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Arq. bras. cardiol ; 114(2): 305-312, Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088853


Abstract Familial lipodystrophy is a rare genetic condition in which individuals have, besides metabolic changes and body fat deposits, a type of cardiomyopathy that has not been well studied. Many of the patients develop cardiovascular changes, the most commonly reported in the literature being the expression of a type of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. This article, presented as a bibliographic review, reviews the clinical and cardiovascular imaging aspects in this scenario of cardiomyopathy in a rare metabolic disease, based on the latest scientific evidence published in the area. Despite the frequent association of congenital lipodystrophy and ventricular hypertrophy described in the literature, the pathophysiological mechanisms of this cardiomyopathy have not yet been definitively elucidated, and new information on cardiac morphological aspects is emerging in the aegis of recent and advanced imaging methods, such as cardiac magnetic resonance.

Resumo A lipodistrofia familiar é uma condição genética rara na qual indivíduos apresentam, além das alterações metabólicas e de depósitos de gordura físicos, um tipo de cardiomiopatia pouco estudada. Muitos dos pacientes desenvolvem alterações cardiovasculares, sendo a mais comumente reportada em literatura, a expressão de um tipo de cardiomiopatia hipertrófica. Este artigo, apresentado como uma revisão bibliográfica, revisa os aspectos clínicos e de imagem cardiovascular neste cenário de cardiomiopatia em doença metabólica rara, com base nas últimas evidências científicas publicadas na área. Apesar da frequente associação de lipodistrofia congênita e hipertrofia ventricular descrita em literatura, os mecanismos fisiopatológicos desta cardiomiopatia ainda não estão definitivamente elucidados, e novas informações do aspecto morfológico cardíaco surgem à égide de recentes e avançados métodos de imagem como a ressonância cardíaca magnética.

Humans , Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic/etiology , Cardiomegaly/etiology , Lipodystrophy, Familial Partial/complications , Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic/physiopathology , Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Adipose Tissue/physiopathology , Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular , Cardiomegaly/physiopathology , Cardiomegaly/diagnostic imaging , Lipodystrophy, Congenital Generalized/complications , Lipodystrophy, Congenital Generalized/physiopathology , Lipodystrophy, Congenital Generalized/diagnostic imaging , Lipodystrophy, Familial Partial/physiopathology , Lipodystrophy, Familial Partial/diagnostic imaging
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 63(1): 79-83, Jan.-Feb. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-989300


SUMMARY Thyroid carcinoma (TC) is rare in children, particularly in those aged < 10 years. Several studies have demonstrated a correlation between neoplasms and hyperinsulinemia and insulin resistance, which are often associated with a higher risk for and/or aggressiveness of the neoplasm. Congenital generalized lipodystrophy (CGL) with autosomal recessive inheritance is a rare disease and is characterized by the lack of adipose tissue, severe insulin resistance, and early metabolic disturbances. Here, we reported a rare case of a type 2 CGL in a girl who presented with a papillary TC (PTC) at the age of 7 years. She had no family history of TC or previous exposure to ionizing radiation. She had a generalized lack of subcutaneous fat, including the palmar and plantar regions, muscle hypertrophy, intense acanthosis nigricans, hepatomegaly, hypertriglyceridemia, severe insulin resistance, and hypoleptinemia. A genetic analysis revealed a mutation in the BSCL2 gene (p.Thr109Asnfs* 5). Ultrasound revealed a hypoechoic solid nodule measuring 1.8 × 1.0 × 1.0 cm, and fine needle aspiration biopsy suggested malignancy. Total thyroidectomy was performed, and a histopathological examination confirmed PTC with vascular invasion and parathyroid lymph node metastasis (pT3N1Mx stage). This is the first report to describe a case of differentiated TC in a child with CGL. Severe insulin resistance that is generally observed in patients with CGL early in life, especially in those with type 2 CGL, may be associated with this uncommon presentation of aggressive PTC during childhood.

Humans , Female , Child , Thyroid Neoplasms/diagnosis , Lipodystrophy, Congenital Generalized/diagnosis , Thyroid Cancer, Papillary/complications , Thyroid Cancer, Papillary/genetics , Thyroid Neoplasms/complications , Thyroid Neoplasms/genetics , Lipodystrophy, Congenital Generalized/complications , Lipodystrophy, Congenital Generalized/genetics , Thyroid Cancer, Papillary/diagnosis
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 112(5): e196-e199, oct. 2014. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-734274


La asociación entre la lipodistrofia congénita generalizada y la anomalía de Dandy Walker no es habitual. Se reporta el caso de una niña de 1 año de edad que ingresa al hospital a los 4 meses por riesgo social, con diagnóstico de anomalía de Dandy Walker. Durante su internación, se evidencia en forma progresiva aspecto acromegaloide, facies triangular, hirsutismo, lipoatrofia, hipertrofia muscular, clitoromegalia, distensión abdominal con hepatomegalia progresiva e hpertrigliceridernia. Se arriba así al diagnóstico clínico de lipodistrofia congénita generalizada. Se revisan los aspectos clínicos y el seguimiento interdisciplinario para la detección oportuna de insulinorresistencia y diabetes, pubertad precoz, miocardiopatía, entre otras. Respecto de la anomalía de Dandy Walker, se realizan controles evolutivos en búsqueda de la aparición de signos de hipertensión endocraneana. Por el carácter autosómico recesivo de la lipodistrofia congénita generalizada, es importante realizar el asesoramiento genético a los padres.

