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Int. j. morphol ; 41(5): 1452-1460, oct. 2023. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1521031


Lograr determinar el volumen total de un hígado (VHT), o volumetría hepática, pasa a ser de relevancia en diversas situaciones, tales como, vigilancia del progreso de una enfermedad de carácter crónico, planificación de resecciones y trasplantes hepáticos; y observación del clearance hepático de algunos fármacos hepatotropos. La VHT se puede realizar utilizando métodos de segmentación en el curso de una tomografía computarizada (TC), ya sean estos manual, automáticos, y semiautomáticos; mediante resonancia nuclear (RN), utilizando softwares de distintas generaciones (1ª a 4ª). La medición de VHT está indicada en pacientes sometidos a resecciones hepáticas mayores, en el contexto del tratamiento de neoplasias (carcinoma hepatocelular, colangiocarcinoma, metástasis hepáticas o tumores benignos de gran tamaño), abscesos (piogénicos, amebianos), y después de un traumatismo hepático complejo; así como también en la etapa preoperatoria de un trasplante hepático. El objetivo de este manuscrito fue generar un documento de estudio sobre métodos para determinar volumetría hepática.

SUMMARY: Being able to determine the total hepatic volume (THV), or THV, becomes relevant in various situations, such as monitoring the progress of a chronic disease, planning resections and liver transplants; and observation of the hepatic clearance of some hepatotropic drugs. THV can be performed using segmentation methods in the course of a computed tomography (CT), whether manual, automatic, or semi-automated; by nuclear resonance (NR), using software from different generations (1st to 4st). THV measurement is indicated in patients undergoing major liver resections, in the context of treatment of neoplasms (hepatocellular carcinoma, cholangiocarcinoma, liver metastases or large benign tumors), abscesses (pyogenic, amoebic), and after liver trauma complex, as well as in the preoperative stage of a liver transplant. The aim of this manuscript was to generate a study document regarding methods for determine hepatic volumetry.

Humans , Liver Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Ultrasonography , Liver/diagnostic imaging , Liver Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 385-402, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879639


Ultrasound is a non-invasive, real-time, inexpensive, radiation-free and easily repeatable method, usually used for liver imaging. In recent years, new ultrasound examination techniques for liver diseases such as contrast-enhanced ultrasound and elastography have been rapidly developed, which can effectively identify intrahepatic space-occupying lesions, assess the degree of liver fibrosis and portal hypertension, and monitor the effects of treatment. Therefore, these technologies play an important diagnostic role in clinical liver diseases and have therapeutic interventional value. This guideline classifies the instrument set-up, patient preparation, and physician examination methods through multimodal ultrasound examinations (gray-scale ultrasound, color Doppler ultrasound, contrast-enhanced ultrasound, elastic ultrasound) for liver diseases. In addition, liver diseases multimodal ultrasound technology diagnostic criteria for diffuse hepatic lesions (inflammatory lesions, fibrosis, and sclerosis), multiple space-occupying lesions, and interventional procedures have been defined and standardized. Concurrently, we also recommend the ultrasound monitoring time interval and diagnostic report writing standard for liver diseases.

Humans , Elasticity Imaging Techniques , Hypertension, Portal , Liver/diagnostic imaging , Liver Cirrhosis , Liver Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Ultrasonography
Rev. cuba. med ; 59(3): e492, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1139062


La poliquistosis hepática aislada del adulto es una enfermedad congénita autosómica dominante de los conductos biliares intrahepáticos, con una aparición muy rara. Es más frecuente en el sexo femenino, y los quistes adquieren su máxima expresión a partir de la quinta década de la vida. A pesar de los hallazgos físicos y radiológicos a veces impresionantes, solo en una minoría de los pacientes la enfermedad progresa a lo largo de los años hacia una enfermedad hepática avanzada o desarrolla complicaciones como resultado de hepatomegalia masiva. Se presenta el caso de un paciente masculino que ingresa con el diagnóstico de infarto agudo de miocardio, asintomático desde el punto de vista abdominal y que se le diagnostica la enfermedad poliquística hepática(AU)

Isolated adult polycystic liver disease is rare autosomal dominant congenital disease of the intrahepatic bile ducts. It is more frequent in women, and the cysts acquire their maximum expression from the fifth decade of life. Despite the sometimes impressive physical and radiological findings, in only a minority of patients, the disease progresses over the years to advanced liver disease or develops complications as a result of massive hepatomegaly. We report here the case of a male patient who is admitted with the diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction, asymptomatic from the abdominal point of view and he was diagnosed with polycystic liver disease(AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Ultrasonography/methods , Cysts/diagnostic imaging , Liver Diseases/diagnostic imaging
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 33(3): 227-232, May-June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134357


Abstract Background: Hepatic congestion is a frequent finding in patients with heart failure (HF). Physical examination has limitations in quantifying systemic congestion and requires correlation with echocardiographic and laboratory data (usually B-type natriuretic peptide, BNP, or N-terminal pro-B type natriuretic peptide, NT-proBNP). Hepatic elastography evaluates liver stiffness using a transducer that transmits low-frequency vibrations (50 Hz), and the speed of shear waves propagating through the tissues is measured by ultrasound. The faster the vibrations propagate in the hepatic parenchyma, the stiffer the liver, which, in case of HF, can be correlated with hepatic congestion. Objective: In this systematic review, case-controls, cohort studies, and randomized clinical trials were searched in MEDLINE, LILACS and Cochrane Database of Systematic Review, to evaluate the use of elastography in the detection of hepatic congestion in patients with HF. Methods: From the 49 articles retrieved, seven were selected for review, according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The most used methods for the diagnosis and evaluation of HF were echocardiography combined with BNP and NT-proBNP measurements. Results: Elastography performed at bedside was able to establish a significant correlation between increased liver stiffness and increased venous capillary pressure. In addition, liver elastography performed at hospital discharge was able to predict rehospitalization and mortality. Conclusion: Liver elastography is a non-invasive method that can be useful in predicting prognosis and mortality of individuals with HF, contributing to the clinical management of these patients.

Elasticity Imaging Techniques/methods , Heart Failure/physiopathology , Heart Failure/diagnostic imaging , Prognosis , Cohort Studies , Natriuretic Peptides/blood , Heart Failure/mortality , Hospitalization , Liver Diseases/diagnostic imaging
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 50(5): 712-714, Sept.-Oct. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-897020


Abstract Basidiobolomycosis is an unusual fungal skin infection that rarely involves the gastrointestinal tract. This study reported a 5-year-old boy with gastrointestinal basidiobolomycosis that had been misdiagnosed as gastrointestinal lymphoma. He was treated by surgical resection and a combination of posaconazole and amphotericin B deoxycholate with an acceptable response and no recurrence.

Humans , Male , Child, Preschool , Colonic Diseases/microbiology , Zygomycosis/pathology , Zygomycosis/drug therapy , Zygomycosis/diagnostic imaging , Gastrointestinal Neoplasms/diagnosis , Liver Diseases/microbiology , Lymphoma/diagnosis , Triazoles/therapeutic use , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Amphotericin B/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome , Colonic Diseases/pathology , Colonic Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Deoxycholic Acid/therapeutic use , Diagnosis, Differential , Drug Combinations , Gastrointestinal Neoplasms/pathology , Liver Diseases/pathology , Liver Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Lymphoma/pathology , Antifungal Agents/therapeutic use
ABCD (São Paulo, Impr.) ; 30(1): 21-26, Jan.-Mar. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-837573


ABSTRACT Background: The hypervascular liver lesions represent a diagnostic challenge. Aim: To identify risk factors for cancer in patients with non-hemangiomatous hypervascular hepatic lesions in radiologically normal liver. Method: This prospective study included patients with hypervascular liver lesions in radiologically normal liver. The diagnosis was made by biopsy or was presumed on the basis of radiologic stability in follow-up period of one year. Cirrhosis or patients with typical imaging characteristics of haemangioma were excluded. Results: Eighty-eight patients were included. The average age was 42.4. The lesions were unique and were between 2-5 cm in size in most cases. Liver biopsy was performed in approximately 1/3 of cases. The lesions were benign or most likely benign in 81.8%, while cancer was diagnosed in 12.5% of cases. Univariate analysis showed that age >45 years (p< 0.001), personal history of cancer (p=0.020), presence of >3 nodules (p=0.003) and elevated alkaline phosphatase (p=0.013) were significant risk factors for cancer. Conclusion: It is safe to observe hypervascular liver lesions in normal liver in patients up to 45 years, normal alanine aminotransaminase, up to three nodules and no personal history of cancer. Lesion biopsies are safe in patients with atypical lesions and define the treatment to be established for most of these patients.

RESUMO Racional: As lesões hepáticas hipervasculares representam um desafio diagnóstico. Objetivo: Identificar fatores de risco para câncer em pacientes portadores de lesão hepática hipervascular não-hemangiomatosa em fígado radiologicamente normal. Método: Estudo prospectivo que incluiu pacientes com lesões hepáticas hipervasculares em que o diagnóstico final foi obtido por exame anatomopatológico ou, presumido a partir de seguimento mínimo de um ano. Diagnóstico prévio de cirrose ou radiológico de hemangioma foram considerados critérios de exclusão. Resultados: Oitenta e oito pacientes foram incluídos. A relação mulher/homem foi de 5,3/1. A idade média foi de 42,4 anos. Na maior parte das vezes as lesões hepáticas foram únicas e com tamanho entre 2-5 cm. Em aproximadamente 1/3 dos casos foi realizada biópsia hepática. Em 81,8% dos casos as lesões eram benignas ou provavelmente benignas enquanto que em 12,5% dos casos o diagnóstico foi de câncer. A análise univariada mostrou que idade superior a 45 anos (p<0,001), antecedente familiar pessoal de câncer (p=0,020), presença de mais de três nódulos (p=0,003) e elevação da alanina aminotransaminase (p=0,013) foram fatores de risco relevantes para o câncer. Conclusões: È indicado observar lesões hepáticas hipervasculares em fígado normal em pacientes com até 45 anos, alanina aminotransaminase normal, com até três nódulos e sem antecedente pessoal de câncer. Para os demais com lesões atípicas, a biópsia da lesão é segura e define na maior parte dos pacientes o tratamento a ser instituído.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Liver/blood supply , Liver/diagnostic imaging , Liver Diseases/pathology , Liver Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors
Arab Journal of Gastroenterology. 2015; 16 (3-4): 90-93
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-174959


Background and study aims: Liver biopsy is a well-established procedure in the diagnosis and follow-up of liver diseases. Complications of liver biopsy are rare but potentially lethal. The aim of this study was to evaluate the complications of percutaneous liver biopsy and to compare the complications of blind and ultrasound-guided percutaneous liver biopsy in paediatric wards of Nemazee Hospital of Shiraz in the south of Iran

Patient and method: To complete the questionnaire, registered information of liver biopsies due to different causes in paediatric patients between 2008 and 2012 was retrospectively reviewed. All children aged between 0 and 18 years, who underwent liver biopsy [due to any indication], participated in this study

Results: Liver biopsies were obtained from 210 patients. Seven of 210 cases were excluded due to unreliable data. A total of 209 liver biopsies were done in the rest of the cases [n = 203]. Of all cases of liver biopsies, 22 [10.5%] experienced complications after biopsy. Pain [n = 7] was the most frequent complication in 22 cases of liver biopsy. Mortality rate was one [0.5%] due to rupture of subcapsular haematoma. In terms of complication [p = 0.592], there was no significant difference statistically between patients with blind liver biopsy [n = 16] and patients with ultrasound-guided liver biopsy [n = 6]

Conclusion: In terms of complications, there was no significant difference when the patients were evaluated with and without ultrasound-guided biopsy

Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Child , Child, Preschool , Adolescent , Liver/pathology , Biopsy , Liver Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Liver Diseases/complications , Surveys and Questionnaires , Child
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-157659


The exact nature i.e. neoplastic vs. benign of USG detected space occupying lesions are confirmed by computed tomography. In this study we do CECT of 45 cases of sonographically detected space occupying lesions in liver. Some of cases which is very confusing in regards either it is benign or malignant, the computed tomography is more sensitive.

Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Cysts/diagnosis , Cysts/diagnostic imaging , Female , Humans , Liver/pathology , Liver/diagnostic imaging , Liver Diseases/diagnosis , Liver Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Liver Neoplasms/diagnosis , Liver Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Male , Middle Aged , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Young Adult
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 169-172, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-184377


Von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) syndrome is a rare neoplastic disorder characterized by central nervous system (CNS) and visceral tumors. We here present 68Ga-labelled [1, 4, 7, 10-tetraazacyclododecane-1, 4, 7, 10-tetraacetic acid]-1-Nal3-Octreotide positron emission tomography computed tomography findings in a 52 year old female with VHL syndrome, demonstrating both CNS and visceral tumors.

Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Brain Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Kidney Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Liver Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Multimodal Imaging/methods , Organometallic Compounds , Pancreatic Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Positron-Emission Tomography/methods , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , von Hippel-Lindau Disease/diagnostic imaging
Clinical and Molecular Hepatology ; : 360-366, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-34831


Hepatocyte specific contrast agents including gadoxetic acid and gadobenate dimeglumine are very useful to diagnose various benign and malignant focal hepatic lesions and even helpful to estimate hepatic functional reservoir. The far delayed phase image referred to as the hepatobiliary phase makes the sensitivity of detection for malignant focal hepatic lesions increased, but specificity of malignant diseases, including hepatocellular carcinoma, metastasis and cholangiocarcinoma, characterization remained to be undetermined.

Humans , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/diagnostic imaging , Cholangiocarcinoma/diagnostic imaging , Contrast Media/chemistry , Hemangioma/diagnostic imaging , Liver Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Liver Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Meglumine/analogs & derivatives , Organometallic Compounds/chemistry
Clinical and Molecular Hepatology ; : 1-16, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-88112


The application of ultrasound contrast agents (UCAs) is considered essential when evaluating focal liver lesions (FLLs) using ultrasonography (US). Microbubble UCAs are easy to use and robust; their use poses no risk of nephrotoxicity and requires no ionizing radiation. The unique features of contrast enhanced US (CEUS) are not only noninvasiveness but also real-time assessing of liver perfusion throughout the vascular phases. The later feature has led to dramatic improvement in the diagnostic accuracy of US for detection and characterization of FLLs as well as the guidance to therapeutic procedures and evaluation of response to treatment. This article describes the current consensus and guidelines for the use of UCAs for the FLLs that are commonly encountered in US. After a brief description of the bases of different CEUS techniques, contrast-enhancement patterns of different types of benign and malignant FLLs and other clinical applications are described and discussed on the basis of our experience and the literature data.

Humans , Contrast Media/chemistry , Liver Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Liver Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Phospholipids/chemistry , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Sulfur Hexafluoride/chemistry , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
The Korean Journal of Hepatology ; : 80-83, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-169269
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 382-385, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-104801


Hepatic involvement of amyloidosis is common. Diffuse infiltration with hepatomegaly is a usual radiologic finding of hepatic amyloidosis. To our knowledge, this is the first case of amyloidosis involving the liver that presented as a mass.

Aged , Female , Humans , Amyloidosis/diagnostic imaging , Biopsy, Needle , Contrast Media , Liver Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 341-350, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-225539


OBJECTIVE: We wanted to validate the additional merit of the thinner coronal reformation images from multidetector CT (MDCT) for making the diagnosis of hepatic cysts. MATERIALS AND METHODS: For the 90 benign hepatic cysts confirmed on MRI, the transverse (5-mm thickness) and additional coronal (2-mm thickness) reformation images from MDCT were compared with each other in terms of the Hounsfield units (HUs) and the size of each hepatic cyst. RESULTS: The attenuations (mean: 17.2 HUs, standard deviation: +/- 14.4) on the thinner coronal images were significantly lower than those (mean: 40.7 HUs; standard deviation: +/- 20.6) on the thicker transverse images for the small hepatic cysts (< or = 10 mm on the transverse image, p < 0.01). Twenty-three (79%) of the 29 cysts between 5 mm and 10 mm and 21 (51%) of 41 lesions up to 5 mm showed a mean HU value of 20 or less on the coronal reformation images. CONCLUSION: By reducing the partial volume effect, routine coronal reformation of MDCT with a thinner section thickness can provide another merit for making a confidential diagnosis of many small sub-centimeter hepatic cysts, and these small cysts are not easily characterized on the conventional transverse images.

Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Analysis of Variance , Contrast Media , Cysts/diagnostic imaging , Gadolinium DTPA , Iohexol/analogs & derivatives , Liver Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Radiographic Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted/methods , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods
JPC-Journal of Pediatric Club [The]. 2010; 10 (2): 7-15
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-117292


To noninvasively assess liver fibrosis in children with chronic liver diseases by diffusion weighted MR imaging and 13Cmethacetin-breath test and compare the diagnostic accuracy between these tests referring to hepatic histology as gold standard. Fifty children [31 boys, 19 girls, median age 9.1 years], with chronic liver diseases and 20 age matched volunteers underwent diffusion weighted MR imaging of the liver and13C-methacetin-breath test Liver biopsy was obtained with calculation of METAVIR score. The ADC value of the liver and values of MBT was correlated with METAVIR score. Receiver operating characteristic curve was done for diagnosis and grading of hepatic fibrosis. There was statistical difference in the mean ADC value between volunteers and patients with hepatic fibrosis [P = 0.001] and in patients with different grades of METAVIR scores [P = 0.002]. There was correlation between the mean ADC value and METAVIR score. The cut off point to predict fibrosis [1.7x10-3mm2/s] revealed 84% accuracy, 88% sensitivity, 85% specificity, 81% PPV, and 87% NPV. The area under the curve was 0.91 for F1, 0.85 for F2, 0.86 for F3 and 0.90 for F4. Receiver operating characteristic analysis of the 13C methacetin breath test results revealed a cut-off <1.79 best with 94% sensitivity and 95% specificity in predicting cirrhosis. The area under the receiver operator curve was 0.968. The apparent diffusion coefficient value is a promising quantitative parameter used for diagnosis and quantification of hepatic fibrosis in children with chronic liver diseases. The non-invasive 13C-MBT proved to be safe, easy to perform and reliably differentiates between stages of hepatic fibrosis

Humans , Male , Female , Chronic Disease , Liver Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Child
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 60-68, 2010.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-21022


OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the spectrum, prevalence, and significance of incidental non-cardiac findings (INCF) in patients referred for a non-invasive coronary angiography using a 128-slice multi-detector CT (MDCT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study subjects included 1,044 patients; 774 males (mean age, 59.9 years) and 270 females (mean age, 63 years), referred for a coronary CT angiography on a 128-slice MDCT scanner. The scans were acquired from the level of the carina to just below the diaphragm. To evaluate INCFs, images were reconstructed with a large field of view (> 300 mm) covering the entire thorax. Images were reviewed in the axial, coronal, and sagittal planes, using the mediastinal, lung, and bone windows. The INCFs were classified as severe, indeterminate, and mild, based on their clinical importance, and as thoracic or abdominal based on their locations. RESULTS: Incidental non-cardiac findings were detected in 56% of patients (588 of 1,044), including 435 males (mean age, 65.6 years) and 153 females (mean age, 67.9 years). A total of 729 INCFs were observed: 459 (63%) mild (58% thoracic, 43% abdominal), 96 (13%) indeterminate (95% thoracic, 5% abdominal), and 174 (24%) severe (87% thoracic, 13% abdominal). The prevalence of severe INCFs was 15%. Two severe INCFs were histologically verified as lung cancers. CONCLUSION: The 128-slice MDCT coronary angiography, in addition to cardiac imaging, can provide important information on the pathology of the chest and upper abdomen. The presence of severe INCFs is not rare, especially in the thorax. Therefore, all organs in the scan should be thoroughly evaluated in daily clinical practice.

Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Aortic Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging , Coronary Angiography , Image Processing, Computer-Assisted , Incidental Findings , Liver Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Lung Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed