Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 25
Filter
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879019

ABSTRACT

Triterpenoids are one of the most active constituents in Ligustri Lucidi Fructus, but only oleanolic acid has been mostly studied. In recent years, a growing number of studies have shown that other triterpenes from Ligustri Lucidi Fructus also have various biological activities, so it is necessary to build up a detailed profile of the triterpenoids in Ligustri Lucidi Fructus. The chromatographic separation was performed on a C_(18) column(4.6 mm×250 mm, 5 μm) with mobile phase of methanol-acetonitrile-0.2% formic acid for gradient elution. The detection wavelength was set at 210 nm, with a flow rate of 0.5 mL·min~(-1), and the column temperature of 25 ℃. The HPLC fingerprint of triterpenoids in Ligustri Lucidi Fructus was built by testing 21 batches of samples from different sources. The structures of the total 15 common chromatographic peaks were elucidated with UHPLC-ESI-Orbitrap-MS/MS technique and six of them were identified as tormentic acid, pomolic acid, maslinic acid, botulin, oleanolic acid and ursolic acid by comparison to the reference substances. Under the same chromatographic condition, four main triterpenes(podocarboxylic acid, hawthorn acid, oleanolic acid and ursolic acid) were quantified and the results of system adaptability and methodology investigation all met the requirements of content determination. Meanwhile, with oleanolic acid(A) as the internal reference substance, quantitative analysis of multi-components by single marker(QAMS) method was used to analyze the above four components. The relative correction factor of oleanolic acid(B), hawthorn acid(C) and ursolic acid(D) to oleanolic acid was f_(B/A)=1.12, f_(C/A)=1.02 and f_(D/A)=0.88, respectively, and the relative retention values of these three to oleanolic acid was RRV_(B/A)=0.46, RRV_(C/A)=0.70 and RRV_(D/A)=1.03, respectively. The contents determined by two methods were similar. In conclusion, the method built in this paper is proved to be simple, reliable and specific for the simultaneous qualitative and quantitative analysis of the triterpenoids in Ligustri Lucidi Fructus, which can lay foundation for further assays of the triterpenoids in Ligustri Lucidi Fructus and the relative products.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Fruit , Ligustrum , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Triterpenes
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828373

ABSTRACT

To establish high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC) fingerprints for crude and processed Ligustri Lucidi Fructus,and to evaluate their quality through the similarity calculation and chemical pattern recognition. The separation was performed with Syncronis C_(18) column(4.6 mm × 250 mm, 5 μm), with acetonitrile(A) and 0.1% phosphoric acid solution(B) as the mobile phase for gradient elution, and a detection wavelength of 280 nm. HPLC was used to detect 22 batches of crude and processed Ligustri Lucidi Fructus,and the Similarity Evaluation System for Chromatographic Fingerprint of Traditional Chinese Medicine(2012 Edition) was used to evaluate the similarity among 22 batches. The research on pattern recognition was conducted with cluster analysis(CA), principal component analysis(PCA), and partial least squares discriminate analysis(PLS-DA). HPLC fingerprints of crude and processed Ligustri Lucidi Fructus were established, with similarity ranging from 0.9 to 1.0. The crude and processed Ligustri Lucidi Fructus can be obviously distinguished by using CA, PCA and PLS-DA. According to the results of PLS-DA,11 constituents including hydroxytyrosol, tyrosol, specnuezhenide and oleuropein were the main marker components leading to the difference. The established fingerprint method is stable and reliable, and can provide method basis for quality control of crude and processed Ligustri Lucidi Fructus. Chemical pattern recognition is proved to be helpful in comprehensive quality control and evaluation of Ligustri Lucidi Fructus before and after the process.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Fruit , Ligustrum , Medicine, Chinese Traditional
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774514

