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1.
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(2): 1-13, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1368754

ABSTRACT

Background: The debonding of crowns and ceramic veneers with laser is already a reality in the clinic. It presents benefits in comparison to traditional removal with the use of a rotating instrument; however, there is still no consolidated protocol and many professionals use it without the necessary scientific basis. Objective: The aim of this work was to perform a literature review on the debonding of indirect ceramic restorations using the Er:YAG and Er,Cr:YSGG lasers to provide clinical professionals and the scientific community a careful analysis, and also to guiding the use of irradiation at laser for such procedures. Methods: Bibliographic searches were performed in the following databases: Pubmed, Web of Science and Google Scholar. According to the inclusion criteria adopted, twenty-seven clinical and in vitro studies were selected in the period from 2007 to 2021. In the present work, the composition of the crowns and facets, as well as the types of cement and the laser irradiation protocols adopted in the selected studies is detailed. Conclusions: It was concluded that the use of erbium lasers for debonding of indirect ceramic restorations proved to be more selective and conservative when compared to removal with a rotary diamond instrument. Furthermore, it was shown to be in more efficient in debonding different types of ceramics. However, there are great variations in the "debonding" protocols, which emphasizes the need for further studies that seek to standardize the irradiation protocols considering the different clinical situations (AU)


Antecedentes: A remoção de coroas e facetas cerâmicas com laser já é uma realidade clínica e apresenta benefícios em relação à remoção tradicional com uso de instrumento rotatório diamantado; entretanto, ainda não existe um protocolo consolidado e muitos profissionais o utilizam sem o embasamento científico necessário. Objetivos: O objetivo deste trabalho foi realizar uma revisão da literatura sobre a remoção de restaurações cerâmicas indiretas utilizando os lasers Er:YAG e Er,Cr:YSGG para fornecer uma análise cuidadosa aos profissionais clínicos e à comunidade científica, além de orientar o uso da irradiação a laser para tal aplicação. Métodos: As buscas bibliográficas foram realizadas, nas seguintes bases de dados: Pubmed, Web of Science e Google Scholar. De acordo com os critérios de inclusão adotados, foram selecionados vinte e sete estudos clínicos e in vitro no período de 2007 a 2021. No presente trabalho, a composição das coroas e facetas, bem como os tipos de cimento e os protocolos de irradiação laser adotados nos estudos selecionados foram detalhados. Conclusão: Concluiu-se que o uso dos lasers de érbio para remoção de restaurações cerâmicas indiretas mostrou-se mais seletivo e conservador quando comparado à remoção com instrumento rotatório diamantado, além de ser eficiente na remoção de diferentes tipos de cerâmicas. No entanto, existem grandes variações nos protocolos de "debonding", o que enfatiza a necessidade de novos estudos que busquem uma padronização dos protocolos de irradiação considerando as diferentes situações clínicas.(AU)


Subject(s)
Lifting , Crowns , Dental Veneers , Lasers, Solid-State
2.
An. Fac. Cienc. Méd. (Asunción) ; 54(3): 167-172, Dec. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1352986

ABSTRACT

La cirugía de correctiva del envejecimiento facial tiene más de un siglo de historia documentada. Los cambios culturales han aumentado el número de operaciones. En Latinoamérica también ha aumentado, y la región ha sido activa en realizar aportes en los conceptos, técnicas y procedimientos complementarios. Además del crecimiento cuantitativo, la comprensión de los planos anatómicos faciales, cambios con la edad y los modos de corregirlos han sido de gran utilidad. Nuestra técnica del lifting cérvico-facial presentan ventajas como seguridad en el plano de disección, ausencia de tracción cicatricial y respeto capilar, proporcionando un resultado final natural de acuerdo a la solicitud de los pacientes


Corrective surgery for facial aging has more than a century of documented history. Cultural changes have increased the number of operations. In Latin America it has also increased, and the region has been active in making contributions in complementary concepts, techniques, and procedures. In addition to quantitative growth, the understanding of facial anatomical planes, changes with age and the ways to correct them have been very useful. Our cervical-facial lifting technique presents advantages such as safety in the dissection plane, absence of scar traction and capillary respect, providing a natural final result according to the request of the patients


Subject(s)
Rhytidoplasty
3.
Odontol. Clín.-Cient ; 20(1): 39-45, jan.-mar. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1367835

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste estudo foi realizar uma revisão de literatura acerca do lifting facial não cirúrgico com fios de PDO, abordando os diferentes tipos, suas indicações, a degradação no organismo, pla no de inserção, contraindicações, vantagens e possíveis complicações. As buscas foram realizadas nas bases de dados Pubmed, Bireme, Scielo, Sumários de Revistas Brasileiras e BVS, selecionan do-se artigos relevantes disponibilizados entre 2005 e 2020. Sendo os descritores utilizados em português e inglês para busca: "Harmonização Facial", "Fios de Sustentação", "Lifting Facial". Após aplicação dos critérios de inclusão e exclusão, dos 44 artigos encontrados, foram selecionados 16 para esse estudo. O uso dos fios de sustentação facial consiste em um método minimamente inva sivo, indolor, de caráter ambulatorial, anestesia local e efeito imediato. Diante dos possíveis riscos que acompanham o lifting cirúrgico, as pessoas estão buscando por alternativas menos invasivas, como os fios de sustentação. Apesar de não poderem ser considerados como alternativa a cirurgia reparadora convencional, os pacientes muitas vezes acabam optando pelo lifting com fios por se sentirem mais seguros, mesmo com resultados mais modestos. Observou-se que a utilização dos fios de PDO tem demostrado eficácia no rejuvenescimento facial quando bem indicados, apesar da possibilidade de ocorrência de efeitos adversos, normalmente pequenos e passageiros... (AU)


