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1.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 372-375, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879651

ABSTRACT

Holmium laser lithotripsy (HLL) is one of the common surgical methods for urolithiasis. It causes minor surgical trauma, but complications are not rare. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) treatment of sepsis is common, but venoarterial (VA)-ECMO treatment of urosepsis has not been reported yet. In this article, we reported a 67-year-old female patient with refractory septic shock caused by HLL under percutaneous nephroscope, involving breathing, heart, kidney and other organs, and organs support treatment was ineffective for the patient. Finally, we successfully treated the patient under VA-ECMO with continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT). Combined ECMO and CRRT may provide a solution for addressing refractory sepsis. Here we present the case and review relevant literature, so as to provide a treatment strategy for patients with refractory urogenic sepsis and to reduce the mortality rate.


Subject(s)
Aged , Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation/methods , Female , Humans , Lasers, Solid-State/adverse effects , Lithotripsy, Laser/methods , Postoperative Complications/therapy , Renal Replacement Therapy/methods , Shock, Septic/therapy , Treatment Outcome , Urinary Tract Infections/therapy , Urolithiasis/surgery
2.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(6): 1161-1166, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056350

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To compare two-shift operation mode and single player mode different impact on surgical results and operator comfort in flexible ureteroscopic holmium laser lithotripsy for renal calculi larger than 1.5cm. Materials and Methods: From december 2017 to december 2018, 92 patients with renal calculi admitted to Qilu Hospital and were treated through flexible ureteroscopy. They were randomized in two-shift group (n=50) and single player group (n=42). The operative time, blood loss, hospitalization stay after operation, residual fragments (≥4mm) rate, fragmentation speed, postoperative complications and operator's fatigue score were compared. Results: There was no significant difference between two groups regarding age, gender, illness side, stone size, blood loss, operative time, postoperative hospitalization stay, complications, etc (p >0.05). The fragmentation speed was 44.5±20.0mm3/min in two-shift group compared with 34.2±17.3mm3/min in single player group (p=0.037). Residual fragments (≥4mm) rate after first surgery was 18% in two-shift group, while the residual fragments (≥4mm) rate was 40.5% after first surgery in single player group (p=0.017). The total fatigue score of two-shift group was 8.4 compared to 29.9 in single player group (p <0.001). Conclusion: In flexible ureteroscopic holmium laser lithotripsy for the treatment of renal calculi larger than 1.5cm, two-shift operation mode can raise the fragmentation speed and stone clearance rate, as well as significantly lower operator's fatigue level and improve operator's comfort.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Kidney Calculi/surgery , Lithotripsy, Laser/methods , Ureteroscopy/methods , Lasers, Solid-State/therapeutic use , Postoperative Complications , Kidney Calculi/pathology , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Lithotripsy, Laser/instrumentation , Ureteroscopy/instrumentation , Equipment Design , Operative Time , Ergonomics , Length of Stay , Middle Aged
3.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(5): 941-947, Sept.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040067

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objectives To evaluate the efficacy of a novel decision aid (DA) in improving the patients' level of knowledge and decreasing decisional conflicts while deciding for SWL vs. RIRS in case of a symptomatic renal stone <2 cm. Materials and Methods In this prospective randomized study patients were randomized to receive either standard informing process (group 1, n=57) or DA (group 2, n=58). Level of knowledge was assessed with a questionnaire of 10 questions before and after patient informing process. Level of decisional conflict was assessed with a previously validated scoring system. Logistic regression analysis was performed to identify factors associated with adequate level of knowledge. Results Level of knowledge increased significantly in both groups after patient informing process. The increase was significantly more prominent in group 2 (p=0.045). Percentage of patients with adequate knowledge was also higher in group 2 (56.1%vs.74.1%, p=0.04). Mean decisional conflict scale score (higher score indicates higher decisional conflict level) was also significantly higher in group1 (14.7±14.5 vs. 10.1±13.7, p=0.045). Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed higher education level (college degree) and use of DA as factors associated with adequate level of knowledge. Conclusions In the current study, The DA was shown to have a positive impact on level of knowledge and diminish the level of decisional conflict for patients with a symptomatic non-lower pole renal stone <20 mm. We recommend development and use of DAs for particular clinic scenarios to aid in education of patients and shared decision making process in stone disease clinics.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Kidney Calculi/surgery , Logistic Models , Surveys and Questionnaires/standards , Decision Support Techniques , Lithotripsy, Laser/methods , Decision Making , Patient Participation , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Prospective Studies , Reproducibility of Results , Statistics, Nonparametric , Conflict, Psychological , Educational Status , Middle Aged
4.
Gac. méd. Méx ; 155(2): 162-167, mar.-abr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286478

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: La ureteroscopia flexible con litotricia láser (URSLL) es una modalidad mínimamente invasiva de tratamiento quirúrgico de cálculos renales. La selección inadecuada de pacientes para este procedimiento genera un desbalance de costo-efectividad. Objetivo: Conocer los factores predictores de estado libre de litos en un solo tiempo quirúrgico en pacientes sometidos a URSLL. Método: Cohorte retrospectiva de pacientes sometidos a URSLL. Se realizó un análisis univariado y multivariado (regresión logística) de los predictores de estado libre de cálculos en la primera URSLL, global y categorizado por sexo. Resultados: EL estado libre de cálculos en la primera URSLL fue de 73.62 %. Los predictores de estado libre de cálculos en hombres fueron edad y tamaño, densidad y multiplicidad del cálculo; en las mujeres, el índice de masa corporal y la multiplicidad del cálculo. Conclusiones: Los factores pronósticos de estado libre de cálculos en la primera URSLL son distintos en hombres y mujeres. Las mujeres con obesidad y sobrepeso probablemente tengan cálculos de fácil fragmentación y extracción asociados con ácido úrico.


Abstract Introduction: Flexible ureteroscopy and laser fragmentation (FURSL) is a minimally invasive modality for surgical treatment of renal stones. Inadequate selection of patients for this treatment generates a cost-effectiveness unbalance. Objective: To know the stone-free rate predictors in a single surgical time in patients undergoing FURSL. Method: Retrospective cohort of patients undergoing FURSL. Global and gender-categorized univariate and multivariate (logistic regression) analyses were performed to identify stone-free predictors at first FURSL. Results: Stone-free rate at first FURSL was 73.62%. Predictors in males were patient age and stone size, density and multiplicity; in females, body mass index and multiplicity of stones. Conclusions: Stone-free rate predictors at first FURSL are different in males and females. Women with overweight and obesity probably have easy-to-fragment and easy-to-extract stones associated with uric acid.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Kidney Calculi/surgery , Lithotripsy, Laser/methods , Ureteroscopy/methods , Patient Selection , Sex Factors , Retrospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Age Factors , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures/methods , Overweight/epidemiology , Obesity/epidemiology
5.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 44(5): 958-964, Sept.-Oct. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-975644

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To assess the safety, feasibility, and efficacy of simultaneous treatment of parapelvic renal cysts and stones by flexible ureterorenoscopy with a novel four-step cyst localization strategy in selected patients. Patients and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 11 consecutive cases of parapelvic renal cysts with concomitant calculi treated by flexible ureterorenoscopy and laser lithotripsy (FURSL). Marsupialization was performed subsequently with holmium: YAG laser in our institution. Fragmentation was used to manage renal stones and a novel four-step cyst localization strategy was applied in each case for marsupialization. Results: There were no intraoperative complications. Two cases of cystitis were reported postoperatively. The mean operative times of FURSL and marsupialization were 23.6 ± 3.9 minutes and 29.1 ± 9.7 minutes, respectively. During marsupialization, seven patients underwent the first two steps of the new strategy, two patients underwent three steps and two patients underwent all four steps. The mean reduction in hemoglobin level was 4.7 ± 1.7 g / L (range 3-8 g / L). The mean length of hospital stay was 1.2 ± 0.4 days. During a mean follow-up duration of 18 months, all cases remained stone-free and there was no stone recurrence. Parapelvic cysts became undetectable in eight cases and decreased in size by at least half in three cases. Conclusion: With appropriate patient selection, FURSL and marsupialization with a four-step cyst localization strategy is feasible, safe, and effective in treating parapelvic renal cysts with concomitant calculi.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Kidney Calculi/surgery , Lithotripsy, Laser/methods , Ureteroscopy/methods , Kidney Diseases, Cystic/surgery , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Operative Time , Middle Aged
6.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 44(4): 750-757, July-Aug. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-954080