The objective of this study is to describe the unexpected association between the congenital generalized lipodystrophy (CGL) and Dandy Walker anomaly. We report the case of a 1-year-old infant who was hospitalized at her fourth month of life with Dandy Walker anomaly diagnosis and an increased social risk. During her hospitalization, she developed progressively: acromegaloid aspect, triangular fascia, hirsutism, lipoatrophy, muscle hypertrophy, clitoromegaly, abdominal distention, progressive hepatomegaly, and hypertriglyceridemia. This led to the clinical diagnosis of congenital generalized lipodystrophy. Importance shouldbe given to the examination of clinical aspects as well as the interdisciplinary follow-up for proper detection of insulin resistance and diabetes, early puberty, cardiomyopathy, among others. In case of Dandy Walker anomaly, it should be checked the evolution to search intracranial hypertension signs. Due to its autosomal recessive nature, it is important to provide genetic counseling to the parents.

Female , Humans , Infant , Dandy-Walker Syndrome/complications , Lipodystrophy, Congenital Generalized/complications , Lipodystrophy, Congenital Generalized/diagnosis , Phenotype
Arq. bras. endocrinol. metab ; 55(1): 54-59, Feb. 2011. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-580295


OBJETIVO: Descrever o perfil genético e metabólico de portadores da síndrome de Berardinelli-Seip (BSCL) acompanhados no Instituto da Criança do HC-FMUSP. SUJEITOS E MÉTODOS: Pacientes com as características clínicas da BSCL (n = 5), todas do sexo feminino, foram avaliadas com dosagens de glicose e insulina, lípides, leptina, enzimas hepáticas, análise de DNA, ultrassonografia abdominal. RESULTADOS: A deficiência de leptina e a hipertrigliceridemia foram constatadas nas cinco pacientes. Três evoluíram para diabetes melito (DM). Quatro tiveram mutação no gene AGPAT2 e uma no gene CAV1. CONCLUSÃO: As alterações metabólicas mais precoces foram a hipertrigliceridemia e a resistência insulínica, culminando no surgimento do DM à época da puberdade, sendo as mutações no gene AGPAT2 as mais frequentes em nossa casuística.

OBJECTIVE: To report the genetic and metabolic profile of patients with Berardinelli-Seip syndrome (BSCL) followed at Instituto da Criança, HC-FMUSP. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Patients with clinical features of BSCL (n = 5), all female, were evaluated through serum levels of glucose, insulin, lipids, leptin, and liver enzymes. Abdominal sonography and DNA analysis were also performed. RESULTS: Leptin deficiency and hypertriglyceridemia were found in all the patients. Three progressed to diabetes mellitus. Four patients have mutations in AGPAT2 gene and one have a mutation in CAV1 gene. CONCLUSION: The earliest metabolic abnormalities were hypertriglyceridemia and insulin resistance, culminating in the onset of diabetes at the time of puberty. Mutations in the AGPAT2 gene were the most frequent in our patients.

Adolescent , Child , Female , Humans , Young Adult , Lipodystrophy, Congenital Generalized/genetics , Lipodystrophy, Congenital Generalized/metabolism , /genetics , Caveolin 1/genetics , Diabetes Mellitus/etiology , Hypertriglyceridemia/diagnosis , Hypertriglyceridemia/pathology , Leptin/blood , Leptin/deficiency , Lipodystrophy, Congenital Generalized/complications , Mutation/genetics , Puberty/physiology
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 94(1): 109-118, jan. 2010. ilus, tab
Article in English, Spanish, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-543867