The aim of this study is to perform a literature review about non-surgical facial lifting with PDS threads, addressing its variety of types, indications, organism degradation, insertion plan, contrain dications, advantages and possible complications.The researches were conducted in the Pubmed, Bi reme, Scielo, Sumários de Revistas Brasileiras and BVS data bases, selecting relevant articles available between 2005 and 2020. After applying the inclusion and exclusion criteria, of the 44 articles found, 16 were selected for this study. Being used the following descriptors in Portuguese and English for research purposes: "Facial Harmonization", "Supporti Threads", "Face Lift". The use of facial support threads consists in a minimally invasive, painless, outpatient method, local anesthesia and imme diate effect. Faced with the possible risks that accompany the surgical facelift, people are looking for less invasive alternatives, such as the support wires. Although they cannot be considered as an alternative to conventional reparative surgery, patients often end up opting for a facelift because they feel safer, even with more modest results. It was observed that the use of PDO threads has been shown to be effective in facial rejuvenation when well indicated, despite the possibility of adverse effects, usually small and transient... (AU)


Subject(s)
Lifting , Dentistry , Esthetics , Facial Expression
4.
Rev. inf. cient ; 100(2): e3383, mar.-abr. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1251820

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Se presentó el caso de una paciente femenina de 40 años de edad que acudió a consulta por presentar aumento de volumen en la región parotídea izquierda. Se realizó ortopantomografía, radiografías simples anteroposterior y lateral de cráneo que revelaron la presencia de una imagen radiolúcida en la región lateral de la rama mandibular izquierda. El diagnóstico clínico fue de osteoma periférico a este nivel, por lo que se realizó remoción quirúrgica total de la lesión. La biopsia confirmó el diagnóstico de osteoma ebúrneo periférico. El osteoma es una neoplasia benigna de tejido óseo, poco frecuente y, rara vez, se localiza de manera aislada en la mandíbula. No se diagnosticaron complicaciones posoperatorias y la paciente mostró satisfacción con la atención estomatológica brindada.


ABSTRACT A 40-year-old female patient came to the consultation due to an increase in volume in the left parotid region. Orthopantomography and simple anteroposterior and lateral skull radiographies were performed, revealing the presence of a radiolucent image in the lateral region of the left mandibular side. The clinical diagnosis at this point was of peripheral osteoma, for which a total surgical removal of the lesion was performed. The biopsy confirmed the diagnosis of peripheral osteoma. An osteoma is a rare benign neoplasm of bone tissue, and is rarely found isolated in the mandible. Postoperative complications were not diagnosed and the patient was satisfied with the dental care provided.


RESUMO Foi apresentado o caso de uma paciente do sexo feminino, 40 anos de idade, que compareceu à consulta por aumento de volume na região da parótida esquerda. Foram realizadas ortopantomografia, radiografias simples ântero-posterior e lateral do crânio, que revelaram a presença de imagem radiotransparente na região lateral do ramo mandibular esquerdo. O diagnóstico clínico foi de osteoma periférico a este nível, para o qual foi realizada a remoção cirúrgica total da lesão. A biópsia confirmou o diagnóstico de osteoma periférico ebúrneo. O osteoma é uma neoplasia benigna do tecido ósseo, pouco frequente e raramente localizada de forma isolada na mandíbula. Complicações pós-operatórias não foram diagnosticadas e o paciente ficou satisfeito com o atendimento odontológico prestado.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Osteoma/surgery , Osteoma/diagnostic imaging , Mandible/pathology , Rhytidoplasty/methods , Mandibular Neoplasms
5.
Rev. argent. radiol ; 85(2): 41-45, abr. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1288198

ABSTRACT

Resumen La pancreatitis aguda es una patología inflamatoria del páncreas que se caracteriza por dolor abdominal y elevación de los niveles séricos de amilasa. Desde el punto de vista imagenológico, se la estudia con tomografía computada (TC), siendo esa la modalidad de elección para evaluar la extensión y la localización de las complicaciones. Según la gravedad, el tiempo de evolución y la extensión, hay distintos tipos de complicaciones y una variedad de hallazgos en TC.


Abstract Acute pancreatitis is an inflammatory pathology of the pancreas characterized by abdominal pain and elevated levels of serum amylase. In radiology, it is studied with computed tomography (CT), which is the preferred method to evaluate the extent and location of complications. Depending on the severity, time of evolution, and extent, there are different types of complications and a variety of findings on the CT scan.


Subject(s)
Pancreas , Pancreatitis , Tomography , Pathology , Radiology , Time , Abdominal Pain , Lifting , Serum , Selection of the Waste Treatment Site , Gravitation , Amylases , Methods
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887502

ABSTRACT

To analyze the collaborative use and separation reasons of lifting-thrusting and twirling reinforcing and reducing manipulation. Lifting-thrusting manipulation and twirling manipulation are two important contents of acupuncture methods. In traditional acupuncture and moxibustion, the two methods were used in reinforcing and reducing concert, which was mainly related to the therapeutic thought guided by the


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Humans , Lifting , Moxibustion , Needles , Taiwan
7.
Dent. press endod ; 10(3): 49-55, Sept-Dec.2020. Tab, Ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1344785

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: O presente estudo usou micro-CT para avaliar a quantidade de material obturador remanescente em canais radiculares curvos que tinham sido obturados com cimento Endosequence BC/Cpoint ou com cimento AH/ guta-percha, depois do retratamento utilizando instrumentos rotatórios ou reciprocantes. Métodos: Sessenta canais mesiovestibulares de molares superiores foram instrumentados até MTwo #35.04. As amostras foram randomicamente alocadas em quatro grupos (n=15): os canais do G1 e G2 foram obturados com AH/guta-percha, e os canais do G3 e G4 foram obturados com BC/Cpoint. O material obturador foi removido usando instrumentos rotatórios ou reciprocantes ­ G1 e G3: R25 Reciproc + reinstrumentação com R40; e G2 e G4: Sistema ProTaper Universal Retratamento + reinstrumentação com MTwo 40.06. Micro-CTs foram usadas para medir a quantidade de material obturador remanescente (mm3 ) para o canal inteiro e para cada terço, em dois momentos: 1) após a remoção do material obturador; e 2) após a reinstrumentação. Resultados: Após a remoção do material obturador, BC/CPoint permaneceu mais dentro do canal do que AH/guta-percha quando o canal inteiro (29,92% x 19,25%, p=0,0290) e o terço apical foram analisados. Após a reinstrumentação, BC/CPoint permaneceu mais do que AH/guta-percha somente no terço apical. Protocolos de tratamento com instrumentos rotatórios ou reciprocantes removeram material obturador sem diferença para AH/guta-percha (G1 e G2: p> 0,05) e BC/CPoint (G3 e G4: p> 0,05). Conclusões: BC/Cpoint é mais difícil de ser removido de canais radiculares curvos do que AH/guta-percha. Instrumentos rotatórios e reciprocantes têm habilidade similar na remoção de material obturador (AU).


Objective: This study used micro-CT to evaluate the amount of remaining filling material in curved root canals obturated with Endosequence BC Sealer/Cpoint or AH/gutta-percha after a rotary or reciprocating retreatment. Methods: Sixty mesiobuccal canals of maxillary molars were instrumented up to MTwo #35.04. Samples were randomly assigned to four groups (n=15): canals from G1 and G2 were filled with AH/gutta-percha, and canals from G3 and G4 were filled with BC/Cpoint. Filling material was removed using rotary or reciprocating instruments: G1 and G3: R25 Reciproc + re-shaping with R40; and G2 and G4: ProTaper Universal Retreatment system + re-shaping with MTwo 40.06. Micro-CT was used to measure the remaining amount of filling material (mm3 ), for the whole canal, and for each third, in two moments: 1) after filling removal and 2) after canal re-shaping. Results: After filling removal, BC/CPoint remained more into the canal than AH/Gutta-percha when the whole canal (29.92% x 19.25%, p = 0.0290) and the apical third were analyzed. After re-shaping, BC/CPoint remained more than AH/Gutta-percha only in the apical third. Rotary or reciprocating retreatment protocols removed filling material without difference for AH/gutta-percha (G1 and G2: p > 0.05) and BC/CPoint (G3 and G4: p > 0.05). Conclusion: BC/Cpoint is more difficult to be removed from curved root canals than AH/gutta-percha. Reciprocating and rotary instruments have similar ability to remove filling material (AU).


Subject(s)
Root Canal Filling Materials , Biofilms , Dental Instruments , X-Ray Microtomography , Lifting , Retreatment , Gutta-Percha , Molar
8.
Dent. press endod ; 10(3): 69-74, Sept-Dec.2020. Tab, Ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1348002

ABSTRACT

Objetivos: Avaliar três protocolos de irrigação final para remoção de detritos e material obturador de istmos simulados. Métodos: Setenta e oito pré-molares foram preparados com o sistema WaveOne Gold 45.05. Os dentes foram seccionados longitudinalmente e um istmo padronizado foi confeccionado no terço apical. Seis raízes foram utilizadas como controle negativo. Os espécimes foram randomizados em dois grupos principais (n=36). Trinta e seis raízes tiveram o istmo preenchido com detritos e as outras trinta e seis raízes foram obturadas com guta-percha e cimento endodôntico, por meio da técnica híbrida de Tagger. Cada grupo foi dividido em três subgrupos (n=12), de acordo com o protocolo de irrigação final: Easy Clean; irrigação ultrassônica passiva (PUI); e XP Clean. A ativação do NaOCl 2,5% pelo Easy Clean foi realizada em três ciclos de vinte segundos; e pelo XP Clean, por um minuto em movimento reciprocante e contínuo, respectivamente. No grupo PUI, o irrigante foi ativado em três períodos de vinte segundos. Resultados: Não foi encontrada associação entre os escores de remoção de detritos e os protocolos de irrigação (p=0,165). Foi observada associação entre os escores de remoção do material obturador e os protocolos de irrigação final (p<0,05). Conclusões: Os protocolos de irrigação final foram efetivos para a remoção de detritos, mas não para remoção de material obturador de istmos no terço apical (AU).


This study aimed to assess three final irrigation protocols on debris and filling removal from simulated irregularities. Methods: Seventy-eight mandibular premolars were prepared with WaveOne Gold system 45.05, splitted longitudinally, and a standardized groove was performed in the apical portion of the canals. Six roots served as negative control. The roots were randomly divided into two main groups (n = 36). The grooves were filled with dentin debris in thirty six roots. The others thirty-six were filled with gutta-percha and endodontic sealer using Tagger hybrid technique. Each main group was then divided into three groups (n = 12) according to the final irrigation protocol: Easy Clean, passive ultrasonic irrigation (PUI), and XP Clean. In Easy Clean 2.5% NaOCl activation was performed for 3 cycles of 20 seconds and XP Clean for one minute under reciprocating and continuous rotary motion and continuous rotary motion, respectively. In the PUI group, the irrigant was activated in three periods of 20 seconds. Results: No association was found among the scores of debris removal and the irrigation protocols (p = .165). An association was observed among the filling material removal scores and irrigation protocols (p< .05). Conclusion: Easy Clean, PUI and XP Clean were effective for dentin debris removal, but did not for filling material from artificial grooves in the apical third (AU).


Subject(s)
Bicuspid , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Efficacy , Lifting
9.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 35(3): 319-328, jul.-set. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138789

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: la coledocolitiasis (CDL) afecta al 10 % de los pacientes con cálculos en la vesícula biliar. La obstrucción del colédoco se asocia a pancreatitis, colangitis y ruptura del colédoco. Clásicamente, la obstrucción biliar es considerada cuando se aumentan la fosfatasa alcalina, la γ-glutamil-transpeptidasa (GGTP) y las bilirrubinas. En la última década, se ha encontrado que hasta un 10 % de los pacientes con CDL presentan elevaciones de las aminotransferasas. En Latinoamérica, no se ha estudiado esta alteración. El objetivo del presente trabajo fue determinar la prevalencia de la elevación de transaminasas y su evolución. Metodología: estudio de casos y controles. Se determinó la alanina aminotransferasa (ALT) al ingreso, a las 48 h y a las 72 h. Si la ecografía era normal, se realizó una colangiorresonancia o una ecoendoscopia, así como una colangiopancreatografía retrógrada endoscópica (CPRE) cuando fue necesario. Resultados: se incluyeron 72 pacientes con CDL (casos) y 128 con colecistitis, sin CDL (controles). En los casos, el 83 % tuvo un aumento de ALT, mientras que el 56,9 % presentó una elevación de 2-9 veces, el 16 %, de 10-20 veces, y el 8,3 % mostró una elevación >20 veces. En contraste, a las 48 h, las ALT descendieron al 30 % y a las 72 h al 56 %. Entre tanto, en los controles hubo un aumento de ALT en el 27,3 %, mientras que en el 15,6 % se observó una elevación de 2-9 veces, en el 7,8 %, de 10-20 veces, y >20 veces en el 2,9 %. La combinación de cólico biliar y la elevación de ALT tuvo un valor predictivo positivo (VPP) para CDL del 72 %, así como un valor predictivo negativo (VPN) del 87,7 %. Conclusión: cuando hay un cólico biliar y una elevación de ALT es imperativo descartar una CDL, y si la ecografía es normal, es necesario realizar una colangiorresonancia o una ecoendoscopia biliopancreática.


Abstract Introduction: Choledocolithiasis (CLD) affects 10% of patients with gallstones. Bile duct obstruction is associated with pancreatitis, cholangitis, and rupture of the common bile duct. This condition usually presents with increased alkaline phosphatase, GGTP and bilirubin levels. In the last decade, it has been found that up to 10% of patients with CLD have elevated aminotransferases levels. In Latin America, this alteration has not been studied. The aim of the present work was to determine the prevalence of transaminase elevation and its evolution. Methodology: Case-control study. ALT was measured on admission, at 48 h and at 72 h. If ultrasound was normal, MRCP and/or echo-endoscopy and ERCP were performed, as appropriate. Results: A total of 72 patients with choledocholithiasis (CLD) (cases) and 128 with cholecystitis without choledocholithiasis (controls) were included. Among the cases, 83% had increased ALT levels, which was 2-9 times higher in 56.9%, 10-20 times higher in 16%, and more than 20 times higher in 8.3%. At 48 hours, those levels decreased by 30% and at 72 hours by 56%. In turn, in 27.3% of the controls, ALT was 2-9 times higher in 15.6%, 10-20 times higher in 7.8% and more than 20 times higher in 2.9%. The combination of biliary colic and ALT elevation had a positive predictive value (PPV) for CLD of 72% and a negative predictive value (NPV) of 87.7%. Conclusion: When biliary colic and ALT elevation are reported, it is imperative to rule out choledocholithiasis. If the ultrasound is normal, MRCP and/or biliopancreatic endoscopy should be performed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Case-Control Studies , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Lifting , Choledocholithiasis , Diagnosis , Alanine Transaminase , Transaminases , Colic , Endosonography
10.
Rev. colomb. cardiol ; 27(3): 186-188, May-June 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1289210

ABSTRACT

Resumen La troponina cardiaca es el marcador bioquímico más sensible y específico de daño/necrosis miocárdica, de ahí que desempeñe un papel crucial en el diagnóstico del síndrome coronario agudo. Sin embargo, en ocasiones, como en el caso clínico que se describirá, la elevación anormal de troponina no siempre obedece a un síndrome coronario agudo trombótico, sino a causa cardiaca sin enfermedad coronaria significativa, causa extracardiaca o alteración analítica (verdaderos falsos positivos). El interés de este caso radica en que siempre debería tenerse en mente la posibilidad de que se produzca un falso positivo de troponina por causa analítica, en especial en situaciones clínicas sin una razón obvia de daño miocárdico y cuando no sea evidente la confirmación de daño miocárdico mediante pruebas complementarias.


Abstract Cardiac troponin is the most sensitive and specific biochemical marker for myocardial damage / necrosis, and thus has a crucial role in the diagnosis of acute coronary syndrome. However, occasionally, as in the clinical case that will be described, the abnormal elevation of troponin does not always obey that of an acute coronary syndrome, but also to a cardiac cause with no significant coronary disease, extra-cardiac cause, or analytical change (true false positives). The interest in this case lies in that it should always be borne in mind that a false positive troponin can be produced due to an analytical cause. This can be the case in clinical situations with no obvious reason for myocardial damage and when the confirmation of myocardial damage may not be evident using complementary tests.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Troponin I , False Positive Reactions , Lifting , Coronary Disease , Acute Coronary Syndrome
11.
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 20(1): 27-29, jan.-mar. 2020. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1253536

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Todo tipo de trauma facial requer uma avaliação detalhada, a fim de compreender o histórico da lesão e possíveis sequelas. O trauma óculo-orbital não está entre as lesões mais frequentes na epidemiologia do trauma facial, embora esteja associado a altos índices de morbidade e sequelas graves, sendo necessário um acompanhamento multidisciplinar. O objetivo do presente estudo foi relatar um caso clínico de trauma óculo-orbitário severo ocasionado por arma de fogo. Relato do caso: Paciente de 19 anos foi atendido em um serviço de cirurgia bucomaxilofacial, vítima de trauma por arma de fogo, com a presença de um objeto metálico incomum na órbita esquerda e região temporal. Exame clínico e tomografia computadorizada foram realizados, confirmando uma trajetória extracraniana do objeto. O paciente foi submetido à cirurgia sob anestesia geral, e o objeto foi removido pelo orifício de entrada na região orbitária esquerda. Após avaliação oftalmológica, as funções do olho esquerdo não puderam ser recuperadas. Considerações Finais: O diagnóstico correto e o tratamento rápido são imperativos para restaurar a função e a estética agradável na região traumatizada... (AU)


Introduction: Any type of facial trauma requires a detailed evaluation in order to understand lesion history and possible sequelae. Oculoorbital trauma is not between the most frequent injuries within facial trauma epidemiology, although, it is associated to high morbidity rates and severe sequelae, so that a multidisciplinary follow-up is necessary. To report a clinic case of severe oculo-orbital trauma caused by firearm. Case Report: Patient, 19 years-old, attended the oral and maxillofacial surgery service victim of trauma by gunshot with the presence of an unusual metallic object in the left orbit and temporal region. Clinical exam and computed tomography scan were performed, confirming an extra-cranial trajectory of the object. Patient was submitted to surgery under general anesthesia and the object was removed through the entrance orifice in the left orbital region. After ophthalmologic evaluation, functions of the left eye could not be recovered. Final considerations: Correct diagnosis and rapid treatment are imperative to restore function and pleasant esthetics in the traumatized region... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Orbit , Temporal Lobe , Wounds and Injuries , Wounds, Gunshot , Eye Injuries , Lifting , Facial Injuries , Foreign Bodies , Tomography
12.
Dent. press endod ; 10(1): 27-31, Jan-Apr2020.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1344084

ABSTRACT

Avaliar, por microscopia eletrônica de varredura (MEV), o efeito do uso individual e combinado do etidronato 18% (HEBP) na remoção da smear layer do canal radicular. Métodos: Trinta dentes humanos unirradiculares foram utilizados. As raízes foram preparadas com instrumentos rotatórios do Sistema ProTaper Universal e divididas aleatoriamente em três grupos, de acordo com o protocolo de irrigação empregado: G1 = hipoclorito de sódio 2,5% (NaOCl) e ácido etilenodiaminotetracético 17% (EDTA); G2 = NaOCl 2,5% e HEBP 18%; e G3 = NaOCl 2,5% + HEBP 18%, misturados em partes iguais. As raízes foram seccionadas longitudinalmente e metalizadas, para análise em MEV. As fotomicrografias obtidas dos terços cervical, médio e apical foram avaliadas por três examinadores calibrados, que atribuíram escores de 1 a 5 às imagens. Os grupos experimentais foram comparados usando o teste de Kruskal-Wallis e o teste de Student-New- man-Keuls. Os terços radiculares foram comparados pelo teste de Friedman. O nível de significância foi estabelecido em 5%. Resultados: A capacidade de remoção da smear layer com NaOCl 2,5% e 18% HEBP (G2) foi semelhante à obtida com NaOCl 2,5% e EDTA 17% (G1) no terço médio e cervical da raiz; o nível de limpeza do terço apical foi semelhante, independentemente do protocolo de irrigação utilizado. Conclusão: HEBP é uma solução promissora para uso em tratamentos endodônticos (AU).


Introduction: We evaluated the effect of individual and combined use of 18% etidronate (HEBP) in root canal smear layer removal using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Methods: Thirty human single-rooted teeth were used. The roots were prepared with ProTaper Universal System rotary files and randomly divided into three groups according to the irrigation protocol used. G1: 2.5% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) and 17% ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA); G2: 2.5% NaOCl and 18% HEBP; and G3: 2.5% NaOCl + HEBP 18%, mixed in equal parts. The roots were sectioned longitudinally and metallized for SEM analysis. The photomicrographs obtained from the cervical, middle, and apical thirds were evaluated by three calibrated examiners, who assigned scores from 1 to 5 to the images. The experimental groups were compared using the Kruskal-Wallis test and the Student-Newman-Keuls test. Root thirds were compared by the Friedman test. The level of significance was set at 5%. Results: The capacity for removal of the smear layer by 2.5% NaOCl and 18% HEBP (G2) was similar to that achieved with 2.5% NaOCl and 17% EDTA (G1) in the cervical and middle thirds of the root; the cleansing level of the apical third was similar, regardless of the irrigation protocol used. Conclusion: HEBP is a promising solution for use in endodontic treatments (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Etidronic Acid , Lifting , Dental Pulp Cavity , Solutions , Efficacy , Dissolution , Organic Matter
13.
Dent. press endod ; 10(1): 62-67, Jan-Apr2020. Ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1344283

ABSTRACT

Alterações morfológicas podem influenciar adversamente o sucesso do tratamento endodôntico. O incisivo lateral superior caracteriza-se pela presença de um canal e uma única raiz. A interpretação cuidadosa das radiografias, associada a recursos de iluminação e ampliação, é de extrema importância para detecção de variações anatômicas. Objetivo: O objetivo do presente relato de caso foi descrever o retratamento endodôntico não usual de um incisivo lateral superior com duas raízes. Relato de caso: O microscópio operatório foi de fundamental importância para a realização do novo tratamento. Para remoção do material obturador, foram utilizados solvente, limas manuais e pontas de ultrassom, reinstrumentação com limas manuais tipo K de aço inoxidável e obturação com guta-percha e cimento Pulp Canal Sealer, por meio da técnica de termoplastificação. Conclusão: O prognóstico favorável foi confirmado após acompanhamento de 216 meses (AU).


Morphological changes in teeth may adversely affect the success of endodontic treatment. The upper lateral incisors are characterized by the presence of a canal and a single root. Several studies have reported variations in the number of roots and canals. A careful interpretation of radiographs under enhanced illumination and magnification is of extreme importance for detecting these anatomic variations. this report aimed to describe a clinical case of unusual endodontic retreatment of an upper lateral incisor with two roots. The operative microscopy played a fundamental role in accomplishing the new treatment. The procedure involved the use of solvents, manual files, and ultrasonic tips to remove the obturator, and instrumentation of root canals with stainless steel type K manual files. Root canals were obturated with gutta-percha and Pulp Canal Sealer cement using the thermoplastic technique. A favorable prognosis was confirmed after a follow-up of 216 months (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Ultrasonics , Retreatment , Endodontics , Lifting , Gutta-Percha , Anatomy , Microscopy
14.
Rev. argent. cir. plást ; 26(1): 17-22, ene-mar 2020. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1120370

ABSTRACT

Si bien la cirugía del envejecimiento facial es uno de los procedimientos estéticos más frecuentes en la actualidad, tanto en varones como en mujeres, el lifting facial en los pacientes de sexo masculino requiere especial atención, debido a diversos factores en los cuales difi ere del mismo procedimiento en pacientes femeninas, como el uso de cabello corto, la presencia de barba y patillas, la calvicie, etc, así como el mayor celo de su intimidad y la reserva en los varones. Por lo tanto es de primordial importancia preservar la naturalidad. El propósito de este trabajo es presentar el diseño personal de las incisiones de abordaje para el lifting facial en pacientes de sexo masculino, y evaluar los resultados obtenidos.


Although surgery of the ageing face is one of the most frequent aesthetic procedure nowadays, both on male and female patients, face lift on the male patient requires special attention, due to diff erent aspects that make this procedure diff erent from female patients, such as short hair, the presence of beard and sideburns, baldness, etc., and greater privacy zeal in male patients. Thus naturalness is of paramount importance. The purpose of this article is to present our personal design in the approach of face lift on male patients, and evaluate the results achieved.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Surgery, Plastic/methods , Skin Aging , Lifting , Face/surgery , Surgical Wound
15.
Clinics ; 75: e1568, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1133395

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to culturally validate the FACE-Q - Satisfaction with Facial Appearance Overall Scale (Face-Q SFAOS) in a population of Brazilian rhytidoplasty patients. METHOD: Authorization for the translation and validation of the questionnaire was obtained from the FACE-Q SFAOS distribution rights holders. The FACE-Q SFAOS was translated and then back-translated. For cultural validation, a total of 57 women were selected 5 to 8 months after undergoing rhytidoplasty. Twenty of them participated in the cultural adaptation, 30 participated in the reproducibility analysis, and 57 participated in the construct validation. RESULTS: The analysis identified two factors (general appearance and face geometry) that exhibited excellent internal consistency. The total satisfaction score, which comprised nine items, also presented excellent internal consistency. Good reproducibility was found for Overall Appearance, Geometry and Total. There was a difference in the satisfaction means (total and factors) between procedure locations; patients undergoing frontal, upper eyelid and lower eyelid procedures were less satisfied than those who did not undergo such procedures. Satisfaction was higher with geometry than with overall face appearance. CONCLUSION: The FACE-Q SFAOS was adapted to the cultural context of Brazilian rhytidoplasty patients and was reproducible, and the scale exhibited face, content and construct validity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Rhytidoplasty , Personal Satisfaction , Psychometrics , Brazil , Cross-Cultural Comparison , Surveys and Questionnaires , Reproducibility of Results , Patient Satisfaction
16.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 35(1): 76-86, 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1115602

ABSTRACT

Resumen La colestasis es uno de los motivos de consulta más frecuentes en hepatología. Se genera por una alteración en la síntesis, la secreción o el flujo de la bilis, a través del tracto biliar. Esta se define por una elevación de enzimas como la fosfatasa alcalina (Alkaline Phosphatase, ALP) y la gamma-glutamil transferasa, y en estadios tardíos con la hiperbilirrubinemia, al igual que con otras manifestaciones clínicas, tales como el prurito y la ictericia. El enfoque diagnóstico implica establecer el origen de dicha elevación, determinando si es intrahepática o extrahepática. Si es intrahepática, se debe esclarecer si proviene de los hepatocitos o de la vía biliar de pequeño y de gran calibre. El tratamiento dependerá de la etiología, por lo cual es importante un diagnóstico preciso. En esta revisión se presenta la fisiopatología y un enfoque diagnóstico y terapéutico.


Abstract Cholestasis is one of the most frequent reasons for hepatology consultation. It is generated by altered synthesis, secretion or flow of bile through the biliary tract and is defined by elevated levels of enzymes such as alkaline phosphatase and gamma glutamyl transferase. In late stages, hyperbilirubinemia and clinical manifestations such as pruritus and jaundice develop. The diagnostic approach involves establishment of the reasons for elevated enzyme levels and determination of whether it is intrahepatic or extrahepatic. If it is intrahepatic, the source must be determined (hepatocytes, small bile ducts, or large caliber bile ducts). Treatment depends on the etiology, so accurate diagnosis is important. This review presents the pathophysiology and a diagnostic and therapeutic approach.


Subject(s)
Humans , Therapeutics , Cholestasis , Diagnosis , Pruritus , Lifting , Alkaline Phosphatase , Hyperbilirubinemia , Jaundice
17.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786596

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this retrospective study was to evaluate the method using the S-reamer and gel-type graft material by the success rate and survival rate.MATERIALS AND METHODS: Implantation period was from 2008 to 2014, Follow check up year is 2019. There were 59 patients and 117 implants. All implants were placed in the posterior maxilla with the sinus lift. The patients population consisted of 34 men and 25 women, ranging from 19 to 75 years. The residual bone heights were from 1 mm to 6 mm. Sinus was perforated with S-reamer without membrane tearing and gel type bone graft material was used for membrane lifting and filling the space. all implants were placed simultaneously. Panoramic X-ray was taken. After 5 – 6 months healing period, final prostheses were restored. After more 5-years implant surgery, Panoramic X-ray was obtained and X-ray analysis and clinical examination were performed. Success criteria was referred to a Buser's success critera. All implants were classified to success implant, survival implant, failed implant. A success implant was satisfying success criteria, a survival implant was a implant that was acute infection with suppuration and bone loss, a failed implant was a implant that was mobile, removed.RESULTS: Five implants were removed, and 4 implants had infected with bone loss. Survival rate was 95.7% and success rate was 92.3%.CONCLUSION: This retrospective study presented that this method with S-reamer and gel-type graft material was a successful treatment without membrane tear in the condition of 1-6 mm residual bone height.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Lifting , Male , Maxilla , Membranes , Methods , Prostheses and Implants , Retrospective Studies , Suppuration , Survival Rate , Tears , Transplants
18.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 34(4): 539-545, oct.-dec. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047922

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Realizar levantamento na literatura médica sobre os tratamentos cirúrgicos e não cirúrgicos da ptose de sobrancelha e apresentar um fluxograma de decisão para elevação da sobrancelha. Métodos: Revisão sistemática da literatura disponível no banco de dados da PUBMED seguindo critérios de inclusão e exclusão. Elaboração de um fluxograma para abordagem da queda de sobrancelha baseado na experiência dos autores. Resultados: Foi encontrada uma abundância de artigos descrevendo diversas táticas cirúrgicas e não cirúrgicas para correção da ptose de supercílio. As táticas cirúrgicas mais comuns foram a elevação interna do supercílio, elevação direta, elevação via temporal e ritidoplastia coronal / pré-triquial / endoscópica. Para a abordagem não cirúrgica foram encontradas o uso de toxina botulínica, preenchimento e fios de sustentação. Conclusão: Há diversas táticas cirúrgicas e não cirúrgicas descritas na literatura para elevação da sobrancelha, demonstrando que não há uma tática ideal para todos os pacientes. O uso de fluxograma pode ajudar a realizar uma abordagem sistemática e personalizada e considerando característica de cada paciente.


Introduction: To review the medical literature regarding the surgical and non-surgical treatments of eyebrow ptosis and to present a decision flowchart for eyebrow lift. Methods: A systematic review of the literature available was held in PUBMED following inclusion and exclusion criteria. A flowchart was elaborated to systematize the approach to eyebrow ptosis based on the experience of the authors. Results: Several articles were included describing a variety of surgical and non-surgical correction techniques for eyebrow ptosis. The most common surgical approaches were internal eyebrow elevation, direct elevation, temporal elevation, and coronal/pretrichial/endoscopic rhytidoplasty. The non-surgical approaches found were botulinum toxin injections, fillers, and fixation threads. Conclusion: There are several surgical and non-surgical procedures described in the literature for lifting of the eyebrow, demonstrating that there is no ideal method for all patients. The use of a flowchart can help carry out a systematic and personalized approach according to the characteristics of each patient.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , History, 21st Century , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Review Literature as Topic , Rhytidoplasty , Lifting , Blepharoplasty , Eyebrows , Workflow , Surgical Procedures, Operative/methods , Rhytidoplasty/methods , Rhytidoplasty/statistics & numerical data , Blepharoplasty/methods , Blepharoplasty/statistics & numerical data , Eyebrows/abnormalities
19.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 34(4): 436-444, oct.-dec. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047896

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O número de pacientes classificados com sobrepeso ou obesos e, com isso, dos pacientes pós-bariátricas vem aumentando, gerando uma demanda por ritidoplastias neste perfil de público. O objetivo é expor a rotina e táticas cirúrgicas em um hospital de ensino, o perfil destes pacientes, além de um comparativo superficial histológico da pele, tecido celular subcutâneo e SMAS, entre os pacientes pós e não pós-bariátrica. Métodos: Foi realizado revisão de dados do centro cirúrgico e de prontuário entre os anos de 2012 e 2016 em um hospital público na cidade de Goiânia-GO, com levantamento de 32 casos. Resultados: A tática de ritidoplastia utilizada nos pacientes pós-bariátrica não apresenta grandes diferenças entre a utilizada nos pacientes não pós-bariátrica. A análise histopatológica das amostras colhidas evidenciou diferenças marcantes entre os pacientes pós e não pós-bariátrica. Conclusão: Percebeu-se que a técnica operatória na ritidoplastia do paciente pós-bariátrica sustentou detalhes específicos, com resultado cirúrgico pós-operatório satisfatório, uma pele de pior qualidade histológica, com complicações perioperatórias dentro do esperado e com necessidade de maiores estudos para avaliar durabilidade do procedimento.


Introduction: The number of patients classified as overweight or obese has resulted in an increased number of post-bariatric patients, generating a demand for rhytidoplasty in this public profile. The objective is to expose the routine and surgical tactics in a teaching hospital, patient profiles, subcutaneous cellular tissue, and the superficial musculoaponeurotic system are compared between post-bariatric and non-post-bariatric patients, as well as histological superficial comparison of the skin. Methods: A review of the data of 32 cases treated in 2012­2016 was conducted in a public hospital in Goiânia-GO. Results: The tactics of rhytidoplasty used in post-bariatric patients do not differ significantly from those used in nonpost- bariatric patients. A histopathological analysis of the collected samples showed marked differences between post-bariatric and non-post-bariatric patients. Conclusion: The surgical technique of rhytidoplasty of post-bariatric patients sustained specific details with satisfactory postoperative surgical results, skin with worse histological quality, perioperative complications within the expected range, and the need for further studies to assess the procedure's durability


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , History, 21st Century , Postoperative Complications , Skin , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Comparative Study , Rhytidoplasty , Therapeutic Approaches , Bariatric Surgery , Face , Postoperative Complications/surgery , Postoperative Complications/therapy , Skin/anatomy & histology , Skin/pathology , Surgical Procedures, Operative/adverse effects , Surgical Procedures, Operative/methods , Rhytidoplasty/adverse effects , Rhytidoplasty/methods , Therapeutic Approaches/standards , Cutis Laxa , Cutis Laxa/therapy , Bariatric Surgery/adverse effects , Bariatric Surgery/methods , Face/anatomy & histology , Face/pathology
20.
Biosci. j. (Online) ; 35(5): 1539-1543, sept./oct. 2019. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1049049

ABSTRACT

Excessive facial skin folds is observed in several breeds of dogs and the weight exerted on the eyelids accents or promotes entropion, trichiasis and ptosis. Thus, this study reported a case of the 8-months-old male Shar-pei weighting 21.5kg was presented with an obstructed visual axis, eye discharge, fetid odor in facial folds around the jaw and the neck. It was indicated the surgical resection of the folds and correction of the upper and lower entropion. In this case, the association of Hotz-Celsus technique with rhytidectomy shaped in semiarchs, using the anchoring points with the modified walking suture, was effective in correcting the entropion and unblocking the visual axis with minimal scarring and preservation of the breed standard in 12 months follow up after surgery.


O excesso de pregas faciais é observado em várias raças de cães e o peso exercido sobre as pálpebras acentua ou promove entrópio, triquíase e ptose. Assim, este estudo relata o caso de Shar-pei, macho de 8 meses de idade, pesando 21,5 kg que apresentava o eixo visual obstruído, secreção ocular e odor fétido nas dobras faciais em torno da mandíbula e do pescoço. Foi indicada a ressecção cirúrgica das pregas e a correção do entrópio superior e inferior. Neste caso, a associação da técnica de Hotz-Celsus com a ritidectomia em forma de semiarcos, utilizando pontos de ancoragem com a técnica "walking suture" modificada, foi efetiva na correção do entrópio e na liberação do eixo visual, com mínima cicatriz e preservação do padrão da raça 12 meses após a cirurgia.


Subject(s)
Rhytidoplasty , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures , Dogs , Entropion
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