ABSTRACT

In order to improve the quality control level of Ligustri Lucidi Fructus(LLF) and to explore the changes of chemical components after processing,the HPLC method for fingerprint and simultaneous determination of the major polar components in LLF were established. The octadecylsilane bonded silica gel was used as the stationary phase,with acetonitrile as the mobile phase A and0. 2% formic acid as the mobile phase B in a gradient elution procedure at a flow rate of 1. 0 m L·min-1. The detection wavelength was set at 280 nm and the column temperature was 25 ℃. There were 22 common peaks,20 of which were selected from the fingerprint of LLF and its wine-steamed product,respectively,and 14 chromatographic peaks were identified with reference substances. With the same chromatographic conditions,seven components were quantitatively analyzed and the results of system adaptability and methodology investigation all met the requirements of content determination. Compared with the crude LLF,the content of 5-hydroxymethyl furfural and salidroside significantly increased in wine-steamed LLF,while the contents of iridoid glycosides generally decreased. The method provided a basis for quality control of LLF and its processed products as well as the related preparations.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Fruit , Chemistry , Furaldehyde , Glucosides , Iridoid Glycosides , Ligustrum , Chemistry , Phenols , Phytochemicals
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771516

ABSTRACT

The content of tyrosol,salidroside,echinacoside,rutin,acteoside,ligustroflavone,specnuezhenide,and quercetin were determined by HPLC,and the color of Ligustri Lucidi Fructus was determined by comparison with color card.Hundred-seed weight was analyzed by using gravimetric method.The correlation analysis and One-way ANOVA were used to analyze the relationship between the characters,the chemical composition,the harvest time and the geographical location of Ligustri Lucidi Fructus,for giving a comprehensive evaluation of the quality of Ligustri Lucidi Fructus The results showed that 92% of Ligustri Lucidi Fructus were all up to quality standard of Chinese Pharmacopoeia,and the contents of 7 components in Ligustri Lucidi Fructus(except quercetin) were higher than those in samples with black colors.The content of salidroside in Ligustri Lucidi Fructus harvested in June was the highest and the other7 components of Ligustri Lucidi Fructus were relatively high in 8-10 months.According to the quality parameters of Ligustri Lucidi Fructus,the Ligustri Lucidi Fructus from six habitats can not be distinguished effectively.The results showed that there was a certain relationship between the color,harvest season and component content of Ligustri Lucidi Fructus,and the habitats were not related to the quality parameters of Ligustri Lucidi Fructus.The study aimsat providing data support for the resource status of native Ligustri Lucidi Fructus,and a theoretical basis for the revision of standards of Ligustri Lucidi Fructusin the future.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Reference Standards , Fruit , Chemistry , Ligustrum , Chemistry
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771679

ABSTRACT

According to the previous results from transcriptome analysis of Ligustrum quihoui, a glycosyltransferase gene(xynzUGT) was cloned by rapid amplification of cDNA ends(RACE). The full length cDNA of xynzUGT was 1 598 bp, consisting of 66 bp 5'-UTR, 1 440 bp ORF and 92 bp 3'-UTR. The ORF encoded a 480 amino-acid protein(xynzUGT) with a molecular weight of 54 826.67 Da and isoelectric point of 5.82. The structure of enzyme was analyzed by using bioinformatics method, the results showed that the primary structure contained a highly conserved PSPG box of glycosyltransferase, the secondary structure included α helix(38%), sheet(12.1%) and random coil(49.9%), and tertiary structure was constructed by peptide chain folding to form two face-to-face domains(often referred to as a Rossmann domains), between which a substrate binding pocket is sandwiched. The phylogenetic tree analysis indicated that xynzUGT might catalyze glycosylation of phenylpropanoids, such as tyrosol. Further simulation experiment of molecular docking between enzyme and tyrosol showed that Gly138 and Ser285 located in the binding pocket interacted with tyrosol by hydrogen bonding. SDS-PAGE analysis exhibited that the prokaryotic expression system successfully expressed recombinant xynzUGT with molecular weight of 58 370.57 Da, but it exists in the form of non-soluble inclusion bodies. Using the molecular chaperone and enzyme co-expression method, the soluble expression was promoted to some extent. The above works laid the foundation for further studying on enzymatic reaction and clarifying the functional mechanism of enzyme.


