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1.
rev.cuid. (Bucaramanga. 2010) ; 14(3): 1-14, 20230901.
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1510105

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Serum vitamin D levels depend on sunlight, diet, and other factors. Objective: We aimed to determine serum vitamin D levels and evaluate their relationship with anthropometric indicators and lifestyle habits in apparently healthy volunteers. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study (n=75), socio-demographic, anthropometric, and lifestyle habit-related data were collected. Serum vitamin D levels were determined with high performance liquid chromatography, food intake was measured by semiquantitative frequency and nutritional status was assessed by anthropometry. Chi-square test and also principal component analysis were used to analyze the relationship between some variables and vitamin D status. Spearman's test was used to determine correlations between quantitative variables. Results: 73% were women and 61% belonged to medium socio-economic level. Median vitamin D intake was 137 (83.1­227.3) IU/day. Based on body mass index (BMI), 44% individuals had overweight/obesity. The 68% exhibited deficient/insufficient vitamin D levels (Hypovitaminosis D). BMI classification and waist circumference (CW) were not related with vitamin D status; however, activities with higher sun exposure were highly related (p = 0.013). Sun exposure time explained variation in component 2 (16.60%), where most of the individuals with normal level were grouped. Sun exposure time was positively correlated with vitamin D status (r = 0.263; p = 0.023). Discussion: Excess weight and abdominal obesity are not always associated with hypovitaminosis D. Conclusions: The majority of individuals showed hypovitaminosis D but their status was not related with anthropometric indicators. A Sun exposure time was the only factor positively correlated with vitamin D status.


Introducción: Los niveles séricos de vitamina D dependen de la luz solar, la dieta y otros factores. Objetivo: Nuestro objetivo fue determinar los niveles séricos de vitamina D y evaluar su relación con indicadores antropométricos y estilos de vida en voluntarios aparentemente sanos. Materiales y métodos: En este estudio trasversal (n=75) se recogieron datos sociodemográficos, antropométricos y aquellos relacionados con hábitos y estilos de vida. La vitamina D se determinó por cromatografía liquida de alta eficiencia; la ingesta de alimentos, mediante frecuencia semicuantitativa, y el estado nutricional por antropometría. Para analizar la relación entre algunas variables y el estado de la vitamina D se usó la prueba de Chi cuadrado y también el análisis de componentes principales. Se empleó la prueba de Spearman para determinar la correlación entre variables cuantitativas. Resultados: El 73% eran mujeres y el 61% pertenecían a un estrato socioeconómico medio. La mediana de la ingesta de vitamina D fue de 137 (83,1­227,3) UI/día. Según el índice de masa corporal (IMC), el 44% de los individuos tenían sobrepeso/obesidad. El 68% mostro deficiencia/insuficiencia de vitamina D (hipovitaminosis D). La clasificación del IMC y la circunferencia abdominal no se relacionaron con el estado de la vitamina D; sin embargo, las actividades con una mayor exposición solar estuvieron altamente relacionadas (p=0,013). El tiempo de exposición solar explico la variación en el componente 2 (16,60%) donde se agruparon la mayoría de los individuos con niveles normales. El tiempo de exposición solar tuvo una correlación positiva con el estado de la vitamina D (r = 0,263; p = 0,023). Discusión: El exceso de peso y la obesidad abdominal no siempre se relacionan con la hipovitaminosis D. Conclusiones: La mayoría de los individuos presentaron hipovitaminosis D, pero su estado no se relacionó con los indicadores antropométricos. El tiempo de exposición al sol fue el único factor que se correlaciono positivamente con el estado de la vitamina D.


Introdução: Os níveis séricos de vitamina D dependem da luz solar, da dieta e de outros fatores. Objetivo: Nosso objetivo foi determinar os níveis séricos de vitamina D e avaliar sua relação com indicadores antropométricos e hábitos de vida em voluntários aparentemente saudáveis. Materiais e métodos: Neste estudo transversal (n=75), foram coletados dados sociodemográficos, antropométricos e relacionados a hábitos de vida. Os níveis séricos de vitamina D foram determinados por cromatografia liquida de alto desempenho, a ingestão de alimentos foi medida por frequência semiquantitativa e o estado nutricional foi avaliado por antropometria. O teste do qui-quadrado e a análise de componentes principais foram utilizados para analisar a relação entre algumas variáveis e o estado da vitamina D. O teste de Spearman foi usado para determinar as correlações entre as variáveis quantitativas. Resultados: 73% eram mulheres e 61% pertenciam a um nível socioeconômico médio. A ingestão media de vitamina D foi de 137 (83,1-227,3) UI/dia. Com base no índice de massa corporal (IMC), 44% dos indivíduos tinham sobrepeso/obesidade. Os 68% apresentaram níveis deficientes/insuficientes de vitamina D (hipovitaminose D). A classificação do IMC e a circunferência da cintura (CW) não foram relacionadas ao status da vitamina D; entretanto, as atividades com maior exposição ao sol foram altamente relacionadas (p = 0,013). O tempo de exposição ao sol explicou a variação no componente 2 (16,60%), onde a maioria dos indivíduos com nível normal foi agrupada. O tempo de exposição ao sol foi positivamente correlacionado com o status de vitamina D (r = 0,263; p = 0,023). Discussão: O excesso de peso e a obesidade abdominal nem sempre estão associados com a hipovitaminose D. Conclusões: A maioria dos indivíduos apresentou hipovitaminose D, mas seu status não foi relacionado com indicadores antropométricos. O tempo de exposição ao sol foi o único fator positivamente correlacionado com o status da vitamina D.


Subject(s)
Sunlight , Vitamin D , Anthropometry , Healthy Volunteers , Life Style
2.
J. Health NPEPS ; 8(1): e10925, jan - jun, 2023.
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1451576

ABSTRACT

Objective: to evaluate the lifestyle and eating habits of bank workers in Mozambique. Method: a cross-sectional study with a quantitative approach, with 32 employees from three bank branches, selected through convenience sampling, in 2021. A food frequency questionnaire and a lifestyle questionnaire were applied. Descriptive statistics were employed for data treatment using SPSS v.25, presenting the data as absolute and relative frequencies. Results: in terms of lifestyle, 65.6% of participants were physically active, 100% were non-smokers, and 40.6% preferred fruits and vegetables instead of sweet and savory foods. Regarding food consumption frequency, the bread and equivalents group had the highest daily intake, with French bread (44%) being the most consumed, followed by the fruit and vegetable group with lettuce leading consumption (44%). The third group was meat and equivalents with the most consumed food in that category being fried egg (28%). The least consumed food group was oils and sauces with the most consumed in the category being salad dressings (19%). Conclusion: more healthy lifestyles and eating habits were evidenced.


