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Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 310-320, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927612


At present, there is no uniform standard for diagnosis and treatment of portal hypertension complicated with hepatocellular carcinoma internationally. Although in recent years, with the significant advances of surgical technique and the positive progress of targeted and immunotherapy in the field of hepatocellular carcinoma, the survival of hepatocellular carcinoma patients has improved, but the risk of surgery in patients with portal hypertension complicated with hepatocellular carcinoma remains high, and surgical treatment is still controversial. Therefore, based on the existing evidence, the Chinese Society of Spleen and Portal Hypertension Surgery, Chinese Society of Surgery, Chinese Medical Association has organized relevant experts to develop the consensus on clinical diagnosis and treatment of portal hypertension with hepatocellular carcinoma (2022) after full discussion. This consensus aims to provide the latest guidance for the standardized diagnosis and treatment of portal hypertension with hepatocellular carcinoma in China. Given that most portal hypertension originates from cirrhosis, this consensus only addresses the diagnosis and treatment of cirrhosis-related portal hypertension with hepatocellular carcinoma.

Humans , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/therapy , Consensus , Hypertension, Portal/therapy , Liver Cirrhosis/complications , Liver Neoplasms/therapy
Prensa méd. argent ; 107(6): 307-311, 20210000. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1359098


Objetivo: Presentar metodología diagnostica y resección atípica, con fines curativos de hepatocarcinoma. Caso clínico: Femenina de 82 años, con múltiples antecedentes entre el que se destaca, hepatitis a virus C de 15 años de evolución, que presenta por estudios complementarios alta sospecha de hepatocarcinoma, se realiza laparotomía exploradora con resección atípica de tumor en segmento 5 y 6 con radiofrecuencia quirúrgica y colecistectomía con colangiografía intraoperatoria. Cursa post operatorio sin complicaciones con alta sanatorial al 8vo dia. Conclusion: Hay que sospechar esta patología en pacientes con antecedentes de hepatopatía viral, plantear screening adecuado para un diagnóstico temprano y la mejor resolución adaptada a cada paciente. Dentro de las opciones terapéuticas encontramos la radiofrecuencia quirúrgica como una buena herramienta, con índice bajo de complicaciones

Objective: To present diagnostic methodology and atypical resection, for curative purposes of hepatocarcinoma. Clinical case: An 82-year-old female, with multiple history factors, among them, hepatitis C virus of 15 years of evolution, which presents high suspicion of hepatocarcinoma due to complementary studies, exploratory laparotomy is performed with atypical resection of tumor in segments 5 and 6 with surgical radiofrequency and cholecystectomy with intraoperative cholangiography. Post-operative course without complications with sanatorial discharge on the 8th day. Conclusion: This pathology must be suspected in patients with history of viral liver disease. We suggest an adequate screening for an early diagnosis and the best resolution adapted to each patient. Among the therapeutic options we find surgical radiofrequency as a good tool, with a low rate of complications

Humans , Female , Aged, 80 and over , Cholecystectomy/rehabilitation , Incidence , Aftercare/methods , Evaluation Studies as Topic , Early Detection of Cancer/methods , Laparotomy , Liver Neoplasms/therapy
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 155-169, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880972


Hepatic resection represents the first-line treatment for patients with resectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the 5-year recurrence rates of HCC after surgery have been reported to range from 50% to 70%. In this review, we evaluated the available evidence for the efficiency of adjuvant treatments to prevent HCC recurrence after curative liver resection. Antiviral therapy has potential advantages in terms of reducing the recurrence rate and improving the overall survival (OS) and/or disease-free survival of patients with hepatitis-related HCC. Postoperative adjuvant transarterial chemoembolization can significantly reduce the intrahepatic recurrence rate and improve OS, especially for patients with a high risk of recurrence. The efficacy of molecular targeted drugs as an adjuvant therapy deserves further study. Adjuvant adoptive immunotherapy can significantly improve the clinical prognosis in the early stage. Randomized controlled trial (RCT) studies evaluating adjuvant immune checkpoint inhibitors are ongoing, and the results are highly expected. Adjuvant hepatic artery infusion chemotherapy might be beneficial in patients with vascular invasion. Huaier granule, a traditional Chinese medicine, has been proved to be effective in prolonging the recurrence-free survival and reducing extrahepatic recurrence. The efficiency of other adjuvant treatments needs to be further confirmed by large RCT studies.

Humans , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/therapy , Chemoembolization, Therapeutic , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Hepatectomy , Liver Neoplasms/therapy , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Treatment Outcome
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 170-177, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880966


Nanosecond pulsed electric field (nsPEF) is a novel, nonthermal, and minimally invasive modality that can ablate solid tumors by inducing apoptosis. Recent animal experiments show that nsPEF can induce the immunogenic cell death of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and stimulate the host's immune response to kill residual tumor cells and decrease distant metastatic tumors. nsPEF-induced immunity is of great clinical importance because the nonthermal ablation may enhance the immune memory, which can prevent HCC recurrence and metastasis. This review summarized the most advanced research on the effect of nsPEF. The possible mechanisms of how locoregional nsPEF ablation enhances the systemic anticancer immune responses were illustrated. nsPEF stimulates the host immune system to boost stimulation and prevail suppression. Also, nsPEF increases the dendritic cell loading and inhibits the regulatory responses, thereby improving immune stimulation and limiting immunosuppression in HCC-bearing hosts. Therefore, nsPEF has excellent potential for HCC treatment.

Animals , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/therapy , Cell Line, Tumor , Immunity , Liver Neoplasms/therapy , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880389


The liver is the most common anatomical site for hematogenous metastases of colorectal cancer, and colorectal liver metastasis is one of the most difficult and challenging situations in the treatment of colorectal cancer. In order to improve the diagnosis and comprehensive treatment in China, the Guidelines have been edited and revised for several times since 2008, including the overall evaluation, personalized treatment goals and comprehensive treatments, to prevent the occurrence of liver metastases, improve the resection rate of liver metastases and survival. The revised Guideline version 2020 includes the diagnosis and follow-up, prevention, multidisciplinary team (MDT), surgery and local ablative treatment, neoadjuvant and adjuvant therapy, and comprehensive treatment, with state-of-the-art experience and findings, detailed content, and strong operability.

Humans , China , Colorectal Neoplasms/therapy , Combined Modality Therapy , Liver Neoplasms/therapy , Patient Care Team
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 418-427, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888773


OBJECTIVE@#Exercise, as a common non-drug intervention, is one of several lifestyle choices known to reduce the risk of cancer. Mitochondrial division has been reported to play a key role in the occurrence and transformation of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). This study investigated whether exercise could regulate the occurrence and development of HCC through mitosis.@*METHODS@#Bioinformatics technology was used to analyze the expression level of dynamin-related protein 1 (DRP1), a key protein of mitochondrial division. The effects of DRP1 and DRP1 inhibitor (mdivi-1) on the proliferation and migration of liver cancer cells BEL-7402 were observed using cell counting kit-8, plate colony formation, transwell cell migration, and scratch experiments. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, Western blot and real-time polymerase chain reaction were used to detect the expression of DRP1 and its downstream phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (AKT) pathway. A treadmill exercise intervention was tested in a nude mouse human liver cancer subcutaneous tumor model expressing different levels of DRP1. The size and weight of subcutaneous tumors in mice were detected before and after exercise.@*RESULTS@#The expression of DRP1 in liver cancer tissues was significantly upregulated compared with normal liver tissues (P < 0.001). The proliferation rate and the migration of BEL-7402 cells in the DRP1 over-expression group were higher than that in the control group. The mdivi-1 group showed an inhibitory effect on the proliferation and migration of BEL-7402 cells at 50 μmol/L. Aerobic exercise was able to inhibit the expression of DRP1 and decrease the size and weight of subcutaneous tumors. Moreover, the expression of phosphorylated PI3K (p-PI3K) and phosphorylated AKT (p-AKT) decreased in the exercise group. However, exercise could not change p-PI3K and p-AKT levels after knocking down DRP1 or using mdivi-1 on subcutaneous tumor.@*CONCLUSION@#Aerobic exercise can suppress the development of tumors partially by regulating DRP1 through PI3K/AKT pathway.

Animals , Mice , Apoptosis , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/therapy , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Down-Regulation , Dynamins , Liver Neoplasms/therapy , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinase/metabolism , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , Signal Transduction
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 3042-3060, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921405


Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the third leading cause of cancer-related deaths and the fifth most common cancer worldwide. Clinically therapeutic options for HCC are very limited, and the overall survival rate of patients is very low. Therefore, early diagnosis and treatment of HCC have important impact on overall survival of patients. At present, alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) is one of the most widely used serological markers for HCC. Many evidences have shown that as a specific onco-protein, AFP has great research value in the occurrence, development, diagnosis and treatment of HCC. Here, we briefly introduce the molecular mechanism of AFP in the regulation of HCC occurrence and development, and its role in tumor escape from immune surveillance. We focus on the application of AFP as an important HCC target or carcino-embryonic antigen (CEA) in HCC clinical diagnosis and treatment.

Humans , Biomarkers, Tumor/genetics , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/therapy , Early Detection of Cancer , Liver Neoplasms/therapy , alpha-Fetoproteins
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942869


The probability of developing liver metastases in patients with colorectal cancer is 40%-50%. Liver metastases remain an important adverse factor affecting long-term prognosis of colorectal cancer patients. Surgical resection of liver metastases is the only potentially curative treatment option. After comprehensive treatment, initially unresectable liver metastases might be converted to resectable tumors. This concept is known as conversion therapy. In this review, research status of conversion therapy in colorectal cancer liver metastases was summarized, providing updated concept of resectability, discussions on the assessment of tumor response and timing of operation, debates on the influence on tumor sidedness, and latest advancement in the treatment strategy of conversion therapy. Through analyzing existing problems, we hope to offer insights into possible progress in the future and provide references for the development of clinical practice.

Humans , Biomedical Research , Colorectal Neoplasms/therapy , Combined Modality Therapy/methods , Hepatectomy , Liver Neoplasms/therapy , Prognosis
Rev. méd. Urug ; 36(4): 455-458, dic. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY | ID: biblio-1144763


Resumen: La ligadura de una rama de la vena porta constituye un procedimiento con buenos resultados para evitar la falla hepática posoperatoria en caso de hepatectomías extremas al provocar la hipertrofia del hígado contralateral. Sin embargo, la repermeabilización de ésta ha sido demostrada por la presencia de anastomosis porto portales intrahepáticas, pudiendo determinar una disminución de la hipertrofia esperada o necesaria. Como objetivo documentamos un caso clínico de repermeabilización intrahepática de la vena porta, evento no deseado de la hepatectomía en dos tiempos para el tratamiento de metástasis hepáticas bilobares de origen colorrectal y describimos alternativas para evitar o tratar dicha repermeabilización.

Summary: Left or right portal vein ligation to prevent post-operative liver failure in the case of extreme hepatectomy constitutes a procedure with a good prognosis, as it causes contralateral liver hypertrophy. However, its revascularization has been proved by intrahepatic porto-portal anastomoses, which could result in a reduction of the expected or required hypertrophy. The study aims to record a clinical case of intrahepatic revascularization of the portal vein, an unwanted event of the two-stage hepatectomy to treat bilobar hepatic metastasis of colorectal origin, and describe alternatives to avoid or treat such revascularization.

Resumo: A ligadura de um ramo da veia porta é um procedimento com bons resultados para evitar a insuficiência hepática pós-operatória em hepatectomias extremas por causar hipertrofia do fígado contralateral. No entanto, sua repermeabilização tem sido demonstrada pela presença de anastomose porto-portal intra-hepática, que pode determinar diminuição da hipertrofia esperada ou necessária. Como objetivo, documentamos um caso clínico de repermeabilização da veia porta intra-hepática, um evento indesejado de hepatectomia em dois estágios para o tratamento de metástases hepáticas bilobares de origem colorretal, e descrevemos alternativas para evitar ou tratar essa repermeabilização.

Portal Vein , Liver Failure/therapy , Ligation , Colorectal Neoplasms/therapy , Hepatectomy/adverse effects , Liver Neoplasms/therapy , Neoplasm Metastasis
Actual. nutr ; 21(2): 43-49, Abril-Junio de 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1282315


En las últimas décadas, los cambios en el estilo de vida pro-vocaron un incremento en la prevalencia del síndrome meta-bólico y que la enfermedad por hígado graso no alcohólico (nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, NAFLD sus siglas en inglés) se convierta en la enfermedad hepática crónica más fre-cuente en todo el mundo. Los componentes del síndrome metabólico no son sólo altamente prevalentes en pacientes con hígado graso no alcohólico, sino que a la vez aumentan el riesgo de desarrollarlo. Esta relación bidireccional ha sido claramente establecida. Asimismo se considera que NAFLD podría ser el componente hepático del síndrome metabólico. Aunque NAFLD se considera principalmente una enfermedad benigna, puede progresar a fibrosis hepática grave y carcino-ma hepatocelular (CHC), incluso se encontraría este último en hígados no cirróticos. El objetivo de esta revisión es determinar los procesos fisio-patológicos comunes a estas entidades, cuáles son las estra-tegias diagnósticas recomendadas y cuáles las intervenciones terapéuticas actualmente aprobadas.

Humans , Male , Female , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/etiology , Metabolic Syndrome/etiology , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/complications , Liver Neoplasms/etiology , Fibrosis/etiology , Fibrosis/physiopathology , Fibrosis/therapy , Risk Factors , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/physiopathology , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/therapy , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/diagnostic imaging , Metabolic Syndrome/diagnosis , Metabolic Syndrome/physiopathology , Metabolic Syndrome/therapy , Diabetes Mellitus/etiology , Diabetes Mellitus/physiopathology , Diabetes Mellitus/therapy , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/diagnosis , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/physiopathology , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/therapy , Liver Neoplasms/physiopathology , Liver Neoplasms/therapy , Liver Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1992-2000, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878460


Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the five most common malignant tumors. According to the latest statistics of the World Health Organization (WHO), the incident and mortality rates of HCC ranks the eighth and third in the world, respectively, which severely affect people's health. Exosomes are extracellular vesicles with a bilayer of phospholipids, which carry active substances such as proteins and nucleic acids derived from their mother cells. These exosomes greatly facilitate the exchange of substances and information between cells, and coordinate physiological and pathological processes in the body. In recent years, a large number of studies have shown that exosomal proteins play important roles in the tumorigenesis, development, diagnosis and treatment of HCC. Here we review the composition and functions of exosomes and the role of exosomal proteins in HCC.

Humans , Carcinogenesis/genetics , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/therapy , Exosomes/metabolism , Liver Neoplasms/therapy , MicroRNAs/genetics , Proteomics
Singapore medical journal ; : 619-623, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877439


In this paper, we aim to provide professional guidance to clinicians who are managing patients with chronic liver disease during the current coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic in Singapore. We reviewed and summarised the available relevant published data on liver disease in COVID-19 and the advisory statements that were issued by major professional bodies, such as the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases and European Association for the Study of the Liver, contextualising the recommendations to our local situation.

Humans , COVID-19/epidemiology , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/therapy , Chronic Disease , Hepatitis B, Chronic/therapy , Hepatitis C, Chronic/therapy , Liver Cirrhosis/therapy , Liver Diseases/therapy , Liver Neoplasms/therapy , Liver Transplantation , Singapore/epidemiology
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942162


OBJECTIVE@#To summarize and analyze the treatment process, long-term efficacy and clinical economics of children's hepatoblastoma (HB) in multi-disciplinary team (MDT) mode, so as to provide basis for the rational choice of diagnosis and treatment.@*METHODS@#From January 2014 to February 2019, 13 cases of hepatoblastoma in children who completed the whole treatment course in the Pediatric Hematology Tumor Ward of Peking University First Hospital were collected and analyzed, and were followed up until June 30, 2020. There were 9 males and 4 females who were diagnosed and treated according to the MDT process in the hospital. The median age was 16 months (2-54 months), 69.23% (9/13) were under 2 years old. The characteristics, diagnosis and treatment process and treatment effect of the cases were summarized, and the cost of clinical treatment was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#According to the pretreatment extent of disease(PRETEXT), there were 1, 9 and 3 children with stages Ⅱ, Ⅲ and Ⅳ. 76.92% (10/13) of the patients had the largest tumor diameter > 10 cm. All the patients received preoperative neoadjuvant chemotherapy (8 patients received 4 cycles of chemotherapy, and 6 patients changed the chemotherapy plan), surgical treatment and postoperative chemotherapy, the tumor volume decreased by more than 50% (64%-95%) in 12 cases, except 1 case with no significant increase of alpha fetal protein and multiple lesions.The median length of stay was 87 days (68-214 days), the median cost of stay was 200 000 yuan (115 000-500 000 yuan), the median length of stay was 7 days (5-17 days), the median cost of stay was 20 000 yuan (15 000-60 000 yuan), and the incidence of postoperative complications was 7.69% (1/13). All the patients were followed up for 16-69 months. All the patients survived.@*CONCLUSION@#Under the MDT mode, the treatment is seamless connection, the long-term prognosis of children with HB is good, and the total hospitalization cost and time are within the acceptable range. Standard preoperative neoadjuvant chemotherapy can significantly reduce the tumor, improve the resection rate, reduce postoperative complications, reduce the total individual expenditure, shorten the total hospital stay, and further improve the long-term disease-free survival rate.

Child , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Disease-Free Survival , Hepatoblastoma/therapy , Liver Neoplasms/therapy , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 18: eRC4990, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090070


ABSTRACT Transarterial radioembolization (TARE) with yttrium-90 microspheres is a palliative locoregional treatment, minimally invasive for liver tumors. The neoadjuvant aim of this treatment is still controversial, however, selected cases with lesions initially considered unresectable have been enframed as candidates for curative therapy after hepatic transarterial radioembolization. We report three cases in which the hepatic transarterial radioembolization was used as neoadjuvant therapy in an effective way, allowing posterior potentially curative therapies.

RESUMO A radioembolização transarterial hepática com microesferas de ítrio-90 é uma modalidade paliativa de tratamento locorregional minimamente invasiva. O objetivo neoadjuvante deste tratamento ainda é controverso, mas casos selecionados de lesões consideradas inicialmente irressecáveis reenquadram-se como candidatos à terapia curativa após a radioembolização transarterial hepática. Relatamos três casos em que a radioembolização transarterial hepática foi utilizada como terapia neoadjuvante de forma efetiva possibilitando aplicação posterior de terapias potencialmente curativas.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Bile Duct Neoplasms/therapy , Chemoembolization, Therapeutic/methods , Cholangiocarcinoma/therapy , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/therapy , Liver Neoplasms/therapy , Yttrium Radioisotopes , Treatment Outcome , Disease Progression , Neoadjuvant Therapy/methods , Middle Aged
Arq. gastroenterol ; 57(supl.1): 1-20, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1098067


ABSTRACT Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the leading causes of cancer-related mortality worldwide. The Brazilian Society of Hepatology (SBH) published in 2015 its first recommendations about the management of HCC. Since then, new data have emerged in the literature, prompting the governing board of SBH to sponsor a single-topic meeting in August 2018 in São Paulo. All the invited experts were asked to make a systematic review of the literature reviewing the management of HCC in subjects with cirrhosis. After the meeting, all panelists gathered together for the discussion of the topics and the elaboration of updated recommendations. The text was subsequently submitted for suggestions and approval of all members of the Brazilian Society of Hepatology through its homepage. The present manuscript is the final version of the reviewed manuscript containing the recommendations of SBH.

RESUMO O carcinoma hepatocelular (CHC) é uma das principais causas de mortalidade relacionada a câncer no Brasil e no mundo. A Sociedade Brasileira de Hepatologia (SBH) publicou em 2015 suas primeiras recomendações sobre a abordagem do CHC. Desde então, novas evidências sobre o diagnóstico e tratamento do CHC foram relatadas na literatura médica, levando a diretoria da SBH a promover uma reunião monotemática sobre câncer primário de fígado em agosto de 2018 com o intuito de atualizar as recomendações sobre o manejo da neoplasia. Um grupo de experts foi convidado para realizar uma revisão sistemática da literatura e apresentar uma atualização baseada em evidências científicas visando que pudesse nortear a prática clínica multidisciplinar do CHC. O texto resultante foi submetido a avaliação e aprovação de todos membros da SBH através de sua homepage. O documento atual é a versão final que contêm as recomendações atualizadas e revisadas da SBH.

Humans , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/diagnosis , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/therapy , Liver Neoplasms/diagnosis , Liver Neoplasms/therapy , Societies, Medical , Brazil/epidemiology , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/pathology , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/epidemiology , Evidence-Based Medicine , Systematic Reviews as Topic , Liver Neoplasms/pathology , Liver Neoplasms/epidemiology , Neoplasm Seeding
Clinics ; 75: e2192, 2020.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142761


More than 18 million people in 188 countries have been diagnosed as having coronavirus disease (COVID-19), and COVID-19 has been responsible for more than 600,000 deaths worldwide. Brazil is now the second most affected country globally. Faced with this scenario, various public health measures and changes in the daily routines of hospitals were implemented to stop the pandemic. Patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) are at an increased risk for severe COVID-19 as they present with two major diseases: cancer and concomitant chronic liver disease. The COVID-19 pandemic can significantly impact the management of HCC patients from diagnosis to treatment strategies. These patients need special attention and assistance at this time, especially since treatment for tumors cannot be delayed in most cases. The aim of this guideline was to standardize the management of HCC patients during the COVID-19 pandemic. This document was developed, on the basis of the best evidence available, by a multidisciplinary team from Instituto do Câncer do Estado de São Paulo (ICESP), and Instituto Central of the Hospital das Clínicas da Universidade de São Paulo (HC-FMUSP), which are members of the São Paulo Clínicas Liver Cancer Group.

Humans , Coronavirus Infections , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/therapy , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/epidemiology , Pandemics , Liver Neoplasms/therapy , Liver Neoplasms/epidemiology , Pneumonia, Viral , Brazil/epidemiology , Consensus , Betacoronavirus , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19
Rev. gastroenterol. Perú ; 39(4): 367-369, oct.-dic 2019. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1144624


La quimioembolización transarterial hepática es uno de los tratamientos del carcinoma hepatocelular irresecable en el que se han descrito de forma infrecuente lesiones isquémicas asociadas. Ante la aparición de sintomatología gastrointestinal alta inusual o que exceda el denominado síndrome postquimiembolización tras el procedimiento debe valorarse la realización de una gastroscopia para descartar la aparición de dichas complicaciones. Las variantes anatómicas con origen común de arterias gástricas y hepáticas pueden favorecer la migración de las microesferas hacia territorio gástrico obligando a valorar la eventual modificación de la técnica para prevenirlo.

Transarterial hepatic chemoembolization is one of the treatments of unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma in which associated ischemic lesions have been described infrequently. When unusual upper gastrointestinal symptoms or exceeding the so-called post-chemoembolization syndrome after the procedure, the performance of a gastroscopy should be assessed to rule out the occurrence of these complications. The anatomical variants with common origin of gastric and hepatic arteries can favor the migration of the microspheres into gastric territory, forcing the possible modification of the technique to prevent it.

Aged , Humans , Male , Peptic Ulcer/etiology , Chemoembolization, Therapeutic/adverse effects , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/therapy , Liver Neoplasms/therapy , Doxorubicin/administration & dosage , Chemoembolization, Therapeutic/methods , Hepatic Artery , Ischemia/complications , Antibiotics, Antineoplastic/administration & dosage
Acta cir. bras ; 34(7): e201900710, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038119


Abstract Purpose: To investigate the prognostic value of 17 platelet-based prognostic scores in patients with malignant hepatic tumors after TACE therapy. Methods: In total, 92 patients were divided into death group and survival group according to long-term follow-up results. The AUC was calculated to determine the optimal cut-off values for predicting prognosis. To determine better prognostic models, platelet-based models were analyzed separately after being showed as binary according to cut-off values. Cumulative survival rates of malignant hepatic tumors were calculated using Kaplan-Meier curves and differences were analyzed by the log-rank test. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to identify platelet-based prognostic scores associated with overall survival. Results: Univariate analysis showed that APGA, APRI, FIB-4, FibroQ, GUCI, King's score, Lok index, PAPAS, cirrhosis, number of tumors, vascular cancer embolus, AFP, ALP and APTT were significantly related to prognosis. A multivariate analysis showed that the APGA, number of tumors, ALP and APTT were independently associated with overall survival. Conclusion: This study showed that the APGA, a platelet-based prognostic score, was an independent marker of prognosis in patients with malignant hepatic tumors after TACE and was superior to the other platelet-based prognostic scores in terms of prognostic ability.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Aspartate Aminotransferases/blood , Blood Platelets/chemistry , Chemoembolization, Therapeutic/methods , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/therapy , Liver Neoplasms/therapy , Platelet Count , Prognosis , Biomarkers, Tumor/blood , Retrospective Studies , ROC Curve , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/mortality , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/blood , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Liver Neoplasms/mortality , Liver Neoplasms/blood
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 52(12): e8467, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055474


The aim of our study was to assess the efficacy, safety, and prognostic factors of drug-eluting bead transarterial chemoembolization (DEB-TACE) in Chinese hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients. Patients (n=102) diagnosed as primary HCC were consecutively enrolled in this retrospective cohort study. Treatment responses were assessed following the modified Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors. Progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were evaluated, and adverse events (AEs) as well as liver function-related laboratory indexes of all DEB-TACE records (N=131) were assessed. Complete response (CR) rate, objective response rate, and disease control rate were 51.0, 87.3, and 95.1%, respectively, at 1-3 months post DEB-TACE. The mean PFS and OS were 227 (95%CI: 200-255) days and 343 (95%CI: 309-377) days, respectively. Multivariate logistic regression revealed that portal vein invasion and abnormal total protein (TP) were independent predictive factors for worse CR, and multivariate Cox's regression analysis showed that multifocal disease independently correlated with shorter PFS. Most of the liver function-related laboratory indexes worsened at 1 week but recovered at 1-3 months post-treatment, only the percentage of patients with abnormal ALP increased at 1-3 months. In addition, 112 (85.5%), 84 (64.1%), 53 (40.5%), 40 (30.5%), and 16 (12.2%) patients had pain, fever, nausea, vomiting, and other AEs, respectively. DEB-TACE is efficient and safe in Chinese HCC patients, and portal vein invasion, abnormal TP level as well as multifocal disease could be used as unfavorable prognostic factors to DEB-TACE treatment.

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Epirubicin/administration & dosage , Chemoembolization, Therapeutic/methods , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/therapy , Liver Neoplasms/therapy , Antibiotics, Antineoplastic/administration & dosage , Prognosis , Survival Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Treatment Outcome
In. Madrid Karlen, Fausto. Abordaje clínico del paciente con patología quirúrgica. Montevideo, s.n, 2019. p.97-119.
Monography in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1291000