Subject(s)
Cloning, Molecular , DNA, Complementary , Glycosyltransferases , Genetics , Ligustrum , Genetics , Molecular Docking Simulation , Phylogeny , Plant Proteins , Genetics , Protein Structure, Secondary , Protein Structure, Tertiary
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771559

ABSTRACT

To investigate the dynamic change law of the main components in Ligustri Lucidi Fructus during the wine-steaming process and attempt to establish the characteristic quality standard of wine-steamed Ligustri Lucidi Fructus by determining the content of salidroside and specnuezhenide using Ultra Performance Liquid Chromatography (UPLC) technology at different processing time points (12, 15, 18, 21, 24 h). The chromatographic separation was performed on Waters Acquity UPLC®BEH C₁₈ column (2.1 mm×50 mm, 1.7 μm) with acetonitrile and 0.2% formic acid aqueous solution as the mobile phase for gradient elution; and the detection wavelength was set at 280 nm; the flow rate was 0.5 mL·min⁻¹, and the column temperature was set at 40 °C. The results showed that the two components were well separated in the above conditions. The salidroside and specnuezhenide showed a good linear relationship within the range of 10.19-326 ng and 49.53-1 585 ng, respectively. Their average recovery was 103.4% and 101.7% with RSD of 0.81% and 0.79%, respectively. With the extension of processing time, the content of specnuezhenide was decreased, while salidroside was gradually increased. For the 27 batches of Ligustri Lucidi Fructus, the content of salidroside was between 0.042 5% and 0.192 4%, and that of specnuezhenide was between 0.829 7% and 5.218 0%. While for the 25 batches of wine-steamed Ligustri Lucidi Fructus, the content of the first one was between 0.229 2% and 1.045 8%, and the latter one was between 0.743 8% and 3.645 4%. As compared with Ligustri Lucidi Fructus, the ratio of specnuezhenide to salidroside was significantly decreased in the wine-steamed Ligustri Lucidi Fructus. According to the experimental results, the quality standard of Ligustri Lucidi Fructus is tentatively fixed as follows: the content of specnuezhenide shall not be less than 0.80%, and the ratio of specnuezhenide content/salidroside content (Sp/Sa) should not be smaller than 15. As for the wine-steamed ones, the content of salidroside should not be less than 0.20%, and specnuezhenide content should not be less than 0.70%; Sp/Sa should not be greater than 8. The method established in this study is simple and reliable, which could be used for the content detection of salidroside and specnuezhenide in Ligustri Lucidi Fructus samples. The characteristic quality standard established in this study could be used to distinguish the Ligustri Lucidi Fructus and wine-steamed Ligustri Lucidi Fructus.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Fruit , Ligustrum , Wine
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741611

ABSTRACT

Medicinal plants are potential sources of anticancer agents screening. A large number of phytochemicals, including triterpenoids, have been reported to have significant cytotoxic effects on cancer cells. From the fruits of Ligustrum japonicum Thunb., thirteen triterpenoids (1 – 13) were isolated and evaluated for their cytotoxic activity against Hela and HL-60 cells. As results, 8 (oleanolic acid) showed significant effects on Hela with IC50 values of 5.5 µM, and moderate effects on HL-60 cells with IC₅₀ values of 55.9 µM. Meanwhile, 10 (oleanderic acid) and 11 (3β-acetoxy-urs-12-en-28-oic acid) exhibited moderate inhibitory effects on Hela with IC₅₀ value of 55.0 and 68.8 µM, respectively. Moreover, 10 showed cytotoxic effect on HL-60 cell line with IC₅₀ value of 63.9 µM. To our knowledge, this is the first report that oleanderic acid was isolated from L. japonicum and investigated in cytotoxic effects on Hela and HL-60 cells.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents , Fruit , HL-60 Cells , Humans , Inhibitory Concentration 50 , Ligustrum , Mass Screening , Nerium , Oleaceae , Phytochemicals , Plants, Medicinal
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812630