Subject(s)
Occupational Health , Eating , Feeding Behavior , Life Style
3.
Rev. enferm. vanguard. (En línea) ; 11(1): 34-46, ene.-jun. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIPECS | ID: biblio-1437394

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Identificar los determinantes sociales relacionados a la salud ocular en pobladores adultos de una comunidad de Ica 2022. Materiales y métodos: Se desarrolló una investigación con enfoque cuantitativo de corte transversal, correlacional, donde se incluyó una muestra de 108 pobladores adultos del sector de Santa Bárbara del distrito de Tinguiña en Ica, obtenida por muestreo probabilístico; utilizando dos instrumentos elaborados por las autoras, cada uno fue sometido a validación (p: 0.031) y prueba de confiabilidad (α=0.81; KR-20: 0.83). Resultados: Se identificó como factor biológico sexo femenino en 69.4%, la edad promedio fue de 51.84 ±15.56; el 75% no refiere antecedentes familiares, dentro de los estilos de vida el 94% se expone a una pantalla electrónica, el 65% consume alimentos que protegen la visión y el 62% no toma en cuenta la distancia e iluminación adecuada para la lectoescritura; el 91% refirió recibir una atención sanitaria inadecuada, el 71% afirma que su situación económica no les permite atender su salud, 80% no accede a una consulta oftalmológica, ni cubren su tratamiento; asimismo, el 94% de los pobladores no cuidan su salud ocular. Conclusión: Los determinantes sociales de la salud ocular identificados corresponden a la deficiente situación socioeconómica (rs = 0.212; p: 0.027); el ingreso familiar deficiente para la atención de salud (rs = 0.25; p: 0.009); no cubrir la consulta oftalmológica (rs = 0.24; p: 0.012); ni el tratamiento que esta genera (rs = 0.213; p: 0.02). (AU)


Objective: To identify the social determinants associated with eye health in adult residents of a community in Ica 2022. Materials and methods: An investigation with a cross-sectional quantitative approach was developed, correlational, which included a sample of 108adult residents of the Santa Bárbara sector of the Tinguiña district in Ica, obtained by probabilistic sampling; using two instruments developed by the authors, each one was subjected to validation (p: 0.031) and reliability test (α=0.81; KR-20: 0.83). Results: Female sex was identified as a biological factor in 69.4%, the average age was 51.84 ±15.56; 75% do not refer family history, within lifestyles, 94% are exposed to an electronic screen, 65% consume foods that protect vision; 65% consume foods that protect vision and 62% do not take into account the distance and adequate lighting for reading and writing; 91% reported receiving inadequate health care, 71% affirm that their economic situation does not allow them to take care of their health, 80% do not access an ophthalmological consultation, nor do they cover their treatment; Likewise, 94% of the inhabitants do not take care of their eye health. Conclusion: The social determinants of ocular health identified correspond to the deficient socioeconomic situation (rs = 0.212; p: 0.027); deficient family income for health care (rs = 0.25; p: 0.009) and does not cover ophthalmology consultation (rs = 0.24; p: 0.012); nor the treatment that it generates (rs = 0.213; p: 0.02). (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Socioeconomic Factors , Eye Health , Social Determinants of Health , Life Style , Cross-Sectional Studies
4.
Rev. bras. ativ. fís. saúde ; 28: 1-7, mar. 2023.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1427584

ABSTRACT

This theoretical essay reflects on physical activity (PA) and health and the development of this study area, particularly in Brazil. A historical review is presented based on major research themes in the area since the 1950s and the evolution of PA recommendations for health. Crucial conceptual and operational definitions in the area that have gone through recent updates are addressed. The pa-per highlights relevant institutions and documents, as well as reflects on future perspectives and challenges in the field. Finally, this essay highlights the need to reduce the gap between the robust scientific knowledge already produced about the health benefits of PA and the real action in the field, especially in the primary health care setting


A partir de uma abordagem histórica, conceitual, crítica e didática, este ensaio teórico propõe uma reflexão sobre a relação entre atividade física (AF) e saúde e o desenvolvimento desta área de estudo, com um olhar especial sobre o Brasil. Apresenta-se revisão histórica a partir de grandes temas de pesquisa na área desde os anos 1950 e da evolução das recomendações de AF para a saúde. São abordadas definições conceituais e operacionais que passaram por atualizações recentes e que são cruciais na área. Faz-se destaque a instituições e documentos relevantes, além de reflexões sobre perspectivas e desafios futuros para a área. Por fim, destaca a necessidade da redução na distância entre a solidez do conhecimento já produzido sobre os benefícios da AF para a saúde e os desejados avanços no contexto da promoção da saúde, em especial na atenção primária à saúde


Subject(s)
Humans , History, 20th Century , History, 21st Century , Exercise/physiology , Health Behavior/physiology , Health Promotion , Life Style/history , Physical Education and Training/history , Brazil , Sedentary Behavior
5.
Rev. Bras. Cancerol. (Online) ; 69(2): e-073643, abr.-jun. 2023.
Article in Spanish, Portuguese | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1509719

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A covid-19 e seus impactos são preocupantes. Os profissionais de saúde são fundamentais para controlar a disseminação da doença e o funcionamento dos serviços. Objetivo: Analisar os fatores de risco e de proteção para o câncer entre os trabalhadores de uma unidade de saúde durante a pandemia de covid-19. Método: Estudo transversal com aplicação de questionário em 138 trabalhadores de saúde envolvendo o perfil dos participantes e a prevalência de tabagismo, prática de exercícios físicos, consumo de bebidas alcoólicas, sucos artificiais/refrigerantes, verduras/legumes e frutas. Os dados foram apresentados por meio de estatística descritiva. Resultados: A prevalência de tabagismo foi de 4,3% entre os 138 entrevistados. O consumo de bebidas alcoólicas e de sucos artificiais/refrigerantes correspondeu a 46% e 53%, respectivamente, com maior frequência do consumo na faixa etária de até 40 anos (p=0,005). A prevalência do consumo de verduras/legumes foi de 99,3% e de frutas foi de 94%. Cerca de 66% dos trabalhadores realizavam exercícios físicos pelo menos um dia por semana. Durante a pandemia de covid-19, observou-se menor prática de exercícios físicos entre os trabalhadores de saúde entrevistados. Conclusão: O monitoramento dos fatores de risco e de proteção para o câncer é determinante para estilos de vida saudáveis. A melhora da qualidade de vida dos trabalhadores de saúde é fundamental para a prestação qualificada de serviços, sobretudo no Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS)


