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1.
Femina ; 49(4): 246-250, 20210430. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1224100

ABSTRACT

Hemorragia pós-parto é a maior causa de histerectomia periparto. Esta revisão descreve e ilustra as técnicas de ligaduras vasculares utilizadas no tratamento cirúrgico da hemorragia pós-parto. São apresentados os detalhes técnicos da ligadura das artérias uterinas, da ligadura das conexões útero-ovarianas, da ligadura tríplice de Tsirulnikov, das ligaduras sequenciais de AbdRabbo e de Morel e da ligadura das artérias ilíacas internas. Também são revistos os fatores que dificultam o sucesso dessas técnicas. As ligaduras vasculares são estratégias eficientes para o controle hemorrágico durante cesarianas e devem integrar o conjunto de técnicas que preservam o útero no tratamento da hemorragia pós-parto.(AU)


Postpartum hemorrhage is the major cause of peripartum hysterectomy. This review describes and illustrates the techniques of vascular ligations used in the surgical treatment of postpartum hemorrhage. The technical details of the uterine arteries ligation, of the ligation of the utero-ovarian connections, of the Tsirulnikov triple ligation, of the AbdRabbo and Morel sequential ligations and of the internal iliac arteries ligation are presented. The factors that hinder the success of these techniques also are reviewed. Vascular ligations are efficient strategies for hemorrhagic control during cesarean sections and should integrate the set of techniques that preserve the uterus in the treatment of postpartum hemorrhage.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Uterine Artery/surgery , Postpartum Hemorrhage/surgery , Ligation/methods , Databases, Bibliographic , Fertility Preservation/methods , Postpartum Hemorrhage/mortality
2.
Rev. argent. coloproctología ; 31(2): 70-72, jun. 2020. ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1117014

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Presentar el caso infrecuente de sangrado tardío posterior al tratamiento con macroligadura elástica de hemorroides, tratamiento propuesto por A. Reis Neto. Caso Clínico: Mujer de 26 años con tratamiento de hemorroides con macroligadura elástica. A los 28 días es admitida en urgencia por proctorragia abundante sin signos de shock hipovolémico. Laboratorio: Hematocrito 27%, Hemoglobina 8,9 mg/dl. Se realiza colonoscopia evidenciando la cicatriz de macroligadura con signos de coágulo desprendido sin sangrado activo. Se decide conducta expectante con tratamiento de la hipovolemia incial y anemia. Evoluciona sin resangrado con control endoscópico a los 60 y 180 (sin sangrado y excelentes resultados). Discusión: La macroligadura es una técnica alternativa para el tratamiento de hemorroides con excelentes resultados anatómicos y funcionales. Presenta menor dolor postoperatorio, bajo índice de complicaciones (ninguna severa o propia del método). No existen comunicaciones sobre sangrado tardío grave tanto en ligaduras convencionales como macroligadura. Conclusiones: Se presenta el primer caso comunicado a la fecha de un sangrado tardío en macroligaduras que fue resuelto en forma conservadora.


Objetive: To present an infrequent clinical report of a case of late bleeding after rubber macroband ligation. Case report: A 28-year-old female with severe rectal bleeding but no associated shock was presented 28 days after rubber macroband ligation at emergency room. Blood samples showed acute anemia. An urgent colonoscopy was performed which showed a scar without acute bleeding. Medical treatment was settled. There was no secondary bleeding in follow up. Endoscopic control was done at 60 and 180 days. Discusion: Hemorrhoidal rubber macroband ligation is a modification of conventional rubber band ligation. It was proposed and developed by J.A. Reis Neto (Campinas, SP, Brazil). Morbidity is low and results are excellent. There is no previous report of delayed bleeding considering both rubber band and macroband ligation. Conclusion: The First case of late bleeding after rubber band ligation treated with conservative measures.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/diagnosis , Hemorrhoids/surgery , Ligation/methods , Postoperative Complications , Colonoscopy , Watchful Waiting
3.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 72(3): 250-256, jun. 2020. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1115551

ABSTRACT

Resumen Las fístulas anorrectales complejas son un desafío para el coloproctólogo. Son una patología frecuente que afecta la calidad de vida de los pacientes. La patogénesis aún no está clara, estarían involucradas citoquinas y el proceso de transición de epitelio a mesénquima. El gold standard para su estudio es la resonancia nuclear magnética, su uso por sí mismo disminuye la recurrencia. El objetivo del tratamiento es lograr la curación sin afectar la función del esfínter evitando las recidivas. Existen múltiples técnicas, siendo la de mayor aceptación la ligadura interesfinteriana del trayecto fistuloso, con tasa de curación sobre el 70%, con mínimo impacto en continencia. Esta revisión incluye otras técnicas como el colgajo endorrectal de avance, uso de sellante, permacol, células madres, Anal fistula plug, Video asisted anal fistula treatment, Over the scope clip y fistula laser closure.


Complex anal fistula are a challenge for colorectal surgeons. It is a common pathology in population. Pathogenesis is still unclear, it would be involved citokines and the process of epitelial to eesenchymal transition. The gold standard for study is MRI, its use reduces recurrences. The goal of treatment is heal the fistula without damaging the function of the sphincter and avoid recurrences. There are multiple techniques, the most accepted is ligation of intersphincteric fistula tract with cure rate over 70%, with minimal impact in continence. This review includes other techniques like rectal advancement flap, fibrin glue, permacol, stem cells, anal fistula plug, video asisted anal fistula treatment, over the scope clip and fistula laser closure.


Subject(s)
Humans , Surgical Flaps/surgery , Rectal Fistula/surgery , Rectal Fistula/therapy , Ligation/methods , Anal Canal/surgery , Rectal Diseases/surgery , Rectal Diseases/therapy , Digestive System Surgical Procedures/methods , Video-Assisted Surgery
4.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 33(2): e1504, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1130521

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Transanal haemorrhoidal dearterialization with mucopexy (THD-M) is a valuable option for treating patients with haemorrhoidal disease. However, there is still controversy with regard to its efficacy for more advanced grades. Aim: To evaluate the effectiveness of THD-M technique for treating hemorrhoidal disease and to compare the immediate and late results in different grades. Method: Seven hundred and five consecutive patients with Goligher's grade II, III or IV symptomatic haemorrhoids underwent surgical treatment using the THD-M method in five participating centres. Six well-trained and experienced surgeons operated on the patients. Average follow-up was 21 months (12-48). Results: Intraoperative complications were observed in 1.1% of cases, including four cases of haematoma, two of laceration of the mucosa, and two of bleeding. All of these were controlled by means of haemostatic suturing. In relation to postoperative complications, the most common of these were as follows: transitory tenesmus (21.4%); pain (7.2%); mucosal or haemorrhoidal prolapse (6.4%); residual skin tag (5.6%); faecal impaction (3.2%); haemorrhoidal thrombosis (2.8%); bleeding (2.1%); anal fissure (0.7%); and anal abscess (0.3%). Most of the complications were treated conservatively, and only 7.5% (53/705) required some type of surgical approach. There was no mortality or any severe complications. The recurrence of prolapse and bleeding was greater in patients with grade IV haemorrhoidal disease than in those with grade III and II (26.54% and 7.96% vs. 2.31% and 0.92% vs. 2.5% and 1.25%), respectively. Conclusion: The THD-M method is safe and effective for haemorrhoidal disease grades II and III with low rates of surgical complications. However, for grade IV hemorrhoids, it is associated with higher recurrence of prolapse and bleeding. So, THD-M method should not be considered as an effective option for the treatment of grade IV hemorrhoids.