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To assess outcomes of ureteroscopy for treatment of stone disease in the elderly. Ureteroscopy (URS) is an increasingly popular treatment modality for urolithiasis and its applications are ever expanding with the development of newer technologies. Its feasibility and outcomes within the elderly population to our knowledge remain under-reported. Materials and Methods: We examined the patient demographics and surgical outcomes from our prospective database for patients ≥70 years who underwent URS for urolithiasis, in a 5-year period between March 2012 and December 2016. Results: A total of 110 consecutive patients underwent 121 procedures (1.1 procedure/patient) with a mean age of 77.2 years (range: 70-91 years). Stone location was in the kidney/ pelviureteric junction (PUJ) in 29%, ureter in 37% and in multiple locations in 34%. The initial and final stone free rate (SFR) was 88% and 97% respectively. While 73% were done as true day case procedures, 89% patients were discharged within 24 hours. Eleven patients (9%) underwent complications of which 10 were Clavien I/II including acute urinary retention, urinary tract infection, stent symptoms and pneumonia. One patient underwent Clavien IV complication where they needed intensive care unit admission for urosepsis but fully recovered and were discharged home subsequently. Conclusion: Ureteroscopy is a safe and effective method of managing urolithiasis in elderly patients. Although most patients are discharged within 24-hours, consideration needs to be made for patients where social circumstances can impact their discharge planning.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Ureteroscopy/methods , Urolithiasis/surgery , Postoperative Complications , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Age Factors , Treatment Outcome , Lithotripsy, Laser/methods , Ureteroscopy/adverse effects , Ureteroscopy/statistics & numerical data , Operative Time , Nephrolithotomy, Percutaneous/methods , Intraoperative Complications , Length of Stay
7.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 44(2): 314-322, Mar.-Apr. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-892985

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose To identify the role of shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) and flexible ureterorenoscopy (f-URS) on the stone recurrence, in the management of 10-20 millimeter lower pole stone (LPS) with medium follow-up outcomes. Materials and Methods The patients' charts which were treated with SWL or f-URS for LPS between January 2011 and September 2013 were analyzed, retrospectively. Patients who had a solitary 10-20mm LPS were enrolled into the study. In both procedures, patient was accepted as stone free, if complete stone clearance was achieved in the 3rd month abdominal computed tomography. Only patients with a stone free status were evaluated in follow ups. Results The stone-free rate was 77.9% (88/113 patients) for the SWL group and 89% (114/128 patients) for the f-URS group (p=0.029). Stone recurrence was detected in 28 (35.4%) patients in SWL group and in 17 (17.2%) patients in f-URS group (p=0.009). Stone types and 24 hour urine sample results were similar between groups (p=0.123 vs p=0.197, respectively). Multivariate regression analysis revealed that f-URS procedure and absence of abnormality in 24 hour urine analysis significantly decreased stone recurrence in medium term follow-up (p=0.001 and p<0.001, respectively). Conclusions Our study showed for the first time, that patients which underwent f-URS for LPS, faced less stone recurrence, independent from diet regimen and metabolic evaluation in medium term follow-up. Additionally, presence of abnormality in 24 hour urine analysis increase the stone recurrence risk in follow-ups.


Subject(s)
Kidney Calculi/therapy , Lithotripsy, Laser/methods , Ureteroscopy/methods , Recurrence , Kidney Calculi/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Middle Aged
8.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 42(6): 1168-1177, Nov.-Dec. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-828929

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT In this study, we aim to evaluate and compare the effectiveness of flexible ureterorenoscopy (f-URS) for solitary and multiple renal stones with <300 mm2 stone burden. Patients' charts who treated with f-URS for kidney stone between January 2010 and June 2015 were reviewed, retrospectively. Patients with solitary kidney stones (n:111) were enrolled in group 1. We selected 111 patients with multiple kidney stones to serve as the control group and the patients were matched at a 1:1 ratio with respect to the patient's age, gender, body mass index and stone burden. Additionally, patients with multiple stones were divided into two groups according to the presence or abscence of lower pole stones. Stone free status was accepted as complete stone clearence and presence of residual fragments < 2 mm. According to the study design; age, stone burden, body mass index were comparable between groups. The mean operation time was longer in group 2 (p= 0.229). However, the mean fluoroscopy screening time in group 1 and in group 2 was 2.1±1.7 and 2.6±1.5 min, respectively and significantly longer in patients with multiple renal stones (P=0.043). The stone-free status was significantly higher in patients with solitary renal stones after a single session procedure (p=0.02). After third month follow up, overall success rate was 92.7% in Group 1 and 86.4% in Group 2. Our study revealed that F-URS achieved better stone free status in solitary renal stones <300 mm2. However, outcomes of F-URS were acceptable in patients with multiple stones.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Kidney Calculi/therapy , Lithotripsy, Laser/methods , Ureteroscopy/methods , Postoperative Period , Preoperative Care , Kidney Calculi/surgery , Body Mass Index , Sex Factors , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Ureteroscopes , Middle Aged
9.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 42(3): 479-486, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-785743

