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1.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 51: 1-7, May. 2021. tab, ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1343303

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to explore genetic polymorphisms of the CCKAR gene and their relationship with the growth and development of Qinchuan cattle which could be used as molecular markers for the improvement of the breeding of Qinchuan cattle. RESULTS: Here, we have identified seven single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) at loci g. 1463 C>G; g. 1532 T>A; g. 1570 G>A; g. 1594 C>A; g. 1640 T>C; g. 1677 G>C; and g. 1735 C>T in the coding region of the bovine CCKAR gene. The frequencies identified on allelic and genotypic characteristics have shown that all seven SNPs diverged from the Hardy-Weinberg-Equilibrium. The SNP2, SNP3, SNP6 and SNP7 had the lowest polymorphism information content values, and remaining SNPs were found to be moderate (0.25 < PIC < 0.50). The genotype CG in SNP1 at loci g.1463 C>G had the greatest association with WH, HW, CD and CCF, while the genotype TA at the very same loci was associated with BFT, ULA and IMF content in Qinchuan cattle. The CCKAR gene expression level in adipose tissue, small intestine, liver and skeleton muscle was found to be higher, whereas, the expression level of mRNA in organs of other digestive system including reticulum, abomasum and omasum was moderate. Some expression of CCKAR mRNA was found in the large intestine, kidney and rumen. CONCLUSIONS: In summary, our finding suggested that the CCKAR gene could be used as a potential candidate for the improvement of carcass quality and body measurements of Qinchuan cattle.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Cattle/genetics , Receptor, Cholecystokinin A/genetics , Genetic Variation , Linkage Disequilibrium , Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Digestive System , Livestock , Genotyping Techniques , Gene Frequency , Meat Products
2.
Chinese Medical Sciences Journal ; (4): 85-91, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008968

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the association between total homocysteine (tHcy) level in plasma and methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) C677T and A1298C genetic polymorphisms in a Chinese Han nationality population with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) accompanied by dyslipidemia. Methods This case-control study enrolled T2DM patients with dyslipidemia and without dyslipidemia respectively. Sanger dideoxy-mediated chain-termination method was used to detect the gene polymorphisms of MTHFR C677T and A1298C. Plasma tHcy and lipid levels were measured as well. The genotype frequency and allele frequency between the dyslipidemia and non-dyslipidemia groups were compared by using Chi-square test. Plasma tHcy level of T2DM patients who carried the different genotypes was compared by Student's t test. Results Finally, 82 T2DM patients with dyslipidemia and 94 ones without dyslipidemia were included in this study. There was a significant correlation between tHcy level and MTHFR C677T gene polymorphism in T2DM patients (t=2.27, P=0.02). Moreover, the plasma tHcy level in the dyslipidemia patients who carried MTHFR 677 TT genotype was significantly higher than that in those with CT+CC genotype (13.62±6.97 vs. 10.95±3.62 μmol/L, t=2.20, P=0.03); while for patients without dyslipidemia, comparison of the tHcy level between those who carried the above two alleles showed no significantly difference (13.34±6.03 vs. 12.04±5.09 μmol/L, t=1.08, P=0.29). Conclusion MTHFR 677TT genotype might associate with higher tHcy level in T2DM patients with dyslipidemia.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Humans , Middle Aged , Alleles , Asian People/genetics , Base Sequence , Case-Control Studies , China , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/genetics , Dyslipidemias/genetics , Gene Frequency , Genotype , Homocysteine/blood , Linkage Disequilibrium , Methylenetetrahydrofolate Reductase (NADPH2)/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
3.
Journal of Clinical Neurology ; : 555-563, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764360

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Febrile seizure (FS) is a unique type of seizure that only occurs during childhood. Genelized epilepsy with febrile seizure plus (GEFS+) is a familial epilepsy syndrome associated with FS and afebrile seizure (AFS). Both seizure types are related to fever, but whether genetic susceptibility to inflammation is implicated in them is still unclear. To analyze the associations between postictal serum cytokine levels and genetic variants in the cytokine genes interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, and high mobility group box-1 (HMGB1) in FS and GEFS+. METHODS: Genotyping was performed in 208 subjects (57 patients with FS, 43 patients with GEFS+, and 108 controls) with the SNaPshot assay for IL-1β-31 (rs1143627), IL-1β-511 (rs16944), IL-6-572 (rs1800796), and HMGB1 3814 (rs2249825). Serum IL-1β, IL-6, and HMGB1 levels were analyzed within 2 hours after seizure attacks using the ELISA in only 68 patients (38 FS, 10 GEFS+, and 20 controls). The allele distribution, genotype distribution, and correlations with serum cytokine levels were analyzed. RESULTS: Near-complete linkage disequilibrium exists between IL-1β-31 and IL-1β-511 variants. CT genotypes of these variants were associated with significantly higher postictal serum IL-1β levels than were CC+TT genotypes in FS (both p<0.05). CT genotypes of IL-1β-31 and IL-1β-511 variants were more strongly associated with FS than were CC+TT genotypes (odds ratio=1.691 and 1.731, respectively). For GEFS+, serum IL-1β levels after AFS for CT genotypes of IL-1β-31 and IL-1β-511 were also higher than for CC+TT genotypes. No significant associations were found for IL-6 and HMGB1. CONCLUSIONS: Genetic variants located in IL-1β-31 and IL-1β-511 promotor regions are correlated with higher postictal IL-1β levels in FS. These results suggest that IL-1 gene cluster variants in IL-1β-31 and IL-1β-511 are a host genetic factor for provoking FS in Korean children.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Alleles , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Epilepsy , Epilepsy, Generalized , Fever , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genotype , HMGB1 Protein , Inflammation , Interleukin-1 , Interleukin-6 , Interleukins , Linkage Disequilibrium , Multigene Family , Promoter Regions, Genetic , Seizures , Seizures, Febrile
4.
Annals of Clinical Microbiology ; : 14-22, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739011

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Genetic variants and haplotypes of the interleukin-10 (IL10) gene have been shown to affect clinical outcomes, including the incidence of opportunistic infections (OIs), in HIV-infected patients. This study investigated the effect of IL10 gene variants on susceptibility to OIs in HIV-infected Korean patients in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). METHODS: Eighty-five HIV-infected patients receiving HAART were enrolled in the study. OIs were diagnosed based on the published criteria of the Korean Society for AIDS. Three promoter SNPs and four haplotype-tagging SNPs (htSNPs) of IL10 were selected and genotyped. The haplotypes were reconstructed according to the genotyping data and linkage disequilibrium (LD) status of these SNPs. RESULTS: During the study, 38 OIs developed in 23 of the 85 patients (27.1%), at a rate of 1.7 episodes/patient. Carrying the minor alleles at the rs1518111, rs3024490, and rs1800871 SNPs had a protective effect against OIs (adjusted P=0.035). Among the seven assessed variants, only three possible haplotypes were observed. The second most common haplotype, which was composed of the rs1518111 minor allele and the rs3021094 major allele showed a protective effect against OIs (P=0.0153). CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated that some IL10 genetic variants and haplotypes are associated with protective effects against OIs in the era of HAART. These data suggest the potential of two htSNPs, rs1518111 and rs3021094, as markers revealing the genetic association of IL10 in Koreans. This is the first report on the association of IL10 with OIs in HIV-infected Korean patients in the era of HAART.


Subject(s)
Humans , Alleles , Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active , Haplotypes , HIV , Incidence , Interleukin-10 , Korea , Linkage Disequilibrium , Opportunistic Infections , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
5.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 748-757, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763121

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Half of the world's gastric cancer cases and the highest gastric cancer mortality rates are observed in Eastern Asia. Although several genome-wide association studies (GWASs) have revealed susceptibility genes associated with gastric cancer, no GWASs have been conducted in the Korean population, which has the highest incidence of gastric cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed genome scanning of 450 gastric cancer cases and 1,134 controls via Affymetrix Axiom Exome 319 arrays, followed by replication of 803 gastric cancer cases and 3,693 healthy controls. RESULTS: We showed that the rs2976394 in the prostate stem cell antigen (PSCA) gene is a gastriccancer-susceptibility gene in a Korean population, with genome-wide significance and an odds ratio (OR) of 0.70 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.64 to 0.77). A strong linkage disequilibrium with rs2294008 was also found, indicating an association with susceptibility. Individuals with the CC genotype of the PSCA gene showed an approximately 2-fold lower risk of gastric cancer compared to those with the TT genotype (OR, 0.47; 95% CI, 0.39 to 0.57). The effect of the PSCA gene on gastric cancer was more prominent in the female population and for diffuse type gastric cancer. CONCLUSION: Our result confirmed that the PSCA gene may be the most important susceptibility gene for gastric cancer risk in a Korean population.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Exome , Asia, Eastern , Genetic Variation , Genome , Genome-Wide Association Study , Genotype , Incidence , Linkage Disequilibrium , Mortality , Odds Ratio , Prostate , Stem Cells , Stomach Neoplasms
6.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 57-62, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772121

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the association of genetic polymorphisms of norepinephrine metabolizing enzymes with postpartum depression and analyze the risk factors for postpartum depression in women following cesarean section.@*METHODS@#A total of 591 Chinese woman of Han Nationality undergoing caesarean section were enrolled in this study. The diagnosis of postpartum depression was established for an Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) score ≥9. For all the women without antepartum depression, the genotypes of catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT; at 5 sites including rs2020917 and rs737865) and monoamine oxidase A (rs6323) were determined using Sequenom Mass Array single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) analysis. We analyzed the contribution of the genetic factors (SNPs, linkage disequilibrium and haplotype) to postpartum depression and performed logistic regression analysis to identify all the potential risk factors for postpartum depression and define the interactions between the genetic and environmental factors.@*RESULTS@#The incidence of postpartum depression was 18.1% in this cohort. Univariate analysis suggested that COMT polymorphism at rs2020917 (TT genotype) and rs737865 (GG genotype) were significantly correlated with the occurrence of postpartum depression ( < 0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that COMT polymorphism at rs2020917 (TT genotype) and rs737865 (GG genotype), severe stress during pregnancy, and domestic violence were the risk factors for postpartum depression ( < 0.05); no obvious interaction was found between the genetic polymorphisms and the environmental factors in the occurrence of postpartum depression.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The rs2020917TT and rs737865GG genotypes of COMT, stress in pregnancy, and domestic violence are the risk factors for postpartum depression.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Catechol O-Methyltransferase , Genetics , Cesarean Section , Depression, Postpartum , Diagnosis , Genetics , Domestic Violence , Psychology , Gene-Environment Interaction , Genotype , Haplotypes , Linkage Disequilibrium , Monoamine Oxidase , Genetics , Norepinephrine , Metabolism , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Postoperative Complications , Diagnosis , Genetics , Pregnancy Complications , Psychology , Risk Factors , Stress, Psychological
7.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 766-775, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010483

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Mutations in LIM domain binding 3 (LDB3) gene cause idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDCM), a structural heart disease with a complicated genetic background. However, the association of polymorphisms in the LDB3 gene with susceptibility to IDCM in Chinese populations remains unexplored as dose the impact on clinical presentation.@*METHODS@#We sequenced all exons and the adjacent part of introns of the LDB3 gene in 159 Chinese Han IDCM patients and 247 healthy controls. Then we detected the distribution of polymorphisms in the LDB3 gene in all participants and assessed their associations with risk of IDCM. Additionally, we conducted a stratified genotype-phenotype correlation analysis.@*RESULTS@#The A allele of rs4468255 was significantly associated with IDCM (P<0.01). The rs4468255, rs11812601, rs56165849, and rs3740346 were also associated with diastolic blood pressure (DBP) and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) (P<0.05). Notably, a higher frequency of rs4468255 polymorphism was observed in implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) recipients under a recessive model (P<0.01), whereas the significant association disappeared after adjusting for potential confounders. However, in the dominant model, notable correlations could only be observed after adjusting for multi parameters.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The rs4468255 was significantly correlated with IDCM of Chinese Han population. A allele of rs4468255 is higher in IDCM patients with ICD implantation, suggesting the influence of genetic background in the generation of this response. In addition, rs11812601, rs56165849, and rs3740346 in LDB3 show association with brain natriuretic peptide, DBP, and LVEF levels in patients with IDCM but did not show any association with IDCM susceptibility.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing/genetics , Alleles , Asian People , Cardiomyopathy, Dilated/surgery , China/epidemiology , Defibrillators, Implantable , Exons , Genetic Association Studies , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genotype , LIM Domain Proteins/genetics , Linkage Disequilibrium , Mutation , Polymorphism, Genetic , Sequence Analysis, DNA
8.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 287-290, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010459

ABSTRACT

To further enrich the genetic data of the Chinese Xinjiang Mongolian group, the genetic distribution and forensic parameters of 19 autosomal short tandem repeats (STRs) were investigated. Altogether, 249 alleles were observed in these 19 STRs. The mean values of the polymorphism information content (PIC), match probability (MP), discrimination power (DP), and probability of exclusion (PE) for these 19 STRs were 0.7775, 0.0699, 0.9301, and 0.6085, respectively. Additionally, the cumulative DP and PE values obtained in the Mongolian group were 0.999 999 999 999 999 999 999 995 67 and 0.999 999 992 163, respectively. Furthermore, population genetic analysis of the Mongolian group and 20 published populations was conducted based on the population data of 15 overlapping STRs. Genetic distances indicated that the Mongolian group had closer genetic similarities with the Uyghur, Xibe, and other Chinese populations rather than the other continental populations. Multidimensional scaling analysis further revealed that the Mongolian group possessed similar genetic distributions as most Chinese populations. To sum it all up, these STRs could be used as an extremely efficient tool for forensic applications in the Xinjiang Mongolian group.


Subject(s)
Humans , Alleles , Asian People/genetics , China , DNA Fingerprinting , Databases, Genetic , Ethnicity/genetics , Gene Frequency , Genetic Markers , Genetics, Population , Genome, Human , Linkage Disequilibrium , Microsatellite Repeats , Mongolia , Polymorphism, Genetic , Principal Component Analysis , Probability , Software
9.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 38(3): 329-337, jul.-set. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-973986

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción. La región del antígeno leucocitario humano (Human Leukocyte Antigen, HLA) se ha asociado claramente con enfermedades autoinmunitarias, como la diabetes mellitus de tipo 1. Los polimorfismos representativos de un solo nucleótido (tag Single Nucleotide Polymorphism, tag SNP) constituyen una forma alternativa de evaluar los alelos clásicos del HLA. En la población europea se ha reportado un grupo de tag SNP para múltiples alelos clásicos relacionados con la predisposición o la resistencia frente a dicha enfermedad. Objetivo. Validar la metodología basada en los tag SNP enfocada en la inferencia de alelos HLA clásicos, y evaluar su asociación con la diabetes mellitus de tipo 1 en una muestra de familias antioqueñas. Materiales y métodos. Se estudió una muestra de 200 familias antioqueñas con uno a dos hijos afectados por diabetes mellitus de tipo 1. Se genotipificaron 13 SNP mediante el ARMS-PCR (Amplification Refractory Mutation System-Polymerase Chain Reaction) con cuatro iniciadores, o mediante la PCR-RFLP (PCR-Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism). Además, se evaluó la validez de los tag SNP de 1.000 genomas reportados en europeos en una muestra de 60 individuos de la población colombiana de Medellín. Se hicieron las pruebas de desequilibrio de la transmisión, de desequilibrio de ligamiento y de equilibrio de Hardy-Weinberg. Resultados. En la población de estudio no se encontró suficiente desequilibrio de ligamiento entre los SNP y los alelos clásicos evaluados, por lo cual no fue posible inferir los alelos clásicos del HLA para el conjunto de familias con diabetes mellitus de tipo 1. El estudio de asociación evidenció que esta región aporta factores tanto de riesgo como de protección para el desarrollo de la enfermedad. Los tag SNP apropiados para la muestra de estudio se determinaron usando los SNP ubicados en la región HLA en la base de datos del 1000 Genomes Project en la mencionada población. Conclusiones. Los patrones de desequilibrio de ligamiento en la población estudiada fueron diferentes a los reportados para la población europea. A pesar de esto, se encontró evidencia clara sobre el papel de la región HLA en el riesgo de padecer diabetes mellitus de tipo 1 en la población de estudio.


abstract Introduction: The HLA region strongly associates with autoimmune diseases, such as type 1 diabetes. An alternative way to test classical HLA alleles is by using tag SNP. A set of tag SNP for several classical HLA alleles has been reported as associated with susceptibility or resistance to this disease in Europeans. Objective: We aimed at validating the methodology based on tag SNP focused on the inference of classical HLA alleles, and at evaluating their association with type 1 diabetes mellitus in a sample of 200 families from Antioquia. Materials and methods: We studied a sample of 200 families from Antioquia. Each family had one or two children with T1D. We genotyped 13 SNPs using tetra-primer ARMS-PCR or PCRRFLP. In addition, we tested the validity of the tag SNP reported for Europeans in 60 individuals from a population of Colombians living in Medellín (CLM) from the 1000 Genomes Project database. Statistical analyses included the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium, the transmission disequilibrium and the linkage disequilibrium tests. Results: The linkage disequilibrium was low in reported tag SNP and classical HLA alleles in this CLM population. Association analyses revealed both risk and protection factors to develop type 1 diabetes mellitus. Appropriate tag SNPs for the CLM population were determined by using the genotype information available in the 1000 Genome Project database. Conclusions: Although linkage disequilibrium patterns in this CLM population were different from those reported in Europeans, we did find strong evidence of the role of HLA in the development of type 1 diabetes mellitus in the study population.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Genes, MHC Class I , Genes, MHC Class II , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1/genetics , HLA Antigens/genetics , Computer Simulation , Linkage Disequilibrium , Colombia/epidemiology , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1/epidemiology , Alleles , Epistasis, Genetic , Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase, Non-Receptor Type 22/genetics , CTLA-4 Antigen/genetics , Interferon-Induced Helicase, IFIH1/genetics , Genotype , Models, Genetic
10.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 529-535, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-717772

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Atopic march (AM) is the progression from atopic dermatitis (AD) to allergic rhinitis and asthma. The development of AD is as high as 20% in children worldwide and continues to increase. AD seems to be caused by both genetic and environmental factors. Recently, polymorphisms of the thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) gene associated with allergic disorders were reported in ethnic groups from various countries. OBJECTIVE: Identification of TSLP polymorphisms in Koreans with AD or AM. METHODS: Whole-exome sequencing was performed in 20 AD and 20 AM patients. RESULTS: Nine single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of TSLP were detected (rs191607411, rs3806933, rs2289276, rs2289277, rs2289278, rs139817258, rs11466749, rs11466750, rs10073816). These SNPs have been correlated with susceptibility to allergic diseases in ethnic groups from China, Japan, Turkey, and Costa Rica in previous studies. Remarkably, one of 20 patients in the AD group lacked all SNPs, compared to six of 20 patients in the AM group. Odds ratios showed that Korean patients without the nine TSLP variants had an 8.14 times higher risk of moving from AD to AM. Two haplotype blocks were validated in 60 AD and 59 AM patients using Sanger sequencing. The haplotype blocks (rs3806933 and rs2289276) and (rs11466749 and rs11466750) were in high linkage disequilibrium, respectively (D′=0.97, D′=1). CONCLUSION: The increase of major allele frequency of respective nine TSLP variants may enhance the risk of AM. These data will contribute to improved genetic surveillance system in the early diagnosis technology of allergic disease.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Asthma , China , Costa Rica , Dermatitis, Atopic , Early Diagnosis , Ethnicity , Gene Frequency , Haplotypes , Japan , Linkage Disequilibrium , Odds Ratio , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Rhinitis, Allergic , Turkey
11.
Gut and Liver ; : 316-323, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-714609

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The development of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is associated with multiple genetic and environmental factors. METHODS: We performed a genome-wide association study to identify the genetic factors related to NAFLD in a Korean population-based sample of 1,593 subjects with NAFLD and 2,816 controls. We replicated the data in another sample that included 744 NAFLD patients and 1,137 controls. We investigated single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) that were related to NAFLD. RESULTS: After adjusting for age, sex and body mass index, rs738409, rs12483959 and rs2281135, located in the PNPLA3 gene, were validated in our population (p < 8.56×10⁻⁸) in the same linkage disequilibrium block. Additionally, rs2143571, rs3761472, and rs2073080 in the SAMM50 gene showed significant associations with NAFLD (p < 8.56×10⁻⁸). Furthermore, these six SNPs showed significant associations with the severity of fatty liver (all p < 2.0×10⁻¹⁰ in the discovery set and p < 2.0×10⁻⁶ in the validation set) and NAFLD, with elevated levels of alanine aminotransferase (all p < 2.0×10⁻¹⁰ in the discovery set and p < 2.0×10⁻⁶ in the validation set). CONCLUSIONS: We demonstrated that the PNPLA3 and SAMM50 genes are significantly associated with the presence and severity of NAFLD in a Korean population. These findings confirm the important roles of genetic factors in the pathogenesis of NAFLD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Alanine Transaminase , Body Mass Index , Fatty Liver , Genome-Wide Association Study , Linkage Disequilibrium , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease , Polymorphism, Genetic , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
12.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 85-89, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009530

ABSTRACT

Previous genome-wide association studies have identified variants in the diacylglycerol kinase kappa (DGKK) gene associated with hypospadias in populations of European descent. However, no variants of DGKK were confirmed to be associated with hypospadias in a recent Han Chinese study population, likely due to the limited number of single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) included in the analysis. In this study, we aimed to address the inconsistent results and evaluate the association between DGKK and hypospadias in the Han Chinese population through a more comprehensive analysis of DGKK variants. We conducted association analyses for 17 SNPs in or downstream of DGKK with hypospadias among 322 cases (58 mild, 113 moderate, 128 severe, and 23 unknown) and 1008 controls. Five SNPs (rs2211122, rs4554617, rs7058226, rs7063116, and rs5915254) in DGKK were significantly associated with hypospadias (P < 0.05), with odds ratios (ORs) of 1.64-1.76. When only mild and moderate cases were compared to controls, 10 SNPs in DGKK were significant (P < 0.05), with ORs of 1.56-2.13. No significant SNP was observed when only severe cases were compared to controls. This study successfully implicated DGKK variants in hypospadias risk among a Han Chinese population, especially for mild/moderate cases. Severe forms of hypospadias are likely due to other genetic factors.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Male , Asian People , Case-Control Studies , China/epidemiology , Diacylglycerol Kinase/genetics , Genetic Predisposition to Disease/genetics , Genetic Variation/genetics , Genome-Wide Association Study , Haplotypes , Hypospadias/genetics , Linkage Disequilibrium , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide/genetics , Risk Assessment
13.
Rev. bras. hematol. hemoter ; 39(3): 229-236, July-Sept. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-898929

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background Bone marrow transplantation has been used in the treatment of various diseases, especially hematologic diseases. The success of this treatment, among other factors, requires human leukocyte antigens (HLA) compatibility between patient and donor. Knowing the human leukocyte antigens allele group and haplotype frequencies as well as the linkage disequilibrium between alleles of different human leukocyte antigens loci can shorten the search time for a compatible bone marrow donor. Objective To assemble and analyze data on human leukocyte antigens frequencies available in the Laboratory of Immunogenetics and Histocompatibility (LIGH) database of the Universidade Federal do Paraná adding an estimation of the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium and linkage disequilibrium. Methods The sample was composed of seven populations grouped by self-declared ancestry or inferred from the surname as follows: Laboratory of Immunogenetics and Histocompatibility database (all groups), descendants of Italians, Poles, and Asians, Afro-Brazilians, Mulattos (mixed ancestry) and Amerindians. Human leukocyte antigens genotyping was carried out using the polymerase chain reaction-sequence specific primers (PCR-SSP) and -sequence specific oligonucleotide (PCR-SSO) technologies. Results There were high frequencies of the HLA-A*02, HLA-B*35 and HLA-DRB1*13 allelic groups in all groups. The same was observed for the HLA-A*01-B*08-DRB1*03 haplotype except for Asian descendants. It was observed that the human leukocyte antigens Laboratory of Immunogenetics and Histocompatibility database and the Asian group are not in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. The Italian, Polish, Asian, Mulatto and Amerindian descendants showed haplotypes in complete linkage disequilibrium. Our results were compared with data on the human leukocyte antigens in the Paraná population available from the Brazilian Voluntary Bone Marrow Donor Registry (REDOME) and data published on the population of Curitiba and the northern region of Paraná. Conclusions Haplotypes frequent in the Asian group were not the most frequently observed in the Laboratory of Immunogenetics and Histocompatibility database and the National Bone Marrow Donor Registry for the state of Paraná. Linkage disequilibrium information may prove useful in the search for bone marrow donors for patients awaiting a suitable donor.


Subject(s)
Humans , Polymorphism, Genetic , Transplantation , Linkage Disequilibrium , Histocompatibility , HLA Antigens
14.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 61(4): 337-342, July-Aug. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-887580

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective In the present study, we aimed to assess the associations of C1q gene polymorphisms with autoimmune thyroid diseases (AITD) susceptibility. Subjects and methods A set of 1,003 AITD patients (661 with Graves' disease and 342 with Hashimoto's thyroiditis) and 880 ethnically- and geographically-matched controls from Chinese Han population were included. Five common single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) (rs294185, rs292001, rs682658, rs665691 and rs294179) in C1q gene locus were genotyped. Frequencies of genotypes and alleles were compared between patients and controls, and haplotype analysis was also performed. Results There was no statistically significant difference between AITD patients and controls in the frequencies of alleles of rs294185 (P = 0.41), rs292001 (P = 0.71), rs682658 (P = 0.68), rs665691 (P = 0.68) and rs294179 (P = 0.69). There was also no statistically significant difference between AITD patients and controls in the frequencies of genotypes of rs294185 (P = 0.72), rs292001 (P = 0.89), rs682658 (P = 0.83), rs665691 (P = 0.90) and rs294179 (P = 0.43). Stratified analyses showed that none of those five SNPs in C1q gene were associated with Graves' disease or Hashimoto's thyroiditis (all P values > 0.05). Haplotype analysis revealed that there were no obvious genetic associations of C1q gene polymorphisms with AITD susceptibility. Conclusions We, for the first time, identified the associations between C1q gene SNPs and AITD, and our findings suggested that five common SNPs in C1q gene were not associated with AITD susceptibility in Chinese Han population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Complement C1q/genetics , Graves Disease/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide/genetics , Hashimoto Disease/genetics , Genetic Association Studies/methods , Case-Control Studies , Linkage Disequilibrium/genetics , China/ethnology , Genetic Predisposition to Disease/genetics , Asian People/genetics
15.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 110-114, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-335171

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the genetic polymorphisms of human leukocyte antigen (HLA)- A, B, C, DRB1, DQA1, DQB1, DPA1and DPB1among ethnic Hans from southern China.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>481 randomly selected individuals were genotyped using a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) sequence-based typing (SBT) method for the above genes. Their allele frequencies were determined by direct counting.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In total, 28 HLA-A, 57 HLA-B, 28 HLA-C, 40 HLA-DRB1, 18 HLA-DQA1, 17 HLA-DQB1, 6 HLA-DPA1and 21 HLA-DPB1alleles were identified. Among these, common alleles (with allelic frequencies > 0.05) included A*1101, A*2402, A*0207, A*3303, A*0201, B*40:01, B*46:01, B*58:01, B*13:01, B*15:02, C*01:02, C*07:02, C*03:04, C*03:02, C*08:01, C*03:03, C*04:01, DRB1*09:01, DRB1*15:01, DRB1*12:02, DRB1*08:03, DRB1*03:01, DRB1*04:05, DRB1*11:01, DQA1*01:02, DQA1*03:02, DQA1*03:03, DQA1*06:01, DQA1*01:03, DQA1*05:05, DQA1*01:04, DQA1*03:01, DQA1*05:01, DQB1*03:01, DQB1*03:03, DQB1*06:01, DQB1*05:02, DQB1*03:02, DQB1*02:01, DQB1*03:02, DQB1*06:02, DPA1*02:02, DPA1*01:03, DPA1*02:01, DPB1*05:01, DPB1*02:01, DPB1*13:01, DPB1*04:01and DPB1*02:02.For each of the locus, the overall frequencies of common alleles were 75.57%, 52.81%, 78.28%, 62.16%, 86.70%, 77.23%, 95.32% and 81.59%, respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The allelic frequencies of the 8 selected HLA loci among ethnic Hans from southern China may served as a reference for anthropology, legal medicine, transplantation and disease association studies.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Alleles , Asian People , Genetics , China , Gene Frequency , Genotype , Genotyping Techniques , Methods , HLA-A Antigens , Genetics , HLA-B Antigens , Genetics , HLA-C Antigens , Genetics , HLA-DP Antigens , Genetics , HLA-DQ alpha-Chains , Genetics , HLA-DQ beta-Chains , Genetics , HLA-DRB1 Chains , Genetics , Histocompatibility Antigens Class I , Genetics , Histocompatibility Antigens Class II , Genetics , Linkage Disequilibrium , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Polymorphism, Genetic
16.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 115-117, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-335170

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To assess the value of 15 short tandem repeat (STR) loci selected by an AmpFLSTR Identifilersystem for personal identification and paternity testing among ethnic Hans from Xiamen, Fujian.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>For 400 unrelated individuals, allelic frequencies for the 15 STR loci from the AmpFLSTR Identifilerkit were determined. Population genetics parameters for forensic usage were calculated.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>No deviation of the observed allele frequency from Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium expectations was found by Chi-square test (P>0.05). All of the 15 loci were highly polymorphic. Observed heterozygosity has varied between 0.580 and 0.868. Matching probability was between 0.036 and 0.148. Power of discrimination was between 0.798 and 0.967. Polymorphic information content was between 0.560 and 0.850. And power of exclusion was between 0.268 and 0.730.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>All of the 15 loci selected by the AmpFLSTR Identifilersystem are highly polymorphic among ethnic Hans from Xiamen. By determining the alleles and allelic frequencies, data for genetic polymorphisms usable for paternity testing and personal identification for local population were obtained.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Alleles , Asian People , Genetics , Chi-Square Distribution , China , Forensic Genetics , Methods , Gene Frequency , Genetics, Population , Methods , Genotype , Linkage Disequilibrium , Microsatellite Repeats , Genetics , Polymorphism, Genetic
17.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 271-276, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984891

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the genetic polymorphisms of 30 insertion/deletion (InDel) loci and evaluate their forensic application in Ewenki ethnic group from Inner Mongolia.@*METHODS@#Peripheral blood samples were collected from 87 unrelated healthy individuals in Ewenki ethnic group. Genomic DNA were extracted, and 30 InDel loci of the samples were multiplex amplified and genotyped. Hardy-Weinberg balance tests were preformed for all loci and genetic parameters were calculated by modified PowerStats v1.2 software. The linkage disequilibrium between loci were tested by SNPAnalyzer v2.0 software. Based on the allele frequencies of 30 InDel loci, the genetic relationships between Ewenki ethnic group and other populations were evaluated by analysis of molecular variance, principal component analysis and phylogenetic reconstruction.@*RESULTS@#After correction, 30 InDel loci conformed to Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. It was found that the pairwise InDel loci were in linkage equilibrium after Bonferroni correction. The results of population genetics indicated that Ewenki ethnic group had close genetic relationships with Henan Han and Beijing Han populations; whereas it was significantly different from several populations in Europe and Mexico.@*CONCLUSIONS@#There are relatively high genetic polymorphisms on 30 InDel loci of Ewenki ethnic group from Inner Mongolia, which can be used as a helpful supplement application for STR detection system.


Subject(s)
Humans , Asian People/genetics , Beijing , China/epidemiology , DNA , Ethnicity/genetics , Gene Frequency , Genetic Loci , Genetics, Population , Genotype , INDEL Mutation , Linkage Disequilibrium , Microsatellite Repeats , Phylogeny , Polymorphism, Genetic , Social Behavior
18.
Genomics & Informatics ; : 178-182, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-192013

ABSTRACT

Next-generation sequencing (NGS) technology has become a trend in the genomics research area. There are many software programs and automated pipelines to analyze NGS data, which can ease the pain for traditional scientists who are not familiar with computer programming. However, downstream analyses, such as finding differentially expressed genes or visualizing linkage disequilibrium maps and genome-wide association study (GWAS) data, still remain a challenge. Here, we introduce a dockerized web application written in R using the Shiny platform to visualize pre-analyzed RNA sequencing and GWAS data. In addition, we have integrated a genome browser based on the JBrowse platform and an automated intermediate parsing process required for custom track construction, so that users can easily build and navigate their personal genome tracks with in-house datasets. This application will help scientists perform series of downstream analyses and obtain a more integrative understanding about various types of genomic data by interactively visualizing them with customizable options.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dataset , Genome , Genome-Wide Association Study , Genomics , Linkage Disequilibrium , Sequence Analysis, RNA
19.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1179-1184, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-290105

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>A study has identified several novel susceptibility variants of the mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase kinase kinase 4 (MAP4K4) gene for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) within the German population. Among the variants, five single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of MAP4K4 (rs1003376, rs11674694, rs2236935, rs2236936, and rs6543087) showed significant association with T2DM or diabetes-related quantitative traits. We aimed to evaluate whether common SNPs in the MAP4K4 gene were associated with T2DM in the Chinese population.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Five candidate SNPs were genotyped in 996 patients newly diagnosed with T2DM and in 976 control subjects, using the SNPscan™ method. All subjects were recruited from the Second Affiliated Hospital, Harbin Medical University from October 2010 to September 2013. We evaluated the T2DM risk conferred by individual SNPs and haplotypes using logistic analysis, and the association between the five SNPs and metabolic traits in the subgroups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Of the five variants, SNP rs2236935T/C was significantly associated with T2DM in this study population (odds ratio = 1.293; 95% confidence interval: 1.034-1.619, P= 0.025). In addition, among the controls, rs1003376 was significantly associated with an increased body mass index (P = 0.045) and homeostatic model assessment-insulin resistance (P = 0.037).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>MAP4K4 gene is associated with T2DM in a Chinese Han population, and MAP4K4 gene variants may contribute to the risk toward the development of T2DM.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Asian People , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Genetics , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genetics , Genotype , Haplotypes , Genetics , Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins , Genetics , Linkage Disequilibrium , Genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Genetics , Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases , Genetics
20.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 535-539, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-345414

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To assess the association of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) gene polymorphisms with ectopic pregnancy (EP) among Chinese women.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A case-control study was carried out, which compared 192 women with a history of EP with 210 post-menopausal controls who had two pregnancies but no history of EP for the genotypes of the VEGF gene. Polymorphisms of the VEGF gene including -460C/T, -1154G/A, -2578C/A and +936C/T were determined with a polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism method.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>No significant difference was found in the genotypic and allelic distribution of the -460C/T and +936C/T polymorphisms between the two groups. Compared with the GG genotype, the VEGF -1154 AA+GA genotype could significantly decrease the risk of EP (OR=0.61, 95%CI: 0.42-0.87). Compared with the CC genotype, VEGF -2578 AA+CA genotype could significantly reduce the risk of EP (OR=0.66, 95%CI:0.44-0.99). Haplotype analysis suggested that the T-A-A (VEGF -460/-1154/-2578) and C-A-A haplotypes could significantly decrease the risk of EP compared with the T-G-C haplotype (P=0.020, OR=0.41, 95%CI:0.19-0.89, P=0.014, OR=0.29, 95%CI:0.11-0.82).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The -1154A or -2578A alleles of the VEGF gene can significantly decrease the risk of EP among Chinese women. The VEGF -460C/T, -1154G/A and -2578C/A polymorphisms showed a linkage disequilibrium. Both T-A-A and C-A-A haplotypes can significantly decrease the risk of EP.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Case-Control Studies , Genotype , Haplotypes , Linkage Disequilibrium , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Pregnancy, Ectopic , Genetics , Risk , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Genetics
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