RESUMO Racional: A desarterialização hemorroidária transanal associada à mucopexia (THD-M) tem sido indicada como alternativa à hemorroidectomia convencional para o tratamento da doença hemorroidária nos seus variados graus. No entanto, ainda hoje existe controvérsia com relação a sua eficácia para os graus mais avançados. Objetivo: Avaliar a eficácia da técnica THD-M para tratamento doença hemorroidária e comparar os resultados imediatos e tardios nos diferentes graus. Método: Entre julho de 2010 e setembro de 2015, 705 pacientes consecutivos com hemorroidas sintomáticas de graus II, III e IV foram submetidos ao tratamento cirúrgico pelo método THD-M e acompanhados por um período médio de 21 meses (12-48). As operações foram realizadas por seis cirurgiões com experiência em cirurgia colorretal, em três estados brasileiros. Resultados: Complicações intraoperatórias foram observadas em 1,1% dos casos, incluindo quatro casos de hematoma, dois de laceração da mucosa e dois de sangramento. Todos foram controlados com sutura hemostática. As complicações pós-operatórias mais comuns foram: tenesmo transitório (21,4%); dor (7,2%); prolapso mucoso ou hemorroidário (6,4%); plicoma residual (5,6%); impactação fecal (3,2%); trombose hemorroidária (2,8%); sangramento (2,1%); fissura anal (0,7%) e abscesso anal (0,3%). Não houve casos de complicações severas ou mortalidade perioperatória. A recorrência do prolapso e sangramento foi maior na doença hemorroidária grau IV do que nos graus III e II (26.54% e 7.96% vs. 2.31% e 0.92% vs. 2.5% e 1.25%; p<0,001), respectivamente. Conclusão: O método THD-M é seguro e efetivo no tratamento da doença hemorroidária nos graus II e III com baixo índice de complicações. No entanto, para a doença hemorroidária de grau IV essa técnica está relacionada com maior índice de recorrência e complicações tardias, não devendo ser considerada opção eficiente neste estágio de doença.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anal Canal/blood supply , Rectum/blood supply , Digestive System Surgical Procedures/methods , Hemorrhoids/surgery , Anal Canal/surgery , Arteries , Rectum/surgery , Severity of Illness Index , Brazil , Treatment Outcome , Hemorrhoidectomy , Hemorrhoids/classification , Ligation/methods
5.
Rev. argent. coloproctología ; 30(4): 93-96, dic. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1096795

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Entre los tratamientos alternativos de las hemorroides se destaca por ser costo-eficientes las ligaduras elásticas convencionales. Las macroligaduras elásticas se hayan en difusión por similares resultados que las bandas elasticas convencionales. La literatura es aun escasa. El objetivo fue analizar los resultados, morbilidad y recidiva a corto y mediano plazo de hemorroides tratadas con macroligaduras. Diseño: Estudio observacional analítico prospectivo. Pacientes: 188 pacientes (110 varones y 78 mujeres). Periodo: 2011-2014. Lugar: Institución privada universitaria. Métodos: Inclusión: pacientes tratados con hemorroides internas sintomáticas. Exclusión: enfermedad anoperineal asociada, tratamiento previo, inmunocompromiso o anticoagulación. Se registraron resultados, complicaciones y recidiva. La técnica empleada fue la descripta por Reis Neto. El Seguimiento fue a 10, 30 días y 6 y 12 meses y 5 años. Resultados: Todos fueron tratados con internación de corta estadía. La edad fue 49,5 años (23-76). Los síntomas fueron prolapso 96, sangrado 44 y ambos 48. Se realizó sólo una sesión en 178 casos (94,6%). Se trataron 2 paquetes en 122 y 3 en 66. El dolor moderado fue en 5 casos y prolongado en 2. El sangrado leve y tenesmo se presentó en la mayoría de los pacientes, pero desapareció en la primera semana. Se registró sangrado inmediato moderado en 5% sin sangrado severo inmediato. Otras complicaciones inmediatas: 2 trombosis y 3 congestión/edema local. En 1 paciente ocurrió un sangrado que requirió de internación sin necesidad de cirugía en forma alejada. Sólo en 3 casos se realizó resección local de plicomas previos. En 139 casos se realizó como único procedimiento. La recidiva fue 6 casos. (2 al primer año y 4 a los 5 años), 5 se trataron con nueva macroligadura y 1 con cirugía. No se registró ninguna complicacion severa, infecciosa o única relacionada al procedimiento. El seguimiento a 1 año fue del 100% y a 5 años del 96%. Discusión y conclusiones: El tratamiento con macroligaduras para el prolapso hemorroidario presentó con baja morbilidad sin complicaciones severas. Los resultados son reproducibles entre diferentes autores. Son el tratamiento ideal para las hemorroides grado III con poco componente externo. (AU)


Introduction: Alternative therapies for internal hemorrhoid plexus are several procedures with specific indications for each grade of hemorrhoid. Due to some major advantages, rubber band ligation has become probably in the most popular between colorectal surgeons. The high-macro rubber band ligation appears to be as the first choice but literature is few. Objective: To analyze results, morbidity and recurrence of internal hemorrhoid disease treated with high-macro rubber band ligation. Design: Observational non-randomized prospective analysis. Patients: 188 patients (110 male). Period: 2011-2014. Setting: Private Institution. Methods: Patients with symptomatic internal hemorrhoid disease (grade II-III-IV). Results, Immediate and late complications and 5 years recurrence were registered. Technique used was the original description by Reis Neto. Patients with immunosuppression, additional perianal disease, previous treatment and anticoagulation were excluded. Results: There was only one session in 178 cases. Two banding were placed in 122 and 3 in 66. Symptoms were prolapse in 96, bleeding in 44 and both in 48. 139 patients were treated as only procedure. Tenesmus and light hemorrhage occurred in most cases. Moderate or late pain was registered in 7 cases, and immediate moderate bleeding in 5%. There was no severe immediate bleeding. Immediate morbidity was 2 thrombosis and 3 anal congestion. There was one moderate late bleeding at day 28 and required admission. Recurrence occurred in six cases, 5 were ligated again and 1 was treated by conventional surgery. There was none severed or unique complication or infection associated. Discussion and conclusion: Macrorubber band presented low morbidity and there are no severe complications at 5 years follow-up. Recurrence of prolapse is low and could be treated by a new session with equal morbidity. Results are equivalent and reproducible by different authors. This procedure might be the ideal treatment for hemorrhoid prolapse. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Rectal Prolapse , Hemorrhoids/therapy , Ligation/instrumentation , Ligation/methods , Pain, Postoperative , Argentina , Recurrence , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Aftercare , Hemorrhoidectomy , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage , Hemorrhoids/surgery
6.
Rev. argent. coloproctología ; 30(1): 27-37, mar. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1023695

