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1.
Rev. ecuat. pediatr ; 22(1): 1-10, Abril 30, 2021.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1222381

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La hipercolesterolemia familiar (HF) un trastorno genético autosómico domi-nante que produce un desarrollo prematuro de enfermedades cardiovasculares. Las estati-nas han sido el medicamento de elección en estos pacientes, sin embargo, un buen por-centaje de pacientes no pueden alcanzar sus objetivos terapéuticas con las dosis máximas por lo que la Lomitapida se podría establecer como una nueva alternativa de tratamiento. Objetivo: El objetivo de esta revisión sistemática es determinar si la Lomitapida reduce los eventos cardiovasculares en pacientes con diagnóstico de Hipercolesterolemia familiar comparado con estatinas. Métodos: Se incluirán ensayos controlados aleatorios (ECA) y cuasialeatorios de pacientes con diagnóstico de HF. Las medidas de resultado los niveles de LDL, HDL pos tratamiento y eventos cardiovasculares. Las búsquedas electrónicas se realizarán en PUBMED, The Coch-rane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), EMBASE y Scientific electronic library (Scielo). En la evaluación del riesgo de sesgo se utilizará la herramienta de Cochrane. Las medidas del efecto del tratamiento serán las diferencias de medias (DM) y los intervalos de confianza (IC) del 95%. La evaluación de heterogeneidad se realizará mediante la inspec-ción visual del diagrama de embudo. La evaluación de la calidad de la evidencia se reali-zará usando la evaluación GRADE.


Introduction: Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is an autosomal dominant genetic disor-der that produces hypercholesterolemia and premature development of cardiovascular diseas-es. Statins are the drug of choice in these patients; however, a high percentage of patients cannot achieve their therapeutic goals with the maximum recommended doses, so Lo-mitapide may prove to be useful as a new treatment alternative to traditional statins. Objective: The objective of this systematic review is to determine if Lomitapide is better than statins at reducing cardiovascular events in patients with a diagnosis of FH. Methods: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and quasi-randomized trials of patients di-agnosed with FH will be included. Primary outcome measures included several parameters: 1. Post-treatment low- and high-density lipoprotein (LDL and HDL, respectively) levels and 2. Presence of cardiovascular events. Electronic searches will be conducted in PUBMED, The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), EMBASE, and the scientific elec-tronic library (Scielo). The assessment of the risk of bias will be used by the Cochrane tool. The measures of the treatment effect will be considered the mean differences (MD) and the 95% confidence intervals (CI). The evaluation of heterogeneity will be done by visual inspec-tion of the funnel diagram. The evaluation of the quality of the evidence will be done using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) ap-proach.


Subject(s)
Cardiovascular Diseases , Systematic Review , Hydroxymethylglutaryl CoA Reductases , Lipoproteins, LDL , Protocols , Hypercholesterolemia , Cholesterol, LDL , Anticholesteremic Agents
2.
Rev. ecuat. pediatr ; 22(1): 1-10, Abril 30, 2021.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1222382

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La hipercolesterolemia familiar (HF) un trastorno genético autosómico domi-nante que produce un desarrollo prematuro de enfermedades cardiovasculares. Las estati-nas han sido el medicamento de elección en estos pacientes, sin embargo, un buen por-centaje de pacientes no pueden alcanzar sus objetivos terapéuticas con las dosis máximas por lo que la Lomitapida se podría establecer como una nueva alternativa de tratamiento. Objetivo: El objetivo de esta revisión sistemática es determinar si la Lomitapida reduce los eventos cardiovasculares en pacientes con diagnóstico de Hipercolesterolemia familiar comparado con estatinas. Métodos: Se incluirán ensayos controlados aleatorios (ECA) y cuasialeatorios de pacientes con diagnóstico de HF. Las medidas de resultado los niveles de LDL, HDL pos tratamiento y eventos cardiovasculares. Las búsquedas electrónicas se realizarán en PUBMED, The Coch-rane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), EMBASE y Scientific electronic library (Scielo). En la evaluación del riesgo de sesgo se utilizará la herramienta de Cochrane. Las medidas del efecto del tratamiento serán las diferencias de medias (DM) y los intervalos de confianza (IC) del 95%. La evaluación de heterogeneidad se realizará mediante la inspec-ción visual del diagrama de embudo. La evaluación de la calidad de la evidencia se reali-zará usando la evaluación GRADE.


Introduction: Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is an autosomal dominant genetic disor-der that produces hypercholesterolemia and premature development of cardiovascular diseas-es. Statins are the drug of choice in these patients; however, a high percentage of patients cannot achieve their therapeutic goals with the maximum recommended doses, so Lo-mitapide may prove to be useful as a new treatment alternative to traditional statins. Objective: The objective of this systematic review is to determine if Lomitapide is better than statins at reducing cardiovascular events in patients with a diagnosis of FH. Methods: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and quasi-randomized trials of patients di-agnosed with FH will be included. Primary outcome measures included several parameters: 1. Post-treatment low- and high-density lipoprotein (LDL and HDL, respectively) levels and 2. Presence of cardiovascular events. Electronic searches will be conducted in PUBMED, The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), EMBASE, and the scientific elec-tronic library (Scielo). The assessment of the risk of bias will be used by the Cochrane tool. The measures of the treatment effect will be considered the mean differences (MD) and the 95% confidence intervals (CI). The evaluation of heterogeneity will be done by visual inspec-tion of the funnel diagram. The evaluation of the quality of the evidence will be done using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) ap-proach.


Subject(s)
Cardiovascular Diseases , Systematic Review , Hydroxymethylglutaryl CoA Reductases , Lipoproteins, LDL , Protocols , Hypercholesterolemia , Cholesterol, LDL , Anticholesteremic Agents
3.
Rev. ecuat. pediatr ; 22(1): 1-10, Abril 30, 2021.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1222385

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La hipercolesterolemia familiar (HF) un trastorno genético autosómico domi-nante que produce un desarrollo prematuro de enfermedades cardiovasculares. Las estati-nas han sido el medicamento de elección en estos pacientes, sin embargo, un buen por-centaje de pacientes no pueden alcanzar sus objetivos terapéuticas con las dosis máximas por lo que la Lomitapida se podría establecer como una nueva alternativa de tratamiento. Objetivo: El objetivo de esta revisión sistemática es determinar si la Lomitapida reduce los eventos cardiovasculares en pacientes con diagnóstico de Hipercolesterolemia familiar comparado con estatinas. Métodos: Se incluirán ensayos controlados aleatorios (ECA) y cuasialeatorios de pacientes con diagnóstico de HF. Las medidas de resultado los niveles de LDL, HDL pos tratamiento y eventos cardiovasculares. Las búsquedas electrónicas se realizarán en PUBMED, The Coch-rane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), EMBASE y Scientific electronic library (Scielo). En la evaluación del riesgo de sesgo se utilizará la herramienta de Cochrane. Las medidas del efecto del tratamiento serán las diferencias de medias (DM) y los intervalos de confianza (IC) del 95%. La evaluación de heterogeneidad se realizará mediante la inspec-ción visual del diagrama de embudo. La evaluación de la calidad de la evidencia se reali-zará usando la evaluación GRADE.


Introduction: Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is an autosomal dominant genetic disor-der that produces hypercholesterolemia and premature development of cardiovascular diseas-es. Statins are the drug of choice in these patients; however, a high percentage of patients cannot achieve their therapeutic goals with the maximum recommended doses, so Lo-mitapide may prove to be useful as a new treatment alternative to traditional statins. Objective: The objective of this systematic review is to determine if Lomitapide is better than statins at reducing cardiovascular events in patients with a diagnosis of FH. Methods: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and quasi-randomized trials of patients di-agnosed with FH will be included. Primary outcome measures included several parameters: 1. Post-treatment low- and high-density lipoprotein (LDL and HDL, respectively) levels and 2. Presence of cardiovascular events. Electronic searches will be conducted in PUBMED, The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), EMBASE, and the scientific elec-tronic library (Scielo). The assessment of the risk of bias will be used by the Cochrane tool. The measures of the treatment effect will be considered the mean differences (MD) and the 95% confidence intervals (CI). The evaluation of heterogeneity will be done by visual inspec-tion of the funnel diagram. The evaluation of the quality of the evidence will be done using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) ap-proach.


Subject(s)
Cardiovascular Diseases , Systematic Review , Hydroxymethylglutaryl CoA Reductases , Lipoproteins, LDL , Protocols , Hypercholesterolemia , Cholesterol, LDL , Anticholesteremic Agents
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880093

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the significance of low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 5 and 6 (LRP5/6) in the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway in the pathogenesis and prognosis of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).@*METHODS@#A total of 43 children who were newly diagnosed and achieved complete remission after remission induction therapy were enrolled. The children before treatment were included in incipient group, and after treatment when achieved complete remission included in remission group. A total of 39 children with immune thrombocytopenia were enrolled in control group. Three milliliter bone marrow samples were collected from above-mentioned each group. QRT-PCR was used to determine the mRNA expression of LRP5 and LRP6 in blood mononuclear cells of bone marrow. Western blot was used to detect the protein expression of LRP5 and LRP6. According to the protein expression levels of LRP5 and LRP6, the children were divided into low-expression group and high-expression group, and the clinical biological characteristics were compared between these two groups. Survival analysis was performed by Kaplan-Meier method.@*RESULTS@#Both mRNA and protein expression levels of LRP5 and 6 were upregulated in the incipient group compared with the control and remission group (P<0.05). The mRNA and protein expressions of LRP5 and LRP6 in the high-risk group were higher than those in the medium-risk group (P<0.05), it is the same as in the medium-risk group than the low-risk group (P<0.05). The mRNA and protein expressions of LRP5 and 6 positively correlated with risk degree in the incipient group (r@*CONCLUSION@#The high expression of LRP5/6 may be one of the pathogenesis of childhood ALL, and the degree of LRP5/6 increase may be related to the risk level.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Lipoproteins, LDL , Low Density Lipoprotein Receptor-Related Protein-5 , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Receptors, LDL , Wnt Signaling Pathway , beta Catenin/metabolism
5.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(3): e9386, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153515

ABSTRACT

Atherosclerosis could be induced by multiple factors, including hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and smoking, and its pathogenesis has not been fully elucidated. MicroRNAs have been shown to possess great anti-atherosclerotic potential, but the precise function of miR-92a-3p in atherosclerosis and its potential molecular mechanism have not been well clarified. Flow cytometry assay and 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl-2H-tetrazol-3-ium bromide (MTT) assay were performed to evaluate effects of oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) on proliferation and apoptosis of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs), respectively. Malondialdehyde and superoxide dismutase levels in cell lysate were assessed with biochemical kits. The expression levels of miR-92a-3p and Sirtuin6 (SIRT6) in HUVECs exposed to ox-LDL were estimated by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR). In addition, the protein levels of SIRT6, c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), phosphorylation JNK (p-JNK), p38 mitogen activated protein kinase (p38 MAPK), and phosphorylation p38 MAPK (p-p38 MAPK) were measured by western blot assays. The relationship between miR-92a-3p and SIRT6 was confirmed by dual-luciferase reporter assay. Ox-LDL induced apoptosis and oxidative stress in HUVECs in concentration- and time-dependent manners. Conversely, miR-92a-3p silencing inhibited apoptosis and SIRT6 expression in HUVECs. The overexpression of miR-92a-3p enhanced apoptosis and phosphorylation levels of JNK and p38 MAPK as well as inhibited proliferation in ox-LDL-induced HUVECs. In addition, SIRT6 was a target of miR-92a-3p. miR-92a-3p negatively regulated SIRT6 expression in ox-LDL-induced HUVECs to activate MAPK signaling pathway in vitro. In summary, miR-92a-3p promoted HUVECs apoptosis and suppressed proliferation in ox-LDL-induced HUVECs by targeting SIRT6 expression and activating MAPK signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Humans , MAP Kinase Signaling System , Apoptosis , Sirtuins/genetics , MicroRNAs/genetics , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells , Lipoproteins, LDL/pharmacology
6.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(9): e11062, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249335