Introduction: COVID-19 and its impacts are worrying. Health workers are essential to control the spread of the disease and services functioning. Objective: To analyze the risk and protective factors for cancer among health workers at a health unit during the COVID-19 pandemic. Method: Cross-sectional study with the application of a questionnaire in 138 health workers involving the profile of the participants and the prevalence of smoking, physical activity, use of alcoholic beverages, artificial juices/soft drinks, greens/vegetables and fruits. Data were presented through descriptive statistics. Results: The prevalence of smoking was 4.3% among the 138 respondents. The use of alcoholic beverages and artificial juices/soft drinks corresponded to 46% and 53%, respectively, with a higher intake frequency in the age-range of younger than 40 years old (p=0.005). The prevalence of intake of greens/vegetables was 99.3% and 94% for fruits. Nearly 66% of the workers performed physical activities at least once a week. During the COVID-19 pandemic, the frequency of physical activities by the workers interviewed declined. Conclusion: Monitoring risk and protective factors for cancer is crucial for healthy lifestyles. Improving the quality of life of health workers is fundamental to offer quality services, especially by the National Health System (SUS)


Introducción: La covid-19 y sus impactos son preocupantes. Los profesionales de la salud son esenciales para controlar la propagación de la enfermedad y el funcionamiento de los servicios. Objetivo: Analizar los factores de riesgo y protección para el cáncer en los trabajadores de salud en una unidad de salud durante la pandemia de la covid-19. Método: Estudio transversal con la aplicación de un cuestionario a 138 trabajadores de la salud que involucró el perfil de los participantes y la prevalencia de tabaquismo, ejercicio físico, consumo de bebidas alcohólicas, jugos artificiales/bebidas gaseosas, verduras/legumbres y frutas. Los datos fueron presentados usando estadística descriptiva. Resultados: La prevalencia de tabaquismo fue del 4,3% entre los 138 encuestados. El consumo de bebidas alcohólicas y jugos artificiales/bebidas gaseosas correspondió al 46% y 53%, respectivamente, encontrándose una mayor frecuencia de consumo en el grupo etario de menores de 40 años (p=0,005). La prevalencia del consumo de verduras/ legumbres fue del 99,3% y de frutas del 94%. Alrededor del 66% de los trabajadores realizaban ejercicio físico por lo menos un día a la semana. Durante la pandemia de la covid-19, fue observada una menor práctica de ejercicios físicos entre los trabajadores de la salud entrevistados. Conclusión: El monitoreo de los factores de riesgo y protección para el cáncer es crucial para los estilos de vida saludables. Mejorar la calidad de vida de los trabajadores de la salud es fundamental para la prestación calificada de los servicios, especialmente en el Sistema Único de Salud (SUS)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Risk Factors , Occupational Health , COVID-19 , Life Style , Neoplasms
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980683

ABSTRACT

Background@#The close association of lifestyle with the pathogenesis of chronic diseases has been established since early times. Lifestyle medicine provides an evidence-based solution to the Non-communicable disease epidemic. However, physicians do not receive adequate training on lifestyle counseling and intervention in both undergraduate education and graduate medical training. Objective: The aim of this study was to examine whether knowledge and attitude regarding lifestyle medicine and the Physicians’ personal lifestyle practices will determine the presence or absence of lifestyle counseling in their medical practice.@*Methods@#An online survey questionnaire was formed and spread through the internet. The questionnaire consisted of four parts- demographics, physicians’ personal lifestyle practices, their attitudes, and knowledge about Lifestyle Medicine. Ethical approval was granted.@*Results@#Out of 188 respondents, 81.4% were females with mean age ranging between 40-49 years. 49 (26.1%) were residents, 84 (44.7%) were Fellows and the remaining participants were Diplomates. 71.3% and 48.4% of respondents said that they include animal and plant food in their diet. The results regarding attitude and knowledge of the doctors of Lifestyle Medicine were mostly insignificant.@*Conclusion@#The study doesn’t only provide information about the knowledge gap and lack of counseling skills but also highlights the urgent need for lifestyle medicine education programs for the new trainees as well as practicing physicians.


Subject(s)
Life Style , Education, Continuing , Nutritional Sciences , Education, Medical
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980677

ABSTRACT

@#According to the World Health Organization, in 2019, an estimated 38.2 million children under the age of 5 years were overweight or obese. With this increased prevalence along came the rise of its comorbidities such as non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) at early ages. The general objective of this case study is to bring awareness of NAFLD in the young. The specific objective is to present a case of a ten year old boy with non alcoholic liver disease and the challenge in the management. The case study is a 10 year old boy diagnosed to be overweight, hypertriglyceridemia and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Baseline weight and body mass index were taken on his first visit and follow up. CBC, Na+, K+, Creatinine, SGPT, FBS, Uric Acid, Total cholesterol, triglycerides, high density lipoprotein, Low density lipoprotein, HBsAg, Anti-HBs, ultrasound of the abdomen and fibroscan of the liver were done. Nutritional counselling was given but not followed. Physical activity prescription of at least 30 minutes/day moderate intensity exercise five times/week. This was done for 1 hour/day five times/week. He was also prescribed N acetylcysteine, Fish oil and Vitamin D. After six and a half months, triglycerides became normal however weight and BMI remain the same. Non-alcoholic liver disease was still present on repeat abdominal ultrasound.@*Conclusion@#1. By engaging in exercise for 6 1/2 months, patient NP was able to normalize the elevated triglyceride level. 2. Without dietary modification, patient wasn’t able to improve his body mass index. His ultrasound still showed the presence of fatty liver. 3. Physicians have the power to influence patients on developing healthy behaviors. They need to take time to engage and listen and help patient discover by themselves lifestyle behaviors that can impact their health. 4. There is a great challenge in instituting this therapeutic intervention for a teenager especially when he is asymptomatic and do not see the need for it. To elicit a better outcome of this patient, it will entail the adoption of the lifestyle modification by the entire family. To set clear and achievable goals and a collaborative management to include a dietician, a health coach and a behavioral therapist may aid compliance.


