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1.
Arch Latinoam Nutr ; 71(3): 218-227, sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1353317

ABSTRACT

The objective of this work was to develop cookies using sorghum, germinated millet and chia flours. Four formulations (F) were used: F-sorghum (100% sorghum flour); F-Sorghum + chia (50% sorghum flour and 50% chia flour), F-millet (100% millet flour) and F-millet + chia (50% millet flour and 50% chia flour). The germinated millet flour was submitted to microbiological analysis. All cookies were evaluated in relation to chemical and sensory analyses, according to AOAC and hedonic nine-point scale, respectively. The statistical analysis was performed by the variance analysis and Tukey test at 5% probability. The F-millet formulation showed the least humidity content (4.59 ± 0.25g/100g), while chia containing cookies showed lesser concentrations of carbohydrates (F-sorghum + chia: 44.35 ± 4.34g/100g and F-millet + chia: 41.03 ± 1.40g/100g) and higher ash content (F-sorghum + chia: 3.80 ± 0.02g/100g and F-millet + chia: 3.42 ± 0.24g/100g) and of protein (F-sorghum + chia: 15.38 ± 0.44 g/100g and F-millet + chia: 18.06 ± 0.53 g/100g). The caloric value and the lipids content did not differ among formulations. The sensory analysis had 57 evaluators. The cookies produced with chia and germinated millet had higher rates for flavor, texture and general impression. In general, all tested biscuits had good sensory acceptance and nutritional quality being an alternative to increase the consumption of bioactive compounds and antioxidants(AU)


El objetivo fue desarrollar galletas utilizando harina de sorgo, mijo germinado y chía. Se utilizaron cuatro formulaciones (F): F-sorgo (100% harina de sorgo); Sorgo F + chía (50% harina de sorgo y 50% harina de chía), mijo F (100% harina de mijo) y mijo F + chía (50% harina de mijo y 50% harina de chía). La harina de mijo germinada se sometió a análisis microbiológico. Las galletas fueron sometidas a análisis químico y sensorial, según la AOAC y una escala hedónica de nueve puntos, respectivamente. El análisis estadístico se realizó mediante análisis de varianza y prueba de Tukey al 5% de probabilidad. La formulación F-mijo tuvo menor contenido de humedad (4,59 ± 0,25 g/100g), mientras que las galletas que contenían chía tuvieron concentraciones más bajas de carbohidratos (F-sorgo + chía: 44,35 ± 4,34 g/100g y F-mijo + chía: 41,03 ± 1,40 g / 100g), mayor contenido de cenizas (F-sorgo + chía: 3,80 ± 0,02 g/100g y F-mijo + chía: 3,42 ± 0,24 g/100g) y proteínas (F-sorgo + chía: 15,38 ± 0,44 g/100g y F mijo + chía: 18,06 ± 0,53 g/100g). El valor calórico y el contenido de lípidos no difirieron entre las formulaciones. El análisis sensorial contó con 57 evaluadores. Las galletas producidas con chía y mijo germinado tenían notas más altas de sabor, textura e impresión general. Las galletas testadas tuvieron buena aceptación sensorial y calidad nutricional, siendo una alternativa para incrementar el consumo de compuestos bioactivos y antioxidantes(AU)


Subject(s)
Microbiological Techniques , Sorghum , Cookies , Flour , Millets , Nutritive Value , Seeds , Lipids , Antioxidants
2.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 27(3): 278-281, July-Sept. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288578

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction Regular physical activity helps improve cardiovascular and cerebrovascular skills. How to evaluate the nervous tension of the cardiovascular and cerebrovascular vessels through sports is a hot topic. Objective The paper discusses the influence of regular participation in sports on people's cardiovascular function and blood-related indicators. Methods We select 30 healthy older adults who regularly participate in sports, record their ECG changes, blood pressure, heart rate and other related cardiovascular function indicators, and analyze the blood function of the elderly. Detection of blood cell count (RBC), red blood cell volume (MCV) and hemoglobin (Hb), serum creatinine (Cr), blood glucose (BGS), triglycerides (TG), cholesterol (TC), low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and high-Density lipoprotein (HDL) is measured. Results Older adults who persist in exercise for a long time have better indicators than those who do not exercise. Conclusions Appropriate aerobic exercise can reduce the stiffness of blood vessels in the elderly. Exercise can help the elderly increase heart rate variability and improve the heart's autonomic nerve function's blood indicators, and body mass. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment results.


RESUMO Introdução A atividade física regular ajuda a melhorar as habilidades cardiovasculares e cerebrovasculares. Como avaliar a tensão nervosa dos vasos cardiovasculares e cerebrovasculares por meio de esportes é um assunto quente. Objetivo o artigo discute a influência da participação regular em esportes sobre a função cardiovascular das pessoas e indicadores relacionados ao sangue. Métodos Selecionamos 30 idosos saudáveis que participam regularmente de esportes, registramos suas alterações no ECG, pressão arterial, frequência cardíaca e outros indicadores relacionados à função cardiovascular e analisamos a função sanguínea dos idosos. Detecção de contagem de células sanguíneas (RBC), volume de glóbulos vermelhos (MCV) e hemoglobina (Hb), creatinina sérica (Cr), glicose no sangue (BGS), triglicerídeos (TG), colesterol (TC), lipoproteína de baixa densidade (LDL ) e a lipoproteína de alta densidade (HDL) é medida. Resultados Idosos que persistem por muito tempo nos exercícios têm melhores indicadores do que aqueles que não praticam. Conclusão O exercício aeróbio adequado pode reduzir a rigidez dos vasos sanguíneos em idosos. O exercício pode ajudar os idosos a aumentar a variabilidade da frequência cardíaca e melhorar os indicadores sanguíneos da função nervosa autonômica do coração e a massa corporal. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción La actividad física regular ayuda a mejorar las habilidades cardiovasculares y cerebrovasculares. Cómo evaluar la tensión nerviosa de los vasos cardiovasculares y cerebrovasculares a través del deporte es un tema candente. Objetivo El artículo analiza la influencia de la participación regular en deportes sobre la función cardiovascular de las personas y los indicadores relacionados con la sangre. Métodos Seleccionamos a 30 adultos mayores sanos que participan regularmente en deportes, registramos sus cambios en el ECG, presión arterial, frecuencia cardíaca y otros indicadores relacionados con la función cardiovascular, y analizamos la función sanguínea de los ancianos. Detección del recuento de glóbulos rojos (RBC), volumen de glóbulos rojos (MCV) y hemoglobina (Hb), creatinina sérica (Cr), glucosa en sangre (BGS), triglicéridos (TG), colesterol (TC), lipoproteínas de baja densidad (LDL) ) y se mide la lipoproteína de alta densidad (HDL). Resultados Los adultos mayores que persisten en el ejercicio durante mucho tiempo tienen mejores indicadores que los que no lo hacen. Conclusión El ejercicio aeróbico adecuado puede reducir la rigidez de los vasos sanguíneos en los ancianos. El ejercicio puede ayudar a los ancianos a aumentar la variabilidad de la frecuencia cardíaca y mejorar los indicadores sanguíneos y la masa corporal de la función nerviosa autónoma del corazón. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos: investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Sports/physiology , Blood Cell Count , Blood Pressure/physiology , Hemoglobins/analysis , Heart Rate/physiology , Lipids/blood
3.
Int. j. med. surg. sci. (Print) ; 8(2): 1-13, jun. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284386