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La ligadura con banda elástica es un procedimiento efectivo y de bajo costo, para el manejo de hemorroides grado I-III, que no requiere internación. Sus complicaciones, cuando presentes, son habitualmente leves. Aunque poco comunes, existen complicaciones graves asociadas a este procedimiento. El objetivo de este estudio es realizar una revisión de las complicaciones infecciosas pelvi-perineales de la ligadura con banda elástica, características comunes de presentación y alternativas de tratamiento en aquellos que sufren estas complicaciones. Descripción del caso: Se expone el caso de un hombre de 71 años de edad que presentó una sepsis pelviana severa posterior a la realización de una ligadura con banda elástica. A las 48 horas del procedimiento consulta por dolor perianal, dificultad miccional y fiebre. Se realiza el drenaje quirúrgico de ambas fosas isquiorrectales, luego de lo cual intercurre con shock séptico, realizándose una laparotomía, drenaje de retroperitoneo, colostomía sigmoidea. Posteriormente, debido al desarrollo de un síndrome compartimental abdominal, el abdomen se dejó abierto y contenido con una malla. Discusión: Se han descripto complicaciones sépticas posteriores a escleroterapia y crioterapia hemorroidal, ligadura con banda elástica, hemorroidectomia convencional y con sutura mecánica. Se exponen 20 casos de sepsis pelviana post-ligadura con banda elástica. La relación hombre:mujer fue de 3:1, con un amplio rango de edad (27-82 años). Sólo 2 tenían antecedentes de inmunosupresión. La progresión o la persistencia del dolor asociado a fiebre, dificultad miccional, edema perineal y/o genital fueron signos y síntomas comunes que se manifestaron dentro de los 14 días posteriores a la ligadura. Tal como en el caso aquí referido como en otros ya publicados, la realización de imágenes ayudó al diagnóstico y a la planificación quirúrgica. Todos recibieron antibioticoterapia de amplio espectro y 13 requirieron además cirugía. El espectro de tratamientos quirúrgicos fue desde el drenaje incisional hasta la amputación rectal. Ante la progresión del cuadro séptico, la realización de una ostomía fue la conducta más usual. Cinco pacientes requirieron más de una cirugía, y 8 fallecieron. Conclusión: Es importante conocer las complicaciones infecciosas mayores y su presentación clínica, para realizar un diagnóstico y tratamiento precoz de las mismas, con el fin de disminuir su elevada morbilidad o mortalidad. (AU)


Background: Rubber band ligation is an effective, low-cost procedure for grade I-III hemorrhoids, and does not require hospitalization. Its complications, when present, are usually mild. Although rare, there are serious complications associated with this procedure. The purpose of this review was to identify common presenting features and treatment alternatives in those who suffer pelviperineal infectious complications after rubber band ligation. Case Report: The present case is that of a 71-year-old man who presented severe pelvic sepsis after rubber band ligation. He complained of perianal pain, voiding difficulties and fever 48 hours after the procedure. Surgical drainage of both ischiorectal fossae was carried out. He developed septic shock. Laparotomy, retroperitoneal drainage and sigmoid loop colostomy were performed. In a subsequent operation due to abdominal compartment syndrome, the abdomen was left open and contained with a mesh. Discussion: Septic complications have been described after sclerotherapy, cryotherapy, rubber band ligation, conventional hemorrhoidectomy and stapled haemorrhoidopexy. We describe 20 cases of pelvic sepsis after rubber band ligation. The male: female ratio was 3: 1, with a wide age range (27- 82 years). Only 2 had a history of immunosuppression. The progression or persistence of pain associated with fever, voiding difficulties, perineal and / or genital edema were common signs and symptoms that appeared within 14 days after rubber band ligation. In the case here referred to as in others already published, imaging studies helped the diagnosis and surgical planning. All received broad spectrum antibiotic therapy and 13 required surgery. The spectrum of surgical treatments ranged from incisional drainage to rectal amputation. In view of the progression of the septic condition, performing an ostomy was the most usual conduct. Five patients required more than one surgery, and 8 died. Conclusion: It is important to acknowledge the major infectious complications and their clinical presentation, to help with an early diagnosis and treatment, in order to reduce their high morbidity and mortality. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Surgical Wound Infection/etiology , Sepsis/etiology , Hemorrhoids/surgery , Ligation/adverse effects , Ligation/methods , Rectal Diseases/surgery , Rectal Diseases/therapy , Reoperation , Surgical Wound Infection/therapy , Sepsis/therapy , Ligation/instrumentation , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use
7.
Rev. argent. coloproctología ; 30(1): 38-42, mar. 2019. ilus, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1023700

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las hemorroides constituyen una dilatación varicosa de los plexos hemorroidales que involucran la mucosa del recto y ano. Estas constituyen la enfermedad anorrectal más frecuente en el mundo occidental, con una alta prevalencia que suele representar el 50 % de las consultas con el proctólogo. Se pueden describir dos grandes grupos de hemorroides, los internos que son aquellos situados por encima de la línea pectínea y los externos que son los que se encuentran por debajo de esta línea, se tendrán en cuenta los internos. A estos últimos se los clasifica por Goligher en relación con el grado de prolapso de la mucosa rectal y la posibilidad de reducción del prolapso. Para las hemorroides grado II y III se han diseñados diferentes métodos quirúrgicos de tratamiento desde la electrocoagulación, la crioterapia, la terapia fotodinámica y RBL El presente trabajo plantea como objetivo describir nuestros resultados iniciales en el tratamiento de patología hemorroidal por medio de la técnica de macroligadura alta por aspiración RBL. Materiales y Métodos: Se incluyeron 40 pacientes a los que se le realizo RBL, comprendidos desde el mes de octubre de 2016 a marzo de 2018, que presenten patología hemorroidal grado II III y IV, técnica de macroligadura alta por succión. Resultados: Del 63% de femenino y un 37% de masculino, la distribución por grados fue de la siguiente manera, grado 2: 75%, grado 3: 17.5% y grado 4: 7.5%, el dolor posterior al procedimiento en forma inmediata fue de 3.78±2.63, a las 48 hs 2.10±2.31 y a los 7 postquirúrgicos 1.10±1.86. Tuvimos un total de 7 (18%) pacientes con recidivas dentro de los 18 meses de seguimiento, tenesmo se presentó 27.59% en los grados 2, un 57,14% en los grados 3 y un 66,67% en los grados 4. Solo reportamos un 23% de sangrado posquirúrgico. Conclusión: Podemos afirmar que la técnica de macro ligadura alta como variante de la RBL, es una técnica segura, aplicable en forma ambulatoria, con un beneficio importante por sobre el resto de las técnicas resectivas que solo requiere una sedación para el procedimiento, con bajos umbrales de dolor postquirúrgicos, pronta recuperación y reinserción laboral; presenta bajos índices de complicaciones. Además, representa una excelente opción para el tratamiento de las hemorroides grado 2 y 3. (AU)


Introduction: Hemorrhoids are a varicose dilatation of the hemorrhoidal plexuses that involve the mucosa of the rectum and anus. These constitute the most frequent anorectal disease in the western world, with a high prevalence that usually represents 50% of consultations with the proctologist. Two large groups of hemorrhoids can be described; the internal ones that are those located above the pectineal line and the external ones that are those below this line, the internal ones will be taken into account. The latter are classified by Goligher in relation to the degree of prolapse of the rectal mucosa and the possibility of prolapse reduction. For the grade II and III hemorrhoids, different surgical methods of treatment have been designed from electrocoagulation, cryotherapy, photodynamic therapy and RBL. The present work aims to describe our initial results in the treatment of hemorrhoidal pathology by means of the macro-adherence technique. High by RBL aspiration. Materials and Methods: Forty patients were included, who underwent RBL, from October 2016 to March 2018, who presented grade II III and IV hemorrhoidal pathology, high suction macroligation technique. Results: Of 63% of female and 37% of male, the distribution by grades was as follows, grade 2: 75%, grade 3: 17.5% and grade 4: 7.5%, pain after the procedure immediately it was 3.78 ± 2.63, at 48 hours 2.10 ± 2.31 and at 7 postsurgical 1.10 ± 1.86. We had 7 (18%) patients with recurrences within 18 months of follow-up; tenesmo presented 27.59% in grades 2, 57.14% in grades 3 and 66.67% in grades 4. We only reported 23% of postoperative bleeding. Conclusion: We can affirm that the high macro ligature technique as a variant of the RBL is a safe technique, applicable in ambulatory form, with an important benefit over the rest of the resection techniques that only requires a sedation for the procedure, with low postoperative pain thresholds, early recovery and re-employment; It presents low rates of complications. In addition, it represents an excellent option for the treatment of grade 2 and 3 hemorrhoids. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Hemorrhoids/surgery , Hemorrhoids/therapy , Ligation/methods , Pain, Postoperative/drug therapy , Recurrence , Treatment Outcome , Aftercare , Ligation/instrumentation
8.
Rev. chil. cir ; 71(1): 42-46, feb. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-985377