Subject(s)
Hypertriglyceridemia , Life Style
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980673

ABSTRACT

Background@#Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a leading cause of death around the world including the Philippines. Dyslipidemia and lifestyle have been considered as important modifiable risk factors. Experts in the Philippines have recommended that among individuals with dyslipidemia, lifestyle modification should be advised regardless of their present condition or risk profile. However, a key limitation of the most recent guidelines is the lack of studies on lifestyle interventions involving Filipinos.@*Objective@#This study aimed to provide preliminary evidence for the use of a lifestyle medicine intervention program in the management of dyslipidemia as risk factor for cardiovascular disease.@*Methods@#This study employed a mixed method of quantitative and qualitative research designs. The tools used were selfadministered questionnaires, collecting and examining documents. Measures to improve validity in qualitative studies have also been employed such as respondent validation and rival explanation. Triangulation with the findings from the other qualitative methodologies was also employed. Ethical approval was granted.@*Results@#The first part of the study has a total of 66 participants who underwent a lifestyle intervention program in a single clinic, comprising of 26 male and 40 female subjects were selected through convenient sampling method. Around 50% of the participants were 40-59 years old, 42.4% were 30-39 years old, and only 7.6% were 60-89 years old. The knowledge of the respondents had an overall mean of 7.73 (SD=1.16) which is interpreted as high knowledge. The attitude of the respondents had a mean of 3.58 (SD=0.50) which is interpreted as very positive. The respondents also had a good lifestyle practice with overall mean of 2.76 (SD=0.49). The second part of the study consisted of eight participants with 3 males and 5 females who were chosen through purposive sampling. All participants experienced reduction of their LDL-C and total cholesterol levels after the 12-week lifestyle intervention. Two participants had increased triglyceride levels. The select group also showed reduction in the blood glucose levels and body mass index.@*Conclusion@#This study revealed that participants had good knowledge and attitude regarding cardiovascular diseases and its risk factors. Yet, there is still a high number of those who do not efficiently practice healthy lifestyle and diet. Additional information should be extracted to establish the dietary intake of participants which contributed to the increase in triglyceride levels of some select participants.


Subject(s)
Life Style , Myocardial Ischemia , Dyslipidemias
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971642

ABSTRACT

This review shows that relatively simple changes to diet and lifestyle can significantly, and rapidly, reduce the risks associated with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in terms of infection risk, severity of disease, and even disease-related mortality. A wide range of interventions including regular exercise, adequate sleep, plant-based diets, maintenance of healthy weight, dietary supplementation, and time in nature have each been shown to have beneficial effects for supporting more positive health outcomes with COVID-19, in addition to promoting better overall health. This paper brings together literature from these areas and presents the argument that non-pharmaceutical approaches should not be overlooked in our response to COVID-19. It is noted that, in several cases, interventions discussed result in risk reductions equivalent to, or even greater than, those associated with currently available vaccines. Where the balance of evidence suggests benefits, and the risk is minimal to none, it is suggested that communicating the power of individual actions to the public becomes morally imperative. Further, many lives could be saved, and many harms from the vaccine mandates avoided, if we were willing to embrace this lifestyle-centred approach in our efforts to deal with COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Humans , COVID-19/prevention & control , Diet , Life Style , Exercise/physiology
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970457

ABSTRACT

Acute intermittent porphyria (AIP) has complicated clinical manifestations and is often accompanied by hypertension.AIP may cause hypertension through adrenergic effect,heme deficiency,inflammation,inappropriate secretion of antidiuretic hormone,toxicity of delta-aminolevulinic acid(ALA,aporphyrin precursor),and elevated serum glucose level.The prevention and treatment strategies for AIP accompanied with hypertension mainly include the controlling of porphyria attacks,application of antihypertensive drugs,lifestyle intervention,and management of latent AIP patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Porphyria, Acute Intermittent , Blood Glucose , Hypertension/etiology , Inflammation , Life Style
11.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 386-392, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969918

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the distribution of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in participants from the China Kadoorie Biobank (CKB) study and evaluate the association between lifestyle risk factors and CKD. Methods: Based on the baseline survey data and follow-up data (as of December 31, 2018) of the CKB study, the differences in CKD cases' area and population distributions were described. Cox proportional hazards regression model was used to estimate the association between lifestyle risk factors and the risk of CKD. Results: A total of 505 147 participants, 4 920 cases of CKD were recorded in 11.26 year follow up with a incidence rate of 83.43/100 000 person-years. Glomerulonephropathy was the most common type. The incidence of CKD was higher in the urban area, men, and the elderly aged 60 years and above (87.83/100 000 person-years, 86.37/100 000 person-years, and 132.06/100 000 person-years). Current male smokers had an increased risk for CKD compared with non-smokers or occasional smokers (HR=1.18, 95%CI: 1.05-1.31). The non-obese population was used as a control group, both general obesity determined by BMI (HR=1.19, 95%CI: 1.10-1.29) and central obesity determined by waist circumference (HR=1.27, 95%CI: 1.19-1.35) were associated with higher risk for CKD. Conclusion: The risks for CKD varied with area and population in the CKB cohort study, and the risk was influenced by multiple lifestyle factors.


Subject(s)
Aged , Adult , Humans , Male , Cohort Studies , Prevalence , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Obesity/epidemiology , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/epidemiology , China/epidemiology , Life Style , Body Mass Index
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969847

ABSTRACT

The paradox of increasing health needs and limited health resources prompted a change in the traditional concept of disease prevention and control, and the concept of proactive health has emerged. Proactive health aimed to prevent and control disease and improve the body's immunity by using controlled methods and means to activate the body's self-healing ability and to identify foreign harmful substances as well as damage factors and tumor cells that the body itself may produce while giving full play to individual initiative. With the continuous development of science, people could maintain and improve their immune system from many aspects, which could be roughly divided into nonpharmaceutical interventions and pharmaceutical interventions. Nonpharmacological interventions included changing lifestyles and habits, adjusting the nutritional structure and intake of food, regulating mindsets and emotions, and improving the living and working environment, etc. This review systematically elaborated on the functions and molecular mechanisms of nutrition, exercise, sleep, and emotion in regulating immunity, to provide some scientific evidence and theoretical support for proactive health.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cancer Vaccines , Immunotherapy , Life Style , Nutritional Status , Healthy Lifestyle
13.
Rev. Nutr. (Online) ; 36: e210153, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1441035