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to trace sources and quantitatively analyze the specnuezhenide content of circular Fructus Ligustri Lucidi for clinical use. Different specifications of Fructus Ligustri Lucidi were identified using DNA barcoding technology and the specnuezhenide content was analyzed by High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC). The ITS sequence of circular Fructus Ligustri Lucidi was identical to that of standard privet, which was determined through botanical identification. ITS sequence similarity between circular Fructus Ligustri Lucidi and Fructus Ligustri Lucidi which was registered in NCBI ranged from 99.5% to 100%. The sequences of circular and other Fructus Ligustri Lucidi were clustered in a Neighbor-Joining tree with bootstrap value of 95, and these sequences could be distinguished from adulterants. Conforming to pharmacopoeia standard, the average specnuezhenide content of circular Fructus Ligustri Lucidi was higher than that of chicken waist Fructus Ligustri Lucidi. Circular Fructus Ligustri Lucidi derived from Ligustrum lucidum Ait. and the specnuezhenide content was higher in circular Fructus Ligustri Lucidi than that in chicken waist Fructus Ligustri Lucidi.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , DNA Barcoding, Taxonomic , DNA, Plant , Fruit , Chemistry , Glucosides , Ligustrum , Chemistry , Classification , Genetics , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Pyrans , Quality Control
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-254996

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To provide a theoretical basis for the further development of new drugs, the analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects and the liver function in mice of anthocyanin from Ligustrum vicaryi were investigated.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The 240 experimental mice were splitted equally for 6 kinds of experiments and 40 rats in each kind of experiment were divided into 5 groups (n = 8): normal saline control group (NS); aspirin control group (Asp); high-concentration anthocyanin group (HA); medium-concentration anthocyanin group (MA); low-concentratior anthocyanin group (LA). The analgesia effect of anthocyanin at different concentration was detenmined by hot-plate test and acetic acid writhin test, and the anti-inflammatory effect of anthocyanin was performed by ear edema, ahdomen capillary permeability and cotton granuloma. The activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and total antioxidant capacity (T-AOC) and the contents of nitric oxide (NO) and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) in blood serum were determined, and the activities of SOD, T-AOC and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) in liver were measured, while the histological changes of liver tissue were observed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The pain threshold of mice was enhanced and the times of twist body wa decreased by medium-concentration and high-concentration anthocyanin. The activity of SOD was increased and the conentrs of NO and PGE were reduced in blood serum. High-concentration anthocyanin inhibited the ear swelling , the increase of celiac capillary permeability and th granuloma hyperplasia, and increased the activities of SOD and T-AOC while decreased the content of PGE2. The activities of SOD, T-AOC. GSH-PX were increased in liver, but the morphology of liver tissues in each group had no significant changes.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Anthocyanin Ligustrum vicaryi has definite anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects, which is related to increasing the antioxidant capacity and decreasing th contents of NO and PGE2, and has not obvious damage to liver in the range of experimental concentration.</p>


Subject(s)
Analgesics , Chemistry , Animals , Anthocyanins , Pharmacology , Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Chemistry , Antioxidants , Metabolism , Aspirin , Pharmacology , Dinoprostone , Metabolism , Edema , Fruit , Chemistry , Glutathione Peroxidase , Metabolism , Ligustrum , Chemistry , Liver , Mice , Nitric Oxide , Superoxide Dismutase , Metabolism
10.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1390-1396, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-259464