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose The aim of this study was to describe the outcomes and the complications of retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) for renal stones in a multi-institutional working group. Materials and Methods From 2012 to 2014, we conducted a prospective study including all RIRS performed for kidney stones in 4 European centers. Demographic information, disease characteristics, and perioperative and postoperative data were gathered. Patients and stone data, procedure characteristics, results and safety outcomes were analyzed and compared by descriptive statistics. Complications were reported using the standardized Clavien system. Results Three hundred and fifty-six patients underwent 377 RIRS with holmium laser lithotripsy for renal stones. The RIRS was completed in all patients with a mean operative time of 63.5 min. The stone-free status was confirmed endoscopically and through fluoroscopic imaging after the first procedure in 73.6%. The second procedure was performed in twenty patients (5.6%) achieving an overall stone free rate of 78.9%. The overall complication rate was 15.1%. Intra-operative and post-operative complications were seen in 24 (6.7%) and 30 (8.4%) cases, respectively. Conclusions RIRS is a minimally invasive procedure with good results in terms of stone-free and complications rate.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Kidney Calculi/surgery , Lithotripsy, Laser/methods , Ureteroscopy/instrumentation , Ureteroscopy/methods , Ureteroscopes , Postoperative Complications , Fluoroscopy/methods , Prospective Studies , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Lithotripsy, Laser/instrumentation , Ureteroscopy/adverse effects , Equipment Design , Europe , Operative Time , Length of Stay , Middle Aged
10.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 13(4): 611-614, Oct.-Dec. 2015. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-770481

ABSTRACT

Most biliary stone diseases need to be treated surgically. However, in special cases that traditional biliary tract endoscopic access is not allowed, a multidisciplinary approach using hybrid technique with urologic instrumental constitute a treatment option. We report a case of a patient with complex intrahepatic stones who previously underwent unsuccessful conventional approaches, and who symptoms resolved after treatment with hybrid technique using an endourologic technology. We conducted an extensive literature review until October 2012 of manuscripts indexed in PubMed on the treatment of complex gallstones with hybrid technique. The multidisciplinary approach with hybrid technique using endourologic instrumental represents a safe and effective treatment option for patients with complex biliary stone who cannot conduct treatment with conventional methods.


A maioria das doenças litiásicas das vias biliares necessita de tratamento cirúrgico. No entanto, em casos especiais, que não permitem o acesso tradicional das vias biliares por via endoscópica, a abordagem multidisciplinar com técnica híbrida, que utiliza instrumentais endourológicos, apresenta-se como uma opção no tratamento. Relatamos aqui o caso de um paciente com litíase de via biliar complexa com múltiplas abordagens prévias, sem sucesso no tratamento com métodos convencionais, resolvido com abordagem híbrida com tecnologia endourológica. Realizamos uma extensa busca na literatura de artigos relacionados ao tratamento de litíase biliar complexa com técnica híbrida publicados no PubMed até outubro de 2012. A abordagem multidisciplinar com técnica híbrida, utilizando instrumental endourológico, representa uma opção segura e eficaz no tratamento de pacientes com litíase complexa de via biliar com impossibilidade de tratamento com métodos convencionais.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Gallstones/surgery , Lithotripsy, Laser/methods , Lithotripsy/methods , Liver/surgery , Ureteroscopy , Cholangiography , Constriction, Pathologic , Fluoroscopy
11.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 41(5): 920-926, Sept.-Oct. 2015. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-767057

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: The aim of the study was to evaluate renal function and to identify factors associated with renal function deterioration after retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) for kidney stones. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively analyzed patients with renal stones treated by RIRS between January 2010 and June 2013 at a single institute. We used the National Kidney Foundation classification of chronic kidney disease (CKD) to classify Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR) in 5 groups. The baseline creatinine level was systematically pre-operatively and post-operatively evaluated. All patients had a creatinine blood measurement in June 2013. A change toward a less or a more favorable GFR group following RIRS was considered significant. Results: We included 163 patients. There were 86 males (52.8%) and 77 females (47.3%) with a mean age of 52.8±17 years. After a mean follow-up of 15.5±11.5 months, median GFR was not significantly changed from 84.3±26.2 to 84.9±24.5 mL/min (p=0.675). Significant renal function deterioration occurred in 8 cases (4.9%) and significant renal function amelioration occurred in 23 cases (14.1%). In univariate analysis, multiple procedures (p=0.023; HR: 5.4) and preoperative CKD (p=0.011; HR: 6.8) were associated with decreased renal function. In multivariate analysis these factors did not remain as predictive factors. Conclusion: Stone management with RIRS seems to have favorable outcomes on kidney function; however, special attention should be given to patients with multiple procedures and preoperative chronic kidney disease.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Kidney Calculi/therapy , Kidney/physiopathology , Lithotripsy, Laser/methods , Ureteroscopy/methods , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Kidney Calculi/physiopathology , Lithotripsy, Laser/adverse effects , Multivariate Analysis , Perioperative Period , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Postoperative Complications/physiopathology , Retrospective Studies , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/etiology , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/physiopathology , Severity of Illness Index , Treatment Outcome , Ureteroscopy/adverse effects
12.
Korean Journal of Urology ; : 519-524, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-171067

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To assess the safety and efficacy of an ultramini nephrostomy tract, which we were using for the first time, combined with flexible ureterorenoscopy (URS) in the treatment of pediatric patients with multiple renal calculi. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty pediatric patients (age, < or =6 years) underwent ultramini percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) combined with flexible URS. The group had multiple renal calculi, which were bilateral in 3 cases and were located in a total of 23 sites. The calculi were located in 2 calyces in 10 cases, scattered in more than 2 calyces in 7 cases, and limited to 1 calyx in 3 cases. The average patient age was 37.35 months (range, 14-68 months). The average stone diameter was 2.0 cm (range, 1-3.0 cm). In all patients, an ultramini nephrostomy tract was established under ultrasound guidance (dilated to F10) with simultaneous sheath placement. The flexible URS was placed into the collecting system during holmium laser lithotripsy. RESULTS: When ultramini PCNL was combined with flexible ureterorenoscopic holmium laser lithotripsy, the complete stone-free rate was 87% (20/23). The average level of hemoglobin decreased to 1.0 g/dL after the operation. No blood transfusions were needed. Levels of blood urea nitrogen, creatinine, and C-reactive protein were not significantly different before and after the operation. The average duration of hospitalization was approximately 4.85 days, and all cases were followed up for 6 to 12 months. No complications were found. CONCLUSIONS: Ultramini PCNL combined with flexible ureterorenoscopic holmium laser lithotripsy is a safe and effective treatment for children with multiple renal calculi.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Kidney Calculi/pathology , Length of Stay/statistics & numerical data , Lithotripsy, Laser/methods , Male , Middle Aged , Nephrostomy, Percutaneous/methods , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Ultrasonography, Interventional/methods , Ureteroscopy/methods , Young Adult
13.
Korean Journal of Urology ; : 680-688, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-128357

ABSTRACT

Retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) is being performed for the surgical management of upper urinary tract pathology. With the development of surgical instruments with improved deflection mechanisms, visuality, and durability, the role of RIRS has expanded to the treatment of urinary calculi located in the upper urinary tract, which compensates for the shortcomings of shock wave lithotripsy and percutaneous nephrolithotomy. RIRS can be considered a conservative treatment of upper urinary tract urothelial cancer (UTUC) or for postoperative surveillance after radical treatment of UTUC under an intensive surveillance program. RIRS has a steep learning curve and various surgical techniques can be used. The choice of instruments during RIRS should be based on increased surgical efficiency, decreased complications, and improved cost-benefit ratio.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Transitional Cell/surgery , Humans , Lithotripsy, Laser/methods , Perioperative Care/methods , Ureteroscopy/methods , Urolithiasis/surgery , Urologic Neoplasms/surgery
14.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 39(4): 579-586, Jul-Aug/2013. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-687307

ABSTRACT

Purpose to test the effect of stone entrapment on laser lithotripsy efficiency. Materials and Methods Spherical stone phantoms were created using the BegoStone® plaster. Lithotripsy of one stone (1.0g) per test jar was performed with Ho:YAG laser (365µm fiber; 1 minute/trial). Four laser settings were tested: I-0.8J,8Hz; II-0.2J,50Hz; III-0.5J,50Hz; IV-1.5J,40Hz. Uro-Net (US Endoscopy) deployment was used in 3/9 trials. Post-treatment, stone fragments were strained though a 1mm sieve; after a 7-day drying period fragments and unfragmented stone were weighed. Uro-Net nylon mesh and wire frame resistance were tested (laser fired for 30s). All nets used were evaluated for functionality and strength (compared to 10 new nets). Student's T test was used to compare the studied parameters; significance was set at p < 0.05. Results Laser settings I and II caused less damage to the net overall; the mesh and wire frame had worst injuries with setting IV; setting III had an intermediate outcome; 42% of nets were rendered unusable and excluded from strength analysis. There was no difference in mean strength between used functional nets and non-used devices (8.05 vs. 7.45 lbs, respectively; p = 0.14). Setting IV was the most efficient for lithotripsy (1.9 ± 0.6 mg/s; p < 0.001) with or without net stabilization; setting III was superior to I and II only if a net was not used. conclusions Laser lithotripsy is not optimized by stone entrapment with a net retrieval device which may be damaged by high energy laser settings. .


Subject(s)
Lasers, Solid-State/therapeutic use , Lithotripsy, Laser/instrumentation , Lithotripsy, Laser/methods , Nephrostomy, Percutaneous/methods , Urinary Calculi/therapy , Equipment Design , Materials Testing , Medical Illustration , Reproducibility of Results , Time Factors
15.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 39(3): 387-392, May/June/2013. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-680095

ABSTRACT

Purpose The aim of the study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of bilateral single-session retrograde intrarenal surgery in the treatment of bilateral renal stones. Materials and Methods: From December 2008 to February 2012, 42 patients who had undergone bilateral single-session retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) and laser lithotripsy were included in the study. The procedures were performed in the lithotomy position on an endoscopy table under general anesthesia, beginning on the side in which the stone size was smaller. Plain abdominal radiography, intravenous urograms (IVU), renal ultrasonography (USG) and / or non-contrast tomography (CT) scans were conducted for all patients. The success rate was defined as patients who were stone-free or only had residual fragment less than 4 mm. Results A total of 42 patients (28 male, 14 female) with a mean age 39.2 ± 14.2 were included in the present study. The mean stone size was 24.09 ± 6.37 mm with a mean operative time of 51.08 ± 15.22 minutes. The stone-free rates (SFR) were 92.8% and 97.6% after the first and second procedures, respectively. The average hospital stay was 1.37 ± 0.72 days. In two patients (4.7%), minor complications (Clavien I or II) were observed, whereas no major complications (Clavien III-V) or blood transfusions were noted in the studied group. Conclusions Bilateral single-session RIRS and laser lithotripsy can be performed safely and effectively with a high success rate and low complication rate in patients with bilateral renal stones. .


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Kidney Calculi/therapy , Kidney/surgery , Lithotripsy, Laser/methods , Nephrostomy, Percutaneous/methods , Intraoperative Complications , Kidney Calculi/pathology , Length of Stay , Operative Time , Reproducibility of Results , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome
16.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 38(3): 298-306, May-June 2012. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-643028

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: The management of urolithiasis in patients on anticoagulants presents a challenge to the endourologist. Due to multiple comorbidities, it may be impossible to safely discontinue the anticoagulant treatment. Other modalities such as shock wave lithotripsy and PCNL are contraindicated in these patients, so ureteroscopic treatment may be the only option. We conducted a systematic review of the literature to look at the safety and efficacy of ureteroscopic management in these patients. METHODS: Systematic review and quantitative meta-analysis was performed using studies identified by a systematic electronic literature search from January 1990 to August 2011. All articles reporting on treatment for stones in patients with a bleeding diathesis using ureteroscopy and a Holmium:YAG laser were included. Two reviewers independently extracted the data from each study. The data was included into a meta-analysis and discussed. RESULTS: Three studies were identified reporting on 70 patients (73 procedures). All patients had stone fragmentation using Holmium laser. The mean stone size was 13.2mm with a range of 5-35mm. The quality of the included studies was modest. Stone free status was achieved in sixty-four patients (87.7%). There were no major complications and only 11% of the patients developed minor complications with only 4% rate of minor bleeding. CONCLUSIONS: Retrograde stone treatment using ureteroscopy and holmium laser lithotripsy can be safely performed in patients with bleeding diathesis with a low complication rate.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anticoagulants/administration & dosage , Hemorrhagic Disorders/complications , Lithotripsy, Laser/methods , Ureteroscopy/methods , Urinary Calculi/therapy , Anticoagulants/adverse effects , Disease Susceptibility , Lasers, Solid-State/therapeutic use , Lithotripsy, Laser/adverse effects , Treatment Outcome , Ureteroscopy/adverse effects
17.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 38(2): 195-203, Mar.-Apr. 2012. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-623333

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Patients with coagulopathy are at increased risk of peri-operative hemorrhage. The aim of the present study was to compare ureteroscopy (URS) in these high risk patients to those with normal bleeding profile. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twelve patients with coagulopathies (Group I) undergoing 17 URS were included in the study [3 for biopsy of ureteral lesions and 9 for Holmium Laser Lithotripsy (HLL)]. A patient had Child B (MELD 11) cirrhosis, 6 patients were on warfarin, 3 patients on ASA, 1 patient on ASA and clopidogrel, and the last patient was on heparin. URS in Group I was performed without correction of coagulopathy. Group II consisted of 32 patients with normal bleeding profile who underwent 34 URS concurrently. RESULTS: Group I included 4 ureteral biopsies in 3 patients with suspicious ureteral lesions and 13 URS for HLL in 9 patients with nephrolithiasis. There were no significant differences between the two groups in terms of patient age, sex, percent of renal stones, median operative and fluoroscopy times. When compared with Group II, Group I had significantly larger median stone size (9.2 vs. 14.0 mm, p = 0.01) and significantly lower stone-free rate after first URS (94.1% vs. 69.2%, p = 0.04). However, after second URS, stone-free rates were comparable in both groups (92.3% vs. 100%, p = 0.9). Two (16.7%) patients with coagulopathy were readmitted due to gross hematuria. There were no post-operative complications in Group II. CONCLUSIONS: Although URS in selected patients with coagulopathies is safe, it is associated with significantly lower stone-free rates and higher readmissions due to gross hematuria.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Blood Coagulation Disorders/complications , Hematuria/etiology , Kidney Calculi/surgery , Lithotripsy, Laser/methods , Ureteroscopy/adverse effects , Biopsy , Case-Control Studies , Kidney Calculi/pathology , Preoperative Period , Retrospective Studies , Risk , Ureter/injuries
18.
Acta cir. bras ; 27(3): 266-270, Mar. 2012. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-617968

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To compare the curative effects of ureteroscopic lithotripsy and laparoscopic ureterolithotomy for unilateral upper ureteral stones, and to explore optimal surgical indications and skills. METHODS: Fifty cases of unilateral upper ureteral stones were randomly divided into two groups: one group underwent ureteroscopic holmium laser lithotripsy under epidural or lumbar anesthesia (n=25), and another group underwent laparoscopic ureterolithotomy under general anesthesia (n=25). Double-J stent was routinely indwelled in both groups. Operating time, postoperative hospitalization time, stone clearance rate and perioperative complications were compared. RESULTS: Operation was successfully performed in all 50 cases, and no open surgery was converted in any case. In the ureteroscopy and laparoscopy groups, the mean operating time was 49.0±10.7 min and 41.8±8.0 min (t=2.68, P=0.00999), respectively, their hospitalization time was 2.8±1.3 days vs. 2.9±0.8 days (t =-0.40, P=0.69413), and stone clearance rate was 88.0 percent (22/25) vs. 100 percent (25/25). Stone moved to the renal pelvis in three cases in the ureteroscopy group, and residual stones were removed by extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsy (ESWL). All patients were followed up for more than three months, and no serious complications such as ureterostenosis occurred. CONCLUSIONS: Laparoscopic ureterolithotomy has a higher stone clearance rate and shorter operation time compared with ureteroscopic lithotripsy. Laparoscopic ureterolithotomy is one safe and effective treatment on unilateral upper ureteral stones.


OBJETIVO: Comparar os efeitos curativos da litotripsia ureteroscópica e a ureterolitotomia laparoscópica para cálculos unilaterais altos e pesquisar as indicações e resultados. MÉTODOS: Cinquenta casos de cálculos unilaterais altos foram distribuídos aleatoriamente em dois grupos: um grupo submetido a litotripsia ureteroscópica com laser holmium sob anestesia epidural ou lombar (n=25) e outro grupo submetido a ureterolitotomia laparoscópica sob anestesia geral (n=25). Duplo-J stent foi rotineiramente instalado em ambos os grupos. Comparou-se o tempo operatório, tempo de hospitalização pós-operatória, nível de desaparecimento dos cálculos e complicações pós-operatórias. RESULTADOS: Atos operatórios nos 50 casos sem ocorrências e nenhum ato convertido. Nos grupos por ureteroscopia e laparoscopia, o tempo operatório médio foi 49,0±10,7 minutos e 41,8±8,0 minutos (t=2,68, P=0,00999) respectivamente, tempo de hospitalização foi 2,8±1,3 dias vs. 2,9±0,8 dias (t=0,40, P=0,69413) e o nível de desaparecimento dos cálculos foi 88.0 por cento (22/25) vs. 100 por cento (25/25). Cálculo deslocado para pelve renal em três casos no grupo ureteroscópico e cálculos residuais foram removidos por litotripsia por onda de choque extracorpóreo (ESWL). Todos pacientes foram seguidos por mais de três meses e não ocorreram complicações sérias como estenoses ureterais. CONCLUSÕES: A ureterolitotomia laparoscópica teve maior nível desaparecimento dos cálculos e tempo operatório menor comparado à litotripsia ureteroscópica A ureterolitotomia laparoscópica é um tratamento seguro e efetivo para cálculos ureterais unilaterais altos.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Laparoscopy/methods , Lithotripsy, Laser/methods , Ureteral Calculi/therapy , Ureteroscopy/methods , Follow-Up Studies , Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data , Lithotripsy, Laser/adverse effects , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome , Ureteroscopy/adverse effects
19.
Rev. venez. cir ; 64(2): 58-61, jun. 2011. ilus, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-643595