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las enfermedades cardiovasculares (ECV) son la causa de muerte más frecuente en las mujeres en todo el mundo. La deficiencia de estrógenos debido a la menopausia se asocia con un mayor riesgo a padecer esta patología.Objetivo: Analizar los factores de riesgo cardiovascular en mujeres perimenopausicas con al menos un factor de riesgo cardiovascular modificable mayor (diabetes, hipertensión, dislipemia) con edades comprendidas entre los 45 y 60 años de dos servicios de atención primaria urbanos.Metodología: Estudio descriptivo transversal en dos centros de salud de la ciudad de Ourense (Centro de Salud Novoa Santos y Centro de Salud A Ponte). Las variables analizadas fueron: Actividad estrogénica, tratamiento farmacológico, hábito tabáquico, calidad de vida, índice de masa corporal (IMC), colesterol total, lipoproteína de alta densidad (cHDL), lipoproteína de baja densidad (cLDL) y triglicéridos, tensión arterial sistólica (TAS), tensión arterial diastólica (TAD), frecuencia cardíaca (FC). El estudio contó con la aprobación del Comité Ético de Galicia. El análisis de los datos se efectuó a través del software libre R.Resultados: Participaron 316 mujeres, de las cuales el 64,9% eran menopáusicas. La edad media de la muestra fue de 53,35 ± 4,35 años. El valor medio del IMC fue de 28,125 ± 5,54 Kg/m2. Un 27,8% afirmó presentar hábito tabáquico. El 77,2% de las mujeres de la muestra presentaban niveles de colesterol total ≥200 mg/dl. En relación al cLDL, en el 72,6% de la población estudiada era ≥130 mg/dl. Se observó una correlación estadísticamente significativa entre el IMC y los niveles de triglicéridos, cHDL, TAS, TAD y FC.Conclusiones: Las mujeres perimenopáusicas presentaban una elevada prevalencia hábito tabáquico, obesidad y sobrepeso, a pesar de sufrir al menos un factor de riesgo cardiovascular. Por otra parte mostraron una baja calidad de vida tanto en la dimensión física como mental


Introduction: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the most common cause of death in women worldwide. Estrogen deficiency due to menopause is associated with an increased risk of this pathology.Objective: To analyze cardiovascular risk factors in perimenopausal women with at least one major modifiable cardiovascular risk factor (diabetes, hypertension, dyslipemia) between the ages of 45 and 60 of two urban primary care services.Methodology: Cross-sectional descriptive study in two health centers in the city of Ourense (Novoa Santos Health Center and A Ponte Health Center). The variables analyzed were: estrogenic activity, pharmacological treatment, smoking habit, quality of life, body mass index (BMI), total cholesterol, high density lipoprotein (cHDL), low-density lipoprotein (cLDL) and triglycerides, systolic blood pressure (TAS), diastolic blood pressure (TAD), heart rate (FC). The study was approved by the Ethics Committee of Galicia. Data analysis was performed through the free R software.Results: 316 women participated, of whom 64.9% were menopausal. The average age of the sample was 53.35 ± 4.35 years. The average BMI value was 28,125 ± 5.54 Kg/m2. 27.8% said they had a smoking habit. 77.2% of the women in the sample had total cholesterol levels ≥200 mg/dL. In relation to the cLDL, in 72.6% of the population studied it was ≥130 mg/dL. A statistically significant correlation was observed between BMI and triglyceride, cHDL, TAS, TAD and FC levels.Conclusion: Perimenopausal women had a high prevalence of smoking habit, obesity and overweight, despite suffering at least one cardiovascular risk factor. On the other hand they showed a low quality of life in both the physical and mental dimensión.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Primary Health Care , Menopause , Body Mass Index , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Quality of Life , Chi-Square Distribution , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Assessment , Lipids/analysis
4.
Con-ciencia (La Paz) ; 9(1): 1-18, jun. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284378

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: la obesidad es una enfermedad crónica que conlleva a la aparición de enfermedades cardiovasculares y diabetes mellitus tipo 2 (DM2). Pacientes con sobrepeso, obesidad o DM2 presentan generalmente un perfil lipídico con niveles sanguíneos elevados de colesterol, triglicéridos, LDL (lipoproteínas de baja densidad) y VLDL-c (lipoproteínas de muy baja densidad unidas al colesterol) y niveles bajos de HDL-c (lipoproteínas de alta densidad). Pseudocereales como Amaranthus caudatus (Amaranto), Chenopodium quinoa (Quinua) y Lupinus mutabilis (Tarwi) presentes en la región Andina de Bolivia, tienen propiedades potencialmente nutracéuticas, con un alto contenido de macronutrientes y diversos fitoquímicos con actividad biológica como alcaloides de quinolizidina, saponinas, triterpenos y γ-conglutina. OBJETIVO: determinar el efecto del consumo de un producto natural elaborado a base de granos de Amaranto, Quinua y Tarwi (AQT), sobre el perfil lipídico en pacientes con obesidad y DM2. MÉTODO: estudio clínico preliminar controlado, prospectivo, doble ciego y cruzado realizado en el Área de Farmacología del Instituto de Investigaciones Fármaco Bioquímicas de la Facultad de Ciencias Farmacéuticas y Bioquímicas de la Universidad Mayor de San Andrés. RESULTADOS: el consumo de un producto elaborado a base de harinas de Amaranto, Quinua y Tarwi (AQT) durante 3 meses, promovió la disminución significativa de colesterol, triglicéridos, LDL y VLDLc en pacientes diabéticos (DM2) con sobrepeso (IMC>25), sin embargo, los niveles de HDL-c no sufrieron cambios significativos. CONCLUSIÓN: por tanto, el producto AQT tiene efectos beneficiosos sobre el perfil lipídico en pacientes con sobrepeso u obesidad y con riesgo de padecer enfermedades cardiovasculares y DM2.


INTRODUCTION: obesity is a chronic disease that leads to the onset of cardiovascular diseases and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Overweight, obese or T2DM patients generally have a lipid profile with high blood levels of cholesterol, triglycerides, LDL (low-density lipoprotein) and VLDL-c (very low-density lipoprotein) and low levels of HDL-c (high-density lipoprotein of cholesterol). Pseudocereals such as Amaranthus caudatus (Amaranth), Chenopodium quinoa (Quinoa) and Lupinus mutabilis (Tarwi) present in the Andean region of Bolivia, have potentially nutraceutical properties, with a high content of macronutrients and various phytochemicals with biological activity such as quinolizidine alkaloids, saponins, triterpenes and γ-conglutin. OBJECTIVE: to determine the effect due to natural product intake made with Amaranth, Quinoa and Tarwi (AQT) on the lipid profile in patients with obesity and T2DM. METHOD: controlled, prospective, double blinded and crossed Preliminary Clinical Assay, performed in the Pharmacology Area of Instituto de Investigaciones Fármaco Bioquímicas from Facultad de Ciencias Farmacéuticas y Bioquímicas, Universidad Mayor de San Andrés. RESULTS: the intake of a product made from Amaranth, Quinoa and Tarwi (AQT) flour for 3 months, promoted a significant decrease in cholesterol, triglycerides, LDL and VLDL-c in overweight diabetic patients (DM2) (BMI> 25) However, HDL-c levels did not undergo significant changes. CONCLUSION: therefore, the AQT product has beneficial effects on the lipid profile in patients who are overweight or obese and at risk of cardiovascular disease and T2DM.


Subject(s)
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Triticum , Amaranthus , Chenopodium quinoa , Lipids , Obesity
5.
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1342403

ABSTRACT

The burden of hyperlipidemia is on the rise globally especially in many low-income countries like Uganda. Management of this metabolic disorder mainly involves dietary and behavioral therapies, which are often met with poor results as they require time and discipline from the patients. The chemotherapeutic options available are expensive, have many side effects and are rarely available to the average citizen. Thus, an alternative effective remedy which is readily available and cheap is needed to combat the problem of hyperlipidemia. This study sought to establish the effect of the mixture of Allium cepa extract and Camellia sinensis extract on the serum lipid profile of the male Wistar rats. Allium cepa and Camellia sinensis mixture in a ratio of 3:7 had the highest antioxidant activity. It reduced body weight, total cholesterol, triacylglycerides, LDL-cholesterol and increased HDL, and in addition it had no toxicity to the liver of the animal models used. It has thus been recommended as a potential therapy for hyperlipidemia and its associated complication of liver toxicity. A pharmaco-kinetic study regarding the interaction of antioxidants for combinations of Allium cepa and Camellia sinensis extracts in different ratios should be conducted to understand the cause of synergism and antagonism.


Subject(s)
Humans , Onions , Hyperlipidemias , Camellia sinensis , Diet, High-Fat , Lipids , Antioxidants
6.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 20(2): 195-202, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, MTYCI | ID: biblio-1146040

ABSTRACT

Los derivados de juglona, como 2-(4-hidroxifenil) amino-1,4-naftoquinona (Q7), son conocidos agentes antitumorales. Ellos generan especies reactivas de oxígeno (ROS), que podrían producir un desbalance de ROS y un metabolismo anormal de lípidos. El objetivo del estudio fue evaluar el efecto del ascorbato sobre el metabolismo de lípidos y carbohidratos en condición de estrés oxidativo inducido por Q7. A ratas Wistar macho, se les administró oralmente Q7 (10 mg/Kg) y/o ascorbato (500 mg/Kg) durante 20 días. Las ratas tratadas con Q7 mostraron un aumento de los triglicéridos en suero, del colesterol VLDL y de los niveles de peróxidación lipídica. Cuando el tratamiento con Q7 fue seguido de la administración de ascorbato (500 mg/Kg), observamos una disminución de los triglicéridos en suero, del colesterol VLDL y de la peroxidación lipídica. La administración oral de ascorbato redujo el aumento de lípidos inducido por Q7 y la glicemia postprandial. Esto podría estar asociado con la actividad redox del ascorbato, que reduce el estrés oxidativo inducido por Q7. Concluimos que el ascorbato modula el aumento del metabolismo de lípidos y carbohidratos inducido por Q7.


Juglone derivatives like 2-(4-hydroxyphenyl) amino-1,4-naphthoquinone (Q7) are used as antitumor agents, and act through reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation. Such may lead to abnormal lipid metabolism and ROS dysregulation. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of ascorbate on the metabolism of lipids and carbohydrates following Q7-induced oxidative stress. Male Wistar rats were administered Q7 (10 mg/Kg) and/or ascorbate (500 mg/Kg) orally for 20 days. Rats treated with Q7 showed an increase in serum triglycerides, VLDL cholesterol and lipid peroxidation levels. When Q7 treatment was followed up by ascorbate (500 mg/Kg) administration, we observed a reduction in serum triglycerides, VLDL cholesterol and lipid peroxidation. The oral administration of ascorbate reduced the Q7-induced increases in lipids, and postprandial glycemia. This could be associated with the redox activity of ascorbate that reduced the oxidative stress induced by Q7. We thus conclude that ascorbate modulates the Q7-induced increase of lipid and carbohydrate metabolism.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Ascorbic Acid , Lipids , Metabolism , Carbohydrates , Oxidative Stress
7.
São Paulo; s.n; HSPM; 2021.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, ColecionaSUS, SMS-SP, HSPM-Producao, SMS-SP | ID: biblio-1348460

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Atualmente, sabe-se que o sono é um estado ativo de regeneração e essencial para as funções fisiológicas do ser humano. Existem vários distúrbios do sono e um dos mais prevalentes é a Síndrome da apneia obstrutiva do sono (SAOS) definida por episódios recorrentes de hipopneia ou apneia durante o sono, seguidas por esforço respiratório, em consequência da obstrução de vias aéreas superiores. Esses eventos geram alterações abruptas na pressão arterial, hipóxia intermitente, aumento das citocinas inflamatórias, estresse oxidativo, alterações endoteliais e desregulação do metabolismo lipídico, favorecendo a concepção de um ambiente aterogênico e ao aumento do risco cardiovascular, o que justifica a investigação de dislipidemia nesses pacientes. A terceira edição da Classificação Internacional dos Transtornos do Sono classifica a SAOS em leve, moderada e grave a depender do número de eventos respiratórios por hora de sono durante a polissonografia. Um dos objetivos desse trabalho é investigar se há uma associação diretamente proporcional entre a gravidade da SAOS e o risco de dislipidemia através da análise do prontuário de pacientes apneicos atendidos entre julho de 2014 a junho de 2019 no ambulatório de sono do HSPM, orientando a prática assistencial desenvolvida na instituição. A amostra foi constituída por 74 pacientes com SAOS. Desses, 64 pacientes (86,5%) eram dislipidêmicos, mas apenas 27 (42,2%) realizavam tratamento hipolipemiante no período da primeira consulta. Os pacientes com distúrbio do metabolismo lipídico foram subdivididos em grupos segundo a gravidade da SAOS e aplicou-se testes estatísticos para analisar as proporções de ocorrência de dislipidemia e sua associação com o nível de apneia. A chance de dislipidemia em pacientes com SAOS grave foi 3.22 vezes maior em comparação ao grupo com apneia moderada. Calculouse um p-valor de 0,18 (maior que 0,05), que não descarta a hipótese de associação entre SAOS e dislipidemia, mas sugere que a sua prevalência não é proporcional ao nível de gravidade da apneia. A desregulação do metabolismo lipídico constitui um dos pilares da base patogênica da aterosclerose. Diante dos dados obtidos neste estudo e da revisão da literatura, sugere-se a prática de alta suspeição na identificação de indivíduos com SAOS, o diagnóstico precoce de dislipidemia e ações que aumentem a adesão do paciente ao tratamento hipolipemiante, prática crucial para correta definição das metas terapêuticas individuais e prevenção das complicações cardiovasculares. Palavras-chave: Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono; Transtornos do Metabolismo dos Lipídeos; Hipóxia; Estresse Oxidativo; Fatores de Risco de Doenças Cardíacas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Sleep Wake Disorders , Oxidative Stress , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Lipids
8.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(10): e11035, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285659

