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1.
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 63: e20190177, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132206

ABSTRACT

Abstract: This article describes the chemical composition of Vernonia chalybaea essential oil, and investigates its antimicrobial, antioxidant and hemolytic activities. The evaluation of the antifungal activity was performed by the broth microdilution method using strains of yeasts and dermatophytic fungi. The checkerboard technique to find antimicrobial modulatory effects was performed using ketoconazole as standard drug. The antioxidant activity was evaluated by DPPH scavenging assay and β-carotene/linoleic-acid system. The toxicity was characterized by the brine shrimp lethality test and hemolysis bioassays. The essential oil was obtained by hydrodistillation and analyzed by GC-MS method, showing to be rich in the sesquiterpenes β-caryophyllene (39.06%) and bicyclogermacrene (19.69%), and also demonstrated a relevant antifungal activity against strains of Trichophyton rubrum. In the modulatory activity assay, the essential oil of V. chalybaea and β-caryophyllene demonstrated a synergistic interaction with ketoconazole, with increasing of its antifungal action. The antioxidant activity was evidenced mainly by β-carotene/linoleic acid system, with IC50 value of 35.87 ± 0.32 µg/mL. The results suggest that V. chalybaea essential oil and β-caryophyllene are valuable natural medicinal agents with antioxidant and antimicrobial activities.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Oils, Volatile/pharmacology , Vernonia/chemistry , Ketoconazole/pharmacology , Antifungal Agents/pharmacology , Artemia , Bacteria/drug effects , Oils, Volatile/chemistry , Linoleic Acid/pharmacology , beta Karyopherins/pharmacology , Fungi/classification , Fungi/drug effects , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Antifungal Agents/chemistry , Antioxidants/pharmacology
2.
Rio de Janeiro; s.n; 2011. 80 p. ilus.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-613884

ABSTRACT

A leptospirose humana é uma doença infecciosa aguda de amplo espectro clínico e que cursa com alterações metabólicas e dislipidêmicas envolvendo colesterol total e frações, triglicerídeos e ácidos graxos não esterificados (AGNEs). Dentre os mecanismos celulares envolvidos na sua fisiopatologia encontram-se a inibição da enzima Na, K ATPase pela endotoxina GLP e a lipotoxicidade, ambos agravados pela redução dos níveis circulantes da albumina, molécula que exerce um papel fundamental na adsorção de moléculas lipídicas. Neste estudo observacional, determinamos as concentrações séricas de bilirrubina, creatinina e albumina e, pela técnica de cromatografia líquida de alta performance, a concentração sérica dos AGNEs de cadeia longa (C16: C18) de 27 pacientes com síndrome de Weil durante o período de internação hospitalar, dos quais cinco vieram a falecer. Verificamos correlações significantes (p<0,05) ao longo da internação hospitalar, nas concentrações séricas de marcadores bioquímicos de gravidade da doença (bilirrubina, creatinina e albumina), AGNEs, ácido oléico e ácido linoléico, e relação molar ácido oléico/albumina, com r (Pearson) de -0,7981, -0,7699, 0,9014, -0,8795 -0,9816, -0,9694, -0,9821, respectivamente. A relação molar ácido oléico/albumina e ácido oléico+linoléico/albumina foi significantemente mais elevada nos pacientes que faleceram (p<0,001), retornando aos valores semelhantes aos do grupo controle nos pacientes que evoluíram para a cura. Na análise por Curva Roc, a relação molar ácido oléico/albumina se mostrou um bom teste preditivo, com valor de corte 0,705 associado com maior especificidade e sensibilidade prognóstica. Nossos resultados sugerem que a utilização parenteral da albumina humana em pacientes com leptospirose pode ser uma potente ferramenta terapêutica nos casos mais graves ao interferir positivamente no resgate do equilíbrio bioquímico das relações molares ácido oléico/algumina e ácido oléico+linoléico/algumina.


Human leptospirosis is an acute infectious disease with a broad clinical spectrum. It courses with metabolic and dyslipidemic alterations, involving total cholesterol and fractions, triglycerides and nonesterified fatty acids (NEFAs). The cellular mechanisms involved in its pathogenesis include the inhibition of the enzyme sodium-potassium adenosine triphosphatase and lipotoxicity. Both mechanisms are aggravated by the reduction of serum levels of albumin, a molecule that plays a fundamental role in the absorption of lipid molecules. In this observational study, we determined the serum concentrations of bilirubin, creatinine and albumin, and, by High Performance Liquid Chromatography, the serum concentrations of long chain NEFAs (C16: C18) during the period of hospitalization of 27 patients with Weil's syndrome, five of whom progressed to death. Significant correlations were found between the length of hospitalization and serum concentrations of biochemical markers of severity (bilirubin, creatinine, albumin), NEFAs, oleic acid and linoleic acid, and the oleic acid: albumin molar ratio, with r (Pearson) of de -0,7981, -0,7699, 0,09014, -0,8795 -0,9816, -0,9694, -09821 respectively. The oleic acid: albumin molar ratio and oleic-plus-linoleic acid: albumin molar ratio were significantly higher in the patients who progressed to death, whereas in the cured patients this ratio decreased to levels that were similar to those found in the control group. Roc Curve analysis for the acid oleic: albumin molar ratio proved a good predictive test, with value of cutting 0.705 associated with greater specificity and prognostic sensitivity. Our results suggest that parenteral administration of human albumine may interfere positively in the rescue of biochemical balance of oleic acid: albumin molar ratio and oleic-plus-linoleic acid: albumin molar ratio and be a therapeutic tool for severe cases of leptospirosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Serum Albumin/administration & dosage , Serum Albumin/analysis , Serum Albumin/therapeutic use , Bilirubin/analysis , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Leptospirosis/physiopathology , Leptospirosis/therapy , Lipids/toxicity , Biomarkers/blood , Linoleic Acid/pharmacology , Oleic Acid/pharmacology , Creatinine/analysis , Prognosis
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-36633

ABSTRACT

The dietary effect of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) on the response of the immunoglobulin (serum and tissue) production in Balb/C mice was examined at three doses: 0 %(control), 0.5% and 1.5%. The combination effects of CLA with vitamin ADE or selenium also were investigated. CLA at 0.5% increased serum immunoglobulin A, G, mesenteric lymp node (MHN) and gut luminal IgA (secretory IgA) levels. However, 1.5% CLA decreased SIgG slightly. CLA both alone and combined with vitamin ADE and selenium did not affect serum IgE. The levels of immunoglobulin concentration in the 0.5% CLA group were higher than those in the1.5% CLA group. The level of serum IgG in 1.5% CLA combined with selenium was maintained at the same level as that of control. It is considered that over- doses of CLA (1.5%) even depressed the production of immunoglobulin but selenium and/or vitamin inhibited this activity to a certain extent.In this study, dietary CLA increased immunoglobulin production in a dose-dependent manner. Vitamin ADE and Selenium combined with CLA also increased the immunoglobulin production response except serum IgE.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Drug Therapy, Combination , Immunoglobulins/biosynthesis , Intestines/drug effects , Linoleic Acid/pharmacology , Lymph Nodes/drug effects , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Selenium/pharmacology , Vitamin A/pharmacology
4.
Rev. chil. nutr ; 29(2): 98-105, ago. 2002. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-340274

ABSTRACT

El ácido linoleico conjugado (ALC) es un ácido graso que presenta un tipo de isomeria trans, y que tiene variados efectos beneficiosos para la salud. La estructura de ALC más común que existe en la naturaleza, corresponde a la configuración de isómero 9c (cis), 11t (trans). El ALC se encuentra normalmente en tejidos y/o secreciones (leche) de rumiantes y es formado por la isomerización del ácido linoleico, por acción de la bacteria del rúmen llamada Butyrivibrio fibrisolven. ALC puede ser sintetizado, tanto en rumiantes como en no rumiantes, por la desaturación del ácido vaccenico (18:1, 11t) en el tracto intestinal y/o en el hígado de estos animales. La ingestión diaria de ALC es muy variable (0,5g/día-1,5g/día), ya que depende por una parte de los hábitos nutricionales ya sea individuales o regionales, o por otra, del consumo de carne, leche o derivados de la leche. Se han descritos diversas propiedades nutricionales y biológicas para los diversos isómeros de ALC, entre las más relevantes se destacan: su efecto hipocolesterolémico y antiaterogénico, su acción inmuno-estimulante, la protección que ofrece contra cierto tipo de cánceres, su función antioxidante y la participación en la reducción de peso corporal. Sin embargo, la confirmación definitiva de todos estos efectos beneficiosos para la salud, requiere de un mayor cuerpo de evidencias clínicas y experimentales que avalen sin lugar a dudas estas acciones de ALC. En la actualidad, diversos productos que contienen ALC se ofrecen en los mercados para la venta, los de mayor éxito, son aquellos productos que muestran que los isómeros de ALC que contienen, permiten reducir peso


Subject(s)
Humans , Linoleic Acid/pharmacology , Fatty Acids, Unsaturated/pharmacology , Linoleic Acid/analysis , Linoleic Acid/biosynthesis , Linoleic Acid/chemistry , Fatty Acids, Unsaturated/analysis , Anticholesteremic Agents , Antioxidants , Immunization , Weight Loss
5.
J. bras. med ; 82(6): 36-41, jun. 2002. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-316955

ABSTRACT

A reparaçäo tecidual e a cicatrizaçäo de feridas säo processos complexos que envolvem resposta inflamatória, granulaçäo e remodelaçäo tecidual. Quando o processo da reparaçäo é prejudicado, a lesäo tende a tornar-se crônica. Este é um estudo randomizado, multicêntrico, duplo-cego e placebo-controlado, envolvendo 100 pacientes portadores de úlceras crônicas de diferentes etiologias. Seu objetivo foi verificar a capacidade do ácido linoleico (AL) estimular o tecido de granulaçäo e cicatrizar feridas crônicas, avaliando também os efeitos colaterais e a tolerabilidade do paciente ao tratamento. As lesões tratadas com ácido linoleico mostraram diferença significativa no desenvolvimento do tecido de granulaçäo e cicatrizaçäo por ANOVA com p < 0,001. Das úlceras tratadas com AL, 100 por cento granularam até a segunda semana e 90,4 por cento cicatrizaram. Das tratadas com placebo, 1,5 apresentaram tecido de granulaçäo na quarta semana e 1,5 por cento cicatrizaram. Näo se observou efeito colateral severo e o tratamento foi bem tolerado


Subject(s)
Humans , Linoleic Acid/pharmacology , Linoleic Acid/therapeutic use , Chronic Disease/therapy , Granulation Tissue , Ulcer/therapy , Wound Healing
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