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1.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 415-420, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970478

ABSTRACT

Ten lignans were isolated from the ethanol extract of stems and branches of Rhododendron ovatum through column chromatography over silica gel, ODS, Sephadex LH-20, and MCI-gel resin and semi-preparative RP-HPLC. The structures of all compounds were elucidated by extensive spectroscopic data analysis(UV, IR, HR-ESI-MS, ECD and NMR) as(-)-4-epi-lyoniresinol-9'-O-α-L-rhamnopyranoside(1),(+)-lyoniresinol-3α-O-α-L-rhamnopyranoside(2),(+)-5'-methoxyisolariciresinol-9'-O-α-L-rhamnopyranoside(3),(-)-lyoniresinol-3α-O-β-D-glucopyranoside(4),(+)-lyoniresinol-3α-O-β-D-glucopyranoside(5),(-)-4-epi-lyoniresinol-9'-O-β-D-glucopyransoide(6), racemiside(7), neociwujiaphenol(8),(+)-syringaresinol(9), and homohesperitin(10). Among them, compound 1 was a new aryltetralin-type lignan. All the isolated lignans were tested for antioxidant activities in Fe~(2+)-cysteine induced rat liver microsomal lipid peroxidation in vitro, and compounds 8 and 9 showed antioxidant activities on the formation of malondiadehyde(MDA) in rat liver microsomes at 1×10~(-5) mol·L~(-1), with significant inhibitory rates of 75.20% and 91.12%, respectively.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Glucosides/chemistry , Rhododendron , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Lignans/chemistry , Plant Stems
2.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3806-3814, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981513

ABSTRACT

The weight coefficients of appearance traits, extract yield of standard decoction, and total content of honokiol and magnolol were determined by analytic hierarchy process(AHP), criteria importance though intercrieria correlation(CRITIC), and AHP-CRITIC weighting method, and the comprehensive scores were calculated. The effects of ginger juice dosage, moistening time, proces-sing temperature, and processing time on the quality of Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex(MOC) were investigated, and Box-Behnken design was employed to optimize the process parameters. To reveal the processing mechanism, MOC, ginger juice-processed Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex(GMOC), and water-processed Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex(WMOC) were compared. The results showed that the weight coefficients of the appearance traits, extract yield of standard decoction, and total content of honokiol and magnolol determined by AHP-CRITIC weighting method were 0.134, 0.287, and 0.579, respectively. The optimal processing parameters of GMOC were ginger juice dosage of 8%, moistening time of 120 min, and processing at 100 ℃ for 7 min. The content of syringoside and magnolflorine in MOC decreased after processing, and the content of honokiol and magnolol followed the trend of GMOC>MOC>WMOC, which suggested that the change in clinical efficacy of MOC after processing was associated with the changes of chemical composition. The optimized processing technology is stable and feasible and provides references for the modern production and processing of MOC.


Subject(s)
Zingiber officinale , Magnolia/chemistry , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry , Biphenyl Compounds/chemistry , Lignans/chemistry
3.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 210-214, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929253

ABSTRACT

Two new neolignans and one new lignan (1-3) were obtained from the roots of Paeonia lactiflora. Their structures were unambiguously elucidated based on extensive spectroscopic analysis, single-crystal X-ray crystallography, and the calculated and experimental electronic circular dichroism (ECD) spectra. Compound 1 was a racemic mixture and successfully resolved into the anticipated enantiomers via chiral-phase HPLC. Compound 3 demonstrated moderate inhibitory activity against human carboxylesterase 2A1 (hCES2A1) with an IC50 value of 7.28 ± 0.94 μmol·-1.


Subject(s)
Humans , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Lignans/chemistry , Paeonia , Plant Roots/chemistry , Stereoisomerism
4.
Experimental & Molecular Medicine ; : e171-2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-149086

ABSTRACT

Pentraxin 3 (PTX3) was identified as a marker of the inflammatory response and overexpressed in various tissues and cells related to cardiovascular disease. Honokiol, an active component isolated from the Chinese medicinal herb Magnolia officinalis, was shown to have a variety of pharmacological activities. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the effects of honokiol on palmitic acid (PA)-induced dysfunction of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) and to elucidate potential regulatory mechanisms in this atherosclerotic cell model. Our results showed that PA significantly accelerated the expression of PTX3 in HUVECs through the IkappaB kinase (IKK)/IkappaB/nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) pathway, reduced cell viability, induced cell apoptosis and triggered the inflammatory response. Knockdown of PTX3 supported cell growth and prevented apoptosis by blocking PA-inducted nitric oxide (NO) overproduction. Honokiol significantly suppressed the overexpression of PTX3 in PA-inducted HUVECs by inhibiting IkappaB phosphorylation and the expression of two NF-kappaB subunits (p50 and p65) in the IKK/IkappaB/NF-kappaB signaling pathway. Furthermore, honokiol reduced endothelial cell injury and apoptosis by regulating the expression of inducible NO synthase and endothelial NO synthase, as well as the generation of NO. Honokiol showed an anti-inflammatory effect in PA-inducted HUVECs by significantly inhibiting the generation of interleukin-6 (IL-6), IL-8 and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1. In summary, honokiol repaired endothelial dysfunction by suppressing PTX3 overexpression in an atherosclerotic cell model. PTX3 may be a potential therapeutic target for atherosclerosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis/drug effects , Atherosclerosis/chemically induced , Biphenyl Compounds/chemistry , C-Reactive Protein/genetics , Down-Regulation/drug effects , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells , I-kappa B Kinase/immunology , Lignans/chemistry , Magnolia/chemistry , Palmitic Acid , Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases/immunology , Serum Amyloid P-Component/genetics , Signal Transduction/drug effects
5.
Biol. Res ; 42(3): 351-356, 2009. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-531968

ABSTRACT

Schisandra propinqua (Wall.) Baill.(Schisandraceae) is widely used as a Chinese folk medicine. In this study, activity-guided fractionation of the ethanol extract from the stem of Schisandra propinqua led to the isolation of four extracts. Subsequently, a neolignan 4,4-di(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenly)-2,3-dimethylbutanol was isolated from the EtOAc part of the stem of Schisandra propinqua, the free radical scavenging activities of which were researched in vitro. The present work demonstrated that extracts and pure compound possessed scavenging activities to DPPH, superoxide anions and hydroxy radical, and could depress lipid peroxidation reaction induced by oxygen radical produced by the Fe2+/cysteine system in vitro. This suggests that the traditional application of Schisandra propinqua in China may be related to its antioxidant activities, and the EtOAc part of the stems of Schisandra propinqua can be utilized as an effective source of antioxidants.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Lignans/pharmacology , Lipid Peroxidation/drug effects , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Schisandra/chemistry , Antioxidants/chemistry , Antioxidants/isolation & purification , Biphenyl Compounds , Hydroxyl Radical/analysis , Lignans/chemistry , Lignans/isolation & purification , Picrates , Peroxides/analysis , Plant Extracts/chemistry , Plant Extracts/isolation & purification , Rats, Wistar , Superoxides/analysis
6.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 86(supl.2): 39-42, 1991. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-623937

ABSTRACT

Neolignans, generated by oxydative dimerization of propenylphenol and/or allylphenol, undergo further modifying steps. These biosynthetic reactions, confirmed in vitro, include Cope, retro-Claisen and Claisen rearrangements. Additionally acid catalysis effects convertions of bicyclo [3.2.1] octanoid neolignans into hydrobenzofuranoid neolignans, or inversely of hydrobenzofuranoid neolignans into bicyclo [3.2.1] octanoid neolignans, of hydrobenzofuranoid neolignans into futoenone type neolignans, of tetrahydrofuran neolignans into aryltetralin neolignans, as well as modifications by Friedel - Crafts reactions and the transformation of aryltetralin neolignans into arylindanones by pinacoline - pinacolone type rearrangement.


Subject(s)
Animals , Gene Rearrangement , Chiroptera/physiology , Lignans/chemistry , Surface Properties
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