship of osteoarthritis with sociodemographic and work conditions, habits and lifestyles, in a group of informal workers from Medellín, Colombia. Materials and methods: Cross-sectional study, with a primary source of information, with 686 workers. An assisted survey was applied, after obtaining consent. 289 workers with a diagnosis of chronic or degenerative disease, ≥18 years old, with ≥5 years in their profession were included. Exploratory and association analysis with Chi2 test, and calculation of PR with 95% CI. Results: 79.9% of them suffered from a chronic disease. 3.46% had a diagnosis of osteoarthrosis, being significantly higher (p <0.05) in those who had spent between 21 and 30 years performing their profession (PR=5,62.CI:1,20;26,34). The prevalence of osteoarthrosis was also higher in; >45 years (PR=2.26), women (PR=4,44), sedentary workers (PR=1,71), obese (PR=3,40), as well as those who had been brick-layers (PR=1,30), in those who had semi-stationary sales positions (PR=2,21), they sold harvest and perishable products (PR=1,78), in those who worked> 8 hours a day (PR:2,77), ≤ 5 days a week (PR=3,10), they did not have enough space to move (PR = 2.08), and in those who had forced postures or movements (PR=2,72). Conclusion: sociodemographic and work factors, habits and modifiable lifestyles are related to a higher prevalence of osteoarthrosis in this working population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Osteoarthritis , Working Conditions , Habits , Life Style , Posture , Work , Chronic Disease , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Colombia , Commerce , Diagnosis , Occupational Groups
13.
RECIIS (Online) ; 15(2): 540-547, abr.-jun. 2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1280895

ABSTRACT

O livro de Igor Sacramento e Wilson Couto Borges oferece um excelente material para o estudo das representações midiáticas da saúde. Além de apresentarem um panorama teórico da representação, enquanto parte do processo de construção da realidade e dos grupos sociais, os autores adotam metodologicamente como categoria analítica a noção de posição dos sujeitos, central para a representação por situar os indivíduos em papeis, e analisam relatos sobre excesso de gordura em matérias jornalísticas, programas televisivos e produções audiovisuais na internet. É possível perceber como a mídia trata o corpo como índice da saúde ou doença e normalidade ou anormalidade pelas formas corporais, exigindo autocontrole das pessoas obesas ou daquelas em risco de se tornarem, o que se justifica por transformações físicas e questões psicossociais.


The book by Igor Sacramento and Wilson Couto Borges offers excellent material for studying health media representations. In addition to presenting a theoretical panorama of representation, as part of the process of constructing reality and social groups, the authors methodologically adopt the notion of subject position as central to the representation, as it places individuals in roles, and analyze reports about excess fat in newspapers, television programs and audio-visual productions on the internet. It is possible to perceive how the media treats the body as an index of health or disease and normality or abnormality due to body shapes, requiring obese people or those at risk to self-control, which is justified by physical changes and psychosocial issues.


El libro de Igor Sacramento y Wilson Couto Borges ofrece excelente material para el estudio de las representaciones mediáticas de la salud. Además de presentar un panorama teórico de la representación, como parte del proceso de construcción de la realidad y de los grupos sociales, los autores adoptan metodológicamente la noción de posición del sujeto, central de la representación, ya que ubican a los individuos en roles, y analizan reportes sobre el exceso de grasa en reportajes, programas de televisión y producciones audiovisuales en Internet. Es posible percibir cómo los medios tratan al cuerpo como un índice de salud o enfermedad y de normalidad o anormalidad por formas corporales, interpelando personas obesas o en riesgo de convertirse para el autocontrol, justificado por cambios físicos y problemas psicosociales.


Subject(s)
Humans , Health , News , Life Style , Mass Media , Obesity , Internet , Overweight , Social Media
14.
Más Vita ; 3(2): 23-29, jun 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1253890

ABSTRACT

La Hipertensión Arterial es una enfermedad de etiología múltiple, caracterizada por la elevación persistente de la tensión arterial sistólica, diastólica o ambas cifras. Objetivo: Determinar los estilos de vida de los adultos mayores hipertensos del Centro del Adulto Mayor "Renta Luque" 2019. Siendo las variables del estudio estilos de vida el cual consta de tres dimensiones, nutrición, actividad física y hábitos nocivos. Materiales y métodos: La investigación se llevó a cabo mediante el método descriptivo de tipo cuantitativo. La muestra de este estudio se constituyó por 100 adultos mayores de ambos sexos con edades comprendidas entre los 60 y 80 años, con patología de base hipertensión arterial. Para conocer los estilos de vida se aplicó el cuestionario validado por expertos en metodología de investigación y especialistas médicos que consiste en 21 ítems de distintos criterios relacionados con el estilo de vida. Resultados: Con la información de los cuestionario se realizó un análisis, presentándose una síntesis gráfica de los resultados más relevantes de esta información. Los resultados de este estudio servirán como base para fomentar, con fundamentos reales, la práctica de actividad física, nutrición y los hábitos nocivos en la adquisición de hábitos saludables de la población nacional, generando el aporte para estudios posteriores sobre la relación de estas mismas variables en diversas poblaciones. Conclusión: Mantener un estilo de vida saludables es vital para garantizar la calidad de vida de este grupo etario. Es importante que cuenten con apoyo psicológico permanente, además de un estricto control nutricional, realización de ejercicios pasivos como yoga para evitar el alto nivel de stress que suelen presentar los adultos mayores en especial con comorbilidades como la hipertensión arterial(AU)


Arterial Hypertension is a disease of multiple etiology, characterized by persistent elevation of systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure or both figures. Objective: To determine the lifestyles of hypertensive older adults at the "Renta Luque" Senior Center 2019. Being the variables of the study lifestyles that consists of three dimensions, nutrition, physical activity and harmful habits. Materials and methods: The research was carried out using the quantitative descriptive method. The sample of this study consisted of 100 older adults of both sexes aged between 60 and 80 years, with arterial hypertension. The questionnaire validated by experts in research methodology and medical specialists, consisting of 21 items of different criteria related to lifestyle, was applied to learn about lifestyles. Results: With the information from the results of the questionnaire, an analysis was made, presenting a graphic synthesis of the most relevant results of this information. The results of this study will serve as a basis to promote, with real foundations, the practice of physical activity, nutrition and harmful habits in the acquisition of healthy habits in the national population, generating the contribution for subsequent studies on the relationship of these same variables in different populations. Conclusion: Maintaining a healthy lifestyle is vital to ensure the quality of life of this age group. It is important that they have permanent psychological support, in addition to strict nutritional control and passive exercises such as yoga to avoid the high level of stress that older adults usually present, especially with comorbidities such as arterial hypertension(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Aged , Surveys and Questionnaires , Hypertension/etiology , Life Style , Exercise , Elderly Nutrition , Habits
15.
Online braz. j. nurs. (Online) ; 20: e20216534, 05 maio 2021. tab
Article in English, Spanish, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1284567

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Identificar a prevalência dos fatores de risco modificáveis para doença crônica não transmissível de beneficiários hipertensos e diabéticos. MÉTODO: Estudo transversal, de 2019, com dados do prontuário eletrônico de 109 adultos, independentes para as atividades cotidianas, do gerenciamento clínico por telemonitoramento de operadora de plano de saúde, Paraná-PR. Realizou­se estatística descritiva, teste qui­quadrado e regressão logística binária bruta. RESULTADOS: Homens tiveram menor consumo inadequado de refrigerante (OR =0,37) e peso elevado como fator de risco (OR =3,57). Fatores de proteção dos adultos foram hipertensão arterial (OR =0,14) e boa prontidão para mudança comportamental (OR =0,21) e, dos idosos, hipertensão arterial concomitante ao diabetes mellitus (OR =0,16). Houve associação entre idade, hipertensão arterial (p =0,001; OR =0,14; IC =0,04-0,51) e boa prontidão para a mudança comportamental (p =0,023; OR =0,21; IC =0,06-0,76). CONCLUSÃO: Predominaram idosas com estilo de vida saudável, para as quais são recomendadas intervenções de prevenção secundária.


OBJECTIVE: To identify the prevalence of the modifiable risk factors for chronic non-communicable disease in hypertensive and diabetic beneficiaries. METHOD: A cross-sectional study, from 2019, with data from the electronic medical records of 109adults, independent for the daily activities, of clinical management through telemonitoring of a health plan operator, Paraná-PR. Descriptive statistics, chi-square test and unadjusted binary logistic regression were performed. RESULTS: Men had lower inadequate consumption ofsoft drinks (OR=0.37) and overweight as a risk factor (OR=3.57). Protective factors for adults were arterial hypertension (OR=0.14) and good readiness for behavioral change (OR=0.21) and, for older adults, arterial hypertension concomitant with diabetes mellitus(OR=0.16). There was an association between age, arterial hypertension (p=0.001; OR=0.14; CI=0.04-0.51) and good readiness for behavioral change(p=0.023; OR=0.21; CI=0.06-0.76). CONCLUSION: Aged women with a healthy lifestyle predominated, for whom secondary prevention interventions are recommended.


OBJETIVO: Identificar la prevalencia de factores de riesgo modificables de enfermedades crónicas no transmisibles en beneficiarios hipertensos y diabéticos. MÉTODO: Estudio transversal, de 2019, con datos de historias clínicas electrónicas de 109 adultos, con independencia para las actividades diarias, de seguimiento clínico por telemonitorización de un operador de plan de salud, Paraná-PR. Se realizó estadística descriptiva, prueba de chi-cuadrado y regresión logística binaria bruta. RESULTADOS: Los hombres presentaron menor consumo inadecuado de gaseosas (OR =0,37) y alto peso como factor de riesgo (OR =3,57). Los factores de protección para los adultos fueron hipertensión arterial (OR =0,14) y buena disposición para el cambio de comportamiento (OR =0,21), y para los adultos mayores, hipertensión arterial concomitante con diabetes mellitus (OR =0,16). Hubo una asociación entre edad, hipertensión (p =0,001; OR =0,14; IC =0,04-0,51) y buena disposición para el cambio de comportamiento (p =0,023; OR =0,21; IC =0,06-0,76). CONCLUSIÓN: Predominaron los adultos mayores del sexo femenino con estilo de vida saludable, para quienes se recomiendan intervenciones de prevención secundaria.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Risk Factors , Prepaid Health Plans , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiology , Noncommunicable Diseases/epidemiology , Hypertension/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Disease Management , Supplemental Health , Telemonitoring , Life Style
16.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(2): 99-105, abril 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1151488

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La obesidad infantil en España es preocupante y el entorno familiar puede influir en su desarrollo. Los objetivos fueron determinar la prevalencia de exceso de peso en adolescentes, evaluar variables familiares que pudieran condicionarla y determinar la percepción corporal de los padres.Población y métodos. Estudio transversal; se incluyeron alumnos de cinco centros de secundaria del Área V de Murcia. Se registró antropometría de los alumnos y se administró una encuesta a los padres con variables de peso, talla, ejercicio, estudios, tipo de familia y percepción corporal. Se realizó el análisis mediante tablas de contingencia y asociación con d de Somers.Resultados. Participaron 421 alumnos (edad: 12,8 ± 0,6 años); el 21,1 % tenían sobrepeso, y el 19,5 %, obesidad. Existió asociación entre padres e hijos con sobrecarga ponderal (d de Somers con p < 0,05). Si ambos padres eran sedentarios, sus hijos realizaban menos ejercicio. A mayor nivel de estudios parental, menor tasa de sobrepeso infantil (p < 0,05). El sobrepeso-obesidad en los hijos fue mayor en familias separadas o monoparentales. El 32 % de los padres no percibía el exceso de peso de sus hijos ni el 53 % en sí mismos.Conclusiones. La prevalencia de exceso de peso en esta muestra fue del 40,6 %. El estado nutricional de los padres, el nivel de estudios y el tipo de familia se asociaron con la obesidad infantil. Influyó en mayor medida la figura materna. Existió una infraconsideración de la obesidad por parte de los padres.


Introduction. In Spain, childhood obesity is worrying, and its development might be influenced by the family setting. The objectives were to determine the prevalence of excess weight among adolescents, evaluate family variables that could affect it, and determine parents' body perception.Population and methods. Cross-sectional study; students from five secondary schools in health area V of the Region of Murcia were included. Students' anthropometric measurements were recorded and a survey was administered to parents, including variables such as weight, height, exercise, level of education, family structure, and body perception. The analysis was done using contingency tables and the association with Somers' D measures.Results. Four hundred and twenty one students participated (age: 12.8 ± 0.6 years old); 21.1 % were overweight and 19.5 %, obese. There was an association between parent and child excess weight (Somers' D with a p value < 0.05). If both parents had a sedentary lifestyle, their children would exercise less. The higher the level of parental education, the lower the rate of childhood overweight (p < 0.05). Overweight-obesity among children was higher in separated or single-parent families. In total, 32 % of parents misperceived their children's excess weight and 53 %, their own.Conclusions. In this sample, the prevalence of excess weight was 40.6 %. Parents' nutritional status, level of education, and family structure were associated with childhood obesity. Mothers had a greater influence on the development of their children's overweight. Parents underestimated obesity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Nutritional Status , Overweight , Life Style , Parents , Spain/epidemiology , Exercise , Family , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Pediatric Obesity/epidemiology
17.
Rev. medica electron ; 43(2): 3192-3201, mar.-abr. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1251936

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN En los adultos mayores existen múltiples enfermedades que afectan su calidad de vida y el logro de una longevidad satisfactoria. Una de ellas es la osteoporosis, enfermedad de elevada incidencia a nivel mundial, lo cual también se refleja en Cuba. Siendo una afección que conlleva a un alto grado de discapacidad, constituye un problema en el campo de la salud y de magnitud epidémica, más aún cuando la supervivencia de la humanidad tiende al aumento. Con el objetivo de estructurar los referentes teóricos sobre la osteoporosis, que contribuyan a la capacitación de médicos y estudiantes de Medicina como promotores de salud en prevención primaria de esta enfermedad, se realizó el siguiente artículo científico. Los factores que predisponen la aparición de la enfermedad son diversos, algunos modificables. Se señaló la importancia de su prevención, diagnóstico y tratamiento, así como formas de actuar sobre la misma, para modificar estilos de vida en la comunidad (AU).


ABSTRACT There are many diseases affecting life quality and the achievement of a satisfactory longevity in elder people; osteoporosis, a disease of high incidence around the world that also strikes in Cuba, is found among them. It is an affection leading to a high disability level, being a problem in the health field with an epidemic magnitude, even more when the human kind survival tends to increase. The current scientific article was written with the objective of structuring the theoretical referents on osteoporosis contributing to train Medicine doctors and students as health promoters in the primary prevention of this disease. The factors predisposing the disease's appearance are different, some of them modifiable. It is also stated the importance of its prevention, diagnosis and treatment, and also forms and ways of working on it to modify life styles in the community (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Osteoporosis/epidemiology , Aged/physiology , Osteoporosis/complications , Osteoporosis/diagnosis , Osteoporosis/prevention & control , Osteoporosis/therapy , Quality of Life , Disabled Persons/rehabilitation , Life Style
18.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 25(1): 19-24, jan-abr. 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1151398

ABSTRACT

A prática de exercícios físicos é um importante componente na prevenção e tratamento de doenças crônicas não transmissíveis, além disso, parece ser um importante componente na diminuição das sensações de fadiga. O objetivo do presente estudo foi comparar e correlacionar níveis de sensação de fadiga de mulheres com distintos níveis de aptidão física. Procedimentos metodológicos: a amostra foi constituída de 45 mulheres saudáveis, sendo 15 Insuficientemente ativas (GIAT), 15 mulheres treinadas aerobicamente (GAER) e 15 mulheres treinadas em força (GFOR). A fadiga foi avaliada por meio do Questionário de Fadiga de Chalder, sendo a força máxima de membros superiores e inferiores avaliada por meio do teste de uma repetição máxima estimada (1RM), e a capacidade cardiorrespiratória por meio do teste de milha. Resultados: Os grupos treinados apresentaram valores superiores na aptidão física e valores significativamente inferiores (p<0,05) quanto aos níveis de fadiga quando comparados ao GIAT (13[6] vs 6[6] GFOR, e 5[9] pts GAER). Quando analisados os dados em grupo único (n=45), constatou-se uma moderada correlação negativa entre a variável força de membro superior (r =-0,470; p<0,001) e inferior (r=-0,416; p = 0,004) com os escores de fadiga. Pode-se concluir que mulheres treinadas tendem a ter melhores níveis de força e capacidade cardiorrespiratória, apresentando menores níveis de fadiga comparada à mulheres com prática insuficiente de atividade física.


Physical exercise is an important component in the prevention and treatment of chronic non-communicable diseases. Additionally, it seems to be an important component in decreasing feelings of fatigue. The aim of this study was to compare and correlate feelings of fatigue in women with different levels of physical fitness. Methodological procedures: The sample consisted of 45 healthy women, with 15 of them being considered insufficiently active (GIAT); 15 aerobically trained women (GAER); and 15 strength trained women (GFOR). Fatigue was evaluated using the Chalder Fatigue Questionnaire, with the maximal strength of the upper and lower limbs being assessed by the one-repetition maximum (1RM), with cardiorespiratory capacity measured by the mile test. Results: The trained groups presented higher values in physical fitness and significantly lower values (p <0.05) regarding fatigue levels when compared to GIAT (13[6] vs 6[6] GFOR; and 5[9] pts GAER). When analyzing data as a single group (n = 45), a moderate negative correlation was found between the upper limb strength (r = -0.470; p <0.001) and lower limb strength (r = -0.416; p = 0.004) values with fatigue scores. It can be concluded that trained women tend to have better levels of strength and cardiorespiratory capacity, presenting lower levels of fatigue when compared with those with insufficient practice of physical activity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Women , Muscle Strength , Fatigue , Cardiorespiratory Fitness , Exercise , Physical Fitness , Sedentary Behavior , Life Style , Motor Activity
19.
Rev. bras. ativ. fís. saúde ; 26: 1-10, mar. 2021. tab, il
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1282617

ABSTRACT

Este estudo teve como objetivo estimar a validade de conteúdo e o nível de reprodutibilidade da escala "Perfil do Estilo de Vida Individual" em tempos de distanciamento social. Os itens da escala original proposta por Nahas, Barros e Francalacci, foram modificados para avaliar o estilo de vida de adultos, de forma online, durante o período distanciamento social, a exemplo, a pandemia da COVID-19. As 15 questões contemplaram comportamentos recomendados por especialistas em saúde durante a pandemia, mantendo-se os cinco domínios originais propostos na versão inicial: alimentação saudável, atividade física, controle do estresse, relacionamentos e comportamentos pre-ventivos. Foram avaliadas a adequação e pertinência por meio do julgamento de especialistas (n = 38) e, posteriormente, os profissionais e estudantes (n = 71) de Instituições de Ensino Superior (IES) avaliaram a clareza dos itens. A reprodutibilidade foi estimada via coeficiente Kappa. O nível de significância adotado foi de 5%. A validade de conteúdo mostrou valores médios de adequação, pertinência e clareza de 92,4%, 87,1% e 78,7%, respectivamente. Participaram na etapa de reprodu-tibilidade 83 estudantes e profissionais de IES e o nível de concordância variou de 0,358 referente ao item "G" (Procuro ocupar a maior parte do meu dia com atividades interessantes) a 0,626 relativo ao item "N" (Mantenho o distanciamento físico e uso máscara sempre que preciso sair). Conclui-se que a escala "Perfil do Estilo de Vida Individual" em tempos de distanciamento social apresentou satisfatória validade de conteúdo e os níveis de reprodutibilidade podem ser considerados aceitáveis para escalas desta natureza


This study aimed to estimate the content validation and the reproducibility level of the "Individual Lifestyle Profile" scale in times of social distancing. The items on the scale originally proposed by Nahas, Barros and Francalacci, were modified to assess the lifestyle of adults, of online form, during social distancing period, for example the COVID-19 pandemic. The 15 questions covered the behavior considered by health experts during a pandemic, maintaining the original five domains proposed in the initial version: healthy eating, physical activity, stress control, preventive behavior and relationships. Adequacy and pertinence were assessed through the judgment of specialists (n = 38) and, subsequently, professionals and students (n = 71) from Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) assess the clarity of the items. Reproducibility was estimated using the Kappa coefficient. The level of significance adopted was 5%. The average of the validity content of adequacy, relevance and clarity was 92.4%, 87.1% and 78.7%, respectively. 83 students and professionals of HEI participated in the reproducibility stage and the level of agreement ranged from 0.358 for item "G" (I try to occupy most of my day with interesting activities) to 0.626 for item "N " (I keep my physical distance and wear a mask whenever I need to leave). Concluded that "Individual Lifestyle Profile" scale in times of social distancing presented satisfactory content validity and reproducibility levels may be acceptable for scales of this nature


Subject(s)
Social Isolation , Reproducibility of Results , Adult , Pandemics , COVID-19 , Life Style
20.
Rev. bras. ativ. fís. saúde ; 26: 1-10, mar. 2021. tab, il
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1282598

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar as prevalências de comportamentos de saúdede brasileiros se-gundo a participação em programas públicos de estímulo à prática de atividade física.Para isso, foram utilizados dadosda Pesquisa Nacional da Saúde 2013, que entrevistou 60.202 adultos e idosos e investigou comportamentos de saúde protetores (consumo de feijão, peixe, carne sem excesso de gordura, frutas e hortaliças; e prática de atividade física) e de risco (consumo de refrigerante, doces e álcool; substituição de refeições; tabagismo e assistir televisão). Foram calculadas as prevalências e intervalos de confiança (95%). Cerca de 10% dos entrevistados participavam destesprogramas e pos-suíam comportamentos mais saudáveis (maiores prevalências de prática de atividade física e consumo de peixe; e menor ingestão de doces e tabagismo), quando comparados aos demais, com diferenças entre as macrorregiões do país. Desta forma, a expansão destes programas e a diversificação de suas atividades podem constituir importante estratégia de promoção da saúde no país


This study aimsto evaluate the prevalence of health behaviors of Brazilians according to their participation in public programs to encourage the practice of physical activity. For this, data ofNational Health Survey 2013 was used, who interviewed 60,202 adults and elderly and investigated protective health behaviors (consumption of beans, fish, meat without excess fat, fruits and vegetables; and physical activity) and risk (consumption of soda, sweets and alcohol; meal replacement; smoking and watching television). About 10% of Brazilians participated in these Programs and had healthier behaviors (higher prevalence of physical activity and fish consumption; and lower intake of sweets and smoking), when compared to the others, with differences between the country's macro-regions. This way, the expansion of these Programs and diversifica-tion of their activities can be an important health promotion strategy in the country


Subject(s)
Exercise , Nutrition Surveys , Health Surveys , Feeding Behavior , Life Style
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