ABSTRACT

In this eight-year retrospective study, we evaluated the associations between climatic variations and the biological rhythms in plasma lipids and lipoproteins in a large population of Campinas, São Paulo state, Brazil, as well as temporal changes of outcomes of cardiovascular hospitalizations. Climatic variables were obtained at the Center for Meteorological and Climatic Research Applied to Agriculture (University of Campinas - Unicamp, Brazil). The plasma lipid databases surveyed were from 27,543 individuals who had their lipid profiles assessed at the state university referral hospital in Campinas (Unicamp). The frequency of hospitalizations was obtained from the Brazilian Public Health database (DATASUS). Temporal statistical analyses were performed using the methods Cosinor or Friedman (ARIMA) and the temporal series were compared by cross-correlation functions. In normolipidemic cases (n=11,892), significantly different rhythmicity was observed in low-density lipoprotein (LDL)- and high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol (C) both higher in winter and lower in summer. Dyslipidemia (n=15,651) increased the number and amplitude of lipid rhythms: LDL-C and HDL-C were higher in winter and lower in summer, and the opposite occurred with triglycerides. The number of hospitalizations showed maximum and minimum frequencies in winter and in summer, respectively. A coincident rhythmicity was observed of lower temperature and humidity rates with higher plasma LDL-C, and their temporal series were inversely cross-correlated. This study shows for the first time that variations of temperature, humidity, and daylight length were strongly associated with LDL-C and HDL-C seasonality, but moderately to lowly associated with rhythmicity of atherosclerotic outcomes. It also indicates unfavorable cardiovascular-related changes during wintertime.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , Climate , Lipids/blood , Lipoproteins/blood , Periodicity , Seasons , Triglycerides/blood , Brazil/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Cholesterol, HDL/blood
9.
Article in English | ID: biblio-1344680

ABSTRACT

This study evaluated the fatty acid composition and qualitative characteristics of meat from lambs feed in feedlot with increasing levels of canola grain. Meat obtained from 27 lambs fed 0, 8 and 16% inclusion of canola grain were analyzed. There was a reduction in the content of saturated fatty acids (SFA): lauric, heptadecanoic, and stearic; and unsaturated fatty acids (UFA): palmitoleic, oleic, and eicosatrienoic, with the increasing levels of canola grain. There was a linear reduction for the ω3 acid and the ω3: ω6 ratio, while the ω6: ω3 ratio increased. But the values observed for this ratio (ω6: ω3) were lower than 4, which is considered a satisfactory value. There was a slight increase (~2%) for the thrombogenicity index and atherogenicity index with the inclusion of canola grain. There was a reduction in the hypocholesterolemic: hypercholesterolemic ratio, with mean values of 2.09 for the diet with 0% inclusion, and 2.06 for 8 and 16% inclusion of canola. Although the inclusion of canola grain for lambs decreased the content of some UFA, reflecting alterations in the correlated nutritional properties, there is a reduction of SFA. The results for instrumental analysis, proximate composition, and sensory acceptance of the lamb meat were similar among the treatments.(AU)


Objetivou-se avaliar a composição dos ácidos graxos e as características qualitativas da carne de cordeiros terminados com níveis crescentes de canola grão na dieta. Foram estudadas amostras de carne provenientes de 27 cordeiros, confinados por 45 dias e alimentados com 00, 08 e 16% de inclusão de canola grão. Houve efeito para os ácidos graxos saturados (AGS): laurico, heptadecanoico e esteárico; ácidos graxos monoinsaturados (AGMI): palmitoleico e oleico; e ácidos graxos polinsaturados (AGPI): eicosatrienoico. Estes ácidos reduziram à medida que os níveis da canola grão aumentaram. Para os AGMI, houve efeito com maior concentração no músculo dos cordeiros alimentados sem a canola grão (49,80%). Houve uma redução linear para o ácido ω3 e para a relação ω3:ω6, enquanto que a relação ω6:ω3 aumentou. A canola grão influenciou o índice de aterogenicidade, com média de 0,57 para o tratamento com 0% de inclusão e 0,58 para os tratamentos com 8% e 16% de inclusão. Observou-se aumento linear para o índice de trombogenicidade com a inclusão da canola grão, cujas médias foram, respectivamente, 0,16, 0,17 e 0,18 para os tratamentos 0%, 8% e 16% de inclusão. Houve redução para a relação hipocolesterolêmicos-hipercolesterolêmicos, com médias de 2,09 para a dieta com 0% de inclusão, e 2,06 para 8% e 16% de inclusão da canola em grão na dieta. A canola grão não influenciou a análise instrumental, composição centesimal e atributos sensoriais da carne.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Sheep , Fatty Acids/analysis , Lipids , Meat/analysis , Brassica napus
10.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 846-859, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878600

ABSTRACT

Microbial oils are potential resources of fuels and food oils in the future. In recent years, with the rapid development of systems biology technology, understanding the physiological metabolism and lipid accumulation characteristics of oleaginous microorganisms from a global perspective has become a research focus. As an important tool for systems biology research, omics technology has been widely used to reveal the mechanism of high-efficiency production of oils by oleaginous microorganisms. This provides a basis for rational genetic modification and fermentation process control of oleaginous microorganisms. In this article, we summarize the application of omics technology in oleaginous microorganisms, introduced the commonly used sample pre-processing and data analysis methods for omics analysis of oleaginous microorganisms, reviewe the researches for revealing the mechanism of efficient lipid production by oleaginous microorganisms based on omics technologies including genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics (modification) and metabolomics (lipidomics), as well as mathematical models based on omics data. The future development and application of omics technology for microbial oil production are also proposed.


Subject(s)
Fermentation , Lipids , Metabolomics , Proteomics , Technology
11.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 263-274, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878255

ABSTRACT

The present study aims to investigate the effects of aerobic exercise and resistance exercise on lipid metabolism of skeletal muscle in high-fat diet (HFD)-induced insulin-resistant (IR) rats and the underlying mechanisms. Male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats at age of 10 weeks were fed with HFD for 10 weeks to establish IR model. The IR rats were then randomly assigned into 3 groups, including IR control (IR) group, aerobic exercise (AE) group and resistance exercise (RE) group. An additional chow diet sedentary control (CON) group was used as well. Fasting blood glucose (FBG), insulin (FIN), glucagon and lipids, as well as triacylglycerol (TG), free fatty acids (FFA), and the protein expression of fatty acid translocase/cluster of differentiation 36 (FAT/CD36), carnitine palmitoyltransferase-1 (CPT-1), stearoyl-CoA desaturase-1 (SCD-1) and peroxisome proliferators-activated receptors γ (PPARγ) in skeletal muscles were measured after 8-week exercise interventions. The results showed that the contents of FBG, FIN, and LDL-C were increased by IR compared with CON group, and significantly decreased by aerobic exercise and resistance exercise; while aerobic exercise induced an increase in HDL-C as well. Furthermore, IR exhibited no significant effects on TG content of skeletal muscles, but significantly increased FFA level. Both aerobic and resistance exercise led to a decrease in TG content, and FFA level was increased by aerobic exercise but deceased by resistance exercise. In addition, the protein expression of FAT/CD36, SCD-1 and PPARγ was increased and that of CPT-1 was decreased by IR, while both types of exercise resulted in a decrease in the protein expression of FAT/CD36, SCD-1 and PPARγ, and an increase in CPT-1. In conclusion, aerobic and resistance exercise may attenuate IR through decreasing HFD-induced ectopic fat deposition and increasing β-oxidation of fatty acids in skeletal muscle cells, and resistance exercise shows a greater improvement in lipid metabolism of skeletal muscles than aerobic exercise.