ABSTRACT

Presentar la primera experiencia nacional con el uso de Holmium Láser en la exploración laparoscópica de las vías biliares para el manejo de cálculos en la vía biliar intrahepática, llevado a acabo en el Hospital Universitario de Caracas, en el Servicio de Cirugía III. Se presenta caso de paciente femenina de 35 años de edad, con clínica de síndrome ictérico obstrutivo, a quien se le realizó colangiopancreatografía retrógrada endoscópica evidenciando cálculos impactados en la vía biliar izquierda, sin lograr la extracción de los mismos, motivo por el cual se decide realizar exploración laparoscópica la vía biliar con el uso del Holmium laser para la litotripsia. Se realizó exploración laparoscópica de las vías biliares y litotripsia con Holmium Laser, logrando la fragmentación y extracción de los mismos. La paciente evolucionó de forma satisfactoria, sin complicaciones, siendo egresada al tercer día de postoperatorio. Cuando la colangiopancreatografía retrograda endoscopica resulta ineficiente en el caso de cálculos intrahepáticos o cálculos grandes impactados en la vía biliar, el siguiente paso es la exploración qurúrgica. La exploración laparoscópica con el uso de Holmium Laser permite la listotripsia a través de ablación fototérmica sin riesgo de lesionar estructuras adyacentes, obteniendo resultados favorables y aumentando la tasa de efectividad del procedimiento cuando se trata de coledocolitiasis compleja.


Present the first national experience with the use of Holmium Laser in laparoscopic common bile duct exploration for the management of intrahepatic bile duct stones, performed in Surgery Department III at the Hospital Universitario de Caracas. A 35 years old female with obstructive jaundice syndrome who underwent endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography showing impacted stones in the left hepatic duct. Being impossible to clear the stones, a laparoscopic common bile duct exploration with the Holmium Laser was performed. A laparoscopic common bile duct exploration and Holmium Laser was performed, achieving stone clearance. The patient was dischanged with no complication on the third postoperatory day. When endoscopic retrogarade cholangiopancreatography is inefficient in the case of intrahepatic stones or large stones impacted in the common bile, the mext step is surgical exploration. Laparoscopic common bile duct exploration with the Holmium Laser result in photothermal of stones without injury to surrounding structures, obtaining favorable results and increasing the rate of effectiveness of the procedure in the management of complex billary tract caluli.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Female , Urinary Bladder Calculi/therapy , Choledocholithiasis/surgery , Choledocholithiasis/pathology , Bile Ducts, Intrahepatic/injuries , Alkaline Phosphatase/blood , Laser Therapy/methods , Lithotripsy, Laser/methods , Ultrasonics
20.
Tunisie Medicale [La]. 2010; 88 (1): 5-8
in French | IMEMR | ID: emr-108818

ABSTRACT

Staghorn stone is considered as a dreadful type of renal stones. The choice of the best treatment is always difficult. To evaluate the results of percutaneous nephrolithotomy in the treatment of staghorn stones. We report 83 cases of staghorn stones that were treated by percutaneous nephrolithotomy during a period of 10 years from 1994 to 2004. The mean age was 44 years and sex-ratio was 2.2. The right kidney was treated alone in 42% of cases, the left one in 56% of cases and both kidneys in only two cases. The mean area of stones was 6,6 cm[2]. One renal puncture was necessary in 97% of cases. The rate of stone free after percutaneous nephrolithotomy only was about 54% and when combined with lithotripsy the rate was 64%. Combined treatment using percutaneous nephrolithotomy and lithotripsy is considered as the best procedure for staghorn stones treatment


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , /methods , Lithotripsy, Laser/methods , Treatment Outcome , Retrospective Studies
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