ABSTRACT

Dendritic cells (DCs) play a crucial role as central orchestrators of immune system response in atherosclerosis initiation and progression. Lectin-like oxidized low-density lipoprotein receptor-1 (LOX-1) is involved in the immune maturation of DCs, but the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. We isolated mouse bone marrow progenitors and stimulated them with granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor and interleukin (IL)-4 to induce immature DCs. We then treated DCs with oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL) to induce maturation. LOX-1 siRNA was used to investigate the modulation of LOX-1 on the development of DCs and the underlying signal pathways. CD11c-positive DCs were successfully derived from mouse bone marrow progenitors. OxLDL promoted the expressions of DCs maturation markers and pro-inflammatory cytokines. OxLDL also upregulated LOX-1 expression and activated MAPK/NF-κB pathways. LOX-1 siRNA could attenuate the expression of MAPK/NF-κB pathways and inflammatory cytokines. In conclusion, oxLDL induced the maturation of DCs via LOX-1-mediated MAPK/NF-κB pathway, which contributed to the initiation and progression of atherosclerosis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Dendritic Cells , NF-kappa B , MAP Kinase Signaling System , Scavenger Receptors, Class E , Lipoproteins, LDL
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879024

ABSTRACT

The aim of this paper was to study the protective effect of total flavonoids from Rosa multiflora(TF-RM) on the injury of HUVEC induced by oxidized low density lipoprotein(ox-LDL). SPF male SD rats were randomly divided into blank group, simvastatin group(1.8 mg·kg~(-1)·d~(-1)) and TF-RM group(2.5 g·kg~(-1)·d~(-1)), with 10 rats in each group. They were intragastrically administered with drugs for 7 days, and then blood was collected from the abdominal aorta to prepare drug-containing serum. The HUVEC injury model was established through ox-LDL induction, and added with 15% simvastatin, 5% TF-RM, 10% TF-RM, 15% TF-RM drug-containing serum and blank serum, respectively. Reactive oxygen species(ROS) was determined by flow cytometry. Nitric oxide(NO) content was determined by nitrate reductase method. The contents of ET-1, P-selectin, E-selectin, ICAM-1, VCAM-1, IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α were determined by ELISA. The expression of Lox-1 protein was determined by Western blot. Compared with the blank group, ROS level in HUVEC and the contents of ET-1, P-selectin, E-selectin, ICAM-1, VCAM-1 and IL-1β in HUVEC were significantly increased(P<0.05), NO decreased significantly(P<0.01),Lox-1 protein expression increased significantly(P<0.05), and TNF-α and IL-6 showed an increasing trend. Compared with the model group, TF-RM significantly reduced ROS level in HUVEC and ET-1, P-selectin, E-selectin, ICAM-1, TNF-α, IL-1β content in supernatant(P<0.05), significantly increased NO content(P<0.01), and inhibited Lox-1 protein expression(P<0.05). VCAM-1, IL-6 contents showed a decreasing trend. Serum containing TF-RM acts on lectin-like oxidized low-density lipoprotein receptors, and exerts a protective effect on vascular endothelial cells by reducing cell oxidative damage, regulating vasoactive substances, and reducing adhesion molecules and inflammatory cascades.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cells, Cultured , Endothelial Cells , Endothelium, Vascular , Flavonoids/pharmacology , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1/genetics , Lipoproteins, LDL , Male , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Rosa
8.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(3): 729-736, May-June, 2020. tab
Article in English | ID: biblio-1128889

ABSTRACT

This study investigated in vitro the efficacy of four different extenders (TES-TRIS and TRIS with LDL low-density lipoprotein at concentrations of 10 or 5%) on the longevity of buffalo sperm in the refrigeration process at 5ºC. Sperm motility was assessed every 24 hours up to 72 hours of incubation using computer assisted sperm analysis and sperm membrane integrity was examined by the hypoosmotic test (HOST) at T1, T24, T48 and T72 hours. Eleven buffaloes (1 ejaculate per buffalo) of the Murrah breed were used, ranging in age from 4 to 5 years. Immediately after collection, each ejaculate was fractionated into 4 aliquots, and each aliquot was diluted in one of four diluents to obtain 50x106SPTZ/mL. The samples were packed in 0.5mL straws and refrigerated (-0.25°C/min) to 5°C and maintained at this temperature until evaluation. Prior to evaluation the samples were heated at 37°C for 30 seconds. The statistical package used for analysis was STATA 12.0 "Statistical Analysis Software" and means were compared by the Friedman test (P<0.05). The results of sperm kinetics and HOST indicate that the TRIS diluent with 10% LDL could be a promising alternative for semen refrigeration at 5ºC, to be used in conventional and fixed time artificial insemination.(AU)


Este estudo investigou in vitro a eficácia de quatro diferentes extensores (TES-TRIS e TRIS com lipoproteína de baixa densidade - LDL, nas concentrações de 10 ou 5%) sobre a longevidade espermática de búfalos no processo de refrigeração a 5ºC. A motilidade espermática foi avaliada a cada 24 horas até 72 horas de incubação, por sistema computadorizado "CASA", e a integridade de membrana espermática foi examinada pelo teste hiposmótico (HOST) em T1, T24, T48 e T72 horas. Foram utilizados 11 búfalos (um ejaculado por búfalo) da raça Murrah, com idade variando de quatro a cinco anos. Imediatamente após a coleta, cada ejaculado foi fracionado em quatro alíquotas, e cada alíquota foi diluída em um dos quatro diluidores para a obtenção de 50x106 SPTZ/mL. As amostras foram envasadas em palhetas de 0,5 mL, refrigeradas (-0,25oC/minuto) até 5oC e mantidas nessa temperatura até a avaliação. Previamente à avaliação, as amostras foram aquecidas a 37oC por 30 segundos. O pacote estatístico utilizado para as análises foi o STATA 12.0 "Statistical Analysis Software", e as médias foram comparadas pelo teste de Friedman (P<0,05). Os resultados de cinética e HOST até o tempo de 48 horas indicam que o diluidor TRIS com 10% LDL seria uma alternativa promissora para a refrigeração do sêmen a 5ºC, a ser utilizado na inseminação artificial e na inseminação artificial em tempo fixo.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Semen Preservation/veterinary , Sperm Motility , Buffaloes , Lipoproteins, LDL , In Vitro Techniques , Insemination, Artificial , Indicator Dilution Techniques/veterinary
9.
Medisan ; 24(2)mar.-abr. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1098391

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las dislipidemias asociadas a la obesidad constituyen factores de riesgo de varias enfermedades especialmente del sistema cardiovascular. Objetivo: Determinar la prevalencia de dislipidemias en pacientes obesos. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio correlacional, retrospectivo y transversal de150 pacientes obesos, quienes acudieron a la consulta externa de la Clínica Medina del Hospital Básico de Guayaquil, desde el 2018 hasta el 2019. Las variables analizadas fueron edad, sexo, índice de masa corporal y resultados de laboratorio, tales como colesterol total, triglicéridos, colesterol LDL y dislipidemia mixta (colesterol HDL y VLDL). Resultados: En la serie predominaron el sexo masculino (62,6%), los pacientes con más de 65 años de edad (42,0 %), los niveles entre rango crítico y alto riesgo (66 pacientes); 16,0 % se clasificaron de alto riesgo con niveles de colesterol superior a 240 mg/dL. Mostraron resultados anormales en cuanto a los triglicéridos 62 afectados, en un rango mayor de 150 con niveles y limítrofe altos. Conclusiones: Se observó una correspondencia entre las dislipidemias y la obesidad, pues todos los pacientes presentaron algún tipo de alteración en los lípidos.


Introduction: Dyslipidemias associated to obesity constitute risk factors of several diseases specially from the cardiovascular system. Objective: To determine the prevalence of dyslipidemias in obese patients Methods: A correlational restrospective and cross-sectional study of 150 obese patients, who visited the outpatients department of Medina Clinic from Hospital Básico in Guayaquil, from 2018 to 2019. Variables used were age, sex, body mass index and laboratory results such as total cholesterol, triglycerids. LDL colesterol and mixed dyslipidemias (cholesterol HDL and VLDL). Results: In the serie, male sex (62.6 %), patients over 65 years (42.0 %), levels between critical and high risk (66 patients) prevailed, 16.0 % were classified as high risk patients with cholesterol level over 240 mg/dL. Sixty two patients showed subnormal results regarding triglycerids, in a rank higher than 150 with high limits and levels. Conclusions: A correspondance between dyslipidemias and obesity was observed, as all patients presented some type of change in lipids.


Subject(s)
Triglycerides , Cholesterol , Dyslipidemias , Lipoproteins, HDL , Lipoproteins, LDL , Obesity
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812993

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To explore the expression of autophagy related genes 5 (ATG5) and cyclin E in coronary heart disease (CHD) and its clinical significance.@*METHODS@#From April 2018 to August 2018, 80 patients diagnosed with CHD in the Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University were selected as an observation group, and another 80 healthy subjects were selected as a control group. The expression of ATG5 and cyclin E mRNA in nucleate cells and the plasma protein in the 2 groups were detected and analyzed. The model of macrophage-derived foam cells induced by oxidized low density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) was used to simulate atherosclerosis. The proliferation of macrophage- derived foam cells and the protein levels of ATG5 and cyclin E induced by ox-LDL at different concentrations were examined.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, the levels of ATG5 mRNA and protein in the blood in the observation group were decreased, and the cyclin E mRNA and protein levels were increased, there were statistically difference (both <0.05). Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve showed that the area under curve (AUC) of ATG5 mRNA, cyclin E mRNA, ATG5 protein and cyclin E protein were 0.739, 0.780, 0.671 and 0.807, respectively. Pearson analysis showed that the ATG5 mRNA was negatively correlated with the cyclin E mRNA (=-0.734, <0.05),while the plasma ATG5 protein was negatively correlated with the plasma cyclin E protein (=-0.746, <0.05). Macrophage-derived foam cell model induced by ox-LDL showed that the proliferation of foam cells and the expression levels of cyclin E protein were increased in a concentration and time-dependent manner, and the expression levels of ATG5 protein were decreased in a concentration-dependent manner.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The levels of ATG5 mRNA and protein are lowly expressed while the levels of cyclin E mRNA and protein are highly expressed in the patients with CHD.The ATG5 protein levels are lowly expressed in ox-LDL-treated macrophage-derived foam cells while the cyclin E protein levels are highly expressed in ox-LDL-treated macrophage-derived foam cells. Based on these observations, we conclude that ATG5 inhibits the degradation of the cyclin E and promotes the proliferation of macrophages, involving in the occurrence and development of CHD.


Subject(s)
Autophagy , Autophagy-Related Protein 5 , Coronary Disease , Cyclin E , Foam Cells , Humans , Lipoproteins, LDL
11.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(6): e9346, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1132516

ABSTRACT

Atherosclerosis (AS) is a common vascular disease, which can cause apoptosis of vascular endothelial cells. Notoginsenoside R1 (NGR1) is considered an anti-AS drug. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are believed to play a vital role in cell apoptosis and angiogenesis. This study aimed to explore the mechanism of NGR1 for treating AS through miRNAs. Flow cytometry was used to detect the apoptosis rate. The levels of inflammatory cytokines interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-1β were detected using ELISA. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels were measured using corresponding assay kits. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) assay was performed to detect miR-221-3p expression. Dual-luciferase reporter and RNA immunoprecipitation assays were carried out to examine the relationship between miR-221-3p and toll-like receptors 4 (TLR4). Also, western blot analysis was performed to determine the levels of TLR4 and nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) signaling pathway-related proteins. Oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) induced human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) apoptosis, inflammation, and oxidative stress. NGR1 alleviated the negative effect of ox-LDL through promoting the expression of miR-221-3p in HUVECs. TLR4 was a target of miR-221-3p, and its overexpression could reverse the inhibition effects of miR-221-3p on apoptosis, inflammation, and oxidative stress. NGR1 improved miR-221-3p expression to inhibit the activation of the TLR4/NF-κB pathway in ox-LDL-treated HUVECs. NGR1 decreased ox-LDL-induced HUVECs apoptosis, inflammation, and oxidative stress through increasing miR-221-3p expression, thereby inhibiting the activation of the TLR4/NF-κB pathway. This study of the mechanism of NGR1 provided a more theoretical basis for the treatment of AS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis/drug effects , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Ginsenosides/pharmacology , MicroRNAs/adverse effects , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells/drug effects , Inflammation/metabolism , Lipoproteins, LDL/metabolism , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Signal Transduction , Transcriptional Activation , Up-Regulation , Blotting, Western , NF-kappa B/antagonists & inhibitors , Reactive Oxygen Species , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Immunoprecipitation , Toll-Like Receptor 4/antagonists & inhibitors , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells/metabolism , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
12.
Ciênc. cuid. saúde ; 19: e50327, 20200000.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1119961

ABSTRACT

Objective:To identify the epidemiological and clinical profile of patients with chronic diseases,assisted by the Model Program for Attention to Chronic Conditions in a Health Region Department in the Southwest of Paraná. Methods: This is a descriptive, cross-sectional study with a quantitative approach. For data collection, a form developed by the researchers was used, in addition to measuring data related to the conditions of the chronic disease, such as biochemical, clinical and demographic profile.Results: The sample consisted of 263 patients, mostly female, but all the patients observed had a high cardiometabolic risk, with an emphasis on the male gender regarding some biochemical variables.Conclusion: The majority of patients affected by chronic conditions in this research are female, with an emphasis on high cardiometabolic risk. However, there is an increased risk in males, when glucose tolerance, total cholesterol and low density lipoprotein are considered.


Objetivo:Identificar o perfil epidemiológico e clínico dos pacientes com doenças crônicas, atendidos pelo programa Modelo de Atenção às Condições Crônicas de uma Regional de Saúde do Sudoeste do Paraná.Métodos:Trata-se de uma pesquisa descritiva, transversal, com abordagem quantitativa. Para a coleta de dados,foi utilizado um formulário desenvolvido pelos pesquisadores, além da mensuração de dados relacionados às condições da doença crônica como perfil bioquímico, clínico e demográfico.Resultados:A amostra foi constituída por 263 pacientes, majoritariamente do sexo feminino, porém todos os pacientes observados apresentaram alto risco cardiometabólico, com destaque para o sexo masculino quanto a algumas variáveis bioquímicas.Conclusão:Os pacientes acometidos por condições crônicas nesta pesquisa são em sua maioria do sexo feminino, com destaque para alto risco cardiometabólico. Entretanto, observa-se risco aumentado no sexo masculino, quando considerados a tolerância à glicose, colesterol total e lipoproteína de baixa densidade.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Attention , Health Profile , Chronic Disease , Patients , Biomarkers , Cholesterol , Health , Disease , Risk , Nursing , Diabetes Mellitus , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Glucose , Hospitalization , Hypertension , Lipoproteins, LDL
13.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(3): e8960, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089336

ABSTRACT

This research aimed to explore the molecular mechanism of microRNA (miR)-106b in cell apoptosis of atherosclerosis (AS). Human aortic endothelial cells (HAECs) were divided into control group, oxidized-low-density lipoproteins (ox-LDL) group, miR-106b NC+ox-LDL group, miR-106b mimics+ox-LDL group, miR-106b mimics+PTEN+ox-LDL group, and miR-106b mimics+empty+ox-LDL group. Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction, cholecystokinin, TdT-mediated biotinylated nick end-labeling assay, luciferase reporter gene assay, and flow cytometry analysis were performed to determine the morphology, proliferation, and apoptosis in HSECs. Moreover, the levels of phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome 10 (PTEN), Bcl-2, p-P13K, and p-AKT in HAECs were detected by western blot. MiR-106b was down-regulated in ox-LDL-induced HAECs. PTEN was the target gene of miR-106b-5p. Overexpression of PTEN inhibited the anti-apoptotic effect of miR-106b. Compared with the control group, the proportion and number of HAECs apoptosis and Bax, caspase-3, and caspase-9 expression in ox-LDL and miR-106b mimics+PTEN+ox-LDL groups were significantly increased (all P<0.05). Moreover, the activity of HAECs and Bcl-2 were decreased significantly (all P<0.05). Overexpression of miR-106b in ox-LDL-induced AS inhibited endothelial cell apoptosis. Furthermore, miR-106b might activate the PI3K/AKT pathway by down-regulating the expression of PTEN in ox-LDL-induced HAECs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis , MicroRNAs/genetics , Endothelial Cells/metabolism , Atherosclerosis/metabolism , Lipoproteins, LDL/genetics , Signal Transduction , Up-Regulation , Cell Proliferation , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Fluorescence , Lipoproteins, LDL/metabolism
14.
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 63: e20200131, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132247

ABSTRACT

Abstract Gallic acid (GA), as a strong antioxidant, was selected in this study to investigate its possible nephroprotective effects against gentamicin (GM)-induced nephrotoxicity. Twenty-four rats were separated into three groups (n=8): group 1 (control group) received saline (0.5 mL/day), group 2 (GM group) received GM (100 mg/kg/day), and group 3 (treated group) received GM (100 mg/kg/day) and GA (100mg/kg/day). All treatments were performed intraperitoneally for 12 days. After 12 days, the rats were euthanized, and kidneys were removed immediately. For serum preparation, blood samples were collected before killing. Kidney paraffin sections were prepared from one of the kidneys and stained by the periodic acid-Schiff process. GA significantly decreased GM-induced renal histopathological injuries, including tubular necrosis, tubular cast, and leucocyte infiltration compared with the GM group. Additionally, GA significantly improved proteinuria, serum levels of urea and creatinine, and serum activities of aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) compared with nephrotoxic animals. Furthermore, GA caused a significant improvement in the levels of cholesterol (Chol), low-density lipoprotein (LDL), high-density lipoprotein (HDL), and cardiac risk ratios 1 and 2 in comparison with nephrotoxic animals. GA administration was observed to significantly improve the levels of lipid peroxidation, nitric oxide (NO), and glutathione (GSH) compared with the GM group. Finally, the activities and gene expression levels of catalase (CAT) and glutathione peroxidase (GPX) significantly increased following GA administration compared with the GM group. Our results indicated that GA has potential protective effects against GM nephrotoxicity by reducing oxidative stress in rats.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Gentamicins/adverse effects , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Gallic Acid/therapeutic use , Kidney Diseases/drug therapy , Anti-Bacterial Agents/adverse effects , Antioxidants/therapeutic use , Biomarkers , Cholesterol , Rats, Wistar , Disease Models, Animal , Gallic Acid/chemistry , Kidney Diseases/chemically induced , Kidney Diseases/pathology , Lipoproteins, HDL , Lipoproteins, LDL
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828078

ABSTRACT

Flavonoids are important active ingredients of traditional Chinese medicine, mainly with cardiovascular, anti-liver injury, antioxidant, antispasmodic, and estrogen-like effects. These compounds have obvious effects on the cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. Macrophage-derived foam cells are the key medium in the process of atherosclerosis(AS). In plaque, allserum lipids, serum lipoproteins, and various pro-or anti-inflammatory stimulating factors, chemokines, and small bioactive molecules can significantly affect the macrophage phenotype and induce stronger pro-inflammatory or anti-inflammatory properties. Studies have shown that some flavonoids can be used for macrophages through different pathways and mechanisms, playing an anti-atherosclerosis effect to different degrees, including promotion of cholesterol efflux from macrophages, anti-foaming of macrophages, inhibition of secretion of inflammatory factors, and antioxidant modified low density lipoprotein(ox-LDL)-induced apoptosis of macrophages. Related gene regulation inclu-ded ATP-binding cassette transporter A1(ABCA1), ATP-binding cassette transporter G1(ABCG1), Toll-like receptor(TLR), and scavenger receptor(SR). In this article, we would review the recent research progress of flavonoids on anti-atherosclerosis effect me-diated by macrophage. It is expected to provide new treatment strategies for AS-related cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, and provide research ideas and development directions for the use of related natural medicines and design of new products.


Subject(s)
ATP Binding Cassette Transporter 1 , Atherosclerosis , Cholesterol , Flavonoids , Foam Cells , Humans , Lipoproteins, LDL , Macrophages
16.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 71(6): 1889-1895, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | ID: biblio-1055129

ABSTRACT

A utilização da gema de ovo dificulta a padronização de meios diluidores e apresenta riscos biológicos. Assim, este estudo avaliou diferentes concentrações da lipoproteína de baixa densidade (LDL), em substituição à gema de ovo, para a confecção de diluentes para criopreservação espermática em ovinos. Foram utilizados um diluidor controle (CTR= 20% de gema de ovo) e cinco tratamentos, substituindo-se a gema pelas diferentes proporções de LDL (T1=6%; T2=8%; T3=12%; T4=16%; T5=20%), todos à base de TRIS-glicerol. Para o estudo, utilizaram-se dois ejaculados, de seis reprodutores da raça Santa Inês. Sessenta dias após a criopreservação, as amostras foram descongeladas e avaliadas subjetivamente quanto à motilidade total (MT, %) e progressiva (MP, %), ao vigor (1-5) e à integridade funcional (choque hisposmótico com água destilada, %) e estrutural (corante supravital eosina, %) das membranas espermáticas. As avaliações de vigor e funcionalidade de membrana não diferiram (P>0,05) entre os grupos. Entretanto, os grupos T4 (P<0,01) e T5 (P<0,05) foram superiores ao CTR para os parâmetros MT, MP e integridade estrutural de membrana, o que confirma que as LDLs podem ser alternativas eficientes para substituição da gema de ovo em diluidores para criopreservação de sêmen ovino.(AU)


The use of egg yolk makes it difficult to standardize extenders and presents biological hazards. Thus, this study evaluated different concentrations of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) to replace yolk extenders for production of sperm for cryopreservation in ovine. A control extender was used (CTR= 20% yolk) and five treatments, replacing the yolk by different ratios of LDL (T1= 6%; T2= 8%, T3= 12%; T4= 16%; T5= 20%) all based on TRIS-glycerol. For the study, two ejaculates from six Santa Ines breeding were used. Sixty days after cryopreservation, the samples were thawed and evaluated for total motility (MT, %) and progressive motility (MP, %), vigor (1-5) and the functional integrity (hyposmotic shock with distilled water, %) and structural (supravital dye eosin, %) of the sperm membranes. The evaluations of strength and membrane functionality didn't differ (P> 0.05) between groups. However, T4 (P< 0.01) and T5 (P< 0.05) groups were superior to the CTR for the MT, MP, and membrane structural integrity parameters, which confirms that LDLs can be efficient alternatives for yolk replacement in extenders for cryopreservation of ovine semen.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Semen Preservation/methods , Sheep , Cryopreservation/veterinary , Lipoproteins, LDL/administration & dosage
17.
Acta bioquím. clín. latinoam ; 53(4): 477-486, dic. 2019. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1124025

ABSTRACT

En este estudio se evaluó el efecto de tomar mate en las pruebas bioquímicas de rutina. Se extrajo sangre a 32 mujeres voluntarias luego de 12 horas de ayuno y a la hora (T1), dos horas (T2) y tres horas (T3) posteriores a la toma de 5 mates. Se estudiaron parámetros hematológicos y analitos de química clínica. Los resultados se analizaron empleando pruebas estadísticas para muestras relacionadas. Se calculó la diferencia porcentual media (DM%) de cada analito en cada hora respecto del valor basal y se comparó con el valor de referencia del cambio (VRC). Una DM% mayor que el VRC se consideró clínicamente significativa. En T1, T2 y T3 los recuentos de neutrófilos, eosinófilos y linfocitos fueron más bajos que en T0, también los niveles de glucosa, urea, creatinina y cistatina C fueron más bajos que en T0, mientras que los valores de proteínas totales, colesterol transportado por lipoproteínas de baja densidad y la actividad enzimática de lactato deshidrogenasa fueron más altos que en T0. En todos los casos los cambios fueron estadísticamente significativos, aunque no lo fueron desde el punto de vista clínico. Tomar 5 mates antes de la flebotomía no interfiere en los resultados de las pruebas bioquímicas de rutina.


In the present study the effect of drinking mate in routine biochemical tests was evaluated. Blood was collected from 32 female volunteers after a 12 h fasting period. In addition, 1 hour (T1), 2 hours (T2), and 3 hours (T3) after drinking 5 mates, blood was collected again. Hematological parameters and clinical chemistry analytes were studied. The results were analyzed using statistical tests for related samples. Mean difference % (MD%) was calculated for each analyte and was further compared with reference change value (RCV). The MDs% higher than RCV were considered clinically significant. At T1, T2, and T3 the count neutrophils, eosinophils and lymphocytes were lower than at T0. Also glucose, urea, creatinine, and cystatin C values were lower than at T0 whereas total proteins, LDL-C, and LD enzymatic activity values were higher than at T0. In all cases, variability was statistically significant but not clinically significant. Drinking 5 mates prior to phlebotomy does not interfere with the results of routine biochemical tests.


Neste trabalho, o efeito de beber chimarrão foi avaliado em testes bioquímicos de rotina. O sangue foi extraído de 32 mulheres voluntárias após 12 horas de jejum, e uma hora (T1), duas horas (T2) e três horas (T3) após a tomada de 5 chimarrões. Parâmetros hematológicos e analitos de química clínica foram estudados. Os resultados foram analisados utilizando testes estatísticos para amostras relacionadas. A diferença percentual média% (DM%) de cada analito em cada hora foi calculada em relação ao valor basal e comparada com o valor de referência da modificação (VRM). Uma DM% maior que o VRM foi considerada clinicamente significativa. Em T1, T2 e T3 as contagens de neutrófilos, eosinófilos e linfócitos foram mais baixas que em T0, Também os níveis de glicose, ureia, creatinina e cistatina C foram mais baixos que em T0, ao passo que os valores de proteínas totais, colesterol transportado por lipoproteínas de baixa densidade e a atividade enzimática de lactato desidrogenase foram mais altos que em T0. Em todos os casos as alterações foram estatisticamente significativas, embora do ponto de vista clínico não o tenham sido. Tomar 5 chimarrões antes da flebotomia não interfere nos resultados dos testes bioquímicos de rotina.


Subject(s)
Humans , Urea , Blood , Lymphocytes , Chemistry, Clinical , Fasting , Phlebotomy , Creatinine , Drinking , Cystatin C , Pre-Analytical Phase/methods , Glucose , Lipoproteins, LDL , Referral and Consultation , Rutin , Triiodothyronine , Women , Cholesterol , Data Collection , Eosinophils , Reference Parameters , Pre-Analytical Phase/statistics & numerical data , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase , Neutrophils
18.
Acta bioquím. clín. latinoam ; 53(4): 469-476, dic. 2019. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1124024

ABSTRACT

El propósito de este estudio fue analizar los cambios post prandiales en el perfil lipídico en respuesta a una comida típica argentina. Se extrajo sangre a 33 mujeres voluntarias después de 12 h de ayuno (T0), 1 h después de un desayuno estandarizado (T1) y 1 h después de un almuerzo estandarizado (T2). Se midieron los niveles de: colesterol total, colesterol de lipoproteínas de alta densidad (C-HDL), colesterol de lipoproteínas de baja densidad (C-LDL) y triglicéridos. Los datos se analizaron utilizando la prueba t de Student pareada. Para cada analito se calculó la diferencia porcentual media (DM%) en T1 y T2 respecto de T0 y se comparó con el valor de referencia del cambio (VRC). Las DM% mayores al VRC se consideraron clínicamente significativas. En T1 y T2, los valores de C-HDL fueron más bajos que en T0, mientras que los valores de C-LDL en T1 fueron más bajos que en T0. Los niveles de triglicéridos fueron significativamente más altos en T1 que en T0. En todos los casos, la variabilidad fue estadísticamente significativa, aunque no clínicamente. En este estudio puede observarse que el perfil de lípidos en T1 y T2 no mostró diferencias clínicamente significativas con respecto a los valores basales.


The purpose of the present study was to analyze postprandial lipid profile changes in response to a typical Argentine meal. Blood was collected from 33 female volunteers after a 12 h fasting period (T0), 1 h after a standardized breakfast (T1) and 1 h after a standardized lunch (T2). The levels of total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and triglycerides were measured. Data were analyzed using paired Student's t-test. Mean difference % (MD %) was calculated for each analyte at T1 and T2 and was further compared with reference change value (RCV). MDs % higher than RCV were considered clinically significant. At T1 and T2, HDL-C values were lower than at T0, whereas LDL-C values at T1 were lower than at T0. Triglycerides levels were significantly higher at T1 than baseline values. In all cases, variability was statistically, though not clinically, significant. This study demonstrates that at T1 and T2 lipid profile showed no clinically significant differences with respect to basal values.


O objetivo do presente estudo foi analisar as alterações do perfil lipídico pós-prandial em resposta a uma refeição típica argentina. O sangue foi coletado de 33 mulheres voluntárias após um período de jejum de 12 horas (T0),1 h após um café da manhã padronizado (T1) e 1 h após um almoço padronizado (T2). Foram medidos os níveis de: colesterol total (CT), colesterol HDL (C-HDL), colesterol LDL (C-LDL) e triglicérides. Os dados foram analisados utilizando o teste t de Student pareado. A diferença média% (DM%) foi calculada para cada analito em T1 e T2 e foi comparada com o valor de mudança de referência (VRC). Os MDs% maiores que o VRC foram considerados clinicamente significativos. Em T1 e T2, os valores de C-HDL foram menores que em T0, enquanto os valores de C-LDL em T1 foram menores que em T0. Os níveis de triglicérides foram significativamente maiores em T1 do que os valores basais. Em todos os casos, a variabilidade foi estatisticamente, embora não clinicamente, significativa. Este estudo demonstra que no perfil lipídico em T1 e T2 não houve diferenças clinicamente significativas em relação aos valores basais.


Subject(s)
Humans , Triglycerides , Blood , Cholesterol , Fasting , Fasting/blood , Determination , Meals , Breakfast , Pre-Analytical Phase/statistics & numerical data , Lipids , Lipids/analysis , Lipoproteins , Cholesterol, HDL , Cholesterol, LDL , Powders , Referral and Consultation , Coffee , Lunch , Lipoproteins, LDL
19.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 82(3): 220-224, May-June 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001299

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: Beta-thalassemia minor, a common hereditary blood disorder in Mediterranean countries such as Turkey, is associated with insulin resistance. Insulin resistance, in turn, can be associated with excessively high intraocular pressure and, therefore, intraocular pressure-induced blindness. This study aimed to investigate the intraocular pressure in subjects with beta-thalassemia minor. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study comprising of 203 subjects divided into two groups: beta-thalassemia minor (103) and healthy (100).Hemoglobin electrophoresis was performed and complete blood count, blood pressures, serum fasting glucose and insulin levels were measured. All subjects underwent ophthalmological examinations including intraocular pressure measurements. Results: Intraocular pressure in the subjects with beta-thalassemia minor was significantly lower than that in healthy subjects (p=0.007). Additionally, intraocular pressure was inversely correlated with hemoglobin A2 levels (p=0.001, r=-0.320). Serum insulin and systolic blood pressure were significantly higher in subjects with beta-thalassemia minor (p=0.03, p=0.009, respectively). Conclusion: Subjects with beta-thalassemia minor had lower intraocular pressure than healthy controls, suggesting beta-thalassemia minor may actually protect against high intraocular pressure.


RESUMO Objetivo: Beta-talassemia menor é uma doença hereditária comum no sangue em países mediterrâneos como a Turquia e está associada à resistência à insulina. A resistência à insulina por sua vez, pode estar associada à pressão intraocular excessivamente alta e, portanto à cegueira induzida pela pressão intraocular. Este estudo teve como objetivo investigar a pressão intraocular em indivíduos com beta-talassemia menor. Métodos: Foi realizado um estudo transversal compreendendo 203 indivíduos divididos em 2 grupos: beta-talassemia menor (103) e saudável (100). Eletroforese de hemoglobina foi realizada e hemograma completo, pressão arterial, glicemia em jejum e níveis de insulina medidos. Todos os indivíduos foram submetidos foram submetidos a exames oftalmológicos, incluindo medidas de pressão intraocular. Resultados: A pressão intraocular nos indivíduos com beta-talassemia menor foi significativamente menor do que em indivíduos saudáveis (p=0,007). Além disso, a pressão intraocular foi inversamente correlacionada com os níveis de hemoglobina A2 (p=0,001, r=-0,320). Insulina sérica e pressão arterial sistólica foram significativamente maiores em indivíduos com beta-talassemia menor (p=0,03, p=0,009, respectivamente). Conclusão: Os indivíduos com beta-talassemia menor tiveram pressão intraocular menor do que os controles saudáveis, sugerindo que a beta-talassemia menor pode, na verdade, proteger contra a alta pressão intraocular.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , beta-Thalassemia/physiopathology , Intraocular Pressure/physiology , Reference Values , Tonometry, Ocular , Triglycerides/blood , Blood Glucose/analysis , Blood Pressure/physiology , Hemoglobin A2/analysis , Insulin Resistance/physiology , Case-Control Studies , Linear Models , Cross-Sectional Studies , beta-Thalassemia/blood , Statistics, Nonparametric , Insulin/blood , Lipoproteins, HDL/blood , Lipoproteins, LDL/blood
20.
Arch. Clin. Psychiatry (Impr.) ; 46(2): 33-39, Mar.-Apr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011143

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To compare sex difference in metabolic effect of olanzapine versus aripiprazole on schizophrenia. Methods A twelve-week prospective open-label cohort study to compare four subgroups according to first-episode schizophrenia patients' type of drug usage and sex: female aripiprazole (n = 11), male aripiprazole (n = 11), female olanzapine (n = 10), and male olanzapine (n = 11) for body mass index, fasting serum triglyceride, total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and fasting glucose. Results Aripiprazole may be associated with weight gain in female patients with low-baseline weight. Aripiprazole may have an adverse effect of weight and favorable effects of circulating glucose and lipid on female over male schizophrenia patients. The aripiprazole-induced changes in glucose and lipid may be independent of body fat storage, especially for female schizophrenia patients. Olanzapine may have adverse effects of weight, glucose and lipid profiles on female over male schizophrenic patients. Discussion Our findings fill the gap in knowledge and provide a sex-specific guidance to psychiatrist better tailoring treatment to individual sex-differential characteristics and a key clue to understand the sex-differential mechanism of antipsychotics-induced metabolic dysfunction.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Blood Glucose/drug effects , Lipid Metabolism/drug effects , Aripiprazole/adverse effects , /adverse effects , Schizophrenia/drug therapy , Triglycerides/blood , Weight Gain/drug effects , Body Mass Index , Sex Factors , Prospective Studies , Lipoproteins, HDL/blood , Lipoproteins, LDL/blood
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