Subject(s)
Animals , Diet, High-Fat , Insulin/metabolism , Insulin Resistance , Lipid Metabolism , Lipids , Male , Muscle, Skeletal/metabolism , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
12.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1079-1086, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878133

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The association of lipids and cancer has varied greatly among different cancer types, lipid components and study populations. This study is aimed to investigate the association of serum lipids and the risk of malignant lesions in esophageal squamous epithelium.@*METHODS@#In the "Endoscopic Screening for Esophageal Cancer in China" (ESECC) trial, serum samples were collected and tested for total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol at the time of subject enrollment. Cases were defined as malignant esophageal lesions identified by baseline endoscopic examination or by follow-up to May 31, 2018. Controls were randomly selected using incidence density sampling in the same cohort. Conditional logistic models were applied to identify the association of serum lipids and the risk of malignant esophageal lesions. Effect modification was evaluated by testing interaction terms of the factor under assessment and these serum lipid indicators.@*RESULTS@#No consistent association between serum lipid levels and esophageal malignant lesions were found in a pooled analysis of 211 cases and 2101 controls. For individuals with a family history of esophageal cancer (EC), high TC, and LDL-C were associated with a significantly increased risk of having malignant lesions (odds ratio [OR]High vs. Low TC = 2.22, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.14-4.35; ORHigh vs. Low LDL-C = 1.93, 95% CI: 1.01-3.65). However, a negative association was observed in participants without an EC family history (ORHigh vs. Low TC = 0.69, 95% CI: 0.48-0.98, Pinteraction = 0.002; ORHigh vs. Low LDL-C = 0.50, 95% CI: 0.34-0.76, Pinteraction < 0.001).@*CONCLUSIONS@#In this study, we found that the association of serum lipids and malignant esophageal lesions might be modified by EC family history. The stratified analysis would be crucial for population-based studies investigating the association of serum lipids and cancer. The mechanism by which a family history of EC modifies this association warrants further investigation.


Subject(s)
Case-Control Studies , China , Cholesterol, HDL , Early Detection of Cancer , Esophageal Neoplasms/genetics , Humans , Lipids , Triglycerides
13.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(12): 1651-1656, Dec. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1143656

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: Ionizing radiation can cause radio-induced changes in the cellular metabolome due to the breakdown of DNA bonds. Our goal was to find the early tissue response to radiation exposure supported by distinct analytical methods. METHODS: Histological analyses were performed on the organs extracted from rats to search for microscopic changes. The histological slides stained with hematoxyline-eosin (HE) were analyzed in magnification (40x). Subsequently, the tissues were subjected to mass spectrometry that allowed molecular analysis and DESI-MSI that generated the molecular image of lipids, assessing changes in intensities, especially in the brain. RESULTS: The histological analysis found nonspecific inflammatory changes; no areas of fibrosis, necrosis, or apoptosis were identified, suggesting non-morphological tissue alterations. However, the DESI-MSI images of brain lipids allowed the observation of many radio-induced changes in the lipid's intensities. CONCLUSIONS: No early radio induced histological or mass weight changes in the radiation exposed rats could be observed at 5 Gy. However, early changes in the molecular level were observed in the DESI-MSI images of the brain lipids. The DESI-MSI method proved to be efficient and relevant, allowing a regional molecular analysis of the tissues, expanding a new field of study that is still in its infancy: radiometabolomics.


RESUMO OBJETIVO: Radiação ionizante pode causar alterações no metaboloma celular devido à quebra de ligações no DNA. O objetivo deste trabalho foi evidenciar a resposta aguda tecidual induzida pela exposição da radiação ionizante. MÉTODOS: Análises histológicas foram realizadas nos órgãos extraídos de ratos para análise de alterações microscópicas. As lâminas histológicas coradas com hematoxilina eosina (HE) foram analisadas em aumento (40x). Posteriormente, os tecidos foram submetidos a espectrometria de massa, que permitiu análise molecular e o Desi-MSI que gerou imagem molecular de lipídios, identificando alterações na intensidade, principalmente no cérebro. RESULTADOS: As análises histológicas encontraram alterações inflamatórias inespecíficas, nem áreas de fibrose, necrose ou apoptose, sugerindo ausência de alterações morfológicas. As imagens de lipídios cerebrais obtidas por Desi-MSI permitiram observar as inúmeras alterações na intensidade nas seções teciduais do encéfalo. CONCLUSÕES: Alterações agudas radioinduzidas de massa do órgão e histológicas nos órgãos dos ratos expostos não puderam ser observadas a 5 Gy. Entretanto, mudanças em nível molecular foram observadas nas imagens de Desi-MSI dos lipídios cerebrais. O método Desi-MSI mostrou-se eficiente e relevante, permitindo a análise molecular regi-onal dos tecidos no SNC, expandindo um novo campo de estudo que ainda está em sua infância: a radiometaboloma.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization , Lipids , Disease Models, Animal
14.
Rev. colomb. cardiol ; 27(6): 511-516, nov.-dic. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1289266

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: Los pacientes con enfermedad aterosclerótica establecida requieren tratamiento con estatinas para reducir la probabilidad de nuevos eventos. Objetivo: Identificar el porcentaje de pacientes con enfermedad coronaria aterosclerótica establecida que logran niveles de cLDL (colesterol LDL) inferiores a 70mg/dl y describir su distribución en tres grupos terapéuticos: estatinas, otros hipolipemiantes y sin tratamiento. Métodos: Estudio observacional descriptivo de corte transversal, en el que se seleccionaron pacientes de tres hospitales de alta complejidad, mayores de 18 años, con enfermedad aterosclerótica diagnosticada a partir del año 2017. El registro del perfil lipídico corresponde al realizado al menos tres meses después del diagnóstico. Resultados: Se incluyeron en total 746 pacientes con enfermedad coronaria aterosclerótica, con un promedio de edad de 65,3±10,9 años y predominio del sexo masculino (75,5%). Del total de los pacientes evaluados se prescribieron un 97,8% de terapia con al menos una estatina, 0,7% de otros hipolipemiantes y 1,5% no presentaron tratamiento. Los pacientes con niveles de cLDL inferior a 70mg/dl corresponden al 56%. Conclusiones: La extensa divulgación de guías de práctica clínica para dislipidemias en adultos en Colombia, y la incorporación de estatinas de alta intensidad, demuestran una mejoría en la proporción del cumplimiento en metas de cLDL para pacientes con enfermedad aterosclerótica establecida. Sin embargo, una alta proporción aún persiste fuera de metas, lo cual constituye una oportunidad de optimización del uso de terapias disponibles y recientemente desarrolladas.


Abstract Introduction: Patients with established atherosclerotic disease require treatment with statins in order to reduce the probability of new events. Objective: To identify the percentage of patients with established atherosclerotic coronary disease that achieve cLDL (LDL - cholesterol) levels less than 70mg/dL, and to describe its distribution in three treatment groups: statins, other lipid lowering drugs, and without treatment. Methods: A cross-sectional, descriptive observational study was conducted on patients diagnosed with atherosclerotic disease from 2017 and over 18-years-old from 3 tertiary hospitals. A record was made of the lipid profile that was performed at least three months after the diagnosis. Results: A total of 746 patients with atherosclerotic coronary disease were included. The mean age was 65.3±10.9 years and the majority (75.5%) were males. Of the total number of patients evaluated, 97.8% were prescribed a therapy with at least one statin, 0.7% with other lipid-lowering drugs, and 1.5% had no treatment. Just over half (56%) of the patients had cLDL levels of less than 70mg/dL. Conclusions: The widespread use of clinical practice guidelines for dyslipidaemias in adults in Colombia, and the incorporation of high-intensity statins, has led to an improvement in the proportion of patients with established atherosclerotic disease achieving cLDL targets. However, a high percentage still does not reach the targets, which suggests a need for an improving of the use of available and recently developed therapies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Cholesterol, LDL , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors , Plaque, Atherosclerotic , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Lipids
15.
Rev. colomb. cardiol ; 27(6): 501-510, nov.-dic. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1289265

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: La hipercolesterolemia familiar homocigótica (HFHo) se caracteriza por niveles muy elevados de cLDL y por enfermedad aterosclerótica temprana. Aunque la frecuencia es baja (1/300.000), las complicaciones son muy severas y pueden ser evitadas. Encontrar y tratar esta población de manera temprana podría reducir la mortalidad. Se describen 36 casos en Colombia, en donde se calcula que haya entre 160 y 200 casos. Resultados: Un total de 36 pacientes con fenotipo sugestivo de HFHo fueron identificados y tratados en un período de observación de cuatro años. La media de edad fue 27 años (24 mujeres). 34 pacientes tuvieron un puntaje según la Red de Clínicas de Lípidos de Holanda (RCLH) mayor de 8 (diagnóstico definitivo) y los restantes 2 tenían puntaje equivalente a diagnóstico probable. Un cuarto de los casos procedían de la costa norte colombiana. En las pruebas genéticas, 14 fueron homocigóticos verdaderos para mutación del gen que codifica para el receptor de LDL (LDLR), 12 heterocigóticos compuestos, 2 heterocigóticos dobles y uno autosómico recesivo (LDLRAP1); 5 pacientes fueron heterocigóticos simples (LDLR) y 2 pacientes no autorizaron la prueba. En los homocigóticos verdaderos, la variante más frecuente encontrada fue la c.11G>A. 14 pacientes cursaron con enfermedad coronaria, 9 con estenosis carotídea, 8 con estenosis aórtica y 2 tuvieron ataques cerebrovasculares (ACV). 34 pacientes recibían estatinas (24 rosuvastatina), 30 recibían ezetimibe, 2 recibían evolocumab y 20 recibían lomitapide (dosis promedio 12,7mg). Ninguno recibió aféresis de cLDL. Los medicamentos, en general, fueron bien tolerados y la reducción promedio de cLDL con la terapia fue de 533,7mg/dl a 245,1mg/dl (54%). Conclusiones: Todos los pacientes recibieron tratamiento hipolipemiante y se encontraron alteraciones genéticas diagnósticas en todos aquellos que autorizaron el examen. Los niveles elevados de cLDL conllevan tanto riesgo que el tratamiento debe establecerse aún sin conocer el diagnóstico genético.


Abstract Background: Homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia (HoFH) is characterized for very high levels of cLDL and early cardiovascular disease. Although incidence is low (1/300 000), complications are very severe and can be avoided. Finding and treating this population promptly could reduce mortality. We describe 36 cases in Colombia, where 160 to 200 cases are expected. Results: 36 patients with phenotype of HoHF were identified and treated in a follow-up of 4 years. The mean age was 27 years (24 women). 34 of them had at least 8 points in the FH Dutch Lipid Clinic Criteria (definitive diagnosis) and two had probable diagnosis. A quarter of the cases came from the Colombian North Coast. In molecular tests, 14 were true homozygous for LDLR, 12 were compound heterozygous for LDLR, 2 double heterozygous and one was autosomal recessive; 5 were heterozygous and 2 patients did not authorized genetic test. In true homozygous subjects, the most frequent variant was c.11G>A. 14 patients had coronary disease, 9 carotid stenosis, 8 aortic stenosis and 2 had stroke. 34 patients were on statins (25 rosuvastatin), 30 were receiving ezetimibe, 2 were receiving a PSCK9 inhibitor (evolocumab) and 20 were on lomitapide with mean doses of 12.7mg. None received lipoprotein apheresis. Medications were very well tolerated. Changes in cLDL after therapy was from 533.7 mg/dL to 245 mg/dL, (54%). Conclusions: Treatment was started in all patients. We found genetic mutations in all patients with genetic tests. The high levels of cLDL mean such a high risk that treatment must be started promptly, even without a genetic test.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Hypercholesterolemia , Alleles , Genetics , Hyperlipoproteinemia Type II , Lipids , Cholesterol, LDL , Mutation
16.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(11): 1487-1492, Nov. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1143634

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of the action of the Lactobacillus Plantarum probiotic as a immunomodulatory and hypolipidemic agent in dyslipidemic nephrotic children and adolescents. METHODS: This is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial in pediatric, compensated or partially compensated nephrotic syndrome and dyslipidemic subjects undergoing regular outpatient follow-up. Serum lipid and TNF-α (proinflammatory) and IL-10 (anti-inflammatory) cytokine variations were evaluated. Cytokines were analyzed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). RESULTS: In the probiotic group there was a tendency to reduce TNF-α levels and increase IL-10 levels when compared to controls. Regarding the lipid profile, there was a decrease in serum triglyceride (6.0 mg / dL) and total cholesterol (41.5 mg / dL) levels in the probiotic group when compared to baseline levels, while in the control group there was an increase in serum triglyceride (49.5 mg / dL) and total cholesterol (8.0 mg / dL) levels, respectively. CONCLUSION: Preliminary results suggest that L. Plantarum showed an immunomodulatory and hypolipidemic effect in nephrotic and dyslipidemic pediatric subjects.


RESUMO: O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a eficácia da ação do probiótico Lactobacillus Plantarum como um agente imunomodulador e hipolipemiante em crianças e adolescentes dislipidêmicos com síndrome nefrótica. MÉTODOS: Este é um estudo randomizado, duplo-cego, controlado com placebo e realizado em pacientes pediátricos com síndrome nefrótica, compensados ou parcialmente compensados e dislipidêmicos passando por acompanhamento ambulatorial. Variações no lipídio sérico e nas citocinas TNF-α (pró-inflamatória) e IL-10 (anti-inflamatória) foram avaliadas. As citocinas foram analisadas por ensaio imunoenzimático (ELISA). RESULTADOS: No grupo probiótico, houve uma tendência de redução dos níveis de TNF-α e de aumento dos níveis de IL-10, quando comparado ao controle. Em relação ao perfil lipídico, houve uma diminuição nos níveis séricos de triglicérides (6,0 mg/dL) e colesterol total (41,5 mg/dL) no grupo probiótico em comparação aos níveis basais, enquanto no grupo de controle houve um aumento nos níveis séricos de triglicérides (49,5 mg/dL) e colesterol total (8,0 mg/dL). CONCLUSÃO: Os resultados preliminares sugerem que o L. Plantarum tem um efeito imunomodulador e hipolipemiante em pacientes pediátricos dislipidêmicos e com síndrome nefrótica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adolescent , Nephrotic Syndrome/drug therapy , Feasibility Studies , Double-Blind Method , Cytokines , Lipids
17.
Rev. bras. ativ. fís. saúde ; 25: 1-8, set. 2020. tab, fig
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1147764

ABSTRACT

The regular practice of physical exercise, primarily aerobic, has been recommended as a component of the non-pharmacological treatment for dyslipidemias. However, there is a lack of studies in the literature comparing the acute effects of different aerobic exercise models (continuous and interval) on triglycerides concentrations.The purpose of the present study was to analyze the magnitude of change on triglycerides concentrations after a single session of interval and continuous exercise in persons with dyslipidemia. This study was a randomized crossover clinical trial. Fifteen volunteers performed two different aerobic sessions, a continuous and an interval session. The intensity of the continuous session was maintained between 85-90% of the heart rate at anaerobic threshold (HRAT). The interval session consisted of 9 sets of 4 minutes at 85-90%HRAT followed by one minute below 85%HRAT. Triglycerides concentrations were assessed before, immediately after and at the end of 30 minutes after all sessions. Both sessions models resulted in alterations in triglycerides concentrations immediately after exercise (p = 0.005), without difference between them (p = 0.446). Continuous session increased triglycerides concentrations by 34.9% from pre-exercise to immediately post-exercise and the interval session, by 7.9%. Thirty minutes after exercise, triglyceride concentrations showed no significant difference in relation to the pre-exercise and immediately after exercise moments in both session models. Therefore,it is concluded that aerobic exercise promotes responses in triglycerides concentrations of dyslipidemic patients, independently of the exercise method, either continuous or interval


A prática regular de exercício físico, principalmente aeróbico, tem sido recomendado como componente de tratamento não farmacológico contra as dislipidemias. No entanto, a literatura carece de estudos comparando os efeitos agudos de diferentes modelos de exercício aeróbico (contínuo e intervalado) sobre as concentrações de triglicerídeos. O objetivo do presente estudo foi analisar a magnitude de mudança sobre as concentrações de triglicerídeos após uma sessão de exercício intervalado e contínuo em pessoas com dislipidemia. Além disto, este estudo se caracteriza por ser um ensaio clínico randomizado cruzado. Nele, quinze voluntários realizaram duas sessões aeróbicas diferentes, uma sessão contínua e outra intervalada. A intensidade da sessão contínua se manteve entre 85-90% da frequência cardíaca referente ao limiar anaeróbico (HRAT). A sessão intervalada consistiu de 9 séries de quatro minutos entre 85-90% da HRAT seguidas de um minuto abaixo de 85% da HRAT. As concentrações de triglicerídeos eram verificadas antes, imediatamente após e passados 30 minutos do término de todas as sessões. Ambos os modelos de sessões resultaram em alterações das concentrações de triglicerídeos imediatamente após exercício (p = 0,005), sem diferença entre elas (p = 0,446). A sessão contínua aumentou as concentrações de triglicerídeos em 43,9% do pré-exercício para imediatamente após o exercício e a sessão intervalada aumentou em 7,93% no mesmo período. Trinta minutos após o exercício, as concentrações de triglicerídeos não apresentaram diferença significativa em relação aos momentos pré-exercício e imediatamente após o exercício em ambos os modelos de sessão. Assim, conclui-se que o exercício aeróbico promove alterações nas concentrações de triglicerídeos de pacientes dislipidêmicos, independentemente do método de exercício, se contínuo ou intervalado


Subject(s)
Randomized Controlled Trial , Dyslipidemias , Mentoring , Lipids
18.
Arch. latinoam. nutr ; 70(3): 155-163, sept. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1150848

ABSTRACT

To determine the association between serum ferritin levels, lipid profile and adiposity in school-age children. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on obese and non-obese children. Weight, height, waist circumference and blood pressure were measured for all participants. Lipid profile, serum ferritin and glucose were determined and analysed through absorbance. The Spearman correlation was performed for the quantitative variables and a regression analysis was used to determine the interaction between variables. Eighty-nine children were included, with a median age of 9.0 years. Results: When comparing serum ferritin levels in normal weight group, vs. the overweight and obesity group, values were significantly higher in the latter. Serum ferritin correlated positively with BMI (Rho .282, p <0.01), waist circumference (Rho .372, p < 0.01), diastolic blood pressure (Rho .244, p < 0.05), body fat percentage (Rho .375, p < 0.001), insulin (Rho .254, p <.05) and sex (Rho .224, p <.05); and negatively with high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (Rho. -221, p< 0.05). When analysing the significant variables in a multivariate regression model, sex, body mass index, waist circumference, and body fat percentage remained statistically significant (p <0.01). Conclusion: We observed associations between serum ferritin and obesity in Mexican school aged children(AU)


Determinar la asociación entre los niveles de ferritina sérica, el perfil de lípidos y la adiposidad en niños en edad escolar. Metodología: Se realizó un estudio transversal en niños obesos y no obesos. Se midieron el peso, la altura, la circunferencia de cintura y la presión arterial en todos los participantes. El perfil lipídico, la ferritina sérica y la glucosa se determinaron y analizaron mediante absorbancia. Se realizó correlación de Spearman para las variables cuantitativas y se utilizó un análisis de regresión para determinar la interacción entre las variables. Se incluyeron ochenta y nueve niños, con una edad media de 9,0 años. Resultados: Al comparar los niveles de ferritina sérica en el grupo de peso normal, frente al grupo de sobrepeso y obesidad, los valores fueron significativamente más altos en este último. La ferritina sérica se correlacionó positivamente con el IMC (Rho 0,282, p <0,01), la circunferencia de cintura (Rho 0,372, p <0,01), la presión arterial diastólica (Rho 0,244, p <0,05), el porcentaje de grasa corporal (Rho 0,375, p < 0,001), insulina (Rho 0,254, p <0,05) y sexo (Rho 0,224, p < 0,05); y negativamente con colesterol de lipoproteínas de alta densidad (Rho -0,221, p <0,05). Al analizar las variables significativas en un modelo de regresión multivariante, el sexo, el índice de masa corporal, la circunferencia de cintura y el porcentaje de grasa corporal se mantuvieron estadísticamente significativos (p <0,01). Conclusión: Observamos asociaciones entre la ferritina sérica y la obesidad en niños mexicanos en edad escolar(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Body Weights and Measures , Body Mass Index , Waist Circumference , Ferritins/analysis , Pediatric Obesity , Anthropometry , Chronic Disease , Body Fat Distribution , Adiposity , Lipids
19.
Rev. chil. nutr ; 47(5): 750-756, set. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138611

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El género Cyttaria pertenece a la familia Cyttariaceae, existen 11 especies descritas a nivel mundial. En Chile y Argentina podemos encontrar sólo siete de ellas, conocidas como "Digüeñes" del Mapudungun "diweñ", hongos parásitos obligados de árboles de Nothofagus. Este género, se distribuye naturalmente en el hemisferio sur y tiene gran importancia desde el punto de vista alimenticio. A pesar del extenso conocimiento sobre la taxonomía, ecología y composición químico-nutricional de algunas especies de Cyttaria, su potencial nutracéutico ha recobrado interés recientemente. En esta investigación, se determinó la composición químicaproximal y actividad citotóxica de los polisacáridos de C. berteroi y C. hariotii. Para caracterizar la composición nutricional de las especies de Cyttaria, se utilizó la metodología de AOAC y se avaluó el potencial citotóxico de sus polisacáridos mediante el ensayo MTT (bromuro de 3- (4,5-dimetiltiazol-2-il) -2,5-difeniltetrazolio) frente a las líneas celulares de cáncer de colon humano (HCT-116), leucemia humana (U-937) y cáncer de mama (MCF-7). Los resultados evidenciaron que C. berteroi presentó un alto contenido de proteínas y lípidos en comparación con C. hariotii. Además, los polisacáridos de C. hariotii tienen un mayor efecto citotóxico frente a la línea celular de leucemia (IC50= 2100 µg/mL), cáncer de colon (IC50= 3700 µg/mL) y cáncer de mama (IC50=9470 µg/mL). En consecuencia, se concluye que los metabolitos de C. berteroi y la actividad citotóxica en líneas tumorales de los polisacáridos de C. hariotii podrían representar una oportunidad para la obtención de un potencial producto nutracéutico.


ABSTRACT The Cyttaria genus belongs to the Cyttariaceae family, with 11 species described worldwide. In Chile and Argentina, seven of them are found. They are known as "Digüeñes", from the Mapudungun "diweñ", and are parasitic fungi of Nothofagus trees. They are naturally distributed in the southern hemisphere and are of great importance from a nutritional point of view. Despite extensive knowledge about the taxonomy, ecology, and chemical-nutritional composition of some Cyttaria species, their nutraceutical potential has recently gained interest. In this investigation, the chemical-proximal composition and cytotoxic activity of the C. berteroi and C. hariotii polysaccharides were determined. To identify the nutritional composition of the Cyttaria species, the AOAC methodology was used and the cytotoxic potential of their polysaccharides was evaluated by means of the MTT test (3- (4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl) -2,5 bromide-diphenyltetrazolium) against the cell lines of human colon cancer (HCT-116), human leukemia (U-937) and breast cancer (MCF-7). The results showed that C. berteroi had a high protein and lipid content compared to C. hariotii. Also, C. hariotii polysaccharides had a greater cytotoxic effect against the colon cancer cell line (IC50= 3700 µg/mL), leukemia (IC50= 2100 µg/mL) and breast cancer (IC50= 9470 µg/mL). Therefore, it is concluded that C. berteroi metabolites and cytotoxic activity in C. hariotii polysaccharide tumor lines could represent an opportunity to obtain a potential nutraceutical product.


Subject(s)
Humans , Polysaccharides , Fungi , Lipids , Neoplasms , Breast Neoplasms , Leukemia , Colonic Neoplasms , Nutritive Value
20.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(8): 1093-1099, Aug. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136344

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY AIM To describe the prevalence of dyslipidemia in children and adolescents with autoimmune rheumatic diseases (ARDs), particularly juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), juvenile systemic lupus erythematosus (jSLE), and juvenile dermatomyositis (JDM). METHODS Retrospective cross-sectional study conducted in the pediatric rheumatology outpatient clinic. We evaluated 186 children and adolescents between the ages of 5 and 19 years. The medical records were reviewed for the following data: demographic and clinical features, disease activity, and lipid profile (triglycerides (TG), total cholesterol (TC), low density lipoprotein (LDL-C), high density lipoprotein (HDL-C) and very low density lipoprotein (VLDL-C)). In addition, non-HDL cholesterol was calculated as TC minus HDL-C. The cut-off points proposed by the American Academy of Pediatrics were used to classify the lipid profile. RESULTS Dyslipidemia was observed in 128 patients (68.8%), the most common being decreased HDL-C (74 patients, 39.8%). In the JIA group there was an association between the systemic subtype and altered LDL-C and NHDL-C, which demonstrated a more atherogenic profile in this subtype (p=0.027 and p=0.017, respectively). Among patients with jSLE, the cumulative corticosteroid dose was associated with an increase in LDL-C (p=0.013) and with a decrease in HDL-C (p=0.022). CONCLUSION Dyslipidemia is common in children and adolescents with ARDs, especially JIA, jSLE, and JDM, and the main alteration in the lipid profile of these patients was decreased HDL-C.


RESUMO OBJETIVO Descrever a prevalência de dislipidemias em crianças e adolescentes com doenças reumáticas autoimunes (Drai), em particular artrite idiopática juvenil (AIJ), lúpus eritematoso sistêmico juvenil (Lesj) e dermatomiosite juvenil (DMJ). MÉTODOS Estudo transversal retrospectivo realizado no ambulatório de reumatologia pediátrica. Foram avaliados 186 crianças e adolescentes com idades entre 5 e 19 anos. Foram coletados dos prontuários dados demográficos, clínicos, atividade de doença e perfil lipídico (triglicérides (TG), colesterol total (CT) e frações LDL-c (low density lipoprotein); HDL-c (high density lipoprotein) e VLDL-c (very low density lipoprotein). Foi também calculada a fração não HDL do colesterol (CT-NHDL -c). Para classificação do perfil lipídico, foram adotados os pontos de corte propostos pela American Academy of Pediatrics. RESULTADOS A dislipidemia foi observada em 128 pacientes (68,8%), sendo a mais comum a diminuição do HDL-c em 74 (39,8%). No grupo AIJ houve uma associação entre o subtipo sistêmico com alteração de LDL-c e NHDL-c, mostrando um perfil mais aterogênico neste subtipo (p=0,027 e 0,017, respectivamente). Em relação aos pacientes com Lesj, podemos observar que a dose cumulativa de CTC teve associação com o aumento do LDL-c (p=0,013) e com a diminuição do HDL-c (p=0,022). CONCLUSÃO A dislipidemia é frequente em crianças e adolescentes com Drai, em especial, AIJ, Lesj e DMJ, e a principal alteração no perfil lipídico desses pacientes foi a diminuição do HDL-c.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Young Adult , Rheumatic Diseases , Dyslipidemias , Chronic Disease , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Lipids
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