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: Las técnicas quirúrgicas para la fístula perianal compleja han tenido altas tasas de recidiva asociado al riesgo de incontinencia fecal. La técnica de LIFT (Ligadura Interesfintérica del trayecto fistuloso) ha logrado menores tasas de recidiva con casi nulo riesgo de incontinencia según reportes inter-nacionales. Sin embargo, aún no está consolidada como técnica estándar para esta patología. Objetivo: Presentar los resultados (éxito clínico e incontinencia según escala de Wexner) de nuestros pacientes con fístula perianal compleja operados con técnica de LIFT. Materiales y Método: Estudio descriptivo de cohorte prospectiva no aleatoria, con pacientes operados por fístula perianal compleja en el Hospital del Salvador, entre los años 2015 al 2017. Resultados: Se incluyen 22 pacientes operados. En un 77% se obtiene éxito terapéutico en la primera cirugía y hasta un 90% con una segunda cirugía más simple. Ninguno de los pacientes modificó su Wexner preoperatorio. Conclusiones: En pacientes con fístula perianal compleja la técnica de LIFT es una alternativa que ofrece igual o mejores tasas de curación clínica con bajo riesgo de incontinencia fecal.


Introduction: Surgical techniques for complex perianal fistula have high recurrence and fecal incontinence rates. The technique of LIFT (ligation of the intersphincteric fistula tract) has achieved lower rates of recurrence with almost no risk of incontinence according to international reports. However, it is not yet consolidated as a standard technique for this pathology. Objective: To present the results (clinical success and incontinence according to the Wexner scale) of our patients with complex perianal fistula operated with the LIFT technique. Materials and Method: Descriptive study of a non-randomized prospective cohort, with patients operated for complex perianal fistula at the Hospital del Salvador, between 2015 and 2017. Results: 22 operated patients are included. In 77%, therapeutic success is obtained in the first surgery and up to 90% with a second surgery. None of this patients modified their preoperative Wexner. Conclusions: In patients with complex perianal fistula, the LIFT technique is an alternative that offers high cure rates with low risk of fecal incontinence.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Rectal Fistula/surgery , Ligation/adverse effects , Ligation/methods , Anal Canal/surgery , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Reoperation , Treatment Outcome , Organ Sparing Treatments/methods
9.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 17(2): eAO4526, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001911

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To compare the use of the radiofrequency thermoablation of the saphenous vein with the ligation technique, and complete removal of the saphenous vein, from the saphenofemoral junction to the ankle. Methods: A total of 49 patients with chronic venous disease in the Comprehensive Classification System for Chronic Venous Disorders (CEAP) classes 2 to 4 for clinical signs, etiology, anatomic distribution and pathophysiology, were assessed at baseline, after 4 weeks, and after 1 year. The parameters assessed were complications, period of absence from activities, Venous Clinical Severity Score (VCSS) and quality of life scores according to Aberdeen Varicose Veins Questionnaire (AVVQ). They were re-examined 1 and 3 years after treatment to evaluate recurrence rates. Results: The success rate per limb (p=0.540), VCSS (p=0.636), AVVQ (p=0.163), and clinical complications were similar in the two treatment groups. Nevertheless, the radiofrequency thermoablation group had significant shorter length of hospital stay (0.69±0.47) and absence from activities (8.62±4.53), p<000.1. Conclusion: Patients submitted to radiofrequency thermoablation had an occlusion rate, clinical recurrence and improvement in quality of life comparable to removal of the saphenous vein. However, these patients spent less time hospitalized and away from their daily activities during recovering.


RESUMO Objetivo: Comparar o uso da termoablação por radiofrequência da veia safena com a técnica de ligação e retirada completa da veia safena da junção safeno-femoral ao tornozelo. Métodos: Foram avaliados 49 pacientes com doença venosa crônica nas categorias 2 a 4 (Comprehensive Classification System for Chronic Venous Disorders − CEAP) para classificação clínica, etiológica, anatômica e fisiopatológica, no início do estudo, 4 semanas e 1 ano após o procedimento. Os parâmetros analisados foram complicações, período de ausência de atividades,(Venous Clinical Severity) Score revisado (R-VCSS) e escore de qualidade de vida de acordo com o Aberdeen Varicose Veins Questionnaire(AVVQ). Os pacientes foram reexaminados 1 e 3 anos após o tratamento, para avaliar as taxas de recorrência. Resultados: As taxas de sucesso por membro (p=0,540), VCSS (p=0,636), AVVQ (p=0,163) e complicações clínicas foram semelhantes nos dois grupos. No entanto, o grupo termoablação por radiofrequência teve períodos de internação significativamente mais curtos (0,69±0,47) e ausência de atividades (8,62±4,53), com p<000,1. Conclusão: Pacientes submetidos à termoablação por radiofrequência apresentaram taxa de oclusão, recidiva clínica e melhora da qualidade de vida comparáveis à retirada completa da veia safena. No entanto, esses pacientes passaram menos tempo internados e ausentes de suas atividades diárias durante a recuperação.


Subject(s)
Middle Aged , Saphenous Vein/surgery , Vascular Diseases/surgery , Radiofrequency Ablation/methods , Postoperative Period , Quality of Life , Recurrence , Saphenous Vein/diagnostic imaging , Time Factors , Vascular Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Severity of Illness Index , Chronic Disease , Prospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Ultrasonography, Doppler, Color , Absenteeism , Length of Stay , Ligation/methods
11.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 38(4): 324-336, Oct.-Dec. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-975968

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: Treatment of anal fistulae is regarded as a challenge due to the diverse nature of this disease and its countless complications. Ligation of the intersphincteric fistula tract procedure and its modifications have been popularized among many surgeons worldwide due to their simplicity and promising outcomes. The main purpose of this article was to conduct a comprehensives review of the published literature on ligation of the intersphincteric fistula tract procedure and its modifications. Method: PubMed, the Cochrane database and Ovid were searched from January 2007 to June 2017. Fully published peer-reviewed studies which applied ligation of the intersphincteric fistula tract procedure and its modifications for the treatment of anal fistulae of cryptogenic origin with follow-up of median 12 months were eligible. Uncompleted studies, case reports, reviews, abstracts, letters, short communication, comments, and studies which did not fulfill inclusion criteria were excluded. The primary outcome was to measure primary healing, overall healing, failure, and recurrence of ligation of the intersphincteric fistula tract procedure and its modifications. Results: Twenty-two studies were identified with only ten studies meeting criteria of inclusion. Original ligation of the intersphincteric fistula tract was performed in five studies with a population of 199 patients while the remaining five studies showed four different modifications of the ligation of the intersphincteric fistula tract with a total number of 147 patients. Both original LIFT and its modifications have promising as well as potentially similar outcomes; primary healing in the original ligation of the intersphincteric fistula tract (73.95%) (95% CI 60.3-85.6) performed less than the modifications (82.3%) (95% CI 64.8-94.7). Overall healing in the original ligation of the intersphincteric fistula tract (78.9%) (95% CI 58.5-93.7) performed relatively less than in the modifications (93.6%) (95% CI 81.4-99.6). Failure in the original ligation of the intersphincteric fistula tract (17.9%) (95% CI 4.9-36.5) performed almost the same as the modifications (17.7%) (95% CI 5.3-35.2). Recurrence in the original ligation of the intersphincteric fistula tract was 9.7% (95% CI 1.7-23.2). However, there was no recurrence in the modifications. Conclusion: Ligation of the intersphincteric fistula tract and its modifications are effective and simple procedures in treating simple anal fistulae, especially high transsphincteric ones. However, more trials should be performed to evaluate its effectiveness regarding complex fistulae.


RESUMO Objetivo: O tratamento de fístulas anais é considerado um desafio devido à natureza diversa dessa doença e suas incontáveis complicações. O procedimento de ligadura do trato da fístula interesfincteriana e suas modificações foi popularizado entre cirurgiões em todo o mundo devido a sua simplicidade e desfechos promissores. O principal objetivo deste artigo foi conduzir uma revisão abrangente da literatura publicada sobre o procedimento de ligadura do trato da fístula interesfincteriana e suas modificações. Método: as bases de dados PubMed, Cochrane e Ovid foram pesquisadas de janeiro de 2007 a junho de 2017. Estudos publicados com revisão por pares que aplicaram o procedimento de ligadura do trato da fístula interesfincteriana e suas modificações para o tratamento de fístulas anais de origem criptogênica com acompanhamento de mediana de 12 meses foram elegíveis. Estudos incompletos, relatos de casos, revisões, resumos, cartas, comunicação breve, comentários e estudos que não preenchiam os critérios de inclusão foram excluídos. O desfecho primário foi medir a cicatrização primária, a cicatrização geral, falhas e recorrência do procedimento de ligadura do trato da fístula interesfincteriana e suas modificações. Resultados: Vinte e dois estudos foram identificados com apenas dez estudos atendendo aos critérios de inclusão. A ligadura original do trato da fístula interesfincteriana foi realizada em cinco estudos com uma população de 199 pacientes, enquanto os cinco estudos restantes apresentaram quatro modificações diferentes da ligadura do trato da fístula interesfincteriana com um total de 147 pacientes. Tanto o LIFT original quanto suas modificações têm resultados promissores e desfechos potencialmente semelhantes; cicatrização primária na ligadura original do trato da fístula interesfincteriana de 73,95% (IC 95% 60,3-85,6) menos realizada que as modificações de 82,3% (IC 95% 64,8-94,7). Cicatrização geral na ligadura original do trato da fístula interesfincteriana de 78,9% (IC 95% 58,5-93,7) realizada relativamente menos do que as modificações (93,6%, IC 95% 81,4-99,6). A falha na ligadura original do trato da fístula interesfincteriana (17,9%; IC 95% 4,9-36,5) realizada quase tanto quanto as modificações (17,7%; IC 95% 5,3-35,2). Recidiva na ligadura original do trato da fístula interesfincteriana em 9,7% (IC 95% 1,7-23,2). No entanto, não houve recorrência nas modificações. Conclusão: A ligadura do trato da fístula interesfincteriana e suas modificações são procedimentos eficazes e simples no tratamento de fístulas anais simples, especialmente as transesfincterianas altas. No entanto, mais estudos devem ser realizados para avaliar sua eficácia em relação às fístulas complexas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Rectal Fistula/surgery , Ligation/methods , Anal Canal/surgery , Digestive System Surgical Procedures/methods , Treatment Outcome
12.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 38(3): 189-193, July-Sept. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-954598

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Hemorrhoids are one of the most frequent diseases of the anal region with high prevalence involving all age groups. Multiple treatment options exist with none being perfect. Rubber band ligation of hemorrhoids is a non-operative treatment which can be performed on outpatient basis. Objective: The study was undertaken to determine efficacy of banding in treatment of Grade II and III hemorrhoids and to follow-up patients treated by banding to evaluate for symptomatic relief, recurrence and complications. Study design: A prospective, interventional study with clearance from the institutional ethics committee was undertaken over the period of 2 years in a tertiary referral center with a sample size of 60. Result: Out of 60 patients, 41 patients (68.30%) had Grade II and 19 patients (31.7%) had Grade III hemorrhoids. At first follow up, success rate for Grade II hemorrhoids was 85% (35/41) as compared to 21% (4/19) in Grade III. The unsuccessful 20 patients were re-banded, however only 2 of them responded to procedure. At the end of 6 weeks, 36 patients with Grade II hemorrhoids (88%) were cured. Failure rate was higher for Grade III hemorrhoids (68.42%, n = 13). Success rate was 86.6% for single hemorrhoid. There were no major complications. Anemia reverted significantly with successful band ligation. Conclusion: Rubber band ligation is a simple, safe and effective method for treating symptomatic second and third degree hemorrhoids as an outpatient procedure. It gives better results for Grade II and single hemorrhoids. Recurrence rate after successful band ligation is low.


RESUMO Background: As hemorroidas são uma das doenças mais frequentes da região anal, com alta prevalência envolvendo todas as faixas etárias. Existem várias opções de tratamento, sendo que nenhuma é perfeita. A ligadura elástica de hemorroidas é um tratamento conservador que pode ser realizado em ambulatório. Objetivo: O estudo foi realizado para determinar a eficácia da ligadura no tratamento de hemorroidas de Grau II e III e para acompanhamento dos pacientes tratados por ligaduras para avaliar o alívio sintomático, a recorrência e as complicações. Design do estudo: Estudo prospectivo e intervencionista com liberação do comitê de ética institucional foi realizado durante o período de 2 anos em um centro de referência terciário com um tamanho de amostra de 60. Resultado: Dos 60 pacientes, 41 (68,30%) apresentaram hemorroidas de Grau II e 19 (31,7%) de Grau III. No primeiro seguimento, a taxa de sucesso para hemorroidas de grau II foi de 85% (35/41), em comparação com 21% (4/19) no Grau III. Os 20 pacientes sem sucesso foram novamente submetidos a ligadura, mas apenas 2 deles responderam ao procedimento. Ao final de 6 semanas, 36 pacientes com hemorroidas de Grau II (88%) foram curados. A taxa de falha foi maior para as hemorroidas de grau III (68,42%, n = 13). A taxa de sucesso foi de 86,6% para hemorroida única. Não houve grandes complicações. A anemia reverteu significativamente com ligadura elástica bem-sucedida. Conclusão: A ligadura elástica é um método simples, seguro e eficaz para o tratamento de hemorroidas sintomáticas de segundo e terceiro graus, como procedimento ambulatorial. Ela promove melhores resultados para hemorroidas de Grau II e únicas. A taxa de recorrência após ligadura elástica bem-sucedida é baixa.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hemorrhoids/therapy , Ligation/methods , Recurrence , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Hemorrhoids/complications
13.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 38(2): 111-116, Apr.-June 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-954578

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Doppler-guided haemorrhoidal artery ligation with mucopexy is a minimal-invasive surgical technique. It is both effective and less painful than conventional haemorrhoidectomy. Methods: We gathered records on all patients operated on between November 2012 and June 2014. Pre- and postoperative scores were calculated during consultation and then by phone. Unsuccessful surgical treatment was defined by persistent haemorrhoid symptoms within three months following the procedure and relapse defined by recurrent symptoms after the third postoperative month. Results: During the period analysed, 70 patients underwent consecutive surgical procedures for haemorrhoid prolapse (52%), bleeding (29%), or both (17%). Hospitalisation was outpatient or overnight for 87% of patients. There were no complications in 92.7% of cases. The average period away from work was 11 days (± 6.5). The time between the procedure and last postoperative consultation, followed by telephone contact, was respectively 2.7 months (± 5.8) and 16.5 months (± 4.9). At the time of the postoperative telephone call, the Thaha et al. score decreased by 5.6 (p < 0.001), while the quality of life score decreased by 2 (p < 0.001). The Wexner score remained the same or improved for all patients except one. Treatment was unsuccessful for 6/67 patients (9%) and 10/61 patients (16.4%) experienced a subsequent recurrence in haemorrhoid symptoms. Only those over 51 years old were statistically associated with more frequent recurrences (p = 0.044). Conclusion: Doppler-guided haemorrhoidal artery ligation with mucopexy is an effective technique in the medium-term. Good tolerance in makes this treatment an attractive alternative to conventional haemorrhoidectomy.


RESUMO Experiência: A ligação de artéria hemorroidária com mucopexia orientada por Doppler é técnica cirúrgica minimamente invasiva. Esse procedimento é efetivo e menos doloroso do que a hemorroidectomia convencional. Métodos: Reunimos os prontuários de todos os pacientes operados entre novembro de 2012 e junho de 2014. Foram calculados escores pré-operatórios e pós-operatórios durante as consultas e, em seguida, por telefone. Tratamento cirúrgico malsucedido foi definido como a persistência dos sintomas de hemorroidas dentro de três meses após o procedimento, e recidiva foi definida por sintomas recorrentes depois do terceiro mês do pós-operatório. Resultados: Durante o período analisado, 70 pacientes passaram por procedimentos cirúrgicos consecutivos para prolapso de hemorroida (52%), sangramento (29%), ou ambos (17%). Para 87% dos pacientes, a hospitalização foi ambulatorial ou de pernoite. Não ocorreram complicações em 92,7% dos casos. O período médio de absenteísmo foi de 11 ± 6,5 dias. Os tempos transcorridos entre o procedimento e a última consulta no pós-operatório, seguida pelo contato telefônico, foram de respectivamente 2,7 ± 5,8 meses e 16,5 ± 4,9 meses. Por ocasião do contato telefônico no pós-operatório, o escore de Thaha et al. diminuiu em 5,6 pontos (p < 0,001), enquanto o escore de qualidade de vida diminuiu em 2 pontos (p < 0,001). O escore de Wexner permaneceu igual ou melhorou para todos os pacientes, exceto um. O tratamento não obteve sucesso para 6/67 pacientes (9%); e 10/61 pacientes (16,4%) sofreram uma subsequente recorrência nos sintomas hemorroidários. Apenas aqueles participantes com mais de 51 anos demonstraram associação estatística com recorrências mais frequentes (p = 0,044). Conclusão: A ligação de artéria hemorroidária com mucopexia orientada por Doppler é técnica efetiva no meio termo. A boa tolerância faz com que esse tratamento seja uma alternativa efetiva à hemorroidectomia convencional.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures/methods , Hemorrhoids/surgery , Ligation/methods , Postoperative Period , Recurrence , Cohort Studies , Ultrasonography, Doppler , Hemorrhoidectomy
14.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 31(4): e1404, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-973365

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: It is important but difficult to treat complex fistula-in-ano due to the high recurrent rate and following incontinence. Ligation of the intersphincteric fistula tract (LIFT), a novel surgical procedure with the advantage of avoiding anal incontinence, has a variable success rate of 57-94.4 %. Aim: To evaluate the long-term outcomes of modified LIFT operative procedure - ligation of intersphincteric fistula tract - to treat complex fistula-in-ano. Methods: Retrospective analysis of 62 cases of complex fistula-in-ano. The group was treated with the modified approach of LIFT (curved incision was made in the anal canal skin; purse-string suture was performed around the fistula; the residual fistulas were removed in a tunnel-based way) and had a follow-up time of more than one year. Patient´s preoperative general condition, postoperative efficacy and their anal function were compared. Results: The median age of the participants was 34, and 43 (69.4%) cases were male. Forty-one (66.1%) cases were of high transsphincteric fistula, four (6.5%) cases of high intrasphincter fistula, and 17 (27.4%) cases of anterior anal fistula in female. The median follow-up duration was 24.5 (range, 12-51) months. The success rate in the end of follow-up was 83.9% (52/62). The anorectal pressure and Cleveland Clinic Florida Fecal Incontinence (CCF-FI) evaluated three months before and after the operation did not find apparent changes. Conclusions: Compared with LIFT, the modified LIFT remarkably reduces postoperative failure and the recurrence rate of complex fistula with acceptable long-term outcomes.


RESUMO Racional: É importante, mas difícil de se tratar fístula anal complexa devido à alta taxa de recorrência e de incontinência pós-operatória. A ligadura do trajeto da fístula interesfincteriana (LIFT) - um novo procedimento cirúrgico com a vantagem de evitar a incontinência anal - tem taxa de sucesso variável entre 57-94,4%. Objetivo: Avaliar os resultados em longo prazo do procedimento cirúrgico LIFT modificado - ligadura do trato interesfincteriano com fístula - para tratar fístula complexa anal. Métodos: Análise retrospectiva de 62 casos de fístula complexa no ânus tratados com abordagem modificada de LIFT (incisão curva na pele do canal anal; sutura em bolsa realizada em torno da fístula; as fístulas residuais removidas em um túnel) e teve tempo de acompanhamento de mais de um ano. A condição geral pré-operatória dos pacientes, a eficácia pós-operatória e a função anal foram comparadas. Resultados: A mediana de idade dos participantes foi de 34 anos, e 43 (69,4%) dos casos eram de homens. Quarenta e um (66,1%) casos eram de fístula transesfincteriana alta, quatro (6,5%) de fístula intra-esfincteriana alta e 17 (27,4%) de fístula anal anterior em mulheres. A mediana da duração do acompanhamento foi de 24,5 meses (12-51). A taxa de sucesso no final do acompanhamento foi de 83,9% (52/62). A pressão anorretal e a Incontinência Fecal da Cleveland Clinic Florida (CCF-FI) avaliadas três meses antes e após a operação não encontraram alterações aparentes. Conclusões: Comparado com o LIFT, o LIFT modificado reduz notavelmente a falha pós-operatória e a taxa de recorrência de fístula complexa com resultados aceitáveis em longo prazo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Anal Canal/abnormalities , Anal Canal/surgery , Rectal Fistula/surgery , Ligation/methods , Anal Canal/physiopathology , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Suture Techniques , Rectal Fistula/physiopathology , Treatment Outcome , Fecal Incontinence/surgery , Surgical Wound , Medical Illustration
15.
Rev. chil. cir ; 70(5): 445-448, 2018. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-978012

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: La enfermedad hemorroidaria puede ser tratada de múltiples formas. Una alternativa es la ligadura de las ramas terminales de la arteria rectal y pexia de los paquetes guiados por Doppler (THD®). Objetivo: Presentar nuestra experiencia inicial con esta técnica. Material y Método: Serie prospectiva, consecutiva, no aleatoria. Incluye a los pacientes tratados por enfermedad hemorroidaria que no responde al manejo no quirúrgico. Resultados: La serie corresponde a 11 pacientes, 7 de género masculino. Todos fueron operados en forma ambulatoria. El tiempo quirúrgico promedio fue de 35 min y la evaluación del dolor posoperatorio inmediato no superó un EVA de 3 en todos los pacientes. El seguimiento promedio es de 12 meses y solo un paciente requirió una ligadura con banda elástica por sangrado hemorroidario. Conclusión: La técnica de ligadura y pexia guiada por Doppler es sencilla, con buenos resultados iniciales y con mínimo dolor posoperatorio.