ABSTRACT

Based on previous report that the Chinese herb Ligustrum lucidum (LL) extract directly inhibited hepatitis C virus (HCV) replicase (NS5B) activity, the active components of LL extract to inhibit HCV NS5B activity and their inhibition mode were investigated in this study. LL extract was separated using ethyl acetate and thin layer chromatography (TLC). The inhibitory activity of separated fractions on HCV NS5B was analyzed by the inhibitory assay of NS5B activity. The results showed that only fractions 1 and 2 inhibited NS5B activity, and fraction 2 possessed higher inhibitory activity than fraction 1. HPLC analysis combined with inhibitory assays indicated that ursolic acid and oleanolic acid are the active components within fractions 1 and 2 to inhibit NS5B activity, separately. Moreover, oleanolic acid possessed higher inhibitory activity than ursolic acid. Further inhibition mode analysis found that both oleanolic acid and ursolic acid suppressed NS5B activity as noncompetitive inhibitors. The Ki values of ursolic acid and oleanolic acid were about 4.7 microg x mL(-1) (10 micromol x kg(-1)) and 2.5 microg x mL(-1) (5.5 micromol x kg(-1)), respectively. Taken together, these results demonstrated that oleanolic acid and ursolic acid suppressed NS5B activity as noncompetitive inhibitors, implying that the two natural products have potential value for HCV therapy.


Subject(s)
Antiviral Agents , Pharmacology , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Hep G2 Cells , Humans , Ligustrum , Chemistry , Oleanolic Acid , Pharmacology , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Triterpenes , Pharmacology , Viral Nonstructural Proteins , Metabolism
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-287626

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the effect of combination of Epimedii Folium and Ligustri Lucidi Fructus on osteoporosis rats induced by retinoic acid.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Sixty three-month-old male Wistar rats were randomly divided into the normal control group, the model group, the Epimedii Folium group, the Ligustri Lucidi Fructus group, the combination group of Epimedii Folium and Ligustri Lucidi Fructus and the raloxifene group. The osteoporosis model was established through oral administration with retinoic acid for two weeks. Meanwhile, all of treatment groups were administered with corresponding drugs for three weeks. The contents of serum calcium (Ca), phosphorus (P), alkaline phosphatase (AKP) and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (StrACP) were detected, and the pathomorphological changes of femurs were observed.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The model control group showed much lower contents of serum Ca and P than the normal control group, but with significantly higher AKP and StrACP activity than the normal control group. The femoral head area showed reduced, narrow and sparse trabecular bones, with typical osteoporosis-like changes. Compared with the model control group, all of treated groups showed significant increase in Ca and P contents in serum, and down-regulate AKP and StrACP levels, while trabecular bones became more and wider, and densely interweaved as a reticular formation. Among them, the combination group showed the most significant effect.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Epimedii Folium and Ligustri Lucidi Fructus could effectively correct the abnormal bone metabolism and improve pathological conditions of bone tissues, so as to show the anti-osteoporosis effect. The combined application of the two drugs showed a better efficacy.</p>


Subject(s)
Acid Phosphatase , Blood , Alkaline Phosphatase , Blood , Animals , Body Weight , Calcium , Blood , Drug Interactions , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Epimedium , Chemistry , Femur , Pathology , Isoenzymes , Blood , Ligustrum , Chemistry , Male , Osteoporosis , Blood , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Phosphorus , Blood , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Tartrate-Resistant Acid Phosphatase , Tretinoin
12.
Acta sci., Biol. sci ; 34(3): 353-357, July-Sept. 2012. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-859948

ABSTRACT

Ligustrum lucidum ait. is an exotic species and In the present study, contents of sugars, proteins, and germination were evaluated in seeds removed from not abscisic and abscisic fruits. The seeds were stored or not under shadow or sun. The higher contents of total and reducing sugars were observed in seeds removed from not abscisic fruit while the period of storage resulted in the loss of these compounds. The same result was observed in the content of total sugars of seeds from abscisic fruits. The content of reducing sugars in seeds from abscisic fruits and submitted to storage had its content increased. The contents of total proteins in seeds from abscisic and not abscisic submitted to shadow or sun were not significantly different, but the results suggested an increase in protein synthesis during the storage period, differently from those seeds that were not submitted to storage. When seeds from abscisic and not abscisic fruits were evaluated immediately after harvest, they presented greater percentages of germination, while after 28 days, seeds submitted to the storage treatments showed lower values. The invasive potential of L. lucidum seems to be more associated to the number of seeds produced, than to their germination potential.