Fundamento: A síndrome de Berardinelli-Seip (SBS) ou lipodistrofia generalizada congênita acomete, frequentemente, o aparelho cardiovascular e também promove anormalidades metabólicas que envolvem os metabolismos glicídico e lipídico. Objetivo: Avaliar a prevalência das anormalidades cardiovasculares e metabólicas em portadores da SBS. Métodos: Vinte e dois pacientes do Estado do Rio Grande do Norte (Brasil), com diagnóstico da SBS, foram submetidos a avaliação clínica, eletrocardiograma de repouso, ecodopplercardiograma, radiografia de tórax, eletrocardiografia dinâmica de 24 horas, teste ergométrico e análise laboratorial. Resultados: Os pacientes eram, predominantemente, adultos jovens, sendo a maioria do sexo feminino. A totalidade da amostra apresentou resistência à insulina, acanthosis nigricans e HDL-colesterol diminuído. A presença de esplenomegalia, hepatomegalia, diabetes mellitus tipo II e triglicérides elevados era constante. A síndrome metabólica foi caracterizada na maioria dos pacientes, com predominância no sexo feminino e com um alto grau de consanguinidade paterna. A hipertensão arterial sistêmica e a pré-hipertensão foram encontradas em mais da metade dos pacientes (77,3 por cento). O ecodopplercardiograma mostrou a presença de hipertrofia concêntrica do ventrículo esquerdo (50 por cento), hipertrofia excêntrica do ventrículo esquerdo (4,5 por cento) e geometria normal do ventrículo esquerdo (45,5 por cento). Elevada taxa de arritmia foi evidenciada no holter, tais como extrassístoles ventriculares, extrassístoles supraventriculares e taquicardia supraventricular sustentada. A incompetência cronotrópica (54,5 por cento) foi observada no teste ergométrico. Conclusão: Anormalidades cardiovasculares e metabólicas foram observadas em elevada prevalência em indivíduos jovens e assintomáticos com SBS. Esses achados apontam para a necessidade de acompanhamento cardiológico sistemático e de medidas preventivas nesse grupo de risco.

Background: Berardinelli-Seip syndrome (BSS) or Generalized Congenital Lipodystrophy often affects the cardiovascular system and also promotes metabolic abnormalities involving glycidic and lipid metabolisms. Objective: To assess the prevalence of cardiometabolic abnormalities in patients with BSS. Methods: Twenty-two patients from the state of Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil, diagnosed with BSS, underwent clinical evaluation, resting electrocardiogram, echodopplercardiogram, chest X-ray, 24-hour ambulatory electrocardiogram monitoring, exercise testing and laboratory analysis. Results: The patients were predominantly young adults, most of whom women. The whole sample showed insulin resistance, acanthosis nigricans and diminished HDL-cholesterol. The presence of splenomegaly, hepatomegaly, type II diabetes and elevated triglycerides was constant. Metabolic syndrome was characterized in most patients, which were predominantly women and with a high degree of paternal consanguinity. SAH and prehypertension blood pressure were found in more than half of the patients (77.3 percent). The echodopplercardiogram showed the presence of CLVH (50 percent), eccentric left ventricular hypertrophy (4.5 percent), and normal left ventricular geometry (45.5 percent). High arrhythmia rates were observed by Holter monitoring, such as ventricular ectopic beats, supraventricular ectopic beats and sustained supraventricular tachycardia. Chronotropic incompetence (54.5 percent) was observed during exercise testing. Conclusion: A high prevalence of cardiovascular and metabolic abnormalities was observed in young asymptomatic individuals with BSS. These findings point to the need for systematic cardiological follow-up and of preventive measures in this high-risk group.

Fundamento: El síndrome de Berardinelli-Seip (SBS) o lipodistrofia generalizada congénita, afecta frecuentemente el aparato cardiovascular y también promueve anormalidades metabólicas que involucran los metabolismos glucídico y lipídico. Objetivo: Evaluar la prevalencia de las anormalidades cardiovasculares y metabólicas en portadores de SBS. Métodos: Veintidós pacientes del Estado de Rio Grande do Norte (Brasil), con diagnóstico de SBS, se sometieron a evaluación clínica, electrocardiograma de reposo, ecocardiograma doppler, radiografía de tórax, electrocardiografía dinámica de 24 horas, ergometría y análisis de laboratorio. Resultados: Los pacientes eran, predominantemente, adultos jóvenes, siendo en su mayoría del sexo femenino. La totalidad de la muestra presentó resistencia a la insulina, acanthosis nigricans y HDL-colesterol disminuido. La presencia de esplenomegalia, hepatomegalia, diabetes mellitus tipo II y triglicéridos elevados era constante. El síndrome metabólico se caracterizó en la mayoría de los pacientes, con predominancia en el sexo femenino y con un alto grado de consanguinidad paterna. En más de la mitad de los pacientes (77,3 por ciento) se encontraron hipertensión arterial sistémica y la prehipertensión. El ecocardiograma Doppler mostró presencia de hipertrofia concéntrica del ventrículo izquierdo (50 por ciento), hipertrofia excéntrica del ventrículo izquierdo (4,5 por ciento) y geometría normal del ventrículo izquierdo (45,5 por ciento). Se evidenció tasa elevada de arritmia en el holter, tales como extrasístoles ventriculares, extrasístoles supraventriculares y taquicardia supraventricular sostenida. La incompetencia cronotrópica (54,5 por ciento) se observó en la ergometría. Concludión: Anormalidades cardiovasculares y metabólicas se observaron en elevada prevalencia en individuos jóvenes y asintomáticos con SBS. Estos hallazgos señalan la necesidad de seguimiento cardiológico sistemático y de medidas preventivas...

Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Cardiovascular Diseases/complications , Lipodystrophy, Congenital Generalized/complications , Metabolic Syndrome/complications , Statistics, Nonparametric