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate the consumption of free sugars and associated factors in the diet of university students entering full-time courses at a public university in Mato Grosso. Methods Cross-sectional study with students aged 16 to 26 years in the first semester of 2016, 2017, and 2018. Average sugar consumption was estimated using a 24-hour diet recall, evaluating the percentage of free sugars in total energy intake and the prevalence of consumption greater than 10.0% of total energy intake, according to socioeconomic and lifestyle variables, stratified by sex, and the foods that most contributed to its consumption. Results A total of 1,063 students were evaluated, the percentage of free sugars in the students' diet was on average 14.3% among men and 15.4% among women, with the prevalence of consumption above 10.0% also being higher among women (72.6 vs. 66.6%). There was a direct relationship between the participation of free sugars in the highest tertiles of energy intake, and the main food groups sources of sugar were desserts, juices, soft drinks, and coffee. There was a significant association between courses outside the health sciences, tobacco use, and unsatisfactory meal consumption profile with higher consumption of free sugars among women. Among men, sugar consumption was higher among those who were not overweight compared to those who were overweight. Conclusion The consumption of free sugars is high among university students, being associated with higher energy consumption, especially for sweetened beverages.


RESUMO Objetivo Avaliar o consumo de açúcar livre e os fatores associados na alimentação de universitários ingressantes em cursos de período integral em uma universidade pública de Mato Grosso. Métodos Estudo transversal com estudantes de 16 a 26 anos de idade no primeiro semestre de 2016, 2017 e 2018 (n=1.063). O consumo médio de açúcar foi estimado por meio de recordatório de 24 horas, sendo avaliada a participação do açúcar livre na ingestão energética total e a prevalência de participação do consumo superior a 10,0% da ingestão energética, segundo variáveis socioeconômicas, de estilo de vida e fatores dietéticos, , estratificadas por sexo. Resultados A participação do açúcar livre na dieta foi, em média, de 14,3% entre os homens e 15,4% entre as mulheres, sendo a prevalência de consumo acima de 10,0% também maior entre as mulheres (72,6 vs. 66,6%). Foi maior a participação do açúcar livre nos tercis mais elevados de ingestão energética, sendo verificado que os principais grupos de alimentos fontes foram sobremesas, sucos, refrigerantes e café. Entre as mulheres, verificou-se maior consumo de açúcar livre entre aquelas que faziam uso de tabaco e que apresentavam perfil de consumo de refeições insatisfatório. Por outro lado, menor consumo de açúcar livre foi observado entre as estudantes da área da saúde. Entre os homens, o consumo de açúcar livre foi maior entre aqueles sem excesso de peso, comparados aos com excesso. Conclusão O consumo de açúcar livre foi elevado entre estudantes universitários, sendo maior entre os estudantes com maior consumo energético. Verificou-se que as bebidas adoçadas estiveram entre as principais fontes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Universities , Eating/ethnology , Socioeconomic Factors , Cross-Sectional Studies , Sugars , Sugar-Sweetened Beverages , Life Style/ethnology
14.
São Paulo; s.n; 2023. 76 p.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1512771

ABSTRACT

Introdução. A adolescência representa uma importante etapa do ciclo de vida, apresentando a maior taxa de crescimento físico e expansão psicológica após a primeira infância. A adoção de práticas pouco saudáveis na adolescência, incluindo sedentarismo, baixo nível de atividade física e consumo excessivo de alimentos com alto teor de gorduras e açúcares, é associada ao aumento da ocorrência de sobrepeso e obesidade. O consumo de bebidas alcoólicas e o uso de produtos do tabaco são considerados hábitos de risco entre jovens, especialmente porque há tendência de ocorrência concomitante de vários comportamentos de risco. Objetivo. O presente estudo propõe uma análise comparativa de associações entre características de estilo de vida e estado nutricional em amostra representativa de adolescentes de países da América do Sul, a partir dos inquéritos aplicados ao longo dos últimos anos. Metodologia. Trata-se de investigação com delineamento observacional transversal, conduzida a partir de análise de dados secundários em nível individual, incluindo comportamento alimentar, nível de atividade física, consumo de bebidas alcoólicas, uso de produtos do tabaco, relações parentais e bullying, disponibilizados por meio de bases de dados públicas para Argentina, Bolívia, Brasil, Chile, Paraguai, Suriname e Uruguai. Os dados foram analisados por meio de modelos de regressão, utilizando comando survey no software estatístico Stata com aplicação de ponderação para expansão da representatividade da amostra em nível populacional, adotando-se significância estatística de 5% (p≤0,05). Resultados. Adolescentes argentinos e brasileiros apresentaram maior frequência de baixo consumo hortaliças (61,69% e 59,23% dos adolescentes, respectivamente). Os adolescentes do Suriname (33,54%) e do Chile (30,83%) declararam maior frequência no consumo regular de refrigerantes. Registrou-se alta proporção de adolescentes sul-americanos fisicamente inativos (62,75%), considerando-se nível de atividade física recomendada 180 minutos por semana para faixa etária. Por fim, identificou-se associação entre consumo de bebida alcoólica, uso de outros produtos do tabaco e idade do início do tabagismo com presença de excesso de peso entre adolescentes na América do Sul. Conclusão. Os resultados do presente estudo sugerem potencial associação entre excesso de peso dos adolescentes sul-americanos em relação ao baixo consumo de frutas, verduras e legumes, alta frequência de inatividade física e adoção de comportamentos de risco (uso de produtos do tabaco e consumo de bebidas alcoólicas).


Introduction. Adolescence is an important stage in the life cycle, with the highest rate of physical growth and psychological expansion after early childhood. The adoption of unhealthy practices in adolescence, including a sedentary lifestyle, low levels of physical activity and excessive consumption of foods high in fats and sugars, is associated with an increase in the occurrence of overweight and obesity. Alcohol consumption and use of tobacco are considered risk behaviors among youngsters, especially due to trends in occurrence of multiple risk behaviors. Objective. The present study proposes a comparative analysis of association among lifestyle characteristics and nutritional status in representative sample of adolescents in South American countries, through surveys conducted during the last years. Methods. The study presents cross-sectional observational design based on the analysis of secondary data at the individual level, including food consumption patterns, physical activity levels, alcohol consumption, use of tobacco products, parental relationships, and bullying, from datasets publicly available for Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Paraguay, Suriname, and Uruguay. The data were analyzed through regression models, using a survey command in the Stata statistical software with the application of sample weight for expansion of sample representativeness at the population level, adopting a statistical significance of 5% (p≤0.05). Results. Argentinian and Brazilian adolescents presented higher frequency of low consumption of vegetables (61.69% and 59.23% of adolescents, respectively). The adolescents from Suriname (33.54%) and Chile (30.83%) reported higher regular consumption of carbonated soft drinks. There was high proportion of South American adolescents who were physically inactive (62.75%), considering the recommendation of physical activity level 180 minutes per week in the age bracket. Finally, there was association among alcohol consumption, tobacco use, and age of tobacco use initiation in relation to overweight among South American adolescents. Conclusion. The results of the present study suggest potential association of excess body weight among South American adolescents in relation to low consumption of fruits and vegetables, high frequency of physical inactivity, and adoption of risk behaviors (use of tobacco and consumption of alcoholic beverages).