Ligustrum lucidum ait. é uma espécie exótica e no presente trabalho foram avaliados os teores de açúcares totais, redutores, proteínas, e germinação de sementes retiradas de frutos coletados da planta-mãe (não abscisados) e dispersos (abscisados) mantidos ou não em condições de sombra ou sol. Os maiores teores de açúcares totais e redutores foram obtidos em sementes imaturas, enquanto o armazenamento levou à perda destes composto, o que foi observado também para açúcares totais, nas mesmas condições, para sementes maduras. Verificaram-se aumentos nos teores de açúcares redutores em sementes maduras armazenadas. Apesar de não serem estatisticamente significativos, estes resultados entre sementes maduras e imaturas submetidas ao mesmo tratamento, indicam possível aumento da síntese protéica durante o período de armazenamento, sugerido pelo acréscimo no teor de proteínas totais, com pequena perda e/ou inibição em sementes de frutos submetidos ao sol. Sementes maduras e imaturas, imediatamente testadas após a coleta, apresentaram os maiores valores de porcentagem de germinação. no final de 28 dias de avaliação, enquanto aquelas submetidas aos tratamentos de armazenamento ficaram muito abaixo destes valores. Pelo presente trabalho, o potencial invasor de L. lucidum parece estar relacionado mais ao número de sementes produzidas pela espécie que o seu potencial germinativo.


Subject(s)
Carbohydrates , Ligustrum , Oleaceae , Proteins
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-263937

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To make a qualitative analysis on chemical components in Ligustrum lucidum by UPLC-ESI-Q-TOF-MS.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>ACQUITY UPLC BEH C18 (2.1 mm x 100 mm, 1.7 microm) column was adopted, with methyl cyanides-0.1% formic acid as the mobile phase for gradient elution; ESI ion source was used for mass spectra, and data were collected in positive and negative mode.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Fourteen compounds of L. lucidum were identified by analyzing positive and negative ion mass spectra information and element composition and comparing controls with data from relevant literature.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>After the separation by ultra high performance liquid chromatography, relative molecular mass was determined by mass spectra, and chemical compounds in L. lucidum were determined by information search through relevant literature data, in order to provide powerful therapeutic material basis for L. lucidum.</p>


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Methods , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Ligustrum , Chemistry , Molecular Structure , Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization , Methods
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-266988

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the anti-inflammatory effect of the combination of Epimedii Folium, Ligustri Lucidi Fructus and dexamethasone on asthma and its effect in inhibiting adverse reaction against hormone.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Dexamethasone had been injected intraperitoneally into asthmatic model rats for 2 weeks, together with the oral administration of Epimedii Folium and Ligustri Lucidi Fructus. The contents of IL-4, INF-gamma, IL-5 and GCR in BALF, serum COR, plasma ACTH and hypothalamic CRH were observed.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The combination of Epimedii Folium, Ligustri Lucidi Fructus and dexamethasone can significantly decrease the contents of IL-5 and IL-4 in BALF and ACTH and CRH content in plasma, increase the content of IFN-gamma and GCR in BALF and balance Th1/Th2.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The combination of Epimedii Folium, Ligustri Lucidi Fructus and dexamethasone has a better anti-inflammatory effect on asthmatic model rats, and play a protective role in the pathway of endogenous dexamethasone.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Asthma , Drug Therapy , Allergy and Immunology , Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid , Allergy and Immunology , Cytokines , Dexamethasone , Drug Therapy, Combination , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Ligustrum , Male , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Th1 Cells , Allergy and Immunology , Th2 Cells , Allergy and Immunology
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-262171