Introduction: Hemorrhoidal disease can be treated by many surgical options. One of them are Transanal Haemorroidal Dearterialization (THD®). Objective: To present our initial experience with this technique. Material and Methods: Prospective, consecutive, non-random series. It includes patients treated for haemorrhoidal disease unresponsive to no operative management. Results: The series consists of 11 patients, 7 male gender. All were operated on an outpatient basis. The average operating time was 35 minutes and the immediate post-operative pain assessment did not exceed an AVS of 3 in all patients. The average follow up was 12 month. Only one patient needed a rubber band ligation for hemorrhoidal bleeding control. Conclusion: The THD technique is simple, with good initial results and minimal post-operative pain.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Arteries/surgery , Ultrasonography, Doppler , Hemorrhoids/surgery , Ligation/methods , Pain, Postoperative/prevention & control , Prospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome
16.
J. vasc. bras ; 16(4): f:335-l:338, out.-dez. 2017. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-880899

ABSTRACT

A maior causa de recidiva das varizes dos membros inferiores é a inadequada dissecção da crossa da safena interna, com a ligadura não rente da junção safenofemoral. O acesso direto ao tecido cicatricial de uma cirurgia prévia deve ser evitado ao máximo pelo elevado risco de sangramento e de lesões linfáticas. O acesso proximal ao tecido cicatricial, abordando inicialmente a veia femoral comum acima da junção safenofemoral, seguindo-a em direção caudal até a crossa da safena, mostrou-se uma técnica eficiente e relativamente simples quando comparada às abordagens medial, lateral e direta


The most common cause of recurrence of varicose veins in the lower limbs is inadequate dissection of the internal saphenous arch, with ligature that is not flush to the saphenofemoral junction. Direct access to the scar tissue of previous surgery should be avoided to the maximum because of the high risk of bleeding and of lymphatic injuries. Access proximal to the scar tissue, initially at the common femoral vein, above the saphenofemoral junction, continuing caudally to the saphenous arch, proved to be an effective and relatively simple technique when compared to medial, lateral and direct approaches


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Recurrence , Saphenous Vein , Femoral Vein , Ligation/methods , Lower Extremity , Varicose Veins
17.
Int. j. morphol ; 35(3): 1083-1090, Sept. 2017. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-893097

ABSTRACT

La disfunción hepática postoperatoria del remanente hepático que ocurre en pacientes sometidos a grandes resecciones hepáticas, es un problema complejo y temido, dado su pronóstico incierto. La asociación de partición hepática y ligadura portal para hepatectomía por etapas (ALPPS), es un enfoque novedoso para pacientes portadores de enfermedad hepática oncológica que anteriormente eran considerados "no resecables". El procedimiento se realiza en dos etapas. La primera, comprende la ligadura de la rama derecha de la vena porta. Luego, se realiza la transección del parénquima hepático; incluyendo o no, la sección y ligadura de la vena hepática media. A continuación se empaqueta el hígado tumoral en una bolsa de polietileno y el abdomen es cerrado. La segunda etapa, se realiza 7 a 15 días después. Una vez abierto el abdomen, se retira la bolsa de polietileno; se ligan y seccionan la arteria, el conducto biliar y la vena hepática derechos; y se elimina el hígado tumoral. Pueden instalarse drenes y se procede al cierre de la laparotomía. La técnica ALPPS puede permitir entonces, la resección curativa de hígados tumorales en pacientes con lesiones considerados previamente como no resecables. El objetivo de este artículo fue describir las indicaciones y aspectos técnicos del ALPPS a propósito del primer caso realizado en nuestra ciudad, en una paciente de 47 años con un cáncer de vesícula biliar avanzado y metástasis bilobares.


Postoperative hepatic malfunction subsequent to insufficiency of hepatic remnant is a complex and dire problem in patients subjected to large hepatic resections. The associating liver partition and portal vein ligation for staged hepatectomy (ALPPS), is a novel approach for oncology patients whose hepatic tumors were previously considered non-resectable. The technique is performed in two phases. The first one comprises the ligation of the right portal vein branch. Subsequently, a parenchymal transection is performed, including or not, the middle hepatic vein. A plastic bag is employed to cover the tumoral liver, and the abdomen is closed. The second one is performed at 7 to 15 days interval. After laparotomy, the plastic bag is removed. The right artery, bile duct and hepatic vein are sectioned and the tumoral liver is removed. Drain was placed at the resection surface, and the abdomen is closed. ALPPS can enable curative resection of hepatic metastasis in patients with tumors previously considered non-resectable. The aim of this manuscript was to describe the indications and technical aspects of ALPPS in relation to the first case carried out in our city, in a 47-year-old woman with advanced gallbladder cancer with bilobar metastases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Hepatectomy/methods , Liver Neoplasms/surgery , Liver Neoplasms/secondary , Portal Vein/surgery , Gallbladder Neoplasms/surgery , Gallbladder Neoplasms/pathology , Ligation/methods
18.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 15(2): 178-185, Apr.-June 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-891376

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To analyze the influence of portal vein ligation in hepatic regeneration by immunohistochemical criteria. Methods Ten pigs divided into two groups of five animals underwent hepatectomy in two stages, and the groups were differentiated by ligation or not of the left portal vein tributary, which is responsible for vascularization of the left lateral and medial lobes of the pig liver. Five days after the procedure, the animals underwent liver biopsies for further analysis of histological and immunohistochemical with marker Ki67. Results The group submitted to hepatectomy with vascular ligation showed an increase of approximately 4% of hepatocytes in regeneration status, as well as a greater presence of Kupffer and inflammatory cells as compared to control. Conclusion As a result of positive cell replication observed through the Ki67 marker, we can suspect that the ligation of a tributary of the portal vein associated with liver resection promoted a greater stimulus of liver regeneration when compared to liver resection alone.


RESUMO Objetivo Analisar a influência da ligadura da tributária da veia porta no estímulo regenerativo hepático por meio de critérios imuno-histoquímicos. Métodos Dez suínos, divididos em dois grupos de cinco animais, foram submetidos à hepatectomia em dois estágios, sendo que os grupos foram diferenciados pela ligadura ou não da tributária da veia porta, responsável pela vascularização dos lobos lateral e medial esquerdos do fígado do suíno. Cinco dias após o procedimento, os animais foram reabordados para retirada de amostras hepáticas para posterior análise de histológica e imunoistoquímica com o marcador Ki67. Resultados O grupo submetido à hepatectomia com ligadura vascular apresentou incremento de 4% aproximadamente de hepatócitos em processo de regeneração, bem como grande número de células de Kupffer e células inflamatórias, quando comparado ao controle. Conclusão Em virtude da análise positiva da replicação celular observada por meio do marcador Ki67, pode-se observar que a ligadura de uma tributária da veia porta promoveu um maior estímulo de regeneração hepática, efeito observado com menor intensidade no grupo submetido apenas à ressecção hepática.


Subject(s)
Animals , Portal Vein/surgery , Parenchymal Tissue/surgery , Hepatectomy/methods , Liver/surgery , Liver Regeneration , Swine , Random Allocation , Ki-67 Antigen/metabolism , Hepatocytes/metabolism , Models, Animal , Parenchymal Tissue/pathology , Leukocytes , Ligation/methods , Liver/pathology
19.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 37(1): 80-85, Jan.-Mar. 2017. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-841299

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Seton for treatment of perianal fistula can be of the cutting or a loose type. We adopted a simple technique for tighten the seton by applying a necktie shape tie on the vascular loop, hence it can be used for drainage on the beginning, and for cutting purpose later on. In this retrospective study we report our experience on this seton tie method. Material and methods: Patients operated for perianal fistula between 2012 and 2014 were reviewed. Results: Of 63 patients operated, 23 (35%) had a necktie-tie seton. There were 15 (65%) men. Age 34.1 ± 10.6. Six (26%) had a recurrent fistula, 2 (9%) with loose seton in place. The external opening: anterior four (17%), lateral fifteen (65%), posterior three (13%), one patient (4%) had two opening. The internal opening was identified: posterior seventeen (74%), anterior four (17%) and right posterior two (8%). Nineteen (82%) had a trans-sphenteric tract, four (17%) females had an anterior location. Operative time was 32 min (range 22-55). The seton was tightened 4 times (range 2-5) with 2 weeks interval. Healing was achieved in 7 weeks (range 5-11). In 24 months (range 12-35) follow-up, no reported anal incontinence. Recurrence was observed in one patient (4%). Conclusion: The necktie tightening of the vascular loop seton is a simple, safe, easily performed and may simplify the seton management of perianal fistulae.


RESUMO Setons para o tratamento de fístula perianal podem ser do tipo de corte ou do tipo frouxo. Adotamos uma técnica simples para apertar o seton, pela aplicação, na alça vascular, de uma laçada em forma de nó de gravata. Desse modo, inicialmente a laçada pode ser utilizada para drenagem e, subsequentemente, para as finalidades de corte. Neste estudo retrospectivo, relatamos nossa experiência com este método de aplicação da laçada do Seton em nó de gravata. Material e métodos: Foram revisados pacientes operados para fístula perianal entre 2012-2014. Resultados: Dos 63 pacientes operados, 23 (35%) receberam um Seton em nó de gravata. Desse total, 15 (65%) eram homens, com média de idade de 34,1 ± 10,6 anos. Seis (26%) tiveram fístula recorrente, e dois (9%) tiveram afrouxamento do seton in loco. Foram identificadas aberturas externas: anteriores, quatro (17%); laterais, 15 (65%); posteriores, três (13%); e duas aberturas em um paciente (4%). Também foram identificadas aberturas internas: posteriores, 17 (74%); anteriores, quatro (17%); e posteriores direitas, duas (8%). Em 19 (82%) havia um trato trans-esfinctérico, e quatro pacientes mulheres (17%) tiveram localização anterior. O tempo de cirurgia foi de 32 minutos (variação, 22-55). O seton foi apertado 4 vezes (variação, 2-5) a intervalos de 2 semanas. A cicatrização ocorreu em sete semanas (variação, 5-11). Ao longo dos 24 meses (variação, 12-35) de seguimento dos pacientes, não houve relato de incontinência anal. Houve recorrência em um paciente (4%). Conclusão: O aperto do Seton em alça vascular pela técnica do nó de gravata é método simples, seguro, de fácil realização e que pode simplificar o tratamento de fístulas perianais com Seton.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Rectal Fistula/surgery , Vascular Grafting/methods , Ligation/methods , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
20.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 36(4): 227-230, Oct.-Dec. 2016. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-829103

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Ligation of intersphincteric fistula tract technique is a new sphincter saving method with good results in management of anal fistula, but few studies report long-term follow-up data. Material and methods: This study investigated the use of ligation of intersphincteric fistula tract as a sphincter saving method based on long term results. This was a retrospective review of prospectively collected data. The study was conducted at two tertiary care university medical centers. 36 patients with complex fistula from January 2010 to January 2014 treated with classic ligation of intersphincteric fistula tract were retrospectively followed. Demographic data, previous repair attempts, the type of the fistula and score of fecal continence were collected. The procedure was performed by colorectal surgeons. Primary healing rate, failures and fecal incontinence score of patients were followed for 6-48 months. Results: A total of 36 patients underwent ligation of intersphincteric fistula tract during 24 months. The mean age of the patients was 35 years and 50% had two previous attempts at surgery. A total of 25 patients (69/5%) had high transsphincteric fistula. The mean follow up was 27 months. Successful fistula closure was achieved in 63/8% of the patients (23 of 36). The mean time of recurrence was 4.5 weeks. Only one (2/77%) patient reported gas incontinence (score: 3) after the procedure. Conclusion: The recurrence rate and fecal incontinence were measured. The ligation of intersphincteric fistula is a promising sphincter-preserving procedure that is simple and safe. Our study demonstrates favorable long-term results of ligation of intersphincteric fistula tract for management of complex anal fistulas.


RESUMO Introdução: A técnica LIFT (Ligation of Intersphincteric Fistula Tract; ligadura interesfincteriana do trato fistuloso) é um novo método de preservação esfinctérica com bons resultados no tratamento da fístula anal, mas são poucos os estudos que relatam dados de seguimento em longo prazo. Material e métodos: Esse estudo investigou o uso de LIFT como método de preservação esfinctérica, com base em resultados em longo prazo. Essa foi uma revisão retrospectiva de dados prospectivamente coletados. O estudo foi realizado em dois centros médicos terciários universitários. Trinta e seis pacientes com fístula complexa tratados com LIFT cássica de janeiro de 2010 até janeiro de 2014 foram retrospectivamente seguidos. Foram coletados dados demográficos, tentativas precedentes de reparo, tipo de fístula, e escore de continência fecal. O procedimento foi realizado por cirurgiões colorretais. Percentual de cicatrização primária, insucessos, e escore de incontinência fecal dos pacientes foram monitorados durante 6 a 48 meses. Resultados: No total, 36 pacientes foram submetidos a LIFT em um período de 24 meses. A média de idade dos pacientes era de 35 anos e 50% já tinham sido previamente submetidos a duas tentativas de cirurgia. Vinte e cinco pacientes apresentavam fístula trans-esfinctérica alta. A média do seguimento foi de 27 meses. Foi obtido fechamento bem-sucedido da fístula em 63,8% dos pacientes (23 de 36). O tempo médio até a recorrência foi de 4,5 semanas. Apenas um (2,77%) paciente informou incontinência gasosa (escore = 3) após o procedimento. Conclusão: O percentual de recorrência e a incontinência fecal foram mensurados. A ligadura de fístula intersfinctérica é um procedimento promissor de preservação esfinctérica, de simples execução e seguro. Nosso estudo demonstra resultados favoráveis com o uso de LIFT em longo prazo para o tratamento de fístulas anais complexas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Rectal Fistula/surgery , Ligation/methods , Treatment Outcome , Fecal Incontinence
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