Subject(s)
Exercise , Public Health , Adolescent Health , Eating , Nutritional Sciences , Life Style
15.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1021-1026, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985628

ABSTRACT

Objective: To describe the epidemiological distribution characteristics of peripheral blood mosaic chromosomal alteration (mCA) in community adults aged 30-79 years in 10 regions of China. Methods: A total of 100 297 participants with complete baseline information (demographic characteristics, lifestyle, physical examination, etc.) and genotyping data of blood-derived DNA in ten regions of the China Kadoorie Biobank study were included. The mCAs were detected with the Mosaic Chromosomal Alterations pipeline, and logistic regression models were used to compare the differences in the detection rate of mCAs in different regions and populations. Results: A total of 5 810 mCA carriers were detected, with the detection rate of 5.8%. The standardized detection rate was 5.1%. The baseline detection rate of mCA increased with age, which were 3.4%, 5.0%, and 9.4% in those aged 30-, 51-, and >60 years, respectively (trend test P<0.001). A more significant proportion of mCAs were found in men (8.0%) than women (4.0%), as well as in urban areas (6.4%) than in rural areas (5.3%), the difference was significant (P<0.001). After adjusting for age and gender, the detection rate of mCA was higher in current smokers or people quitting smoking due to illness and people with low physical activity level, and the mCA detection rate was lower in obesy people (5.3%) than that in people with normal body weight (5.9%) (P=0.006). Conclusions: The detection rate of mCAs varied with region and population in community adults aged 30-79 years in 10 regions of China. The study results might contribute to the molecular identification of aging populations and guide precision prevention of age-related diseases such as cancers.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Aged , China/epidemiology , Life Style , Risk Factors , Smoking/epidemiology
16.
São Paulo; s.n; 2023. 83 p.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1443812

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Associada com uma considerável quantidade de doenças crônicas, agudas e mais recentemente, a Covid 19, a deficiência de vitamina D tem se tornado cada vez mais prevalente até em regiões de baixa latitude. Objetivo geral: Identificar e caracterizar a associação entre clima, estilo de vida e áreas verdes com os status de vitamina D em mulheres. Objetivos específicos: Avaliar a associação entre concentrações séricas de 25(OH)D e fatores relacionados ao estilo de vida em uma amostra de mulheres brasileiras que vivem na latitude 21º 80' S. Analisar a associação entre verde residencial em áreas urbanas e concentrações séricas de 25(OH)D em moradoras de uma cidade brasileira interiorana de médio porte e de clima tropical. Analisar a associação entre verde residencial, estilo de vida e concentrações séricas de 25(OH)D em moradoras de cidades de clima temperado ao sul da Inglaterra. Método: Foram realizados dois estudos epidemiológicos que analisaram a influência da dieta e exposição à luz solar no status de vitamina D. Idade, variáveis antropométricas, cor da pele e estado pós-menopausa foram medidos como potenciais fatores de confusão. O estudo transversal foi realizado com 101 mulheres com 35 anos ou mais que avaliou a associação entre a concentração sérica de 25(OH)D e a exposição à radiação ultravioleta, estilo de vida e depressão. O estudo longitudinal de 1 ano avaliou o status de vitamina D em 365 mulheres caucasianas e asiáticas, na pré-menopausa e pós-menopausa, residentes na região sul do Reino Unido. Como indicador da variável áreas verdes, foi calculado o Índice de Vegetação por Diferença Normalizada. Foram usados modelos de regressão múltipla e logística para analisar a associação entre as variáveis, além de testes não paramétricos. Os estudos resultaram em três artigos que estão na presente tese. Resultados: No primeiro artigo, no estudo transversal, mulheres mais velhas tiveram uma concentração significativamente maior de 25(OH)D do que as mulheres mais jovens (p = 0,013), bem como maior exposição à RUV (p = 0,01) e menor IMC (p = 0,005). Esses achados são independentes de outros fatores de confusão medidos. No segundo artigo, observou-se uma associacao positiva estatisticamente significativa entre a exposicao ao indice de vegetacao circundante residencial abaixo da mediana e a prevalencia de niveis insuficientes de 25(HO)D (P=0,03).No terceiro artigo, no estudo de coorte, as participantes que viviam em áreas mais verdes eram mais propensas a ter status de vitamina D melhorado (RR: 1,51, IC 95%: 1,13- 2,02), assim como, as que eram mais expostas à radiação ultravioleta (RR: 2,05, IC 95%: 1,44 - 2,92). Contudo, no modelo totalmente ajustado, as variáveis etnia e hormônio paratireóideo permaneceram significantes, p < 0,001 e p = 0,003. Conclusão: Foram encontradas associações entre vitamina D, estilo de vida, saúde mental e áreas verdes importantes para um panejamento urbano e social de incentivo a atividades ao ar livre. Contudo, uma análise de mediação que elucide como as áreas verdes contribuem para maiores níveis de vitamina D através do tempo de exposição à luz solar é necessário.


Introduction: Associated with a considerable amount of chronic and acute diseases and more recently, Covid 19, vitamin D deficiency has become increasingly prevalent even in low latitude regions. General objective: To identify and characterize the association between climate, lifestyle and green areas with vitamin D status in women. Specific objectives: To evaluate the association between serum concentrations of 25(OH)D and factors related to lifestyle in a sample of Brazilian women living at latitude 21º 80' S. To analyze the association between residential green in urban areas and serum concentrations of 25(OH)D in residents of a medium-sized country town in Brazil with a tropical climate. To analyze the association between residential greenery, lifestyle and serum concentrations of 25(OH)D in residents of temperate cities in the south of England. Method: Two epidemiological studies were performed that analyzed the influence of diet and sunlight exposure on vitamin D status. Age, anthropometric variables, skin color and postmenopausal status were measured as potential confounders. A cross-sectional study was carried out with 101 women aged 35 years or older that evaluated the association between serum 25(OH)D concentration and exposure to ultraviolet radiation, lifestyle and depression. The 1-year longitudinal study assessed the vitamin D status of 365 premenopausal and postmenopausal Caucasian and Asian women residing in the southern part of the UK. As an indicator of the green areas variable, the Vegetation Index by Normalized Difference was calculated. Multiple and logistic regression models were used to analyze the association between variables, in addition to non-parametric tests. The studies resulted in three articles that are in this thesis. Results: In the first article, in the cross-sectional study, older women had a significantly higher concentration of 25(OH)D than younger women (p = 0.013), as well as greater exposure to UVR (p = 0.01) and lower BMI (p = 0.005). These findings are independent of other measured confounders. In the second article, a statistically significant positive association was observed between exposure to the surrounding residential vegetation index below the median and the prevalence of insufficient levels of 25(HO)D (P=0.03). cohort, participants who lived in greener areas were more likely to have improved vitamin D status (RR: 1.51, 95% CI: 1.13-2.02), as were those who were more exposed to ultraviolet radiation (RR: 2.05, 95% CI: 1.44 - 2.92). However, in the fully adjusted model, the variables ethnicity and parathyroid hormone remained significant, p < 0.001 and p = 0.003. Conclusion: Association was found between vitamin D, lifestyle, mental health and important green areas for urban and social planning to encourage outdoor activities. However, a mediation analysis that elucidates how green areas contribute to higher levels of vitamin D through exposure time to sunlight is needed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Ultraviolet Rays , Vitamin D/radiation effects , Green Areas , Life Style
17.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1451124

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to improve our knowledge about carcinogenesis and lifestyle, given their impact on the occurrence of breast cancer, emphasizing the importance of lifestyle changes as a preventive factor in the development of the disease. We conducted a bibliographic review with the analysis of 31 articles in English and Portuguese. As a result, the articles selected for study showed that factors such as diet, alcohol intake, smoking, obesity, physical activity, occupational exposure, hormonal factors (hormone therapy, contraceptives) and reproductive factors (menarche, menopause, nulliparity, pregnancy, breastfeeding) have a protective or risk effect on breast cancer. We conclude that eating healthy, with fruits, vegetables and greens, practicing moderate physical activity, avoiding alcoholic beverages and breastfeeding exclusively reduce the risk of developing breast cancer by 28%. Therefore, it is necessary to make the public aware of these modifiable risk factors


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Breast Neoplasms/etiology , Life Style , Risk Factors
18.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1431251

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives: to investigate the association between the Índice de Qualidade da Dieta Adaptado para Gestantes (IQDAG) (Quality of Diet Index Adapted for Pregnant Women) with food consumption, lifestyle and health information. Methods: cross-sectional study with 110 pregnant women assisted at a public health service. Sociodemographic, nutritional and health data were collected from medical records. Food consumption was investigated through the usual intake, for a nutritional analysis, DietPro® program version 6.1 was used. Quality ofdiet was assessed using the IQDAG. Multinomial logistic regression was used to investigate an association between food consumption and IQDAG. Results: the average total score of the IQDAG was 61.3 (±26.1), this is the best quality of the diet. After adjusting for age, schooling and physical activity, the highest consumption of vitamin A (OR=1.04; CI95% = 1.02-1.07) and B2 (OR=2.63; CI95% = 1.19-5.70) was associated with a greater chance of having a better quality of diet (3rdtertile of the IQDAG). Conclusions: pregnant women with better quality of diet had higher intakes of vitamins A and B2. However, other population-based studies are suggested to more broadly in verify its association with food consumption and its ability to identify adherence to nutritional recommendations.


Resumo Objetivos: investigar a associação entre o Índice de Qualidade da Dieta Adaptado para Gestantes (IQDAG) com o consumo alimentar e hábitos de vida e informações de saúde. Métodos: estudo transversal com 110 gestantes atendidas em um serviço público de saúde. Os dados sociodemográficos, nutricionais e de saúde foram coletados a partir dos prontuários de atendimento. O consumo alimentar foi investigado por meio do recordatório de ingestão habitual, para a análise nutricional foi utilizado o Programa DietPro® versão 6.1. A qualidade da dieta foi avaliada utilizando o IQDAG. A regressão logística multinomial foi usada para investigar a associação entre o consumo alimentar e IQDAG. Resultados: a média da pontuação total do IQDAG foi 61,3 (±26,1), isto é uma melhor qualidade da dieta. Após ajuste por idade, escolaridade e atividade física, o maior consumo de vitamina A (OR=1,04; IC95%= 1,02-1,07) e B2 (OR= 2,63; IC95%= 1,19-5,70) esteve associado a maior chance da gestante apresentar uma melhor qualidade da dieta (3º tercil do IQDAG). Conclusões: gestantes com melhor qualidade da dieta tiveram maior ingestão das vitaminas A e B2. Entretanto, sugere-se outros estudos de base populacional para verificar de forma mais ampla sua associação com o consumo alimentar e sua capacidade de identificar a adesão as recomendações nutricionais.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Eating , Prenatal Nutrition , Diet, Healthy , Life Style , Nutritional Status , Cross-Sectional Studies , Sociodemographic Factors
19.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e244855, 2023. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1422402

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste estudo foi refletir sobre os efeitos da não adesão ao tratamento para a equipe de saúde e sobre as ações/reações da equipe que podem causar a não adesão ao tratamento. A amostra foi composta por 10 profissionais de saúde. O instrumento de coleta de dados foi uma entrevista semiestruturada. O material coletado foi submetido à análise temática, e discussão foi baseada na psicanálise. Como resultado, verificou-se que os profissionais relacionaram a não adesão às carências percebidas nos pacientes. Também foi identificada a presença de um ciclo de encaminhamentos, o qual, por vezes, significava uma tentativa de eliminar um incômodo (a não adesão), mas, em contrapartida, o causava. Verificou-se também a presença de confusão entre cuidado e controle, produzindo relações permeadas por desconfiança, verificação e correção. Percebeu-se, ainda, relação entre não adesão e frustração, seja porque o tratamento é insuficiente para evitar o sofrimento do paciente, seja pelo desconforto advindo da não cooperação do paciente. Ao final, como efeitos para a equipe, evidenciou-se a presença de profissionais envolvidos por um discurso de frustração, desvalorização e impotência. Como efeitos da equipe, verificou-se que profissionais também podem produzir aquilo de que se queixam, pelos lugares subjetivos que delineiam e cristalizam. A partir disso, problematiza-se o sentido que a não adesão pode assumir, e é importante considerá-la como um sinal que pode revelar os percalços (e as possíveis resoluções) do contrato relacional entre paciente e equipe.(AU)


The objective of this study was to reflect about the effects of non-adherence to the treatment for the health team and about the actions/reactions of the team that may can cause the non-adherence to the treatment. The sample consisted of 10 health professionals. The data collection instrument was a semi-structured interview. The material collected was submitted to thematic analysis, and the discussion was based on psychoanalysis. As a result, it was verified that the professionals related non-adherence to needs perceived on patients. The presence of a referral cycle was also identified, which, sometimes, meant an attempt to eliminate a nuisance (the non-adherence) but, instead, caused it. It was also verified the presence of confusion between care and control, producing relations permeated by distrust, verification, and correction. The link between non-adherence and frustration was also observed, either due to the treatment being insufficient to avoid the suffering of the patient; or by the discomfort from the non-cooperation of the patient. At the end, as effects for the team, professionals involved by a discourse of frustration, devaluation, and impotence were evidenced. As effects of the team, it has been found that professionals can also produce what they complain about, by the subjective places that were delineate and crystallize. Thus, we problematize the meaning non-adherence may assume, and considering it a signal that can reveal the mishaps (and possible resolutions) of the relational contract between patient and team is important.(AU)


El objetivo de este estudio fue reflexionar sobre los efectos de la no adherencia al tratamiento para el equipo de salud y sobre las acciones/reacciones del equipo que pueden causar la no adherencia al tratamiento. La muestra estuvo conformada por diez profesionales de la salud. El instrumento de recolección de datos fue una entrevista semiestructurada. El material recolectado fue sometido a análisis temático, y se utilizó el psicoanálisis para discutir el material. El resultado constató que los profesionales entendieron la no adherencia como una carencia/necesidad de los pacientes. También se identificó la presencia de un ciclo de derivación, que a veces significó un intento de eliminar una molestia (falta de adherencia), pero que puede generar el problema. También se verificó la presencia de confusión entre cuidado y control, produciendo relaciones permeadas de desconfianza, verificación y corrección. También se observó el vínculo entre la no adherencia y la frustración, ya sea porque el tratamiento es insuficiente para evitar el sufrimiento del paciente o por la incomodidad que produce la falta de cooperación del paciente. Al final, como efectos para el equipo, se evidenciaron profesionales envueltos por la frustración, la devaluación y la impotencia. Como efectos del equipo, se constató que los profesionales también pueden producir lo que quejan desde los lugares subjetivos que fueron delineados y cristalizados. Así se discute el sentido que puede asumir la no adherencia, y es importante considerarla como señal de los percances (y posibles resoluciones) del contrato relacional entre paciente y equipo.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Patient Care Team , Health Personnel , Treatment Adherence and Compliance , Orientation , Pain , Pathology , Patients , Pharmacology , Poverty , Psychoanalysis , Psychology , Psychotherapy , Social Isolation , Behavior , Burnout, Professional , Family , Nursing , Physical Therapy Modalities , Domestic Violence , Disease Progression , Life , Cultural Deprivation , Death , Defense Mechanisms , Diabetes Mellitus , Diagnosis , Diet , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Economics , Education , Nutritional Sciences , Medication Adherence , Sadness , Respect , Psychosocial Intervention , Hospitalization , Anemia, Sickle Cell , Life Style , Negativism , Obesity
20.
Rev. cienc. cuidad ; 20(1): 81-93, 20230101.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1435215

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Determinar los comportamientos del estilo de vida en docentes y administrativos de una universidad pública de Colombia. Materiales y métodos: Investigación cuantitativa descriptiva de corte trasversal. El tamaño de la muestra fue de 178 docentes y administrativos, mediante un muestreo aleatorio simple. Se aplicó un cuestionario auto diligenciado compuesto por una ficha sociodemográfica y el instrumento fantástico, diseñado por el Departamento de Medicina Familiar de la Universidad McMaster de Canadá, ajustado por el investigador Pedro Reyes Gaspar, obteniendo un Alfa de Cronbach, de 0,706, y un coeficiente de Spearman Brown r=0,616 y la correlación dos mitades de Guttman r=0,615. Los datos se trabajaron a través del programa SPSS versión 24, mediante análisis estadístico descriptivo univariado de frecuencias y tablas de contingencia. Resultados: El 40% de la población no es activa físicamente, más de la mitad de los docentes y administrativos aseguran que no ingieren una dieta adecuada, el 26% casi nunca duermen bien y se sienten descansados, el 29% algunas veces duerme bien y descansa. El 50% algunas veces es capaz de hacer frente al estrés en sus vidas y 10% casi nunca puede manejar el estrés. Se identificó riesgo en salud en los docentes en las dimensiones de actividad física, nutrición, sueño y estrés (p.000) en comparación con los administrativos. Conclusiones: Se halló que el perfil de estilo de vida en docentes y administrativos de una universidad pública de Colombia se caracteriza por la inactividad física, una mala alimentación, un mal manejo del estrés y trastornos del sueño.


Objective: To determine the behaviors of the lifestyle in teachers and administrators of a public university in Colombia. Materials and methods: cross-sectional descriptive quantitative research. The sample size was 178 teachers and administrators, using simple random sampling. A self-completed questionnaire was applied, consisting of a sociodemographic record and the fantastic instrument, designed by the Department of Family Medicine of the McMaster University of Canada, adjusted by the researcher Pedro Reyes Gaspar, obtaining a Cronbach's Alpha of 0.706, and a coefficient Spearman Brown r=0.616 and Guttman's twohalf correlation r=0.615. The data was worked through the SPSS version 24 program, through univariate descriptive statistical analysis of frequencies and contingency tables. Results: 40% of the population is not physically active, more than half of teachers and administrators say they do not eat a proper diet, 26% almost never sleep well and feel rested, 29% sometimes sleep well and rest. 50% are sometimes able to cope with stress in their lives and 10% can hardly ever handle stress. Health risk was identified in teachers in the dimensions of physical activity, nutrition, sleep and stress (p.000) compared to administrative staff. Conclusions:it was found that the lifestyle profile of teachers and administrators at a public university in Colombia is characterized by physical inactivity, poor nutrition, poor stress management and sleep disorders.


Subject(s)
Life Style , Chronic Disease , Administrative Personnel , Faculty , Health Promotion
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