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To identify and quantify the compound compositions of ether extracts of Ligustrum lucidum.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>After extracted 4 hour by Soxhlet extraction with ether, the extractive were analyzed by gas chromatography and mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Furthermore, heuristic evolving latent projection (HELP) was used to resolve the overlapping peaks to obtain the pure concentration profiles and mass spectra. Subsequently, mass spectral similarity search combining with the retention index was employed for the identification of each component.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Totally, 75 compounds were identified, accounting for 84.3% of that in the whole ether extracts of L. lucidum.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The main compounds of L. lucidum are oleic acid, lupeol and (Z,Z) 9,12-octadecadienoic acid, whose relative content were 9.805%, 8.848%, 8.357%, respectively.</p>


Subject(s)
Ether , Chemistry , Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry , Methods , Ligustrum , Chemistry , Plant Extracts
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-281700

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the chemical constituents from the fruits of Ligustrum lucidum.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The chemical constituents from the ethanol extract of L. lucidum were isolated and purified by silica gel, Sephadex LH-20, ODS column chromatographic methods. Their structures were identified on the basis of spectroscopic data and physico-chemical properties.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Twenty compounds were isolated and identified as oleanolic acid (1), crategolic acid (2), acetyl oleanolic acid (3), lupeol (4), betulin (5), dammarenediol-II (6), 3beta-acetyl-20, 25-epoxydammarane-24alpha-ol (7), 25-epoxydammarane-3beta, 24alpha-diol (8), dammar-24-ene-3beta-acetyl-20S-ol) (9), 20S, 24R-dammarane-25-ene-24-hydroperoxy-3beta, 20-diol (10), fouquierol (11), oliganthas A (12), dammarenediol II 3-O-palmitate (13), ocotillol II 3-O-palmitate (14), (E) -25-hydroperoxydammar-23-ene-3beta,20-diol (15), verbascoside (16), cimidahurinine (17), 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-ethyl-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (18), osmanthuside H (19), 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl) ethanol (20).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Compounds 4, 16,17, 19 were isolated from this plant for the first time, andcompounds 12-15 were isolated from this genus for the first time.</p>


Subject(s)
Fruit , Chemistry , Ligustrum , Chemistry , Organic Chemicals
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-283787

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To develop an HPLC method for determination of two major secoiridoid glucosides (nuezhenoside and G13) from Fructus Ligustri Lucidi. and determinae nuezhenoside and G13 in samples from different acquisition times and different places.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The sample was separated on a YMG-C18 (4.6 mm x 250 mm, 10 microm) column. The mobile phase was acetonitrile-water, gradient elution (CH3CN: 0 min, 20%; 15 min, 25%) with the flow rate of 1 mL x min(-1), the detection wavelength was 240 nm, and the column temperature was set at 25 degrees C.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>In HPLC analysis ,the linear ranges of nuezhenoside and G13 were 0.341-34.1 microg and 0.331-33.1 microg, respectively; their average recoveries were 97.5% (RSD 1.35%) and 98.1% (RSD 1.82%), respectively. The results of content determination (nuezhenoside and G13) of samples from different places varied greatly. This may be caused by different species sources and different preparation methods, etc. The experiment led up to the fact that from the beginning to the middle of November the content of nuezhenoside and G13 reached the maximum.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The established method can be used to determine two major secoiridoid glucosides (nuezhenoside and G13) in Fructus Ligustri Lucidi simultaneously. Meanwhile it can be used for the quality control of Fructus Ligustri Lucidi.</p>


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Fruit , Chemistry , Iridoids , Chemistry , Ligustrum , Chemistry , Reproducibility of Results
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-235296

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the effect of compound decoction on notoginsenosides in Panax notoginseng.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Notoginsenoside R1, Rg1, Re, Rb1 and pH were used as the parameters to investigate the changes on the content of notoginsenosides in different compound extractions by heating for two hours and their correlation with pH.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>When the pH values of solution of P. notoginseng with Fructus ligustri, P. notoginseng with Eupolyphaga seu steleophaga, P. notoginseng with Pheretima asiatica, and Zhitangjiang Fang (free of Hirudo) were rept higher than 5.7, the reserved rate (RR) of notoginsenside were higher than 90%; When the pH values of decoetion of P. notoginseng with Salvia miltiorrhiza, P. notoginseng with Paeonia lactiflora, P. notoginseng with Platycodon grandiflorum, P. notoginseng with Arctium lappa were kept 4.5-5.5, their RR of notoginsenside were 60% - 85%; When the pH values of the decotction of P. notoginseng with Hirudo nipponica was decreased to 3.4, its RR of of notoginsenside was 38.4%; When the pH values of Zhitangjiang Fang extraction was regulated by 0.1% NaOH solution to pH 6. 3, and the RR of notoginsenside increased to 97%.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The pH of other Chinese herbal medicines extraction with P. notoginseng compound is a critical effect on the stability and yields of notoginsensides.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Arctium , Chemistry , Cockroaches , Chemistry , Drug Combinations , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Ginsenosides , Hirudo medicinalis , Chemistry , Hot Temperature , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Ligustrum , Chemistry , Materia Medica , Chemistry , Oligochaeta , Chemistry , Paeonia , Chemistry , Panax , Chemistry , Platycodon , Chemistry , Salvia miltiorrhiza , Chemistry
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-283420

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the effects of Taizhi'an capsule in treatment of hyperlipidemic fatty liver.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The model rats were induced by feeding high caloric diet for 8 weeks, then fifty rats were randomly divided into five groups, and each group had ten rats, the Taizhi'an groups (high dose 1 000 mg x kg(-1), middle dose 500 mg x kg(-1), low dose 250 mg x kg(-1)), the Yishanfu group and the model group. Liver index (liver weight/body weight), liver function, blood lipid, liver lipid, the content of MDA and SOD in liver were assayed after therapy, and observe Pathologic changes in rats liver.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Liver index, blood lipid, liver lipid, liver function increased significantly (P < 0.001) in model rats, and the content of SOD in liver decreased significantly (P < 0.05), Liver histology expressed mild to moderate fat denaturation; After being treated with high and middle dose of Taizhi'an capsule for six weeks, blood lipid, liver function decreased significantly (P < 0.001), and liver lipid decreased significantly (P < 0.001, P <0.05), the content of SOD in liver increased significantly (P < 0.05), meanwhile liver histology was closed to normal.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Taizhian capsule is effective in the treatment of hyperlipidemic induced fatty liver.</p>


Subject(s)
Alanine Transaminase , Blood , Animals , Aspartate Aminotransferases , Blood , Capsules , Cholesterol , Blood , Metabolism , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Fatty Liver , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Hyperlipidemias , Ligustrum , Chemistry , Liver , Metabolism , Pathology , Male , Malondialdehyde , Metabolism , Phytotherapy , Plant Leaves , Chemistry , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Random Allocation , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Superoxide Dismutase , Metabolism , Triglycerides , Blood , Metabolism , Triterpenes , Pharmacology
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-272812

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To optimize the combined extraction methods of Fructus Schisandrae Chinensis and Fructus Ligustri Lucidi.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The extraction effects of three processes (SFE CO2, alcohol-extraction, water-extraction) were compared by the contents of deoxyschizandrin, the dried extraction yield and production feasibility.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The method of alcohol-extraction was the best of the three methods, and the extraction conditions were optimized by orthogonal design as follows: sixfold 90% alcohol for two times and each for one hour.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The extraction method is steady and feasible, which can be used for reference for the extraction process of Fructus Schisandrae Chinensis and Fructus Ligustri Lucidi.</p>


Subject(s)
Alcohols , Chemistry, Pharmaceutical , Methods , Chromatography, Supercritical Fluid , Cyclooctanes , Drug Combinations , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Fruit , Chemistry , Lignans , Ligustrum , Chemistry , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Polycyclic Compounds , Schisandra , Chemistry , Technology, Pharmaceutical , Methods
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL